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co6pmB**f — lasi yto, Heno oMsan, ajm coBpemamoLi. vnaaeieft sto nepsoe abb- 
zene oepa Hyiouifla njuefCA n nepnii pasi xi HacroiiiiieMi cbocmi biuí— HexHorie 
mton dEsejuuiipi ^BicrraKa EspottH** X814 roxa. Ji^iote n nooxHtfi^nói tOi^uniizi 
^ A. HcaKOBa dro craxonopeiile ocraaiieBo se BOQGTaaoucaauun, inhmt ^^"^^ venepb 
aif/auLMO 6a oxhx&tb BOSo^HoueHÚi reKcra ne oxHoro droro cnaoTBopenifl. — P]q(. 

(^) T. e. Kb msoit (ZZ^MCjmvaNie jpedťucu/m HsMaiUoea), 
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PyKaMH vya^AUMH MormA npefimb ob%: 



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Ž6-0I xia 1880. m 

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TBiy KaseTefl, xenepB da^yícajica HexHoro. 
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CBHn^eHHHKi* nosESoft H cx K7;Q)flMH djífiaai, 

B% MHpy CB COCi^AHMH, BB ^eCTH, JlpBOJIhCTBÍ SHJTB 

H nepBBorB Kyji^emovb y Bci^rB HS^aBna cjourb. 
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Co cBa;^6Bi, no^fB Be^epi» ohi> mejirB HeiCHoro nBHmift; 
nonajmcfl eicy na Bcxpt^ MyacHKH. 
fllocjiyinafi EaiioinKaty cRasajiH npocTflKH, 
cHacraBH TpbmwtiDCb Ha<rB — tbi iihtb b%;^ aanpeniaeniB, 
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2 na^ dKcnpc^íTaiiH h6;(£jih H6 chxhtb! 

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OcraBHmB se CBHpfeJiBy yHOJOcneniB, Hjra h^^tb?... 
IIoxyMaB 060 BceiTB h BuGepn JooCoe: 
BuTB cjiaBHBnrB— xopomo, chokořebimb— jiyqnie B^Boe. 

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saRib Ht^rro oTjraqHrejiBHO - ^ejiOB^b^ecRoe. J(HRap& saKesHaPo ne- 
pio^a, Ha^epraBiiriĚ Konaeifs RpenEs na npHcnocoCiie^toi^ 06- 
zouBfb KOCTH MeABibB&H) HJDB JiocHHyio FoiOBy, yso HepeTCTaJTb 
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Se-oima 1880, y 

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«ro flsmrb fb Bucmeicb SHa^emH cjiOBa; jfpCTSkrnyB^b CBOéro noxHaro 
Biipas^miy OHo craHOBHTCfl AOcroameirB Bcero ^eJKOBi&^ecTBa jsfixe 
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^ecKSLEy MucJunEtafl nyina h ;^ina HeyioipaiDii^afl, h6o hos6TB nepe- 
JEHTB $ii3HqecK06 cyii^ecTB0BaHÍ6 CBoero T&ia, cBoero Hapo^a. ?t6 
lam ooraJHKSB on PpeiÓH? Eh ;i^yina ocrajUM^ Hamb! PejonioaHBifl 
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na no^B')^ oÓBi^Hot, ese;!^BHoft shshh, ocTaioTCfl HHse Toro ypoBHa. 
9to BepmHHa, Kb ROTopot hb^o iipH6j[H8nTBCfl. H Bce-TaRH rere, 
HojiBepi H UleRcirapi. — Hapo;i;HHe nodTBi bi hcthhhoitb SHa^emn cjio- 
Ba, T.-e. HaiaoHajEBHue. IIoaBOjQnrB ce&b cpaBHeme: BeTroBeHi», Hanp., 
Hjoí Moi^apTB, HecoMHi^HHO HaiuoHaxBHiiie, Hi^Meipúe ROlCnOSIITOpBI, H 
KysBQca HTB no npeBicyii^ecTBy Hi^MeiitRafl icysBiRa; iceag^y t^itb hh 
Bi» o^oiTB H8% Hxi» iipoBSBe^eHÍft BBi He HaĚ^ere cjr&A& ne tojelro 
saHMCTBOBaniĚ y npocTOHapo^oĚ iiysuRH, ho jífiMe cxoj^cTBa cb neio, 
HMeHHO noTOHy, ^TO 8Ta Hapo^Hafl, en^e CTHxiĚHaa icysBiRa nepenua 

Kb HHITB Bb nJIOTB H RpOBB, OSHBOTBOpHJía ISTb H HOTOHyjm B'B HHXl^ 

TaRi» se, RaRi h caMaa Teopia hxi» HCŘyccTBa,— TaR% se, RaRi» hcto- 
aaiOTB, Hanp., npaBHJia rpaifMaTHRH b% shboitb TBop^ecTBik HHcaTexH. 
B% HHBixi>, en^e 60x66 or^iajieHHBnrB otb Tot ese^neBnoft ho^bbi, 
^jťbe Bb ce&b saKRHyrBcrB orpacjun^b HCRyccTBa, caicoe nasBame: 

<HapO;i(H£[ft> — HeMHCJIHMO. ECTB Hai^OHaJIBHHe SHBOHHCipf: Pa^adJiL, 

PeicCpaH^^; napo^HBixi SHBonHci^eBi h^itb. Saifi^THirB RcraTir, ^ro 



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26-01 Uii 1880. m 

BncnBiflTb jfosyETB napoxHocTH fb xyxosectFi, no98ÍH, jrar^MiTy- 
pt cB0tcTB6HHO TojcbKo luieMeHairB cMBňhDth, emfi BeeoBpiBjmsxh 
vru se EBXOjsfnnjBOĚtB wb nopaOon^eHHoiTB, yrHereHHoirb cocroflHÍH. 

Il098ÍS ETb J^OJaBSA GJiyXHTb JSpynOThy KOHe^HO, BaSHMudjUfB I^- 

iflMi— cfiepeseHÍK) canaro stb cyn^ecrBOBaHífl. Cjiasa Bory, Poccía 
He Haxoffncfl vh no^ofiraiTB ycMBÍflXb; ona ne cjiaóa h ho nopa6o* 
qeHa ^ipyroxy BieiieHH. Eft He^ero fjpoxsírh sa ce6ji h peBHHBo c6e<' 
peraTB cboh) caMOCVoareuHocTL; srb oosHaHÍH cBoeft cjuaif ona ;ta3B6 
jdoCefb TfeTB, RTO ysaBBiBaen* eft Ha ea He^ocraTKE. 

BosBpaTHMCfl RB IlyiiiBHHy. Bonpoei^: uom&rh jol ohi» HasBaTBos 
mmoM% HanioHaiBHHinb, fb cMucarb mescimpa, FěTe h ;q>., mbi 
oerasHirB iiOKa OTKpBirmcB. Ho bí^tb combí^hís, teto ofb coBffurh 
HaniB DOdCT^eesift, HanFB jrarepaTypHBift asfiDRB, h ^to HaiTB h Ha« 
nDDfB noTOMRairB ocTaercfl tojebro imm no nyrE, npojKoaseHHOMy 
ero remeirB. Hsi Binne cKasaHHBirB naifH exowb bbi yace uotjlu 

ytttpCTBCS, ^TO MH He Bl COCTOflHÍH pa8;i(%JEflTB Mlri^HÍfl T^TB KOHB^- 
HO J|0fipOCOBtCTHBIZI> JDO^Oft, BOTOpBIO TTBepaC^aJOTB, ^TO HaCTOH- 

B^kTO pyccRaro mrepaTypEaro asBoca bobco ho ey^ecTByerB; qro 
Ham ero x^icirB offa% npocroft Hapo^CB, Bictcrt c<b j^pjnom cnaoH- 
TeiBEtUH yqpezAeHÚniH. Mbi, HanponiBi, Hazo^^iarB bi» asbibš, co- 
swuBHOiTB nynncHHBiirB, Bdb ycJiOBifl aoray^ecTH: pyccRoe TBopqecTBO 
H pyccxafl BOCQpiHmnBoeTB crpoftHo cjmineB b'b stoitb BejcnK0Jr6n- 
HoiTb assaíbf n nynncHFB cairB Gbutb BejniBOjri&iiHBift pyccsift xy^o- 



ExeHHo: pyccRíft! Caicafl eyiipocTB, B<rfi'cBC»ftcTBa ero noasÍH co- 
BiOL^BaořTb co CBoftcTBaifH, cyn^ocTBH) Hamero Hapo^a. He roBopa yse o 
ifysecTBeHHoft npexecTH, CMJtk n achocth ero flSBDca — dra npnKO^q^- 
Has npaB^, orcyrcTBÍe jdkh h ^pasBi, npocTora, ara OTRpoBeHHocTB 
H qecTHOCTB oiuyuieiiift — Bc/b siv xoponrifl ^eprbi xoponiHxi pyccRnxi 
JDDxeft, nopascaioFB bi TBopeHÚm* IlymKHHa ho o^^hhtb HacB, ero 
oooreqecTBeHHHBOBi), ho h rbTb h87» HH08eMi^eBi», BoropBorB owb 
ctaiB ^tocryneHB. Cys^enÍH TasHrB HHOsenixeBi CBieaiorB ;Q)aroi^- 
HU: HTB ne noffcynaerB naTpioTH^ei^coe yBie^enie. cBama nod8ÍH>, 
CKasaTB HaifB o^Haa^^ MepHMd, HSBitotHBift ^pan^yscKíft micaTen 

H HOKXOHHHKB IlyniKHHay BOTOpaTO OffB, HO O0HHyHCB, HaSBIBaJTB Be- 

sraaftnDDTB nosrox^ csoeft anoxH, ^yrB se ne b% npHcyrcTBÍH ca- 
Moro BHKTopa Fioro: «Baiiia noddn Hn^erB npea^e Bcero upaBjsfiiy a 
i^acora noroirB HBJEflercH caiia co6oh); Bamn noarBi, HanpoTHBi^ 
isKjTh coBci^ifB npoTHBonoxosHoft xoporoft: ohh xjnono^yrB npea^e 
Bcero o(5b 8<I)^kt6, ocTpoyidH, ÓJiecB^, h ecjor ko Bceiíy axony 
Binb npexeraHeTB bo8hoshoctb ne ockopÓjuctb npaBjíionoAOÓÍH, TaRi* 
OHH H OTO, noacasyft, BosBicyrB bt» iipig^aTy»... «y IlymKHHa npn- 



^-■ 



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mi n€Tim bbfoiqi. 

CaBion owbf nodsifl ^fístatb ofipason pacKBtoaen Kueb-tiu ea- 
Ma €o6oH) Hn caxoĚ ipeosoi iipoafci». Totb se Mepvm boctoehio 
]ipHKtHfl2rb sib nyniKHHj HtBitorHoe Hspe^eme: cProprie eommiinia di- 
cere»9 npESHa^afl 8to yxta&e caico6»rHo roBopBTBofinteireBteTHoe — 9a 
caiiyR) C7iipK)ci% noasÍHy T(A BOdaifl, Bi» KOTop^ HX^axb- 

Hoe HpeaiBaocTB. OHi»TaRfBxe cpaBHHBajn nynnuraa c% ap^hhmh 
ipeKaxH, no paBHOirtpHOCTH <|k)^ibi h coxepxaHia o6pa8a h npe^piera, 
no orcyrcTBÚo Besaxrh TODCOBaHift h MopaoHBirb bbiboaofb. IIo- 
MHHTCfly npo^TTfl o^^Haa^E^ «AHqapi»>y oflib nocrt Kone^saro ^ferse- 
poonnnifl saH^nurB: cacocift HonbĚmift noarb ne y^^acajica 6bi Tyrt 
OTL KOMHenrapieFL*. Mepnua TaEi» aie Bocxan^uKS enoco6HOCTÍio 
nyrnsHna BcrynaTB neMe^^nno in medias res, 6paTB cfianca aa po- 
ra>, KBXh roBopflT% ^pam^sH, h yBaBUBain* na ero tA.-ffiyaHai, Ban^ 
na npH)f%pi» TaKoro MacrepoTBa. 

Ji;a, nymBHffB (Sujtl iienrpajffiHut TyjífXĚOĚEKby %ejLOwbKh 6jsvmo 
CTOflnpĚ m» caxoicy qpeAoroqÍK) pyocKOŘ skbhh. drony ero cBoteTBy 
AOJDKHO npHnncaTB e xy Mon^nyio oEJiy oanofiBiTHaro npHCBoenifl ^• 
SHTB iffofwhy soTopyDGBMH nnooTpaHi{EinpH8naKyTib8aHaMH,npaB^, 
nox^ niteKOJDQEiKO npeHeCpexHTejsbHfiOfb EMenen cnocofiBOCTS kt» cac- 

CHMEUQÍH». 9tO CBOĚOISO ffOO euj B08H0SHOCT& oo^^m, HAUp., xo- 

HOJioFEi cCsynoro pBn^apE>, nox% BoropBonb ci ropxocr&io nojifimcíacs. 
6u meffcnnpb. IIopaBHTeiLHa Tarb se b'b noonnecBcnrB xeioiepa- 
xeHTt nyniKHHa ara ocofiennafl cm^b cTpacTKOCin n ciH>soAcTBÍfly 
njm, roBopfl To^^nte, ara oG^esrnBEOcTB ero A&poBanifly vh jcorqxnn 
cyOiieKrHBHOCTB ero jHqHocm eRasBiBaerofl JonuB OAnmrB Bsyrpen- 
HmrB sapoiTB n orneiTB. 

Bce TaKi^... Ho xoseirB jdi xu no npasy nauaiB nymKXHa na- 
QÍOHajEBHBiirB noBTOicb, B% cMhiGJtb Bceiopnaro (ara XBa BBipasenui 
^acTO coBncg^aiOTB), icaKB mbi nasBisaeifi ineKeniq[Mi, rsre, Foxepa? 

nymRnm^ ne moitb Bcero c;(fciaTB. He crt^erB aaÓHBan, ^qro eicy 
oxHoicy npHmJiocB ncnoxHHTB xbí pa6oTBi, b<b jspjTETb crpanarB 
paaff6ieHHBifl JiíbsBas^ cTOJrtríeirL h 6oi^, a Hxenso: yeranoBHTb 
SBWVb n co3;iaTB ^nrepaTypy. Kb TOicy se, Ba;^ HniB xose oraro- 
TtJia Ta secTORaji cjff^j Roropan cb Taxot, no^ni axopa^^ft, Ba- 
CTOflrvnBocTBH) npecjiixye^n^ naiBHXB KsGpannHROBB. EMy x 37-ich Jttrb 
ne xHnyjiO; Bor^a ona ero Biiq>Baji[a otb nacB. BetB riy6oKot rpycn, 
(SesB RaRoro-TO Taftnaro, xotb h ÓedopeAMetnaro nero^OBaniji, neiBSs 
^maTB cjiOBa, na^epraHEBin hub bb o^noicB ero nncBM^, sa nib- 
eKOJDUU) MitoHstesB fifi cicepro: cMon xynia pacnmpnjiacB: h qyBCTByit), 
990 fl Mory TBopnTB». Tbophtb! A yse onHsajiacB Ta rjiynafl nyjLfly 
xoTopaH ^ojcKsa -Cujia uojioshtb RoneqB ero paci^BtoaionteMy TBop- 



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26-01 ují 1S30. a. 

* 

^ecTBy! BhTřb MoseTB, yace orjiHBajiacB Tor^a h Ta, APTras nyjia, 
xoTopaa npe^cHasfla^axacB na tOíěgtbo npyroro noara, IlyinKHHCRara 
HacxiMCHHKa, Ha^aBinaro csoe nonpmi^e (tb H8B']&CTHaro, Hero^Tioii^aro 
dsxoTBopeHÍjiy BHymeHHaro eMy VEL6eshio ero y^nrejia... Ho neCy- 
xeiTb ocraHaBjraBaTBCfl Ha bthxi TparH^eoRETB cjty^aftEocTarB, irbifB 
(Sojte TparH^ecKHTL, ^ro oirt ejiyiatHBi. Hs'^ sroft tbicu BOBBpaTHMCfl 
JTB evbry; BOSBpaTHMCfl leb noasm IlyniKHHa. 

3;i(tcB He iiicTO H He BpeMfl yRasBiBaTB na ota^^hbih ero npo- 
BSBQjífima: fpfTie 8T0 c^i^ijiaKXFB JB^^me nacB. OrpaEK^HMcasaM^^a- 
HÍeifB, ^To nyniKHHB bb cbohtl eoB^amaxi) ocrasiurb Haici» hho- 
zecTBO ofipasi^OBii, TnnoFB (en^e ojpuwb HecoMBr£HH£ift npH8HaR'L re- 
HJAjrBHaro ;^i^BaHÍfl!), — thiiobi» tofo, ^it5 coBepnmjiocB iiotoitb bi» 
Hameft cJioBecHOCTH. BenoMHHre xotb c^6Hy K(q)q]fu MSfh cEopHca Fo- 
xyH0Ba>, cJDLi^TOUHOB cejia FopoxHHa^ n t. ;(. A xaKÍe o6pa3H, BaRTB 
IlHiieHi*, RaRi» rjiaBHBifl ({unypn cKainrraHCRot ao^kh», ne cjryacaTB jdeh 
os6 AOKasaTejEBCTBOiTBy ^To H iiponie;qiiee mmio bi» Heni Tasoio se 
XBSBMD, itasTb H HacTOfln^ee, KaR% H ]ipe;(co8HaHHoe hitb Óy^yn^ee? 

A uexjsj TbiTB H nyin]£HHi& He HsC^rs o0n^eft yqacTH zy^^osHH- 
KOBi-noaTOBi^y HaqHHaTejieĚ. Ohi HcnuTajTB oxaasAOHíe k'b eeOi 
co9i>6MeHHHROBi; nocji%;^yH)npfl noROJrtaBfl en^e Sojri^e y^ajauiHCL 
<m Hero, nepecTajm Hys^aTBCH vhBewb, BOcnHTBiBaTBCH na neiTB, h 
ToxMEO B% HejtaBHee BpeMfl cnosa craHOBSTCH 3airi6*rH£nrL BosBpao^efiie 
K&eronoddiH. nyniRHHTi caiTB npe^i^qyBCTBOBajrB 9to oxaaac^eHÍe ny6- 
jaaar.Kairb H8B%CTH0,0HB bb nocjrib^e vojsja CBoeft hhshh, b% jymi yi o 
Hopy CBoero TBop^ecTBa, yace no^n hh^^itb He ^^fciHJicfl c'B'nTaTe- 
ly ocraBjíflH Bi» noprcj^ejri Taicifl uponaBe^emfl, Raici tWbjí^sHA Bca^- 
>». Ohb j^ H^ROTopoft CTeneHH ne uorh ne ^yscTBOBaTB npe- 
He({peseHui k% nyCjnnrib, Roropan npiy^oLiacB bh^tb vl neirB sa- 
xoro-To cjia;^coir6Baa, cojiobba.... ^a h RaRB HaMi» bhhhtb ero, KoiTta 

BdfOMHHHIB, ^TO JSfiXe TaROĚ yHHBlft H HpOHHqaTeJlBHBlft neSOB^Kbj 

KaxB BapaiUHCRÍft, npnsBaHHBit Bir6cT6 cb ^pyi^HMH pasCnpaTB 0y- 
nani, ocraBrniflCfl: nocjorik cicepTH nynncnna, ne ycoMHHjicfl boí^cjihr- 
Hyrb Vh OJ^OITB HHCBM^, aApeccoBaHHOiTB Tose RB yMHOMy npÍHTejcEo: 
cMoasemB ru ceO% npe^eTaBKrB, qrb iceHfl CojiBnie Bcero HsyMJifleTB 
Bo BctxB draxB HoaitaxB? 06Hme Muejiet! IlyniRHHB — MucjrarejiB! 
MAKETO aH OBUíOdTO oacH;(aTB?» Bee aro nyiiiRHH'B npeffqyBCTBOBajTB. 
JlmasftTejiBCTBOMB TOMy HSB^cTHBit coHeTB (<no8Ty», 1 ilOJUI 1830 r.), 
-moBKfpBsŘ MU npocHMii HOSBOJtenie npo^ecTB nepe;^ BaMH, xota, so- 
>, icaacffjft H3B Bací ero sHaerB.... Ho mu ne mosomb npoTH- 
RCRymeHÍH) yRpacHTB 3thm% noarH^ecRHMB 30jq[otomb namy 
flftfjllftjfio iq>08aH9e(^cyH) pt^B. 



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X MGTHI&S IBFOOB. 

Jho&Tb, He xoposH noóovijo HapoxHofl! 
BocTopxeHHurB noxBarb npoffxerb mrBjTHHi myire, 
ycimneoiB cyxi riynna h <SM±Tb tojuih xoioxHofi; 
Ho TH ocraHBCA TBepx^ cnoKoeai h yrptoKi. 

TH mtpB: XHBH OXBRl. J^OpOrOl) CB060XB0fi 

Exil, xyxa Bie^erb vefifl CBoGoxHHfi yirb, 
ycoBepmeHCTByfl sxoxh jnoóimixi xymb, 
He Tpeóya narpaxi sa noxBBrb óiaropoxHofi. 

Ont vh cavoiTB reOt. Ta cíitb cboí BHcmift cyx^ 
Bcixi orpoxe oiiíbbtb yiiieiDB tu cboíI Tpyx'B. 
Tu nwb xoBOxeai xh, BSHCKaTexBHuft xyxosBHU? 

XoBOxeai? TaBi nycsaft Toxna ero ÓpaHBTB, 
n nxx>en Ba axrapB, rxi tboU otobb ropBTB, 

H Vh X^TCKOft pÍ3B0CTH KOXeóXeTB TBOft TpeHOaBHK&. 

nymBHffB TyTb o^aEO He coBC&irb npasi — oco66hho bi> otho- 
memH vh nocjÁAOBaBiiiHirb noROJri^HÍflifb. He bi» ccy^ rjiiyiiQa> h 

He B% CCH^Xi^ TOJDOIBI TOSOJSfLOA^ ÓhVlO Jí^bJlO] npH^HHBI TOFO OZXaS- 

ffiEáB jiesaiH rjiyCse. Owb ^ocxaTO^HO HSBtcTHK. Hbitb npHzoxHTCfl 
TOJD&RO BOSBBaxB Hxi» Bi» Bsoieft naifflTH. Owb nexasB Bl caMOĚ 
cjjíjíúij Bi> HCTopHqecKOifB pa8BHTÍH oGmecTBa, Bl yCJÍlOBijirB, npK 
BOTopHTb sapos^^axacB HOBaa shshb, BCxynHBinas h81 jrarepaTyp- 
Hot anoxH wb nojDiTHqecKyH). BoanHEjm HeamaHmjg h, npn Bceft 

HeOSH^aHHOCTHy SaROHHBia CTpeMJ[eHÍHy HeĎMBaJIWa H HeOTpaSHHBIfl 

HorpeGHOCTH; hbhxhcb BonpocBi, na BoropBie neJHBM 6buio ne ffiUh 
OTBl^Ta... He jífl nodSÍHy ne ao xyAosecTsa cTaxo Tor^a. OduHaxoeo 
Bocxniii(aTBGfl cMepTBBQCH AyinaHH» h cMtAHBurb Bca,AHHKOirB>, hjih 
«ErHneTCKHHHHo?aicH», MorxH tojdebko sanncHBie cjioBecHHKH, mmo 

BOTOpBITb no6toaXH CHJgBHHgy XOTfl H MyTHlIfl BOJHU TOĚ HOBOft 

SH8HH. Mipocosepi^aHie HymKEHa noRasajiocB ysRnirb, ero ropa^ee 
co^yBCTBÍe HameĚ, HEor^a o^^múaxBHoft, cjiaBt — ^ycTap&anrBi — 
ero KJiaccHqecKoe ^yBCXBO mí^pbi h rapifomH — xojio^^HBorB aHaxpoHHd- 
MOiTB. n3'L (JtJioHpaMopHaro xpaica, vj^ noan ABJuuicfl spei^oirB, 
rxb, npaB^a, rop&rb oroHB... ho na axrapB — ^h eosHrax^b... offswB 
OHXÍaifby — ^xioxH nomxH na myMHBifl TopsHii^ai r^t HxeHHO nysna 
MeTxa... H Mexxa HamxacB. Hoairb-axo, no BBipasseHiH) IlymKHHa^ 
no8TB i^eHTpaxLHBift, caiTB Ri» ce&b Tflrortioiipft, noxosHreJBmitt 
KaKi acHBHB na noRoi^ — cKtHHxcfl HOdTOiTB-rxainaTaeMib, i^eHrpo- 
6'iďKHBiirb, TflroT&onpncB k% ^^yirarB, orpHAaTexBHBiicb Kax!B sh8hb> 
B'B jifiEm&Eisi. Caxh rxaBHBifiy nepBOHa^axBHBiĚ ncToxKOBaTexB Hym- 

KHHa, B&IHHCKÍft, CHi^HHJICa ^yFHMH Cy^BHlíH^ XaXO I^HHBinHlfH 

no88ÍK). Mbi nponsHecxH hma B'6jiHHCRaro — ^h xoth hh^lh noxBaxa 



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26-01 MAJI 1880. XI 

H6 x<>^iSHA pasxaBaTBCE cero^^Hfl pa^oii^ ti> noxBajK)io IlyiiiRHHy — 

HO Blij Bi^pOJlTHOy nOSBOXaTe Hamb nOVniTb COT^CTBeHHUlfB CJtOBOlTBr 

naMflTB aroro BairtqaTeiBHaro ^eJiOBtsa, Kor^a ysnaeTe, ^ro eiiy bbi- 
naia cy^6a CKOH^iaTbCfl HveHHO fb a^hb 26-ro Mas, bi jífiBh pos- 
J^eHis noara, xoTopBift ÓKurb j^ísi Hero BBicnmirB npoHBJíeHieirB pyc- 
ocaro remal — ^BoaBpan^aeiccfl R'b pasBiníH) namet Mucjra. Bcjiri^;^ sa 
cRopo npepsaHraorB rojDtocoiTB JlepnoHroBa, Roiy^a ForoaiB craxiiyse 
BiacrBTezen jdoackhá atm^v sasByqajrb vojiocb noara cMecTH h 
ne^aiH», a sa hhitb nonijra jiipyňe—u noBejiH sa co6oio Hapocraio- 
npfl noKOjrbHÍH. EcsyccTBO, saBoeBaBmee TBopeHÍflMH IlyiiiKHHa npaBO 

TpaMffiMCTB&j HeCOXHibHHOCTB CBOeiX) Cyn^eCTBOBaHÍH, fldBIRl HITE* co- 

SffJHHwft — craio cJiyxHTB fpjimrb na^ajiaiTB, ctojib se Heo^xo^H* 

MBOTb Vh Ofin^eCTBeHHOlTB yCTpOeHÍH. MHOríe BipiCbJIH H BISJÍflTb Jíf> 
COTh nopT» B'B dTOlTB HSX^HeHÍlI npOCTOt yUBLjIfiVb] HO M£I HOBBO- 

iHirb ce6% WM/koPThj wío na^^aerB, pyniHTCH tojibbo MepTBoe, ne* 
opraHHqecKoe. HHBoe usmíemtcs. opranH^ecRK — pocToiTB. APoccúi 
patřen, ne na^aeTi*. ?to no^oCnoe pasBHTÍe — ^RaRi* BcasiĚpocrB — 

BBBd&bXRO COnpflSeHO (TB éOÉbBESmif XyqHTeJIBHBIMH KpHSnCaiCR, (TB 
CaMBIMH SJDbDÍH, Ha HepBBlt BSrJUaí^t^B 6e8BBIXO;^HBIMH HpOTHBOpi^^ÍH- 

HH — ^AOsasBiBaTB, Rasercfly nevěro; nacB droicy yqHTB ne tojtbko Bce- 
o6n^ui HCTopÍH, HO ;iase HCTopifl Raas^ot ot;i(%jibhoě jihthocth. GaMa 
HayKa nairB roBopHTi» o Heo6xo;^HMBix% ÚojťbBBSTb. flo CMyn^aTBCH 
STHirBy omiaKHBaTB npesHee, Bce-rasH OTHocHTejn>Hoe cnoRoftcTBÍe^ 
eT94>aTBCfl BOSBpaTHTBCfl Kb Heny — H B03Bpan^aTB Kb HOMy jí^Ynncby. 

XOTO 6U HaCHJKBHO — ^MOiyTB TOJTBRO OTSHBmíe HJIH 6j[H30pyKÍe JDOffH. 

Brb anoxH Hapo^Hoft shshh, hocaiivíh Hassanie nepexo^HBiTB — ;^o 
¥wrjíinnaro ^ejiOBibKa, HCTHHHaro rpaamaHHHa CBoet po^hhbi — isjs;rB 
Buepejí^y HecMorpfl na xpy^^ocTB h ^acTo rpasB nyrn, ho jq^j ne 
TepHfl hh Ha MHTB H81 bh;^ Ttxi ocHOBHUXi* H^eaioBii, Ha roto- 

PBIXB HOCTpoeHB BBCB ÚUTb 06lI^eCTBa, ROTOpaTO OWb COCTOHTB SH- 

bbotb ^leHOiTB. H AecflTB, HnflTHa;qiaTB xbvb TOMy nasa^B — npaa- 
XnecTBO, ROTopoe npHBJíeBjro naci B&bvb cio^a, 6wio 6bi npHBibTCTBO- 
BaHO KaRi» aKTB cnpaBe;giHBOCTH| RaierB a&hb o6n^ecTB6HHOĚ (káro* 
^^iqmocTH; HO, 6uTB MoaceTB, ne 6hUio 6bi Toro T^CTBa e^qerao^cymiH^ 
xoTopoe npoHHRaeTB TenepB naci B&brb, 6ewb pasjnraíH SBanifl, sa- 
Hfliifl H jňsTb. Mbi yse yKasajm na totb pa^ocTHs^ (f^sKrby tto 
MOJTO^exB BOSBpan^aeTCfl Kb ^remH), Kb HsyqeHOo IlyniRHHa; ho mbi 
Be ^(OXBhi sa^BiBaTB, ^To h6crojibro HOROJitHifi CHO^QMi;^ npomxH 
]i0pe^ HamHMH rJnasaHH, — noROJoribmĚ, jíflsí rotopbixi& caHoe hmh Ilym- 
6buo He^TO HHoe RaKi tojtbro bme, bi» ^hcjtí jípYrBTb o6pe- 
8a6BeHÍio HMBHii. He CTaneHi o^aRo cjramRom* bhhhtb 
noKortHÍH: MU CTapajiHCB BRpaTQt H3o6pa8HTB, no^eiiy aro 8a6- 



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III BIIOTHIRl IBPOnH. 

seme 6uio HesafiteHO. ^o mu ne KoseirB Tan me He ^^a^BashCE 
aveiiy Bo^Bp^rj m> noasÍH. Ku paiSyeMca eny oco66HHO norouy, qro 
HianiH lOHoniH Boaspan^aforcH vb neá ne Kstxb pacsafiBnriecfl jdq^, 
KOTopue, paBo^apoBaHHBie wh cbohtb Hag!(6HA&x%) yroMiesEue 006- 

CTB6HHSD0I OflOlfiKaMH, HHQrTB IipHGTaaHII](a H ycnOROeHÍJÍ Wh TOMli^ 
0TB TOI^ OHH OTSepHyJIHCB. MbI CROpite BHAHlTb FB TOlfB BOSBpSO^ 

«»ciiTO]rB zoTfl H^KOToparo y^OBJíeTBopemfl; BigpocB AOKadarejiBCTBO, 
^rro XOT0 BiKOffopufl hsb Ttz'B i^eĚ, A^ ROTopBirB e^orraiocB He 
^xM^so AOSBOiXffrejaiHBorB, ho h ofiflsaTOJiBmiarB npHHOCKTB Bce ne- 
HXjjTHitee K% ff&ny wb seprBy, cacHxaTB bcio acHSHB bb o^ho pycjio— 

WrO BOnr HtoOTOpBifl TSfblBi npH8HaH)TCfl AOCTHTHyTBIiai, ?T0 ŮYKPBfi^ 

cjxBtrb }íf)CTBSiQBÍ6 ^yTHX^B — H HH^TO yso H6 HoicisiaeTB n088ÍH, 
iJiasfiBorB np^craBHTejieirB Roropoft flBJtflercfl IlyinRHffB, saBsi^ 
CBoe sasoHHoe iri^cro cpe^H npo^HZB saROHHBiTB npoflBjí^ft ofiH^e- 
<^TBeHHQt 2BH3HH. BBua Hopa, Bor^a HBfliiiHafl jrarepaiypa ciyacnm 
noimi eAHHCTBeHHBDTB BBipaseHíeiCB 8T0t SH3HH; HOToiTB HacTyímso 
Bpeiffl, KOiy^a ona coBci^irB comjia cb apenn... IIpesHflfl o6jmcTB fiBUia 
<2JDunE0irB mnpoKa; BTopas cBysHjracB jifi HHqroaceCTBa; Haft^fl cboh 
eci^ecTBeHHBiH rpaHHUBi, noasm ynpovHTCfl naBceiy^a. IIo;^ BJiúmieirB 
cTaparo, no ne ycrap^^Bniaro y^nrejui— hh tbopao aToiry BtjmKB, — 
BasoHH HcsycoTBa, xynosHH^ecKÍe npieHBi BcrynsTB ohstb bi» cboio 

OHXy--iH-^KTO SHaOTB? 6bITB MOSeTB, flBHTCfl HOBBift, 611^6 HOB^O- 

mA HafipaHHHKfBy botopbiě npeBaofiA^TB CBoero yqErejiH — h sacjiy^ 
siTB BDOJDBiik HasBaHíe naiúoHajiBHO-BceitípHaro noara^ Koropoe mbi 
He pAmaeMCA fjBLTh nyniKEHy, xotb h ne xepaaeirB ero OTHflTB y Herc. 
JUBSfb 6bi TO HH Sbiio, aacjiyrH IlyniKHHa nepe;i(B Pocciet bqjoskk 
H AOCTotaH Hapo^oĚ npHaHaTejiBHOCTH. Owb jifijrb OKomhTexhwyio 
o6pa6oTKy Hameify saBiBy, ROTopBift TenepB no CBoeify 6oraTCTBy, 
cwťb, JiorHXš H Bpacori^ ^pMu opnanafiTOS jiflMe HHOCTpanHBOfH 
(jl^HjioiioraifH e^Ba jih ne nepBBOii oocjri^ AP^He-rpe^ecEaro; owb oro- 
dBajicfl THnH^ecKHHH ofipasaMH, GeacMepTHBUfH aByRaMH, Ha Bct b^h- 
msí pyccsoft acHann. Ohi nepBBift, HaRoneiiBy Bo^yasrB Moryqeft py- 
KOio anaaifl noaaÍH nySoRo fb pyccKyH) aeiiJiio; h ecjm iibub uojijib^- 
metcfl nocjTfe nero Chisu aaToiíHHJia Ha BpeiíH sto cBtTjioe anaiíA — 
TO TenepB, Kor^a ara hbijib na^HnaeTB ona^aTB, cHOBa aacÍHJTB btb 
BBniiHHt, Bo;Q>yseHHBiĚ HiTBy HoGi^HocHBiĚ cTflTb. Cíflft se, xasTB 
OBB, SjíaropoAHBiĚ m^^hbiě jihrb, Boa^^HTHyTBiĚ BB caifoicB cepmik 
XpeBHeĚ CToxEBja h rjutCH rpA^yu^HHB noBOJr6HÍHMB o namenB Hpaal^ 
HaaBiBaTBCH BejinBHXi napo^OMB noTOMy, ^rro cpe;pi aroro napoj^a po- 
jifSME, B7» pHAy APyrHX'B BeJíEKBTby H maKOií qejiOBtoB! n BaK% o 
IIIeRcnHp& 6uio csaaaHO, qro BCHKÍft, bhobb BBiy^HBmižcH rpaMorb, 
jSMBVbsREO craHOBHTCfl ero hobbotb ^tox^oitb — TaRi» h uh 6yAem» 



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26-os liii 1880. ZUJ 

mfibanhCB, ^ro bcakíě nasm, noTOKOBi>, ci> jno6oBBH) octehobhb- 
jmŘcsí nepeA^B HSBaflmeicb nymKnna h ^OHHMaK>I^iĚ SHa^eme aroft 
joofiBHy TtiTL caMBDTb p^ORaseTB, TTO OHI, no^otíHO IlyiIIKHHy, cTajrir 
6ox6e pyccKHirB h 6ojr6e oCpasoBaHHBnrb, (k>jiri&e cboĎo^^hbdtb qeaio- 
b^boitb! nycTB 8to nocjrbpíee cjhobo He y;qiBim» Bací, mm. it.! 
Bi noddÍH — ocBoGoAHTeJiBHafly h6o BoaBBnnaioii^afly HpaBCTBeHHafl: 
cEJOk. ByA6M!b TaRSKe sa^tecMa, ^9io bi He^^aiBHeMB BpeMOHH jífisiíe^ 
cuHOBEJOTB Hameio npoci^ro tiapo;i^, KoropBift xenepB hb qEraeirB 
Hamero noara, CTaHero noHflTHO, ^t6 aHa^Hn 9to hma: IlyiiiiuiuB! 

— ^H ^TO OHM nOBTOpHTl ySO COdHaTOIlHO TO, ^TÓ HaMli J^OBeJlOCh HB- 

xaBHo cxumaTb H81» fiescoSHaTeji&HO jiene^rynpizB ycTi>: cdronaMHT- 
HHKl — y<iMTeJDo!> 



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A. c. nyniKHffL 

26-OE MAfl 1880. 



IlyinKHHii!... 9to — ^BOspoa^^eHBe 

PyCCKOĚ KJSUj BOBJIOU^eHM 

HamHzib TpesBBiXB jíyv% h ^tbctbi; 
9to — ^He aane^aTjri^HHBiĚ 

KjDOVB n088ÍH— CBfln^eHHBIĚ 
JíflSÍ nORJlOHHHKa HCJECyCCTBl. 

9to — 8JLiDiH0Bi» cjiyseHBe 

Kpacorik — npoHHKHOBeHBe 

Bi» ofijiacTB OjUDmiĚCRHrB Kysi, — 

9to — ^B'6ntaro 6aflHa 

CrpyHHBift roBopi.... MecTB PycjnaHa 

3a nopyraHHBit coiosi... 

9to— ap$a cepa$HMa 

Bi» qaci», Ror;^ A7in& najnoia 

JSSasAot SÍPU Bi^ HeOeca.... 

dro — moporb HepeHffu 

Ha 8ap6, vb BOjmazi* TaBpH^Bi... 

H — ^pycaioBi> rojioca... 

9to — Wb cynepKarB yKpaĚHBi 
IIpejiecTB qapo^ĚHOft Taimi, — 
Ho^L H— JlBicafl ropa... 
9to — crapot eheh cRa8Ka— 
9to— MOJioflOCTH jiacKa... 
JEas^^a npaBAU h Ao6pa.... 



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26-01 muL 1880. xy 



Gboě — vh ciOMBnfkThj Ha uepyusbAj 
Bi caRjrby wh juirep6| vb HaCynoA, 
IlyiiixsHi^ ^fTKOio xyinoft, 
CjDbmiHn ffijrsL otbbibx ;i(ajiKHÍĚy 

— IlteHH) rpysÍM neiajD^ot, 

— Bp^flb nuramBi loqeBOt. 

Csbímniírb SpHVB opia BfMBBIBHBIĚ...* 

noHHxaeTb saymiBmit 
PonoTi» Mopfl Bi, (ypHot wnAj — 
Bjp^HTb He6o 663i» iiaaypH 
H, — qró Kpame BOjraib h 6ypH, 
Bs^pnrB ^7 Ha csaife... 

SHaen ropě nan poxHoa, 

H pasryJiBe yw^oe, 

H cepAB^Hyio Toesy; 

Ho HB na^^aon, ycTajnaĚ, 

H KaKTB HyTHERTb sanos^aiEiB, — 

GaiTB cryuMTCH S!b Myauucy... 

HHqero ne npesnpafl, 

B'B jffimmhJTb H85arb Esy^uifl 

Jlyrb H cKJia^ po^Hot crpaHU, 

?yfl pyCCKOt SH8HH TpenoTBy 

nyijJKuui — npaBffii nepBBift jieneTB,- 
nepBBiĚ npofiJiecKX CTapnHU. 



m. 

IlynoamB!... 9to— azo ciaBBi 
Orb KaBKasa ao BapinaBu, 
Orb HeBBi AO BctrB icopeĚ.... 
9to — c&flrejEB nycriiHHBiĚ.... 

ApyrB CBOlSOXBI,— HenOBHHHBIĚ 

Bi juKH H 3S0&b HanrarB jíjiqř.. 



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xYi mmnoíh npomu 

9to— remt, bcS uo6vsmiŘj 
Bce Bi> canoiTB ceóik BirbcTEBímĚy 
0&BepT», 3anavi(i» h Boctori.... 
O t o f O T L cHimojaDui li^>, 

SEerb cepnma Ha», vncB npQfOKiu 

9to— BpMrab rop^^Eoni vpssBotj 
Bit sepny emaisH HeoTBOMieft 
Cbí^itb npe^^aHHBiĚi — BpamjífyA 
CjKunio iqpiaii noBTWtt; 
OcKop&ieHHiift K yfisnift 
GBflTOOrauieTBeHHOft pyKOĚ.... 

noara^^cRíft Meodfl, 
Ha PycH — ovhj aaoh Pooeiii, 
Bceo^ieiíJDOii^i HBejunci»!.. 
BueA mu nodn cubeitb, 
H Ha nBe^ecrait cnonncb 
IIpociaBJunoiipft xao& i9Kb..«. 



Skobce IIojiOHCBiflr. 



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3ACTOIBH0E CIOBO 

A. E OCTPOBCEArO 

O nymKHH^*). 



lÍM. rr. IlaiiflTHHBi IlyiiiBHHy nocraBjíeHab: naiurob Bejraicaro na- 
poxHaro nosra ysteoBš^eHa, sacjiyrH ero dacBnx^TejiBciBOBaHU. Bet 
o6pa,XOBaHU. Mk bhx&QI B^epa BOCTopnb nyfiJiHRH; TaRi> pa^^yiorcfl 
TOJDuco Torffiy Kor^a aftCJnyrairL or^aeTCfl ^^ojcsHoe, koi^ ciipaBe;(j[H- 
BOCTB TopsecTByeTB. O pa^ocTH JiHTepaaropoFB roBopsTB ib;^ jih 
HysKHO. Otb nomoTBi oOpa^oBaHEoft ffynm, mm. it., h a nosBOJDO 
oMb cxasaTB H^ROJCbso ciofb o HameiTB BejraKOirb noarb, ero sha- 
iieHUi H saciyraxb, KaKi» sl mxb noHEMaio. Orporoft nocjrbj^OBaTejiB- 
HociH H cHjgGbHBirB ^oBO^OBi fl oOtn^aTB He Mory; a 67^7 roBopHTB 
He isBKb ^ejioBfeEn> y^emity a saRi* ^ejostKi^ y(í&KxeHHUt. Moh 
YůixfjsmsL ciaraJiHe& ne ;^ o6HapoAOBaHÍfl, a toabo npo ceOfl, 
nonb CEasaTB ffs. coGdseHHaro ynorpe^JieHifl; npH xh^ 6bL oyA h 
ocraxHCLy ecjra-ftb He noxoniejrB aroTb pa^ocTHUÉ npa8;(HHK'B. Ha 
svoiTB npa^^^HHRt gaimroft jmrepaTopB oSasaH^b 6bitb opaiopoicb, 
ofiflsaHib rpoMKo fijtaroAapBTE noara sa rt cokpobhh^, botopbih owb 
8aBftiE(ajrB Hairb. 

CospoBm^a, xapoBaHmiH naarb IlyniKKHuirB, ^^CTHHTejiBHO Be- 
jooM H Heoi^HeHHBi. IlepBafl sacjiyra Bejuncaro nodra vb toitBi ^nro 
vepesi Hero yioritoTib Bce, ?tď MoseTb ooyMH^TB. KpoMi Hacjms- 
XBHifl, Kpoirb ^opiTB ;pfl Hupasenifl Muciet h ^vyBCTBi^ noarL 



*) npQisBeceBO sa o6ix(nrb MocsoBCiaro (Mmecna móflieieft poccificsoi cio- 
B3b BnnqpoxBOMv co6p&HÍH, 7-ro úou. 

Tom 1V-— I»JB, 1880. B 



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XVIII B^CTMKi EBPOnH. 

jífij&Tb n caKBifl ^pMyjndE Mucjieft h ^tbctbi. Bor^Tue peayjUB- 
TaTH coBepmeHHMmet yMCTBennoĚ jia6opaTopÍH ^i^aiOTCfl oSnpocB 
AOCTOflHÍeMi>. BMcmas TBop^ecKas HaTypa sjíe^eTB H no;^aBHHBaeTi> 
Ki» ce6^ BctxB. noaTii Be;i;eTi» 3a co6ot ny^jmsy fb Hi^HasoMyio 
eft CTpany Hsmiparo, wb RaRot-TO pat, fb tohroě h 6jQ[aroyxaHHoft 
aTMoc^P'6 ROToparo BOSBBmiaeTca AY^ia, yjiy^nsaHXFCfl noMUCJiBi, 
yroH^aiOTCfl ^yBCTBa. Oraero cb Tasswb HeTepiriteieirB mjífiTaa. 
RasAoe HOBoe iipoHaBe^eHÍe ovb sejmRaro noara? Orroro, vmo Bca- 

ROMy XO^eTCH BOSBHineHHO HHCJEBTB H ^[ySCTBOBaTb BM^Tti Cl» HHlfB; 

BCHRÍft acABTB, ^To BOTi> owh cKBLJReTb mhí^ tto-to iipeRpacHoe, 
HOBoe, qero. H-ferb y MeHH, tofo He^ocTaerB mh*;ho owb cJsasBffrh, h 
3T0 ceft^ac^ se c^^aeerca mohitb. B<m» or^ero h jhoGobl, h no- 
RjioHeHÍe BBJODasM^ nosT&Wb; BOTb OT^ero h Bejouaji ORop6B npn 
HXB yrparfe; oĎpaayeTca nycTora, yMCTBennoe CHporcTBo: ne r^Itb 
^j^yifaTB, ne Kbwb ^yBCTBOBarcB. 

Ho Jieri^o cosnaTB qyBCTBO y^OBomcTBia h BOCTopra orB iussm,-- 
Haro npoHSBeňema; a noflMÍTHTB h npocjitflpTB CBoe yMCTBennoe 
ofiorameme otb Toro xe iipoH8Be;i;ema — ^^iobojibho xpy^jso. BcaRÍĚro- 
Bopura, qro eMy to hjih APyroe iipoH3Be;teHÍe HpaBHTca; ho pí^íRift 
coBHaeiTB H npH3HaeTCH, vmo owb noyMHtiTB orb nero. MHOile nojDta- 

raH/TB, ^ITO n03TBI H XyXOJKHHRH HB JÍJňXlfrh HH^erO HOBarO, 1IT0 Bce, 

HME cosjaHHoe, 6MJI0 H npeawe r^t-TO, y Roro-TO, — ho ocTaBasocB 
nofli* cny^noiTB, noTony qro hb HaxoAHSO BBipasenifl. 3x0 — ^HenpaB^a. 
OmnORa iipoHcxo;(Hi«B orroro, ^ro bc% Boo6n^e BeJiHRÍH Hay^HBifl, 

XyAOaceCTBBHHBIfl H HpaBCTBeHHBIfl HCTHHU OqBHB npOCTBI H jierRo 
yCBOfliOTCfl. Ho, BaR!B OWk HH npOCTBI, BCe-TaRH Iipe^paraiOTCfl TOJEBRO 
TBOpqeCRHMH JUBMIL; B, ofiBIRHOBeHHBIHH yMaHH TOJIBRO yCBOHBaJEOTCa, 

H TO He BApyrB h ne bo Bceft nojiHOTt, a no M^p^ cwrb BaacAaro. 

nynnuxHBDTB BocxHii^asHCB H yMff&m, BOCXHn^aiOTCflH yMH^Hyrb. 

Hama jEGrrepaTypa oCasaHa eny cBOHMib yMCTBeHHUifB pocxoirB. Jí 

3T0TB pOi^TB fiBUTB TBRl* BeJOmCB, TaRI> 6£ICTp%, ^TO HOTOpineCRafl 

nocjr6AOBaT6JDbHocTB vh pasBHTiHJDiTepaTypBiHofiiiteciseHHaro BRyca 
6Buia, RaRi> Oy^TO, paspymena h cb^bb ci» uponxepoHifB pasopBaHa. 
droTB npBUEORTB 6fiiiT» ne TaR'L BaMŽTeni npn rnnsHn HymRnna; 
coBpeMennnRH xoth n c^nrajin ero BejmRmrB noaroiTB, c^nrasBí 
cBomrB y^HTejfeiTB; no HacTOH]ii;n]iin y^nTejuncn nx'B óuxsl jno^qi 
npeAmecTBOBasniaro noRoi^nín^ c:b RoropBDcno^fiBUDio^eHBRpinKO 
cBnsaHH ^TBCTBoiTB 6e8rpaHn^Gaaro ynaacenin n 6jiaro;i(apnocTn. Kbs^b 
HH jooÓEJíz OQH HymKEHa, HOy Bce-TaRH, wb cpasnenin ci» crapmnicH 
imcaTeJiHMn, ohi> nasajicfl nMi» en^e uojioji.b n ne ;^obojibho cojo^enB; 
npndnaTB ero o^noro BnnoBHHROirB 6BicTparo nocTynaTeJUBnaro jsjbk- 
senin pyccRott jmTepaTypu BUdmiJio jí^k mxxb: o6n^i% cojmAnBix^ 



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26-01 XAs ISaO. XIX 

m BO UBOTETh OTHOmeHÍHrB J^CTBHTeJEBHO BeCLHE no^TaHEtuxK 

jmfífik. Bce sto noBUTHo^ h nnaTO He Morao 6bitb. 3a to CJr^AY^n^ee 
goKOJii[Híe, BocnHTaHHoe HCKJDo^iBTejiBHO nymKHHBíMX, sor^a cosHa- 
lexbHo orxmyjiocB Hasa^ y t^ka^o, ?to npe^pnecTBeHEKRH ero h: icHorie 
ero coBpeMeHHHRR jipsK HHTL jxfh T^aace ne npomeAinee, a ^aJieKoe a^bho* 
iq>ome;nnée. Botl^ Ror^a aaM^femo CTajio, ^ro pyceKaH jmrepaTypa bi 
o^ovrb ^ezoiB^Ki BBipocJia Ha i^oe CTOjri^TÍe. nyiiiKHU'jb dacxajrB 
pyccRyio jrarepaiypy bi nepio;^ ea HOJiOAcern, Ror^a OHa ^e SHJia 
qysHim oGpasi^iMH h no HHirb B£ipa6oTBiBajia ({)opHBi, jiHineHHua 
sBBoro, peaiDbHaro co^íepaaHia, — h^to ace? Ero npoHBBefleHia— yarb 
He HCTopHqecRÍA o;^, ne jaojsfn Aocyra, ye^^EHeHifl^ num KOjraHxojiiii; 
ovb KOH^BUTk T^wb, ^To ocvaBHji^b caiTb oSpasi^, paBHBie o6pa8iiain> 
jrarepaiypí sp^tfirn, oQpasi]^, coBepmeHHHe no $opwb h no cano- 

eUTHOfty, ^HCTO - napO^^OlCy ŮOJÍl&pXBMUO. OeTB JSfiJUb CepB63H0CTB, 

nojífiEjrb Towb H sna^eHÍe jmrepaTypu, BocnHrasi* BKyci b:b nj^ssíA, 
8aBoeBa3^ ee n no;p'0T0BHJi'B jiflsi Sy^^ynpixb jiQTepaTopoBi, ^nraTOJieft 
ff i^lkuMTejeft. 

^yroe 6jiaro;(6flHÍe, ORasaHHoe naiTB IlyniKHHBíMT^, no Koeny 
MEtaiK), en^e Baacnte h en^e anaqiiTejiiBH^e. ^o IlyniRHHa y nacrb 
jHreparypa ĎBina no;Q>a»aTej[BHas, — bmí^ct]^ erb ^pMaicH, ona npn- 
HHMaJia OTB Esponu h pasnufl, ncropaniecRH csoSHBmiflCfl Tairb na-* 
npaBJíeHifl, Eoropun bs nameft XEasE Ropneft ne hm&ih, ho Morjm 
npHHflTBCfl, Basi npHHflJiocB H yicopeHHiocB xHoroe nepecasoHHoe. 
OTHomenin nncaTejieft Kb fltftcTBHrejcbHocTH ho 6bim Henocpe^CTBeH- 
HBiMH, HCKpeHHHMH; nHcaTejiH jíflJíMnhi 6ujm H86HpaTB RaR0fi-HH6yAB 
ycjoBHBifi yrojTB aptnia. Kaac^^Bift hst^ hhxi, bmícto Toro, mro&b 
6irrh cBMSDi^ C060&9 jífiUMewb Gbutb nacTpoHTBCfl na RaR0Ě-HH6yAB 
aa^. Tor^^a en^e nponoB^^iJBajiacB canaa 6e33acr]&HqHBafl pexopHRa; 
TBep^o cfroajTb n rposno odHpascfl josHuft Rj[accna[H3Hi; na CHi^ny 
eMy mejii> poHaHTH3Mi>, ho ne CBoň, ne caMo6BiTHBifi, a nacRopo 
nepecaJKOHHBift cb ottí^hrohi* ^ac^oft naicB caHTHMenrajiBHOCTH; ne 
conidia en^e co ciienBi HHROMy neHyacnafl nacTopaaiB. Bwb 8thxi» 
ycjEOBHBixB HanpaBJíeHifi, noasÍH ne npHSHaBaJiacB, caMo6BiTHOCTB 

COUJUCB 6U HJm HeB^SeCTBOlTB, HJIH BOJIBHOAyMCTBOlťB. BhCB060S- 

X6HÍe MBicjiH HSB-noffb rHOTa ycjioBHBixi* npieMOBTb — jiíbJLo He jierRoe, 
OHO TpeSyerB rpoMaj^HBirb chjtb. Pa3Bi& mu ne bh;^mi» npHM6poB'B, 
nro BT» caiojxii ÓoraxBirB h caiiBixB chjilhbixii jmrepaTypaxii h 
no cefi ^acT* BucoRonapnoe HanpaBJíeHie HMibeTB npeACTaBHTejieĚ h 
ropfi^o oTCTaHBaeTCfl, a peajiBHOCTB nponaran^^HpyeTCH RaRi tto-to 
HOBoe, HefiBiBajioe. 

npo^Hoe Haqaao ocBo6o«;i;eHÍio naniett mhcjih noJioKeno IlymRH- 

j, — OHB nep]^lft CTaJIB OTHOCHTBCH RI TDMaiTB CBOHXl npoHBBe- 

B* 



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XZ BMram IBřODH. 

X6Hit npauo^ Henocpexcisemio, cm> sazorlun* Sbité opnniHaiBH£Drb 
E Hhurby — Ghixb cajonrb toÚoŘ. BcflRÍĚ BexHKÍtt mcaTejiEB ocrasJEflerB 
8a coóoft HiKOJiy} ocxasjuieTi nocjrtAOBaTejiet, — ^HlIyiiiKiarB ocranus 
mKoiy, H nocjribxoBaTexdtt. ^rb mo ta niKOjnt^ in6 orob^^urbOBOHirb 
nocjri^raaTejuDTb? Ohi saBtnpurB sirb Hoi^eHHoci^ canofeiTHOcTB, 
offB saBta^axi Kaa;^o]i7 6hrrh caimm cofioft, ohbxu^ Bencot ope* 
rEHaxBHocCT CM&iocTB, jífiTb cif&iocTb pyc<»0My micaTeJDO 6bit& 
pyccKiorB. Bt;p» aro tojebko lerso cKaaan! Bt;p» aro aHaqnrB, ^iro 
offB, nyniRHHi, pacBp&m pycdcyio XT^iy* KoHevso, ^pui n^cjriwo- 
BaT6Jiet nyTB ero rpyjífiwb: ne BCflBan opsTHHanHocisB HacrojDuco 
HHTepecHa, ^ao&b eft noxasBiBaTBCfl h ex> saHEvarB. Ho sa to ecjra 
aiHTopaTypa Hama npoHrpBiBaen vh sanraecTBi&y Tasí BBíHrpuBaer^ 
Vb RaqecTBeHHoicb OTHomemH. He moro HaiiiHz& npoHBBe^HÍft H^erB 
Ha oúfbBXY ^Bbpohbi, ho h bi stw^ neiiHoroirb opsEHnannocTB 
pyccxoĚ HaOjaoxaTejOHOcTEy canofiurmitt cbjuwb hbicjoi yse sairib- 
TOHU H oqfoieHH no ;|octohhokb7. TenepB Haicb ocraerca * tojibbo 
sejiaTB, qTofiiii PoccíH npoHSBOAHJia no6o:r6e TajnaHroBi, mnemTE 
pyccRoicy yify no6oite pasBHTÍH h npocropa; a nyrL, no KOTopoxy 
H^(TH TaiaHTairb, ysasanB Hanmirb BexsaoDtb nosroirB. Mm. rr., a 
npeAJiaraio togti> sa pyccsyio araTeparypy^ KOTopaa nomjia h EffirB 
no nyTH, yRasaHHOMy nymRmmorb. Bbsohewh Boceio sa b^^bob 
HCsyccTBo, 8a JOTepaTypnys) c6mbk) nynnoraa, sa pycoKETB JiETe- 
paTopOBT»! Mu BhnsLfíntb o^ohb Becejio stotb toctb: niHB^e Ha na* 
meft Yjuuijb npaSAHiiirb. 



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(TL nymKHHCKATO IIPAaSHHKA 

5 — 8 llOHa. 



Ob nojiOBHHH .npomjiaro Maa BHimaHÍe pyccicaro o6ii](6CTBa, no 
KpaftHeft irbpt m> IleTepfiyprb h Mockbí, Gbuo onesh chjibho sa- 
HflTO npeACTOflBiimirB oTspBmeirB naMflTHHRa IlyinKHHy. HasoHem*, 
<mo as^aiocL cb sax^TEhorb Herepn^meirB: bh^ho 6bijio, <rro ch 
OiiKHj^iaeMBiinb co6uTÍ6irB cBflsuBajicfl jíflK oCn^ecTBa, msm jtflSL ero 
oópasoBaHHot h jrarepaTypHot ?acTH, o^eHB SHBoft HHTepeei, ^ro 
aroT^B HHTepecB paenpocrpaHflJiíCfl Ha jno^eft caMBixB pasHopo^^HBixi 
Bsrxflj^oBi, nojíoxenii h cTpeMJneHÍt, ^rro owb npHHEMajDrL pasirlbpu, 
lIpHHaAIesaI^Í6 Hai^onajiBHBorb co0£nÍHMi>. # 

OTKpBITÍ6y HaKOHei^, COB6piIIH2IOCB; lOI 6BUDI 6r0 CBH;^l(%TeJ[flMH, 

5 — 8 iiOHfl. H vb caHomb x^at, iipas^^oBame mtfbJío xapaRrepi y 
HacB ;^ocejrib noJioxHT6JO>HO HeCHBajiBiĚ: H6 GuBaio TaKoro eji^HHO- 
jtyiiraaro 7bji[676híh, coeAHHflBinaro cthxíh, saaceTCfl, ne coe^piHH- 
x£ifl; ne 0£iBajro xaKoro B086ysA6HÍH jtyimmi^ cropoFL joraHaro h 
o6ii(ecTBeHHaro ^yBCTBa. 

Mu He 0yA6]ť& paacRasBiBaTB no;Q>o0HOCTeĚ aroro iipa8;i[HHRa. 
BctMBi jíflBno npoqHTaHBi cBijiíbíáE o coopyseHÍH naifflTHHBa, pas- 
csaaBi o TopsecTBiŘ OTKpBirifl; rasem pesioMHpoBaflH bxb npHBejra 

UJbSKKOWh BC% TSBSBhUl HSl rtXl MHOrO^HCMHHUXl CIOBlb H P'6toĚ, 

Kudfl CKasami Sblih npH caMOiii* oTRpBiriHy noroifb bi yHEsep- 
^csTerb^ Bir sad^AftHiffinb CMn^ecTBa JDo6HT626t pocciteROĚ cjiOBec* 
HocTH, sa odt^aMH — ^ropoACKHirb h JorrepaTypiiBíMi; paseRasaHO o&b 
ofCfmeBxeEmj Kasoe oBJía^teaio spirrejuniH h cjrymaTejunm. lípa- 
émaan tojdbro, hto BBiooRoe HacTpoeme MHHyru ne BHymHJio Ht- 
maropvaa hss HamHxi óprasoBi — ne csaseirBi fjTA npEmpemii, o 
He xaio B% SŤH ffHH roBopHiocB, HO H npocvot npaBXH- 



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XXII B^CTHHK'& BBPOHH. 

BOCTH Bi^ oOpan^emH c% $aKTaHH. IIpexocTaBHirB pa3T»flCHdn7» aro 
Gy^iiy^eMy pascRadqHKy droro co6bitíh. Bblio acho, ^o RasB HHBe- 
jiHK^b 6hurb noBO^i, cofipaBinift b'b o^^oitb TopsecTB^ ctojibró pasHO* 
poAHBixi aieMeHTOB^b Hameft oGn^ecTBeHHoft jkhbhh h jiHTepaTypBi^ 
— OHO He 8arj[a;p[jio BfBMjífii, h6 HcnpaBHJio JKnrepaTypHoft Hcnop^eH* 

HOCTH. 

HecoHH^HHo ojsfiaxo, qro bcb TopsecTBO npoHSBeJio Ha ero cbh* 
A^brejieft h yqacTHHROBi CHUHoe BneqaTJííHie. OrRpBirie naMflTHHEar 
Bcrpi^^eHO 611U10 BspuBoirb aHrysiasMa, h 8to npas^tHH^Hoe, Bocrop- 
seHHoe, no3TEi[6CKoe BacTpoeaíe octaiocB Ha nixue ^hh; osb drHin* 
HacrpoenieiTB ifacca co6paBniHxcH na TopsecTBO cjiymajia o;^yHieB- 
jieHHiiifl pt^EH o6i» HCTopn^ecKoiTB SHa^eHÍH remajiBHaro noara, Kor;i,a. 
y^enue npo(j[)eccopay Jiy^mie hbi* HaniHxi* nncaTeJieft o6'BflCH2jm ne- 
jooiiŘ nepeBopoTii, icaRoft 6fiLirB hitb coBepmeni* 3% uíbnoKb HameirK 
jrarepaTypHOiTL pa8BHTÍHy H3o6paasajiH pasjniqHUfl cropoHBi ero rjiy- 
GoKaro ncTopH^ecKaro BjdflHÍH, HanoHHHajtH xyxosecTBeHHBiH KpacoTBi 
ero noasíHy pncoBaiH ero remajiBHo OAapeHHyH)^ GjnaropoAHyio jih^- 
HOCTb. Meac^y dXHXH p']b^a]fH Ó&uio icHoro npouHKuyTbixi* BOCTopseH- 
BHXbf no^TH pejinrioaHBiirb noKionenieirB nepe^i Bejnncffirh noaroirb: 
owk óhUTb ne TOJiBKo co8;D;^TejieMi» HOBtňmefi pyccKoĚ JinrepaTypu^ 
OHi^ 6hvrb npopoKOMi BejmKoft «Bce-^eji[OB']&^ecKOĚ» ÓyAynpocTH pyc* 
cgaro Hapo;!^!. GanBia pbui o BesoKowb noarb cTaHOBHincB noaaiefti 
ero Tpy;^ ÓBurb ^e tojebró MOHyKeHrajiBHoft aacjiyroft bi* npomeA- 
meiTB, HO sHajceHÍeiCB h npeoCpasoBameirB. CaMHxi» cjrymarejieft ara 
Hoasifl yBJi^|uuia — n o^eHB cnpaBe;pnBO: bi» Ty MEnyry aafiBiBajiocB^ 
mo ;^ftcTBHTej[BHOCTB HHoft pa8:& o^eHb }SfijLeusk otl BTZTh p^^efty 

a Wb BBTh BUCKaSBIBaJICfl BCe-TaKH HCKOMBifty 2KeJiaHHU& HAeajTB;. 

B^b p1^;pufl MHHyni no^oGnaro BOcnoMHHamay oGn^ecTBeHnafl jqoSobb. 
coUnpaenb sa noaxfe, ^oporoirB ea naj^arHi Bc/b coBepmeHHtftmifl^eprBi 
ero jí^ksA^ cosnaeirB perpocoeKTHBHO bo Bceirs o6i>ekb ero Bjannie k 
B03B0XHTB ero Bi* anoTeosy. 

TaKoft zapaKTepii hm&io Hpa^^HOBaníe naicarH IlyniRHHá bi.^ 

MOCRB']^. 

droTb zapaKTepi» IlyHiKHHCKaro npasxHHsai onrik^eHHBiĚ Bocrop- 
raMH H oAymeBJíeHieirBy iipHMHpHTeahHřJim nonurrKaicH a npHMtpaMB 
;i^cTBHTej[BHaro exHHoxymifl, ecTB npei^e Bcero SHaiieHaTejD&Hoe 

CBHJ^liTeJIBCTBO Ofi^b HCTOpH^eCKOlTB BHaveHÍH IlyniKHHa. B-ISTh HMeHH 

Bo BceiTB npomexmemb pyccKoft jmrepaTypu, Roropoe Horjio 6u co- 
6fa,Th BospyrB ce&i ctouko BOoropseHHBixib coqyBCTBÍĚ. He Gy^eirK 
HOBTopflTB Toro, ^t6 6huo yse npespacHo Bucsasano o toitb Bejm- 
KoiTb HaiuoHajEbHoirb noBoporb, KoropBift nossia nynisHna jsfiaa, Bceny 
jífuaBfbŘmtíKy Te^emio pyccKoA JinrepaTypu. A^bojibho HtcROJibRHX'B. 



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26*01 Ki< 1880. um 

Mrt^amĚ. no9TH^EeQRaa iohoctb nynnaiHa HcnBirajia BiiflHie espo- 

HeficKiirB mxojph: jmrepaTypa XVni Btea, poMaHrmca, BaftpoHi, 

oeraBsnr Ha ero MBiejra h nossin cbok) nexiarBy — ho owbBCsoýb 

npeoxQr&TB 8th BJDdjmiH h BUKasajTB dHeprHqecKyio caMo6Bii»ocTB. 

Ob msBi&úewb nynnoma secB ^peA^IecTByK)I^ift nepio;^ nameft 

jsrepaTTpKí oromejrb b% ofixacTB apxeoji[orÍH; jrarepaTypa BnepBBie 

o(paiB2aeB opaico kb pyccRoft shbhh^ h oco6^eho npaHO kb sh8hh 

Hapo;p[ot, BOTopas i^&Due B^Ra or^bieHa óBUia oro aossHn roc7;ii;ap- 

craa, on SH3HH Bucnmxb cocjiobíě, ora oSpasoBaniH. JI|o HymKEHa 

Hapo^pafl crpyH npofiHBaxacB bb jarreparypy cjiy^iaflHBiiai nopH- 

BaMH:— TO HHeareju^ .i^yKai^ yspacHTB Hapo^^oft ^epTot nacropajiB, 

KOMe^ÓK), uoBbcfrh; to nepBue noxy-cosHaTeJiBHiie jDofinrejiH HCRajtH 

HapO^HOCTH Bl ntCHHXB H CKasKaxii; TO HeicHoríe hhcthhkthbho 

yroaMBajF na H6o6xo;pofocTL Hsyvemfl napo^Hoft shbhh a^á ypa^ 

syirteífl Bceft naiaoHaiLHoft HCTopiH. Y nynacHHa 3Ta Hapo^ocTB 

eroia caacóft CTHxieft ero noasin h ctb t^tb nopb yrBepxHxacB vb 

pyeexofi jorrepaTypty KaK'B npoqHHft HCTO^HHKrb es oOoran^eHÍfl nod^ 

TBfeesaro, Hay^mo-HcropH^ecKaro h ofin^CTBennaro. Ob ;g)yrol ero* 

pofiu, ero II098ÍH óBua nepBUMB (peiKrowb peajrasMa, KOTopuft no- 

lon osasajn* namet jrarepaTyprb Tasúi baihkíh ycjiyrH — ^Esy^enieirb 

J^CTBHTeJDbHOOIH, HpOCTOTOft CTH2H, B^&pHIiDrb HdOOpaseHÍeirB XBJSBJÍj 

BsameiTB na oCn^ecTBO. nymKHHB Acun> noistKa Tovy nasa^B Hep- 
B£ie o^pasi^ goffraTTHaro pyccnaro HcrojNs^ecKaro poMana, h ocTaB- 
nriecff OTB nero niaHH noKaSBiBaioTii — Rasoro 6oraTCTBa npaB;i;HBOĚ 
peaibHoft no88ÍH pyccRaa jrarepaTypa jmnnuacL erb ero noTepett. 
^2ďkej HHKTO AO Hero ne Guirb TasHirb icacTepoHi pyccicaro HSBiKa: 
cIIyiiiKHHeKÍft CTnrb» CTajrb BbicmHirb oGpasi^oirb; Hapo^naa p6^cb y 
lero BnepBue saHHMaerb CBoe npo^HOe irfecro m> bshrí jiHTepaTyp- 
HGirB. Beib 9TH HOBBis npíoGpfereHÍfl wb co^^epacaHÍH h if^op^fb jnrre- 
paTypu cjífbMSkBhi ůhom chjioio bucokoA noaaÍH, c^b 6oraToft opHni- 
B&iBHOCTBio, CBibseft H pa3Hoo6pa8HoŘ, r;^ HanuEH CBoe BBipaacenie 
H caHBifl rjiyCoKÍH h tohríh ;pH3EeHÍH JiHpHqecKaro qyBGTBa^ h tsmbi 
aDoca H xpfti^u* 

noasifl nyHisHHa yBJíeua coBpeM^BHROBrb cb caiiBirB nepBBixB 
maroBi no8Ta. Ona 6Biaa ^iterB-To HecjiBixaHHBDrb; BerepanH KJiac* 
eHqBSlia, norH6aBniaro oEOH^aifeiBHo npn Úsecxb aroft noasm, nu* 
TamoB BOScraBaTB na nero, ho kiíe 6opb6bi cb hhiob nynncHHy úblío 

XQB02BH0 dHHTpaiaCB. Bct 60Xbe OB-fasifl CHXbl jiHTepaTypH, H BB 

rarb ^íBCJtb CTapmee noKOjr^me poMaHTHKOBB bb usnU SCyKOBCKaro, 
i^mMEsywa kb Heny h iqiHSHasn wb hohb eBoero naBy; jí^m. hojio- 
90Db HOKOJitaift oÁi^ecTBa IlymKHHi CTaJTB npe^ireTOMB BocTopsen- 
aux) HoucmeHÍfl. Ectb mhoto npexamfl o6b sTOt cTpacTHoft npHBa- 



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ZXIV BWnOKh IBPOIIH. 

saHHocTH ofiii^ecTBa Kh npary, kb CBoet «nepB0Ě jdo6bh>. 9to no- 
.KJioH6Híe nLio sa HHirb Bdo^y^ ff&uuio ero ^^yrB ne CBepxBecrecTBeH- 
mjosh QjnsficnBowb jsflxe uexfj jnoABMHy o^eHb jífiji&aoa on JDire- 
pasTpBi, tLO jíp KOTopuTL xocTHTaia rpoMKafl cjubBa noara... Bi so- 
G3r6;^e jffon shsíhh nynacHHa ara npHBaaaHHocTb cŘasajiacB xpoBoa- 
Hot saÓOToft o6ii](6CTBa H Hapo;i(HOt MaccBi, H no cifepis ero — Txy6oK0t 
cKop6&io, KOTopas Hanuia cBoe cHJcuaoe h xporarennoe BHpaaceme 
wb HSBiteTHoirb cTEXOTBopenÍH R>Haro JlepMOHTOBa. 

nyniKHSb BomejTB vh ncTopiio— BOjmKHifb mceneirb. IIocifepTHoe 
HS^ame noKasajio o^^axo, yro ero noam^ecKoe Bojoraie A&xeBo ne 
Gbcdío Hráepnano rtim iQ)OHaBeAeHÍflicBy Rasúc abejoicb npn ero shshh. 
OKasaiocB GoraToe nacjri^cTBo neHaB^cTHBixii aotojdA coa^aníŘ. nym- 
KBWh nnepBue oTKpBuicfl bo Bceft (ejeh ho^th bo Bceft) nojmorts obo- 
HTB npenaBe^enift. Bcjri^x^ saTtirL flBEjracB aHaiceHiiTfiiH ccraTBH o 
nyniKHHt» E&oíHCEaro, aohhe^ eAnECTBennafl no^ipoónan acrers^e- 
cBafl oi^HRa nodra, Hanncannafl 6oj[Bmnin» ifacrepoirB acTerH^ecKot 
KpBTHKH H BocTopsenHUMB noBJíOHHHKOirb nodTa. Bb 1865 — 56 roAY 
BBímjio Kb cb'6ti» nepBoe RpKFH^ecKoe jisjífiEie IlyniKHBa, cj^annoe 

n. B. ÁHHeHROBBDťB. OhO o6hOBIUIO BO BCOft CEJTb HCTOpHqeCBÍÉ aSTO- 

pETOTb nymRHHCKot nosaíiiy craio onflTB JuirepaiypEHirb co6iime]rb 
H BusBaso pjpi HOBBixB Hdy^enift, Mes^y ROtopbdck HanoMHmcE 
ocoÓeHHO aairitoaTejOíHíiH CTaTBn wb «CoBpeMeHHHK%» 1856 ro^a. 
O^HH H8B BTEi% HOBBiTb say^eHiĚ HanpaBJíeHbi Ůhua na dCTemqe- - 
CRoe HCTOJOcoBanie IlyniRiiHCKot nodain; ^yrifl ncBajiH ocB^btETb ary 
noasÍH) BB esL coBpeneHHoft oÓn^cTBeHHO-jrarepaTypHoft oGcraHOBSš 
H Bi 6íorpa(j[)ÍH; nepsoe npo^oaoe Ha^uuto GiorpatJÓH cic^aHO 6hSJLo fb 
HaB^THfiixB cMaTepiajiaxi» r. AnHenROBa, Rorop&ie BupocTaioTB 
noTOicB BB nacTOfln^ee, ^)HTHqecRH paapafioraHBDe snaHeonEcanie. 
Macca ncTopn^ecRaro MaTepiasa o nostíknanch BpeMenaxB, na^an- 
nas vb uotJťbjífúíi ^^Ba^i^TL jifbrb, paaBncHfierb RaRB nHRoi7i;a npea^e 
caMBift o6n^ecTBeHH£i& n jranrepaTypnBitt Gutb, vh cpe;^ ROToparo 
coBepmajiacB jsíkaremBocnb nynncnna. 

HacTynajiH js^jtík spenena. PeajmaiTB, ocBAn^eHHijt IlyniRHHBarB, 
BCTpbnuLCE CB sHBOTpenen^yn^HMH aa^a^aME, RoropsiE cb nocTasoB- 
Roft RpecTBEECRaro Bonpoca e cb na^ouioirB peíj^pirB sBipociE bb 
jsfásaA, E EaipoEajuBHBit, e Eapo^EHÉ BonpocB. Hnrepecu oGn^ecTBa 
nepemjDi na no^By, Roropys) npeA^yBCTBOBasB e crpacmo ac^aJTL 
IlymKEBBy Eo RoropoĚ OEB se BSQijbjrb vb CBoe BpeME. Ho IlyniREs* 
cBaa TpsAEiiiE xpaEEiacB. PeajDiaMB jifizx^jpsirb so cBoero RpaftsEro 
npe^^a, jíp ropBRoft e acejrasoft caTEpu; eo jí^úrb a^e caMoro noaxa, 
npEauBaBmaro uyay «MecTB e ne^iaxE», noaaíH IlymREEa ocraBSJíacB 
CB^TMiWb E^eajioMB; ofla ocrajiacB Tenioft npEBEaaESOCTBio fflR ns* 



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26-oB MAX 1880. xxr 

caTaxfl, ROTopuĚ asjuieTCfl cEjasfbĚmmtb HpeAcraBHrejieirB Hanteft 
eaixpu; ona ocrasaiacB Tbwb ace jiflXL Ji^itíaro xy^oseerfieHHaro 
tfmmuL noert B&sHHcsaro, spmmiB,^ soropBift o^esko bcí^hh cBomm 
crpeMMeEiSME crf/iwh GfiurB rtirb hobbdtb aa^a^aiTB, o RaRHrB ceft* 
qacB ynoujmyro. lUbu roBopEirb o Ao^Jiik)6ob'6. 

TtXBMTb oÓpaaoifBy ott» noHBJíemfl nepBBirB iipOH3B6;i(eHÍtt Ilyni- 
KDa H xo noert^^Hflro BpeiceHH ohi 6BurB n a^ ^Hraion^eft ifaccu 

BeXHKHSn noaTH^eCKHlťb aBTOpHTBTOirB, H Bil COSHaHÍH JT^mnEXB HH- 

caroiefi— poAOHaqajn»HiiKoir& HOFbĚmaro nepio^a HameĚ nrepaTypBiy 
H BBicmeA nodtviecROft cssoft, xasafl tiHxa eio cos^aHa Roi^^a-jiHGo. 
droro 6b£ío ^^c^ojobo, ^!io(hu on^Bme naicaTHHKa nymKuuy craio 

iQDaBE) Brt JD^EBUS ^BCma H^KOd&KHXB IH«O0IÍ&HÍĚ, KOTOpBIfl IK)33Ífl 

nymRHHa mmuia h BoaBumaxa, bc% npeAoraBjíeHifl 06% ero Bejiir- 
xoft HGvq^jnecKoft aacsyrb, Bcib oiqyii^eHiA noarH^ecRaro eacsasAe- 

Hia, B&b COTjrBCTBLfl KB CaMOft Jm^HOCTH, CTOJI& BOSBUmeHHOfl H CTOJBÍB 

TparH^ecKH h (SeaBpexeHHO norHfimeA. 06mficn!B0 npiisBiBajiocB or^aTB 
C8<»D ;^HB BejoDBOMy HCTopiraecROMy jtíbaremo, TOpe3B nojiBl^Ra en^e 
BueTByronieMy BOffb cepjneaa h tmomb, n oCn^ecTBeHHoe iipasHame 
BupasBJíocB BOCTopseHmiMB, TporaTBJíBHBiMB ^ecTSOBameirB. 

Ho BB dTOMB HacTpo6HÍH iipoxo^Hia HecoKHtHHO H ^lepra^ npH- 
Ha^esaiqaa jcjnosAawh Hameft HacroHn^eŘ MHHynf, h Ha Koropyio, 
Hpas;^, HaBOAHJia h Hcropiji ;i(tor6J[BH0CTH nynnoraa. MockobcbíA 
npad^^HHRB 6fiUB co BpeiieHB PiopHRa nepBBDiB ^hcto ofiii^ecTBeHHO- 
iKrepaTypHiDrB npdajíflMsawb^ h no CBoeicy noBo^y, k no iicnojrae- 

HIJO. 370TB nOBOffB JíflB, MaCCM 06mfiCTBA 6BUB BnepBBie nÓ^OKHMB 

o0o](eeTB6HHBorB HHTepecoMB; OB^ BBiaBajTB caMoe ropfl^ee y^acrie 

■ xHosecTBo yvacTHiEKOBB; TOT& dHTysiacn^ecKift npieMB, KaKoft 
j B CT yh i MJUf MHorifl pt^EH n pasHUS ^lacTHoqns TopacecTBa, 6biih cbh- 
XfeiesBCTBOifB, TTO j[iiTepaflpyi«oe TopsecTBO nonaro h npESHano xasB 
HwioHaxBHoe. Gaica co6oft flBXEJEacB mbicjib o nojiosenÍH caMOft jra- 
leparypu. Bb pib^axB npnnoicHHasocB o6b ea HOJiosemn bb Ilym- 

wmné^Kisf BpeMOHE; H6B0XBH0 ^^MaSOCB 06B efl HBm&HHHXB yCJlOBÍHXB. 

^feareiH iHreparypEHe Gbuh roho^ho rjaBHHinr npeAcraBHrejuoai 

■ mcTosBOBBíreJuam TopsecTBa, — 6biib HasoneiTB cna nameft jjansfb 
iBXHBBB>y no BBipaseHÍH) OcrpoBcnaro, h bi^ mkcihxb 6Bun ca- 
D9I TCfpsjásí seiaBÍfl, ^to6bi npasAHHSB 0bub ne tojobro na-cero^Hs, 

TQ^BKO fifiR ofiHoro spyra oÓn^eosBa, ho ^to6bi ohb .'oipasHJicH Ha 

yeiOBiflXB jDiTepaTypUy — bb BoropurB hhho oparopune 

GoxunoŘ paaHH^ElI cb tímb, 9t6 ůhulo sa nojiBi&Ba... Ho 

6tíaOj ^ETo no TterB se ycJiOBiflicB opaTopu saTp^pHHXHCB bbi- 

impejííbJLeaEO cboh nosejJianÍH; 6ujm tojibko npnnoicflHyTbi 



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XXTI BMrHIRrb IBPODH. 

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pyKonjecKaHiinm, ^to 8th HanoHHHaHÍH h HaxeBH Ghoa xopomo 
noHHTH H pa8^i;tJieH£i cjiyinaBmHM^b ofin^eciBOM^b. 

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Hai^oHajcbHBizi sa^a^axi, o HeoCxo^HMOCXH corjiacHaro Tpy^a fflB 

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jieEQ BUxoxHT7» da eH npe;(&iu* nocj[i;i(HÍfl ;Q9a ^(ecflTHjrfrrifl nponijDi 
;pfl pyccsaro o6ii](ecTBa bi TaacKHrb ncHBiraHÚcrby Ha^saxacB bojoi- 
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y MHorHxi — CKaaceiTB npflHO — Kb Ceana^esHOCTH. Ho, naRonei^, MSfh 
Syi^ noBtoio APyrHiTB BOdAyxoirB... Bitoitb, 6ojAe oOpasoBanHOirB 
spyacKt o6n](ecTBa^ KoropBii Gbutb nanSojite ^yroK^ k% coBepinaB- 
meicycfl vh o6iiteciBeHHott h rocy^^apcTBeHHoft shbhh, otb Bcero 
npeacHflTo ocraiocB Kpatnee npaBCTBeHHoe yroicxeme. IlymKHHCKitt 

npa8AHHK!B npHHieJICH Ha TOTB OCBtacaiOTHiff M0]C6HTB, o KOTOpOlTB 

ifH ceft^ac^ ynoicHHyjsH. GH)Aa h HanpaBHJracB ;^ho CAepsaHHBiH, 
HeBKCKasaHHUfl BJie^ems oÓn^ecTBa, Bc/b ero Jty^nÚA ^yscTBa h no- 
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oOhxbhbi ýasTaiíH h yKaBawíifMW, Bcero uenfbe npHMHpHrexBHBocH. 

Ho KB xy HHHyry, Koiy^ BOCTopaceHHBia pt^H rraopniH o BexH- 
KoiTB s^^aBCTBeHHoiTB npio6ptTeHÍH, KaKoe MBi cx^xaxH (TB Topse- 
cTBBHHBDrB npESHameiTB BexHsaro no^Biira HyiHKHHa, rosopHXH o 
MoryB^ecTBt npa^pj h BBicoKaro H^oaxa,— steitb pi^qairB BipEnoch 
HXH xorbxocB, no spafiHeft Mbpb^ bí^phtb. MHHyru TasExi* nacipoe- 
HÍft fiBiBaiOTB jsfitj^uftsBMbi BO BHyTpeHHOĚ SHSHH ^exoBtea: npo6BiTB 
HtocoxBRo BpeMOHH BB 8Toft aTMOc^p^ B03nBnneHHBn?B JsfbJíeli, jrpwr 

aUBOBl H rOTOBHOClB Ha (Sxaroe 06n^eCTBeHH06 ^^O, BCTpí^THTBCfl WB 
CO^yBCTBÍflXB CrB MHOJSeCTBOWb JOOffiA CaifBIXB paBHBIXB ({K)p]faiafty 

jBBj^íbrb TO se co^yBCTBÍe Ha xhic^ npoiraBHnKa, ^i[gse sxfeňniaro 
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RaR0ft-HH6y;|^ oxhhi> ofin^ecTBeHHBift, naipoHaxBHBift HHxepecB, oko- 



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26-os Mkz 1S80. xxrn 

Wfowh (xon Bi» ofmfiwb tojoiKO cMBicjrJb) wbrb cnopa, n 6ctb 6ah« 
Ho^^ynmafl' mucjeb h sejiaide... 

nOHflTHO, ^TO KB BTOITB HaCTpOeHÍH HeiBdfl OCTaTBCfl Ha^OJITO. 

flBSflerea norpeCHocra bb^th H3% onsaHaioiiviro AEtenpairta, oT^aTB 
ce(% onerb kb IIpoHC^I6;^o6]CB, bh^hhomi h cjOiunaHHOirBy ho aa- 
rtiTB yse npo^oao BJia^TB ;[i^&cTBHT6j[BHBDrB iipíoCptreHÍeirB. H 
nocvb Tasoft aposipsE, mocrobcríě npaa^HniCB (h APyne, o'b hhitl 
esflsaHHHe) ocraHercfl SHaMeHarejniHMirB ^^rtoitb o6ii^ecŤB6HHoĚ 
iCTopÍH Hamero BpeiceHH. naiiflTHHK'B IlyinRHHy Cbutb nepBBift, 
oixpuTÍe KOToparo Óbuio Bnojmi ^ovb o6iitecTB6HHBiirB. Heciforpfi 
Ha BC& 8aKe;i^eHÍfly BGJtbppiBie Koropím icHorie ne MorjnH ytee npR- 
HffEB y^aoTÍH Bi npasxHHKt, HecMorpH na RteoropyK) H6ypH;9!qy 

Vb I^HTOTOHieHÍflX^, OBJ> 6hUl> BBIHOJHeHrB C^B TaRHlTB yCTťbXOU^b, 

B086y;qurB TaRoe ^pBHseme h npoHSBejTB TaKoe chjibro6 sne^aTJitHie; 
KaKi e;pa jih kto npexnoiarajTB, — no spa&neft ufb^i ne npej^ojia- 

raJTB HHRTOy CTB JStoth ESJĚh cjcy^axccb rOBOpHTB. 

MHoro^HcxeHHBis p6a, (acaaaHHBai na yHHBepcHreTCKOM^B aRTt, 
ffB co(^aHÍH Ofio^ecTBa jiH)6HTej[et pyccRot cjioBeenoera, na ropo^^csoirB 
H JDirepaTypnoKi oCi^ax^B, roBopsiH o&b HCTopHqecKoirB BHaqeHÍH 
nymKHHa, o xapaKTepb ero HaxypBi h ero noadiH^ o6fB ea naiuoHáJiB- 
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pAqet oTjnraaiHCB xocroHHCTBoirB cepLtonaro Hdy^emn; ^yrífl npe- 
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auA HOdBÍH; vb TperBHXB — cb 6ojn»inH]rB KpacHOpt^irB roBopHjiocB 
o HpaBeTBeHHO-o6n^ecTB6HHO]rB snaTOHm IlyniRHHCRaro TopaeecTBa. 
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nepBafl; ffaite, pfera rr. TypreneBan OcTpoBcsaro; npeicpacHo roBO- 
jmwh o snaqeHÍH npaa^^HHKa r. AKcaKOBi»; b^b cbobitb po^ sant^a- 
leiBHBi Cbuh ptoH rr. KancoBa h JIjocToeBCKaro. 
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^OIBKO ei^ CnOKOtHOĚ HCTOpH^eCROĚ KpHTHBOfi, GBOXBKO (TB BOCTOp- 

aeHHBorB iryBCTBOiTB HOKioneHiH, — Koropoe OTBi&qaJio HaerpoenÍK) 
HHHyTfii. Bcero 6oiBiHe noropH^ecTOt rphthkh 6buio bi* nepBBix^B, 
THHB^CHTercKHXiB, pií^ax%; Beero xeHBnie — kb nocjit^efty Koropoio 
ttsovmcfl npad^HHsrB, vb ptoa r. ^ocToeBCKaro. SHa^eme Ilym- 
XKHa m> pyccKofi jorrepaTypi h HCTopÍH oÓn^ecTBenHoft mhcjih 6buio 
BKHCHeHo m> cjioBaxi, npo;ipiKTOBaHHBJX'B dHrysiasMOHx; cRasano 
texo, saiseTCfl Bce, — A0B6pinHTB Momno 6huio tojibro anoreosofi, ro- 
i^aH H c;^aHa GBixa r. JI,ocToeBCRH]rB: IlyniRHHi — npopoRx, ero 



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xxYiii BMmcB iBPanH. 

noasífl — npoo6pa80Baflí6 Gy^yiE^aro Bejra^ Poccin, Ror^a pyccsift 
Hapo;i(i> BosB^cTWTb HCTHHy Bceiiy ^ejiOBi^^ecTBy... 

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pBíMH dasrb^aHÚBOiH. 

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nopBisaMHy KOTop&ie SÓJUBineH) ^aerbio Tpy;^o npe^yra^aTB h koto- 
pBie 6ojiBm6K) ^acTBH) fiBicrpo npoTojíflTb, ocraBJíflH b^l ynaxib HEor^a 
3aMi&^aTej[[BHo (ua6oe Bn6TOTjr6HÍe. Bi noojri^jHÍĚ paai uhi bha:6j[H 
TaRoe a:e yBJíeTOHie cjuiBflHcxiDrB Bonpocoirb: hotth sa h^crojdebko ji^eA 
oSn^ecTBO 6£uio coBcfbwb paBEO^ymno, noroirb o uevb saroBopEjni, 
jiflSL Hero sepTBOBajiH; jijui nero nura na BoeHHBia iipmcjno^emfl^ no- 
ToiTB— KaRB óyffTO ero cobc^itb ne Gbuio... Bohmch, ^to6bi ne ciy- 
^HJiocb Toro se TenepL. OrKpBiríe naiiflTHHRa roroBEJOLocL bi» TewHÍe 

HtCKOJIBRHX<B J^TB; 6BUI0 BpOMH npHTOTOBHTBCa Kb H6My HB^a- 

meiTB ero co^HHemft, it^JCbHBDrB KpirrH^EecRHirB Hsy^eHíeirB ero 
;^tflTejQ[BHoeTH, RHHraMM nonyjuipHBQfH. K^b coauurbodio, TaEii ne 
GJiy^muiocB. IIpaBffa, HS^ame (o^eHB xopomo peAaRmpoBaHHoe) 
Ha^axo, HO BBímio jnmiB jifiSi Toifa «(rB 6HJi6T0irB» Ha oc- 
TajEBHHe >); BirbcTO 6iorpa$in — Tonpn GpomiopKH, h HtcKOJiBRo 
sypnaJC^HBix-B cTaTet. Ci^ js^jroŘ ctc^hu, H^yrB cxyxHOBHOBBor* 
RpBiBaH)n^[xcH MaTepiaxaxi> a^h 6iorpa4»ÍH noara: HHrepecrB hxb ne 
no^Hesasii comh^hík) en^e ctb 1837 ro^a, ho Bsa^^kiiBipi ocraBJífliH 
nrh uojí,T> cnjjífivh — nysno ^buo, ^sto&l rpoiCRoe TopsecTBO Busejio 
3TH MaTepiajiBi na cbíttb Soacift, wb ne?ai% hxh b:b pyRH HdCJEt^o- 
BaTOjiet. Eíorpa(j[)ÍH BejraRaro nodxa, Roroparo xaRL cMBSTb vb mo- 
MeHTB TopsecTBa, emfi cron Maio oÓpafioTana, ^iro naRanyHib Ton- 
RO GhuoL HS^aHu (Hjra iforjm Sbitb ns^anH) CB^Mitma, ^pesBBi^íaĚHO 
xapaRTepHCTH^ecRifl n }í,0EHBfb HeHSB^THBifl. — GRaseiTB, BnpoqeiTBy 
BfB H^ROTopoe o6iuiCHeHíe, ^To nocjiri&^ÍH BpaieHa Hameft juarepa- 
Typu xaxoRO ne cnocoCcTBOBajiH cnoRotnoicy h npaBXBBOMy HcropH- 
^ecROicy Hsy^eHÍH), h ^ase mhphbia saHBJíefiifl o^nteerBeHHBix^B co- 
qyBCTBÍĚ o6cTaBj[eHH ChuoL crpaHHBíMH TpyAHocraMH: MBI cjiuniaiH, 
Hanpnirbpi, hstb bhojehí ^ocroBšpHaro ncro^HHRa, ^ro ^a irtcflqa 
HasaA^B H86paHie mocrobcrhm'b yHHBepcHreroirB o^Horo wi> ero ho- 
BBixB noTOTHBixi ^uieHOBi* 6i£iio jí^bjíom aecBua iipo6ieMaTHqeeRHi['B 

>) Korxa mh neiaT&iH n xai (BHme, crp. I) nepnoe cnixoTBopeHie IlymKiiHa, 
4iBHBiiiaroca bi „Bícthhkí Espoiui^ 1814 roxa, mh enie ne mciiB DpeA'b nasaím uo- 
Báro HSAaHÍjf, a noTOMy cxixaHHoe HaxH Tor^a npHirt^aHie othochxocb ki npexiHxy- 
miorB Bs^aBÚiirb; vb hobohi HsxamH npexHÍe BexocraTKB oKasaiBC^ BcapaBiea- 
BHMB. — Ped. 



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26*0B lUK 1880. ^ XXIX 

— sasaiocB BOSMOSHBOCb H6 nojiy^HTB yrBeps^emfl BBi6opa; ho o6- 
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nfipaHíe Typrenesa* 

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Bocnojaayercfl ropas^o 6ai4be nojraborb xaTepiaiom, vbwb saRoĚ 6i>un> 
raBicreffB ^o cKxrbnoprB^HEaiieoiipe^ti^xim hAkotopbis ncTopmecKúi 
ofHomeidfl IlyinKHHa h nodmBHn^ ero Ha uesAe aficojnomyK), h 
6Qrt6 peauHyio no^By, vbirb craBHjm ero, Hanp., bi HtKOTopBix!L 
ptqan. Mu TenepB tojebko ysna^fb cb ^^ocraTo^iHOĚ BcaocThíoMmfi' 
cxBeHHBie Hxeajoi IlymRHHa, ero nojrarH^ecsífl H^en, ero HiaHU pas- , 

BEBKTÍ 9TH H^^OH Wb HOlHTHqeCKOt TĚB&tbj VJÍSíShlj KOTOpBie HB 

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pa8B 6buo roBopeHO o toitb, KasB 8th ycxoBÍH crbCHfln noarH^e- 
cspo H Hy&nEQHCTE^ecKyio jiíbareiMLocrb IlyniBHHa; 80 Maio o6pa* 
o^uKHSb BHOfamfl Ha to, saKi» ohh oupe^^bušura caHoe oraornenie 06- 
n^ecTBa kb IlymKHHy. FoBoparL o Tomb, ^ro nymuiHi HCHuiBjrb 

XOSOXHOCTB H paBHO^^HIÍe OÓmfiCTBS.: HO OHt 6usBi He 6e8npH^HHHU. 

Bi» ^Hcjr6 espomxB kphtmkobb nynnuiHa 6hun> nncaTOiB hí^cro jbro 
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HBISIKCB. PaSXPftSHTeJUUBUfl OTHOmeHÍfl CíQifOWby BOTOpBIfl 06t 6WSK 

flTOraawWy ne x&Baoi hmb hohhtb xpyrb xpyra, h Mes^y npo^miB 
rb o6H^CTBeHHBiH hohhtís nyHiKHHa, KOTopBiH MBi ysHaéif^ TenepB 
bb WTh DOCjrbxoBarexBHot cBflSH h bb hxb hcthhhomb cMHCJtby bb 
TO ^exfl xoFJH 6bitb tojoeo yrajcbiBaeHiiy bb otpbibo^hoě <j(K)p]it^ 

m HOTOdSQBaHBI OXHOCTOpOHHe H yPJIOBaTO. BtJDracKÍft 6BUrB BeJEHmft* 
HraMB DQKlOHHHKOMBy SaKOFO TOJOKO HlCteb IlyniKHHB; HO BBTpH^- 

^aTBiTB ro^axB n y nero 6iuh HHHyru He^oyiitoifl h neAOBOJiBCTBa; 
ero H0Ki(«6HÍe ^octhtjio B£ieniet oTenenH yse TOi^a, KOTAaHBEXHCB 
Hocx^pTHUH npoHBBeAeBÍfl nyniKHHa. 

roBopflTB, A&ite, otiB oxjiasAeHÍH bb nynnocay bb noarbjífidsL 
XjecflTHsiTífl, CTaBH bb yBopB HOBOMy BpeifeHH daOBeme o Bejonafi- 
seifB pyccEOMB uůdfťby HenoHHMame xy^ossecTBa. J^McTBHrenHO, bb 
Boejrl^^HiH xecflTHrtrífl ne Cbuio tofo dHrysiasna kb IlyniBHHCKOft 

BOeSÍHy lUUCOt (iUBaiB BB eopOBOBBIXB rO^aXBy — ^HO CB mfbMt HCKJDO* 
■MltOKHffMB XapaKTepOHB OffB e^^Ba SR H MOSeTB BOdBpaTHTBCfl, HO- 

^m> («B coB^aBaicH Tor^a ho toaro RpacoroH) canot noddin, 

M XyZOMB BpeiCeHH; H BH^frlB BB 3H0X% HOCjA^QlOnitet TOJIBBO 



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RaK(d^T0 rpy6Hft ynaAOKi ecTB CosLinafl HCTopmecKafl omEÓRa. drn 
xecflTHJvferifl tiBUEE ;v[fl pycoKaro o6ii^ecTBaqp68BinaflHoftiiepeMi^Hoty 
CRaseiTb 6ojiBnie— noTOH nepdBoporoMii. HesoeifosHO xpefioBan cno- 
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BBifl oTHomeHifl, 6pocaJiHCB B% oĎn^ecTBOCbMeHacoBcbirbHHoroGBcray 
aEOfloiaraecRaro h rpas^aHCBaro. PasBHxacB JorrepaiíypaTorocRjniAay 
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IlyinsHBZínfi, — ho, eoho^iho, ho MonfiuTBHirBnpeABHAtHieoBcširE 
TbM% paaBHTÍeirB, BaRoe npHHecjiH coCbitíji. D^tiiBifi o6ii^ecTB6HHBift 
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jiHCB^ HesAy npo^Hirb, h ptasie rojiooa peaiBHoft ;^tc^rBHTejnbHOCTH, 
jífiSL KOTopurB HesorAa 6buo HcsaTB BBiA&iafiHod ^piiBi. OraBHn 
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^a pasHBie HCTopn^ecRie nepio^a, nocJitAOBaTeJiBHoe pasBHTÍe, ocjios- 
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pflTB paBHOAymin Kb IlyfflEHHy, yRa8UBaH)Ti» Ha HesHaHÍe Ilyni- 
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na yna^KOK^B npeno^aBama pyccRaro mhoss, bi HameĚ nncojrik; crojib- 
RO pa3B yKa3BiBajiHGB sajiofiBi csamrh yHHBepcuTeroKb Ha flBJEOB- 

niHXCfl Kb HHITB MOJIO^BirB JDO^BĚ CB aTTeOTaTaHH €8p&[0CTH> H (TB 

yatacaioiqHirB ues^bsBňCTBOWb Bb pyccRoiTB HBBiKb! ^ynaeiTB, ^to 
ecjiH yme cnpe^^^JUTrB xapaBreprB HOB^ĚniHxrB jnuieHit nameft oĎn^e- 

CTB6HH0Ě OOpaSOBaHHOCTH, — BQ CXb^OBSiSO B2J6bíTb BH OaMBlň ROpeHHOĚ 
HCTO^HHR'B.... B% TpUJÍfíJdLThafb H COpOROBBtXl TOJÍfl,Tb 806 BBICQiee 

yMCTB6HHoe H Bq»aBCTB6HHoe BOcmra^aHie ofis^ecTBa coBepmaiocB Ha 
xy^oaseoTBeHnoft JonepaTypi^; c% dojiobhhu umEjsficsrairb TOffiVb 
nepe^i oSn^ecxBOirB crajra npflico cyn^ecTBeHHKe BonpocBi naiponaiB- 

HOft aECHSHH, a B'B rOCnOACTBOBaBHIBft AO HOAaBHHXl AH6Ě CHCTeHfer 

iq)0CB']b]i^eHÍfl, HHeHHO pycGBád asBosh h jomrepaTypa HrpajiH canyH) 
sajisyio poji[B. 

no crapoMy Hpe^anBio h bjiíhhíid eBponeftCKot HayRH, nay^Haa 
HCTopiH jiHTepaTypH cfftJiaJia y naci Óomraie ycnftxH b^ nocjri&AHee 
BpeiiH; HO jryqHiiH ea npiofipi^TeiEdfl 6buh cffbJísshi novni HCKJOo^iHTaiBHO 
B-B ofiiacTH jiHTepaTypu ApeBHeft. ^to Raoaercfl XO hoboí , to Bffbcb Cbuo 
co6paHo MH0S6C1B0 JDOfionuTHaro CBiporo MaTepiaia, h Bcero nenB- 
nie cA^aHo q[»HTHqecRHxi»H8Cjr6AOBaHifi:r6He8HorBHOBoftjiHTepai7pBi 



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26-OB MiJi 1880. XXXI 

FbGBfl8H6Hc%pa8BiiTÍe]r& o6iit6CTBeBHO-nojan!iraecKHX'L H^eft ;iaji6Ko 
He BSiscMem. Jífl noejrbAHHXB TpYflpBi^ r. AnneHKOBa c;^aHH 6hjih 
Msanh HeHHOFífl iqusnraecKÍfl nonHTRH TaKoro po^a, RacaBiniHeji h Ilym- 
KEHa. 9xB pa6oTH eii^e Bnepe^H, a HenpHBOTSa Kb Kpmwsfb b^b Ooxb- 
niHHCTBt TaxoBa, ^TO Ha^o en^e ofi-BflOHflTB ea H606x0AHM0CTBHpa3- 

IHSie KpWSBBM </nb €H67BaiB6mfl>, «OTpHI^aHÍJi» H T. n. TepHHHOFB, 

msaoa ssoCusTb iirpavb hkobho HaH6ojrbe Hcnop^ennaH ^acxB Hameť 
jsrepaiTypH. B'b TopaceerBeHHBifl hhhytbi npas^itHHKa ecTeeTdeHHo 
moBBhJsmch BocropseflHUfl npHSHaHÍH sacoyrH Bejoncaro iiHcaTejiH; 
HO noacasaeirb^ qrofiBi sa btemh npHaHaHúnfH OBumc^ n hotopeko- 
^ffiTB^ecKÍe Tpy^ o nyinRHH*]^. Oh^b Aoporb BBWh, oco6eHHO bi 
HacTOflii^Tio MEHyry^ ho Ha^o spHSHaTB BceoSn^yioHCTopiraecKyiO^BC- 

IBEy, ^ITO BeiHKÍft nSCaTOJEB, BaRl BCflldfl BOJDOdfi ^eaiOBtRIB, KaK'B 

611I HH 6uiH ^esBKqaftHU ero ^apoBaHÚi h ero ji^bsiíeMMotThj 
BceiT^a ocraeTCJi o^Haso h cuhoitb CBoero B^Ra, hocetb Ha C6&6 

HCTOpH^eCKifl ^epTBI BpeHOHH H OÓmfiCTBB,. IlyCTB H6 HyraH)TCfl H He 

Hflro;^yHxrb t6, bto c^HraeTi xenepB HMfllIynisHHa HenpHROCHOBeH- 
EmcB; TOXBKO cb HOToiNBraecsoft KpHTHRoft, Hamo y;vBBJieHÍe npe^ 
HHicb, Hame npHSHame ero sacjiyrH Gy^eTi ;i^oirb He oj^oro ?yB- 
cna^ HO H flCHaro, tb^^fo cosHaniH. 

?T0 BMi&niaTeJEBOrBO HCTOpH^eCROft KpHTHKH He06X0^(HM0, B^b dTOlTb 

yfi&B^i^aeT^ b^b ocoGennocTH p'b^B r. JljocTOeBCRaro. Ona msíbJSA CBot 
ym^xB; cKaaaHHafl b% HasitorHOHi cthjA TajiaHTjniBaro iiHca^ 
feifl, oHa no^MeTBOBasa — Cesi coMH^HÍfl, b^b SHa^HrejoBHott cre^ 
HeHH — ^noTOJfy^ nro CKasana 6uxa nepe^i ay^pcropieft yase npHroroB- 
i^iHoft K!i> KpaftHevy yBjíie^ieHiio: h^okojibeo JtHed, npoBejj^eHHBaarB b^b 
HaopaKpa^aBmeiccfl pflA'6 chxbhbitb Bne^aTxiHiĚ, coofinpjiH drofi 
ay^^HTopÍH no^TB aepBHqecKoe B086yav^eHÍet — no creneHHdroro bos* 
fiya^eHÍH eft TpeGoBajnocB Bce fiojiBme ysJíeRaioimHrB h o6ojcbcth- 
iQXbHBizi CAowb. Hrb npe^JioaucTB r. JI^ocTOOBcsífi. He Sy^en^nepe- 
j^msoh noxpoCHocxeft ero pib^iH, coo6nteHHBixi» raseTaifH. Bi ea co- 
xepaBcaHÍH ne 6b£io ocoCenno ncmaro; Tama mbigjih BticicaaHBaBHCB 

mtXBMBtí Bil CiaBflHO^JIBCROft HIKOJri^, H T. JijOCIOeBCRift T02IBK0 HpH- 

MiíBHSb wTh Kb UjmKaoYy cx^aB^B ero noasíio npe^^tn^tnieMi. 9to*-^ 
T»iH XoiUDcoBa, flausoBa, TioTqeBa. Mh ne nosiOHHHSH hh Tasot 
■038ÍH, HH TaKHTB Toopítt... Ily&iHiiiHCTiii EBstcTHaro cTHaui coft^aeii 
HonpeKHyiTB nacB «0Tpni^HÍe]!rB>i t8ana;^mraecTB0irB» , c^iioRipHHep- 
c9Boaa>, HenoHHxaAíeifB pyccRaro napoAsaro ;^a h t* n., h bii 
BoyiieHÍe yxaasyrB, vro aHTJiviaHey ýpanz^SBi h t. j^. isaRSBe yBjíe- 
juaoTCA vh eBoeiTB naTpioTHSHt. Mu h nojiaraeirB, vmco Tdica r. ^0- 
csEOeBCxaro o fiynyniteH^, wm ffixe nacToaniteirB nepnencTst pyccRaro 

mp0J^^ aSVt& BCtMH OCTaHBHBDIH HMteTB yse TOITB He^JlOCTarORB, ^TO 



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xxxu Bftonoi iBFom. 

npexcrasJuaLerB He noBuft npsiíbpb HaipoHaibHaro caiiQiipociaEieHifl. 
R^kMUfity ^paHi^aUy aHraH^aHe^ c^mraiOTB cefia KaxffoĚ buciiihiii* 
npexcTaBHxeáeMtb qeiQBi^qecTBa, ofipasi^Mi j^aa jípyrBTb Hapo^oBtB, 
HTB npocB'6THT6Jie]rB H dasoHHBím cfi^mHHOĚ; A&se RHratiqbi, h t6 
7B'§p6HH, qro Fb MÍpik Hi^T% EHTOFo cosepmeBorite cpexHHHaro ipipcrBa; 
vb CTapHfiy TERi* jcyiiaiH espes, h crpaHHo: xotíbe HMeHHo bi hxi> 
epex^ B03HHKJI0 xpHCTÍaHCTBO, npHHOToe npocB&i^eHHBorb ^exoBt- 

qeCTBOlTb KaKB HCTHHa, HMeHHO OHH BTO OISepriH H OCyffUH. Ilo 

coB^TH ^^yMaeiTBy ^ro Tasas nocraHOBsa naipoHaiBHaro naTpioTHSica 
no KpaftHett wkg/b HSJonBHfl. Yace oaho KomecTBO npMicbpoFB npn- 
CBoeHÍfl ce6t nepBeHCTBa noKasBiBaeTb, ^ro ara nocraHOBRa comhh- 
TejOíHa: flCHO, ^xo B&b Hapo^Qbi, Kpoirb o^oro, jsajobsbi gaÓJuysxaTBCfl, 
H KTO se Ha]r6pEsi bc6 ffisaaaj KOTop£i8 xoKaaaiH 6ti, ^ro Hapo^ 
Hesa&iyacAftBon^liAcfl— HiieHHO mbi? Hairb roBopanb o sce^ejiOB^^HOcxE 
HJCB BceqejiOBibqecTB']^ pyccRaro Hapo^a, ho — ^BU^knaa npHirbp^ «Bce- 
CBtTHoft (nodTH^ecEot) 0T8fi[BqHB0CTH» IlyiiiKHHa, EaK'L npHiitp^ 
HCKJDO^HTeiBHarOy e;(HHOTBeHHaro Kb cBoeirb poxib nHcaTeifl — HefiBuia 
JIH Hama €Bce^ejioB']bqHocTB» npocro npHSHasoirB HSBitoTHOĚ HCfopH- 
^ecKoft cryneHH pasBErifl, cxpeicienieirL ycBOHTb cffisasEbie panite 

;9pyrH]fH npÍO0p%T6HÍH; HaKJBEOHHOCTb BaKHBaTbCfl 3% yHCTBOHEyiO 

•aiEHSHB EBpomi H6 6uBaia jih citxcTBÍeirb yHcraeHHoft C^xhocth na- 
mero eo6cTBeHHaro 6£iTa, &bj^ocTEy Koropyio ctoji&ko iforyn^ecTBeH- 
HBirb npH^HTOb npoHSBOXHiH H HOAxepsHBaxH? O^BHL 6BUI0 6u se- 

JiaT6JU»H0, ^T06BI «BCe?eJII0B4&qH0CTB» paSBHJnCL Vb pyCCKOlTb MÍpo- 

BOBspbmH, KBjeb oiHpoTa BarxHx^ h HpaBcroeHHO-naipoHaxBHoe fiea- 
npHCTpacrie, ho «fle CBtBnmirb npwMfbpíach^ o^enL icaio na 8T0 Ha- 
;^toMCfl; ffose bi nocxb^ee Bpeicfly Kor^a^ duBaio, pycccaa ne^aTB 
(h HMeHHO OojEBHiHHCTBo) HpHHHMajBUkCB saflBJEflTb HaniH HaigoHamHMg 
H^eH, xapaKTepiy npaB&y Tpe6oBaHÍH, bi BTHrb saflBJíeHiHXb 6bijio 
ropas^o Úosbme o6£iKHOBeHH%ftniaro Haigowaibnaro cajíoxBaxB- 
CTBa, HeseJEH €BceqejiOBtqHOCTH>. dra nocjutxHHH MOsen 6hrm> 
TOMhxo pesyjíLTaTom Bceft hoshoiai HaipoHaibHaro pasBHiíH, — a 
o6řb Het MH e^HTaeirb HenoBBOjrarejDbHBDrb n fobo^isl Btb HacroflKyio 
HHnyry, Bor^a napox^ ocraercH 6e8i^ unmrb^ o(^ecTBO — něvh 
BOSMOSHOCTH ctMOffiaTeMLBOtmij JDTTepaTypa — 6e8i» dJieneHrapmirB 
yciOBÍfty BOTopKfl 6bi xmh et npaso c^mrarBca ncTHHHuirb BBipa- 
semeni CBoero o6nieoTBa n napo^a. 

cBpa^, HCi^^iHCH ca]f!b» — ^Moryn cRasaiB áajrb, h ci> noíHiiirB 
npaBoiTby KB OTB^Tb Ha HamH caif0Ha,^(feflHHU6 nopusu wcníbjucrh 
EBpony H qeAOB^^ieoiBo. c^oprb xora^^an hoha poxffTbCfl bi> Poc- 

eÍH Cb fjmOW H TUBBTOVb^j BOCBIHKHyiTB B^ XHHyry BCTpb^R Cib 

Hameft BJia;(uqecTByiOH^ j^ftcnBHTQiuocTBK) cam IlynnaiHi, kóto- 



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26-01 ii£ 1880. xxim 

puft He ÓbijOTB BooGm^e ^aHraagpoirb. Tpy^HO Cbijio 6U r-Hy ^ocToeB- 
CBOMy KOMxeHXHpoBaxB 3T0 BOCKJUii(aHÍe noara, no^HAHMOMy, ne pas- 
XkiflBmaro ero MHi^Hifl 06% y;^o6cTB^ 6bitb «Bceqej[C|B']&KOM^». Ho 
;^o Bi TOH^b, ?T0 ýb^íh v. JI^ocToeBCKaro 6Bijia nocTpoena Ha (|)ajiB- 
niH — Ha ijfSkShum, spaftHe npíHTHoft tojibko ^jih pasApasaeMaro ca- 
MOJII06ÍA. H KB qoMy, BB caMOiTB fltjrfe, abhjich aronb «Bceqejio- 
BteBY? JI,a 6BITB HHi* }ífl3Re H6 oco6eHHO JiecTHO: Jiyqnie Gbttb opH- 
rHHaxBHBnrb pyccKHirB qejtoBtsoirB, wbM% 9thh% GesjEH^HBiMB «bc6- 
qejioBi&RoirB». OnflTB Bce Ta aee rop^^JHH no^i* jm^HnoH) CHHpeHifll 
OmTaa bbiboabi Hameft «Bce^ej[[0Bi&^H0CTH» TeoperiniecKH ({)ajiB- 
HiHBmfHy CKaacejTBnpflMorHUCHHTaeMi* xa^s;^ npe^HBíMH 3th tojoch o 
Hanmxi* (pSiiaraxysis^ecKBXb coBepmeHCTBaxi, KorAa ;^^ficTBnTejiBHOCTB 
exeqacHO HanoMHHaeTB ropas^o 6oji'b6 cbpomhmx'b, secBua cyni;6- 
cTBeHHBix'B, HO ^^ajieKO HeyflOBJíeTBopeHHWxi* noTpe6HocTflx^ pyccKofi 
SHSHH^ H BaipoHajiBHO&, H BHyrpeHHe-oCn^ecTBeHHofi. K^b comaji^- 
hík), mk ropas^o 6oj[Bffle no^aTJoiBH na yjien^HBanBfl noAo6Haro po^a, 
^rbiťk Ha corjiacHBift Tpy^ ;^jifl Basniftiimx^ noTpe6HOCTeft o6ii^ecTBa 
h JDirepaTypu, na npaBAHBoe, nejmAeic^pnoe cyK^^enie o HameirB 
HacTOfln^eiTB, ^^wb ji^Me npocro Ha cnoRoĚHufi, ;^o6pocoB'krrHBifl paa- 
6opi» Haiiinx'b TeopeTHqecKHX'B paaHorjiacifi. Mk c?HTaeH'B Bpe^^HUMH 
^TH TeH^eHipodHBifl ccButKH Ha «Hapo;!^'B», ROToparo HBI He 3HaeM'B, 

KOTOpBIĚ HaM-B CTaHOBHTCH HO^TH HeB03M0»H0 HSyqaTB, — HapOffB, 

•ISesi coHHteifi SoraTo o;i;apeHHBiĚ, coxpaHflH)n^íft mhofo npeKpacHBixii 
HpascTBeHHBixB CBOĚCTBB oaTpíapxajiBHaro fiHTa, HO HapoAi> — jramen- 
mift oópasoBanífl, dKOHOioraecKH — Hy»;i;aH)n];iflcfl, pejiHrio3HO — pas;^- 
jieHHBit pacKOJioiTB, o6n^ecTBeHHO — cjia6o npe^cTaBJíeHHBifi. HaHB 
nepe^^aBajm CKasaHHBifl o;^as;i;Bi ciona o^Horo h3b njiaMenHMmHXB 
peBHHTeJiefi Hapojipapo in^faia, nno cnapo^t — c$hhkci»», h sto rjiy- 
60K0 cnpaBeASHBo. JíMcTBHrejiBHo, naniB napojil — c^hhkcb, jífi rfexB 
nop%, noKa Jiy^B npocBtn^emfl ne ocBtTHTB flj^ewnomfie co3HaHÍ6, 
ycHtxH o6n](ecTBeHHOCTn ne ^^a^yrB eny nojmaro npana rpas;^aHCTBa. 
IlymKHHCRíft npa3AHHK'B 6BEjrB 6;^Ba JOi Kor^a BH^aHHBOfB coe;^- 
HemeiTB pyccRHXB jmrepaTypHHXB chjtb bb o;^o i^Jioe. Oho npo- 
HBOHUo cHiod yBasenia rb naMflTH Bejraraattmaro nosra pyccROž jih- 
TepaTypBi. HoBojiib ne npe^cTaBJíHjrB BOdMoacHocTH pa3Hopi&^ÍH, h ^ě- 

CTBHTeJIBHO, Ha O^HOMB TOpSeCTBt, BB ÓJmSSaftmeMB C0C'fe;i;CTB'6, 
3a OXHHHB CT0JI6HB OBaSaiHCB mOJifSj ROTOp£IXB BJQSfbTb pH^OMB 6BUI0 

Cul nna^e h6mbicj[hmo. Ilpn bcí^xb oroBopRaxB, ^HXTb 6biab Bce- 
TaKH ;^0CT0HpH]r£qaT6j[eHB, k ohb BHymajTb cjiona npmcHpeHÍH, j^o- 
BOXBHO HeoHH^aHHHfl... Co6paBniiecH bb MocRsy jsfbarejDí jiHTepa- 
9ypu;^yMajn[, 6e8B comh^bíh, tojibro o IlymRHH^, o6b otrpbitíh na- 
ly He^6ojrfie; ho MHorojooAHoe co6paHÍe ublboj^ulo Ha kbicjiB; 

Tom rV.—IbK, 1880. DigitizedbyVJl^WvlC 



XXIT inCTHm IBPOIIH* 

RaKi* KHoro KoiKHO 6huio 6bi c;(^&j[aTB, ecjoi 6bi TaRoe coSpanie 6UJ10 
ne cJiy^aftHoe. «CoBpeMeHHHfl H3B%cTÍfl» yace BUCKasaJiH aro ane- 
^aTJi^HÍe, KOTopoe mu BnojiH^ padA^H6M'B; mucjib uockobcboA ra- 
sexBi noKaaajiacB ]spYnsMi> — Tpy^Ho hjih coBci^irB Heocyn^ecTBHHOfl; 
HaM'B KaaceTCfly ^ro ona — npH crcyrcTBÍH, paayMtercfl, h6B03uosho- 

GTH BHi^mHeĚ — 6BUra6u Bl* H3BÍ^H0M%pa3VtpÍ^ OTOHb ocyiE^ecTBHMa: 

AJUfl dToro Tfe6oBBJíocb 6u orb imcaTejieft xojibko o;(ho — Ao6pocoBiteTHoe 
oTHomeHÍe r'b cBoeMy nHcaxejiBCTBy. 

lliTb couBfkEi&j qTo jmrepaTypa n nySjmi^HCTHBa ne BHHrpBiBaioTi^, 
^0 npeACTaBHTejiH en tcEfl^rb no yraairb^^ RaRi» 3aHt^aH)irB «Go^eM . 
H3B%CTÍHi>. GiipaBe^jDiBo, qro orii KpatHflro pa3i»exHHeHÍH npoHOxo- 
flHOTL— B'B SHa^HTejiBHoft CTeneHH — «HecTpoeHÍe &h ne^qaTH, h eapas- 
Aopi, H pa3pBiB'B cíb npe^aBÍHMEy HaKOHei^, cauafl rpyfocxB m> 
npieiíarB noaeMHKH, jiflxoji.auuíxi* miovjíft. ^0 npe^j^oBi, npocTo 
H6Tepnniaiix'B m> o6infiCfrB% cKOJLMio-uEÚYJSf^ yBasaion^eifBiipHJiH^ifli. 
EBiBaHKTB, iipaB^a, sjíeifeHTu cobcj^itb HecoeAHHHUHe; ho sa to bctb 

KHOrO APyrHXrb, BOTOpBie, npH BCeĚ paSHOCXH MH'6HÍft Bl> ^aCTHOCTflXly 

Morjm 6h BnojiH'6 hohatb apY^*^ APyra h h^th BHtci^ kb oúmfswh, 
oAHHaKOBo noHHMaeMBUťB, uíbJiííM%. HaiťB cjryqiuiocB BCTptoHTB Ha 
IlyniRHHCKOirB npasAHmc^k HeMajiocTapBixi* APY^^^y bctpí^thtb hobbixi, 
Wh Towb ^BcÉb Keac^y nojiy-npoTHBHHRaMH, h 3to ůhuio He nocjrbx- 
HHiTB y;^0B0Jn>CTBieMi> npaaAHHRa. 

K'B coacajríkníH) tojibro^ 9to 6buio ero cjiy^aftHoft no;Q>o6HocTBH). 
npa3;(BHR'B orpaHHqHJicfl HHrepecaMH xyAosecTBeHHBDíH h njiaTOHH- 
^ecKHMH. Pt^H H3o6paacajni naiTB IlyniRHHa KaR'B BejiHRaro nodra 
H Majio, no^TH coBciwb ne KacaocB ero KaR'B qeJioBiRacBoero BpeifeHH, 
cTaBHBmaro ce6i& naTpioTHqecRÍe Bonpocu o npe^píeraxi* ofin^ecTBOH- 
HBncB, ropnqo acejiaBinaro j^a hhxi paOoraTB cb cbohmh H^eflHH 
o6i HCTopÍH Poccíh h ocoGeHHOCTflXB ea BHyTpeHHaro ftbira. Ofin^e- 
cTBeHHBie B3rjiflAH IlymRHHa npeACTaBJíflioirBy Rone^HO, BejiHRÍft hhtb- 
peci>: OHR He 6hjh nocTopoHHefi npH6aBRofi r'b ero noddÍH, a na- 
iipoTnB'B, TtcHO CB Heft cBH3aHu; uHorÍH H8B ero ocHOBHBixB npo- 
ESBe^eHíft BHymeHbi— ero H^eHME HcxopH^ecRHMH, ero noHHMameirB 

COBpeMeHHBIXl» nOJIHTHqeCRHX^ H BHyipeHHHXB OTHOmeHÍft. Bb CBOeft 

no33ÍH OHB HCRajTB nojíh3u CBoeMy Hapo;^, He o;^oft oxBJíe^eHHoĚ, 
njiaTOHH?ecRH-xy;^osecTBeHHofi, ho npHHoň, fiCHBOň h Henocpe^^cxBOH- 
Hoft nojiBdH, c^HTajiB cBoeft 3acjiyroĚ^ qro jrapoft npo6ys;i;ajrB Ao6pfiifl 
qyBCTBa H npH3BiBajrB hhjioctb rb naAniHMB — TporaTejiBHaH wpTa, 
He3a6BiTaH hostoitb bb npe^CTaBJíeHiH o Tpy^i^ ero shshh. 

' BBiHCHHTB3Ty HHTBo6n^ecTBeHHBDCBHAeĚ, ROTopafl BjífiTb oTB Ilyni* 
RHHa RB HameMy spenenH, hofjio 6u Gbitb jnofionBirnoft Tdifoft, — Roropaa 
Mes;^ npo^oarB BBiflcnnJia 6bi sna^HrejEbno ero HcropnqecRoe SHa^eme, 



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26-oK liH 1880. XXX? 

o saRoiTB MBi BLnne ynoiCHHajiH. Ho no^rrn h6 SujiaTpoHyra hh dra 
X02H ero HCTopíH, HH cocŤOflHíe oÓn^ecTBa, b'b KoropoirB eiry npnniJiocB 
^CfctcTBOBaTB, — H H6 6iiijia BLiBe^^BHa napajuiejiB, eb% soTopoĚ moscho 
6bijio-6u, Hanp.y BHA^i^TB, b'b newb yjiy^nmjiHCB ycJioBÍflo6n^ecTBeHHOĚ 
X'6flTeja>H0CTH h jmrepaTypu, hjih B^b newh coBcfhwb ne yjiy^mHjmcB. 

3aMÍTH0 6uJíOy ^To TaKafl napajoejiiB 6HJia SaraaRa, ^ro xortaocB 
H3% caMaro npa3;p[HRa BBiBecTH npaicTHqecRÍfl peayjiBTarB, BBipasHTB 
aceJiamH, KoropBia hbjihjihcb caiiH co6ot; ho hucjeh ocTanaBXHBasHCB 
Ha noji»-;^opoi^y cjioBa ne 6BLtH;^ocRa3aHBi(Hanp.,ptiiB r. Cyxoiura- 
HOBa, RaRi» wb neT6p6ypri& finb r. Ppa^OBCKaro). 

HtTB HaAo6HocTH oOiiflCHflTBy OTRy^a npoHcxo;(HJia 9Ta c^^epsan- 

HOCTB HJIH MOJI^aJIHBOCTB... H HO BBICRaSaHHBIMHflCHO, HO y COJCBHIHH- 
CTBa HeCOMHiĎHHO npHCyTCTBOBaBIHHMH, 6bUIH SeJianifl CaMBJfl MHpHBIfl, 

caifBifl cRpouHBifl: qTo6BiflBHjiocB,HaROHeip»,6oj[Bm6 npocTopa A^iH neqa- 
TH,ROTopafl y HacB ecTB e;i;HHCTBeHHoe cpejíprBO o6n^ecTBeH^ocTH; ^toCtb 
niHpoRO pasBHiocB yMHpoTBOpeHíe o6Jm^BavBi>p'!lNat^ HQCROBC^^ 
iipa3^(HHRa ne pa8i» BcnoHHHaJiHCB cJtÓBa IlyHiRHHa o j(o6pHrB ^yn- 
CTBaxi» H MHJiocTH RB naAinHM'B^ H BCHOMHHajiocB o^Ho HSTB opei^ac- 
HiĚmHX'B ero cos^amĚ: «IlHp% Ilerpa BejiHRaro». 

C6yAyTCH JIH noseJnanÍH? Hjih, ne o6MaHBiBajiH jih mu c66h secTORO, 
HOJiarafl vb iranyrBi jsjLemdmŘ^ wro cb Halm AY^aerB h ^yBcxByerB 
pyccRoe o6n^ecTBOy ^rro íijua h TfBCTBa Hamero co6paBniarocfl iqpjrra 
HMikiorB cHJiy? Grojibro oTcyTCTBOBaJto 3;^CB TbTb, Roro Hymno 6biio 

6U 3^B BH^^TB, H6 H3'B O^HOft 06jiaCTH JIHTepaTypHOft, a H HSli HHOrHXl 

XpyrHTB! 

Mbi Bce-TaRH ifoseiTB tojibro npHcoeAHHHTBCH Kb HoaRejiaHiflirB, 
H BirJ&cTt BBicRaaaTB 6ojťbe cRpoMHyio na^esc^, qro IlymRHHCRiĚ npas^- 

HHR'B, Bl ROTOpOJTB FOCHOACTBOBaJIH CTOJIB BOSBBIHieHHBIH HOTU, Ha- 

MfiSTO H Rp^HRo ocTaneTCfl BB naifflTH Ti^xB, RTo 6BurB ero yqacTHH- 

SOICB. 



>ooW»»»- 



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CTAPHHHHa ]1%JIA 



PA3CKÁ3Eat H BOCnOUHHAHIA. 



A noe-ÓH incaxi ■ He miD htó racara 
orb MHona auuoóu. 

Co0. Mm. I, 19. 



UI *). 
PJía BAHS. 

I. 

BajBOHHafl xBopB rocnoffCBaro xona fb yca^^B^b Xn^jBEHRaxi 
6Hja OTRpnra, Óeijih oxrpeitu h xBa osná pA^oirs e& Heio; bi 
6oiBiiiyx) CTOJOByK) SHBHreiEHOK) CTpyeD BjroBajici Beiepmtt bo8- 
xyrb, BHOCfl ch cofioH) sanaxi cB^bse-CRomeHnaro c^a, iipasuB- 
HHMH rpflxxftXH jiesaBmaro Ba xjty nepex^ ^(OMOirb. 3a Jiyvowh 
1 npHMHxaBmHirE ri Heny osepowB caxHJiocB caua^e h soiothjo 
msEjio pa6i», necrpuBmyio noBepxHOCTb boxu. Kiecrsn^HMii, nyp- 
nypHO*80JiOTiiMn xoporaifH jioshjhcb nocjAxHÍe KOCHe Jiy^H no 
osepyj He xodHraa jiyra, apicafl sejieHB soToparo BasaiacB ors 
9ioro en^e sejieH^ h pfeKO OTA^juuiacB otb sejnraro necsa ca^o- 
BKTB AoposeiTB. Be^epHíe cyMepsH Ha^Ha^iH HesairiiHO Ha Bce 
HaxBHraaicfl Biribcri cb BeTOpHeiD thihbh), a cbbosb nee HSxajiH 
Heecfl KB yca^BÓy rjiyxoft TonoT'B npHÓjnisaroiiiEaroca craxa n cist- 
maiocB 6pflKaHBe «BOJB[OKOjiO]rB> h ptesítt oTpHBHCTHtt OBpHVB na- 
ciyxa B!B nepeiiesBy ch bhbfjihbuiíh BByRaMH caMOA^^Haro 6epe* 
CTflHaro nacryniBflro pora. Ilepexi* 6ajiK0H0M'B na leppacc^, ycu- 
naHHOft BpynHHiTB necROiTB h o6caseHHO& aRaBcúucH, croíjia xo- 



*) Cm. Biune: 1878, ídh%, 48 CTp. 
ToMi IV.— I»ib, 1880. 



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2 noTim uponu. 

BOJiBHO ŮonmBJí x^Tcsafl lojmcsa, vn soropoft CMorp&io xfrrcsoe 
iHHHKO, AO Toro xjffiBhwe H ŮrbMpoej HTO sasuocL, ÓyxTO seshb 
xaBHo ociaBHJia ero h bca ynua bi oxhh tojilbo (k)miiie cbpue, 
ortBeHHue A^HHHiíMH HepEHUH ptcHHi^aMH pjasa, 6oaÍ8HeHH0 
HHiiEBO CMorp^Binie BOspyrB. HarHyBmHCB naffB Koucsoft, croiia 
uoJíOjiM xi^Bymsa vh specTBiHCROMi luaiBt. 

HoecjH SH8HB exBa leiuiuacB vhpeóeuvbj saxo vhji^BymiA 

SHBHB H CUa ÓHJIH UDTOlTB H Vh JICHHXI KapHX^B PJEasaTB, H 

vh apsoiTB pyiiAHi^t mfiKT^f w Vh BHOOKO-noxHHMaBineflca boibeo 
AumaBmeft rpyxH. 

— Tam, Miuaiy — cjiaóum rojiocoMi npccím peÓeHOSK— csesi 
iieBfl Ba Aopory bx nojie, a xoqy nocMorpiTB, sasi KopoBynnui 
XOMOfl npofixyrB; cjuniHniB, ura HaoTB nacryrB Ciesbo — botb 
oiutb: •TyrB-H-xaMi, TyrB-H-rairb!*.,. ohi Bcer^a toibko «TyTB-H- 
TaiTB* na posst HrpaerL, orqero bto? 

— He seaK), po^Haa, Btpeo xpyroro-ro HH^ero ne yiiierB. 

— H^TB, TaHH, fl SHaH) oxqero: ohi oiroro «TyTB-H-Tam» 
HrpaerB, hto b^ab h KopoBymsE lyrB xa taiTB Ópoxsn; botb okb 

H TpyÓHTB HITBy HTO SHaeTB F^b OHÍ — H HlfB 0TB BTOFO ZOpOmO: 

HiťB Torxa H Bojuca ne crpamHO, ohí Torxa oriímarB, hto nacryxs 
He }í,MeM H 8a hhmh cmotphitb... 

— %0-s'By MOserB oho h TB,Khj — OTB^^ajia TaHs, jiacsoBO yw- 
6aflCB, npHHeifB apso ÓiecHyjui ea poBHue &biue 8y6H. 

— noftxB a^y TaHHisa, cnpocH Hany, mosho jh heitb n 
nojie iip(KbxaTB. 

TaHJi Bs^bsaia na fiaiioHi h saruByjia vb cioiOByK), rxi bc£ 
oÓiraieiH Xmíjibhhkobi 6ujh fb c<k>pí sa BeqepHHitB ^aeirB. 
GaMOBapi Ha spyrjoirB cxoxb, BnpowirB, wbeo yMOJin, h Bospyn 
Hero na lUHyry boi^phjocb-Óuio nyóoaoe MOJHanBe, npepusae- 
Moe pasBŠ TopoiuHBUM'B fjbtCMELWh monoTOiTB — Ha yoiKO, xa cry- 
KOMi Hamen, xoMUBaeMim zobiěboB xoMa« IIomhmo zasflftUt 
HOJHOfl seflH^HEu, x^BHo xocTHrmett Toro BospacTti o iaTop<»rB, 
C!B ocToposHOCTBH) BstpasaicB, oÓuBHOBeHHO roBopflTB: «jr6rb 8a 
TpHxi^aTB»,— lyn se Hazoxuca m zobabsb, loxe nonuft ^eiosirB, 
CBFiaxso BHÓpHTKifB noA(k)poAKOiťB H ({aBeH({apxaiiH «BOTjerBofl>. 
IIpHcitBB na BOHVBKB CTyja| noicin^ajUM^ lyn en^e h ryBepnanTKa, 
zyxaa oco6a hsb nopoxu HeoÓeBBeieEHHXib Hacií^xcTBeHHfiuiH yroxu- 

MB, HffB nopOXH rtZ'B^ O BOTOpím MOSBO CMÍJIO CKasaiB, HTO y 

HBTB bítb hb Boepacra, hb Boofin^e sasExi 6u to bb 6buo ooo- 
ÓesBiixi npEMirBy HB^ero, spoiii o6a\aro bcíitb bhi CBoeo(5pa8- 
Baro BKipaseBÍB iBi^a, ÓesB c:iobi roBopsn^aro: «ropeKB 8apa6o- 
TmaeMHft vh ^ysoií'B fflui uMb!> 



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CTlPraiHA ffiik. 3 

Oxira OHE 6Bja npHJiaraHO, BHTAHyra bi cxpynsy, npHrja- 
zena, npKusaHa... nxb npeAcraBJUuio pissyH) npoTHBonoJiosHOCTb 
i!kTHaf7 «HerjiHaKe» xoBBevh m TperB jifiisEEOBOsocurB KyxpsBurh 
xtoo^eBi, pasirioviBiiiHxcfl ea ctojoitl MeasAJ bspocjkbimh. 

— Ei^HHual rycniiTb rpyxHmrb fojiocom^b nporoBopHJia Tana, 
ocnmaBJíBBaflCB bi ^pepars: — a, (tepiiHBRa? 

— ?ero Teůi9—BefpwxhEuwb tohoitb oiosBajiacB xosa&Ra. 
Cbojbbo pas^B BaifB TBepxHTB, mo lavB ne roBopan: ÓapHHBaal 
Tb AoasHa CBasaiB: cyxftpHBa, EjtnsaBera nerpoBHa!— Hy, htó re&k 
emfi HysHO? 

Tam Bca Bcnuxeyaa h ci MHHyry MOjraajia. 

— ^a Hy se, — eii^e AOcajgoiBte npcroBopiuia EjiHsaBera Ile- 
ipoBHa: — cxaseniB jni tu naBOHei^, sav&rB npenua? jsfihjíjsfiírh 
pa9B roBopeno Te&b: ne ociaBJUTB JleHOHBy oxny! 

— Aa BOTb, cyxapuu: JleHymKa npocirrca na xopory b'b noJie, 
lopoBymevB Bcrp^aTB. 

— Tasí 6u H roBopH^a ci caiiaro na^aia! Hesa^tirB, Jle- 
Eoixlk xoMOft nopa, capo^ CRopo CMepsEercfl cobcíitb. 

XoBaHH'B AOMa, H6 npHHHMaBmit jí,o CBXh nopi HincaBoro yia* 
crú b:b TOiTB, ^6 npoHCXoxuo BOspyrB nero, h ^iraBniitt xasoe-ro 
raaifo, XMypacB h no BpeMenaMi HSxaBafl HerepnšjniBoe Mu^aHBe, 
otipanijcfl TjTb El S6HÍ: 

— ^TO TU 810, JlHsaBera IleTpoBHa, MaTymKai RaBaa cupociB! 
OffB BCiajTB H noAomejTB Kh 6ajnB0HH0ft XBepn. 

Tana nonHTuacB^ hto6u nponycTHTB ero na 6ajnu>Hi, ho owh 
ocraHOBHJCfl na noport. 

— YrB, oiaBHo!— BupBajiocB y nero.— H*ti, nycTB JleHo^aa 
emfi noryjiflen ceroxHa, cobcíitb ne ciipo. dynaflie sopoBi cmo- 

TpfaB* 

Tana (Jucrpo ciB/bmuB, ci xicmEnu, h BOJiacaa vh wsn hc- 
le&ia aa yrjiOMi AOMa. 

Xoaanrb Bepnyjica jph crojiy. 

— MapBi GrenaHOBHa,— o6paTHjica ogtb jstí ryBepnaHraš, — h 
BH 6u npomjiHCB no caxy cb x^tbmh, nosa cojno^e ne cbjío. 

MapBa OienanoBHa noxopno Bciaiai coópaia cbohtb nnTO- 
MH^B R ornpaBHJiacB cb hhmh b% chKh. 

— Bu Bcerxa Taax, MExann CeMeHOMm!— cb ynpeaoiTB 
n roioct sairbnua EjHsaBeTa IlerpoBHa Mysy, Borxa ohh ocra- 
ucB BXBoeifx.— Hy, a ecjin Aewb icyse cx^jaerca? 

— drB, Maiynnca, rxb jm% xyse Óbitb! TenepB Haní o^ho 
ociaiocB: x^aTB ace, nero eft xo^eica, nexojiro jmíb, nycTB xotb 
BopMyetca HeHy-HH($yxB nepex^ bohiiom'b. 

1* 

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4 BMrsnrb iBPoniL 

no aniiaiťL iiysa h senu npo($&iuua tšhb HCBpeHHett nenajiH. 

— A TU Bovb HTO, jlHsa, — saroBopHJEi CHOBa MjixmjTh Ce- 
HeHOBHHi:— npoHHTafl-Ba, Há, TerynouiHO necBif o: yBe^BiiiB, BanBirs 
Haci FocnoAB CpaTiioicb narpa^BJíi; xa h osa xopoma!.. Krnsa- 
Bera HerpoBHa BSBJía nHCBMOi orsHHyjacB Ha cnHEsy cryjia h npe- 
BfljiacB sa HieHÍei a MHxaHJii CeiieHOBH^i, sajosHKb pyBH sa 
cnHHy, Ha^axb maraxB Bsax^ h BnepexiB no sarb, nosa sena He 
oÓpaxHJiacB SI Beny (tb ďfixyiomHMH cJOBaifB: 

— Jípyrb MOĚ, OTO o^eHB rpycxHaa ncropial 

— H rjiaBHoe, HenpÍBTHaB,— Mopn^acB, nepeÓHJťs ee ifys'B, — bo- 
nepBBixi, MU se a^^^hcb; xjonors óyxerb TBMa, myiKa cBasaTB: xe- 
cflTB THOíHi!.. jQljrpaBi! ne AapoiťB ero cb x^icTBa j^pasoiťB soByn* B 
en^e no nopy^HiexBCTBy! Hy, Ao6po 6h ys% cairB nposHJVb, npo- 
ByTHJrbCu TaiťB, hto n? Bhjo 6u xotb sa hto njaTHTBCB. Jl^a h 
xeiyniBa xopoma! — BejiHBOjQrmieirB BaBHBaerB... £L euy nosasy 
8X0 sejiHBOAymie, owb otb Měna xonšfiBE ne nojyinrB, spoiri^ 
CBoeS Aoae! 

— Oh'b h ne sacjiysHBaerB, ^to6h tu xaBaa'B eny ^T0-HH6yAB 
CBepx'B ero aaBOHHofl vacxH. Aa, a xyMaio, nacrojiBBO-TO y nero yiia 
XBaxHi^B, 9To6u noHflTB, HTO y Haci A^TH H MU ne BMieM^B npaBa 

HETOFO OTHHMaTB OVh HHX'b. 

— JI^aň*Ra MB'& nHCBMO, JlHsanBBa. 

MHxaHJii* CeMenoBETB npHnajicfl en^e pasib nepewxuBaTB ero. 
BoTi Hxo ÓhiJLO wb neiíx nanHcano: «MHjiue ApysBfl moh, MHma h 
Jlesa. AaBHO ne nncajia a BaMi h B^&pno A04ro 6u en^e ne co- 
(SpajiacB^ noxoMy qxo, BaR'B BaMi xocxaxoíHO hsb^tho, nHcaxB 
xepnŠTB ne Mory. Ho na btotb pasi, xo^emB-He-xo^emB, a sa 
nepo npHHflXBCfl nysno. Ilpi^tesaji cioxa Bny^aTnufi naeManHESi 
Mofty Cepea^a FopcBifl, h coo6n^aji'B caMua HeyximHxeJiBHUfl bí^b 
o fipaxi BameM'B, Baaš. GiysCa eMy ne Beserb, ovb Bce en^e npa- 
nopnviBOMiy H Bcero xyace xo, hxo oh^ xaB'B ase sarnaa^B b% nojucy, 
saB'B Óujii B% Bopnyci h, BSBBHHxe Měna cxapyxy sa npaajiy:— 
RaB'B 6ujFh Wh fibTCtvb AOMa. A Mesxy tími, no MoeMy pasy- 
mí^híh), Baňa— ne^oBiiKB ecjH ne Ch Coibuihm^b yMOMt, xaB'B cb 
AotfpuM^B cepAi^eM-L H sacxynHTBCfl sa nero poahumb cjťbxoBajio 6u 
oco6eHHo xenepB, Bor^a owb BUBa8aji'B cxojbko BejniBOAyniiBy hxo 
nopy^HJica sa 6^Haro xosapHn^a h cBnero xasyrb xecaxB xuca^^B 
no nopy^HxejiBOXBy. KoHe^no, bu Óyxexe npaBu, HassaBB 9x0 vzy 
nocxBH), HO MH% Aopora xaBaa raynocxB rb Hani'B BbKT> cyxoro 
yMa H pasc^exa. IIoApoÓHocxett A^a Gepesa Topcsift ne snajii h 
pascBasaxB mhí^ ne mofB; noxoMy a h ne nsmy bbwl o&b hhxi. 

IISB^J^HXB Hie BaCB 06h BXOM^b CHHXaK) HySHUMl nOXOMy, ^XO BU 



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CTiPKHHiU XMl. 5 

ee itiuiics, xAi KasercH^ v bch aojuí ^hme vl mrinÍH ne (fo^bine 
lecsn TBom. IlHiiiy enie n naiOMy, tto BaHH, MOserB (hm^ 
no6oiTCfl coofinuiTE Tedi, APyn MOft Mnina, o ciynemeMCfl) h th 
He yentem npvHim ir&pi — bj, nsin tsmi HysHO,— h, nosajiyfi, 
(MMBajTb Hirbme^ on nero Bose BacB coxpaHH! TenepB eo^e 
pish I8BHHH UBEM, CTEpj^xy, sa TO, HTO, HeopoineHHai, BMtoIH- 
BEiDCL vb ^»a xiia, xi^ en^e cyK>CB ci cortraini— a npaBO, hto 
B8» sa oxora xepsaTB BaHR) Ha cxynJ&bf fb nojisy, rxb ohi 
nociiiBSfl cnBqa ro sojecHHi^; jiy^me 6u Bcero eny no-npocry 
n xepeiurt (Sq)iHO]f!B xitb, ^rbiTB niHyrB meHHyio jAMKy^—rbiii 
<(oiBiiie, ?T0 OHB HHsorxa poBHO Hv AO mro ee ne xoTAHerB. 9to 
Bcaerca ao Meu, to moB cosfei TeOi, Mama, HacroATB Ha toitb, 
fio6H BaHA Boxoffui bi oTcraBsy, a shtb eMy CyxerB ^itb: ji, 
niB ymrpaTB Oyxy, ne satfyxy hh ero, hh BacB». 

IlHCBifo eiaH^HBajocB HOBionaMH H HOi^&iyflMH h 6ujío nojr 
ncaHo: ^Jlnóíímiu BacB TeiBa Co^ba TaspejBíOBa*. 

IIhcbmo 8T0, HanHcaHHoe (Sorarol crapyxott reHepanmeft, Teraoft 
MnaHia CexeHOBiu go ciopoHii on^a, sacraBHio chjbho npe- 
s^yiitTBCfl Mysa h jceny. 

BsdpafiHBi TfiTBy caBTHMeHTaiBHoft daóotty HavHTaBmeftcír po- 
naHORB, MHxaEJTB CeiieHOBVTB cepBfisHo HanaiTB npHxyMHBaTB cpex- 
ena BHnyraTBOi ktb saxpyxHiTeJBHaro no^oseHÍa, vb BOTopoe 
6im nocrasjíefii HeocT(^[K)mHOCTBK) M^axníaro 6paTa CBoero HaaMa 
Go^HOBB^a EocTBpeBa, soropan) cb eaiiaro xfercTBa cnrajiH vh 
eeicbi BaHHeiTB npencHOBeHÚi. HysHO, Bopo^eirB, no npaBxi npH- 
asgTBCfl, ^To oňrh HBana GeiieHOBH^a ao cesb nopi, bi^ cyn^HOcni, 
Hisio He npersiBajiCfl, a 6un ofb u^ ceiiBH Tonso neHys- 

BHITB, ^TO Ba8HBaeiCa— JIHmHBlCB ^eJOB^BOlTB, BaSOBHlTB, HOBHAH* 

Mny, H rpoBHXB ocraTBca naBcer^a. PoAHrejieft ero, ne ocoÓenHO 
(SoraiHZ^B, HO H ne (ttxHHrB hoit&hihbofb niocsoropcsaFO ýtowk, 
HoBTopoxcKofl rydepEÍE, He6o yse (SjíarociOBHio ao posAemg BanH 
CETHOirB H mecTBX) AO^epBMH, m BOTopHXx MjaAineft Ómo hatb 
Ai%, BOTAa noHBHicfl coBepmeHHO ne Bcram Bána, hebíitb hb 
mKkimttj HHHOMy ne sejiaHHHfl. EAsa orsopMEia ero MaiiBa,— 
caxa METB ne Morjia uh Hesaxorbja,— Ran ero CAajin na pyu 
ctapoft HflHBxi^, BúzoAHBmeft wArh ocraiBHUxx MÍbaeft h coxpaHHO 
flepexanoieft hzb na pysH ryBepHaHTvb. Bani npemjocB poem 
ocoÓHHXOMi, H H&TB CTapme ciaHOBHJicfl OB%j rivh 6ojťbe ^ysHici 
sasaicfl vb poAHott cen^b. Hh oco6eHHofl xpacoroft, hh yjioiCB ne 
Baj^Umja ero cjff/ki. KorAa ero na^ain yuxB ^HTaTB h nncaTB, 
oBifc OBttaACsi HacTOJiBio TynHiTB, ^T0 mycrpafl MeHBmai cecrpeHBa 
i^oesaia «ro Baneft-Aypraefi. HecMorpa na bcí icojieÓHu CBaioicy 



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6 ' . Bseraisi iBPonH. 

HayMy, Koiopue ham he cboh exyjmue i^oniH saRasuBaia vh 
THxoMOJiBy OTB FocnoA^, Hayíca BaH'& ne xaBajtacB. Osb ypasy* 
M&TB pyccByK) rpaifory tojibro Towarh zt> secfliE. 

— AxfB, Tti BaHfl-BaHH)mRa, ropBsift Mott, CBpoxHHRa tel mos 
6iXHafl!— HyiB ne BasjraĚ a^hb npHroBapHBajia Hraa, raa^a Man- 
HHKa BOCTJUIBO& pjTBOft HO fojiobí^. HflHfl Bcer^a SBaia ero cnpo- 

THHKOfi, HeCMOTpfl Ha TO, ^TO Oie^B H liaiB 6uXa SHBH. 

^yBCTBOBajTB XB, BaHii BCK) Tflrary aroro CHpoTCTBa num nin? 

Kto 6u Mon pimHTB btoI Bami 6im no npepoxi nepasro- 
BopHHBi H, CBepx'B TOFO, sarHaHi. Ejeri^AHoe h HenpaBKiBEoe jihao 
ero pixHO ^m> Bupasaio^ toibko rjutsa o5paii^aiH Éa cetfsr bhh- 
Mánie, nopasaa CBoeft crpaHHOCTBio Tbx%j mo bhxíjtb MajB^iHKa 
vb nepBHtt paffB. 9to Óbjih 6ojiBinie wpHiie rjiasa, h^rojibbo 
pacrepflHHBie, b^b BOTopue xot&iocb Briflx&TBCfl en^e h en^e— bi na- 
seasA^, ^TO BorB*BorB ÓJiecaerB kb hhxi mhcjib hjh saropHTCJi 

^yBCTBO. Ho HH MHCJIB, HH HyBCTBO HO OSHBJUUH BaHHHUSB TXWh, 

TaBi-HTO CMorp^BmeMy no^B-BOHei^^B jífixe craHOBH^ocB aayrBo^ 
Rasi HeBOJiBHO craHOBHTCfl syrso, BrjuxHBaflCB vh HO^Hyio leMHory. 

Korxa BaH^ MHnyjo OAHHHaffiiaTB jAtb^ ero OTBesjra bb Ile* 
Tep(iyprB vb saxercBífl Ropnyn. BesynacTHO npocTHJiacB cb hhmi^ 
ceMBfl — H OH^ cb HeH). FopBRO BCiLiaRHyjia TOJBRO ÓojiBHaa cra- 
pymRa HflHBRa^ sHaBinaff, ?to ho xosxatbca ys-L eft Has^ffB CBoero 
«nocjiÍAHmRa». 3anaaRajrB lyrB h Bam h xftse saapTaHUCfl- 
(eijio, ho saxoT^^ ixaiB, noRa ne BStsxopoBJterB haes... ho... 
npHRpHRHyjTB OTeit'B, npHCTBiAHJia MaTB^ ceerpH npespHxejiBHO no- 
sajH HjeHHRaMH H nporoBopHJiH eRBOSB H&RHHfl poBOBStfl ry({RH: 
cjiypaR^BÍ* — H Bána yixajix. 

JKopnycHaa shbhb noraHyjiacB mz Hero roA'B sa ro^OMi ta- 
aaejo h oxHooÓpaBHO. JI^OMoft ero Ha BaRaiÚH ne fipaiH, a, ocraBJuia 
BTB saBexeHÍH, nopynajn penerHiopy, Hax^CB dmwh o6jier^HTB eMy 
xaiBHittmee yneHBe. Kaai xoMa, lavB h vl Ropnycš, Bána ocrajica 
AHRapeMi; y^HTBca OMy Ůwio ohohb rpyxHO. H'&croj[bro pas^B ocra- 
BEJca OH'B HO ABa roxa vb Biacc^, no cnscRaMi o^mcHOBenHO 
^HCiiEJCfl nociixHHMx. IIposBEH^ BaHBRH-xypaRa ynpoHHJiocB sa 
HHMi Meas^y TOBapan^aMH yse vb isowny nepsaro toj» Ropnycnoft 
SH8HH. Odnsaaa ero ne oco6eHHO mhofo; oni canniROMi óes- 
y^acTHO OTHOcnaca ne tojbro JSb nacM^niRaM^B, no xaaLe n vb 
T01HRaM!B H RoaoTyniRaMB. 

Orou^htb noaniift RypcB nayRi on'B ORasaica ne bb CHJiax'B. 
Orei^ xoaseH!B óun bsatb ero hbb Ropnyca paHBme Bunycaa, n, 
He snaa, htó cb hbmi npexnpnnaTB, pimnaca onpex^^anTB ero 
lOHRepoMi vb apnefiCRÍi nixoTHst noaR^B. 



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Bb Kopnycš noci'& on^xa BaHH AOJiro en^e pascsadUBaiHCB 
Beoarae anoxoTii o BaHBSš-;QrpaBÍ9 yÓoflBmeifCfl Óes^Hti npeiiyx* 
poeiH H oÓpaTHBineHCfl BcnflTb! Ob xoxoroifB BcnoifHH&Jiíacb ocrpoia 
y^Hiaifl pyccRoft cjiOBecHOCTH, eeri-to CBasaBmaro eny: ne yrpyjRXftfi 

XBOpflHCROft TOJíOBUy OHa CBOfiOXHa OTb nOCTOfll 

Ha nepBOMi roxy cjiys6u HBasa GeHeHOBHW yMepjia CHanaia 
ero MaTB, a BaiÍM^B h oxei^, saB^n^aBi CBoe HMyn^ecTBO o6ohm!b 
(paxbflirb Hepasxi^HO xo coBepmeHHOJri^TÍfi Baně h HasHa^HFB 
erapinaro ciraa CBoero MHxaejia CeMeHOBH^a noneiHrejeifi Hiax- 
maro, soTopony tojilso-^to MHHyjio xeBATHaxnaTB rbrh. Gecrpti 
vrh Bci xaBHO Óujoi bux&hh Baiiysx, Bux&ieHu n pasc&ijrHCB 
KOTopafl Kyxa. 

MnaHJťL GeMeHOBflpn EocTiipeBx, ciapmifl fipax^ BaHH, x&bho 
yse esy7&Ez% Torxa vh IlerepCyprt vh xaiunfE-TO xenapraMeHii, 
Txb Ha nepBHXi se nopaxi eByiiixB orjraHHTLCfl Basi x^obh- 
TOCTBK), laKE H jiAsheH^ sacjiysHTB pacnojioseHÍe HanajLCTBa, 
BecMorpfl na cbox> moioxoctb h HesHaHHrejiBHHft toetr. MHxanjii 
GeMeHOBHTB ÓujfB uojoAŘmeŘ np(miBono:ioa&HOCTBio Bann: fb bhc- 
mtík crenenn nojiosHTejiBHHfi n BOOÓn^e oxi^HHEift bc^mh Bane- 
CTBaMH npespacHaro HcnojHHiejui, owb 6uctpo marajTB no cxymXíb 
H cKopo QxJ^aiea opaBoio pysoH) oxnoro HeMajiOBasnaro canoB- 
HHBa, xoTopHtt xo TOFO uojLU^MJFb epo, HTO xase seHHJi'B na ciap- 
mefl CBoett xo^epH, hžcboibxo Bacnx^BmeftcH b% x^saxi, ho rbwh 
Be Men^ o^eHB BpacHBoft h boojihš sacjysHBnieS HaBUBaiBCfl: 
«HHe jeune personne conune-iHaat!» E'b lony se h npHxanoe sa 
HeH) 6iuo xano ne Maioe, laBi ^ro MnxaHXB CeiieHOBHHi chh- 
nxh oeófl Vh holihomi cmhosí^ cjOBa c^acxjiHBifeirB^ a sapBepy 
CBOK), ftiaroxapa noBpoBnreJBCTBy lecis, Bnojur6 odesne^enHOK), 
xaKB Vh caniitt rox^ CMepiH poxníeiefl naxfB hhicb paspasHJiacB. 
rpoMOBas lyia. 

Ha^ajBHHKB ero h leciB 6hxb ch^h^h^b sa BaBia^ro yas^ 
cnnnxoitB BpynHSH ynyn^emfl, vh BOTopHxi ne Óeoy^acTHinrB 
ottsaicfl H BflTB. MHxaHJiy CeiieHOBHqy hpholsocb ocraBHTB cjiysfiy, 
6e8B BCHBOft HaxeaBXH Borxa-nÓo CHOBa npHHflTBca sa nee. Kb 
cncTBH) naBHHxi BHHOBHHBOicB ynyn^eHÍfl 6ujrh xeciB, ihi^o, BasB 
yse ynoiuHyro^ BucoBonocraBJíeHHoe, nodTOiiy BOSMesxíe (luo x^ 
Bc&rB ne ocoCSenno cypoBoe, h MnxaHXB GeMenoBHHi Bumeji vh 
oicniBBy 6en yqepóa xBopaBCBoft ^eciH— no npemeniK). 

OffB TonaeB yíxajKB vh xepeBHio nox^ npexJíorom, ^ro sroro 
rfcéyerh sanyH^ennoe BHŽHBe h sxopoBBe crapmeft xo^epn ero, 
Jeno^BH, zBJíaro peCSensa, icexJieHHO yracaBmaro otb cjLBÚocm fb 
jQrzarb 6ojBmoro ropoxa. 



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8 MGTISKl XBMmi. 

Mhxehjtb CeMeHOBHH^b népecejucA vb Xk^uhhbh ca bcímh 
^a^aiiH H ;(0M0^aAQaMH9 bi hhcjií R0rops[X'B jšr& naxB yse Ósjía 
H MapBfl CrenaHOBHa Bajg^pesa, ryBepnaHrsa ipen MeHBnnixi 
ero Ao^epet. 

noRa A^jia MHxaHia CeMeHOBH^a cuaxHBajracB TaRHn o6pa- 
soiTby HBaffB CeiffeHOBHqi ÓesBHŠsxHO cioiu'b ch nojsoiTB vb Fo- 
poABŠ, ;(ajie]coi£B (dmopyccBom saxojiycTii^. Ha cxysM Bána ocraica 
xiifB se, Basi AOMa h b^ xopnydb. AnaienHiiS h MonajiHBHft, ohi 
nocTOflHHO cropoHuca otb TOBapHn^ett, ne syrEjn cb hbmh, ne 
saHHMajfb y hhxi xeners, ^a h k% Heny sa xeHBraMH hhbio ne 
otípan^ajica. MHxaHJi CeMeHOBE^iib sHaxB bto h t^itb 6ojAe nopa- 
shjio ero HSBtcrie, cooÓn^eHHoe TSTsoft, hto Bána Bcbirb cboemi 
BMyn^ecTBOifB nopynnaca sa TOBapHo^. G:iyHHjiocB se sto bcjiía* 
CTBÍe ooBepmeHHO CBoeo6pa8Hux'B oÓcrojiTejBCTBi. 

KaRi HH TyiTB, HH xojioxeH^B H HH fiesy^acTeHi Ro Boeiiy na 
CBivb 6uji% cb BExy HBan^B GeneHOBira^B, y nero oxHaRO (Suia 
CTpaerB rayfioRaa, BceoÚT^eiummfljíj xoia n BQOJiHt ÓesorqerHafl. 
Ohi satfEiBajTB Bee b% iripi, Hrpaa na CRpemei. 

JIk>6obb kb MysuRi npo6yxHJiaCB h pasBuacB y BaHH cJiy- 
laftao. XoTfl Mexann GeiieHOBH^i sktb vh neiep6ypri vb to 
BpeM£, RaRi BaHfl 6uji'b vb Ropnycft, owb oxHaRO ýbxM Cpajn 
MjmAinaro Ópaia xoMOft no npasxHHRaiTB. EjesaBeri UexpoBffb 
Ha^o^Aajo BHxtTB BŠHHO Mo:i9aiitaro HejicNBRaro fMffisA. IIoaioMy 
Vb opas^HH^Hiie XHH, ociaBaflCB ho^th oxhbi kb nycioĚ porš, 
BaHfl on CRyRH Ópo^ax^ no Bceny Ropnycy, saÓnpaacB HHorxa 
Aase Ha saxHie xBOps. Ha oxhoitb hs^ hhxi ohb oxnasxH ycju- 
maJTB, RaRi rto-to HrpaerB na CRpHnRt. BesonerHO haa na sByRtB, 
OBTB HaROHei;'B HatipejTB fla HrpaBniaro. 3to Óujcb crapHRi cjiysH- 
xeiiB, coJxaTB BpoBRHHi. Ovb cajífbjcb na hhbroitb laóypei^ y 
oRHa noABajiBHOtt ciysETencRofi RasapMii, orojo craparo xo-c^TJia 
BaHHn^eHHaro caMosapa, TOjn^RO-^ro nocraBieHHaro h Ha^HnaBrnaro 
chuítb h nonjeBHBBTB HO xyse CBoero xosflHHa. 

BpoBRHHi RpinRO x^pauLTL cRpHnRy H9 npHSHiiafl ee CHHHirB 
noA^opoAROiTB iLb njie^y, sacraBJiuijnb ee tohro-tohro bhboxhtb sce- 
BOBMOSHUfl 4^iopHTypH HR roiocB: «Axi, noApyseHBRH, Raxi 
rpycTHO». 

HBaHi CeifeHOBHTB ocraHOBEJca nepex'B BpoBRHHuirB h crajTB 
cjiymaTB. Ero, snpo^eiťB, ctojibro se 6u saHfljia KbSřJai6o Hrpa 
vb 6a6RH HJiH coda^Bfl xpaRa hjh jnioxcRaa ccopa — eicy Ůujio Bce 
paBHO, TOJBRO 6ti mjio BpeMfl, ROToparo eMy HORyxa 6wlo x^bbtb. 

BpoBRHFB, noxnHBmift h secejnifi — vb TewHie nex^iH oh'b 
6uBdkJib TpesBi H cypoBx — yBnx^B^ Raxera, nepecrajTB HrpaiB n 



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GTÁPBHHHA ffiU. 9 

o6ptmicfl vh Heny co c^OBaMs: «A ^xó, Bame 6jiaropoAÍe, 
nocjjinaTL npflinjiH?» 

HsaHl GeifeHOBHTB npOMUHaJTB ^TO-TO, HTÓ BpOBRHHl npHHflJll 

sa yTBepxBTenHut ors^n. 

noompfleKufi npHCyTCTBieMi ciymaTeju!, owh cHOBa crajTB HrpaxB 
I irpan xojiro. OxHy sa xpyrofi carpajTB oh^ Usány GeMeHO- 
Bny Bc% nicHH, soropiifl SHajTB. 

HBaHi CeMeHOBHTE cjymajii ero, cjjanajTB h HesaM^THO hoa*- 
xuci o6axHÍK) sBysoBi. BcnoMHHáHCs eiiy poxHiifl nojia e jAca^y 
ni OHI cďHinajii MHoria hbi bthxi niceex sayBHBEurB, xBa- 
TaDnpTB sa cepwe, HeBOJBHO BSBUBaioiqHrB cjiesu. EMy B^pyn 
caao savb-TO xoporo Bce ero npomjioe, o Koropoifs ohi ao cero 
j(Ha Tasí Majo BcnoMiiHajii. 

OffB ne Bav^THOTB, RaR'L Hacrajo spěna ysHHa h o^nyíca 
loxBBO Torxa, aor^a Bpobbhh^b xBa paaa RpHSHyjrB, ^ro nopa ero 
diaropoxÚD na nepeRJiH^Ry. 

Ha xpyroe BOcapeceHLe UsacrB CeMenoBETB oeatb satfpajica 
n BpoBRHHy E xase npEsecB eiiy a&bho xpaHEMEiff saB^THHft 

QOlITEHHEBI. 

BpoBREHi BdflJTB EOiTEflEERi E OEflib xojiro Brpaj'B. Ha npo- 
B^EHM OHi^ npeAJOSEJTB ero 6jiaropoAÍK> noyHETBca y šero ErpaxB 
eaxoify. 

HBaHi GeMeEOBETB CB HeosExaHEofi jpiz caMoro ce6z oxoToft 
<mjn y^ETBca e CRopo nepeflajii otb ceoero yHEraia Bce to, ht6 

TOTB CaiTb BHaJTE. 

HEKorxa en^e Bána se 6ujrh laRi c^acTjEBi, Raa^b xenepB. 
J^o HacToan^aTO BpeMeHB ero hhhto ho saEEnajio. TenepB y šero 

UpyVh EBEIOCB HTO-TO CBOO, JI106EMOe. 

BoTAa offB npi^ixai^ b^ nojn^B, nepBOio mucjbio ero tfufo 
OMCTECB cspEEKOft, HO OTeifi 6ují% cBynoBaTB, AOHerB na SETBe 
íífmcBMňXb FB oópiss, nonpocETB AonerB na capEnsy cuhi He 
pÉmaiCE. TiUTB nponuo hšcrojbko Micai^eB^. HBana CeiieHOBEHa, 
npesjíe HERorAa HE^ero ho sejiaBniaro, p^xso EcnimiBaBmaro 
^ xasoe cayRa— na^EHajia 6paTB locaa. Ho Be^epaiTB owb ne 
ssan Byxft jr^BaiBca, e Jistio oxtraft jeaaajrB na nocTe:i% vh 
caoem HeynrHOifB noMftn^eHiE, jíbÓo Óesi^tnHo tfpoxnxB no ropový. 
Bh OMJBy Wh TaREX% nporyiORi offB saópajca vh laxyio yjiEi^y 
Aiunro npexirbcTBfl. 

Bxpyi^ OHI octaHOBEicfl RaR'B BRonaHHEifi: ebi oroei He(k>.iB- 
XOKa HecjHCB ^yxecHue SByRH: bto-to ErpajrB Ha crpehrí, 
Eipa:iib, Rasi Hsany CeiceHOBE^ e ne che:iocb. Ohi 

ŮSA^Si^j HpECJIOHElCa KB cAb^ UOJ^h CaMHlTB ORHOITB E 



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Qoo^^ 



10 B^THIRl IBPOmi. 

HaiajfB cjiyniftTL. Tenjiaa sAtem hou pacnojftrajia ei ne^airB. 
TeMHafl CHHeBa He($a 6um yc^na SB^s^aKH. Hs^ajH xohocuhc^ 
p^Asie BByRH saTHxaio^aro ropoxcsoro myíca. Bospyrs HBaHa Ge* 
MeHOBH^a CTOflJia THiuHHa, Aase npoxosHX'B He 6íijo. HspixRa 
pa8B% pasxaBajica cxpímib RoioseBBaro BO^eca hjh cryBí saxjion- 
HyBmeflcfl cxaBHH. A lyrB, Haxi HHMrB, vh OTBopeHHoe obho macB 
BOJHa ^y]ífiCBux^>J nojiEUTh BOJimeÓHoft rapnonÍH BBysoRE. 

EBany GeiieHOBHHy saxortjiocB yseaiB, bto HrpaerB, ho sarifl- 

HyTB Vh OKBO OWh He MOn — OHO OTCTOaJIO CJUmBOMl BHOOBO (m> 

zeusE. Owh OTomexB na cepe^Hny yjQi^ii, ho h oiryxa HH^ero 
He 6ujio BHAHo: KOMHaia ocB^n^acB jtaimott cl aÓasypoirB, h 
ORHO ocTaBajKOCb vh tšhh; na newh tojbbo HpH^yxJiHBmtH ysopaioi 
pHCOBajincB i;b'&th, nacraBjeHHHe na hoxokohhhbi. 

nBaH'B CeMeHOBHH'B cHOBa saHfljrB CBoe mícto y crbmi h hoxb 
BJiijraieHi MysHSH BCBop^b norpyBHJicfl vh (SiasseHnoe saÓuTBe — b^ 
BOJime^HuS nojiycoHx BaKofi-ro. fior^a CBpHnsa OROH^aieiBHa 
ynojiua, ovb Bce en^e ctoah, Bce aBxaxB^ ^to Bora*BOTi ona 
sanoerB CHOBa. 

Bo8Bpaii](eHÍe HBaHa CeneHOBH^a vb x^fiCTBHTenHott xhshh 
6uio ne ocoóenno npiflTHo: ero xpacia sa lueu CEnnaa pysa, 
xoBflHHs BOTopofl ch npB6aBjeHÍeirb Bp^HBaro cioBi^a cnpamHBajrb: 

— íero Te(í4 lyrt nysHO, TaBOfl, casoft— a? 

— ď, fl cjymajTB, coBepmenno pacrepflBniHa^, OTB^^an HBasb 
CeMeHOBHHXy ejie noHHMafl, ^xb cb hhitb A^aeica. 

— Jífl, 9T0 EocTupeBi! Xa*xa*xa!— pas^ajica BecejiHi rpomsift 

CM^'B. 

— Jlja, a KocTupeBi, — noBTopHJTB HBani CeMOHOBEHi. 

— 9tó ÓaTfomaa, b^xb BcrpacBy-ro a Baxi sHaiHyK) sa^ajTE^ 

ySl HBBHHHTe! JíyUtLXh BOpB, HIH ^T0-HH6yffb Vb BTOlffB pO^^. OXHaKO 

MTO-se 8T0 Bu? B^XB, MU 6u co6aRi Ha Baci^ HanycTHjni. 

EBBiTh CeMeHOBHiTB yBHaj['B roBopHBmaro: — 'Oro 6ujn> lOBapHODOCK 
ero no nojiny, — nopywKB IlerpoBi. Bána oÓ^bachejcb, ^to sacjiy- 
majicfl MysKiBE. Ohh bm^tí OTnpaBHJHCB xoifoft bi FopoxB. Iler- 
poBi HecB CKpHnBy. 

— TaB'B BU Toace JH)6HTaiBy— roBopHJioHi, a a, npHSHaTbCfl^ 
ne snan, xa h ne xynai^B— bu Bce cropoHHxecB otb nojiBOBoro 
oón^ecTBa, h a, no npanxA CBasaTB, HejiiDXHMi. He xonre-JH safini 
RO UB% xoTB saBTpa — a BaifB curpaio. A caHH-TO bu arpaer^ 

HBaH% GeMenoBB^i otbíuxb, hto Hrpaen. 

— Hy, BorB H npeapacHO. A a TyrB qacxo y oxhhxi shebo- 
Huxx Brpax) — ^apumna y hhxi... MysuRanmia Tose... ?t{> 8& 
xfaymRa-xynia — h RpacaBHiía, h yiiHHiía! 



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OTiPIfiflHI fifiU. 11 

IlerpoBi satfajiib nyansy h s&roBopHXB o jhoÓhmoí ;^Byni]ci 
eo BdbMi sapoirb h crpaciBK) cbobx'l XBawaiH-xByxt ji'1'rL. 

— SL 6u mssajcsi na Hei saBrpa-se, efl-Bory, — ceftnacB xotb, 
xa xenen, xenen bí^tb hh y Mesa, hh y nea. 

nerpoKB SiuťB 6i;(HKitt ^eiOBÍBí, nepetfHBaBmiffca b'b nojBy 
fepexiHBOCTBK). Owb noMorajTB eii^e h crapyx^-MaiepH, sapadoru- 
Baa cayxHHe rponm to ypoxaiiH, to craTeHaaMH. Cairb owh shx& 
f^Hnm xjň6owh H coJuaTCBHMH n^^MH. MaTB oóossaia ero. Owh 
6un Bocejuifi) shboS h oónurrenmift no xapasrepy ^eJíovbvh^ h 
oxaaio CTopoHHJca on lOBapen^efi, BCjrIxcTBie yciOBÍfi, vh boto- 
psa caoauuacB ero shshb. IIoixoBoify oón^ecTBy ero noBexeH&e 
lasaiocB HenoHaTHBUTB; ero c^BTan CBparofl h xan eny iiposBanie 
zBXOMopa. XXonaFB cb nojiBoirB vh PopoxovB, owh nosHaBOMHJica 
Ba ypoBan cb HeÓoraioft yHBrejBCBoft ceifBefl h tbitb ctfjrasBJca 
ch x^ByniBOfi, BOTopyK) (yph Bceft xyniB nojmóujn b sa BOTopoft . 
Me^TaxB aseHBTBca. 

^I^^Hen Ba ceMofiBsa flysAU y aero, ojBaBO, se npexBBx^ocB; 
Be 611J10 x&se B títb, Boropiia Tpe6oBajíHCB b^ bb^í saiora, 
(^xio 6h o6e8neHBBaB>n^tFO o^Bi^epcayK) ceiiBK). B'b bbjqt btbxi 
atfcroflTexBCTRB JTerpovB rpycnurB, rpycnuara b BeBtoa,— b 06a 
BOBB yTŠmasBCB MysHBOK). PascsasaBx Bce bto HBBBy CeneBOBB^ 

FB MBHyry OTSpOBeBBOCTB^ BHBBaBByB) BeOÓmafiBOCTBK) HTh BCrp^HB^ 

OeipoRB pacnpocTBJíea cb BBirBy en^e pasi npBTjracBBi ero saflTB 
BOipeMiHHO 8aBTpa se. HBaKB GeMesoBB^i Be 8acTaBBji'B ce6fl 
TBpaniHBaTB: Ba xpyrofi wbb ofb samen r'b IlerpoBy b, Bacjiy- 
masniHCB ero Brpii vh ciacTB, cairB CHrpaxB sicBoaBBO irbcewh. 
Uerpowh wasB y^BBBJíca TOny, BavB xopomo Brpaeii Basa. Oob 
sxjca ewfi noxy^nrB ero. Basa Kpbmso BpBBasajica b^b CBoeify 
BeeaiOMy TOBapanor. Hbbofo emfi ae jintiBjrB OBib Tasí fb CBoeĚ 
JOBHB, — BB Aase ciapyxy*flaHBBy, bb EpoBSBHa, cb aoropinrB 
eismxo pacnponuuca nyrB ae co ciesaiiB. nerpoFB BBor^a xaaajTB 
niBa]xiiii](y cspansy aa nowh. Btb btb ahb HaaBi CeMeBOBBH^ auLii 
cyniieeTBOiCB cbobmi. FjiyÓOBaa (SjíaroxapBOciB sanojBajia 
lO-no-Majy 8Ty, xo cbx% nopB ůbwíjiD ByBcroaifB, OABBOsyK) 
xpny. 

Korxa yifepjB poxBrexB Haaaa CeMCBOBB^a b eny kuvl o&h 
owb xoTfl B norpycnijii o bbxi, bo otobb oópaxo- 
HacjšxcTBy: nepanitB x^oitb ero (luo nofi&saTB b'b Toaa- 
H npex^iosBTB eny AeserB. 
HeipoBi yxBBBJíca b ciiyTB;ica; caaujia obi xftse OTKaaajica) 
noToiTB saxyiiajica: Bcsymesie 6iuo cjaniBOirB sejraBO,— obi 
tfojMÍa jooÓEn CBOK) BeB^cry. Obi pimajicfl, BaROBeii'B, bsbib 



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12 BftCTHHSl IBPOnH. 

He ABEhVEj a TOiiBRO nopy^HTejiBCTBo BaHH ^* HysHyK) me cyuuj 
saHfljii y Óoraxaro Bym^a, soroputf, cnpaBHBmHCB o cocTOflrejiB- 
HOCTH HBaHa CeMeHOBH^a, bsajii soxoBCtde npoi^eHTH h Hacroajn 
Ha TorB, hto6h ]ípmjífi,Tbcsí coBepmenHOi^Tifl nopymeu. Eorxa 
OHO HacryiiHJio, Herpovb 6u4'b yse iipoBSBe^eHi b^ Biicmíft hestb. 
TenepB hhtto ne irtmajio eMy seHHTBcs. 

GBaxBÓy ornpaBAHOBajiH oneEh cspoMHO) ho BecenD na nett 
BOHiQi He 6hjio. Hhbto oxHaso ne jmsoBajrB Tan, sasib Bána, 
BOTopoMy IlerpoBi no^apHiii cboio cspHHBy na naiuiTB. EasaiocE, 
HHBOMy HeHero6ujio(k>jiBme sejiarB, isaiTB Bffpyn coBepmenno neosH- 
xaHHo, nocjit nojryxopEirB xbrh 3KeBaT0ft shshh, IlerpoRB sadoxii^B 
H yueph, ocraBHBi seny h rpyxHoro pe6eHBa. TarB aaRx nocjrb 
nero HEsasoro nacjiiACTBa ne HamjiocB, to Kynei^i noTAHyjTB ffiSTB 
ci nopyHHTejfl. Sanfliafl cyiaia cb npoi^eHmiiH Aopocsa vh oroicy 

BpeiíOHH XO AeCflTH THCfl^ HOXHHJiaCB ByiepBHa, OBOHnBOiailCX 

rbiTBy HTO MHxanji GeMeHOBHTB ynjiaTHjrB xojin Cpaia, bubb cb 
nero pocoHCRy vh nojiy^eniH cnoxHa on^OBCsaro BMyn^ecrBa h cb 
ycjiOBÍeirB, nioóu owb Bumejii vh OTCiaBBy s BqiHyjica vb xe- 
peBHK). MHxaHji CeifeHOBHHi ÓoaiBnie Bcero Óobjica tóro, hto 
6paTB, He HMi^nmift TenepB HH^ero CBoero, 6yxerB oÓpaQ^iTBOi kb 
HeiÉy sa cpeACTBaMH vb shbhh, ecjis ocraHefca BinojiKy, — coxep- 
xanie se ero bb xepeBHi Hensa 6ujio cnTaTB bo Tro*HH6yxB 
xoporoe: vfiíb ctojibxo jno^efi chto, oxhfb junnHÍtt neiOBtirB HH^ero He 
BHa^HTB. BpocHTB Ópaia Ha npoHSBOJTB cyxBÓH MsxaHjii CeMeHo- 
BHTB yse noTOMy ne p^majca, ^ro bto mofjio 6u HOBpexHTB eMj 
VB r^asaxB TgiBH, poMaHH^ecBOtt CSo^bh GrenaHOBHu FaBpHJiOBoft. 
no OTHomeHÍB) vh BTOMy ero HaAoyMHjia EjrosaBera IlerpoBHa, 
yM%Bniaa o^enB zopomo pascnniBaTB aasxHtt aaireflcBift marB. 
?T0 sacaercfl caMoS FaspEJioBOtt, to ea yqacrie vh Bani noBa 
orpaHHqHBaiocB diecran^HMH oOtn^aHiaiiH bb 6y fjmfiwh. 

HBaHB GeMeHOBH^i ocraBHjrB ciyaady Óesi cosajri^ma. Eicy 

6UJI0 pftfflBTeXBHO BCe paBHO — TXb HH SHTB H ^ HK ffbjíhTh^ 

TOJiBRO 6a ne pascraBaTBOi oo ckphhboS. Bi noisy o hoitb icajio 
xbjAue h pbxao Bcnommajm o BaHBR'fi-j(ypaB& He ocraBHJTb aa 
coóofl HHBaBHX'B xpysefl HsaHi GeMenoBEHi, BpoMi baobu Tosa- 
pHHia. FopBKO Bcnnuyja ona, aorxa Bána saniexB kb Heft npo- 
CTHTBca nepexB orBte^oirB h notfjiaroxapHai ee 8a Jiacay, Boxopyio 
offB BHA^Jii OTB Hea H Hysa. O xenesHurB jsíbnTb owh ne esa- 
BajTB efi HH cjiOBa. 

— ,9 Bce OTxaiiB Bam, Bce, ecia Bofb noifOserB, HnaH^B 
CeMenoBHq^ — cana saroBopajia ona. 

— Iloanoxe, HTb b£i bto,— sa^tBiB se? nojHore! aaMi Hys* 



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OTIPHHBUJI ífiXk. 13 

B^e, xa V eify, — OTB'lHajrs BaHA, yRasuBan he petfenRa h ctujít 
juk) iffejyfl pyBy lua^ymefi bj^obii. 



11. 

nox>^tesafl Kb SHaBOMOify crapoicy Xiť&iBHBROBCKOMy xony^ 
Ebehi GeMeHOBHHi novyBCiBOBajrB, hto cepAi^e ero TpeBOseo 
ó^eicfl. He pa^ocTHaa Óiua ara TpeBora — h^tb: vh xymj Baně 
saipajocb ^yBCTBO crpaxa — ^to-to xjífivb ero TairB, bi^ droifs 
xoirt, r^ lan yrpioMO nporeiuo ero ne^ajíBHoe jAtcibo? 

Ero BcrpfoHJiH ?hhho h cyxo. 

Bpan xoTB tphsah, ho xojioxho o6jío6uzucsí cl ^hmi. Xo- 
joxHO HMOKHyjia ero tohbhmh ryCann bi joÓi EjHsaBera IlerpoBHa^ 
n KOTopofi OETB, HO oÓu^aH), noAOmejTb vb py^irb. JI,íboibh h 
Mapui CrenaHOBHa HsxajiH npHcbJH, bctp^thbi ero vh sa^. 

Qocjrb BToro, HBaHa GeiteHOBH^a HaBopmiJiH ch Aopora, sa- 
rim BOABopHJH vh Me80HHH'i — Ha «BuinBÍ^>, M acHSHB noxeBJía 
m XirikuHHBaKB KavB-ÓyATO 6ti ohi h vbvb Tyvh (hiJi. 

,2^ caiforo EBana GeiieHOBH^a ahh duh sa xhamh — oxhoo6- 
pasHO h Óesi^THO, Ol ceMBeft y Hero HH^ero oÓH^aro ho 6hjo; 

BCrpftWJICfl OWb (TB HeH) TOJIESO 8a Oti^AOlTb H ySHHOlťB, P^AKO 

ispesRXHBaflCB CAOBOiTb cb ÓpaioMs H neBto^BOft. Cumpirb oh% 
Be neBie yrpiOMO, ^rbwbf éuBajo, bi crapne roAu, bo Bpena 
j^MMBTh CBOHXL ^nycBORB HBi Kopnyca. «y, AflAfl-6yBa!» roeo* 
puH eMy MaieHBBifl njieMflHHHifBi, Bcrpi^aa ero rxt-HHÓyxB. IIpo- 

XOiXH MHMO HBX^B, HBaHl GeMeHOBHTB 06uBH0BeHH0 rjiaxHJ^B KO- 

iq9yH)-HH6yAB pyBofi no Tomvb^drruwb orpaHHHHBajiHCB bc^ ero 
QrBomeHifl vb EEWb. BoiBHyio JleHOHBy owb BHxbji'B neJBROM^B 
naouH pasa xBa. ,2l^ase nrpaTB na eapensi ohi ho pimajicfl xoMa 
es t^brh nopB, Kam MaxaHJTB OeMeHOBH^i BaiiiTHXB eiiy, hto y 
EiBsaBeTH nerpoBHH pasdajiHBaeTCJi rojiOBa otb ero «nHJiHBaHBa». 
BuRBCfl sa HTeflie MBasy GeMeHOBH^y h bi^ rojOBy Óu ne npe- 
m»f OHI BOoCnie HHSorAa ^HiaTB ho jh)6hxb— SEnra HaBOAHjata na 
cowby a sacnyBí cb keevoíd wb pyRaxi, ohi nenpeifbHHo 
BO csA BopnycB, ayjH, HaBasaHÍfl h HacirbniBH TOBapHn^etf 
I jmrteMeŘ. 

no-crapoMy, HBaHx GeMeHOBH^i 6ujl% Bc/bwb ^ysoB vb aom^ 
ficb OTHOCHjiHCB BB HCMy ÓesyHacTHO, CďOBHO OWb no OmH6B^ 
aoxftr — cjiOBHO eny yse tím% ^^miotb mhjioctb, hto ne 
sa TO^ mo om> saiecajicfl ly^a, rAt HHBOMy ee ny- 




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14 BMTini upona. 

Seffby HHXOMy, BpOM% 60J[BH0t X^BOHKH JleHOTCH, BOTOpES HO- 

CTOflHHO AyMEJia O HCMIb H BasxHtt A^HB roBopHJia O «xflX^ BaHÍ^» 
CB CBoefi HflHBBoft TaHefi. 

Ho 8Toro HeaBi CeiieHOBH^ BOBce h6 no^osptBan. 

— ^ TaHfl MHjafly Basi tfu mhí xotíjiocb yBHX&TB ^xh) BaHioI 
Easi fl npocHJia icaMy: npBBexHie bo uwb XflXK), — ona Bce ro- 
BopETi: xopomo, xopomo!— a noroirB BOSBicerB ffi, h sa^yxen^ — 
ne^aaBHO sajiOBajiacB x^bBona. — Tanraal CBau usfk BaBofi-raBoft 
Wj» BaHfl? 

— ^a TaBoi se, Basi h bcí, JlenyniBa. 

— H&!^, He laBott. Ecjn 6u ovh 6um% laBOft, BaBi bc6, — 
offBi B0H6U0, npunejrB 6u bo mhí cb TaBun BHCimrB ni^m 
H CBasaa^b 6fii: axi, ÓixHBseHBa! — a obi^ ho upsxoAm h ee 
roBopBJTB. Hy, pascBasH mh'6, TaHfl, BaBoft owh: (k)XBmoS? Bsime 
nami? 

— Boj[Binoft, BHme. ^ tu ero naiiexHHCB caiia Bix&ia na 
<5ajiB0H£« 

— Hy, 910 TOiBBO HBAajiH, Tana; a xopomeHBBO h ho paso- 
<$pajia. ?T0, owh ToicTHft Em xyxoB? 

— KaBott TaiTB TOJiCTiifl,— eae vh newh xynia x^psnca. 

— 3Haan, ohi (Sojbeoí, Tam? 

— EifFhy He (kKiBHofl, a tbb* — xyxofl. 

— Hy, 9T0 xopomo, hto ne 6onuoŘ. Tu BHaeniB: Coíhwuwh 

OlOHB, OHeHB CBy^HO. 

^ŠBO^Ba sa/tyiiajiacB. 

— GBaasH, TaHB, BaBÍe y nero rjasa?^ xopomíe, Hacroxnfiey 
nLxa TaBÍe ph6bh, BaBi y MapBH GrenaHOBHii? 

Tana sacirbuacB. 

— Hin, H'&TB, He pii6bh, BOJiOTas mob, — vjíí ysvB TaBHirE 
rjiaBaiffB en^e Óhtb, BaBx y MapBH CienaHOBHsi? — oxhhxi laBHx^, 
BasHCB, Ha BÍbnA cbítb hojho. H caasy a letit, iro rjasHnvt y 
Hero HepHne h npe($ojiBniyn^e, a rjiBHemB vh hhxi — sn^ero h He 
bhxho. 

— KaB!B 9T0) Tana, ne bhxho. PasB^ y bcíxi ^T0-HH6yxB vh 
rjiasax^B biaho? 

— A TO BavB ase! Bóra a TenepB xotb na tbÚsl nocHorpK) — 
H BEJisy no rjasaiTB no tbohitb, ^to Tetit crpacTHHBi snarB xo- 
Hexca Bce npo AaxenBBy tbobo. Hy, a y nero HH^ero Tanoro He 
BixHO, iTo xonerca OMy ^ero, na lArh. 

— TaHDniBa, Mosera tfuTB, eny HH^ero h ne xoverca. 

— Eax% He xoTÍTBca: BasxoMy ^eaoB^By Boe ^ero-HH6yxB xa 



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OTÁFIIHHfl JkUk. 15 

xoveicx, — a ysi ono ^ aa ^ezovbKhj BOTopoMy xo Bcero Ha 
cslrb Bce x>aBHO. 

— Hy, a Te(S*, Tans, wro xo^erca? 

— Aa icaao u lero, JleHymBa^ Bcero ne nepecKasemB. 
Ha aroTE pan Tara npHsaxyícajiacB, noHiH npHroptoHUJiacB. 

A%BO^aa Tose nonpiniojnuia, norom, xaBi&-6yXT0 BcrpenaHyBoiHCb 
H oÓpa^OBaBinHCB wiiy-TO, oBjniKHyjia Tasio. 

— UhEBj a TaHfl, th uwb ^i6 hh roBopn, a a b^ab Beaio, 
vfo H wsík ^ero-TO xo^erca! 

— A Hy-xa, ciasH. 

— SeaeiiiB, sorxa oob cnaqaia npiizan s na cspmiKt 
HrpaxB — noMHflmB, xasi xopomo Óujio? a xenepB bopb owh 6ojiBme 
se HrpaefB — ha SHaio, bto eicy ne Beji'&i'B, st SHaio, MErb K>jísí 
csaBaja,— samenrua ona:— aro Mana, Hexo(5pafl! Botb x^A^ Baeš, 
BftpHO, H xo^erca HrpaiB, a eicy He jsfixon^ ne xftH)rB... 

— ^TQ-s^B, — 8aMÍTijia TaHfl, — xoserB, oho h xasi, FocnoxB 
ero B&xaen! 

noxcKSHiie pasroBopu nyxB ne Maspift xeHB bmecb iiesxype- 
ŮeMzon H x^BymsoĚ. 

O xsxi Banft roBopHjra, ero auu^jm, — ero, o KoropoMX xo 
CHX% nopB pixao sto h xyxajii. Owh eioro ne SHajTB. Ohi npo- 
Boxsn Bpeiia, jni6o CHXfl y cetfa na BtimBi, jih6o yxoxfl syxa* 
Hit^XB noxaiBme otb xoMa b% rjiyÓB caxa, a to b fb noie bjih 
BB Mfbi^j syxa 6íi to hh 6hjo, oisyxa ne xoHOCHJica 6u sBysi 
a^HHSH xo ymefi ero xoManiHBxi. HaHrpasmECB bi boih>, HBaHi 
GweBOBB^:B tfpejTB xoMOft, HO vh xoirb ero 611J10 He bhxho h 
He cnnnHO. Xopomo HrpajrB BsaHi CeMeHOBH^i^ ho noHHMajii jih 
cam bch> lyxnyio CHjy HSBJíeBaeiaixi uwh hb^b crpynB sByROBi? 
Eto xopb 6u piniHTB 9T0! 

A Meatxy TtiTB cjiy^ajiocB Tasí, hto h Hpoxoadfi nyxHHKB h 
BpecTBHHHffB Ha HOJieBOfi CTpax^ npHCJiyniHBajiHCB sb xaaeso pas- 
BOCHHieftca no ospecTHOCTH h^chh h ocTaHasjíBBajHCB, rjiyCoso 
B^mxaa: Bx^-na! a saT^m 6pejiH xaume, saxyitHEBO ynocflCB xymoi 
vffjBirTO vh nrapB H BHCB — caMH HO sHas syxa. 

PaffB sasB-TO vb neBunocHMO-sapsifi h xyiiiHHft x^hb EsanB 
CeMOHOBETB, HO ofiiiSHOBeHÍK), ymexB CB BHHiBH H saópajoí Ha 
noTB pasi ne bi jr6ci, a vh camaS xazBHÍĚ jvoxh caxfty Tyxa, 
on^xa OHB xyMajTB HHsoro ne oÓesnosoHTB HrpoĚ. 

MšcTO 6hjio coBcbiii xHsoe. JI^HHBnfB roptfaTBriTB asusoifB 
f" H^feaiCH nec^aHHfi mhcb xueso sa q)exHHy osepa. Mhcb bocb 
\' npocB cocHoff, a bakl oeepoirB vh caMom sohi^ cb spyroro 
g o6piiBa cbíchjihcb xb^ spHBua njiasy^ (Sepesu. Aotxa xo aroro 



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16 MCTHISl (BPOmi. 

uictáy IlBaHi CeiieHOBHH:^ ÓpocMCfl he tpůsy h noaosHJTB CRpsnRy 

pflAOUl (TB CO6OH). 

Eujo THxo. noBepxHOCTb BOAH ej(Ba-exBa patfnjiacb no^iH ne- 
saM^bTHHM^L le^eHBeirb Bos^^yxa, Koroptift Hensa 6eijo HaseaTb 
xase B^TepROMi. Bauh otb 6epera no BpeueEUWb Roe-rjif^ Bcnie- 
CRHBEJiacB pu6a. Haxi osepoMX cb ahrhíi'^ rphroitb, RacajiCB boaei 
RpsiJoirB, HocHJiHCB ^aflRH. Ilápiuo; HecMorpa ea acBoe h tfesofi* 
ja^Hoe He6o, ^yBCTBoaajiacB npn6jiHsax)ii^Cfl rposa. 

HBaHi CeMeH0Bn9'B B^pyn cxBaTHjii CRpnuRy h sacraBEJii ee 
n^TB. Otb Toro jh, tto oh^b 6uA'h y boau hjis npocro TáR%, ho 
AJfl Hanajia ohi saHrpaJii «BHHffB no MaiyniRii no Boarb*. Chjeb- 
BuŘ H 3ByqHHtt Han^ffB ^HCTO H acHO necerca wueRO na^i boxok); 
HO BOTx CRB08B Hero ciHniHTca emfi h Jtpyroe, 6yxT0 BouecRH 
BOJiHi Moryqeft p^Ri, 6yAT0 ir&pnsie yxapii BecejTB... botb cHOBa 
jíjpyxMuŘ BspHBi roJOCOKB: — no mHpoROMy pas^omo!.. Crpiiott 
MiHTCfl CTpyasoRi, cepARTO nxemerB p^Ra, Mon^o y^apaiOTB BecjaiCH 
MOJOAi^u-yA&JBipi, ne Bopn ne pasÓofinHHRH, aTaManoBti pa6or- 
hhhrh! Bce 6ypj[HBÍte h ÓypjiHBŠe Hecyrcfl BOJinH, Bce Moryn^e 
pacxoAflTCfl yAaJUfl pyRH; botb ys'B h Óypa BoerB: crpysoRTB c^ 
uoMmd^uE TO BBXHMaeTca Bi n^ni BOJinti, to na^aerB cb neft se 
' KB TeííHO-CHHioH) fiesAHy... CTonerB, boctb nenoroxa! — Ho miipo- 
ROHy pasxojBH)!— Aajeao crbobb 6ypK> rpeiuiTB rojoca rpeÓAOffB... 
pacxoAHJiHCB cepAiia MOJtoxeipúfl, rtmaTca cb Óyftmtt yxajiBH) pyRH 
6oraTJupcRÍa!.. nesnaeMafl oTBara o&bsíM Aymy— 

Ho 9TĎ 8T0 sa HOBaa nicna? — thxoh) pa^ocrBK) vberh orh 
Hen, THXOH) paAOCTBK) H cjiaxRoS rpycTBio RaRofi-io, ROTopaa cian^e 
BCflRoS praocth! 

IlBanB GeneHOBHVB nepecraxB HrpaTB, owb cam ne qyBCTBO- 
BBJVh, TTO Bce JHi^o ero MORpo orB caesi. 

— Bon Tfii RaRofl lyxecHutt, AflAfl Baňa!— pasAaics sa hhm'b 
TOHeHBRÍtt A^TCRÍff xposan^ífl rojiocoR'B. — Bon tu RaROfi! 

HBan^ CeMenoBETB orjumyjica: 8a hhxi croa^a ROJiacRa, h h8^ 
nea BurjaAHBajio xyxenBRoe ÁtTCRoe jlh^hro (tb (Jojbuihiih miTJfH- 
BUMH c^pBiMH oasaMH, ycTpeMJieHHBíMH npaMO eny fb misfl. 

Osojo ROjacRH CToajia Tana h CM&iiacB, h naaRaja. 

— rocnoAHl HBanB CeMenoBHH^B, h xui Te&b FocnoxB! 
Qyxnaa cnaa poxníixi BByROffB^ n cyjHTB hto-to, h MannirB 

Ry^a-TO. YcjiuniaBi tí SByRH, HeyxepsHMO JiBiOTCa cjesBí, Tpe- 
BOSHO ÓBOTca cepMe^ a vh Tpyjun saRenaerB RaRaa-ro Mory^aa 
CísMy jiflA efl npocTOpB iojbro, h y^epsy^ RaaiLeTca, ne 6yxerB eft. 
HBaHi CeMenoBEHi CMyTHAca. Ohi nodaóiui sa Hrpoio o e['6jI0M'b 
CB^rb, o tfojBHOfi se kíbohiA ohb exBa homhio^ h bs o6£irho- 



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GTlFEHHHfl JlfiU. 17 

BttSHoe BpeMfl. OAHaso owh cootfpasffjrB^ uro aio ero CFat)!!^^? njie- 
xxHHHi^a; Basi ee soByrB^ ohi, Biipo^eM!^, ne SHajx. 

— A, Til 6aiBHafl A^BO^Ba^ — saroBopHjrs ohi... 

— Axi! AflAfl) TK He SHaeiQB Aftse, bak^ Hena soByrbl fl— 
JleHa^Ba, Gojom&si JleHO^Bal.. RaKofi tu, x^X^s Hexopomifi!— jmHBo 
peÓeHxa one^axHiocB. — A aro — moa Tara. Tafi^f, tu cjramHinB? 
Mfi Bce o&h Bewb roBopHirB, a owh ne BHaerB ^ase, KaipB naci 
soByrB. 

HBaffb GeMenoBHi^ cefi^acB se no^BCTBOBajrB cboh) BHny, 
rjflW Ha rpycTHoe jrai^o j^bo^bh, b Tose Bjíjpyrh one^ajiiLxcfl; 
Hy, 8a HTO oiTB ee oó^c&rs? 

Jlma saMitTEdia aro. 

— nofixH BO MHŮ ooxa, AHAH BaBS, CBasB! OTqero tu hh- 
Borxa He hphxoxhjtb bo hhí, pasBi re&b nana sanpeTHJia? — cíporo 
nporoBopHJia ona. 

— a, fl — He SHajii) — OTB^iajix HBani CeMenoBETB. 

— 9to Hexopomo! — lasse crporo npoAOJsajia Jlena: — biÓojb- 
Hum Bcerxa xoxhtx h Bdb htb msuňxyrh — ny, dro-TO CByiHo, hto 
sai^HyrE, hitb ys^B h 6e8i eroro Taseio... a npHXTH bo hhí tu 
Bce-raBH mofb! 

Tana vh aro Bpeiifl ycnoBOHJiacB otb BnenaTiŠHÍa, npoHSBe- 
xeHHaro na nee Hrpoio HBana CeifeHOBHHa h kb^eb sacruxHJiacB, 
HTO xane^a caiia nepBaa saroBopHJia-Óujio cb hhitb. Ona TenepB 
OTonijia B!B cTopoHB^ H npHCTajiBHO CMOTp^a Ha BHAHŠBHiHZCfl na 
npoTHBOHOJiosHOirB 6epery OBepa pa6oHHXi& rb hojA. 

— BoTB BHXHHiBy TaHfl, — otfpaTHJiacB Kh HoS JíeHa: — H xopomOy 
Tio xu cH)Aa npvbxííjíEj a to nairB xojiro ne yAajocB 6u no^aa- 
psyjnm AflAH). Kyxa-si tu, a^W? — Tetfi ysi CByrao cb naiíH, 
axB, BaBoft TU? CM0TpH-se, npHxoxH BBBTpa onaTB cH)Aa noci^ 
QŮkff^ CjuHuiniB? MU ch TaHeff 6yxeirB as^aTB. Tu hbitb ÓyxeniB 
0II2TB HppaTB, npaBxa, h mu mbm^ ne CBaseMi. 

— Xopomo, Jleno^Ba, xopomot 

HBani GeMeHOBHTO TaBTB o^H^an, ^ro cricHAJiCfl xase hb 
oÓH^ecrBi peÓeHBa. Eorxa ohb Hc^esi sa BycraMH, Alšova en^e 
Aomo sa^yMnBo CMorp&ia eny bcaíss. 

MesAy Tbwh cb Bceronnaro apaa neóa na^niHaaa na^BErarBca 
TexHaa CHSo-sejieHafl ly^a. Oibhobhjiocb Bce Tasejrie h Tjisejríte* 

— ^OMOtt Hopa!— BOffB Tyna-TO BaBaa!— caasajia Tana, h bojw- 
co^iBa sacBpHH&ia CHa^ajia ho Mancoft xboí, a hotomi ho necBy 
eaxoBurB xoposeBi. 

^Ma hbbto ne bctp%th.i% ^leny. OcTanoBHBHiHCB y apujiBi^a, 

Tom IV.— IiUB, 1880. 2 



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18 BSCTBHS^ IBPOnH. 

Tam BUByjia x^BOHRy ven boucbh h Ha pysan nonecia ee vb 

XOITB. 

— Oxi, TaHfl, ox'B HHUfl! — croHajTB pe5eHosii! — oxi, xaBfB 
TpyAHO SHTB Ha CjArbl 

3j6u JleHO^KH SpŠHBO CTHCSHBajQíHCB, ^TOtfu He KpHBHyTB, HTQÚhL 

Táni He laKb sáno ea 6hjio: — ona Bnxija, mm y Tann pasi 
6pii8HyjiH HffB rjiasi CJiess^ npH BiipsaBmeMca y nea, Jleno^sH, 
spHirb 60JIH. 

Fposa paspasHJiacB, Rorxa x^Bo^nca 6um yse bi CBoeĚ nociejBB^, 
Bi^ yiOTHofi BOMHaiKi bhhibh; — npociaa xoHHaisa: — spoBarBa, 
ciojTL, OBOJO nero cryjpb jíssí TasH, creuflHHHfi mBani^ r^i BHHsy 
aesajio JleHO^sEHO 6£jLe, a na BepxHHXi noisax^ xpaHHjncB ea 
HrpyinsH h khhssh — ona lenepK tojibxo CMOip^a na hhxi. Ha 
eioai Bcerx^ croui 6yBerB i^tobi to caxoBuxi^ to hoj^iixi — 
Ha HHXi rjiBAfl) paAOBuacB Jlena. 

Fposa ÓymeBaia. 

— ro(^oxH iHcyce XpHcre! — specmcB e nopiiBHCTO BBxiixaa, 
japoBSEOCExa Tana, npa Kasxoia yxap% rpoica, conpoBOsxaBmeirB 
6arpoBO-JHJiOByH) mojlhíh). 

Jlena xesajia CMnpHO^ hojiw ruxfl Ha Tenmifl osna. Ona ne 
(SouacL, ona jioÓHJia rposy. 

— Ojchj xopomo!— roBopHJia ona bcskíě pasi, xaK^ tsMčJoA 
HopuRB XOSAH c% HOBOfi CHxoft Ha9iiHai'B cTy^aTB vb ORHO nocji^ 
sasxaro yxapa rpona. 

HBaHi^ GeiieHOBHTB no xpyroS croponii KoppHXopa, Tose Ha 
BHmB^, ox^Tfilt JieautrB na CBoeĚ spoBaTH. O ^em xyHaji'B ohi? 
fy. H jíjuhn iH o ieicB-HH6yxb? Tojilbo oópam npoHOCHJiHCB 
nepex'B hhmi: botb x^i^aoe fiji^XHoe jHnso — h n^eiorrB xymy 
HBaHa CeMeHOBHHa. Botb OTaparoe saropijoe x^bh^bc jhi^o — h no 
HeiTB BpyoHiiHH BanjiflMH saraTCfl cb^^jiui ciesti, h xymy ys6 ne 
H^eMHrb, H xopomo HBany GeiieHOBH^y — a noveny ?—0ffBHcairBHe 
snaerB. A Tairs ohatb to^bko SByEH h SBysH — crpoSHue, npeBpacHue 
HyxflTca eny h bi^ nopusarB 6yHiyK>i]](aro s^Tpa^ h bi rponů, h b% 
mpA xosxeBHTB sanen, to CapaCanan^HX^B npflMO rb ero creuOi 
TO cjiobho nocniniHO yxajann^Hxca syxa-TO^ ^roCu ohatb ^Hcrpo 
BopnyrBca, neyx^sHico sarpoxoTaTB no spiinii h nOTosaioi npo- 
XHTBca no XBopy. H TyrB HBam CeMeHWBHi yse xaieso h otb 
(JOJDbHoro pefieHsa h otb x^Bymsa... Fx^-si tu, xaxa Baňa? 

Fposa yTHXJia. HaciynHJTB h npomeji^B Be^epib. OÓH^naa ae- 
vpnaa cyeTHa xona saMOjnua, Bce yxerjiocB cnarB. 
* Bb JlenoiKEHofi BOMHaTsi Tose ace thxo. Tana uyóo^soici 
CBepnyiacB na cbooitb bo&jiobí na nojiy, y x^tcboU spoBarsii, h 



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GTAPIHknfl AMi. 19 

enm KpbincnťB moioihitb choite Úg^l rpe». Jlena He cosn: 
xoiTH eft B09H, HO TaHio OHa Újnnn p^ako. JlaicnaAsa y otfpa- 
aon MvraeTB, h ^abo xanunaTCfl no KOHHart crpaHHua t^hh, 
vh soTopmcB 6oji[BHOÍ ycraiiil pe6eHos'B mmerb anaBOBfiixB h se- 
ABaKOHucL eiiy o6p9ňovh. 

HecMorpfl na npocBty JenoHEE, xhaji Bam na-sasrpa noTOMy-ro 
ae pftmijcfl npHjps co cspEnsofi na to se caiioe iritero, saRi 
Bwpa, a 8a6paicfl ((em CBpHnsH vb 6oji&ioyK> ÓepesoByio ponyr 
n nojyBq)cr6 on yeaxBÓH. 

Cna^aja om npocio ryju'&, ho noroirb eny HaAoiio Óes* 
ilisHO ÓpoxKTB uemjsj AepeBuiMH, h owl Biimeji'B na aeieHyio 
Mesy xjrb((Haro uojuí. Tam cubho neuo ooxEne — ho hh xonoft 
Hjri, HH BOBBpan^aTBCfl vh poqy HBany CeMenoBHiy ne xor6xoe&: 
OHI BHCÍpajTB Mieieno, Tf/b nesa jnoiĚb BxaBajiacb iiesAy so- 
lOChsoĚBj H jierB qoxi i^Hb BTL Ha rycTyH) aopoTKyio ipaBy, sasH- 
HyBí pyn sa rojiOBy. 

Hňero ne 6ujio bhxho exy, spoici He(5a, ho KOTOpony moa* 
jeHHO ABHrajHCb Mim puxjiiiu o^jtasa, j['£hhbo míhu npHiyA- 

IHBHE O^^epiaHÍfl. OAHHOSaS HTHI^ ^HJHB&Sa rxi-TO BO pSH, J^9. 

sysneTOSH neyroMOHHO Tpeipan^ a& HHorxa, Hei8BÍCTH0 OTayxa, 
Bxpyn BBflBHiaacfl 6ojbniafl Myxa uohouhbo syssaia hrab 
istimirB ero yxoirB, no BpeiieHairb niuMňCh euj 8a BOJioca — 
ooTom ouTB HHiero ne 6um cjEKurao, spoHÍ luinsaro y6aK>SH- 
aaiHqaro naiera pse. 

HBaHi Cexenim lesajn hoxbhsho h Bdbwh cyn^ecTBOin» 
GBCHiTB Haciasxaicfl. 

JleHo^Ba octajACb ohchb n^OBOAna, npitxaBi %% osepy h ne 
Hafixa Tam ahah Bann. 

— A, B^XB, TH npaBxy roBopua, Tana, hto xaw Baňa ne 
ufmfj&rb, HTO ovB TanoĚ ^yxHÓft,— saHÍTHia ona. — Efe xony se 
H a tenepB ba^cb Óhtb, mhÍ bx^cb Hezopomo... bíx^ sasi a sxftja, 
oo xaxs HrpaTB ÓyxerB, Ban vuaxat Tan 6iuo Beeejio l^xaTB 
CK>xaI Hy, Tana, ecjiH tu ne ycraia, no^x^ni vb xpyroe mícto. 

Tana ne ycnua h noBesjía cbok) 6ai»iniHK) no i^pBoi nonaB- 
melea xopossi; xoposxa BTa bojui vh ponQr. 

Hexajo yxHBiaca HBaHi GeMena^iB) ycxHXWB nexaieso otb 
eetfa TaHHH^ rojoci, roBopHBmifl: 

— Hy, JleHymia^ arxonovB zfíbch na onymsi nox^ 6e- 
pesKamr. 

— XopomO) Tana, toibko tb hotoitb mhí hbi BacHiBKOB^ 
bíhokb CBeĚ. 

— COBBK), BOJOTaa MOfl! 

2* 

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20 BftGTHHVl^ IBPOIIH. 

— Axi, TaHHHBa! Rasi aro esy^BO, ^rro j[flX2 Bam o6ica- 
Hyjíi Hacrs. 

— ?TO-si» xeÓ^ CKy^aTBy en^e yBHXiniiB xsxeHBsy cbobó; ao^sho^ 
eity neiiBBfl 6iuo, ny, h ne npninejrB. 

— Ufkvhf Tanfly ornero 611 eiiy HejiBSfl, ohi bí;(b HHwro ne 
A^jaeTB: eiiy Bcerxa xosho; ne xori^ oh% hphxth, Bon ^ro! 

JIi^^BOiBa noMOJi^ajm, noiOHi ceoBa oÓpanuacB ktb Tehš: 

— A bííb a CKopo yMpy, Tasjí. 

— H, HTb TU, poxHafl, Ha ht6 noinipaTB? ^htb naxo. Bors 
Bon A&CTb) nonpaBHiuBCfl, sxopoBa ÓyxeniB, BiipocieniB... 

— Hira, Tam, ne Biipocry a: Bce mh4 xpy^Hte oraHOBBTca; 
noMHBmB, B^AB a iipesx6 cha^tb icorjia, a lenepB mv6 ysx h je- 

SaXB ÓOJIBHO. 

— Ax^B, Tir, Moa 6ojňsBHsi\ KaiPB 6h kh^^ pasroBopHTB TeÓa? 
Hy, xoTOmB híichk) cnoio ejlz csasBy CBasHBaTB crany. 

— Hítb, h^tb, Taaa, ne nofi!.. csasH tu iivb jy^me moio 
jH)6HHyH) cBassy npo HBaniBy-d^yH>-py6aiiiKy. 

— A naaKaTB ne craHeniB, KasL HBamKa na xytSy chk^tk 
Cy^eTB? 

— Hítb, Tana, ne crany, npaBo! 

— Hy, ciymaS se: xaBHO, x&bho aio 6euio, laicB ffiBHO, ^nH> 
B% TO Bpeica en^e hh i^peft, hh Boesox^ na Hapoffb ne oúi^o. 
H sua vh TO xftBHee Bpeica^BO 6a6oqBa-tfo6fiiaoHKa^ vh ndÚynnA 
ifazoHBBOff. Oioajia Ta Hs^ymBa okojo (JojBmoro osepa h 6aia 
OHa TaBaa crapaa-npecTapaa, ^ro aasi^ fb eeioK) Boma, a hs 
Kptiiir6 BacaTHRH sarrEie BupocjH. Bujfb TyrB Henoxaiesy h jňch 
xy6oBo1k crapHHHHft, a uemjij jšcoitb j» HsCynnsoff jyrB seieHHft. 
H 6tiai y Tofi 6a6oHRH-6o6HjioiKH csíHoneRi cxbnoŘj npesiiBaica 
offB HBamRofi-6^ofi-py6ainROfi, norouy ^to BOXHaa ero MaTB no- 
Bcerxa bi ^acroff pyČaxi (J&iofi. Ea^B cran HBaniBa-Óijiaa-py- 
6aiiiRa noxpocTaTB,— caa^Baa ony iiaTB ryceaBi^u sBOH^aTiia h 
TaKB JIH lopomo BuyqHJca offB na hhtb HrpaTB, hto h CRasaTB 
HejBsa. 

— EithJKB ero BHyrojTB, Tana? 

— Rto? Caifi BHy^Hacal ne Bce tojbro yneHiie itíchh noxn^L 
xa HrpaKyrB. Bottb xotb 6íi nniipi: x^ho bio hitb otb Bóra, n 
noiorB. TaKB h jiioAaifB ÓusaerB, mio FocnoxB a^ctb. IlepBH^Ta 
n^HH ]BT0*s& CRiaxuBarB — y^ensift, ^ro XE?—Bfbrby a Óhxb, xojsho, 
Taxoff HejOB^Ri, HTO xynia ero nicHH sanpocHja^ Hy, ohi h sa- 
jAn. TasL-TO h HBamRa-iiijiaa-pyÓamRa. CxaxHJii^ cetit HBaniBa 
joxRy H CTaJTB vh Tofi jioxbí Ha osepo ynjiiBaTB; xonxiiBerB xo 



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OTiPEHflHfl A«J[i. 21 

c^pefjsXj ociaHOBBTCfl laiTB H saiHen Ha rycjiarB myuh j^a nixb. 
Bon, BrpaeTB ohi... 

— A ne CRy^HO 6iuo HBamsHHoS Maiepn^ ^ro oitb Bce na 
osepo ynaHBaerb otb nea? 

— íero CKy^Ho! noBcer^a ona fb paóori... csynaTb-ro ei h 
BBKME... a npo Hero ona SHaen, tto otfyn ohi^ oa^tb^ cutb 
Tome H ^To cjiaxKo aiy Ha oaepi ušeň dítb, ny, h ne ÓoiHTb 
y Heft o6h Hem cepm^... 

Bon HrpaerB oinb xo caioiz^ hojjiSke, a Tyrš h noHecerb eiiy 
METBa o&bfíhf ufOffiTh Ha (JepesoKE, xa h spHBHerE: HBameHBKO, 
eraowKB MoS, aro a, naTB tboh, spinua, Te5i šctb-hhtb npn- 
Hecia: ÓssBSOVb spynHqaTHx^B, tfpassH ue^OBUfl! 

ycjiHiBHn HBaniRa jiacKOBuft MaTBHHB TOÁOCh H npmuHBerb 
Bx Óepery: nošcTB, HonBers, a TaM'B oiutb na BOJiiAHfi npocropB 

yXOXHTB. 

Hy, BOTB OBHJiH ce6i^ TaKb 6a(k)«a-6o5ajio9Ba, a^ HBaniBa- 
<$iiafl-py6amRa, h bob 6h xopomo^ Eojm&h ne 6iuo Tyn no co- 
eJMczBy CTapHHHaro jcica h ne auiia 611 bi toitb jri^y xexBŠ- 
XHQa— SBŠpB jnoTHft, CB AOHKoft; xoxiua Ta uejuAj^vniBi, na yrpenHoft 
xa BenepHď sopsi bb oaepy aoxy nn:B. IIpHXOXHrB osa kb osepy 
Boxy HHZB H cunmrn^ sasi HBamBa HoeiB, h ciaio eft aio ne* 
líLMjaú: TaBB HaiaxHO, TaBB saBHAHO, hto h CBasaiB Henra. IIoerB 
ovB cia^BO H na ryeiax^B HrpaerB h cam-ro bbcb dšjieHBBift, a 
j Heft, y iieABŠAHipi, sova nepnaa, MOZHaTaa, BOJOcaTaa h fojiocb 
y Hea iceAB&BÍft: Basi sapoBerB, lavB nnnta dajieraua ciíOJiBaHyrB, 
sbí]^ jiicHOfi VB HopH zopoHHTeiy iipoxosift, npotoBífi HTÓ Ayxy 
npoiB (OxaTh. n TavB ero ueKB/bjpsJoíb na HBaoiBy 6%aho crajio, 
^iTO sa^yMaxa ona ero na ÓeperB npHHaHyxB xa cb^b — ne nofl-xe 

H TH CJBABBXl H^CeHl! 

Hy, BOTB npBZOABTB ona pasi bb osepy b crajia HeaniBy SBaTB 
éjffo HaTBa: HBameHBBa, ciiHo^eBB Mofi, dio a, naiB tboa, npEnua^ 
Te^ šcTB-nHTB npHHecia! 

A HBaniBa noAB'£xajrB, xa ne cobcšitb Cjihbbo, h roBoparB: 
He MaxBa tu icoa, a ueffáfíosfLj y naTBE Moefl rojiocB jiacBOBHft, 
a y le&i ubkbUmíěI 

PascepAB^acB uexBbjífljsfií, noótsajia bb BysHeiQr: 

— Ey^Hei^By BysHei^, cayfi mhí xasoft roďOCB^ saBB y HBam- 
SHHoft MaTepn. 

Hcnyrajica By8HeA'B nexB^XHipi. 

— Xopomo, — roBopBTB,— cByK) a Te6t Tasofl rojiocB, Bass 
y HBamBHHOff Harepu, tojibbo ^tó hh'6 sa aio xaniB? 

— BepB, HTÓ xomB, — OTBŠíaen MeABixBna. 



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22 BftcmmBPonL 

— JiVtHO, — roBopHTL vymeip^ — cbobetb z lefit raio»— CByi), 
xa sa TO rjasa BHnajio. 

Saaso craio MexB^ffu^u rjasi, ey, oxesbo bhxhtb, hto tisi-to^ 
BEBi lenepB, HB^ero ei a nBamsolt ne Dox^ar^ s rosopBis 
xyBHeAy: — jaxHO. 

CKOBaJťL eft syraei^ jacBOBHt rojoc&i a rusá Biiaserb. Boiraa 
ueKB^KBvb sajBO rjavB, a cana paxa: xotfyxy TenepB, xyvaen^ 
xo6yxy nBamBy! Ilpadisaja n 03epy h craia Heamay saaTB. 
H lasoBÓ xopomo CBOBan eft sysnei^ raioOi iro hh xmb, hb 
BSflTL, BaK& y HBBiDBBBoft MBi^pB... B ovh eaiTB, HeaiiiBa, se 
pacno8flaj%) noxnjnixB vh íměomj Óepery, ryrh ero MexstxBivi b 
noxxBaiBJía. 

IIoxxBaTBja oaa ero, noBecja bi jrbch b pa^erci: Bsunáia-xe 
B HBaniBy-<$&iyK>-py6amBy, xa TenepB b a/bM!hl 

IIpB(Stsaja Kh 6epjort b bpb^btl xo«%: «botb obi, nsaiiiBai 
ciepen ero nosa, a b no($iry, rocieft sa imp^b oo80By». Uotift- 
saja OBa rocieft coraBaiB, a xona bsbjui HeaniBBBy <$txyx> py- 
6amKy Ba ce6fl sax^a, u evo vh poroau^ csapyx) otfepflyja^ 
Boponnb-xe tu b b'b porossi! 

Hax&ia ofla sa ceóa HBamKBfly pytfanny, caica nonLia, na jyssy 
tfaayercff, xaTaeicB — BajieiCB. Ilosa ona ÓaiOBaiacB, HEannca ne 
6yxB rxyirhy jmerh EVb 6epjiorB b BSJítoB na xy(^ BHCOKÍft-BH- 
conesBuft. TojBBo npBzoxBTB xoicoft ]iexB6xin^ oxBa, oo crtsy-TO 
BB Bi BOMy B31 8BÍpeft BB nooBja, a xo^nta, BaBrpaBmBCB, cnax^ 
jiena b o&h HBamBb noeaóaja. 

Bon npBBua cíšnaB hcxb^Mbab, poBeTB, — cepxBTCB, mq>Brb 
no (Jepjort, Baqyoaia xP^sy bi HBamsBBoft pytfasist, saxyiBBJía 
ee xa B eiiia, — xynaeTB — Hianncy. 

— JíjB^ BaB'B se 8T0, TaBB, Ofla xo^By se ysEajia? 

— Hy, poxfleBBBaa, ee raao; iLkn mbí csasiiBaiB, tbbb b 
Te0t roBopB), BBaeniB, ^aft, ciapsie jdoxb mojbbtb: CBasBB csjaxBB,. 
TOJBKO nicBB 611JB. CBasuBaTB, iTO JiB, xaiBBie? 

— FoBopB, roBopB, Tasm! 

BoPB BaliacB MexstxBi^t b nonua no lyry BaiarBCi; BajuercB 
xaTBeioi, cEMa npBroBapBBaeix: «noBaTiocB, noBajDca, HBamBBHaro 
iiBCAa BaÍBniflCB». 

A HBamBa eft ci x^P^Ba b b{»ihbti»: nosarBCi, noBaiBCA, 
XO^BBHaro Mflci^a BaŽBniBCB! 

ycjiiuaja MexBšxBiia, BCBoiBia, sanaasaja axi BBSseHBUMii 
OUMB, sajxo eft xohbb, — xapoiTB, tto MOXHaTaB xa majonyiEaB 
6uia. 

Uox^^&auLia ona kb nBaniBBBOxy x^P^By, oajia sa nero jí8tb» 



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CTipnmfl f!Uk. 23 

Jteen, jAsenrh h ^en, ^to ne xo(5panaí efi xo HBamKH^ raseia 
6oiBHOy He yxepauiTBCs elt na TOHensHrB cy^e^sarB^ a owh iro 
Hi Ha ecTB Ha came BepxA ymen. Bon cnycnuacB Mexvijmaa 
Há-seMB H noujia xyti^ q)ii8TB: neperpmj^ xyvaen, x^peBO, CBan) 
Ba jryra, Torw h HBamKy A0(5yjiy. 

rpiiaia, rpiiajEa, tojomo 8y6s no-ionajia — 0%sitb omrr& b'& 
sjrvueity. 

— Ky8Hei(%9 xyBHeirBi CByS hhí sejisHue 8y6iii 
A Kyraei^, dl: ird, roBopen, xAm? 

PascBHpin^ MexBÍxni](a:— HH^ero a te/Sib ne x^un; tu lo 
mf6 rjiasa BHOserB. Kyfi sytfu, ne to csími! 

HcHyraieii sysneirB, caoBan efi meiismie syóu. 
Ilpitiisaia MexB^XHivt wb j(y6j, rpuserb ero 8y(íaHH se- 

jriŘSHBXH. 

He BHXHTB ee HBamu, tojuo csaunThf Kan seiiisHiie sytiu 
ocpnun, savB Hn-noiTB syÓOBi ná-seiiB mfiUMM xersm. H crajio 
evy Tyn raaoBÓ jh crpamno. 

H BxpyrB cJumHTB orb, sypjHxamri, jiexiTB naxB hhhi a^y- 
pa&ifl, TO -BMKh jiicoHi, TO HaxB noieMB xuexo KpyroifB cramHO, 
spnaTB: Bypjnii) Kypja! Cran rx% HBamBa SBaTB:— imn^B bh 
noxHeÓecHiifl, sypasn sajreraiie, BOBBiorre uesa a co5ofil 

He cjHmarB sypaBJDi h Aamne Jierarb, a BHHsy MexB^xuV^ 
rpnaerB xyd^^ rpusen, a hotomb h sapoBerB: — fflújxy a Te<Si, 
XoCyxy! 

H onHTB niCB BSMOJiHTca Heannca sjrpaBJUixx: BOSBHHTe, bosb* 
HRie Měna, sypasjíH, Cb co6omA 

yciHxaiH ero TyrB sypaam h orsi^aDn: 

— HeiBsa HaM<B HHxaK& bsatb Tetfa, cjAmmwh mh, coirniuci, 
a Bon sa naMH jie6exH ^etan, tu hxb nonpoca! s y;ietlLiH; h8« 
xajeisa tojbio cjnumrica HBannA spesB sypa&sHHufi— Bjrpiut 
lypia! a nocji'6 h hitofo He craio cjniniHO. A BHHsy-TO MexBiwiVt 
ipaeeTB xa rpusexB jijCrh, pasÓpacusaerB spyroMi nieny nyqe 
npesnaro; sejfeniie ^u ho Tynirca, tojbbo Bce Bocrpifi CTano* 
Biica — xopooH) CBOBaiB HXB jsyuLeniA 

H BxpyTB cjiHmHTB HBaniBa— MamyTB naxB hhmb jieÓexHHiu 

KpHJBa, H BSMOIKKa OWh Ji^ffOm 

— Azí, BH JieÓexi, JieÓexH (Sibsaef rpoiHTB mA CMepTB ho- 
HHHy^aa, acHJQrfirecB— BOSBMHTe Hena cb eo6oH)! GicHJOBaxHCB Jie- 
éeffi , enycTHiHCB fp HaarnnHa xepeBa^ Bsan HaamKy cb oo6ox) 

■ BSBHIHCB BIICOBO5 BHCOBO, ^B HO ffl CBMMO COIHUniBa, aSS 

y HBamn fjTh aaxBaTuo. 

— Byxa*sB ohh ero nonecjiH hotom^b? 



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24 BMtEBXb IBFOm. 

— Kyw!— Kx iianrife. . 

— Ona pa^a (Stua, npaBsa paia? 

— SaKi He pa^a? BSB^cxnoe x&jio, ^o pasa! sairB nsaniBa 
nponajii; raa 6ujio pŠHeHBsoft cjresn-ro jiHja— luaBajia. 

— A RysHeEii saKofl sjíofi, Tana! 

— By^eniB sioft, Ban xo xBoeft msypH w)<$npaiDTC£. 
. — A uejífiifjBma ^TÍ), TaHfl? 

— MexB^^nHiia, xaK'B cBaiHJia xepeBO, a& y^ua, ^o h&ti 
HBamRH, oobcImi pascBiipin^ja; noiílsajia si sysHeiQr a^ ero 
saHicTB HBamBH h c'B'£jia. 

— Hy, a HaaiiiKa hotoitb qro? 

— nsaniKa CTaji'B shtb nosHBaTB a& no crapoxy na OBep^ 
nicEn n&TB... 

— A Me^BÍAKi^a ÓOAine ne npHxoAHJia, CBasH, ne npHXOxmia? 

— H^Ti, poxHeflBBafl, OHa, tAVh KysHei^a ciíjia, xaKi^ i^itb 
jíjdBBnowh n noxaBEjacB, jia TyrB se osojtb caicofi sysEH h 
OKOj^jia. 

— Hy, bottb 8T0 H ciaBHO) Tam! 

QBaETB C!eiceH0BH9'B, Jiexa Ha ues/k noiix BoaocBflMH, to- 
se cjymajTB CBasBy h ojsjswb sa oaheitb shbo h acho BcraBaiH 
nepe;r& hhitb otfpasu, BusBiBaeiiue TaHHHoS pi%io. EMy BasajocB, 
^no OffB caMi H ecTB aron IlBainBa-6'ÍJiafl-py6aniBa... Axi, sas^B 
oxoTHo jmejTh 6ii oetb na bojbhhS npocropB, syxa-HHtfyxB xBuieKO 
OTB Bcixi, H Hrpajii 6ti Tam na crphiik^ otb sapi ao sapo. 

TaH2 xaBHO saiíOJE^ajia, npHMOJnua h ÓojiBHaa x^sona h hxx 
MHCjm, ÓfiiTB Mosexi, yHecjHCB Aft^eso otb ORpysasmefi h^b x^tt~ 
CTBnrejíBHocTH. Usány CeneHOBH^y 6iuo owhb xopomo. CHaiaja 
eity npeAcraaifljucB e HBamRa, h MexB^Hi^a^ h BepeHBi^a Jie6e- 
xe& úbjíHTh H ^HCTurB, RaR!B njuiBinia TenepB na CHneBi Hetfa 
oÓJtasa... H B07B eny yxh Rasercfl, hto 8to ne oó^asa, a Hacroa- 
jBfe jie6exH, bohi h HBamRa icesffy hhmh: spinRO npnEUUi oh*b 
na meio oxnoiiy, oÓhibi ero pyRaMH. 

IIoTOirB MEicjiH HBana CeiieHOBHia craHOBflTca Meff6e ■ MeH'le 
OTHeTjiHBu, BorB HaxoxHTB Ha aero nojyxpenoTa, ae cohi, a H^ra 
saaaa-TO. 

— A, BOTB Bil rx%!— pasAajiCfl BxpyrB cHiiOBaTiift rojocB fb 
TOiTB HanpaBaeHÍH, OTRyxa npesxe Hecca ri HBany GeiieHOBiRy 
BByHHHlt rpyxHofi rojiocB TaHH. 

— Aa, MH zfíbch, — OTBÉqajia cb oti^hroitb qexoBOJiBCTBa Jle- 
Ho^Ra— ^ Te6i HysHo, Arani? 

— HH^ero-CB, Capunran, HHiero-CB, a botb no xosattCTBy 



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GTAFIHHHJI ffiU. ' 25 

o6xox]b xlbaio-eB aa hs BacB h BA(^ejrL; ;(& sGraxE Ón h Tai&gHt 
eioneno csasaTb. 

— Eiqe ^TO HysQo?— serepnixeBO nepetfa^a Teha. 

— He^^ero oepwrrBCfly qrxapHBBsa-ÓospiiHBa, TaTKflsa IIpoxo- 
poBHE, a TOJBBO x^&io Tasoe, Ha Bani'b c^erB bhxoxittb, T.-e. npH- 
laffB, sHamn, on 6apnHi, rocnoaui HameS Jlflcaaeni nerpoBHu. 

— ^yjHÓ! — noAHBHiacB Tam, — h Boerxa-TO jo chx^b oopt^, 
lOúDi ^ Hyauo, Tanb mbí^ 6ai«Hi caiiaiHim) upHsassiBuyrB, 
%sh ^epesi Abscuo noraiiOBHy... h Bxpyn bh Tyn santitB-TO 
opiinyTaiHCBy ArairB ^uaTOBH^i!.. Qb morE aro ]iop« hb bxk)i* 
nqa, a npR«8«B% cran bi XBqvi x^BRam saB-ixHsaTS? 

— Hy, Tam, ukb xonib!— A tu otii upmeasš noojtymaft: ne 
Bei&ro nosa o(^ toitb msoify csasiiBaTB, Xft ' ys^b letii no CTa- 

pOt Xpyz6Í OTBpOlOCB. 

— Kasai Tam xpys0a, noxire bh co XpicioirB npo^, Araus 
^jaroBHTB, He AOBOXHxe bii icesui xo zyxoro ciOBa! 

— ^ HJínrB, Ts cnimB se, — Beiíno AHxpKHiiBy isaia cb 
o($posa BopouTE, xft >o XBOpi nocejHTB H aesET^ H Heston^xe 
Bfarb x^a Hero noxxoxaimaB OKpoxi BacB, TaTBflsa IIpozopoBHa. 

— ^ Bpeie BB, Aram $HjaTiivL, b^ AHxpniBKa h iib8h^, 

— To-10 bdtb qho k ecTB, spacasiii^i: no (Íojibbo ciiíchrb, 
asB Toro FocooxB n HasaByen! £be xoiin otb xopoiiiBX'B Jiio^ft 
xo6pa, Bon sa xypttom bíkb bíbobsib h iqnxeica. 

^0 HBaHa GeifeHOBH?a xosecca cyxoposHuff ne to bsxox^b, ho 
to CTOH^ TaHH, sa BoiopiiirB BxpyrB pasxaicfl rpoicsiS a&aiotfHEift 

EJOl^l jleHOlSH. 

— fl He xo^y, HO xoiy, ^to6h mod Tanio saiiysi orxaBais 
tt nBHHHiQr! 

— no6offcfl TH E(Mii, Arani, teo th pe<S6H0«a*T0 yóoraro 
pacrpaBueniB!— KpHBHyja TaHfl. 

— He Hxa^y He nnu, xpacasHi^i icoa, poxHeHBsaa, HHRyxa 
on& Te6[ He yfl^^ sojorafl moa! ^^Bona npoxojisajia BCXjranHBaTB, 
BO yase híckoxuo THme. 

— A BOT^ BII, 6apHniHa, híicb ojiaKaib-TO noHanpacHy— Tanio 
<}b cbok) h Hay^HJB, ^noÓn Arana cjarymaiacB, xft X'6jaJia 6ii no 
ero coBfay, xorxa h ne chuh ůa. aa AnxpDniBy... 

— AxB, ŤH descoBtosHft! — saxaxaflCB otb nABa, npepBajia 
ero Taor, — pe6eHsy, aarejiBCROĚ xyonc^ Rasifl piu roBopamB, 
X» 6CTB ju y Te6fl ctíix&-to? 

Jeea oostb rpoMso sanzaKaia. 

Kasi HH MexďeffB tfujrB na coo(5paseHÍfl IlBani CeMeHOBHt^i 



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26 ' KMrraHS!b ibpoiih. 

oxbaKO Gwh Tprb xoponio nowíxhj ^lo Aram ^&rB-TO ofiosaerE 
Tanio H sacraBjflerB njiaieaTB JleHOVBy; ohi bcko^hjtb na Honi h^ 

HeOSHXaHmjS HBKilťB, OHyTHJICfl OKO JO x^onHHoft nOBOaOHSH. 

— JÍ^Vjiij AflXfl BaHS, AraiTB TaHR) odvsaerB^ — luasajLacB, 
yBBxaBi ero Jlena. 

— Axi, Tiíi MepsaB^vB! — zpmmjTh HBaHi CeveiOBmy — 
sas^L TU CMÍemBy saBi CM^temB^ — a? 

Aram B^pyn BecB Kasb^ro ci&BHJicf, xorifB-^HJio ^xo-w 
CBasaiL, HO pas^yMan^y Maxnyi^ pynoi, noBepByjca h ÓHcrpo 
samarajii no saapaBJíeHix) vb yca^^. 

— He naan ase, ho lua^B, JIoHona, — - ucbobo roBopui 
HnaHi GeMeHOBHTO, rjiafffl x^omy no roiOBŠ. 

— Ax!B, xflAii! OT^ro Til ne npHinexE Kh naiTB ke ca^s xa- 
Be^a, BOPB Tor^a 6u raxRifi Aram h ne oÓhx^jx Tane. 

HBam CeiieHOBHH^E eep&SsHO oůbmjBurh nenpeMinso npnxoxHTE 
Ha 6j]íymfie speiui. 

O^eHB eiiy xwkiocb cnpocntB Tamo, vero Arany ot% nes 
Hyauso — OAHaKo om na 8to ne pinnuca. ^OMOft ompasHjnics 
Bct bhíctí. Tam, rjiy5oso sa^iynaBniHCB, Mojraa Beaia noBOSo^sy. 
HBam CoMCTOBHTO mem paxon ch njimflHHHi^eft, h no ea npocB6^ 
pBaa'B no Aoport iptTH, nacro onratfaacB h noxaBaa eS ne t£, na 
soTopiia ona ysasiiBaja, npMeirB xbBO^aOk Bcasift pasi ch yxn- 
BJiemem na mro BsrjBAiiBaja h roBopHJia: «Arb, x^tf^ lasoft 
Tti!» Pasi om xaase copsan xpanBBy, oÓb^tca h TaK& CMimEO 
sarpecB pyisofl, hto Jlena sacMtajacL h HacraBBTeiBHo Bair&cEja: 

— BoTB TH xpyroft pa» h xyxaft, j»n,sů 

noxxoxB vh AOMy, HBam CeiieHOBii^^B onaTK norjiaxui^ xť 
BO^sy no rojiOBt n Butcro npon^anBi nporoBopHJTB: ny, a Toneps 
noflxy! 

— Cmotph se, x^X^i npHxoxn saBipa si osepy. 

— npBxy, npBxy,— ToponjiHBo OTB*qajrB ob%. 

— B cspnnBy npneeeniB, b HrpaiB ((yxeniB? 

— ía, xa! 

— Hy, xoponio, cMOTpH ae— ne oÓMann h BaBipa!— Jlena na 
BTorB pasi OTOHB yoiajui n oxnpaBHjacB na cbok) Bnnnsy panBme 
cduKnoBennaro. 

yjosHBi ee Bi nocxejBsy, Tana csasaja: 

— Hy, JlenymBa, a neůi cioxa Marpemsy nocnxiiB npHnLiH> 
na ^aeom, a mfb 6u &bjae TBoe npoCT apny T B cMraTB nysno. 

— Xoponio, Tana, tojbbo th ne x(Kiro. 

— Wbvb, nirB, ne xojiro, Bon tojbko npociBpny h easax^ 
npB(%ry. 



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OTAPIHHHJI XUi. 27 



ffl. 

Tana coycnuacb vh f/bímnyio h saciua těmi He tojbko Mar* 
pemsy^ ho h suraBniy Ahsci^io IlaianoBHy, nosasinaBmyi) «xj^b- 
^(«Bft», aarb cnycaarB naTsy rpisHaro Hyjsa, xoropuft Marpemsa 
ymacb aisaiB. 

A^BHiM vh XMijBBiBan 6fijia odansoBeHHO nycxa, lairL 
aacijuua tojbxo Maipemia xxa noeajon, xpyraa ae seHCiaii 
iquiClyra Bcerxa acnojiEua KaayiD-HHĎyxB paóoiy, na auymowh 
popi, syni MI npawmHofl; EjnsaBeia IleipoBHa naxoxua poc* 
tonoM) j|epman» npHciyry ^u xoro, htoÓu ona Hanojooiaa a^^bh^bio 
I Tepua Bpexa sa saiott-fiHÓyxk som HeHysHol mselHofi hu 
BfsauHOĚ pa6oTOft. 

— ÁHBCBa noianrafla, — o6panjiacB Tara v& kto^hhi^, — mhí 
fo Ba ^ocoienb Marpemy vb xbojwhbkoI (h4>BniEA. 

— A caiia ^TO? niiflTBCH onarb saropbiocB, seÓocB? 

— El-Eory se h^tb, ÁHHeBfl IIoraHOBBa, h ^toS-to bh! Bon 
ÓiiBe tfapumjuiHO nocnparb HysH0« Caira sHaere, xarb uHoro 
(AnA xBopoMy ^eaoB^By TpeóyercB. 

— fijk Hy, BXH ysiy BXH, ^ero naxi Aymofi TopvHinB, npocrii 
rocDaxH! A TH %ro6ypKyju BuiuTEja, 6pHCb na BHinsy! — ^otfpa* 
TuacB UB>iHBi^a jph MaipeniBi, bo bcí riasa CMorp^Binet ea 
TOBopHBnnai. 

MairpeiiiB isbbo DpBByjia vb XBepB h 6ocinii HoraMH saionaja 
no jígthhi^ Bi BepxHÍfi aias^B. 

Tam craja BnOapaTB &bxhe mn 6omnoro cyHxyaa, noM^niaB- 
marocfl vb yrjy xbBMHheŘ. 

— ?ero TOp^HmB!— en^e paai h ^odM^mifi, ^íitb bi nepBiifl, 
qniHyja eft Ahbcba IIoTanoBBa:— i^&niĚ laa paatepaexcfl— Te<$t 
(b tojuo ci iiys^BHaiiH sytfu uajHTB, Ha aro npuTBa nefiocBt 
oe BHXua My noxH, syxa Aran'B noc jí otfiAft xpajica — Bce tu ero^ 
(SesemxHHqa, npHjientaeniB. 

— HnBoro a ho upHie^aK), — paa^gmBaHO otBi^aia Tana, 
— a H cmía da npnjiemiB, xasB nojyuie Arana Bii6paja 6uy 
Heiero uwb na ^ysy eyzoiy sajmTBca. 

— Axi THt.. — Ahhcbh noiaooBHa BuroBOj^ua moe^amoe 
cjoBo: — w Kasi th oiieaiB?— ^aa cyxoral— íbi Qrxora? %a? 
roBopH! 

— ^ Bil ne xpB<iHT6 ntci-TO, Ahhcbh noianoBHa... — Tau 
exBayxeps>Baiacie8fiiA0caAii—-*A htó h caasaja, lasB on loro 



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28 BBomsi ořonH* 

OTRasuBaTbCfl He crany:— MOserB, BaiTB caifoft xonetcsL cBAranom 
aiDÓesHE^aiB^ Hy, Bací síeo h 6eperB, a mhí njieBaTb na nero, -^ — 
KAVh csasaHO, Óes^ nero SHja^ 6en nevo h b^jvl npoxHB;. 

ÁHHCBfl noranoBHa pBanyjiacB-^HJio co CBoero ir&era si Tant, 
BaiTB 6yAT0 xoT&ia BifbnHXBCfl vh nee, ho BxpyPB ojiyícaiaeB h, 
€HOBa onycsaflCB Ha ciyjrB, crbobb zyůu npoic6xua: 

— Soixwi, suta, pasÓeperB ose nedsL sorAa-HH6yxB ÓapHsa, 
a a CB TOÓofi H cJOBi-To TepflTB He xo^y, BHx^jia a, xasB tu h 
Arana iipiiieiivua» BHxiia, BasrB h cb (SapHHoiCB mojicxhitb syÓH 
cgajHfa» xapom iro TixoHett npHKHxuBaemBcal 

— .FocnoAH Bose xofi, ^ero eoie va He DpHnierere!— spsK* 
Hyia TaHfly— BorB ciBaicH h cobcímb, crynafiie, xotb ao CapsíHH 
A&io xoBoxHie, wbffiíne ^soro Bisy — saijiH HaeiacBio, lenepB 
Mott lepoAi, BHXHO, iipunen... tojibbo vbffi name ropDmBO oiojBerca 
H BaiTB sorxa-HH6yxB cjiesaMH. 

Ofla BEunia, BiiTHpaa ^piyKoirB cjesH. 

— Byj^eoiB H TH y MeHa tfeai rooi rycefi nacnr,— Bop^aia 
MesAy rbiTB uiorama: — a tu, Aranynnui, saiB hh BepxHCB, a 
vh pysaxB uoHTB Tetii 6wxh. Buy^y a TeÓa, sairB no (Trpyns*]^ 
xoahtb; tiapHHOiTB HacToanpiirB ox^ny, sopiCHTB-noHTB 67xy ciaw), — 
Hy, TOJIBBO saÓyAeniB tbí y Hena BOBce, saicB sa A^BsaicH ÓlrarB. 
En^e He ÓHBajo Toro, mo6u fle cx^^iajiocB TasB, aasi Toro a 
sazový. 

n X^ficTOiTejBBOy AHHCBa noranoBHa 6um npaBa: Bce x^ajocB 
no ea sejiamH) bb XBopni, ona ÓsiJia jaoúnMEJifiŘ — npaaoi pyaot 
ÓapnHH, iidbBmeft CHomeHÍa eB xBopoamcH toxbbo ipevB nocpex- 
CTBO Ahhcbh. 

OXHOrO TOJBBO AO CHXB UOpi He AOtfaJUU^ BIH)9HH]](a— jk)6bs 

npHBas^HBa Arana; ho xase Óapiina ne 6HJia Bonna aacraBHXB 
Arana nojiioÓHTB Ahhcbx). Snaž dapuna aseiaBÍe Ahhcbh bhxth 
sa Arana, — ona Basipno nostn^iaia 6u EThy se npHHHMaa sošce 
Kb paac^eTB sejiaHÍa hjih Heasexama npHxasíHBa, ho ona h He 
noAOspieaja AsHCBanott jiioóbh, a la costo^HJUu^B aaroBOiWTB o 
nefl CTB OapiraeĚ: xa efi h xotíjocb ne npocio bhxth sa Arana, — 
el xotíjocb, HTofo offB nojuD($HjrB ee. H lero tfu, xasercai euy 
ne nojuotfHTB ee: Ahhcbh, HecnoTpa Ha cbm coposB xítb, 6nja 
spacHBaa, sxopoBaa 6a(a, kpobb cb moiokoitb, — a qmxyaH ea 
ÓajOL noJiHH BcasHiTB xotSpoMi^. 

«Bo!rB orjtameflHHfi-To!— pascyjKxaja npo-ce6a UDinnita: — n 
Hero euy en^e nysno? seHHTBca 6u ntLWh touko — Bce 6ii, sce 
MH lyrB B!B pysaiTB npHČpajiH, — siu Ósi ce($i, To-ecTB, aasi y 
XpHcra sa nasyxoft...* H nepex> AhecboS IIoranoBHOft nOHecjracb 



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cjRUCsifl EapTBEU ceMeSnaro c^acTBfl: botb npHieasTO^tt ^^^^^^-^ý 
cavoBaprE na ctojií& nHXTHrB h myiiHrB, napi BBercfl Haxi heiIs 
CTOiÓoirBy a sa caMOBapoHi chxvtl ona cb AranoiTB ^EjaTuneirE, 
I (SaiyKyíca ohh toSroitb xo xecararo nora. notOMi Ahhcba IIo- 
lanoBHa Bexen Arana bi xaiiopy, rxt cioarB ea cyHxyR?, a bi 
CTHjQrKarb-TO laisi nojrao, lairB nojno, ^ro nrh h BanapaiB TpyxHo: 
laiTB H 6&ney i luanui, h xoscmj h cirnmiy h mepCTABna uaxe-" 
pil, H luaTSH mejiBÓBue... h botě BH^epaerrE ona oxhbs h ^tapsn 
eio Arany... h MHoroe, iiHoroe en^e Mepentvrca AoHC&t IIoTaHOBH^, 
' Tasg, noiafl cjsesii, Mesxy tíx% xaBHO yse npoOtxajia no 
eaxy Kb BajiBTBfi, Bexmeft kb oeepy. Jtoea^jraBO peaByjia oea sa 
pfanerwTyD XBepBy h o^ynjiacb na jyiy, Mesxy osepom h 0a- 
aett. On jyra ke bo^ 6suuí jcrpoesu (ípeseH^ainie cxoxhh ks 
xonaioiiy luory. Tana cnycniiaeE no cxo^haitb, sacyqirjia pysaBa^ 
noxorrsHyjia cq)a4MiffE h, craBi na roj^hh, npiiHaJiacE crepaTB. 
Cjiesii EHorxa sacTHJiajH ett rjasa, ho ona Herepir&iHBo cnaxH- 
Ban HTE pyBoft h cb KaBRirE-To osecioHeHieirB KO^OTHJia BajB- 
BOiTE no lumnoMy ůbsb¥)^ soropoe no BpeMenairB Bcno^acanajá 
ir omiTB naMBuiBaja. 

«He wsjThj npocTH FocnoxH^ Bexpa repnet boah na Kyxnift 
va rocnoACKaro petfeuBa, — Bop^ajia ona:— bcA pyxn corpemB, ju^ 
1 &kMhe BBopBemB, laKErTO na oeepi ÓncmiCB... Hy^ xa hto uwb 
o&h HXHeiTB xo6p§ y6HBaTBca,7-fl bšx^ ne BinoBaTa, no nopaxKy 
Brfay... xoTflTB, tfoCh crapajia lyrB... hsb boja!..* h cnoBa wbp- 
HHft cryiTB BaiBxa xaieKO pasttoeHJics nax^ Boxoff... 

Tana xaKE 6um sanara cbohitb x'&ioirB h Mucjnn, ^to Bsxpor- 
HyjA BciiTB Tbiom>j Korxa sa cnnHoS ea pasxaica texíS ro3oe'B, 
no HxeHH ee BBaBmift. 

— TaHHmiKa, a Tamomaa? 
Tana o6epHyjiacB. 

— At, Hacia, — xa bto th, (Sojritenaa! 

H x^ScTBHTejiBHO, aseHiiiHHa, doaBmaa na cxoxHaxo^ nosaxn 
TaHH, BaciysEBaja HasBama <6oj[toioĚ». Ona (bsuia xyxa^ 6jijwh» 
a ch BHxy J^Ti TpujmBmiy ^LOTfl Ha camMii x^^ eft MHHyjIO 
Boero XBaxi^aTB. Tana h ona ouTaiHCB nQxpysBaMH. O&b 6iun 
■3!E xpyroro yt^xa, ceponi b oixaHii lorxaio GeMeny OrenaHO* 
tK^y Bocnipesy, otiq^ Hacroan^iTO BJiax&iBi^, oxHmirB asfB ero 
poxciBeHHHBOBB 8a BapTOHHEifi ^oiTh. OxHHaTOBaa cyxB6a expy* 
nxa x^BymeRB. 

3a HacreS) xepsaamefi na pyaax^B xyxoro rj^xHoro petfenaa, 
a rpoHiM(Hoft roioBott, pacnoiaraiocB i^oe craxo rycefi, bcIxs 

^pfcORE H BOSpaCTOBX. 



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30 BfterBKS> bbpoiih. 

— ^ero Te(%, poxHaa?— oÓparajíacB Tasa vh Hacriy cb xa- 
JOCTBK) BrjHxiiiBajicB B% saroptjloe muft ea, ace nospmoe MasBHMH 
TeMHHMB BecEymaaMHy sa Boropiui HacracBio npoBBaiH <pa6oft>. 

Fjasa HacracBB rjuiKbiu (SesHaxesHO-rpycTHO. 

— ToniHO MH*, cecrpai^i: OerpynEBy 5ojibho sajao, — otb*- 
naia ona, yBasiiBaH aa petfeHsa bhbbom% rojtoBH: — Momaa y Hena 
síbrbj rpyAB BHCOxia, cb cocsh tojbbo h xmvb iianTOHsa, xa a 
TO aím SHRb-To! Bcrpijca Xff6 aaaj^CB Aram; a a roBopH): 
AraEi ^ ^BJiaTim, qio neůb ojora-ro CBoel ae asan, tto jib? 
MojOHxa 6h xotb MajieHBEO ornycaajta mhí, — b^xb sa nojicxmao 
xopoB% Ha XBopš aa caoraoirB. — A ohb h roaopan: «MHoro BacB 
TyrB TasaxB tfyxeiB! a aoja xojioaa aaxoiiLia, ciynaS, HoaaoracB 
Ahhcbí^, — oaa MOioqaoft BaBŠAHBaerB». — Bóra, roBopa), tu ne 
<k)amBCfiy Aran^ ito Meaa vh Ahbcbí nociuaeinB! Jífi, aon <!ei 
ae TU, xa H6 oaa,— paaat 611 a lenepau Óiua Tan*4x> — a vb CTHfft, 
H vh Hyacxft? — A owhi «sajiBO*-TO Mat Te(Sa asajnco, Hacra, — xa 
qTO-si a a-TO cxiaaH)? ae nory a a Hanero nporaBi rocnoxcaaro 
npaaasy. Xotíjii a aa Te(% aceBBTBca, — ay^ a AaacBa Tony npe* 
narcTBOBaTB cnuia,.. a ÓapiiHa tojbeo ee a ciyaraeica, a aiimejrB, 
aaMA CB TOÓoft oraasB*. — Ilojiao TasB Jta, rraopR), ArairB? «RaBnB 
nepexi BopoitbÍ* OTB^qaerB... 

— Arh, otth oaaaHHEifl! — ropaTO nepeóaja ee Taaa: — aperb 
(METBý — cam OKB rocaoxaiTB roBopajTBy tto 8to aa aero sa Te(ía 
Hanpacjufaa Bdaexeaa, tto ohi Te6a saaTB ae saaerB, b^X^tb ae 

ijs^BLerh... ay, a AaacBa Taaae sa aero, a caajaia aoe aa Ilerpa 
CTOupa, ^To aa otfpoKB ymexma; xa kto a&e recnoxaiTB npasxy 
i^aaserB? 

PetieaoKi vh bto apeiia aa^an rpoicao apanTB. HaeiacBa 
npajiosHja ero ai Ton^efi rpyxa, ao pefieaoai ae xot&jtb ee 
<$paTB. 

— BoTh TaEi*TO a noBcerxa! — yTapaa cjeeH, saroBopajia 
oaaTB Hacni: — tojbbo a ecTB, ^to aasyeaiB ony xjiMymaa, x& 
cyaemB ooeay kb porB, — ay, oh% a MOJiurB. A cb cocaa-xo 
rjiaxa aaaoBi ciajn: metaa ToaeHBaaa, a rojiOBan^e a 6pv>xo — 

y €ipacTB oxaa... a hb xaeitB, aa aoiBB) otb aero noaox): apauT<B, 

aop^arca, — saaiio, ae pe<Sa^Ba nan^a— xjMb aanrB nepautt. 
^ Oaa cbia aa xocraa a crajut saaaTOBaTB pe6eaaa. Taaa odstb 

"^ npaaajiacB sa crapay. Fyca roroiaia a njecaajiacB Boapyn, no 

/ BpeMeaaMi pacnyraaaeMHe cryaoMi aajiBEa. 

/ HacTfl nparjaxBBajiacB a'B Taai. 

— ÍTO-To a TH ae aecejia, Taaa?— saMŠTBJía oaa. ! 

/ 

t 

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GTiPiraHA K^JLk. 31 

— ?eicy-si mh£ paxoBaiBca? ne cjiaxKO h xoe shtim tose! 
Eo|e TO, ^TO JleHynm ebkl ecth aHrej[io^eB'& FocnoxeHB. 

— A HTÓ, nioxa xBopiHBsaa-TO ÓapsniHfl? 

— íero QJLoinel na jiaxasB xainerB,— ojíea sajocTb rjumÍTB. 

— BesnoKoftHO leóš, no^H? 

— HibTBy HeiBSfl Toro csasaTBy — ys^B 6ojibho lepn^EBa Jle- 
Hymsa. 

— Hy, a rocQOxa ^d? 

— FocnoxairB 9t6? — hmi cb nojia-ropx: npHxyrB, BsríaHyrB 
na ÓoiBHyK) h npoHB' uoŘxyrh; tojbko ysi 6apuH2 bcobíI pasi 
pyneica: t6 ne Tasí, aro ne lasi; to noxyinsH nonpaBB, to no- 
cseMhEj nepeciesi — BOpoiamrB mcB xBopyx) cb iflcra a& hq 
xicTO, a JleBymKa crpaoTB 9ioro 6oBTa[y--OTOHB el bto TpyxHo; 
Bonb <ma h paxa 6evB poffareji^, noroMy — ee wcfía, hhbto ho 

6e8IE0K0BTB. 

— HmB TH^ My^HTCfl!— nporoBopiua Hacifl.— Bori KaÓH Foc- 
noiXB MHJiocTEBEiĚ IleTpyHBRy MOBO npHÓpan, noxa MajrB — ho 
XUh <ki H ony noTOifi XBopB Tasyi) chochtb... 

Oea CB ropeiBS) BsríaHyjta na petiensa, hsi bcAtb chai co- 
caamaro rpasnyx) cocxy. 

Tana, xes^y vbwhj BOHHua CTHpsy, coópaia Óijue h naopa* 
BuacB-tfiuo vh fpuy. 

— TaHiomsa, — z&vh^jxro cb Óossebk) o^paniJiacB k^b Heft 
Hftcta: — HTÓ fl TeÓfl cnpocHTB xo^. 

— Hy? — TaM ocraHOBuacB. 
Hacca saiuiJiacB. 

— ?T0 8T0, TaHfl, — HeptmHT&iuo nporoBopua ona, Haso- 
lex^B: — jDxi-TO Ha cbothomi 6aK)TB, tfyxio bha^h Te^a, vro tu 
vh cynepui na Toft boa^í cb AranoitB y aH(SapyoiBH cioaaa. 

Tana cb HeroAOBameirB BiinpflMHiacB. 

— IIjldk) a h Ha jiBDxefi, cb AranoitB bvActí; ho BH^ajm a 
rmmo Arana!.. EoMy ^i^e owb HyasesB? — Aehcbí, bohb, pasBÍ 
Tonao: ona no Hem noMHpaerB-coxHerB... 3axo9y Jta a eote y 
Bdi Arana-TO orfiHBaTB. A Tedi, HacTacBa, ctbaho! bojh Te6a 
cwoe BorB yÓHXB, cteixho cb joox^mh na-cierB Arana nyraTBca, 
jia ciLieTBH npo Toro cjymaTB, xto bi TasHXi x&xarB ihctb! 

Hacia nOTynHJiacB. 

— Th HO cepxHCB, TaHH)niBa: b^xb kojih 6u th anajia, xávB 
j xeHH cepxi^ HoerB. 

— Jíjá saÓyxB TU npo nero! — ysx Jiacaonfie cxasaia eft Tana. 

— AxB, Tana! saxi 8a6uTB*TO? BHXHniB, xwaa y moha 06% 



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33 B»)TmKl IBPOSU. 

Ona ysasajia Ha peÓeHsa, BOiopiift Teneps sacHyjrs isixaemwb 
CHOin H ipyxHO xEiniara, npHieirB toesú, CHHeBaTHfl y ocHOBaeifl 
H08APH ero pacniHpHJucB npH saacxoM% BXHxaEu. 

HacTji BApyrb onarB nofm^mejam BCSEHyjia rjiasaKH Ha 
Tanio. 

— A TU ne BpemB mhš? notioasHCB, ^o aio tojbxo cnierRH 
npo BacTB cb AranoMOb? 

— Jljpa TH, Aypa! níwh oÓBopMHn Bací BcirB Arara? — 
CBasaHo Teči: ne bslko mhš ero, xotb 6u owh mA u ropu sojo- 
TUfl cyjrajTB. 

— Kto Te6& SEMTh? — Hy, f» uomerb oho h Tasi^, MOBen 
T8Či H vh caiTB-A^i Arana se naxo; TOJayiOTS borb juofjs, no 
Te6a H CB luasmeicB Ói^bhoitb bh^^jto vh pon^ 

— $y, th! — xaae co bjoctbk) kb rojioct spHBHyjia Tana: — 
botb ysLT> HCTBHH0 HpaB^a caasaHO, ito bopo BorB oÓh;^^ saze- 
H&Th^ Tasí népBO pasyiiy jmmisTh. HHRorxarTO y Tetis, HaciacBfl, 
vh rojiOB^ Aapa He 6iuo, a TenepB, bhxho, h hociíabito tu jriia 
pexnyjiacB. Hnsoro me^ ne na^o,— ciunniiiiB? hh Arana, hh mo- 
jiOAoro 6apHHa, a xony a hposhtb bíbi cBoft leoiBO, Mysy se- 
Hofi 6uTB B^pHOfl, BOJE ^ejiOB^sob xopomífi HaSxeicfl, a ne Hal- 
jiercfl — H TaB!B Focnoxy noTpysycB na cbžtí, xasi botb h TenepB 
sa JleHymsofl xo^iou; botb nó y moha na yirik, a ne to, ^To6u 
Ob Mys^HHaMH (Saxflcu toutb no sa^BopRairB xa no-^a ByciaiiH, — 
noHHMaeniB? 

— Kára He hohatb; xa tu ne cepxHCB, Tana. 

— Kto na TeÓa cepxHTBca CTanerB, — yase THme saroBopHj^ 
Tami: — bohb bíab tu h caica-TO Kasafl! 

Ona sajocTJHBO Bsrjflnyjia na HacTK), aoiopaa ohatb c&ia 
na 6epery, yBaqHBaa safiesnoBOHBHiaroea bhobb peÓeHsa. 

BosBpan^aflCB xoMofi, Tana Bop^ajia cbbosb sytfu: ^HniB, ^epTu! 
H CB AranoiTb, h cb ÓapEHOMi cBasaaH, — oxnoro sa-pan, bhxho^ 
Maio! Ti47 TU nasocTB BasaH, — cruxa y jnoxel huhí tíbryl Bjff^ 
tu Toro ^ecTHte, — h to Tetía TasB oroBoparB, kb TasÍH HOCtaBarB, 
mo Tetíib eanofi h bo chí ho chhiocb. Hy, ysi noroxH, ArairB, 
nonaxHCB tu hh^ toubo, — TaBB orÓpiH), tbkb na JH)Xflxi ocpaiuno^ 
iTo caxi He paxB 6yxemB! 

IIoBa Tana erapajia Óšjne, MaTpemBa crapaaacB sanaTB ^e- 
Bo^i^. Ho Jlena ne ocoÓenHo 3Jo6bm ee, noroiiy iro MaTpemsar 
bhojihí sacjirysHBajia nposBHn^e «BOCOjanoft», BoropuifB narpa^Haa 
ee xirijBHHBOBCBaa xBOpna: sa Bce*T0 ona dax^Baja, Bce-TO OHa 
poHHJia. HepBHaa Kpoxb npo6Hpajia Jleny BcaBÍfi pasi, Baax a^&b- 
^OHBa npHÓJíHsaiacB vb ea apoBaTB^. 



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GTAPIHHUa X%Jlk. 83 

— CíiAB, caAb, Marpemsa!— roBopMa OHai-^axi, tu ceftqacb 
uomihKy dAKbnemby axi, aa^m Tana ymja! 

Marpemsa ciuia-ÓHjio ea MHflyfy, ho ToiqacB Bcso^HJia. 

— Bo«e Moí, — CTOHaia JleBa,— cwsiero th Bce xo^Hrat h hh- 
xorift Be cflAnob? ny, caxB ase, cax^! boh% laifb noxajibine, na 
ciyji, H pascaasH mh^ MT0*HH6yxb. 

Maipemaa onaib noBopao c&ia, ho, chxh, npoAOiisaia sep- 

ÚthOl. 

— Olt, He BoprieB, pa^H Eora, aasafl tu Henocš^a! ny, roBopH 
«m)-Bi6yifc. 

— Vio-an> roBopHTB-TO; ÓapnaiBa?— yju6aacB h rnspoBo pac- 
npiit^ npH BToiťb poTB^ OTBt^aja Idarpemsa. 

— %ó ceroxHfl 6uáo, to h rotiopH. 

— ^a Maio JH ht6 6aio: Ahhcm HoraiiOBHa Bce cepqa^iH 
» pyrancb... 

— Hy, JI sHaio, ^to ona sjaa h pyraercH, o&b Bxowh He Be- 
cejio ciymaTb. Th vro-HBÓyxb xpyroe paBcsaacH. 

— Et-Bory, HH^ero He snaio-CB, Ajena MnattaoBna! moha 
ÁBĚObs. UoTanoBHai bh Bose Mofi, na sacrojbHio ho nycsaiorB^ 
Bce n ropHHi^ jtepasarB, a vh ropnai^^ ?eMy-S'B Chnh-ro TaBOMy, 
múu pascBaBBBaTi^?.. H ceiM(iRa »e Tenepb Ahecba, ocoÓjiibo na 
TaeiOy H pyraia se Ofla ee x^bou, aasi Měna cioxa nocjajta!.. 

JíeHa saÓeanoBOHJtacB: 

— KavB ona ciri^erB Tanio pyrarb, ht6 ona et CAtjajia? Tana 
HBBOHy xyxoro ne ffbjaers! 

— TaHfl-TO e& HHvero ho CA^iaia, Aft nepecaasajiH ÁHHCbi 
noTanoBH'^ iiOAB, 9T0 AraiTB aa aaMH hohí*! bi pooQr spajica... 

— Araoi aiofti raAsitti-^en^e tfojrbe 6e8noBOfiflo nepe^Hjia 
.lesa,— OHI oÓBX^ji Terno h asw Bána ero npernajTE, ArairB 
liWTb TaHfo sanysi sa Taa^a AHXpK>mKy OT^aTB, a a ne xovy 
I Tana ne xo^em. 

— Bon ero snaerb, lero xoierb Aram, — Baepnyjia Ma- 
rp^Dxa, — a Toabso Anscba IIoTanoBna o^ens cep^HTca, Borxa 
Araoi» ^HJiaTUTb cb A^ByniRaMH paaroBapHBaen— ys^b aasEHnuft 
paiTB, Kusrh ero Ch s&m yBHXHTb, Tasí nena sa kocmiz h orra- 
oaen, sasi Bon caarb!.. BaiOTB jx>X8 — MaTpemaa noHHSHjia 
fWíc% — ^0 et cmepth sa Arasa saxysi xo^erca, orroro ona h 
uaa, a ecn^nee Aran% BsajFb sa €e6a, xas^b xo($pafl ctajia Óa. 

— Hy, H nycTb ona aa Hero BUXOKOTby nycrb, Raaoe Haní 
a Taaeft ffl aroro x^^! Ecjh OHa on Toro cepxaTCfl, ^to sa 
Anaa suiysi xo^ers, a caasy nant, noapomy ero, hxi h ace- 

Tím% IT.— Inu, 1880. 8 



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34 BlOTBIfil IBřOm. 

BJiTi; Moseii 6uTbf ooa xorxa h n eaiioii^ a'^^ ^yien xo6paii 
H He craneT^ oÓHsarb ŤaHH. 

— 3to TSBi, 8T0 ysi B%pH0 6uA0 6ul — ropa^o noirsepAua 
MaTpenTBa,— xa botb ropě, — ArairE*TO mí Heft ne xoierB ateHHTbCJi, 
om> BŘ}s,T> Heft CH^řeTca: — hoib, roBopím, rycHHfl jmpBaa, crapaa! 
xasi rycuHeň h soBers ee no aa rjasaMi, caMa a cjiixadUt... 

Maipemaa npoxoiacajia emfi pascBaBHBaii o twb., ^ roBopars 
jiOAH npo Arana xa Ahhcbid, ho Jlena ee ysi ho cjymajia; sasoe 
eft A^ao AO Toro, it5 Tam Óojitaiorb Ha saerouHofi, tojiuo 6u 
OH TaHK) HO Tporara. Ona lenepB, ÓojiteHeHHo MopoMi tfpoiBH, 
cooépasaia, Bavb 6u ero ycrpoBTiry qroóii Ahkui ntpeetajia o6h- 
ssaTb TaHH>.— Maipemaa Bom> roBoperrE, ito au aroro HysHO, 
HT0611 ÁHHCBfl sa Arana saiiyjKb BHmjra...'HeBOHMTHO ato ^rro-ro 
AJifl Jlenu, HO, Moserb Óktb, aro h npaBAa, a to Baveni 6u Ma* 
Tpemsš Taso^ yTBepAnrejiBHO roBopBTB otii btomi: H^rB, bto ao^sho 
(kiTB npaBAa... — Kam 6vi bio ycrpoBTB? Many noiipocHTb (kt haao — 
Aa 9t5 Many npocBTB? osa soe otiiiqaeii Jteno^Bt h bco safiu- 
Baenb, aas^E saóiiaa h a^ah) Banio npHBecTH, Aa h MBoroe-MHoroe 
Apyroe. 

Ha BTHxi pasuuniJLeHÚirB aaciaia A^BOuirfr, Bepny^uoB, Tasa. 

Tasa He cooóqajia caoet tiapumni ciEimaHfiaro ex), oHa 
HHBorAa HH^iero ho roBopua JlmoHvA o Apasraxi ABop&B. jIoHa 
Tose CMOJi^aja o tomi, ttó roBopaja ett MarpemBa,— *OHa lOJibBo 
npo ce^ Bce flyuMík h AyMafla, Rasi 6u aro seHHTB Arana h 
Ahbclh), hw6u HOROMy 6ujíO o6H»aTB ea MuyH) Tanio. 



IV. 
MeacAy 'Au^ sbshb ocrajiBHurB oÓBTaTOJieft Xmíjibhhrobi iHja 

CBOHITB OÓUUlOťB HeCJOSKHiUTB lEJTreiTB. MhXBHJI^B GeMeH0BB^'B HB^B 

A^OBBxaro HHHOBHHBa npeapanuca vh o6pasi](OBam xoBBHHa — h 
HM^HBe ero Hpoi^BiTajio* IIpasAB, Bp^nocraue h AU&e cocbffiisie 
BpecTBaee sBajia ero asHAOHopoiCB h acnHAOH^^ ho aa to cboa 
ÓpftTBa noHšn^BH BiipasaaHCB o HeifB, ^iro bto: <yxi^ rojiOBa, 
BasHxi ifajio!» Owh óhjtb aii^pasB npeABOAnreieirB h HcnoiHaJi'B 

CBOH 0($aBaHHOCTH OTJIHHHO| KB HOJUlMnieMy yA0B0JnU!TBÍBD H ^eCTH 

npocB^n^eHHaro yi^Anaro ABopancraa. EjraaaaeTa Ilerporaa 6husL 
aTHifB oHeHB AOBOJBHa, OHa HaTOH&ia npeAHOHHraTB «shbhb vb 
npoBHHDtÍH» — ^SHBHH KB CTOJnufi- Bi IleTeptfypri h bohi^ cx 
BOHi^aiiB xpyAH^e Óujlo cboahtb, snaa na mapoByio nory Á^a 



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CTipmHua A^jíA. 35 

HojuiepKEHk HBcm CBoero xom; Tairs HHorxa npHXOWjrocB ^ys- 
CTBOBan H jmu caM0iH)tfÍR>9 Bcrp^HMCB c% AAtfavH Óojiie apHCTO- 
iptmecRaro xpyra... Tyrš ate, fb yŠ8x% h oco($eHHo beri npex* 
Boxnemna, Ensasera IlerpoBHa ÓHjia caxa nepBiiifB jihi^omi h, 
san oereptfTprcaax xava, x^aajara toh^. Ha snuy KocrtipeHU Áy- 
MftjH nepe6paTbCfl bi ropox'B9 jtItoitb se HM^HBe ipedosaxo npn- 
cyícmtt xosflGBi. 

MBxanii^ CaieHOBB^ saHHMajicfl nojieBHMi o6ffxoxoH'B, Ejht- 
saBeia IleipoBHa BStja na cboh pyxH ycaxBtiy. HejiBssr, Bnpo^ieMi, 
cMsaMhj ^npo6fii xmooteI no xosaficrBy cjfhbdtromi Taseio ioshjihcb 
Ha Hee— y Hea tfmia iipaBas pysa, pacroponnafl h eiiiTJiiHBafly 
Ahhcu noranoBHa, HstfaBJíflBinaH óapsraH) orb BCflRaro jEmflaro 
Tpyxa. HeJBM Tasse csasa/rb, ^to(Sii h MarepAHCBifl satfors Ejih- 
saaeni IleipoBHSi owhb tafotejih ee hjih OTHEnaiH cjHmsoM^ 
MBOTO BpeMeHH. MapBfl OienaHOBHa Bo^x^poBa «otohb xopomo 
Beift j(ÍTeft»; HHorxa tojbso, h to ptXRO, EjEsaBeri IleipoBH^ 
npflxoxuoei ^^JiarB saMi^aHÍfl na cnerh «tenne» xa ^panniyscRaro 
aBi^eara. 

OxHy TOJibKO saóory o KbsGRisTb lurarBm Ejmsasera IleipoBHa 
HffKOMy He p^majiacB nopy^HTB — Bce Ha x^Tefi niHjiocb h npHM%- 
p&iocB noxB ea neiiocpexcTBeHHnirB pyBOBOXcTBOiTB h naónoxe- 
meiĚ% — Ba ^ro, h BOne^HO ne 6e^ ocHOBanifl, BecB yŽBXB c^Brajrb ee 
oÓpasi^OBox) MsrepBK) h npeBosaocHJii Xo HetfecB. Boo($ii^e moirho 
ciasaíTB, HTo cynpyra KocmpoBu 6£ijih 6u bhojh^ cnacrjiHBu h 
XOBOJBHH, ecxHÓtt y HHrB HHorxa ne n^enHio cepxi^e npn mhcjih 
o&h yiiHparoiiteft XOTepH. 

— Hy, XA yai leiiepB ne xoxro! — xy^^ocB hitb:— tojbko 6éi 
KOB^^ CRopsfi, hto(Sh h6 iiy4l[jiacfe ' 00 JBioe (^xHas. 

MuoHvb noBBOJiflJiH Bce, wro efi xoi^ocb — tojbro b*b oxhoitb 
EnsaBera IlerpoBHa ÓHia EenpeuoHHa — oea He nycRajia xpyrHX'B 

MÍktík K!B JleHi, HT06Uj Bose COXpaHH, HTO-HH($yXB RB HHITB He 

npKTajio. 

EliBsaBert IlerpoBH^ xopomo 6hjio HSB^erHO, ^ro Usan^ CeMe- 
B0BB9S xoxnTB ryjiflTB m JlenoR h Hrpaeri efi Ha crpehr^ — 
Ahbcbi cifflTajia xojtovb xoR^axQBaxB 6apuH^ otio bcoitb, ht6 npoHC- ^ 
zoxBJO B*B ycaxB($6. 9tB nporyjRH 6bijih no^eny-TO HenpiflXHfii 
EnsEBerb IleipoBH^y xota ona cana ne Morjia 6u CRasaTB noHeny... 
%^a rjyxo HexoBOJBHofi bc^hb BTHifB BsxopoifB, EjinsaBera 
Ibrparaa ne xorjia oxnaRO nafirn xocTaTo^Hofi npH^HHH, mx)6u 
ero, H noTOMy MOJraajia. Ahecba, HenaBHx^Bmafl TaHH), 
Ha TO, 9T0 AraiTB, HanyraHHufi orphroitb HBana Ccne- 
Bt BpeMfl ocraBHJTB xJ^Bymay b^ noRo%, BBxynajia - 6hjio 

3* 

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36 fi^GTaiKi> ifipontt. 

3aKHHyTb Óapuat oÓBHABOirB ciOBe^KO aac^erB MoioAoro ÓapHHa 
9 TaHBBB, — HOy BHAH, ^To EjBdaseTH HeipoBHa He cuoHflerb chhcxo* 
AHxeaBHaro yxa Kb ea cnjeTH'&, saMO^naia fp nopu ao speneHu. 
BcTp^^aflCB eb TaHett, OHa oxHaao HHsorAa ne nponycaaia ee 
Óesi flasHxejiBHuxii sair&qaHift. Tana BuciyaiHBaia Hn MOJiia, 
TOJibBO cypoBO BCBHAUBaaa oasaiiH na CBoero Bpara. Ofla Tenep^ 

HH o SOMl H HH o neU% He XyMaJia, SpOM^b CBOeS XBOpHHBKOfl 

fiapuniHH. ^tjio a BOBBpan^emH ÁHApea TRava, BOABopeHis ero bi> 
ycaxbói HseHHTbÓdb OBasajiocB Bu^yMKofi Arana. Tam xasHo no- 
3a6iijia o&b 8T0irB B«Aopi. Y flea 6fiLia oxaa Mucjiby oxHa satkyia, 
Kaai 6u o6aerHBTB shbhb Óoilhofo petienaa, ai aaropoMy oea 
npHBflsajiacb bcímh CHJiaMH KymE^ rbwb 6ojAej mso h Jteeoua, 
noBHXHMOMy, jiiotiHjia CBOK) MOJioxyK) HflHBBy óojihuie Bcero na CB&Tb. 
^a fl BavB óujio TaH'i ne naiio6HTB cja6aro crpa^ann^aro 
cyu^ecTBa, crosBinaro b^ noanofi saBHCHMOCiH otb ea saóorb h 
yxoAa. Ahh h hohh BOSHJiacB ona co CBoeS óapimmefi, h aasajocB, 
HO qyBCTBOBajia otb dxoro HHsaBolt ycrajocTH — eft Úajio wae 
AOcaAHO, ecju KT0*HH6yAB hoiihmo Hea x^jiajrB HTO-HHÓyxB au .le-" 
HOHBH. Ona Baa^b-TO peBHHBO oi^eperaia ee on bc^xi^ h, nocsojLsy 
Moraa, HHBoro ho noAnycaajia bi Heft. Ona cepwuacb ffix/e na 
AOBTopa, sarjiaxuBaBniaro pasa xaa vh míchi^ vl Xit&ibhhbh. Ohi 
saxoxHjrB R^b Jleni oÓUBHOBenHO xoT^iaeb no npvbdfíb, ^ynaii eft 
nyjibCb, npHBasHBau Bucynyrb asHKb h aartirb assypaTHO npo- 
nHCUBajTb BaBÍa-HBÓyAb BanjH hjh MEBCrypy, Boropua Tana ne 
MOH-be asBypaTHO h no npocbtfi caiioft óoibHoft BUjiHaaia sa obeo. 
Tana ne B^pn^ia hh b^ sejanbe, hh vh yufbshe AOBxopa Btue- 
^HTb x^Bo^ay. 3a to hojihhmi xoB^pieifb ea b% btomi OTHomenin 
noxbBOBaiacb 6a6yniBa ^exyiaxa^ xepeBeHCBaa noBHTyxa h jioBapsa. 
IIpH Bcaaoifb yxoÓHOiťb A^a aroro cjiy^eA Tana noCHjaja B:b 6h6mA 
4^eAyjiHXŠ sa CHaAo6bHi](eMiy Boropuirb la h cnafisajia ee, aasib ■ 
B(AxT> a&ejiaiontHXi, (JesnaaiHo. ^OAyjiHxa Bootim^e navbiii ne ópajia 
sa CBoe jie^eHbe: ona cuiaja rpibxoMi nojyiaxb naaiy sa no- 
Mou^b ^xpenienuMOb*. JleKapcraa iefysBXE coctobjih hs^ Tpasi, 
KOTopua Tana uaia noA'b noAymay JlenoMaH hjh pasB^mHaaja 
Ha HOHb Bi BOMHax^&y— Hsi CBaioft BOAHi^u OTb IIoiaeBCBOft Bosbeft 
Maiepa, asob Macaa, Hacroennaro ÓepesoBbuiH no^saiai; a& Maao jih 
óujio y ^OAyjuixu cnaACÓbesi. RorAa rocnoA^ ho 6ujio AOMa, $e- 
AyjHxa HHorAa caiia npHxoAHJia b^ óouHoft a BcnpucBHBaia ee 
ci yrojbBa orb crjiasy. Jleno^na Tepntib ne Moraa HHBcnpiicBH- 
Baeifi, HH Baaoro tfu to hh óbuo jievenba, ho sa to o^enb jiio- 
ÓHja ^OAyJiHxy, Becejyio, SAoposyK) crapyxy h cjiOBOoxoTja»yK> 
pascBasui^. ^a h nero-^ero loabBO ne naaHAadiacb h ne ysnajia 



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CTÁPffHHHH AMk. 37 

Ha CBoeirB xoJiroirB vhny ^exyjinxsí. Mbjlsl OHa Bepciaxi vb ^e- 
TBpen OTB Xm^jbhhkofb, VB cejbi^^ IlaxaTHH^, npHHaA^esaB- 
nreiTB or^acrv MexaHJiy CeneHOBEHy, or^acrir noM^o^HRy - coc^Ay. 
nocyjBBUiTB OTB TaHH vb ^e^yMxi cjiysui o6iiKHOBeHHO nacryx^ 
UsoTbj vh pixKiixi cjíjHMTh Maipemsa, chjibho ropxHBmaflCfl rbwh^ 
m jioBKO yMÍCTB HcnojiHaTB ceBpeTHua nopyieeia Tann, ^yqme 
lOTopofl ona hhbofo na cwbA ne upnanaBajia. 

EjrasaBera IlerpoBHa, BOHerao, Heqero ne snajia o jieqeHbH $e- 
xyjHXH, TaB% RaKi Bce ^iiepsajiock vh crporofi TaftH'6 ors otfn^aro 
Bpara, Ahhceh UoranOBHii. HodbinfiBhsivch se crapyxH EjiesaBera 
UerpoBHa se npenaiCTBOBajia, noTOMy hto ohh pasBJíeRajiB 6ojib- 
Ejio, Ho H JieqeHBe ^exy-SHXH ne noMorajio h csopo AOJiacao 6ujio 
HtciymiTB TO BpeifB, Rorjia JleHO^B^ craHyrB ne HysHU hh mhk- 
crypu xoBTOpa, hh CHa^oÓba sHaxapBH. 

fiflMTO paaxyMHBajia JleHOVRa o tom'b, nas^ 6ti jReHHTB Arana 
Ha Aracb'^ H, HaROHeui, pfioniJiacB nocoB^TOBarBCa cb ^ejs.yjiiAxoH 

TOM, HysHO JIH BTO H BaBi 6u BTo ycTpoHTB. O íe^yjiax* H 
ei yíA ona 6ujia cavaro Bucosaro hhíhííi, bbxa, ^to Tana bbi- 
osBBaerE HeorpaHH^eHHoe xoB^pie ki crapyrb. 

Ooa AOSAaxacB oxHoro mn npHxoxoBX snaxapKH, h BOcnojBso- 
BaBDíHCB t4ii%, ^to TaHfl Kyxa-TO orjiytfHjacB, otfpaiHJiacB k^b ^e- 

— ^exyxHxa, CKaxH^ navB tu xyMaemB, a cKopo ynpy? 

— ÍTO TBT, mo TH, XpHCTOBaa!— OTB^Majia Ta:— Ha «itó homh- 
patB? XHTB Haxo! 

— H4tb, $exyjiBxa, a ynpy: mh* Bce TpyxHÍe. %6 Torxa 
íyxerB CETaHefl?— ee TorxaBC^ 6yfiyrh oĎnaarB— h sjíaa AnncBa, 

1 8Jo8 Arani. 

^xy^Hxa HacTOposHJia ymn: h xo nea xomxH Boe-Basie cjiyxn 
o ToiTB, qró npoHcxoxHTB Vb ycaXBÓt... 

— 3flaemBy ^exynxa, MaTpennsa roBopnrB, tto ecjiH AHHCBa 
nifixen Hanyši sa Arana, TavB ohh ne cranyrB oÓHisaTB Tann. 
— S ue HOHHMaK), onero? — xHBHjacB Jlena: tojbbo Marpemica 

rOBOpHTB, ^TO 8T0 B^pHO TaVB... Hy, BOTB a H XOHy, HT06£I OHH 
SeHHJlHCBy TOJBHO H6 8HaH), XaiTB 6u 9T0 CX^JiaTB! Ilana CB MaifOB 

MeHfl He HOCjymaKXTB, eem a Hxinonpomy, a to h noo($%ii^aH>rB 
!& 8a5yxyrB«.. 

^^jHxa jnotfHxa Tanio; ciOBa JFenonn BacTaBHJH ee saxy- 

— %o TH, poxHaa,— BaroBOpHja ona, HaaoHeiti: — cjlíxTt jih 

ICM a TEBHTB X^aXl XJ^aTB, BTO Ha ROM^ SeHHTBCa xoJisefi'B. 

-^ ^ a He o6t> stoitb xy^aio, ^exy^Hxa, a o6i tom-b, hto6u 



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38 whman iSFojia. 

TaHE He oÚuMSunSi — y xíbo^kh HaBepHyjHCB cieBsi. — Tem^ a m 
xani o6asaTs ee, h aaw Boha ne x&ctb, ecn a ero nonpomy, 
a noTOiTB, Korxa a yxpy, Ahecui BOB^Men Tanp na sacrottHyx) 
ODuiTb FB npa^uBui H 6yA6Ti ÓpaHHTjb H tfvTb ee, — a a ae xo^y, 
^n:o(Ju Taat 6uio xpy^ao; axi, ae xoiy, qrotfn Moeft Taaib xyj^o 

— Vto tu, XpacKKTb aax^ to6o8! aeysTO Jie rocnox^ ne 
noaoMBarB, aasi Taaa sa lOÓoft xOipm? 

— Axi, $exy*iaxay th ae saaenib— oaa ace, aoe aaÓHBauTL 
— BOTb a A^AK) . BaaK) ae npaaeaa... Mana ace MJbjautThy mtó 
AaacBa xo^erb, a nana ace x&iaen, qró Maxa aejurri: aon Taaib 
a ({yxerB Tpyxao. Tu, ^exyuxa, uornemb nonou: bohi Taaa ro- 
BopaiTB, HTO TH Bce aa cb^t^ saaenib — o6imíAj mo noMoseiBB, fft? 

$e;(yjiaxa, acejaa ycnosoarB 6oAhajv>y o6ibmfijL9kj ^no aoctm- 
paercfl ycrpoaTs taxhj hto6u Taai 6fuo xopooio, a Barbm npa- 
cBasRaica a npatfayTBaaa lavB pasBecejiaxa xibouy, iro loft oo- 
RasajiocBy 6jm> el aui^ a xumaTb, a auiTB jene; ao aceiiory- 
n^ecTBO jse ^e^yjaxa oaa xBepxa atpajia. 

Ujífi. xoMoty CTapyxa nepeóapaxa vhyui to, htó roBopaja efi 
Jleaoqaa, a to, ^ oaa paaBme auimajia on jiH>xet. 

Oaa o^eaB jx)l5aM TaaK), Boropyio nonaajia ea^ iiajteabsofi 
pacTpenaaBoft sanjiaBaaaoft a^bhobo^koA, npaaedeaaoft onyjia-TO 
HSAajieaa a Aposau^ett otb crpaxa Mesxy lysaná f& lyxoirb 
Mtoi. ^e^yjiaxa bb to spěna aaxoxaxacs bb Xn^^aaaaxi aa 
j']kTBeft oropoxaofl pa6or£; TenepB ee ae 6pajia y«e (ka&aie sa 
pa(^u— efi 6uA0 jrbvh sa aieciBxecaT^ a rocncMa orpaanaBajncB 
Boe-BaBaica noóopaaa cb aea: arc^xanai xoicto» a rpaiteiia, — 
eB Aaa&e 6ujia oxxaaa fb nosasaeaaoe 6J[aX'6oie aatfa a oropoxB 
BiíMopovBoft BpecTBaacROtt ceaba bb IlaxotaBŽ. Xora 3a cboo Jie- 
^eaBo ^exyjaxa xeaeťB ae 6paaa, ho aojiyHaia ooxapia a jffsabrm 
sa noBaaajiBBoe xbw... TkM% a saja. 

Xoxa Kb ycaxBÓy bo Bpena Taaaaaro AJ^TctBa, eft ae pasi^ 
cjiyqajiocB apaiacsaTB sanyraaaaro a oxaaoaaro pe6eaxa. Obt^x«b 
nopi Taaa BupoaaajiacB bb ^lepeBeacBya) qpacaBaify, caJBayo a 
UopoByio, ao a oaa ae nepecraja ^K>6aiB Ko6pjv> (ŠaÓyaiBy^ (Sa- 
jioBaBmyio ee no BpeMeaaicB a lene^ ea^ x^peseacaairB roeraa- 
i^eifB— np^Bott BaTpymBoft aa aacjaauxi BHTonaaxi wmm nai^aol 
(ugABott (SpycaaBofl cb tojorhomi. ^exynxa xopoiao eomaMua, 
HŤO ea noKpoBBxejiBCTBO Taad^ ae Morjio 6eitb oco6eaao Moryo^e* 
cTBeBBHMx; ao, aBOCB, xyaajiocB eB, — oaa HaA'&aJiafiB aa cbok> 
Aoup Bjiiflaky Kaai aaaxapaa, noMon^Bio aoropoft ae tipesroMjni 
aa AaacBa lloxanonaa, aa Araas ^ajaTHVB, sor^a Bcrpi^tMCb 



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eriřBBBUSL ntJLk. 39 

BjMKBL. Oco6eHHO ^acTO oÓpM^aiCff vh bbí Arain, crpa^aBinitt 
Cb jtfLsmsTO BpeiieHH jomotoM fe noraxi, sacryseHH&xi^ vb paHHeft 
MMoxocni npv ■enaiHeHÍH Rasoro-ro 6apcKaro nopy^ema. 

^exyjmxa Tepn&iHBO j^osxajoacB, noRa Arairb nosoBen ee 
vb ycaxUSy. Oh% xMcTBBrejBHO Baux-To aocopi orpi/pBíjTE sa Heft 
noejiaH]](a. 

npHXfl Bi ero iffsavexb h saeravB npeKaOTua oxaio^HirB ort 
6ojra, ^xyJHxa npHHfljtacB pacrapaTE eiiy Hors Kaii^^pHiiirB nac- 
.loiTB CB éepesoBHME no^xaMH H cHa^aaa Hs^ajexa, a hotoitb Bce 
síCBfbe noBeia yicHiu p6?H o wwh, mo boti ecn 6si y nero cyn- 
pyzeHAi^i creneHHaji óujia, Tasí eny 6h ne ctoib rpjjsflo xbo- 
paTB tfajio, — HanuiocB 6u KOny h sa hhitb hoxoxhtb, ja h saero 

AOÓpOlTB npHCMOTpiTB. 

Arany ara píqH nOHpaBHjracB: — eiiy crajia nepenitHTBCfl Tana, 
paerapaiDiivui ero nora, boti tohb-b^-to^b, RasB *e;íyjiHxa. Oh^b 
leaepB h o^eHB ne npoiB tfiijťB 6u jsf^me seHHTBca Ha Tebtí^, 
nxh saKb He osaraBajioc^ HHRaKoft BosMoatHOCTH sanojiy^HiB ee 
raaw. 

Ho ^e^JHxa se xua eny saMe^rraTBCfl— Bce 6oiše h 6ojí%e 
saaupafl na «<neiKHH00TB«^, soiopoR) ffWREa, ůsijísí no ex pasyícib- 
Huo OTjmancfl ^yxyg^as npnaBíHVBfl sena; ona mbzo noBepnyjia 
pasroBopi HA xoMOBHn)eTB H ym Ahhcbh noranoBHH n lavB 
HserpOBJís Mcůpsaaeme Arana KapxHHOK) BoirB seMHiixi tfjiarB h 
Toro Kmeni, soropuHH tfu aoJiBBOBajccfl cynpyrB nojraoBjacTHOff 
XifftiBHHKOBCsoft MDHHvípi, HTO y Araua TO^íHO TCmyfl (tb rjtasi 



DonpaBmnHCB, oh% xase caiiojnraHO OTnpaBEuca kb ^exyjiHx^ 
I QOBpMjBXB ee eocBaTaíTB eiiy AnHCBiD. 

Orapyxb Toro h HysHO Ohio. 

Csaplfy eurpan oo boAitb BecejBenob h pocRoniBia, noxotfaio- 
utnu (^MMeoveraniK) nepsaro MHHHCrpa h rjaBHolf ýaBopHTRH. 
JeH09sa exBa xoacxajiacB HCHOjraeHÍJi CBoero sejtama... Hhrto ho 
paxoBajica laKB diofi cBa^BÓ^, sasB ona. Ob BiipasemeiTB Tixaro 
XOBOjnbCTBa BO BceiTB cyn^ecTBÍi CBoeiTB opoasEja ona en^e nefjbjíio 

nOCli 87010. 

Bb xeBB cmepm Jme ne uosbojsimm Tan^ oioftra on cetix 
ra H» MamyTf. Rorxa cvenH^o, ona Bejií^a npHXBBHyTB cboh) 
qKiBftTBy VB onpuTOity osný, ^thÓu ett bbšsaotoh b^xho Óujio. 
noTom wa nociaia sa Aixeff Basefi. 

7- .HaílJi,— CMeaia <ma eMy:— Kwxa a yMpy— He xenepB, le- 
aqiB MH% xopomo, — Hy, soiTia m yMpy, tu He x^niB oÓHsaxB 
fiBH HBoay, cjummiB, HHBOMy, otite^ft, a^ 



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40 nmnm mřooB. 

— He AftlTBy HHJiafl MOfly HHBOMy He JtjBOthl 

VlB9LWb CeifeHOBHTO yxepsHBaxB cjiesu. 
Jlena Bpinso xepiitajia TaHio sa pysy h, dbtjiíbo nnx' ei 
Wh MEUfl, vbcKOAhKO pas^ noBTopfljia: 

— Tenepb hvsto re^ir 6oii»ine oóssarb ne craeerB, ^á, Tana, 
— caasH? 

— Hbkto, MBJíeBBKafl Moa, hhbtoI 

— Hy, Taefl, TeaepB a sacny. 

— 3acHH, MOfl powaa! 

H Jleea sacnyia h ee npociioajacb Óojbme. 



nponijo OBOJio roxa nocjťb JleeoTCHHoS cMepTH. OnarB tfujio 
jí'6to. o 6oiBHOft A^BO^sš ycir6jH nonpiisaÓiiTb nomii wA^ sa 
ucíuio^eBieMi Tane, npoBSBeAeBHot Tenepb bx fpix^uocrh rjajiBJíb- 
lABi^Ej, xa RBana CeMeBOBBU, cjriiaBOiaroca iuib^ Óyxro eu^e tfójb- 
uiBirb AHtapeiTB. Ofl^b Óíijio Bcefi xymott npBBflsajici r% Óojbaony 
peÓeBsy; eiiy BBorxa b Tenepb ojumaica ^yxro aasBy ToeeBbaifi 
cjiaódil rojocoBi, roBopBBmift, Rasi npesxe^ ci jtaciOBoft ysopas- 
Bofi:— Ax'B, Xflxa, Raaott tu! HexocraBaio eyy b odiiecTBa Tasa, 
ROTopyio 0B% Tenepb p^xao Bcrpiqan. A aairb oHi npBBinrb 
ÓHJO B Kh HeR; RaiTB eify npiarao daio cxymMb ea oAvhf 
myTJBBUfl B jiacBOBua pimu cb Jlenofi b x^aie caasRB b nftcBB, 
BOTopux'B B B% ero npflcyTCTBiB Jlefla Tpe6oBaja on CBoeft BiHbBB. 

HBaBi CeMeBOBBTb, tfojbme nesejiB sorxa-jiBÓo, (Sesq&ibHO tfpo* 
XBA'b no caxy b ospecTBOcraicB ycaxbÓH. «flnib, cay^aen aavB 
no JleBymirl!* roaopBja npo ce6fl Tana, mbbxb ero, maraioo^ro 
paBHOxyniflo, Byxa rjasa rjaxsTi. Rorxa UBam GeMeaoBBTb aerp^ 
^ajicfl cb TaBeft, owh ne nponycsajrb ea Óeďb Toro, ^1060 ne 
caasaTb efl: 

— 3xpaBCTByfi, Taaa! 

— SxpaBCTByfiiey (Japam^ — oÓiiRBOBeaso sapyiiaHBBniBCbi or- 
Bi^ajia OBa cb nouoBOirb. drairb orpanB^BBajBCb bxi Bcrpt^B. 
^aace capansy cbok) Umwb GeMeflOBBH'b aairb Cyxro pauR>6B3i: 
OBI ne ÓpajTb ee ci cotfoio na nporyjRB, a xova arpaji^ Toabso 
trb p'6xaia oxcyTCTBia 6paTa b ero seeu. Seny oai npoaeji cb 
BBMB vb ropoxi, BO Fb o6niecTBO BBsyxa ne noaasHBaji^, a 
SBj^b B Taiťb ocoÓBaaoMi, aasb vh xepeBB*!. 

AflBCba, Bumex^ sa Arana, csa^ajia bbojbí ^aaseacrBOBajiay 



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GTAPraHUtf XI^A. 41 

g lase m spěna nepecrajia vsán Tanio; (SjíaseHCTBOBaia Mar- 
pemia, soropyio ea HenocpeACTBeHHaa aavajMHiita h pacnop«AH- 
teAHHqa nepecnua - 6eijo tm% ^acro, xas^ npesxe, Harpasxfti*^ 
Toifiaifi... Ho HHBaKoe cracTbe ne npowo na csirb. Araoy 
ciopo aa^o^a creneHnaa uoskbjím sena, h owb CHOsa npHHiijieí 
ooffapayjiHBaTE Tanio. Ahecba npiimja b% apocTB, neHaBiCTB ea 
n xiqriHKÍ^ npocHyjtCB BABoecsnHie;— ecjiH^Bi BOSvoasHO (Siijo, 
OHE ooÓCTBeHHHMH pysaiíH sa^yniHia 6a cboio ooiiepH0i](y. Bcero 
odpie 611JO TO, "íto hh OHa, ÁHHeM, hv ea mnionu, wb ^ECJ^o 
KOTOpHxi ona, Bnpo^eM%, HHRaKB He CMorjra sanojyqaTB Maipemsy, 
mero ne yciABajiH noxeMOrp^ir. sa Tanefi: osa no crapony raj^- 
ii0o eropoHHJiacb or^ Arana. CaMoe npeHetipesenie TaHH b% ea 
Mysy d/bcRMO Mio^HHiiy; eS 6uM 6h Jierqe, eeJiH 6u Taoii npoBV- 
HuacB, H ona iiorja 6u otmcthtb eB aohocoií%, icaR^ OTMcrH^a 
ftSai Hacrae^*!, KoropoIS ofla Tonepi* OAHaso wbbo apocTEia^ 
úm 6oxiej hto Hacracui nocjrb cvepra cBoero petiensa boojihÍ 
cmpHjacb H Aftse saHCSHBaiia AHHCBHHott 6;iarociuoBBOCTu, acnox- 
imna HaymHHwa eft aa cbqh) (JuBmyio noxpyry. HacraoBJí ae 
vorja npocTHTb Taai ea ^ecmott AÍBB9beS ropxocre; Tasui noujia 
XByjuBoe noB^eHÍe HaeracEB h if0j»a OTcrpaHBjacii orb Hoa. Osa 
don 6u xenepii bhojieí^ oxBBOxa, ecjB 6u ue crapyxa ^ejityjBxa^ 
a KOTopoA OBa no npei&Beiiy BaxoxHxacb vb nocfotHsiixi xpy- 
BecKn^ oQoiaeBiflxi. ^exyiBxa, xo KoropoS xoxoxbjio aee, ytď 
xbiajocB vh XiiljiBBBBaxi, toxbro DOuvaBajia rojiOBott b TBepXBM 
Hpo ceóa: «Ofl, yxowirb obb x^Bsy, bchbxh^ MyqBTexB, Baas ecTB 
yxo!iun!» 

Bbxb, ^to noxdfaTpBsaBBB sa TaaeB b AranoiitB bb b% ?eMy 
fie npBBivmrB, AsBeu craja npBxyMUBaTB qfO-HBlSyxB xpyiH)e. Oaa 
MaoMBBja nponuoroxaifl oporyjsB JíeaofBB cb Tanefi b HBasoMi 
CeMeBOBVveirs, b. pliDBjay ^rro ae TpyxBOÓyxers nwh jub aaaqe 
xa aacojiBTB Taai no noBoxy HOJioxoro Ďapana. Efl BaB'B-TO yxa- 
jocb noxaapayjiBTB oxay nn pixaax^ aefpiTb x^Bymaa n Haa- 
HOMi CeiieBOBB^eMi. lípa lacaoBOirB ero npaBtrb n^oKa Taaa 
ttpyiiiBCB. droro 6um xocTaTo<iHO xi^ bbobombb: 

— BoTB OBO TTO, — dxotfflo npoiB6BTaja oaa: — Bon tu Byxa b 
n caMOMi fiibrb wbTBuih^ naci^xa! 3to y BacB Ch nponuaro jr&Ta 
mfi iBypu xa Mypu axyn; a-si Te(Sfl npoy^y, noosofi tu y uena 
fojbso, óyxeniL Abbcbh) noMBBTB! 

ninioBaifB 6ujio lenepB Beji']&HO aaÓjriQxaTB a noxai^aTB rasse 
I sa HmaoiTB CeHeaoBaveifB; ao Tasí kawb aa^ero cynteciBOBHaro 
imo qoxmítbtb ne uon, to Abbcbb p&niH4a xotb bpbco^ibbbtb 
tt oeitBBTb TaaiD aa Beio xBopaio ÓapcRoS aojioáQBaaoieS. Qpu 



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42 BMTHiBTb npora. 

jMRjíflWh yxotfHoiTB cjiyqa^ OHa eaHHeajra Hai^sarb Ha to, hto 
8Haen hto*to npo aopo-re; ^ro Raicfi xony se ropxHtseir, ne cni* 
cirraT&Cf, ETO BucoRo iribHrB. TafiK) OHa ne HKaw smm, aas^ 
♦tfoapHiHHa-cyxapiuHBa*, Tau ciia^aM ne x^raxueaaacB, «iTa piwb 
Hj^era o Hefl, noTOMi se, sorjia noHsrja, to toibbo BcrpaxHyjia 
rojiOBot H npespBre^iBHO npoji(OJ«aj[a moiute Ha BcaniA KOCBeRHEifl 
HanaAiQi. 9ro ne motto ho pasxpaasns Ahmbh enie 6oxhxae; ona 
nepecxaxa criteBflTB<» h npaMO saroBopHxa o saeeAmHxcfl (Syxio 6u 
iiesffy TaHetf h mojioxíih'b ÓapEHoirB maoíHflx^, rpoBseb ^^OBeera 
Bce níbao jsfl ($apfiiHH». 

HmiHi GeneHOBH^rB, RoaevHo, hh^oto noxo6Haro ne noxosp^b^ 
Bajii, xaKi Ran cHomeHÍfl ero ch Tanet orpaHinmBaj[iic& Jiacso- 

BUM% RHBBOMTi^ FOIOBH. 

CjíyxE, pacnycicaeaiKie ÁHBCbett, xoniJH xo <&exyjiHXH. Csa^axa 
crapyxa nassaja Bce x^o «€iraeTBaMH>, ho noTOir& paBXynajiaeik 
o cjtiQaHHOirB, BSXBxaa h TsepXH, ^to kto inc% snaOTB: — mo- 
mxo-xe BOJiOTo! 

Ofla pdtnHJia neperoBoparB Cb Tasefi h yxepsarB ee on rpixa, 
ecH en^ ne hosxho. IIoMOJiHBniHCB Boty, oHa co($pajiaeE vh oxqhs 
npeRpacHufi xeHb Fb Xiri^AHHn. Biin BOHeirb isojm. IIpvxH b<& 
ycaxbtiy, ciapyxa HanpaBHjacB opiuco n rjaxiiJiBHyK), raiTB aaicrB 
siaxa, 9fO HatxerE mirB Taaio; ona Hamjia x^eyiKsy sa ootiaHOft 
paéoTOt. SSspb H n%Kh on ynororo nanojiHiUH sontaTy. TasH, 
Bea pacspacfl^BniHCB, njOHJia x^vesia RHceSHiifl HJiavba. Orojpyx&j 
fiosxopoMBmflCE Ob x^ByonBoS, ciia 4njífiaaa!h na jiasay h ne 
cpasy saroBopfljia o tomi, qró y Hea jiesajio na cepxi^^. Offa 
cRMaM aaseja p^b Hsxajiosa h tojibbo Maio^DO-Hajy nepenijia 
R% Toxy, xavb vh crapoe spěna vojioxne roosoxa x^BymeBi& ry- 
6Hjni, XÍ^BRH-xo nynu, ef uerb hite rfo jia<»OBiiH cioBa rompRTb, 
oHÍ H yme paBs^bcan, a noioirb bí^ri h iiasrca bi oraxt x& 
B^ ropš. 

Tam BsraflHyjia crapyx^ m rjiasa. 

— Th 8T0, 0a($yniRa, Ha-c^erb ^ero »e? Cxyinan) a Tefti, cjiy- 
aiaio, H neiaxHoe 6yxi^ ra noBopBmb, bhxho B^b Tetit canot npaBXbi 

H'6ťb, HTO Tli 9TaVb Spfl BCaRHlTb jnOXCRRITb HaroBopaKb Bi^Hmb: 

ae noHHMaiQ a pasnb, ayxa tsi Mitamb! 

m^eRH Tann Quxaaa, Ram wb ftapti, rna^ a on otfaxiíi Ba 
Hanpacjfaay. 

Orapyxa jhurb ar&majmcb. 

— Ebraeiiy a ne Bftpio,— caasajia ona,— a tokro capoxa tu, 
TaiMHa, a mhí jiio6a, Bon a xo^erca mhš Te6fl y<iepe^ on 
ppf&xa, saaeaib ntít. OepeweHaro a Bon ^epeasenl 

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OTiBIiHSIA A^i. 4B^ 

— He OTB Koro, xa k ne oni geroMena (>epe%B^— oraá&MJa ' 
Tass, — a ecxE 6u 6ujio—TBJVh a h cana yÓeperycB! 

— /I^ TH He cepufiy A^Bymiui, a b^xb jiio(Sja, a h6 julkl- 
Hi6yAb; BOffB n>xH*TO ^to daion: óyxTO BsaB^B Ceice&HTb e^^ 
TO/ML.. 

— IIjiOHb TH, 6a6y]iiRa, rbwí xiOAsurB bt^ rjaaa!— TOoayOT 
HoroB, BimsHyja Tang. — IlycTiifl-TÓ p^iH e roBopan nycrue aidab; 
SMBerB EBaffs CeiceEiiHi ^ecrfio, HBfero xyxoro sa HEifi nfbvyy 
a sa MHOfi H Toro mbbí. 

— Oě, xiBymsa^ A^Bymaa, mto-to tu tfojibBO sa Hero saexy- 
QaeniBCfl, bíixho ub cepwsj vetit npamejicfl 69,pBBúK%?.. 

— A Korxa (te H 00 oepjwy, Tara Rony m 'íoro sasoe x4jio?— 
1X^90 OTB^mja Tana, CBepaaa EiaBaiiH: — vpbTh tbó^ neapo* 
DieHHufi, (JaÓyinxa, CMyiqaTB ifeofl; MHoro y mohi 6wh Tefia ropa, 
a eme tu Tyn ueusL pacrpasvisTB cTajia...-*OHa aaniiaBaaa. 

— fl TeÓfy TaHiomsay He pacrpaBjíflfo, a Ha nyrs HaeraBafjb 
xony, Bon ^Tol.. 

— ^a ^ a ({e8^yTHaa Basafly wto jh?— iwiqa roBopoia xť 
Bymsa... — Focnoxn! h^tb sa mhoS rp6xa HBBaaoro, a bbboxbt^ 
Ba Mesa xk>xb nanpatJiBBy B«rfir*sa ÁHBCiiHBOfi smóh. HtrB y Měna 
a HnaHOirb GewueímĎM% HB^ero, a xoponrifi owh neAOvfkB^ b 
jacBovB... ByxB ohb Hancb 6parfc, KpecTbaHBHtB, a 6ii MOBterB b 
noifo^HJia ero^ ne xo?y a vb towb sepex^ TO(toft, (SaÓyouea, Ta«iMH««. 
By, a TaB'B, JiÁwh TeHepi>^ H^f%... (^pcRoft nonoÓOBHBi^eB 6wsh ne 
xMy, Xft B 0H% o(5fb TaaoiiB He Hoiumuaeny rpér& aro b npo 
aero CBasarB... 

— TaruiHa npoxopoBHa, «h 6apuHÍt..— pasxiajica nnf^yn uoa% 
íosBOWh MarpeniBaffB roiocb. Tana (kicípo orrepjia cjtesii m Topea* 
jxbo ynua, to^ho paxa 6ujia horohhbtb TarociHtiS pasroBop'^. 

Oiapyxa hob^^wm roxoaofi vh cjcb^h f^jmisib b saxyH^HBO 

BpOTOBOpBXa: 

— Oi, xiBOHERa, X^BOHBBa, auuao uwb Te6a, aaxBo; apyi^oe 
n Te6i eepowe, neyHMWBoe... xft ysaraion csBBy i^yriia ropan!.* 
Oún, T€MBtí-ůb He cBasajacB Gb ^p^ysinrE, se anaen osa, se 
saaen, i»ojibbo ropa x^P^BemBia ji/bBytnim hm-m iioaQXtiX'& roc- 
w^Ch HfNiBaTB MoryTB. — Orapyxa iipflropH>HBJiaob...~A bíxb Jia)6ib 
w% tít... caiia loro ne sHaerb, cboubo juo&h ysob b lenepB... co- 
xpaHB Tu ee orb toS 6íbm HaaacTB, Manb iipeennaa Bjax^wm^i 
adbrb CBoptfan^flirb yršmeHÍe!.. 

Orapyxa jmvo CBX^Ja, pasxynuBaa b ropauii ho ho icorja 
jlUBX^iTBca BOSBpan^eHba Tana; p^qibbi HasoHeirB, hto Óapiisa xua 



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44 nonnn npomi. 

A'fiByinirl Raisoe-Hii6yAB HeoTJomBoe xiio, OHa noxHHJiacB cb jiaBsii 
H oxafl notfJieiacB nasax^B fb IlaxoTHHo. 

TaHH) nosBajiH ajii pastfopBH soe-Rasni enie ocraBaBniHXCfl 
DOCJi% JleHO^RH Beo^etty Koropua noeaxo^HJiHCB 6apuBr6 f^n no- 
jiapsa AepeeeHCBoft Kyir&. Beu^B bth JiesajTs b% micany, vh Heotia* 
raeiíoS TenepB, Jleoo^RHHoS BOMHarb. Sorxa Taes flBSJíacb ki 
6aptiHt, Ta co6frpaxacB ibxaTB cb MyseirB vh nojie x^a ocMorpa 
bhobb aynjieHoofl nycronm. EifEsaBera IlerpoBHa ropon^HBO OTxajia 
CBOH npHsadaHifl x^Bymst, npeóaBJígfl, ito CRopo Bepeeroi h xo- 
nerh, Hw6a k% es BosBpau^eHBio nenpeirbHHO Bce 6iijío totobo. 

I'ocDOxa ytxajíH. Tana nomxa Ha Bepxi bi yiorsyiD BOMeaTRy, 
rx6 Bce en^e 6íijio to^b-bi-to^b wvh npn JleHOMBt. Bottxffy ona 
pacnaxHyjia saBpiiTiifl craBHE oboctb h orjiflx^JiacB. ^tifB-ro pox- 
HuiTB naxHyjio ea nee otb dTOtt sHaBOMott, jhoóbmoII oÓcraeoBSH. 
H Bce-TO eo^e no crapoiiy: nocrejiBBa, ctojtb, cryjTB, maa^ c<b 
HrpymaaiíH h BHHSBaMH. Tojibbo na cra;i'6 hí^tb ÓoiBnre i^bítobii, 
a na nocrejrbBt ne chxhtb o6ji02R6HHafl noiymaairir JleHoqRa^ h 
nuTJiiiBo c^pue rjiasRH ea ne rjiHXfli^ 6oibnie cb x^BtpieiiB h 
jiio6obbk> na «efl Tanio*. 

««lK)6BJia-T0 RaBi HeHfl?» noxyMBJíocB x^Bymat... Gjieau na- 
BepnyiecB y neS na rjia8ax'B. — «BorB roBopajia: «HaRT0 renepB 
MOK) Tanio o6ifsaTB ne craHerBl* He npoenajia Toro ro;iy6yniBa — 
vh BBBoS o6hx% uví\ sbtb npHxeTCfl!* 

Tana crajia y oana h saxynaiacB. BocnoHBnanié h oo«aji'6BÍe 
o ^eH09B% H paaxyMBe o Hacit)aii^HrB otinxax^ neBUHOCHMo n^e- 
MBJío eft xyn^* Ona tbxo saujiaBajia h, ne yTnpaa ciesi, npecjirv- 
HBjacB Jkůowb Kh OBOHHoB pBiťb. Bxpyn xo nea j^om&t^e xaBHo 
BecjiuxaHHHe BByaa IlBan^ GeneHiiHeBOft capanaH:— tbxo-tbxo jih- 
JHCB OHB, BBB^B ea ciesii... 

CepxB(e TaHH Baiiepjo, h hotoitb BxpyrB neyxepsHHO bbÓhjiocb... 

TenepB, tojbro xenepB qyBCTByerB ona, bbb^ neBosapaTHo xaaeRO 
BceTO HTÓ npOHcxoxaao sa rox^— h jnotfoBB bb neft Jlenu^ h npa- 
B^TJHBHe BsraaxEi HaBna Cenenuu, h ero n*6cHH, Boropua Óíijir 
ett TBVB m6u. Ciesu Tana saBanajiH apynnuirB xosxeMi nyn^e 
npesnaro. Ona BUDua wh BoppnxopB h necJinniHo noxonijia vh 
caMoS xaepH HBana GeneHOBH^a. Bce cjian^e n&ia capanaa, Bce 
TOCBjBBte Huio cepxofi TaHH. Ji^oaro croaaa x^Bynnui, caynma, h 
CBBOBB TOCBy vh cepxiT^ ea npoÓysx&JOCB vto-to TOHnrejiBHO cjaxKoe. 
BxpyrB capanaa CHOJiBJía. 

Tana maTnyaaeB bi cropony otb xsepn^ ho UBam CeneHO- 
BEVh yxe CToaai na noporb h cnpaniHBajii: 

— Rto TyTB?^He yBHBBaa X'6ByniBH hb nojiyrBni Boppsxopa. 



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GTAPflBflUJi AMA. 45 

— &ro a-ci.!— poÓRO OTBinaM Taw. 

— Tu, Tafla, nocjymaiii npeniJia? 

— Jía-ci!— CMyxacb npomenxajia OHa. 

— %0-jcb, BOiXH, fl TeÓ^ noHrpax). 

— Hítb, óapHBi, nojsopHO ÓjaroAapio, HesorAa. 

— Jlfi^ TB Ee fioftca, boŠah, HH^ero, a Te6ft noarpaio, npaBo! 
Taaa ne pimajiacb: a Hy jBEffiTh^ crpacrii qió Tyn uoŘffirbj 

wrh Torxa ysi MKb eciB on ciuereHi ae orx&jaeia&ca... 

— Hj^n, ysi a Jty^me nofixyy Óapafli, — caasaja OHa: — 
6apiiHfl npHKasajiH noroponaiBca, a h Ta na^ero ne npHroroBHJia... 

— TaTBaaa, rjtjb tu sanponajia? — pas^aaca fb aro apeiia ch 
ňeamnu roJOCB Ahhcbb:— ciumB, (Sap&nui Bepnyaacb fien^ett Tpe- 
éoBawrb! 

AflHCu 6uM yse n Boppaxop^, ho Tana yciriba^TaaH 
espuTbCfl on ea raan n JleHovBHHofi BOMHar^ h jaxopaxoíHO 
npHHaaacb puTBca n ouca^y. KJK>qHH^a oxHaso yciuinajia cryirB 
aauojiHyBineflca A^epa Haaióa CeiceHu^a a saiíiTaia npo ce(Ja: 

— TasTb! Taarb a a anajia, vro oaa Tyrš c& uoAOfiaKh (k^- 
newb (ajacii to^hts... IIocTOft 2se, ysHaers oti^s 8tom:b tepusa, 6y^ 
Atti Te64. 

— 9tó TU 9T0 A^^enib H rxi tfujia Óhtuě laci?— apnaByjia 
oia^ noaajuiflCb bi ABepaxi JleHO^RHHOfi soMeaTu: — hidb ne ycn^a 
AO ceB oopu pasoópaTbca. Hxai 6apuHa TpeÓyen! 

Taaa aonua Bflan. Amcba, xaasejio ciynaa, cnycaajacb sa 
Hdl no jrbcTHHiiii h bmšcií c:b Taaeft aonua wh roeraHyio, vxb 
EiHsaBera OerpoBHa o ^eicB-TO pascyaBXMft ci whho BOdct^aBmeft 
oioio nea Map&efl OrenanoBHOfl: 

— FoTOBU Ben^i?— o6paTMacb EjiasaBeTa nerpOBoa s:bTani. 

— H-HŠrB-ci, enie...— nporoBOpaaa Ta CMymenno. 

— KasB sae oro? b^ab a, Baa&ercfl, Te6i npHaasan, HTotiu ace 
6ujLo roroBO, aorAa a Bepnycb. 

— JSj^... a-ci ne ycniĚLia.*. 

— 9to ase TU A^aaa?.* 

— fl, a... 

— .n^-Cb, cyA^puna, enpocaTO ee vr6 ona A^aia, v^b Óujia? — 
Baimaaacb BApyn ÁHHCBa. 

— Axb, ÁHHCba, ne Mimaiea! a Teda ne cnpamaBaa)... Faí 
m 6uaa h htó A^aaa, TaTbaná? 

Taaa ne anaaa it6 na^ai^. CjiyHmcb aio roAOifb paHbme, ona, 
H^waxHO, npauo cosnaiacb 6uj hto BHHOBaTa: saAyifajiacb, xojirb, 
m aaciymajiacb. Eft 6u óapuna sa aro ne Bon snaerb hto grkiaaa, 
pmš cmaaaa 6jí "'Pjf^*', ho Tenepb fjfjvw a^jo: Tonepb ee 



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46 monaf^í bbpouu. 

BCJiyXl OŮBBESmVb É^ CBflBI GB BÍBaHOlTb GeMeHOBNeiTB... H,ÍTb, 

HH sa HTo OHa He CKasen, ^to sacjtyBnuracB ero arpii h noroxy 
He HcnoiiHiua rocnoACRaro npnasy... 

Ofla pacrepflHHO BsrjuixBiBaia to Ha dapiiflno^ to Ha MapBD 
GrenaHOBHy. 

— Jífi, OTB§THI&B JIH TU HaHOHOl^?— y«B Cb ffOCafflB BpHRHyjia 

EjtesaBera HerpoBHa. 

— SL, BOTB^ B... CBaiajNi y MapbH GieDaBOBHH-n xoe-^iTo 
noopeópajia vh xoMHafF&,--8anHHaflCBy oTBŠ^aia Tasí, Berjuixoirb 
yHOiHH ryBepHaHTRy hoxtbopxhtb ea jroosb. 

MapM CvenanoBHa gaaojHOBajiaeB: ohe noHHHajia, si leni 
xbMOj H no Hea wpen Marpeimiy, npHCjysHBaBmyK) 6B, xoihah 
cjyxH O TOH%, ^T0 pacnycaaoTB Ahecba npo OTHomeHÍa, qrH^e* 
CTByK)Hpfl 6y;p^o 6u Menxy Taneft h ELBaHOirs Geifenii^eicB* 

MapLfl CrenaHOBiia ho nooiqpHJia (Sojtobeh x^^btobbh, ho oře 
eit ÓfAJLO yHETB paGxoxHBnriMcfl hburi Marpemra, sorxa Ta npH- 
HHMaiacb 9T0-HH6yAB paBcaasEiBarB. Mapbs OvenanoBna, uki 6oib- 
nnocTBO noAHOBaiB&iixi juoffiŘ, Óujia HaÓJiioxaTejiBHa h cM^TjiHBa: 
ofia cjiiinaia ;^BOTa srpy HBana CeiffenoBuqa h snajia, vro TaHH 
6uM Hanepxy; ona AoraA^acB, ^'^ Tana npoBejia Bce spěna, 
cjiymafl ero, ho kb to se npeiifl MapBx CTenaHOBHa pascyxRia, 
^TO Traa HiH HO ůsm vh ero Boiraaii, hah Ahhcbh ne sacTaia 
ee TaiTB, noTOMy ^nro jAfj> ne craia 6u Tana TavB ibho jrrarB. 
A vro BUD^HHi^a naA^berci oóbhhhtb ^'IqrinBy vb toitb, ^rro ona 
6um y Heana GeiieHOBH^a, wh axo^rB MapBfl CreaaHOBHa ne yco*- 
mhhmcb hh Ha lanryry. Hi^o noMOHB elit MeiBrayio fb ei jub, — 
ecjiH x^Bymaa Óujia xase bx soiraaTŠ HBana CeifenoBHW, to wo 
eíBfi He tfojunott rp%x'B... a iAisf> Ahhcbs Bofb snaerB ^o hsi 
8Toro BUBejsfivhy ecjH CBynien xoaasaTB... CBoe oÓBBHeme. Ona 
Tan oepaMBn 6^yK>, ¥to Ta HffB*-8a HesaojiyseHHaro crsxa, 
MOserB 6htb, cx^jraerB HT0-HH6yAB ^pnoe, roBopan se, ^ro aa 
ceHB 6ibKb offiwb otbítx. 

noBa MapBfl OrenanoBHa Tasí coo6paatajia, Tasa Ómia aasi 
na HrojBax^B Hesxy EcniiTyiontHMi* BsrjiflAOiťB ExHsaBeni IleTpoBHa 
H 8xodHOft ycMicuoĚ Ahecbe. Bhw ojipaBo, qio MapBfl Otena- 
HOBHa ne onpoBepraerB efl, Tana npio6oxpHJ[acB h noBTopEia 
CBOB cjioM, ysasuBafl na ryBepHaHTsy h npat^aaiafl: 

— Bon cnpocHTe hxiI 

Gepxi^e AJ^ByoiBH pa^ooTHO sbÓhmcb, Bor^a MapBa OrenanoBHa, 
HaBflOHHBi roiOBy, nporoBopHJia itó-tO| tto npH seianiH hosho 
6ttflo npHHflTB 8a «Aa». 

KiaaaBeTa OerpoBRa noHopnvuacB, ho HH^ero ne Bospastuia; 



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OBt ae yfanajftCK x^jaTb BEurraojpa sa OKasaHHyjD iTBepnaGmc^ 
ycjyry. AteCBa ci XQcaAOfi aasycxjia ryóu. 

— «noaaxHCb TEi uwb toauo. en^e pas^i a Tetfa xorAa He 
Biuiyiiiy», — ^npoBOpiajia osa yxoxs- 

TaHfl e& oéjer^eHHOl ;^molt nodtoajia oBaH^iiBaTb cboid pa- 
6My. Ho Boe npmemeexBie aro vmjejiuwb dpem&smffh Jierjio na 
cepxne MapM OreBaHOBHii. ^ojn^ Ay^ajia ona o foii!B — ne ÓtiJio m 
6m weraie npexynpeAHTB EjiBaaBeay EterpoBEy aa c^enToro^ htď 
roBoiffiTca iípo flBana CeifeHiiHa b TaHK). H^bn, HHBOi^a ona 
noro He CA^jaerib, noroMy ^to b^;il fb cyiiutt)GTB EB^ero He 
DOiqpaBHHib, ecjiH sjío cyoiecTByerb) — touko pasvi rooeHBe naufl- 
uran Ba Taaio. H bot% ao ^ero jionua ona. Mapu CrenafiOBHa^ 
OHa cairajia— HffL saiocTH, soH6«HO-*OBa hh aa ító 6u w cxajia 
3V9ah jufl eoÓctBmMíA ufXiKa..i Ho aan 6ii to hh Óhjio, ona 
cojauja^ OBa Hapymtua ocHOBHua iipaBfliut EpaBOTBeHEOcm — ho 
jran, ne oÓBaHUBatB*.. H noroirB MapBs CSrenaHOBHa macTi eqe 
oxBy BHiy Ba 006010: ona wb jkjmsL nopaxoBajiaGB TOBy, vso AHneu 
oaajiacik bi ^paxi... A ixbfijb aiopa^eiso xy^oe ^yBCTso... 
IS, BasoBeqi, B^ eaBoĚ rj[y6iHÍ cepApa MapBH C^aamBHH Tasfca 
He Tonso eosajAmo r% Tani^ ho HpflBoe h tenjioe cinyBCTrBie... 
C^vyBCfBie JPh TOBy, ^ro Tana MioÓETh HBana GeBenoBHHa. Mapsa 
OrenaBOBHa ysipraa m towb, ^to ona eeco jaoómjc ona BOJio^a 

H OBI BOIOX^, OBH HaCTO ÓUBaiH B^cA (MEOJO JleHO^lB, OH^b 

arpan— TaBfl aaejiy]&HBajiae& ero... Kasoi eŘ-ÍUJio ho nQM¥)6mh 
8ioro THxaro h xo6paro qaioB^Ba, Boropntt HHROTAa HHROBy He 
Wh eoesowávL efíbMĚOb aia. Upwtovih on apacHBi, a aa^ynioBHoS 
HrpoS CBoeft ne Mosem ne npotiyAKCb HyBcrsa vh BOioxofl AyHr6. 
He xafOBi xase oaa, Mapsa OreaaHOBHa^ caymafl ero HeBOswo 
yHOGBTca ffB npoouoe h BcnoBHBaerB rb roAu^ Borxa HOflcqMwe 
TpeBOBrao^HMCB. HocovyBCfBÍe, Roxopoe MapM CienaHOBHa bchhth^ 
Bien Wh TaHHHdl áV)6BBy uynvh ee, ooroBy ito jiio<k)BHiiH otbo- 
raesifl BesAy ABopoBoft A^^^n«ofi h (SapHHOBi ho BOiyrB noBOCirH 
Hi Kh Heny xopoHieBy. A eeiH jfbjto safiAerB cihhikobs AaifBO? 
Torxa Tamo opocio saByvan... Ett oůpbmyrh Roey^ dyKT^ pjran. 

ÍUmumjTh GeBenim npBtfBerB ee 00 H^eBaBrB^ laa^h 010 cjrynjiocB 
ch paCoft HacracBeft, KOiopafl fb npomiOB% poAy lyeeft sacia. 
Mi^BH OrenaBOBHa Bq^lxa HacfacBio kb hojij^ h y HacvacBH na 
IjBaxs 6wph xyAolt h 6ojiŠBBeHHHft peCenowhj BaBepHyraft rb 
BOiforBB. Xopomo, hto oh'b xenepB yM^^. H ocjih hbrto bo 
yti^easerB Tanio otb &bf,u Bo-BpeBH, to cb HeB óyAerB to se, 
ve e& HaciaoBeil. MapB% CTeHaHOBHÍ ysaoHO auuiB Bty Ao6pyH>, 
moBMy» BOFAa-To Tanio, Boiopyio rajvh xjoÓEJiík noRottHafl Jleno^Ba. 



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48 BMnfiun> iBPofliii. 

A vtoúhi JleHo^sa o^eHb nojiH)6ua Koro-HHÓyxb— aih ororo BysBO 
6&LI0 6iiTb o^eHb AO<}puBrb h jacsoBUH^B. Bon ee, MapbH) Cxe- 
aaHoray, Jtena ee noóua... A or^iero? Orroro, no se jMfberh 
Mapi>)i CxenanoBHa 6aTb jiacaoBoffi xase Torxa, BorAa bca xyin^^ 
efl nepenojiHeHa TeiusniH vyBcrBaiiH... Axi ne vb btoitb x^o, ne 
Wh 8T0M'B... xyMaen Mapi»fl OrenaHOBHa, savbirb btd a Boe o oé^t, 
xa o ee6i?... Basi (tet aro yóepen Tamoí—Be neperoBoporb jh 
cb MBaHOMi CeHeHiiqeMi? Ohi Ao6p£ift — OHib ho saxoven x^- 
.laTB sjía ÓesHaBasaHHO x^a ce6a h cb TasmiH ysacHHXH nocj^bx' 
ciBÍjiHH xui xpyroro; Mapbfl GienaHOBHa j&bffíTh ero ne ciiyiaaTB 
cnoBoftcTBÍH TaHH, OHa paffBfiCHBrB exy Bce, nm HeotizoAHMO homxbo 
npoHBOiTB, eoíH OH^B HC uos&BJí^Th &bffiyn x^Bymay, nox^ boto- 
pyio xaKb uo noxBaDiiBaeica Ahhcba. 

— jíl^a, a HonpeiiiHHO 9T0 GX'biaK>, MBwiiaen CBoe pasxyxBe 
MapBfl OrenaHOBHa, a neperoBopio ci Hnrb* Ho Baa^b 9to ycrpoiTb 
wvh, 9To6fii HHBTO HH oÓ^B voiTB He x^raxaicfl; axi| xa botb 
BaKb: fl aonpomy ero buOth noďb ysEsa na Óoihmyto aueio m> 
cax^^ TaM^b HHBTO ne noirknaerb Ham. Htrb, 8to neyxoÓHO, aro 
noxose na CBHxaHbe; coxpaHH Bon, bto yaHXHn — ?ero &e Buxy- 
Maiorb!.. Hirb, OHa jyqme npnrjiacHrb ero ryiarb Birbcrt cb naft 
H xítbmh nocji^b o&kffu Oaa noxBHqerB h iip«»iORb xjía btoto 
HeoóuqaftHaro npnrjiameHiji; ona cmmerbj vfo hitb xo^erca npetrn 
noxajibme vb jšcb, ho ^to ohí ÓOflTca boibokb. }í^^ TaBi xopomo! 
H HlšWh CBop^, tíitb jyHDie. Ona piraajia hcooihhtb caoe naidi- 
peHÍe vb TOTB se x^b« 

HecMOipa na to, ^ito MapBa OienanoBHa, iH^HXHMOHy, hoboh- 
"jHAa co BctMH CBOHMH Boae6aHÍfltfu, OHa oxHaBo He Morjia bhojihš 
yeaoBOHTBca: ee BOjraoBajio comh^hío fb toicb, CByxierB jih ona 

HCnOlHHTB X0<^P0B01BH0 BSHTyK) Ha CeÓH OÓSSaHROCTB. Ona HOHTH 

He Morjia ímstb sa odixoirB h cb sasHCTBio cmoipbjí^ Ha Hfiana 
OeHeHiiva, Boropuft HeBOBMyTHMO jmnrosLsai^ oxho 6ik)xo sa xpy* 
FHirb, He noxospŠBaa xoro, ^tó ero sxerB. 

Oúifib BOH^HJicfl; OToxBHraemie cryiBfl sarpeirbjíH. By^^eraHBTB 
Ahtohii HOOiepexHo OTBasarB cajij^eTBH y iiajeHBBHX^ tfaptimeHB. 
noTom flBHjiacb AHHCBfl IIoTanoBHa H na^aia HaapHBaTB erojTB 
y OBHa xJia nocjr&otiixeHHaro «iaa. 

— Tenepb hjh HHBorxa! — noxyiiajsía Mapba OienaHOBHa, bhxh, 
^TO HaaHii GeMeHOBHH^B, p^xKo uHamift nocii o($&xa ^ndl, HanpaB- 
jraercfl vb' xaepfl Boppnxopa, vb BoxopoirB noM^a^ajiacB jutosHi^a 
na BUHiBy. 

— HaaH^B CeneHOBH^i! -^ BaBmrB-ro saxasjíennuirB roioeoMrb 



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OTiPímnii XMi. 49 

le TO npofOBopiLia, ne to npcmpiuia eny bcjAkl Mapu Ore- 
nanoBHa. 

HittHi GeiieHOBireb ocrojtfertra: boh ysi obi (Soume roxa 
n IOmí h eny hh pasy ne npHxoxuocB roBopHTB cx MapbeĚ 
OienaioBHotty Bxpyrb ona soBen ero. %ó aro SHaurb? Ilopa- 
sucfl ee oxHHi Hbiíhi GeMeHOBm: EusaBera IlerpoBHa h Mh- 
iBMn GexeHOBHVB, ciodiBmie y óausoHHofi xsepB, oóa ob yxHBJíe- 
marb noBepnyucB vb MapBi OrenanoBH^. Ta He SHaja, Byxa 
nasa ^wn: ona ^BCTBOBajia, ^to y nea HaiHHaKXTE rop^TB ne 
lonio sBBflj HO mea h yniH. 

— 9to BaicB yroiXHO?— sasB-To nepimwtejoEO orosBaica BsaETB ' 
GeMenmii^B. 

— fl TOJiBKO xoT&ia nonpooRB EBasa CeiieHOBH^a, htoÓvl 
owk ufowfMVh BacB Ba nporyjixi...^c]fyiiteBBO lenerajia MapBs 
OienaBOBBa, otfpaqaacB w^ EjHmasert nerpoanb h MflxaBjqr Ge- 
leHOBny, — xfaa npoeuH notní noxaume vb jAcb... mu fioHMca 

BOJIOBB... 

— Mu se npocBjni!— KB ofjssrb raxoeB spHKByn oM iieBBniia*.. 

— EoHeuo, npocEjni! — nepefiaM^ bb c^aoiBiOy ceczepi crap- 
maa, K)ia, rjuixa sa MapBio OienaflOBBy noiyjysaBO. 

— IIoHBJíyfiTe, MapBfl OrenaBOBBa! XA aasie ase lenepB xb- 
ion BoixB? — sauÁnurB MBxasjTB GeiieBOBBVb: h aa hto bto sairB 
nerao HaaffB GeifeBOBflU nosa^oÓBJíca? Majo jib y aacob Ba 
ttoojBBoft BiejiCHiaeBrB, Bsajia 6u Boro yroMHO, bíxb a bo sanpe- 
n^, eciB bu BaxoxHie bto BysBUMi! 

OffB noBopByjca kb ses6, noaumafl BJie^aMH b noxBBBaa 
(poBi:— P6mHTejn»B0 BB^ero Be uobeuiuo? 

«TyTB ^T0-BH6yxB xft Be laRBl— HuciesBO npoiOBopflia Eivsa- 
Bm IlerpoBBa; By, xa a xoÓepycB xo loro, hto bio SBa^uiTB*. 

— %o*aKB^ B«ne, HBaBi GeifeBOBHnt— XOÓaBBJía OBa BCiyxB. 

— BoTB B TU xoTB pasii BOftxeBiB ryjUTB cfB HaacB, xaxa- 
(fjUf — nponfenraja K)juí, npofitrai fb npecaony mbmo Haaaa . 
OeMeflOBBvia. lípa atom oaa BsrjaByjra aa aero lasaMB JDLeBOi- 
OHHMB rjasaaffl, hto y aero xporayjo cepxi^e — bítb, ob^b ae 
ttftm uBjoft x^BOUfl, BOTopol xu xpyrax'B sasi 6yxfO aasorxa 

1 ae 6uBaio. Obb yase npoTaayjii VT^Yf ^'^^ no o6uHax> no* 
nURTB H)jn> no fojobí, bo Toft xaaao a ciix^ npocrujťB. HBaB'B 
GeaeaoBBTB nosopao ocraxca wh mjA a crajfB fiáxe bbtb híA Ch 

OaaiBBHXB. 

MapBfl OienaaoBaa Maxo-ao-iiajiy ycnosoajacB. IIocj^ ^as) 
I ůn 6suM coOpaau, a HsaBx GeiieBOBBVB cb M^iboS GrenaaoBBoft 
Bxi BO xopori KB jritoB. £baffB GeHeBOBBH*B BBOiB^ 6uai 

Ion IT— iDiB, 1880. 4 

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50 BtcTim npoEH. 

yrtpen, ^to ero Óepyn, san Ha^tesHyn oxpasy on Bonon, 
H no9TOMy Boopysuca TOicroft naiRol, BoropoiD otimeho opi- 
cryKHBajii h pasMazisan aa xoxy. Mapu denaHOBea BHcrynajia 
na STOTL pas^ ne lasi ^hadbló, uri Bcerxa, h xase safiiua sani- 
TiTb no oÓKi^av) xbiiiirb, ^to6u ohh ne cnonom (Obran ■ ne 
sajifoaiH 6fi Bo bg6 Ryera no xoporb. Ho h jrkn oeroxai, npo- 
THRB o6uvHOBeHÚi, 6iUH CMHpHH: mx% ropasAO doniiie sasnían 
AiAfl-^yu, vbiTB nporyna h itob. Mapui OienaHOBsa nisoTopoe 
Bpeiu ne pimaiacL saroBoperb ch HBaHOMi CeiíeHOBimi!&. Oea 
nojiosHiaibHO ne Bnajia, cb wro HawTB pi« cmk>« HaBOHei^, 
OHa no6ibxoHOCHO Biraua iBnb BarpyxmHÍa, iq^oiSHOca cíšxymuee: 

— HBaH^b GeiieHOBHHi! mhí vymMO cb Bam noroBopoTB! 
YxapB rpoMa mm 6e8o6jawaFo sete ne TavE nopagun 6u 

HBana CeMeHHHa, uke btb opocnii cioBa. He roaopi yxe o 
TOMiy ^TO OHI BOBoe se npexBOjaraxB, vrofia Mes^y hhicb a 
MapBei OreaaHOBHOĚ (hui Basie-HiÓyxB pasroBopHi ho h eaMoe 
BHpaseme: «Mhí HysHO noroBopsiB cb Bána! >BEi8iiBajio rb hbitb 
^pesBinatao Heapinami BocHoicHBaHÍa: Tan Bcer^a manajn ero 
poraiitt KOMaoqqrB n xopnycfc, aofxa pasroBop^ oaaaaaaajicx 
aapi^epoiTB aia xase xyse... 

HBaaa GearaHaa npocro nepmepHyio. 

«?T0 a ei cxfettn TaMe?» dojtneaao nanKayjo y aero 
B% roiOBt. 

Owh poÓBO Bsrjiayn aa MapB» Oienaaoaay: jai^o ea tejo 
crporo, ryóu ap^aao csani. 

— «To^B-vB-W9B poraní!* oditb neuaayio y Haaaa Ce- 
xeaoBHia. 

MapBS OienaaoBaa ch Maayiy crfoma a acmnyn^avB 
BBriaxoxs CMorplia eay vh juqo. 

— BoTB 9T0y HBaffB CeimoBa^— aa^aia oaa yse ooaep- 
nrarao caoaoiao, — TenepB oaa ycnoaoaiacB, w/bf^ oaa saaen, ^no 
acnoxaserB otfnaaaocEB TOcraaro leiov&aa, nero se eft boiho- 
BatBca, vh caMoxs fibA? — Bon no, HBaai GeaeaoBa^^: bk, sa- 
serca, oiwb JDOÓare TaTBflay? 

— Kaayi) Tarbsay? — ywmeaao npmsaeeB HBaai Gene- 

aOBETB. 

— TaTBflay, Taaa), aaaBiy aoKotroft JEeaovaa. 

— Atb, Taaio! A&, a ee o^eaB jdoÓjdo. 

— Hy, BOTB Baxare-Jiai aro a aezopomo! 

HBaaib GeMeaoBan eiqe 6oiBHie yxaBBica. ?to sto Mapi^ 
CiraaaoBai BxpyrB BQxynaiocB saroBC^arB cb aaa^B o Taai?.. El 
aoieiiy oio aexopomo, hto oai jnoóan Taaia?.. Taaa laaaa caaB-* 



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BU x&Bynm m 8a JleHOVofl Tan» xopomo xo^nJia, h cb HearB, 
HBaHom GeMeHOBii^eirB, Bcerxa Óuja msi BijuBsa h yosysjíaBa... 

— Hezopomo, — npoxojusajia iiesAy TiiWh MapKA Orena- 
BOBoa,— Hezopomo, noiOMy HTO Tavb sa 8T0 Bocy otfptoyn h ry- 
čel nacTH comjioTb... & Bň^bM patfyi) HaciacBio h ei 6oiBHoro 
petieHsa, Boropiifl Tenepb vh c?acTbx> jueph h... h...— h Mapu 
GienaHOBHa ouarh saBO^HOBajiacB... ona orjuxibacb: A'bTH mm ma« 
roBi Ha wcflTb BoepeAH. — KoHenno, eoiE 6h Tana Óiua 6a* 
pHiBEi, BH MorjiH 6u Ba He8 seHflTBOi, HO vbfjb ona RpiHOCTHas, 
XBBTO Bn poAHiixi Baouxi ne xonycron BacB seHHTbca Ha HeB, 
w(b» BH Hosmaeie aro... A ran, xan ryÓHTb A^Bymsy Hexopomo! 
Bh omm 810 sHaeie, vbjs,h bu xoópuB ^ejoffbsB, bh ne saxoTHie 
es nóeiH... 

BoAHiie TeMHue riasa HBana CeHenoBB^a óuae mflpoBO oř- 
qwni. Ofl!b HH^ero ne noHBiiajr&. ?t6 sto Map&a OienaHOBna 
Toncyen lasoe?.. Táni xocy oúýkmjrbj ryceB oaciH conijiiorb... 
^ 8a 9T0 se. Bose ho8, aa ixo se? H npHMeiťb ohi lyn? H 
ecME Tauo cohuuotb, to, isohoibo, owb ea ne ÓjA^&rh BExbih ^ 
ÓOLiune... KaBi 8ro bosmosho? oks xonen ee BHxiTjb, xotb EHor^a, 
8fo eMy HysHO. Mto bio, Mapui OrenaHOBsa eo^e o menmb&b 
8aroBOi«ja?.. 

HBaffb CeneHOBHHi Bxpyrb 6e» aaiiaTH 6pociiJCfl 6ftsaTB ao* 
Moft« Tyn H MapBfl CrenaHOBHa ocrojitfeHbjía — laBoi bohoii^ 
pMTOBopa hh sa Hio He npHmerb 6u efl paHbme vb rojosy. 
HBftHB GeneHiiTb saKb cyiiacnieAinift B86tsajB ce&b na BHmsy 
■ <$pocucfl Ha BpoBaTb. Offb xo^ro ne Mon npHxní bi ce(}a: 
HHCiH ero nyraiHCb. Eicy xo^chx^ oopi BOBce He npHxoxuo na 
y»b cnpamHBaTb oetfa o tomi, vh saBHXi OTHomemaxi ciohtb 
0H% CB TaneB. Ona HpaBHiacb eMy, xii aarb Mon HpaBHTbca 
kibíB xpyroB wjio^vby Hisorxa ne xijuiBoiifi eicy nevěro ne- 
HpiHTsaro... A&se 6ojbHie: ohi He mopb ne JnotfoBaxbca ea jiobboB 

BOXOXBOt H rOpJieiHBHMl XBHSeHÍeMl, BOTOpUMB OHa BCBHXUBajia 

HO BpeneHaMi roiiOBy... Eicy Óbijo npiaxHO cjuiinaTb eii cepetfpa* 
cndl cmíxb h rycToB rpyxHoB rojocb, BOTopuB HHorxa Bxpyrb 
Boauien xa h ofiopserca, npHqeM^b Haa^B CeiieHOBHTB neHBBitoHO 
Hojeny BCflidB pasB B^xpornen, h eiiy cranerB sasB-TO HeofiuBHO- 
BeBBO xopomo... H ony xasajiocB, vto Boe bto bb Hopaxrt 
leiqeiy vro Bce bto lan, h xoisho órtb, h TasHirB na^ 
leerxa ocraHercfl. Ohb hh^oto Óójibmaro ne npocHiB, hh o 
fejibmeMB ne xy^ajiB. H srb wHy bio BiÁmajUM^ 
GrenaHoraa h napynnua ero cnoBoBcrBie? H hto bto 
TOMMyerb o mjenwth&k?.. A^, npasxa^ b^xb ohb xojoctBi 

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52 BMram ibpoiib. 

KorAft-HBtfyxB H eny HyasHO tfyjrerB seHHTbca. Jl^a h Tam bša& 
AtBymsa en^e, Borxa-Hu6yAB h ee Biuaxyx^ sanyan. BsaHy Ce- 
MeHOBH^y BApyn crajio yasacao xiseJio npH xucjni, ^ro Tau 
iu)rAa - HH<$yxB aaiiysi BiiBxeTB, im> BTO-ntfyxb Óyxen hmíti 
npaBO otiHHMarb, jacKaTb ee... %prB bosleh, savE csBepHoI 
HysHO se óuio Huptfb CienaHOBHi HaroBopBib eicy Bcnoft bcs- 
^BHU... A ecjH TaHfl saMys^ le noBxen hh sa soro, ecis osa 
ero noiiotfirrB, ero, GÍBana CeMeHu^a?.. (iBana CaieHHm 6po- 
CHJio cHa^ajia vb »api, a norom bi xoioxi... Ji^a bíkb et Kocy 
oÓpteyTB, tfiTb, BCfl^eciB o6uum» craHyn, — roBOpm Mapu 
OrenaHOBBa. H oriiero bto ovb paHBine hh o len raiom ne 
xyMaji'b... Kasi hh ^yvaft, a jsfbiy ne noMOsemb: Bce CBsepno, 
BaB'b HH npHEHHb... Áx'b, Aa H luucoll ^se OHI Aypant s^xb owh 
caM'b Ha Heft seHHTbca Mosen: Torxa ona Bcerxa ci Hurb 6y- 
xerb, Bcerxa... h ovb (yxerb AJuiOBarb ee vh CBtek ajnia ryós, 
H ona, Toase o6HBMerb h npEibnen n ero qecb ropateft Hiesoft... 
y HBana CeiceHOBHia Ayx% BaxBaiHio... Botb-to 6buo 6u c«c»e, 
a Tenepb ^lo? Roicy oh^b nyse^b, ea^tMi SHBerb na cvbA? H 
mto 9T0 Mapbfl CrenaHOBHa Tojsyen, ^to eMy neibsa aLeflHTbCfl 
Ha BpecTbiHBi? IIoieMy? Bixb BasonoFE TasBxi Hibrb, Boropiie 
sanpeniiajH 6u bto. ^iiii ohi jyqoie Tane? Botb, corjacaTca jih 
ona eme? ?to sa paxocrb efi orb nero: HB^ero y aero bAtlj 
caiTb sHBen ^yrb ne XpHCTa-paxH. IlaiiDOHrb im ona ero? A 
BŠxb ona jiotfHTb yiriberb: nn ona aio6ua jlenOTByl A^ y TaHS 
sojiorafl xynia. On, TOJbBo 6u ona nojiioóua; h laBi bio (m% 
xypaBi paHbme o&b btom^b He noxyvaji, vun ne noHHMai^b, ^ao 
Tjvh cvacTbe?.. JíjBLy OHb seHHTCfl na TantyH ^xi CBopie, riwh 
jy^mey noiOMy hto n^xb ee uonyn orxaib 8aify«B... Mto lorxa 
6yxerb eb HBirb? noxK)6HTb n OHa ero? HeyseiH ne oojDÓHn? 
He iioserb ona ne oojiofiHTb ero, B^xb ovb csasen eft, hto m^mm 
Hero CB^bTB — necBin fieBinen. Ohb csasen eft, vro OffbHcait^B 
xo CHrb Hopx ne BHaji btofo h xase ne noxoqribBajrb, vro sstb 
0081 HOfl ne xoserb. ^a, npaBxa, obi He 8Haji'b sroro h xoxro 6ii 
nosajiyfl ne xoraxajca, orqero y nero Tasí cjbxko qeifHTb xyniy, 
Korxa ovb ee yBHxnrb hjih lOibKO rojocb ei yciiiniHTb* H Baxaa se 
Hexopomafl ara Mapbjí GreoBHOBHa, tio xoraxajacb naxoyMBTB 
ero!.. Ona Tose xoópax, ona sajierb TaHX). Bixmi Tans! Bca- 
luft-TO ee Tenepb oÓHX^Tb Hosen — ona b^ aptnocTHai, ona-TO 
TaBaa BpacaBBoa, Tasafl cjaBHBH — EpiaocTHaa xojonaa! Hy^ Aa 
8T0 cKopo HonpaBHTca: hhkto ne nocirberb ee oCHX^Tb, xorxa oam 
tiyxerb ero Taneft, ero aenoft... HBasrb GeHeHHn ne xon aa- 
CHyib Bi Biy Ho^b. FojoBa ero ycHienBO pa(5oTaia; obi hobto- 



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GTAPUHUfl XMá. 53 

piA ce(S§ TucJiHy pa^B to, ^t6 nepe^oriíai^B en^e vh Hanajii Be* 
^epa. Ha Apyroft achb oh% xoahjtb savb pacrepflHHHft. E;ih* 
saBem DerpoBna, h MHxavjn GeiieHOBHHi 8aMÍTHJiH aro! 

XoTfl HBaHi CeMBEOBVíVh o^eHB BOjraoBajicfl, OAHaBO otn TsepAO 
pftnnurB kb HepBuft se Be^pi, ^ito eiiy Hejissa ne seHHTH^Á na 
Tast. PaaroBoprB ob MapBefl GrenaBOBHoft toiqo osapHjrB ero 
xasinrB-TO HeosHAaHHHirB CBto>irB. H ^itb (5ojiBine oh% xyMajTB 
o(yB BToiTB pasroBOpt tíitb TBepse yd&KXAJicfl, ito cnaciBe jj^m 
Hero BauioiaeTCs HMeHHo bi TaBHHofi jhoSbe, h ^to ohi^ caMi^ 
Tonso ne orxaBajrB cetfi or^era vb toitb, HacaojiBBO ch;ibho npn- 
BSBaiCfl Kb fitBynoA emfi bo Bpeiifl JleHOTOHHOfi shbhe. 

npoauo TpH XHfl. nBaH'B CeneHOBETB lenepB ysacHO 6ofljiCfl, 
9T0 tfpaTB ne nosBOJHTB euj seHHTBCfl na Táni — ona Rp^nociHafl 
MHxaua CeiieHOBHU, owh Bce MoserB CA%JiaTB cb nefi! 

Tonso FB pasrapĎ CBOBíxrB Me^TaHÍfi UBani GeiieHOBHVB icon 
jierso OTHOCHTBca kb Tony, htó CKaayrB po^HBie — 6paTB, E^esa- 
Bera IlerpoBna h TeiymBa Co^ba OrenaHOBHa o ero fijiasn se- 

HHTBCfl na BpeCTBflHCBOft SbBlA. «Oh]I HaBŠpHO nOCHOTpETB Ha 9T0; 

Etan Ha 6aajBB», xy^^ocB eny. Ci Tanefi okb Bcrj^THJiCfl pasa 
XBa — H xase BBrJUHyTB na nee ne nocMŠJi'B, a npomejB mhmo, 
Cff^jaBi BBAi, HTO He saM^bnaerB ee, npe^eirB ce^fjsfi ero cyxo- 
posHo saBOďOTHJiocB. BpeMfl mjo. «Hy, ?to OTBJíaAHBaTB^, xy- 
Hajii HBaffB CeMeHOBBq'B. Obtl oepetfpajTB sa bth ahh Bce, hto 
npoBBonijio vb opoioJisemH nocjitAHHX'B ABjxb jiivb. Bchomhhjhcb 
€My H CToaRHOBenie cb AranoirB, h npeACMepiHaa npocBÓa Jle-* 
hoysh: «Tbi, AflAfl, He xftBafl vb o^Hxy TaHio, HHBorxa, cjramemB, 
HHBorxa, xflXfl BaHfl. Ofišn^afica, AflXfl!» H okb Torxa oti^n^ajii^ 
^TO ne AacTB TaHK> fb oČH^y, HHBorxa, HHXorAa! 

Haaonei^y HnaHi CeMOHOBEH^B p^ibmEJicfl neperoBopETB ci 6pa- 
lom, H ^epesi nex^biuo nocjrib naMATHoft nporyjiBE ctb MapBeft 
OTenanoBHofi ompaBEJica no OE0H?aHÍH saBrpaxa vb BaÓsHerB 
Hncasja GeMenoBEHa. 

MsxaEa^B GeMenoBE^ib ^Eraji raserii. 

— ÍTd Te6*?— yíHBJíeHHO cnpocHJTB oob HBaHa CeKOHOBE^a, 
soTopBfi p^xBO sarjjixuBaai Kb Heny. 

— BparB, MHt HysHO cb toCoA noroBopHTB,— sanEHaacB, na- 
njTB HBaHi GeiieHOBBqi. 

FOBOpE. 

JJ, BEAEmB JE, 6paTB, JI... fl SeHETBCfl XOHy. 

- ateHETSca! MJBL Ha bomi ae? — ohhtb ysEBHJiCE MExaEJTB 
CeneBOBflVB, E FB Ty se MEHVTy fb roJiOBt ero GjiecHyaa míicjib, 

mopaE eny caMOMy noBasajacB ao loro CMtmHoB, hto owb pas- 



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M BWíBMKh tBBOůSL 

pasujicfl rpoHKHif& xexoTOM%. Maxanjiy GeMeHOBH^y bcdomhhjuuss 
nporyjiBa 6paTa cx MapBett OrenaBOBHOll ero pacrepflHHuft m 
08a6oHeHHHfi bbxi ch r6xi nopi&. H ohi pibniHj%, qro MapBfl 
CrenaHOBHa sajtyvaja seBHTb HBaea na ceM. 

HsaHi CeMeHOBHHi Bcero onaij»n ors Ópara, spoiri^ btoto 
BeyAepsHMaro pacRaTHcraro cM^xa; oh% OBOH^aTejbHO cnyTucs... 

— Bhabidb jh, ópaTB,— TpeBoatHOBaToponiiJica ohi,— a caii'& 
He ^lyMajii, ne SHajx... ho ona, MapBS CrenaHOBHa... 

— TaiPB H ecTB, Taai b ecTBÍ— jíepawMíb sa 6oKa, ne to bcbph- 
bbbbjix, ho to BcxjiHnHBaj^ MHxaHJťb GeMeHOBHTb... Aa tu crb-yiia 
comejii! — aaroBopBJíi owhy naROHei^i, caoBofiH'6e, aepeBO^^a xjTh 
H BUTBpafl BHCxynBBmis OTB CM^xa cjedH. — ,2IjpaKi tu 6uj'b, 
xypaaoMi b ocTajicfll bto 611 xíojíyuwb? BTasafl cBpoMHBn^a, 
BOcnBxaTejiBHBita... Bors b npaBxa, ^0 c^ABHa bi nuoBy, a ůbch 
n pefipo... Jlfl, B TH xopomrB Toae — bí^b ona crapyxa; h na jo 
Vro cxapyxa, a b ci uojioxy (JHja ypo^i!.. 

HBaHl GeMeflOBBqi CBaÍjTB C% OTSpilTIIlťB pTOMl. 

— Kto? Tana crapyxa h ypoj^i,! — nporoBopHJii obi, 

— I10? ^To? ^TO? — yate Ces^ cnixa cnpaniBBaai MsxaBjrB 
CeiffeBOBBTB. — Kaaafl Tasa? ^tó 9to Bce sna^Br^? 

' — JíjBk Hama Tana, JleHOHKBHa. 

— BorB HTO-0-0! — npoiaByji^ MBxaajTB CeBieHOBB^i. — Hy, 
BIO, ópaTeax, ffijio xpyroro po^a... Ař-jsjbl niOJiOAei^, nevěro caa- 
3aTB: mamHB y Hena vh aom* cb npHciyroft saBOAHTB BsiyMajB — 
mypu-iiypii cb Rp6nocTHUMH A'bBKaMH. Bubbhb tu BTorB asiop^ 
B8% rojOBiiy cjiiimBmB! H AOÓpo 6u cKpHBajii — coBtcrejcfl. Híts, 
OHI HpflHO FB Fjiasa CMOTparB, BCBBift CTUX'B saÓBirB — ň-Ae se- 
HBTBCa xoHy! JI,a bto tcÓÍ nosBOJiarB, mojobococb! 

VÍBhWh CeHeHOBBTB, BBBi omnapeHHHtt, bhcboihji otb 6paTa; 
OffB BH^^ero ne Butsbjrh b He cjmmaj^B, ^ase rpoMsaro TonoTa 
60CI37B Hon MaTpeniBH, exsa jciABmeŘ otcbo^btb otb xBepelt 
Ba6BBeTa h Óesi naMBTB yjieneiuBaBmeS no BoppHAOpy. n6aH'B 
CeiieHOBB^i npo6:b2Kaji'B bi cbok) BOMHaTy, ópocBiíca na nocrejB 
H yTKHyjii rop^bBHiee jihe^q vb nojiymBy. 

Mbxbbjii CeMenoBHHi, onoMHBBHiBCB OTB B8yiuieBÍBy ompa- 
BBjíca cooón^aTB sea^ o ToifB, qió cjiy^BJOCB. Ob^b aacraai Ejih- 
safieiy IlerpoBny, ORpysceenyio moahumh BapTBHBaiiB b BtiBpofi-^ 
BaHB: ona Bufiapajia hobuo ^bcohu jusí cbobxi h x%TCBflX'B shm- 
HBxi* DJiaTbeBi). BonpocTB ÓtixB BasHiift: na sány npexnojararajocb 
onaVB nepeixaTB bi ropoA'B — btopo TpefiosajiB npej^BO^BTe^BCRia 
oÓasaHHOCTB MBxanja CeiieflOfitf^a. EjinaaseTa IlerpoBHa cepxHJiacB: 
Xtoi H80 Bcero Bupocjnr, ea rap^epoGi Tose noHSHOCHJca... a^h 



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CTiPmou xui. 55 

xep6BHB-T0 OKB emfi Tyxft*CK)xa roxincfl, ny, a vb ropos^ — f» eme 
I npenBOXBTenini — neoCxo^HMO lea^e o^BaTBCi; ho moóu Bce 
cxJ^iuocB, KaKb Toro Tpetiyen npm^e, syseo ropasxo 6ojBme 
WBerB, ^íifb flM^berca fb Haeroaiiiee speufly EjiHsaBeiiii EterpoBHii, — 
HyxHo, 8Haun, nonpoearB y Mnaua GeiieHOBHia, a offE-rasH 
CKynoBarB Ha pacxoxH x^a HajMWORb. EoneiHO, EjusaBera Ile- 
rpoBHa, san ysna senniiHa, Bcerxa juierh nocraBiiTB Ha CBoarb 
I SHaerb, no nojy^iin Bce, ^ero BaxoierE, — ho OHa Bce-rasH 
^iurrcs, HoroMy ^to npe^BH/cHrs HeoÓxoAHMOCTb XHipiTB, 6ii6HpaTB 
HOxxoxflo^eeBpeiui... «KaKb Bce axo CKyrao!» xyiíaiocBet. CaiiHirL 
DOxxoxflD^Binb BpeMeHemb ajia bcabhxi ipe6oBaHÍft ona c^HTajia 
raKoe, sorxa MHxaHJTL GeiieHOBHVB oxasHBajica bte ^ewb-nE6YKb 
BiHOBUHiTB... Ho, K Hec^acTMoý MozaHjrB GeiieHOBH^ii 6ux% 

HpBM^pHHft MysrB... ?T0 TyTB HOX^aemB? BhHII npHZOAHJLOCB 
nOXHCBHBaTB CO^HHflTB. *X0TB 6u OWh Sa KÍl£B-HH6yAB iKOF^a- 

n6yxB npiyxapHjrB,— roBopHjia ce0% EjusaBera IlerpOBHa: — boitb 
HaMBUHJia 6Er a eiiy roiOBy, botb 6uxh 6u owh y Hena bi py- 
Baxi!^ 3a HeHJťbmeMi Hacroan^Hxi npe^asB xjifl pobhoctHi Eju- 
saBera IlerpoBHa rb npesHee Bpeica nHJiHja Mysa H^BoeS ÁBry- 
CTott, KB KOTopoll, HO HpaBxt CKasaiB, B0BC6 H He peBHOBaia ero, 
Taai aasi o^bhb xopomo snajia, ^to ÁBrycra ne bto HHa?, Raai 
lojcraa pHsaa mBexBa, y aoiopoi MHxanjrB CeKeHOBH^'B sbji 
na KBapTHp^ xo a^HBTB6u h aoropaa 6uja npHii^pHOtt senoĚ 
Htmia nopiHoro u MaiepBH) noiyxiosHHu Bspocjiuxi a xase sa- 
MysBHXi xoHepefi. Ho vb nerepbypr^ — ityxa hh uuo — mosho 
emfi 6ujo roBopaiB oói* ABrfcrt, lenepB — xpyroe aím: botb 
yse HtoM>jBB0 Aivhj aaai MnxaHJi CeiffeBOBH^'B HHKorxa ne ot- 
jy^aeicji, h noxaonaTBca nox% Herc nivh pbmwtejhEo HHicavoS 

BOBMOSHOCTH — XO TOFO OH^B (SesyBOpHBHeHI*. «XOTB 6il OHB ^TO- 

HBfiyxB laxoe CBasaj^B, kl ^6My 6ii mosho ^htjio npvxpaTBai», 
roBopaaa ce&b RiHeaBera IlerpoBHa. ^ocaxa ea pocjia no M^pt 
Toro, saB'B OHa y6toxajacB b:b fiesnojiesHOCTH Bcero, hto npnxo- 
xaao eft vh roaoay. Ha TaBBX'B Mucjiaxx sacraxB seny MExanJii 
CeiieHOBH^i, npHxa oocoBibTOBaTBCfl o tomi, nó npexnpHHHTB ci 

i^paSOMl, XOTOput B8flJIl Xa H ^OTMO^HJl TaROft HeosHxaHHuB 

^preiBl* Sanaraa cbohmh cooópaiseHiflKii, EjiHsaBera HerpoBHa 
exBa yxocTOHja yjufiHyTBca, aorxa Maxanď^ CeMeHOBHHi, npucBaa 
orb cidaa, nepexajťB eft o soMH^ecBOM^ «qmproqao», aoropuMi 
6e9B aioro HaM^bpeHÍa o6bx^^ no^ienHyio MapBio CxenaHOSHy 
EoijlHpeBy; ho sorxa MHxaH.rB CeiieHOBHVB Ha8Baji'B TaHio h crax^B 
Fopoi^o pacnpocrpaHflTBca na-cnerB nenpajH^Haro noBexenia BsaHa, 
HOTopoify, saiTB CTOj[6oBOMy XBopanaHy h o^Hi^epy, Hnsorxa h na 



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66 BWíBBXh iBřomi. 

jwh He AOJiaEHo 611JO npmcoxiiTB Hair&peHie seHerBca na Rpi- 
nocTHofl A%BB'6... Tyn EjHsaBery IlerpoBny B^pyr^ ocb&uo orspo- 
Bíeme... Ona npHcraiíBHO h noAOspirrejiBHO Bsrunyja Ha xysa h 
CRBO8B syós npoi^'bxiiiia: ^Twh, nrB! Botb sairB.*. hto-to bgi yse 
OHeHB ropflHHiecB irsi-sa Bcero btotO; MHxaexB CeiceH0Bii7B!> 

MflxaBXB CeMeHOBHTb wbcKMhw yxHBBJícfly ^TO sena roBoperB 
eHy «BU>: ona Aija;ia bto, toako Korxa cepxiuacB, a lenepB, 
xasercfl, na nero cepxETBCfl yse p^mirrejiBHO ne sa vro. IIoih- 
BHBmHCB npo-ce6fl, MexaiuťB CeifeHOBH^i o^Haso npoAOisajTB ro- 
BopHTBy pHcya ApsyK) sapTHHy i^x'b HenpiflTHocrefti KOiopiifl j^e 
Hero, npeABOAHTejifli npoHSofiAyrB otb Óesymnixi saiifi ópaia^ 
ecjH 061& aroMi Tro-HHtíyAB yssaercfl vh y&8ff&... 

— Ha(?B 8acir6K)rB, sacM^KyrB^ — noBTopurB ohi: — cnjierHflicB 
BOHi^a ne tíyxerB; bto mpn SHaerB ^ro laBoe: HHsyxa Hoca 
HejBSfl (Jy^eTB noRasaTB!.. 

— RoHeHHOy yBHaHyrB, ecjH bíi dyiere bo bccb roJOCB BpH- 
naxB, — nepeÓHJia ero KiBsaBera IlerpoBHa: — ^ro bto y Bac* sa 
xanepa Tasafl, toiho nejiBBfl tofo se CRaaaTB thxo — y Ména otb 
Bamero BpBBa xvrpeHB yse Ha^HHaercfl. H iró lyrb oooÓeHHaro, 
^TO Bameiiy tfpaiy seHHTBCfl xonerca? — b*sb eiiy, cjiaBa Bory, 
^axi^aTB-nsTuS ro^B... Ho ^0 mhí crpaHHo, — bto to, hto bbi 
xasi ropAHHTecB... H ^ lasoro HeoÓiiBHOBeHHaro vb toitb, hto 
HBaarB CeHeniiTB npiyxapHJi'B sa spinociHofi a^broA?.. bgi jy^nie 

ffiJSEBU BHaTB, HaCROJBRO liyS^HEU HepaSÓOp^DBÍI... CROJBRHITB 

senaiTB dpbxoahtca npoBOAHTB tfescoHHHfl ho^h... h Hsi-sa Roro?.. 
Hs^-sa RopoBHHi^i, cyxoMoeR*^ RBaprapHiixi xoBaeRx... Tojibro s 
xyMaio, MHxaHJi* CeMeHuq'B, ^to bh-to ys'B is* jlítl BiinuiH a-kh 
BToro... Ax'B, ax'B, RaR'B y Mesa rojioBa 6ojiHrB... ax'B! 

Oea cxBaTHJiacB sa bhcrh. MExann CeMeHOBHHi HexoyiriBajrB: 

— ^a a-To lyrB npe neirB, jyma mob? 

— Axi, Bu HHRor;(a hh npH newhj — a BacB vbih SHaio, en^e 
Tor^a, npH ABvfcrb... 

— $(()BH)! — CBHCTHyjL^B MHXaHJTB CeiffeHOBHHl* 

Ohi> sHajTB TOnepB, no He jeneo oiA^iiaeTca, h cian npH^Qr- 
MHBaTBy RaRB 6hi yHHaocTHBHTB pasFHi&BaHHyK) EiEsasery IlerpoBBy. 

— O, fla, — BH HH npH ^ewb: nu HHiero ne noHHHaere^ — 
npoxoasaja ona: — ny, a a, a snaio, or^ero bii cepxHrecB na 
Esana CeiieHOBHqa: savB caifOMy sa TaHBRoft noÓtraiB xonerca... 
Ho vbnh BU, Rone^HO, hh npn ^ewb: xase b* }iflu% kb xosaBcTBi 
Bce y Měna na pyRaxi... xoitb, ji^^th.*. y Hena roaosa Rpyrom> 
Hxen. Bon MU vh ropoxi^ ctiapaeKoa, — xIth oócpsanua, y nesa 



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GTiPHHHEU AUA. 57 

Hnero vbrb... Csonso xjionorB 6yjVNrhj ^m6u npHBecTE xonb 
;rhcKÍtt rapAepo(b wh nop^AOKs! — h na Bce aro oxHa si. 

— Ho, not xpyn, nonun n ropoxi 8a nopTHUoB, sa^irB 
se letfi 060 Bceaa caMOft 6e8noROiTi>efl? 

— JíerBO BaiTB roBopHTB — «noiiLiH 8a noprHiixoft*! a cpeMpíM 
ni? Ji itosa se o noprsExib jiynaK), a o toitb, icavB 6u jLe- 
neTB Ha noByiiBi xu xfrrett xBaxEJio... 6yx6TB iroi ^ero iiniTB, 
lan MH H AOMa combeirB. Mhí caxoB Hiraero ne sysHO, s ^^ 
I crapyxa, ci mcea ne BSHoiyn; xon, BoneiHO, sent npeABO^H- 
lexfl BysHO <$ii noAxepsvBaTB vecrb Mysa — ho h HaTB h spesxe 
Boero xyMaK) o xtoíxi— 

— Riucas TU crapyxa!— BcraBHjn^-Óiuio MExasjn GeMeHOBHTL. 

— Ax%, ax'B, He roBopvre wsb hetoih), — sacTonan EjniBaBera 
nerpoBHa, orsejpaBaflCB Ha cnHHKy ffiBana: — y xena Taxai crpam- 
Hai rojOBHax ůojihl 

MHxaHjrE GeneHOBH^i BcrajrB h na ipinoňaxi Ha^aji'B oni- 
ciHBaTL oxesojoffB, HT0611 CMonTB aseni bhcrh, otb BToro efi 
Bceiw xi^aiocb xymne. OxeROJOffB Óan nafixeni, bhcbh cmo- 
ieHs. MHxaHJTb CeMeHOBH^i noirbcTEjcfl na specjii npoTEBi senu 
I dxftjTBy xavB onymfiBEuŘ wb BOxy, BHyrpeHHO nomnnjuiH: or- 
rfj» euj tíe? 

EjBBaBera IlerpoBHa, saspiiBafl ^aciB jiHi^a njaTKOirB, nojy- 
lesaia na xnaHi. 

— Apyr& MoB,— BaroBopHii, HaBoneiTB, MnxaHXB GeiieHOBHn: 
— TH, nosaiyficra, ne tiesooBOftcfl óosime o x^tcrhxi niaTLAXi, tu 
I TO cjnoiRoirB mhofo xjiono^eniB h ycraeniB. KaKi th jsjuaemh7 
— ne nociaTB jra vh ctMOWh x^^ kb ropox^B 8a noprHHXofi? 

— Ax-b!— THxo HpocTonajia KiHdaBera IleTpoBna. 

— A TO, ne cbíbxhhib m th caica, ecjH bto TeÓfl ho 
saTpyxHKTB, — saTOponHJiefl MHxaHJii GeneHOBEHi, — MOJRerB óutb, 
8T0 H pasBienerB leós: tu 611 TairB Ryneja ^tó nysno xjih x^Teft 
H X3H ceúsLj a o&b Hsxepaucaxi ho ČesnoRoftcfl... ^nó nysno, to 
lyzHo! 

— CeroxHH H He nory, — tomho nporoBopHiia EjrasaBeia Her- 
poBHa. 

— Hy, saBTpa, Hy, nocji'Í8aBTpa, na Toft nex^i^, xaisi xo^eniB... 

— H4tb, BaiíiTB Tan oTKJiaxHBaTB,— nepeteia ero sena: — 
saBTpa MOSHO fiyxOTB; h xyi^raio^ vro nepecnxio CBoft mirpeHB. 

— Hy, xopomo, xopomo! 

MnxaHJi CeneHOBH^ MOpn^BTCs npH khcjih o HpexcroHn^HXi 
ipararB, ho ne oneHB, HTotiii, ne xatt Bon, ne pasxajiocB ohitb 
9to ÓojiriteHeHHoe, sajioónoe: «Ax'b!» 



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d8 fiftGTHISIb SBFOIIH. 

Owh Bcrajix xor^i yfirn, noi^JOBaBi seey vh 20(Vb, ho 
EjHdaBera IlerpoBHa ocraHOBHJia ero: 

— A o&b TOMiy Mema, ^t5 tu hhí roBOpHjrB npo Ópara, a 
noxyitaio. Ilpoiny leófl tojibbo HH^ero ne x^jaiB, noxa a ne nepe- 
roBopio ci TOÓoft... Bce bto cjiosH'be9 HeseiH th ^oncaemb... xaS 
uffb TOJibBO oTAOXHyTB, Tor^a a Te&k caasy, ^ npuyMajia. 

OrxoxHyBí H nopasxyMaKb, KinsaBera IlerpoBHa, npooiJia vb 
sa^HHerB nyiui. 

— BoTB vb neMi> A^o-*-Ha9ajia OBa, ycaacBBaacB sa mapo* 
sitt xypeipcift XHBaHi h nparjiamaH icysa tíbcib paioiii. 

— R ce6fl AaBHO cnpamHBajia, ^T6^ HaaoHei^, óy^erB (te Haa- 
HOiTB OeneHii^eirL. S. 6hiM ysipena* hto Borxa-HH6yx& xa noAy- 
Maera se owh o seeHTbÓi*.. Mu piniHJiH, xa h ae m oahb, 
qxo HBaH<b GeiceHOBHHi rjyirB... J^^ bÍkb rjiynocTB He ifbmaerB xi- 
Tefl poAHTb. QOdiosBiťb, ^TO UsaHi GeiffeaoBHH^ senarca... na roitb? 
910 jí,M aacb noBa Bce paaHO — wťb hsi btofo BUŘjífiTh... 

— Tu» J[B3aHBBa, Bce roBopaniB: — seHATca, seHATcaL. Aa 
^iiMi OHB CB seaott SBTB 6yjí.yTbj ecJiH ohi aaeHBTca: y Hero b^xb 
HHHero H'£rb... 

— Rirh TenepB, raai uocjrb 6jjifim>, — BHymBT&ibHO nporoBO- 
pHJia E^íBsaBera IlerpoBHa. — Bh tohho saÓHJiB TeiymBy Co4)bfa Ore- 
naflOBHy b ea aocTopra no noBoxy aeJiBBOxyniia HBana CeMeHuna... 
GMorpflTe^ 8TH BOCToprfl OTBOByrcH Ha Banieu'b KapiiaHŠ. A pavb 
BMŠiOTCfl vh BHAy TerymBBHu Tiíca^H, vh Heatcrarb He^ocraTBy ae 
Cy^en, hh oxna ee OTBaserca otb hhxi, xotb 611 vh npHxany h 
npamjocb bsatb Myaca-Aypaaa! 

«OxHaBO, Mo^oxei^nb-^afia!* no^ynajii Maxasjíi CeMeH£i^'b npo 
ceÓH, He nepe6HBaa senu. 

— BoTb BHAHie JiB,— npoxojsajia EáHsaBera DerpoBHa: — hto 
jffbjío BAerb BOBce He ofo tomi, ^H^b óyxerb co apeiieHeifB serb 
HBanx CeMeHOBB^i, a 061 xoifb, ^to ohi xoneirb h Hiťierb nojinyio 

BOBMOSBOCTb H npaBO SeHHTbCfi... 

— Taa^b, Taai,— noATBepxHJii* Maxaajii CeMeHOBH^x. 

— Jí^jísi aacB se — EIiasaBeTa ílerpoBea noHBSBja raioci — 
o^efib BasHOy m!06u Usani CeHeHu^i HHKorAa ne seHBJíca, h 
Borb noHeiiy: noBa y nero nirb sasoHHurb HacjiixHHBOBiy mh 
HJB^ jiy«iine caaaaTb, Hama xíth— ero BacJi'bAHHRH... 

— Tasiy Taai — onarb noBTopa^ii MBxaajii CeiceHOBH^i, ne 
bdojihí en^e noHHiiaa, vb ^eiiy co6cTBeHHO ae^erb pb^b seea. 

— jl|a Kaai se tbi, JlBBaHbaa, noMimaemb eiiy? Caiia se 
TH roBopnoiby ^0 OHX BM^erb h npaao h BOSMOSHOcxb seHHTbca... 
Kone^HO, h a ne xonyqy ero xo seHBTbÓH na TaHbst: ona 



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'. diPIIHBUl AUÁ. 59 

MOfl spinocTBAfl — aio fl xory; a conuv) ee sasrpa se vb Hamy 
TBepcsyK) AepeBHK)^ ^to6u ea e jljxj ^jí^ ne 6iuo... 

— Hy, Bon awro BOBce ys'B h ne nyseo, — nepeÓHia ero 
EiMsaBera IlerpoBHa^ ROTopafl bo spěna xyasHHHott pi^H nerep- 
nliHBO Tonaja Hossott h 6apa6aHHjia hoitíimh no crojy: bh hh- 
low HH vh Hem ne óy^ere SHaiB uipu, MsxaHj^B GeMeHOBHTE... 
Hy, xone^HO, sto se eiiy noBBOjrarB seHHTBCfl ea T^mavb? a 
B08IITBC8 CB Het, iiycTB BOBHTCfl, TŠMi jy^mel, nesa owb Ójjsfin 
saHflTL ex), eHy h na yicB ee npexen sesBTBCfl na Bom xpy- 
Ton... Heny bh HHRorAa ne uovmb 6h Aa h HecByirbiH 6u noiAmfmA.* 

— ^ tb!— BHpBajiocb y MHxaua GexeHOBHW, — bj^ mhhbctp^ 
TU, HacTOflmifl MBHHcrpí, JlHsa! SL 6u ysi HiBorxa ne npE^yMam 
n^ero Tasoro. TojibBO BaB'B se bto, — npoxoisajTB ohi orqacrH 
enynieHHo: — vbxb ne cobcšmi bto xopomo! saBOĚ ApyraiťB npniťbpib? 

— BoTB TU Bcer^a Tavb, Mexann GeiieHOBHHi! xa HeysejiH 
se 2 Aonyn^ pasBparB y ceós vb aomí? xa fl sasrpa se comjíK) 
TubflHy— He vh TBepcayK) xepeBHX), — ^a Ha CKOT&Hft XBopB, ^rroóu 
He saeoAHaa maniHefl... Hy, a eam xyp&Ki (yxers npoxojsaTB 
sa Hefi ÓiraTB, Tasí bš^b nejBafl se Ri hhitb sapayjiBHHX^ npH- 

CiaBHTB Vh CaMOIffB x^aíI. 

MHxaHJii CeMeHOBHTB nojosHTejiBHO ÓMTOvoB^JVh nepejTB se- 
HoS... «BoTB rojoBa-To!> xBepxHXB offB npo ce6fl: «fl 6ii HHSorxa 
He coo6pa8HjrB Bcero 8Toro!» 

Owh npOCTO CTKTAHJCfl CBOeft rjiyOOCTH, H ÓUJll* pa^B, MTO He 

Bnojiffb BHCBaaajirB cBOinrB Hairipemll OTHOCHTejBHO Ópaia, RoropOMy, 
uocjA (Sy^ymeS otcujrh TaHH vh xaiBEioio xepeBHR), xot^ítb-íShjio 
eaiTB noAKíCRaTB HeB^cry. 



VL 

Bi> ary hohb h MBxauy GeMeHOBH^y, h EjiRsaserb JIeTpoBB'b 
enajocB o^eHB cjiaARO— sa to EBairB CeiieHOBHTB ne hopb cokr- 
eyiB rjasi. 

TaHs He noAOsp^Baja soBce, ito cyxBÓa ea pimeHa, h cnajia 
•cnoRoSHUMi RpbnBHMi CHOMi, ycTajiafl otb xnesHOtt paCoTii: ett 
npenuocB vb npoAOJseHÍii Atjiaro xha rjaxHXB h ojortb io^rb, bo- 
poTHHHBH H luaTBfl ]ífiB saBTpamHett noí^BXKH EjiHsaBeTii IlerpoBHii 
VB ropoxi. Ofla TaRi* 6uja saHATa, hto xase XBa pasa npcrnaja 
OTB ceófl MaipemBy, nasofljiHBO BepT^Bmyioca orojio nea h noini- 
pannyK) otb sejiama ysHaxB— npasjía jih, ito TaTBana IIpoxopoBHa 
aa MOJOAoro óapsna sanysi coÓBpaerca. 



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60 VĚCfBMXb IBFOnH. 

Ha xpyroS aohb EjHrBuera nerpoBBa sepej^B ots^om'b npe- 
BasajDía nosBan vh de&h Ahucbh) IIoTairoBHy. JíjBíVh ett oCr^hhji 
HacraBJíeHifl no xoaaflcTBy} EjnsaBera IlerpoBHa cx&iajia ett crpo* 
rifi, BnroBop'B sa to, tto oHa j(bopobeix'b h ropHH^Huxi aííibori 
coBciiTB pacnycTHJia. «H otofo <$oai»me ho norepnjiio,— npHÓaBHJia 
OHa,— 8T0 cpaH'B Ha Bce cocíxctbo, — o^na HacracEfl sra ^ero ctóhtb! 
Sl pl^mETe^LHO ne noHHuaiD, Ahecbe IIoTanoBHa, xaRi tei c% a^b- 
^OHBaHH cnpasHTBCfl ne yH%eniB!» 

EjLHBaBera IlerpoBHa o^effb xopomo snajia, vro ÁHacBfl cefl-- 
Hacb aae Ha^nenb sajiOBaTBOi na TaHH). 

— IIoMHjyfiTe, cyxapHHfl-tfai»iH8,— saroBopHJiaKifo^rHHi^a, hh- 
qero Taaoro sa x^BRaMH a ne saM^^ajia, hh ^ase sa HacracBet 
TenepB — ^dicto sa hhmh bcšuh, Kaai ecrs, OBpoMfl TaHBBH; oto 
ysi HCTHHHO CBasaTB HOAJcaa A^B^onsa; eniie nps noBOttHoft tfa- 
pumB*!, qapcTBO hitb netfecHoel — Ahhcb2 norepjia rjtasa— TanBBa 
TacBBJíacB! — sa petfeHBOifB, sa anrejiBCBott xynnBOtt xoah>9h! a ysi 
xenepB-TO Basi? aro h cBasiiBaTB Bani, cy^apsna, sasopHo: nexojiro, 
TMjpiLy H ch npHÓaBBott 6yf,&rh; hcthhho CBasarB, cpaMora!.. h ne 

TOBMá ^TO CB ABOpOBHMH, OHa H Ha MOJOj^OrÓ ÓapEHa BOpHTCí, 

npHJlenjlaeTi ero... Ahohhacb sl bx'b caiia noxBapayjiHJia, xa MapBB 
CSrenaHOBHa rp^xi exhíK nospiua... h Hexopomo 6u, hoxh, HOSHJioft 

tfapHQIHi Bl TaBBX'B X^jaXl MOJlOAHirB JlJOASlWh HoraBatB... 

EjfHsaBera IlerpoBna, san^TEBi js^jisi naHATif to, ^t6 roBopBJía 
efi AflBCBfl npo MapBio OrenaHOBHy, cx^jiajia eft o^Haso snaBi 
sauoaqaTB H crporo npHÓaBHja: 

— A ne xonynity pasBpara vh CBoeiTB aokš, nociaTB cioxa 
TaTBBHy. 

JSj)osa OTB BJOÓHOft paxocTB, Ahecba, HecMorpfl na cboh) hoj- 
HOiy, no^TB 6'lroM'B BucBOiBja vh x^bb^bk), rx% crojiBHyjiacB jib- 
jifiyrh Bi jLB^y CB noxa[ymBBaK>n^efi y xBepu bb cnajiBBH) Ma- 
TpemBOfl. Ho ne xo MaTpemBB úujio wh HacToan^yio HHHyry Ahbcb'6. 

— BibTEj BOBE TaHBBy Bi tfapNfli^, XA sflB'be, — BpBBHyja 
ona, ycBJíHBaB npBBasaHÍe sxopoBsnrB n^ej^BOiTB no pacrpenanHOft 

rOJIOBil^ X^BqOHBH. 

Marpemsa BBxpeiTB BjieTiuia wh rjiaxBJíBHyB): 

— TaTBBHa HpoxopoBHB, BacB 6apiiHB ipe6yK)rB! 
TaHB, ne TopooflCB, 6epesH0 CBJíaxHBaja 6ijn»e. 

. — Jífi^ CBOpte! BOJitHO, ^To6ii ceH) MHHyroK). TaiTB Ahbcbb 
na BacB HaroBapEBaerB,— meorajia MarpemBa,— 5apEiHfl tbbb pas* 
CMapbtrhiMmE hto CTpacTB! 

— rocHOXHl— BBXoxHyia TaHa:— iTd a hmb bc*M'b cx*J!a;ia, 
lero HiTB en^e ovh mcha Hyasnol 



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CTÁPRHHHfl ffiU. 61 

Korxa om Bonua n cnaiBHK)^ EiHsaBera IleipoBHa tfiuayse 
BnaiHi OA^a h Hexepn&iHBO HararaBajia aep^aiBH. 

— ?to 8T0, TaTBflHa, HiBorAa shrofo bb^ Bac% ne AOBcmein&eat 
Jto M6Hfl AoniJiH oiyxH, ^TO TU jtypHo BeAemB ceóa... letii ne cthxho? 
Taufl MOáoxflfl x^<MEiBa h yjsi!b pasBpaTHBHAemL— a He Mory nos- 
Bomb oToro fi% CBoeirb xomš... 

— JBojfl Bama, cyxapyHa...— nauiarfiiuo Tau. 

— Tu eme pasroBapHBaTb! A th 6u Tjoofh DOXHHMaTB ne 
XOdUua (Saia orb cnixa! 

Tana cmšjo BsrjuiHyjia bi asi^o EuBaBet^ neipoBH'&: — «& 
vecTHaa A^Bymsa, 6apHHfl, — xBepxo nporoBopua oea. 
Ahickb npiieByja co CMtoy. 

— CiriUbecfc, Aheceb noranoBna! Tpbj!h uwh oanpaenHy 

B8B0ff1% Ha TOrO, ETO BaCTb ^MTOfi. 

— Áx%j TU siiifll— sajrtTHM KJno^Hl^a. 

— ni-m^!— nepe($HjatfapuHa: — a ho norepnjH) bx^b ccop%. A 
Te66, Abhcbbi a upaBasuBaK) OTpšsarB TaTBanA bocu h ompaBHTB 
ee FB flaBasaHBe h vh upEwbpb xpyrflirb na cBOTHuft xwpB*— ?ycei 
nacTH Ha HacracBHHO npomjioroxBee uibcro. 

Tana exBa yxepsaiacB na Horaxi— lasfB HeosHxanHO Óiuo 
Aju Hea pšmeHBe EaBsaBeru IlerpoBHii. 

— BapuHa!— Ha^ajia-tfujio ona HaxopBaHHiurB roiocoMi. 

— AoBOJBHo! — BejiH^eciB6flH0 npoHBHeua EjusaBera Iler- 
poBHa,— TH citunajiai 

niaTaacB, Bunua Tana mh coajBHH, exBa noHHnaa, tró Cb 
adk x^aeica. EiEsaBera IlerpoBHa totucb yšxaia rb ropox'B. 

HBaffB CeMeHOBm, ne cnaBmiĚ ho% h sacnyBinit louxo 
nojTB yrpo, Hpocaai'B nyrB ne xo oŮí^bl. IIpocHjrBímcB h ox^biphcb, 
offb BsrjiaHyii na ^acu, yBHx^rb, ijo jme hoiíkho, h pimHBi — hh- 
syxa ne yxoxBTB, cnurB HWurBy nosa AOiosarB, ^to «BymaTB no- 
xaHo!» Rorxa eeiiBa eotipajacB, HBasB GeiieHOBBVB HŽcBonio 
yxiBucai BHXfly ^TO EjiHBaBexii IlerpoBnu H^rB, ho x6th ToriacB 
cooóa^uui exy, ^to naiía yixaja hb ropoyrB sa nosynisaííH. EbaHi^ 
CeMeHOBH^'B HCiBoca nocMaTpHBajcB to Ha tfpara, to na MapBSQ 
OienaHOBHy. MapBa OrenaHOBHa 6Hja no oóiinaio neBOBMyTEMa, 
a MHxaHJTB CacoHOBHii, nponiB^ oacHxaHia, HBesoabBO ne xyJica, 
wro HBaHi GeneHOBH^i ohobb tioajca hocjA B^epamnaro pasro- 
Bc^. HanpoTBFB, MBBaHJi'B GeMeBOBH^rB noBasaiea 5paTy xase 
Becejrke h jH)6e8Hte oiSuBHOBeHHaro: ohb noxBHHyjnb vb HBany 
CeHeHOBHqy HHpoaBBH cb MOsraMH, noxaHHue wb cyny, h xobojb- 
Bswh roaocoMrB saiciTHjrB, mto nosapi ceroxna noJOSHreiBBO oijih- 
^hjIch. Efiani GeMeHOBH^'B, ynaBmiĚ-6u;io xyxoiťB nocit fipaiHBHa 

Digitized by VjOOff IC 



62 BMTHKRl IBPOnH« 

OTBaaa, upMojupEia h p^niMx onim» noniiTaTE c^acTEfl: aBOCB-xe 
Oparb ceroxHfl (íy^en croBop^nie. O&kKb mbhwjksí, wb pasSpe* 
. jBCb BTÓ Ky^! MExaEJTB OexeHOBHn ymejTB n BaCHHers ci na- 
MŠpeHieMi OTAOXHyTL ^acorB^xpyrott no oÓHseoBemio; he symb ero 
6ujio cQORcrilHo H npiflTHO. OffB 6ujio yse paenojiosBjefl na nar- 
ROMi TypeitR(WB AnBaH*!, c6pocius ciopryiTB h saRpmii jmufl nux- 
ROMi oTb Myxi, Rorxa Asepb OTBopmaa h Bomen HBaH^ Gene- 
HOBHT& co cjOBaini: 

— Eparb, uwb Bce-TasB HyasHO en^e HoroBopvrB Ch roóún. 
Mizauy GeneHOBny craxo xocaxHO, oxBaao obi lorqacB coo6- 

padHJii, 9T0 9TorB pasFOBopi ch HBaBoiTb Gememwpiewh lavs bib 
BHa^e BemíHiSjewb, noTOMy ^to b^xb ecxB saremeicfl xyp&>y ^^ 
roiOBy 6uxb BaBaa-BBtiyxB, teitb cpasy ee orryxa hb sa hto Be 
BiitiBeniB... Jlfl, oflo B jy^me en^e neperoBopBTB b naicerxa no* 

KOBTOTB co BC^Ml BTBITB BBAOpOlTB. OffB XOBOJIBBO CBBCXOXBieJBBO 

cmb^í9JL%: 

— BoftAB) boIUb^ HfiaffB GeMeBOBBTB, lonso xuat nocsopfe 
roBopBTB, ÓparB, nonmy ^ro mbí yauumo xo^erca sawrB a^opoBaro 
XpanoBHi^aaroI 

— XI Boe O0B loiffB se,— na^ajTL HBaa^ GeMOBOBB^^ 

— To-ecTB o(5i TaTBBsA? 

— Hy, »• 

— XeBBTBCfl Bce Ba neft xo^enÍB? 

— ^a BasrB se BBave, sasB ase?— ropám saroBopBJTB HsaBik 
GeMeBOBBTB, — a ee jno6iH>, oaa xopomaa... Opan, roJy6qflKB! 

— ^yxaB^ TU npaBO, Baaa^ bbib BreBJíniBJOCB v£0 vh roiOBy!.. 
Hy, na ito le&b HMenso seBBTBCi, ny, csasB? 

— KasB Ba qio?— HBaBi GeiieflOBBTB xase cM^kmaxca: — 
xpyríe se Biffb seBaiCB, th seBan... 

— Hy, 8T0 xpyroe fjbMo\—Cb pasoraBOBSOft OTBi^ajrB MBxaBXB 
GaieBOBH^n. — HteB, b roBopx) aa vtb BŠB^aiBca? — sbbb Cb sett 
xavB^ Bon cb io6ořI b Tedi bo iciniaK), toibbo CMOt^B, 6pan, 
ito6h JlflBa xaBrB*BB<SyxB bo ysBaia... a to b6xb Cixal 

HfiaB^ GexeBOBBiB, dišxBHtt, savB cMoprB, Bcsonjrs co ciyjia, 
Ba ROTopiitt npBcluvtfiuio: 

?T0 TB? VrO TH? 6paTB, pOXBOtt, B^X^ OBa %GTBaH, BOBBB- 

Bafl x^ByniKa! 

» — ÍTO-si? (SeBvecTBe el, íto aa, cb loííofl sbtb? Th xBopa- 

BBBl, OBa— XOlOBBal 

— Bon ci TotfoS, ({parBl — nonypBBB rojiOBy, OTB'&^ajiB Haasi 
GeMeHOBBTO:^ — ae ^íjuAn a, B*rB, bbxbpb Bon, ae xyaaxB ycni- 
maTB 8T0 07B Te6fl. 



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GTiniHHHfl KhJLL. 63 

Offb KáxHyjTL pyBoft h Biimen esi BatfHHera. Evy 6uxo w 
o(SijiHo, H eoFbcTHO... cobí^ctho sa tfpaia, h noTOMy-ro sa ce<$fl, 
T09HO 6jf:to no ero Biraib uaxyrB yxe h TenepB ties^eabe na hh 
n 96111 HeflOBBHHyiD TaHHHy roiOBy. 

— ^tecTHyK) A^Bymsy! 9x*, Borb Bairs cyffBfl!— iBepwxB oh^, 
BHxoxH im AOMy H 8a6HpaflCB saK& KOSHO AííXhme fs rjiyÓB 
awt. FopBRo 6hjo y aero ea cepxi^: boti "vi^iťE oboh^hiicb 
HewBHifl ropnifl Me^iTii ero o nacTB^b. Haiei^B ohš na nero, 
lex^taHHO-HeraxaHHO, toiho BeceHHflji rposa — oaapsjíH, ocb&khjih 
ero xymy h soHqHjocB Bce lasi cmepso, Tasí Honuo, tavB noAAol 
Hítb, okb ho noryÓHTB TaflH), OHib ee otfHXHTB ee, ojbtb JleHo^vt 
ofiimajTB 6eitb ea san^HTOft. Kaai Mua ona ony, ara cuBHafl 
TaHH, BaiCB Aopori craHOBiiTCfl cb uey Ha vacs... h Bce-rasH 
jyqme bíki^ ee ae bbx^tb, híitb HaBie^B na eee ctiia'b h nosopB. 
Efiani GeMOHOBETB se ;KyMajrB Bcero aroro, ho ^yBCTBOBajTB ^to-to 
TtBoe, ^ero HeiBSfl tfiiJio 611 nepexaTB HHBaBHMH hhhmb cjiOBaMH. 
HsTB cMa OHii ymejTB wh jtícb; ho na^fl Kyxa HxerB, AOÓpajica 
ovB AO rjyzoro npHTopBa, Byxa p^jpco saxo^^BJía nora ^ejioB^Ba. 
Tam owh tfpocHJCfl Jixnflwb im sen jk) h aapHxaai rpoMBO, sa* 
pHxa^rB BarB peÓeHORB, tohb-bi-tovb TaB'B, BasB njaBajTB Boria-ro, 
Borjia ero orpBBau otb jioÓBMOt, xaBHO yMepmeft ciapyxH-HflHBBfl. 

Bon Bor^a (Sn th^ Hana, CBasaja: 

— Atb tu BaHJi-BaHH>mBa, ropBBÍft not! 

MapBB OrenaHOBHa b Aim ooÓBpaiacB kb oiotb xeHB npory- 
UTBei noAaJiBme, laBi BaB'B noroxa CTOua oTjfflqHaa. Heenorpa 
Ha AftBHee satbo kb AepeBH'6, MapBH OienaHOBHa HHBorxa ne 
BHxoíHja Bs^ xoMy HHaqe vaxh rb nuumt b ho;^ Byajno; ona 
BBBorxa TaKBce ne saÓuBaia BaA'&BaTB nep^aniB, y KoropurB orpb- 
8áia ROHiBKH najiBiteBi, Borxa oeA noH8HaniHBadiHeB. 

HaxtoB mjiflny h nepnaTSB^ MapBi OienaHOBHa Bwjuuiyjia vh 
xfacByK) H Bauja topohbtb OA^BaBnunasa xímA. «Mh ceS^acB, 
MU ceĚHacB!* — HanepepuBi orBtnaiB efl Beceiue Tonne rojocsB. 
Bb Biy MBHyTy hsi A^BB^BeS pasAaica OfnaaHHiiM boha. 

— MapBfl OrenanoBHa, MapBfl GienaHOBHa, MaiyniKa! TaHio, 
Tanio y6BjiH, ao cnepra samB^iB! 

MapBfl OienaHOBHa yaaacHO nepenojomHiacB. 

— 9to, yto, hto? — Aposa cnpaniBBajia ona, Biidiraa bsi 
AfecBofi. Ha noport a^bb^boM oaa crojBHyMCB cb MaipemROfi, 
BOTopaa yi^naiacB sa nee h noraiuua ee sa co(Soft. 

Marpemsa saxjre^HBajiacB otb cjeai h ne nepecraBajia tbopabib: 
-^ TaHK)... ÁHHCBfl — BJ[K>HHBi](a... saniBÓJia... ao CMepni... 
MapBfl OrenanoBHa ao xoro óhavl nepenyrana, ^0 ne Moraa 



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64 mcmsi mPisusEU 

npcHBnecTH hh oxHoro cjOBa, oh& nosQpno cjšxoBua sa Marpem- 
Bofi H Bufbcrb Ch Bet Bonua kb rjaAHJbeyK). To, 9x6 ona yBH- 
X^jia, sacTasHio ee uoxoMj^Thi Tana jeacaja na nojiy; Bopon 
pytiaxH efl 6urb pa8opBaH'B, mho ÓxbfjaOj sarb nojnoTHO^ bojioch 
pacrpenaHu, ea n^esan KpoBb... vb yrjiy cioaia Ahecba, bcs 
6arpoBafl, cb HOSEHiuaiH vh pyRaxx. Ha Hee HacTynajr& Aram 
co ciOBam: 

— J[a noÓoĚcfl se th Bóra, ÁHncbfl! 

^at ABopoBiifl meumBBU cb nevamo h iciiyroMi na xmifb 
nooTOpexHO o&iHBan TaHK> BOAOtt. 

— ^To Tywí Taaoe? íto cjyquocb? — bca xposa wh ysaca, 
CDpannsajia Mapsn CTenaHOBsa. 

MaipemRa, npHciBi na bopto^bh obojio TaHH, roxocHJia: 

— OHj noMepaa, oft, MaijanaH cbítu! Oxx, TaHEomaa, oxi, 
cepxeHHafl! 

Mapbfl GrenaHOBHa Harayjiacb kb Tant h npBCjyniHBajEacB, 
XumflTi JH oaa. 

TaHfl nopuBHCTO Bsxiixaia. Mapsa OraiaHOBHa Bejri^a (Sašami 
DOJiOSHTB ee Ha jiaBBy h, cíb^bobojo AtBymaH, na^aia nouonu- 
BaTs ee no MnoEswb h pacrapaiB eM rpy^B. 

— AojiosHTe ÓapHHy, — cxasaia oaa^ o^pan^aicB Kh sen- 
II^iHaM'B. 

— JlfiL KTO nofixera-TO?— THXO nporoBopua oxHa hw hhxi. 
Ahhcui, ycn^Binafl vh 8to BpeMa BiipsaíMs orb Arana, 5po- 

cvia HosHIII^I Ha nojib h ci aiocrbK) ofipaTHJiacb n Mapbí Oře- 
nanoBHl: 

— He o6!b 9eM'b xoiuaxiiBaTb, ÓapEimna, hekofo lyn ho 
sanufiiH, a bojiího 6umo orb tiapiiHH naracKymaft boc^ o(^[)Í8ai%9 
Hy^ flH xoT^a, a ona boh^ npHTBopHjacb,— Hmb oteepja, 6jxto 
h Blb caMOMi^ xi^i, Be6ocb osEBen! Hy Bacb h coBC&irb! 

Ona 4>iipBHyja h ynua na cboh> noiOBHHy, cb esjíoft sauos- 
HyB!b sa 00601D xBepb. 

AraiFb, wMjífij rso (SiHsaimafl onacHocrb jgra TaHH XHHOBajiacb, 
orpaxHyjcfl, iiepexepHyji'^ cK>pTyB% na nxe9ax'b h co^apaica lose 
yĚTH, HO Mapbfl GienaHOBHa ociaBOBHja ero. 

— %o Tyra 6iu0| Aram? 

— noropa^Hjacb Amicbfl HoranoBHa, Borb h Bce-ci. 

— Jl^a BH 611 (SapvHy CBaaaiH.i. 

— HexbSfl-ci TociiOAaM'b 060 Bceirb xoBiaxHBaTb; xft bíxb 
TaTbflHa«TO ysrb h osHBaerb. 

TaHfl OTspHM raasa h c% n<momf>ío xjonoraBHUurb obojio nea 



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CTÁnHHHJI ffiU. 65 

6ůúh xortja npinoxHATBCfli ho ne xoria h ociuac& cix&tb ba 

— Ox*! — BnpBUOCB y Hea. 

— %ó, TaHK»nsa, iió, Óaitenaa?— cnpanraBaiH fiaCSu. 

TaHfl HHiero ne OTB&iaia* Mapbš OrenaHWHi 6juo ysacHO 
x&ib x^qrnnuiy ho osa pimHieJUHO ne anajui, htó CBasaib efi, h 
cixiJUk oioio aefl xona, noMepsEBai ee pyKOH) sa njieu; Bxpyn 
ofla TOHHo onoMHHjacB, nopuBicio oÓHua ee h, saiuasaBi, KpinBo 
noqiioaaja. O&b 6atfn loae Baoiasaju. Ho nyrby si ysacy CBoeicy^ 
MapBfl Gre^AHOBHa yne^d^a vh xBepui rjiaAUBHOft yneHEi^ cbo- 
wa: sfA MeHBndii, mipoKO pacspusi nasa h pru, uojnsL CMorpiu 
Ha TaHD; ciapmafl xe, IOjui, saKycHBi ry5u, rpoBiia Ryaa^Eom 

Ba ÁHBCBHHy ABepB. 

— & WA^-Basi csasy, ohi saxacrb Ahhcbí,— xpoiuui^flm 
rojocBOMi roBopHia osa. 

«OTsyAa 910 xíth 060 Bceirb y8HaH>rb?» xHBHiacB npo ce(Sfl 
MapBfl OienaHOBHa. Ona TopooíHBO yBOJia hxi, sopso cioposa, 
uoCh obš BaKB-Hi6yAB ne ynuH ci riam ea xotb TenepB-ro. Ho 
xavB oaa bh cioposnaa, a lOjii laaH-yxajiocB cBpuTbCfl sa iqr- 
cnuiH, sasB tojiuo ohÍ bobuh bi $0x60 ryciyK) lacrB ca^a. 
Mh^hsí CienaBOBsa, BnpoHeirL, xonaci Bantnuia aio h npHBuacB 
BBaxB H HCsaTB x^Bouy; bohcsh npoxojuKaiflCB xobojbbo aoito; 
BaxoBeAl, K)jfl orsy^a-TO BiiHupByjuk, rpoMBO CHlflCB h Ban'6Bafl: 

— A a lyrs 6iua, Bce Bpeiui sa sycioirb CHA^ja! 

MapBfl GrenaHOBHa BsxoxByjia cb oÓJier^enBími cepweiťB h 
OTB paxocTHy HTO BaHua ((irjflHsy, jifixe se sanoxosp^kia ea npaB- 

AHBOCTH. 

MesK^y ^i^^ ^u cojiraja — OBa bobco bo csuím «Bce 9to 
BpeMfl lyn se sa RycroMi*, a meorajacB y caxoBoll -orpaxu ci 
MaipemKot. 

— Kňxh 8T0 ciyiuiJOCB ch Tanefi? — CKasH, MaxpeniBa. 

— flfiij BOTB KasB, ({apuniBfl: tiapiiHfl TaBio nopynua ceroxHfl 
yrpoMi, TaHK)niBa noioici Bce h njaBaja, vh JleHyniKEHOft bom- 
Baasi BanepnmcB. Hinaia MeBfl AHHCBfl nociuaTB ee HCBaiB, aa 
fl csaaajia^ ^lo bck) ycaxB6y natfirajia, flHrA'6 bo Banua. Hotomi 
TaflDmBa nocii o6^A& nonua vb raaAHjn»By &bxbe cotfpaTB a& ci 
pyn cAaxB, h BApyra 8x0 Abecba HoranoBBa BiacTB lyAa Aa h 
cxBais TaHK) sa bocmh. A TasuniBa cepAOiBafl crpacTB lyrB 
BasB cnyrajacB Aa b maiByjiacB Tasí otb Abbcbb b BpnBByjia: 
«oě!» — A ABBCBfl noianoBfla bi Beft cb BOSBai^aMH jAderhi—sL 
Mfi^j TasoĚ-caBott, socu odcrpary! A TaBa efi: Bóra, roBopsTB, 
y Bací BŽxy, Abaoba IIoTanoBBa, a, roBopBTB, iceBi sa b&ci 

1ou% IY^Idi^ 1880. 5 



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66 MOTHIKB IBPOnH. 

6%raxa, neasejB bh... A ta e HacnynaerB: sa s^itb a tfiraia? sa 
B^iťB? roBOj^H! axi tqL. a MysEfla asoHa... xft RftB'& XBaxim Ta- 
Hiomsy co Bcero pasMaxy no mfivíb^ ^a no xpyrott... Ta cepjte^nafl 
TaB'B na nojTB h rpoxnyjiacB, a Aeecu ee sa Bopon py6axH 
cxBaTHJia Aft H ipenjierE... h bco bi eft ci nosHBi^aifff, (r& noas- 
HHi^aMH... caMa BpHBOirb bpeihtb, TaHH>niBy Bcnmrs cjoboitb 
o68UBaerb... TyT'B bc% bi rjraxHnHy bcbo^hjih, a Aram ^HiaTn^B 
Ahhcbk) otí TamomKH OTianitiJii, x^ sa pyBH xepsaTb cian. Hy, 
41 RaicB yBHxajia, tfo TaniomBa otfMepnm, Tairs h no^^ajia, ^to 
AnHCBfl ee ao CMepra y($Hja... ne noMmo si, Bav% h vh aoite 
BCBO^iHJia H crajia MapBio OrenanoBny BJHBaTB^ noTOMy k% 6apHHy 
ne nocMÍjia. 

— ^a sa HTO se dxo MaMa n AnecBA na TanH) TaBx cep- 
;i(flTCfl?— cnpocHja fOiífl, Roropas BHHMaTejiBno Biicjiyniajm pascsasi 
MaTpemRH. 

— He CM^H) fl naiTB Toro, fiapiimmi, CBasuBaTB. 

— A TU CBasH. 

Maipemsa jsfixro OTBasMBajracB,— naBonei^ saroBopnja: 

— Ahhcba^o sa Arana cep^Hicfl, mno owh Bce ci TaneS niy- 
TETB, — ny, TOJiBBO TaHfl es nniTB nnBorxa, nn, Bose moS. A 6a- 
pHnd sa ^0? — MaTpemRa na^ajia menraTB: — Jífi Mfjm xflXenBsa ' 
BanrB na Tani^ sennTbCfl, — botb fiapuna h BeiHTi ee npo^B, na 
cBornHfi cornaTB sa to... 

— Kto? wjsfi Banfl xo^eiB na Táni sennTBCfl? — xft ona ne 
({apHmnfl, ona ^ep^BencBafl! 

— ^To-ax TaKoe, hto xepeBencKaa: sn^no, no noMi xopoma, 
juo6b, eny. 

— Hy, Bonenno, bto KaBi jaxa xo^ctb, — tojbbo EaBx se bto? 
H)jia saxyMajiacB. 

— Hy, Moseix 6htb, xasB n jy^nie, — h fla^fe Jiyqme 6yíerB, 
n TaH'6: bÍa^ ohh o^eHB jspópme o6a, — hitb Óyjsfin xopomo, ohh 
ípyra xpysBy otínsaiB ne 6yxyrB, a lenepB— n ja^K) oCnsaiorB, 
H TaHEo... Ox^ero se th, Marpemsa, xhak> ho nosBaia^ — caiia 
TU roBopmnB, ito onB TanK) jiH)6nrB... Tu xotb xenepB ony cBasn. 

— ]ífl ne snaio h, vxb HBam GeMenu^B... na BumBi hxb 
Hfey,— a xoxHjia... 

— A TU nonn^H. 

— Jlaxno, noH^y! n BaB'B-nHBaB'B, a natxy. 

— Hy, fl nofixy^ Marpemsa, a tu, CMorpn, nenpeir&nno otue^h 

Djfl 6ujio-OTonija otb orpa^u, no xor^acB onaTB BepnyjacB. 

— A TanH TenepB rx4? 



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GTiPHHHHil lUk. 67 

— TaHiDQiBa, Basi onoMHiuacB, lasi otipfl^HJiacB x& si $e- 
;^iHxi ymja; cani Arairb ee nocjajn, ito6u Aheoba^ coxpaHH 
focnoAH, emfi Baisoro rjKbxa se ea^aia, — o^uhho ona h TenepB 
pascBflpiniMniH. IIpocHJiacb a ch TaHeft — ;QrifaD: ne xotfpeciB eft 
oxioft Ao naxoTHHa, — xa ona ne Bsaaa... 

— Hy, Hjqi TenepB HCKaTL j^juo. 

K)jx notftsajia ks Mapsi GienaHorat, a Marpemsa ornpa- 
BuacB HcsaTb HBaea CeiieHOBBva. OtfftraFB cax^ h uwrjifb ne 
Hatxfl erOy osa npomja bi Ji'6ci9 ho xojfo ajBajiacB lavB no- 
saDpacHy« noBa, HaBoneirB, ee HaTBHyaacB na SBana CeMeHOBH^a, 
BosBpan^aBmarocfl AOMofi. Ohi me^rB, nonypHBi roJiOBy, norpyses- 
flHf FB ne^iajiBHoe paBxyMBe, ho bhaa h ne crama Hi<iero. 

MarpeniBÍ npHmjiocB xepnyrB ero sa pyBaBig- wto6u oÓpaTHiB 
Ha ceóji ero BHHicaHie. 

— íero Te(5*? — hohth icnyranHo cnpocui ohi. 
MarpemBa, cHaiau Hex^enno h nyiaflCB, ho Majo-no-icaJiy 

Bce 6ucrpbe h cBJíaxH^e pascsasajia o tomi, htó npoHSOouo bi 
naxHJiBHofi. 

2£ajiocTB H &IOCTB xyHiBaH HBaHa GeiceHOBH^a. Botb Bxpyn 
Bsijo H ciy^HJocB iBRoe, xyse ^ero, Baseioi, yasi h Óutb ne 
Morio: ero Tanio, ero jno^Hicyio x^Bymay ocBopÓJHJcii, óhjib... 

— Fx* Tana?— xpnn-io cnpocHJii ohb MaipeniBy. 
Ta xftse HcnyrajiacB ero roaoca h BupaseHBa jihi^i. 

— Bi naxoTHHO, Kb ^exyJiHxi ynua... 

HBavB GeMeHOBHTB qepesi nojie notftsajii no HaupaBieniio 
IB naxoTHHCBoa xoport. Ohx HyBcreoBajii, hto eny cefi^acB, ciio 
MEHyry nysHO bbx^tb Tanio. Oh^b ne snaerB, ^xó HMenao esa* 
aeTB efl, — ne BHaera, bbbb ona ero BCTptxarB... ito sa Hysxft 
eny sHaiB aro?.. eicy nysno ee sex^tb: ohb yriniHrB ee, ohb 
csaseTB efl, Basi OMy sajib, san, sajiB ea. 

«3b4ph, 3b4ph!» xorfcjiocB eny BpHRHyrB. Ohi aHCBHBaii 
8y6u H Bce npH($aBJiflji máry. Maipemsa rjax^^A eny bcjšx'b. 

— HmB, (MfexHTB BaRi>! bhxho, h bi caMi-x*^* owh na Ta- 
HioniB'^ seHHTBCfl ^axHTca! 

CHepaajocB; MpaB'B saH-j^iHO cryn^ajca nox'B oiBxaifH h paÓH- 
HaiCH, rjyniHBniHMH naxoroHCByK) xopopy, BOTopaa mjia bxojib 
03epa. Ha nefi HBRoro ne 6iijio bhxho. 

— Tana!— KpHRHyji HBaHB GeMenoBETB. — Tana!— noBTopnjTB 
OHB, ycHJHBaa rojocB. 

BxpyrB oMy cTa.io no^eMy-ro cíparano. «To;íbbo 6h ne cjy- 
MaocB CB Hefl ^ero?..» Oh^b Bsrjanyjii na osepo: ono OTjniBa.io 
cipo-crajfBHUirB 6«iecR0Mi crbosb npora.iEHEi Hexxy xepeBBEHH. 

6* 



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68 E^crmi iBPonH* 

MopoBi npoine:s'B no ros% HBaHa GeiieHOBH^a. 

— Rirbj nivbj ona btoto ne CA^JiaeTi! 
Bose Hofi, Bose Mofi, Kaxx bootb ero ^yma! 

— TaHfl, Tana!— OMTb BpHSHyjii owb. 

OiB^Ta ne Óíhjlo. JI^epesbA HEHOsajuiCB, osepo — rose; xopom 
nua lenepb no 6oiOTHCTOMy lyry; Bnepex^ 6^^o x^eico bhxho — 
HH OAHoro SHBoro cyn^ecTBa ne 6ujlo na xopor^ 

— Tana, Tana! oxueiCHHCb, rojyÓKa moa! 

HBaHi GeiceHOBHqi jiflůimíuťh no^in ao (Spesen^aTiux) Mocra 
Hepes^B p^uy, xesmyK) K^b osepy; hh ao pi^RH, hh sa neft hh* 
qero ne bbabšjiocb na leiíHOM^ ^hš lyra. 

— Tana! Tana! Tana!— 6e8i c^era, ci oi^aasBeii^B noBropaJTB 
HBaBi CeneHOB^Hrb. 

Ohi nomejii no Hocry maroMi, nepOBOAfl Ayx'B. 

«0-ox'b!» pasAajica rA'i^-TO b6jh8H, vh cropont otb Aopora, ne 
TO B3A0XI, ne TO CTOffb. HBaHii CeMenoBHii^ ocraaoBEJca, kblvb 
BBonaHHiifi. 

«0-ox'b!» Boh^ hto-to nepn^terca HanpaBO, y caMaro 6epera» 
HBaHi CeneHOBH^i 6pocHJica Tyxa onpoMerBio... 3to sycTu oibxb, 
8a flflMH ?TO-TO 5&ioe na lyry. 

— Tana, th, rojiy6ymBa? 

HBaHi CeMenoBEHi, na soj^bbxi^ noju% Tann^ BCMaTpHBaica 
efi vh mnfl cbbobb TeMHOTy... oh:b Aepsaji'B ee sa pynn. 

BesrpasHHHaa paxocTB oxBaTHJia ero Aymy: cmí nameii ee, 
Ob HeĚ HH^ero ne cjyqejiocB — h TenepB oh!b (tb neS, owb san^H- 

THTl, COXpaHHTB 06 OPB BCOFO. 

— GBasH se ubí iT0-HH6yxB, po^naa? Focnoxn, x& ona vh 

OÓMOpOB^! 

Ofi'B c5£saA'B Kh fimsíbj saqepnnyjii bow b% 4^ypasBy h 
HaHaji'B o6jBBaTB eio jihi^o A^BymsH, otfnaB^B ee oahok> pyBOK) 8a 
njieHH. BApyrB Tana pBaeyjiacB orB eero. 

— Kto th TaBofi? — BpHKHyjia ona ne cbohmi rojiocoiii. — Tefia 
AnncBa npecjiajia: — bohx ona, boh% cb HOSHBi^aMH jiaerB, ^'iserB, 
nacrynaerB, nOMoniTe!.. 

— 3ro Hy a, Tana, rojyÓBa, ycnoRofica, — HBBaaofi Ahhcbh 
bívl... ne crpamna ona naMi TenepB... He Óoftca, a ne a&ms 
Te6a FB o6nxy; A& yBnafi tu nena, HHJiaa! 

Tana BxpyrB BapuAajia Tasx rpoMRO, TaBi saiRO, ito IlBaHy 
CeMeeoBHHy noRaBajiocB, 6yAT0 cepAue ero rpobbh) hcxoahtb. 

— He nja^By iiHJiaa, ne nJiaiB: a TeÓa vb ofia^y ne a^u^b. 
Ona npaaRajiacB r'b Heny. 

— BaÓymaa, rojyfiyniRa, — axi, RaR'B mhíi xasRO, RaRi TasRo! 



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GnpiHHUJi jkUk. 69 

— ročnojH, xA OEa fipejHrB, OHa Bce eme ne fb ce(řS! 
JbĚjípy Tpyjíf> H pysH TaHH rop^jiH. IlBaH's GeHeHOBH^'B cHOBa 

<ípOCHICS KS plHB%. BoBBpaTHBinHCB CB BO^^OS, OHI ODflTB CTaJTB 
Ha KOrtHH H — TO^HO B'6k'B CBOft ZOAHJTB Sa ÓOJIBHHMH— JTeFKOft H 

HisHOfi pysoft HaqajTB BumpaiB jhi^o h pyRH jjbBymKE MORpmcB 
maTROiTB. Oaa ne o6opoH8JiacB^ a CH^ijia Mo:i^a, no BpeMeEraMs 
Tij6om Bs^^Hxafl. QBany CeneHOBH^y 6eijio h 6ojibho, h xopomo. 
HiKTO He npHseTB renepB crow? hto6h paMy^HTB HXTb, — hhrto, 
' a eciH <Sn sto npHmejiB, ecjiH 6ei Bs^yiiairB rťo craiB Mess^y hqmh, 
TenepB hjh nowi... tto-to ropa^ee saRHiiijio y Hero bi rpy^H — 

J(a OHI... OFB CBOHMH pyRaMH y^BOTB BCHRarO, RTO npOROCHeTCfl, 

ETO TOJBBo noxciynHTCfl Jťh Hefi! 
TaHJi oiHyMCB. 

— Tocnoj^H, xa tto bto? Tjsfb oto ona? Bx noji* hoibeo h 
oioio Hea PIsaHi CeHeHOBH^i, o($HHMaeTB ee o^hoA pyROfi, a 
xpyrofi, 5yAT0 naiB pcxHaa, rja^HTB no roJOBŠ, no pacrpenaB- 
nmca pycuicB BocaHi. TaH% B^pyrB CA^ajocB xaKi Tonjio na 
xyin^ TaKB xopomo, Óy^ro Tam h HaAO...TO?HO ee bto-to a&bho, 
OfeHB xaBHo RpoBHO oÓH^^IjrB H OHa ytfisajia otb o6bjiji no^x 
šanony HBana CeMenoBii^a — h TenepB efi yse h ne ropBRO, h 
ee crpamno, a to^bro xopomo. H Taní ohi eS AoporB, — Aopose 
Bcero Ha cv^ri... h eft ne cob^ctho BOBce, hto ohb TaR'B botb 
oChajtb ee: bí;^ 9to ofb, HBaHB CeneHOBHHi, a ne Rro-HnfiyxB 
^yrofi. Ona npn^sajiacB r'b neny h thxo, e^sa Cďunmo, nporoBO- 
pflia: «rojQr6nR'B!» 

y HBana CeiieHOBH^a jí^íime cjiesíi 6pu3HyjH. 

— JIioÓHmB, jnatfamB? CRasn, MHJiafl? 

— Jbo6jí¥>j — oxx, jiJo6sfo\ — menrajia Tana, npaia jim,o na 
!py» ero. 

BffpyTB ona jiHXopaxo^Ho saroBopHja: 

— MejtuB, xopomit, AaBHO nojiio^H^ia, 6e3i M^ps... Bo ch% 
te6i Bce BHA'6jia... Focnoxy Bory jik)6obb cbok) BTHXOMo^ay co 
ciesaMH CRasHBajia... a re&b CMOJi^aja 6uj nonepjia 6a, BHXy ne 
noAaBniH, Ra5Br ne sjíue jhoah. Hy, h cjiaBa toÓ^ FocnoAH^ hto 
HcrepsajiH kohs, nna^e a. 6u neGib bo vbjvb ne npHanajiacB. 

— GoRpoBHn^e tu Moe, Tana uosí, ne pascraHycB sl TenepB cb 
to<k)l! 

— 7 HHROFAa, cjiHmHmB Baňa, yŘffiWh b% $eAyJiHX%: shtb y 
Hea <^AeirB... Te6a ne hocmíiotb TponyTB... Oxi, xerijia a Hecraott 
AiByiDKoft f6ri nposHTB, A^ Bce oaho, hto (Ses^ecTHoB cjiBua! Hy, 
larB nopaAyfica xotb th Rpacoft Moefi A^BBqBefl!.. H 5yAy a Te6t 
BftpHott senofi, ne nojnotfoBHHi^efi; ne 6yjsfiTh nacB nonx Bl^H^aTB, 



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70 nWiEKB^b IBPOflH. 

sa TO cam Focno^B yciuniHTL o(í6a^HÍe Moe jiio6htb h no^HTETB^ 
Te6A AO CMepTBaro ^acy! A npHAercfl otb jlídabř TepjAn sa to, 
TaKi fl sa c^acTBe npHify— noroMy Bcero na cbšt6 tu mh% uíuAe..^ 
TaiKB MHjix, íTO a FB rpo(5i sa Te(5a Jiary — na cjiOBOirB, hh no- 

KHOJOIŤB O&B TOMl He HOPOpiOK)... 

^yBCTBO ({esicipHaro Bcenorjon^aioii^aro c^acTBH oxBaTiiBajro 
HBaHa GeifeHOBH^a npH sBysi TaHHHofl pŠHH. Eicy sasajiocB, hto 
OH^ CB BasAOfi MHHyToft Bco tfojBme H ÓojiBnie mÓEVh ee. He 
Rpacy en oj^ny, — h4tb, CMy Bce Óuslo vb net Aoporo: ea tojoct, 
ea ciesu, ea bbaoxh... Oob crajii i](640BaTB ee bi& rjasa, vb vy6u... 
Tana ofinaja ero h npEJBByM ropa^efi n^eBofl b'b ero jíeuj. 
HBany GeMenoBH^y 5u;io TaB^ sajiB, asajiB ea: esiy xot^ocb naTe- 

PHHCROS H^SHOCTBK) SaCTaBHTB eO SaÓHTB BCK) FOpeU TOFO, ^6 

oHa BHTepn^Jia. %ó Bna^ua crpacTL, ÓymeBaBinaa y nero b^ 
rpyxH, Bx cpaBHeHÍH ci stbitb TeniUM^B qyBCTBOirB jik)6bh h a^a- 
JOCTH, HanojiHBBineifB Bce cyn^ecTBO ero! 
Ofl^ noAHBJí^ TaHH) na hofe. 

— Tu ooBdbwb (k)JiBHa, cobcšm^b, mob MHJieHBBaa, xaft a ea^ 
pyRax'B cHecy TeÓa AOMofi! 

— Oxi, ne BB ycaABÍÍy, rojiyC^BB-B, noBjeMre Kb ÓatfymBŠ. 

— Eyxa xo^eniB, Moa HeaarjiaAHaa! EyAa xo^emB, Tyw h 
noflxeM^B — H He jsfiMi^ a Te6a wb oÓH^y HHBOMy bb ufiMWb cbítI. 

— JíafiTe, a cana nofl^y... 

Tasa CA^báajia h^bojibbo maroBi, maTaacB h xepauu^B sa HBaHBr 
CeiieHOBH^a— OHa xposajia h AHmajia Tasejio, ho Maao-no-najy 
HiarH ea crajiH Tsepaie. nsani CeMeHOBHH'B^ nouepsHBajTB ee* 
Mex^eHHO HOABHrajiHCB ohh BnepeA'B no tomhoII xoport. Bcetfiuia 
hího BpyroM'B, tojbbo pi^sa BTHxoiiojiBy sypqaia, x& AsaH^ Ce- 
veHOBB^«B no speiieHaii^B, HarnfiaacB Kb jiBAy Tann, menrai^B: «Mh- 
jiaa, MEJiaa Moa»! 

— ^ero BTO HHH* cotfaKH TaK-B pasfipexajHCB? — ffiBEaacB $e- 
xyaBxa, Boropyio pa86yAHa'B orB nepsaro CHa 6imemni aafi co- 
C&XCB08 ABopnarn. Ona orqaaHHO sajHBajacB, h efi Cesnosofina 
BTopEJH 6ojňe A^eRÍe co6auH rojoca. 

— BaÓBa, OTBopafi! — pasjajica B^pyrB no^B obhoiix hs6h ne- 
snaBOHutt rojiocB h bto-to sacryqajTB no nosoBOHHEi^. GTapyx& 
BcxpeneHyjacB: * 

— Tocnoffi iHcyce! xft HHKaKB ito-to cjiyrajioca! 

Ona cnycraaacB cb ne^H h na^ajia mapHTB b^ norensaxi,. 
crapaacB OTucBaTB cana ho snaa ^ó — ne to Jiy^EHy, ne to myraft, 
GTyKB noBTopnaca cHaBH'ie, coÓasH rpoM?e sa^aa^E. 

— ^a OTBopat se, 6a6Bal aro uu\ 



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CTiPIfllHJi X1^^- 71 

— Kto bh-to, xpHCTOBHe? sazBopajcby ^to-jil, sto? 

— Hsi Xhíjibhhrobi, TaiLaHa— » a! 

— OntH cb4th, xa wo bto? — ^menrajia cxapyxa: ona ue zbub, 
nooca HBaHa GeiieHOBna, ch Boropiím eS HHSorxa ne npuoAH-' 
jocL roBopHTb* HasoHeivB, jiyuHa ÓsiJia Bs^yra, h ciapyxa ocro- 

POZBO npiOTBOpHJa QSHO, CTOpOHflCb CTh HerO H BnSLfflBMCh^Vh 
TCMBOTy, 

— HHsaxft TaBiDinsa H ecTB! — saroBopEJia OHa, yBE^iBi aieH- 
esyi) ^Hrypy, Óesnoicoii^HO ODycTHBmyHKď na saBajiHHBy. 

— A TH sio, (ianoniBa? — oCpaiHjacB ona ki HBany CeneHO- 
BB^y. 

— Áx^hj (aósa, se bhahidb ^tto-jih? b HBaHi GeiíeHOBBVB; no- 
TopooflCB se, raiytiymBa: — ^Tans bohi cefi^acB oÓOMpers, HacHJiy 
X ee H xoBejTB ao leCfl. 

— Qx%, cBBTHTejBl — 6sí6k2l BcniecHyjuk pyKaiiH, h na BWPb pa8'B 
co Bcbx% Hon no<$%asajia b'b Boporam, cnoruBaflCB ors BOJineHÍk 

I BCe BpeXB ^TO-TO npHHHTSBafl. 

TaHK) BBOJiH Bi HBÓy H yjosHJH HB laBsy. Ofla TOT^acB Bnaja 
vh saÓuTBe, no BpeMenaiii BSAparaBafl h hto-to ÓescBasno roBops 
Bpo ceÓB. 

— %o cay^HJOCB-To, ito cjyiejocB? — ropecrjHBO AonpamnBaja 
nBBHa CeHenoBB^a ^e^yiíHxa, cyerscB no b86'6. 

HBan^B CeHeHOBB^TB, ycrajo onycTHBmiftCB na jaBsy obojo 
Tebi, pascBásajii^ ciapyxí Bce, ^ló nponaoniao bi Xn&iBHHBaxx. 

— Arbj TEi rocnoAHl Bon rpixoBi BaBHX'B naTBopHJH Myra- 
texBy — ^fljo, ^MO Moe cepxite! — TBepwjia njia^a ciapyxa. 

Tana AOJiro xBopau. HBan^ CeiceHOBH^i ne otxoxhxb ot^ 
Hea. Ob% ne saxoT^^ BepnyrBca vb XicijBHBBn. Owb ocraica 
BMicrt ch Taneft asHTB y ^ejtynDun, 

Eor^a KiBsaBera IlerpoBna BepnyjiacB bbi ropová, Ahhcbh 
loioauja efi o cMymsBjmmca, ospáCHBi cBofl pascBasi, sasi efi 
(»uo HyjBHO. EjnsaBera IlerpoBna MOi^a Buciymaja ee h, icb 
yjQiBjieHÍH> bjik)9Hhi^U9 ne or^aja no dioicy fijkij HHBaBBxi npnsa- 
saeiĚ. nx'B ne nociixoBajio h nosse, Kb BanHafirneHy BsyMienÍH) 
BceS XH&fbHHBOBeBott lejBAH. ?TÓ BacaexcB Maxania CateHOBEHa^ 
TO ABopna ne ysnaja nniero aC^ ero OTHomeniH b^ cjiyiHBnie- 
Bycfl, TaBi BaB^B oh:b hh bo hto ne BM^niBBajicfl hbi tofo, ^tó 
ucajiocB ynpaBjenifl npBCJiyrofi— no Biofi npE^nnš ony h vb na- 
ud( ne 6euo xoJioseno o Cibrcmb Tann. 

Korxa HBaffB CeMenoBB^'B lepesi n^ROXBBO xnefi npnciajTB 
Ba CBOHMH Ben^aMH, hx^b cjioshjui na lejiry n vb i^'bjiocTfl Aocxa- 
BKu eMy. MnxaHax CeiienoBH<i'B nornxoHEBy on senu nociaji^ 



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72 ncTHiirb npom. 

({paiy HŠCBonRO ffiuené, IIocHna sra, Bupo^eirB, 6oxhme He 
noBTopaJiacB. 

OceHbK) RocTHpeBu yixajra fe ropoxi h ne B08BpanutracB 
Óoxbvae vh Xh&ibhvbh. IIpoisoiiLio oto BcitxcTBÍe toto, hto Te- 
Tymsa Co^ba GrensHOBHa raBpuoBa bi dry se SHiiy npEsasam 
Xoiro SHTB, H MflxaHJťB CeMeHOBHTO Ha Beesy nep«cenjics vh ea 
GovsLTjn noxHOCKOBHyio. 

Co^bfl OienaHOBea HHwro hb orsasajia HBaHj GeMeHOBH^, 
a HasHama crapinaro lueiiaHHHaa exHHCVB6HHiiirfc naci^AHHKOirfc, 
TavB xan cjHniBoirB 6Hia BOUfyn^eHa (JeBHpaBCTBeHHmcB noBe^e- 
HÍeiTB luaxinaro, o ^ewb eft HeoxHospaTHO h ch ropeifB nHcan 
EiHsaBera IlerpoBHa. MHian^L CeMeHOBHq's pasa xsa npitosajrB 

Vh XufblhWnM XU nOiyTOHÍfl apeCTBAHCRETB OtipOSOKB, HO 9TH 

u&bBKBM cxopo HMO^^ eiiy, h oh^ npoAaji Hii^Hse, aan toibso 
HaBepHjiCfl bhtoxhhI nOBynn^HSi. Ob (SparoiTB MHxaHjrB Geiie- 

HOBHTB He BHj^Cfl HH Vh OJSfWh Wh CBOHrB HpiŠBXOBl. 



IlpomJO XBaffl^aTB-niETB jAvh, XH'6jaHHKH MaJIO HSlrtHHlHCB, 

pa8BÍ( jšca RpyroiTB nopifiíkjni ^a caxi nepexB xohoitb ryn^ 
paspoccfl. 

Ctoétb sapaoe jt^to: Óajsonnaa xsepB Óonmot ciojOBOt 
OTBpHTa— BHoeM'B iiHmerB hbtb caxa, h xo x^Bymu, CHxn^et fb 

CTOJIOBOt, HBXaJíH OTSyxa-TO XOHOCflTCfl BCi THCa^H BByaOBl, BO- 

TopmiH uojiowh wifyrh apRaro jtouiro xm* 

B'B BOMHarl THxo, TOiBBO MyxH HeyroMOHHO syssarB, boio- 
THCB o creBJía, xft hbi npHxoset cjnnnHTca BaBoe-TO crpannoe 
ir&pHoe npH^HTaHBe: 

— EyBH-a8i-<$a-6a! B'6xH-as'B-Ba-Ba! Fiaron-aBi-rza! 
^^Bymaa thxohbbo BcraerB, lyBaBO HaBioHaerB roioBy c% 

BOpOTBHMH BBIOn^HMHCfl pyCHHH BOaOCaifH H nOXBpaXHBaeTCS KB 

XBepflHi npHxoseft. 

— B'6xH-affB-Ba-Ba! — aa^B-ro cjiaxBO-coHHO HantBaerB pdjiocb k, 
BxpyrB osBBjíflacB, cypoBO h yůbfjnejhEO orqeBaHHBaerB: naroiB- 
asi-rxa! JI|'6ByniBa ne BuxepsHBaerB h paspasaerca camnrB seče- 
joiiTB ciÁxoitb: 

— OexoTBa! OexoTBa! hoxh ck)x&. 

Ha dovh HOAHHifaeTca CEX^Brnift y crojia vh npHXoseft Bope- 
HacTHft npnseMHcniS nysHHOKB vh CHHeirB apxnaft, aaBoft ho- 
carB noM^n^HHBH BasaiBE: y aasana en^e nojy-petfa^ecBoe, ho 
saifiHaTeiBHO cepBfisHoe mno^ vh pyaaxB owh xepsHrB Tojcmft 



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CTAPHHHHA H^Jl. 78 

dp&t HyjfOKB, vn Koroparo Top^arB ^erHpe Koporsiff h oieHB 
TOicnifl cnHi^ii. Ha crojrí^ pacspura sacajieHHafl crapafl aatfysa. 

— Íero-CL? — ortBHBaereii ohi. 

— Cjrjrmafl, 6exoTKa! saTbirB tu Bce no crapHHHOicy leraeiiiB; 
By,pa8BÍ He lene saiTB z Tetfa y^na: s-a-Ba? 

— Jlene-TO oho Jiene^ Anna MEKOianna, xa no crapEH- 
lOMy-TO se Bi^ npHicipi saHATH^! 

— Hy, Bon cb loíJofl; Kor^a no-Koevy ne xo^íeniB, ynnCB 
no-CBoeiiy! 

O^OTsa cHOBa ycasHBaerca sa ast^ysy h ^jiobi, a x^ByniBa 
BOSBpantaercfl na CBoe iť&cro h 6eperB RHery. Ho eS cbjt^ho, eft 
le nraeroi fb ary sapy, ona siBaerB h Óepercfl sa KaHBOByio 
p«(oiy, BOTopafl jiesHTB nepexi Heft na ctojš, b ceft^ac^ se 6po- 
caen u ee. Ho bhaho h OejífynA ne bi hohb yqRTBCfl vb ototb 
saot: OH^ 6epesH0 csjíapiBaen ^jovh h BHnry, h sajosHBi pyKH 
sa cnHHy, ocroposHO crynaa, BXoxirrB b^ sajiy. GreneHHO noAxo- 
xm ORB KB patJo^OHy crojiHBy, 8a BoropniťB, OTRHHjrBinHCB rb 
specjio, CHAVTB A^BjrmRa. 

niHTBe tíapHmHH otohb saHHMaeTB Rasana, oco6eHHo HpaBATCí 
eiy yse roroBiie XBa rojiytfKa na fItkí. 

— GaMa-CB, aft— He-CB?— cepBBsHO cnpamHBaerB offB, THKaa 
naiLi^eirB bb rojiy^BOBi. 

— Az!B 111, ^xaiCB! BOHerao, caMa BimiHjia. A to bto se? 
OeAOTxa Bi HOCB nporoBapHBaerB: «rirB!» bhj^hmo coMH^BaacB 

n jowbj ^w6u jriHEBaa 5apuniHfl Morjia HT0-Hn6yffB cpatforaTB 
» mfi TEKoe BpacHBoe. Oetb, BnpoieirB, vn bšsj[hbocte ne bh- 
oasaBaerB acasáe CBoero comh^hía, ho ÓapHmHfl xopomo hohh- 
xaerB nexoBŠpie OexoTBH h ohatb ney^epSEMO xoxo^erB. 

«?ero saxHBaercH, hhib sasaTHjiacB!.. ^yxHo!* xyícaercfl 6e- 

— Oft, CByroo, OexoiyniBa!— ({apuniHtf cHOBa sisaeTi. — 3a 
iroflaMH OB, ^no jh, cxoxhtb. Fx^ x^BjrnncH? 

— Tfíil? — HpOHHHeCBHOTBHBaeTCfl OeXOTBa: — H8B'ÍCTH0, bb ByXHÍ 

(uicH TO^arB! IlapacKOBBfl TaicB cb hmh naxoTHHCRas. 

— Atb, Haina! OexoryniRa, roxftf^HirB, ctitrafi, hosobh ee 
ODxa!.. a to h^^, croft, a caiia no(%ryI 

OexoTsa CB yxOBOACTBieirB OTsasHBaeTCfl otb xosxeHis sa 
Ilamefi; 6apiiniHfl BCBasHBaeTB, (H^htb cb tfanona vh cax'B, or- 
TW BEBopaqHBaeTB Ha o6caseHHHft pa^EHaicH h (epesaiiH xbo^b, 
I BOTB OHa yse na nopor^ ByxHH. TaifB pasxaercfl BeceJiafl tfoi-' 
wu xeHCBRx% rojiocoBi, cuoja[BaK)iiiHX'B npH noflBJíeHÍH Ahhh 
BamaeBHH. 



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74 Wh^RBXh IBPOnH. 

— Az'B, Basifl Bil! BOTL H sEifOJi^ajiH! Hy, pasBt fl BSM% ir6* 
maTB npHiiLia? x^ cM^fiTecB se, Hy!.. botb Bcerxa Tasí, Toirao < 
6a5a-flra BaRaa! lipaso! IlaineHBBa! — oópan^aercfl tiapHioHfl b^ 
CTaxHoi Bpyr.iojHi](e8 MOJioxyri, cnAflipeft ea jaBsi: — hto-si bto 
TU, xaiymBa, bo mhí Be samjia? 

MojOAyxa BCTaerB js, yiH5aiicB, noxzoxBrB b% niwynnebj sa- 
tímii oHa yTHpaerx port pyBasoirB py6axn h tpesxh lacBOBO 
nijjetai ch ÁHHOft HHBOJiaeBHoS. 

— Jla^HJiacB sLj cyAapuHLBa, j^a botb Bosu-xe sa^epsaiH. 

Kosu— Xb£ SAOpOBUfl, pyi£flHiIfl A6p6BeHCBÍfl xtBBH, Bl H^Meit* 

BHXi njaTBflxi, Becejio cir&Hm^. 

— Axx, nama^ CByrao! — «ajyeTca 6apiiinHfl.— Kana ci Ma- 
Mofi TOJiBBO H x^aK)Ti, iTO ciiflrB, BOFxa sapBO — a JI ee raaio 
Byxa A^TBCfl... IIoĚAeMTe BynaiBca, hto jle, hjh sa aroxaiiH!.. Ilot- 
AeiTB, nama, boib tu BaBaa Becejiasl.. 

— HeaBBfl MH% HHBaBi, cyxapuHBBa! a h to Bacnx^acB, 
BorB Ch dHTHMH, upaxi HX'B DofiopBl SI B^AB sa jsjbiom T02Se 
npHmjia b'b BaM^B, a to bi» Tasó crpa^noe Bpeicfl HEsaBi^ HejBsa 6u 
HBi AOMy OTjy^iHTBCfl, Ba^H He sa JlijlOWh. 

— A 9T0 Te6i HysHO, Ilaina? tu caasH hhš, Maiia-To cniTB^ 
vb seH TenepB HejBSfl. 

— JífiL BHXHmB- jn, MaTymBa, nonepi y nacTB qejOBiiesib qxhvb 
H cxopoHHTB ero Bevkwhi botb h apnaijia a y MaMOHBBH TBoeff 
nocnpomaTB, ne noseprsyerB jh nůwh. 

— Kto bto noMepB, Ilama? 

— Jl^a TU He BHaeniB, fiapunma, tiujTB y HacB na xepeBH^ 
qeiOBÍ^eBi TBBofii xflAefi-BaHefi npoBUBajicfl— ÓesoÓH^Hutt, Bosift 

ieJIOB%BT> 6ujix 

KpeCTBHHHHl, HTO JIH, BaiITB naXOTHHCBÍB? 

— H4rB, METymKa, hsi samero, rocnoflcaaro po^y, — npesnara 

6i^HHa Hamero, MaxaSau CeMeeuHa, ^parei^B. 

— KaBi se dTO oh!b TaBX oÓijíM^jny? & ciumaia, hto Eoctu- 

peBu (ujH oneHB <$oraTu. Axi, xa tu jy^me caasu ue% ace 
npo 8Toro jmffo BaHio. Bce pasno — ne yttxeaiB, nosa Mana h6 
BcraHeTi, A oaa ^acrB Te6^ acero, hto HysHo, Kana ysi He 
OTBaserB, tu cana SHaeniB. 

— Hy, HHi jaxHo!— paacBasuaaTB— Ta^B paacBasuBaTB. 

Mojoxyxa ycasHBaerca h HanaHaeTi: 

— Bhxhhib jh, Óujii, BaBi CBasano, nejioatBi TaBoft 6ea- 

XHTpocTHufi H Ha cspHHBŠ Hrpaji— axi, xopomo: (Susajio, Bas^B 
(MymáemB, b jno6o Te6'6 b cana njaneniB, ny cjiobho botb Basoe 
6uio y Te6a ropioniBO, TaB'B ace cb Te6a h cunaeTca— h TaBOBO 



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OTAPKEIHfl X^IÁ. 75 

ttí^ lePKO cxaHerB. H uojljoÓe toťb ($apHHÓRÍ A*BymKy, eI^e ly- 
mso VB ycaxBfii, y Ópaxita MHxafiju GeMeHHHa SHBma. A ^- 
Bynna la wjlbm se BpiinocTHafl Csrjia, TaTBanofi ssajiE. lí Moa 
HAMymKa Tyrb vh rh nopu bi ;(ÍBqoHBax^ SEJia^ hotomi sa My- 
sHsa vb naxoTHHi 8aMys'B Biimja, saRi naneHBBa xBOtt ycaxB^y 
ijMih. BoTB noiH)(SHii> BaHfl x^Bymsy h cnu^B jra;piTBca se- 
HHTBCJi Ha efi) noTOMy xyina 6hxb ^ejOB^BfB, cnpaBeA^uiBiill, a 
6paTei(i exy h ne kajtl: — Tu-jsfi 6jraropoAHuB rocnoxHH^ se no- 
vjmj roTOj v£o6u Te&b cb xaMBott BÍH^aTBca — a bojh xomB, 
Tkl cs efl sLEBBj fl-^e He npenaTCTByH). IIoÓHJCfl, noÓHJCfl Ba- 
iDnma cepjie^HHfi h crajn laBX sbtb cb Tanefi, noTOMy o^ihhho 

iK>6HJHCfl H HeJIBSH BX'B HBBaB'B BpOBB APy^B OTl KPJXKW 6UTh. 

Ymm OHH orb MHxafi^a CeMenu^a vb naifB ea ^epesHio, craiH 
j crapyniBH oxHOfi nposBBaTB, a^bho lenepB noicepmn b oea. 
BojBHo 611J10 Bani na Cpara, asi, aa HeBicTBy, A& Ha Ahhcbh> 
un^HBiQr, xa* ^7Ó noA'&iaeinB: cHjia cojioMy jiometb! Hy, Bána 
ToiBso-^TO na CBpBnB']^ HrpaTB, a ao xpyroro-To hh ao hh- 
^lero ne ^oniejiniH Óují^; BaisrB hh crapajcB, a npHmjiocB hxi (tb 
TaHiDHiBott Bpyro, a oco6jibbo Táni: — ipy^HCB, patforaft, roioxatt) 
xoioxafi, OTB juoA^fi cifimBH TepnH. O^Hane ne xoiro cm^ajihc^ 
uxh HeĚ: nepBo-HanepBo BaBi ysHajTB bto HapoA'B9 ito ohh 611 
noBiHHajucB, ROJH 6h He MHxafijio GeMeHH^'By laBi h crajiH bxi^ 
saaiiB; a noroMi/ BaBx yBEA^jtH, cbojb ohh Apyn ;ipysBt jíio6u 
H saai oHa ero coÓjnoAaen h sa hm^b, hto sa A^TenBOMi^ MajiBiiťB 
xopTB, a BsaTB-TO HMi HH^epo HeoTBy^a, H crajiH bm^b noHoraTB, 
m H^Mi; By, a saai ycjiixaiHy BasB HnaBi CeKeHBm na 
opBHBt HrpaerBy b cjsibjítuícsi obi Bcefi xepeBHi^ Bce pasHO, hto 
poxHofi. n pa6oTajia se TanioniBa! OrajiH ee bc% na jí^^be^ 
TaHK>mBofi sBaTBy a eMy roBoparB: «AflAa Basa* — to^ho TaB'B b 
HysHo, TO^Bo owb B vb caxoiTB A^Jit flam'B ÓpaTB, npocTOfi ne- 
iobíb^b. IIomiB y bbxi pe(5flTBH — taB^B b tíx'b, bob npa newb 
powiBCB, MBxafijia CeMeBu^i Ba bojih) se ornyexBjrB: cboh) bpobb, 
(paTHBHHXi CHBORBy KB BpinoaHue npHnHcaji'B. y^BBajiacB Tyn 
TainniBa Óojbho. Bce bto b no-cett^ac^ iioa xaxymBa sBaerB — 
Bee ona cb TaHH)niBofi cb ssMajEBcrBa BOAHJiacB... 

— Eaai nonajiB npo bo.ik) 6aflTB, ciajEB HnaHi CeMeHu^i Jia- 
smcsi Cb TaHiomsofl B^n^aTBea:— ««S, roBopETB, Te6fl Torxa ne- 
pejCB BciifB cbítomb onpaBJiK)!»— a HaiyniBa iioa, BaBi^, ÓHBaio, 
m ycjHBurrB b caaserB: — «?to ee oopasjíaiB: ona-Ae b laB^B 
MftMB — HorpyABJíacB sa B^sy CBoeMi aobojibbo, jí4^ Apyra loi- 
\ vo ce<Sfl Be nosajišjia! Tojibbo se a&Jib bitb Fochoab cnacrBa: 
tSfejíb caxott BOJiefi noMepaa TaBiomBa h cuHO^Ba Baai^ o^hofo 



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76 BiMrram iBPom. 

TOJBBO ocraBHja, flpyrie peCarkE bc* npe neft emfi noMepjH — 
raaTB-x^o Hy:RAa! H teboB bojh CpaBuB napeHeB'B bhpobhhjice 
GeHfl — pasyHHiifiy paSoTan^ifi. EgBi^ TaHiomRa noMep.ia h crajTB 
owh 6aTBRy cbobó coÓjfo^aTB, hh a^tb, hh bsatl— icaTB poxHaa. 

Cx&KUca lyrB VLmwh Ceuemnwh noca"! TaHBHOtt cnepTE Cy^ro 
H coBciifB y6orofi: chahtb, ^usajio, Ba jaBsl^ y vis6uj moj^htl, 
vh BOH-TO bÍbh cjfOBe^ryiiiBO BUMOJiBirrB, b CRpEnsy cbok) pasfifljrB... 
TojBBO na TaBH)mBBHy MorEJisy "iacTO CpoxBTB b, rojib BCTp6- 
TBTCfl TaM'B co CTOposeiTB, THVb BCflBífl pas^E B CBasRen: 

— Besnpen^HHO bu Mens lyrL cb nefi pBAumROifB noJiosBTe! 
OÍAOft BecB crajii^B : rojroBa, pyBB TpucyrcB. RaicB CoBajo xBa- 
TBTCfl GeHfl OTiia) y2K'B H snaerB vjífb ero BCBaTB: npflMo lavB h 
BxerB Ha mofbjibb. H Ónjia en^e jiHM^Biiafl Morajansa y Heana Ge- 
MeHH^a, rx% njieMflHyiiiRa y nero, JleHjrniBa, noxopoHena. — Xo- 
XHJia 8a Heft TanioBiRa fb x^BBax'By obojtb eB ohh h cb UBano^rB 

GeMeHU^eHl-TO CJiH)((HJIHCfl. n CROJIBKO, SaSBCB, npHHflJTB HBaHl 

CeiieHEiTO ropfl h Bce ropio KOHiía vbry: — noixajii Cena na toB 
laejsfbjA paCy xjwarh — Aa nasa^TB h ne Bepnyjicfl; na ípyrofl ;íeHB 
TOJBBO vb 6epery t^jio boaoB npR6BJio. IIpaHecjin ero Kh (msj, 
Tovb HB cjOBa He caasajTB, ne sanjraRajrB xftse, bbhto, — nomejTB, 
jerB na jaBRy, xft B^epa Bory íyray h otabot. Tojibro h bh- 
HOJTOBJTB nepexi ciiepTBK):— IIojiomBTe bu MeHfl (tb TaneB pa^oitb! 
JIjjTfl nero canoro fl sa jreRapcTBBi^eirB r% BaifB rperBero^Hs 
npBxoAHJia. B^epa vh hohh noMepB, npn HaMyinR'6 nps iioeB. 
UyB&kvM ona ro hhí: 

CXOXH, H0J['B, IlapaHBRa, Vb XBf^JrBHBROBCRHMl HOBHITB 

rocnowirB: — He^irB-je h boxopohhtb xopomaro ^ejiOB^Ra. 

— Jl^a, Ilama, j»l Bcero mfjnwb h na MorejiRy npOBOwnrB, h 
uama, h a, — bc4 nofl^ieirB, — roBOpBn fiapanraa, yrBpaa cjesy, 
BOTopafl naBepHyjiacB y nea npn pascaas^ o shshh h cicepTH He- 
BHaROMaro, ^soro eB HejiOBÍBa. 

— Jífij poAHeEBRafl, H HO BceB xepeBHefi ^ro npoBOXBirB. 
myTRa jnr, XBaxAaiB hatb vojíjovb ^rhjtb cB.HaiCH, aaRi ecTB bcšitb 
pojqEíoB ^ejOB^Ri craxB. SBajAijí mh ero, h ysi 6e8npeií%HH0, 
HTO orojtb TaHBOoiRH noj[02Ra<FB, eicy laifB yanB h MorBjRa Rpe- 

CTBflHCRHMH pyRaMH BEipHTa. H HOXOpOHHJtH 6u MH BVO Ha CBOH 

RpecTBflHCRÍe xocraTRH, ffk Ó^AHOCTB Hama hohí^, bsatb-to RaR^B 
ecTB Herj^! 

KaRx roBopHjia IlapaHA, lan^B Bce h cxyrojiocB. — Bca xepeBHH 
npOBOffHjm PlBaHa GeifeHOBHW na horoB, bca xepeBHfl noMAHyjia 
ffiffR) BaBK) Ha y6oroB Monuš. 

A. JI. 

^ to e g o o • 

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HAYKA H JHTEPATYPA 

COBPEMEHHOfl AHriIH 



nHCBMO ABiHA^IÍATOE *). 

I. 

1) Professor HuxUy: Hume. London. 1 vol. 1879.--2) Berbeři Spencer: The Data 

of Ethics. London. 1 v. in 8<>.1879.3) Qearge Bliot: Impressions ofTheophrastus 

Šach. London. 1 yol in &*. 1879. 

OXHBI^ H81 Bej[HiafiinHX'B MHOUITaiett XYUI vbEA, SOMMeHTH- 

poBaHHufl OKBMWb nvh 8HaMeHHTŠfimHX'B y^eHiixi XlX-ro— £)mi, 
noflcueicuft FeRCJiH— botb ABieme, cnocoÓHoe BUdBaiB annerHn 
I BostfyxHTB camifl BaBOHHiui BMesAu. H eciH a npH5aBjiK), ^xo 
m HaxesAH oimoxBHe HanpacHu, to csasaHnaro Óy^erB xocraTOuo, 
w6u pesoMeHAOBaTB BHHMaHiio ^Hraiejíett He6o2Binott tomhki, He 
na xaBHO noflBHBinificfl bi neuTE, h fp chxi noprb ocraioiiuftcfl 
cuumi xpftroAi^HHUMi yspameHÍeMi, P^Akemi nep^om, bi» HHxe* 
pecHott cepiB; HSAaBaenott ^sohoitb Mopjiett nox^B otiu^Hm sarjia- 
BÍMb: «AHrjiiflcBie Jňiepaiopu* ^). 

AaBHXB IOmi^, poxHBmi&cfl B% 1711 r., bi dxHHÓyprt^ yiiep- 
sdi FB 1776 r.y i^&uroicb npaHaxiesHrB si TOMy BeiHKOny 

*) Cm. BHffle: jihb., 382 CTp. 

«) .Sn^Iis^ Jtf«» o/ Letters^^ edited by John Morley.— HaneHaiaHO y«e bíckoibko 
'. fiiipi^ii, IiexuLHpoBaHHuxi óaiiHMi TmaTeibHHiii oÓpasoMi; MexAy opoiHii», mosbo 
jnun aa 6iorpa4>iH Mtc^tmofia, d-pa JfyteoneoHo^ TeKKepen, ^apeepa h npoi. IIpi 
I J ojiaifi^ B BOSBpaniycb en^e n Basutňouii hsi bibli. 

I 

i 



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78 B^CTHlTKl IBPOnS. 

B^Ky, SOrxa $HJ0C0(|^H CuJIH XpyBBSMH KOpOJiefi, a BOpOJH ApySBflMH 
4>HJ0C0$ÍH, — yXBBHieJIBHafl H BO BCflBOMl CJiynat O^eHB HHT6peCHafl 

3noxa, Bor^a ^pn^pHXi^ 11 cohhhaxb a^ 6epjnHCB0& aBa^eMÍH 
noxBEJiBHoe cjiOBO vh necTB JlaMexpa, a EcaiepEHa Be^HRaa Bcrp^b- 
^ajia CB no^eroMB ^HApo. Kb HecHacriR), He to 6ujlo bb ÁHrjriff^ 
Tjííb TnpaHHÍfl conťa n nypHTaHHSMa otohb nacro ysHeajiacB na 
pflxy CB noJiHTH^ecKOft CBo6oAOfi, BasB 6yAT0 jiab Toro, hto5bi jiemBiĚ 
pasB fiftZB»V£hy HTO GOBepiTOfleTBa He ÓUBaexB Ha ^tomb cwbrby h 
qro pejiiriosHHH pceoíiioxííh— a aio canoe rjaBHoe — ne MoryPB RaxB 

BCTHBHOffi CB060A£I. 

TasHMB oÓpasoHBy lDnT>y o6ype6aeMBift hh^bok) h saBOHHOH) 
SM&AOJO JHiepaTypnofi c^asu, ne mopb 6h xocTHrHyrB ea bb cBoeirB 
OTe^ecTB^, ecjm 6u Bs^yMajiB npexaiBca ncufomnejauo ^Haoco^ie; 
H BOTB, saMi^qatejiBHMmifi ifes^y SHaMeHHTHMH MHCJiHTeJiflMH aroro 

B-J^Ba OtipaTHJCfl KB ECTOpÍH H nOJIHTHB'^. 

EeSB COMH^HÍfl, O&k 9TE HayBH CTÓK)TB BCflBOft APyroff, H Ji He 

HiťbH) Haif^^peHÍfl npeAcraBjíflTB hxb BaBniíB-it) «pis-aller»; ho ajsí 
lOiia oh'& Tbwb Cíijra. Ero nojHin^ecRifl craTBH h Hcxopifl ÁHr^ÍH 
j^ocraBHjiH eny sHaMeHHTocTB bb ore^ecrB^; ho dxo 6um sHaiieHE- 
TOCTB cjiyqafiHafl, orB BoropoS lenepB hohth HH^ero ne ocraJOCB. 
HcTopifl ne ÓHia ero a^jiomb; ohb bto xopomo AoaasaaB! Ero 
cooTenecTBeHHHBB H coBpeneHHHKB rE66oHB Bcer^^a ocraHerca se- 
JEBBMB ECTOpHBOMB; JDmb óyflfiTb SBTB BB naMETE o6ii;ecTBa, BaB'B 
BejLEBÍS ^eiJíoco^B. JEajB tojibbo, hto oh^ cjieoikomb paHO ocxa- 
BBJíB axy nepByio ofijiacxB cboexb BSCJiiAOBaHifi, e, híboxophm-b 
o6pa80HB, norHajica sa tíhbk), bmícxo jífl6uHvi\ e, cb CBoeft cxo- 
pofiu, ho coMHÍBaK)CB, HTO OHB yfflejiB 6u ropasw Aa^iBme, ecjiE 6bi 
AOBejTB AO BOHi^a cBoe BejBBoe, ho HesaBonqeHHoe upoESBe^eme. 
Bcfl $^;ioco$ia K)Ma co^epacExcn bb «TpaBxaTÍ o ^ejOB*qe- 
CBOfi npEpoA*», Hane^axaHHOMB bb 1739 r., Bor^^a aBxopy 6hjio 
Bcero 28 jAtb. Hey^a^a 6hm nojiHaa; ho mojo^oA (Í)hj!OCO$b ne 
CHejTB ce6a nofiiatAGHHHMB. Ohb cosaaBaaB BByrpennee jíoctoehctbo 
CBoero xpy^a, b xyMaa, ^o íiorMaxE^ecRaa 4>opMa xpaBxaxa nyrajia 
HExaxejiefl, píraEJica o6Hapo;íOBaxB ero CHOBa bb ^opM^fe otaíjib- 
HuxB cxaxeft, 60-ite yAOfinuxB wH^xenia. TaKOBO 6hjio,— no Bpatt- 
Heft Mip* oxHacxE,— npoacxoatAeHÍe «Essays, moral, political and 
Hterary», noaBBBnraxca vh 3flBH6yprt, bb nepio^B oxb 1740 ao 
1751 r. ^). 3xH cxaxBH rjiaBHUMB oňpasoMB MoryrB jaxB naiťB 
BosMoatHO TOHHoe nonaiie o $ejioco$íb naraero aBxopa. 

>) BcAEÍft, zejiaDnuft cepBě3H0 Hsy^HTb lOna, xoiseHi npioÓptcTB nocjixnee 
noíHoe Hs^aHÍe, b* nerapexi lOMaxi, Philosophical Works (London. Longmans, 1875). 
MoaHO KynHTb ot^lho „Treatise on Eitman Nature*^ h vb ocoCcheocth Essay s — 



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HÁJfil H IHTlPÁTTPi B'E OOBPniHHOt ÁHrim. 79 

SL c^c&ukK) TOARO oxmn ynpeB^ npo4»eccopy FfiscjiH sa ero 
yieHizt aHUsai: owh npeHetfpen BCiopiraecKOfi cropoHOft. JinaH), 
vro offB H]r&i'B Bi CBoeiTB pacnopasemH cjediroxi umo nšcra; 
10 AJfl Toro, 1T061ÍI AaTB Haní orqerB no spaflHeB nipš o&h 
aHnittcKo& ^iuoco<|»ÍH, AObojbho 6iuo 6u HibcKOJBEiixi crpaHHi^. 
Ohtb roBopBTB O JI0BBÍ9 o Eepsjíet, vb oco6eHHOCTH o nepBOMq^. 
Ho no iipas^i CBasaiB, cj'6xoBajio 6hi BoexaiB xasAOMy no ao- 
cnmBctBj — 8uum cuiqae. drwh JIoBin> npocro Baprasi, nHriieS, 
BsotipaBniiicfl na xoffyji; oh'b HSRíeirb h8i» Vo66m bcio cjtb h 
npHnpaBHjrB ee coycoirB csoett ^^Haoco^in. Ki neciacriio, IOitb 
DOXMi npímipB B% STOiTB oTHomenin: Majo loro, owh sanMCTBo- 
BajTB y ÓescMepraaro asropa «J[eBÍaeaHa» ne tojibko haob, ho xas6 
i^Hfl ^asH, ne ysasaBafl na bctoihvbi^. 

Tasiy nanpHMŽpi, no noBOAy xiicjm, eoo6paoiceH%H^ soropoe 
HaM*& flBJueTCfl TaBnM'& cwůovauwh^ K)mx roBoperE: «XoTfl dra 
CBO(k>xa Baseicfl nairB HeorpaHHHennaa, ho npn 6ojs!b% sptjioici 
o6cysj(eHÍH^ xh y6^XBMCfl, qxo ona orpann^eHa o^íohb ysRHKH 
npe3(tjmira, h dra TBop^eCRaa CHJia xyniH CBOAHTCfl K'b npocrofi cno- 
co<SsocTH co^eraTB, nepeMi^aiL, yMHOJRatB e yiieHBmaTB MaTepiajiEi, 
jKMrraBifleMue ett ^BCiBaMH h onuioiťB. IIpedcmaejMH ceGfb uypy 
sMoma^ MU moAbKO coeduHfieMZ detb udeuy fcomopuji MOiym/h cyu^- 
cmeoeamb eMtbCmrb: tideio aoAoma u udew iopu> {10mi>. <^hjio- 
co^BÍe onHTH, II). PacRpoftre xenepB «TpaRTarL o ne^OBi^ecBoB 
npHpoA^* FoÓÓsa, rj. III, § 4, h bbi npoqTere cji^yioiiitee: «KaR'B 
Boxa, HiH BCflRafl ;q)yrafl scharoctb, BSBOJmoBannaH 6'b oaho h 
TO se BpeifE pasjíHqHBíMii cHjiaMH, npexo^Hn vb ABnsenie, bi ro- 
TopoiTB y^acTByiorB bc^ 9th cbjei; TaRi tohho h vl nanieiťB 
Mosry^ HviH yifí, ROTopufi m> newh saRjiioqaeTca, o6mfie npexcia- 
Bjenie oiaraercH hbi BneqaTjrbHiS, nojiyweKurB opb pasjn^HUx^ 
npe^MeroBi; BjeMeHraMH btofo npeAcrasjeniji flBjuiiDTCfl pa3JiH<iHHfl 
B^eH, OTx&iBHO AOcraBJfleMEie ^yBCTBOirB*. maKZj HanpuMrbph^ odum 
pasz Hyecmeo daerm uam npedcmaeMuie o %oprh^ dpyioú pasz o 
i^enmtb soAomaj — eooópaofceuie coeduHHemz oGrb dmu tedeu ei oduo 
ůGu^e npedcmaeAeuie o topth soAoma*. 

Si napo^no npHBeji^ 9T07b nopasEte^BHiiS npHM'6px: no aiOMy 
Moaeo cysHTB h o Apyraxi. Ho ^aRTB cnpaBeAJBBx ne tojibko 
0TH0CHTe.iBHO JIoRRa H íOna: caMt BepRJiefl, Roroparo CrioaprB 

2 TOMa, sauD^aDQiíe vh ce6i vesjíy npoHHirb eechna pnÓKiň crarba o eaMoyOiUctneit 
H o 6e3C]iepTÍH AymH. He czi^jerb xoBÍpaii>CH wb oco6eHBOCTn oóusHOBeHHHMi aeraift- 
cnm H8;(aHÍBMx; bcí ohí OHumawmcA h h6 co^epsaii xftse craiefi o nydecax^ h o 
eyempiu. ^paHnyscKÍS nepesoíi bt. 7 TOMaxi (1788) Booóme nojioiTB, — ne XBaTaen. 

TMSXO BHmepOMAHyTHXli AOnOJIHHieJbHUX-B OnUTOBl. 



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Qoo^^ 



80 mffpaxb ibfoiih. 

Mhub nociaBHJii na Tasofi HesacjyseHHtitt SBe^eciajii, — cairB 
Eepuett HaxoAHTCfl vh sapoABiin^ y ro^Ósa,— sa Houio^eHieirb 
Qejrbniix^B buboxobi, npHHaxiesan^HXi caifoiiy enHCBony KiaiH- 

CBOMy. 

SL coTiHcewhj HTO Bepuefi ^^osasaii cyCieKiHBHiifi xapaBrejrb 
3iípa ABJíeHitt; 9wuh no3HaBaeiai& mhok) iripi, roBopiirB ohi, eciB 
npocTO coBORynHOCTB MOBxi Hxeft— H HH^ero 60^*16. Ho pasB^ 
FoÓfisi yse ne AOBasajii^, h iipHTOM'b o^enb yieenirB h tohkhm'^ 
aaajiHdOM^ ^to Hamii npeACiaBzeHÍfl cytfieaniBHu? Ob ApyroS cio- 
poHu, owh npH($aB2flerb, pysoBOAHiiii& remaiBHHirB coo6paai&eHÍeMi: 
«^ dfbicmeumejihHOcmUy enrb nacz cyu^cmeyiofm ntOAtKO deuoiceHÍHj 
npOAyKTOiTB soTopuxi ABaflKxroi HamH npeACTaBjieHÍfl» (Hobbes. 
Human Nature, U, 10). Bepuefi npHÓaaHJii kb aroify Mipy aB^enift 
Ayx'B, HeMaiepiajiBByK) cyn^HOciB. 

£epB.iefi nonflTHJCfl nasaxi*; h HMeHHO no noBoxy Bioro OTcryn- 
leHÍa IOm'b sacTaBHJii ncHxojoríio CA^axB man* Bnepe^^B; ho XJ^a 
B86'l»aHia n3rTaHHi^u ctohjio toabbo npHHaiB sa HCXO^Hutt nyHKTB 
To^By sptBÍfl FoÓósa. BH^maifi iiip^, no hhíhík) Bepiuea, ecxB 
TOJiBBO coBOsynHocTB HaiHBxi* B^efi; HO, roBopniTB ¥)u!hj H Bama 
Ayma, Bami xyxi, Bame h eciB tojbbo coBOByímocTB bcítb Ba- 
mBix HAefi« nepBufi, Raa^B h Biopaa, ne HMiiorB bi ce&b BH^ero 
npoHHaro, peajiBHaro; dxo KaproiHHe aombbh, — ctóhtb toibko jqt- 
HyiB, H Bce pascBinjieTCfi. Bepuett othajii y naci MaiepiK), H)mi 
ocbo6oahjii> naci orB xy^a. 

Eanafl npeapacnaa Ben^B Mexa^BSBKa! OAHasAU IDoaeHrayepi 
sánHCUBajii jteaiÚH) ^Bxxe; bi toitb uicA^ fa^ npo^copi pas- 
rjarojiBCTBOB&iB o codHaBÍH, ohi BHeBaaHO ocraHOBHJCfl h na- 
nBcaai vb buhocbš: «BaKB 611 meí xot^ocb npHcraBHTB nHcro- 
lerB KB TBoefi rpyAH h BpHBHyrBTeÓ^:— Th yiipeniB cefi^aCB jkb! 
XoTB nvb coaaaitHifl vb xBoefi O^ahoB Ayni'& csass mhš, bohh- 
HaeniB aa tu caiťB ^rro-HH6yAB bi» drott raasMaTBl, bjia npocro cus« 
TaemB eaci AypaBaMH!» ^). 

Bhjo 6hi OAHaBO secnpaBeAJiHBocTBK) npH^BCJiaTB s^b TaaHMrb 
MeTa$B8flBaM'B H SDíca. IIpaBAa, paspymHBi CHCxeiiy Bepuea, owb 
se A^-uiexi OTB ce6fl HHBasHxi buboaobi, OAHaao o^ohb acho ysa- 
suBaerB na Basnyio HCTasy, BaM'&qeHHyK) hitb yse bi» npes* 
HHXi^ coHHHeBÍflxi^ a HMeHHo: ^To coBoaynHOCTB npeAcraBJíeHifti 
cocTaBjflioii^afl Ayxi, ecTB b'b A'i^ficTBHTejiBHOCTB rpynna Bne^aiJi^HÍft, 
npn^HHy Boropuxi nysHO HCsaiB fb npcAineCTBOBaBinBXi BSic^He- 



^) A, Schopenhauer: Memorabilien h opoi. yon J. Frauenst&dt. Berlin, 18689 
ctp. 287. 



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HÁTiu ff JurrcPÁTypi. B^b oospusmofi iHrjmr. 81 

msub MosroBoro een^ecTBa (TpasrarE o nanoB^HecKott npepox^. 
Part. IV, séct 11). 

«Pa8y]išeTCtf, roBOpHTB no noBOxy 9tovo npo^eccoprb rdscjH, 

B!b HacTOiupee BpeMfl hh oaho BOMnereHTHoe jseho ne Mpaserb 

(ffpmífitbj HTO ncHxoJiorifl ocHOBSBaercfl na j^HsiojioriH Hepseoft 

dcieiai, lasi-HasuBaeifiifl yMCTBeHHus oropasjeHÍfl cjtb npocxo 

oropaMeHÍfl Mosra, a MaTepíaJiH codHanLi— npo/^Kxu mostoboS 

xbnejnvocrH... Os xpyrot cropoHU, xojsho xasse npEsnaiB, 

noxa He Aosasyn nporsBHoe, hto bc£ HaniE BnenaTJiŠHiji nojy- 

wma OTB nero-To pe&iBHapo, cyii(ecTByK>ii](aro bhí Haci. O^bhb 

BipoflTHO, HTO Hosn flBifleTCfl nocpexHHROMi, Cjaroxapfl B(m)pOMy 

xATepiaiBHHfi MÍpí nomaerb cairE ce6fl» (Haxley.Hnme,cxp. 81). 

Ki coaBaji§HÍK), y^eHuft npo^^eccopi^ Torwcb se ;i(&[ae7B oroBopRy: 

<B0 HeoÓxoxHMO saM^HTs: ecm jífixe sto noHflrie o BcejieHHofi h 

tíífh omomenÍH coBHanifl vh jsfíyvBMi> 9JieueETíMi> esL — cnpaBe;(j[HBo, 

TO Bce-iasH Hama mhcjb nocrosHHO cršcHeHa vh H8B£crHux'B npe- 

xLian, — MH HHsaKi ne iioseiCB onpOBeprHyrB apryneHrn HHcraro 

ixeajuBuia'. YcTyiiKa, Ha moě BsrjiflA^ asajisafl; ho ona bhojihí 

noxB crarB noori^AHefi cxaTs^ yitenaro opo^^eccopa^ noaBHBmefiar 

HidOJiEKO M^cfli^eBB TOMy Hasa^i vh ojipowh jsffh cepBesHHXi syp- 

BUOBb ^). 3aRJiK)HHTejiBHyK) ^^pasy axoĚ craiBE a CHEraio ne JiHin* 

HiiTB npHBecTH ^jsjich: 

«HaniH onQrnieHÚi) npLiTHiifl n ÓOAŠSHeHHiifly h hxi OTHomenía 
cociaEifliorB fb i^joitb oÓhqtk) cyioiy naniHrB nojiosHreJiBHuxi, 
HeonpoBepsHHuxx 3HaHÍtt. VL^vbcmjio nacTB 8thx'b oiiQriE^eHiň h 
iXB OTHomenitt mi nasHBaeirB Kaiepiefi h ^(BHseHieirB; ociaTORi 
HiaiiBaeirB ynoicB h kucjibk); onavh xosasHBaerB, hto tces^y hí- 
loiopiíMH H» nepBiirB h h^sotophmh m^ nocJi^AHHrB cyn^e- 
OByerB HBBtoHaa nocjrbxoBaTeuHocTB. 

«Bot:b Bce, HTO crporaa Mera^HSH^ecKafl BpHiHRa coxpaHHJia 
on jiosHot Mera^HSHiui rpyóaro s^paBaro CKucjia. 9to conacyerca 

H CB ^HCTJ3Ml MaTepíaJIBBMOirB, H CB HHCTHMX HACaJESHOlTB; HO 

ae cocraBJflerB hh tofo, hh xpyroro. B^x^ HxeajiHCFB ne aobo^b- 
er^eicfl ^yrBeps^^HieirB loft hcthhii, hto naniH BHanifl CBOAflica 
n ^^EBiasTB coBHanifl; ohb otiMBiueTB — xoth aroro coBepmenno 

HeBOBMOSHO XOBasaTB 9T0 BH6 8THXX ^BTORB, BH^ Xy^^l He Cy- 

upoByeTB HH%ro. Ob xpyroĚ— MaieplajiHerB c^nraerB AOBasaHHuifB, 
«o xaTepiajBHufl aBJíeHÚi cocraBjaiOTi npiraHHy aBienit yMCTBen- 



|- 1) aOn Sensatíon etc., by profeasor Huxley. XlX-Centory. Anp&ft, 1879 (t. V, 
! op. 597). 



I 



Toia iy.-::Ii>iB, 1880. 6 

• Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



82 B^GTHIKÍ XBPOIIEU 

nuThy H ^TO nepBpHa^iajiBHO cyn^écxByeTB tojbro HareiÁajib&aH 
cyócraHi^fl*. 

Ho npH BceiTB ysasemH Kb OAHOMy h8'b cb^thjtb coepeHeHHofi 
HayRH MOSHO^ Kajsercfl, daiiiTHTB, ^to 8th cjiOBa npoTHBop^mrB 
BfinnenpHBeAeHHOMy nojosemiO; no BoropoMy ^bth cosHamfl pas- 
cifaTpHBaiOTai, RavB «npOAysTti MOsroBofi A&iTejiBH0CTH». Ob xpyroft 
CTopoHH, Morb 6u BOBcrarB npoTHBi aroro, Óesi coMH^idfl, npoHS- 
BOJiBHaro onpex^iieHÍfl iiaTepiajiHBifa npo^cop^ TeHxajiiB, Roropiifi 
roBopHTB: «B'B MarepiH a snisy sapoxunrB bcšX'b sesHeHHurB 
flBjieHÍ8». HasoHoi^, xase ^sop^ano Bpyno bobbhchtb rojiocB hbi 
MorHJiH, o&haBJMi «MaTepifl ne prope nihil, xas^B aro BOoCpa- 
saiorB, He ^Hcrafl, efíxBBA cyn^HociB, jiHmeHnafl Bcaifiofi a^tca- 
HOCTH, BanecTBi, cnocotfHOCTH KB ycoBepmeHCTBOBamH)... Be84K)p- 
HCEHafly — ona ne jimneHa Tenjoxu, Basi jie^B; oisa He noxoam 
Ha leMHyK) Óes^ny. Osopte ona no^oÓHa 6epeMeHHoft seHnpraš, 
eo^ ne HHÍK)n](e& x^Tet, ho yse sauioHaioaiefi hx^b vb CBoeirB 
vpesi; HJiH seiurl, soropas jramena cvbm vb leieHiH ho^ ho 
CHOBa Haftxen ero, odepnyBniHCB Ha CBoeS oce* ^). 0;(hh]cb cjio- 
BoiTB, 8T0 — cy6emH^iH, HO npeKpaCHOMy BiipasseHiio Chhhobbt, 
npocrpaHCTBO h mucjib, tím h ^tBeaseme. Ona — eduna fb CBOHrb 
pa^jra^HEiTB BHxax^By h laKHitB otfpaBOBTB pimaeTCfl arórB nejAmA 
BonpocB o peajBHOCTH BHi^niHflro MÍpa, o(h OTHomenÍH oti^Besra kb 
cy(íieK9y, pasc^Raercfl ropAieBi ysejrB cBe^TH^H8Ma, oÓflsaHHiitt 
CBOHiTB cyn^ecTBOBaHÍeH'B rnnoienraecKOMy npeiKcraBjíeHiiD o AByx'B 

paSJETOlIXl H HeCOBHŠCTHMBIX^ Cy^HOCTAXl. 

SL ne Mory marB sa maroirb cji^a^tb Ba j^enuycb BOiuceHTa- 
TopoifB, BOTopHS HO HOBOffy K)Ha BaxporHBaeTB Bcb cairae Baa&Hue 
Bonpocti HCHxoJioriQ,— BiipasaiocB oÓn^eynorpeÓHrejiBHHMi TepMH- 

^OWb. MOSHO paCXOXHTBCfi (TB HHITB Bl ?aCTHOCTflX'B: HanpHMŠpi, 

HOSHO cosaji^TB o(h> ynopcTB^, cb BaRHirB rencjiH, bi^ CBoeirB 
^pe8H'fipH0M'B noBj[OHeHÍH ^eBapry, crapaercfl npE^aTB Teopin Bpos- 
AeHHuxi H^eĚ Hayqnut xapasiepi, bobco ne cootB%TC^ByH>^^ft 
RapresiaHCBot ^hjioco^íh;— ho t^itb ne Menše HejiBsa ne cjAfjrtb 
CB BejH^afinraiTB HHiepeooirB sa bteitb nojiHUM'B anajiHBOirB flBjemtt 
xyxa y nepBOHa^ajBHofi ^hjoco^íh. B'b ocoÓeHHoeiH sl sejiaio oópa- 
THTB BHHMaHÍe ^ExaTejiet na xb% TeopÍH. 

nepBafl Bacaercfl va^h hph^ihhu, soropyio JOrn^j xavB hbbšctho, 
He HpHSHaBaji Heo6xoxHMO& hctehoS, OTBŠnaiDn^ett fibŘcftBMTexb' 
HOCTH. BeJHBifi myiťb noAHflJiCfl H8i-8a 8Toro oipHi^aHÍfl; oxhh yxsa* 
THjracB sa nero^ Apyne OTBepraH cb npespimeirB; h jsfiXBMO sanš* 



') Giordam Bmmo^ De la causa, principio et uno. Venetia. 1584, cíp. 107. 

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Hiysi n JíEmxmi Kb cqbpwehhoS ahtjiim. 83 

rsa^ m> H^BOiopiiie npHBepaeHiiu HayHnaro Meioxa yB^es^HCb 
coBcbMi Hepasyiiao JosHofi leopieS, on Koropofi ohe osHAAJin 

mhJa> CWGTJUiBfilX^y Cb H8B%CTH09 TO^IBH Sp^Hifl, nOCJltACTBÍfi. Dm% 
(jfipwnfJPb TMBSBWn OÓpaSOMl CSpUIUfl, H6Ta$H3HHeCBÍfl npHHHHU, 

oocpesiciooMi BOTopux^ CQHpHTyajuBcm H cxojiacTHBH xy^ajm 061* 
flcsaTB flBjeHÍfl H Aft2K6 npoHCXosxeHÍe Mipa. Botě BaB'B oetb pas- 
qrjuaáo^: cbcí otx&ibhbia Hxen iioryrB 6utb o6oco6jieHH; nesAy 
liBft, HX^ o npHqgHi H o peByjiBTaxš, otobhaho, oxa^jbhu: kosho 
no^ioaiy npexcraBAiB ce(% saEoB-HHÓyAB npeffáevh Hecyn^ecTByKh 
otBHi KB HaBtoaiitt MOueHTB H MHHyTy cnycTS cyjqecTByioii^HiťBy 
ne coexHHaa cb anurB ota^^bhoA H^ea o npeiHH^ hjh o xBop- 

3x0 HacTO npoHCxoxHrB laRBiTB o^asoHi vh rjiasarB xojinu, 
soropafl HasHBaerB «cjiyHaeMB» npoaBjeHie A^ScTBÍa, ne hm^k)- 
^a^), Ha es BarjiflAB, npHUHii. Ob Apyrofi cropoHH^ íffEioco^ hjh 
yiemfi owhb xopomo snaeirB^ ^no Bce bi npHpox^ npoHCxOAHTi 
no HeiiBiiiHHUirB BaBOHaicB, ne AOiiycBaK)npnf'B HasaBoro ^cjíj^m*, 

n 0tfKLBHOBeBH0M'B CMIilCjri^ 8T0r0 C40Ba. HxaB^, Bce, HIÓ HHierb 

BhHuo, jurb&s% mBse h npHWHy, sa jicjuiio^emewh caMoS npH- 
PQ1KH9 B(Jo, BaB^B roBopiirB BHAÍflcBÍfi MyApei^: «BopeHB Bdbxi> 

^mfii^ — C&MTh EB HMŠeXl BOpHfl» ^). 

MosHO GsaBaTB, ^To BAeK) npuHUHu cji^Ay^TrB saM^HHTB HAeeft 
aofroMa, tHO 9X0 cnoprB o c«iOBax%, h cjlobo npE^nna bhojih^ mo- 

SerB COXpaHHTBCfl Vh npaBTHBl, TOUBO He Vb CUUCJVb CBpUTOi 

cyn^HocxH, BaB^B noHHiiaaH Qro npesA^* Gjťbfiy&irb 6htb ÓJiaroAap* 
HBiTB K)My sa ero Ao6poe HaM^penie; ho nevěro ocHnaxB ero no- 
xHúaMH M BiimenpHBeAeHHoe pascysA^HÍe, Boropoe wh a^Sctbe- 
lattHOCTH ocraercfl itpeAJoaseHieH^B, xpeÓyio^HiťB AOBasaTejBciRB. 
]lifik BMfin ocTiuoTCfl BcerAa nepasA^JiBHHMH, HiieHHo: haob npH^HHu 
1 AiScTBLiy— 8T0 AOBaBUBaerB omiivb, ex Boropony BcerAa cji^Aye^ 
npifiiraTB f;uL HcapaBienifl ohihÓobi :iorHBH. 

Bapo^eicB, kb btoúj saB^io^emK) npHXOAcrrB caiťB ¥)wb kb 
«Onuri o CBOÓQA^ h Heo(5xoAHHOCTH>. B(A corjamaHxrcfl, roBO- 

pitB OHl| HIO flBJIfflifl MaTOpÍH HpOHBBOAflTCfl HeO($XOAHMUMH CH- 
iaifB, HTO A^SCTBie HpH DTOMl OUpOA^JlIfleTCfl CO BCCK) TOHHOCTBK) npH- 

pOAott H aHepriefi npEUHii, tto rb saasAOirB aashoitb cjiy^a^ cy- 
qecTByei3^ tojibbo to A^fiCTBÍei Boxopoe oÓHapyauuocB («Essay5 
e& Hamán imderstanding>y JVs 8). Upn aioii^ ^^paniQrscBifi nepe- 
w^iBBTB saM^ueTB vh buhocbí: «BaBHiťB o6pa80ifB r. K)m% corja- 



O Xa§ila: Aphonsmes de la philoBophie Sankhia. Tradnctlpn de Ballaotyne. 
ABihalmd. 1632, p. 76. 

6* 

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81 BWtBES^ IBFOUH, 

CMVh aro ci npeKbBjLymjawb onuTOMi!» ^pasa xapaBi:epiiaa: oba 
AOBasúBaerB, hto nepeBOA^HKrb ne noHfljrb cyn^ocm mhcjh ^hio- 
co^a, BOTopiifi rjiaBHHM^ otipasoirb OTpHAajii Heo6xoAHMOCTB nep- 
Buxh npHHHHi, H ciapajca otbjohhtb ykenuxh Wb nejiiniixi no- 
nuTOB:^ OTBpuTB TMi-HasEiBaeMyio «TatHyK) CHjy» B^efi. Ob 
Apyroft CTopoHH, ffijis&no cosHaiBCfl, hto aro 8aM'&iaHÍe orqacrfl 
onpaBAUBaercfl Hec^acTHOio ^pasott K)Ma: «fl corjiaceHi, tto xo chx^b 
nopi xoA^ npepoxu 611:1% npaBHJieH'B; bo bcabomi cjtyiai, Heo6- 
xoAHiTB HOBufi apryMeHTi, hto5h xoBasaxB, hto owh ocraHercji 
TaRHiTB ase H Ha éyfjmfie BpeMJi> (ibid. Essay, V). 3to Tasafl se 
sajisafl ^asa, saBi h BHmenpHBeAeHHut co^hsmi^; aro HOBoe ao- 
sasaTeucTBO desiLiOAHOCTH HHCioft Meia^HBHBH. rgRciH Tucfl^y paai 
npaBi, yxBepsAafl; ^ro jiaÓcpaiopiH — (Esynenie dBcnepHMeHrajiBHiixi 
Haysi) — ecTB npeMBepie xpaita ^hjocoij^íh. 

Biopafl TeopÍH, o Boropott sl xo^y roBopHXB, bto — Teopia TarB 
HasHBaeiiofi CBotfoAHOfi bojih. BcABOMy, bto sHaerB, xota-óu tojbbo 
no nacjuimBi) BaByK) rpyxy coraneniĚ cosxajrB arorB cnoprB, 6y- 
xen, 6e8i comb^híh, npÍATHO ysnaTB, hto btotb BonpocB HSJOseHi 
H 0CB'lnteH'B (TB xocraTOHHOK) nojiHOTOH) na ab^eswa™ CTpaHHi{ax'B 
namero lOMEsa. IIpesAe Bcero, botb Bas^ on^^e A^juierb boxk> FeicjiH, 
HcnpaBjíflfl TOBCTB K)Ma: «9to — Bnenaijiinie, Boiopoe posB^aercfl, 

BOrxa MUCJIB o BaB0M%-HH6yAB ^ESneCBOlTB HJUI XyinOBHOMl flBJíeHÍH 

conpoBOSAAGi^ sejianíeiTB ocyn](ectBJieHÍfl dioro ABaonis. Ono otjdi- 
Haercfl 01% xpyrnxi sejaniĚ tojibbo t^h^, hto rb 9toicb cjiy^a^ 
MU CMOxpHM^ na ce($fl, BaB'B na npHwny sejiaHnaro asjíenifl^ 
(1. c. crp. 84). JíjBaíej bcaboo pimenie eciB cj^ACTBie tiojAe 
HJiH uenie cJoasHaro pascysneniji, Boroparo mi ne coBnaeiii; uu 
ne BHAHMi nenocpeACTBennoĚ cbash, orqero h pos^aerca nyBCTBO 
ÓesrpaHEHEot n ÓesBone^nofl cboÓoau, Boropoe co^hctu BUfflxyrb 
naiťB sa AOBasaiejiBCTBO arofi CBotfoxu* nocMorpEie, roBoparB ohh, 
pasB^ MU ne mosbom^ Bnojin^ CBotfoffao ABEraiB pysoK) nanpaso, 
naaŠBO) Ha8aA'B h t. x«; ^ohh ne oÓpan^aiorB BHHManifl, roBopnirB 
K)mi, na TO, ^To caMoe nxi ^anTacTH^ecBoe asejanie xoBasaTB ary 
CBo6o;^, KB ;^aHHOMa^ cjiynai, SBueTCfl mothbomb, onpeA:&iUiH>npiM'B 

HXl X^ttCTBÍfl». 

IIpHTOMi, ÓeffB coMHŠnhi, MH CBotfoAHu ffi BBBŠCTHOfi cieneHH 

A^JUITB «T0, HTO naiTB HpaBHTCfl>; KB BTOMl HHBTO HO COMH^BdeiCfl. 

Ho noHOMy to hjih xpyroe naMi npaBHTCfl hjh ne npaBHTCfl? «That 
is the questíon», botb vh newh sa^aw, a kb to se BpoMfl TyrB h 
OTB^rB na apryMenru ctopohhhbokb CBo6oAHOft bojh. RaBi ycrpoem 
BanTB opranHBMBi Basott y Bací leMnepaMenTi, BaBoe BocnHranie 
Bu nojiyiHJiHi KB BaBoft cpex$ sebcto e npoi. n npoi.? ^CBo6ojí,9Ly 



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HlTRi H J[HT1PÁŤ7PJL Wb OOBPUUHHOt AHrjUH. 85 

TOWpETh lOm, eCTB npOCTO BOSMOSHOCTB A^&CTBOBaTB HJIH He x^ft- 

CTBOBaTL cofjacHO »ejiaHÍH)». — To66di» yse cmjrbnewh paHBme 
csasai^K «CBo6oAa, ara— orcyrcrBÍe BH^mnincB iipenflTCTBÍ8>. A b% 
OAHOft HSBPJiaBi «JleBÍaeaHa> ohi BucRasaji^B cjrbfjvoínjío ^opKyjiy, 
soTopyio ¥)wh TOiBKo napa^^pasBpoBajTB: «CBo6oxa h Heofixo^it- 

HOCTB BOBCe He flBJIfllDTai HeCOBUŠCTHMHÍMIi: ^^^ftCTBÚi, coBepmaeKHfl 
JiiDXBHli AOÓpOBOJIBHO, 0(íyC10BJIHBaK>TCfl CB06oXOfi, HOTOMy HTO Otfy- 

eiOBjiiBax)TCfl Hxi sejiaHÍeiTB; h bi to se Bpeiifl oh% oÓjcjiobjih- 
Bamncfl Heo6xoAHMOCTBK), noToicy hto bcsuúř aRn qejiOBÍHecfto& 
BOXE jmieTB npnHHy, ROTopas bb cboh) oiepexB — sseno nenpe- 
piiBHoff p^ini* ^). 

Bce 8T0 npEBOXHTB naci VL BOnpOCaMl o HpaBCTBeHHOCTH H, CJFbffl- 

BSLrexhEO, N> BexaBHO noflBHBmeMycfl TpaKraxy Teptiepra Onence^Ki — 
«TIie Data of £thics». Bnpo^eirB, bto CBop^ orptiBOSi, fItfo b^b poA% 
Bweffimíj Bi BejihssL He6iiTb xpoflyrEuix ;(OBOxaMH, BoiopiiMH aBToptB 
otfiuíCHflerB 9Ty npesxeBpeMeHHyio nyójHsai^ÍH); Ha;(ieMCfl, hto ero 
ne^aiBHHfl npeA^yBCTBÍa ne c6yxyTCfl. HaBicTHO^ hto sHaiieHBTuB 
nHcaTejiB npe^npEESjn HSJOseHie,— 6oj%e Toro— ofimyio CHcreMaTH- 

3BJSfS> 3Hamfiy Ha OCHOBaHÍH HOB%fimHX'B ;(aHHEIX'B COBpeifeHHO& 

HaysH. Offb nocjŠAOBarejiBHO oÓnapoíOBajTE «First prmciples>, 
noTOM'B «Prmciples of Biology »; BCKopí saxiiTB, *Principles of 
Psychology*. Oh^b na^am ;^ase Hs^aBaTB «Principles of Socio- 
logy*; H TaRi RáBii piiniHJicfl — no Moeny ich%hík> coBepmenno 
HanpacHO, ne bo ra^Bib Cy^B cEasano OrK)CTy KoHiy, — otjtjbjíwrh 
HpaBCTBeHHocTB OTb noiHTHBH HJH coi^ioJiorÍH, — TO xasajiocB He- 
oóxoxeioiMi OBOH^HTB Ha^aToe coqHHeHÍe, npes^e ^vfb npHHH- 
MaTBCfl sa BTHBy. ynaAOBo^ saopobba BOsCyAHjrb fb HeMx onacenie, 
wo eMy HO y^acTCH okoh^htb cboS Tpyjx; h noTOMy CneHcepi 
p^iDHjicfl no BpafiHeft uipi HaM'£TflTB js,ijíh^ ffl,Tb onpeA^jreHHoe 
ysasame h TO^Hoe, xota h nenojiHoe HSJíoseHie; cbohxi BsrjiflAOBi 
Ha BTHBy— yneHÍe o HpaBCTBeHHOCTH. 

3xicB fl ^BCTByK) H'6BOTopoe CMyn^eHÍe; npoHHRHyTiiB ynase- 
mewB vh BHaMeHHTOMy ^ejioBŠRy, npe^npEHABmeMy TaRofi crpam- 
HHĚ TpyxB: nocrpoHTB ^HJOCO^CBlff cHHTesi AORTpHHu nocreneHHaro 
pasBHTÚi, — fl rbwh ne Men-ie yÓ^SA^nx bx neBOSMOSHOCTH fflsi 
Bero, OTHUHÍ yse OHeBn^Hofii cos^aiB TaBofi nanflTHHRx. Or^aBaB 
HDíHoe yBaacenie ero jífi6puuT> HaifipeHiflMx, BOSMyn^aacB nanaA* 
niEH sa Hero co croponii ciaparo anrjiHi^aHCRaro jiHi^eMipia, a ne 
lory He bha*tb ero neíoCTaTROBx, ne HyBCTBOBatB ero npespH- 
lUBHarO; no^H Epas^^ÓHaro, OTHomenifl vb CTopOHHSRaMx hcthh* 



O Leviathan, Hacn II, ri. 21. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



86 nerara^ mom. 

naro aBcnepBiceHTSLibHaro neroxa. . Ohi^ TftBse rp^miTB isjBoiKOMfB 
Mera^BSEVff; ohi sjtoynoTpetfjiflerB yMcrBQBamflMii, h cJuicBseM^B 
^acTO AOBOJTBCTByercfl HOBepxHoeTHsufB EaywHÍeifB aBTopoBii^ eoto- 
pEDCB^ BpBTHKyerbi Ohi noerMEBo AorMaTisHpyen^ naeio fiesi 
AoeTaTO^HHX'& oeecíBaHiS, h, Baseres, cjhieboic^ y^šsAeei b^ TOirty 
9T0, tf jaro^^apa CBoett TeopÍK nocreneHHaro passmáfl, okb Heo6xo- 
XHMO onepesaeiTB cbohx'b npeAniecTBeHHHROFB. 

dra TOHKa spinifl, sa BOTopyio ^aero craHOsaTCfl eoBpenefiHue 
pe|K>pMaToptt, npHBOAHTs BTB ^^oexoffHHicb coouuiflia pesyjiBiaxaMi: 
OHa sacTaBjfleTi hx'b to eHereiíMH^ecKH yBBmmh CBesa^ opex- 
inecrBeHHHROB'B, to npexcraBjflTB hx'b Tpyxu bi coBepoieHHO jox- 
HoiTB cbítí; h 9T0, HB cHOpK), coBepmeBffio HCBpeHHO. TarB, BanpH- 
Mi^pnb^ CneHceprB, sejiaa dpobsoStb yrEJBraplaHi^eBib h npexeraBHTL 
6oM!be coBepmesHyK) TOopÍK), ne eaxoxHTB HEvero* ^ly^maro, BaBi 
pacnpocTpaHfiTBCJi b^ npasxHoft kphtirí 9Toro npexMera* Hanpmipi, 
owb ocnopBBaerB mh^bío BesTaMa, no Boropoiiy «Bc£aHaiDTB> w6 
TaKoe c^acTÍe, noToaiy hto bcí Bearora, ?to rasoe tjtbctbo yxPBOiB- 

CTBÍB». ÍIpB BTOHX OHI I^HTBpyeTB ApBCTOTeJfl, rOBOpflHliarO^ HTO 

BCBRÍtt noHBifaerb c^acrbe no-CBoeiiy, h yrBepsxaiontaro bi saBJío- 
?eHÍe, ^To BucHiee cnacTBe AoaaB;iflH)rB yiiCTBeHHUfl iiauasjíeHifl 

COSepI^TBAHOfl SHBHB. Ho Vh HeiťB XB TJTh npOfTHB^^HÍe? ApH- 
CTOTe^B TOIBBO X^HyCSaeTB BCeBOBHOaCHHe BHJIU CWCTBii; a, 

(VB xpyroS CTopoHsiy bcbbíB yqeHufi TpyaeHHBTB corjacBTCfl opn- 
BHaiB orpoMHoe npeBOCxoxcTBO yMCT6eHHHX'B HaciasxeHÍS. ^ase 

JIlOAHy 8HaB0MUe (TB OXHBMB qyBCTBeHHtIBfB HaCJiaSXeHÍBMB, UMÍbfOTh 

nojHoe npexcraBjíeHie o cHacTB'&. CoeHcepx erapaercB xpk^&tb, 
Hanepesopi BeHraify, ^o Bxes capaBexJiBBOCTB npon^e, ofio^ie, 
oxHBM'B cjiOBOiTB, Jier^e— XJiH noBHiiaHÍB^ ^fbwh Bxea chbctbb. Capa- 
Bex^BOCTB} roBoparB owhj unAerh k^ho tojbro n KOAUuecmeoMd: 
BasxoMy, HTÓ eny u^fíerb^ — bto Bonpoci o paseHCiB^; ^to aa- 
caercfl xo c^bctba, to 9jí^Cb npHMimBBaercB Bonpoc^ o KOHecman^. 
BoTB BaBi pascysxaerB aTOTB ^ajocof^, soioparo CHaraiorB flpuai'B 
npHBepseHiteH'B BBcnepEMeHTajiBHaro Meroxa! 9to xoctoSho cosa- 
;rbHÍB, — u TaRi bbb^b mh yse saTpoHyjiH ApBCTOxejifl, to otfpaTBiccB 
jsh OBB^ 7, III BHBrB «nojiHTBBB», H Hii ysnaeiTB, ^To tíescHepT- 
Hufi $BJioco$i& CB TO^raocTBK) onpex'i&uerB noHBTÍe cnpaBexxHBOCTH 
noHBTieBTB o cnacTÍB, BaRi OHO H cjri^xy^^- ^cfipaeedAueocmh—9mo 
oCu^ecfneeuHOH euioda — to 8íxaiov, tooto 8'8oxi xó xoiv^ oD(iL(pépov». 

EcrecTBeHHO, CneHcepi npnxaerB ÓojiBnioe SHa^eme «HpaB- 
cTBeHHOMy HyBCTBy* ^apBBHa, o^pasyion^eBiyca nocpexcTBOicB na- 
cjfl^XOTBennoS nepexann wh ísíbjíowh pax*! noBOJi^HÍft. B^b na^ajii, 
BIO— jiH^Hiitt BHrepecB, coexHHeHHBB cfh onaceHieMi HaBasaHia co 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



; 



HÁTKÁ I jraTXPlTyPi Vb COBPUSHHOi ilTJIIH. 87 

ciopoHii o($Q(ecrBa, uoKb RO^e^'B ohi^ npespanv^ercfl fb oco6aro 
poxa HQCTiHSTB, Tas^ iTO, Bi WBnjb-KOVBflVh^ «npaBBJia noBej^enia 
saM^^aioTCfl BO BHyrpeHHiixi^ np€Ac:^JLeHÍflrb o cnpaBeAfflBOirB, 
ocBio^BWincB B p|S^CHe^HIIXl anajiHTHWCiuuii yMoi|>; Mea^y 
Thwb saRx ifii ÓyAein^ codHaBaiB npeBOCxoACXBO 9Toro npaBHja, 
npocTO noTOMy, hto oho wffirh vh BHcniefl h onpeA&i^HoB js^xsl — 
juHHOMy B oóiiiieiiy .c^acTi»io» (Data of Etlucs, crp. 173). l^cre- 
CTBeHHO THRse, Hxo auTpyHsiTB Bce 604^ H 6ojrite 6yA67B <(paTB 
Bepx^ HaA'B aroBBMOBirb, h HacrynBTB BpeMB, Bor^a cb ycoB^pmen- 
CTBPBi^ieifi TCJOBŠHecBofl pacu, Bscnritt ajBTpyBSM'^ saciaBBTB 
juoxeft CiíysHTB Qe aroBSMy, ]q^ UBTpyHsicy Apyrsxx! (Ibid., crp. 256). 
Tan-To HOBoe yneflie o epaBCTBeHEOCTH JorMaeri npessoiTH 
yTHjmTapiaflraici CTwapra Mbjjka h BenraMa. Ybh, bto noAO($HO 
TOJny, HB^ caiTB Cnoapix Mhjjb jQriiajrB onepexflTB HpaBCTBeHHoe 
y^efiie FoóÓsa b Fe^Bseiv^. Tohhq ^yxxo Be.iBBÍfi ^paQqyscBÍfi 
^■joco^ ne B8J0JiB» y^se Bnojm^ leopiio BHxyKTH^nofi, yiBJur- 
lapHOtt Hayuot HopajiH, onBpa,K)ii](eftcfl na ^'iftcTBHTaaBHoe sHanfe 
ivejOB^Hecso^ np^poAH. «Bce BCByccTBo 8aB0HOAa.xejifl,— roBopai^ 
Tei^Beipft^ — 8aBJK)9aeTCfl bb yiiiHBH saciaBBTB Jiaxet, mn> jhoóbh 
KB wxamrb ce^iŘ, 6htb cnpaBexJHBUMH bb xpyrnxx* (^DefEsprit*, 
discoiirs n, chap. 24). Bci btb yxEmpenia b— cKaaeirB TasaBe— 
BC& 8TH yciyiiKE npBBepseHAaiťB HBryBTBBHot MOpaiB, npBBep- 
senivuiB a5cojiH)THaro, npBBe^QrrB b'b oxnony: cnpaBejtJuiBfiui Aos- 

IpflHH, HCBaseHUHB laRBlIl OÓpaSOITB, BOBÓyABTB CMŽrB, B XOaSHO 

yji;^ lenepB npexBBA^TB HOByB) essaB^y ajcBxpyBCxoBB, ropas^o 
6oňe CM^DUHyio B HepasynrayK), ^itb BCSBafl ;^yrafl. 

2 yase TénepB Haxosy o^Boro m^ axBXi 6yAyniHX'B anazope- 
Tovhj KB jim^ A^Bopaca djjEJoxa. Eess combíbíb, bh yxBBHTecB, 
BcrpírBBB vh 9T0i rjaB% bhb sHaMeHBToĚ poMaHBCTBB; HO crpaH- 
HaB BHHra «Theophrasttts Snch»— BOBce ne poMani. dio— pa;^ 
ciafeS ($eBB onpex&ieHHoft cbbsb, cja6ocTB b hbhtoshoctb soto- 
piECB yxBBBTaiBHH, BB BB^y SBaMeHBTOCTB áBTopa. Ha 9T0TB pasB 
i^ornof^ OTJuraajacB exBHOji^ymieHx; paso^apoBaHÍe óhjio rxytfoBoe 
H Bceo^B^ee, hlcssjoo^w t&c^, bto, BaB'B BamB noBopnufi cjiyra, 
ocaBaicfl Bcer^a paBHOxyniHiiirB b^ ycnixaiii aTofi, ne no sa- 
txynxh npeBOBHeceHHOfi IIBcaTeJIB^fl^H. 06pan^H)CB bb vbxh hsb 
HffiaTewfi «BtorHBBa £Bpoiiii», Boropsie MorjB iipsimcBiBaTB mob 
vpmwieGÚsL 8aMÍHaHÍfl co^BHeHÍBX'B djjuora A^ficTBÍH) cneipajiB- 
Hoft H HecnpaBeAJiHBOt aHTHnaiiH. IlyciB ohb nonpo6yB>TX hbiatb 
9iy iiocjii;(H|DB> BHBry, b au HeHB Óy^exB hoboctbk), eciB ohh 
pšmaiefl xonrarB ee ao Boniqa. fl 8HaH)^ "íto HacB sHrepecyeiB 
Bee, voMjsfSmfie bsb-boa^ nepa BejiBsaro nBcaiejui, b ito BponiBB, 



Digitized by 



Qoo^^ 



88 BftOfHiKt iBřens. 

oaxaionpx co crojia reHÍfl, Koryrs en^e xocraBHTB óoraTyio h yAo6o- 
BapHMyio nníiBj; ho ecjiH nHcaTejB HnierB mejío o(íii^aro cb 
renieiTby Tor^a ero hh^tojreue npOHBBexeHifl flBjflBDxcfl vh CBoeirB 
HacTOfln^eifs cvbrb — BaR'B nycran mejiyxa, aócojnornoe BmoaecTBO, 
H BacraBJuiiOTi pascKorp^TB iipHCTajrBH!6e ero C09HHeHÍfl h hbitIhhtb 

CJHmSOMl BHCOBOe MHŠHÍe O&b aBTOpi. 

«Theopra8tus Snch» — bhh OABoft 4>aHTacTH9ecBOfl jihhhocth, cb 
BunyBJEHiTB Ji^owh H BiiAaK)n^HMCfl noA6opOAKOM'B, BOTOpafl pascsa- 
sHBaerB nairb o CBOHxrb Bne^aTJŠHiflx^B. Gna^aja bu osHxaere — 
0Cú6enB0 Bcrpbnivb xaBoe crpaHHoe hma — BaBHXi-HH^yx^ H)icopH- 
CTHqecicHxi pascysxeHífi, bi» pojsji «Sartor resartas». Ho Hiraero 
noAOÓHaro H^rb; 9to npocTO descBasHíit Bsxopi, xasi ^ro oxhhi 
KpBTHBi, 6evh BCflsaro spas^eÓHaro upefj&bT&ffiEiBj BHpasHjn 
colíHŠHie, — HO nepemja jh udLffi^wh ^sopxi dxjiioTb rpaHHi^ xob- 
BO^eHHaro, npe^Jiarafl ayÓ^Bsi noxotiana pancoxÍH. Oxna Bxea 
rocnoxcTByerB nax^B bc^itl: bxbh caiioorpe^eHk, TpaHCi^eHxeHTajiB- 
Haro, HHCTBHecKaro, HeecrecTBeHnaro ajiBTpyesMa, EOiopHMX npo- 
BETana bcb ara BHara. Sx^cb Bce tojbso MorajiLHua pacreHÍBí 
THCOBUJi x^pcBBfl H BflnapHCu, HMMoprejiH B BJiaToi^TH. Rasy- 
I^ifiCfl onTBMB3Mi FepóepTa CneHcepa BBjflercfl bx^cb vb CBoewh 
HCTBHHOiTb cb^ií: 9T0 yse He peaiHBiciy bto— neccHMHSicB fb ho- 
Bofi o6ojiohk£. HÓo hhbto ne noB^psT^^ ^to cqacTBe saBjno^aeTCfl 
FB caMonosepTBOBaHÍH, eciH rb, vh ?bk) nojtBsy dra sepTBa ope- 
BOCBTtSj Bcrpi^BJOTh 66 CBHCTBaHB H He6;iaroxapHOCTBK). CneHcep^, 
no spaffHett iťbpi, o6tii^a6i*B aaM^B b^ Óyjajmfiwh spy BC6o6ii(efi 
jik)6bh h npHsnaTOJiBHOCTH; y JI,sopsa djuriora h^ti^ HH^ero no- 
xoónaro. ^OBasaTejiBCTBOirb, hto b He npeyBejra?HBaH), MoaserB cjiy- 
SHTB BHHSBa, HaneqaTaHHafl BexaBHO oxhbitb 6iaroHecTHBiiirB 
moTiB.B]mfiUT>; B^B Heft OHI xoBasHBaeTL) ^To HpaBCTBeHHoe y^eme 
afiTopa «j[l,epoHxu» TOsecTBenHO cb HpaBCTBeHHUifB yneHieifB sa- 
TOJiHi^BSMa H xpvcriaHCBaro acBerHSMa, hb ero caMHX'B cypoBBtxo^ 
H Hpa^Huxi ^pMax'B ^). Ctďhtb JE SETB? — cnpaEiHBaiOTi IlIa- 
nenrayepx e ero y^eHEBi;— xa, fiesi coMHiHk, ecjiH tojibico cctb 
BaBaa-EEÓyxB naxe^xa na ocyn^ecTBJíeHie ^pifyjiBi xpyroro, Óojrite 
BejBBaro 4>Hjioco$a: «C7acTBe x^b bosmosho CÓJiBmaro ^BCJia jik>- 
xefi> — E, pasyH^ercB, ne CTÓErb, eeiE ne ocraercB xpyroft nep- 

CneBTEBUy BaB'B OqyTETBCB ÍFb OXEEl HpeRpaCHBíft X^BB BB Mlpli 



») „The Ethics of George Elioťs works*, by J. C. Brown. Edinburgh: Blac^ 
wood, 1879. CrpaHREH KBHasia dra xBijieTCJi HeosBxaHHimi. noxTBepacxeBiem iiarjii- 
AOBi, BHpaseBHHxi vh 3Tflzi BBCBMazx, OTBocBTexbBo sBaiieBiToft aBrjí&CRofi po- 

lUUaCTBK. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC [ 



RiF&i H JIHTSPlŤFPi KE COBPSMSHHOft iHTIIH. Šd 

AoeiORb H npHspaKOBi, nofpÓBurh rbwh^ soTopue nopoatx&ioTCfl 
n rojOBŠ asTopa «Theophrastas Such»: 



II. 

1) /. H. Bwrtm ^): a History of the reígn of qneen Anně. Edinburg. 3 vola. 
1880. — 2) W. Mnto: Daniel Defoe. London: Macmillan. 1 toIs in 12^. 

171 crp., 1879. 

EépTOHi— coJiHAHiifi HCTopflRS, aBTop^B npesocxo^HOfi 6iorpa$ÍB 
CBoero cooTe^ecTseHHBBa ^asH^a lOMa, onepsi ^híioco^íh BOToparo 
MU TOJBBO-HTO cx^^ajH. Ohi ropAHTCfl TUTyjioiTB BopojieBCBaro 
HCTopiorpa^wt IIIoTJiaHxiH, — xHTyjiOMi, BOTopaň boojieí onpaBAn- 
BaeTCfl BasHuicx rpjjí,oui» EeproHa no HCTopÍH aroft cxpanu. Bnpo- 
lewh, npeAnpHHHMafl onBcanie i^apcTBOBaBis BopojieBH Ahhbi, ohx 
ne OTBasajicfl orb BBacHoro naipioTESMa, BOTopufi CBOflcTBeHi Eas- 
ffiuy moTjiaHAi^y^ xota h ne aoxoahtb ao laBHX^b Hejinocreft, BaEi 
f BpjaHAi^eBi. nonpoóyfiTe, noA'B npeAJioroMX exiiHCTBa asuBa, 
lasBaTB aHrjH^aHHHOiTb BaBoro-HB6y;pi MaBXonajibAa hjh ^seMH- 

COHa, — OHH SaBOMTE OHH, MOJIl — «SC0tch», WH, HO MÍCT- 

Hony Hapíiiio: «Scots, not English*. Ob Apyrofi cropoHH, ohh 
oxoTHo HasuBatOTb ce6fl ÓpEiani^aMH (British), b nn^ero se BM'liorB 
nporaFB B^^naro coeABHenia jByxxEopojeBCTB-B,— ^aate nBTaioTx»B 
rjy^HHi Kyma saÓaBHyx) hucjtb, 6yAT0 vh x^ficTBBTeiBHocTB IOot- 
laHxia npncoeABHBJía bi ce6£ AnrjriK), xaBi BaBx Bopo;iB lasoBi Ví, 
Ha^aBmiS, noffB BMeneifB laBOBa I, p^x^ oÓd^bxi Bopojiefi, 6ujn> 
moTJiaHACBHMi npBHi^eMi. KaB% 6u to hb 6ujio, OBOHHaxeJiBHoe 
coexBHeHÍe i^h oS^bm^b napjiaMeHTOMx, ci o^Bi^a^BHOio bohctb- 
iyi(iefi BejfHBOÓpflTaHCBaro BopojiOBCTBai ocyn^ecTBBJíocB tojibbo b% 
1707 roíy, vh npaBJíenie BopoJiOBH Ahhbi, npe^ciaBJífliomee, xa- 
siMB o6pa30irB, ocotiufi BHiepecTB fiflsí HCTopBBa lUoTJiaHAiB. Tojibbo 
m oÓCTOflTejiBCTBO, AyMaercfl mhí, mooo sacraBBTB BepTona sa- 

RITBCfl dTHM^B npeXMOTOlTB, HOpeffB ^eCATB JlŠrB nOCJI^ nOflBJieHÍH 

Ji BecLMa noHTeHHaro Tpy;^a rpa^^a Cxenrona ^). 

jt «OHa 6iijia Ao6pafl senn^Bna, — roBopBTB Manuie o BopojieB'^ 
Ahb%:— BM^jia cocrpa^aTaoBnoe cepAi][e, ÓoďjacB BpoBB, h efi o6fl- 
siBa MHpoM-B EBpona» («Hi8t. de France», t. XIV, p. 324). 

>) Ero xe: The history of Scotland írom Agncola's inyasion to the year 1748. 
Uiobargb. 8 tom. 2-e mi, 1873 r. Bi 1846 r. w% iiaDe^iaTan „The Life and Gor- 
mipoiidence of David Hume''. 

17 ^ History of England under the reiga of queen Anně. London: Murray. 2 t. 

• i» a», 1870. 



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Google 



90 QftWIEl.UlKVV* 

Tw^B aocjiyinaeMi Bouiepa: ^UicwMhJsú napi nepnaTOR^, n 
BOToptixB efi OTKasajia repi^ajnaHsi MapxUíopo; spysisa Wffij bo- 
TOpyH) repi^orHHfl, hsx npHTsopHOfi HeJOBSOcrH, npcjiEJia vh es 
npHcyTCTBÍn na luaTBe rocnosH MemeifB, — hbm^hhjih bhxi 
EBponH>. 9x0 uofXBepTRffierh TajjiairB, npESHaBascB, saB^B 9to 
eiiy HH TpyAHo, ^rro ^fpwb Byp6oHOBi, 6effB comhíhíb, ne i^ap- 
CTBOBBXB 6u no ly cropony IlHpeHeeBi, ecjH 6u Capa h AÓHrafijiB 
He npHCyreTBOBaiH npn Tyaaeri RopojieBii Ahhiíi> (<Oonstitat. 
Hístory>, t. III, crp. 283). OxciOAa, Bastercfl, mosho saBjnomB, 
^TO Boiiexifl CspHÓa: ^Yerre ďeaa», npeACiaBuerB bbm6oj^ 
iiOjmiiM'B o6pa80M> ^bjioco^ík) fcropÍH no aroicy Bonpocy. 3to ne 

JieCTHO B^'B WZ HCTOpin, laRl H A29 ^HJarOjCO^iH. 

VLxMi'h, cnpaBeAiíHBo jih MHŠnie MHmjiey h B(|pHO n to, hto 
Bopojiesa A^Ha eAHHCiBeHHo no ]ífl6poTb cepA^a, hss orspan^nÍB 
KB BpoB?, corjiac9;iacB nOAapvrB nofí&BAennoft ^panAín othoch- 
TejiBHUfl 6jiar<^ yrpezrcBaro Mnpa? H, c:b xpyrofi croponu, Biriba 
jTH BjiflHie na 8to co6une ccopa BopaieBH cb repi^oniqeS M^^JOr 
6opo? ESproH^ OHeHB xopomo noHBJí^B, ^rro tbbí^ hhhtosh9j^ npn- 
HHHK ne MoryTB onpeff&iarB BaiB^HXB ^^ajrroBB HCTQpH^ecBaro 
pa8BHTÍB. Ho rbwb, ^e Mentě laiOB npEHanu Moryn hh^tb ;^fl- 
CTBHTejiBnoe BJiÍBnie, n i^mi^. CKOpite, h^mx 6ojrite coÓurie nojiro- 
TOBjeno coBOBynnocTBH) oůf^i^^h npHranx, BaB% ipxo, óiup ri^ a^^h- 
noHi cjiynat. EasB^^rca, hto nanrB aBTopit nexocTaio^HQ B^ftqff^jix 

8Ty A^fiCTBHTeAnyK) CBBBB C06uTÍfi. 

Mosei^ 6iiTB, MHnuare n npeyBeJiH^HBajTB n^wsBweEBjp h 
crpannyK) xpys^y^ Boropaa cyn^ecTBOiiajia cqf^^aju^ mos^ Bopo- 
jieBofi Annofi h es, BejrarRoS ^aBqpHTBofi, — np sa to BSproH^ co- 
Bepmenno ynycTHJrB hs'b Bn^a 9to o^CTOflrejiBCTBO. A jmsí o(^cpe- 
nifl ero CJad^xQBaio oópaTHTBpa b:b MHJioft ano^t KopoJiy Kap4|i^ II 
H ero ABopa— BTOMy ncraHnoiiy i](apcTBy Acrpen, tojbbo (Se«B pe- 

BHHH0CT9, — KOrxa HSl HMeHH JOOÓOBHHI^U BOpOJfl MHCCB ^^JKTB (OO 

4)pan^y8CB0,— poits, KOJO^esB) ^^ara ABycMHCJiennijre sajiiMf^Cypw; 
Korxa jípjrBS ^anopETBa, v^cc^ CxeBaprB, Bnopi^ACTBÍH rpa^Hna 
Pehmobab, óesx BCBBirx^B j^peMonifi noBasiiBajia cbqh nor?, dra 
pocji^AHflfl ^epT9 TaB'B xApasTepucTEiHpo H T^WB MHJio pa8Ci»8aHa 
y TaiqiJiBTona, hto sl ne Mory yAepataxBCí orB yxoBoncTBifl um- 
TBPQBBTB eifo, tbiTB 6ojA^y ^TO dio i^caeTCfl OT^a^^TE Pqccíh: 

«69epa a 6ujrh y ManeifyasejiB CieBapn nocit ayxíeniVH 
9T0X% npoBjraTiix'B mocbobhtobi, — pascBasiiBaerB Jiop^B ^ecxep- 
ýnjiBxv, — Bq)aiB TOitBBO-^TO npHmexB. 3aniexB pasroBopi o xh- 
BOBHnnofi ^nrypt nocjiOBB. He snaK), OTsyxa BSflJTB stotb cyíca- 
cmexníift Rpa^, tto y bc&xi mocbobhtob^ BpacHBiui senu, h y 



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HiyKA H JOTKPiTyPA Vb OOBPnBHHOt AHrUH. 91 

Bcin 8THX'b xeffB zqK)nieHBKÚi hosrh. KopojB yrBeps^ajTE^ ^to 
n y SOFO Bin Tasofl Mpa(»Bofl Honr^ míkl y MM^HyaaejB Oře- 
BaprB. Ona, ito5u y6%AR^ bcšx% npBcyTCTByioii^BXiy crua 9e no- 
usBBan, Bume so^tea. Mu roroKi 6iijih ÓpocHn^ca n ea ho- 
ram h npeBJOHHTBea nepe^^ hx^b apacorofl: tbm% xaxsb xitterBS- 
TeiMK> veBoairosHO HaArir Apynixi xanux^B Horb» ii-npeo. ^V 

To tfiiJio BpeMtf, Korwi xbí ^pe&Jflra repi^orHHH lopxccofi, 
naech ,9^HHHHrei n mhccl npein, HcaaiB apHRjiio^Hiff, nepe- 
oiisHncB Bi njane ToprosoirB aDencHHaMH. ^MaxeiiyaseiaB J^aaeH- 

HHHTCE, — rOBOpím raMHJBTOH^, — O^apefiBafl BC^MH CORpOBlHM^MH 

vojQAOGTH, OTjH^ajacB caMOfi oeašnHTe;iBHofi CibjmaQA. Ea bojiocbi 
6iUH (SeaysopHdBeaHaro 6ijioByparo n^Bira. TSMwe m ofymeueE- 
Hoe BiipajKeme npexoxpaHajo ea jihi^o oi-b bhmcth, icoropaa o6ur- 
HOBeHHO conpoBOSAaeTE qpesBEi^afiHyK) ůb^mEj. £h pon 6ěáXh 
se HSb cansixn^ MajeiBKarB; ho 8to dujn BpeapacB'6flinift poxHK^ 
Wh itípi. Ilpapoxa yspacHja ee HeBBipasHMUMH npejaEeoraHB; rpaiufl 
saBOHHKDi fibio npapoxH. Qepru ea JiHi^a 6ujie npejieciHti; ea 
mea (baa laBOfl se ocj^neTejiBHofi (í^i»bu, BasfB u jmufi* 
(chap. XI). 3to noprperB ne Capu ^seHHHHrci^ repiv)rHHB 
Map^iBÓopO) HO ea cecrpn; ho, (pocHBi bspaíkl na rpaBiopu, aa- 
o6pM[ag>n\ia Tepi(orHHK>; mi ne MOseMi ne npnii^HHXB Kb Heft, 
no Boeft cnpaBexiHBocK, dioro aeerHaro onBcania. Bi oco- 
6eflH0cni, ecjni iqpHÚaBHTB cio^a cji%xyDDiyK> lepry: «npH Taaoiii 
HpespacHinrB jiba^ ona éjHcrajia ynoirB h oerpoyideirE'. 

Bb 8tom'b ohb oco6eHHo OTJiH^ajiacB otb CBoefi noApyrH, npiiH- 
qeccH Ahhh, o($jia^(aBmefi, Ras^B roBopaxi, Ben^ecTBeHHoB ocaaRoS, 
Bo ROTopyK) Bcero oxotate iipexcraBuemB cetfi migh bhxomi h 
HMeHem x-cb MopjieS; aro Biia ona npHHaja nosAH^ře ;^a nepe- 
mcsH CB CBoeft icajoft Gapofi, HasBaBmefica m-c% ^paMasB. Capi 
^^KeHHVHTCB 611JO 12 jAvhy wvjífi OHB CA^JiajiacB no^pyroi CBoeli 
6jxyEifiŘ RopoiOBH. Ha ceMna^i^aToirB roAy ona BJioÓBAacB bi 
qMiCHBaro nojiROBHHRa ^ona ^epqaaja: ohh noB^H^aaHCB cnepBa 
ceapefíHO^ no TorAamneiiy oóhehobohík). Torxa x&iajiH ohjutb cy- 
BpyaaecTBa, npea^e hími> otfiaBBTB o oeirB bo BceycjiuniaHie. Taa^ 
BOdynaai laaoBi 11 cb MaaeHBKOK) Ahboh> TaftAi, xovepBio Ram^- 
jepa SiapeHAOHa; noBXBie ohi piniH.ica o6Hapojv)BaTB dnoTh 6pt^«b. 
Oy 8T0 cjaBHoe 6um Bpena x^a 'rlx'B, aio ^BOSBumaerca no^ 
qiexcTBOMx seHiipiHi». 

nocpeuvrrBOM^B xo^epH, KjiapeHX0H'B xocnirB BexHqaftmeft vocth: 
6sah xl^niROft XByxrB Ropojiesi, ho CHHTaa tofo, ^to aopojB 



1) Mémoires de Gnmmont, par ffamltanj clu^). IX. 



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92 vmESJi% XBPora. 

6ují% ero sai^ui! H Jí^tmej ^epqHJio noHorjra seHn^BHti, a HiieHHO 
ero cecTpa, ApaÓejiJia Mep^HjjB, «BiicoRafl A^Bymiuti ŮAjí^ílsi h 
xyA0ii^a6afl», roBopím FaHUBTOEx; repi^on lopscsifi bajio yxa- 
SHBajTb sa Hefi, noRa^ HaRonei^^ naxeHÍe cb lomaxH ne ycrpoHJio 
cyx^^y KpacaBHj^i, oÓsapysEBinn btb nefi Tanis npeBMyii^ecTBai 
^BOTopincE seBosMOSHo 6£iJio H noxosp^BaTB, cyffi no es iflí^y>. 
9to roBopHTCfl He ch n^jibio yneumETh cjiaBy MapjiBÓopo; owh^ 
BOHe^HO, ÓHJTB BejfHKÍft noJisoBO^ei^^ HO Tasse n BejiHHafimifi 
npexaiejiB h onaBJíeHHHft luyrB, noxoÓHO ÓonniHHCTBy rocyx&p- 
CTBeHHHrB xíOffiij coBpeMeHHHROBi BopojieBBi Ahhh. 

BecBMa saM^naTejBHOy ^to, eiri^ nepex^ rjasaMH noffiŮBue 
npHMŠpB, o&b noxpyrv, ÁHHa b Capa, coxpaHHJiH xobojbho ^ecr- 
syio penyrai^iio, no RpaSnefi MŠp£ vb tohi, hto Kacaerca Jtio- 
(SoBHBBOBi. Ho B%;(B H BpeifeHa nepeiiiHHJiHCB; 8a njenaMv ctouo 
i^apcTBOBaHÍe BnjiBrejnbMa III h peBOJiioi^ifl. IlypEraHESHi saaBjífljrB 
HOBBfl npereBSÍHi — fb o0ii^eM'B pedyiBTati 8to npeBpan^aaocB vh 
jiHi^eiišpie, BaBi npH XBOpi cocrap^Binarocfl Jln^^oBHBa XIY. Ota- 
pajiHCB nojrynine xopoHBTB bohi^u; vh cyn^HOCTB ababojtb ocraBajicfl 
He Blb ytfuTB^. Anna, cynpyra ho^th aia6oyMHaro HejioB^Ba, po* 
AHJia no spafiHefi iiipš 17 fíbnei; ho^tb Bcb ORasaiBCB nepreo- 

pOBt;(eHHUMB. TOIBBO OABffB AOSBiťB xo 10 jAvh] B efi npBmjiocB 
npBHaxB saiBOHi, nepe^aBaBniiS no en CHepTB BOpony BpayHmBefir- 
CROMy xoHj. 3to 0BÍJIO ÓojiBmoe ropě x-ia KopojieBu, Roropas xo 
nocjiÍAHflro MoneHTa Hax^ajiacB ocraBBTB Kopony cfioeny Ópary- 
npereH^eHiy. 

Ob Apyrofi CTopoHH; uy7B.% Capu 6un ne AypftB'^; ho, BaK% 
roBOpBTTB — ^pam^scsafl hícha: «Malbrook s'en va-t-en guerre> 
— OffB Bcerxa Óun fn> oicyTCTBÍB. H TáBBirB o^pasoMi, 06% 8th 
a&eHn^BHEi cŮJnujBMECb Bce Óojiie b Cojiie: npoBCxoxBJíB Óessonen- 
HUfl npESHanifl b BSJíiflHifl, ffisi botopeix'b cjobo xpys6a ho-bctbhí 
BexocraTOHHo BupasBTejTBHO. 

PasyMŠeTCfl, Cjecran^afl Capa, m*cb $pBMaHi, bbojihš sasjía^ 
Xija 8T0tt puxjiott asenn^BBOft. Rasxyio HBHyry ona a&ajryeTCB, 
^TO RopoJiOBa xo^erB nopBaTB ci nefi Apys6y; a sra nBmerB: 
«JIexH MapjBÓopo. — M02 HBjaa hbcci ^pBMaHi jierRO nofi- 
MerB, ^To fl He Mory CRasaiB efi mhofo soBaro nocji% loro, RaR'L 

MU BBX^JBCB TaRl He^aBEO. O^HaRO, XBa CJIOBI^ xaRl RaRl, XOTfl 

JI H ne 6oK)CB xaiB efi noBOX'B ycyHHBTBca bs Moefi b^hocth 
(contenancy), oxnaRo cbítb raBB oónaH^KB, ^ro bcaroo yxocro- 
B^penie cb Moefi CTopona óyxerB ne jiHniHHUx. HraRi, nosBOJiBTe 
1IHÍ& yB^pHTB BacB, ^TO fl HARor^a ne bbmíhiocb no OTHomemio kb 
Baiix, H fl CRopie roroBa BunecTB RaRyK) yro^HO nuxRy, HeseiB 



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HAyKA I JIHTKFATyPA Blb OOBPUKBIOfl ÁHrJOH. 93 

opy MycjiB o pasj^TK^. H BjiflHycB, qio a CRopie oosBOJtiuia 6u 
pasopBtrfc ce6fl na Tucflqy KycROBi, h'6m% oTRasaTbcfl ors aroro 
pimeHiji. Mgjiafl xoa m-ctb $pHHaHi| a cropaio a&ejiaHÍeiťB nojiy- 
^wth on BacB F^cro^Ry^ O- A HenHoro nosAS^e, Ror^a repi^o* 
fgHH roBOpflT& O pasjíiyKŠ, BopojieBa nHmerB efl: «Bo hiui HCÓa^ 
HH cioBa o&b aroiTB. yB^pnio Bací, tto ecjiH Óy^ere HacroAKo 
xecTOBH, HTO cfjbjíWíe aro, y Měna ne ocraHercfl hh MHByru cno-" 
10BB08. H ecjiH Bu ocraBHTe nesa Óesn^ Moero coraacía — nycn 
He($o HaBcerxa saspoerca jí,jul Hena, ecjiH a Borxa-HHtfyxb jí,hwh 
»io corjiacie — to a CKpoiocB ot% CB^ia, h sanpycB wb KaBoifBrHH- 
6jff> vkrky rff6 Měna saíy^erb poffB TOJiOBinecritt [1. c. cíp. 76] ^). 

KasHiTB otfpasoMi nacroe bojioto npeBpaTHJiocb vh npespinnuft 
CBiB6A'B? cnpaniHBaeTB oaho h9b A&acTByK>ii^Hxi jiHA% AxajiiH. Ea- 
tBWb oÓpasoMi Taxaa opoxoisHTejnbHaa h TporaxejiBHaa xpystfa 
npiseia b% Tanoiiy ujia^eBEoify pesyjuTaTy, hto HaxMeHHaa Capa 
toBOSBpaxBO noiepajia cepxi^e, HaA'B xotopuirB BjaxunecTBOBajía 
6oňe tpEfísflítE járb? BěproHi h tiojiBniHHCTBO hctophbobi^ otb%* 
laiDTi Ha bio: noroiiy-HTO repi^orana asoynorpe^HJia CBomrB BJiia- 
HieiTB, xepsajsta vh oROBaxrB «tiÍAHyH) RopoďeBy», Roropaa h boc- 
nau30BajiacB nepBuiTB yAotfHHiťB cjiyHaem, hto6u ocBo6o;(HTBca. 
Ho zoxa 6e8:B coMH^HÍa ^Hsio^oriefi ne cjFk^yerb s^oynorpetfjiflTB 
sasi Bi HCTOpÍH, mvb H vb ponaH^,— OAHaRoecTBCJiyHaH, vh ro- 
topHxi Heo($xoxHMO Bi» HeS o6paTHTBca; saRjiiDHeHia Btimeyno- 
nsBymTb HCTopHROB^B noBasuBaiorB cjihiiirom'b HexociaTO^Hoe 3Ha- 
Bie qejiOB^^ecROfi iipapoxn. JIhhhoctb, Roropaa nOA^HHaerca no* 
;(o6flO]fy BjdaHiio vb TeneHÚi ctojib AOJiraro BpeneHH, ho MOflcerrB 
^yBCTBOBaTB ero xasecTB; ona ffixe ne cosnaerB ero. Ho bto co- 
SHanie aBHTca, ecjH crapoe BjdaHÍe saHi^HHica hobumi, ocjih ho* 
Baa Apyaóa b% tomi se poA% buiíchhtii h sacraBairB sa^HTB 
npesHioH). 

dto H cjiynjiocB vb j^ftcTBHTeaBHocTH, ROF^a «Qaeen Anne» 
KpinRo no^ysHJiiacB cb oxhok) hsi cbohxi npHÓaHseHHHXi, xecob 
A($Hrafiu Fajub (BHoan^ACTBÍH, joah MemeH'B). Jenso nonaiB ($& 
meHCTBo H poBHocTB GapH: ee onepaH, h rto aae? — HH^rosnaa 
xiBynusa, Bpax^B jih ffoie «gentlewoman» — ea se poxctBeHHHi^a, 
loiopyH) OHa caMa hbtb mhjiocth noMŠciHJia nojí^ RopojoLCBU. dra 

^) An acooant oř the Condact of the dowayer duchessofMarlboroogh. London. 
1742, crp. 66. JLicaHO ryKoxi noAi xEKTOBsy repuoriHH. IlHCUía, o^eBHXHO, noxuEh 
n«, nparoirb Hasiiii ne ocnopEsaBíHÚíCA. 

*) Cm. TEKse. IT. Cooře: „Memoirs of the Duke of Marlborough", HaneiaraBH 
n BiftBHft pa9b irb 1818 r., nepene^axanH vb co6paHÍH, esbícthomi nox^ Ejfeneirb 
jMm UbrarT^; EeoůxofíUisA AOKyvenn au Hdy^enúi Moro Hcropaieciaro nepioxa. 



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94 BI^OTHIft^ EBPOm. 

xiBymsa 6um lOBBaa npoSxoxa, aro ne noABepseHo HHBaBOMý 
comhíhík); noA'B pysoBOXCieoirb MHBBcrpa Tapjefl, flfipsABmBxo m> 
CBO0XI pyisaxi Bd& hhth aiofl hhtphtH) ohe cbyM^ja o6paxHTB bi 
nojTO^ naprÍH Tope to HHcro-JU^Hoe BAÚinie, Roropoe wuibáh Ha 
BopojieBy. B'B 1710 r. repi^orBHJi aojs^ 6slM yajawrb, h oboh* 
qaxejiBHO ocxaBHaa XBopx, nocj^ Tn^erHuxrB h yjMSHiaaBHHyB no- 
nuTOBi CHOBa saB^iax^TB cepxqem CBoefi 6£iBmett noApyrn. 

^OJSHO JH npEOBcuBaTB TOUBO BTOiiy otfcTOflTeiBCTBy na^eHÍe 
BHroBii H OTOSBaHÍe MapjBÓopo? O^eBHXHO Bivh] vb dnowb cjiynai h 
BojBiep^i H MniiLie omnÓaiOTCfl; ne Biiame le^H MemeirB h ne 
XOÓpora BopojieBn p^mEiH bth BejiHRÍfl coÓbitui. Bo-nepBOXi, ne* 
cMoxpfl na 6jHCTaTeAHua noÓtAu, nacTB Haipn yroiouacB boShoh); 
Ri TOMy ae, o^eHb naio usu BOBce He npocBÍn^eHHas xacca 
Cum npoTHBi ctopohhhbobx cbo6oau h TepoHMOcrv, h croaáa sa 
npHBepzseHBieBi a6coJiK)Tii8va, h pejnrríodHaro npeciixoBaHÍfl. 3th 
^yBCTBa flpBO oÓHapyaiHJHCB no noBo;i(y npoAecca GameBepaua 
(1710 r.)* droTh cBflii^eHHHB'B vh CBoefi p^HH, npio6p%Tmeft cb 
Tbx% nopi BHaifeHHTOCTB, ociinaji!B zyiaHH ■ pyraiejUiCTBaMH nap- 
tík) BHroBiy a vb oco6eHHocTH nepBaro MHHHCipa Foxojibsiifla. 
MHHHcrepcTBO bo3'bhm£jio HecqacmyK) mucjeb npecji^AOBaiB ero. 
dwTh npoi^ecc^B nocsysiisjvb mBO]ípu% KfB mjuBuwh h Bceotín^nirB 
MaHH^crai^flirb bi noiBsy «High-Ghurclimen»: CameaepejJiB cpasy 
npocjiun My^eHHBOirB, h na cjiš^yion^Hxi B£i6opax% lopn no.iy- 
^wa 6oaBmHHCTBo roiocoBi. Kopoiesa Bocnoju>80BajiacB BiHii^BHa- 
crpoenieMi yicoBi, imCu ycRopeiB rpeshcl, h saM^HHiB CBoe 
BPrrcBoe MHHHcrepcTBO xopificsHirBBaÓuHeTOMi. BiaioirbTOJiBSoaiy- 
^a^, H OpHTOBťB, BaVB TO OHeBHAHO, Vb BUfiíb no60HHarO OÓCTOflXeJIB- 

CTBa otfeapyaKHjocB Bjlanie mjíjil MemeiťB h naxeníe ibah MapjB- 
Óopo. IIpHTOMi, BJiiflHie AÓHraftjiB na^ajocB yse cb 1707 r., a 
MeaAy tíitb, HMenno orb 1707—1710 r. i^apMO bo Bcei CBoeft 
CBJíi Bjiisime BBroB^B H MapjiLÓopo. ^o TaBofi creneBH BŠpno to, 
<iT0 uejijú^ npHHHHti Bcer^a HrpaK>rB toibbo Menyio pon bi Beu* 
BHXi co<$HTÍflX'B BTOPO CBŠTa. Hc HysHo HE oipHi^aTB, HH npoyBe- 

JiHlHBaTB 8TB npH^HHU, HO TOJBKO npe^CTaBJIflTB HXl Vb UCTHHH0M'B 

cb&t6. 

Bi RHBT^ EěpTOHa TOxaTeJB HaSxeTB ajteiieHTu aia TaBoro 
rayieHiiíy ho ona cípa^aerB HenojHOTOfi h bi oooÓeHHOcxH nexo- 
craTBOiTB CBBBH. jKhshb flfi^y HaHEoaHHaa Mhhto, nonojiHHrb btotb 
HexocraTOBi. IIpH homoh^h 8to9 najieHBBofi bhhth ^BraxejiB oocra- 
BHrb Qjeůi óoxke nojHoe noHATÍe o crenenH nojuiTHHecBaro yna^aa 
BToft SHaKeHHTOfi BnoxH, Borxa BQŠj renepajH, juipECxpu, naM^eiH- 



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HAySi H JITEPATyPA Vb COBPlMBHflOĚ iiniH. 95 

eiHjrtHaiH j&b^ffiBiB fas<B se jiePRO, Bass py(!amBy, craHOBSCb 

10 BBmiH, TO TOIHfllUly OOOtfpaSHO CB JETOOfi BUrOffOfi. HsM^HHBSH 

I ftíBevUfu úsija noBCiofy^ Byxa hh orjulHErob. IM^pjiBÓopo, PapjieS, 
Cni^, caMHe sHaMeHHTue jiwah ÓHjra BidKTri h caiiEUf h Óoshrnnuu 
niyrm. 

Ho najiufa nepeescrra npHHaAnesH^ Jífiíjfo^ «oxHOMy hvs lin 
fleyiOMiiifiix^B TpyseBHKOffB, no cjiOBaiťB Tana, soropue, npecai- 
jQfoiBe, OBiraeiaHHBie, savoHaemie b% tioplmu, ciyir&iH, Óďaroxapfl 
CBoel ^eoTHOCTH, BSpaBOMy OMuoiy h sHeprÍH, opHBjíeHb Ahciíkx 
Ha cBoA) CTopoHy^ (LHtérat Anglaise, IV, 85). MŠb o^esB o6hxho 
sa PotiEHSOfia Kpysb n sa ^paBiQrBCBaro HCTopExa; ho btb dioirb 
ciyiafb, sasB h bo iiMonix'B ^^yrincB, nimzoAHTca yjHWTB Tona 
vh HeroraocTH* >QpaBw, tvo Bib to apeiifl, xorxa TdKB nHcajii 8th 
cípoBH, BmxbHWh JQÍH en^e ne o($HapoAOBajii XOByMeHTOBx, HaBira 
aaiiaiHaBniHX!B ^e^; o^Haao yae 6um HSB^tema ero usuisi^y ero 
nepeio^B otb beporb vh Topiaiiii bi 1710 r., h bto oaho bo bcekom-b 
ciy^ai He xonycsajio TaiiHX'^ BpafieincL, HenocTHSHMiixi noxBaxB 
ero lecTHOCTH. 

Bet fju9kjusj ^To asTOpi Po(SHH80Ha Rpyao (HaneuTamaro 
BfBl719r.) CEl715r. coBopmeHEO ocraBHtrB sypnajiHCTEKy. 
TpyxHO (kuo npexcraBETB ceůb^ hto6íi ropanifi napresaB^, AObI* 
peHHHft naii4»jieTHCTi BHJiBraiiyMa III h bhfobi^ nepemexmijl vb 
1700 r. Ha cropoBy Topificsaro MUHQCiepcrBa, moitb hotomi CHOBa 
nepefiTH na cropony bbfobi. Ho bi> 1864 r. híbto Jív ofipaTHJii 
BHHvaHie Ha naserB cb 6 oHCBifaMH, jiesaBmHMH fb TeveBÍH no- 
jyropacTa jAtl kb saÓBeBÍH bi rocyxapciBeBHOirB apzHB^. Kor^a 
Ha íeTBeproMrB roxy ^apcTBOBask Feopra I mhbhctpb BByTpeBHHXi 
xkrhy sopKb ToyH3eBA'B, Óhjtb saBi^n^eH^B jop^oiti GTeHTonoMi, 
A^9 corpyxHHHaBmifi fb flBo6HTCBHX'B sypBaxaxi vb BanecTBli 
cj^ytu npaeumejuhcmea^ Tasí odMCBfljirB CBoe noioaR6HÍe bi HHC&ifii 
KB axHOMy laeiHOMy cesperapio: «Bh)J[0 ycjioBJíeHO cb JiopxoiTB 
ToyHseHAOiťB, ^ro a oeraHycB, Basi b npes^e, Óyxro 6h vb ne- 
MHiocfH y npaBBiejLBCTBa e vb cropont orB beporb, ^ioÓh rban 

fCepXH^ COffIfiCTBOBaTB HMl KB 9T0fi 0(k)JIOHBÍ> ^). A BaSOFO 
PO^ (kuO dTO COA^iCTBÍe? HaXO 6iU0 COTpyXHflMTB BTB H^BOTopun 

wpAc&isxb sypsajiaxi, e, npETBopajiCB TopíeirB, ECBaaarB e na- 

paiBBOBaTB EXl HB^BÍfl TaKB, ?T06lI OHE BO MOriE BpOAHTB Hpa* 

BHTejBCTBy!! TaBEMi-To o6pa80H'B paÚomaAz owb vb TenenÍE h^bojib- 



I 1) IImcuio on 26 anpiu 1718 r„ ipiTHp. Mhhto, na CTp. 116. IloxpoÓiiie fb 

\ vaň: ^Daniel Defoe**, his life and recently discoyered writings, by „William Lee*'. 
\ Loadon. J. C. Botten. 8 t., in 8<» 1869 r. 



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96 Bwtmi xwom. 

Knx% sfbTh Wh sypHui «Mist>, orsflBjíeHaoirB AKOÓHri, npHTBO- 
pflflCB ero xpyroMx, h npexaBaa ero kb HHTepecax^b npaBHrenczM. 
IIocjiiAHie 6iorpa4»ii A^) ^ ^omi hecjA jIh, He pimancb 
ocyxHTB ero sa aro, npnnHCiiBafl aiH npox^JisH ;m)HO noHaroMy 
naipioTESMy. dro SHa^HTx cjufmsoifB A^iJeBO aoboahtb chhcxoxh- 
TeiBHOCTB! fio-nepBuxiy J^e^K) nonepen^EHO nojy^an ffiBhcm otb 
BHroffB H OTib TOpieBi, Ho noitosHMi Aase, HTO OWb BCK) shbhb 
ociaBajicfl y(ÍtoxeBBHirB BHroirb; kebs hbbhhbtb nosex^me 8T(hx) 
nBcaxejifl, otfuAaBmaro lasHirB BticoKnH^b yiioxi, h tíite 6ojiše 
BHHOBHarOy 9T0 OHI i](tjiHe roAu npBTBopucfl xpyr<Mi% ^ejosiBa, ko- 
Toparo npexaBajii sa ffiEhrE npaBHTejBciBy? fisHaio, ^rro iraoSa- 
saHH yBassemeicB xajiaHTy, h mhš ne xot&iocb 6h oropnrB 
Bcixi, BTO HaciasBAajiCfl h 6yxerB en^e flacJiasxaTBca HiemeirB 
PoÓHHSOHa; HO peiiecjo, Boropmii saHHMajcfl fifiíffO} hochtb nesa- 
BHCTHoe HMfl Ha Bc£rB flBHBax^i H JDOAHi saHHiiaion^eGa arHin 
peHecjoMi, CHHCRHBittorB bhojihí sacjqrseHHoe npespime xftse co 

CTOpOHBT t£x%, BOTOpHe BHHySXeHU EHOr^a nOJfBdOBaXBCfl HX^B 

ycjiyraMH. 

Ho ^TO sa &bKaA «Ofl'B auurb h ynepi HCRpeHHHirB nporecraH- 

T0M!B>, rOBOpHTTB JIh. Bot% FB HBWb CHJia! — J^e^ ÓHJTB HyiwTa- 

H0H1&, CBfln^eHHBifl cjiOBa H ÓxaroHecTHBUfl ^wb nocroaHHO cuuar 
jiHCB ch ero flBHBa; Po6hh80hi HsoÓHJiyerB hme, h Tbítl noiBsyercfl 

BTHM^B, ^TOÓH, CA'&iaBl HŠCKOJIBBO I^rrarB Bl arOlTB pOX^i BOCRJHB- 

nyTB: «npH TaBOH'B (!) xynieBHOifB nacrpoemH mosho Bce BunecTH... 
tfjraroHecrie ysp^ujuierB lepnime, h ^ejiOBÍBí, omrpaacB cb oxHoft 

CTOpOHU Ha CBOH HHCTHHKTBÍ, Cl ^yroft Ha.CBOH B^pOBaHÍfly CHO- 

co6eHi pac^HntaxBi nacejiflTB, ycrpoHBaTB h i^HBHJiHSOBaTB i;tjiHe 
ROHTHHeHTu>. IIocji^ TOFO, HT& 6ujio csasaHO y nacTB BHme, AoxsHO 
cosHaTBCfl, ^To noAOÓHUfl BupaseHLí noryn BosÓyxHTB toxbbo cirtxi. 
EidIpoHi H niejUH npaBHJEBH^ cyxB^H o^e^. Ho npHMip^ aroro 
TaxaHTJHBaro nHcaTejaui h quasi-MopajnicTa mofb Jierso coÓJiasHHTB 

HOBÍftniBX!B EBTOffiUTh SfOffiŘ, TaRSLe HHOrxa TaJiaOTJniBIIX'By H OHH 

MorjiH yrtmaTB ceóa tíitb, ^to botb h coBpeiieHHHBH, n Ó^iHsaft- 
mee noroMcxBO xoxro nowxajiH Taxoro ujiyra, saiTB Á^í tojbso 
nycTB OHH HoxHfln ero nosAHifimyio cyffB6y h ne ocraBjuiKxrB 
yjmvh ofHoeHieJBUo xoro, ^itb ohh 6hxh na caicoirB fjbA. 9ro 
xoserrB co BpeMeHem passiH^aTB hx%. 



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HiySA H álTBPATTPA Vh GOBPUEHHOt AHTJm. 97 



m. 

1) AUwander Bain: Edacation as a Science. London. 1879. —2) Edncation, its 
principles and practice as developed by George Combe: edited by W. loUy. Lon- 
don« 1879. — 3) A. H, Sayce^ depaty professor of comparatíve philology in tb^ 
UníTersity of Oxford: Introdnction to the science of langnage. London. 1880. 

HHsifl BHHni HHTepecyiOTi hectb no CBoeiiy coxepsamDy a 
xpjrrifl— (SiaroAftpfl neHH asiopa. TpasrarB npo^^eccopa Bána o 
BOCnBiamH npHHaxiesHTB vb noci^AHeft KaTeropÍH h, RpoM^ Toro, 
ooi BXOAKTS vb cociaFB ^HHiepHaipoHaiBHolt EiitfjdoTeBH*, Hac^m- . 
TiiBax)ii(ei cxoj&Bo saM^TOTejiBHiixB coHHHeHÍfi, H TasHiTB otfpasoirb 
BwoftBi npEuesaerb BHHMame ny(SiHKi. H vto sel HeeMorpa na 
BC% 8TH saifaH^HBiui jcjiobíh, BHHra luoza, H TOjJiLKO nodiOMy a 
CTsrarE cetfa očasaHHiufb o Hel ynoiuiHyTB. 

dio HeoÓxoxHMO H noTOMy, ^TO ;^o EffiTh o XMSBí&mowb Bonpoe6, 
o Bonpoc^, cyntecTBeHHO CBflsaHHoirE ch nporpeccoiTBy — icajio loro: eb 
cBKEorh cyii^ecTB0Bam6ir& Hapoxoei. ^BocnarnBaTB Hai^K) — j^a^HTi 
ee ipreHiH80BaTB», mnaerb A^xpo, h cos^ineHHO B^pno, noiOMy 
no MOBO «BOcnHTifflie» daMwrb—K^hmypa vb CBMOiá^ nrapoBOirB 
cinicjiE'6 BToro ciOBa. Ho xairb saKB xbjío mffirh vh HaoiOflo^eirb 
ciy^ai o pe6eHX% h nHomš, to npExo^urca cRasaiBy ^to xííkxb 
BOGmrraHÚi aasjDouerca bitohi, ito6u <otipa80BaTb jaofieĚ». •Om 
6huz HeAoemc6», BocMiimifierrb ÁHromfi nepexB ipynoirB Bp3^a9 — 
H MME IHeBciupa, BHaBmaro jsjbay aroMy cjiOBy, oho 6eijio Biicmefi, 
ÓesyciOBHoS noxBajioft; to se ciobo owb BuaAHBaerB bi ycia 
Faiueia, boiw toti seiaen nozBanrE on^a. 

Ho xaiEOft se njua% npexiaraen nairB AjieiscaHxpi^ Bbhi XJia 

XCCTHseHÍfl BToro pesymaia, To-ecrs, x^ifl coxMctbúí pasBiriio 4^h- 

BHHecBBx^b, yMeiBesHEiz^L H HpaBCTBeHHHx^b sa^ecTBi HHXHBHxyyMa? 

Iso Bacaeica rJUiBHaro nynsia, T.-e. yiiCTBeHHnx^b Ba^ecTBi, to 

WTh laByx) Hporpaimy npexiaraHrrB mkWh vh jsjbjA rHHHasHiecBaro 

s yESBepcKrereRaro o5paBOBaHÍfl. MaTepiaxB pacnpeA^^eicfl sa 

Tpv paspiixa: 1) Bapna; ona sa^jno^aerB fb ce&b HaTOMaiEBy, p£ 

i MAE Tpa ecrecTBeHHEirB HayKH: MHHepaxoríiO; ÓoraHHRy, soojioríio; 

1 Wh oxoMy Mooimo npecoexHHHTB h reorpa^^iio. 2) FyMOHHfM naffHu; 

I HO noxi BTEarb sarjiaBieirB h fb hpotebhoctb Bceicy Tony, vr6 

] xosHO OHIO 6u oxBffiUh, nojq)a3yM^&BaiDTCfl Hcropífl h nojHrnne- 

t cxaa asoHeififly a xaBse K)pHCiipyxeHipfl h Bceotfqaa jraiepaiypa. 

dra nocjAffiM 6yxerB Hay^aTBCfly pasyiiieTCfl, Cesó ustfHmui opu- 

mHOAWuxz saumez. 3) AhuUáckoh Aumepamypa h HCByccTBO 

jEBcaiB Ha BTOiTB sswA. BoTB ECHpaBJíeHHafl nporpaMBia, o;^o6peH- 

Tom IV.— Imb, 1880. 7 

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98 BftCTHlK^ft IBPOUH. 

HU— Cb cosajL^HÍeMi AOJa^sTB CRasaiB bto— repÓeproirL GneHce* 
poMx, H nocpexcTBOMi KOTopoS sejiaiOTB iipeo6pa30BaTB BocnEraHÍe 
Ha HOBEin H iiporpeccHBHiix'B Ha^ajax'E. 9to cb HeMHorBMH npH* 
6MK9Lmí ofi^eMi peajBHHXi Hi^Mei^BBnrB mBOJTB, h cb ynpasx- 
HenieafB BjaccHiecBHX'B asurobi, dToro aBTeparypHaro, co6cT6eHEo 
roBopfl, djeMeHia bi npeno^aBaBÍH. 

JI^aBHO yse MoHranB csaBajii: «IIpeKpacHoe h BejiHBoe yKpa- 
menie rpe^ecidfi h iiaTHacKifi ashki, cnopy hštb, ho nosynaeroi 
cjramBOiTB ;^poroft i^Hoft» (sHHra I, rjiaBa 25). Ho naxoÓHO 
OTAaib ce&b onerb vh hctehhom% BHaTOHÍH sroft ipnam. (hinjerb 
Tasse npo^ecTB y MoHrana npex^H^yn^K) riaBy, vb Koropofi owh 
crapaercfl xonasaTB h npHTOMi cb noMoo^BK) GoBpaTa, iro HayKa, 
T.-Q. oÓpasoBame, HBH^HBaerB npaBii h ycsopserB naxeme rocy- 
AapcTBa; Bce 910 ;^aerB tojibbo npeABsymaTB ďLaffB-SHaBa h tíitb 
jiHmaerB BCAicaro aBTOpEiera bb btoitb fjbiíi asropa noxofinaro 
napaxoBca. Hiv, Jiynnie CBasaTB, cni^yen noHmatB npHBexeHHoe 
BHme yTBepsxeme fb ero HaciOflo^eirB SHa^enÍH, T.-e. BairB Symady. 

BooÓn^e^ MEŠme MoHrana o6rh btoitb Bonpocb ne cepBěsno. IIpH 
STOHi, BecBMa HHTepecHO HaÓjnoxaTB npoTHBopiwi, kb xaBviťB 
npHXOffiJiH no^TH Bdb BaM^^aiejiBHiie juoah, BiicBaBHBaBmie noxoó- 
HUfl HxeH. Mu HM^eiTB ÓiHcraTejBHHft Toicy npHMŽpi vb jvi^ 
^axpo H Bx ero «IIjraH^ yHHBepcBTera m^ pyccsaro npaBHTejB- 
crBa», BOTopsft owh cotohhjtb no npocBÓ^ HMnepaTpni^ii EBare- 
pHHH II: «RorAa bo rjiaBt Bypca oÓnieecTBeHHaro npeno^aBams 
craBETB nsy^eme xP6Bhhx'b abhbokBi nHmerB owh Mesffy npo^HirB« 
TO 8THMX B08B%ni[aH)TB9 TFO sa^ajiHCB npoeBTOiTB HacejHTB crpany 
opaTopaMF, nonaiíH, MOHaxaMH, ^^HJOCO^anH, K)pHCBOHcyjiBTaiai, Me- 
AHBaMH» ^). Bo BCflBOiTB uy^a^, OHI xonycBaerB no Bpafinefi iii^p^, 
^To ^HJíOCoýHy iHiepaTopu H xexHBH neoÓxoxHVH, H CTaBHTB y^e- 
HÍe rpenecsaro h jaTHHCBaro abhbofb fb caMOirB bohi^í nporpainfEE 
ywms, BOTopaSy sa vcBan^eHieiTB aroro Basnaro nynsia, ne OHens 
OTjíHiaeicfl OTi nporpaMMH, npeAioseHHOft BanoirB,— «TavB sasB bth 
XBa iiBHBa, — npHÓaBjífleTB ^H^po,— saBJuo^aKxrB vh ce5i Tasíe Bejra- 
ide oópasipi bo bcAxb poxarBf ^ro xpy^HO npiotipicTH Hafl^eul BsycB^ 
HO BHaa HrB... Hícbojbbo ji^b cpsxy fl ci TaBHirB se ycepxieiťs 
^HTajii Ha coHi rpflxyn^ oxny hbi nicHeit Fonepa, BaB% Ao6pH[ft 

CBfln^eHHHB'B CBOfi TpeÓHHBl. fl CB paHHHX^ HOpi HHiaJICfl XJieBOin» 

Foxepa, BEpnuuc, Topaioii, Tepeni^fl, Anaspeona, IIjiaTOHa, Ebph- 
HH^a FB nepeicesBy cb icjieBOirB MoHcefl — h npopoBOBi». 

H noTOMy-TO, yBassaeiuift ymejB, bii h icorjra HamfcaT& 



O „Diderot". Oenyres complétes. Editíon Ossézat. 1876. tom. in, p. 444 

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HATKi I jnrriřATrjA bi ooBPxnHHot áhtjh. 99 

«rinterprétation de la natare>y «Ia Lettre sar les A.veiigles», 
^Jacqoe le Fataliste> h crojbKO jtpyrnxi HaciepcBHxi^ npoHSBe- 
xenift, ROTopHfl Óy^yn shtl TaR'B se aojlvo, BaR'L h fl8im ^pae- 
i^yscKifi, oÓoran^eHHHft BamHMH ipyjiaMH. Bbi HSEjiesiH noAsy hs'^ 
B3y%HÍfl FoBiepa toabo JinniB na x^axi^aiB nepBoirE, BiopoMi 
TOfij, roBopme bu, ho yse vb sauesi bu yrajHCB ero asusy, 
H vosBO yTBepsjtaTB, 6en crpaxa Óun onpoBeprHyrmc^, ^o 
rpoxaxHoe tfojMDHHCTBO jiK>xett HHRorAa ne Ójjiyn snaTB hh ja- 
TEiHH, HK rpeiecsaro ozuksl^ ecjLU pascuruBaTB, ^to OHHsaSMyrcJi 
wx% HBy^^eiTB yse lor^a, sorAa cocrapi^iOTca. 

IIpaB^a, 9T0 Pyoco csasaxE: «fie xyMaiOy ^sroůu ao 12 — 15 
jňiTh sasofi-iBÓo pe6eE0Khj 3a HCsw^eBÍeMi Tasi-Ha3UBaeMux'B 
^ouenovhj BHyiHJii xsa Asiixa* (djMM4«. Eesra II). To, hto 

ffilBeiCa OXHOft H8'E 6e89HCJeHHHX'B OHIHÓOBl, SOTOpilMH E306B' 

lyvsTh coíHHeHÍfl BToro 4^HJ0C0^, 58VL TOUKO noBTopflen, He 
i^mipys, pasyiiieTCB, Pycco, norony hto oxHOtt hsi ocoÓeeHo- 
creft rr. aHTjiftCBHxs ncHXOioroBi e 4>hjoco4k)bi flBJuerca to, ^to 
OBH npeHeÓperatoTB seropB^ecBEirB u&tojkowh h B8BjieBaK)rB Boe 

KTE COÓCTBeHHOft FOIOBH. S, 8HaK) CB CBOefi CTOpOHH MHOFO OpH- 

M^poBi npoTHBHaro, H yBipeHiy ^ixo teioi^h pyccsHX^B iiaiB^H- 
mvb OHesB nopsAO^HO snaiorB ji^tb vb lUTHaAi^aTB pyccRÍtt h 

4»paBIQr8CBÍÍ flStIBH ^). <S J&bXffiWb Ha OCHOBaHÍB OOHia, HTO Hsy- 

leme asukobi Bcero npHroxHte a^ji x^iett, hto oho Bcero nojares- 

BŠe Alfl HHXl H CB TOIBH 8pÍHÍfl pa8BBTÍ2 yXCTBeHHHX'B CHO* 

coÓHOcreft, h kb OTHomemH noJOSBiejBEaro pesy^BTaia, i.-e. 
sino6pÍTeHÍfl SHamfl. Bi BroiťB OTHomeniH — h hx% tiica^h nps- 
Wh — jiaTiiHB H rpenecBitt abuitb ao^shh saHHMaTB rjaBHoe 
xicTO, HO ne HCUH)«afl hobux'b abubobb, a, HanpoTHBi Toro, 

COBMÍCTHO Cb HHMH. Be8!B comh^híb, SpeHOHS ipaiHTCfl MHoro, 6e8'B 

fOMH^HÍfl, yHeHHSH ÚCTO BuxoAflTi H81 ROJiieseS TaRHMs se He- 

BixXaMH, TaBHMH Se TynBI^aMB, BaBEHH B7» HHXl HOCrynEJlEy HO 

bio noToiiy, hto MeTOxa npeno^aBaHia njioxa, sajiBa ao RpattHOCTB, 
B BOTB ee-TO H ci^AOBaio 6u padufcoAbHo hbmíhhtb, a ne npeoópa- 
80BHBaTB xapasrepi npenojiaBaHÚi. 

1) Ham-b ooneHHHi corpy^HHn, bi sa^ecTsi HH0CTpaHi;a, lerso icori 0iiiE5iTbCfl . 
Hh BH^ero Be ciazaiH o noxoÓHBxi c^acTiHBSxi pesyjnTaiaxi, a npHiiipH oporis- 
aaro BcrpimyrcA ^aero. Boo&afi, Haxoóao saiiiTBTBY ^ro Bce ciasaHHoe aBTopom, no 
BOBOxy BiacdBecmzi ji3HB0bi, ciasaBO bi bbaj oq^ysaDmzi ero nopjiXKOVb, a ae 
BaaiHxi: BOo6me, bi Ahtjíb, tx^ DHcaHa CTaTi>ji, moxbo cnopHTi» o SBa^eniH uaccs- 
lOíSMa, Bo TaMi B^bn b Bonpoca o bosmoxhoctb uaccBKBSxa 6ez^ sjaccBEOBi; to^bo 
TtExe Tam bhito bo BasEiBaen uaccBiiBsiioifB oabo 3y6peBÍe rpaiiMaTflKB; bto •— > ce- 
■BBapBSirB, a bobco se uaccBi^asiii. Hian, Byzao noMBHTB, Haraa cjiosa Bamero 
ABiopa, iTo y aero xi^o axen o uaccBOisMi, a ae o ceMasapESiii. — Ped, 



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100 wiffmivb iBPoini. 

«Pa3B% He nj6oKO newÁiBOy— BOCMHi^aerb TepÚepuh CneH*- 
cepi, — BHx^ Jioxefi saHflTUx^B nycraBaiiH h paBHOxymHm'b i m, 
caniMi BaiHKEMi flEJemaKi npHpoxH, npeneÓperaionitHrB Kas^ 

BSXOpOlfB HeÓeCHOfi MexaHHBOfi i 2BHB0 HHtepeCyiDntHZCfl KaKHMH* 

Bu6jKh sajtBHMH cjiOBonpeHifliiH o&h HHTpHraxi MapÍH OrioaprEt 
Bh^tb, vro OHH (TB rjiyÓORinrs SHameirb pa36HpaH)rB Rasyio-HH* 
6jih rpenecByio oxy h upoxo^an devh otmjsjíe mhmo BejnisoB 
^noiieH, Ha^epTaHHOtt 6osBHirB nepcroiTB Ha pasjniHHHxi cjioesb 
seMHOfi Bopu» 0^ 

IIpeBpacHo! ho HeyjRejiH b&i jiyMaeie, hto iteiOBiBiy jimeH- 
H£ii cepbSBHaro JiHTeparypnaro o6pa80BaHÍfl, cnoco^eH^b 6yxeTB no- 
Hflfb cmícjx 8Toro ropa^aro ynpexa? HeyasejH bu jj^ynaere, too 
yiieHHBi, HanH^saHHiitt ucfcAWHumeMHO reoMerpiefi h reoiorí^, 6en 
jBxepaTypti, yCMorpEii CK)«erB xJia no93ÍH vb xo^i njanen h vh crpoe- 
HÍHseMHHXi njiacTOB%?HBHyTB ne 6HBaj[o:oHi ycMorpHTB hebtoits 
npeAMers jí^s ajireÓpaHHecRHxi ypasHenitt h xJia uaccH j>HRa^iH pasHO- 
BHAHOcrefi HCBonaeMHXi, h mu CHOsa OHyrBxcfl xhi^oitb b^b jiHiQr 
ch rpyÓBiKrB jTTHJiHTapndMOirB h vbuM «6oiBaHaMH h BpeTHBaMH», 
BAKb ROTopBiMH cnpaBexJiHBO cnfercfl Teoj^BJíB FoTBe Bi npexHCio- 
bíh Bi CBoeHy tiescMepTHOMy npoHSBeAeHiio «Mademoiselle de 
MaupiD»,— ^rrb, co($CTBeHHO roBopa, ho HHÍ^erB HH^ero o6HtaFO es 
HacTOfln^efi yxHJiBTapHofi leopiefl. 

KoneTOO, oxnoro jHrepaTypnaro o6pa30BaHÍfl HexociaTO^Ho; ho 
OHo AOJSHO nocjiysHTB BpaeyrojiBHUBrB BanHeirB xu Hayroaro 
o6pa30BaHÍfl. iS corjiaoeH^B vh tomi, ^to cjAjsyerb bhxí^b bi oxhoS 
HayB^ pejinriH) Óyxyn^wro, ho wb myiA hb ea cbabh cb noasieS h 

BBfln^HBlMH HCByCCTBaMH. ĎpOHiy npH BTOMl He CHimHBaTB CaOBO 

«HayBa>9 cjobo BejiHBoe, nox% BoropfiMi MOserB yBpHiBca Bca 
cyMMa TOJiOBŠnecBBXi nosHamfi,— cb c^e^iaJlBHUllrB npenoxasaHieici^ 
pa8JiB^HHX'B HayB%. Rorxa nocji^ nepesopora 1851 r. Hano* 
aeoHi ni HCBajirB BceBOSMOsnurB cpexcTBi x^a ynpo<ieHÍa CBoett 
ysypnai^ÍH, oh% HamejTB HysHiiirB x^tb npeoójaxanie droiiy npe- 
noxasanÍR) naxi jnrrepaTypHHirB otipasoBameHi^. Pe8yjiBTaT0]r& 
6ujro TO, HTO ypoBeHB oópasoBaniji laRi noHHsvxca, hto npa- 
fiBiejBCTBo, no6ysxaeMoe npo^^eccopaMH, BUHyasxeHo Úujio no 
HcrenemH meciH a^tb apotebi Boani BepnyrBca bi CTapoMy no- 
paxsy Ben^efi h BoscranoBRTB creneHB ÓaBBaiaBpa no XErepaTyp-bi 
BaBi neotixoxHHyH) crynenB btb B3y^eHÍR) MexHi^HCBRrB najnsi. 

BOTl ^HJSTh, BOTOpufifl peBOHeHXyR) BHHMaHÍK)XO($pOCOB%CTHnX'B H JIHÓe- 



1) Herbert Spencer, Edacafion intellectual, moral and pfaysical. London. 



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H17SA S Jan?kmk BI COBPEUHHOt ifirUE. 101 

paxfiHHrb jnox^tt, san Tep^epn GneHcepi, ((escosHaTejiBHo bhax&k)- 
iitiri»Fb3atfjijsxMÍ6, 6juiroAiH)fl jsjeTOHÍflirB neiOAOK) «a priori ». 

3HaMeHiiTMtt moTjaHAcsiS ^peHOJorB Jí^opmrb EoMÓib (poAHJca 
vh dAiiH6yprš, Bi 1788 r., yiiepi bi 1858) paaícijuera rt se 
oiini6o^HHe BsruAU na dwrb BonpocB. Co^EHenie, nexasHO 
nsWHHoe uojsih ero HMeHeifi^ coBdbrb ne Óhjio pexa^iipoBaso hmx, 
10 KpaSeeft MŠpi bi Hacrosmeics CBoeirB bhxí: bio — cÓopHHEi, 
iCBjrcHO cociaBjíeHHHLtt HsxaTejieMx hsi bc^xi co^HneHifl, Meaiya* 
Pob:b h cooÓqeHiity BacaTejibHO oÓn^ecTBeoHaro oÓpasoBaBÍH, bh- 
mexníBX^ bi pasjEHEiifl bqoxh HffB-nojirB njOAOBHraro oepa Bilme- 
flasBaHHaro ^loco^^a. IIoaTOMy bi RHflrt HaxoAHmb Maccy noaea- 
Esncb CBixiHifi, H HejBSH He HyBCTBOBaiB ójiaroxapHOCTH vh JQ^sopsy 
Eoií6y sa pBeme, ch saraiTB oh^ npecjiixoBaxB bi s^^mnewb 
xpal pacnpocrpaHeme o6pa80BaHÍfl cBfrrcRaro, o^aaaTejbHaro, ea- 
poxHaro, laKoro, saBoe npHÓJiHSHTejBHO cyo^ecTByerL wh Aer^iH 
ei 1871 r., h Banoro ovh Tpe6owu% yse vh 1846 r., bi 6po* 
mjopi o «npaBax:B h ofiflsaHHOcrflxi npaBHrejBCTBa bí jííkii na- 
poxHaro o6pa80BaHÍfl». Bi aTOM'B ciracit offB Óujtl nepeffthuwh 
^JiOBteoiTB H Tax^ BaiTB iipeHMyii^ecTBeHHo saHHMajcfl nepBoea- 
qanHBMi oÓpasoBanieirB h ero pacnpecipaHemeirE, to Hě^ro ro- 
pesaTb ofe ero npeyBeiHHeHHOMi npexy(ttsA6HÍH npoTHB'B MaccH- 
^ecsaro oÓpaeoBaHÚi. 

He TaKB nocraBjeHO x^jio y xocTOQO^reHHaro A. Oaca, boto- 
put Vh CBOOM^B «6BexeHÍB Ki Haysft o aBuici* Embevh vh BH^y 
qiexHee h BHConee oÓpasoBame. 0^ btoS cropoHH, n vh sanecTB^ 
^HJiojiora, OBI BXBOftH^ He npaBx. Ohi ne aoxoahtb^ npaBxa, AO 
UKUTÉ HejLŠnocreĚ, BavB npo^^eccopb Bani, h AonycBaerB bo BcaBOirB 
^jyuft HByqeHÍe adiiKOBi: ho h xyrB ohi Ha^nnaerB ch BsyneHÍfl 
sBBHxi HHoerpaHHuxi flSHKOBi, BOTopuiTb petieHOBi CyffiTb yvHTbca 
Tasí, sasib owb y^HTci poAHOiiy asiucy. Eorxa owh ycBOHn ce&b 
TasHMi otipaaoMx ABa hjih Tpn asiisa, Torxa mosho, ecra yroxHO, 
oepefiTH Vh MepTBHiTB flSHsaMi, Ki rpenecBOMy h jaTUHH. 

BoponarB, o^eBE^HOi ^ro A. C^ hhcbojibbo sa hhxi ho 
<MÉrh. Oh% BHTepecyercfl aP^bhoA jiHTopaTypofi, BaicB npomxo- 
roxHHMx cHŠroiTB. ňzuiehy CesnpecraHHO noBTopflen owh, co- 

ClOBTL 118% BBySOFB, a HO HKb 6yRBl». H, HanpHMip^, 1T& BHa-* 

nm npeBOCxoACTBo, Boropoe seiaian npEOHcaTB apificBHirB pacam? 
MoHroju (!) TBRi se EHrepecHu h ho moh^ nporpeccHBHHL^ h 
BTO BHaeTB, HTÓ roTOBHTB HMi 6yAyQtee? B% cyn^HOCTH, B^pnaro 
BH^ero HeasB^CTHo: abubi HH^eny ne nay^aerB HacB, htó sacaerca 



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102 B^GTHHK'^ IBPOm. 

pacu: Teopifl o nai^ioHajíBHOCTaxi — HHer&fimaa inyTRa, h Hacryuiirir 
MOHeHTB, H OHi' HexajieRT, RorAa iripi 6j]ifivb nojíBdOBaTBCfl ÓJia- 
TOA'lflHÍeMi Bceo6n;aro asuRa: h 8TorB sisuKh ÓyxeTB, caiio coÓoS 
pá3yM'6eTai9 anrjiittcBHM^ asukomi. 

Ho TO 6yAeTi, BOHe^HO, ne fl3iiBx IIIescaHpa h BafipoHa: aro 
— cjianiKOMi* yiOH^eHHoe napinie, ne HMterB HH^ero oón^aro Ch 
npaBMaMH $Hio;ioriH. 9to óy^exi «Pigeon English*, — ^ynpon^eH- 
HHfi H A^TCEÍfi flSHBi, nocpeACTBOMi KOToparo 6pHTaHCKÍe HaipocH 
yae otfxacHflKyrca, h, — BaB'B rOBoparB — yw^HO, cb RBTafii^aiiH. 
OffB saBBjfien bto vh cjAxp^mfiTb cjiOBan: «aHrjríftcBÍft ashitb 
nojiyHHJi^ cnocoÓHOCTB craiB BceiripHHirB astiBOBrL, Ójaro^apa ycH- 
Msan> noA^uHETBOi Tpe6oBaHÍflM'B RBiaficBaro fl3tiBa> (Sayce, vol. i 
p. 377). 

HxaBi, BOT'B BOHe^Hafl jsikjih ^BJiojoríe! JI|o6HTBCfl coaxanis 
BceMÍpearo BSUBa, ^oJisencTByioiitaro cxysBMJh CBoasoMi ch asiiBa 
MaHAapBHOBi H Ha^iiHcefi, Bpacyion^Hxcfl na Ha8HEix'E fln^BBax'B. 
9x0 Heo6xo;i(BMO x^fl ToproBJíH, a ^BJOJstorH bbaho Tpyxflrcfl, Basi to 
BCBEOMy BSB-fecTHO, cneAÍajiLHo jí,jíB Heroi^íaBTOBi. 9th nocjiÍAHÍe mo- 
ryTE 6uTB cnoBOfiHBi Ha chotb cbobxx hotombob^, Boxopue boc- 
nojiBsyKyrca daaroxiaHieM-B aroro «Pigeon English*. 

3aM'lTBTe, HTO Gbcb nojBsyeTCfl 3a%cb aobojbho 6ojiBinofi cja« 
Bofi H jtfl H^BOTOpofi CTeneHH sacjiyseHHoS: ero BHHra, BnponeirB, 
XOBasuBaerB óescnopnyio 8pyAH^iH), h vh nefi saxo^nniB nocs^ji^ms 
OTEpBiriji HOB^fimefi HayBB, H3J0seHH£ifl BecBHa nonyjouipHO. Ho bs 
He8 HO cjil^Kyerb HCsaTB opEranaiBEiixi BsrjflxoBi, eciH tojibbo 

HO CHHTaTB TaBOBUMH BEimeynOHflHyXUfl BXCI^eHTpHTOOCTH. Bl CJUSr 

HOCTH roBopfly ero cooTeHecxBeHHHBH CďflmBOirB opoBosnecjiH ero 
HHfl, no noBOxy ero npeAinecTBOBaBinHXi coHEHenifi. 

S, HO craHy onpoBepraxB bc^x-b BHmeynoMflHyTuxi co^bbhob^ 
Gaca: ocxaHOBJBocB tojibbo na oahoitb. Besi coMH^mfl, sduiffh coctohi^ 
H8S 8ByB0B%, a He H3i 6yBBi; ho 6yBBu npeAcrasjaiorB co6ok) sByBH, h 
nBcaBHUfl cjiOBa nojiy^aior^, no Hcre^eniH H^BOXoparo BpeMenH, vb 
sídUKi H Bi jBTepaTyp']^ sHa^enie, paBnosna^yn^ee (tb BByaaMB. CacB 
Hsi^ ^Hcja TŠxi, BOTopne 6u sejiajiH npeo($pa30BaxB opeorpa$iK>, n vb 
H8B^kxH0& cTeneHB OHI npaBi, htó Bacaexcfl aHrdttcBaro asinca. 
Ho Aase h oxHocHxejiBHO aioro EsciBa/ «CBjaxH> BOToparo Tas^B 
nej^nti, — bu nona^eTe b% npocaBi, ec^n safixere cjiHmBOiTB A^eso. 
EcjiB, HanpHM^pB, BH saxoTExe HHcaxB rjiarojTB to know, bees 
ero npoHSHOCBTB, na Manepi ByxapoBi to no, eje A^se to now^ — 
dTEHOJiorEvecBifl, nepBona^aiBHHfl cmhcjtb yrpa^Esaercfly e ne asraemB 
6ojiBme, HTb bxo aa cjobo xasoe. Ilpas^a, hto nameMy asxopy ao 
BToro A^Jia H^xi, H owb^ HanpoxEFB TorOi (tb y^OBOJBCTBÍeirB no- 



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HAYKi S JUniPATyPA Bl OOBPSMIHHOi ABIJII. 103 

TEpaeTL pysH, coo6paaufl, hto TaBoe speapan^eme npE^jusaers 
jttCB rb aHno-BHiaftcBOMy fldUByi npexMery erq Me^TaHÍfi! 

BcBopi HcnoíHBTCfl HeiupecTa lirb n rbxh nopi, sasfE no- 

flBKJHCL Vh CiBepHOfi repMaHÍH raaneHHTIIH, HO CJIHinKOlfL Hajo 

^BfaaiHfl nHCBMa: « Epištola obscoronun virorum^,— oahh'e hstb nep* 
BUTb, offUTb H81 caxuxi aecTOBHxi yxapoBi, HaHeceHHHXi mo- 
HazaiTB H oÓCBypaHTaiTL BCflBaro po^a* «Bii ifera cnpamHBaeTe^ 
BOcuBi^ierb OKnoTb wfh iaLX% (h BUjiasBa dra 6uja lasi y^anna, 
^TO lOÓpue OTi^u npHUjH ee csaiaia cepbSsHO h oÓpa^oBa^HCB- 
6kjo Tasoft HeosHAaHHoB noHOo^ii), — bu Měna capamHBaere: no- 
jiesHO jm jusL cnacenifl xyniH, mw6u mBOJiBHHBH HsynajiH rpamíaTiiBy 
no CB^TCKHiťB nodraMii ubobu: BEpraúfl, Tyjuift, IIjiHHifi h Apyrie? 
EiThy ueí saa&ercfl, hto 8to njioxaa nero^ay norony ^to y Apn- 
CToreja fb MeTa^^HSHB'^ csasano, ^to «noaTH HHoro BpyrB»; a sxo 
^erb, TOTb TfibmETh, a sto ocnoBHBaerB nayBy na jsh, ocho- 
BiiBaen ee na rpixt, a ^ ocnoBano na rp^xt^ to Aypso n 
npo^, H npo^. ^),— coBciiTB TaB'B, TSBSíb m> nacToan^ee spěna pas- 
cysj(aerB M-pb 68H'b. 

Gninry npesnaTb, ito hh AjeBcanjQKb Eani, hh FepÓeprb Cnen- 
ceprb ne pyBOBOXflTCfl TaBHMH BsrjaxaMH, BasEMH pyBOBOAHJHCB 
B&iBHCsíe n pasHjae Apyrie AOMHHHBanipi. HanpoTHBii Toro, nish 
mrh BOcnHTHBaTb Jisaxeš, a ne pa6oBi»; no tojibbo xeioxa hxi Be^erB 
sasx pasi^ Vb npoTHBonojioaiHOft i^^h, a noTony, tím'b neoÓxoAH- 
uie ÓopoTbca nporsBi nea, ^fkwh aBTopsTeTH^ ema uofifiiy npo* 
^0Bi;lyK)^^lX'B noAoCnue Bdr^axu. 



IV. 

The Letters of Charles Dickens, edited by his slster in-law and his eldest 
daoghter. London. 1880 »). 

Upomjio xecflTb sfbTb cb tíxi nopi, sasi BejiEcdfi poManEcrb^ 
BejH^afiniifi b81i coBpeMennuxi poManEcroBB bi ÁHrjiÍE, comejrb cb 
zMUfL seiuE — E BOTby oÓHapo^OBanie ero nnceiiB osEBiaeT^b ecjE ne 



O „Epištola obscororiun virornm*'. Epist. 7. (On. Ulríchi Hatenni operum snpple- 
mentnm. Edit. P. Bdcking. 1864. Vol. I. p 11. 

«) Cm. Taixe: „The Life of Charles Dickens, by J. Forster 3 vol. 8° 1873 r» 
(BOBoe Hsxame ^laniiaHa, 6oite xemesoe n 1 t., noaBuocb n 1878 r.). Y Toro aee 
saxateia: „Charles DickenB's dietionnary**, co^epsamift o(Hii€BeHÍe h pesDM é bcíxi za- 
panepon n pasíHvuui poManazi, bhIcií ci nepeHeem rjan,— -oieHB yxoOao vuě 
uyieiii AlKKeBca. 



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lOé mCTHIBEl IBFOaB. 

éro cjia^, to BOcnoMíHame t)ti^ 9T0Mrb npeRpacHoiTB nejiOBisi, 
TporaBmeinb h 60CXHii^aBineir& satne noKOjritoie; 2 pasyK^io nps 
dToifb Be oxHHXi aHfjiH^aHi, HO enKe Óojrie HHOcrpaHi^eFB, lasi 
KavB HeeoMHÍHHOtt xapasrepHCTHHHoft neproft aipjattcsaro na- 
poAa SBsmrca, to, "ifX) oh% npe^ocrausen ^j^yrairb saóory o ciart 
cBOHXi BejrasHxi jK>;(efi: ohh EpasETCfl eiiy lasi se, Bas^B h bhbo 
«ret(mr de Tlnde*, Bor^a oho bhobb npHÓyxerb Hffs-sa rpaHBipi. 
9to xoAfl^aa BCTHHa, ^íto Bacaeicfl UTeBcniipa, ho ho icente B^pna 
ona H OTHocHTejBHo JífiítfOi CBH^a h PflHapxcoHa* «IIyTeniecTBÍfl 
FyjiJiHBepa* bo cto pasrB nonyjrflpH%e fb ocranHoirB irip^, e Torxa 
BavB bo ^paHi^H no^H RaasAufi snaerB no BpafiHefi uiýb hms 
JIoBejiaca^ Bomexníaro vh noroBopBy, khopoo mhosoctbo aHrmaHi, 
nojy^BBmincB cpexHoe o6pa80BaHÍe, ho HxiiorB hh najiíšfiniaro no* 
wm o6rB aroiTB jmqi. 

E ne xo^y CBasaTB, ^ro nonyjiflpHOCTB AHBBenca oojiaó^ja, 

HO 60JBmHHCTB0 SpHTBBOBI^, «SCholarS», BUBESaiO ÓOJIBmyK) xoiox- 

HOCTB — ^TO0Ei HO CBasaTB: BpaaBxe($HOCi%— Bi HOBony HBxaHiK). fl 
namejTB bto npocro CBaHxajěsHHicB, «shocking», h, nosHaBOMHBniHCB 
no6jHse Cb BonpoeoMi, jBEjí^bjrb, iro CBanxajrB H^erB ne co B^e- 
pamHaro XHfl. Kopové csasaTB — h OTHirB Bce csasaHO — mb ne- 
BBBŠcma HH oxna cepBfiBnaa BpHTHHecBaa craTBa (sa HCBjno^eHÍeirB 
6iorpa^ÍH ^opcrepa) o npoHSBexeniflx^ ^pjiBsa JQ^EBsenca. Caica 
aia 6iorpa$ÍE — HacToa^^ft «chef-ďoeuvre», sa ECBjnoHemeirB híbo* 
TOpuxB HaMŠpeHHHTB HponycBOBi; HO ona nanEcaHa ApyroirB- 
^^ymenpEBasHEBOiTB poManEcra, laB^-^TO bto Ecs^iowHie tojbbo 
noxTBepasxaerB oón^ee npaBHJio. %b axo TaBoe: neyM&iocTB^ sa- 
BflCTB EJE jiEi^enipie? 

<& corďaceHi, tto npexBapExejiBHoe Es^anie ehepe ^opcrepa 
noBpej!(EJio 8TEMX nflCBHaiTB. HsAaTejifl — neBŠCTBa e crapmafl ffiih 
jQ^EBseHca— roBoparB HaM'B, ^to hebto ne BUCBasHBajicfl cb TaBoS 

OTBpOBeHHOCTBK) HB CBOEX^ HECBliaXl, BaBl BOJIEBÍtt pOMaHECTB: HO 

OHŠ CHaiaia o6mbeje, ^to ste xBa toibbo-hto ESxaHHuxi ehe tomb 
cjiyiBaTB AonojiHemeifi bb ero 6iorpa$ÍE, nanEcaEHOft ^aBOEOirB 
^opcrepoMi. A, no npaBxi caasaTB, 8totb nociixHit otinjBHO 
^epnaji'B hsi nepenncBE e ^a^rB hbitb Jiyqniee — h ne tojibbo 
Hsi HEcem, HO E ESI cjOBecHHxi coo6n^eHÍft, a TaBaae h 
aBTo5iorpa4)fl^ecBEX'B sauŠTOB^B, nojiy^enmixi eitb otb cauoro 
^EBBenca; ohi pacspiurB ero, pasoÓJiaHEJix nepe^^ ebme Bnojrab, 
TBBi HTO ne ocraaajocB se^aTB HE^ero 6bJBmaro. 

Bon noHOHy hiih6 esabeeue nncBiia BasyTCE Henie Enre- 
pecHHME. Mesxy t^mi, ecjE ohe ne OTEpusaiorB naicB HEiero 
Hosaro, sa to xaK>rB noApo^HOCTE, nonojraaioTB MHoroe. Hsbžctho 



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HiySA K IHTBFÁTFPl B^ OOBTBKIHBot USTUI. 105 

telO, Ch KEKOfl JK)60BBH> pOMaHHCTB BBy^aTB CBOHn X^ftCTByiOII^HXl 

jDQi, HHTepecoBaicfl HMH, 6ec6AOBajr& cb hhmh, Basi c% shbhvh 
jDQXi»MH. MosOTb JIH 6uTb tpoikTejihwbe npHMipa, sairb HCiopifl 
ch Aopoi, ne^oi aseHoft JífiiSBW^ Koimep^^HiBxa, spomoft h jto- 
(Snoi, HO coBepmeHHHMi pe6eHB0M!E «ihe child-wife». Haxo Óhjio 
i^X^brnbcs on nes, ^rotffi pacHicTHTB mícto xu xpyroS, — x<u[ 
XotfpofffrrejiBHOfi ArnecH; no spaftHeft vApi^ 8to BZOXHdio b% luaHi 
JII(isBraca, H OHx ^BCiBOBajrB, iro 9ro Heotfxoxmo. Oahebo orb 
He voFb ptmHTbcs «y6iiTB» HenoBEHEjH) ÓixHflSBy. «A en^e he- 
^ero HO p&iuxB OTHOCirrejiBHO Jlfipuj — inimerB ohtb ^opcrepy 
7-n> nás 1850 ro;^, — ho sl xoJiseHi (Imust) pbniHTB cero^Hn*. 
H TpH wbamfi, cnycxa, 20-ro aBrycra: «H mhofo patforajrE vh no- 
ciinde TpHXHH, H kbA npexcTOHTB en^ yMopniB A^Py- Ho eeis 
mhí nocucTJiHBHTca, to fl HajrfiiocB cnpaBHTbCii (TE aTEii!L 8aBTpa>. 
TiiTB BpeiieHeiťB y nero poAurca xon, h, saiBi-éH bi yr^meme 
ceůbj owh HasiiBEen ee ^opott ^). Bwh counirnsL^ dio notfyxHJio 
l^na qpaBHHTB Boo6paseHÍe J^esBeHca (rs BootfpaseHieirB moho* 
lOtBa, a ^sopsa JlBK)Eca npEUHcarB ycnixi povaHEcra h pea- 
ixsm ero onEcamlI — ^rajiJiioi^flHai^úiirB! ^). 

Mk HiAeiTB HOBoe xosasaTejiBCTBO BejiEsaro y^acm, xasoe 

OHB npEHIMaJTL Wh CBOHX'B JSÍbítCmj10m;BTh JEI^aXl H, BlfiCTŠ CB 

Ttei, ero HCBpeflHeS h&khocth vh cjiatfnirB — a bi ocoÓeHHOCTB 

KB JÍbtSMh — FB OXHOlťB HECBHÍ, OAflOlTB HffB CaMHX^B EHTepeCHHrB 
KB OIOITB CMHCIŠ EffB BC&CB, HHHŽ HS^aHAUrB, Sib MaJIBqHBy, 

HanHcaBineMy euj no noBOjiy «HHKJBca Hebbib($h», Boropiift 
Torxa ne^aTajCfl. 9to7b MajiB^HBfB npocHJi^B asropa xopomeHBBO 
HaxasaTB neroAnaro j^wiejuL^ sarpa^ETB HHRjBca h y^eHHKOBO^, 
— CJOBOICB, yerpoETB Bce corjiacHO TpetfoBaHiflMi noBTE^ecEofi cnpa- 

BeXIHBOCTH. MaA^EBl, ($631 COMH^HÍfl, He MajiO 6UA% yXHBJíeffB, 

noiyHHBi Tasofi otbítx: 

Doughty Street, JIobaohx, 12 AeKa6pA 1838 r. 

«MHiocTHBiift rocyxapB, a Harpa^ui CsEpca y^apom kb meD 
H XByHfl xpynnfH no fojiob^, nocjrb qero owh weuh yxESEJics h 
cna% BpH«TB, ^ero HMenno s. e osExaii oitb lasoro ipyca, savB 
OKB, — ne npaBxa iui, h bu tofo se MH'&HÍfl? 

«Ji CAÍUUUI TO9 HTÓ Btl VHŠ npexnECHBajIH OTHOCHreJIBHO 

arHeHxa h xsyxi (SapanoBi x^ najieHBKHXi meuhebobi. ^íteitb 



>) Forsteřs „Life of Dickens. Book VI, ch. 6. 3to hc npHnecio ciacTbH HaieH&- 
n>i Xopi-Asii ^BKceHci, yMepmei n uMAeBHecEOHi Bospaeri. 
•) Bi j^ortnightly Review*. 3a ^eepaifc, 1872. 



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Qoo^^ 



106 wtGmKbúvoim. 

XMH TaBse xopomaro nopxepy, dJK> h bero: a saišíD TOibRO, 
TTO BH He cusajHy KaBoro copra bhhe bh sexus ůa^ ^to6u 
EWh no^aiH. fl yrocnui hxi xepecoMi, h ohe 6hjie ohceb xo* 
bojbhh, BpoM% oxHoro, BOToparo seioioro cromEEJio. Ohi íjii r 
EHai cjEmBoiTB saxHO— Bce 9T0 ^Ecraa npaexa— h, nojaraio, ara 
eMy noBpexEio; e roBopio, ^to obi loro ctohjtb, e Hax^iocb, ^xo h 
bu CBasere to se caMoe. 

«HflBJbcy Aocrajcfl atapeniiS ErnesoBi, saBi bq toto xotíie, 
HO OH'B He uon Bcero cbtorB, e CBasan, ^to ecjE bh ne npo- 
TEWh aroro, to owh sejiaerB nojiy^xb ocTajiBHoe sasrpa — py6jeH* 
Hoe H CB BanycToft; oh<l oneHB axo jih>6etb— e e laBse... ^asEH 
OBEpcB Tose AOCiaHercE, 6y]íf>Te choboSeh. noprpen ea, aapn- 
coBaEHufi BaME, ohobb noxosi, sa ECSJío^emeMi bojoci^, boto- 
pue, no-Moeny, He^ocraTOHEO cnyraHu. Hocb coBcbwb BaBi y nea^ 
a Taxse h hofe. dro raxBaa e npoTEBHaa xBapB (a nasty, disag* 
reable thing); a snaK), hto ona npExerb b% apocTB npE bejt^ 
9Toro noprpeta, h nory caasaTB, ^xo meí 9to 6jjifiTb apiflTHO. 
Bu, BipoflTHO, caaseTe to se canoe, no Bpafineft ufbpi — a xass 
;iyMaK). 

*& sejajii* 6u HaoBcaTb BairB aj^eaboo hecbmo, ho a ho nory 
CBopo nflcaib bi tšicb, bofo jk)6jih), noTOMy hto a mhofo o hex^ 
xyMaK), a BacB a o^esL aioúiiDj e roBopio aavB aio. Ki Tony se, 
TenepB poBHO aocenB ^acoBi Be^epa, a a Bcer^a jiosycB caaTs 
BB BOceMB HacoBi, BpoMt fflsi Moero posAeEia, Borxa a casycB^ 
sa CTOJii ysEHaTB... OcraiocB, MEJtocTEBBitt rocyAapBy BamBirs 

ECBpeHHEMl XpyrOMX — ?apjlB3% ^flBBeHCB». 

Elfy 6tiJ0 vh Ty nopy 26 xbrb^ e nocrynoBi stotb vbwb 
zapaBiepECTE^HŠe bb mojio^oitb ^eaoBÍBt, ^lo xota ohi yse 
6uxB seflan, ho HejB3fl o^bachetb ero noBe^eHÍa cHECxoxHTeiB- 
HOCTBH) qejiOB^Ba, npEBBiEmaro kb pojia on^a ceiiefiCTBa. 

Bnpo^eiTB, Bce vb ^EBEenc^ noaasuBaeTB ero npeBOCxoxEoe 
cepjme, ero pix^yH) ^yBCTBBTejíBEOCTBy BupasaBmExca nacroan^eft 
HCBpeHHei ^BAíLETyomeit. H hto se! axo se ifimaerB naniEin^ 
TenepemflEiTB apETEsaMi oÓbehetb ero BBBroESMŠ! droEcra — owhy 
TBOpeicB ToMa IlEE^a, JIetjb HeuE e meopexi xpyrEXi cyn^eciB^ 
AoCpoTu HeEcqepoaeMofi, ape^anHOCTE, npesocxo^an^eft saHacryH) 
pasyMHua rpaHEi^u e Aoxoxfln^efl xo nejiinocTE; ohtb — bo Bcixrb 
CBOEXx poiiaHaxi Esonipsionúftcfl vh ESotfpaseHÍE Bcefi orapaiH- 

TejBHOCTE E HeBUrOAHOCTE BrOESMa! SI He OipEI^ai), HTO MOSEO 

HHorAa HaoEcaTB npeBocxoxayx) BHary, ((yxy^B coBepmeflHl^ftmEifB 
HeroAaeMi: npEpoxa nexoBtqecBaa npeACxaBJíflerB ÓesAsy npoTEBO- 



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Ei7Ri E IHTKFÁTlfl Vb OOBPUlHHOt IHTIIH. 107 

pkift. Ho Ha Hem ocHOBiiBaioTCfl rb, soropiíie fibjííaofrh no^oÓHne 
ynpesH ^AKBeHcy? Ha miCBifaxi, nHcaHHurB hmx cBoeS meiAj 
Hesknci, xkisiwhj bo speiifl cbohxi nepBux^B no^s^ORi no npo- 
BHHIQH, H Wh BOTOpUXl OWh C006ll^aerb HlfB o pyBOOjecBaHiflxx, 

pactouevHxi eiiy, o BOGxopseHHOirb npieMš, Bciojty oxasuBaeMOirB 
aiy! Hanpeiiipi, ofb immerB on Ay6jHHa vb mbcctl Forapn 
(cBoeft HeBtoKi), otb 29-ro aBrycra 1858 ro^a: 

*YciATh vb BexB^^acri 6ujn> Tasí se BejHKB, Basi h 8A'icb. 
EojoccaieHi!.. Ji sejaji 6ii, htoÓu bbi h xoporífl x^bo^bh, bh 
MorjH 6n BHAfibTB, BaB'B rjaB&K)rb na mbesl npoxosie na jJLEJsfixrb; 
Bii se, vtoóu BH MorjH cjiHinaTB B^epa Be^epoMi, BaB'L bi to 
BpeMfly BaB^BBOBBpani^ajicflFBrocTflHHHi^, nocjit ^emB, nioffi npo* 

CflTB MeHB «CA'&iaTI» EITB ^eCTB nOBBOJBTB HOSaTB MOK) pyBy», B BCi 

roBopBTL: BoTB BacL 6jarocjiOBH, miather ^BBBeHcrB, ho tojií^bo sa totb 
CBÍm, EasHifb bu osapajH Měna ceroAHB BO^epoirB, ho lasse h 

Sa TOTB, KOTOpillTB BU OSapBJH MOtt XOMl MHOrÍB Ji^Ta; FOCHOAB 

BBCB 6j[arocjOBH». — KasAHfi Be^epi cb rbrb nopi, saBi b naxo- 
zycB Bi HpaaHxiB, AaMu noxBynaKxrE ^soHa, hto6u nojy^HiB 
i^TUy BOTopue fl HocHiii Bx nexjHi^t. A Biepa yrpoatB, tbitb 
sarB fl o6opBajii mok> repaHB, ^orraa ^JÍfiuŮB^i oni saÓpajiHCB na 
Bcrpaiy h no;(o6pajiH bcí^ lenecTRH na navflTb*. 

H BOTB vb ^eifB bbabi^ aroBdiix, xoBexeHHuft ^o BpafiHoerHl 

What a pity! KpBXBBa, na Koropyx) a cneAiajiBHO HaMeBaB) (kb 

«GonteiDporary Review» sa BHBapb), mhjiocthbo AonycsaerB, Bass 

cxanaion^ee otfcTOBiejiBCTBO, to, ^to nBCBMa nBcaHu si caMuirB 

6iB8KflirB nojuBWhj HO rkwb ne Menie cjiobo npoHSHeceHO, yAap'B 

BaHeceHB b vb 8aBJiH>^eflie ofixBBjíBeTCfl, ^to ^hrbohcb Cbuis 

«theatrical-iiatnral man». EepeBexflTe bto, bbbi xoTBTe: HaM']kpe- 

HÍe bo bcbkomi cjiy^aš cbbobbtb h oho jajieso ne xoéposeiaTejBHO. 

A iiesxy T^Mi JI,flBBeHeB cobcíitb ho 6ujťb meampoAMonamy- 

poAbHUÁa ^eaoBiBOMi. He Óuio nHcaieJB Óojiie HCBpeHHaro, Óojiíe 

XBBO HyBCTByB)ii^aro h orspoBenH^ BUCBasuBaBinaro cboh mh^^híb. 

BoBBmrre, nanpfliťipB, ero mh^híb o&b AiiepHBŠ. Bha'b aroro ctojib 

XBajeHaro napo^a, conpHsocHOBeHÍe erb HHifB BosÓysxBBnrB kb 

Hem TomHOry, h ohx, HHCBoaBso ho oÓBHyflCB, BsiCBasiiBaen^ bto: 

npoHHTatre tÍ CTpaHfli^i, vb KOtopuxi roBopETca o(S^ btoitb fb 

^MaptEwk ?083ejBBHT^». Ho Ha name c^acTBo vb nepenHCst no^ 

lutjlfteicfl en^e oaho ehcbko, Boxopoe xapaBxepBCTHHH^e Bdxi rkrby 

KOTopuB yse 6ujíh Hane^aTaHu ^opcrepoMX. Oho nBcano vb bb* 

tepy MaBpBAH, xopomeMy, ho rpyÓOBBTOMy nejoBiBy, BOiopufi 

japeMBUT^ ^EBseHca 3a ero xapaBxepHcrflBy BMepaBani^OBi, no ero 

xb&hík), HecnpaBeAJiHByio. 3to hkcbko oaho bsx caiiuxi x^bhhhdcb 



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108 B«GTfiHft'b IBPOnH. 

H caMHXi BHTepecHEix^, H ^HTaTejiH He noc^TyioTrb sa aobojbho 
oÓniHpHyH) BunnCKy: 

EaiBTHMopi, 22 xapra, 1842 r. 

«j[lH>5e8Hiifi Apyri>, — npomy beci hsbhhhtb Mens, ho bh fobo- 
pHxe o jíK>jíflxi>y nepecRasHBaioii^Hxi^ o^epTfl rojOBy rb npesj^ 

BpeMeHHBIlTb BUBOXaifB. YB^peHU ďH BU, ^TO TO^HO HanOCaJIH dTO 

HHŠ? He npocsojiBSHyjrb jh bi iihcbmo, npexHasHa^eHHoe mhí, 
tnaparpa^ nsrb Rasoro-HHÓyAB xpyroro nHCBMaP Eor^a bhaí^ bh, 
^TotfH fl, o^epTfl roJioBy, CRaRa^ix bib jioshumi BUBO^aiix? ynoiKaio 
H T&fy OTBtxa... YB^peHU jih bh, M-p:B MaRpaj^,— h o6paa^i6cB 
Vb BaM!b cx crporocTBK) BpHTejiH B8i napiepa — 3rBÍpeHu jh bíi, 
^TO ÁMepHRa He npeAcraBjífleTCfl beitb crbobb opinTHiiĚ inipasx^ 
sanacryK) OByrsiBaionútt npomaroe, a ne ckbosb Hacrofln^ee?.. Jln* 
ŮesBuŘ MaKpBAE, mhš lasi chjbho xotšjocb 6eitb cnpaBeAJHBiiH'B 
H AOtiposejiaTejiBHHiťB %% rbwhj kto OBasajťB mhš lasoS ^yase- 
CBÍft DpieiťB, HTO fl caserB nocjiŠAHee nHCbMO, soiopoe 6ujio britb 
HanHcajii, ^m)<$ii ne BncBasaTB CBoero paso^apoBanifl. SI npe;(no- 
^eJll> noRasaTBCfl Bani BetipesHiím. H nps BceicB tomx, hetofo 
ne noA^^aeniB, s paso^apoBaHi. 9ro ne m pecnytfjiiasa, na BaKyio 
a npi^bxajii hocmotp^tb; bto ne pecnyÓJiBKa, jfejitennafl khoh) 
BX MeHraxx... BaiTB shtb bx^cb, MaRpn^tH, Bavs bu ^acTo Bupa- 
3UU[H 8T0 sejanie! JIioós BacL TaB'B, BavB h BacB jno^Jio, ors 
Bcero cepAi^a h ovl Bceft AyniH, h snafl Bami xapasTep^B, h 6u 
hh sa ^TO na cvbvb ne acejajix ocyAHiB BacB na foa^b SHrejEBCiBa 
no CK) CTopony ÁT^íanTH^iecRaro oseana. Bbi roBopnre o cboCoxí^ 
khíhíS! Fa^ ona? A hh b% oxHOft crpan^ ne bh;^ji'b ÓOJíie hhb- 
Bofiy Óojite asajfRofi, Óoji^e ÓescMucjeHHoS, 6ojite noxjioft npeccu... 
«GBo6oAa MHÍHift! Maapn^H, ecjiH 611 s poxBJícfl ba^cb h Hans* 
cajTB CBOH BHHFH Vb 8T0S CTpaHÍ, He oojiBsyflCB pcHOMeHAai^ieft 
HHBEBOfl xpyrofi crpanii, h ncRpenno ytf&SAeHB, ^to sbji'b h 
ynep^B 611 Ciiwiuwbj HeHSB^HHiii h BxoÓaBOB^B «napniHBofl OBi^oft»: 
HHBorxa H HH Bi> ^eiTB H He (SuBajTL 6ojAe yB^penB, nim b% 

dTOATB. JIlO^^H SXtCb AOCpfil, BeaHROXyHIHlI, HpflMOXyHIHH, rOCTenpÍBHHIIy 

BOcropseHHUf, bísjihbu cb AaMaBfBi OT]q)OBeHH£i b HCBpenHH Cb 
HHOcrpaHi^aMH... Ho RaROBu Óti hh 6iijih AOcroHHCTBa HHrpexieH- 
TOBi BToro (JojiBnioro Ójooajblj sl Mory tojibbo BepeyrBCfl wh CBoeff 

HCXOXHOS TO^RŠ H OÓlflBHTB, ^TO CaMO 6jIH>X0 MhÍ HO HpaBBTCfl: 

OHO MH% ne no BBycy». 

9to Mninie pasxtjBjrB TaRse BeiiHRÍfi ho9t:b h pecnytfjHRaHeit^ib 
JlaHxopx, ROToparo JI,BRReH(rB hm^i necTB 6eitb xpyroirB. Besno- 



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HAIBA H JIHTSPATyPÁ B:E OOBPXMBHHOfi AHrJlIJS. 1 09 . 

jesHO npHÓaBjflTB, ^to noan^xHÍS ne daHMcrBOBajTB ero, a caMOcrofl- 
reiuo npHmeji kb Heny, h npHTOirb HeHe^JieHHO nocjii npEŮumt 
aa anepesaHCByK) no^By. Ero onaBoit h oahhmx hs^ r^aBHiixi 
ycioBÍi ero ycnixa 61110 SHBoe, crpacxHoe OTHomeBÍe jsi> Ben^aiTB. 
Oso se npoflSHJiocLy Borxa na^ajacB poBBB wh ero ceuh% npvr 
HyxHBmaa ero HaBcerA& pascraTBCH ch seeott, htó npoflsomjio bs 
iHaoBíHŠ 1858 r. XapasTepib Jl^HaBeHca BecB BHpasucfl nps 
810MX ne^ajEHOMi cjiyviai, h BasHHirB ynpeBoiTB ero 6iorpa^y 
xojuio nocraBHTB to, hto oh'b coBcbm o6oinej!& aro oticroflieiBerBO. 
Ob% xopoTxo ynoMHHaeTi o paura^ vh cemib h sartvL roBopEn: 
*vb ^erBeprB, 29 anp^a 1858 r., npoHCxoAHJio nepBoe Hieme 
R& ero nojBsy (ao tofo, oh^e noaBJuuiCfl vh nyÓJrasi jniniB ci 
(SArorBopneuHiiMH jnjbjauBJj h xo HCie^eHifl idicaita, aron ho- 
bhí o6pa8K SH8HH ycjiosHHJiCfl Apyrofl nepeiiiHoS vb ero xonam- 
aeiTB 6uTÍ. Ob btofo MOMeHra owh h ero sena oraju shtb BpoBB». 

n OfoflBHRB, ^TO OmXl CBÍA$HÍfi J^OCiaTO^HO ASU TOTO, HTOÍSbI 

ocB&TBTB TOy HTÓ ecTB ocotioBHaro FB OFO 'paBCKas^i OH!B npflóa- 
RuerB: «^to Bacaeica ocranHoro, to nyŮsBxib Bfbrh xo tóro Aija» ^). 

HanpoTHffB Toro, ny6jiHRÍ ecTB ao droro x^o, ■ ÓojBinoe 
xkio. £[ cor^aceni, hto ^acTHaa shbhb AO<URHa ociaBaTBCfl «8aMB- 
HyT0fi»; HO KB TasoiťB cxymA oea xo^^Ha (Siitb bhojhí aaMBHyra. 
A eciH BB HaHHHaere ubí o Hefi roBopHTB, to yase ne xoishh 
BH^ero yraHBaTB no spaSsefi nipš Taxoro, ^ b(Am% esfíctho, 
mHBne B&cm^ o^beeuitb kb npHcrpacriH. B% aioirB a coraaoeH!B cb 
GeHn-ESBOirB h ho noHHMaK) shshe Iljesapji) naiipmi^p^, (SyjitB 
OHa HanHcaHa BejniBHirB HaHOieoHOiTB ub najieHBSHirB, vb boto* 
pot npenycsaercfl anHdOA^ cb BopoJieiTB HHBOMexoirB. Ho xajio 
toto: xase Torxa, Bor^a repoa ne bi HeM!B ynpesHyTB, BaBi, ea- 
npmipi, RB xftHHOiTB cj[yqa'6 JI^HBBeHca, to yMOjraameirB hjih ne- 
holehidcb pascBasoifB bu noxaoTe noBoxi bb npexnojioaeHiflirB h 
BKBerairB. 

Ad^o BB ToifB, ^TO MHCCHCi Jl^HBBeHCB (KaTepHHa ForapTB), 
soiopaa ynepjia ificai^eBi mecTB Tony Hasa^i, xa^eso Heorjiiraa- 

.laCB SeHCBHXH AOtipOAtTeJIflMH: BpOTOCTBK) H Tepn%HÍeM!B. EaKB H 

OD conepHHBrB, ToBBepett, ^bbohcb ho Óim c^acuiHFB vh ce- 
mešEOŘ SH8HH. OffB pascTajCfl (Tb sohok) no o6oK)AHOMy coraame- 
mOj H asena ero xo caicofi CMepm poManncTa nojiyiajia eseroXHyio 
oesdio KB 600 ífffBiovb ciepjiHHroBi. Cecrpa efl, J^sopsina Forapra, 
•cniMB Vb combí h AoaaHTOBajia BOcnaTaHíe x^Teft: ee ^HBReHC^B 
mmamamuth cBoefi xynrenpHBaB^HAefl, bmíctj^ Ch ^opctepou%: «T0p* 



') FoTSteťs Life of Dickens. Book VIII, ch. 2. 

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110 BlCTHIKb IBPOnH. 

secTBeHHO yB^n^esafD vohxi mh.iuxi A^^TeS EHKor^á ne saóaBaiB 
TorOy nfkwb OHH oÓasaHu BunieHasBaHHoft ^sopsHHŠ Foraprb h 
HHSorAa He AonycBaTB, htoÓh hitb tfJiaroAapHOCTB h j[H)6obb ki seft 
ocjiaO^a; noioMy ^to hitb bbb^tho, RairB ona, bo bc%x*b nepio- 
Aax'B Hxi pasBHTÍfl, 6uM ffisí WíTh ycjysjíHBíiBfB H npexaHHHiTB 
ApyroMi. n a sejiaio HanoicHBTB totb ({^asTB, ^to sena vos, co 
BpeMeHH Hameft pasiyRH, nojiy^aja otb Měna aeHciio b% 600 $. ct., 
icesxy T^Mi saaib Ha Měna oxHoro naxajio Bce tfpeHa mhofo- 
^HCJieHHaro ceife8cTBa». 

?HTaTejiB ycMaTpHBaerB Tyn OTr£HOK*B, owh xobojibho pbsorb! 
B'B CBoe spěna bto noxajo hoboxb si cojieTHavB: h ^TO(hi no* 
jiosHTB HfiTB BOHei^'B, ^HKReHeB HaneHaTaxB vb cBoeifB sypHaii 
« Household Words> HeroAyK)ii^K) saM^Tsy, cbmjío saittHaTeiBHyH) 
no CBoeiiy apacHOpi^K) hb^b Bcero, ^ aoFAa-JiHÓo buxoxiuo hbi* 
noKh ero nepa: ^OÓ^aajiaK) ba^cb xopsecTBeHHOi roBopHTB owb bi 
Baufo^eme, otb Moero hmobh h otb HneHu MoeS sena, ^ro bcí 
CjyxH, nyn^eHHue ne^aBEO fb xoxb no noBOxy pasxopoBi bi MoeS 

CeHB^, OTBpaTHTeJIBHO JISEBU. H TOTB, STO nOClfteTB HXl nOBTOpflTB 

nocjrí^ BToro orpni^aHia, Óy^erB tojbso cosBaxejiBHO h nocraxno 
BpaTB, sasi TOJBso MOseTB coBpaTB jsecBBA^TejiB nepeA'B JHitoirB 
HeÓa H 8eMJH» ^). ^la 'AtBj sto snaeTB Jt^mcsenca, owh Bucsa- 
8aji!B BA^CB CBflTyK), HeocnopHMyio BCTHHy, H ^opcrep^, soropiift 
FB CBoe Bpevfl 61111% npoTHFB nane^aTanifl diofi saMŠTSE, no hcthh% 
noBpeAHji'B CBoeMy Apyry t^itb, hto ne saneci ee wh 6iorpa^K). 
EcjiH Bti cnpocHie y aHru^anEna-jiHTepaTopa hjih rasoro^ 
soTopBift BOotfpasaeTB ceóa jnrrepaTopoifB, sasoro owh MH^nia o 

JlflKSeBCbj OWb BaiTB OTBŠTHTB MeSAy OpO^HVB, ^TO, ^EBSeHCB 

BBsorAa ne jwberh HBotfpasHTB AseBTJiBMeBa. G^HTattie droTB otbítb 
rbwhj mb ob% octb, T.-e. nomjocTBH), AOCTHrmefl pasBipoFB traísm'a, 
H csasBie ce(S%, iro «AsenTuxeffB» coBctsrB se Tasaa BOSBiímeBsafl 
B yTOB^eBBaa nrrysa, b ^BSseBCB npocro ne saxomtbAz bhboabtb 
FB CBOBX'B poMaBaxi AseHTjiBiceHa. UjíEj FÍpB%e csasaTB, ecjiB b 

BHBOABJl ETB, TO BBBOFAa Be Bl JieCTBOMX AM BBXl CB%t6, a 

BanacryK) Aftse fb orrajESABaion^eirB. Obi bba^^ npesAO Bceroa^B 
o6n^ecTBÍ— B fb ocoÓeBBOCTB FB aBrjificsoMi oÓB^ecTBi^ — rjiynocTB 
B nopoBBy B ÓBHeBajii cavuirB Óeanon^aABHiTB oÓpasoirB pa8BHX*E 
nescflafl^FB, PajB^FB b tutti quanti. Oetb bba&tb ssnu b 60- 
jiflHBB B oóflaauui Bxx ($eFB Bcasoft saxocTB b^b sameB qene- 
TBABOCTB, B BacTaBBJTB BatTB coAporByTBca, BOsaBaFB naMi paóo^e 
AOMa, TK)pBM£i B BBB^eBcsia SBapTflpu ropoAa, rA% rB^sABTca Ó^fr 



») „Household Words", 12 juin, 1868. 

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HAyKA H JHTXPiTyPA ,B% COBPIMEEHOfi kUVSlE. 111 

HOCTE, rpflSB H npecTynjeme. Ohx sejií^tb x^Tell, npinicHfleMnrB 
I Hec^acTHHX'B nopoK) xase y (Sora^eS, h sacraBHjrB naci npojiH- 

BaTB CJeSU BB»Kh MajieHbRHBťB nOJieiTB A0M6h H EÍLKh JlBTTJLh HeJIJH, 

BsmsLmfii icHHÍaTK)pHofi ÁHTHboHOfi, spoTBoS E npe^aHEofi. 

^HSEeHCB óujTb IIpyAOHOirb vh CBoearB poA$, ho tojbro 6ojAe 
BixBum, ch 6ojí^ mapoBHiTB cep^i^eirB,— li se BOSBumeHHEie 
iHCTHHKTH, Ta TEB npe^anHocTB, Ta se CTpacTB vh san^Hti cin^uTh 
H yrHereHHHxi. Ho sa to, yBii!— Ton se nepBopoAHufi h neno- 
npaBHMHĚ rpix^B: He^ocraTOKi JiHrepaTypnaro o(pa80BaHhi, BCU^xcrBÍe 
qero fl H nocraBHXB htb pa^OMi. 06oBWb ne xBaTajo otipasoBaHÍa 
uaccHHecKaro, vh xopomeMi cmíicjií btofo ciOBa. 05a a^th npH- 
poxH, no^H yAoaieTBopflion^ifl Me^r& PyccĎ, h mu bb^hmi TyrB 
lOBoe H tfjHcraTaiBHoe noATBeps^eBie TesHca, BoropnS mu ot- 
ciaHBaiH Bi npeA'BBAyii^efl rjiaB^. Upy^OH^, o^apenHuS opapoA- 

BUWh TajaHTOMX, 6JIH8BHMI Vb reHÍK), IIpyAOirB; ^^HJIOCO^^B H dBO- 
HOMHCTB, npHXOAHTB Vh maTBBMl CHCTeMaMX H ne^ajBHUMi npoTH- 
fiOpi^iilMl. fl BaBX-TO COSaJI^JTB o T0M'B| HTO OWh EB CfíbjlíUlCSL 
pOMaHHCTOM*B. ^HBKeHCB, HaXOAflCB Vh uewbe HeÓJaFOnpÍBTHUXl 

ycjOBÍflxi, (Siaroxapfl poxy cbohx'l npoHSBexeHift, ^EBseHCB vh 
THCfl^ pasi jy^nre OAapeHHui, nesejE TeBsepeft, e^Ba ycn^BaerL 
cpaBHflTBCfl Ch HEMi Vh SHa^eHÍH: HO 1Tb en^e BasH']be — npHSHaiocB, 
fl se cjHniBOMi*TO BucoBO craBJíK) ^epe^B-Hyp^B npeBOBHeceHnaro 
asTopa JleHxeHHHca, — ^HBBeHCi, o^apennuft ctojb se 6oraTO, 
nu H ^HJiBAHHrBy ne jaxB offsaBO hh oahofo npoHBBexeHÚi ctojb se 
coBepmeHBarOi BaKB Tomz ^ofcanc^y h mosho cb saBOHHofi TpeBoroS 
awiTB ce&b Bonpoci: ÓyxerB jih nepesi 150 j^tl «^aBHA'B Konnep- 
4^XB»^ nojiLBOBaTLOi TaBOH) se nonyjurpHOCTBK), BaBOK) nojBsyeTca 
I no cie BpeMfl MacTepcBoe opoBSBe^eHÍe poManHcra XYIII B^sa. 
RaBx 6u TO HH 6uao, a naMSTB ero 6yAerB bš^ho ^HMa, h 
ero JHIHOCTB Bcero Jiy^me xapaBrepHsyercfl Cjr6xyH)n^íMH cjOBaMH 
ero BHaMeHHTaro coBpeifeHHBBa: «BorB co6uTÍe, HHrepecyiontee BecB 
xipB,— nameTB KapjiefijiB ^opcrepy, BCBopi uoui poBOBoro jífisí 
9 wHfl 1870:— fiecpameMHbfii TajiaHTB BHesanHO yracB, h BuicfA 
Ch HHVB yracjia, mosho csasaTB, HeBHHHas pa^ocTB napo^OBi. Hh 
oxHa CMepTB ho oropiaja mchh TaBiCHiBHO co BpeMenH 1866 r., 
I HHBorxa eH^e noTopn nHcaTeu ne tfuia x^a moha tbbi nyBCTBH- 
TeAHa: Ao6puff, spoTBÍH, AapoBHTutt, Bcerxa jnoÓesHufi h 6jiaro- 
poxHuff JIJHBBeHCB, lecTHufl HejiOBÍ&B'B Ch FOJiOBu ffl HflTL— overy 
ineh of him on Honest man!» 

A. FlHBflP'B. 



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mjlTy MHPABO 

OHEPKH 

KFJIBTyPHO^ SH3HH BOCEMHAAUATArO BftKÁ. 



— Xw Mirábeau, NouTelles études sur la société frangaise au XVni siécle, par 
Louis de Loménie, de PAcademie Fran^aise. 2 yol. Paris. 1879. 

nocMepTHoe HSxaHie ipy^a JIoxenÉ, nocBjm^eHHaro po^ h 
cenefiCTBy dHaiieHHTaro opaTopa BpeMeni 6oxbmoŘ ýpaHi^rscEOft 
peBOjnoipHy xoTfl h ne npexcraBJíflerB b'b it&ioiťB xasoro ofin^aro 
HHTepeca, sasi npessift xpyxi^ xoro se SBiopa o Bcmapmé, — 
npETOiTB dWTh ipyxB emfi ne orobtohi, — ho t^itb ne uewie 
H vh aroMi TpyA^ ^HiaieiiB MOserB Hafirn ne Maio HHrepeimaro 
JÍM ce($fl. OrjíjktíkB^ OBOH^aTeuHO xsa TOna, nocBaiii^eHHux'^ npex- 
Raiix, ÓJiHsafiineMy po^CTBy h oti^ 4>paHi^8CBaro TpntfyHa 1789 r.^ 
lasse noASOfiaBineMycfl 6ojihmov> ii8BtoH0cn»K) bi o($iitecrBt m 
iHTepaxypHHXi spysiáxi XYIII B&^a^ y^eHHft h x^poBHiuft aBiop^ 
npesxeBpeneHHo comen vb Morajiy, h nyójona oruajiacB yBs- 
A^TB BorAa-HHÓyAB kb nenaiH HHTepecH'6finiyio ^acTB ero HOBara 
Tpyxa— 6iorpa$ÍH) canoro oparopa h TpBtfyea, paxH BoropoS co6- 

CTBeHHO H 6UMrb HlfB IipeAnpHHflrB BeCB xpyXB. ^-feflCTBHreJIBHO, 

Bumexmie ABa TOna ABaffiaiejiiTHBXi Hscj^AOBamB JIoMeHH aobo- 
jífiTb HCTopiK) 4)aMHj[ÍH MBpa6o TOJibKO AO pjaBEaro efl repoa 
H oociaBJíflDrB jiHinB nojOBHHy npeAnaioseHHaro aBTopoMi^ xpyAa. 

no BaSHOCTH CO($£ITÍfi, yWCTHHBOITb SOTOpUXl ÓUJĚT^ MBpa50y 

ero 6iorpa$ifl ipefioBajia oco6eHHO noApoÓHaro HSJíoseHia. Ho h 
dra 3auK)qHTejiBHa8 ^acTB paóoni B^epsi uo^th saaoH^eHa aBTO- 
poiTB Hy no cjiOBaifB HSAaiejieS AByxi nepBuxx tomobi, ne saMeAXHTS 



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poAi mipábo. 118 

naiBETBCs KB ne^ATH. Bapo^eHi, h bi druzi xsyxx tomexi mu Bcrpi- 
wifca Ch rbum BecBua jik)6oq£ithuiih ^^hjioco^rhmh, bkohomh- 

leeSRlIH B aAMBHHCTpaTHBHUMH BOnpOCaMH, SOTOpiie BEHEMaiOTl 

laci eiae h xenepb, Bcrpt^aeiica ci BNA&ioii^HMflCfl xapaRTepaMB 
Tor^amfleft ByjiLiypnoft cpeffUj soropafl noposx&erB, HaBOHeiťB, hchoj- 
Heiflufl npoTHBop^Hift o6pa8i» xajiaHTJBBififflaro opaTopa h ipH^yna 
flOBiftniflxi Bpeiiefli. 



I. 

IlyTHHirb, cjitAyioiuift b8'b Depiiofl bi> MaaocsB, TOTnacB saift- 
^aerb, ^to ohi yse h^b bucoromi DpoBanc^. ORpysafon^an ero 
noiBE craHOBBTCfl Bce 6oj&e h Óojiie RaMeHHCrofi, mícthoctb npfl- 
HHxaerb ropHuft xapaBrepB. IIo j^bjio cropoHy, sa nepBOfo rpa^oS 
ofeflL BucoBHxi xojHOBi, owb BB^BrE nepeA'B C060K) ^epHUfl Bep- 
miHii JlBÓepoBa, a npflMO npoTBBi, na ropesoHii, ujbirb Ajihnovb, 
cocraBifliaii^K) BasB-Cu Tperifi arasi ropi. Bepcraxi bi^ oabh- 
Hig^aTH OTB nepTH)H, CB caMaro Bucosaro nyHBra Aopora, B^pyrB 
onpuBaexcfl BxajiB, na yredb MeaBxy xsyxi yn^ejifi, 6ojiBnioe npaMO- 
yroiBHoe s^aníe cb ^enapBMB bucobbmh syČHaTUMii 6aniHflMB, saBi 
(yxco socraBjeHHoe ajisl tofo, qioóu sarpas^aTB xopory. 3to sáicoBi 
MBpa6o. HepBui BsrajiAi* Ha nero dpobsboabtb rbwb CoJiie CBUHoe 
BnenaTi^Hie, hto ci rocnoACTByioii^efi eaAi hbmb bucoth, OTRy^a 
Offb BflepBiie craHOBBTCfl bhabumi, 3a ero óamaAMH h BpacHoaBeji- 
TUMB crbeaMfl 6jiecTHTi» na cojHicb jiasypeBaa nojoca boaq. ^ 9to 
j^pasca^ nporeRaian^afl sa yTecom, aa BoropoMi nocrpoesi sáMOBi. 
BfiBsy H no CBJOHy aroro yieca xicHatcfl crpoenia, Bs^ajiH npe^-^ 
craBiflioa^íJiCfl BaiťB HarpoMOSAesHiiiiB oaho sa xpyroe, to^ho cxa^o 
OfieAB obojio BOJioccajBsaro nacryxa, s^BorAa oGflsaHHaro san^H* 
miB Bxob OTB BOďROBi, Bo vh TO se Bpeiifl oÓje^eHHaro B npaBOMB 
cfpRqB Bxi, CROJBRO yroAHO. Bce cejienie, Hac9BTBiBaK)n](ee orojio 

BOeBMHCOTB Ayni'B, BOCTpoeHO BORpyrB sáMRa, BB xaROlťB OTB^- 
lOKB nOJOJJ^HÍB, HW HO HeMHOrHMl erO yJHBI^aiťB HpBXOABTCfl HOA* 

UMaTBCfl T09H0 HO jlicTHBAt. Y noAomBu yTeca TOJicxafl CT^na, 
lióJBnieio ^acTBio en^e yi^ijiÍBinafl, oapysaerB OAHOBpeveHHO b 
ceiraie H sáMOBB. Ob BOcroHHOfi cropoHU, bb cejeme mosho npo- 
HiBHyTB TOJBBO ^epesB CTapufl roTB^ecBÍfl Bopoxa, xftK>ntifl npo- 

ZOKB OAHOMy TOJIBBO BBBBasy. 

TenepB 3áM0B'B BoscTaHOB^eHi; ho aítb naTB^ecarB Tony HasaxB 
o» npeACiaBJUMi jiamB rpyxy pasBajHHx. OnycxomeHHuft bo BpeHa 
iqipopa B na-nojiOBHHy paspymeHHufi ne caMHMH SHTejiflHH cejie- 

ToM» lY^lDo, 1880. 8 



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114 ncTHm BBPCMra. 

Hia, a ^aflETABaiíH cocbKBSs% oúuifíwhj jmineHHiii CBonn 6a- 
meM%y cBajieBHiir& na ctíhu, jHineHHKiB spirniH, x^epeft h 
Qsoff&y oÓpaTSBímicB vb npHTOHx con h xii]I](eiix'b mBJsibj crapaft 
BinoTffh npeACiaRiH^i cotfoR) u/biro vh poxt xpyna, to^so euy 
cysxeHo 611J10 aorHtfHyrs Bictcit ci SHaiceHiTfciaiHirB qjieHOMS 
Toft CTpacTHofi j^MHjriEy KOTopas Bjiaxtjui HMi Bi To^eHÍe XByxi 
CTOjri^Tía. Taai RaRx 6parB, batb n njieifflHHHa^B sHaMeHoraro 
MHpa6ó 9MHrpHpoBaj[H h9b $paH^iH, TO ÓojiLinaa toctb htb no- 
x^^CTBfl 6uM BOH^HCKOBaHa H npoAaHa peBOJIH)^ioHHH]rB cnocotfoMi. 
QacTBi^a noirlcnui, ocraBaBinaflca en^e cbo6oxhoid nocji TSppopa, 
Aocrajiac^ xperBeit cecrpi ipeCyna h 6£Lia or^ys^eHa oh), xasi 
TTO ^f9MBjási Mepatfó yse ho npHHaxJieasajio hh oahofo Bepnisa 
seMJiH ea npexsoBi. PasBajiBBiiiiftca 8áM0R'B raase Óeutb, HaROHeqi^, 
npoAaffB sa 6e3i](tHORi oxHOMy RpecTBflHHHy, Boropnft, yBaaMH ero 
nponuoe, OTKasuBajicfl nepenpoxaTB ero (tb Óapainoirb ROMy 6u to 

HH 6UJÍ0, RTO Hir&JIl Vh BBfJ RyHHTB JHOIB yi^l^BHlie RaMHH, 

yBesTH UTh H laRHiTB o6pa8om OROH^aienno yHH^TOSHTB axanie. 
SáiíORi eni^e npHHaxjiesajrB BTOiiy RpecTSflHHHy fb íh)h$ 1815 r., 
Ror^a vh cejeme MHpa5ó npišxaxB mojioxoS ^ojob^kl xbvb Tpnx- 
AaTH CE HeÓojiBniHirB, ^epru aoioparo chjibho nanouHnajH jnii^o 
SHaMOHETaro TpEtfyHa. Upi^^Bsitt, JlH>Racs xe-MoHTHHBH, poxHB- 
miftca vh 1782 ro;iy, xo AeBflTH-iiTHiro Bospacra Óujtb saóomBO 
BOCQHTaHib canHBťB MHpa6o, ROTopufi saBiu^ajťB eMy 24,000 jihb- 
povhy nopynBB ero none^eHiaiix CBoero xpyn Jla-Mapna. Ho 
citepTH MepaÓó, ceMettcTBO h xpysBfl JIa*MapRa npiiHflaR tfjiHSRoe 
y^acTÍe fb cyxBtfi iiaiB^HRa h noMorjiH oMy crarB na Honi. IIpH 
nepBOtt HMnepÍH ohi cocroflai Ha cxyx&b bb cencROtt npe^RTypib; 
HasHanenHiifi bo BpeMfl Gra-^Hefi reHepajrBHEiMi ceRpeTapein npe- 
4>eRTypii BB xenapTaHeHT^ YcTBesB - PoHti, owh ^ojixewh Óujtb 

OTRasaTBCH OTB dTOS AOJISHOCTH HOCJli ($HTBtI npH BaiOpJIO, B, 

npexffi ^fbwb BopnyrBca bb UapHsi, nosejajTB bha^tb ocraTRH 
sáMRa, o ROTopoHi eMy laRi mhofo roiopHJiH bb aí^tctbí. Ohh 
npoHBBeáH Ha nero CHJiBHoe Bne^aurbnie, h oh'b yroBopHJii BpecTBa- 
HHHa npoxaxB exi, oó^o^afl ne TporaTB hh oahofo RaMHH. RpecTBa- 
HHHi, HafiAfl HaRonei^ xaRoro noRymiiHRa, Raaoro ohb sKejiaiB, 
oxoTHO ycrynnii eiiy pasBajuHii sáMRa sa naiBCorB 4^paHR0Bx, 
ROTopue, BtpoHTHO, ÓhiJíE saujia^eHti sa hhxi hitb eamiTB. 06pa- 
AOBaHHufi noRynn^iRi Torxa se nncaiB njietfHHHHi^i MHpa6ó, shb- 
mei FB oRpecTHocTflXB Mapce jh: «IIoctntafl h q)HCOBiiBaa co 
BcixrB cTopoHi ocTOFB dTOFO sáMRa, BHX> H HaicflTB ROToparo sacTaB- 
aajH CHJIBHO ÓHTBCfl Moo cepxi^e, a ysnajTE, ^to bth ooqreHHHH 
pasBajuiHH HpHHaxJesaTB npocroMy seMjejiuiBKyy RynHBmeiíy hx'i> 



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FOAI^ IIPABO. 11& 

3a (Sfói^Hon, BM^kri ch yrecoirB^ Ha BOiopoici ohIi cronrb, h 
wáBmeMj TporaTeibHyio xejiHBaTHOcrE OTsawBaTbCfl on shmh- 
TeiBsaro (Sapuma eABscTBeHHO norony, ^to mufli npex^araBmee 
mrh 6sLpumhj synHJio 6u sáiioai, ^io6hi xoBepniHTb ero paspy- 
loeBie. OnacaflCb, ?to xpyrúi npejtioseHÍa Moryrb coÓJtasHBTB bsjih- 
K^jraiHaro specTMHHQa hjíh ^to ero HCrHBBo*ptAaiji nyBciBa MoryrB 
ee nepeSiB stb ero Hacil^AHBKaMi, a 3aAyMai'B noMl^BiaTb noiiHOMy 
paspymeatiD siaHÍa, no apattseft M^pt opa Moefi sbsbb, h sa 
Beew^BEia narb^con 4>PAhsobi ayoBJí vb oaho b to se spěna 

I 810 yXOBOttCTBÍe, H npiflTayiD BOSMOSHOCIb B03BpaTBTb nocjiÍABÍe 

ocrarBB omtoBcaaro sáiiaa HacjitAHBsaMi BMeBE MapaÓbi ecjB 
mu Bosejiaxn^ onan BjiaA'lTb bitb*. 

JliDsac^ xe-MoBTBHbB nocniniBJE^ npexoxpaHBTb npiotfpii^H* 

BHfl fllTb HCTOpBVeCBÍa paBBajBHU orb AOSXefi B B'bTpOB'b. Ofll 

BOdciaBOBflJii BpttiBy, noAHajrb Óamaa, lasecTb aoTopux^ AaBBJía 
ciiflB; HO ne jífijAe sákb ABa^n^aib^naTb ji%Tb Tony Hasa^rb, 8ávoB'b 
mfi ne HM']^i HB ABepefi, hb oeohx. Bi 8to Bpexa nocejiBJca 
Bi Ben cuHb HOBaro BjiaA'ibjibiia, FaÓpiaib Jliosaci xe-MoHTBHbBi 
1 npBHajcfl sa nojinoe ero BOscraaoBjíeHie. Majo-no*Majiy, owb npio- 
^piax Taxaae b BHa^BTejbHyK) nactb aeMOJib, HÍaorAa npBHaAje- 
saBDíHx^ Báuay, h npesHee noMŠerbe Mapadó BHOBb noiy^BJío 
lenepb totb Ďiecran^ifi, oÓpuBBcrfitt b H^caoabBO AHsifi bhax, bo* 
topHf ravb oTBivai^b oómfiuj x^)aBTepy Bjajc&Bmeft-BMi ^^^i^^íh. 
EcjiB BxaBaTbCfl bi jioÓbhiia lenepb c^jAseBia 4^B3B?ecRBXi 

IBieBÍfi Cb HpaBCTBeHHbIUB, TO HO Tpy^HO HafiTB ÓOJbBIOe CXOACTBO 
IKBJty 8T0Ě MtCTHOGTbK)) BSjKyTOfi, BBpblTOfi ByJBaHBqeCBBMl OFHeiCB, 

najHHOfi cojHi^eirb, oó^asaeiiofi HBcrpajneifb, a fb SBMHee Bpeva 
dteepHBMrb BirrpoiťB, b aHepra^ecRBME, nopsaBcruMBy sepoBHUHB, 
crpaflBHMB B desnopaAO^HHMB xapaaTepaMB Jiio^^efi, npBHaA^esaB- 
mrh B% ýaifBiiiB Mapatfó. OnBcuBaa iišcTHOCTb, v^b sb^b ero 
npexBHi MapsBBib Mapabó, oi6i^'b TpBÓyaa, Bupasaercfl TaKb: «na- 
jsn^ee HeÓo, UBHarb ^pesM^pHiifi... bba'b absíA, M'6cTa npory* 
JOfib Biícoxmia caa^H, xan^Htia htbi^h, noasBpaioniifl piaB, hotobb 
la BBHTOKHHe, BjiB BajaBaioH^ie... jík>ab cJiojRBBmiecfl; CB^bnue, 
BBHocjHBse, BcapeBHie B 6e8noBoSH£ie». Maotie bbb othxi npB- 
maaoBi Bavb HOJbsa Jiynoie 0(SpBC0BaBaK)rb caMoro Hapsasa Mb- 
p66. Ho noA06fl£ifl c6;iBseHÍa TpeÓyKnrb ^pesBuqafiHOĚ ocTopos- 
HoerB. nsBJbcTBO, Baaifl dbxaia BaMt^aaia HaBxeai ce6t bmb 
MoBTecBbe, BuxaBaa sa nenpejioacHyK) BCTBHy, hto eABHOJiB^* 
Bia BaacTb 6os^e CBoScTBeHaa CTpanaiťb naoAopoAHUMi, a 
uieTb, pacDpex^^^esHaa Hesxy MHorava, crpaHaMi 6e8^JiOABUB^• 
fle M^HŠe pBCBOBaHHa óuja Apyraa aacioMa Toro se HBcaTejifl, 

8* 



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116 BIMJTHHirb IBPOnH. 

no ROTopoS CBOÓoxa jer^e Bo^BOpaercfl b% crpae*! ropecrofi, ^ribr^ 
pOBHofi, H BOTopaii BEisBaja saMŠqáBÍe, RamercB, BojnbTepa: «Aa, 

BaBl B'B niBefll^piH, H eCJIH p^HB Bj^eTB HC O CTpaH^ paBHHH^b, 

BasoBa, BaQpB]i'lpi, FojuiaHAifl*. IIoAotfHUfl cÓJBseHiB ocoÓenHO' 
maTBH, Borxa ohh sacaiOTCfl ae i^^aro sapoxa, a OTAi^JBHuxTb 
jiHiTB BJifl ceMeftCTBi. IIpexKB BHaMeHBiaro TpHÓyaa synejiH sáuosB^ 
MapaÓó ee paBBme 1570 roxa; b&iíobi npnHa^esajrB npesjíe 
ApyroS ^aMHiÍB— BappacoBi— OTjfB^aBoieScfl cobc^mi xpyrflMi xa- 

paBTepOM'£, H BOTOpoft XHTpOCTB H BOBapCTBO Cb xaBRBXl BpeiteHl^ 

BomjiH Bi nocjiOBHi^. JíjBí E vh po;^ Mapatfó A^a caMBX'B ĎypHQXi^ 
xapaKiepa— TpHÓyH^ h (Sparb ero bbrohtb — ee toibro He po^H- 
jiflCB vh Tofi ropHCTOft H sry^efi MtcTHOcra IIpoBaHca, ne tojbbo 
Majio sBjh Tam, ho h abajihcb na CB^rB, npoBOJH CBoe x^tctbO' 
H nacTB CBoeĚ K)HOCTH Bi Rpa*! poBHOMiiy (Sesi^BiTHOMi H xyiiaH- 
HOMi, ÓoraroM^B shphhmh nacrtfHiiiaMír, r^t KiBHarB yiiipeHHnft^ 
CRopíe BjasHBifi, qiiii aryqifl, — bx crapoMi FaTeHé, Ójasrb He- 
Mypa, Wh Hun^niHeirB xenapraMeoTi CeH£i-H*MapHii. Bi BBxy 
TaRBxi npoTBBopi^ifti MOSHO TOJBRO AOiiycTBTb, HTO yRpftaieHHutt 
sáMORi BejHiecTBeHHaro h xase H^CRO^bRO CBHp6naro BSAa aoj* 
aieni 6ujrB pasBABaiB vh ero BjiaA'&2Bitax'B cRopše BHCOROMipie, 
nl^wb CRpoMHOCTB, H ^TO TJb MflpaÓÓ nponuaro B^aa, Roropsie 
poAHJiHCB Vh AenapraMeHrii GeHBi-B*MapH£i h nojiy^BiH BocnHraHie 
Vh jíflui 6oJLÍe ÓypsyasHOMi, 6yAyiH 6oji%e crpacreu, CMtjiBi h^ 
MOserB 6uTby 6ojí^ Tn^ecjaBHu, AajieRO ee 6eijib tbri bhcoro* 
MŠpHu, Rasi bx^b npeARB. 

Uo ofin^enpBHBTOMy mb'6hík), MapaÓo npoBCxoxBrB ort ^a- 

MBJIÍB SBaiHIIXl rB^eJiJHHOBli, BSrHaHHOfl B81> $JIOpeHI^ÍH Vh nO' 

;iOBHH'6 TpBHaAi](aTaro Blxa h saHABinefi cb rbxi nopi no^ernoo 
H^CTO Vh pBAaxi npoBaacajiBCRaro Bucmaro ABopaHCTBa. ^obojibho 
6ujíO peBOJiioi^ioHHofi cjiaBu, npio6p']&TeHHOfi RpaceopiHHBBíMi opa- 
TopoifB yHpeABTejibHaro coópanifl, ^to6u ero npeiBsaHÍe aa AP^Baee 
B apacTORpaiH^ecRoe npoBCxomAeaie 6ujlo npenaTO BCfbum. Bc6mi> 
apaBHjacB mucjib o RpoBHoM cBflSB ÓjiecTfln^aro araxaTopa 178& 
roAa Ch noBTBHecRBMH ((o8i(aHE cpeAaeBŠROBsx^B aapiiS. Ho aia 
HBicjB ae noATBepsABercB acropB^ecRBME cBHA'ÍTejibCTBaMH. Ohh 
aoBa3HBaK)Tb, aanpoTHBi, hto ecjfl, Rasi yTBepsAajiH caaii Ma- 
pa6o, ero orei^i a bxi reHeaiorBcru, axx apeAOR^B Hberpo Paroth 
AtficTBHTejibao 6ujih asraaax nvh ^jiopeai^ÍB a nocediBica vh IIpo- 
Baac^, TO oai a ero noiOMCTBO ocTasajiflCb coBepmeaao aoBSB^cr- 
auMB AO nojOBBBEi XVI BŠRa, Vh Te^eaífl AByx'B cb noJiOBaaoft 
cTOJtrifi, a nocjilAHeMy apamjiocb vh bto apoMB AORasuBaTB CBoe 
ABopaacRoe npOBcxosAeaie, hto6u ae ajiaxarb OABoro aaiora^ bbb- 



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PO;^ MHPÁBO. 117 

ttemaroci tojibro ci» pasHonái^eBi. Bi are BpeMfl ohh yse 8a* 
HHxajHCB ToproBJíett n MapceJiv, h oahhi hbi hbxi, ^hiPh- 
flenr, ónurB ButfpaHi b% nepBSie BOHcyaii stopo ropová. Bi 1564 
roiy offB seHHJicfl ea x^Bymsi^, npHHaAJieslBiBineft m Apesnett 
ApiCTospaTHqecsoS ^mhjiíh UpoBanca, — <|^aicH.iÍH rjiaHAe.ié — h 
tTOTE-TO 6paiPB npHBei^B epo r'b nosynR^ sáMsa h noM'lcTBfl Mh- 
f^f HMUi BOTopapo H 6ujio nepoHeceHO hmi ea CBoe ceneficTBO. 
Os ea^aja XIY-po B&sa, aro noMicTBe npBHa;vesa.io AP^Beeny 
^pHHCBOMy poxy BappaeOBi, o soiopoirB, spoM^ noMAHyroi Bume 
ooroBopBE, cjioaKHdiacB Ha u^crb en^e h Apypaa: «Li Barras viei 
oiomo li roacas» (BappacH crapu, sais^B ciuliu)* 

O^eHB 303M0SB0y 9T0 ^aiiHJiifl PaReTH iipnoHCUBadia cetfi 

SraiBflHCBOe Iip0HCX0SA6HÍe, Vb OTIH^ÍO OTB MHOPO^BCJieHHUXl 

FiKeroRB UpoBasca b ^paaiÚH. Meicjib npBCBOBBaTB ce6^j ajísl 
co6cTBeHHaPO BOdBeaBnenii, BTajbflHCBBXi npexsoBi Óum lop^a bi 
xoxy Mes^y npoBaHcajiBAaMfl, ocoÓenHO xesxy Mapcejbi^aMH, bo- 
Topae saHBMajíBCB xoppoBiiMB A%:iaifB| coxpaHflB abopahcbíji npu- 
Tsaflk, noTOMy hto peHyBscBoe, {^opeHTBHCBoe bjib HeanojiBCBoe 
npoBCxosxeHÍe CHflraiocb h%ic%-to b^ poA^ HpaBCTBeHnapo py^a- 
leiBCiBa sa Ó^aropoxciBO RpoBB. Bo bcaboitb cjiy^ai, HpeciOByrafl 
anaTHOCTB 4^aMBjÍB PeBeTB se bocxoxbtb xaiie BTopoft hojiobbhei 
Xyi*po bíbb. npoBBBejieHBoe TOPAa oi^ACTBie obohhbjiocb išmi, 
no 4^BJÍB PflBeTB (hua npflSHaHa abopahcboio; ď^avB pHBerfl 
ociaBBJTB eS 6ojiBnioe cocroBEÍe, poactbo cb o^chb xpeBHett ^anH* 
iiet B SBy^Hoe bmb MapaÓo, cb biipoacS saM^HBBmee bx^b npesR- 
lee BMB PBBeiB. Epo botohrb spoxojisaJB QOABBPaxBCfl Bnepex^B 
iB psAairB BHcmapo XBopaBCiBa, BocmpajiBCB paspatfoxaTB cbok> 

pOAOCJIOBHyK), OrnpaBJUlBCB on BiaiBBHCRBXX npOABOBl, B nyCTBJIB 

ee FB xoxx. 

Mh B86aBjifleM'B ^BTaiejieft otb noxpo6flocTeB btopo bocxos- 
Jtesifl ^MBiÍB MspaCo na bhcoiíb ciynesB, xotb btb boapoChoctb 
CHAHO saHfltfajiB B caiforo MapaÓo, b epo ori^t, BSB^bcTHapo 
«^yra jK)Aefi». Mu npBBexeiTB toaro HtaoTopuB, oco^obho 
lapaRrepHEifl nepřu spasoBi^ npesBflPO BpeMOHB. Qoapotobbkb 
npieiťB OABOPO Bdi ^ÁeBOKb CBoefl <|)aif bjiíb . bi apBcroRpaTB^ecBift 
xaiBTiftcBÍH opAeH'B, Ťouh PBKeiB MBpafiO) yse vh ceMHaAi;aT0M'B 
ooiMb, BaAyMajTB npHAatB aojHuft tfjiecRi csoeny apaeroRpaTH- 
fKMouy npoBcxosAeflÍK). Qb 8toh> rs*b»v> owb oÓpaiBJícfl r^ seo^B- 
ipajiBBOMy TOPAamHeiiy peaeaioPBcry A'08Be. IIoaiiABifi, cuh'b 
^BaHcajBi^a, otboobjicb orpBi^aTejBBO sh npBTBsaHiBiPB Pbrotb. 
Iwk PHRerfl npaÓi^PByji R'b OABOny bbi rixs o^^i^iodHiixi pe- 
waaoracroRBy ROTopue sa a^hbpb CBa($saiB aReiaKB^Bzi BiceHB- 



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118 iMMnin iBřom. 

THMH pOXOCJlOBHSMlI. dlOTL XpeSHÍI IipOHtfCeai, BAKh KOTOpum* 

H8X'lBajicfl eii^e lOBenaai n oxhoI un cbohx^k cai«p%, 6uá% lorxa 

Bl nOJIHOlTB XOXy BO $paHl](ÍH H COX^UEMtB XfiMB nOCJli pOBO- 

aiai^e; ho npesxe jexyn ero onja^HBajiHCB xoporo, a n eanie 
XeMOKpaTBHecRoe Bpeiifl ov6 erajiH xemeBii r oÓn^exoeryoHsi. Ba 
$paHi^ÍB H TenepB BcaRít MoserrB, saiuarrHBi x^citb, no 6ojibmet 
Mtpt xBaxi^TB ^paHKOKb sa crpaBn^j, opídCpicni pocKOmno hb- 
xaHHyx) poxocjiOBByH>i tBMKbreáhCTvjwmjn eanHirB HecoMHÍBHHir& 
oÓpaaoiTB oOi ero npoHcxosxefiiH on cmoto Por^pexa ByafcOB- 
csaro. Toix reHeaJoracn XVII-ro B^sa, o xoTOpoiti uu roBOpsin^ 
H BOToparo x^OsLe HasiiBaji^E «6eicnixHiiin^ oóicaininrioirB*^} eocra- 
BRXB x^fl ^mhjíh PBBem-MBpaÓo rpoMRyio poxocjOBHy», RpacHBo 
HBxaHByK) in-4^ kb 1661 roxy ci MHoro^HCJieHHiiini rpaBepoBan- 
BUMH reptfaMH, nox^ mapjaTaHCBHM'b sariaBieinb: «$paHay8CBaa 
TocKaHa>, yBaBUBaBoiHMx na roTOBHocTb aBtopa yxoBJíerBopHi^ 
Bcbx%y KTO npereHxyen Ha BHatHoe TocsaHcsoe npoHczosxeme. 

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yse HB FBÓejjiBHaMV, HsrHaHHHHH hbb $jopeHi^ÍH TOpsecTBytomeft 
naprieft rBejii»4H)Bi, a TBejb^^MH, Koropnx^B npocxbfjioTb w BBro* 

HflK)n rBÓejJHHH. ÁBTOp^B Ch p^XBOH) paBBBBHOGTEH) nOXX'Í^HBaerB. 

nekárané irajiMHCRle Tesem, Ra Boropiie eiiy hpbzoxrtcb ccu- 
jaTBCfl. OrBasHo BaiiiBHB^ meHeifB PsKerB bmíi x^bhivi Appi- 
ry^^iOi Ha Roropoft seHVJíCH oxRffB bbi MexH^HCoBB, owh nopox- 

HHJTB TaRHll*B OtipasOlTB CBOHXl KJlieHTOVB Ch MexB^Hcaiíii. HSB^HOe 

XBacTjHBoe BaifliiaHíe, npímcHBaeiioe MapBHsy MHpaÓo, oroy 
TpatfyHa, ero chhoite: «Bs HameM'b pox^ Óuji^ oxhh% tojibro cjy- 
^tí^ HepaBHaro 6paBa— poxctBO ci Mexi^BcaMH*, ocHOBano npocra 
Ha xaTepiajBHoiTB noxJiorb, HcnojHeHHom noeraBoiHKOirB poxo* 
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He HOXTBepSXAetCB HHRaUMH nOJOSHTeiBHUMH CBHXftTeiBCTBaifB^ 

H Bci ctapaHÍB JIoieHH OTEicMTB nocjr6ffdx (Seijih tfesycaibinHu.. 
Blb 1660 roxy, JIk)xobhr'b XIY, bi (Suthoctb cbok> n MapcejiH, 

OCtaHOBHJICfl BTB ffivA ToMá PHBeTH) BOTOpuS BO BpeHB CMyTB^ 

#poHXBi oraHnjCB vh napriH poflJHCiOBi h, vb Toicy se, 6uii^ 
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sBanie MapRasa* Ob 'Atl nopB ^aim^ 6yxyn^aro TpHtfyna BoniJia^ 
OBonaTBJíBHO Wh pBXH BHcmaro xBopaHcraa. Ho h bto eme He 
yXOBJíeTBOpB^o ero, h ohi nocroBHHO npeyBeiHMHBaji snaTHOCTB rs 
XpeBHoerB CBoero poxa. HasuBai iioxo6hhb upaTasaHia «Hrpott ^e* 
xoB^qecaaro TH^ecjiaBia*, MHpalfo rb Tose BpevH xo Toro njia- 

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FOA'B HIPABO. 119 

Aise npeesomen hmh cbohxi npexBOBi. ^a heci arorb^ poxo- 
ciOwvA Bonpoci npexcraaiflerb HÍBoropyK) BasHocxB bi toitb 
fOAso ciaicjrik, mo vb cbash ci hhxi HaxoxBTca Bonpocb oti^ 
nuBflHcsoirb HJH 4^paHiiy8CRO]rB npoHCxosxeHiH sairi^a^rejnbHaro 
leiOBisa, HMfl BOToparo HascerAa crasaHO ch OAHniťB esi boih- 
nSmiirb coCHiitt ^^paHuyscRofl BcropÍH. Ho caMne CTapaxeJiBHHe 
ooHCKH ne xuH vh BTOMi OTHomeHÍE HHsaBoro nojiosHTejuBHaro 
pesyjBTaTa. Bss^mBBafl a^hhiia bi» nojiisy loro hjih xpyroro npoHC- 
los^enifl MHpa6o, npEXo^amB bi saBjnoHeHiH), ^to ^^paHuyscEoe 
ero ]ipoHCX02BAeHÍe Taa^L se v^poflino, Basi h HrajnuiHCBoe. ÚpoHC- 
xosxeHie 8T0, bo BeaROnx cjy^a^, cobc^mi ee apaeroRpaTB^ecxce. 
rjasHuiTB apryMeHTOMi wh nousy HiajBflHCsaro npoHCXOSj^eHÍfl 
cjyxHTi o6uBHOBeHHO crpacTHuS T6MnepaiceHn> aioS ^^mejiíh, 
KOTopHfi ejofi orei^x MHpaóo HasHBam «6ypHUMi». To 6sija <|^a- 

WĚÚSL Vh CaMOlťB JSÍbxb BCBJIiOmeJIBHafl, Vh HJeHax^B BOXOpOfi JWb 
OOe^tHHflJCfl CB CHJBHHMB CTpaCTflMH H BBCqeHTpifqeCBBMH ' XapaB- 

leptMH. Ho DOAOÓHoe aB^eme Morio 6utb TyseííHuirB h ea npo- 
BaocajBCBoi so^bí. Meas^y ranaiíH HTaiBBHCBHMi h npoBaneajB- 
eiHii'B hítb 6ojiBmoft pa8HHi](Bi, H ecaH nocatAHÍfi nocrojiHBO noA- 
^rbnjBjícii Vh oahoitb HaopasjesiB ÓpasaMB, to ohi Mon», HaBOHei^B, 
nopoABTB MBpa6o, oabofo bbi opBrBBajiBB'bfimEX'B Jio^efi vh Ao6pi 
1 8j4y Basie TOJBBo Bor^a-BBÓyAB cyn^ecTBOBajB. Ero oret^ii, nap* 
BOB Mspaóo, jiotfBJíi noABepraTB asa^Bsy BBM^Hemfl, beocbmbih 
seflopnaMB vh TeMnepaMeHTi ^^líBjifi. ,9^ nero, BpoBB ero co6- 
cneBHux^ npe^BOBi, BpoBB PBBerB, Óujia rjiaBHHMi bcto^hebomt. 

^^aiíflJBB£IX'B CBOfiCTKB BCÍX'B MBpa6o. B% OftBOMl BECBM^ OWh 

mcaji^ CBoeify Opary, ^to TaBifl-TO h TaBÍB-TO seBniBAu^ bo- 
mexmifl vh bxi ^mbjiíh), npBxajiB BiťB ocofiesBufi xapaaiep^, 
ropxHft, crpacTBuft, bo Bcerxa tfjaropoABHft, qBCTSitt b ^ys^sift 
MeiBaro TopramecTBa, Boiopuft Bume ^MBJBBaro TeMnepaneBTa 

9IBXI SeHBltBB^B B CjAwi BOTOparO OHI HBXOXBrB J CBOBXl OTW- 

leBHincB npeABOBib. Ho b ony npBXOABTca BHorAa BucBaBusaTB, 
910 Han ero, bvb po^a KacreuaflOBi, Morja 6ojie bjb MeHie 
QUT^HTB Vh HeMi B ocotfeHHO Vh ero MeHBmoBfB Óparfe 6ypHyH) 
opacTflocTB poAa PaBeiH BJiianieMi CBoero noBejiBiejiBflaro b vh 
10 ze BpeMfl cxepsaflHaro, MeroxB^ecBaro xapaBiepa. Eorxa eiiy 
i^axoABTCB oCiacHBTB xapaBiepi cbobxi cotfcTaeflBHxi A'6Te&, ob^b 
le nepecraerB TBepAflXB o&b «yAapt hojiotboitb*, xiUBe o6% «yAapi 
iiHiopaMrB>, noiy^esHOMi bmb Qvh MaiepB, posxeBHofi Baccani, b 

dh BOTOpoS OWh HaXOABlCfl FB CBlfllXl fleopÍHTBHXl, nOTOlťB ABse 

I, Bpasxe<{HHX'B OTHomeHiflxi. H Vh cBMOBťB fí^^^j daaMeHBTaro 
MipalSó HejiBBfl noBBTB, HeBBaa ero MaiepA, a BuesHO oaa ocra- 



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120 B^GTSES:^ XBPOHH. 

BEjacB HeH8BÍCTHa (Sorpa^inb TpHtfysa. Toibso nyrearB cpasHeHia 
npipoABBixi CBotcTBi ero ori^a h MaTepa Mosen Óiitb BíiscHeBO 
crpaHHoe HpaBCiBeHHoe flBae&ie, npei^CTaBjseicoe vh xaHHOirB cjiy- 
w6 cuHOiTBy coBepmeEHO HesaBHCHifo otb ero HraiBAHCcaro ua 
^paHi^yscBaro npoHCxosAemir. 



n. 

Poxi MHpatíó cran. HcropE^ecBiiirB tojbbo f& XYIIÍ-mi bíbš, 
H TOJBBO o lirB ^jenarB ero, soropiie smm vh otoitb Bf^si, 

AOÍIUH HaCl AOCTOBtpHIU C^ffbmSj ^aCTBH) OTB HETB CaMETB, Bl 

BrB nepeuBCRii h ((ynararB, ^acTBH) on JiDxeft, Óihsko 8HaBinHX'B 
Toro HjIe Apyroro evb hhxi&. J^i^x^ TpH((yHa MepaÓó, icapBiBi 
SBLaHi-ÁHTyaffB^ poaBAeHHuS vh 1666 roxy^ h bcs x^sieiBHOCTB 
BOToparo OTHOCHTCfl npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO bi XVU-My Bf^sy, h8f6- 
creETB HaiTB tojbbo ÓJiaroxapB TaBi-HasHBaemiiii «MeMyapaM'b 
MHpa6ó», xoTopue, sasi Teneps OBasuBaercfl, iracaHii cobcÍitb ne 
caHHMi TpB((yHOirBy a oti^oitb ero, MapBHSOMi MBpa($ó, c^pyroM^B 
jiK)AeS». CocraBBBi bth sanHCBB, MapBHSi no cespery kblx% npo- 
^ecTb Hxi CBoeny ciray, ((yxyn^eiiy opaTopy, j^uí ero HasB^aHiB, 
a cuwb TaSno cnacaji hxi, npBCBOHjrB hxi ceót h npH aTon 

CA'&iaJl VB HHX% UCTBH) CTIUHCTH^eCKÍB, ^aCTBH) B08BeJlfl9HBaK)Dpfl 
4)aMHJiÍB> HBlf^HeHÍB H IipOIiyCBH. JIOICOBH HpHBOXHTB HtCBOJBBO 

orpuBBOBi H81 HeHBxaHHaro Tescra, nacanHaro on^oirB, h h9b ea- 
ne^BTaHHHXi «MeMyapoBi MBpa((ó», npHCBoeHHHxrb ero chhoitb, 
— H HarjBXHO noBasHBaerB, nacsojBRO nocji^AHie iipeACTaBJiflK)rB so* 
nÍB) CB nepBaro. 06a ohh Mesxy npo^Hinb BocxBajiflK)rB vh nufk 
Sana-AHTyaHa Mepa^b, o^bhi — CBoero ori^a, xpyrofi — CBoero f!bjífí. 
Ohi, npaBxa, er^Ími^ ne OTjH^ajicfl hh na BasoirB nonpamt; ho 
cjiaBa, roBoparB ohb, ho Bcerxa conpoBosxaerB yiiCTBeHHoe h 
HpaBCTBeHHoe npeBOcxoxcTBO. «TpyxH0— roBopflrB ohh o6a o joboctb 
SŠaHa^AHiyana Mapafió — rpyxHO 6htb tíoate oxapeHHuirB npH- 

pOAOft, H'6irB 8T0TB BpaCHBIltt MOJO^Ofi HQSOVbíSíb. Owb ÓUJTh BEI- 
CORl H CTpoeHB. JEOBKÍft BO BCtxi& CB0HX1& yapa3RHeHÍflX%, OHB 

hmíjx Aapi OA^BaTBoa Basi hhbto. Ha ero ÓnropoxnoirB, bohh- 
CTBeoHOMi h npBBJíeBaTejBHOirB ihi;^ BiipaauucB BecB oroHB, noBui- 
paBiniB ero fjmy. Bi zkfíKb Mapatfó enie coxpaHHJica noxian- 
BUŘ aoprperb ffiana-AHryaHa, h jrai^o ero bi canoirB x^jt npH- 
BieBBTejibHO Ha btoitb noprperi; ho, xotb h oneHB ossHBjíeHHoe, 
OHO CKopte MHJOBHAHO, qticB BOHHCTBeHHO, H He BupasaeTB en^e 
Toro rposHaro xapaBrepa, Boroputt bqocjiíiactbíh Óeui Hpax^kHK 

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POJCB UFÁBO. 121 

eiiy tfoeBOK) sbshík) h sane^arjiuicfl vh naicaTH ero Atrett. Ero 
ÓOiBmie rojiy6ue rjiasa, Boropiiiey no ciOBairB ero cTapmaro chha 
E 6íorpa^ 611JH MflrRH Toabso Tor^a, Korxa owh toto sejaji'^, 
aa noprpeit onen sporsH. IIoHn seHCTBenHaa Kpaeoia uHaro 
Mymerepa jtpímE^ 6iiia mhofo HdMtHHTBca noxi BjiiflHÍeM'b Boen* 
HoB cjyx6ii. cOetl 6uxb hitb rbrB jnoxeft*, roBopHTB ero 6io* 
rpa^, «y Boropuxi na boShí CBasHBaercji crpeMieHÍe h annenirL 
n HeBO8M0SH0]fy», h Bucraiuaerb ero 6ottiioirB, cocauhaioiiihicb 

SpafiBKMO CMtjlOCTB, nO^TH A^pSOCTB, Ch HeyTOMBMOfli HaCTOflHHBOCTBH) 

vb cospymeiriH npeuTCTBÍft h caMOO<{jaAaHÍeM'B btb MEHyiy onač* 

BOCTH, OJPIHirB EVb TÍXl CTpOFHXl H Blficrb SatfOTJIHBIIXl HaHajB* 

HflBOBl, ROTOpHXl COJAaTU ĎOITCfl H JilodflTB. Ho OCOÓeHHO BII- 

WDn^eocfl I OTjiraiTejBHOtt neprofi vh xapacrep^ S^Ha-Anryana. 
o0iaaaK)n](etf, no«ieMy, neenorpa na ero ynacrie bo bc^xi boS- 
Haxi& JlDAOBHKa XIV CB 1684 ro^a, oni ocTaaajica nojiKOBHHaoir& 
H npoHBBeAem vb 6piraxipii toako npn buxoa^ bi orcraBBy,— 
TaKOK) ^epiofi 6fiija «p'63Bafl ero crpaneocTb*, ican Btipasaerca 
ero cuHi n 6iorpa4r&. Ohi> nox^najca naHajbCTBy tojibvo b% toS 
MJ^pt, Vb Kasoft yBaiBUU^ Haqajn>CTByK)niHX'b JiHurB, npe8Bpaj% 
mnyH) BjacTB, BpoM'& Boeenott, HHBorxa ne OTRasuBajfB ce&b b% 
y^OBOJbCTBÍH noÓymeBaTB, nocTynaiB no-cBoeMy hih nocif&iTBca 
saxB xpyniMB, Bor^a ^yBCTBOnajTL ce6a ne^OBOJbeiiirB hjh o6h- 
meBEuwb^ KasoBH 6u nn 6hjie nociixcisifl ero buxoí^bii. Biorpaij^ 
npHBOi^HTL MHoro MíeEffyiovb, noBassBaion^iixi, tto oiei^ ero x^fi- 
CTBHTejbHo 6uj[i— HTb HasuBaeTCfl — «ropflíeft rojiOBofi». Offt pas- 
csasHBaen, nanpniťbp^, HcropiiD oxnoro wn BoiíMEcapoBi^HBcneK- 
TopOKb, y^pes^enniixi MBHBcrpoiťb JlyBya; ne saeraBi KanaTana 
MnpaÓó Blb ero porb bo BpeMfl ocnorpa nocjiŠAHelt, somiHCcapi- 
HHcnejnt^ xorijx sanicaTB ero oicyrcTByion^HirB, noTOxy ^to 
im% flBuca noBAHo; naneTan^ npoiecTOBarby h Ror^a ero npoie- 
cm ne nox^CTBOBajn, onx npiÓnji^ soMicBCcapa xjiuctoii'b, npn- 
roBapBBaa: «Ecjn a orcyrcTByDnut, to Banamaxe, ^to a 9x0 
npoBCxoAUO Vb Moe orcyíCTBie*. Vme nojBOBaaBOMi, Bosapa- 
oiajiCB panenaS cb 6aTBii, btl soropoft nojiRi ero Óbui yan^ro- 
seffb neapiareJeiTB, S^Hi-AnryaffL BcrpjiqáerB tipara necnocoC- 
earo noennaro Manacrpa, UlainLibepa. 3totb tfpan, Óiicrpo xo- 
crarmift reaepajbCBaro ^aaa, noxxoxarB b% nojnoanaBy MapaÓo 
CB noxBaiaMa ero xpatfpocra, a o&bm/kerb xoBecra o net^o CBf6- 
jr^Bia CBoero pOACTBenaasa. «BaHrB 6paTB owns cvcMaarb 6jni8* 
nun poACTBOMi Cb Baaa*, — orat^aiB noiBOBBBBx: «6e3B BacB 
OH% 6ajrB 6u vxywbŘmEWb ^ejiOBiROiTB bo Bcen BopojieBcrBi*. 
Bcsopi noer6xoBa;ia Mnorovacieanua npoasBOXCTBa vb reeepaxB- 



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122 UMnoncb npoDH, 

iiaSopH; HO noiBOBHiivL MipsÓĎ, pa^nribercs, ociajica f& npes- 
newh whí. no cjioBairb ero chhe e Óiorpa^^ ohi npocrepi eme 
Aaume cboh> oTBpoBeHHOCTB. HaxoxflCB bi BepcajA h npei^craB- 
i^BHiift JlK)A0BHBy XIV repi^oroMi BaHxoMCBHirB, Boropuft o^bbk 
jnoÓEJLit ero, owb 6yxT0 6hi csasui BeiEvecTBOHEOMy sopojuD: 
«j!(ay samé BejHvectBO, ecjiH6i ji, ocraBHBi nojWB, npBÓnwb ccDxa, 
hto6h saiLiaTHi^ BaBofi-HHÓyxB pasBpaTHHi^b (b% Tescr^ cibirb 
6ojte CHAHoe BupaiseHie), to icoe npoHWoxcTBO nomio 6u Óncrpbe 
H Ha mhí Óuio 6u MeHBme paBi». KopoiB CA^ajrB bix%, hto 
ne cjiHxaji bthxi cjobi, a repi^on BaHXOMCKii caasaii ZHLaHy* 
ABTyasy npe bhzoxí: «Othiihí a ($yxy npexcraBJBTB reCfl ho* 
iipifliejH)^ HO HHKorxa ne npexcraBJK) Bopojii>». Eíorpa^i Tyrb 
ase npHÓaBjaerB, hto otoi^b ero Bcerxa bucoko hthjtb jlK)X0BHKa XIV. 
Otfpasrb xittcTBÍft xpaóparo nojiBOBHHBa b% ($HTBt npn KaccaHo, 
B% 1706 roxy, BHynnui ero tíiorpaj^y hícsojibko auiBonHCHfiirB 
crpaHEi^B. EMy 6ujío nopyieno saxepsaTB aBCipifii^eBi npH nepe- 
xo^ HX'B HepeffB moctb; ho oÓuraoBeHÍK)) hojioshrb cbohxi coi* 
xaTB na seiiJiK), owh cairb ocTasajcfl na Horaxi, x^Jiafl cbobo 
KOJOccajBHyfio ^erypy MHmeHBK) x^ Henpiflieu; nepBHfi micrpbjn 
BCKOpi pasfisjíi eMy npaByH) pyBy; oh!b nepeBflB&ii ee niar* 
KoiTB, cxBETHXB jAboio TOHop^b H orpasEJB HopBHfi npHCiyn!B; 
xpyrofi Bucxpbn paHHJii ero rb ropjio, nepeptearb ony ropranHyio 
SMy H meltHtie HepBii; paneHHt, oh'b ywwb Ha moctb; nojonb 
ero xporHyji h no6ésaji'B; oxhhi crapufl cepasaHTB exBa ycnin> 
npHKpiiTB ero raiOBy, h bca apMÍa npHHi^a EBrenk npomja no 
ero rtjy. Tasí sas^ ohb hmíjii npHBHHsy n^eroiBcsH ox^BaiBca 
vh xeHB 6ofl) TO Óurb saMiienB Mesxy y^HTUMH no CBOOMy njíHUhio. 
OxHHi na^HHLfi ^paHAysi yznwh ero h yBHxfiJi^ kb aeMi npe* 
BHaEH shshh; Torxa npHHi^ EereHifi BOJiijrB orneciH onacHO pa- 
HeHaro b:b jrarepB repi^ora BaHxoMCRaro. TaMi, ÓJiaroxapa saóo- 
TaiTB HBBicTHaro Torxa xHpypra AK>^y^6Ha, ofb Óhjtb cnaceHi^ 
xora Bce t&jio ero npexcTaBJuio oxny cnjomHyK) pany, h roiOBa 
ůuM qyTB Be oropBana otb nje^i. depeši TpH roxa hoci!& 
6ofl npH KaccanOy o aoropoMi ďbaHi-AHTyan^ roBopu% oÓhsho- 

BCEHO KaB'B O «X^JIÍ, Tgb OHI 6lIJIX JÓíSTh^j BTOTB HSpaHeHÍIĚ 

BOBffB) CO oioMaHHofi HpaBOfi pysoft na ^epnofi nepoBassi, es 
rojOBoly HOxxepauBaeMot cepetfpaHiuťB omeSHHBOMs, Roropufi 6ujíi^ 
npHBpiirb rajtcryxoMTB, seHHJicfl he Mojoxofi h xopomeHBROfi x^b- 
Bym&i H8% ^ImfuiH KaeiejjaffB-HopaHTB/ soTopaa poMaHBvecEii 
npexnoija ero mojoxhm^b i^xami. JKany-AnTyany MnpaÓó 6ui(y 
Torxa copoKi xm roxa; ohb aceHHJicfl bi 1708 roxy ^ KpasEJn* 
ceMepiixi jiíkteŘ. Be(Sh saxan cBoeft sbshh obi npoBeji bb ho- 



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pox^ UPiBO. 1 28 

mitni Mspatfó. npesvía tfoenaa xnHB h tec^ lapaitiepi ero 
raymuH CTpax% ero BaccaiairB h ceiiettcTBy. drars rposHuft ^e 
iOBÉn, KOToparo ipecTbiiHe sbuh «cepe((pflHSirB 0Hi6fiHHS0irL», 
ÓBjn, opaBx*, ropi^HMi^ mi^aTHHsoirB cbohtl Bacc&ion on 
nejKHxs v KpjDBuz^ areHTOBi i^eflTpajibiQÉ Bjaerv, Kaioiwi'^ on 
se repirbn h oefiaBscn m KoropturB mbA^ui CBoeiiy noroH- 

CTBy; HO 08% BB TO ae BpOMI MFHOBeBHO ffUMUl nOHyBCTBOBaTE BCID 

cuy cBoeft aisofi |^m iiasxoMy h8% cbohxi •nou^HHim^, 
xepsaBmeiiy npoTHBerbCfl ero B0Jí'b. Ob% yMep% wh 1737 roxy*, 
8MÍiqaB% CBoeft mbeí noiuoBaBie u/bwh ero HMyo^ecTBoin, nosa 
eiapmit chbi ero, 6yxyiai& orei^ Bejasaro opaTopa, ^tocTamerB 
XBawara-naTHjftTvaro aospacrra. V nosotbiaro (Su20 mecrepo cb- 
HOBeft H oxHa Mfln. TojBBo Tpoe CBHOBett nepesHJH eaoero orqa; 
crapmeMy 6un yse AaaAiVtTb-BTOpoS roA%« 

BxoBa SSana-AHTyaHa HMt;ia cajBHoe bjíhhío ne tojbro na 

CBOIin CBHOBet, HO H Ha BHyiEOVB. B% MOďOj^OCTB OHa ($£IJia 

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bhhh ex noprperaMB. Oabb<b B8o6pa»aerB ee jítb ABaMaTu^^naTti 
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sojiothctiiiih B04oeaMn b 6ojBniBMB rojydumi rjasaMB cb ctpo- 
BaniMB OTJHBoiTB. Ha xpyroMB nopTpert OBayiReseBQBBanieCTH- 
xecflTH jin B Bce eii;e o^chb BpacBBa. Ea roay<tee rjasa HenHoro 
BoreMH^jH B CMOrparB Mar^e; ^yxecHHe, rycrue Boaocu nofii^ijH, 
BupaxeHie .lai^a 6ojte Ba^yHMso, ho bb to se BpeMa tBepxo m 
cookoBbo. BttmeAQiB sa neJOBriBa, Koropoft 0u.tb crapme ea XBax- 
^arBK) roxaHB, flepaHenaro b paBxpasBTejBaaro, aia senapna 
paao HayqHjacB exepsHBaTB cbob nopuBU b B^ax^TB eo(5ott, cra- 
paacB no boshoshoctb yxajBTB otí Mýma Bcaaie hoboxh vb neyxo- 
BOJBCTBho hjh BOiiHeBÍK). «Ofla apoAiBM ero shbhb*, roBopan 
crapmit cmwb bxb; ho HeBaHlrao, hto0u cexHiejBciBO c% Mysem* 
noBejHieaBHaro xapasTepa cx'6jiaio ee yorymBBOfl b ra^ROfi; oho, 
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1760 roxy, aorxa eit (Síijo yse mecTBxecaTB-naTB i^tb: «dTaaov 
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JB>xbMH Biícmaro apyra, BupasaeTca cb aHepríeft, nepexB soiopoft 
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124 BftcrrancB iBPonH. 

^ ei cjAxyen jiio($htb, 09a Bcerjia sosBpai^a^cfl r^ BHynieHiflirs 
CBoero cepAi^: TanoBa, sairE mhí BaseioH, ocHOB^ea xapastepa>. 
06a cuea, crapiniS b BTopoft, HHoro roBoparB o CHxb es bojh. 
B'b TO BpeMA BjaA'&iBitairL ABopnHeRExi HMtHÍfi npHHaff^esaio 
npasa nojHqeficRaro Baxsopa h cyxa bi htb BjaxiHiaxi. Opa- 
HfiBi Bi CBoe saBŠxfiiBaHie Hiť^HÍa yBiepinaro nysa, oba SBepra- 
^ecRH npHHfljiacB HCSopenaTB noJBi^eSeidx h cy^etiHui aioynorpefi- 
jieHÍfl, iK>TopuB cspuBaja otb nero, ito6u ne BO^cEOBaT^ dojiBHoro. 
Oeái Bnpo«ieMi, ynpaBJUflja poaobumb noMŠCTbflMH Mysa He ojiea; 
secMorpa Ha saB^n^aHie Mysa, ona saB^uBaja hmh Buicrb ch 
crapniHMi cbohmi cuhomi, no npaBy nepsopoACTBa exiniCTBeHHiiirb 
saKOHHUMi Haeji^AHHKOMi BTBX^ HM^Hifi, H HHBOFxa He pascTaBa- 
j&CB cb HBiTB. IIpH Bceiii yBaseHÍB CHHOBelt B'B naTepa, axa 
. seen^BHa ho Ósrja cqacrjiHBa h bo BTopyK) noJOBHHy cBoeft ^ojí- 
rofi SB8HH. OrapmíS cuwh en, oiei^ TpHÓyaa, aseHHicfl HeyxaHHO 
Ha flíbBymíA^ Koiopafl BOia (k^nopflAO^nyio shshb h hotomi paso- 
mjiacB ch HHMi, orpaBUfl ero cymeciBOBaHie csaHAajLBHEiMH h paso- 
pmejiBHBíHH npoi](eccaMH. Tperift cuwb ea xeHHJCfl en^e xyse— 
Ha seBn^HH'6, yse npHHaxJiejBaBniefi iiHor9M'B, h ynepx kb moio- 
Auxi jíítslxi. HeroAya na seny crapmaro cuHa, c^Hrafl ee hctoh- 
BHBOMi BC'6x'B &b]s;h ero n ceifBH, ona neBOJBHO OTJHqaja uemMy 
CBOHME BBysaMH TÍx%, BTO ^HdE^ecKH HoxoxHJii HB OTi^a, a 6y- 
xyo^ift TpH^yHiy He3aBHCH]fo otb cjyqaftHaro fiesotfpaBifl, npHHH- 
HeHHaro eaiy ocnofi, 6ajn, no ea mh'6híio, BecB bi naTB, h ona 
OTHOCflaacb Bi Heny exposé, híwb kb v ja^nieMy cBoeify Bnysy, 
6yAyiAeMy BHBOHTy, BOiopufi c^HTajcB wb aom'& eAHHCTBeHHiiirb 
MBJíBHHBOirB, HanoMHHaion^HirB $aMHJiÍK) Mapatfó. EMy oTBasaia 
ona H rb copoB^b lucavb JUBpoBi, Boropsji cocraBJífljiH Bce ea 
jH^Hoe cocTOflHie. He8a]i'6THo noAroroBJuifl TaBHm otípasoMi ipy^-- 
Hoe 6yxyQ^ee CBoeMy crapmeiiý cuny, BOToparo ona tbbi jiofinja, 
ona A04SHa Óujia, npH Bceni cboomi pobhocthoitb ÓjarovecrÍH, 
CMorp^TB CBB08B naiBi^fii Ha HHoroe, ^tó fb Tafini secroBO ee 
ocBoptfjuiďo. Korxa sena ea CTapmaro CBina, uaiB oparopa, ytxajia 
OTBiiysa BiCBOBMit—Bi xoM^ efl nocejiHjacB, bi BanecrBt xpyra 
OBxoF&Binaro ciraa, MOJioxafl, BpacHBaa h yHHaa seHn^Bna, r-sa 
xe-IIaflB, OBpysaBmafl ee, npaBAa, satkrniMH h BneifaHiem, HHorxa 
BHyniaBniafl efi caaioe HoapenHee co^yBCiBÍe; ho bi> cyniHOCTH ne- 
npiflTHaa efi no cbohmi xBycMucjieHHiíMx oTHomeniflKi b^ Map- 
RHsy. Bce eio bhojhí oÓiacnaerB to ^peaBuqaĚHO crpaBHoe no- 
pajBHoe flBjeHÍe, aoropuMi aasoHqHjacB shbhb btoS oo^TeHHoft 
xeHH^HHu: sa Tpe roxa ao CBoeS CMepTH, yse BocBEiixecaTH jAtb 
OTh poxy^ ona conua ci yiia. 



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PO^i MgPlBO. 125 

H8A&HHHJ[ AB^HaXASTb JÍTE TOHJ BŮMfU^ «Bo€nOXBHaHÍii» 08- 

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som vh IlapHsš b ApyroMi Dlyasiejifly nocBfln^eHH or^acTH pas- 

CBaay oóx btomi jio^onirrHOiťB jiBjeHÍH hocjíahhxi jiÍtb baobb 

SaHa-AHTyaea MHpa6Ď. ÁBTopi «BocnoMBHaHÍtt» npHSHaerca 

cuTb, HTO roBopirrb o xopomo raaKOMOl eiiy ^mhjiíh Mfipatfó ci 

itkiBK) paacxasaTB HeotoBHOBeHBuS cjiy^att tiesyififl, npexníecTBO* 

BaBmift ea CMepia. «fl snajii ee Tyno natfosHOio, fobopetb ohi; 

Bo npH dTOMi ona coxpaHHja xo BoeBifHxecflTH-XByxji'&THaro bob* 

pacra yxiBHTejikHyK) npoHHi^aTejibHOCTb, vítbocti^ h enjy yiia. 

Mffb KasajocB, hto Óojtíbhb ea BusBaja 6opb6y Mesxy ^^ ^m- 

DepaMeHTOiii h npaBHjaMii, Mesxy ea ^Hjocoj^iefi b caMOĚ ciinol 

Bipot. Bi npHnaxuxi CtmeacTBa, oaa q)UBajia cb cetia Bcanoe 

luaTBe; ee npBHysxeHH 6um yuaxuBarB Ha cojOMy h npEcraa- 

jan Kh Hel ciaparo^ ceHBxe€aTHa']bTHaro cjyry, BOTopuS oxbhi 

Morb cjaxHTB CB Hev), noTOMy mo ona bi eero BJioÓHJiacB. Ona 

6uia xyxaa, xarb CKejfen, exBft xuniajia, Rorxa conua ci» yiia. 

Ho ci riTb nopB (|)idB9ecBoe axopoBbe ea Tan HsyifBTeAHO no* 

npaBHJOCBy ^To OHa saiiiTBO nono;iH%ja, craia ca^sa, aasi no- 

joxaa x^Bymaa; vh nei BepHyjHCB npHBHami ea noja h moxoxo- 

CTH. Ho Bcero nopa8BTejiBH'!be to, hto ea OesyMÍe aacajocB HiiesHO 

XByxx npoTHBonojosHiiixi cropoHi ea npaBCTBeHHaro xapasTepa. 

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cnrrB ee, ona TpeÓoaaJia, mo6u npHmexmiS orpeaca otb Bóra, 

yrposaa bi npoTflBHOiTB cjy^a'& saxymHTB nodíHreja*. 

Kaai 6u hh fiujia npeyaejiH^eHa h Mtcraii h Hea^pna Bxa aap* 

THHft, sanieaHHaa, B'&poaTHO, cb qyasHXi cjiobi, noTOHy ^to ch- 

BOBBa He xonycaajiH nocropoHHHXi vb 6ojibhoS, cocroaHÍe nocji'£x* 

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CKHXi roioBi,— DBmerB aropotea CHHfBcrapnieMy,— hotojibbo ae- 

jfHoríe HBi Hflxx MorjH 6a nopoBHBTBca cb ea fojoboio. H botb 

Bc ^TO ona o6paTBjacBt ^a 6yxerB aojia tbobI Ho Baaoe npHHH- 

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npesHHiíH ea BaycaifH, EpasaMa, npHBnqBaiia, HaHepaMH h cno- 

cotfanH BapasaTBca. OcoSobho npoTHBHU crajp eff jReHn^HHii: hx^b 



>} SoliTenirs du baron de Gleichen. P. 1868. 

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126 B^GTfllKl iBPonu. * 

nppcytcTBifl OHa ne xoria ^ummth. B^aho (kijio, no ;»xa rop^ar 
H i^jiOMyApeHBafi seHD^BBa umovo BUTepnšja otb xpyrar^ jses- 

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lue npotfessyTBiiy sor^a osa coaBaeajia csoe tfesyMÍe. H b% btoitl-to 
ae^ajbfloirb coctoabíb obb npo»HJia ic^jihxx tpe rox^i ci 1766 
XO 1769 r. Coo5iiiafl o CMepra xaTepe eeoeMy 0TcyTCTByH)i4e«y 
ópaiy, crapmifl cubi noBoflHofi, «xpyri> aioxefi*, roBopAn, yto h 
CBATB ooifleji'b 6u CB yMB noKh BjiiflHieifB eH opaxojsBTaiBHOft tio- 

JI^HB, eCJlE&b Vb 8T0MI UyHdJb^ BBBl H 6*^ XpyrBXl BpHTEHeCBBX% 

oÓCTOflreJiBCTBaxi^ ero ne caacajia «jfl[fo6edBafl cepA^y Haysa*. Mu 

yBBAHMl BHOCJl^ACTBiir, Cb BaBBMl HCBpeBHBMl B HeyiOMBEUlIl 

asapoM^b MapKB8'B MapatiĎ, oxei^ TpBÓyaa, yi^majcfl a 8a<(HBan 
ropě, npfl^BBfleifoe ejiy xpyrBiui b bm^ caiiBii^ xoBiy-HB5yx( xpy* 
roMy, pacnpocrpaHflflCB vh Hec^ersoM^ ^bcjí tomobi o c^acriH, 
Q&bm&euowb poxy HejOB^iecBOiiy HyxBHMB CBoBcraaMB ero bboho- 
MB9ecBBX!B leopífi. Geoett Ma?epB obi oxaaBO se ne aatfiurb bh* 
Borxa, B b:b saBifl^aBÍB, luiGaHBOMi ^epesrB x^amatB nirb nocjťb 
ea cicepTBy ravb HacroflxeiBBO ipetioBa^i BepeBeceBÍfl ea ocran- 
BOFB B8i cRJtenoBi CB. CiOJBiiBi^ifl x^H Borpe6eflia nox^ Bero, 
HTo p,MSí BToro npamjiocB nepeiťicTBTB iiBoaiecTBo MorBJíi. Hub^ 

B MaTB, B CUB!h QOBOBTCfl pBXOMly B'B ÓeBeXBKTBBCSOfi I^epXBB, Vh^ 

ApsBBTefiji^b. 



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Bisa. Tperifi cub^b ^asa-ÁBTyasa, JIioxoBBB^*AjieBcaflxpB, yMep- 
mifi BB MOioxHX'B roxaxi, Bcero TpBxi](aTB*BiecTfl jItb otb poxy, 
se ycrynajii vh btomi OTBOBieBÍB cbobitb XByM'B crapmBirB 6paTBfliii> 
B CBOBITB BJieifflBBBRaMB. Kasi B Bct ero ÓparBfl) OBI es^e vrb 

X%TCTb£ ÓUáb BpBBflTl B^ Maj|bTÍ8CBÍfi OpxeB^B. Orei^ BMi^flflJli 

ce6t wb oóflsaBBocTB otbphtb Biy xopory cbobmb xbrEWb b, no 
cjiOBaMi ero crapmaro cuBa, BCTpaTBJi'B se HeBte 36,000 jbb- 
poBi Ba noxoSBiie npieMBi b sa notsxBB x'i^Tefi Ba MaiBTy. JIh>- 

XOBBRl-AjieBCaHXpB, BOXOCbO ÓpaTBflMl, B'6pOflTBO BOCBBTyBaJICII 

csanaja bb iesysTcaot msojťb dača bub MapcejB; bo yse xpB- 
BBxi^aTQ Ji'bTB OTB poxy. Bil caMult rox'B cnepTB CBoero oii^a, óumi^ 
npBROMaBXBpoBafli vb oxBOMy ntxoTBOBiy noiay bb hbbí boxbo* 
py^Hsa. JObuř oiffwpfipbj o BoxopoiťB bsb^ctbuS BoBeBaprB, aa- 
BBTaBT* Toro »e nojBa, nacajiB ero ciapnieMy fípary, hto y aero 
cjHmBOMi CBjBBua CTpacTB a cjBiBBOMi BacTOĚ^BBafl BOJiflf, y^a- 

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PO^l MHPABO. 127 

CTBOBMi noHTH Bo Bc^x^ ÓóBEUTh A^jiaxi, HpexiBeerBOBaBmHrB 
ueHCBoify MBpj. Ho ABaxiVtTH-^^TEipexi jiirh otb pojiy, óyxyqH 
jse xaniiTaHOlix nom, owb hm^jte Hec^aeríe bctpíthtbcji b% 
Epioceert cb oxhok) hbi MHoro^ncjieHHEixb jio6oBHHiti Mopn^ 
GaiooHCBarOy asrpHCoft HaBappi, xoTopaa Tasí BcspysEJia 
eiiy rojOBy, qio owb na HeK seHiucfl. 9to rasaioe co- 
óirrie vh ero shshh AOcrasEJO eicy Hisoiopyio hsb^cthoctb; oho 
npejicraBJMJOCb CKaH^ajioirB xase vh XVIII b^bí, — xasi nocriiAHa 
((sja penyrai^ji HOBofipa^Hofi. Ei Tony se Bcsopb ORasajiocii^ hto, 
n&[ Bi BH^y BiiATH sa Dnaro MnpaÓó, ona nosHxajia h^croa- 
nxi o6oxaTeJieSy ci soropiiiiH sua OAHOBpeiieHHO, bi toitl 
qflCJift MapifOBTejis, soropEifi noApoÓHO pasesadHBaerB o&b otoitb 

VB CBOEXl «3aiIHCMX'B»y nHCaHH£IX!B «Bl Ha8HAaHÍe> COÓCTBeH- 

HHiTb x^TfliTE. noxpo6HO pascBasaBi A^TflMi CBOo nopfioe CBE^aHle 
» axrpHCofi HaBappi, nepe^aBi hitb to, ^ó ona CBasaja eny 
«Rb HenHom cnoBoftHUJi MEHyru^, AO(5poAÍTejiBHsft OTei^i BauK)*- 
^MeTh rjasy cJiijiyKNqHMH crpoBami: «3a'6cb, JsiotíeBHiiH a^th, a na- 
6pacHBaH> nospoBi na moh npECRopÓmiE (Jesyiiifl. Xora to Bpem 
yse xaieso h a 6um% emfi MOJioxib, ho mhš Bce-TasH ne xo^ierca 
SBJuiTBCfl nep6A'B BanH vk cocTOflHÍH oiiBflHeHÍfl H Ópo^a*. Hi- 
CKOJiBSO CTpaBH]](% Aajs^, OHI OAHaBO se flBjraercfl nepexB hhmh 
uieHHO FB TasoiTB cocTOflHÍH. Offb sHJC^THBjLsierb HOJioAoro sanHTaBa 
HrpaxB caHTBMeHrajiBHyH) h CMÍmEyv> pon, j^ociaBHBinyK) eaiy 

9eCTb 6UTh BUCTaBieHHHM'B BO HHOrH^l BOAeBHJIflX'B H Vb HŠCSOlb- 

sHxi poMaHaxi. 

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HecMOTpfl Ha efl sejiaHÍe gi[^aTBca ero senoS, HHBorxa ho corja- 
majcfl 8a6iiTB canoro ce(Sa nacroJbEo, htoÓu npHHaTB ea npe^Jio- 
jieeie. IIo ero cjiOBairB, ropě, npH^HneHHoe OMy ycatxoMi Mh* 
pa6ó, 6ucTpo paac&uocB, sor^a owb ysnajLi, ^ro cuhi icapBHsa 
Saaa-AHTyaHa ne ocxaHOBHjrcfl jífxe nepex^B TasHMi KpaflHHicrB 
cpeACTBOiTB, BOTopoe Aase jranyseHCRifi BpecrbflHHHB c^ejuh 6u 
Xis ce<$fi noBopHuiTB. MapMomeJB ocys^aerB Mapsesa M0pa6ó, 
ciapniaro 6paTa JIioxoBHKa-AaescaHxpa, 8a to, ^to ohi «npHBeji!B 
B!B XBHseme neóo h seiuR)*, cb i^šjhbd BocnpenuTCTBOBaTB dTOiqr 
tfpany, rjyÓOBO oropwBnieMy icaTB MOAOAoro nejio^stk. Ho ho- 
aw^CTHO, Bam HMeHHO cpe^CTBa 6ujm ynorpeÓiíeHH XJifl axoĚ 
qbui MapRBBOMx MepaÓó. Hbb naceirB ero beaeo tojibbo oaho, 

HTO OWb BOOpySHJICH BC^MH BOSMOSHHMB peBOMeH;(ai^ÍflMH Kb MB- 

ncrpaiTB. Vluisi Mibjío Ch TaxEicB se ynpfl^Hki&, Hacroft^HBiiirB h 

TOpSíHVWh nOTOHROH'B PflReTH, BaRB B OHB CaiTB, OHI HO XOCTHrB 

CBoeĚ nibJSB; JIiOAOBBRi-AaeRcaHxpi oóbíeháicsl cb aRrpBcoft Ha- 



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128 BtcTHin iBPona. 

BappB, H OAHH'B TOiBBo MapMOHiejiB npHnHCEiBaerB crapmeMy 
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CTBÍeM^ ^ero Óum CMepiL hoboS rpa4)HBH MapaGó orb hc- 
nyra, Apy^^^ hcto^hhbh ne roBoparb otfi btoS nonuist; hs^ hbx^b 
Mil ysHaen tojibro, wo noBaa rpa^^HHi ynepjia bi 1749 roxy, 
b:b ÁBHHbOffi, ?;(%, 6uTh Mosen, coBepmeHi^ h canufi o6pajKi> 

OrsasaBioHCb otb sBama MajBTÍftcsaro pai^apa h npeiUBi th- 
TjrjrL rpa^, "ito^gi seHHTBca no cxpacTH; OTBeprHyrHft MaTepfcKi ■ 

ÓpaiBAMH, MOJlOXOft BAOBei^l se SHaJTb 6U HTÓ A^aiB, eCJiH($l Bl 

8T0 BpeHfl ne cjiy^HJca vb ABHHbOHi, npo'£3j(OMiy MapBrpaj^ 6afl- 
pexcsifi, sflTb ^pHApHxa-BeiHBarO) cl HBBtoHoit CBoefi seHofi, 
npeHi^eccofi tfaipeTcsofi, cecrpofi npyccsaro sopojia. Ohh "ixaia 
vh HiajiiK), nojsDÓBJíH ero h Óuaul oveHB pa^iii sorxa owb bh- 
BBajca conyrcTBOBaTB hmi. Bo Bpexa aroro nyremecTBia, nana bos- 
BpaiBjí eiiy npaBo vamiltcBaro pm^apa, a icapsrpa^^i nasHa- 
Hian euy nencÍK) fb xB^na^AaTB tbica^i ^iophhorb. ^Ba roxa 
cnycTH, OHI tfiiJi yze ofiepi-KasiMeprepoirB h lattHUMi cob&thh- 
KOMx Mapsrpa4>a. Dooi^AHilty Haxoxfl ero cnocoÓEawb vh x^Jiam, 
Aaaie nocJiaji^B ero b% Dapnaai cb o^chb BasHUMi nopynemeinb. 
^'kio ÓhiJio raai* Bi caMyio apHiB^ecsyio MHHyry sbbhb $pHX- 
paxa-BejiHBaro, kb iioii 1757 roxa, npBHi^ecca CafipeTCBaa co- 
B^TOBajia eMy Dpfl6'£rByTB bi nocpeAHHqecTBy rpa^a MapaÓó, sasi* 
Kh noarb;^eMy cpexciBy bbi^h hsi xpy^naro noioseHÍa. Dporasib 
^pBApBxa A'bficTBOBajB Tor^a ^paHi^ifl, ABCipifl, Poccia b XUse- 
i^ia; c;ia6o noMepsHBaeMBifl AHrjíetty yase noiepaBi nacTB CBoero 

BOpOJieBCTBa, rbCHBM^fi co BCixi CTOpOHl H rOTOBUft BOaqBTB 

SBdHB caMoyÓificTBOMiy ^ŠMi c^aiBca HenpiareiK), owb npHHajrL 
npeAJioseeie CBoett cecrpii, h rpa((KB MepaÓo no'6xaji'B kl Ila- 
pB^Ki jmsi cespeTHuxi neperoBopoBi cb ^paHx^yscBHMi npaaBTeiB- 
CTBOui. BorB HTÓ nuLmerb ^pBApHXi II CBoeĚ cecrpt no aroMy 
noBOAj: 

«TaB'B Basi BU sejiaeTe, jiH>6e8Hafl cecipa, saHarBca sejH- 
BBiťB ffibjíoiťB MBpa, TO SI yMOJiHio BacTB nocjaiB BToro r-na xe- 
MapaĎo BO ^paai^iio. Si oxotho BOSBMy na cetía pacxoAu; obtb 
MOsen npexJiosBTB xo naiHCOTB luca^rB laxepoBi «4^aBopHTBŠ» 
8a npHMBpeHÍe, h uott> 6h ffixe BHaHHiejBHO npeBucHTB ary 
i](H4>py9 ecjíB&b ^ptLunyza kb to se Bpena otiasajHCB xocTaBETB 
HaMi BaKía-HHÓyxB Buroxu. 

«Bii lerso noĚM^re, saBaa ocroposHOCTB nysna mh% bi btomx 
Kb2ij H Baai ifajo a xojiaieHi 6bitb bi Hem na BBxy. Maiift* 
mifl cjyxi o newbj npoHHBniB kb AnraiiOy mopb 6u HcnoprHTB 



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?OX'B HIPIBO. 129 

Boe x6w. Ji xyitíuo, hto Bami airaceapi uon 6u otfpaiEi^cH 
TtBse H vh CBoeiiy poACTBeHEimy, BoiopHi e;^&ic2 MHHHcrpoifB ^)^ 
m Kmq^aro BjJdHÍe ycHJUBaercfl crs BaasxHifb ^Heirs. IIojiaraiocB 

BO BOeiTL Ha BaC!b». 

Ho 9ia HomiTBa He Hiť^ia ycnšxa. ^paniQrscBoe npaBHTeiB- 
CTBO c^Hrajio nojoseHÍe $pH;q)Hxa 6effBHCX0AHHMi, a CBoe nojio- 
xeme csxmEOWh BuroxHHirb, mo6hí orcfaTB ote cbohx^e coiobhh- 
lORb H BdyiiHT^ c^ EBVh jfh neperoBopH. Ho oho, 6hts Mosen^ 
HO ocrajocB Óes^ Bdanifl na impojnoÓHBoe nacrpoeflie, oónapy- 
seHHoe BtpxBHajioMi 5epHH kb tňfjíoiE^m TOfjj h 6HBinee 
nps^iiHoft ero najKems. y<$š;^HBiiniCB OBOHiareuHO vh^ ney^a^ 
ipa^a MjipaÓó, #pHApHrE imcaji CBoeft cecrp^, kb OKTfl((pi Toro 
ase roAft^ «Egjih ^aHiQ^Bu lan BHCOBOiripHUy xo a npe^ax) bx'b 
KBpan^HHOMy hx-b cmícjiy, h H^y TenepB noxoAOMi, htoÓ^b hb- 
síhbtb p^meme cyAe($i». H h'£crojlro XHefl cnycis, ohi fflfi- 
eiBHTejiBHO HW^HHJťB ero npH PocÓaxi. 

MesAy T^iTB e&omeHk JtioAOBHsa-AjieKcaflxpa cb xByiui crap* 

niHiíH tfpaTBflMH B080(5m)BEj[HCB. Ohh 6iuh npiaTHO yxHBJíeHH ero 

ycntxaicH rb repManiH, h nposBajiH ero «repMaHBBO]rB»y npn- 

SHajm sa hhi^b h ÓJiecKh, h yiTB, h nopajio^iHOCTB. Ho naiB npH- 

mpHJiacB ch HHiťB TOJíBBo TOF^a, KOF^a OHI 8arja^ď'B CBoS nep- 

BBff CpaiťB HOBHiTBy fficnoŘRuwbj HO efl mh^hík), HMeHH MHpaÓo, 

JKHHBHIHGB vh BaSpeii na rpa^sni KyHcC^epn^ n^e^po oxapen- 

Hnft HapKTpa^^oirB. H kb otomi (Spas^Ď ohi rovase npoaurji'B ne 

xoiro. HpexcraBHKB seny CBoeS MaTepH, hoc^thrb aar&Hi bIimosb 

MqMfib, OHI yBHajFB, no BOdspa^enÍH rb BaftperB, ^rro, vb ero 

CRcyTCTBÍey xoBipie m neiiy Mapsrpa^ 0iijio cepBěsHO noROJiefi- 

jeHO. BcKopi crapmifi 6parB, MapBHsi MHpa6o, yace HHcajTB bto- 

foujj HaxoAVBHieHycii na MajiBrt: ^OHmy Te($%, jnotiesmit (paTB, 

HO ínesh nenajiBHOMy noBOxy: hkb npHjiaraeuaro nncBua th 

ysBáemB, ^to mu jiHmuHCB namero 6fexHaro tfpaia. PascTOsme 

memtjfj mhcmo h toÓoí cjhhibomi BejraBO x^fl Toro, mio6u m moitb 

ocrapoMBO noxroroBjíflTB letffl itb 9T0tt b^^th; ki Tony sKe, KavB 

sairtTHjrB BTO-TO B^epa, npexocTopoacHoerH, npHHHMaentifl fb ho* 

MjOftSsEnL^ cxy^msTLy menh hoxosh na BscrasBy HncrpyiieHTOB^ 

msp^K^ onepaipeĚ. B^xHara ynepi on acejraHofl ropa«H, npo- 

XOJcaBaBnieftcfl Bcero eeMB xnett. Kasafl-To h8:b rpflSHnxx Henpkr- 

t, BOTopHMH ero OBpysajra, npHBeia ero vh ($£meHCTBO, 

soToparo owh satforijii h ya&e ne HorB onpaBBTBCH. He- 



s> KapxHBan Eepra, ci soropiixi (j^aMBik Miipa5o CHHmia ce6ii n poxcirt. 
Tom* IV.— iDiB, 1880. 9 



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Qoo^^ 



] 30 BlCTHISl IBPOnH. 

otfys^^aHHocTB ero xapaRTepa ^BiJia, TasHirB oÓpasoirB, npiraHHOtt 
ero FHfiejiH. SL npeACKa8ErBaji'B ený 8to». 

FpaJKE JIioxoBHRi-AjieKcaHApB MnpaÓó ynepi ties^^THiiiirB; ho 
OHi» ocraBHJi^ mojio;q^ BXOBy, ROTopag npoHSBejia na bck) ceMbio 
MHpa(5ó caMoe jiyninee BneHaTjtHÍe, h crapmifl ((pan noROtearo 
npHrjacBir& ee 2bhtb bitIci^ cl hhitb h cb HXiiiaTepBR) BO$paH- 
^\lo. B^OBa corjiacHJiacB Ha d*!^ t^itb oxorwbe, tto nojyiHJia otb 
icapsrpa^a 6afipeTCBaro npH Buxosjb saMyaRx cro-mecTBxecfltib 
TEicflTb ^paHROBi H9B ^OHesHoft npereHSÍH Mapsrpa^^a si ^pan* 
qyscROMy upaBSTejiBCTBy^ oÓ^u^aBmeMy Bu^aTB eny cyÓCHAÍfo. Ona 
Ha^^jacB^ qro nonj^nrb aiy cynicy npH noMon^H crapniaro Ópaxa 
ea noBOfinaro Mysa. ynoMEHaa kb cbohxi nHCBicaxi ofii aioft 
ai;eHii^HHÍ, ciapnrifi MnpaÓó nocroflHHo ocHnaerB ee noxBajiaifH, 
noA'B HMeHeMi «MajieHBROft rpa$HHH». «3Ta seHn^HHa— aHrejrB>, 
roBopETB OHI "lacTO. HiasB uMfVh Ha^ajio ea coasHrejiBCTBa cBero 
MaiepBK) coBnajo cb oti'|8aom'b co^CTBennoft ero senu, lo offB 
nHmerB CBoeiiy BTopony típaiy: «Th Hafi^emB y HacB Bce no 
crapoMy: tojbro m^cto Hopra saHajB xenepB anrejrB*. 



IV. 

«JI jík>6jijo h ^ry Moero jifiwo. V nero xyma h ^o^JiecTE re- 
pofl». TaB^ OTBHBaercfl sHaiieHHTtift MHpa6Ď o BxopoiťB 6par6 
CBoero OTKa, btopoitb chh^ SKaHa-Anryana, icajiBTiflcBOMi pui^api, 
Bnocj[ixCTBÍB aaBajep^ ÓojiBmoro MajiBTiftcBaro specra h ÓajJBH 
HaiBTiScsaro opřena, OTBiiBaorca vh cbohzi cIlHCBMarB hs^ BenceH- 
cKoft 6amHH»^ rb BoropHxi ysHHBib ^acro roBopHTB bb caMHXB oc- 
KoptfnrejiBHHxi BBtpasemaxi ne tojibbo o CBoeirB on^, bhhobhhbí 
ero 8aBjiK)'ieHÍay ho h o Bcfix% uenarB CBoero ceiceftCTBa. B^b 
HpaBCTBeHHoiťB OTHomeHÍE, 6j]íYmjiŘ 6auBH 6ujth x^ficTBirejeLBHO 
jiy^niHirB xapaBTepoirB ((ypnoi h nacro HeoÓysAanHofi j^aMEJDE 
MHpa(k>. Elfy ÓHJia cBoficTBeHHa offia tojcbro, h to oieHB noireH- 
Hafl KpafiHOCTB: crpacrnoe OTHomenie ro Bceny Tony, htó ohb c^h- 
TajTB npaBAOft h cnpaBeA^EBOCTBH), h oho, npn TorxamHeMB no- 
pflAR^ Ben^eiy ne iiorjio ne noMtoaTB ero MMHHEcrpaTHBHOtt 
RapBepi. TLocxb ABftm&TH-niecTE-jr6THetty o^ohb noiesnoft MopcROtt 
cjiysÓH, nocjii ycn^mnaro ynpaBjeHia oxhoh) hrb ^paHity8CREX'L 
ROJOHifiy OHB sejajLi nonacTB s nyiB ne nonaji vh HopcRíe mh- 
HEcrpu BB cauoe 6^ACTBeHHoe Bpeiu^ ^paHiQrBCRaro ^Jioxa. Oh% 
ESAaBHa noxroTOBjfljicfl rb sroMy nonpEOQr, sHajTB MopcRoe x^jo 
vh TeopÍH H na opaRTHR*!, nopuBajca npeotípasoBaxB ^paHityscRoe 

/ 

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POAt MIPÁBO. .131 

xopcsoe ynpaBJíeHÍe n ^jíovh; ho, BacKasuBascB o<^ aioMi Ha 
TOCTory, OH^ HHRaiTB ne mov% AOCTHrHyxB. MHHHCxepcRaro nocra. 
«HaniH MopcBÍe o^Bi^epci, — nncaji owb vb 1754 vojsj—ssoMfí 
xpaÓpHe H AOBOJiBHO xopomie MopasH bi^ toA nacTH aroro ecKyc- 
CTBa, KOTopafl HMi Aocrynna; ho hh oahhi h3'b hhx'b He SHaexi 
HH HHiepecoffL rocy^apcrea, na soropue KOserB bjuhtb ^jlotl^ hh 
loproBjH, HH BOJOHÍ&y HH MopcBHX'B saBe^eHÍft ApyrHxi napoAOBi. 
OrpaHH^eHHEie HaAicenHuiiH vaioHaMH csoero penecjia, h hohth, 
CTOA se HeBteecTBeHHiie, Rasi h ABopi, ohh Hecnoco6Hu npH- 
xynaTB HHqero BejiHBaro*. Bx nowh chhcjA 6íjjio HanncaHO hmi 
MHOHLecTBo saMŠTOBi H iit^juxi CTaieft, BOTopiifl ne 6ujH HHBorxa 
Htne^aTaHBr, ho ($£3jh nar& nepe^aHU poAHairB, nacro cmíhab- 

HIHMCJI TOr^a, ]IOpCBHM1& MHHBCipaiťB, HJIH JH>AflMl BJliflTeaBHBrifB^ 

seiaBniHMi BnaiL ero MH^nie. B% BepcajiBCBHxi& saHiitaiflpijixi h 
FE nopraxi ohi pano 6ujrb npHsnaHi sa HopflBa ohohb cnoco6- 
naro, ho BpasAetinaro pyrnni^ h norony ney^oÓnaro rb axMHHH- 
crpaiUH. Ha cob'It£i crapmaro Ópaxa — othocbtbch bi fjbjíj cuo*- 
BoSffbe H BupasaxBCfl MeH'£e p'£8B0 o cyn^ecTByionieirB mopcbom!b 
ynpaBjíeHin, owb OTB^^ajx bx 1758 roj^: «Mh nepecrajiH hohh- 

XaTB C06CTBeHHUA fl8£IB%, H 8T0 AOBOJIBHO HOXOSO Ha BaBHJlOHCBOe 

crojmoTBopeHÍe, xoth h vh ^^pyroifB poffi. Y naci cfobophjhcb 
HasBiBaTB «ropflqelt rojiOBofi» Bcanaro npflMoro h TBep^aro nejo- 
bíbe, jífipsíúomfiTO ocysABTB sjíoynoTpedieHÍfl; riyni](a h ji^HTAfl 

BBIBHdMTh yMHHMX qOJIOBŠBOirB Sa TO, ^TO OWb H6 HlT&eTB HH 

mh^híh, HH SHanifi. MomeHHHBB npeBpaTHicfl y nacB fb jOBsaro 
^jíCB^Ba, ^ecTHufi qejOB^Bi Bi rjiyni](a; rpas^annHi bi nycryio 
Me^ry. Ornyxa se dio CBi^meme noHATÍtt h cjiofb vb HameirB 
MsaKi!? He orroro ih npoHSoniJio oho, hto laBB Basi bcí HpaB- 
CTBeHHO HcnopqeHu, a nesj^r x^mi bc6 jho^atb ((utb noJiBH^eH- 
HHMH, TO craiH xaBaTB nopoBaiTB qecTHHfl HMena, a ^oópox^re- 
JSM% — npesp^HHUfl, Bi BHjy Toro, ^to bc* Óoflxcfl h tfíryrB hx-b, 
EcjH 8T0 TaBi, TO uu TOJiBBO TapHOicB Bpeufl H HanpacHO tfyxeiTB 
BSAHxaTB, noBa bca Manrana, HcnopnenHas bo bcíxi cbohxi ^a- 
ecHxx, ne pasjíerBTCa na BycBH h ne cTanerB rbwb^ tto rpeBH 
HasBiB&iH xaocoirB». 

npH nopflXB'^ Ben^efi, nocrpoennoMi na ^aBopnsBiš h npoHS- 
BOJíi, TaBÍe iiiOAH p^Aso xo($HBaH)TCfl o6nrapHaro Bpyra fíbsmeAh- 

BOCTH. HlC1& OÓUBHOBeHHO He A9LKTb XO^a. BOHpeBH TOMy, TTÓ HpH 

arom TpeCyeicji, BropoB ckihi SB^ana-AnTyana MnpaÓo, nojty^HBorifi 
xnena CBoero OTi](a, tíujTB o^eHB b&bjihbi h jna^eseni cb hhshihmh, 
jjšaoKb H TpeÓOBaTejieHi ch bbichihmh. Bi CBoefl nepenncB^ (tb 
oapraHiTB 6paT0K%, owb npHaoMHHaero ypoB'B, a^hhiiA eicy en^e 

9* 



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1 33 Jiwrssn XBPoini. 

vh lOHOCTH amfiwh. Bo BpeMfl oxHOfi npoiyiRH vh Mapa^b, sor^a 
oiei^ mejL^h nosa^H ero, hitb nouoHHJCfl npoxoABBinifi Hana 
BpecTBflHCidfi uíkAhmswb. MHpa6o-cBrH*B ne MiAmn ero, n toubo 
noTOMy He otb^^exb na nosJíoHi; ho oxeiti BHymHTenHO imbejis 
ero Horofi, h crporo HanoHHEJ^, ^lo nopsAO^Hue jik>xh oÓflsaHU 
(jmk^SLTh, Borxa Bin Bj[aHBH>TCfl. 

Bi nepBol MOďOAOCTH, aTon BTopol cuwh «cepe6pflHaro omefi* 
HBBa» hícbojbbo Jiirh cp^uy bojtl pasryaBHyH) shshb, mhofo iihjx^ 
HO noTOMi BxpyrB ocraHOBHJiCB. IIIecTHaAi^aTH jrbrh owb yse Ósxs 
MopflBOifL Ha rajiepaxx MaiBTi&CBaro opxoHa, BOceMHaxi^aTH nepe- 
mexB RB BopoireBcsyK) HopcByH) cjiys6y, iswsjVb vh AiiepHBy na 
BoeHHOiTB Bopa6jr6, BHxepsaBmeifi bo BpevB njraBaHÍfl 6ofi ch 
aHrjriJIcBBMH cyxaMH^ y^acTBOBan hotoite vh B^bcxMhisxixh dscne- 
XHi^iflxi, a vh 1744 ro^y vh mopcboitb cpaseniH npe Tyaofffr 
Mesxy coexHHeHHKiHH ^jioraiCH ^pani^iH h HcnaHÍn h anrjiiffCBOft 
9CBaxpo&. ^a roxa cnycTB, tfyxy^H yse ^jiotcbeitb o^^ni^epoirE, 

OHB OTJraqHJflíCfl Vh OAHOfi HBl CBHBIXl HeC^aCTHUXl MOpCBBXl 8BCne- 

jsjBOjfŘ ^paHiQrscBaro ^ora. Jíficsm> jHHeftHuzx Bopaójefl, hstb 
^peraTOBi Cb TpaHcnoprHDXH cyxaHH, Ha Boropuxi tfiuo nocaaceno 

orb BOCBMH Jífl JífiCSÍTE TUOITB HOJOBÍSI BOfiCSa, 6liIJH OTHpaBJíeHII 

npaBHTejiBCTBOMi H8'B Bpecxa^ Ha noMontb RaHaývi, es nopyqemeMs 
OTHBTB y aHFjra^avB sanaTEifi hmh jIiOHc((yprB. dm cy^a, xypno 
nocrpoeHHUB, xypno CHapflseHHHB, Ch nonopneHnim^B opoBianroiTB, 
noA'B Ha^ajsBCTBOiTB npEABopHaro, neyícijaro Mopasa, repi^ora 
ÁHBHjiBCKarOy 6hjih pasÓETBi tíypflMH H onycTomeHH ÓojitsaflMH. 
Cuwh Ha^ajBHHBa acaaipn yiiepB otb Óojtísee h ropa. HanpacHa 
HHiajiacB dCKaxpa aiaBOBaTB H^Boropne aaraiflcKÍe ^pm; fb ea 
acajiROiTB noioseHÍH, efi na^o Ůuio cntmarB o6paTHO bo ^paHAia): 
Ha cyjífixh ea y]t'&i^o jromB ctoxbbo aH>AeĚ, caoaBKO axi tísuo ne- 
o6xoxHHO A^a BOBMOSHOCTH o6paTHaro naaBaHÍa. Kopa((jB «Map<rB>^ 
na BOTopoiTB caysHA Mapa(Só, xoaaceHi 6im oicraTB on xpy- 
raxi cyAOBiy hmíb ^erEtpe le^a, a na nero fb bto Bpena HanajTB 
aHraificsifi BopaÓ^iB. Uocjlí xByxqacosoro 6oa «MapcB» tfsxB bu- 
HysxeHi^ cxaiBca, a MapaÓó, onacHO panenHft axpoirB, 6iijn^ 
OTBeseHi FB ÁHrdiÍK), vxh npojea&ajrB xpa irilcaita vh nocreiH. 

dra siionojiyTOaa BBcnexai^ia eqe ycajnaa aHcraHBTHBHoe oiBpa- 
H^eHÍe MOJiOAoro MopaBa kb TOMy, vr6 owb HaBBBaji^B cmpotcoů^ ne- 
poj^ (la plume), T.-e. kb BaHi^ejiapcBOMy nopaxBy ynpaBaems 
MopcBHirB x^oiTB. ynpaBJíeHie 9ro (Juio, x^ftCTBarenHo, caifoe 
auuiBoe, Bi pasHuxi cbohxi sanacsaxi, HanpaajiieHHBrxi uponiB^ 
HopcBoS ($H)poBpaTÍH9 3anHCBax'B oveHB cM^^xi, sarpasAftBmaxrB 
eny Aopory vh cepBesHOMy noBiímema), oetb qacro ccHiaerca na 



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POA'B IHFABO, 133 

9KeiiexiiipK) repi^ora ÁHBHJiBCKaro, xasi Ha tfjHciaTejbHoe Aosasa- 
faiLCTBO HeeaocotfaocTH, tiesA^flieJiBHocTH h sjoynoTpeÓjeHifi aiott 

<^K)pOKpaTÍH. 

OnpaBHBmECB on onacHOĚ paHn, ofii tíiixB oinyn^eHi hsi 
AHrjÚH cb ofiflsaTejBCTBOirB ne cjiysETB Óoiie vh TorAamsioK) 
BOfiHy, oÓflsaTejncTBOMi rbwb jerqe B£inoj[HHMHM'E, ^xo eny 
npHmjiocB en^e xsa ro^a He xoahtb, a bojohhtb sa cotfoS nory. 
TojiBico ABa roxa cnycra, wh 1749 ro;^» oh^ xon BoaspaiHiBCA 
BO ^JOTB, ÓiiJťB npoHSBexeHi FB KaaHTaHu ^perara, hotomi b'b 
sanHiEHu Bopatfjfl h Hasna^effB rytfepHaxopoifB TBa^ejiynEi. C% 
rbTh nopi, MaTepi&iH a<2ui ero tííorpa^ÍH h a^a xapasTepHCTHSE 
6ro speneHE ^'^aiaTCfl o($hj[bhhmh h en^e 6ojLÍe HHTepecHHUfl. 
fifl Hempexi tucsn iiHceirBy botopumh o6m'6hjuhcb 6paTBji Mn- 
ptéb Mesxy co6oK> Ch 1753 jífl 1789 ro^a, Óujíe vb pacnopa- 
seHÍH yneHaro Óiorpa^^a, cb xpy^OMi KOToparo mu BeaBOMHiix 
TenepB Hamexi ^HraTe^efl. 

Bo BCH) CBOH) SH8HB o6a 6paTa ÓfilJIH CBflSaHH M6SAy COÓOK) 

HeesiriteHoS h canoio licHott xpyst^oS, zora e pacxoAHJincB h bi 
MH^^HÍarB H BO BBycaxi. Apys6a axa otfxacHaerca nyBCTBOirB, 
CQBcbm HesHaBOMHBTB coBpeMeHHOMy HejiOB^sy h bo bcakoitb cjyna^ 
oneHB jH)6oiniTHOK%,— ^yBCTBOiTB MJiaAniaro tfpaxa kb cxapmeMy, 
xavB npoACxaBHxejiio 4>aMHJÍH. BxopoS cíistb SE^Ha-AexyaHay o 
BoxopoiťB MU roBopHMi, He xojBBO oxoxHO noA^HHHJicfl npai^ nep- 
BopoxcTBa, rocnoACXBOBaBmeMy bi xoF^ameeiTB ABopancxB^, ho jsfosie, 
mKBacsi eicy ci BaBHirB-xo pascyxo^HUMi ^^^HaxHdMOifBy soiopEitt 
xkiarB dxoro HejioBisa xenoiii catfoasepxBOBaHifl h npe^anHOCXH, 
OHeHB pŠABHiTB Aase h b^b xo Bpenii. He xaaoBi Óujťby HanpHiťlpB; 
MTh icjiaxníifl típarB, JlfoxoBHRi-AjescaHAp^y o BOxopoirB mh ya^e 
roBopHjiH. OffB HHBorxa He npEsnaBajii HpaBcxBeHnaro rjiaBeHCXBa 
CBcero exapmaro 6paxa, ci HeyxoBOJiBCTBÍeMi oxnocejicfl m> ero 
spásy na sdb no^xa miinia oxi^a, h BuxpeÓosaxB y nero, yrposaa 
npoi^eccoiTBy xotb BanHxajTB, Boxopafi ciapmiS bi pox^ otíflsantB 

<$i£I!B BHHJII^HXB CBOHMX HJia^mHirB ÓpaXBfllTB. Ho BXOpOfi CilHl 

SaHa-ÁHxyaHa cocxaBJíajrB wh 8xom'b ciyna^ Hcsjíio^eHie. Byj^r^E 
tOMhEO AByna roxamf MOJiose exapmaro típaxa, ohi c^exaxB ce($a 
HpaBCXBeHHO ofiflsaHHuiťB HH^ero He npexnpHHHiiaxB 6e8'B ero co- 
r.iacifl H OAo6peHÍa. Ohb npexocxaBJífljii cxapmeify ((paxy xase 
l^meHÍe Bonpoca o cbooitb tfpaB*!, Raai o ffbsi ^aMHJiBHOiTB, 
BOTopoe, noaxoMy, noA^esHi^ bí)í,íbík> vjimu ceneficxBa. TairB se 
cftMOorBepzBeHHO nocxynajii ohi h bi cbohxi& AOHesHuxi f,ijíhJ% 

€» CXapmHlCB tfpaxOM^B, MapBH80M'B, «APyrOMX JK)XeĚ» H OXI^OMl 

tyitysVB^ro xpH($yHa. Obi HHSorAa HH^ero ne xpe(SyerB on cxap- 



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IZi BWSBSVh iBFonu. 

maro Ópaia^ ffiXie ne ocB^xoiufleTCfl o toitb, BaROfi BanHrajs 
Bunjia^eHi hhi hxi& MJiaAnieMy Opary JIiojiOBERy-AieRcaHApy. Yse 
Eía copoBOBOM'B FO^y SH3HH OHI nHmerB MapsHsy MepaCó: «S es 
j^Tcraa npHBUErs vh npiflTHoS mucib, ^to tu AOJseH^b BJia^^xB 
Bc^iťB, "iTO He ÓesycaoBHO Heo6xo;iHMo x-ifl Moero cyn^ecTBOBaHU, 
nOTOHy ^TO TU raaBa 4>&MHJÍn, noTOMy hto th OTB^qaemB sa Bce, 
noTouy HasoHeiirB, ^to na mh^ JiesHTB oÓasaHHOCTB cnoco6cTBO- 
BaTB efl 6jarococTOflHÍK), a ne npncBOHBaTB ceót ez EuymfiCPBo*. 
MucjiB noTpeÓOBaTB CBoeft saKOHHoS fflJiE hsi ^^aMHJBHaro jv^- 
CTOflHÍx BasajiacB eMy npecTyneofi. Ovchb ÓepeauiHBHff, oetb acnserB 
HesHavHTejiBHiiirB sajiOBasBeirB MopcRoro o4)HD(epa h tímb AByns 
THCfl^aMH jHBpoFB, BOTopEífl 6parB BunjiaqHBaeTB eny esero^Ho. 
nocj^AHÍfi, CL CBoefi CTopoHH, A^jiaerB BceBosMOsnoe aih cBoero 
npe^aHEaro 6paTa. Bi to BpeMfl, Kasi tíy^^yn^ífi éajuBH MajiBTÍĚ- 
CBaro opřena (BnocjrixcTBÍH owh tbjíi> e Óujťh H9B^cTeH'B bi ceMB*]^ 
noA% HMeneiťB ÓajiJiBH, le bailli) cJiysHJTB bo $jot% h fb bojio- 
Hiflxiy >MapBH3i Mapatío noxroTOBJífljrB eiiy xopomifl cbase wb Ila- 
pE»4. «^*jatt CBoe a-íjio*, nBmerB OBt (JpaTy, bx to BpeMH ryfiep- 
naTopy FBaAejynH, *a Tyrš noxjiono^y sa Te6a, b yHEawiTBCBy 
KOHerao, HO 6yfly». 

OrEomeHÍe H^BOTopofi noA^HseHEOCTE BToporo tfpara si crap- 
meMy hecsojbbo se HSMŠHfleTCfl e Tor^a, BaB'B exs Harepia^B- 
Hoe nojioaneHie coBepmeEso Esiťi^EEJiocB vb o($paTHOM'B cmbicií. 
Pfi nflTBAecflTB*ji'&THflro Bospacra, ÓajuiBE— se óoiiBme Ean^ HJiax- 
miff típarb raaBu ceneficTBa, pacnojiaraK)EiiS AByME THca^aME 
jEBpoBB roAOBoro AOxoAa, He cobc^mi npaBEJBHo BunjaHHBae- 
UHXx eny bteitb rjaBOK); noca'£AHÍfi} BOToparo ohi c^Eraera 
ropasAO Óojťie 6ora,Tuwhf ^íwL oex óbljtb sa caM0M'B aíjA^ juo- 
6htb ero, noBpoBErejBCTByerB eny, pa^yniEo npESEMaerb ero bi 
CBoeMi jspwbj AOcraBJíflerB eiiy nojesEUE cbase e noMoraeri eicy 
noxHETBCfl no cjiys(%. Ho btotb CTapmifi Óparb, ((ojismoS ^asTa- 
sepi E npeo6pa80BaTejiB ^ejioB'£qecTBa9 CECTOMaTE^ecBE pasopaeTCE, 
A&iaeTB pflx^ oniE5oB'By o BOTopiixi mu ynoMEseMi, Borxa ÓjAewh 
roBopETB o HeBTb; OH'B BoioerB na cMepTB cb cBoeft sesoS vh to 
caiioe Bpevfl, Borxa ona, xojiroe BpeME npEHEHEE eMy Óojismíe 
pacxo^u, HaBonei^ib nojiy^aerB oti^oecboo cocTOflEÍe, sa fflxojm 
BOToparo owh caMi nocroEflEO pasc^ETUBaai a^e nonpaBJíeHÍfl cbobx^b 
Aijn»; BEj^epsaBi npoTEBi nea hšcbojbbo paBopETejiBHux^ npo- 
i^eccoBi, AaBB CBOEMi AOHepflMi npE^aHoe, npeBumaBmee ero 
cpeACTBa, E^e^po BOcnETaB^ cboexs cuHOBefi e Hax^jiEBB CTapmaro 
E8% Hflxi, npE ero sosetb^^, neHciefi, BOTopaa Tasse 6ujia eMy 
He no CEjaM%9 owb OBasuBaercfl o6peMefleflEiiMi^ MaccoS ffizroB%y 



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fOKÍ MEPÁBO. 185 

npQqeRTH Boropux^B (rb^x^iorb bc% ero js^Hiie xoxoxui bhahtb, 
TO) y uero 6yBBaaBH0 ne ocraerca h RycRa xjA6^j a na pysax^ 
XBoe CHHOBeft, KOTopsirb OHI He 6681 npH^HHEi HasHBaerB <xhii^- 
HHKaMH, cnocofiHUMH npoFJiOTHTB Mope CO BCÍMH ero p£[6aMH». Ho 
H STO CixcTBeHHoe nojoseeie hhcbojibso ne HSM^Hflerib OTHomeHÍft 
Mesxy 6paT&flMH. MjaAmifl, k^m Koroparo nonuH nes^y ^^'b 
fijHcraTaiLHO fb MaTepiaiBHOM^B OTHomeHÍE, cnMnrB BupyquxB 
ctapmaro hsi (H^x^, coxpasuui b% Heny npeasHee yBaseme n iipeaKHH)io 
Apys6y. B% ^Ecxb pa8Hiix'B cbohx-b npeAnpiaiifty iiapBHs^B MepaÓb 
HftCTOfljrB Ha offlowbf BOTopoe yxajiocB bhojh^ oh^ no6yABJ'B mchb- 
moro 6paTa npaHflTB crpamno Aoporyio xojshoctb renepaia HajiB- 
TÍftcKHrB raiepB. HanpacHO 6y;^ii^itt 6aiJiBH Bospasaji^B eny, ^xo 

B% STOĚ AOISHOCTH npE^eTCfl HC TOJIBKO nOFJlOTBTB 50,000 JIHBpORB, 

cocTaRiflBmHxi ero sasoHHyH) ffixio ori^OBCKaro HacjitACTBa, BOiopoS 
OH!B He zejiaerB 6paTB hs^b 4>AMHJLHaro HMyn^ecTBa, ho h ropasxo 
óóumyK) cyMMy, BOTopofi owb ne xo^en saneMaTB, — naapacno 
yfite^aerB Ópaia, ^ro Ha^es^a noiyHHTB Bnocji%ACTBÍH Óoraxyio 
KOMMaHAopcByio AOiíaKHOCTB OHeHB coMHHTOJiBHa,— crapmifi 6pairB 
Oeperb na cefia bc£ 8th pacxoAH, saHHMaerB en^e, npiyMHOsafl 
CBOH orpoMHBe j^ojirH, H CHatfasaerB mta^niaro bc^mh HeoÓxoxHMUicH 
(^MMaicH. Ilocii TpexaiiHHx^B TpeBoasHuxi osHAaHÍfiy ÓajJiBH no- 
ayqaerB HasoeeurB Óoraxoe npoBancajiBCKoe BOMMaHAopciBO, npHHo- 
cfln^ee eiiy 40,000 jiHBpoBi roxoBaro xoxoAa, BOTopufi BnocjiÍACTBÍH 
yBejraHHJicfl fp 50,000 npHCoeAHHeHieirB k^b srofi aojshocth xpy* 
roro BOMiiaHAopcTBa. Ohi ynjtanHBaerB cyniin, saHAiufl jí^b Hero 
crapniHM^B fipaTOMi, BosBpan^aerB ^^amejlíh cbok) aojoo oii^OBCsaro 
BacJiÍACTB&, HadHáHaen Ópaxy 15,000 jhbpobi eseroxHOfi nencÍH 
En CBOBXi xoxoxobii, ynjaHHBaerB eny 12,500 juiBpoBi sa hš- 

CBOaBBO uicsaSfiBb HpOSHTtlXlb Wb eVO fpaiy ffií]p2Th BHaHHXeJIBHUfl 

cyMMu ero cbihosbaitb h xoHepaiťB, cioboitb — craHOBHTCfl npoBHA*!- 
Hieii^B (j[»aMHJiÍH, HO no npesneny coo6pasaerB cboh A'^ficTBÍ£ Ch 
BMeĚ crapniaro Ópaia, ociasjíflfl sa co6oh) npesHioio CBoÓo^y mhšhíí. 
Bo Bcett copoBaiiTHeS nepenBCB']^ neasAy 6paTBflMH, 6uxb tojibbo 
OAHH!B MOMeHrB, soFAa H^aAmifi p^sso OTHeccfl B^B CTapmeny; hq 
offB HaxoAHicfl TorAa noA'B BJiijiHieifB CBoero Bpacnop^H^paro h 
HCBycHaro HJteHaHHHBa, 6yAyn^aro Tpnóyna^ BOTop£iĚ, sai^Bafl npo- 
jjfiech npoTHBib seHH, hto6u npHHyAHXB ee sbhtb ci hhitb, cxyHijii 
CBJOHHTB AflAK) vb CBOK) HOiBsy H saxpoHyTB OFO caM0JiK)6ie. Oxei^x 
xpHÓyHa, Gojťbe ójiaropasyMHiifi b% axoMx MibjAy h^itb AflAfl^ npeA- 
BHxbai, Hxo HOBeAenie cuna noic^maex^ eiiy BuerpaxB btoxi npo- 
Aecc!B. HanpoxHBi, npecxapiiuS 6aj[jiBB| BOsÓysAaeMBiff njieMflH- 



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136 VhCtBSSSb IBPCHIH. 

HHROMi, HanpacHO pacxoxyerb Ha ero IIpo^eccl 20,000 jdu^obi e 
OTE BpeMeHH AO BpeMeHH AOca^Q^en na ciapmaro Ópaia. Ho exea 
HanHcaffB híckoaso ptei^H) <j[»pa8y, oh'b yase ^yBCTByerb yrpuaeme 
coBton: «Th snaeiiiB Měna, JDo6e8H£iĚ ÓparB*, mmierB owl: ^xorxa 
MH^ cjtyiaexcfl oropuis leda, hto x4^k>t& iioe nepo, moa paaropa* 
TOHHafl rojOBa, ho HHXorxa ne orop^aerb lefia Hoe cepxi](e». H 
6y;Qrn{ift ipH^yn^ npHHyaBxemb cosHaTBCs, hto bc% ero ycHjriii bos- 
cianoBETB ASjpo npoTHRB on^i RB cyn^HoeTH 6e8ycn£niHH; cb naiB- 
HHiTB BroESMom HHHierB offB oxHOMy npíflreiK)) anrjiHvaHHHy, o 
CBoeiTB xflffi* ^y o^ro YeeTHaro nejioB^Ba oxhhx nopOKB — eno 
H6ne6%XHHafl cjiaÓocTB kb crapmeMy Ópaiy*. 

nepemicBa XByrB ÓpaTBOBrB MHpa6ó, oti^í h xixh TpH0yHa, 
jm6onm!E9L emfi e vh xpyroirB OTHomeHÍs. B'b ncii YemperB 
T£icfl^'B HanncaHHBXi hmh nHcem ne Hafiepeicfl h fficsrm, btb ko- 

TOpBCCB 6U OHH TOBOpBJín TOASO O CBOHTB JtE^EUTh fjkMBXk. 3a- 

6oTii O nocu^AHHXi Bcerxa nepeic^niaHti btb bthtb nHCBxarB cb 
oÓn^HMH BonpocaMH, saHHxaBmHMH kb to BpeMfl yMH. 06a Bop- 
pecnoHxeHta hoctoshho npepuBaioTB 6ecixy o jamsurb fibjaLX%j 
hto6ei roBopHTB o pejiHríH, nojHTHSJ^, aA)fflHHeTpa^ÍH, ^HHaHCaTB, 
HGiopiv, o xotfpi H sAj o nporpeccb, cbo6ox%, apEcroapariH, 
xexoBpaTÍH, o cocTOflHÍH otfqecTBa h ^po3fl^^[£B eny onacHocram, 
o npeoÓpasoBaHÍflxi, Eoropoa 6euih 6h x^a nero cnacHrejiBBno, o 
ToiTB, MosHO XH BOO^H^e coacTH oro, H o&h osH^aion^eft ero 6y- 
, xyiAHocTH. EasAoe hsi 9thxx pascyasxeHifti HHorxa o^chb ropfl«x'B 
H KpacHBo HBJioaseHHEixx, HanojiHfleTB BOceHB, xase fficsm» crpa- 
hhi^ in folio. TenepB ptxso sto TpamrB na ^acrnoe hhcbmo 
CTonso MH&iefl, Tajianra h tophku. TenepB vb Espoiiš Bce bto 
6oshme ne^aiaeTCfl, vlm HBxaraeicfl fb ^acmott nepeHBCB'6« B'b 
oco6eHHOCTH njioxoBHTO nepo crapniaro tipaia, napaBsa Mapa5ó, 
«xpyra jnoxeft*. Owb ne toibso pacTonaer^ cboh mucih nepex'B 
6paT0icB H nepexB MHosecxBOirB BoppecnoHxeHTOBB bb pa8Hsix'B 
CTpaHax'By HO H HBxaeirB toitb sa tomoitb. IlffCBica MeHBmoro tfpam 
ropasxo cRpoMHše, ne vnAKTh loro xoBTopajiBHaro h nexanTCsaro 
xapasrepa, BasHirB 0TJiflr9aH)Tca nHCBiia MapsEsa. 

ryCepnaiopi rfiaxejynu c^rpasy saflBHXB oetfa npoTiiBHHROMi 
BonÍK)D(HrB sjíoynorpeójraítt, tbophhhxb h 6^hxh, h pasBpaiDieH- 

&HHH HMH I^THOBOaKHlIH. OffB rOpSTO HBiaraeTB KB HHCBMaXl 

Vh tfpaxy CBOH naxesxu h CBoe OTiaBnie vh BHxy ÓeffBHCxoxnoB 
HcnopTOHHOCTH HacejeHÍH, f,MSL BOToparo lecTHoe cjobo ne cyn^e- 
CTByeriy Boropoe HSOJmtJiocB xo Hosra Bocieft, h xo tofo npoHHB- 
jiocB pa6oBiax%jiB^ecBHH% npoHSBOJioirB h paÓCTBoirB, ^to y6iTB 
HeBonHBBa ne sHa^HJO coBepniHTB npecrynjieHie. ^ecTHEift ry6ep- 



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P0A*B upiBO. 137 

mqr& Fopno npexucii CBoeiiy x&iy. «£[ fjbjMAOCB xansoft, juo- 
óesHfiff (SpftTB, — nicus oh% OTiy;(a: — ^aro noEaKexca re&b satfaB- 
mn, — K He heao noHmiaTB xoh cjiOBa ÓysBajiBHO. 7 MeHfl ne 
npiÓftBuoa HH BRjca, hh laiaHTa n MHcrinpiaMy, ho s, b% 
caHoiffL Aižky HHXorxa ne MOJra^cfl (Sh lauMi sapoirB, Baiei re- 
sepfc. SL MOODCB Hsi crpaxa nepexi tšite Bpexoirb, saxofi MoaKen 
6ffrb npímeoefli mhoiOiH mojd Bóra homohb uwb x^jaib xotfpo*. 
^npexeiaBB ceói, jno6esmii 6pami, hto ^x^cb yciaHOBHJCfl o6a?afi 
le HasasHBaTB sa y(HeHÍe Heq[Ni. H cl caicaro Ha^ajia ne npoxo* 
xuo XH2, ^TO(^H JTOAV^ 6isaBmie ci sma^ora bi Espoot, h.ih 
m x^biH, He yÓsBEiH HeriMt, pesnys b% seny Kaxyi) HBtfyxk 
paBBpamyio HerpKTXHsy. Gnasy Óoume: npesptHHuft Myiarb, 
xm OTBpaTHTenntíliiiaro pasEpara, ^musfij Bcerxa coexsHan^ee 
BTB ce(H( camifl rHycHEU csoficTBa ótiurs h i^bíthoboshxi, yÓH* 
Baen mrpa, a orei^i ero BHxaerb ce(Sa sa jÓířjsj^ vso6u H86a- 
BMn» cima on bcsboB OTBincTBeHHOCTH! Botl h ibbojib nponoBi- 
XHWTB eHHCxosxeBÍe Bi crpaHft, vjtjb wš ssyiuenii rtni, ^lo s 
He noBBOJUHD y<!naTB leJOBtsa lause Óes^epeMOHHO, BasrB b^ 
jfpyrmrh cípaHan y^HBaKyrB co($aBy».-*«He ssaK), — nHmerB osnb 
n ipeiMirb iihcbkí, — npio6pftji% je a viicb penyrai^i) cnpaBex- 
iSBara leiOBisa, h noveny; ho npexeran ce<Sš, ^o n pastfHpaio 
micB ÓoniTO npoi^eccovB, híms HHoe ceHemajiBerBo. fl SHaio, ^to 
MBHa HeMHoro jiioi$flT%, jsflcnsmmo yBasaHyn h eme (5oAme 
6oaTea».— «A sx^cb Hacrojmpfi MHmaiB MopeirB^ ae tojibso so- 
MeHxaffFB, HO H noiy-enHCBoniy noiy-HHreHxaHTB, nojty-npesHxeHTB, 
H x^uae it%iHt». — «HHBorxa ipannacrB ne BejTB 3&118HH 6oiie 
tsasejoff, viiTB Moa. Ob yrpa e xo yrpa híih cyxoTB, hjih nncaiB, 

H2H nOXQHCIIBaTB, HaSOHei^ pa50TaTB— BOTB MOa SH8HB>; 

ExHHCiBeHHHirB pasBieqenieiffB xn ryCepnaiopa 6ujío HTeme. 
Oh% noeroflHHO npocsrB tipam opnciuaTB eny bhhth, HHHra bca- 
uro poxa^ oo^HEenifl ho BoeHHOMy x6iy, no xEnjlOMaTÍH, no cy- 
xe6»)t WCT8, reorpa^ÍH, ^HHaHcairB n ToproBjrb. He nepecraBaE 
06oraqaTBCfl hobhme BHamsKE, owh cocraBuerB BanECSE no bc^hi 
BOopocaiTB, BacanotHiceE kojiohíí, co^EpaerB h cpaBHEBaerB no* 
cttHittjieHiE, na ocnoBaHÍE KOTopmnb ohí jmpaBJuiiDTCfl. «ByxB 
ysItpeHrB, jao6e7ímai (Jpara,— roBopsTO oob m oxeoitb HECBirb, — 
no eciE mh6 nosBOiEn sp^HÍe e sxopoBBe, e fb mecxB jiÍtb 
jĚynae noxroroBaioeB bb ynpaBjemiD hoietetocboB cioponoft $jOTa, 
^m BTO-HEÓyxB E8i^ yHpaBjEBniErB OH) npesxe. Ecjie saxoTETB 

flnpOSO BOCHOlBBOBaTBCfl MOEKE yC^iyraME, fl rOTOFB OTXaTB SH8HB 
lOCyXftpCTByr HO E, BOHe^HO, HO CTasy, nOCXb TpEX^aTE-Jr6THeff 

cayas^H, saHEMaiBca nyciEBaKE eje T&mETB cetíE bsxophhee nep- 



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1S8 nonm ibfooh. 

raiieHTaiiii, ocraBJAioiiiHMH brmi yssyio HeoÓxoAHiiocTb yxazHBaib 
sa KaHi^eupKcraiíE hjih lepatTL ofb hhx'b HenpiHTHOCia*. 

IIoiyHafl cpaBHBxejbHO He(5onnioe auutoeaHbe vb crpaHi, rxi 
SH8HB tfbijia oieHb xopora h on ryÓepeaTopa ipeSoBaiccB nibso- 
Topoe npej^craBBTejiBCTBO, oh^ lacro roBoperE bi cbohx's nBCbiiax'E 
o npesp^HÚi wb pocBomH h ÓoraTCTBy. <& yse x&bho nocTHrb, 
^TO xyAQiifl H8X BjacTHTejefl ecTb sojioto, xyxmiS wn n&brb bh- 
jí,ovh pa($CTBa— BaBHCHMOCTborb 0oraTCTBaH pocBoniH. ďcKasansTo 
OAHasAu r-Hy Ae-Mapasó, nepeBOAKBmeMy a-u líeHfl ciOBa OAHoro 
ApeBHflro nHcaTe.ifl| Roioputt saiiiTHJii, vro 6ÍAH0CTb (^"bmEa. 
KoFAa ^eiOB^iTB 6tAeHi noTOnyi tto ne xo^erB ocsoptfBTB CBoet 
^ecTHy ROPAa OHI ywievh npeseparB AeHsrB h ctobtb Biiine lixi, 
eAHHciBeHHaB sacjyra soiopHxi sasjío^aeTCfl vh ex% fiorarcTBi, — 
TorAa ^ro ysasaiorB, h Ó^ahoctb ero coBctm ne ciri^mHa*. He 
Menše saiiď^HaTejiBHO minie btoto apaciospara XVIII^ro croiim, 
ieJOBÍRa, He ocoÓeHHO BocropraBrnaroca ^^Bjioco^aiiH CBoero Bpe- 
MeHH, o pa6cTB'6 h Herpax'B. <& hmšio sx^cb bobmoshoctb,— 
namerB owh bi 1755 roxy^— xopomo nosHasoMHTBca cb neBoiB- 
HH^ecTBoiTB Bo BceifB epo o6i>eu% noTOMy hto SAimnee paÓCTBO 
cHJBHie Bcixi BHAOBi HeBoiH, RaRÍe BorAa-aifio cyqecTBOBajiHy 
He lopBABHecBHy a jiaBTHiecKH. E'B pHMCRBMi BasoHaiTB o pa6caeb 
nvkvh BOSH npHtfaBjflen en^e h ^BSB^ecRoe, HeHsrjaAiMoe oriBnie 
CBo5oAHaro ^ejOB^sa orB HeBOJiBHBKa. Herpí— Aaae h rorAa^ uot» 
OH^ cBo6oAeHx— ocraercfl, no ifeHBmeS líšpš, HaciojiBBo se pa- 
6owbj Bas^ B rpeBi y xypoBi, cb tíitb 0TsnaK)ii^HirB o6cioa- 

TeJíhCTBOWhj HTO HHHTO H HHKOrAa He MOJSeTB BBl6^HTB eTo, TorAa 

BaRi rpeKB MoserB CA^aTBCfl TypsoHi, npBHBBi icaroiferaHcrBO. 
He^bSH OAHaso se ne npHSHaTBca, hto nerpí— ^eiOB^si, h mu- 
eiBTeJB) xjaAHOBpoBHo 0A'6HHBaK)n^il ^eaoBtqecTBO, 6utb Moserb, 
OTAajTB 6u SA^CB npeAno^Teoie nerpy nepeAi 6ixu}a neiiovkvíowh. 
Mhí hsbícthei pasHue ynpesB, ;ď^aeMHe 8thm% i^BŠraososHM^ 

HO, BHHBByBX B!B A^^O, fl, OÓHUl QA^mnifl AyXOBHBBB, Bisy OAHy 

TOJBBO npecryiraocTB 6ÍJíUTh. KorAa oahh'b hcjiobíbi BacraBifler-E 
Apyroro paÓoraTB hbo bcíxi chji^b, orsasBiBafl eMy npB 8iturB Kb 
caifoff ApflHBott nHH^t, h axoTB Hec^acTHiift coBepmaerB npecryn- 
jenie— Ha soro naAun BHna? A bto — B^b^naB HCTopia fb sx^m- 
Hefl crpaHi!.. HanrB ocrpoBi hohtb xasi se BejiBKi, sarB IIpo- 
BancB, h ropasAO 6oxie njOAopoAeni, ne roBopa yse o tom^, ito 
ero npoH3BeAeHÍB AP&roiiŠHHte. TpBAi^aTB-naTb thcb^i &kxEix^, 
npeAHasHaqeHHiixi a^a o6pa((oTBB seMJiH, ne A^anrB h tofo, ^ó 
FB ApynixB Mtcraxi MoryrB cpaÓoiarB abš thcb^h ^ejiOBŠBi. Yace 
no OAHOMy STOMy pa6crB0 npeACTaBiflerca ueí sjiomi, ecJiH cmo- 



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P0A'b xiiPÁBo. 139 

rpirh Ba nero Ch tohrh spiniji nopoxHBinefi ero a;iHHOCTH, noTOMy 

ifTO Wbrh HaAOÓHOCTH JlfiUBBUBSkThy BaK'B OflO 6e89aiOBŠ^HO». — «B'B 

aTOĚ crpaH*! (nnineTB ohi vh ApyroM'B nHCBM*]^) cyj^eCTByen, OTCH)Aa 
očHKHOBeHHO BUHOCflrB CB co6oK> npeAy6'6sAeBÍe npOTHB^ nerpoBi, 
BOTopoe HecnpaBex^HBO. SI CHHiaio btotb HapoA^ coBepmenHo xa- 

KHITB aie, BaVB H MB, Sa HCBJlfO^eHieMX I^B']&Ta Bosn. 8, comhí- 

BaK)CB xftsei HTo6u pa6cTB0 ne cA^^jiaio nacs xyse ero. Mes;Qr 
BTBMH jiK)ABMH BCxpi^aiOTca repoHHecBÍe xapaBTepu». 

noHBTHO, ^TO noAOÓHiifi ryÓepHaTopi Mon 6uTh jiio6hmi ne- 
rpaMB; ho patioBjíaA^BitH, HameAmíe bi HeiťB crporaro cyxBK) 
CBOBXi secTOROcreS, b ojiyTu, Ba'63saBxnie asi Ebpobh, ^rroóu 
naauiTBCfl bo hto 6h to hb crajio, no^BAJfl npoTHB'B šero bobjib, 
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c^BmiBOifB paso; bo-btopbixi, eciB Ben^B, BOTopuB hu bbahhi, 

ne BM^ CB3U BCnpaBHTB BXnb; eCTB B APyrífl) BOTOpUX'B HU npocTo 

He xoTBiTB BcnpaBBTB; MU sBBeM'B ne wb anoxy o6flOBJieBífl. Ka- 
BAJiepi MBpa6ó se AOcraxo^HO orpaBB^BBaerB ceóa tok) lacTBio 
ynpaejíefliB, BOTopaa Ba Hero Boajosena: owb oÓHBMaerB cjsbaibom^ 
MHoro npeAMeiOBi, — owh cjebhiromx p6mBTejieH'B; na^o noxaBaTB 
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meM^B CBoero BsrjiflAa npocBJ^n^eBHOMy Bar^a^y MBBBcrpa, xota 6u 

JfM H COBC^M^B se C^BiajIB BFO UpOOB^nJ^eBAUM-B > . 

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SB8HBX), JBHIB 6u TOJBKO HpB 8T0MI BB SaTpOFHBaJB MOefi ^eCTB. 

Mhí TpBAi^axB-ceMB jvtrB, bsi ROTopuxi fl npociysBJi'B ABaAi^aiB- 



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HO B^crrasi IBFOOH. 

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BB HBJíHinHefi piniHTejBHOCTH H pisEOCTE, TO H OHB MeHJi He ny- 
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pisoBB; xaRÍe jik)ah HairB HiieHHO h nysen. Jí^zsi rocy^apcTBa pš- 
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saHEMaji cjysetfHoe nojioseHie. Ocrajunoe btb pyxaxi Bosinxi. 
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HBiOTB MXEue cjiyxH. Hhbto ne MOsexB csasatB, hto a Bopi, 
noTOMy HTO fl ne npHHBMaio bb noxapoBB x&se h hjioxobb. Hhbto 
HO MOserB CBasaTB, ^to ifena BOxarB sa hocb jioÓobhhi^ii: xott 

XOMB TOHHO I^epBOBB; BO MHÍ BXOXHTB TOJBBO JIOXH, HH^yH^ie Cyxa, 

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BB TaBOMB Mierby na BOTopoirB Měna cb yjiHi^ii HoryTB bhx'ítb, 
HO ne cjiiimaTB^ npoxoaíe. Ho pacnycxEJiE ciyxB, 6yxT0 a xo^ 
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TaHH. BnpoHeiíBy a Torxa toibbo BBiBxy hsb ceófl, Borxa noxBepr- 
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^ FOA^ UPÁBO. 141 

BHBaKnparo nexowbpie^ z p^niHTejiBHO norpe^yiD, htoÓh mh% hjh 
wmuM Moero oÓBHHHrejui, hjh npecjan npeeiniHBa... Hto ase 
xacaerca aicioMH FoAeHa (roro ^HHOBHHisa, ch zcwpuwb roBopBJi'B 
tfpan ryfiepearopa, Mapsasi MHpaÓó) o HeotfxoAHMOCiH erporo 
orpaHH^HBaTBCfl ooÓCTBeHHOfi c^pofi A^TeuHocTH, fl Mory CBasaiB 
ne&b, mo mcaji ci nojHOfi a(^p™boctbk> Foxeny, ho ÓuA^h 
exepsaHHie OTHOCHiejBHO imnerpa h rjiaBHaro HHHOBHBsa vh 
MoeiTb xenapraMeHT^; npB Bceii'^ toitb ocMri^BaHX^B yrBeps^axE, 
na oCHOBaHÍH XBamaTH-iniTH-jrferHflTO onora^ npiotfpiTeHHaro b!B 
oiaBamarE no bc^icb MopairB, vro tojbbo rjiynei^ orpaHHWBaercfl 
cBoeft HUHiomet ciffepoA; tojibbo rjyneili, saHHiiaB HSBi^cTHyio 
xaisHOCTB, He cmpaercs sacjiyaBHTB BHcmaro nbcra^ noAroTOBjBflCB 
Kb 6oJie otfflrapHoft i&rrejBHOCTH. dra avdoifa nri^, Kh cosa- 
j^hík), cjnimBOMi mhofo ctopohhhbobi vb HameHi MopcROMi bí- 
j^flfMcmbj rA$ nojBBOBaBmieca xoB^píeirB BaHi^ejflpHcni HysxajracB 

Wh TOITB, HTO(Sl O^HItepH ÓHIH HH rb TOMy HeCnOCOÓHHMH aBTO* 

MamiH H patfcBH HcnojiHfljB npexnBcaHÍB, BHymeHBua^ rbwb Hjm 
xpynm jěehebwl HHxepecoirB, ne oÚcjmwoí bxi xocTOHHCT6a>. 

MepaÓó upotiHXB na TBa^eiynš tojbbo xBa roj». GocroBHie 
ero 8AopoBBB, CBJBHO pascTpoeHHoo MtosoH) ÓojrisHLH) sex^ffsa, 
sacraBHJio ero BepnyrBcs bo $paHi](ÍH) bi 1756 ro^y. Oh*b eaMŠ- 
pesaicfl OAHaBO au ompaBniBca oóparno bi ÁMep&sy no BHSAopoB- 
jiemHy HTo6u saHaiB irbcio reH6pajrB-ry($epHaTopa ^^paai^BCBBXs 
ocTpOBOBi Btrpa; ho creHeme o6ctoaieáben^j atejanie Cf^ia h 
BBAH Ha Bdiknie npn ffopš noM^majH euj ocraiBCA npn CBoeirB 
HSxipeHÍH. Oh:b Bce xenraji ciysiTb rocyxapcTBy vh nj^yuEUTh 
paaifiparB. yBBxiBi, no B08BpanieHÍH cb rsa^ejiynii, 9to 6parB 

ero &ÍE80XI CB BÍKOTOPUMH BJlÍBreJILHUlIH JH)ABHHy OCOÓeHHO CB 

adóaToiTB BepHH, Koiopuft nojBsoBa^CB 6(yjihvmu% AOB^pieirB Eopojia 
H r*sH IIoMnaAypí, KaBaiepi MBpaÓó, npeHcnoaHeHHiifi niaHOBB 
o BoeposAeHÍH ^paniQrBCBaro ^Jiora, ciai^B AonoraiBca MHHHcrep- 
csaro nócra. B^ BH^y ero npeBpacHHxi HaM^HÍtt, ero ^ecro- 
joDÓie 6suíO orqacTH saROHHo; ho OHib ne otijia^ajii tímh ifeJSHiiH 
laiaHiaiiH, Koropne HeotixoAHini ^ecroiiatiHBUirB jioabitb jsae yenšxa. 
Hy2Ho HcsyccTBO ncTHTB Ause vbwh^ soro npedipaemB, ecjH 
lonxo BTO Hosen 6btb naitB nojieseni; nysno xepn^^BO nepe* 
lociiTB npeHeÓpeseme Basnaro rjiynaa re oasHAamn bobmoshocth 
saiuaTHTB eiiy ciopBiiefl; HeoÓxoAHiiii yu^HBe BticBasHBaxB npoTHBO- 
aoioauioe Tony, htó Ay^aemB, rHÓROCTB cnsmi, nojsoe paBHOAy- 
■ie SI AOJiroiiy oaLBAaHÍB bb nepeABnx^B, a HH^ero dxoro ne 6um 
ysaBajepa MHpaÓó. Botb ht6 ohi& nHcaxB vh axo speiifl CBoeiiy 
^xy H8X EoMOBeHA, FA^ HaxoAHJCA ABopi: 

\ří Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



142 MGTHKK'E 1BPOII0. 

<npH3HaH)CB, JívydesEuŘ 6pwhy no:ioseHÍe neJOvbíML, noBpOBH- 
lejiBcrByeMaro ifHHHcrpoiťB, npesumaerL moh chjih. ď HaxosycB 
lenepB fb noAo6HOM'B OTHomeHÍH ki abohmi, hotth kb TpoHM'b 
MEHEcrpaiTB; th nojaraeniB, ^ito otb iieefl sasHciTB npiofipšcTH 
noBpoBHTejBCTBO iiflTH. IIoBTppflK) Ha ÓjHart TO, ^TO fl yse rOBO- 
pHjTB Tetfi TucflHy pasi: B^ipu, (5ypH, nymeHHiie Bajmii, roiOA^, 
sasxfty MOpoBafl flSBa EpeAcraBJUioTCii mhš ABJíeHiflMH, bx botopiih'b 
npHroBopeHU a^th Axana bi HaBasaHÍe sa rpix^B oón^aro CBoero 
amiBkj E fl HBBorxa ne HaxoABjrB bth sBJíeHifl HacroiBBO secro* 
BHMH, hto6h 6pocHTB BCG H yfiiB OTB HBXi; HO nepexHÍB MoryrB 
CBecTB iieHfl ch yiia. Xopomo en^e ecjBfii tbmi mosho 6ujio ao- 
roBopBTBCfl AO x^ja; ho npeAcraBB ce6i, ^o, xeacypfl ci yrpa xo 
Be^epa h nocroxHHO HaxoxacB noxB pyBOK), a en^e ne bii&tbbob- 
moshocth ao6htbcb pasroBopa o npoeBri, BoropHft mhí BOSBpaxBjni, 
H BOTopnft OBeHB 6j[B3bo Bacaercfl hx'b BHrepecoBi^^ noTOiiy hto 
XJifl líeHfl ycii%x'B ero mosotb Óhtb BaaceHi jiHniB HacrojiBBO se, 
HBCBOJBBO fl AJB BCflBaro xpyroFO rpasAaHBHa. JIioÓesHEift ÓparB, 
XBopi ecTB cBOHJieHie iepHMniBX'B ^epHHJTB, BOTopiu vb Bepcaji^^ 
BBMOK), BasyTCB MeH^e lepHHMB, HoiOMy HTO pa8($aBjiflR>TCfl Torxa 
MHOsecTBOM^B jiD^eft, esexHOBHO Tyxa npi^bssaioiiiHxi; ho sxbcbj 
TMÍb BTB ^epHBJía Bi ocbabí, ohb ysacHu». 

B% Te^eHiB XByxi jAtb (1757 e 1758) npExyMUBajniCB h 
paBcrpoBBajiBCB pasHiifl MEHHcrepCBifl BondEnai^iB, vb Boiopcifl bxo- 
XBJíi E ÓUBmifl ryÓepHBTopi rBaxeJiynii. Ho Bd ohí ocrajniCB 
Ůem HocjšxcTBifl. ^a e coHHHrejBHO, htoÓei hcjob^bi^ cb eroxa- 
paBTepoMi, ecj[Btf'B e nonaji^B vb HopcBÍe HBHBcrpu, mopb xoaro 
yAepsaTBCB na tbboitb ir&crib, na BoropoMi fb TeiemE bogbkh 
jAtl — cmíhejIecb narepo mehectpobb, vb toitb hbcjií oxbh*b tojbbo 
MopaB^B; HO ecsBÓ^B owb yxepsBajCBi to 6ujíi> 6u MEHECipoiTB-pe- 
4K)pMaTopoirB. I^^jiB ero 8aBJiK)iaxacB EMenEO fb BopeHHOMX npé- 
oÓpaBOBaHÍB MopcBofl 6K)poBpaTÍE. «Bce, HTO y hbcb BaBi^ Óyxro 
A^iaaercfl jíjisí ^jiotb, rnEJio b^ caMOirB Bopni. IIpE reHpBX'6 lY^ 

BOTXa ClOJIJrE XOT&!'B BOBCraHOBBTB apTBJIJiepiK), OH^ HanaJI^B CB 

Toro, ^TO yxajtHJTB ^erHpecTa nejiOBiBi, M^niaBinEXCJi b^btox^o, 
E EBM^flBJí^B BecB HJiaHB ynpaBJieHÍB. BeffB 8Tofi o^epaI^E Bcb 
coBpoBED^a líipa 5ujiE 6u HanpacHO norpa^enu na 8TyMamEHy». 
Hair6peHÍfl MnpaÓó 6am ebbícthh, e hb mofjie nojBSOBaTBCii co- 
HyBCTBÍeHi BaHi^ejrapift. Ero BapBopa ne yxaBajacB ente h noTOMy, 
HTO OHI HO iiepeiíOHEJiCfl CB r-soK) noMnaxypB. Ona c^Hrajaero 
8a ropaqyK) ro:iOBy, e oxHasxti BHCBasam bto. «XojioxHiifl fojiobh 
yae Hax^jajra ctojibbo rjiynocTefi e norytiHJiE ctojibbo rocyxapcrai, — 



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fOJCb HHPIBO. 143 

oiBb^ai!^ eft KaHxvAar& vh Mopcsie MHHHcrpu, — tto 6ujio 6u,Ee 6e8- 
pas^XHO nonpotioBan ropatifl fojobb;. IIo Rpafinefi u^pí HO»fio 
(Sbtb yBtpeHBHiTb, HTO owb yse He cjí^AhWTb xyse». Owb 6wlt> 
meMoAvh Bnojnrt CBto^ft, Ciuph KpacHBi h yMeei; r-sa IIom- 
naxypB OTHOCHJiacB bi Heny tfjarociuoHHO. Ea ropHH^naafl Foccé, 
Bb CBoeirs npaBOTBom h jio(k>nHTHOirb AHeBHHsi, pascBasHBaeTL^ 
910 Wh lemúýb 1760 roxa* sor^a HapsEBi MHpa6ó, aBiopi 
«^yra jx>xefi», 6mjrh apeciOBaHi h nocaseH^B fb BeneencKyia 
(amHH) Ba cboh) «TeopÍK> najora*, r-sa IIoMiiaxypí csasaja npH 
Hei HBB-bcTHOMy ^HsiospaTy AMTopy Rero, ero npúrrejno: «Bii 
XOJDRHH 6iiTL orop^emi hcmhjioctbh), nocTHrmefl Bamero xpyra 
Mflpatfó; fl Tose orop«ieHa eio, noTOMy ^ro jm6iio ero ($paTa». 
Ho npHBexeHHiiĚ eaMH p^BÍfi otb^tb Bioro ({paia Bce-raKH Óulte 
eft HenpúrreHi. HamjiECB h HHTpHraHH) ncBycHO 'HÍniaBinie eiiy 
XOCJETByTh MHHEcrepcsaFO nócra. B'b bh^qt btiix^b ney^a^^ ohx 
BoenoaBBOBajicx npeA^osenieM^B Torxanmflro BoeHHaro MHflncrpa, 
Mapnntia BezB^HjiB, h npEHUi otb nero BaasHoe vh BHxy boSbu 
CB AHTiiiefi nopy^enie — ocMorp^iB h npeoÓpasoBaTB deperoByio 
crpasKy IlHKapAiH, Hopifan^iiiH h EperaHH. 

B^ tfuTHOCTB Mapa^ó, no arony noBOxy, vh EperaHH, aHrjrifl- 
CBifi ^OTB cx^aji^B BHCa^Ky vb KaHBaji^ h cxaji^B yrposaxB Ceni- 
Majó. ysHaffB, 9T0 npoiHFB hhx^ HxerB cb BoftcsoHi repi](orB 
drBHAOHCBÍft, BHcaAHBmiecfl anriHnaHe cíjh oÓpaxHO Ha cy^a, a 
nepem xicurB hoabh jhcb noA% IIIeptiypoirB h OBjax&iH hitb. Ohh 
paspymHjni ysp^njemu, cosrjiH Byne^ecBÍa cyxa, HaxoxHBmiflCH vb 
Hopr^, onycToniHjai OKpecTHUH ceJieHÚi h BOBBpaTHJiHCB bb aoůe- 
peasBH) BpeiaHH. MHpa6ó, osHxaBmifi htb fb Epecii, BxpyrB ysnaerB, 
^lo ohh HanpaBjHiOTCfl ohatb na CeHi-Maió, h cjrb^wrb cb nero- 
xyBamewb sa hx^b ^BHaseHiaMH. ^'bjsj sanipa vh Cen^-Ma^ó, jh>- 
(SesHHft 6parB— HEHierB owh vh cenraiópi 1758 roxa — anrjoiqa- 
HaM«B yroAHO 6ujio btophhho hocíthtb nacTB rairB. Jl^ojiro m uu 
mfi 6jffiwh OHTB 8Ty lamy yHHseHÍfl h MoaseiTB jih HaA^TBca, 
TO> npHj^erB Bonei^ 0CB0p6j6HÍJiirB h Óes^ecTBio?* ?ama npex- 
cmBJHjacB BTOiiy ropa^eify naipioiy t^itb 6ojíie ropBBoio, ^rro 
npHHua bíctb o bsatíh anrjiHHaHaHH JIioHCÓypra h RopoúieBCRaro 
ocrpoBa, KJiDHa kl KaHaA'^* «HanrB ^otb norH(S!B», nHmerB orob 
B& (jpaiy. y naci csopo ne tfyxerB Bopatfjiefl: ohh rHÍHXTB kb 
Hopraxi 6e8i npHBopa; y HacB bbato TenepB AB^^nawaTB cyxoBi; 
MH jsBLB norepfljiH laBEMi oÓpasoiTB ABawaxB jHneftHHxi KopaÓ- 
left H MHosecTBO ^^peraiOBi. 3a6aBHo to, 9to Mens Ha^BHaicxr^B 
cnpamHBaTB: 'vSaTJ&Mx bu 8A%cb»? ď OTB^^aio, HTOsjs/bch xopomo,— 



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144 raonHK& ibvobh. 

ifflš CM^DTCi vh rjsda, HTonBO». Owh sanb djKfO juKn jiyKúWb; 
HO eMy Bce erofi xot6j[OCb 6uj ^j:o6% ^paei^ifl c^^aia p^msTejíB- 

HBifi maiTb Kh CBOeMjr OÓHOBJíeHÍK), BOTOpuS fl ÓUJLT^ c^avB &o 

BCBopž, HO yse ne ctobo&huitb, ho jenxbnwn^ a pesonoipoH- 
EUWh ofipaBoiTB: 

«JI^ali Eors, — ^nHaienb MapaÓó, — woíi fl Morh roBopHTL jioKsm^ 
jíjMBxomfiwb TaBse, Raai h a. Bce ec^e iiosen 6£it& DonpaBjeno; 
fl coanaH), Baai sejEsa Hama norepfl, ho wsA esActbu Hanra 
cpexcTBa, H JI onacaiDCb tojibbo Bepcaia. Xop(Mnift huhi ynpas- 
jieHia pacHBBBejiHJii 6£i HpHiynjieHHHa cepxita... 0% ^yBCTBom, iMy 
Topoe JI Mors 6u HasBaxb h&bhoctkk>, bej^íjhb a, Bas'B mi^HHHiacb 
Hama ifOJO^eacL npH btoitb cipamH0M'& mvbmuy ci Baxoio pa^ocrsio 
osa Homjia 6u opojHeaTB cboh) BpoBi>, ^to5ii OTMeraTB sa to, ito 
ona HasHBaerb ócBop<$jieHÍe]f% h b^ihum^b HOSopoiTB namett crpanii! 
HaiťB OTBpEiBaH)TCfl ABa nyTH. Oahhi, 6oAÍe js^ístemř (khpi) bob* 
BpaTHTb BC^xi b^b IlapHaB^B h ho ocraBHTi^ nam nHBacb npisHa- 
jsůsfh «H8HH, BpoMi BHyrpeHHjm) Ópoaceaifl ^hhhhxi Baxaojra^ 
(TorxamHie napxaHeHTu); Apyrott nyrs soctobb, tsooji h xpyxeni, 
HO OHI BOSBpaTHJTB 6u Haiť& noxodaK)n^iB CsecKh. SL HH^ero ne 
BH'&H) CBasaiB Wh HOJiBsy nepBaro, h b^tb toě ceih nox^ jiynoH), 
BOTopafl aaeraBBjía 6u hohji dq^dlniTB ero Moeft nQ^nHCbio. 3. npefr 
HOTOJi 6u, HTotS^ MiA orpytifluiH pysy h xase rojOBy. Tasejaa 

SHBHb, BOTOpyiO H BeJTE, aSBBHB, Wb Te^OHÍe BOTOpOft fl CO BCŽKK 

CTopoH^ BHA^^ BocxoA^ cojiHi^a, HC otiyTOeTB ynnseHÍairL, h ne 
oco6eHHO xparoA^HHa! ?to aacaerca xo xpyroro nyxE, to BOSBpa- 
THMCJi Kb Heny cHa^aja. He snaTb, na htó cnoco6eH% nams na- 
poffBy Borxa oHb jtíBffSThf ?T0 BopojB mtkeFh ceipmsfi ori^, Borxa 
offb noHyBCTByerb saTpoHyxoK) ^ecTB CBoero Bopoia! Th CBaateniB^ 
HTO Bce 8T0 npespacHo, ffi, nysHu ;^Hbni; ho bb hhxi - to HiceHHo 
ne 6ujL0 6h ne^ocraTBa, eoiHtii toji&bo noBasaiHCB h^cbojebko 
roJOBi, 8acjysHBaH)nprb AOBÍpifl!» 

Epars iiapBHsa MBpa6ó, owbhxho, njiaTHJorB xanB Tony jsjxy 
HHHyBmBX^B BpeMeHiy BOToputt BOSHOci He^ocAraeifo bucobo Bopo* 
jeBCByR) BjacTB bo $paHi^ÍH. Eny ewfi ne npHXOAtoJO na mhcib, 
HTo Bi ero BpeMfl x^flCTBOBaTB CBepxy, vb no^zAiA xasHO ycirao- 
BHBmarocfl npexania, Cujío yse hosaho* To se HanpaBieHie cBassi- 
Baerca oienB chjibho h bl ero mh^híjix^ ú&b AnriiH. IIox^ biía- 
Hiem ^paHi^ysi^HrB neyfi/kn, oh'b cocraBJíaerB f^íi Bap^eHajia 
EepHH }Sfii sanHCBH o HanaxeHiH na FajniýaBCB h Hbk)-Žopbi h 
OAHOBpeMeHHoS nonuisi npoffSBecTH BHcaxBy na 6epera AHralH, 
HJiH no Bpafinefi ui^ BcrpeBoauiTB anrjiH^aHi xeHOHCTpaqiaHH, 



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?OKh MPiBo. 146 

mo6u saHflTB arHin 66xbmyv> nacTB vrh ^jiora. Bi cbohxi nHCB- 

MarB, OITB CaiTB rOBOpHTB o Ce(%, ^TO ^npSBHBl CHHTaTB aHrjiH- 

vaHi BparaMH wjioB^^ecTBa h vb ocoÓeHHOCTH $paHi(ÍH>. Rasa- 
jocB 6uy TorxamHee apHcroRpaTH^ecBoe ycrpoficTso ÁHrjiiH ao4Sho 
OTB^^ETB ^o^ajiBHHirb noHflTÍflBTB Óyxyn^aro iiajiBTÍficBaro renepajia; 
HO, no ero mhšhík), ÁHTJrifl— crpana en^e ho aobojbho apncTOBpa- 
mecsafl, h fb otomí oTHomeHÍE owby Kasi h ÓojBmstHCTBO ^pan- 
i^yscKsro ABopffHCTBa, KopeHHBiiTB oÓpasosfB pasomejCH cb rbwh 
caMBUTB HapoffOiTB, 0T% HMOHE BOToparo OH-B roBopHjTB. B% ero 
raasax^, aHrattcmfl naTpnipaTB cjinniBOMB saBHCHTB on lepHH, bb 

ÁHr^ÍH He npEXaiOTB fflJUKBOŘ VJbRU BOeHHEIMB JtpŮSeCTBWh H CJHm- 

lúwh yBaasaiarB ;iieHBrH. Bdb dum coo6paaceHÍfl^ bm^ct^ Bsarna, 
voóyxHJH ero npexcBasuBaTB en^e bb 1754 ro^y, hto C^Bepeas 
AMepiTBa BCBop*! CBopreerB cb cefia anrjiificBoe BjaxuTOCTBO. 

Bo Bctx^B CBOHX^B saiiBCBax'B H HEChusLXh O nojiHTHB'6 CBoero 
BpeMeHH, 0parB MapBHsa MHpaÓo nocroflHHo OTnpaBjnflercfl otb 
VHC^H o ecrecTBeHHoS Bpas;i(% uemy $paH^iefi h ÁHrjiiefl. Bb 

O^Oft H8B CBOHXB SaiIHCOKB OHB AOBaSUBaOTB, ^TO OXHHCTBeHHaH 

onacHOGTB yrposaerB $paH^iH HHeHHO cb srofi cropoHH. ^IIojh- 
THKA j&bxffierh HacB, ^to othuh^ mu ne MoseMB hm^tb HHBa- 
XHXTB xpyrHX'B BparoBB, BpoM'£ aHTjH^aHB; OHH OAHH MoryTB npe;^- 

npSBflTB TTO-HHÓyXB npOTHBB HamHXB MOpCBHXB rpaHHI^B; H£I 

orpasxeHH lenepB co cropoHU HcnanÍH; RopojB capAHHCRÍfi 6e8- 
CHjeH*B npoTHBB HacB, ecjKH aHrjiH^aHe ho CHaó^arB ero A^HBraicH 
Ha HaeHB BOflCKa, hjih HMnepipj (aBcrpifii^i]) He npHmjnorB emy 

BOflOPB, BOTOpiIH He MOryTB npHffTH H3B TaBHXB OTJliaJieHHHXB 

lAcTb 6evh anrjiiflcBnxi xenerB. niBefti](api](ii caHH asejiaiorB tojibbo 
MHpa. TepifaHCRafl ojrarapxÍH ne MoserB noAHSTBCfl npoxHBB nacB 
6e9h noMom^n aHrjraHaHB, h bc!^ CHnnBie rocy^apH c^Bepa xaBB 
otxsjeHHUy HTO MH He uGSRewh onacaTBCfl hxb Hana^emfl... Poj- 
jaHxiii HHsoHLia Ha creneHB ToproBOfl ^poBHH^iH anrjiHHaHB... Ilpn 
TmncTB ycjoBíflXB^ mu MoseMB onacaTBCfl tojbbo anrjiH^aH^, hxb 
necTOssoÚví h x^HerB*. 

HsBtono, ^0 laBOBO Óhjo MH^me h KkmejieŘ $paHiQr3CB;oft 
peBOjnoipH^ H HanojeoHa I. TenepB otfcrojiTejiBCTBa h8M'£hhjihcb, h 
BtecfBxecffTB jňvh HenpepuBaBmarocfl MHpa cb e^EHCTBeHnofi na* 
q^fl, KOTopaa xo ^^^'b nopB o^na Morjia yrposaTB ^pani^CBHMB 
tfeperaiTB h nopraMB, saciaBEJH $paHi(ÍK) OTBasaiBCH otb oóopo- 
HneeiBHofi op^aHH8a^iH t^xb BpeMeH'B, Bor^a BoflHa cb ÁHrjiiefi 
flMuacB ?yTB He npHHaxJesHOCTBK) HopMajiBnaro cocTOEHÍfl ^panii^iH. 
IHiniiiiiirr ocMoipŠTB h npeofipaBOBaiB ary opranHsaiUK) na BceMB 

Tott IV.— Inn, 1880. 10 



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146 B9(nnSK'& UFODH. 

ÝpaHityscBOirB no($epesB'£ pseana, otb JI^DHKepsa xo Pom^pa, 
HHpa6o ÚujTh o^HEHi Effh A&neuH^ttmHXx ycrpoHieieft drott 
opraHH8ai(ÍH. TyrB ohi jbbj^jtb bo Bcefi Harorl^ xpsoÁOCih ^psLu- 
i^ysocoft axMHHHCTpaTHBHOtt iianmHH. OiBUBajiCB c% noxBaioft o6'b 
aHTJiifiCKOifB ^0TÍ, pH% ifBpierb cBoeMy tfpaiy: «Ha(rb BacraBJunrb 
npeÓuBafi fb x'j^tc!eb%. Gx naMH jijbxBJorh xo secanoe, htó x&uuKyrB 
Rflxafiipi ch HoriUCH cBom seHn^HHi. HacB CAaBiHBaH>rB lavib 
CHJiBHO^ no npaBHJiaHi ÓjaronpiflTHot xJfl niyros^ .pyrHHH, ^ro 
MU He MoaseiTB poem. Mu npEHysA^Hu Becra BottHy, Bani BeiacB 
ona KB crapHHy, a cnocoÓH BecTH ee chuho hsiiÍhuhcb. IIo* 
npo6yfl fiOopysHTB apnÍK) nERaifE, a jBUusaiepiiD aoiiBflKH, h th 
yBHAHmB, ^Xb H8l BTorp bujBxotb*. 

dxoTB apHCTOBpfiTB H ^erMTEMECTB Bi ^Qrnii RpuTH&yeTi cyiq&- 
CTByioo^ft nopflAOB^B ne xy;Ke xeii OBpaxa h pwnyÓmwBSSfi,. TasoBo 
yse Óujío no40seHÍe xkrb vh TorxaniHefi ^paHi^ÍH, HasaHysA ne- 
peBopora* B^pnuff sauqHTUHS^B XHHacrin npHHysxenrB roaopHTB, ^ro 
owh «Bcero tfo^Bme onacaerca Bepcaui»; rb ;q[)yrott pas^B oh^b hh- 
meTBy ^TO 6parB ero Óhxb 6u rjiyÓOBO xpoByrB, ecn&b ohb yan- 
X^jTB CBOHMH riasaicH, Raxi^ sarjymaKXccfl lepnuiiH noffosptniaiiH 
nopBiBH caiíaro npespacnaii-o psenifl, eam&b owh naÚJíjofjUh «iyA- 
HyK> MOJioxesB ^pampHy Boropyio cxi^JiajiB HeBy;BHOK) h Boiopaa 
rpusexi najosenEUfl na nee yxua!» Bi BHxy ^cero, ^tó iBopa- 
jiocB b:b to BpeMfl, y nero BupHBaerca hkb xynni eme h xpyroe^ 
(Jojte Mpawoe H rpoBHoe BairlHame: «6ixcTBÍfl rocyxapcTBa neHCi^^- 
jiHMH x^fl '^^o, BTO ne chjwbeTb npexancaiB oóqaro Jie^emB; s'b 
Heny nociysHjia 6u nepeBflSBfi panu na nort, Korxa ranrpeHa 

RB BpOBH?» 

Heosexannafl xJUi nero nciopifl ch 6paT0icB, o Boropofi mbi 
ynoMflHyjur Bume h ÓyxeifB roBopHTB no;Q>otiHo rb cJixyK)iiteft 
CTaTB'6| aacraBEJia ero nocn^mniB rb I^apnas^. Mapan^ MHpa6ó, 
memh TpHfíyna, nHcajTB eiiy 16 xesaCpa 1760 roxa: «jlH)(5e3HHft 
Ópaxi, uwb npexcroHTB 6utb apecroBannHirB; apecrB coctOHTCfl no 
noBejiinÍK) BopojiB, s nairB, cjri&xoBaTejiBHO, neiero x^aTB...» Ohtb 
nocn^mHJTB na noMon^B Ópaxy. IIoTOiťB, nórepflRB sejiame HrpaTs 
pojiB npn xBopi no cicepiH iiapniajia BejiB-Ep, exEncTBennaro 
^ejfOR&Ba, soTopufl ero noxxepsHBajiij owb p^nnuca xaxB puitap- 
CBÍfi oÓ^TB H npHHflTB HanajiBCTBO Hax^ Kaji^TÍftcBHicH rajepaifE. 

TenepB xpyxno B^pnicfl, hto ne xaJBme KasB ero xbvh 
TOMy nasaxi hofjio cyn^ecTBOBaiB laKoe cxp^nnoe y^pesxe- 
nie, RaBx MaiBTiflcBifi opxenib cb npecaoByruiTB renepajioifB k&ib- 
lificKHXi rajiepi b xpynnfn noxoÓnuKB canoBHHKaMH, Ho Bce 
8T0 x'&fiCTBHTejiBHO npoxojisaio cyn^ecTBOBaiB bo Bropofl nojo- 



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POffB lIPiBO. 147 

vss/í nponijiaro croxfoifl, h bot% vh RaROifB cocroffiÍH. Yxe cx 
XlV-ro B^sa bs ynoicaHyroifi opjsfiwb cb. loaHHa iepycajnufeBaro 
cxasaiHCb npnraaRE (SojBinofl pacnyn^eHHOCTH HpaBoro. Ilana Kjih- 
ueBTh YI HSfftn h^kojibro DocraHOBJíeHitty j^ojiseHCTBOBaÉinHxi 
BanpaBBTb pni^peft opxena na nyrs HpaBCTBeHHOCTH h Bosxepsa- 
msĚ. dni nocraHOBJíeHifl sanpen^ajiH pmtapflMi hocetb niatBe hsi 
AOporaro cysna^ hit&tb o^Huniift ctojtb h iihtb bhcoría BfHHa. 
TenepB h bth noctaHOBjeHifl 0iij[h AaBHmrb - xaBHo saÓUTH. Te- 
nei^ OTb pra^ips, x^Binaro Tpn oCira: i^'6jo]fyApifl, nooiymamfl 
I tiij^HocTH, TpeÓosaiHCB rpOMaxHiie pacxoAU, ecjni ohi asejajTs 
HirirrE H6CTB HanajncTBOBaTB bi Te^eode XByxi jtítb HaA'B raje- 
paufl opxieBa. Bi sanHCxaxrB MnpaÓó HanrjocB pocnHcame n^ianeBi, 
bhhb h jssepOBi, xeccepra^ Me6eiH h t. a-, RoropHe xoJseHi 

6aXh WlňTh VBBtfpMh MajIBTiftCBHXl raJiepBy ^móU npEJÍH^HO HC- 

DOjKflTB CBOH oÓMWBBoctE. Ha Bcb se npeAMeni eiiy npHxoxn- 
JoeB ynoTpe($HTB b8i& CBoero sapnaHa, npH caMOMX BcrynjieHiH vh 

AOIXHOCTB, OTB 130 AO 140 TUCďTB JIBBpOB^. He HM&i TaSOtt 

eyvini, MapaÓb saTpyxHfljica npHHSTB sBanie renepaia MajBTÍft- 
cKHxi raieprB, xotb BnepexB oam^aio ero Óoraioe KOKMaHxopcTBO, 
Tas%-HasiiBae]M)e ^somraHxoipcTBO ($2aroxaTB». Ho crapmífi ÓparB, 
napram, ne tíyAs^ h cjramaTB otfi ero orsast. Owh Bsajica 
WcrarB eiiy bcš HeoÓxoxHirafl cyifMH, xotx h ($iurB caiTB no ropjo 
irb xojraxB. BoraToe BOiniaH;i[opcTBO bi nepcneBTHBŠ noxasajio na- 
xeacxy Ha BomoasHOCTB BOSBpaTHTB Bce Hcrpa^eHHoe h A&se no- 
npftBHTB CBOH x^&ui. YcryuíM boji^ crapmaro fb poA%, BiopoS 
6parB nepeceuercfl na MajfBxy, h mu SHaBOMHMCS hbi ero im- 
cem CB yna^soiTB opnrHHajrBHaro y^pesjeHin, nopos^eHEaro pe- 
nrioBEHiTB, spHCTOBpaTH^ecsHifB H BOHHCRHirB HanpaBjieHÍeM^ 
q^exHHX^B irbBOB^B, yrpaTEBinaro lenepB cboh sHSHeHHue cokh h 
o(ípanBiDarocfl bb cneByjBiiiB), b!b noroHio sa BOMHaHAopcTBaMB, bo- 
Topoft CB sapoMi npexaBajTHCB fb EBpon^ HjiaAinie ckihóbba abo- 

IttHCBETB 4^aMfljdtt. 

Ho cxoBms HOBaro renepajia nanTÍftcsHX^B rajíepi, noABJíacr- 
Bee opxeny vacejienie MajiBTEi, MHoro^HCJieBHoe h CByneHHoe na 
oouiy H6 ff)CTaBJHiK)n^eft ony h lurroS aojih Heo6xoAHMaro n^onn- 
wdHi Boe 6oame h <k>iBnie (J^x^xBOBajio. nocroBHHiifl BOilfia 
■es;^y xpBcriaHCBHMH rocyxspflMH pasopniorB xajGbTittcByK) xop- 
iubjid; cyxa ne xoxhtb 6ojrle rb ocrposy; npH btoitb xpECxiaBcsie 
mejwipE H6 no8BOiflK)rB opřeny npexaBaTBca ero «peMecj!iy>, i.-e. 
ifecrbKOBSTB lypoBi, TpeBOSHTB bx:b cyxott)ACTBO b butšchatb 
m^ Ch ToproBHXB piiHKOBi BocTOKa. *no npHpoíífe Bemefl,— ťo- 

10* 



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148 BMTHHKl IBFOnH. 

BopirrB MHpa6óy— BOftna npomBi lypoBi 6&im Hamett craxíefl; ona 
OAHa Morjia nposapiUHBarB HanrB HapoAfB h noxxepsHsaTB vb 
Hacs xy BOHHCByio OTBary, Roropaa nopoxxaja BeJrasHrs jio^efi 
H BCJHBÍfl ;(ijia* OpxeHi nopniTCfl kb 6e8^flCTBÍK. Fiasa aroft 
apHCTOBpaTH^ecKOfi pecnyójraRH iiajio-no-Majiy saÓHpáen bck) BJiacrs 
B1& CBOH pyKH. no ycraBy, rpoccueBcrep^B cb ^erapBiffl cob^the- 
BaMH, npoasHBaioiiQiifH na MajiBT^, npexcraBJuierB co6ok) HcnoJi- 
HHTejBHyK) BjacTB, HO o6sídS,wh ynpaBj[flTB corjiacHO cb ycraBaiiH 
opAena, a BjiacTB BaKOHo^aTe^BHafl^ i.-e. npaso asM^HATB ycraBH, 
npHHaAJieasHTB jhoib renepajiBHiurB BaiiHTyjiairB, i.-e. ynoJHOMo- 
HeHHHifB Bc^x'B pBOitapefl pasHHxi HaipoHajiBHOCTeft. no ycraBy, 
renepajiBHBie KanuTyjiii aojshu cotfapaTBCfl lepesi RasxHfl lurrB 
jAvby a ecjoi HysHO, to h ^epen Tpn roAa. Ho rpoccMettcrepH 
yse AaBHO npHSHajH Cojiie jaoÓeuwb ne coÓHpaTB htb bobco* 
Pas^ana opAeHCBHx^B BjiaA'&HÍfi Bnojmi saBHCŠJia otb npoHSBOia. 
CaMHJi ÓoraTHJi soMMaHxopcTBa, TaKi-HasHBaeiiKifl «KOMMaHxopcTBa 
6jiaroxaTH», pas^aBajHCB no ycMorp^HÍK) rpocciieficTepa hjih no pe- 
BOMen^tai^iH mhhhctpofb pasnuxB esponeficsExi xBopoBi, y KOTopi]X'B 
OHi^ saecsEBajii. HiBoropue canoBHHKH opřena nir&ni wb cbohx^b 
pyKaxi no Henipe BOMManAopcTBa, npHHOCHBniHX'B hitb cxo thcatb 
jraBpoBi Aoxoxa, lor^a BaB'B 6ojAe Aocrofiniie p£ii](apn fb 6šaho- 
CTH BuaKHAaxH nasHa^enifl na BaBoe-HH($yAB CRpOMHoe KouuaHxop- 
ctbo, TaB'B*HaaEiBaeMoe «KOMMaH;(opcrBO no CTapniHHCTBy>, hjh ao- 
BOJiBCTBOBajincB HHHTOSHOfi neHCÍefl HffB (5ojiBniHxrB AOXOAOBI9 npn- 
cysAeHHHX^ ifente sacjlyzReHHOMy cotfpaxy. B'b rkrb c^tynaarB, 
Borxa nojiy^enie BOMManAopcTBa Óusajio c;[']^ACTBÍe]£B npexBapsTejiB- 
naro Hcnojmenifl BaBott-HHČfyxB aojubhocth, nocjiixHfla: nonm Bcer^a 
TpeÓOBajia Couhmjsrh saiparB, s noroiiy iforjia 6uTh xocrynna tojibbo 
6ov9LTuwb. TaBOBa 6Hia AOJixaocnh renepajia ifauTificBHxi rajeprB, 
TaBOBu se 6um h MHom xpym aojishocth fb opxen^^ nanpH- 

lítpi, AOJISHOCTB na^aJIBHHBa paSHBOLX rOCTHHHHI^X, T.-e. XBop- 

v^ovhj Tfib npiŠBSíe pui^apH pasHHXi Ha^ioHaJ[BHOC^eft nojqrHajiH 
AapoBofl CTOJii. OpAem omyx^BajrB na bto oichb Maio x^erB, no 

BaSA^ H3X CeMH CaHOBHHBOBXy SaB^AUBaBniHXX rOCTHHHH]](aMn, 

npHnjiaHHBajirB cboh x^HBrH, h totb hbi hhxi, bio A&BajTB pHii^a- 
pflifB jiyHmie o&bfi^ h jiyímee bhho, CBopte noiíy^ajrB BOKMan- 
AopcTBO. Gjiobomi, peiHriosHaa h pB^apcsas otínpraa ciajianoxo- 
AHTB na ToproBHfi aomX) yHacTHHBH BOToparo cxpoMEJiHCB noiynaTK 
BuroAH, copasM^pHHfl CB CBOHMH xenesHUME BarpaiaMH. OrcroA^ — 
conepHH^ecTBo vl pacxoxaxTb Meayor canoBHHBaMH opřena, npiynaB- 
mee MOJioxeaBB, Boropaa sHJia na htb cnerB, yBasarB hxi tojibbo 
sa pocBomB, 



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VOKh UPiBO. 149 

«J3[ BHsy ch irpECR0p6iewh» y HaHBHo jmraerh MujfnlSb CBoeny 
6pftry 1-ro hoh^jni 1761 ro^a, «hto nopna npoHHBJía cioxa h pac- 
npocrpaHfleTCfl ÓojBine, ^arb 6u cj[ÍAOBajio»... ^npEHEnaa j^oátr" 
HOCTi> renepajia^ a nocrapaiocB cj^axB pocBomB ddumoiOy h na- 
X&na AOCTHTHTTB Jijbm; ho xu btofo, pacxo^^flCB tojbso na to, 
wb OTB MOEfl HenpeM^HHO TpeÓyercfl, s ne amsch^b hm-^^tb bh;(ib 
naioBisa, npHÓeperaioii^aro a^hbiu, norony ^lo Bib xasoicB cjiy^a*]^ 
npocTora (íujia 6h npnnHcaHa MoeS CRynocTH hjh saxHOCiH... A 
sasexy y ee($fl lasyio se neÓejiB, BaKyio HM%K)rB xpyne renepajiH, 
T.-e. spnryK) iiajoíHOBEiirB ÓapxaToirb bi sojiotoS oopaB^i a^h 
rjukBHaro cajiona, h auacoHi A*ia Apyrex^B RoimarB; ho vl Hoed 
cnaiBH^ 6jjkjTh HOCxaBJíeHBi coiOMeHHUfl CTyjBfl h npociaflr npo- 
sarB. IIoKasuBafl aro bc%m'b, a. tfyxy roBopsTB o pocsomHot Me-^ 
6exB: «BorB oynocTB h cyexa^, a o Moefl cnajiBHŠ: ^Botb kom- 
Han MOHamecTByioniaro coixaTa»< ?to Bacaercs jifl pocRomHaro 
iixaTBu, SL HaA^Hy ero pasi hjih xBa, h myra CRasy bcíitb pu- 
iiapaiTB, TTO npomy hx^b san^TBiB ero h hosbojihtb mh^ ootoitb 
HOCHTB BOOHHoe njaTBe, BB BOTopoiíy fl Bcero 6oAhme npBBmrB h 
soropoe ÓojtBme HxerB vh Moefi npnpoAHOfi $Hryp'6; a npasAHB^- 
HiOffB MOHiTB HitaTBeiTB 6yjí.eTb Bcer^a MyHAHpi renepajia rajiepx. 
Si <$yxy HcaojHJiTB Bdb xpefioBanifl BTHReia h ocranycB npocTB, 
xasafl noHflTB, ^ro MorB 6u nociynaTB h Hna^e, Bdb moh cjiyrH 
6yxyTB Ha njoniaAH, hto6u etb bha&ih Bir6cri cb cjiyraMH xpy- 
rHX'B caHOBHHKOBB; HO fl HpH BCflBOiTB y^o^HOiTB cjiyia'6 nocra- 
parocB, ^TotíB OHH He conpoBOSAaJiH HeHfl>. 

HaBOHei^B, reHepaj['B MajiBTÍficBHX'B rajiepB, BoropoMy yxajiocB 
BBecTH Boe-Basifl yjtyHmenifl bb saBŠxHBaeMOfl hicb ^acTH, a eiAe 
<SojiiBme yxajocB nspacxoxoBaTB 140,000 jihbpobb, saHaxBiXB hasí 
Hero crapHiBirB ÓpaxoirB, HasoHeiifB, noiy^aexB soHiiaHAopcxBO, ho, 
jbh! OHeHB cBpoMHoe, npHHOCflmee Bcero 11,700 jihbpobi ^Hcxaro 
wxoxa, H8^ Roxopuxx naxo HeMex^enHO BimjiaxHXB rpoccMeicxepy 
xaKb-HasHBaeMuĚ annarB. OcxaBaiacB na^emAa na bosmoshocxb ho- 
ji^atB bhocjiíacxbíh jiyímee iricxo, h ona ctfujiacB CBopie ^wh 
oxBLKUE caMB soMMaHAopi H OFO 6paxB. Ohb ho ycn&iB en^e yj^xaxB 
CTBMajBTH, Bor^a oiepxB oxHoro hsi BOMMaHAopoBB AOCxaBHiía eify 
fioraišSmee hsb npHHaxiesaBmHXi noBoSnoiiy irbcirB— BOMiiaHxop- 
OBO CB. EBiaxÍH, FB IIpoBaHCÍ. Oho 6hjio QxaHO Bi apoExy sa 
39,000 jniBpoBB KB roA^, ho hobeiS BOMMaHAop'B ysnaji, hxo ne 
rgffjfao noxHflXB 8xy cyniiy ffl 45,000. A BBHeiíy BCBopi xojisho 
ŮBMO npHCoeAHHHXBOi en^e h «B0MMaHA0pcxB0 HO cxapniBHCxBy». 
HoBEift BOMMaHAopB, BosBpaxHBHiificfl Bo $paHi^iH) BB 1767 roAy, 
yiuaTBJíi BecB^ fifijín cxapmeMy 6paxy, mhofo noMorajiB eiiy 



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150 BACTEraii.IQHNm. 

H ero jíibTswhy h ymp^b bi 1794 rony, nepesHVb h Ópara, h 
njieHflHJ^HSOBiy H peBOJIK)I^H)• ^eriipe ro^a . cnycTA CKonnajicfl, saRi^ 
HSB^ciHOy H caioitt opxeHi. 

Ho saR^ HH xapaie^epHa shshb aroro ^ejoB^sa, o^EHMaEmaa 
Bce BoceMHa^naToe ctojAúe, oaa sHa^HrejiBBO ycrynaer^ vb o6m!SM% 
HHiepeci SB3HH H A'^Tej[BHOCTH 610 cTapniaro Ópara^ MapBBsa 
MHpa6ó, o BOTopoMOb MU óyjifiwb roBopHTB Bi cx^KymofiŘ craTfi^. 
Orei^B ipH^yHa cani Óujvh vh CBoe Bpeicfl o^en^ bbahum% naca- 
ToseM^B, ÓJCHSiBO BaTpQrHBaBniHirB o^niecTBeHHue HHrepecH $paH^iH 
H EBponu, HMŠBmjiifb HecoMH^HHoey xoTa H He npoAOJcasHiejibHoe 
H ne rjy6oKoey BjriflHie ea yicu. 

B. K 



• oC §9 ^^^- 



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HAnOIEOffL 

3A KyjIHCAMH H HA CI1;EH^ 



—HémoireB de Madame de Rémusat-^1802-1808— publiés avec une preface et des 
Dotes pir son petit-fíls Paul de Rémiisat, sénateur de la Hante-Garonne.— Paris. 

Calman Lévy, éditeur. 



O K onnaui e, 

nepBufi KOHcyjTB, pimHBmHCB BciyniiTL na TpoH% 4^paHi^ÍH h 
yeraHOBETb Hacj^AcrBeHHOCTB BjiacTH, crajn noroBapnBaiB o pas- 
Boxi. Ho noTOMy ih, ito oetb Bce eii^e 6iijn> oqeHB npHBasaH^B si 
CBoeS seHÍ, hih noroMy, ^to cyniecTBOBaBinifl vh to Bpeicfl otho- 
memfl ero (tb esponeflCRHHH ^^opanH ne aosbojiajh eny en^e na- 
xkaxbcsL Ha xasofi ÓpaicE, Koropiifl 6h nOAspiímjťB ero nojiBTHBy, 
offs CHanaia ne xotíjb pasBO^HiBca cb ^sej^HHofi h eairi^pe- 
Baicfl jcaMOBíití MajieBBBaro Hanoieona, BOTopufl npHxoAHJCs eiiy 

I UeMilHHHXOirE H BHyBOlTB. Ho KaKE TOABO OHI COO^HpU^ 06l 

msfwh Tusnib CBoeĚ ceMB%, ona HeMe^JenHO 8a6aia crpaniHyio 
TpeBory. JKoee^-BoHanaprL naiaji^ yTBepsxaiB, ^íto ohe umbwb 
ne saciysHjrby ^To6u ero iHinajiH npaBi na BopoHy, npaBi, npn- 
cynpm eMy, isajcrB crapmeMy Cpaiy; EoHanaprb, Koroparo npoiH- 
Bop&nie Bcerxa pa^asaio, BumejTE hsi ceósi b en^e Hacroff^oiBte 
yzsamioi sa cboě njiaH^B, cooiJn^HJi^B ero see^, h la, BonenHO; 



*) Cm. Bmie: ídu, 639. 

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152 mOOMKh IBFOnH. 

npHmja otb nero bi Bocropn. OfjMo^fi BOHcyxB, ospyseHRiifi 
cfioeft ceMBeĚ) xepsan na lOjr&HarB ifajteuRaro Hanojieona h, 
Hrpafl CB HHMi H jacBaa ero, cusajrB: — SnaeiiiB iMj Majmyraniby 
iTOTu, ^ero AOÓparOy Óy^emb Bopoieifb co BpeMeHein>? — A Aihhjb ^)? 
cnpocHJii TOT^ack se MiopaTi^ npEcyrcTBOBaBinii npH 9T0Wb. 

— Am, Amiub,— OTBŠ^axB Bonanapn; — Amub íysera xopo- 
mHM'b coJiAaToifb. droTb oibítb tjějÓoko ocsopóarb m-me MiaparE, ho 
Boflanaprb, xhiiuí bha^, ito ne daMŠ^aerB aroro, h BHyrpeHHo 
pascepseHHufi onnosHAiefl cbohxi ÓpaiBesiy— npoxojsajrB, oópa- 
n^aflCB B'B pe<5eHKy:— Bo bcabomi cjljhsA coBŠíyR) re&bj 6&XHoe 
AHTfl, ecju xo^eniB ocraBaiBCA vh jchbhi'^, orsasuBaibca otl o6b' 
fpvbj BOTopiniH Te6fl Ójfjrh yron^TB tboh KyseHu. 

TyTB BCiaTH 6yxerB iipisecTH xapasrepHCTHBy MaTepH n 6parbeBi 
HanojeoHa, KOTopyio mu HaxoAHMi y m-me Ae-Pemosá. 

M-me BoHanapn (ypos^enHaa PanojHEB) Bumia sanysi bi 
1767 r. sa Dlapjfl BoHanapra, j^aMBjiB Boroparo 6iutík sauejieHa 
vb ABopBHCBÍH 4>ajíBjrifl ocipoBa KopcHBB. HocBJícfl ciyTB, ^To ona 
6iija vh CBflSB CB Ae-Mapée^M^b, ry6epHaTopoirB 9Toro ocipoBa, 
fl yTBepsAUH xase, ^to HanojieoHi cuwb nocjixHflro. Rbbi 6u 
TO Hfl 6ujio, ryÓepHaTopi bbak)^bj'b HanojeoHa BoHanapra vb 

HBCaO ABOpflHCBHXl A^Teft, B0T0pEIX'B CJ^bflpBSiJlO nOCJBTb flSl Kop- 

CHKH BO $paH^iK)y x^fl HoifiiiieHifl BTb B^B BoeHHyiD mBOiy. 

Rorxa Vh 1793 r. aHrjiH^aHe sasjax^jB RopcHBoS, m-me 
EoHanaprB, BAOBa ci ÓoiLmairb cocroflHÍeirBy yšxajia bi Mapceji* 

CB CBOBMH OCTaiBHUMB A^TBHH. Hxi BOCIIBTaHÍe CtUO XOBOJBHO 

He6pesHoe, h ecjra b^pbtb BOcnoioíHaHiflirB MapcejBCBBXi jcaiejeB, 
cecrpu HanojieoHa se oriH^ajHCB ocoóeHHO crporofi apaBCTBeH- 
HOCTBK). Bapo^eifB, HanoieoHx, crtkwb BifnepaTopoMi, HBBorxa ne 
MorB npocTBTB ropoxy MapcejíK), ^to totb 6ími CBBA']&TejieirB hb^to- 
secTBa ero poACTBeHHBBOBi, b neBuroxHue xu hbx'b aBeBxoTBi, 
HeocToposHO nepexaBaeMue h^botopiimb npoBancajiBi^aiaiy BpexBJíH 
BBTepecaMi i^'&iaro UpoBanca. 

Brb anoxy BosBumeHÍfl CBoero ciraa, m-me BoHanaprB-MaTB 
nocejBJíacB fb Ilapasš. Ona Bejia xobojbho yexBHeHHyK) sbsbb 
fl BonBja xeflBFBy ne BM^mflBajiacB hb b^ Basífl KbiíLy b ne 
nojiBsoBajiacB BBRaBBMi BHBMaHÍeMi. Cuwb BjucTBOBBXB Hax^ Heio 
TaKB se, Basi b h^x^ bcímh xpyrBMB. Oaa dujaxoBoaBBO orpa- 
HflqeHHoft seHugifloft b ae sacjysBJía HBBaBOft penyraipa, necMorpa 
na Bejra^ie, BOropuMi ee sarpaxBja cyxB(Sa. 

ďtose^ EoHaaapTB, poxBBmíficB vb 1768 r*, orjB^ajiCB Bpa* 



1) Ciapmift CHBh MDpftTft. 

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Hinojnoffb. 163 

CBBUirB JIHl^OirB, BeCBMa CEJIBHOft JIK>60BbH> KfB »eHCKOMy nojiy H 

6aiie npHBŠuHBHBin MaHepanH, HÍm>.B(ň ero ÓpaxBfl. Ho ohi 
6uxh lasi ae jyBaBi, Rasi h ohh, a lecrojiioóíe ero, xota wne 
TavB CHJBHO pasBHToe, KaRi y HanojieoHa, npoaBjajtocB bo hho- 
mrh cjy^aaxx; jwb ero BcerAa osasurBajicfl HHaae xoro noioateHia, 
KB BaEoe ero craeHJiH oÓCToarejBciBa. B% 1805 r. BoHaaapTB no- 
zejiaai cx^jiaiB JKo3e$a xopoJieirE Hiajda cb vbwb^ hto6ii owb 
OTBasajicfl OTh opecxojiOHacjiiAia bo 4^paHiUH: JfibOBe^KB oiBeprb 
dTO. Owh Bcer^a BusasiiBajii fiomnyio HacrottuBOciB bi oxpa- 
HeeiH cBOHX'b Tas^-HasHBaeMuxi npaffb; owh CKHxarB cetía npH- 

SBaHUIHX yCnOROHTB ^paHIJ^BOBl OTb BOlHeHÍfi, ROTOpSfl npHlH" 

Hflja HiTB KkareshROCTh Hanoaeona. B'b nacTHOfi shbhh owh Óujtl 
XOBOJiBHO oÓxojsjíTejíewb: hh na HeanojiHTaHCROHi npeciojii, hh na 
HcnaHCKOMi, OHI He npoflBHJTb HHBaKoro TajiaHia. IIpaB^a, hto oh*b 
uorh i^apcTBOBaTB iHmB b:b ica^ecTBi naiťlcTHHKa HaaojeoHa. li% 
o&bEX% aTHKB crpaHaxi owb ee BHymHJTb jihhho ri ce6i hh ysa- 
seHiii, HH Bpas;pi. 

JbocBeHi EoHanaprB, poAHBmificfl vb 1775 r.^ 6ujn> ohohb 
yiíen^ Ohi cb paHHBxi nopi BUBasiiBajťB críiohhoctb b'b Hcsyc- 
CTBam H juiiepaiypi. Bi BanecTBi xenyxaTa otx KopcHRH, owb 
npoHSHecB KB cobÍtí IlflTHCorB hícrojibro saM^WTeju^Huxi pi^efi, 
uexfj npouiTB, 22 ceHraÓpa 1798 r., bx roxoBn^HHy ocHOBanifl 
pecny6iHRH. Ohi BncRašajii sejiaHie, hto6u Raauufi MjieHi co- 
B^ia oipanan ROHCiHTyiáK) h CBo(k>;Qr h npexaBajťB anaaon^Bca- 
Raro 4^paHi^y8a, ROTopufl nonuTaercji BOscranoBETB RopoJieBCKyio 
BiacTB. Co Bdbwb rbm>, Óosie nesejH B^poaiHO, hto^ A^ĚCTBya vh 
corjacm cb ^paxoiTB, owh yse cropoa&HJTB MOMeHrB, Rorxa npeA* 

CraBHTCfl BOBMOSHOCTB HOJOSHTB OCHOBaHÍe Jí^ B03BHOieHÍa HX'B 

^fBMMJkiE. Ohx se HBB^H^aji BoHanapia o nojioacenÍH jí,ía% bo 
^^paHitÍH, vh ÓHTHOCTB ero FB ErHHTl, TopoHHJii ero BOBBpau^e- 
HÍem H chjibho noMorajii eny npoHSBecTH nepeBoporB 18 6pio- 
Mepa 1799 r. 

noait Toro JlfocBeHi Óujtb CHanajia mhhhctpomi BHyipeHHHxs 
f!bM!h, sarbiTB nocjioirB b'b Hcnamn h Bes^^ BHymaxB onacenifl 
nepBOMy ROHcyjy. BonanaprB ho JnoÓHjnb BcnoHHHaTB o6x oRa- 
saHHuxi eiiy ycjyrarB^ a JIiocBeHi ekíjtl upebuhkj ai^opno Ha- 

HOMHHaTB o HHXX HpH BCflROĚ CCOpJ^. 

jQ[yH BonanaprB, poAHBmiftcfl vb 1778 r., ^na^BiejiOBiRi, mhí- 
híh o ROTopoiťB 6ujXH BecBKR pasjH^Hu. JlHi^eiťibpHjafl xo()po;(í&TejH, 
MCBibe pacny^ennaji »h3hb^ ^^% y ociaju>bux% ^johobi ceMBH, 
erpaHHHfl nonariHy onHpaBmiflca CRop'6e na pHCROBaHHux-B leopi^x^B^ 



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154 BSGTHttCXAřttiH. 

HesejiH' Ha cojiuxhíix'b npHHn^Hitaxi, bboxhjih uHorarb Vh saCiyjc- 
ACHÍe fl cos^ajni eny xymayw penyrai^io, ^wb j ÓpaTbesx. 

y Herc 6wL0 ropasxo MeHBme yita^ iiuj> y HanojieoBa h y 
JlK>cBeHa^ HO OHI yHŠJBLi coexHHHTB poMaHH^ecRoe BOOÓpaaKOHie cb 
ÓesyciOBHOĚ cepxe^iHOĚ cyxocrBK). Ero xb&hhjh sa to, ^nro owb 
sejNLCB ynpaBjíflTB FoJuaHxiefl, corjacHO HarepecairB aroro Bpaa, 
H BonpeBH aseiaHiflirB Opata, a ero orpeieme, BusBaHHoe oxHaso 
CKopie BanpHBom, neseiA BejiHBOxymHmii ^yBCTBOir^, npHHecio 
eMy MHoro nectm. Bx cyn^iociiB, aro 6ují6 rpímEXh nocryiisoirB 
Blb ero SH8HH. JlyH EonanaprE Óhjtb Óonmott* drOHcn h Kpatne 
HexoBbp^HBi. HanoiíeoHi EoHanapn rOBapHBajTB npo Hero: — Ero 
npHTBopHUfl ffiŮjíOKbséxa npH^HHflHxrB mh% ctojibbo se sjíonorE, 
cROjiBBo H nopoBH JIiocBeHa. 

Cicopii H HHTpHTH uexfj ÓpaiBAMH H cecrpaioi orpaBJuuH 
JCH8HB HanoaeoHa, a m^ecjiaBHUfl nperensin etb pasApasRan eto 
H BHBHBajLB caMHfl pii8BÍfl HacM^mKH. Bcsopb jiocÁ TOvo Basi 
owb crajii HMnepaTopoMiy eny cjy^HjocB BiicaasatB cjtbfiynmpe 
Ronoe sanš^ame no hobo^qt xhxoOhj vh Roropuz^ Hs^rstBáJiHCL 
ero cecrpu h npeHiiyn^ecTBetfHO m-me lyboparb, HaxoAHBmaa, hto 
ise HexocraxoHHo ^ecTByiorB:— IIpaBO, mesdames, cyffí no BamHirB 
npereHsiflMi, mosho no^ynau, hto mh mcjLif^ó^dJísí isopOTty on 
namero noRotHaro po^Hiejui^. 

AnrjnflcRÍfl raseiu nepe^aBaiH, mio m JIohaoh% Hane^taHa 
6uja MHHMaa reHeajrorífl ^^auBJÍH BoHanaptBy no Roropott xbo- 
pflHCiBo ea BocxoxHao o^obb f/aemo. «9th HdejiixoBaBifl coBep- 
moHHo 6eBnoje8Htt», — rjncHJia oxna sairihsa «Monitear», aBiopa 
ROTopofi ne ipyAHO 61110 yra^arB, — «BCÍirB rbm^y bto BS^yifaerB 
cnpocHTBy KB RaROMy BpeneHH oTHocHTCfl na^aio fflM BoHanapra, 
— jiento otbíthti: oho othochtca vh 18 tfpK)Hepa». 

BecHOK) 1804 r. nepsiii ROHcyjrB nacro h no-xoiry cob%- 
n^ajca Ch TaieĚpaHOMi. UouifjaiŘy pasx&uíBmit MOHapxH^e- 
CRifl y6&RxeHÚi, csuLonsurb ROHcyjia saiilHHTB CBOtt THryjrB Ropo- 
jieBCRHiťB. THxyjTB HMnepaiopa nynui ero; vb neuH 6iuo hto-to 
HeonpexibjíeHHoe h oÓnmpHoe^ hto HMeHHo h HpaBEJiocB Boo6pa- 
seHÚo Eonanapra. B% otoitb tet^jA emy Mepen^HjacB RaRaa-ro 
ROMÓHHaipfl pHMCRofi pecnyÓiHRH H i^apCTBa Rapja-BejiHRaro^ apy- 
SHBmafl eMy rojioBy. O^HasA^, pascRastiBaxB TaietpaHi, nnt 
saxoi&iocB HOxypaHHTB BeprBe, a OTBejrB ero bi ciopony: «3flaeié jih, 
caasaji a eiiy, Raaofi BejiHRÍft njavB sanHuaerb naci: crynafire 
yroBapHBaTB nepBaro Roncyja npnHjiTB THryjTB Ropojm; bii eiiy 
XOcraBHTe 9thm'b yxoBOJiBCTBÍe>. Hboti BepiBe, xobojibhhB cjtynaeiii* 
noroBopaiB cb Bonanaproirb upiamoirB f^ nero ciojRert, Ho- 



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HiJiojaoH^i 155 

Aomen vb Heny h Ha^ajii cbok) yxHJiBHyio p^^s, ho npH cjiobí 
icopo^ rjiasa BoH&napia CBepsnyjiH, oh% noAHecb syjtavB bi jihi^ 
EepTLe H, npHsan ero Kh crteš: — JlypaB'B, CBasars oh%, sto 
lefia HVoyifHJix npHxxH Měna sjtotb? Bi xpyrott pasi ne 6epHCB 
sa lEKui nopy^eHÍfl». Bt^Hull l>epTfce norjíflx^n na něm ci 

CMJiqeHHHirE BHXOlfB H XOJFO He MOn np0a*HTB MHŠ 8T0fi 8JI09 

iiij/nui». 

HasoHei^, 30 anp^a 1804 r., TpEÓjwh Riapa, Boroparo 
6effb covhíbuí noxi^yiHJory sa htó BnoGjixcTBÍH eiiy OTnjiaTH:iH mí- 
crcna cenaiopa, BHecb npexJioseHie bi xpe^yHaTB o tomi, ^to6ei 
npaBBiencTBO pecny&iKSH (^ujio ^i^OBipeHO mfneparopy, h hto^h 
HMuepifl ÓHja cx^asa Haejiix^TBeHHofi * vh ^miuíh HanojieoHa 
BoHanapra. V^n ero 6ujih HcsycHO cocraBjeHa: OH'b BHCTaBjiflji'B 
HacjiixcTBeHHOCTB, BaBi rapaHTÍK) npoTHBi MaxHHaiúfi B8i&-8a rpa- 
HHipi, M yiBepsxu^) ^TO Rb cyn^HOCTH THTyiíx HMneparopa osná- 
naerb He iro HHoe^ sasrb nod^xonocnaro soHcyjia. Uortn bc6 ipn- 
6yHii saiiHcaiHCB opaiopaMH. Haraa^eHa Óujlu KOMiiBccifl hsi^ Tpii- 
HĚKafam ^jiohob^. Oxhhi Kapno mLÍj% MjxjecsBO rpoMKO npore- 
CTQBa» npoTHBrB BToro npexJioiceHifl. Ohi o6:biiBHjrB, qro no xofi 
caMOtt npHUHŠy no Boropofi oh'b BorapoBan npoTHBi nosHSHeH- 
Haoo xoHcyjiBcrBa, ohi BOXHpyers npOTHBi HMnepÍH, 6ei9h Bcasofi 
MBHBitík BpaaixU) ci TBepxuirb pbnMmeu% noBHHOBaTBCfl HMnepaTopy, 
ecu OKb dyxen BHÓpaH^B. HecMOips na onnoBBE(iio Kapno, npoeicrb 
6hu% nyn^effB na rojiocat*-H npenaTB. 

4 xafly x^nyrai^fl on Tpnfiynaxa noxajia 9tmb npoesn cenary. 
Bm^e-npeBHxenn, 4^paHcya xe-Hémaro mhi^ajphj ^ro cenars npex- 
BMgkn 8T0 rojocoBanie n npHMerB ero bo BHHManie. B'b toicb se 
caiiairb sad^xanÍH pimeno 6hjo npnnaTb npoemrB n otb^tb BBi^e- 
npesex^Hia nepBony Boncyjiy. 

5 Maa, cenarrB npexcraBBJťB axpeet Bonanapry, vh saTopoM'B 
npoc&TB 6es% BcasHX^B otfdjaiCHeBift coBepmHTs btotb noci^xHÍfi asn, 
Boiopufi jfftMXjewb oÓesne^HTB 6yxynpH cyxb^u ^pam^in. Bb «Mo- 
niteiir» 6jbj^ nane^aTavb otb'&i!b na aiorb axpecB: «npHrflamaH) 
Bftcib, roBopHTCfl Vh neu^hj BUCKasaiB xo ROHi^a namy mhcji^. SL 
jteiaio^ iip6u mi Morjni csasaTB napoxy j^pani^scKOMy dyxyntaro 
14 ídjui: «6Aíuray npioÓp&TennHfl Baírn vh nooAfijaisL naTHaxi^aTb 
Mbrki CBotfaxa, paBenciBo . b cjaBa, naxoxaTca btb CeeonaeHOCTB on> 
BCXKHxi 6ypB». Bi 0TBÍ7B na bto cenarB exBHOxymno BoropoBajii 
aa HMnepaTopcBoe npaBHT&iBCTBO, Koropoe, roBopuA'B on^b, wb hh- 
nepecax^b ^pannyscRaro napoxa, jípetbmo Óuth Bpy^eno Uanojieony 
BráiaHapry. 

y^ae 8 Mafl apadujin axpecu ropoxoBb vb CeH'b-K3y. BíepBKnii 



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156 BWSBBWb IBPOnH. 

noflBHJiCfl axpecb ropová Jliona; nosAH^e, IIapE3Ka h ^yraxi ro- 
poAOB^. OxHOBpeM6HHO cb dTHin» npBinjiH aApecH on apMin: chh- 
^ajia OTB Kieflea, a saTim (m> apnÍH reHepajia Hes. OcraiBHne 
apneĚCRÍe Kopnyca nocainiHO noci^xoBajH nxi npHH^py. ^onrasrb 
o6paTHjicfl B'B nepBOMy BOHcyjiy otl HMeHH sasoHOxaTejiBHaro Rop- 
nýca, vh tj ubujuj pacnyn^eHnaro, e t£ hsi ero ueaoBi, boto- 
piie HaxoxHiHCB vb napHsi^ cotfpajiHCB, htoÚu BorapoBaTB TaR'b 
se, KAxh H cenaTB. 

^HaROHei^^, oxHa»Au BenepoMi, novkcuBjerh m-me PeMK)8á; 
HaMx oÓxflBEiH, ^rro na cjr]^xyH)nufl a6hb ceHan* abetcs cb Baie- 
sofi i^epeMOHiefl, htoŮu noAHecTE BoHanapry x^RperB, noropuwh 
eicy Bpy^aercfl Ropona. 18 Haa 1804 r. BTopofl ROHcyjiy Ean- 
Óacepeciy npesHxeHTB cenaTa, abeich vh Geni-Ejiy bi conpoBoaR- 
AeHÍH Bcero cenaia e ROHBOBpyeioifi BHa^HTeJiBHfiiirB boAcroitb: 
owh npoHBHecB ycjiOBjíeHHyK) pš^B h BnepBue npHCBOHXB BoHanapry 
THiyj^B BejunecTBa. Ohi tbr^ choroSho niOHfli^B ero, RaRi tfyxro 

6u HOCHJďB BdO SHSHB. UocA TOTO CeEWh npOmeJTB Wh nosoH 

m-me EonanaprB, h oaa vh cboh) onepexB tfiua npOBOsraameHa 
HMnepaTpBi^ett. Osa orBŠ^ajia cb CBoeft oÓii^hoB rpaqíeft, ne no- 
RflXaBmeft ee hb kb aaRBxi dynaazi. 

B'B TO se Bpeica yqpesx^HH tfiuB TaR^B-HasHBaeMiie grands 
dignitaires: BejiBRift najaiBSB (le grand électeur) lEose^ Bona- 
napr^B; ROHHeTa&iB, Jlya BoHanapii; apxB-RaHi^jiepi Bicnepifl, Ran- 
(Sacepeci; apxE-RasHaiefty J[e6péH'B. MBHBcrpSy craTCB-ceBpeTapB 
Mapé, craBmifi MBHBcrpoifB, bojibobhbbb b reHepajiii rBapAÍH, 
ABopi^OBuft rytiepeaTop^B JI^poR^B, xBopi^oBue npe^RTii, aABioTaHTu 
npBHecjiB npflcary* b sa fipyvoŘ jífiEh hobíiS ROHHeraóJVb npexcra- 
BBJTB Bunepaiopy o^^Bi^epoBi apMÍB, bi ibcjš RoropurB saxo^BJíCB 
B EBreHÍft Borapne, lor^a npocrott bojirobabr^b. 

GonpoTBBjíeHie, ROiopoe bctp^tbííi BoHanaprB vb cBoefl ceMBŠ, 
OTHOCBTejiBHo BpoeRTa ycHHOBieBÍfl KajieHBRaro Hanojieofla, sacra- 
BBJO ero OTjioauiTB btoti luani sa Heonpex^jieflfloe Bpexfl. Ilpe- 
ctoJLOBBCjAfiie o6uBjeHo tfujio nepexoAflnpíM^B kl noroMCTBy Ha* 
nojeoHa BoHanapra, a bi cjiyna^ ero (iesA^THOCTB kb noroMCTBy 
SSose^a B JlyBy npoBOBrjameHHuxi uMnqpamopcKUMU npuntiaMU. 
IXocraHOBJíeHieMx ceflaia p^meao Óujio, hio BMnepaTopi KOsserB 

HaSHaHBTB CBOBM'B UpeeHHBROlťB JSJOÚOTO BB'B CBOBXl lUeiCaHHBROFB, 

HO TOiBRO no fpcmxeBia bbtb BoceMHi^ADl^TBjíiTHflFo Bospacia, a 
saTŠMi ero po^y Bocnpen^ajiocB ycHHOBieme. 

Liste civile HasHaien^ Óujtb kb toitb se pasMÍpš, b% Ba- 
BOMi ee noiy^aj^B RopojiB btb 1791 r., a npBBi^airB pimeso 6hjio 



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HinOAKOffB. 167 

npHCBOHTb TO coxepsaHie, BSBoe hitb AftBHJi^B saKOH^ 20 x^BaÓpa 
1790 v. 

Rb Biy ase dnoxy 6um HasHa^eHur mecTHaffi^aTb MapmajoBi, 

KpOM^ HÍ^CBOJIBSHXI CeHaTOpOFBy BOTOpHlfB ÓilJíl TOSSe npHCBOeH^B 

THTyjTB Mapinajta. 

IIocTaHOBJíeHie ceHara 6ujio npHÓHTO bo Bcixh BBapTajiax'B 
IlapHsa, a fb «Mo]iiteiir» nofiBNacB craTBfl, oCiflBiflBniafl, nro 
npHHi^eBi cjAfijerb BejnraaTB uMnepamopoKUMZ eucoHecmeoMój bh* 
cosonocraBJíeHHuxi .ibijcb cefbmAocmwo^ mhhhctpobi npeeocxodu" 
meMcmeoMZ^ a MapmajiOBi — uxmodum MapmoAz. 

TaRHM^B oÓpasoirB, Hc^es^ naBcer^a thtjííi vpootedanuna^ yse 
xaBHO no8a(5HT£i{t CB^ToirBy rx% TuryjrB locnoduna CHOBa BCTynajii 
B% CBOH lipasa, HO BOToparo BecBMa crporo ^epsajica cam Eona- 
napTB. Bx 9T0TB se X6hb, 18 Man, npHriacHKE vh oti^xy cbohx^b 
(paTBOBi, Kaiftfacepeca, JleÓpena h xBopi^OBím aojishocthiix^b 
jusnih^ owh BnepBiie, oópan^aflCB Kb hhitb, crajrB BeasnaiB utl 
«Monsieiir> h hh pasy ne o($Mo.iB?jicfl cjiobom^b «citoyeii», HecMOTpfl 
Ha BejvKyio wb Heny npHBuqRy. 

y^pesxeme HunepÍE OTSjíeBJío ynu on npoi^ecca reHepana 
Mopo, BOTopHfi o^naBO irpofflJixsLjicsi. 6 íioha, HanenaTajiH oť^xcrBÍe 
H xonpocs Bctxi noAcyAHMHx^B. 3Rops'B KaxyxaJiB oÓmchhji^, ito 
B% ero iLiaH^ bxo^hjio arraBOBaTB nepsaro Boncyjia; OffB ne cometí- 
Bajioiy 9T0 FB caMom napHsi HaftAyrcfl sparn cyntecrsyioiitaro 
nopflXBa, BOTopiie noMoryn eMy vb ero npexnpiflTÍH; hto oh% 
ynorpetfHjTB 6u bc% cboh ycHjdH, hto($h cHOsa BOssecTH na npe- 
CTOjrB Jbo^OBHBa XYin. Ho obtb OTpHivurB SHaBOMcrso cb Ilinnerpib 

H Ch MopO H OBOHHHJIl CBOH OTB^TH CJI*íyiOntHMH CJIOSaMH: — 

^OBOJBHO CB sacB sepxBi; fl ne xo^ ysejtEHEsaTB hx'b necja. 

EonanapTB Óhjtb nopasen^ TBepiociBK) ero xapaBiepa n ro- 
BopHJi HaifB no BTOMy cjT^aio: — Ecih 6u a kopb cnacnr Boro* 
jm6o H3B 9THXI yÓlfii^By TO Bcero oxoTH^e noMHjrosajix 6u ^Kopasa. 
HaxoHei^rBy 10 ÍH)Hfl ^Ba^i^aTB hs^b no;(cy;!(HMiixi 6vim npHSHanu 

BHHOBHUMH H npECySA^HU Kl CMepTHOfi BaSHE fl MeSAy HEME 
HapSHFB Xe-PEBBepB E repi^OFB Ae-no;iEHBflB!B. Ho CeMepUM^ EFB 

HHx^b, KB TOiTB tocjtí e repiíory xe-IIojiEHBaBy, sa BOToparo xoja- 
TaftcTBOBaja ^ose^^sna, CMepTnaa BasHB saušnesa 6ojAe ejie Men^e 
npoAOJiSBTeAHBnrB saTOHenieirb. OcrajiBHEie 6híie BasneHu, a rese- 
paxa Mopo orsesjE fb Bopxo, rx% owb djii na BopaÓjn^, jífljť 
seHCTBOBaBinift orsesTE ero fb CoeAflHeHHHe-IIlTaTii. Comba ero 
npoxajia cboe EH-bnia no npEBasy EKnepaTopa, BOTopuff BynnjfB 
nacTh EXB E noAapEJTB EM^nie rpo6ya Mapmajiy BepTBe. 

H'6cB0JBB0 AHeĚ cnycTEy *fb «MoDÍt6ur» uomnuicíí npoTecrii 



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168 BMnraub xnponn. 

JStoxQBHKa XVin npoTHBx BOKapeHÍH Hanojeoaa. dron nporecrB 
6uxb HaneHaTaH'B 1 íiojia 1804, ho npoHssejfB cjiaiSoe BneiaT^ftaie. 
SaroBopi Jiíopsa en^e cBJíBHie pacxoiioxiiJrE ^ecTBa h Hen Toro 
He míjisúr, sasiď imrajfo Hacejeme m> npesnefi jureracrÍH. Owh 
^HJťB TaR^B AypHO 8a;(yMaH%, omipajicfl na TaROM^B HeBŠxtmH 
BHyrpeHHflTO cocroflHÍa ^pani^iH b KH']&HÍfi, i^apHBniHi^b bi Heft, 
HMena jhi^, y9acTBOBaBín0Z'B vh HeMi, BnymajH Taa^s najio xo- 
B^piff, H rjiaBHoe — wAtbx^ onacajmcB hobhxx Óemúp^wíovhj so* 
¥opiie noBjíeRjní tfn sa cotfofl bcarúi RpynHHfl nepaiŠHii, ^ro sa 
ncRJuo^eHieiTB h^cboashx^b xBopflH^ saHHrepecoBaHHuxi Bh bob* 
craHOBďeniH yHHHTOseHHaro nopa^Ba bo ^pani^H, hhrto ne coasa- 
jr&TB o(yB BTOfi pasBflBB'^, yapo^HBaBmeft bhobb ycraHOBjeHHyio 
CHcreMy. 

UMnepaiopB yBejB^aai cocravB cbo0X'b npHXBopHHxi; najo- 
no*Ma;iy wb hhcjo hx:b nafiEpajiHCB npesaie xBopane. Birbcii cb 

HHMH HaiaWCB BCflSifl npeHHpaTeJBLBCTBa o iri^CTHHieCTBt, H6X0~ 
BOJIBCTBO BCaRHM^B OTJrBHÍeiTB, BHnaxaBniVM'B HO Ha HXrB J^OXíO. 

M-r Ae-PeMH)8áy nasHaqeHHuft nepBHirB RaMiieprepoirB, craxB mh- 
oieHBH) nx'L nocroflHHOft saBHCTH H o^yTHJCfl vh ocaxHOifB nojio- 
^enÍH. KaROBi 6u hh Óujtl ABOpi, npa BoropoirB naxoxHniBCfly — 
a ABop'B Hano^eona CTaji'B nacrofliitHirB ji^BopoM^Bi — HOBoaMOSHo 
ne npHxaBaTB BnaneHifl bc^m^b rkwb nycmmoMó^ Boropiie cb hhitb 
CBflsaHUy saM^^aerB m-me A6-PeMK)8á. ^ecraufi nejioB^KB, pas- 
cyAfrreaBHuft hojob^bi nacro cthabtca nepeA'^ caiiBirB co6oft 
paAOCxeft HJH ropecrefty npE^BHaeiiux^B eMy penecioicB iiape* 
XBopi^a, H Bce-xaRH HHRaRi He Moaceri otb hhxi orx^aaTBca. 
OpAeHi, jierRafl pasHHi^t vh RocTioM^b, Aocryni vb totb hjh 
xpyrofi cajíOErB — boitb cjiy^aH, noBHXBMOMy secBica Menie, 
AU HenpepuBHHX^ BOJiHenift. T^exHO xoiíji'b Óh ciutb b^b 
HHBTB HeHyBCTBETejiBHiufi. Sna^eHie, BOTopoe ritb wpnwn TOJDa 
jH)xeft, sacraBJíHerB Bací npoiBBi boib EHTepecoBaiBCs hmh. 
Tn^exHO ymi, pasyBrB BOscraBorB npoTHBi xaRoro npentHenifl nejio- 
B^qecRHXi CDOCOÓHOcreft, ho npn bcomi nexoBOJiBCTBŠ co6oh> npHxo- 
ABTCfl npBHBsaxBCfl co BcbMH HJfl ótsaTB OTB ABopa 6e«h OrjlflARRf 
BJB se npBHBMaTB Ri cepAi^y bcí nycraRB, BaRBiCB HaaojHeH% 

BOBAyX^B, ROTOpulTB xaiTB AUHieniB. 

HiinepaTopi A^jiajii en^e Tssejite HeyAo6cTBa, CBasaHHtia es 
ABopi^OBUMH HopflAB&MB, ójiaroxapH CBoeuy xapam^py. Owh ycra- 

H0BBA'B BTHReTB (TB CTporOCTBK) BOBEHOft ABCI^HIlJIBHH. BOCB I^Ope- 

MOHÍaj['L HcnojHfljicfl RaR^B-ÓBi noA^B Óoft 6apa($aHa; Bce A^iaiocb 
TaR^-cRRsaTB 6'£rjuM'B maroifB, h Bia Bt^Haa topohjieboctb, ne- 
npepBíBHufi cípaxi, Bnymaeicuft HanoieoHOMi, vh co^arhohír cb 



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HinoiKOTb. 159 

HeweinrcaHHOCTbK) xo($pofl hojiobhhh ero itapexBopiteFB, np^xua 
ero xBopy CKopie naciiypHHfi, HesejiH cMUffiuH bzkb^ h orne^aTU- 
tíMCh Ha BCJbrB uqaxrs BHpaaseBíeHrB TpeBorH, ne cxoAHBineii^ 
q)exH yxoBOJiBcrBÍfi h mimmixi TopseciBi, kotophmh of& iib^b 
TBieciaBúí sewjii 6utb ORpyseHHmrB. 

JIiD(k)iiiiTHoe Ha6jiK)xeHÍe c^^aia íí BhTj anoxy, h oho oiohb 
3$^aBiuo MeHfl, a BuenHo: "íto no wbpb xoro, Basi BejtBMOSH 
flpasHBxi spweHi npaCiiBajra kb aroicy XBopy, wA ohe, HecMorpa 
la pasBEjQr kb xapaKrepaxB, HcnuxuBaiH neiSojiBinoe pasoiapo- 
Baaie, Koropoe 6iuo xobojbho BypBgsHO Ha6;iH>xaTB. Eorxa ohh 

BOflBJHJIHCB KB nepBIlff pAB^, TO^ BOBfipaiI^CB R^B npHBII«airB 

paH^ett Moxoxocni, Bxuxafl CHOBa Bosxyii XBopi^a, bhah oiiatb 
otMMHisíj lemsíj opxeHa, tpohhiu aajiu, onuna BiipaseEÚf, npH^ 

eBOeHHBUl IVípOBHirB |UJHBD(a]rB, OHH CROpO nOMaBaJlHCB HJJU08ÍH 

I Howrajra, ^rro MoryrB BecxH cefia lasi, savB boje nixorxa kb 
mvh caMHxi najiaTaxXy rxi nepeMteHJiai^ tojibko ocoóa rocDO- 
HHB. Ho CBopo eypQBoe cjobo, pb'mA aoBejorrejBHSifl HpaKB rocao* 
XHHa noaasHBajH hitb, hto Bce hbmíhhjiocb npH btomi xBop6, 

eXIHCZBeffBOiTB KB CBOOITB pOf/b. TOTfifl, Ehffi 6uáO BHA^TB, BaR'B 

OHI Tep^JiHCB, H lyBCTByH, iTO noHBa yxoAHTB y hh» hoa^b ho- 
nMBy HeBOJBHO yrpa^RBajiH bccb cboě anJi0M($i. G6mue (tb Tojsy, 
ciiniBOM^ TH^ecjiasHiie hjh cjuimKOirB cjiaóue jmL tofo, hto6h 
smíhhtb eepBedHOCTBH)^ ^asxoft bx^b HpaBaifB, aerBOMuciie, m 
BoiopoMy hceohh npHBHBw, ohh ne snajiH, RávB (utb h ^t6 ro- 
BopsTB. PeMecio i^p^xBopita 6ujo hh^tosho npn BoHanapT%. 

TaKB KaKl OHO HH Kh ^BUJ HO npHBOXHJO, TO H He HM^O HH- 

xaKoro ^Ha^eHÍa; Ówjio pncKOBanno ociaBaTBCH HeAoefbKom kb ero 
npEcyrcTiÚH, T.-e. coxpaHfliB ynoTpeÓieme cbohxi yMCTBennux^ 
caocoÓHOcreS, no9TOHy jfisí bcšx'b CTanoBuocB Bopo^e h npon^e na- 
JCbaxB jH^qHy xonajHBott noBopnocTH. ď ne ciaHy nepeTOCJiBTB 
B<Ax'B xaiQfeprepoKB. Hxi hhcjio Kaio-no-Majiy BecBMa yBera^H- 
aocB. Hx^B Bu(tepajiH BO BctrB uaccaxi oÓn^ecTBa. Gaiiiie ycepxHiie, 
camie nonaiBBue ycnJ^Bajui Bcero lyqme; hxi peiiecjio 6iiJ0 
AQBOjiBHo luseioe H oneHB csyraoe. ^fbm Óxítk ciaHOBEJicfl w- 
JOjAvh vh EMnepaiopy, tíitb jchbhb axa nero x^ajiacB HenpiarHie. 
JIioXHy KOTopae mAxE cb heitb tojibbo x^obua OTHomeHifl, ho 
wniKnrh nofflaro hohatíh o HenpiaTHux^B cropoHaxi ero xi^Muecrepa. 
Ob ero yifoiTB Bcer^a tfHBajio niHarobe hx^b a'^o, ^itb cb ero 
xi^aKcepairB. 

Mfit pe npHxarcfl laRse mhofo pacnpocrpaHflTBca o Hcenn^iHaxiB 
loft anoxHk fiQHanap£i» nacro noBTOpflj'B ďBxyKMiUa cjosa: — «Ha- 

WÚEOj ^TQ6u SeHH^HHU EB HrpaJIH HEBaSOtt pOJH npE MOeiTB 



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160 B^GTHHirB IBPODH. 

ABopš; OH^ Meflfl He 6yxyrh jiioÓHn, ho sa to ff fiflůuoch rasnrB 
otfpasoMi noKOfl». H ohi^ c;^ep»ajr& cjiobo. Mu yspamaiH CBoam 
npecyTCTBÍeMi ero npasxHecTBa, h ^tewl no^ni orpaHHiHBuacB 
Hama poxb. 

UuueptLTOjfhj tfesycjiOBHo ytitsxeHHiiff vh toite, hto Bjaxu- 
viecTBO sennpiBrB saqaciyio ooiatfjiuo BJiacTB 4^paHi](y8CKHX'E bo- 
poieft, iTO oh4 MHoro nospexH^H FenpHxy IV h JIioxoBHRy XIV, 
ÓesnoBopoTHO ptniHXb, hto npH ero xBopi ont tfyxyn* Hrpan 
poA yRpamemfl — h cxepsajrs cjiobo. He snaK) no^eify, ohi tfiun 
y6&KXeB'By HTO BO $paHi9H OHt yMH^ Mys^HHi, HO BpafiHett 
M^p^ ^acTo BHCBasHBaji^B BTOy H roBopHJi>, ^iTo BocnHiame, BaKoe 
Hif^ XAiOTb, Hax^jflerB hxb bsb^cthoS iobroctbio, soropot crfe- 
xyerB onacaTbcs. IIodTOMy ohb hte HeMHoro 6ofljicji h no oroft 
npH^HHl; xepsajiai na noTrBTenHOirs pascroanÍH. IIoBTOMy rause 
eify cjiy^ajiocB xo Mejo^HOCTH xoboxbtb xocaxy nporaBi hrkoto- 
pinci BBi HBxrs. Ohi TorqacB* HarHajTE m-me a^^mB} soropyio 
Kh caMoiťb fíkA tfofljicji, H Heiraoro nosAH&e m-me xe-BajiB($fl, ko- 
Topaff nodBOJBJía ce61^ nociduiTBCfl Haxi hhitb. 

n^epeMOHÍfl BopoHOBaHÍfl 6uM HasHaneHa cHavaja 18 Ópioiiepa, 
a nosa, ^to6íi noBasaTB, tto otb ne saÓsBaerB pesojioiponniixi 
roxoBntHHi, HMnepaTopB 14 ÍH)^fl cb BeiHBHirB TopsecTBOirB ompa- 
BHica vh HHBajraxHutt xom h npocroflXB o6i]ifliOj po3xajrB opxeni 
IIo^eTHaro Jleriona i^jioě tojdí napoxa, kb cocraBi Boropoi bxo* 
AHJiH npexcTa6HTe;iH npaBHrejiBCTBa, apnÍH h XBopa. TarB Basi 

HRTateJH XOJISHH SX&TB9 9T0 Vh 9THZI BOCnOMHHaHÍflrB OHH 6y- 

;tyTB HaniRaTBCfl BpeMJi otb BpeiieHH na maifl noxpo($HOCTH, iso- 
Topufl HanoMHHaiorB, hto ztl noxcsasajia seHCBaa naMflTBy lo ji 
He npeMHHy no Brony noBOxy coofin^BTBy xo BaROflcreneHH vmíe- 
paxpHi^a ciyifbjíay 6jiaroxapfl CBoeiiy yn^HBio ox^BarBCfl, — nosa- 
saTBCfl Koaoxofl n mhiobhxhoR vh TOini mojoxuxi r xopo- 
meHBBHrB sennuiHx, cpexH icoropnxrB ona BnepBue hosbemcb b% 
uyÓAEťb. Ona 6iiJia oxtxa vh uMme hsb posoBaro tv>m^ yciflHHoe 
cope6pflHinfH 8BŠ3xaMH, o^eHB OTBpuToe no Torxanraefl mox%, ro* 
;iOBa efl 6iijia ytfpana MHOsecTBom ^pEJudanroBurB R0Ji0CBeBi», h 
9TorB cvbwiŘ H ÓjniCTaTeJtBHutt TyajierB, HSfln^ecTBO ea hoxoxkh, 
npejiecTB yjiHÓBH, aporociB BsrjBxa, npoHBBOJiH lasoe BneiaTjrtme, 
vro fl cjíumajia otb miorHxi jihi^, npHcyrcTBOBaBniHrB npH i^epe- 
mohíh, tto HMnepaTpHi^a saiUHjia Becb ORpyssaBniiĚ ee Bopresib. 
HeMHoro xb^B cnycrs, HM^epaTop^ ornpaBHJCfl vh Byjioncsíft 
jarepB, h ecjH bíphtb xoxHBmHMi lorxa cjiyxairB, anrjiH^aHe bi 
caMoiťB x'&r& Ha^HHajH onacaTBCfl, Raai-fiii ne ocyn^ecTBuacB no- 
niiTRa xecanra. Bi npoxojtseniH ciiniBoirB oxnoro m^cai^ obi x^ 

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HÁn0210BÍ. 161 

aajib CMOTpu pasjQHHUMi Ropnycaifx CBoefl apMÍa, wb ry nopy 
CTOJb KHoro^ecjeHHOffy i^e^Tymefi h oauiBjíesHofi. Ohi npEcyíciBO* 
BftXL npH HicROJBRflx^B cxBaTRax'b, npoucxoAHBoiHXi MesAy BopaÓ- 

JUIMH, HECB ÓJOKHpOBaBmHMH, H HamHlfH j)ÍOTflJÍaHH, npHHUMaB- 

mflHH rpo3Hufl BHA'b. DpeAaBaacb dXHifB BonHCRHai'B 3aHaTiaM^^ ohi 
HBxan H']teBOJBBo AespeiOBi, AOJiseHCTBOBaBniHxi peryjtapoBaib 
npKXBopHHfi i^epeMOHÍa^irb h paarB pas^e^Hiixi BJiacTefi, lOJibKO- 
?T0 coBAaHHiixi HMi. Owb o6o BceMi ycn']&Baji'B j^naTB h yxe 
cocraBOJii lafiHufl njaH'b npEPjacHTi* naay ea cbok) sopoHai^íp, 

H ^06£I AO^HTBCfl BTOrO, HC SaiÍJIl^ yCHJlit H XHipOCTH. Ofll 

nooiajrb opjsfiwb no^ernaro Jleriona BapAH&ajiy Kaapapo, naacKOMy ^ 
aeraiy. 3ro OTiHqie conpoBOxx&Jiocb jecTHUMH cjOBane a^a nepBO- 
CBflDieHHHBa H yr&DiHTejbHUMH vh mucjL^ BOscraaoBJíeHifl peaHrÍH. 
Hx'B Hane^aiajiH vb «Momtear». 

OAHaBO, Ror^a oh'b coo6ii^bji'b bo^ rocy^apcTBeHEOM-B coKbvb o 
HaM^pemH noj^BpšnHTB CBoe BucoBoe nojioseHie pejiHrio3HO& i^epe- 
MOHÍefl, eiiy npBinaocB Bux^psaTb onaosHi^ÍEo mhofhxi 9jieH0B'B 
rocy^apcTBenHaro coB^ia, csaHAajHSHpoBaBniHxca 3thmh peiHiios- 
HUMH nonojiSHOBeHÍiiMH. Mesxy npoHHifB, TpeaBflp'B cejbeo npo* 
TBBHJCfl dTOMy. HMnepaTopi npeAOcraBHJTB eny roBopnrB h noroMtB 
OTBtTHJi: — «Bii xyse Měna snaere ly nonsy, na sanofl uu 
CTOBiťB; sBafiie, ^to pe^Hria xajeBO ne yrpainja CBoefi chjui, JOLK^b 
BaM'B 9T0 Basexca. Bbi noHaxia ae HM^eie, nero a aocthtb, tfja- 
ro^apa nonani, BOiopiixi chyuijib npBBJíenB ea cbok) cropoHy* 
Bo ^paHi^ie ecTB xpExi^aib A^napTaneHTOBi, HacrojiBBO peiarios- 
Biix'B, ^TO Mfli BOBce HC seiaxejiBHO 6opoTBCfl Cb nanofi. £ nory 
yrsepAETB cboh) BjacTB, xo-eciB BjiaciB pesojioifiE, Boxopyio naMi 
Bciiix sejiaxejiBBO ysp^nEiBy aEioB tImi tojibko, hto noonepeAHO 
CBOMapoMeTTEpyio Bcb aBTopEieru*. 

B^pHuS CBoeMy Bsrjaxy na SHaneflie peiHcifl, EMnepaTopi 
00(^3*6 BopoHOBaHÍa B3Aaji A^RperBi yciaflaBJíHBaBaiia hobhA Bare- 
XB3HCB rajiíBRaHCBofi i^epBBE. Ero nasBajE Eamuxuaucd Eoccfiodmay 

B BS.liOHEJlfl BB HeFO paAOM'B CB y^eHÍeMl, SaBMCTBOBaHHBIMl y 

enECBona Mó, hícbojibbo BecBMa 3aM'&qaTejiBHux'B ^pas^, BacaxejBHO 
oÓasaHHOcrefi ^panitysoBi bi BMnepaTopy: 

CmpaHi^m 55. ^Bmpoa. B-h leMi sasjío^aiOTca oÓasaHHOCTE 
xpBCTÍaH!B no OTHomeHÍK) z% rocyxapaiii, eme ynpaBJUnon^EMi; h 
BasoBu vb HacTHOCTE HamE otfflsaHHoafl Kb HanojieoHy I^ eameMy 
BMnepaTopy? 

^Ofnefbfnz. XpEeriane oÓasaHu no oiHomeHiio bi rocy^apam, 
EME yiipaBiflion^EMi, a mu bi HaciHOCTE no OTHomeHÍK> Kb Ha- 
BoaeoBy I, HameMy EHoepaTOpy, .uo6obbh), yBaxeHieMi, noBBHO- 

ToMi IV.— iDJtt, 1880. 11 

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162 BftGramiBSomL 

Bemeici, b^phoctbio, bocehoS cjysóofl, noxaTnoi, BSHifaeicHiíH x^ 
noM^piKaflk H san^HTU HimepíH h xpona^ no^nsTB h csyTsmh 
CBoeuy HMnepAiopy sEMETby cjtxoBareiBHO, no^HTax^ h csjíssTb 
caMOMy Bory. 

^B(mpocd. He cyo^ecTByerB jh ocotfeHauzi npaqaffB, ROTopu 
AMSflu cHJiBHiie npHBJígBBaTB Han bi^ HanojeoHy I, HameMy 
HMnepaTopy? 

^OmerMHz. JíjBk; naiOMy hio owb Ton, soro npHSBan Focnox^ 
vh TpyxH£izi o($cioaTeJBCTBaxi BoacraHOBHib oÓn^ecTBeHHoe ornpaB^ 
jeme cbatoS pexHrÍH Hamaxi otaobi h tfuTL ea noKpoBBiejieirB. 
Ohi BOBCTaHOBHJTB H coxpaHHJi o<$ii(ecTBeHHiifi nopaxon, (Sjuiro- 
wpsL CBoeft rjyÓORoS h x^xeiBHOt Myxpocni; ohb san^Hntaerb 
rocy^apcTBO CBoeio moo^hok) pyioft, ohb cnurB noKasaHHHBOirb 
Focnoxa nepee^ ÓjarociOBenie, noiiy^HHoe hitb otb nq)B0CB£- 
nteHHHRa, riaBu BceMÍpnol nepzBE. 

^B(mpooh. KaKL aojjuo xy^^uub o lirb, soiopse HapyniaHxrb 
CBOM (KSflsaHHOCTH jffb HameMy HHiiepaTopy? 

^OmetMHz. Ho ciOBairB CBaroro anocrcua IlaBM, ohh conpo- 
THBjflK)TCfl BeziBum canoFO Bóra h aaciysHBaHrrB sí^naro ocys* 
xeHifl». 

dron BarHXHSHCTB noxan moBOXh m-me GrajiB saM^THiB: «Moxho 
noB^piTBy ^10 EoHanapri pacnoiaraerB axom, Boropiurb rposHTE 
Bi ÓyxjíofiŘ SH8HH, pasBi noTOMy TOURO, iTO OHI xten o Hem 
HOHarie h b% ex^niHeMi Mip^». 

Becuia Bi^poarao^ ixo nany y(H&xuH npíi^xaTB bo $paHipjK> 
JHHIB rbK%j iTO nocyxHJiH orpoMHHfl BiiroA£i H ycrynsH xix pe- 
jihtíi, RaKÍa owh iqrnHrB nyiem CBoeft jnotfesHOCTH. Owb npjí(íus% 
vh ^OHxeHtf JO, piímHBHiHCb HOAVHHiTBca Bceity, nb on nero no- 
TpeCyexcfl, h, necMorpa na npeBoczoxcrBOi Ron^oe Me^Tai^s BHsa* 
saTB Hax'B HHiTB no&bffrrejíhj npHHyxiBmitt ero kb TaROMj nepe- 
XBHseHÍK)) H Heciiorpa na to, vso Harni ffiop% ne Hutn hh na- 
ji^fimei CRjiOHHOCTH BURasuBaiB no^ieme rocyxaiw), ne pacnoia- 
raBmeMy mnarot vb ^bcjA cbohzi i^tpcRHXi perajrit, — nana 

BCbTb HOpaaUUTB XOCTOIHCTBOITB CBOH^B MaHOpB H BaSHOCnK) 
OCaHRH. 

HicnepaTopi Bti^ajrB rb Heny na-Bcrpl^ 8a H^bcROJBBO jaé, 
H Rorxa ORHnasH hopobejuhcb, Bamen mrb RapexH, ^ cx&iai<& 
H ero CBaišfimecTBO. Ohh paci^jiOBajiHCB h dbxE vb oahhi 9rh- 
nsL3B,% — HMnepaTopi cbjťh vb nero nepBBurB, maóu npexecraBETb 
nani npaBoe m^cto (otiiacHajii «Monitear» loro Ana) — h BicJtor^ 
BepnyjHCB bo xaopei^. 

B'B 6HTflocTB nainy bi ^OHienÓJO, noaBHJCfl kb «Momteur» 



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HAnojnoHib. 163 

xespen cenaia, Boropnici — vh CHJiy npoB^pra, upoESBe^enHot 
ceHaTCsoĚ BOMfifHCcieB na^i cneCBaMH rojocoBi, noxaHHBix^ no bo- 
npocy o&h HMnepÍH — BoHanapn h ero ^aMHim npesfiasajiHCb 
npHBBaHHUMB Ha npecTOvix $paHi^ÍH. 

OÓn^ee ^aoro HdÓepaTeviefi npocTHpajiocb ao 3.573,898. 3a da 
nojajH 3.572,329; 8a HMm—Bcevo 2,569. 

^BopB BepHyjicfl vh napHS'B vb leiBeprB 29-ro HoaÓpfl. Enne- 
paTopi H nana npiixajiE fb oahoS Kapely ero CBfliiftinecTBO 6u3% 
noiAmfiWb vb nmEAboni ^jiopuj h EMnepaTop^B HasHaTOJi enjvh 
ycjyseme lacTB cbohx'b npHABOpHnxi. 

Bi nepBiie ahh CBoero npeÓHBaHÍa bx IlapEsi^, nana ne bh- 
jíbjFh co CTopoHH SHTejiefi Toro noireeifl, na Baxoe mopb pasené- 
TBBaTB. Tojina hbi jiK>5onHTCTBa rtcHHjacib na ero nyrn, sor^a 
owb nocbntajx i^epBBH, h noA'B ero 6ajiB0H0irB vb t% vacH, Kor^a 
owb noflB.7flJiCfl na neirB, hto6íi jtaiB CBoe 6j[arocjiOBeHÍe. Ho Maio* 
no-Majiy pascBasti jhi^^b, npnfiiíBsaBniHXca b'b neify, o xoctohhctbí 
ero iianepi; tfjiaropoAHUfl h TporaTejiBHHfl cjiOBa, CRaBanHiia VLWb 
FB pasjHiHEix^B cjy^asx^B H nepexasaeMUfl mojibo8, h anjioií5:b, ci 
KaBHiix OHI BHAepsHBaji nojiosenie, ctojib nenpBBn^Hoe xm 
raaBBi xpHCTÍaHCTBa, npoHSBejiH BaM^THyiD nepeniBy j^ase vb hhb- 
niHx^ cjiOflx^B Hapoxa. Bcsopi leppacca TiojBepn crajia noRpnBaiBCfl 
no yrpaiíi rpoMa^nofi TOJinofl, CRJiOHaBnieft Boa^HH noxi ero 
(SiaroaiOBemeirB. ^osbojihjih napoxy npHXOAHTB vb HSBŠCTHue 
^acH AHfl vb JlyBpcByK) rajiepeio, e nana npExo^HjrB vb nee e 
(SiarocjiOBJEJi^B npEcyrcTByionilEX^B. Mnorifl Marepn noABOXEjni eiiy 
jíbteSy CB BOTopHME 0H'B oÓpao^ajiCB oco6eHHO jiacBOBO. O^Hasjpi 
nejiOBÍKbj esbícthhB cboeme anTE-pejiHriosHUMH yfi^sA^HiaiiE^ 
HaxoAHJicfl vb BTofi rajiepei, e TaB^B BaBi npEmejii tojibbo eb^b 
jx>6onBTCTBa, to e xepsajcfl vb CTopoHŽ, BaB'B-<$£i seataa yB^o- 
HHTBCJi OTL ÓJtarocjOBeHÍfl nanu. Hana noAomejTB kb Heny e, yra- 
xaBib ero TaĚHyio b BpaacAetfnyH) mhcjib, bpotbo CBaBajTB euj: 
«3aHŠirB Bu CTopoHHTecB OTB MeHE? PaBBŠ ÓJiarocjíOBeHie crapoBa 
npeAcraBjflerb Baayio-HECyAB onacHOCTB?» 

BcBop^ BecB napEsi EanojiHEďca noxBajiaicE, pacronaeMHME 
nan%, e bto neMeAJieHHO BOsÓy^EJio pesnocTB EHneparopa. Ofl!B 

HpEHEJl M^pH, BHHyXHBinia OFO CBflT&fimeCTBO yBJIOHflTBCH OTb 

ycepAEaro noBJíoHeHÍa CBoero B^pnaro cra^a, h nana, noHABrnift 
j^viEHy BOsCyjBAeHHOĚ EiTB xpeBorE, CTaji's emfi cxepniaHHie e 
me noBasaji^B h npEBnaBa BiicoROn^pHofi rop^ocTB. 

dra vepra peBHOCTB ejb saBECTE bo BcaBony nysony ycn^y 
tfsua npEcymia HanojieHy, e b(A npBÓJiflseHHue, vb toicb HEcat 
m ero acesa ^3e^[»Efla, oiJíEqHO snajiE ee. OAHaa&AQ, vb OTcyrcTBie 

11* 

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164 BKTHHinb IBPOnH. 

Hanovietma mrh IlapH^a, a npe^JiosHJia ^se^HH^ no%zaTi> fb- 
Teaxpi A^fl pasBďeHeHÍfl. Ho ona OTB']&Haja, ^to leaipi He na 
CTOJBBO A^fl HGfl 8aHHMaTeJieHi&, HTOÓH OHa ^xBiSQ, wb Hero incog- 
nito, OTRpiiTO se ona ne CM-^^erB noHBHTbCfl b'b xeaipt. «Ho no- 
veny se? » cnpocHjiafl ee. «Mh'6 Basercn, hto pyROiuecsaHiii, BaKífl 
BH xaMiBcipÍTHTe, 6y;íyrBnpiflTHHHMiiepaTopy». — «RaB'B bh najo 
SHáeie ero> ,— OTBÍnajia ona mhš. «Ecjih ubesl ciHinBOifB xopomo npo- 
Myra, fl ysípena, ^to owb Óy^eii peBHOBaxb ki ipiyM^y, wh ko- 
TopoiTB OH^ He y^acTBOBaj^.. Kor^a ue^ pyBonjemiyrE, owh JiioÓUTh 
npHHHMaTB y^acTÍe vh ifoeifB jmixi^ h a ocBop6jiH) ero, ecjiE 
CTany HCBarB ycnixoBi, vh Boropiixi ofb ne ^y^en y^acTHHBOiTB*. 
,S yse roBopEja, ^to nicnepaTopi HcnpaBjfljcB j^HHaHCEr, noBpo- 

BBTeJLCTB06aJI'b TOpPOBXiy HayEaMX^ ECSyCCTBy, HO BCibWh BTHM^ 

OHI sejiaji ynpaBjíflTB, bcšitb pacnop^aaiBca, Bce EcnpaBjflTB bs 
CBoefi BuroA^, 6£ítl i^eHrpoM^B BCAsaro xBosenífl. PascRaBiiBajH^ 
HTO, oxnpaBjflflCB wh n^pBHff HrajiBflHCBifi noxo;rB, OHib roBOpHJi'B* 
OAHOMy sypnajiHcry, hb-b cbohx^b ípysefi:— Ilporay Bací bb cbohx-b 
noB^CTBOBaBÍflxx o HaiDHX^B no6ÍAax'B roBopniB 060 Murt, tojbro^ 
060 MHfb, cjuniHTe JiB?» iS 6ujío B^HHuiťB BpHBOifB ero jiBqHara 
HecT0J[H)6ifl: — roBOpexe tojibbo 060 Murty BOcn^Bafirey XBajfHTe, pa- 
cyfíTeMeHHy — roBopEjiOHiopaTopairB^KysuKaHraiii, noaraiTB, shbo- 
HHCiíaM-B, — fl 6y;^y noKynaxB y BacB Bce, nxb xoxHxe, ho bcí bb 
f,ojijRMU 6uTh npoAasHHy— n, HecMOipa na CBoe se^anie oxifixHXB 
CBOfi B^Ri BciiíH HyAecaMH, OH'B npHnycxHJii Ri xajraHxy xora 
paspymHTejiBHaro ^epBfl, Roxopufi, coRpyman bc^ ero ycHJiiji h 
HamH, eseAHeBHO norjion^ajii n marx sa maroMi cxHpaJTB Ójaropo^- 
HyH) HesaBHCHHoaBi Roxopaa o^na xo^ibro cnocoÓcxByeTB pa8BHxÍH> 
renifl h ^^aHxasin vh RaROfi 6u xo hh 6£ijo c^pi. 

nepBOfi, rjiaBHofi i^^jibh) ^ecroxío6ia Hano^eona ÓErjra BjacxB, h 
OFB npexnoHeji^B 6u MHpi>, ecjin 6n inipi mopb ycHjHXB ero BjacxB. 
Yicy HOjoBÍiecROMy npHcyn^e cxpeMJieHÍe coBepmencxBOBaxB sce xo^ 
^5 ero nenpepBiBHO sanHMaexi. Hiniepaxopi, b'6hho sanaxHfi 
MucjiBio pacmHpnxB cboid BjracxB, pacnpocxpaHSjfB ee bcímh nyxAHH 
h bo b(A cxopoHu H BCRop']^ nepocxaji^B nepenocHXB MajiifimyK) 
onnosEiÚK). $opxyHa onpoRHXUBajia nepe;^ HHifB o^ny sa xpyroS 
Bci eBponeficRÍfl j^ajiaHrEy h owb ne coMHŽBajicfl 6ojBnie vb xohx, 
^xo cyABtfa npHBBajia ero peryjHpoBaxB no CBoeny ycKOxpÉHÍK> 
HHxepecH Bcšxit ABopoBi BOHXHHeHxa. IIpesHpafl oón^ee yBasenie 
yMOB^B CBoero bšrb, ycMaxpBBaa bo ^paHio^scROfi penojiiDiýH, dTOui> 
BOJiHBOAťB npeAOCxepeseHÍH^ AaHHOM'B bcími ropojami, anniB xaRoe 
co6Hxie, pesyjiBxaxBi Roero ohx mofb 8Rcn:iyaxHpoBaxB vh cbok> 
HOJBsy, OHI HBTxajicfl npespaxBXB 4>paHi^y8CRyio poBOJtiaipio vh 



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HinojuoH^b. 165 

npocTyio Hrpy cjy^afl, m fiesnojesHyio nepeAPflry, Boropan nepe- 
iricTHia oahÍ JH9H0CTH. Crojbro pasi npHÓ^raJTb ohi ri aroiiy 
napaAOBcy, ^to6ei pasc&rrB ocacesifl: — «4^paH];y8CROfi pesojtioitÍH 
Benero onacaiLCfl, TaBi khitb coMj^hvb saHHMaerB upowh Eyp(5o- 
BOBx>. Buicrb ci t^mi oh^ Bu^aBUi ce6fl bopojiaitb sa onopy 
npecTOJORB: «Ta]CB reb^, roBapHBEJii oh'b, a yen^TOSEJi pecnyd- 
jursy. H npe Bceirs dioiťB Boo6paseHÍK) ero Mepen^HJCfl BaRoit-TO 
nojy-^^A&JiBHEifi nopflAORiy npHM'lHeHÍe ROToparo, HecoMH'6HHO 
onftCHoe, TaR'B reri BUHyaR^ajio ero ri boBhí, BM^jroen^e e to 
HeyxotfcTBO, HTO ocja60.TO ero BHTepeci vh ^paHi^ie. BcRop^ HaoDía 
crpana crajia euy RasaTBCfl npocio jhiub 6o.ibmofi nposBHi^iei 
HanepiH, Roropyio owb 3Re;ia;i'B noA^HHBTB CBoeiiy B^Ea^unecTBy. 
Menie osaÓoHeHHiifi HaniHMx ÓJiarococrosHÍeirB, H^Trb HamHM'B Bean- 
deiTB, ROTopoe vb cyn^HocTH 6eijo ero coficTBeHHiiiťB BejiH^ieiťBy 
OHI »fyuwh npeBpaxHTB HfiocTpaHHB[X'B rocy^apefl vb cbohx'b 

JieHHHROBX. Owh BOOÓpaSBJlX, HTO AO^LeTCfl aXOrO, paSM^CTEBl HJie- 

HOKB CBoei ^aMHJiiH Ha pasjíH^iHurB npecTOjaxi, h vh ero njífkwi 
Aeno y(H&AHTBca TOJiy, rto BHHMaiejfcHO npoqrerB j^pnyiy npn- 
CflFH, ROTopofi OHI TpeÓOBajTB OTx Ropojiefi H npHHi^eBi, cos^asae- 
MíATb HMi. «ď xoHy, roBapBBaai oh'b HHorxa, aoChtlca tofo, 
KTo6u Bcb esponefiCRÍe RopojH npBHysA^HU Óujh hm'6tb no ABopi^r 
Bi er^naxi napExa, h htoÓu vh dnoxy RopoHa^iE EMneparopa 
^paHiQrdOBi OHE Bcb npEcyrcTBOBajH npn nefi e npE^asajiH elt 
eqe 6ojsfke TopsecTBenHOCTH cboemi noBJíOHenieiix*. 

Bce xoRasfiBaerB, hto EMnepaTopx sarifljTB noByio ^^eoAajbHyio 
CECTeMy, no CBoeny ocoíOMy njany. Ho RpoMÍ npenaxcTBií, ro- 
TopnE ÁHrjifl ne nepecraBajia BosABEraiB ero njiaHaui, oh'b na- 
TOjiKHyjCE na saipy^Heme, npEcyn^ee ero xapaRiepy. B'b neiťB 
saRi (JyffTo SHao XBa nejiOB^Ra. Oaehi, tfe8'B comh^í^híe, Óojrite rojioc- 
^raiBHHfl^y q^iTB BejaniRifl, ho CRoptiB na saMAcm, h ne uesHe cro- 
pHfi na hx'b BunojHenie, na^pacuBajTB n^aai^ cocraBJíeHHutt eitb. 
Ororb Hejofii(Ri, abesemeiS oahoS toibro E^eefi, Rasajicfl cbo6oa- 

flUll'B OTB BCflREX'B BTOpOCTeneHHUXl BneHaTJr6HÍÍ, ROTOpUE MOrJE 

nonimaTB ero njiany; aiOTB ^ojiobI^ri, (5yxB y nero ifLiBio 6jiaro 
9ejOBÍ?ecT6a, npn cnoco6HOCTflX'B, B£iRa8aHH£ix'B eitb, Mon 6u 

CtdLTh CaiUIlTB BeJIEREMX HeJOB^ROlfB, RaROfi ROr^a- Je60 nOEBJEJICE 

ea seujíš, e caifuiTB Heo^HRHOBeHHuicB, ^^aro^apa cejí CBoefi npo- 

HHI^TeJIBHOCTE H HaCTOfriBBOCTH CBOeft BOJE. 

Bropofi EoHanaprB r&cno CBasannufi cb nepBEiiTB, to^ho Ra- 
RaE*T0 HeHBcrafl cob^ctb, nosepaeMufi (^esnoROficTBOHi, Henpe- 
puBHo BOJHyeMHfi noA08p'ibHÍflME, pa(5i BByrpenoEXi crpacrefi, ne* 
AOBd&pHHBBft, onacaK)u^ificfl BCEROtt EiacTE, Aftse TOfi, ROTOpyK) caiTB 



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166 B1^GTHHS'B iBFonn. 

eosxajii. EcjUí Heo6xoAHMOCTb esb^thuicb y^pes^eHÍS BUHCHa^iacB^ 
XJifl HerOy ero nopas&iE vh to se BpeMfl o rb upasa, Roropua 
OBH AftBaan j[HHHOCTflii'By H Borb ero co6cTBeHHoe xBopenie Haunajo 
nyraTB ero, h obi ae mopb npoTHBHTBCfl sejaniio uaio-no-icajy 
yHHHTOSBTB oro. Kop^a OH'B B08CTaH0BHJi'B THTyju H posAdJii Mafio- 
paxu CBOHiťB MapmaJiaHiy euy ue pasi* cjy^ajocB BucKasuBaTB: 
«BorB jiiDAHy BOTopuxi a CA'i^jiaa'B HesaBHCHMtiaíHy ho a cByifiio 

CnpaBHTBCfl CB HHMH H HOlťJ&niaTB HlfB (5ilTB He(5MroAapHEiMH». 

nodTOMy, KOFAa HeA0B']&pie OBJiaA'i^Baiio hitb, ohi xyMaja['B toibbo a 
TOMi BaiTB 611 HBOJiHpoBaTB Jífoxefi; ocjia6juij'B ceueftEua ysu, noBpo- 
BHieaBCTBOBaji jHHHtiiťB HHiepecaiTB vb yn^epďi oÓu^hitb. 3to pes- 
HHBoe noAOsp^Hie to^hjo ero KaBi nepBs, h noH^brnaio euy 
npoHHO ocflOBaiB xasoe 611 xo hh 6ujio a^o, aasoe ero tbopto^ 
CKaa ^aHiadifl ne nepecraBaja Eso^pixaTb. 

Co BciiťB liiTB, offB coBHaBaji'B HHorAa, HTO HAerB Hanepeaop^ 
o6ii^eM'B cxpeiueHifliťB B^sa, ho noJiaraii'B, hto HaflA^n fb ce(% 
AOciaxo^HO cojUy HTotfu CAepísaxB hxi. H']&croíibro hobah^ eny 
cjiynaiocB BucBaBKiBaxB: <noBa a sabi, a 6yAy AapcTBOBaTB, sasiB 
xony, HO C£iH'B MOfi 6yAerB BunysA^Hi 6£ixb juóepajOMi*. 

Ho BepnoMca x'b aoponai^in, 

HMnepaxpHiiia AOB^pHJia mh'^, hto se^aja 6u noABP'i^nHTB CBoft 
C0Km> CB HanoieoHoiTB niepROBsuirB 6paK0Hx, BOxopEifi ne Óuzi^^ 
coBepnieH'B panBoie. Ona snorAa saroBapHBaja o&h dwwh cb HMne- 

paxOpOHl, HOH^B HO OpOXHBHJICa BTOMy, HO SaM^HaJCB, HXO eczH 

Aase OH^b npHBOBerB cBau^eHHHBa b% ce6t na aomi, to ace se 
9X0 HOJiBsa ÓyAerB cpíbjíeiJh xaBi cespeiHO, hto6ei ne ysnaia, tto 
AO TbTh nop'B OH'B ne 6ujn> oÓBlHnaHB b^ niepBBH; h no Bxoft 

JIH npHHBH^, HJIH HOXOMy, HTO aKOJajlX COXpaHHTB B08M0SH0CTB HO- 

paaTB BX07B 6paB'B^ ohb nocxoaHHO, xoxa oneaB iiarBO, oxaepraj^ 
Bci^ npocBÓu seHH 061 BTOiťB. Ona pimHja saatb npišsAa nami, 
pascHBTUBaa, hto ohi efi noMoserB bi 8toh'b a^^* 

3a ABa AHfl AO xopoHaipH^ r. Ae-Peniosá^ KoiopuS, spoMi o6fl- 
saHHOCTH iiepBaro' BaMMeprepa, cooAHHflji eo^e h ofiasanHOCTH na- 
^ajBHHsa rapAepo($HOff, h Ha aoToparo no Bxoft hphhhh^ bo^io- 
seHBT 6ujiE Bc£ nperoTOBjenia no ^acTH HMnepaTopcKHX'B bocth)- 
MOBi, npHnecB HMnepaTpBi](^ ea Esau^HyK) AiM^ny, tojbbo - hto 
OBOHqeHHyH), h Hameji'B ee Heoó^isHOBeHHO AOBonnofi h paAOCTHoS. 
OrBOAfl Moero Mysa fb CTopony, ona coo6m;ash eny, ^to yTpoKS 
Toro AHa vh RaÓHHerfi HMnepaTopa ycTpoeni 6u j'b ajrrapB, h xap- 
AHHaxB ŤeuTb o6BŠH9aji'B ee rb npHcyxcTBiH Asyxx aA^Bio- 
xanTOBi^. no(xi']& ii[epeMOHÍH ona noxpeÓOBajia orB aapAHnajia hhcb- 
xennaro caHA^TejBCTBa 061 btom^b Ópaai. Ona naacerAa coxpa* 



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HÁnojiK^rb. 167 

HHja ero npa ce(% h, HecMorpa na wA ycsjíúi uMnepaiopa^ He 
eonaciuac]^ eny BOSBpaTHTB ero. 

HaROHeiO, 2 xeBa<$p£ npoHsomM i^epeMoms KopoHOBanifl. Cna- 
faja npeAnonarajiHy hto nana Ha^t^Hen Kopony na EMneparopa, 
HO EoHanaprB ne AonycRaJii h mhcjih, ^to ohi Mosers nojLy^ETB, 
ee im uHx^-HHÓyAB pyB%, h CRasaji^ no drony noBO^y (Mosa, 
saneceHHHfl m-me OrajB vh CBoe co^EHeme: «Š HameJTB Kopony 
$paHi(ÍH na nojiy, h noxrajB ee» («j'ai troavé la couronne de 
France par terre, je Tai ramassée»). IIocji^ jtpjíTETh npennpa- 
leiBCTBi pimeBO 6iuo, ^to HMnepaTop'B co($CTBeHHopyHHO naA$- 
Hers na cefifl Bopony, a nana tojbro 6jiarocjOBinrB ero. 

Dana npi'6xaji> vh i^epsoBB hžckojebkemh nacaBiH pasBme HMne- 
paxopa H Tepn^JiHBO AOSExaica ero, chaa na Tponi, BOSXBHray- 
foiTb vb itepsBH, ne 2Ra;iyflCB ns na xozoji^hj nn na xojiroe osa- 
xanie npE^mifl Bopresa. S^epsoBB Notre-Dame ÓHJia or^^jiana eo 
Bi^coiTB H BejiHBOJiinieMx. Bi rjiy^nn^ es coopyAHora a^a HMné- 
paropa nHmnnfl iponi, Tfib owh mofb nonHTBCH ORpysennsifl 
Bcbwh CBOBMi ABopoH'B. IlepexfB on^xoMi Wh i^epsoBB naci Bsejiii 
vh noBon B]lnepaTpH^H. Hamn lyajerii 6iijíh ÓjecTAntn, no ÓJiecB^B 
Hxi ($^AH^'B nepe^B djíecKOWb TyajreroFB nifnepaTopcBofi ^aMEjin. 
IixnepaTpEi](a ocodenno ciajadpHJiJiiaHTaME n, npE^ecannafl MejmEiiE 
fiyuflME, BaBi npfl^ecBiBaiHCB bo Bpeuena JlioxoBHBa XIV, Basa- 
jacB Mojoxofl ABajwaTEJL^Tnefi senn^nnofi ^). Ha nefi 6ujio EB.xbso 
npHABopnoe njtaiBe n Manrifl ekb (S&iaro axiaca, Buminusi bojio* 
TOirB H cepeÓpoiťB. Ha neft 6um noBusna, sojiiBe, cepBrn s noECB 
W9h tfpEJijianTOBi, ÓojiBmofi víbnu^ n Bce bto ona nocEJia cb oónm- 
Hofi rpaitíefi. 

npEÓHBi vh Notre-Dame, EMnepaTopi otiaeBca vh napaxnEifl 
BOCTioirB, soTopufl n^CKOJBBO noAaBJujii ero. Ero MajienBBaa ^nrypa 
cobcími flcnesjía noA'B rpoMaXHoS ropnocraeBofi Manriefi. IlpocroS 
jaBpoBjufl B^noBi oBpysajTB ero rojiony; on^b noxoAui na antnq- 
nym) Me^au, e ^hjtb ^q[)e8BH^aino Ó^ijífiwbj ownB B8BOJinoBan'B, 
HO BHpaacenie ero rjiasi 6uso crporo e nicsoJiBBO pacrepanno. 

l^epeMoniE 6um o^enB BpacEBaa e BejBHecTBenHaH. MHnyra, 
Bor^a na EHnepaTpEiQr 6Hjia Boaiosena Bopona, BUBBSJía Bceo6n^tt 
BocToprB, ne caiia no ce0£, no noTOMy, ito EMneparpni^a 6uja 
TERTB rpai(iosna, TaB'B Esaupo n npocio noxonijia bs ajTapio n 
onycTuacB na boji'£he^ ito bcšx'b BOCXEn^aia. Eor^a efi npnmjiocB 
HXTH 01^ ajTapfl B^B rpony, to y nefi npeasom^a ne6oiBinaji nepe- 



^) Ei 6iuo coporb oMjm roxi, Taxi rasi ona poxuacB bi Mt^yriHHt^ 23 íoha 
1768 r. 



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168 fifiOTEHKb IBFOnH. 

6paHBa es esi sciOBRauH, ROToptui cl Tasofi HeoxoroS necjH es 
MaHTiio, HTO s BHA^jia, HTO ŮwiB, MBíHyra, BCMTxa HMnepaTpBi^ 
HejiBSfl 6ujio CTyoBTB máry Bnepex^. HifnepaTopB, saii^THBx dio, 

CRasa^TB CBOBMl CeCTpaiťB H-iCKOJBRO CJXEXh H SeCTRliX^B CJIOB^, 

ROTOpHfl Bcixi npHBejH Vb nopflXOR^. 

nana bo Bce BpeM2 8Tofi i^epeMOBÍH hmíji bhx% noRopeoS 

SepTBBT. 

Orojio jsfiyiT, HJE Tpex^ ^acoBi, BecB Ropiess CHOBa Hanpa- 
Birjcfl vh TiOJBepHyH mei BepHyjHCB xy^a yse vh cynepRE, roto- 
pufl paHO HaerynafOTB bi ^^eRaÓpi M']&cai^, HanrB nyrs 0CBÍii^a.ica 
HJiJiouHHai^ieft H MHoa^ecTBOMx sassReHHux^B ^aRejoBi, conpoBos- 
AaBHiHxs HacB. Miz OToákfjB^M Bo ;(Bopi^ y uapmajia h, nocjr6 
06^X^9 BMnepaTop^ nosejajTB npBHBTB na MUHyry bc%x'b npHXBop- 
Huxi, ROTopue en^e ne pasitxaincB. Ofb Óbutb Becejii h xoBOjerB 
DiepeHOHieS; Haxo;(H.i'B bcíx^ HacB xopomeHBRHMH h Bocropra^cfl 
livhj mKb BBpajsfi lAjijTh ;seHii^HHaM'B, h roBope^ Ham, cmíace: 
«9to bii MHt o6flBaHH^ mesdames, t^itb, HTOBUiaRi npejiecTHEi». 
Ohx He saxoT^TB, hto6ii HiinepaipHiia CHHJia cbok) Ropoey, xots 
OHa o($^jiajia baboomi cb hhmi, h BOCXH^aicii t6mi, rrrb ona 
HOCHTB xiMeny; HaRonei^, ornycTHjrB eacB. 

Bi npoxoďseHÍH i][%:iaro uícbtsjbí cjAjípbmiii npasj^HHRR h yBece- 
jienifl, OAHO 3a fpjvmsi,. 5 x^Ra^ps, HMnepaTopB ompaBuca na 
MapcoBO-noje vh coapoBOs;ieHÍH laRoro se Ropresa, RaRi h 2-ro 

JífiKSiÓ^Sy H pOSAaJTB 0p.1H MHOFRMl HOJIRaM^. dHTysiaSMl COJIA&T% 

6uji'h ropaBAO chjibhí^ BETysiasaia napoxa. ^ypnaa noroxa Hcnop- 
THja 9T0 BTopoe TopsecTBo; AOSAB 6ujvh npojHBHoff. HecMorpa na 
TO, tojěuu napoAa noRpuBajH hoamoctrh, ycxpoenHUA ea Mapco- 

BOMS-nOJlŠ. 

Bl BTOrB A^HB Vh TH)JBepH npOHCXOAH.TB BeJHROJI'&nH£lft 6aH- 

RerB. B^ rajepe^ fl^i&nuj hoa^b apRHitB ÓajiAaxHHOiťB, HaRpuTB 
6hjx CTO.rB A^fl nanu, EMneparopa, HMnepaTpBi^ii h npHHi^a apxH- 
Rani^jepa repnaHCRofi HMnepÍH. Elo iipaByio pyRy HHnepaTpHi^Bi 
CHAÍJ^ HMnepaiopi, no jAbjío — nana. HHseHaRpBrrB 'Óeijtb ctojrh 
A^fl npHHi^eRB, vb wcjii ROTopiix'B naxoAHJCE npoEi^ BaAeHCRi9; 
Tpeiifi cTO-i^ ÓTBOAen^ (5EijrB a^ mhhhctpofb; oco6iifl cro.i^ 6hj^ na- 
RpirTBA^fl npHABopnuxx; cepBHpOBRaoTjnHa.iacB ÓojBmofi pocRomBia; 
BO BpeMfl o(%Ast Brpajia nysuRa; nocj'£ Toro npoHCxoAHJio iinoro- 
.iiOAHoe co6paHie, Roni^eprB, na RoropoMs nana corjacnjicfl nps- 
cyícTBOBaiB, H ÓaaerB, ncnojiHenHiia fb riaBHoa sai* Tio-iBepií- 
caaro ABopnia onepnunn xanitopaMn. B% topb MOMenTB, RaRs na- 
^ajicfl 6ajieTB, nana yAajrajcs. B% rohi^í Benepa Hrpajn fb RapiBi, 
H BMnepaTopB, yAa^iacB, noAa.TB snaRi ro Bceo6n^eMy pasitdAy. 



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HinojioHi. 169 

Hrpa npH jsfiopí cocraBJuiJia tojbso ^rctb itepenoHiajia. Hiine- 
psTopi HH 8a HTo' ne xcrbá^ AonycTHTB, iroóu y nero HrpajH 
Ba ;(eBBrB; erpaiB b^ bhctb h vb joto; ^acro caxHJiHCB sa ctoji 
Tonao A^ BOHieHaHca, h nan^e Bcero toabo j^epasaie aapTii wb 
pyBaxi H pasroBapHBaiH. Hifneparpni^a jiioÓHJia HrpaxB, x&se h 
ne Ha xeHBnr. Ea napriff, paBHo Raai h napTÍa npHHi^eccBy ycrpou*- 
BajacB Wh cajovl, Roropufi HasEiBaicfl Ba^sHeroM^B HMaepaiopa h 
npexDiecTByerB raaepeb Jl^iaHH. Oaa Hrpajia cb caMUMH sHaTHuiiH 
BeiBMOjRaiiH, npHcyrcTBOBaBniHMH sa coÓpaHÍaxi: HHocrpaHiiiaMff, 

OOCJaHHHBaMH H Cb ^paHI^CRHMH BUCOROnOCTaBJíeHHUlfH JIAI^ailH. 

Bx TO BpeMfl, sasi ona arpaja, Bct rocTH, Hano^iHABinie cajOHu, 
npHXOAHJH CB Hefi pacBJíaHHBaTBCfl. BpaxBfl h cecTpu BoHanapTa 
Tose HrpajH bi Kapxii b opar^amajH sa cbob napiÍB, nepes^ 
BamieprepovB, TaBxe b ero naTB, BOTopyio aasuBaiB madame 
Měře, cxtjajB npBBi^eccofi b x^^b i^ufi ABopi. OcTaiBBue 
npBXBopHEie BrpaiB fb xpyrBX'B caioHax'B. HMnepaxopB nporyjB- 
Bajiea úo bcím'b noBoam, pasroBapBBarB saspaBO b sai^iBO, opex* 
mecTByemifi BaniieprepaMB, BOSBin^aBrnaMB o6b ero npflxoA'^^. Korxa 
obb noAXOABa'B, BOi^apsjocB rjiy(k)B0e MOJi?aHie, hbbto ne mese- 
JBJCB, aseHB^BHu BCTaBa^B B sxuE HesBanan^Bx^ b saqacTyfo 

XOBOJBHO BejIOÓeSBUXl CIOBl, Cb BOTOpUMB OBI B'B BBBl 0($pa- 

n^ajCB. Obb HORorAa ae bomhbxb BMeBB b boitb Bcer^a ^epB£IM^ 
ero BonpocoiTB tfu^o: «KaRi BacB 30ByrB»? He 6iuio aaeBBiflBEi, 
xoTopafl 6u He pa^OBajacB, Bor^a ob^ otxoabxb otb Toro M^bcTa, 
Tfíb ona CBX&ia. 

dro UBfb BanoHBBaerB xobojbbo MBjíiifi aaeBAon o Pperpa. 
Bb saHecTBi aBaxeMBBa, ob^ nacro ÓtiBaax na BOCspecBiix^B co- 
(SpaHiflxi, B BMnepaTopBy npBBURmifi ysaaBaTB ero kb Mvpj nox* 
xoxBJ'B B% HeMy BO^TB MamBHajiBHo B BCflBifl pa8'B cnpamBBa.1% 
ero BMfl. Pa8i&, Ppeipa, BOTopony naxotjrB btotb Bt^Hufl BonpocB, 
a, Chtb MOserB, ero . oÓhsbajío seBABnaflie vb Beny, otbítbu h'6- 
CBOJBBO HexepnijBBO Ba BonpocB BMaepaTopa, saxasaiiS cb cboí* 
CTBeHHoft eiiy pfeKOcrBio: — «Kto bu TaKofl»? — «Sire, toujours 
Grétry». 

Ob TÍTb nopx BiinepaTopi Bcerxa yssaBaji ero. 

HMnepaTpBi(a, sanpoTBBi Toro, iscerxa otibhbo noMHHja bcí 
uena b bcabíb MeaoHB, Kacaion^iBCfl 3BaB0Miix'B efi jbi^. 

Bi Bry BBOxy BMnepaxopB bo yBaoBBJca bb otb saBHXi i^- 

peMOBÍfi; Ofl^B BTB JIK)6bJX, bb OCOÓeBBOCTB BOTOMyi HTO OBt co- 

craBJíHJB ^acTB cosxasBaro bm^ x^.ia; owb bx'b ycjosHBJCB CBoett 
eciecTBeHHQft xoponaBBOCTBio^ otb BOxopoS BHaasi se non OTBy- 

UTBCB, B BÍHBOB 60fl3BBK) eiiy Be yrOXBTB, SaByR) BCb BCBUTUBaaB. 



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170 BMTIIK& IBFOnH. 

Oahbi xem, CHAfl na iponi, oBpyseHHHfi cbouch cafiOBHHSUBiH, 
u^>niaiaMH h cenaioirB, oh'b npHHHMajrB nouOHH bíAtl npe^s- 
TOB'B H BcbTb itpej^cíjifiitejieŘ HSÓHpaTenHiirB soueriff. Bo BTopoft 
ayÁ^HiiiH, AftHHofi nepBiíMi nn hex^b, ohi nopynan hitl ciapa- 
TaiBHO Ha6jiH)AaTB sa BOHCspamúeS: «6eai nea^ roBopím owh (h 
cioaa ero 6ujie HanenaTaHii vb «Moníteur», ae MOsen Óhtb hh 
Moryn^ecTBa, hh HaiponaiLHofi HesaBSCHMOciH^. 5en comhíhúi, ohb 
yse Tor^a HHTajii HaMipeme mb^tb na cbok) rojOBy Bopony 
lÍTUiE H cosHaBaai, vio ujlbmu ero aojukhei BOsóyxHTB BoBny. 
K'B TOMy se, HeBOSMOSHocrb xecaHia kb Ahcjiíh, xoiai Kb Heny h 
roTOBHJHCBy 6uM euy AOBasana, h BCRop^ eiiy mofjo noHaAOÓHTiiCfl 
ynoTpe($HTB apnÍK) bi» a^j(x, tHXh Ban npEcyrCTBÍe ea Gujio 6pe- 
MeHeMi AJui $paHiiÍH. CpexH Bcero aroro eicy npemjiocB h no^o- 
ca^OBaiB Ba napHsaHi. Ohi sasasajTL IDeHBe ipare^iK), Roropas 
AOiasna <$uja 6utb xana no CJiyHaio KopoHai^n. IIIeHBe Hsfipan 
cfoseroiTB HcropÍH) Rspa, h nfliufl ann ero co^iEHenifl aobojbho 
B^pno npexciasjíaji BoponaiuH) aroro rocy^aps h itepeacoHiio vh 
Notre-Dame. IlBeca Óujia nocpeACiBeHnas, HaMeBH cjHmsoirB sa- 
M^THu H HCByccTBeHHH. IlapHaKcsifi napTepBy BcerAa HesaBHciMiift, 
ocBHcraxB TpareAÍK) h hosbojíhji^b ce6^ xoxoxaTB vb MOMenrB boc- 
xofltAeHÍfl na ipoH^B. EMnepaiopi ocraiCH HeAOBOjeHi; ohb Ay-^cs 
Ha Moero nysa, xoTopoMy nopyneno 6fiuo ynpaBAenie bthhi 
leaipoMi, saBi tfyA^o 6u ohi MorB oTB^naiB sa aobojibctbo hih 
HeAOBOJBCTBo ny^wiHBB, h ch TÍTh nop'B caMa ny^JiEsa ysnajia, fa^ 
cjia6afl cípyna h BaRHiťB o6pa80Mx ona Morja mctbtb vl leaip^ 
sa Moa^anie, crporo BosjíoseHHoe na nee bo bc%x'b Apynix^B 
ciynaaxi. 

Boo6iAe MesAy HanojeoHoirB h napHsaHaMH BcerAa cyn^ecTBO* 
Baji'B BaKi>-($Li H^BOTopiifl aHTaroHH8M'B. HiinepaTopi BcerAa ohohb 
oxoTHO H npH nepBofi bosmoshocth HOBHAajB IlapHSX. TiojBepifi- 
CBÍft ABopeit^ eicy ne HpaBHJica, noTOiiy tfo oh'b ne MorB fb newb 
nporydHBaxBCfl na npocrop^; BpoM% Toro, eny if^maio upncyrcTsie 
napHsaHi. TaB^B sasi ohb ne jnD6Hji'B crknaTB ce6fl, to BCBopt 
yůbsiffiiJLcsij aBHBfl kb ropoA^, hto kb není HeneA^enno ysnaiorB 
060 BceH'B, ht6 ohb cBasserB, h 060 bc^xi ero BcnuniBaxi. Oh*b 
BosÓysAiLTB jiK>(onHTCTBO, BOTopoo eMy HaAO^AftJo; ero xoioaho 
npHHHMajiH KB nytfiHB^, pascBasuBaJiH xucfl^y aneBAoroKB neitB; 
HasoHeAB, 0H'B AOJiaBeHB 6ujn> 6uTb CAepsaHHUMi. IIoaTOMy oetb 
nocTOflHHO coRpaii](aji'B cb TeienieMi BpeiieHH q)0BH nposBBaHifl 
KB IIapHS'6 H crajB Aftse noroBapHBaTB o nepeHeceHÍH míctosh- 
leaBCTBa kb BepcajB. PecraBpaiUfl btofo ABopi^a 6uja A&se pi* 
měna, h BonanaprB nacio roBapHBajii^ hto kb cyn^íoCTH eny ne- 



HinojBara. 171 

o6xoj^xd HaxoAHTBCfl wb Ilapasš .ihoib bo BpeMfl ceccÍH saROHo- 
j^foeihEMO xopayca ^). 

Eorxa OHI íbahjtb ryjuiTs aa-ropoA^, to no B08BpaateHÍB, npo- 
Í3safl Hepesib sacraBii, hm^^ o6iiKHOBeHÍe roBopaiB: «Hyy botl 
Mil BepHyjHCb vb BaBHJOHi*. HHorjia ohi ne vran o nepeHecemi 
CTOJHipi KB Aiowh; OAHO TOJbBO ero BOo6paseHÍe Horjio saxaBaTBca 
MHcnio O laBOiTB nepeHeceHÍH, h 9to 6eijo ero mdÓbuoř ueiroi. 
UapHsaHe onesB xopomo SHajiH, hto BoHanaprb hx'b ne juoÓHn, 
E MCTiMH eiĚj sa aio xajiaMÓypaMH h aHexAoraMHy BanacryH) co^h- 
HeHHHMH. Ohh x^psajH cetfa no OTHomeHÍio jsrbnexy noRopniuni^ 
ho xoaoAHUMH H HacM^nuHBiiMH noM^HHiiMH. BenMOSH ero XBopa 
noApaxajH aHTHnaiiH CBoero rocnoAOHa h ne nna^e roBopHjH o 
IlapBsi laBB ch npHCOBOBynjemeiťB HejiecTHux'B anHieiOBi. Ha- 
KOHBi^y ne pasi y HiinepaTopa BiipuBajiocB cj&ixyion^ee rpycTHoe 
aaifiiaHie: «ohh mhí en^e ne npociHJH, ^to a nanpaBHJCb npoTOB^ 
HBXi nyniBH 13 saHAeiibepa*. 

CkSopflHKB 8aMÍHaHÍft BoHanapra o ero coČCTBennoirB nosexe** 
híh QOciysDJí 6u secBHa nojesHOtt BHHrofi a^a MHorHX'B rocy- 
;(apefi hjh js^sl t^xi, kto cyeicfl no^asaTB HifB cobíth. EorAa, 
BB Haaoiin^ee spěna ^), a cjiumy^ xairB jioah, Kasyn^ieca ueÍ 
BecBMa HeonfiTTHiíMH B^ J^^Ii ynpaBi6HÍa jiioabmh, yTBepsA^iorB, 
no HHwro H^TB Jiene, Baai HaBasaiB cbok) bojik) cb noMOQ](BH> 
caaii H wtOy onHpaacB Ha mriiBH, mosho sacraBiTB nai^D noso- 
pvTBca xasoMy yroxno nopa^By^ a nponoafBHaD to, htó Hicnepa- 
Topi roBopHJii o saTpyAHeHÍHXB, KOTopua npoBsooiJiH xu nero 
OTB nanajia ero no:iHTHHecROfi icapbepBi, ney^o^crsaxi, npoHcie- 
saK>n^HX'B OTB npBMtoeHÍa cusu npoTHBi rpasAM^, ipy^Hocra nojo- 
asenifl^ ycraHaBasBaioii^aroca Ha KpyvoŘ se AeHB nocjiÍTorO| Basi 
6swh BUHysAeHB npHÓirnyiB kb laKOiiy cpexCTsy. H nOMHiOi Bass 
cjramaja otb ero mhhhctpobb, hto Bor^a bb cob^tí npex^arajiH 



>) npoxoiaarrejibBiu oTcyrcTBÚ Hanojeosa mn HapHsa iiOBTopjiXEC» rarb Haero, 
no Tenepb TpyABO xaxe 8to ce&b npexcrasETb. HHXorxa eme rocyxapb ne sui Tan 
>aio Wh cBoeft ctojhi^í. Cyn^ecTByen ji>($oniiTHaA sHira, noxi sariaBieiii: «Itméraire 
général de Napoleon, chronologie du Consulat et de PEmpíre indiquant jonr par 
jonr, pendant toate sa yie, le lieu, oCk était Napoleon, ce quMl y a íáit et les évě- 
nonents les plus remarqnbles qui se rattachent k son histoire, etc. par A. M. Per- 
rot. Paris. Bistor. 1845». IIo aroft KHari moxho aauDHin, hto co speHeei CBoero 
Bocmecniň na npecTOJi h ao CBoero orpeneBin bi 1814 r. HanoieoHi nposeji vh 
napurb Bcero lOJbKO 955 xeeft, T.-e. Menie xpcxi rbn bsi xec^xH iítb i^ipcTBOsa- 
nj. Obi nyremecTBOBaji, ecjH ne bbí npejcbiOBi ^panitíH, to sxajH otb IlapHiBa h 
jpopnoiTB CeETb-Kiy, MajbMesoBi, KoMniena, PaMÓyi&e h ^osiea^io 6ojie 1600 xBot, 
X.-6. 6oJie ^erspexi atn i lacro ero oicyrcTBÍe xiuocb 6oJÍe oojyroxa. 

3) H BBBy wb 1819 r. 



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172. hWTBEWh XBPOnU. 

RaxyKhBBÓyA^ nacejBCTBeHEyio Mipy, oh<b otiuKHOBeHHO otipan^ajcH 
Ki HHMi ci cjDr6AyK)ii](HMx Bonpocoiíi: «A BH mhí pynaerecB, hto 
HapoA> ne B08MyTHTCfl?» MajišSmee HapoxHoe BOJnenie BaaajiocB 
eny BcerAa BasHum h npHCBop6H£iM'B AB^eHÍeMi. Bc6 bba'&jh, cb 
saBHMi yxoBOJiBCTBieirL BiicjiyniHBaji'B ohtb omicaHifl pasjHHHurB 
BOJineHift, HcaBiruBaemixi na no^ÓBTBU, h Kasi ohi 6jr6AH'&rb9 
BEicjymHBafl pascsasii o KpafiHociflxi, vb BaRHifi npEÓtraers bos- 
MyTHBmificfl HapoxB. HaBOHei^i, ecjie kb to BpeiiH, RaiCB ohb 
i]po'&3saj'B BepxoitB no ynnhyi^b IlapHsa, RaRoB-HHÓyxB paóo^ift 
6poca2CJi eiiy eaBcrpiiy, ^toÓei BcnpocHTB RaRo8-Hfi6yAi» mhiocth, 
nepBUHB ABBseHieiiB ero Bcer^a 5emo coAporHyrbCfl h OTcrytuiTb. 
FenepajaMB ero rBapxiB npeAnncEiBajiocB crapaieasHO Bs^rarB 
BCflRaro CTOJRHOBeHÚí Mesxy napoxoMi n co^i^aiaMH. <A ho mofb 
6H| roBapBBaiB ohb, npBHBTB CTopoHy nooiiAHBXB*. H ecjB cjy- 
qafiHO MeaRxy bochhiimh h rpasxAHaMH npoBcxoAu-^a RaRafl-HnďyAB 
ApaRa, o6iiRHOBeHHO HaRasiiBajBCb h y^ajajocs BoeHHuei xora 6u 
noTOMB BMB H A^HO 6u20 A^Hesnoe B03HarpasA^HÍe, w£o6hi hxb 
ycnoROHTB. 

Ho BOBBpaiBHCfl RB ROpOHRI^ÍB. 

CenaiB laRse saAajiB BejBRO^inHuS npasAHBRB; nosAs^i^e, saRO* 
HOAaiejEBHuB RopnyCB nocj'&AOBajiB eronpHMipy. 16-ro Aano 6ujo 
numHoe npasAHecTBO, Roropoe BBe;io bb ao^fb ropOAB QapBSB aa 
MHoríe roAu. BojBinofi ÓaHRerB, (j^fiepBepRB, ÓaiB, anajieBufi cep- 
BflarB E aiiajieBuS Tya^einufi npBÓopB, noAeeceHHue BMaepaTopy 
H BHnepaipEift, pi^B, jibctbbeib naAtniCB noBCfOAy. Mhofo tojro- 
BaiB noxBaiarB, pacTO^aBmaxcfl JlroAOBBsy XIY bo Bpena ero 
i^pcTBOBaHÍa; a ya^peHa, ^to ecaa coÓpaiB hxb bc6, to owb ne 
cocraBflTB E Aeearoft aojib t6xb, aaRia BEina.iH na aojr) Bouanapra. 
SL noMHio, 9T0 BO Bpeua OAHoro npasABecTBa, A&HHaro BMaepaTopy 

rOpOAOMB HiCROaBRO JIÍTB CayCTB, BCTOn^BBB BC6 JeCTHHfl hrahhcb, 

npBAynajiH noiťfecTBTB bojotumb ÓyRBaiiE cjAAyíomia eBanreaBCRia 
eiOBa naAB tpohomb, na ROiopoMB ohb ao^schb Óbijb cba'6tb: 
«Ego sum qni sam», b hbrto btbmb ne cRaHAa^EBapoBaJca. 

$paHi^a TaRse bb bto spěna npeAaaa^acB npasAHecTBaHB h 
yBecejeHÍaMB| e bei^btu 6ujle iieAajB, pasAaBaeMtia bo MEOseciBi. 
HaROBei](B, iiapniaju Taame saAajB cBOft npasABERB bb aaj^b Onepu. 
3totb npasAflERB ctobjb RasAOMy Mapma.iy Aeca^B thca^b <]^pafl* 
robb. Ci^esy cpaBEfljiE cb sajofl; jiose 6eijih OTA^jaflEi cepeópa- 
BEiMB rasoHB E ocB^n^eBu ^jecTflu^BMB jioapaMn b oojhu paspa* 
seflBiiMB seBE^BEaiCB; EicnepaTopcRafl ^sluujúsi BaxoABjacB sa 

BCTpaAt; BB BTOMB otfoiBpflOMB BOMtmeBiB OpOBCXOAEJIB TaBI(tf. 
OÓBJÍe I^B^^TOBB E 6pEJJIÍaBT0BB, 6oraTCTBO ROCTIOMOBB, BeJIBROJ^nie 



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HAnojnpHi. 173 

XBopa cooÓntHjn drouy npasxHHRy ÓojLimoŘ 6jecB%. He 6uso hh 
oxHofl HSi ^aci, BOTopaa 6u se Bomjia bi ÓojBrnia HSxepsBH no 
cjywH) Bci^xi 8TBX'B i^epeMOBÍfl; npHABopHHM'B x&Mam AftJiH no 
xecara tucahi ýpaeBOFB, htoÓu BOSHarpa^^HiB hx'b aa Bs^epsu; 
QO ara cyMMa ;iajeBO bxi ho noBpujia. HsxepsRB no soponaipH 
XOCTiirau Heriipexi mbuíohobi. 

Mhš BaKeica, qro Cyffiph ne ÓearBBHiepecBO, eoni a ynorpetfjiio 
h6cbojbko crpaHEAi na onacaHÍe BeyrpeHHei axMBHBCrpaiiiH Toro^ 
^ HaauBajoGB «la maison de ťempereur». Beitb Moxers, mío6o- 
miTHO 6yfi,erb yanaTB, sasi Tn^aTOJiBHO peryjHpoBaj^ oni nsxepsRB 

H X^flCTBÍa BCĎXl Jfll^B^ SBBmflXX B A^fiCTBOBaBniflX'B BOSpyiTB 

Hero. Owh Bcerxa b bo BceiťB 6íiji% aipeffB ceói, b era b^phoctb 

CBCieiri^i BeBSMJ^BBO BITB npBHBTO&y O^Ha B9B CaifBIX'B JIK^nBIT- 

Hsxi lepTB ero sbsbb. IIoapoÓboctb, BOTopua a sa^cb coo(S^y, 
OTHOcaica k^ paaiBTOiiii'B dnoxam ero itapcTBOBaBia; ho yse (tb 
1806 r. npaBHja x^a Be^eHÍa ero xona 6ujíe nanepTanH no^mei 

HeHSMiHHUlťB OÓpaSOlTB, B JieVKlSi BSlťJ^BeHifl B'B HaCTHOCTaX'B H6 

pascŤpoHBajiB Bxi o6n^aro njana; BraBi*, btotb-to naani a b onamy 
Bi ero i^OMi, CB noMon^BK) neo^uRBOBesHO Bipnott naMam 
r. Pemosá, ROTopufi b'b npe^oJiseniH A^caxB sirh nuftai bosxos- 
HOCTB BBA^TB B npBHBiiaTB yTOCTÍe Bo BceMi, O TOiTB B lenepv 
fiyxy roBopBTB. 

^oxoAH ABopa BO $plHipfl (la liste civile) npecrapajiHCB npa 
EoHanapr6 ao ABaAi^iB-naxB mbuIohobi, apoM^b ropohhux'b ii- 

CORB H yA'&IOBl, AABaBmBX'B Xpa MBXaiOBa, H AOXOAOBX ABOpa FB 
HtEJÍH^ npOCTBpaBniBXCa AO BOCBMB lIBJJliOHOBly fl3'B BOTOpUXl 

Herape ohi npeAOcraaBJTB npBHiQr EereHiio. Bi IlBeiiOHT6, orB 
AOXOAOFB ABopa, B OPB yAJ^JiOFB owb noij^ajTB Tpa MBuiofia; Rorxa 
RsasB Bopreae 6uji Ha8HaHeH'B ry($epHaTopoH'B| owb noay^ajii 
nojiOBHHy Hxi; HaRonecrB, ^erape ifHJiJiioHa noJiynajncB bbx To- 
caaBH H noBABie Kbmmch cb m-me BaH^ORRB, (ytfejiaBmefica 
8pi^repii[orBHei. HiaRi, nocroasBufi aoxoab BiinepaTopa pasHajica 
35,500,000 ÝpaHRaiTB. 

Oh'B BSflJTB Wh CBOB pyRH ÓoJBmyio nacTB CeRpeTBK|X'B CyMMS 

MBHHcrepcTBa HHOCTpaHHiix'B fikjí% B Raccy TearpoBi, cocraajtaBmyio 

MHJiaiOH^B BOCeMBCOTB TUCBTB ^[^paHRORB, B8X ROTOpiIXl TOJBRO MBJ- 

.lioHi^ XB^kcm TUQBWh mjB na eseroAHHfi ^ioasotb ajíb noAA^psRB 
learpoFB. OcrajiBHoe ynoipeÓujiocB BifB na sarpiAii aarepaifB O, 



1) Ero npHcrpacTÍe n rírotophmi aKiepaifi peryxipoBaio o6uxHOBeHHo pasiiipi 
maxh oarpaxi. Ohi b1ckoxi>ko pasi njaniii xojfh TaiBMH, EOToparo Boan h xdóbjii, 
■ Xftpui eMj DO xBamaTH, rpExi^aiH h coposa tucíihi ({>paBiOBi sa-pa^i. 



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174 BfiCTHIBl IBPOnH. 

apmcTaMi^ jniepaTopaiTB h xase npHXBopHUMx. Rpoiii Toro, oh^ 
pacnoiaraji Bceio saccofi nojuiivv, sa HCRJiioqeHieMi Bs^epseici 
no dToiíy MHHHcrepcTBy; h ara sacca npexcxaBMja eseroxHO xo- 
BOAHO BHanre.ibHyH) cyxMyi noTOMy nro ona ofipasoBajiacB bb^ 
Haiora ch Hrp%, j^oxoxHBmwro xo ^erupexi mbjijiíohobx aiHniBoini ^); 
HBi npoi^eHTORB, KOTopue MEHEcrepcTBO yxepsHBajio eo BcirB syp- 
aajOBi, ^Tó cocmBjfljio osoio MEj^iona, e HasoHei^ ebi mreM- 
nejiBHaro Haiora na nacnopTsi h BoeHHiie nponyctE. 

Jífixoffi ch BTExi HajioroBi, BSEiiaBiinixcfl vb BoeHHoe spenE, 
oraeceHH Ceíjíe vb BBcrpaopxEHapHHiTB cyímaii^B, kotophme Bofla- 
naprb iion pacEOJiaraTB^ xavB eiiy BBxyMaercfl. Off& ^pan esi 
HBrB ÓojiBinifl cyMMH^ KOTopHE ynoTpeÓJiJTB na EBxepsKH Botra 
CB HcnaHÍefly na rpoxaxHEiE npEroroBjíeHÍE kb noxoxy na MocKBy, 
H HasoHei^ npeBpaTEjTB ^acTB hxi bi boioto s 6pEJjiaHTH, zpa- 
HEBmiecfl vh noxBajax'B TiojiBepB e nospiiBinie EBxepsBE boIeh 
1814 r., Borxa ynaxosi spexEia napansoBaxB wA ocrajuHiie 
peccypcH. 

BeJiE^ataiift nopixoKB i^apcTBOBajTB vh xoba&ctbš BoHanapia; 
jiajOBaHBe, noiyiaeiioe bcímh npEXBopHEiME, Ůujlo xoboibho SHa- 
^rarejiBHO, ho saTÍirB Bce 6hio opraHEBOBaHo Taai, ^to6u hekto 
HBi npEXBopHHrB HO uovh HB^ero yraBTB esi BB^peHHicn eiiy 

^HXOBl. 

Ctojtb BoHaiiapTa 6£ijrB oúmiem e pocBomHO cepBEpoBam; 
Hocyx^ npeBpacHafl, cepeÓpiHaa. Uo ÓojiBinEirB npasxHflsaM^B e Ha 
napaxHHTB o(!řbffixi> cepBEsi Ókjtb BecB es^b BMajiE. * 

Pacxoxu HO xoMy EMaepaTopa mosho oi^hetb vh naTHaxA&TB 
EJiE mecmamftTB mejuhohobi. Bb nooji^^xHÍe roxEi CBoero i^apcTBo- 

BaHlE OWb BHCrpOflJTB HŠCBOXBBO BXaHÍfi, E 9T0 yBeJE^HJO mffipMXB. 

EaeroxHO BaKassiBajrB owh wb Mowb oÓEmj xu ct^hb e Me- 
6eM vh paBjra^HHrB xBopi^axx. dro OffB x^axB saiiirB, ^to5ii 
HOontpBTB jAÓpEKE BTOFO Fopoxa. To^HO TasELe sasxíril rox% Hoxy- 
HajacB npoBOCxoxHaa Me6eA ebi Epacsaro xepeBa, BOTopaa xpa- 
HEJacB vh Garde-Meuble, ÓponsEi e npo^. ^ap4K>poBiie saBoxn 
HoiyiajiE saBasu na (SoaBmie cepBHSH, p^xBOfi spacoTH. Uo bos- 
Bpa^eHÍB Kopojifl BC% XBopI^I HafixeHH 611XE MeCjMpoBaHHHMfl sa- 
HOBO E Bc6 MarasEHii nojiHH Me6ejni. 

Co wAm BTEiťB, pacxoxu camix^ xoponix^ roxoBi, cHEraa 
BoponaivH) E OpaROCo^erame cb Mapiei-JIyBSOfi, ho npeBtimaxH 

XBBXI^&TE MflJIJriOHOFB. 



O MiBHcipi 9jme cocraBin ce6i cocrcNnríe sa xoxoxaxi ci srpi. Ohi xi^b&ik 
CaBapi TSLCMVf 4»paR0Bi n x6b&. 



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HAnOJDSOHl. 175 

HsnepxRH EoHanapra na lya^erE noxasaHU 6um BiÓtOAsert 
FB copon^ TucflHi ^paHKon; Hsor^^a ohh npeBtiniajH ary cysmy. 
Bi noxoAaxi eiiy npHxopLiocB nocujiaTB 6ijihe h EJiane fb pas- 
js^íHHfl ictoa. Ohb cBopo naHRajTB Bce, vsb HocBjťB. Majišfiniee 
cr6cHeHÍe saciaBJíflJo ero 6pocaTB njiaTBe, a Tasse h uMiŘmM 
pasHHi^a BB xa^ecTBi cysna hjih nojiarHa. Oh^ nocroflHHO roBO- 
pHXB, HTO seiaerB OA^BaiBca xaBi npociott rBapxeBcRífi o^Hi^epi, 
nocTOflHHo ÓpaHHJicfl sa bcakíB pacxox'B, m> ROTopoMy ero npn- 
Hyxx^Hy HO H8B RanpHsa HJH HO HOJiOBKOCTH HacTO no^aBaji no- 
BOjcB KB BOBOÓHOBJíeHÍK) CBoero r^PAepoÓa. MesAy npo^HMH paspy- 
mHTeaBHíuiH npHBH^saMH, y nero tfioa npHBHHBa nonpaBjuiTB 
fioroft oroHB kb BaMEHi, H TaKHiTB o^paéoiTB OETB cnaiflBajTB 6ain- 
Mara H canorH, wb ocotfeHHOcri!, Borxa cep^Hica; Tor^a, roBOps h 

Cep^CBi OffB H30 BCefl CHJIII TOlKajTB FOpaiIUfl nOlŠHBJI Bl KňMBB^ 

soH9HsoirB canora. 

EateroAHO HHnepaTopi cocraB^HJi^B Óio^serB Hs^epsesi CBoero 
XOMa HeoÓuBHOBeHHO crapaTeiBHo h cb sau-^^^aTejBHoff dBOHOMieff. 

EoHanapTB BcraBaxB vb pasjínHue nacu^ ho SbjíBmeio ^acríH) 
BB ceMB ^acoBi. Eorxa obi npocunaica ho^k), eiiy cjiy^ajiocB 
caxBTBCfl sa pa6oTy, hjih se 6paTB Banny, a se to BymaiB. IIo 
]ipo6ysA6HÍH OHI oÓuBHOBeHHO ^yBCTBOBaai ce6fl Hexopomo. Ohi 
ÓttJii noABepseHB cnasMairB vb xeiyjijA^ npoBSBOAHBHiHifB y nero 
pBory; 8to ero ohohb CMy^ajo HHorxa, tohho Óyxro ohb 6o2jicii 
orpaBii, H FB TaRHX!B cjiyqaflxi^ xpy^HO ÓiiBajio yxepsHBaTB ero otb 
npieMa pBOTnaro! M.e^ coo6ntHj<B ary noxpotfHOCiB ero MH&hrue- 
XHRi BopBBsapi, BOToparo ohb oneHB yBasajTB. Ohi nojiBSOBajca 

XOpOmHlTB dAOpOBBeiTB, CHJBHUMl T^JIOCJIOSeHieiťB, HO HpH Majltfl- 

meiTB HesxopoBBH ORasuBaicfl o^eHB líHBTejiBHBiirB. Ohi is.^ yiii- 
peHHO, coBC^Mi ne nHJii sHna, ne hosbojiaj^b cetft HBBasHX^B 
HSjnmeciFB. Mhofo imjrb bo^^. 

Cb TeHemeiTB BpeneHH owh nepeciajTB cnaiB vb oxnofi bom- 
Hari^ (TB cBoeS nepBoi asenofi; ^ro Bacaerca dpi^repi^orBHH, to a 
jQncaK), OHB HeHHoro HO?ei npoBeji'B cb Heio BM^krt. Ona o^enB 
Be jkMíÓBA^ Tenji£ix'B soMBarB, HHBorAa ne TonHja CBoefi cnauBH, 
B HMnepaTopi, BOTopufi 6iurB o^eHB saÓobi bi BOHnaTax^, xoTa 
Ha ABop^ MOFB nepeHocBTB o^eHB CBiBByH) ciysy, sajiOBajiefl sa 
8Ty npHBOTBy. Ob HKnepaTpHi^efi IKose^HHOft oh^b HBBorxa ne i^e- 
peifOHHjica, 6yAB^ ee nocpexH ho?h, ecjH ^yBCTBOsan cetfa ne- 
^opoBHiTB hjb ecjiH eMy He cnajiocB, b, hbcbojibbo ne cBpHBaa 
BiOTHBOFB CBOBx^ HOcin^eHiS, HasBHO npBBHaBaJiCfl, HTO npHnieji'B 
B0B(5yxHTB y ce6a HcnapHHy. 

CoBepmHBi noyTpy cboB TyajierB, ohb nepexoxBJTB vb Ba6HHerB, 



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176 Bi^enm iBPonH. 

rx% ero sxai'B ero jhtohS ceRperapB. B% leun qacoBi xesyp- 
Hutt KEMMeprepi, npiissaBiníft bi BoceiiB nacoBi h crapaiejBEO 
ocMaTpHBaBinift— Bce jih bi nopflXB^ bx noBOflX'B HMnepaiopa h na- 
xoAflTCfl iB npEcrasa ea cboqxi Hictax'^, CTy^ajca bi XBepB, ne 
BxoxH vb Ka($flHerBy ecjiH tojtbro BicnepaTopi He nosoBerB ero, h 
BosB^n^ajis «le lever». R yase oancHBajia Kasi npoBcxoxHJiH bth 
«leyers»* Do OROBraasiii hx'b, BoHanapTB sa^acryio Aasajii ay^ien- 
AÍh: npHHi^aiťB, aHTepaiopaMi, npe^siairB vb OTnycay. Bc6 rby 
STO He HifijrB npaBO npecyrcTBOBaTB aa «lever», MorjH ao^hibcs 
ayAÍeHi^ÍH jiHniB o6paTHBinBCB itb xejsypeoMy soMUHCcapy, Boropiifi 
AOuaAUBajrB o hhxi HMneparopy, ho toti nan^e Boero 0TBa3UBai'B 
BB ayAieH^iH. 

«Leyer» h ayxieniÚH npoxojisajiHCB AOsaBrpaBa. Osojooj^hh- 
Haxi^aTH ^acoKB savípaBi noxasajiH bi TaBi-HasuBaeMuxi « Salon 
,de service*, r^t HanoJieoHi xaBajx ^acTHua ayAieHi^iH h paÓoraTB ch 
CBOBMH MHHHcrpaiiE. A^P^t^^^^fi ii^iffeKVh AOBJíaxiiBaj^ o saBTpaR^ 
H npHcyrcTBOBajrB npn homi, ctoa. Bi bto BpeMX BoeanapTB upn- 

HHMajIl apTHCXOBB, aSTepOBX. Ofl'B TOpOOJIHBO CB^AU^ ABa HJH 

TpH 6iiDAa H BaBepmajťB sasrpaicB ÓojiBniott Hamsoll vepnaro B04>e. 
nocjii Toro owh BOSBpan^ajCfl vb icaÓHHerB h npoAOJisaji'B pa6o- 

TaiB. CobÍTU MHHBCTpOKB npOHCXOAHJH FB OnpOA&ieHHUe AHH. 

rocyAApcTBeHHuft coBŽTB coÓHpajcfl TpH pasa RB nejíikJíV). Bi npo* 
AOisenÍH DflTH HJiH mecTH jištb OHI HacTO npeACJ&AaxejBCTBOBaxB 
Vb HHxi. Boo6nie, roBoparB, ohb ^usaji BecBMa saic^ivaTeieHx m> 
8THX'B sacŠAaHiflxi, BUA^psBBajfB H B08($ysAAJi'^ coopu. 9aCT0 AH- 
BHJHCB ero rjyÓOBHMi h cb^tiuhi BaMtHaHifljťB, Boropufl ohi bii- 
CBasuBajii o npeAMeraxi, BasajiocB 6u a-ia nero caniixi ^ysA^xi* 
Bi nocji^AHie roAu ero TepnHMOCTB kb caopaxi nponaja, h ohib 
npHHfljik Óojíie noBejHiejiBHiii toh^b. FocyAapcTBeHHufl cob^tb, hjh 

COBÍTB HBHHCrpOBl HJH Se HaCTHUfl SaHflTÍfl f,nMCh AO mecTH 

^acoBi nonojiyABH. Ob 1806 r. om hohth BcerAa o6%Aajii na- 
eABH'6 CB CBoei seHoňi sa HCuioqeHÍeM'B hoíbaobi BB$0HTeH6jOy 
BOFAa owb npHFJiamajii si oÓ^Ay rocreft. Eny noAaBajin Bce sa- 
pasi «entrée8» h «entremets»; oh'b ^i pasc^HHO, 6epfl to^ 
HTb CTOÉTB nepeA'B hhh^b 6e3i pastfopa, xota 6u to Óujio BapoHBe 

HJIH RaBOfi-HHÓyAB BpeMl, BOTOpufi OHX ÍX%f DpOSAG HeZKeJIH UpE- 

TpoHyTBca Ri «entrée8>. JI^Bopi^OBufi npe^eRTB npHcyTCTBOBajr& 
npH o&bKh^ ABa nasa npncjiysHBajiHy a hitb noAanajiH RymaHBfl 
Ranepi-JiaReH. 9aeB oÓ^Aft (SuBaai pasjíH^eHi. Ecjh k^2í toto 
TpeÓOBajiH, BoHanaprB patforajrB h yAepxHBaji cob^tb ao mecre^ 
ceMH, BOCBMH HacovB Be^epa, ne sajiyscB hh na ycTajocTB, hb 



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HAnojaoHS». 177 

Ha TOJOA^B. M-me BoHanapii tepir&jiHBO Aosn^^ajaracb ero h hh- 
mrx& He sajOBajacB. 

Be^epa 6iiju le^opOTB?. SL js&e roBopHja, besi ohh npoxo- 
MMXE. 3ii]ioH> 1806 r. fb TiojiBepH a^ho Cum mhofo se^OiibmHxi 
(Sajora; HMDepaTopi noABjíflJiCfl na hhtb na iiHnyry h Bcerxa 
fEM^^xB HpesBH^afiHO CBy^annutt bh^i. 

Hhsto He cnaj'B kl KOMHai^ EMnepaiopa; ero MaHejiH)Ki 
CHajTB sa ABepan. ^esypnui affXH)TaHrb cnajpb vh «salon de 
8arvice», onepmHCB tojiobok) b^ XBepb. Bi BOMHaTax'B| npexme- 
ciBOBaBniHZx BTOiiy cajiOHy, HazoAHJHCL RBapTHpMeficiep^ rBapAÍH 
1 XBoe BHŠSAHHXi jaReeRB. Bnyrpn ABopi^i. hh/cobutl ne nona- 
xajocB. Btb TiojBepH oakh^b ^acosott ctoajte na Ji'6crHHi^, noroafy 
vio 8ia j^bcTHHiia ÓLuia oiapHia a^h nyÓJHBH; y bxoahux^b abc* 
p^ BesAt BHAH^JHCB HacoBiie. BoHanapia otjihiho creper^H BecBua 
HeMHoro JoojsfiŘ. ^BopniOBafl nojraipa 6um npeBOcxoAHO oprannao- 
eana; HMeHa bcIxi BXOAnBmHX'B bo ABopeii'B aiih% Ůwie hsbícthh 
efi. Hhbto ne shjii bo ABopi](t, Rpomi rjiaBHaro Mapmajia, roto- 
pufi xaifb se HM&TB o&bKh. Bi CeHi-Kjiy bcí npHABopHHe hm^jh 
SBapTHpu. 

HMnepaTpHi](a ffiosetj^HHa nojiynajia meciBCorB thcahx $paH- 
mvb Ha CBOH JoíHHHfl HSAepsRH. droS eyHMu efi AaieRO ne XBa- 
njo; ona easeroAHO a^&^& mhofo AOJiroBi. dpi^repi^orHHi Hasna- 
v&n TOiBRO TpHcra thca^i (]^paHROB'B H mecTBAecflTB Tiicflq'B Rap- 
KaHHHxx Aenerb. 

IIpH^HHa BTofi pasHHi^u saRjno^ajiacB rb toitb, ^m y m-me 
BoHanaprB 6iuo mhofo 61^ahhx'b poACiBeHHHROBi, BOTopuMi ona 
Aoijua tiHia noMOFaxB. M-me BonanapirB mhofo A^^pH^a, ho TaR'B 
RaRTB ona HHROFAa ne ($pajia noAapRH h3i iHCia cbohtb Ben^efi, a 
BcerAa hx'b noRynajia, to axo sna^HTejiBHO yBOinqHBaio ea aojifh. 

HecMorpfl na Tpe6ofiaHÍfl Myaia, ona HHROFAa ne MOFja hoa- 
UHHTBca vh CBoefi BHyrpeHHeft shshh aaROMy-HHÓyAB nopsAsy hjih 
anKery. Ohi xotíjii, hto6h HHRaROfi Rynei^rB ne mofb r% nefi 
HpoHHRHyxB, HO AO^aseHOb ÓUAT^ ycrynHTB na otom^b nyHRrb. Ma- 
jeeBxie snyrpenHie horoh ÓuBajiH 6htromi naÓBTii RynAaMH, paBHO 
BacB H BCflRaFO poAa xyAOSHHRaMH. y Heft ÓtiJia Manifl CHHMaxB 
a ceCfl HOpTperu, h ona pasAaBajia hx'b bcími, rto no3BejiaerB: 
poAevBeHHHsaMi, Apys^aMi, fophhhhhmi h caMHMi Rym^aMi. Ett 
(íe»ipepiiBHO npHHocHJiH ÓpHjjiiaHTH, BOJOTHH Beo^, majiHy MaTe- 
pui, BCflRiii 6e3A^yniBH; ona Bce noRynaja, HHBOFAa ne cnpaB- 
lama o mini m no 6ójiBmefi ^acrn saÓHBajia o tomi, hto Rynojia. 
0& caxaFo nanajia ona o&BABHJia cBoefi craTCL-AaMŠ h rapAepoÓ- 

AaM^, ^To HMi Hé^oFO HyTaxBCfl B% ea FapAopoÓt. Hmi sa- 

Twh lY^lDtt, 1880. 12 



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178 B^CTimiBPOIIH. 

B^xusajiH ea ropHHHHtui. Y Heft hx'b 6iuo ceicB hjie BOceMb. Ona 
BcraBua n AesaTs ^ačon; Tya^en ea a^ejics own xoiro; oxHa 
qacTB ero Óiua cesperHaa h ÓEija aocBflateHa pacapamEBaHÍio ea 
oco(5tf . Rorxa 9to tfuBaio OBOH^eso, ona sacraBjaaa npHHecHBaiB ce6a, 
odjietniHCB n j^jbhhhS, HSfla^Huft neHK)api, OTx&jaHHiiS spyse- 
BaMH. PytfaniBH ea, ioÓbh 6euh Bunumia h OTA^iasHua Bpyace- 
BaMH. Ona nisaja Ói^se ipa pasa bi x6hb h se eocuairaTHx^B 
^yjOBfB. noBa OHa apBHecuBajacBi eciH mei qoaxoxhjh ki x^epaiTB, to 
HacB BnycBan. Rorxa oea Óusaja npE^ecana, efi npHHOcsjH 
6ojiBinia KopoÓUy vh aoropmi naioxuicb pauflTOua luarBa, 
nijanKB, maiB. JÉ^ítoitb, oua HOCHJia xflceflHHa uh nepsaieBua, 
(SoraTO BumflTua luaiBa; sbmok) mejKOBoa Hjni ÓapxaTHtia. Ona 
Bii6flpMft ce(S% TyaierB h cl yrpa Hax^Baia Boerxa nuansy cb 
i^BiraiíH BJH nepBaMH e sasymBaiacL vh maib. Y eeft Ótiao xo 
qerupex^B-coTB maieft; ona miua hbi hhxx luaTBa, x^aja ox'&aJa 
X^ia CBoeft spoBaiH, noxyoiBH XJ' cBoefl co^atn. K HHBoro se be- 
xtja, bto 6ii TarB rpai^osHO yiť&TE xpanepoBaTEca majBK). Boea- 
naprb) HaxoxHBmift, tto oea cjiHniRoirB saByraHa vh nia4ax'B, cpu- 
BajTB HXi E EHorAa 6pocajix bi ofohb; Tor^a oea nax^Baja xpy- 
ryiD; ona nosynaja bc6| mbíe tojbbo efi iipehocejie, ^ero tfu owk 
HE ctobíe; a BE^iia y Heft maiE q&HOX) bi BoceicB, a^cete, xb^- 
Haxi^aTB TucflTB ^paHBOBi. Bnpo^evB, bto 6iua OTJBVBTeAHaE 
pocBomB BToro XBopa. Hebto 6ii ne fiaA'&i^ majiE, soTopaa ctoetb 
Bcero naTBxecarB jiyExopoBi, e bc% xBacrajracb xoporofi AÍHott 

TtXl^ BOTOpua HOCBJE. 

IBUsHb m-me BosanaprL Óujia o^esB oxnoo^pasea: osa EEBorxa 
Ee pacBpuBaja BEErE^ se 6pajia nepa bi pyBE, ne patforaja h 
noBEXBMOMy HEBorxa ne cay^aia. Osa eo JioÓEaa Tearpa, ryu^a 
TOJBBO Torxa, Borxa SEja vh MaiBMesovl, Ea yspamesie boto* 
páro TpaTEja rpoiiaxfltia cyiuiH. BonanaprE cepxEJca ee see sa 
8T0, 6paEEjii ee; osa njaBajia^ ofiio^ajiacB 6htb beobomhoS, h 
SEaa no opesBeny; bb bosi^Ii-bobi^obb npExoxEJOCB uetetb. Be- 
HepEÍfl TyajeTB tfpaji ctoibbo se EpenesE, cbojbbo h yTpoEHÍft. 
TyajieTB btoti Bcerxa ÓuBajTB HeoÓuBEOBeHEO Esan^eEi; ptxBO be- 
aÍje Mil, HTOÓEi osa flax'i^aa xBa paaa cpaxy oxbo h to se luaTBe, 
rb se i^b6tii. BevepoiTB eo^te Bcerxa EnnepaTpEi^a yÓEpaja bo- 
xocu i^B^TanEy seMHyroiTB eje xparoi^tEHHME BaicesBaifE. IIjaTBH 
ea Bcerxa ($UBaiE o^oeb BuptsaEii e EapaxHufi TyajerB Bcero 
jyqme meji bx sefi. Rasxoe ne^OAnioe cotfpaEÍe, BasxHft ne- 
sEaHETejBBufi xase Óan cjysEji efi eoboxoei saBasiiBaTB EOBue 
Bapaxii, EecMOTpa Ea to, hto rapxepoóx ea jOMEica orB TpanoBrB, 
Taai BavB y sea (5Eija MaEÍa HE^ero se 6pocaTB. H se nory 



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HinonOH^. 179 

esagan, kajs^ BejHKH cyniiu, Hcrpa^eHEiifl eio na scaKaro po^a 
luaTBfl H HapflAH. y Bcix% uapHaccRHXx ToproBqeei scer^a qro- 
sE6jfj» xu Hea můra. ď BH^^jia y neft H'6cK0jibB0 EpysesHim 
uaTBeBi^ i^^HOH) FB coposi, uxThjsfiCBTh H ffase CTO Tucflqs <]^paH- 

BOBl. nOTTH HesipOflTHO, HTO 8Ta JÍIO60BB Kh HapflXaBTB, HaXO^HB- 

mafl Tasoe nojinoe yxoBJíeTBopeHie, He npHryaaaaacBé Uocjrl pas- 
BO^a, vh MajBMesoHi^ ofla npnxepsHBajiacb loS se pocsoniH e 
HapasajiacB jffiaae bi tA xhb, Borxa HHBoro He npHHHfl£aja. B% 
xeHB cBoefi CHepTH ona nosej^raia, mo6u Ha nee na^^JiH o<ieHb 
HapflAHufi Ranorb, noiOMy hto sxajia, hto pyccsifi Hameparopi^ 
nodbvBTb ee. Ona ynepja, nospiiTafl jeHTaMH h auacaMv, poso- 
aaro ufiiT9L. 

npeac^e ^iwh npc^ojacarB pascsasB, iint xo^excji noroBopHTB 

o JIBItaX^B, BOTOpHa Vh 9T0 BpeMfl COCraBJIflilH ffiOph HJIH saHHMajiH 

BHCOBift HOCTB FB Focy^apcTB^. SL He MOFy OAHaso nperenj^OBaTB 
Ha TO, ^Todii npe^craBETB pflx*^ noprperoBi, cejbho HenoxosnxB 
oxHHi na Apyrot. Hsb^ctho, hto AecnoTHBiťB— BejiHHaĚniifi hbi 
HHBeuHpyion^Hxx BJeMeHTOFB. Ohb HaBasuBaerB hhcjih, onpeA'^^* 
ijieTB A^ScTBÍa H cjiOBa, h ÓJiaroxapfl eiiy, npaBHJia, BoiopiiicB 
Bcb HOA^HHeHEi, co5jiiOAaK)Tca ch laRofi crporoeiBR), ^to bc6 jihh- 
HOCTH npHpaBHHBaiOTCfl OAHa vh Apyrofi h nojynaiorB o5n^ill bhxi^ 

H X&Se 06mÍŘ SZUVh. 

E noMHiDy 9T0 8HU010 1814 r. HHneparpHita Mapúi-JIyHsa 
lasxiifi Benepi npHHHMaja mhofo napoxa. K% nefi npi'l8sajH 
ysHaBaTB bšcth hbx apiiÍH, KOTopua bcíxi o%hb sanEnajH. B^b 
TOTB HOMeHTB, BaB'B HMHepaTopi, npeci%Ayfl npyccBaro renepaja 
6jK)xepa no HanpaBjeHÍK) vh maTO-TbeppH, npej(0CTaBHj'B aBcrpifl- 
caofi apiiÍH nojHyio bosmoshoctb aoSte ao caMaro 4^0HTeH6jio, b^ 
napHsi^ onacajHCB Bropsema neopiaTejui. Mhofo jiK>;^ei comjiocB 
y HMnepaTpHi](u, h bcí cb TpeBorofi pascnpaniHBajiH Apyn ;ipyra. 
Bi BOHi;^ Benepa TajieffpaHB Hpitxaji'B bo mhí htb TfOJBepH. 
OffB pascBasajii mhí npo TpeBory, Boropofl Óujtb CBHxi^TaieirB h 
Buri^HXB Hocjt Toro:— «RaBofi Heo^tiBHOBeHHufi AOďseH'B 6mh 
^ejiOBi^Bx, BOTopufi BacraBfljTB rpa<{»a x^MoHrecBio h HJiena rocy- 
xapcTBeHHaro cob^tb Byji&-Ae*ďa-MeprB ^) HcnBiTUBaTB o^ny h Ty se 
TpeBory e BupasaiB ee oaheme e tíme se cjiOBaME». Oh'b BCTpi- 
TBJTB y EMnepaTpBi^fii 8tex'b AByxi jiEjjihf E 06a 6um cnepTejiBHO 

&r&XHU E OAHHBBOBO OnBCaJLECB C06BITÍft, BOTOpBIfl HB^EHaJIE HpeX* 
BEA^TB. 

^) I^pM^^ xe-MoHTecBK) Óhjtb Tor^a KaMMeprepom. Byia-xe-ia-Mepn Óhxi te- 
flon xfiaoft CTopoHH ILiTHCorB H H8o6pi^jn aeaiieHHTiift aasoHi o no^o3pumeAbHt4X^ 
jmnax^ (la suapcets), 

12* 



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180 ^ NOTim iBPonH. 

TaKHiTB otfpadOiTB, sa HeiiHorHiiH mesavm&ÚBUEy norony «xb, 
vto cjy^at He co^xhhhji Bospyn HiinepaTopa jioxeS cb sani- 
meiLHuiTB xapasfepoiTB, Hjra BCíŠACTBie 0AB00($pa8ii m oópasa 

X6ÍCTBÍfi, o BOTOpOlTB fl TOJIBBO-ITO ^OBOpEJia, fl H6 HaXOSy Vh 

CBoefi naiurm iinoro laRHrb lacTHoar^, o Boropun ciohjio <$a 
roBopHTB. R^ HeciacrÍH) j^íz jmffit Toro BpeMOHH^ EoHanaprB cth* 
TajKb (Sojť&e yxoÓHmrb aKcnjiyaTHpoBaTb xypHHfl cropoHu jíioffiŘy 
nesejra xopomifl. Ohi jhoCejte noAM^iaii hoacría ciafiocra h 

HOJIBBOBaTBCfl HMH. Rb t£xI 1K>AHX'B) Bl KOTOpurb OHI HO HOPB 

oncpuTB nopoKOFb, OHI nooH^pfljTB cia6ocTH^ a sa HeHniHieifb exi, 
B086ysxan crpaxi, vro6u ecerxa ocraBarBca na npasax^ 6oAÍe 
CBjíBHaro. TaRHiTB o6pa80M'B, OHI fijiaroBO^sHJi^ bi Eanóacepecy 

8a TO, ^TO TOTB 6UJÍ% Wp9L3Bí&B%j EeCMfftpSÍ Ha CBOfl BHCOBÍfl Ba* 

^ecTBa, TMyuuwh Tn^eeiaBÍeirL. Oh^b HHeROJiBBO se oxysAaji^ hsh^* 
seHHyH) desBpaBCTBeHHOcTB TajiefipaHa h ero paraoxyniie bi oúmfi- 
CTBeHHOMy mh'6híh). OffB 8a5aBJsacfl t6mi, ^tó nasuBajirB rjiy- 
socTBH) HpHHi^a ffi-EimKnejíh H pa6oiinHot jubhboctbh) Mapa. 
Owh dBCHjyaTHpoBajTB ajmocTB, oispinyH) HifB vh xapaBTepi 

GaBapH, H lepCTBOCTB J(lOpOBa. OffB ho ÓOMCfl HanOMHBTB, vo 

$ymě 6ujii /ifcoAiHf^ejfSy h ^lacro cb yjiHÓBOio roBopHn: «bi 
HacroflHuee BpeMfl ch hhitb npoHsomjia tojibbo xa nepeirbna, tto 
OHI o6oraTHBnrificfl aboCehoi^i; ho 8to Bce, mS mh^ Tpe6yercfl»» 
Mhhhctph 611JIE XM nero h npn neiTB tojibbo 6ojvbe ejh 
Menše x^TenniiME npEHas^EBaME, e «e ho snajrB 6u, ^ es 

HEME X^aTBy — rOBapEBajIl OH'B, — eCJ[E6lI BlHHX!BHe 6h 10 H&BO* 

Topoft HocpexcTBeHHocTH yMa HJiE xapaBTepa». HaBonei^i, ecjEBTO- 

HBÓyXB E ^yBCTBOBaJCB CBOe npeBOCXOXCTBO Vb SaBOlTB 6u TO HH 6UJÍ0 

OTHomeHÍEy TO npEHysxen^B 6um% cspEiBaTB ero, h.6íitb MoserB, 
coBHanie onacHOCTE mcraBjíEJio mhofetb n^erojiETB npETBopHEixH 

CJa60CTaHH E HHlTOSeCTBOirB. 

BoeHHHt mTan Euneparopa Óujtb BHaiHraieHi; ho bi HEpnoe 
vpeuíi OffB EcnojiHEjrB nps ero oco6i rpasxaHCBÍE otiisaHHOCTE. 
B:b TfOJiBepiftcBOirB XBopi^ ohi Óobjice BocnoMEHamfi nojs 6etb!b 
E cÓEBajTB Bcb npeieH8ÍE dioro poxa. «noHHETe9 roBopHXB owb 
CBOEM1& KapnuuaicB, hto s sejiaH), ^iroóti bh 6um bocehume 
jiH)XBME TOJIBBO Bi apMÍH. TflTyjii MaptooMt iHCTO-rpasxaHCBoe 
XOGTOEHCTBO9 BOTopoe ffi^erb sairB npn Moeii% XBopi no^ernoe 
noioacenie, ho ne Bie^erB sa co6ok) HEaaBofi BjacTE. FenepajH 
na nojii cpasenÍH, ÓyxBxe BejBifOsaicH npE Moen^ xBOpt h 
6yXBTe CBflsaHu cb rocyxapciBOMi rpaaxaHCBHME ysaicE, cosxan- 

HHME MHOH) X^IE BaCB HOCpeXCTBOirB TETyja, SaBOfi B£I H0CETe» • 

Ohi npeBpan^a.11 renepajOBi bi^ BaicMeprepoBi e noBXHŠe sacra- 



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HiDOJUBOffb* 181 

BBJtb Bxi jiBJíaTBca BO ABopy He HHaiei saiBfB b^ pacaiHTHrB ^an- 
TSCTHiecRHx^b MyHjqiparB e npoMÍHaTB eatfjD Ha npHAnopHyia 
nmary. 9to npespanteme He HpaBHJiocs MHomirB h3i narB, ho 
npexoABJOCb noBHHonT&cfl h hve bojba npespaiitaTbCfl bi nacryxa. 
BnpowiTB, BO Bceiffb btoitb 6£ua pasyiiHafl Jíjbjh. Bjiecvh opyashi 
iiorB 6u Tan-cBasaib pasiKaBiRB ocrajbHiifl cociobíji, a hx^ nysHO 
6ujo npHBie^b sa cbok) ciopoHy; cojxATCide HpaBii no HeBOjrfe 
ciuiriaaHCb h, BpoM'b Toro, HHEie neiioBoprae MapmajiBi yrparajiíH 
CBofi npecTUBi, ccapaicb ison^^TbOí nox^ npespacHua iiaHepii. 
9ro crapame xibajio hxi homhofo ciitmHEiifiy a Bonanapry Tojbso 
Toro H Hfl^o 6ujo« Mu yse sfiaeifb, ^to ohi h6 sajiOBan CBom 
MapmaiOBrb, h Óujtl o mn^b ne oeoÓeHHO leeraaro MEtnia. Ho 
npH3HaH0 taBse, mo 6oHifiapT!b ho Bcerxa Óssaiii capaB6A«iflB% 
ffb pacape^i^eoiH ciaBu cboitb renepaiioBfb. Bb oahomi hbb 

IipBnaXAOBl 0TSp0B6HHO0ni) OHI rOBOpHJTb MHt, ^TO JSQOtfflTb Ha- 

ji'6jnb c^aBOK) lOJibKO Tixb, rto ho yirierb cb Het cnpaBHTbCfl. 
Elfy cjy^aiocb, cooňfBsm TOt noaHTBBt, KaBot oh% xopsaica 

OTHOeHTeAHO CBÓHXl HOAlHBeHHHXl^ UH C006pa8HO AOV&pÍK>, SaBOO 

OHH eMy BHymajuE, yiiajiqHBaTb o6% HHurb notftxan eih se npe* 
Bpan^aTb vb ycnin oeyAa^y Basoro-HH6yAb Mapmafla. Cjyiaviocb, 
HTO HHoS renepajTb yBHasajrb hsi 6K)jj[eTeHet o nofi^^xt, Boropott 
HHBorxa se oxepacHBaai, hjh o piu, Boropot HiBorxa ne roBO- 
piurb* flj^ytoi — Bxpjn BHxtj^b ceda npeB03HeoeaHHirb Rb raseraxi 
■ crapa^ca npexyiiaTb^ no uusoMy ciynaK) ohi saciysm xasoe 
OTJHtie. Mnorie HHTaiHCb npoTecTOBai*b npoTHBi aaÓBenifl hjih 

npOTHFb HCSaseHElIX^ C06£irrifi; ho BOSMOSHO XBL ÚíHM HSHtHHTb 

Hane^aiaHHoe, npenrannoe h yase nosatfaioe, HBraasenHoe hsi 
iiaiiflTH HorttmHMH HaBtcriflMH? Bucrpora j^Bctbíí BoHanapta na 
boAhí^ BasxHt xoHb npHHOCua qTO-nntfyxb HOBOHbxoe. H Borb 
owh saciaBJuiJřb MOJiWTb otfoseHHHXfb, HJH se eciH nysA^^ci 
Fb Heirb, TO yKHpoTBopfiXb ero xenesHuarb no^apsoicb, nperoirb 
OTh HenpiflTeia, noasoieHieirb Bsatb BOHTpii((yi^ÍH)— h ccopa yjiasi* 
B&iacb. 

Bb (yiiaraxi r« x^PeiíH>8á coxpaHuacb saniTiia, otibflCHflixqai 
X paaBHBaiOfl^afl to, hto avteb caasaso o napoiaiaxi HvsepÍH: 
«iiMiiepaat>pb npoHSBOJibHO cocrasjaj^ cboh 6i(KueTeHH, aoBHHyacb 
npeagte acer^ csoefl naipeÓHOcni Bce enaAHTb h ycraHOBHib cbor> 
HenorpiniMOOTb, saiiMib seiaHÍio icpoasBeciH H3BÍcTHuff aij^Bx^b 
mm HHocrpaHi^eKb h ^^HqyacqrK) nytijusy, HasoHeiifb, CBOHirb irai- 
Híflirb o cBoaxi copaT^HBaxly h pacHOJOsemio uh HepacnojoseHÚD 
ffb HHiffb. Hecraa Hrpaia bo Bceirb BTOint Becbxa BTopocreneHHyn 
pcuw Hh^to ne uorm q)aBHiTbca ch HXb yji(K&ieHieirb| Borxa 



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182 BMTim iBPonH. 

^ OHH iiBTUH 6ioijeTeHi, nojyiaeMue hmh bsi Dapesa, ho Biito^ 
ei> tíitb OHH p^AKO npoTecTOBan. HiinepaTopiy vn^bcA n koh* 
BeBTOMi H JtioxoBHKOMi XIV, (hxb exHHCTBeHHofl BjacTBK), yifiBmeft 
xo laKofi creneHH nox^HHATB, XHCi^HnjiHHHponTE caM0JiH)6iii. 

HiinepaTOpi pi^XKO tbuetb nojiROBOxi^eRB CBoero BpeHeHH. 
BoeHHEie— ctmie peBHHBEie xpyr^ r^ xpyry ^k)xh> ■ hxi mh%híh 
xpyn o xpyríb HO cjiixy^Ti cnpamHBaTs. Ohh HtroHSHxrB yHUHÍe 
HJiH xocaxy, xorxa Ha^BHaK>rb cyxHTB xpyn o xpyrt* Ki sroft 
eciecTBeHHofi saBHcni, mnep&Top-b npHcoexHHflXb ea^e pasc^erB 
xecnora, ne semon^aro coaxasaTB BOBpyn ceóz HEsasHrb aBio* 
pHieroBi. Jífish (Desaix) Úun exHHCTBeHHEiirb lejOBisoirB, o ro* 

TOpOlTB OFB OTBHBaJICl HÍCBOJBBO BOCTOpseHHO, X^ ■ TO, OH^ 8Ha- 

BaxB ero tojibro bl naiajrb CBoefi Kap&epn. Ohb, Raserca, no- 
CTOflHHO xopomo OTHOCHJicfl Ri HeMy, ho flfidé yMepB nps Mapenro 
14 iioHfl 1800r. GoBc^M^BT^M^y cysxeHÍa ero o cbohxi ooparHe- 
Razí vh nasaji nepsaro HxajiBflHCRaro noxoxa saiii^aTejiBHH, h 
crporocTB hxi Bnymena, noBHXHMony, ne saBHCTBK). Bw6iafi Ofn^ 
OTBHBajcfl o CBOHXi Mapmajiaxi HeoxotipHiejiBHO. Bi nepenecRii' 
ero CB RopojieiTB Hose^K^Mi mosho upo^eraiB ero otseibli o 
Maccená, ^ypxani h H'&BOTopiirB xpyrnxi. FeHepajrB $ya ro- 
BopHJii uwbj HTO CiiHmajrB, Raní ohb roBopHJi npo Cjjivolt 
<OHx ynieTB noxroiOBHTB cpaaceHÍe, ho HecnocoÓeni x^tb ero». 
Ki TOMy se, npeiensÍH, Tpe6oBaTejBHOCTB| 9ecT0JiK>6ie MapmaiOB*^ 
XOcasxaJiR eMy: «bii ne BHaeTe, roBapHBasi ohi, o5pan^afleB r-b 
IlaRBe (Pasqmer), mb SHa^HrB xepsaTB Ha yisxí xsyxi TaRBX'^ 
jiiDxefiy xaRi CyjBrB h Hett». 

CopaTHHRH OTHJiaHBBajiH oMy TOK) se iconerox) bi» cbohxi o 
HeMi cyaRxeniflxi. Ysi HBRaRi ne vb apMÍB, vb ocofienHOCTs 
nocjii RaMHanifl, cji^xoBaBmHxi sa ÁyciepjniiteirB, othochjihcb r%^ 
Heny CB HaBÓojiBmHMi BocxEn^eflieMi, ysaseHieirB h jih)6obbk). y 
nero 6um^ ocjih mosho wkl BopasaiBca «une maniěre láchée» 
BoeBaii. Ohi MHoniMi npeHeÓperaxB, chjibho pBCROBajii: ohi* 
Bcfbwh aRepTBOBajťB jre^HOHy ycnixy. Bce 6ojiie h Óoji^e npoHH- 
RancB Btpoio vb CBOK) yxa^, vb ysacB, BHymaeiiHfl ero npBcyr- 
cniewb, OHB crapaiícfl tojbro nonpaBjíflTB pftmHrejiBHiniH yxapanH, 
HanpaBjeHHHHH neHocpexcTBeHHO ero pyROio, omaÓsH, npoMaxB, 
HorepBy H Bcerxa pacnojosoHi Caz^b orpni^aib hjih yifajmBaTB o6a 
BceMiy ^TÓ Horjo eHy noBpexHTB. &to fíbjLUO HecTepHHMOĚ aiys6y 
BoeHaiajBHBROBi, CR0iBR0-BH6yxB OTB Hero HesaBflCiiifiixi. Ha 
HBXi naxaja bch OTBŠTCTBeflHOCTB^ a iiejsxy Tbu% ohh ^acro jih- 
menu 6hjh cpexcrsi x'ibficTBOBaTB h nojy^aiH HesiinojiHHiiUfl npn- 

RasaHÍfli RJOBHBmiBCfl Vb TOMy, ^TÓtfH CBaiBTB BCK) BHHy Ha HBX*B. 



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HAlIOilBOHl. 183 

IIo8Toxy OHH otiBHBfljiH ero vb 8roH8ifi, iTB KOBapcTBi, vh Hecapa- 
BeidHBocTH H A^use Vh BeHaBHCTH H Vh saBHCTH. BapaHTb pascaa- 
SHBan uwbf tto ay^Hiopu, npEÓnBasmie vh apMÍio, 6uBajE no* 
paseHH tímb piiaMH, KaBís obu cjHmajH vh mraÓarE b jífis&e 
Vh uasHofi BBaprflpt* Obi caifB, ^yxy^B BOMaflAspoBaBi b% nap- 
majy JlasBy bo spěna nojiBCBOfi BaiiaaBiB, cjiHmaiiy saBi totb 
oÓBBHflJTB BMnepaTopa, ^ro ob^ eiiy sasB^yerB h xo^otb ero no- 
ryÓBTB, B n btoh) jsíbrno oiAaerB eiiy npBBasaflia; Maio Toro: 
JaHB^ crpaxajii sejyAaoirB, aoxoabxl ffi loro, ^to npBBBCUBaji 

CBOH) ÓOjteBB TOMy, 9T0 BMBepaTOpi XOT&Il OFO OTpaBBTB. 

BnpoieiTBi Mapmaiii Be uovjle saiOBaiBca aa to, hto BMne- 
paToprB BeAOCiaTOHflo Barpasxaii bxi sa sac^yra. ?acro flarpaxH, 
AOCTaBaBBiiflca nwhj Cubsuhi BOJioccajiBBEi^ b xasB Basi npoxojiSB- 

leiBBOCTB BOfiffB paS^yU BXl npBTfl3aBÍfl AO 6e8B0BeHB0CTB,— TO 

OBB nojy^aaa TwryjLU Bnasefi b repi^oroBi, Basi sen^b caiiyK) 

OÓHBBOBeBByiO, B C^BiajIB, ITO TOABO KOpOieBCBOe AOCTOHflCTBO 

Morjo 6u AOCTOfiBO saBepmflTB axi cyAB6y. Hm posAaBu Óuávl 
rpoMaAHHfl cyMMU b aobboujibcb Bcasaro poAft notiopu ch no- 

6&BAeBBIIXK B^BOTOpue UVh BBX^E COCXaBBJIB CB&b ROJOCCaUBBfl 

oocTOflBÍfly E ecjiB (Sojbmaa ^acTB otbxi ÓoraTCXBrB pacraajia bhíctí 
Ch npaBBiexbCTBOMi, bxi cosAaBniEiii, to 8to noiony, hto Jier- 

BOCTB, CB KaBOfi OBB COCTaBBJflCB, BOOB^pAJia MOraXB BX!B 6evh 

BCBBaro pasciera, vh saAesA^, ^ro cpeAcraa vh npiofiptTenix) 
ÓoraTCTBa sBBorAa se BBCflBHyrB. 

IIpBABopfloe AyxoBeBCiBO Be bm&io BBBaBoro bjiLibíb npn Buner 
paiopik. Obo eMy cjiysBJío o6íahk> sasAoe BOCRpecesBe, botb b 
Bce. HanojieoBi nojBBOBajca Ay^OBeacTBOirB, bo se jh)6hj[i bo- 
nOBi. Obi nHTajocB npoxBBi bbxi ýfljoco4>CBoe b OT^acTB peBOJHO- 
ipoHfloe npeAy6^SA^HÍe. SI ne ssaiOi 6un jib owh a^hctb bab 
MeflCTB. Obi xopomo Bacnixaicfl bi^ batbhboitb Bpysai BaAO 
Bc&iTB, ht6 sacaiocB pejBiÍB, b b Ay^^^^^ ^^ ^^y ^^i ^^ ^°^ 
ejHmsoiTB MBoro oÓpan^Lii BBBMaBifl sa to, ttó bpobcxoabtb kb 
BiAimB^TB mpbj HTo6u BaHBiiaTBCB ÓyAyn^eft sbbbbh). Ocm^^jtocb 
BEMteBTB, htó ÓescHepTÍe ero bmobb npeACTaBJífljiocB eny ropasAO 
6ojie BasBUMi A'^oirB, ^iwh ÓescMeprie AyniB. Obi lyBCTBOBajii 
ffbBOTopoe OTBpan^eBie bi xaBsaMi b BcerAa oÓBBBfljii bxi vh 

XHI^eMipÍB. ROFAB CBfln^eBBBBB KB HCBaBÍB BOBMyTBJIB npOTBBl 

Hero BaoejieBie, bopab ob^ BcnuTaji conpoTBBieBie co cropoBEi 
^^BiQrscBBXi enBCBonoRB, BOFAa OBI yBBA'&i'B, HTO sa naay BCty- 
naDTCB Mflorie jioab, obi Chjix coBC&ifB cpaseai b bo pasi ro- 
BftpflBaji: «fl AysntTB, jik)ab ropasAO npocBtn^eflBŠé) hími obb 
esasiiBaKiTCfl sa canoirB fjbjíi*. ByAexib ae 6e8no:ie8BBiirB, 6iitb 



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1 81 Bicmn fBPoniL 

MOserB noroBopHTB tasse o saMtqaiejiuíEirB jraiepaiopftxx h xy- 
^(OSHHBaxi, a lasse h o COTanemaxi, noflBHBinHXCfl nocjiik ocho* 
Bama ROHcyjbCTBa h ;(0 1806 r. B'b imcjA nepBHxi x Haxosy 
^empexi, o Roropurb nory noroBopars hícbojbbo noxpoÓHO* 

ďLarB ^exHXJib, Roroparo mu 6omne SHaem nojfh HiieHeirL 
a(S6aTa ^eiexiB, npoBexi ly^nrie roj^ CBoet shbhh vh saoxy, 
iipeAinecTBOBaBinyK) Hamet peBOJHoi^H. Osb coexvHBXB cb 6jecTfl- 
n^HiTB TajaHTOiTB npejiecTB ocrpoyiiix h xiotfesHOCTH. Obi ycBOxn 
ceú^b THTyjTB afióaxa, norovy ^to kb 6uxoe spěna btotb xHTyxi 
AaBaji^ nojioseiiie bi cb^tí; nocj6 pesojiioi^iH oh% oeraBBjrB ero, 
H seHHJCfl Ha oco&b aobojbho xopomet 4^iiuii, orpaHB^eHHofl, 
HO HexypHofi coÓOK). OpaHATufi KB xopomeiTB otia^ecňt, ociiaaH- 
HuĚ HBJOCTXMH ROpojieBofi Mapiet-ÁBTyaneiTOtt h rpa^^^ x^Aprya, 
OHI sHaíTB oahí xhihb HpiflTHEix cTopoHEi jHiepaTypHoft BapbepH. 
Ero J[h>6bxh, ÓajOBajiH, sa hbitb yxasBBaia; offB Ósjtb Bairbna- 
TOJBHO H HSflopro ocTpoyMeHi; y nero 6uxa HecpaBHeflHaa xhsiub; 
Kor^a OHB qBTaxTB cthxb, Bcb nanepepiiKB cntniBJB ero nocxy- 
maTb. EpoBaBHx ci^eHu peB0JH)uÍH nanyraiB ero spoTBys) xymy; 
OHx BHHrpBpoBajTB H Bes^T^ B% Espont BcrpiniTB Tasot npiem, 
BOTopnff Kon yi^niBTB ero vh EsrnaHiB. O^HaKO, sor^a BoHa- 
napTB BOscTaHOBBjTB nopxxoB^B Bo ^paHi^ÍB, JlfiÁBMh nosejajrB Bl 
Hee BepHyTBCx h npitoajTB vb IlapHsi ci CBoeft seHofi, yse no* 
SBjíEiirB, no^TH cjíbnuwhj ho Bce no npesHeiiy xDfiesHiiirB h 
HarpyaieHHiiiťB npexpacHHMH co^BneHÚíMH, Boropiix coóapajics 
HSAaBaxB. Ero chobb ciajE 6a;i0BaTb, XEiepaTopsi tíchbxbcb Bospyrs 
nero, BoHanapn (iierRa sancBHBaď^ bj> hoitb. RaeeApa^ cb boto* 
pofi offB lajiaHTJHBO ^BTajTB xeBi^ifl o 4^paHiQr8CBOt xBrepaTypb, 
(5iua OMy Boaspan^eHa, eicy npeAiarajH nenciK), bb Harpa^y sa 
XBajietfHHe ctbxb. Ho JífiJiíijjih, sejaa coxpaBBiB HesaBBCBiíocTB 
B BipHHfi CEMnariflirB, CBasuBaBniBirB ero HepaspiiBHO cb Byp* 
6oHCBBirB AOMom, yxajifljCB vb oTj^axeHHHS BBapTajrB, yBXOHflJCB 
orb Bcbx^ npeAioJneHÍft h jiacvB b, npexannutt BCBJiH)«BTexBHo 
CBOBiTB saHflTÚiirBy OTB^iaxB Ha Bce CTBxaMB «L*homme des chanip6>: 

Auguste triomphant pour Yirgile fut juste. 
•Timitai le poete, imitez douč Auguste, 
Et laíssez-moi sans nom, sans fortuně et sans fers, 
Réver au bruit des eaux, de la lyre et des yers. 

Ecxfl BoHanapTB b (íui pasAOcaxoBaffB ero oonpoTBBxemeBi, 
TO HO BfiipasBXB BTOFo: ofioiee ysaseHie b apBBUBaHBOCTb cxysBXB 
H^BTOBi A.1X MBjaro noBra. Ohi mhpbo sbji b MBpBO yicepB, ho xq- 
sXftBHiBCB BOBBpan^emii upani^eBi, Boropfiixi ho nepeexaBan xx>6btb. 



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HlHOJOOffB. 185 

Bh TO Bpai£, Borxa BoHanaprB Óstjii en^e toabo BOHcyjioinb 
H FOHflJCfl da EonyjflpHOCTbK), eBfy npjinijia 4>^HTa8Ífl noaasaTL ce($fl 
flfiMBijno; OHI HaxiflJicfl, 6uTh MOserB, npesae^b ero na cbok> cto- 
poHy Hjm no KpaSnefi Mtp4& ero ocjfinHTB. M*me BaqmKSH no- 
pyveno Úum nossai^ nodia na Be^ep^ Óujlo npiirjianieHO ni- 

CBOAICO JIHI^, Vh TOlTb HHCX& H fl. Opí^Xan nepBHS BOHCyJTB. 

Ero noflBieme jíu%xo hí^to cxo^noe cb ((jmcraTejBoiiirB no^BJíe- 
Bieirb lOanrepa rpoMosepsi^a, noroicy ^to ohb 6uxb OBpyxen^B 
minoft ajT^iOTaHTOBB, BEicTpoHBnnixcfl bb pax^ h ne iiaďo xhbfb* 
niHXCfl TOHy, TTO Hxi renepaiB xaeajrB ce6% ipyjTB yxasHBaib sa 
cia6fiiiffB crapH^BoirBy bb lepnom 4^paB'6, Boroparo, iint Kasercji, 
OHH HeMHOABO nyraiH. BonanaprB dbxi> sa K(^)ix>^Hiit ctojib xu 
soBTenaHca h nocaAHXb moha cb co6oS. S. Čum exHHCTBeHHOft 
jcennpraoS bb btoitb cuohí, mfl Boropott Óeijio ne ÓesiBSB^erao 
JlfiMBMMJOf H fl noHJija, 9T0 EoHasapTB BH^paji^B Mens, RaxB bbbho 
uemfj anoxoi nosra h Bnoxofi BOHcyjia. 3, crapajiacB ycmnoBiiTB 
Meaa^ hhhh H'lBOTopyH> cbasb; BonanaprB corjiacHJíCfl npe^aiB jn* 
leiMiTypHiifi xapavrepB 6e(Afi,% h cnamjia nanrB noarB, Baa&iocB, 
ee ocraBajcfl HefqyBCTBHTejBHUMB bb yxasiBaHBK) xasoro jiBiiia. 
06a 02BHBUHCb, HO Bas^fl na CBOtt jaxB; a eaopo sanŠTHJia, 
HTO BH TOMy, HH j^pyroMy HB yAaercfl npoHSBecTH Toro Bne^arji^- 
híh, Basoe hmb 060HMB Óujío semaTenHO. Bonanapn JK>6HďB ro- 

BOpSTB, ^ejIHJIJB TOSe 6filJIB fioiBOIOS ÓOJTtyWb H paBCBaS^HBB; OHH 

iKpeÓHBajH xpyiTB xpyra, ne cjymajra ojs,EWh xpyroro; otia npa- 

BHBUIH BB nOXBaiailB H CBOpO yÓtXHJHCB, HTO HITB H6 y^aCTCH 

o«^M)BaTB ApyrB Apyra, h pascrajiHCB ytoiurenHiie, a 6íitb MoaseiB; 
— HeAOBOAHiie ;ípyrB jq^jvom*. 

UmjA aroro nelepá A^hjiib roBopnjrB, ^to tiec^AE Boneyja 
«sentaít la poudre h canon»; a BonanapTB naxoxHjrB, hto crapHĚ 
noon «radotait Tesprit*. 

Mnt ne SHaBOMsi bb to^hocth oóCTOfliejiBCTBa panneĚ mojio- 
XOCTH maroópiana. Ohb dMHrpHpoBaiB cb cbobhb ceMeflcTBOMi bb 
Ahtjíio, vflfk nosHaBOMHJicfl cb xe-^HTanoirB h, no BOBBpan^eHÍH bo 

^paHqilOy BOdO^HOBHJTB CB HHMB SHaBOMCTBO, H BaSieTCfl, ^TO ffi-^OM" 

TftHB npeAcraBHj^B ero nepBOMy Boncyjiy. Hane^amHB CBoe co^h* 
HeHÍe «Le Génie dn chrístianisme* bb Bnoxy BOHBopxaxa ISOl, 
GffB BameurB HysnuiiB nocBflTHTB ceoe coíHnenie «au restauratenr 
de la religion ». Oh*b 6eijb ne (SoraiB; ero BBycu, ero ntcBOJUBO 
BsÓajMomntiĚ xapasiepB, cnjiBHoe, xoth h CHyrnoe neciojiDÓie, 
spafiHee TH^ecJiaBÍe BHymHJiH eMy acejiaHie h norpeónocTB npHiiB- 
HyrB BB He]iy-HH6yAB. He snaK), bb Ba^easi %ro HMeHHO, oh*b 

<&UKB npHUCieHB BB nOCOJIBCTBy BB PhMŠ. BÓ BCflBOlTB CJlJ^tA 



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186 wmwnffb ibpohh. 

OH^ Bexb ce6sL Tam neocroposHo h ocBOpÓHJii BoHanapra. flfiMKBL^ 
BOBÓysA^HHan HMi vb newhj bmšctí cb HeroxoBaaieMi, xasoe 
BS8Baja B'B IIIaTo6píaHt BasEB repi^ora d^neacKaro, osoH^aieuHo 
noccopHJH Bxi. inaTo6piaHx, no BOBBpan^emH b% IlapHS^, jbe- 
fibjn cig6m OKpji&enBuwb seHn^eHaMHi Koropiia npHHiiJiiiCB hobjio* 
HflTbCfl eicy H npoBOdriamaTb ero aRepTBofi; owh jkhbo npernub 
iwh o6pa9B Mfiícjiefi, BasoMy n lirb nop^ ci^xoBaxB; hb vb ero 
BBycax^i HH Bi ero lajiaHrt, ne 60120 yuoHBTbCB orb csrbn h xetb 
saÓHTb ce(Sfl. HaBjeBoiB na ceón naAsopi ^ouI^H, ob% iniecia- 
BHJiCfl BTHirB. Ti, STO cro BopoTBO BHaeTB, roBopBTL, "iTO eciB 6a 
BoHanapn, Biflcro toto, ^to6h npecjitxoBaTB ero, noBasajii 6u 
mixby Hw no^BTaoTB ero xoctobhctbOi oh% Jierso h npoino o6ou- 
cthjtb 6h ero. EÍBcaTejib ne ocrajicfl 6hi rjyxx Bi noxBaiairB Ta* 
xoro BHCOsaro JiBi^a, Easi 6u to hb 6íijio, Teneps ohi» xepsaiCB 
B% CTopoHt fl tfuBai^ jiBnib vh onnosBi^ioHHUXi BpysBáxi. nyreme- 
CTBÍe Bi^ CBBiyH) deujio sacraBAJio o Hem 8a6uTB Ha H^Boropoe BpeMs; 
Bxpyri OHI CHOBa noBBHJicfl h Hane^aTaiB «les Martyrs». Offii 
raserH Hana^aiH, xpyrifl XBajiBJíH ero; obi BusBajrb xobojbho ose- 
CTO^eHHue cnopuy BOTopue BMnepaTopb noon^pajii, «HaTOxy ^nO| 

rOBOpBJTb OHI, 8TH CQOpil SaHHMaiOrB CB^TCBOe o6ntecTBo». 

Bi dnoxy, Bor^a noiiBBJíHCb «LesMartyrs», bi BpeTaHHBcnux* 
Hyjaii poBJíHCTB^ecBÍfl saroBopi. Oxhhi bbi sysenoBi IIIaTOÓpiaHa, 
yjHqeHHHfi vh y^acTÍB, Óujii npHBeseH^ bi IlapBsi, cy^HMi b 
npflroBopeHi bi> CMepTH. & tfujia Apysaa cb bopotbhhh npiflre* 
JBMH maTOÓpíana; ohh npHBesjífl ero bo iiH'b h y6Í2SAajiH BitbcA 
CB HHiťB xo^aTaficTBOBaiB npH nocpejiCTBt BMnepaTpHi^Kí o noiui- 
;iOBaBÍH ero poACTeeHHBBa. & npocHJia ero xaTB hhí hecbiio b^b 
BMnepaTopy; owb orsasajicfl Ha orp^, ho corjaeBjícfl nanHcaTB 
m*me Bosanapn. H bmíctí cb liifB ^an mhí oxbhi BBdeiiajflpi 
«Les Martyrs», HaA'&flCB, qio BoHanapii npe^araerB 8Ty BHary h 
CMflr9HTCfl OTHOCHTejiBHO OB aBTopa. Tasi BaBB a ne 6iija yst- 
pěna, hto btofo ifOTHBa óyxerB aoctbio^ho ajb yMapoTBopenui 
HHneparopa, a ooB^TOBajia niaTotipiany ynoTpeÓBTB ntcsojBEO 
cpeACTBi 8a-pa8T»: <Bu poACTBeBBBBi Majiep6y, roBopajia a OMy^ 

BOTB BMB, BOTOpOe MOSHO npOBSBeCTB HpB BaSAOMX ^eJOBi^B^, CB 

yB^poBHocTBiOi 9T0 Bi HOMy OTHecyTCB CB yBasseHieiTB B CHuna* 
Tiei ^). OonpotfyeiTB oneperBca na neroi h conuHTecB na ero hma 
Vh HBCBirb B!B HMnepaTpBi^'6». 

niaToOpiaHi ^pesBuqaflHO yxBBEji^B Měna, oTBeprayBí BTOrB 



1) BoBauapn BosvpaTHjrE m-me Moo^yasie, BepHyBneicji dMBrpaHnrb, vac^ ea 
iiiíhíí ToibEo 8a TO, HTO osa 6aia AOHepbi) Maiep6a. 



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sinoicovb. 187 

coB^rb. Ohi aui mbí noHATB, ^to ero caiiojuoóie óyA&rb ocsop6- 
leHO, ecjiH TO, Hero ohi xo^Bsaercfly ne 6yfifiTb ca^&ho pa^H ero 
u^HO. O^eBHXHO, HTO ero niicaTeucKoe caM0jiK)6ie 6paio Bepxi 
Hftxo Bciifi, H OHI sejan, mo6u HMnepftropx noniiijii bi nen^ 
nBcarejfl. IIodTOMy oei> ne HanHcajii hhcbmo Taní, keři a npo- 
CHja, HO Tiwh HO M6H^ ii nepe^aja ero nflCBMo h xaaae boc- 
nojBBOaajiacb yxoÓHinrB cjty^aeici, ^to6u npo^HraTb mnepaTopy 
hícrojleo crpaHHiCB jsn «Martyrs»y h cana ynoiuByja o Majiepóí. 
«Bu xOBOAHO iCRycHiifi a^BOKarb, — csasajTB HHb EMneparopi, — 

BO BH XJJ^O BBaBOMil Cb dTHlTB A^JIOMI. MhŠ HySHO HOBasaTb 

BpHM^pi CTporocTH vh EpeiaHH; sepTBofi 9T0fi crporocTH 6yjsfivh 
HtAOvim AOBOAHo HeHHTepecHGifi, noTOMy TTO poACTBeHHHRi nia- 
To6piaHa nojiBsyeTCA ne ocotfeHHO jiecTHofl cMBOfi. SI SHaio nasip^ 
Boei vro vh cyn^HOCTH ero Ryseni o^eHb Majio HHTepecyerca ero 
cjM,h6oŘ^ H lapaKiepi ero npoci>6£i AOsasusaerB Mff6 8to kslk% 
BeibSfl jy^ime. Ohi HiťierB pe^anecTBO ho nHcaiL npfliio bo MHb; 
nHCuio ero bi HMnepaTpHiJ^ib cyxo h nbcBOJibBO naAMeHHo; ohb 
seiajTb 6u noxasBTB Memi BCJiH^ieKi CBoero Tajanra. Si npoTBBO- 
cocTa&UK) eMy BejiH^ie Moeů noAumuKU^ h, npaBO, bto ne aojisho 
oÓBJUiTL ero. Mbí na^oÓHO nosasaTB npBiilipi vh EperaBA, ajlíí 
BstiteaBÍB By^fl Mejio^Huxi noJiBTflqecBBXi npecjiÍAOBaHifi. 3to 
HOAacTB noBOAi> IIlaTo6piaHy nanBcaTB HtcBOJibBO naTerHqecBBXi 

CIpaHHI^, BOTOpUfl OHI Cy^eTb IHTaTB Bl» CeH'B-JKepiieHCBOM'B 

npexM^^CTB-i. Mbjuib Aanu éjtLyrh njasaTB, b bu yBBAHTe, ^to sto 
ero yriniBTi*, 

HeBOBMOSHO 6ujio HOBOJieÓaTB pimeBie, BupaseHHoe TaBBiii 
oÓpasoiTB. Bdb ycBiiifl fliinepaTpBi](u b mob osasajiBCB Tn^eiHUMB, 
H sasHB coBepmBjacB. Bx totl ase caiiufi ^euh b nojiy^BJía ne- 
(kuBmys) sanBco^sy otb niaToCpiana, HesojBHO HanoHBBBmyR) mhí 
uoBa BoBanapra. Obi HBcaai mbí, ^to cqeji^B cbobm'b AOJiroifB 
npncyícTBOBaiB npa sasEB CBoero poAcxBeBHBBa b coApora^iai, 
BHAfl, saRB co6aBB jiBsajiB ero BpoBB. BcB sanBCOHsa Óuja bi> 
wiowh TOHÍ« S, ÓHjia BBBOJiHOBaua, ona oieAeHBJía Menii; ne bhSio, 
B jra BB TOMi BBHOBaTa^ BZB OBI. HeMHOFO AHet cnycTfl, niaTO- 
ÓpiAWhj xoTB B BTB FJiyÓOKOiťB Tpayp^, He saBajucB oco6eHflo orop- 
^leHHinrB, ho ero pasApasenie npoTBBi BiinepaTopa o^esB ycBjBjocB. 

3to co6uTÍe noBejso vb uoeuy SHasoMcrBy cb IIIaTOÓpiaHOifB. 
Ero conneniB krí npaBBJíBCB, SBasoiccTBO cb hbmi otÓbjo y Heflfl 
BsycB Kb HBMX. Ero o^eHB 6aJ0Baja BSBibcTHaa^ ^bctb oSaj^ecrea, 
BTL ocoÓeHHocTB seHD^BHU. Oh^b aobo^bho cbjbho CMyn^aerB sas- 
gfkTOf STO y Hero ÓuBaerB, noroMy hto epasy bhabo, ^to HBBasBMB 
B0ZBajiaifB ero se yABBBHiB. BesA^ obi saHBMaen nepBoe mí&cto. 



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188 BiKomsi iBPonH. 

qyBCTByerL eeóa na Heii^E bdojih^ xopomo h cmHOBHTCfl Torx» 
o^eHB jLV>6esewb. Ho ero pin?, AOBastisaton^k sHBoe Bootípasenie, 
o^HapysEBaiorB BH^cri ci tíitb 6ojiBinyfo cyxocTB cepma h hb- 
BicTHyio CBpuTHOCTB xapaBTepa. Co^BHeHÍa ero peJHriosHn, * flo 
ejóBa ee Bcer^a oÓJHiaiorb CBjmia y6tsAeHÍE. Ohi cepbeseETB, 
Ror^a nHmen; bi ero iianep^ ^epsarb ce6fl HejiocraerB creneH- 

HOCTH. .IhI^O ero RpaCHBO, CTEHl HieROJIBRO RpHBOtfOlTB; 0H*B E^e- 

neTBJieH'B h seiiaHeH^B bi csoeirs Kocnoiii. Raseiai, wro wb 
jiiotíBH ony Bcero (5ojBiae HpaBBTCfl to, hto bt^ o6a!ie«irriH Haau- 
Baexcfl «les bonnes fortunes». Ohi BceMy npeAno^raeTB ÚuvhWL 
noRasš, H HMÍen CKopie npHBepxeHi^eBiy nesejiH jipysefi; cjobobtb — 
B3i BcerOy qTÓ a BH^^jia, s saufOHHJiay ^to ero npiflTHle neraTb, 

^ŠH^b BO^HIbCA CB HHIfB. 

H. Maao BHA^Jia m-me GrajiB, ho a 6um ORpysena jiR)ABMHy 

($JIH8R0 ee BHaBinHMH. MOfl MaTB H Hi^ROTOpUfl MOH pOACTBeHHHI^tl 

ÓHJH ci Hefi sHaROMEi Bi 62 MOJOAOCTH fl HRCTO pascsasHBajUi 
ueÍj hto Cb nepBiixi ji'It'b shbhu OHa nposBjíHja raROfi xapaR- 
Tepx, ROTopnfl HeesÓisHO AOJixewb ÓujFh nocraBATB ee bh'6 bca- 
KJiTh coi^ajiBHuxii yaioBifi. nflTBaxAaTH ^"^TB 0TB poAy, ona yse 
ooTajia caMHfl OTBje^eHHBfl co^HHeHis. 3to (Sniia natypa SHBas 
AO MfliesHOCTH, qpesBEiqafiHO HCRpeHHflji H npaBXHBafl, Roropas 
qyBCTBOBajia chjibho h BupaauLiacB c% sapom. Tepsaeiiafl Boo6pa* 
^^esieicB, nosepaBinHsrB ee, cjsniROBfB crpacTHo yBJíeRaBmaacfl 
ÓJiecnowb H ycnixoMX, cricHfleiiafl saROHaMH ofo^ecTBa, saMURav)- 
n^HMH seHo^HHy wb tíchuA Rpyn, ona bc&itb npeneóper^a, Bce 
HHcapoBeprjia h oqeoB mhofo nacxpaAajiacB otb ÓopB^ii Me»Ay 
AeMOHOM^, T0iiBaBmHM'B ee, n npujHqíHMB, ROTopua ho MorjH ee 
cxepsaTB. 

Ona HMŠJia HecHaciie 6utb oneHB jiypnofi co6oio a qpesBEiqafiHo 
aTHU'B orop^aTBCfl, raa^B rbri, noBHXHMOHy, roHfljacB sa ycatxaMH 
BCflRi^o poxa. Ob ne^ypniiiix jihi^om*B9 ona, 6ttTB mosotb, Óujia 6bi 
cqacTjBB^e, noroMy ^to 6ujia 6u cnoRoflH'&e. Bi eB xymíb Ósrío 
cjiftmRoiTB MHoro crpacTHOCTV, qTotffii ona ne ;iio6Hja MHoro^ a vh 
efl yni cjHoiRoifB MHoro ^aHraaiH, ito6u efi ne RasajiocB oqeHb 
qacTO, qro ona jnoÓerB. Hbbícthoctb CHHCRaja efi noRJOHeHÍs, 
JBCTHBmifl efl TH^ecjaBÍio. Xora ona ÓEua o^enB Ao6pa no apapoxi, 
ona B086y»;^ajia HeHaBBCTB h saBecTB; ona nyraja seaoitHHB, ocRop6- 
jiua Toany icys^HHi, Buine ROTopsix^B c^irajia ceósí. Co sc&ifB 
TtiTB y HOfl 6iiao h'6crojibro Bi^pnuxi xpysefl, a ea cofiCTBeHHaa 
npexaHHocTB ne snaBajia rpaHHi^i. 

Rorxa BonanapTB ciaxi RonoyjioiťB, m-me xe-CrajB yse (tua 
Bi cjSíiA. TaRaa jhhhoctb, Raai BonanaprE, BOsÓyxHja jik)6o- 

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HinojiBo&x. 189 

HHTCTBO H BHyiDHJia CHa^ajia HŠBOTopoe BOCxHo^efiie seHoyiBi)^ 
^yrsoi BO BcasoMy npeeocxoACTBy. Ona Bocroprajificb hmi, Hcsa^a 
ero oón^ectea^ Bcio^y JosHja ero. Osa Booópasaja, hto ero sani* 
meiBHiifl sa^ecTBa, CHaerjHBEifl otferoflTencTBa, bi» ukúi owh 
noemajeHi, XOJishu noBecxH vh TopsecTBy cboÓoxu, ea jiioÓHMaro 
Hxeaia; ho oea CKopo BcrpeBosBJía BonanapTa, Boropiifi He xor&rB, 
TTo6a sa hhitb Ha^^jnoAMH hjh ero yraxBiBajH. M-meCxajiB, bob- 
fiyXHBTB vb neiTB ena^iajia rpesory, sariii^ ne noHpaBirjacB eify. 
Ctai^ ^xo npHHBiiajii ea yxaasHBaHbe; CMyiiiaj'B ee TBepxHMH, 
nopoK) cyziiifQ OTBŠTaiiH. OfTL sax^JTE ea mhšhíh; Mesxy hbmh 
noceuaocB HexoBipie, h ibr^ sani o6a ohh 6ujh crpacTHue jik>ah^ 
TO 8T0 HexoBŠpie He saMeAJiHJO oÓpaniBca bi HeHaBHcrb. 

Bb Ilapasi m-me CxajB npHHHMaxa Mfioro Hapoxa; y Hefl 
CB060JIHO o6cysA&JiHCB Bci nojiBTHqecRíe BOnpocH. Jlys Eonanaprs 
mojOMjawh ^esoBÍKom 6uhíkrb y Hea HHorxa e HaxoAHn yxoBOJib- 
CTBÍe vb ea Óecbfjb. Eparb ero BcrpeBOSHJiGfl 9tíim'b, sanperHJit 
eMy fiiiBaTB y Hea h y^pexBJďB na^i hhmi na^sopi. y m-me CraiB 
6iiBajH aHiepaTopU) ny6jHi^HCTu, x^Teje pesojioi^iH, BejbMOSH. 
«3m seHn^BHa, roBapBBajix nepBufi BOHgrjrb, y^arB uuciEHh rbThy 
Sony 611 &T0 B Bi rojOBy He Dpam^io, b líxi, BOTopue BTOny 
pasyqfljHCb*. H 8to Ónjia npaBxa. Hs^anie h^kotoputb co^afleHift 
HeKsepa osoH^aiejibHO pasxpasBJo ero. Ohi asraaii ee mi> 
^panivui H CBJíbHO noBpeABJTB ceói TasBirb x^cnoTBiecBAirb nociyn- 
BOiTb. £poMÍ Toro, xaBi BaB'B HBqro xass ho 02Kecr6iaeT&, Bass 
nepnaa HecnpaBexJBBOCTB, oob craji npeciixoBaTB ^^boíb Tbxi> 
iHiCB, BOTopufl JUkj^bjíH ee. Efl coHBHeHÍa, 8a BCBXB)^eHÍeii'E pona* 
HOBi, 6ujiE yp^bsanu, npB noflBjeHÍH bo ^paniiiH; sypsaiH no- 
My\Bm upasasaHÍe 6paHHTB bxi; Bdb HanyciBíHCB na nee 6e3^ 
Bcasaro BejiBBOxymia. MesAy rbm BasB po^floa oisepraja ee, 
BBoerpaHqu npBHBiiajiB ee ch BOcroproM^. TaiaHTb ea ysp^najica 

m% SBTeĚGBBXl HeBBTOX^ B THVb paBBBJíca, ^0 MHorie MySHBHa 

MoraH el nosaBBxoBaTB. 

MsA cjiyqajiocB ciiiHiaTB BHorxa otbubu BoHanapia o m-me 
OrmMh. HeHaBBCTb ero bb Hefi nBxajiacb OTHacTB saBBCTBiO; Basyio 
waymhso euy bcbboo npeBOCxoACTBO, ch BoropuirB owb ne Mors 
eupaBBTBca, h ero p^hb Óojib uponBianu TaBoil rope^BH), ^to bos- 
iaiH9BBajH ee npoTBBi ero bojib, a ero yHBsajiB bi rjtasax^ 
Tfe%, BTO ero cjtymaii, Baaxta bcÍmb cbobiib yMCTBeHHiiKB cno- 
nCSBOcravB. 

£% TO Bpeiía, Rasi m-me xe-CiajiB cnpaaexJiBBO Morjia saao- 
BK^cfl Ha npecjiixoBaHie, botophitb noxBeprajiacB, óujia Xpyras 
í ■iiHíTtiífíi^ HecoMH^HHo HO TaRafl TajiaHTJiHBaa b ho TaBaa snaiie- 



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190 B^CTHin iBPomL 

HHTM, KOTopaa Morjia tojbso noxBajHTBCi nospoBirrejibCTBOMi, osa- 
SHsaeMuiTB efi HHneparopoirB. To 6iija m-me ffi-SBiMmc^h. ^^jo 

ffB TOITB, 9T0 ffB Hefi OHI He BCTpŠTHJl HS TajaHTa, HH KH^HÍS, 

BpasAe^Hux^ ce&b. Oaa jnotfeja h npeBOSHOCHja peBOJioi^iio h 
ciyMŠja BocnoABOBaTbCfl bcímh ea BoiBHOCTfliiH. Cocrap^BinHCBr, 
OHa CTa.ia ^onopea h naÓosHa, npeBepseHHa Kb nopflXBy? h 
noKh BTBWh npex^oron Bupasajia rjy6oKoe BOCXHn^enie Ri 60- 
Hanapiy. 3to JbCTHao eMy; ohx HasHa^HA ett neflciio h noBBOJHj'^ 
ett BCTynHTB bi nepeoHCBy cb co6ofi^ fb Roropofi ona cootfn^ajara 
eny Bce, uib CHinaja nojiesHEUTB, h Bce to, ht5 ovb xot&ii BHaTb 
o crapoiTB nopflXB^. HsBjesafl buvojíj hsb BOcroproKb m-me 
Ae-SCaHJHCB, BoHanaprB o^Haso xopomo noHHMajr& ee. Ohi bu- 
CBa8aji'b o Hefi npn uwb aobojibho Roasoe cysxeBie, roBopa o 
Tofi HonopHOCTH, Rasafl BanitiajiacB bo bc^x^ es co^HHenuixi: 
«Rorxa m-me ffilSiasjíiiLCb saroBopHTB o Ao6poAÍ»TejH, to Bcer^a 
TOJRyeTB o Hefi, RaRi o RaKOMi-ro otrpiitíh». 

IIpoeRrB pasBoxa cb Kose^HHOfl BcajiuBajii na Bepxi BpeiiH 
OTB BpeiieHH. M-me Ae-Pemosá nocBfln^aerB Atjyio rjaBy TOMy, 
HTÓ npoHCxoAHJO Wh ^OHTenÓJo CB 1807 no 1808 r. no xbxy o 
pasBOA^. XoTfl HMnepaTopx vh noca^AHÍe vo^u HanoBCHnarB x/dui 
o&b aroM^ npoeBTi tojbro vl rb iiEHyiu, rofar ccopHJca cb 
neio, a bte cjiy^an 6uBajH pi^ARH, 6jiaroAapfl jiobrocth h chhcxo- 

AHTeJBHOCTH BMnepaTpHI^UÍ, OAHaRO BeCBMa BtpOflTHO, TTO OHI HOCHJTB 

vb rojoBi xoTfl, 6htb MosserB, CMyTHufi njianB TaRoro pasBOAa. 
CMepTB crapmaro cuHa ero Ópara, JlyiSj nopasHJia ero; ero no6tAu, 
ycHJBBaa ero iiorymecrBo, pacmnpflj^iH ero nOHSTÍfl o BeJHHÍH, h 
nojiHTHRa, TaRse RaR^ h in^ecjaBÍe, no^ysA^^ ero BcrynsTB b^ 
poACTBO CB R^M^B-HHÓyAB BSB OBponeficRHx^ FocyAapett. Cna^ajia 
HOCHJCfl cjiyxiy mo Bu6opB Hanojieona ocranoBajiCfl Ha AO^epn 
CaRCOHCRaro RopoiB; ho sra npeni^ecca ne AOcraBHJia 6u ony lixh 
poACTBeHHurB yBi, RaRifl icorjiH 6u pacmHpHTB ero BJiacTB na roh- 
THHeHT^. RopojiB CaRcoHCRÍfi i^apcTBOBa-iB TOJBRO noToiíy, HTO ÝpaH- 
lúfl eny bto nosBOJiejia. Ri xoMy se, ero Aonepn 6buo TorAa no 
RpafineS icbpi xpHAi^aTB jvbn h ona cobc&mx ho 6um xopoma 
C060S. BonanapTB, no BOSBpan^enÍH hsb THjBSHTa, vb laRoxi Biipa- 
aReHÍflX'B OTBUBajicfl nefi, ^to coBepmenno ycnoROHJTB seny. Ho 
CBHAanie bi Tajubset^ ho Óes^ ocHOBanífl pasAy^o caM0JK)(5íe Hano* 
jieona. Bocxsn^eHie, RaRoe ohb BHymejrB MOJiOAOKy jjfiipiOy corjacie, 
Aannoe nocďiAHHMB na H'lROTopue hbb ero njanoBx, raaBHUirB 
ofipasoMi na pac^jeneHÍe RopojeBCTBa HcoamH, ero CHHCxoAHiaiB- 

HOCTB Kb SejaHÍfllTB CBOOrO HOBarO C0H)3HHRa, — Bce Morjio C0A'6B* 
CTBOBaTB TOMy, ^TO BB yitt HOCl^AHarO SapOAH^IHCB H^ROTOpJEie 



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HAnOJROffB. 191 

iLiaHu RacaTeiBHo 6ojiÍe iftcHaro coioaa. Ohi, 6eai^ coifBiHia, 
OTBpojiCfl vb dTOWh TajefipaHy, ho ne xyMaio, ^to6h coo6mfl3% 
nthjHfio i](apK>; h Bce 8to oxHaKO 6ujio ouioseno Ha 5oji'6e hjih 
uewbe orxajeHHoe Óy^yn^ee, CMorpa no oÓcroflTejBCTBairB. 

EMnepaTopi BepHyjcH bo $paHi^ÍD. Ilpn cóiHaseHiH cb seHoft, 
SB HeiTB HpocEmajacb la npBBjisaHHOCTB, RaBýio ona eiiy A'6ficTBH- 
leaiiHO BHymajia h KOTopaa nopoio otohb crlcHíjia ero, TaB'B BaiCB 
sacraBjífljia ero HCHEiTUBaTB Tarocrnoe nyBeiBO, sorxa eiiy c^yna* 

JOCB CHJIBHO OrOp^HTb 66. 

Okbbxj^Uj roBopfl CB Hefi o pa8xopax'B MesAy rouaHxcBHirB 
KopoieM-B H ero xenoft, o CHepiH lonaro HanojieoHa h o oiatfóicB 
SAopoBBŠ exHHCTBeHHaro HXi cuHa, ocraBniarocfl vh sbbuxx JlyH, 
owh saroBopHj^B cb net o HeoÓxoxHMOCTH, vh BaByio ofb ho- 
zen 6mh co BpeiieHeirB nocraBjeHB bsatb aseHy, on Boropofi y 
Hero 6u2E 6ii fibni. 

Owb CB ^yBCTfiOM^B TOJBOBaJB CB BOK) 05^ BTOU%y TOBOps: 

«EcjiH 6u noAotfnoe co MHOft cjiy^HJiocB, Sfiose^HHa^ to teói cjii- 
xyerB homohb mh% npEnecni aiy sepray. SI Óyxy pasc^BTUBaTB, 
^rro TBOfl ffpys5a oÓjerqHTB jsjísi uenz BecB y»acB TaBoro nacHJiB- 
CTBeHHaro pasptiea. Tu B03BifeniB na ce6fl HHei^iaTHBy, ne HpaBAa-;iH? 
— H, BO&A^ Wh Moe nojioseBie, caMa p6niBmB na c^en TBoero j&b" 
aBHn^a»? 

HiinepaTpBi^a cihoibomi xopomo snajia xapasrepx CBoero cy- 
npyra, ^to6ii BnepeA'B oÓjier^niB eiiy BaBBM'B-HB6yAB HeocropoaB- 
HHJTB cjiOBOiTB nocTynoB'B, BOTopďfi OHa seja^a otjiosbtb bo ^to 6u 
uo HB crajo, a notOMy b^ dxowh pasrosopš ona né tojbbo ne 
noxaja eiiy naxesxy, ^to o6xevmsTh euy cbohmi oópasom x^fi* 
CTsia paspuBi CB HeK>, HO yB%psja ero, hto 6yxen noBBHOBaTBCa 
ero npHBasaHiflifB h hh sa hto ne cranen npexynpesxaTB hx^. 

Ona X^A 9T0TB OTB^rB TÍM!B CHOBOShHM^B H XOCTOfiHUMl TOHOMT, 

laBBMi yM&ia roBopBTB cb BoHanapTOiTB h Baaofi npoBSBOXHJi^ 
cBoe xi^ficTBÍe. 

— FocyxapB, cBasajia ona eny (cjrtxyeiB saniTHrB, ^rro cb 
viTb nopi, BaBB HanoireoHB craj^B i^apcTBOBaTB, ona npBBUBia, 
xaxe HaexHH'6 cb hbitb, oÓpan^TBCA cb hhbtb cb i^epeifonnoS 

HO^THTeJIBHOCTBK)), BU FOCHOXHH^B, H CaMH p^HIflTe líOK) y^aCTB. 

Korxa BBi mh6 npBBasere noBBnyrB TiojBepn, a neiiexJieHHO 
BcnojHK) Bame npBBasaHÍe; ho b bmík> npaso pascHHinfiaiB xotb 
Eft TO, vro BKi mhí npBBasere 8to caMuirB nojiosAre^BHiiirB o6pa- 
aoiTB. SL — sama sena, b 6iiJia BoponoBana BaKH vb opncyrcTBiH 
mna; TaBin hotocth ctobtb tofo, 9to6íi otb hbx^ xotipoBOJBHO 
TC OTsasHBajiBCB. EcjB BKi pasBexerecB co iraott, to bcb ^pani^ÍB 



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192 Bwaaoeh ibpoiih. 

ysHaen, ^to bu caMH opornajni Mens, h <ito, ooBBByac& Bairb, a 
rJiyÓoBO HeciutCTHa». dron HeHsii^HHiitt otb^^ se cepxBjrE Hiuie* 
paiopa H Aase EOBHAHMOMy q>oraj% ero, TaBisasiB, BOBBpantaacfr 
Bi pasjHiTHHXi cjyiaaxx Kb aiOMy npexnery^ oh% iecto naasan, 
H ero noBBAHMOMy vh caMoirL x^f6 BOjraoBajH nponiBoiiojiosHiiifl 
cípacTii. 

M-me EoHanapn, Roropsfl ope uewb takb xopomo Bjnxbia 
cotfoB, nepexasax mhí Bce sto, Bupasaja cubHoe fiesnoROiciBO. 
HHorxa oea ropBRO njanaja; a HHorAa eeroxoBaia na HeÓJia- 
ro«H[)HocTB TaBoro paspHsa. Ona nimnoiuiHajia, mo xorAa ona 
Biinua saMysi sa BoHanapTa^ obi c^aran ce6fl BecBua nOA- 
n^eHHuiTB coíodúwb cb HeK)y a naxoxHia oiBpaTHTejibHHirb ch ero 
CTopoBH — orrajBHBaTb ee vh ahh cjaBu, nocíš Toro Rasi oea 
corjacHJiacb pasAf&iKTb cb nsirb kbm seBaroj^ii. Eff cjyujrocb xase 
BbicsasiiBaTb onaceHÍfl Ha cnerb CBoefi jH^HOft 6eBonacHocrH« «£[ hh- 
Rorxa He ycrynjii) eMy^ roBopHJia oBa, a 6yxy Becn ce6i, RaB'B 
ero sepTBa; ho eciu a cjiHmBoirb Haxo&ia eMy, sto BHaerB^ sa 
^TO offb cnoco6eH^ b ne saxonerb jh obi or^iiarbca on iceBfl». 
Eor^a OBB rosopBja Taxia Ben^B, a ynorpeójaia bcí ycBJíifl; ?to6h 
ycnoBOBTb ea BcrpesoseBsoe Boo6paseBÍe, Boiopoe yajeBajo ee 
ciBniBOM^b x^eso. ?tó 6u a hb xyMajia o jierBOcni; ch saioft BoHa** 
naprb jwbjíi> nox^BHaibca nojiBTB^ecBOtt Heo6xoAHMOCTB, a ne chb- 
lajia ero cnocofiBuirb aaj^Maib b BunojBBXb ^epBue saMEicjui, b^ 
BasBii oaa ero lorjMi noxcsp^Bajia. 

MesAy rtifi mu Bepefezajm vb $OBTeB($jio. npaaxBBBB, opa- 
cyícTBie BfloiCTpaBBbix^b npHBi^eKb, b Boero óoiíbe xpaMft> xaKyio 
roTOBBXB EoHanaprb msi HcnaBÍB, npoHSBeiB xBBepdio, ne nosao* 
MBmy¥> euy BOBapan^arbca bi crapoicy cDsexy, b csa^ajia Bce nuo 

XOBOJbBO MflpHO. 

Ho BOTb XB^ BJB TpB HOXklB CByCTB UOCjň BOpe^a Vh $0H- 

leHÓJO, oxBasAH yxpoMi npBÓhUí^h MHBBCTpb nojBi^B. Obi Jioiro 
npoóuai Bi Ba6HHe7b HMnepaTopa b saiiirb 6iijx opariameB^ 
Ch BBiťb oÓtxasTb, ^ xocTBBajiocb Ba AOiH) fleMHOTBHi. 3a 06% - 
Aoifb Boaanaprb 6uji% o^iesb Beoexb. He domhk), vb BaBBXi> pas- 
BjewHÍflx^b npomejii seiepi. Okojo nojyHoiB Bct pasomxBCb, 
xaBX Bxpyrb Baiiepi-jiaKefi BMnepaTpai^ii nocrynaiea bi iiox) XBep^; 
Borxa MOi ropBBqaaa csasajia euy, vso a yse Jierjia, oe% otb6- 
qan eĚ, ^xo nycib a ne BcraiOy bo BMnepaipBiia npocarnb 
Moero Mysa BeKOXJíeBHO coAtb vb aeS. Offb lonacb se ornpa- 
BBJíca fl aameii ee pacrpenaHBofi, nojy-pasx^fly ci Bcsases- 
BHiťb jHi^oiTb. Oaa OTociaja cbobxi ropBBHBbix^b b, spffia, hto 
oaa EorHÓaa, no^ajia aysy x^BBHoe naobiiOy BaaBcaBBoe aa (SyMari^ 



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Hinojioffb, 193 

o^KBB (koLmoro ^pMaia, noxnHcaHHoe cauHirB $yině. Bi dioirb 
nHCKMŽ OH^, nocjri^ suBJíeHÍtt o CBoefi x^iBHHinHeS npexanHOcni ks 
Hefl, jvbpsíM% ee, hto, HiceHHO BCi^ACTBie aroro hjbctbslí obi ocmí- 
^HBaercfl BucxaBHTB efi Ha bhai ea noJioseHÍe h nojioiseHie Hune- 
paTopa. Ohs npeAcraaiJuii ero icoryniecrBeHHuiii, AOcrHrnuurB 
anorefl CBoefi cjiaBu, (SedycioBHuiťb BjacienHOirb $paHi](ÍH, bo 
oCflsaHHiDCB nep^x^ ^^B caMofi $paH]](iefi cbo^u% HacToaiuHMi h 
6y/yiiiH]rB) soropoe oea eMy Bpyqnjia: «Heu3fl cspuBaiB,— iiHcaj'b 
owhy — mo nOMTHiecsoe 6yjiyii^ee $paHipH noABepraercfl onacHociH^ 
CSýiaroMPfl xoHy, hto y HMnepaiopa wbrh nacjÍAHHKa. KaR'B mb- 

HHCrprL BOJmiÚH, SL EUifD B08M0SH0CIL BHaTb OÓB^eCTBeHHOe MH^e, 

■ 8Hax), HTO OBO TpeBOSBTCB O BpecTOiOHacj^xii' BMnepÍB. Ilpex^ 
craBbie, bbjb^^ crenesB cuu bmíjii 6u bi HacToan^ee BpeMB ipoHs 
ero BeiBUEecTBa, ecuói obi onspaica aa cyn^ecTBOBaBÍe cuHa>. 
9to BpraMyB^ecTBO npocrpaBHO h HCBycBo pasBBBajiocBi Kasi aio 
ÓEuio B lerso ca^btb. 3aT^M% $ymé roBopajis o (SopBÓš, Basaa 
i^OBCXoxBM B% BMnepaxopi Mea^y cynpysecBofi bšsbocxbh) b 
Tpe<k)BaBÍBMB noiBTBBfl; offB npeABBAB!rb, hto BMnepaiopB HflKorxa 
He pimBTCB Ba TasyK) Óoj^ssenByio sepiBy^ b noaroiiy obi (eperb 
ciribjociB nocoB^TOBaTB m-me BoBanapn cxiucaTb Ba^^B co6ofi Hyase- 
eTBeBHoe ycBÁe b noseprBOBaiB co6oio paxfl <^paBAÍB; obi o^eBB 
nawiHHBO onflCUBajrBy, Basoio eiaBOD nospoerB ee xasoS nocxy* 
nowh B KB BaaoBB^ee, b kb Óyxyn^ee spěna. HaBOBeAi, nflCBMO 
cmaa^BBajLOCB caicHicB nojiosBiejiBBuirB ysipoBÍeMs, hto Bicnepa- 
TOpi HBwro BO BBaerB o&b Bxoft ero nontiTB^, b orb, $ynié, 
mxiaraerB f/Lsee^ ^to OBa eiiy ae noBpaBBTCJiy a noioMy ohi& npocBrb 
BMnepaxpBiiiy xepsaTB ee fb caMott rjy6oBOtt lafiB^. 

MosBO JierBO AOÓaBBTB bc& tí BpacB0p6«BUB #a8H, sasiB 
yBpamajiB bto nflCBifo, BanflcanBoe noBB^BicoMy ohobb oÓxyícaBHO. 

nepBOK) MHCdiBH) T. A6-PeMK)8á 61U10, iTO $yflié upmóimsyrb 
KB msoft noBBiTBi fle BBaiOi BaRs cx conacifl BunepaTopa. Obi, 
lOHeiHOy He coofinprjTB 9x08 BAeB BHnepaipai^i, soropaď, o^obb^bo, 
crapaaacB bo^^abib noxoBp^BÍB, ocasxaBmiB ee. Ho ea, cjiessi b 

BOJBOHie AOBaSHBaiB, HTO BO BCflBOlTB cij^hi OBa Be paSCHBTU- 

laia HB noMepsBy BMnepaiopa kb aiom cjiynafe — %ó mbí 
X&iaTB? noBTopflJia obb:— Rasi pasc&iTB ary 6ypK)?.. — Cowbiyjo 
BaiTBi OTB^^ajii r. xe-PeMfOdá, BeneAJieBBO hatb vb BMflepaxopy, 
ecn OBI en^é Be lerB cnaiBi um se nbSiB r'b neiíy saBrpa 
paHO noyrpy. IIoMHBTe, hto okb se ffljuxewb 8Bai&, ^to bh ch 
Amr-nnÓjKb yaae coBŽioBajBCB o&b dwwh fiká. IIpo^BTafiie eny 
810 nHCBMO, Baójdoxafire sa bbitb, ecjm Moasere, bo "sasB 6jbi xo 
n (^uo, BORasBxe eiiy, ^xo bbci pasrB^Bais bxotb BOCBOBBHft 

Tom IV.— iDiB, 1880. 13 



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194 whmaneb nřoim. 

coB^Tby H CHora o&hnmre eicy, ^m> bh nocijmaerecb toibbo xaie- 
ropnecBaro DpHKasama, npoHSHeceHHaro hmi caMHMi. 

HimépaTpHi^a npSHJuia btote ^cobítb; oea nonpocHU Moero 
Mysa pascaadaTB Bce dro TajieĚpany h nepexaiB eS to, ttó owí 
ofo BTOM^b csaaBan, a xasi xasi^ 6hjio yse iiosxho, to ona otjio- 
SHja ffi yrpa cBOfi pasroBop^b ci HiinepaTopom. 

Rorxa oea noisadaaa eiiy nicbiio, ohi npeuByjicfl chjeho pas- 
FHŠBaHHUMi. Graii yB^paib ee, ^to no hcihhí HH^ero ae sHajrs 
o6rh erofi uonwsiA; hto $yiiié na btotb pasrb BHKasaji nenpo* 
meoHoe ycepxiei tto ecjiE 6u yaaacrpb ae yixajTB yse kb Ilapisi, 
to owh CHJiBHO pasfipaHHJTB 6u ero; tto, Bnpoiarb, okb HasaserB 
erO| eciH oea btofo nosejiaen s xase jmrarb ero nocra khhh- 
erpa nojHi^ÍH, euH ona Toro nOTpeÓyers. OH'b coiipoBOSA&-i^ 9to 
o^MCHeHÍe ropaiHMH jiaoBam; ho ohí ho ycnoBOHn HioiepaTpHiqry 
R oea pascBasHBaia usA fMewb^ hto Hiinepaiopi mAn cuymfiiE- 

HHft BBA^B BO BpeMfl BTOFO OÓMCHOHÍB. 

MesjQT Tbwbf Mysi Mofi h a, o($cysxu cjynBmeeca, boio 
bha^b, 9T0 $yiné ^ěctbob&h no npHBasaniK) CBiime, h ^to ecjH 
HMnepaTop^ cepbSdHO noAynuBaerB o pasBOx^ to coBcforb nes^- 
poflTHO, 9To6u Taaeflpam cnui npoTHBHTBCB BTOMy rocy^apcTBen- 
HOMy nepeBopory. EaBOBO se 6um name yxHBJíeHie, Korxa mh 
ysBX^^ npoTBBHoe. Taiefipaffb BHHMaTejBHO Bucjiyniajrb nac^, 
sa»B ^ejOB^iTB coBepmesBO HesnaBOMHĚ ch tímx, qrd npoHcxo* 
AKio. Ohi HameiLi nHCBMo $ymě HenpHJUUHirB h CMiniHiiMi^ h 
npB(SaBHBi, ^T0 MucjiB O pasBOA^ KasercB eny HHByxa Heroxnofi, 
BHpasHJTB TO MH^HÍe, ^T0 HMnepaTpHi^ cAfjerh onArwth mh- 
HHcrpy o^OHB CBHCOBá: <^T0. eiiy HenpHJUUO nyraTBOi vb Taioe 
xksoj H ^To ecn Korxa*jai6o o tomi& sa&xen piu, to 6en bca* 
XHXi nocpeAHBBOB%». Hifneparpu^a npnnua rb BocropnorB aroro 
coBira; ona cocraBHJia BirbcA co khoS cyxofi h npHJH^Hidl or- 
BŠrB. TaieSpaffB nponraii&y oxotipHJii h nocoB^TOBan nosasaTB 
HMnepaTopy, roBopn, uto Ofs% ne nocMierB ne oxoÓpiTB ero« H xasi 
XiftcTBHTeuHO h cjiyHuocB; BoHanaprB, pimeme soroparo eqe ne 
cospftjio, npoxojsai paBurpunaTB Ty se pojiB, eepxHJKfl Boe oub- 
Hie H cHJBHte, npoHdHocHjnb crpaniHHfl yrposu h Tan neycraKHO 

HOBTOpXZB Sení, ^TO OHI OriteTHTl MIHMCTpa ^01H^ÍH, eCJIH OBa 

Toro HOsejiaeTB, ^to SSose^HHa, iiaio-no-Majiy ycnoBooHnaa, ne 
^yBCTByfl AOcaxH npOTHBB TorOy Koro yse 6onme ne Óouac^ 
OTBeprjia npex^osennoe eft BosHarpasxeHÍe, h CKasajia nysy, ^ro 
OBI ne xoiseHx aamaTB ce64i ycjtyrB nojesnaro eMy ^ejOBtu b 
HTO AOcraTO^Ho ero xopomenBBO noÓpanarB. $ymé npišxaxB b!b 
^QmtnÓM hícbojlbbo xHefi cnycta. Bi npHcyrcTBiH m-me Bona- 



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ffuiojmn. 195 

napn, es cynpyn oóomejies o^eHB cyxo n v oHvcrpom; ho dron 

DOCliXHÍi SBCBOnXO HO CMyTHJCfl, H 9T0 60^6 60jte JTBepAWJlO 

MeHfl Bx MHCiH, iTO ePD nowepsHBann CBiise. Oas chobe no- 
Biopurb luniepftTpni'^ Boe, htó eĚ nHoan; iKaeparops coú6mui% 
xeH§, «no OBS roBopHTi eny to se eaxoe:— «aTO h8($ííitob% ycep* 
XÍI9 roBopMA OHX, B£ cyn^HOCTH HOJLSA Ha Hero sa 9T0 cepximcfl. 
j|,0BOJBHO Toro, HTO MU He HaifipeHu noo^AOBaT^ ero eov^in^ 
H iTO(bi TU BipHJia, ^nro fl ee nory shtb ÓevL Te(Sfl». II anr 
camiiar uoBa Bonanapn noBTopflj'B mewb achb h hohb. Ohi ^ao^e 
upesHxro Hociniajn ee no HoiairB. KaBaica BSBOJLHoeaHHmfs 
■CKpeHHO, CMXMňjPh 60 vs> o($unirB, luasan, kiuca h& caHott 
H&BHot jnoÓBH, H BO Bpeifs OTHxi cpoHi, CHa^ajia, CAaercs ira^, 
npvTBopBO pad&rpHBaeMEin, okb icaao - no - xaiy neBonno h 
HCspeoHO pacrporHBaxcfl. 

JKena xoBipgjia weA Bcb ero ciosa, a s nepecBasuBa^a mTb 
TajieipaHy, npejoisEBureMy ynTB, sas^ csbxyerb HMnepaTpni^ 
lecTB ce6fl. Bcš ero cobíth uohhjihcb wh yerpaHeniio pasBO^i 
QB% ovBh xopomo pyBOBOXHJi'B m-me BoHanaprB. 

fl HO tforja ne BEipasarB eMy H^soToparo yxHBJíeHiii Ha cwii 
Toro, ^iTO OKB HpOTHBHTCi ffbxy Bucmeft HOJiHTVBi H npHHHMaerB 
eexeftHyio eiopoiy Bonpoca. Oa% oTB^^ajix mb%, ^to OHaBOBcese 
Tasan ceMeůnoH, saicB mb% Baseicfl. — Hh o^hhs tojiobíri vb 
9Tom XBopqb, roBopBjrs inetb mh^, ne MOsen ne sejiaTB, ^Totfn 
Bm seB^^raa ocraBancB npB Bonanapii. Om spoTKa, A0(ipa; obi^ 
yvieTB ero ycnosoHBaTB; jyAerh bxoxhtb bi noioseme sas^aro 
wjOHiíca. Oea vh Tscsrai cay^aeRB ciysen navB npB(SisHti^eirB. 
EexH aoxa np^xen ^ BaxaihHBÓyAb npHHi^ecca, to bei yBHXHxe, 
^no ncnepaTopi nopserb co wbm ABopom, h ^to wA hh tiyxeHi 
pasxaBjíeHii. 

FoBopfl TaHBMi oópaaoKE, TaseĚpaHi yir&xB y6šxHTB mobh, 
no owh BucaaBHBaerB Hacioiu^yH) npHqHHy, pysoBOAsn^yio hmx bi 
9xom cjiynfi; a vesAy 'Awhj ohb pobopbjtb HeHcapeHHO h ne 
ozBpBBarb mÁ Boero CBoero cespera. IIoBTopgJi Mot, ^Toneotfxo- 
AHMO cTOJiBOBaTua Ha ewTB xipB AU yerpaneHifl pasBOAa, oh& 
BHcnpaniHBajrB xena: ^rb co Moofi 6yAerB, eciv ďii, na^e Mainifl, 
HMnepaTOpi pasBOJKa cb aieHott. E OTBiqajia OMy, hto, hh MHáyT£i 
He xoje6jucB, HOCjr&AOBajía 611 sa csoeĚ imeparpknteft. — Ho, copa- 
mHBajKb OHB, pasBft bh ee TaiKB noóne?— PasyMieiCfl, OTBiiaxa 
a; H Bs Het opoBisaHa, xota h xopomo zaM> ee, BHan, ^to ona 
lenuMiHCJieHHa h mbjo cnoco(SHa na npo^HyH) npHBBsaHHOcrB; ho 
9h BtoiTB cxytaá s nocjr&AOBaďa 6b ne ctoxbbo Bje^eoiK) CBoero 
eepKBf^ čBOJbRO HpHjHWiirB. S, HOCTyHHM wb 8A%HiHetfy ABopy 

13* 



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196 BSOTHtSf!^ IBF<mH. 

Heped^ nocpexcTBo m-me Eonanapn; z Boerxa cjiiua esL camm^k 
6jaBKBM% Apyrom; a Bcer^a 6uBaja esi noBiipeHHoS, fl xotar OHa 
ciHmsoirE osatio^eHa CBonrb ^ojroaieiiieiirE, ito6£i jik)6hte MeHA, 
xon OHa 6pocau K6Hfl h CHOsa c6jHacajiacB co mhoě, cMorpjt no 
TOMy, saax efi aro Óuso yxoÓHO, ho nyÓJiHBa, soropas ne uotbj&pb 
SHaiB TafiHiitx^B npysiH^ Hamexi oiHomeHifi h soiopoS a jstb 
ve noBi^xftK), 6yxerE yxHBJur&oi, a ysipena bi tohI| euH a ne 
pas^^&iK) Ofl HsrHaHÍfl.— Ho, roBopux TajeSpaHi, bh, TasmrL 06- 
pasoiTB, xotipOBOJBHo HOCTaBHie cedfl H CBoero iiysa rb HeopúiT* 
Hoe Hojoseme; 6iitb MOserB, sam npHxercfl paBcraTBCJi h bo bca* 
BOiTB cjiy^ai BH HCHHTaere nponaeiB MejiBHx^B sarpy^HeHÍfl^ sa bo- 
Toptifl Ofla, soHe^HO, Bací He BosBarpa^Hn.— .& ee laBsi se xo* 
porno BHaiO; xaBfB h bh, roBopHja a na dio, sHai), qro obi ne* 
tiocTOflHHa H x&se nepeMŠH^HBa. ď npcABHsy, <[to wb TaxonrB^ 
csynsA ona cHaiaja Óyxera mh^ diaroxapna sa mok) np^wiHHocTBy 
HO TTO BCBop^ ona npHBHB&erB m> nei h saóyxerb o wtík h Ay* 
KaiB. Ho ea xapasrepB ne noHŠmaers mh^ nocrynexB corjacHO 
Moeny xapaxrepy, h a cx^ax) Bce, irb cjAjíj&rh, ne xosHxaacB- 
Hai^XEi. 

H x^fiCTBHTejBBOy FOBops O pasBOA^ ch HMnepaTpHi^eS, fl o0fi- 
iqaja eS ocraBHTB XBopi, ecxH ona caiia Borxa-HHt^x^ ocTaBETB* 
ero. r. Ae-PeMK)8í^ pasxijitffl moh bstibku na stotb c^en, xotx h 
noHHMaii, HTO Moe pimeme hosotb nasje^B ea naci Henpixr- 
BOCTB, HO 8X0 coo6paseHÍe ho ociaHaB^niBajo ero, h ohi noxTBep* 
XHJii HHneparpBiti, vto hlosl npexannocTB ne hbiiíhhtb eff b^ 
B^sroxi, ecxH i»BOBafl xciyta-xH^o ee HacmraerB. 

Pascxasy lenepB, 9t5 a ysnaja o HOTHBax:b, no6yxHBniHX'E 
VHHHcrpa noxBipH h TajeSpana bocth ce6a rnn^ xasi a pascxa- 
saxa BBíme. 

#ymé, otfBoposeHHuft m-me MiopkrB, BUHyasxeHi Giltb ho- 
9T0iiy caiiOMy nopBan Ch Taxi-HasHBaeHott napxieft Borapne. 
M-me Miopitrb, HenaBBx^Bmafl cboio HeBtosy, cepB&HO noMum- 
^xxa o TOMib, ^TO(ki Hfl8Becni ee C!b Hpecioja. GaiioxK)(!ÍH) ea 
xBCTHjia KHCXB O coK»£ ch xaBOtt-HHÓy;^ OBponeftcsoft HpHHiiieccofty 
H oia Haeio roBOpoxa Himeparopy xbcthbhx pi^n no 9T0My no- 
BOxy* $ymé noxaraxB, ^ro 6hxo 611 noxesHO hoboS xasacriH one- 
peiBCH Ha npxMoro HacíšxHHsa; ohi ciBmBOirb xopomo 8Haji'B^ 
BoHanapra, htoÓii ne npexBHX^^ ^1^ P&ho hih dosxho rocyxap- 
CTBeHHHx npHHHHBi BOSBMyn y H^o Bepxi Hax:B bcibhmh xpyniifK 
cooÓpasefliaiiH; oh'b (kmxcí, ^ro ero ycrpaHin otb aioro x^a^ 
BxoxiBmaro Bi c^py otffldaHHOcrefi TaxettpaHa^ h sexajnb orBarb 
y HOCJiixHflro BCH) ^ecTB H Biiroxy aioro sanncxa. Ob drnirb sa- 

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HinojDBOffb. 197 

MipeHieicB 0H% pimsjoi BaroMpvrB ob HMnepaTopoir& o cioib 
mMBomh njasii. Htíl;(fl, ^ro totb roioifi ero cjr^rman, m% 
CByir&rB BHpsaiB y nero npExasame hjih no spafiHeS if£iý& co- 
rjnuae hs poJi nocpexHisa wb arovB fjkjA Mesxy iranepaTopoirL 
B ]lMIIepaTpH^eH). Om% nomexB xai^: <»b sMTarai^ saroBopím 
o6n(6CTBeHHoe xrtHÍe, noc^Mpnom nojnieicBm nyrei; ohi sa- 

CraBHJK TOJBOBETB paSBOX^ B% napiUBCSHn KO^HHXl, Tffk 

BMpyrb npiraancB otfcrfsxarB Heo5xoxHMOCTL ji^m HMnepaiopa nAn 
miuAffEBMk. dm 'pb^B^ BiBBaHHHfl eaiunrL $ymd, xinajiH xo Hirae- 
pasopa vjT^rB naiaqelcEHXi xouaxoBi^ i nciiepaTOpi BOo6pa- 
zmxbj iTO nytfjHU ropasxo (Sojfe samnra bthitb otieroflTexBCTBOici) 
^te% TO 6liX0 Vh X^tCTBHTeJBHOCTH. IIo BOBBpaii^emH vmb $0H- 
Tafijo, ^^ymé CBasajrb xuce nsepftrqfyy: oOqecrBeHHoe mhí- 
me meioAso Boatiysxeno vh napsadi^ ^xo BecBua bosmosho, 
^TO lOJHia Hapoxa cotfepercji nox^ ero OBHam, n qiuBio npocBTB ero 
o BcrymeBÍH b% xpyrofi ůpm^h. dia mhcjb CHa^aia oweb no* 
panja HMnepatopa, ho TajiettpaHB oieHL acsycHO cn^yuijph 
o6oini ee. 

TaxeĚpaoB bb rjy6HH% xymH 6suii» ne nponuB pasBOxa; ho 
<rB cBoei CTopoHH seiajiB yerpoHTL ero bb CBoe BpeuMj cb bo- 
jDRÍeifB H HOJiBBOV). OffB CKopo yBBX^^ YTO yoepxíe $ynié bjio*- 
HHTCfl mmh BB TOMy, ^To6u OTHflTB y nero najiBHy nepseHCTBa 

KB 8T0]fB X&EÍ> H pínraJTB, ^TO HO nOiepHHTB, ^TO((lI HOCTOpOVHflfl 

■mpniu Birri^cHHJia ero bsb ero oóncni. ^^Hipi BasnoHHja tíchiIě 
emovh CB PocGíefi; ho TajettpaHB, otsih^ik) ssaBinitt coerodraie ^^to 
B!B EBpoQŠ, euTajB Heo($xoxB]finiB BaxsHpaTB sa ÁBcrpieft Hy (hiTB 
Mozen, yse ToiTia naxoxBXB, mo 6ojrbe vbcwaŘ coiobb eB woŘ 
W^miBMĚ tiyxeiB naiiB bb cynteocra 6ojrite hojnbohb. Rb TOMy se, 
OHB siajTBy HTO HiineparpHivi Mapia BeoxopoBsa ho pasxijiflxa 
HxondĚ i^apa h ho corjiaHiajiacB jsfixb oaMB bb ncneparpii^s oxHy 

H8B CBOHXB XOWpett. 

IIodTOify BecBMa bobmosho^ hto sa nocniniHiiicB pasBOXOiiB ne 
nocjrixoBaiB 6h ctojib se noóiiiDHHt OpavB, b HKiiqMtTopB no- 
nmjB óu BB HenpíiTHoe no^oseme. Kb Tony se, HcnaHCKai Bama 
TOiOBa 6suia saBapHTBCfl h spaBiero lamiaHi e Esponsi; ho Bpaia 
<ÍHio sartBaTB xsa npexnpúcm, TpeÓouBsmxB Basxoe ooo(SeHHaro 
BSEHaHifl. BoTB tiesB coMBteifl nponnii, saeraBiBím TaxeSpam 
HxtH HanepempB $ymé h vpeueoBO aoxxq>SBBafB HHrepecB m-nw 
BoHaoapTB. Hh ona, hh a, hs ne tfujiH Haciojoio npoTOita* 

teiBHB, qT0(^ npOHBBHyTB BB erO MOTBBS, H fl HXB ySHaia BHO* 
ClftxCTBÍH. r. Xe-PeMH)Bá CB HeHBmBXB XOBŠpiaíB OraEOCBJICI B!B 

BpexaHHOCTii TajeŘpasa, soropaa ubesl bb homb BOCXHn^aaa; ho 



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198 B^GXHEKb KBBOUH. 

OHI 3auK)HArB, VTO Bce iBie ndiffiům eio BocnojBsoBaTbCff, h^ ůxy* 
jBpBKnmi^ paaiHHHMH Hax^pefiiflMv, mh npecj^xoBUH o^ny o6niyx> 

Htabi^ Wh dnmjy npoBexaifiyH) nmepaTopoicB Kb IIs^hsš, b% 
BpoMesyxoKi BpeneHH Meas^ BpaTBun nyxenecTBÍen vh HiajíH) 
H wb EattoHHy, $yiné noeioaHBO ocaas,KajL Bofla&apra i or;iyinaji'& 
ero BapoAHiiHi loisaiiH) h botb noveny T&seSpaH^B bocdojbbo- 
Baxcs yxoÓHHM^ MOMeHTOiTB, ^ToOu np^cTaBHTB eiíy, «T0 b'b aroic^ 
fjbjA MHHHOTpib ^OJ[H^ÍH HaupaBue^B ero aa joshiiÍS nyrb* «Oaib 
(^jTB H BÍ«o ocraHeTCfl xlaieieifi peBOJuaoI^H, roBopsn ob%* 
BrjuuBTecb xopomeHBROi bía^ obi oqbtb buw&ksi usnemmiwb 
C0oco6oiii^ npHBeeTB Bacrs b^b laBOiiy nocrynBy, Koroguicáifyerh 
coaepmETB ihuib npn cosepmexHO MOHapxH^ecBofi oÓcnuiOBBi. Obi 
xo^OTB, utoůu H^HB, co6paHHají, titíTB uomffFhf no ero npHBasa- 
HÍK)y npBBija 6h BonBTB iH)XB BanmuB oBHami b ipeÓOBarB orh 
BaeB HacaixHfli^ cb tíbe se yrposaiiB, bot^ukb y JlDxoBBBa 
XYI BHpHBajifl EorB waerB bbbíi ycrynse. Pam bh npiyiBie 
HapoA^ BMŠmBBaTBCB vb saniH a^jb laBEirB nyieMiy Mosere sb 
BH 611TB yB^peeUi ^to obi ae yBjet erca aiBiťB h hto ero ae 6y- 
jiyrb BOACUJiaiB Bib saifB b cb xpyrBMB TpetioBaaiflMB? Ei Tony 
aOi BBKTO ae noB^pan bi^ otb cÓopBB^a, b bbcb se o^BBBflTB kb 
TWI9 Hzo BH an coBBaiB». 

9tb sauiiaBiB aopasaia AMi^paTopa, a ovh npaBasajrB ^mé 
yroM(«flXBCfl. Qb otoS Haayzn kb bo^Sbbxi nepeciaia saaBiiaTBCB 
pa8B0A0i»)B aaiMoBaiB]iK)e oejiaBie aarB (Sy^io ouax^jaío. Hicne- 
paiopi yBasajii aa bto oiScxoflieiBCiBO seaí, a oaa aeimoro ycao- 
BOBjaeB. Ho ace se osb apoxoisajTB BOiaoBaTBoa; Úecfkm ax^ 
<^iua aeJOBBia, apoxo^sBreiBHoe (SoBKOjBÍe npepuBaio ax%. Oas 
laero aaroBapBBajTB o aeyxpÓcsBi ae bmítb apBMCNX) noroMCTBa 
xu ocaoBaBÍB ABBacTÍB. Oéi roBopajii, hto ae daaeirB, aa ito 
pimflTBCfly a 6esh coMaiaia nepesHBaji ca^Bayx) BayTpeaBK)B> 
tfopBĎy, 

Ob% Bcero oxoraie xonipujca TajieApaay, Boropiift aepe^- 
Baxi mbí onacTB bx% pasroBopii.— «E€J[a apasBexycB cb seaott, 
roBopaái oa!B, 10^ Bo^aqHunB, lamyc^ xoro caoBoftcTBÍa, saBam 
ett o<Sa8aa% b:b CBoett ceKeteoft sbsbb. Maš aysao 6yxerB asy-^ 
HaiB BBycH a apasrnsa boboě a aoioxoS seaH. A aia aseaa 
MOB Bnoiaš BOAiBHfeiCfl MoeS bojí b xopoaio saaerB mobb. Ha- 
Boaei^^ fl oraja^y eft aetiuroAapaocrBX) sa Bce, ttó oaa AJia 
aemi eniMUHk] a a (Se» Toro Maxo xiotiBHi^ a TyrB tífxy eme 
MeBBiae. Oaa cxysarB sbobomi iiesAy mbok) b Haoraiífl ih)xbhb. 



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EAnojaon. 199 

OBt nprajiacaen na mok) cropooy nacTB napascsaro o^niecTBa, 
BOiopoe ors m^ki Tor^a onnaTBercfl. 

Ilooii TaKHxx cosa^^HÍfi Hacrynan rocyxapciBeHBiui coo((pa- 
jBemfl, saemBUBinifl TajeSpasa yB^pm iiysa, ^to obi yfitjs- 
^FB, uto Bcb 9m B0ie6aHÍa crymyKrn^ ra oxhhi npeicpacBíitt 
jíjBBh nepesKB nounsofii hto MoasHO QTf^^3wth pasBOx^, ho HeiBiui 
flaxiiTBOi Has^KH ycrpaHHn ero. Ohi gaianuBan yiipeHiflini, 
H10 oiHK>XB He nooH^paerb HiinepaTopa mh pasBOxy ■ coBŠTOBaj-^ 
H]niepavpH]i(& He oicTynarb orb npHHaroft eio CHCieMii. Mu o&b- 
BiaiH xpyrb xpyry, PeinMi& h a, capHaarb on m-me 6oHanap7B 
an cooóntenk; aofopiia motjh (&h npotfyxHTb vh left ipoBory, h 
BOX^HyTB ee Ha sane-HHtfyxb josnue manii a nynie acero mh 
He curajH HOJiegHiíMx BHymaTb efi neAOBipie n Taielpany, bo- 
lopoMy He duio ptoRiejiuK) BEsaicoro HHxepeca eft BpeXHTB, h 
xOToparo ona Moru pascepAHn* HeocroposHum cmbomi. 

HeeaAOJTO ffi wbsjsf^ vh Batonny, no aroMy ooBOxy npOHsomio 
HOBoe otíiacHeBie, BOiopoe nosaserrB BasHin npoisBoiiaiojKHHirb 
Bje^CTiaiťb noxAuaiea HHorxa HMnepaiopi, HecMorpa Ha bcr; cbok> 
cuy H CBott cBoeBOAmiS Hpasi. Bi oaho yrpo, TaieflpaffLi 
Bcrpfmvh r. Mfi-Pfomotíi npa Buzoxt hííi aaÓHHexa HMnepaxopa, 
oasan eny, caxacb bi sapeiy: « — SL xyícaio, mto BameS seH& 
npmjiffKa. paHBme, híu% ona xyHaerBy nepeasBXB lo rope^ HOTq»aro 
OHa TBSB ooacaeicfl. S. BBsy, yfo aiinepaTopi onarb cepBesíHO 
jQmaen o pasBoxb; obi roaoíHiaB mh% o(h> ^to^th, Basi o x&ii^ 

QOVB pŽmeBBOirBy B mh BCŠ XOpOHIO CX$JUU»CB, ecjfl npHMH* 

pflMCfl » BtHMi^ B nepecraBeMB OBasuBaiB Ó^noiesBys) onno8Bi^B)»» 
Mofi Mysi nepexajiB uwb btb cmBa, b obb mchb vjíyó&fso 
oropiHiB. Be^epoMi npa ABop6 6hio co6pame, bo b toibbo nra 
jDnmuacB Maieps b ne BHŠašaja vb cbítb. F. jft-VeuvosÁ ornpa* 
BfljCB BO xBopei^B, ^T0(tu npBCMOTpÍTB 8a CHesraBJíeMB, BOTopnS 
laaffB ffiexB. IIobob XBopi^a 6hjib 6bibom^ naÓBiH foctamb. IIpani^H, 

HOCBaHHBBB, I^tp^XBOpipi, BC£ XOITO SX^H. BxpyPB OTXBHl dsUTh 

npHRaffB Ha^BBBTB coeBmRjubi He xosBxaacB bxi BejB^ecnBi, bo- 
Tqpne se tfyxyi^i tbbib KaKB BMHepaTopy h68xopobbtcb. IIpasxHBB?^ 
npomejTB xobojbbo cqriHO, b. bcí pavBixaxBCB npB nepBOlt bo8- 
xosHOCTB. TajfĚpaB^B B r. x6-PeMH>8á, npesxe ^Am% yflrB, nomjni 
BQ BHyxpeBBÍe hobob BMnepaiopa, b ibm^ yasan, ^to okb cb 
BOOMB lacoBi yxajBJíCfl bb chbjbbk) gb aieflcril, sasopB BOMaaiy 
H sanpeTBXB bxoxixb bb aee xo sasrpa. 

TajiefipaBi ymejB cb lerRBMB mectom xocaxH. — 9to sa 
XMBoncBitt BpaBB y BMnepaiopa, — CBasajB obb, — bI^huo oixaerca 
nepBOMy xBBseflix) b caMB He sHaerBi ^ero xotoib. Hy^ tbbb 



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200 mca/Kb bbpoiql 

nycRSft xe cairE m ptinaen, k&kb evj 6iitb, h ne A^Jiaen hscb 
HrpymBaicH cbohtb npHxoTeft, thkb ito He sflaeniB HaiBOHei^ 
Basi Ch mwh AepsaTB cetifl. 

HMtiepaTpni^a npirafljia na kpjtoř xera Moero Myaa e pas- 
csasajia eify, mro npEnuia etb BoHanapry b'b mecTB ^acoBi, noós 
o(%xftTB} H Hanua ero o^eEh ne^ajiBHsnrB, vonanBiiirb, Tairb 
^TO Bo BeCB o6^f:h owh ne csasaj^B hh uoBa; nocj% otfix^ 
OHa ocrarajia ero e nomia ofjbwtbcs. vh Be^epy; eo sa seft 
npEDura, roBopa, rto EMnepaiopi HyBCTByers ce6z sesxopoBinrB. 
Osa Híunjia ero CTpaxaion^nrB on cejibsiixi cyAopon vb nesyf^ 
E 61^ flepBEOiTB npEEaxK^. Feexe ee, okb ne Mon ýxepsaTB cie» 
fl, npEBJíeBafl ee sa nocTen, rx% jiesajTB, se o6pan^afl BSEMaEifl 
sa es EapjixHHfi tyajieii, ohi crajrB otfflEMaiB ee^ noBTOpEi: 

«Mofl 6£xHaE SKose^EHa, s. se Hory Te^E nosEHyrBt^ Ona 
npEtiaBEia, mto ero cocroflEÍe Bsymaio ett CKopie coauu^HÍe, 
Hesejra pacrporaio ee, e osa E^tosomco pavB noBTopEia eicy: 
«rocyxapB, ycnosoftrecB, CRasHie ce($i, EasoHe^Bi wro bh sejraere, 
B npespaTEiTB bc% 9te ci][eBH». Ho on ea aowb npEn^xovL Bosá- 
napra ycEJiEJCs, e eny cra^o naBOseirB rasi xypHO, ^fio osa jtyb- 
JEM ero se nosasiiBaTBCE njŮJonA e jeHB vb nocren. HaBosei^, 
owh coFJiacEJiCE, so TOJiBBo nofli rbvh ycjOBÍeirB, wto6u e osa 
seifexJieBso jievAik bmšctí (tb seitbi e Bon ei spssuiocB csstb 
CBoe sapEXHoe luatBe s pasj^^ETB ero Jiose, BOTopoe, roBopflja 
osa, osi ÓyKBaiBso o<SjEBajrB CiresaMs, (JesnpecTaHso sobtopie: 
«OsE npEcraiOTB ko msí, ohe saxo%x&H)T% xst, vyntaoTh hoše*. 
Ho^BH) owb n(HiepeM%sso to stesE^ajrB, to cnajTB. Ilocii tofo 
yenoBOsacE s nepecrajii BOiraoBaTBCE. 

TasEMi o($pa8oirB, EMsepáipEi^a nepexoxEja otb saxeswi b% 
crpaxy; osa se xoBÍpaJia bteitb saTerE^ecBsirB ci^esairB, osa 
yTBepsA&^a, ^to BoEanaprB cjisniKOirB ÓHCxpo nepexo^srB on 
stesocTE vh yspenaiTB s o6BEsesÍEirB kb jir)6obsiix'b ESTpflrax'B, 
E TOMy noxo6soe, ^o osi xo^otb yroMSTB ee, xo^erB, wtoúu 
osa saóojšjia, mosotb 6iitb xyse Toro, noiOMy hto, sas^ e yse 
CMsajia, efl Booópaasesie se orciysajio se sepex^ saREMs yasa- 
caiiE. Ojioboitb, osa B^psia, mto osi My^ETB ee sa bc% xaxu 
X^E Toro, ^To6n otíSetb oxory setb cb seitb. H secossisso, 
^0 vffh pasc^eia vxe se noiOMy, tfo caifB ÓessoBOEJCE, osb eft 
se xABajnb SOBOE, s osa ^yrB-^iyrB se 8a6ojr6j[a cepsesso. ?to 
BacaoTCfl $ysié, to osi pimurB rpomco TOiíKOBaTB o pasBOX^ (tb 
BKsepaTpEi^eĚ, co ssoft, co bcíme, roBops, ^to nycsaft ero spo- 
rosETB, ecjra xoTErB, so hto bto se soirlmaerB esy coBÍTOBaiB 
TO, HTÓ sojiesso. TajiefipasB cjiysiajTB ero wh opespErexBHOirB 



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HinoiiovB. 201 

Kn HaarbnunifiOirB hojiuhíh h npeAOcraBJífljrB bc^itb fjuvthy hio 
OHB npoTHBHTCfl ^íHABOKy. BoHaiiaprs vMjiíbjFh Ha Bce 910, ne no- 
pnqafl HH TorOy hh xpyroro. ^boitb HanrB crapajics Óojrle o({hk- 
HOBeHHaro xpaHirrB 6e8MOjme, noTOMy hto hhhto ne nosasHBajio, 

^BV> CTOpOHy HffL 8THX^ BHCOROnOCTaBJeHHilXl JIHI^'B CJ^XyeTL npH- 

BSTb. GpexH 9rHrE CMATemfi, paspasHjiHCB TparOTecKÚi ^utul vh 
HcnamH — h mhcjib o paseox^ tfujia orjioseHa. 



M-me xe-PeMK)8á ne AOnejia cboixx sanHCOVB xo soHi^a iiiap- 
CTBOBaHk HanojieoHa, h HejiLsa ne nosaji^TB, tto CMepTB noif£- 
maia e8 paBCRasaiB xota 6h HcropÍK) paseoxa, HaKOHeA% coaepniHB- 
maroci, h BTops^nEift Gpan HanojeoHa. Mh bsajh h9b ea sanH- 
COKS Bce, ^t6 Bacajocb BHyrpeHHefi, HHTHMHoft sbbhh HanoxeoHa, 

OCTftBHBl KB CTOpOHŠ paSCXaSH O BH^lIIHHrB, nOJHTHieCSHTB fjb" 

jrajTB E eo6ímscphj noroify ^no nocaŠAHÍe nepexanroi lynine h 
nojwfie MHormcH ^^pynniH nHcaTeJuiini r cneitfajiHcraini HcropmcaicH. 
ropasxo HHTepecHte KasancB Hairb^ kb xanHoirB cjiyqa%, rb 
mextásL wpTH, sairi^UBÍfl, Kacaiooqiícff HenocpexciBeHEO jh^hocth 
caMoro HanojieoHa, BOiopaMH H8o6Hj[yK)TB sanHCBs naÓjnDxaxeiB- 
Hot H yHHOĚ CBE^brejBEHi^i x^HÍS HanojiíeoHa, no^TH cb 
nepBHZB maroBfB ero Ha toitb nonpnncb, na BoropoirB ohb 
ciynŠTB sanoioHHTB BecB MÍpí, euH ne vaTepiajiBHo, to npaB- 
cxB^rao, R craTB na xojroe spěna «B;iacTHTeieirB xynrB^ mhofhxi 

H MHOTHZl JUOXefty (Sorite BeJLVMMTh HpaBCTBeHHO, ^iwh OWb caiTB. 

3MfwcEH m-me xe-PeMiDeá, necMorpa na hxi OTiacni otfjiviiTejiBHiift 
lapasiepi, Bce se oCřhacHajovL to o6aflHie, Kasoe hmíjtb yirB h 
xapasrepi HanojieoHa h ero Heo6EiKHOBeHHafl cyxBÓa, xaKi jifli 
coBpeMeHHHBOBx, Tasx H AU no3XHŠSniHX'B jiiaxeft. 

A. 9. 



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PYHHA 



ECTOPHMIOBlfl X0H0rPA4>IH 



qACTB TPETba *). 

rETMlHOTBO ClMOÍlOBHHl O* 

1672-1687 rr- 
I. 

HpejiBapHTeiBHoe coBtmaHíe b% BaiypHHt CTapmHHi Kasaiisaro cociobía o6-b 
H36HpaTejiBH0& paA*^. — ^eioÓHTaafl hxi, nociaHHaa vh npHKasi cb JlHceHBOMi. — 
C'fepKo cxBa^Hi B% uoiTaB^BH^. — Piacn(^juBeHÍA Blb MoeBB'b o npexcroimieft 
paxi' — CiiiiTeHie vb MaiopoocÍH 26-ro Haa. — P<»fQxaHOBosi& haotb vb Maio- 
pocciH). — ToisH o iťJbcTi oinpaBieHk paxu. — HsÓHpaieiBHafl pa^^a bi Rasaneft 
J|[y6poB'&. — H3BÍcTie o pos^eBÍH Ileipa AjiescieBo^a. — Hs^paHÍe bi remaHa 
EBana CaMofiiOBH^a. — OinpaBRa Cipsa bi MocsBy. — BhOopi HteoTopiirB 

HOBirxx CTapmHHi. 

B^L anpijL-i 1672 ro^a, no BOSBpan^eHÍH hsi Mocbbu Kapna 
MoBpieBH^a, coópajincb bi BaiypEHi BHaqHue jk)ah sasai^Bara 



'^) Gm. Bume: 1879 r., anp., naft, ídhl, asr. b ceur., 5 cíp. 
1) Bi HacToan^eft nacTB „Fjbhu", KpoMi hctohhbkobi noHMeHOBasBiixi npi aa- 
laii coíHHeBÚ („B'bcT. EEp.**, anpin, 1879 r.), cijsbib eme; 
^. 3. P. Aktb StnaxBoft Poccíh, rovb Y. 

Mump. Eex, MerponoiATb EereHii. OoncaHÍo KiencEaro Co<))i&CKaro coóopa. 
n,Iai.Bap. Ilflc&iia Jaaapji BapaHOBHqa, BsxaHHHa bi» HepanroBi bi 1866 roxy. 
Cum. Cóop, Chm6hpckí& CóopHHn. 

JyjK. TyMascufi. Co6paHÍe paaHun aanBcosi o&l HcxopíB Ilerpa Beiaiaro. 

Star, Pol. Starožytnoácie Polskie. Ambrožego Grabowskiego. 



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FimjL 203 

cocjosifl— reHepuunie cxapniHHH, noiROBHHBH, nojiKOBue crap- 
mHH, aiaMaHH h BoScKosiie TOBapHotH. Ohh nopinnuE npocHTB 
ffoeyxapi, Hioůh Ez6sípa,TejbEM pa^a 6um ycrpoeHa (Searb yqacrix 
npocitirb sasaBOffb h nocnojiBCiBa a^a Toro, sasi^ CKasano ůaio 
Kb ^eioÓBTHoĚ, 9T0($% «on BejiHsaro coBoaynjeHifl QocnoiLCTBa 
He ooBcrajM) BaBoeHE4$y^ cicflTeaie*. Ob aroft 6aTypHHCKoS npexBa- 
parejEHOtt pa^u OTnpaBHJic& vh MoexBy on Bcero BofieBa 8ano- 
poscsaro (SiiBmifi ^epsiiroBCRil noJisoBHHBi UwffB JlnceHBO co 

CmTBflMX, HMŠBIHHHH 8Ha%HÍe yCJOBÍfi, Ha ROTOpBIXl SOJaJH H86paTB 

HOBaro rerifaHa. He Majio &axo bs otitb crarBflxi laicoro, nib 
AOASHO 6uio noBasaT&ca yroAHHirB Mocbbí. CiapmHHu npocBAH, 
^noůh 6e«h ^apcBofi bojh remaHi, ne coB^ryjiCB co cmpmHHaicH, 
He nHcadrb wb HHOcrpaHHHiťB BjiaxiiejAMi n ne boítb cb hhmh 
H^rcTHHX'B CHomeHÍĚ lepen nepeciuiBH. Jífi chx'b nopi iiocbobcbo6 
iqMtBHTeabCTBo Bcer^a onsaBiiBaio hšcthoí MaiopocciScBOfi BiacTH 
vh npaBŽ CHOCBTBca ch nocropoHHBMH AepsaBaMH, tofo HanpacHO 
XoéoAajHCB MajopocciflHe; leiiepB ohh caMH odi &towh npocHJH h 
jzffhj KOHe^HOi Óears BCfliott HeotfxoxHMOcTE, a eAHHCiBeHHO hsi 

yrOAUBOCTH MOCROBCSBITB BHA&Ml* OiapmHHEI BB CBOefi ^eJIOfiHTHOft 

nuMUH sejaHÍe, htoČh ÓjfjmfŘ reTMaHB ne BHa^e mofe Hana- 
BHBaib sasaBOBx m nocnojinixx, xaRx no npHroBopy BOficioBoro 
cfKBc 910 craHOBHJocL npaBHJOiTB x^j Toro, HTo6a ne hobtopajiocb 
iO| mb AOBBOJui ce6^ A^aiB caMOBOJBHo OTpimeHHiiS reiMaKB. 
HaKOHei](B, crapmHHii npocHjB: ecjiH 6h wse h na Toft BSÓipa* 
lejiHoft paxi, Tjsib sapaete npEnyrcfl HÍpii ss npeAynpesxeHiio 
oiyrB yAa.ieHieMi sasai^Rofi wpHH h nocnojLCTBa, bobhhri 6ti 
RaRofi-HHtiyAB ÓesnopflAORi) to i^apcRíe paTHue hoah, ROxopHe 
upH^yxyrB ch i^apcRHMH tioapaMHy oÓcpoHAjiH 6ii CTapniHHi. 

Bm^CTÍ CB HeJíO^HTHOK), ^HCOHRO npHBeffB KB MoCRBy HSBiCTÍe 

o O^psi. Cjysa, RaRi bhxíjih meí, bb nocjAxHee spěna hojb- 
CROHy Ropo2H> H npBSHaBas remaHOirB nocraBienHaro orB 'Píhb 
IIocnojiHToft XaneHRa, OipRO Hesxy A^inpoM^B h Byrom na 
ptet EyjxBHHRii ptiBŮEJTh ovpiKh 6iJoropoxcRHX% TaxapB, ocraB- 
jieBBiixi& ^opoxneHROMB na sHiiOBRt vh yRpattHŠ, bbbjkb BBniiftB 
Mypsy H BesB kb KypcR*B j^sz AOcraBiema PoMOA^HOBCROMy. B'b 
micwusb HoBOM^B-CaH^sapoBb noinuBCRaro nojRa aaxepsajrB ero 
HonaBCRÍĚ noAROBHBRB Oe^opB Ky^eHRo, Mypsy orapaBHjrB vb 
HosraBy bi TiopBMy, a OipRa OROBanHaro caiTB noBesB fb Ba- 
lypHHi ^). 2£y%HRo noRasajTB, ^nro cavB caaniajrB, RaR^B OipRO 
npB iiHorHXi TOBapan^axx bb Cansaponb roBopnaB, rto npHmejrB 



») A. JD. H 3. P., T/ IX, cíp. 893. 

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204 BiMrrusi IBFOUH. 

Ha ji^Biifi 6eper% ^H^npa ch HanipeHieirB cuohhib na ciopOHy 
nojiBCBaro sopoJifl h nox^HHiiTB XaneHRy ropoxa nomovh noiraB- 
caaro h raAsi^aaro, nax&iCB^ ^to y aero Tairb Hatt^^yrca (Saro- 
acemiejiH. Raai noBas&BaKVTB MHorifl ^epra uocAjíjiomfiŘ ssshh 
dpRa, OHI, ycAumaemH, hto b^ j[ÍBo6epesHofi YRpatHi He crajio 
reTMana, cnšnnrii lyxa ci Haxeasj^n danh ButipanHiorB vh rerumi. 

Bi nepBiix% ^HCiaxi vaa HanajíHCb kb Mocbbí pacnopasenix 
o npexcTOflBmeft btb MajopoccÍH HSÓHpaieiBHoS paxi. IIo ^eio- 
ÓJSThK) MaiopocciScBHXb CTapmiHi, nopy^eHO npEtyrcTBOBaiB npn 
Btitiopi BOBaro reTMana ÓospEHy KHasio PoMOxaHOBCBOHy h jiyiĚr 
HOMy ^(BopflHHHy HBany HBanoBi^y PseBcaony C!b ABHKOiffB, bo- 
ceMBH) xBopflHanH, nepeBox^HBOiffB H ^eriipBMa no^BS^Hicn; yaa- 
sáno 611J10 HsroTOBHTB f,Msi paxH i^pcmJI maTepB h hobobsb nox% 
^apcsyla Basny ]^s no^apROBi HOBOHsÓpaHHOiiy renfany k cmp- 
niHHaMi. 18-ro vafl, PoMoxaHOBCsift noxy^Ejrh ornycai cb Ha^^e- 
san^HiTB HasasoiTB: PoHOflaHOBCisiS ffljisiewh úan npeasxe Bcero 
o&saBVTh i^apcByia noxBajry crapniHHaHx sa to, hto ne npHCcaxH 
vh HBifj^HHH^ecBHirB saifuciairB JI^eiiKa, a saiiiTB cooÓh^htb, tto 
npesHÍfl craTBVy nocraHOBienHHfl bb FjiyxoB^ npn nuůtíipb Mnoro- 
rplimHarOy MoryrB 6htb npHSHaHu h lenepB caxocTOflTenHiniH. 
R'B apxienHCBony Jlasapio BapanoBEHy nocjiaHa 6Hjia i^pcBaa 
rpanorai bi soTopoS ysasiiBajiocB eiiy y^acxBOBaTB na npeAcroa- 
H^eĚ HBÓHpaiejiBHofi pa^i. 25-ro nás, PavoxaHOBCKitt xBHHyjcfl 
vh nyiB. 

Mes^ vbwh vh BaiypHHy 26«ro nás npHcrynHjia KHoroiH>A- 
Hafl To:uia najiopocdflffB, BaB*B roBopHjra— iHCJioirB xo 400. Ohh 
nocjiajiH H81 CBoefi cpexcr b!b ropox^ Kh otiosHOMy h cyxBflirB Ta- 
Boe CJOBO: 

— npesHflro remaHa naniero bh Her&xoMO syxa jtIjih, a huh^ 
y HacB HirB rerMana. Mu npHUUíH kb BaiypHHy h ctohitb vh 
nojrh AJfl rencaHCBaro odEpanifl, BsxoxHTe kb naiTB na paxy. 

0508HIlft OTBivajTB: 

— Mu KB DOJie Kb BaiťB na paxy buxoahtb ne cuiewb 6e» 
i^apcRaro ysasa. Botb upVkjifiTh h8% Mockh i^pcsíĚ ÓospnffB^ 
Torxa cotfepercfl paxa h Bii6epyTB noBaro remaHa. 

IIocjiaHHue BB ropoAi MajropocciHHe xoxBJni vh PpEropin 
HeijiOBy^ saRB wb na^auHHKy hockobcroB panioi cnna vb Ba- 
TypHHi H roBopHjH eify: 

— Bhxoxh vb HaifB H BexH CB co6oB> reHepajiBHfiix'B crapnniHx; 
nycTB H BOfiCBOBse BJiežHora necyrB. 

HetjiOBi MfiuFb HiTB Tasofi se yBJOH^HBHfi otb6tb, sarB h 
o6o8Hiifi, HO, 8aM§THBnrH, HTO vb BaxypHHb crajiH noflBXflTBCfl ho~ 



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fJMk. 205 

BIU niqa, npHKasaji^B sanepeib ÓaiypERCEiS sáMOBi e ho nycxaTb 
lyffk HHSoro H» npoxosHx^B. GaMH ciapnraHu nociaiH bi Pomo* 
HuroecBOMy npocsTL, rtů6% ohi nocnimen cb iiiapcsoK) paiBio, 
wame napoffi nofi&en ix^b, pascepxHBmHCb sa to^ ^to ohe ne 
noixaiH vh noje ea pa^y. PoHOxano^aift mcajis lorxa bi Mocny, 
no Keaigiy caMEME cmi»iiEHaicEy xasi npBxoxuE rb Heny bbbí- 
críE, «crajn) 6e8COBÍCTHO» O* Brb Mocbbí Torxa noijr^eHi diurB 
oiBy^a-TO cjyxx, hto bi Maxopoccís ecn sejiaflie nutiparB b^ 
rensHH C^psa, hto 6ojňe Bcero xo^en aroro wpHB, so otb xa- 
loi MHCJs He upon E HÍBOTopiie ciapinEHH. Ho Biii6op% C^pBa 
KL reitfaHH bobco ne 6iijrB sejsíaiejieHi MOCBOBCBOiiy npaBEren- 
ciBy: Cipny HaciojBBO ho b^pejie, mo&h ffivjcmh ero cx%* 
jum»ci rjaBOK) Bc^n sasasoRb, noxuacmiirB MOCBOBCBOMy rocy- 
xapE). Bb Mockbí BHaiE e noHiMara OipKa: EcniHHft sanopo- 

MeS(h, OWb He OMflUJCE nOCTOEHGIBOMl E MrSO UOn EXTE 8a 

BcsEBWh yKieHeaieirB, urb aro e ^OMBUBan npesHex) sbbhbh); 
Borxa-To, HapaBst co bcšitb MaiopocdficBEiiB BapoxoirB, ůajth 
08% sasxETinrB sparoirE noJUBOBi e BŠpHo ciysan npaBociaB* 
EQHj qapK), Borxa y nocaixHxro mia BoSna ci IIoiBmeiD, botoicb 
opECiaBajiB vh JI,opomeHKy, oicraBajTL otb nero, xepsajtca Cyxo- 
Biemca h XaneHKa, noroicB bcjííjí,^ sa XaseHROMB npEcrrajiB kb 
DOJiEKairB, E TenepB, paBCHETHBaE sa cbok> fiorampcByK) ciaBy bb 
lapoxb, HaiajB xy^ivrb o renfaHCTBi edab i^apcEOi) pyxoK). 

Co cTopOHH MocsBH 6uM0 6u HenpociETenHHHB aetf jaropas- 
yMÍeKB MflpBOJBTB ^eciojnoÓflBuiTB EsejaHiuMB Tasoro HeHa^esHaro 
iBMOBÍatAj E 9-ro ÍK>Hfl nocjasB Óujeb crapniEHaMB^ ynpaKUBonufB 
vgeueBMO Majopocdf k), ysasB npeupoBOXEiB bb Mo<»By C%pBa sa 
lapayioMB. 

npB(tolIIE 9-rO Ífl)HE BB DyTEBlBy POMOXaHWCBift E3BJbcrEi[B 

cmpmEHB o CBoeMB BciymeHÍE bb MÚopocdio ^epesB xapBSOBr 
csaro nanoBEEsa SaxapBameBEM. Ors^nniHH 12-n> isomi Micry* 
flEJH E8B EarypEsa bb Rohotoitb e oiry^a nociajur kb ÓospEsy 
neecsaro noaKOBEExa GoiOHSHy npexcraBETB, ^lo pa^t ornpaB- 
iflZBCii BB EoTOTonB Barpy^HETOiuo— noTOMy, mo oxoio ropoxa 
uaa^x)e boScko BHTpaBEJO bck) cteiiB, e i^apcxie paiBue jiidae, 
Ke BaxoAE KOflcaaro Kopná KpyroMB BepcrB na xocnB, BimacyrB 
sadbumiie Ea EEsaxB xjiftóa, orwro bohotoecbemb auRexflifB cm** 
aeiefl BeiEKoe pasopenie. noeroify ly^me y^BHBTB paxy rxi-HE** 
djKb xeJMy KosoTOflOiTB e IlyTEBjeiiB. 

Ha 910 PoHOxaaoBCKÍft xajrb laKoB otbítb: 



1) Ibidem, 897. ' 

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206 moTEm upoidel 

— HaiTB mwb ivtpeiitt ytnm 6mh pa^t b^ Eohotoiií. Mh 
notxeiTB vh BoBOTony. 

OmycmniH GoiiOHHHyi PoHO^aHOBCsifi nepeitpaBHJicfl nepesi 
Ceftirb H ocraHOBHacfl Ha nyiH iiesxy KoHoronom r nyniBievB, 
dnsTB iricreiM BasaHefi-JI^poBH, kb 15 BepcrarL orb nyTSBjía^ 
. Ha 6epery p&^bh EpaceHH kb sohi^ cf aparo oaoHa, OKpysaBmaro 
Kaga»K)-JI^y6poBy. Ša^cb aBEica si nexy npBJíyi^BiĚ nojnDOBHHB^ 
JlasapB FopjieHBO h CBa8aj!'B: 

— Bca reHefMUBcaaa crapmHHa r nonoBHHSH memarh, ^ro&h 
paA$ 6mh Vh EasaHBei-j[|j6pOBÍ; ohh cioxa njmiyn B!b re&bj 
(JoapHHy, *vh cxoxB>. 

PoMoxanoBCBÍĚ OTB^^an: 

— Mh^ no i^apcKOMy ysasy boi^ho paxy vhhhtb h HOBaro 
remaHa BuÓpaiB bi Kohotohí, a ne btb Ssamiei^Jíy6povfb. 

Bhxbo, ÓoapHHi xorbn ijjsBhXbwo xepsaTBca i^apcaaro ysasa 
By OTnycTHBHifl FopjieHBa, yse CHona xBHHyjca kb Aamifiinift nyrb, 
BaifB BApyrB, xorAa owh oromarB Tpn Bepcrn on Easa^Beft^JIj- 
6poBu, Bcrp^THiR ero bcí renepannHe crapmHHEi b colsw 6btl 

TOJOITB 60flpHHyi HW6í» OHI OTHpaBBXB pa^QT BA^B SO, He XOXS 

ffi KoHOTona. 

BoapHHib BifB csaBajii: 

— XoTfl i^tpcBiĚ yBavB BeiHn y^BHaiB paxy kb KoHorroirb, ho 
nycTB 4$yAeTB no-Bameny: ynsam paxy bi Kasa^Befl-Ay^Po^* 

IIpeasAe BHcraBieHHafl npE^nnai no%My ne sejtann OTopaB- 
jiema paxH fb Kohotohí, 6fiua toxbbo npeAJioroirB, ho Baserca 
crapHiBHU Ayiiajui HBti&saTB MHorojiH)flCTBa, BOTOpoe Vh KoHoionib 
(Siuo Eem&bmnOf Baai 60 tojbbo napoA^ h8% OBpecTHocTeS yeiH- 
xaai o paAi^. OrapniBHairB xotIjiocb coBepmHTB BHÓopB HOBaro 
reniaHa BavB bobkosho nesaMfoffie mm napoAHoft rponaAii. Omi 

BOCnOJIBBOBadlHCB rlm^HTO MOrjH BCrp&TBTB 60HpVHa HO Ha Majio- 

poccificBott deiui H mm ornpaBBTB BstfopB HOBaro remana. Bi- 
poflTHO, H PoMOAanoBCBit cuoHBicfl Ha TBBoe oooópaseme, ^to&b 
HsfiiacaTB BOJHOHifi, noAo6HEixs Thrh, BaBÍfl ocrajvcB kb naiurrH 
OTB HŠsHHCBOfi wpHott pdA^^) Ha BOTopott HSÓpaHB 6iijrB Bpyzo* 
Bei]lBiB. OxapniHHairB itBi xot6jocb noiopoiiHTBCfl cb BH<)opoicB, 
^10 OHH ynpocHjra Óospena otbphtb paAy, ne aoshauicb npíteAa 
apxienRCBona JlasapA BapanoBRU. PoifOxanoBesif coriacRjica h 
na 8T0 vrh TOjrotfRTBe, norony nto cnepBa npnnuocB 6u tojibo- 
BBTB o craTBBxi, B HOTOiTB yaso, na Apyroft aorb, ooB^majcfl 6eí 

BH60pB| R Vh TOMy RpeMOHR JClAjFh 6u Hpí&LaTB apxÍ6HRCBoni. 
flcHO, HTO crapmRHEi cr.ibho Goajircb napoAnaro cre^eHÍfl r norony 

ííVh BOSR JI^BJIR, HTOtil COBOpniRTB CBOe A^JIO HOCBOple. 



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PTEHi. 207 

PwoxuoBCtiĚ npflnKa8axi nocraBETB vočjffLpevh inaiepB, npa- 
rjacan lyxft crapnnrai h ^aIK0BH1IB0ff^ hóik matpa tfsjni 
onepnyni; sa maTpoiťE ctouh cípoewb BagasH, npi^xasmie oo 
dipmiHaiui BB ^cjA ote Tpexx xo Hemperb Tucm: OHHMWjra 
Bij^, ^ npovcxoxHirB bi marpi h ci ffiwoiesBiE (SospiHa h 
ettpmffB npiHHMaTb yucrie kb Biióopi, Hacsax&KO HysHO. 

Ilpesxe Bcero tfoapHKb on ^apcaaro HiiefiH cnpocuB ciap- 
níHKb H Bce BOĚcso o BAOpOBB^. OrapmHHH yxitpEjni lejioirB sa 
Tfti^ roeyx&pcKyB) huioctb h cb CBoeS cropoHH eopannsajiH o 
sxopoBBi BeiHBaro rocyxapa. PoHOAaHOBCKÍfi npOHdHecB hmb pito 
so laiasy h onoH^urB ee cjOBaiiB: 

<BeiRii rocyxai^ saiyeiB BacB no npesHHMB VMjxú»Mmn 
cmTuiMB; Banm npaBa h bojibhocth HHBorxa Hapymem eb ůjfjrbj 
H BH (b Bc£ npesHia ciaTBH noxreepAHjn h hobeis^ saBÚi Bani 

n UpeSEHlTB fSjKSTh HaX06HH, CTaHOBUH». 

Do npisaaaHix) Óoipisa npoireflH 6tuM BCxjTh npesHÚi rjy- 
zoficsú H HOBO^DcraBjíeHHHx fpdsaoHssuL crarw. Torxa o6o8Hiift 
Satiiia CBasajTB: 

— Mh XOBOUHU CraTBflMH rjyXOBCKHXH, H BC£ HaiTB HaxoÓHH, 

ifOiA 22-S eraiBRy rx^ HanHcaHO, iro&h yraHHTB noxsoBHHtta e 
iqm neiTB mcana naiOB^BB BOMnaHÍH) htoÓh yHmaTB csoeBOJB- 
ip^Óyxe rxi npoiBncE h naiHyrB HSMÍHy m maTOCTB. Ho otb 
Tanm BOiinaHift ^ehetca sHTeiflMB xaiopocdficsixB ropoxoFB, 
eejTE E xepeBeHB, paaopeHÚ h oĎhau, hmu npoc^mb: nosajiOBajrB 
te Hac& Bejrasift rocyxapB, ysasajcb KOKnamurB BnepeffB ne 6iitb 
Hi y renana, hh y nojiBOBHHBOBB. 

^itciBinejBHO, npH MHororpimHoirB, noiBgyacB paspimeHÍm 
wecni xoHnaHetcádĚ hojke, Maiopocciflciie nojiBOBHiBH HosaBO- 
fMn y cetffl kb nojosaxs ocoÓeui BOMnamB, m Tama o^pasoiťB 
MajopocdH yrposaio kb 6yxynteirB o6pa80BaHÍe HHoro BoScsa, 
spáni kasaqBaro^ xote saBiicítBmaro otb u^b o4$je^eHHiixB BJia- 
tm> nvLKh BasaHecTBOiiB, ho cocroiBniaro 6ójiBineio MacrÍH) hsb 
oxoTHEBORB H BB TOMB HHCJťb BHoseio^eftB. Bb BHxaxB BHcmaro 
npaBHTejBcrBa exBa jih Morjo (Jhtb sexaTenHHirB noxo^Hoe ABjíe- 
m BB npHCoexHHCTHOMB BB TOcyxapcTBy Bpai. 

— ByxerB no BameHy ^ejio^HiBio, — npoHSHecB PcncoxaHOBCBÍtt, — 
I CB CBO^ CTopoHU yBasajiB na Tpetiyemifl Hsirib&eHifl bb rjyzoB- 
OOMB xoroBopi. Ohb roBopHiB: BB 17-oft ciaiBi rjyxoBCBaro 
wroBopa yBaaaHO, ^to($b na cbíbwucb iQipcBHXB nocjioBB cb noeiaiai 
Doibcsaro Bopoju 6fiiTB BanniMB nocaianfiiaMB jím npncjrymEBanúi 
noHXB yBpaHHCBEXB fjbjTb. Ho Borxa bb Mocbbí cBisauuECB 
noncBie BopoieBCBÍe docjhi cb (SoapaiiE iVEpcsaro Bejui^ecTBa, a 



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208 nonm UBoiiH. 

0T% BacB nocjiaarb 6wrb KoHcraBTHffB GojiOHiHa, to noAcsie ko- 
poaeBcsie hocjh o($mbiuH| ^to orrh hx^b rocyxitpfl h^^ ma noi- 
HOMOiBfl xonyciaTB Bamero nocjiaHi^a na chisj^^b. BnepeA'^ <{]i Bam 
OBOHXx ^0CIaH^eBl Ha iiocojiB»íe cbísau ho noi^iaTB, hto6b He 
6iLia Bam yůwxowb h saipy^HeHÍĚ nocojiBCBOiiy x^y. Beusiff 
rocy;^apb nosaiyex^ bbcb, Besarh yvbMflyuaoh nncBiiaicH, sorxa na 
nocojBCsiirb cBŠajtarB o Bamii^ gbjíBXb kuoubsb 6j}ífis% hjh 

XOrOBOpiS COCTOHTCa. 

— Bo BceHB noiaraeifca na bojíK) Beiasaro rocyxapfl,— otb&- 
TUB crapniHHEí. 

Tyrb HeosHxaHHO npECRaBan hkb Mocbbu roHei^ u noxai^ 
ÓoapHHy qapcxyH) rpaMOiy. npo^HxaBiBH ee, PoMOxaHOBCBitt bo 
BceyejHmaHie csasarb: 

«B62HX0My rocy^aps), ero i^pcaoiiy wzmBcsBy yuHJuacj^ 
paAOCTB: BB HUH^niHeMi 180 roxy, Maa bb 30 jmhj sa mojotb^ 
CB. oiei^B, xapoBaxB Bon rocyxapK) Hameny cimai a HairB bcih* 
Báro TMjffi^ i^apeBna h BexKxaro Bsasa Ilerpa AieidtoBma, 
Bcefl BejBKifl H MajHfl h 6&i£ifl Poccíh. Hmahehu ero, vocjffifeBSL^ 
ÚOHfl BB 29 AeHB». 

CTapmHBU npoHSHeciH nosApaKieme. PoHOxaHOBCBÍft o5paTucfl 
CHOBa KB CBoeny x^jy m cnpocBJCB: 

EaBÍil HBilI HOBHfl CXaTBH CiaHOBHIB Sejaeie— 0(JBIBBTe* 

06o8HiiS OfTB iHiia BcixB otbíthjib: 

— HHBasHxi jmaxh hobhx^b CTaxeS y HacB He Óy^exB. 

— TaKi HpnxoAHie — csaaajii PonoxanoBCsifi — saBrpa, íiobíi 
1 7-ro, BB rocyxapeBy niaipy js^a, BsiÓopa rencaHa. BairB (iuJn> no- 
GiaHB yxaBB, wro&h bíi oxnpanjEíH bb MocBBy Cipsa h cb hhitb 
HJitHHaro Mypsy JI^HfMaM era, ho bíi hxb ao ghxb nopB ne ompaBEJts. 

— OasHxaiH TBoero kb naiiB Óospcaaro npifox& — csasaj^ 

0(k)3HHfi. 

— GeroAHfl— CBasajB PonoxanoBcsifi— ompaBjra) hx!b tB spH- 
craBoiťB. 

OipBo 6ajrb Bapan^r^npHBeefflB ciOAa e xenepB BUAa^B Pomo- 
AaHOBCBOtfy, BOTopHtt oinpaBHJiB ero lox^acB bb csoAvmy. 

17 ÍK)Hfl, BB ipeTBem ^acy aha (do EHEŠmneMy npeiiacu- 
cďemio BB xecaioiTB ^acy yrpa) npi&íaxB bb Coapcsiň o6o3S 
apxiemiCBon^B JlasapB BapanoBSTB, cb apxHMaexpHTOifB HoBropoxB- 
OisepcKaro MOHacrupa MixaHJioiiiB .lesaficBHMi. BoapaHB cb to- 
Bapan^aiiH Bcrpinaai apxiepea cb no^eroMB. 3a apxiepeenB bciíkl 
npntiujB H PpEropifi HeiJiOBi cb npEsasoMi cbohxi crp^^i^OBi. 

GrapouiHu e hojibobhebe ebeiecb bb maipy. Bnepe^E exb 
Hecjra Kj^fiHOTH (sHaui rentaHCBaro AOcroEHCTBa): óyjaBy, sHaicfl, 



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fjmk. 209 

ůjE^yvh R aBTaspii. 3a ciapímiHaiai m nonoBHABam ciíxobmb 
ofo&eh usaBE, BoiopHn Ba^Jiexaio 6mh Ha pa^ii. 

HwjA o6wiESia% npmÍKmŘf PoHoxaBOBCiiĚ jsfijrh npnasaHÍe 
nepejCB rocy^^peamn maTpQirb ycrpoiiB Maflxaffb (npociopHoe 
iriício). IIocTaBUfl aHajoft ch oC^msom Cnaaiejfl h Ójan hoto 
eren: he ctoA noioBena (hua renttBCBaa Óyjaaa, a Ůjaun 
doia eiogji asaiu h tfyHiqrBi. 

Bhhuh ■» nuopa ÓMpiKB h apxieimcmrb. .^udemeBoirB 
npoumxfc MOJucEBjr. Boapm nouoiDuai na wA nempe cropoou 
H cKasajTL: 

«BeinBÍfl rocyxap^ nooraji uesa^ cBoero ÓoapHHa, ysasan 
uíA 6snb Ba pa^i fM o6HpaHÍfl rerattoai a renuacsoe otimpáme 
moaKOHo Ha Bame BOicBOBoe Hparo h na saniy bou>) iofo bc&i% 
BOÍCBOH& muaoímse: mny oÓomuŘ^ m wA cxapoiHHH, h Bce boěcbo 
aaooposcBoe oett ciopoHH Jíflfbirphy otfHpafiie ce&b renfaHa>» 
GnaasniH bte cjom, 6oipHffL (nomerb npou. 
Butiopi áoMb HegpcwigHxeaemb, noiOHy tto sapaaie 6ax% 
noAraioBJMBi, H caMOHy doapBBy, ku.% rosoparb, 6hjw xasHO 
mbbícibOj ^im% owb obohutcji* Ha&qMiTeia upoBosríacHaH rema- 
HOH!fc renepaiLHaro cy;iuo HBaaa Oaxoftumna* .JJ^HHrpamso Pa&ta 
H RoHCfaHTHHtE CoioHHHa HOxxBaTHjiH ero uofih pjrxE H HOexaBHJE 
Ha CTOik 06e«RiiĚ 3a0iia noxnecB eny dyjasy, a xpyne noj- 
lOBHifKH noqnuH ero SHaiieHeirB h odbuEjm tiyHiyBom. . 
CaMoftiOBVTb npoBMttci: 

— Ji rersaHCBaro ypixa ho sejai>; ho bh no qapcBOtiy 
yaasy h do Hannna BOiesomirL Hpasairb h boxuiocbimi mobh 
uUpaiMy H MH^ yjse BeBooMOSHO yoopcTBOBan h se iqnmaTb ro* 
cyxapwa sajosaBM — 6yiaBii h maiieHH. Toiuo i Bairb Bor& 
mS o&hSBíMK 6uth nam kb HOMaHorHfe Beusaro rocyxapa co bc^icb 
BoicBom tanopo«UEBiťB. By;^ a, esájmsah ero itiqiCBOKy npecB^r- 
jíOMy Bejoraeerqr h ero Haci^AHisam B^pnOi 6en BcaBot maTOcn 
H BBM&Hii, H HHBorxa He wsLWj jwBBwzh TorO| nb npesHÍe rer- 
MEHEi yoHsiH. H BB, CO MHDK^ tiy^Qm, ciysune B&pHO 6eaó 
Bcssaro gnoiliBiii, RnasBirL ccopeuva ciraairB h npeiecma ne 
B^KTe, a coxepsBie Bce ho AoroBopBiucb emnsm ipšnao h 

HOCIOIHHO. 

— Bdb Mil roTOBH cjysurcb Bensoiiy rocyxapn wh fAimmb 
nomucni: na lam npHiíH on nacB BHaMs, tyjuusy h ůjmjvb 
M y^HHHCB Ha^^ HaMH rontaHoirB, — csauurB sa cetiii h aa XP7* 
nxh oÓoBHiift. 

Hocii BBtfopa HDBaro rerMana BsOpaHO 6ujio paww híciuxibbo 
aoHBXB crapmiHv. Ha nicro CaMoftjiOBH^a kb xojubhoctb nq>Baro 

To» IV.— iDtt, 188a 1* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



210 BftcmiKB iBPomi. 

reHepaiBHaro BotesoBoro cyxB0| noery tnurh BxopoS (^xbs T^omoh- 
T0BH91, a HE wbcTO HOCJi^AHflro — HaBen JKHBoroBCsiif; bmícto 
eo(MaHHEix'B CB MHororpimHUirB renepajiBHHxi acayaoBi FBffHTOBBH 
H FpBÓOBna, mópíkuu HBaHi JlEceHso e Jec&RO %pHflB'B. Torxa 
OTcraBjeHOb 6uxb on reHepajíBHaro nHcapcrsa Kapno MospieBiTB, 
a BMŠcro Hero Hs^paBi hobuS nHcapB GaBBa IIposonoBB^^B; rene* 
pajBHuiTB xopyHSHiTB HB^paHi PpEropiS KapnoBHti, reHepajbHHirB 
tfyH^aKHBím— JleoHTÍS nojyÓOTOiPB^ e rajuupmrB noiBOBHHBOirB — 
GeMeH^ OcrpeHBO. BoBBpaoqeno CTapoxy(ksoe nojiBOBHEiecrBO Po- 
ciaBiiy. Ste BiiÓopn nocs^AOBajiE na BSÓEpaiejiBHofi phfjh Tor^acB 
nocji BsÓpaHÍE GaMoSjíOBE^a. 

Mu HO snaeiTB noApoÓHocrefl TorxaniHefl sasyiECHoS x^HTeiE- 
HOCTE, E noTOMy Be MoaseiTB beoibí pšniETB, 9t5 noÓyxEJio satipaTB 
vh reniaBii EMeHBO GaiiofijOBE^a, KaBEME nyraiE noj^roTOBjuucE 
ero BHÓoprB, bi xaisofi CTeneHE cam ob% xoMoraaca nojyiBTB 
BTOTB caei H na cbojibbo noMorjio eny corjiacie PoMOxaHOBCBaro. 
GyniecTByerB o^Ei^ianBoe ESB^^e, noxTBepsxMMoe e i^todec- 
HBiMi cBaaaHÍeirBi ^to BUÓopi aron npoBsoBien corjiacHo: «boib- 

HHME E TEXEME rjiaCH». KOHe^HO, BllÓOpy OOIKM^JIO MHOFO TO, 

^m OEi^ coBepmEJicfl tojibbo cob^toitb crapniEEiy noiBOBSEBrai h 
iioxotfpaBEux'B Ha pa^BasaBOffB, coBepanuca BHOsaimo, hb Ben- 
KopocciflooS, a HO Ha MEJiopocciScBot seiui, ooBepnnucff, laKb 
CBasaiB, Ha xoport, Byxa ne Morjfl HaxjHHyrB Toiim npocriixi 
BasaBOBi; noMorjo cnoBOfiHOMy Bii6opy lasae e lo, hto mocbob- 
CBoe npaBHTejiBCTBO, opsEasaBniE npECiaTB vb MooBBy G^psa, 
yxaiEJO onacsaro fM CanoflioBE^a conepHEBa. GEnBŠftmit h 
BJÍflTejBHÍUImi9 Mesxy renepaiBHHMH crapmEHaiíE Óhjtb Torxa 
o6o8Hiitt Ilerpí 3a($iuia; ho aroify ^eiOB^sy kb riasaxi mocbob- 
CBaro npaBsiejBGTBa sasopso 6hjio xo^EBarBea tfyjiaBH xu ce6E 
tsocjA Toro, iMDb OHI, VL CBoeiTB sojutHÍE yroxBTB MocBBŠ, saa- 
BJUJ'B MiiGJB, HTO xopoHio 6uM0 6u xaxB rewaHCBoe ynpaBJíeHÍe 
FB MajopoccÍE BejEBopocdftCBOMy (SoapEHy. HobuS remaHtB, oxHaso, 
CBopo Hameji^B, ^to o6obhíiS IleipL SaÓiaa, CBaiHBmift Mhofo- 
rptrnnaro, 6ush ne (SeaonaceHi e xia ero npeeMHEBa: bbbb toibbo 
GaMofljiOBflq^B yspfaiflica vb rencaHCBcnrB xcctohectbí, 3a(SftM co- 
mejn co ci^eHii. He snaeirB, bbbb cjiy^EiacB orcraBsa otb nscap- 
CBBTO ypaxA Kapna MoBpieBEia. Hšcbojbbo noBxnee, ho diESBoe 
HO BpeMeHE BBBicTÍe cooÓotaerB, ^to Ga]foSjiOBEq'B yxajiEii ero 
on ceÓM. E nacroan na EaCtepaieiBEoS paxi, ito(í% (Shjtl E8($paffB 
xpyrofl HEcapB, a MoBpieBE^i ocrajica bo Bceo^n^em npesptein: 
JlmpB BapanoBETB naaiiBajn ero IyxoK> npexaTeiem, h Borxa 
nocji JETyprÍE pasxUBajn anrEXOpii to upoEsnocEjn, bexe nox* 



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pyiHi. '211 

xoffo^aro MoRpieBn^a: «Iyj^ XpHcrocrB xjii&h x^xb^ h no xjA6í 
BHixi caTaHa> ^). OffB npHHysAeH'B 6um%, sars yBBAHM'B, uocjA- 
XOBETB Wh BdrnaHie. 

HoBufi renfaHi 6ujrb cuwh cBán^eHHHKa h noiOMy bo Bce 
opoxaiseflie^cfioero reiMaHCTBa hocejte RjiBvsy rerMaHa-nonoBHHa. 
Bxicrib ch poAHreieirB oh% nepemen ci npaBoS cropoHH JIJBŠíipa 
Ha di'bByH); ero poxHTejíB nojyiu^ npHxoxB bi K'6cTe?B'6 Kpac- 
Eowb ÉoiflABHi ^. HBaHi CaifofiJOBEqi vb mojoj^octh nojyHKa'L 
npeBOcxoxnoe no Tony BpeiieHH otfpasoBanie s BHBasuBaii Óojb- 
joiji npHpoAHHfl cnocoÓHOCTH, flCHuS npaKrnecBifi yir& n CMerjiH- 
BocTb. Owb CTaji'B cjysHTB vb Rasai^BoiTb BOficsi. IIpB Bpyxo- 
Bei^Bom CBJíBHHirb ^eJOBŠBOirL 6ujrb reHepajBHEitt nscapB Tpe- 
laHHtt: Caiio&JOBBHi npiofipijrs ero pacnoaojBenie, e npa ero no- 
sporarejBCTBi ESÓpani 6uj% cothbbomi fb ropox^ JBenpEB'i ra- 
Xfli^Baro noisa, norom npH oo^íBctbíb Toro se rpe^anaro vh 
BBaeiE BoflcBOBoro TOBapanvi ctbjtb TOpnEroBCSBicB naBadHHMi 

nOlBOBHBBOMX. CaMOfljIOBB^l tfuJTB OXHBITB BVB xbajeZhUUYb y^BCT^ 

HiBOBi nepeBOpoia, saT&mnaro EpyxoBemcaiťB npoTBBx nocROBcsofi 
Bjacra H, sa^B mh yse bejiíjus, noBa8ai'B tfojBmyH) Bpas^^r r^ 
BeiHBopocdBHaMi, Bona bi qepHBroBCBOiii sáHBl cha^i vh ocajic^ 
Boeaoxa TojctoS. Ho BpyxoBei^Bifi najix, JIjoponieHBO Bnedanno 
yxajBJícfl na npaByio cropony; Tor^a GaMoUjiOBB^ii, bejia, hto j^jo 
BOBcraHÍfl ne BJienTCH, npEcrajTB bi MnororpimnoMy, npHCBrnyj'B 
na BŠpHocTB MocBOBCBOKy rocy;^pio h, HapaBn6 co bcímb Majo- 
pocdsnaiífl, nojiy^BjrB ora rocyxftpB oTe^ecBoe npon^eHÍe. Ha fjiy- 
xoBCBoft paji^b oni 6ush HS^pani reHepaJBHuiťB cyxBeiD, b^poatho 
tfjaroAapB CBoefi oópasoBaHEOcri. Mti yse bha^je, qio osi, bb^ctí 
Ch 3a(H^0B> B MoBpieBB^eiii, ycxpoBBaai reÓejiB j^J^eMsa Mnoro- 
rpiomaro, bo s^rB xaBHiix'B saBJK^iBTB, ^to yjse vb to BpeiiB y 
nero fb foiob^ 6ujii njani nojy^BTB rerMancTBo. 

Ho coBepmoHÍB Bu6opa CaiiofijOBBqa vb i^apcsoicB maip^ 
apxienflCBoni JlasapB BapanoBB^i cb apxBMaExpETOirB J[eflUificBEií'B 
E hísbhcbbitb npoTononoiTB CaMeoHOMi AxaMOBB^ieEi orcjiyxEJB 
MOJK<SeTBÍe, a noroirBy no ^niHOBnofl BEErt, npeji^ BpecTOMi e 
eBaHrejieiTB, npBBejiE Kb npEcari sa bí^pboctb rocyA&px) rerMana 
v HOBOEsÓpaHEuxx CTapuiEHi. PoMO^aflOBcsíft npoBSHecB BWb npa- 
BoyvHTejBEyK) piqB, Beiin rerMany e Bd^aťB ciapniflnaiťB npnjo* 
jcHTb pyBE Bi craTBflMi, na BOTopuxi Bstipafl^B Óíuvb reTMaH'B, e 
enpamEBajii: BaBia crapoerBa iReMvyrb oee eitItb na reTMascByio 
(fyjiaBy e na BoflCBOByio apnaiy. PeTMani e crapaiBBEi noseaajfl 

>) OciOBa 1862 r. JictoouIi cíp. 20. 

') MicreqKO KoHOionciaro jisxft HepHHroscEoft rfóepeiff. 



Digitized by 



Googlí 



212 ^CTHEKl IBPOmi. 

HH^Tfc HE (^JOBj ra;ui9'B, a na apnaiy (apiHJuepiiD)— Kopon'B ^) 
H BopoHes'b ^). EoflpHiTB npHKasajii BnHcaiB HMena 8thxi ropo- 
AOBX FB ocxaBJíeHHiifl sapaaie nycxiifl whcn n sajiOBaHEOft rpa- 
Morb H BpjHEXh rpanory remaHy. 

nocjA Toro PoHOxanoBCKÍH nperjiacHn apxienHCsona cb aj- 
xoBeHCTBOMrB H reiMaHa co bc&mh ciapmHHaiia bi ce6^ b'l otfos^ 
na nepi. Ha xpyroft abhb, 18 ixwfl, renfaffB co ciapniHHaMH npE- 
r.iacHjrB ÓoiipHHa h TOBapsn^eft ero Kh ce6i na oČ^xb. PoMOxa- 
HOBCBitt BpyqHn npHBeseHEue on i^apa no^apsa: reniaHy x^a 
coposa coóojiefl— oxHHi bo cto pytfjiefi, Apyrofi b^ niT&Aecm, 0, 
Cfiepxi Toro, abí napu cofiojieB BHcmaro xocroHHCTBa no ABa^i^aTH 
pyÓJiefl sa napy, — renepajiBHHiťb crapnunairB no oxHOMy coporjr 
coóojieft VL mecTBxecflTB py6jeB h, cBepxi loro, no d&iOMy ariacy 
H no sapMaaHHHoft xaMsí,— noiBOBEHBairB ^) no copoxy co6ojieft 
vb mecTBxecflTib pyóaefi, a nŽBOTopiiirB en^e no napi co6ojie9 vh 
xecflTB pyÓJiefi h no aTjacy, — nojROsuirB acayjaxi n nHcapax'B, 
BamiejflpHCTairB h xyxoBEtiirB JBi^ani poexaaBi tf&jH cooiBircTBeH* 
HUB narpiHii co6ojbub. 

Ha cjr£xyH)n^& xeHB, ík)hb 19-rO| remasB co ciapmEnaMH 
yixaJi^B B% KoHOTom h orryxa kb EaiypEHi. 



H. 

CyiTaHi MaroMerb IV h nojBCRíil Ropoxb MBxaHi'B. — KppoHHuff rernaHi Co- 
6ÍcRiff.— Fp^tKOTa cyiTana nojBCROny Kopojio, h npHroTOBjíeHU TypoRi r'b no- 
xoxy.— Otbítb noiBCRaro Ropoja.— Iíhcbiio BHsnpa r'b noiscROiiy noARanujepy. 
— BucrynieHie TypeuRirxi caii vh noibcde npextiu.— no6txaÁopoineHRa nais 
XaseBRom h noíHRaicH. IlepeiipaBa lypoR-B nepesB jDlHicTpB.— KpaRoacRíft eim- 
CRoiTb TpseMÓHURift.— CoexHHeHie xaaa h Jtopomeasa ci lypeiiRflMi boScbomb. — 
JlopomeHRo y xypeiiRaro cyxraHa.— KanHiyumia EaMeBiia.--06paii(6Hie xpRCTÍas- 
CRHXB xpaifOB'B BB Me^eiH.— XaH'B H J^opomeHRO nojcB JIbboboitb.— noJHBH npo- 
caxB MHpa.— BynaHCRilt ^oroBopt.— OxníecTBie Typoa-B.— TaxapcRia pasopeaU. — 
IIociij^Bee CBBxaBie AopomeaRa cb xypeiiRUifB cyixasoK-B a (tb BHaapea-B. 

BcTyn^esie CaMO&iOBflqa vl reiMascByB) xojiseoctb coBepmE- 
JOCB Tor^a, Bor^a sa j^jjo cropoEy Anínpa cb npaBoS cioposu 

O HHHt aamraTHHft ropo;n> HepaHroscKoft ry(5., RpoieseiiKaro yisjta, npa picli 
Kopoo]i'L 

*) MtcrevKO HepRarotctoft ryó., FiyzoBCiaro yiaxa, aa p. Ocerv. 

*) ToFAa noiROBBBiaini Cuu: IlepeaciaBcniMV— .^nnpaBiKO Paftna, OrapoxytoeBirB 
— ^neipi Pocjaseii^ HisaacBain — taramn yMaaeai, RieBCumi— BoaciaBTaRi Coxo* 
Biaa, HepBRrOBCKBMi — BacBiB BapKOBCsíft, IIpaiy^Bam — JíasapB Topieaio, Jyóea- 
cnuB — HiaBi Gep^aai, Mapropoxcsmn— HeaBi ,2^6ara, noiraBCsiirB— X^iiBm Kryx- 
Mei%, ra^aunai— CeMeai OcrpesRO. 



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Qoogle 



pyiHi. 213 

npHHOcuHCB sjCB^nufl rtcTH. ^aBHO yse, KairB mh BEfibja, ^o* 
poQieHvo OTx&ica noxB nospoBHiejBCTBO Typi^ÍH, h y»e ne oahh*s 
TorB xypBH cottepancB nanáCTB na nojnbmy^ fio OTBjeKajnicB j(py- 
mcH npexnpifliisííH. Tor^ameifi naxHmax'B MaroicerB IV co 
CMBOio OBOE^ws% 3aBoeBaHÍe ocrposa EaHxÍH otb Benei^laffs h 
noTOHi co6iipajca o6paTHTL opyade na IIoiBniy. Cocroame IIojiBniH 
daio TaKOBO, hto Bparani uomMO 6ujio oasExaib ycir6xa. Yxe 
iffloro 6ajo npHaHaROBi npHÓJHseHÍfl HeHsO&KHOft boíheí co cto- 
poHU typOKEi HO nojflKH He xotíjih oÓpan^aTB Ha hhxi BHHMa- 
HÍfly TOJsoBajTO ce6i vb yrtmenie, (^;rro lypeitBÍfl cyjraHi co- 
Bdhn ne BOHHCTBeHB, npoBOXHn Bpena bx npasjgEíoctH b 8a6a- 
Ban» Blb CBoeiTB rapeifi, jie6o pasBJíeBaeTCB oxotok) vl cbohx'b 
atom H nojuixiy Hax^fljHCB, nro nojibCBitt hocojtb Bacocisifi, or- 
npaBieHHuS fb AxpianonojiB ajia yjiasemfl He^opasyM^mfl, caopo 
HpHBesen BuroxHHfi x^a IIojiBnni xoroBOpi cb TypKÍeK) ^). Ha 
nojiBCBOirB npecTOJni, nocjii OTpeiema Sna RasHidpa, cha^jtb bo- 
pon MHxaHJ['B, rocyxapB ffi apattHocTH sajiailly xotíi h xotfpo- 
;^niHB[fi; nuiflXTa ho cjtymau ero; MesjQr MarHaTaMH Óhjb no- 
CToaHHO BpasAetfHHfl eiiy ocoóu, h nepBufi H8'b hbxi — npBiíacB 
BopojieBCTBa IIpasMOBcsiS. Bo Bcel Pš^B-IIocnojinol ne Óujiomi 
nopaxBa, hh yBaseflia B!b saBony h BiacrairB, hh BsaBMHaro 
coTjadH MesAy corpasx&HaMH. Co Bcrynafema na npecroxB Mh* 
xaHJia ceĚMu ho OBaHHHBajnicBy a Óujm cpuBaoira; to se xijia- 
jiocB H Cb npeABapHTejBHHMH ceflMHBanH, co^HpaBnnnfHca no Boe- 
BOxcTsairB; HeBOSMOSHO 6ujio mnevo npexnpBHHMarB saBOHHO/ 
Mesxy HeMHorEMH caHOBHEBaMB, CTOHBnnniH no yMy Bmne npo^efl 
jiaccH nojiBCBBxx rpasABm, <^xb Torxa BopoHHBrff rericaHB h 
xapmajTB Co6icjáŘ\ owh snajTB h noHHnajrB nojoseme x^n s 
He fůffb jrBasHBajTB oeflMy na Heo6xoABMocTB CBopbe npHHiiTB 
u^kpu Bx san^Hrt apaa, yMHOSHTB HHCJieHHOCTB BoScaa, npHBecTE 
vh Jiynniee cocioame apTH.ijepÍK) h boětb fb o6opoHHTejiBHBi& 
eouffB CB xpHcriaHCBHMH roc^x&pcTBami. Ohb coB^TOBajirB xftse 
nonHTanefl ycrynaaMB cbjohhtb na cropoHy IIonniH ^opomenBa 
H OTBieqB ero otb Typipe. Bdb ero cobíth h npexcrasaema ne 
MorjiH 6iiTB npBHBTii: cefiui, co6paBmi&Cfl vb asBapi 1672 roxa, 
no npBu/bpy npesHHXi coImobi Óhjtb copaavB. 

nocjšxHBfl Bottna /lopomeHBa cb XanenaoirB h nojnaMH na 
IIoxojriH BHBBBJía sa C060H) ofisiiBJíeHie Typi^ieK) boShh IIojBrni. 
^opomraBO MOJtBJTB naxBmaxa wpen CBoero pesExenra sacry- 
HBTBCB sa YBpaĚHy b jrBasíiBajB, ^to vb HacToaniiee BpoMB yxoOffO 



1) Klimacter, IV, 178. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



214 ^wnan wkbojoi. 

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BOJI Ropojx) MiXftHiiy nHCLMOi Bi Boiqmi roBopuoa: «Mh 
xotíjh npoBecTH 8BMy VI Ahetojíh, ho npHHyasxeHH 6iuh no- 
BepeyTB notfiAOHOceiui HamH cuu n AxpiaBOQOJX), ycJHxaBDH, 
^10 BH BoficKOiTB BamiMB óesncmoRe Bjax^oúi renaHa ^opo*^ 
menaa, aoiopiiB co bcšmi napoxoHB Ba3aitaHir& nocxyvixB w^ 
wciio HeBOiBHiKORb BHCosaro nopora Hamero. 2KejiaeirB Haeroa- 
usjao rpaicoitm) nameK) npexocrepen BacB: y^epsEtecB Wb ocsopó- 
jiemŘ H HacHjifl OBHa^enHOicy reTMaej, ocrasBie vb nosoi h 5e8* 
onacHOCTH aeiui) e smeiBCTBO RasaxoBB h yxajEte Boicaa Bama 
Bx npex^Bi Bamero rocyxapcTBa. Hna^e — Bcaaifi HeopiasHeHEiift 
inan> oo cropoHii BameS h BaniHn boěcvb Óyxen HaMH npHSHaHx 
sa HapymeHie Mipearo xoroBopa h Ch HacrynieHÍeMi óyxyn^eff 
BecHii MU xBBHeMCfl npoTHFB Baci Bo BOBiTL BejiTOi H voiyo^e* 
ctb£ Hamero xaiH^taxa c^b Heno($txHiiim boshctboitb, soropoe 
MHoro^HCJieHaiie sbšsxi h icyaiecTBeHHie jbbobi. BiiÓHpaBTe, "9x6 
xoTBTe: jib6o mpB, jiióo vh 6oh) Óyx&^e fotobh*. 

Oo OTCiiJXŠ dxofl rpaMOTHy HO osHx&fl Ha Hee otB^ia, ffis% 
6uxh yaaBi bcíitb aHaiojrificRHirB h pyifejittCBHsrB BoAciairB co- 
tfpaaci vh Axpianonojt sb 23 aop^jrai a xpinicBOMy xaey Oe« 
jHMB-FHpeH) noojano 5000 lepBOHi^oBB sa caaora, savB bojocb 
Bcerxa, xorxa xaas npHSHBajiCfl co Bcimr opxaME na BoSey rb 
noMon^B TypeivunťB BoScsam. 

UpABeennĚ cynaHctyio rpaMory noJBCSOMy sopojH) ^ayiHB- 
Axxen BopoTEJca hsb DojBinH 4 xha vycyjiBiiaHCKaro nicflipi^ 
xyxappeMB (no sameify Bpeiuic^HCJieHiH) 4 Maa) h npHBesB oř- 
bítb noncsaro xopou: bb homb npHnoMHHaiocB, ^to Pin-IIo- 
cnojHTaa xoiroe Bpexa crapajiacB yxepsnaxB RasaROBrb otb všů^b- 
Towh Ha lypeiqM ^epnoMopcua nodepesBa h 9to nocjyauiJH) ops- 
HBBSX) XHOTHXB Hec^acTÍfl x^fl PiqH-UocnoLiHToft, noTOMy vro xa- 
saxH, npH HeBOSMOSHOCTH npoHBBOXRB rpaóeaia bb MycyiBMaH- 

CKHXB RpafllB, paXH X06iI^H nO^^BJH MHTeSB npOTHBB nOJBDIH, H 

coexHHJiflCB TO CB TaTapaMH^ TO CB MocBBOK)| paaopuH nOOCKÍli 
o6iacTH. EopojeBCBÍfi otbítb riacurb TasB: «Bani6 diaseHCTBa 
HastiBaere YspaSny cwen co<{crBeHHOCTÍK>9 ho YspallHa otb b^* 
xoBB 6]ua HacjixieMB namexB npexmeciBeHHHXOBB, h caMB ^o* 
pomeHKO ne sto bho!, BaxB naniB noxxuHuft. UpHia^HO n h 
cooÓpasHO JH Ch xyxoMB Mipnaro xoroBopa seiiiK), npEHM^esa- 
vajio naiíB no boxí BceBanraaro h no npaBy naCdiixctBAi oraa- 



1) A. K). ■ 3. P. IX, 887, 964.-^I4T. GavoB. nx. 1878 r^ cíp. 114, 

/Google 



Digitized by" 



77111. 215 

van sffB*n<WB Hamefl uaciB h or^ftBan HaHnOA^iifimeiíy zn pa- 
tioK iiapora Hamero? Yciyntsb ee HeroxflK), pasÓottaBsy, OTsep- 
xeHHOiiyi xocTOttHOiiy iq^p^ma, soropiift) safiiiBina ctua'^ h npH* 
jinie, npeaw npEfiatajica si ck^ohí MOCsoBcaaro i^apfl, ho csopo 
ůsuTh otWBuaFh, Korxa ysnajH ax) HenocrojiHcrBO, ishboctb e 
]ipexaa«n€»e čepme? I^apb mocsobcsíS noxxaHCTBy aioro hsmí^h- 
HHxa iipexiioiei'B Huny BoposeicsyK) xpyitíHy. Teneps j^a yHH?- 
Tosema BOsoHsiirarb Mesxy Hana h Bána HexopasyiiiHÍiy mu ho 
sanexjHin ompaeizB Hamero nocja vb crpeMesH aamero Óiasen- 
cna, a ^opomensa cb EaaaaaxH ocraBaMi vh HacTOflii^eM'L noio- 
jseBÍH, nesa /tpyaiecTBeflHiiMH coocoÓaifH ho yjaxaitb B03HHRtaiia 
xesxy HaMH HeyxoBOiBcrBia. YitmaeirB cetia aa^ejBAOK), ito a co 
CTopoHH aamero &iaseHCTBa ne 6yxerb Óen opE^aflu Hapymeni 
c yme ci Byiu npl Mesjqr Hana Mapi, noroiiy yto Bon, Buco^aSmiS 
cy^lBa rocy^apeĚ, cypoBo sapaen nonapaioii^Hxi npaBa cnpaBeA- 

JlBOCrH*. 

no BocroHHiim xuLioMaTa^eesHirB sasoHairB npnia^ia ho cjii- 
XOBajio BTopHTOO o&b o^HOirE E TOlcx se npexMeri nocujiaiB 
rpaxoTu (xn MUfi na^nniaxa. nooiOMy, bi otbštl na aopojes- 
expo rpa]»)Ty bhshpb Hocjuurb luieBMO xopoHHOicy noxaaHi^epy 
OauneBesoMy, r^ wnsiBju% yxEBJíeHie, hto vh rpanori nojbcaaro 
i^poďa yapaiBa nasBana HacjÍACTBeHHOiD eojibcsoio oóiacrix). 
«OxEH!& Eon», — Biipaaajca ohX| — ^Momerh dun aape^eHi Bia- 
AHSOK) BOMejB; OBuft npeABŽ^HiiA npaBBTeiB iripa ycraHOBEU 
lasoi aaaoHi, hto spas, Tepeaeime nesxoycoóiaMa h (JesapaBÍeMs 
npexaDTci noxi naapoBErejBCTBO Moryn^ecTseHHiiu BjacTExejieB. 
TaaHiTB nyrevL h napoxi aasai^Bil, no boj^ IIpoBHximfl, fflcmxcsL 
noxB rocnoxciBO xoMa OciiaHOBB. dron aapoA^B asA^BHa 6uj% cbo* 
6o^ievB E caiioe3N)aieieBi>; ooiaraaca aa cajiy aasiK>qeHHU&'B cb 
Bána AoraBopoBíi a ycaoBÍft, ohs ao6poboibho or^aica no^icB aame 
rjaaeBeTBO a xoiroe apena ocraBaaca aam alpaHirB, noaa Haao* 
aem se craio eiiy twjí-h lepiifo* ^OMfbe orb Baei yrbcHeniSi 6e8^ 
8aioHÍft ■ onroiiteHiB; vorxa, Ba^a, hto yciOBÍa saaiDqeBHiia cb 
BaMH-^BaMH se aapymeflu, okb, pa^a oxpaaeaia CBoeS CTpaau b 
CBoero meHE, HOffuui nporaBi Baoi opysie. BiiiSBfiaiacB asi- 
noxB aamefl BiacTE^ BasasB EcaaiH coiosa cb apBiHeBBif b xaHaifE, 
Beerxa npexaHBiUíB wmwsouj xOMy OdcaHOBB) e npE exi no- 
cpeAcrab crau HCsatB noqwBETeiBCPBa BHCoaaro nop(n^. Bparo 
ójaseHCTBa BeeeHaTatilHiaro aeiEaaro naxamaxa) Moero rocnoxana, 
Beerxa oxBepsru j^jlb, bcíx^b a^yn^BX^B npEfi^Bn^a noA'B tšhbk) 
ero Mory^efl otfopoHu a noroify nOBopasia npoobóii RasaaoBB ÓJiaro- 
cBjoHHo 6um ydumaflu^ e na^ajiBHHft bosab btofo napoxa yxo* 



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Google 



216 B^Tflm nponH. 

CToeH*^ 3BftifeBÍeMx Bsiemaro casiu Kskb se bu xoaBere saBiiBaTB 

CBDHHH JSOfXUBUUm HapOI^E, BOTOpOOft JSe Ch XftBHlirÓ BpeiieHH 

cwprh ch oe6fl Bamy babctb h jíOJao ocfasajiea gb bamh bb oř* 
iqsHTOtt boSh^? PasiA xoryn^ecvBeBHiUbirifl ii^pmax^B, MOt xeio- 
eTHBHfl BiacTHTen — euj se Bon xa uoooówvh u x& jti^iikte 
ero— He BaiacreHi jnororpeÓiarB bc£ ycsjaá, qpeoiefBa m ctaooo6K 
XJifl 0CB0(k)sx6HÍ3i yr&CHeHfiaro Kasaiputro Hapo^a, 7iiojUH)iqaro o 
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Hiflinifl noBejTOTen Bcerxa bosbpbtb cb opaBeKEHm jxoBOjncrBi^a, 
eejiH, npeffxe h^itb ero no(S&(OHOCHHfl BeBcBa nooBurca 6ngh sa- 
iniixrb pyfieseft, bii nosejaere vpem nocpexereo nociORb aí^" 
mrh cnoco6n bib sorameHÍio BciiHXBBaK)iiteft bo9hu; ecjra se cnop^ 
HesAy HaMH fpjiTBLewh pbmmhcsí opysievb, lo bcxokb boěhh ty- 

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H He6eca, bto yse Ůoxie mcfl^H Jiín bobhochtb Moryn^ecTBO 
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ÓjecKOiTB no&bffiL. SnaBTe, ^to Bensiff, Henoti^HicitmUl naxH- 
iiiax'B, Mofi BoeiiuocTHBŠftinitt noBenren, HeoiM^BHO Baciynaers 
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ÓiHseHia namero si BanniirB py6esavB, tfyxerB craBHTB npenar- 
CTBÍe KB Hameicy npHiaipraiK) O- 

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H BB na^ajt íiohji nMBHjcfl bb ^Hrapiei iie{»uft lypei^dS oř- 
pax^, a noTOMB ciajro npHtiHBaxB h nx9^u. H t£, h i^pyríe eram 
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poMB roBopHiH, TTO OBB, BasB OBi^ satfjqTffnafl, cavB ae sBarB, 
^TO aiy ffbiaTB cb tbehuh coiDBHKBaifH. Ha jiíbomb 6epery pac* 
npocTpaflHjrca crpazB, vto&b MycyjiBiiaHCBie ook)8hbrh ^opomeEsa 
He npcpsajHCB na KpyroŘ (SeperB JI^H&ipa, ho ^c^menBO eo^ 
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mjo JíjebA y Hcasra no Hoeryi ycrpoennoMy OcMavB*naTHe» Ba 
58 cyxaxBy b mio no Beyxo(SBBnrB b bioxhmb xoporaii^ npoxoji- 



1) Collectanes, II, 2—21. 

>) A. B). m 3. P. IX. 969, 970, 974, 985. 



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pyHii. 217 

sireABoe vpeuB xo JI,HŠCTpa, cocraBJUiBmaro Tor^a nojiBCRifi pyÓeaECB. 

Oho XMVBTJia 9T0fi pŠKH 29 iHCja MaroiceTaHCBaro MŠoiita pe* 

(Kjm-9Beua, hto HpnoAuocB yse n iioii 1672 ro^a. Sj^cb 

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o;(epsan no(%;[y HajTB nouRami h XaHeHBOirB 6ndrh Jla^asiiHa ^). 

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IIoxojíh Jyjura(BOMy, w^iOB^sy rapa^aaro BpaBa, BOBoe ne npt* 

o(^rftBineiiy pacDOJOsems noxnseHHiixx: coBpeiieHHBBH roBopan, 

110 sojH^paiTB TaBi xortďocB HXTH HO^B ero BoicaBxy, RaR% 

Bojy no;cK o6yn ^). y nero 6ujío xo mecTE tuchhi soíHŠpoBi. 

Owh coejuBMar 6% JlaxnsHHt cb XaseHRom, y aoroparo 6uao 

xo lempexi Tiicati EaaaRORi. IIojarr paenojiosH.iRCB bi JlaxH- 

XHS&9 tasaRH; Rpoirb toto, orpaxaMH no ospecTHOcrairs. 11 iiojig, 

jcuixajH nomH, vro nox^ B^maxoiťB tfparB remaHa AopomesRa, 

FpHifLRO^ cAcBEJFh Rasai^Raro dojirobhhm IlepeÓiflHoca, Roropufi 

mexh Ha coexBHeHie vh XanenBy. JlysHQRil h XaneHRO nonuH 

n BHpyiagr. Ohh ocbo6oxhjih IlepetitílHoca h Biiterb ci hbitb 

oomjH Kh Jlaxnsuray h Tyrb*TO na BOHEpaiHOirB nyrs nojiasn no- 

Teprbm nopaseme noxx ^erBepniHOBROK) na BarorcROirB no.iš^ 

SHSifeflHToarb HopasenieirB KajiHHOBCRaro npv EorxaHi XnejiBHHit* 

Rom. 9x0 co6mie y coBpeiieHHiROKB HBiaraerai pasjíH^Ho. Uo 

oXHOMy esbíctík) ^), JlysjsumĚj nporHaBnm xaTapB, yB^soRca noro- 

fie» sa BBHH E He ciymaa yiiHaro eoBira XanesRa nepemejrB 

phKy BjTh H Tam Óujix Bnesanao ORpysonrB cejk^huite laiap- 

csflirB nommofim h cam ^xsa ymexB ch HevHoniMB^ a ocran- 

HHe 6hje noÓBTH EJíE noTonjieHH vb Bjrb. Uo xpyroxy esbí^ 

am % XanoHRO Ch RasaxanE ymejix Bnepex^ a nonRE nuE 

ooBaxHy H TjTh TaxapH, HanaBiDE sa hexi, oipfeajE otb Rasa- 

BOB& H nqpadEJE. Bíctb o laROfi no(%x$ 6nja npEHara cb boc- 

Topram vh ů6wb naxEsaxa, Tasit Rasi y Mycy»MaBi rocnox- 

ciBOBaio BipwaHie, hto yeabTb us neycn^xi oepBoft cthwe cb 

BenpÚTeieifi cjysETB npexsHaMenoBaHÍeirB CHacTJBBaro ejie bo* 

naoBaro Ecxoxa boHeii. GxBamHHe nox^ BaroroifrB no^BCRÍe 

EjfeHEVE ($HJH npHCJiaHii Vb TypeipúS o6wb E TOTqaeB ůbm 

otegKOBJíeHH ^). BcjAxb sar^irB npBnuio vb o6on naxBinaxa xpy- 

roe ytinntenHoe ESBterie, hto noiBCRÍft rapsESOHi ropoxa SBbBaEi^a, 

^) CoUeetaDea, n, 21—47. 

«) Ojcz^ Sp., n, 164. 

») Klim&kte, IV 191. 

*) Ojca. Sp., II, 166—166. 

•) Collect, II, 48.— .14t. Canoi., 58. 



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218 BicTHm iBPOim. 

ycHHxaBmH o npstfjíiseBiK TypOBi, y^ia&ui, h T07«aeb 6ui% 
nocjiíkWh TypeE(RÍt oxpflx^ BsepexB sehíitb onycrlBmiS skvost. 

nepenpaea Typeii^icaro Boficxa nepeai Jíjsfbcnph ooBepmuacb 
B^ míct^ OTctoflB^eifB sa nflTB hjih sa mecxB tocobi otb E^MeHii^a. 
IIojflKH He noAyMajB opeMi^ sapasrbe iripi si samtarb mot 
BasHOll sptnocTH. KpaKOBCKÍtt enHCKOQi TpaseiítfBi^sil noseprBO- 
MA% AJKH o6opoHii RaMeHE^a 6000 nixoni na co<5cTBeHHHB c^erL ^); 
HO 9Ta xo6jecTB nosasajacB 6oite sa cjoBaxi, ^iwh Ha xl^^ 
Apyrofi enHCBom mícthuD BaMenei^sift roBopoPB, tto spa* 
BOBCBÍfi eHHCBons npHCJiaji^B xyxa to.ibbo 500 ^ejiOB^Ri; spoirb 
HHXi, Óujfb ente hojbi bi 400 ^ejiOBÍB% h 200 ^eJOBtsB saice- 
Hei(sofi nixoni, — botb Bce, ^to coeraBJífljio Tor^a bb RaMeHit'6 
sajiory ^) (soeHHiifi rapHHSOHi), ne c^HTax míh^hb h HaÓ&saB- 
mHxi H3fB ospecTHOcrefi vb oca^ xjionowh^ BoiopurB Ha6pajocB 
b'b KaMeHi](t ao a^chte teicatb ^). 

MesAy T^MB, 4 aBrycra npHMSHyjiH bb Typei^BOiiy hoji^hii^ 
xaHi CB CBOHMH opAaif H H ^opomeHRO CB cbohmh Basasaiur. Cnepsa 
CB ÓojBmHMi no^eroMi BpiiMCBÍ& xbhb GejiHMB-rHpett yxocroHJiCJi 
HOi^iiOBaTB HÓJíy OAesAu BepxoBHaro rjaBU npaBOBtpHHXi h no- 
jiy^HTB (yrb nero vh AapB ÓpHuiaHtOBoe nepo na ^ajMy, a na 
Apyrofi xeHB| 5 aBrycra, bi maTepB naABmaxa 6iub Bseffiwb flfi^ 
pomeHEO ^epesB ^aynrB-BaoíH-Ary (naqajiBHHBB bcíxx ^aymeB). 
/I,oponi6HBO noBJíOHHJicfl Ao seMJH BucoBOMy noBpoBHTejH) BasasoBi, 
npoBSHecB npeA'B hhmb yBipeme b'b CBoefi tfjaroAapHOCTH h ties- 
iipeA'&9BH0if'B noBBHOBeHin BOJii naAHmaxa. Typei^BiS rooyA^^^ npa- 
Ra3ajrB AaTB eny vh noAapoBi 6oraTiiS xajcatB, dyjaBy h bohh 
CB BapflAHOK) c6pyeH). 

Ha Apyrot a^hb nocjit npíeica Jl^opomeHKa nocuano 6um vh 
EaMenei^i npeA^osenie CAaiBCs ao6pobojibho; sa bio odibi^ajifl Buay* 
CTHTB Bcixb Ha Bojno; BB cjiy^a^b ynopCTBa rposHjni Bcftxi Hcrpe- 
6htb ÓeffB MHJocepAÚi. OcasAeHHue osHAasH eii^e sapy^BH h ot- 
BepriB Typei^Boe npeAJio:i^Bie. 

7 aBrycTBi TypBn noBein oesAy. CpeABBy lypei^Karo BOficBa, 
pacnojioaceHHaro BOBpyrB KaMeHi](a, saHjiJB BeiHBÍfl BHSHpB cb hhii- 
"lapaHH cTOJH^Hofl rBapAÍH h cb pyvejdlIcBHiíH BOflcBaMH; BiipaBO 
on nero pacnojioaBHJiCfl xpy^ft BBsnpB, AOB^penniiS cyjrraHa, My* 
CTa4)a-nama, cb aHaiojiflCBBMH BoUcaaMB h cb hojboitb SarapaxsH- 
EamH (na^ajiBHHBa cyjiraHCBOfi roH^eft ncapna); bj'íbo otb BejH- 



») Klimakte, IV, 160. 

«) 0jc2. Sp. II, 169. 

•) A. K). E a P., XI, 60. 



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P^AHÁ* 219 

saro Bií3Bpfl craji noMontHBRi ero (saimi - nesáni) Kápa-My* 
cxa^-naina, cl cuaiiH CnBaca e KapanaHá, cb poxaicH GaiccoHAsy- 
Bams (HanajifcHHBa ((opsofl ncapHH). BoHEam poa^ajH sacrynu 
KOoaTB seMJiio H ycrpoHBaTb Bospyn KaneHE^a mani^ii,— «8eMJiflHoS 
repoA^B* — Bspasaflc^ TorxamHHirB ASUROii^b. 

8 aBrycra, TypBH ompujiH CHaBsyio nuhůj no ropový. Ocas- 
;ieHHiie BiiópocHJH na crbne^Th CibJímŘ 4^aarx, BucjiajH npoCBTB 
npíoemHOBEH naai>6ja, o&bmiBkiiií nomo yuHHXB Mesxy co6oio 
coB^rBy a saiiiTB na cjil^jtyjomfie yrpo npHcrynHTB Kb neperoBO* 
pairb o cxani. 

— Si ne noMftMCfl na nycnui o6ijqaHUi}— cxasajx bhbbpb, — 
se aa^ey neperoBopoBiB, npesA^ híwb nairB He npHmďDTB saios* 

HSlOBfB H OTL BaCB BSMrfeHl He BOBBMyTB TaBOBUXl Se. 

BtjHt ^jarB ÓujTb BHBHHyTB no coB^iy BaneHei^saro eira- 
csoiia cb jsíbsbjo sacraBETB Henpiateu na HiBoropoe Bpenfl npi* 
ocraHOBHTB naiB6y: nepesi to ocas^ennHe Moraa 6u co6paTBCfl cb 
;^oiťB H npHHBTB Koe-sam uipa Kb o6opOHÍ. TypBH cueBHyjH 

Vh WiTB X^O H He nOMUHCB Ha XHTpOCfB. 

UocjA Toro nooMH xhb sa xhbmh; najiBÓa ei o&bETb cropoHB 
mia óesíb ocraBOBBH. Typeiycifl opyAÍH 6uje noÓojBme h nojyqme 
noiBcnrB,— nymsapH noHCBycnie; Typeqsifl bapa BpisiiBajifiCB b'b 
rjyÓiHy semuLHoro najia apmHHa na ABa. Y hojuibobx nyniBH 6uae 
HeBiícoBaro j»)CTOHH€Tfia; npBT0M'B HeifHoro^HCJieHHBie nojiBCBie 
BOffBsi 01% ÓesnpecraHHUxi paÓorB oopo npHai.iH bi HSHeMoaBe* 
HÍe: He 6hjo hmi BpeHeHH hh hcí^ctb, hh sacnyrB. Ilpn CBy^ocm 
o6opoHHTenHBix% chu ysacB OBjia;(]&Ban nojBBaMH, BOrxa ohh 
co ctíhi CMOipijiH na rpoMaxy HenpiBieJibCBaro nojL^iHo^a, bbhihb- 
maro no noii) bhjiotb jsfi caMaro SEBani^a. Kaa&xufl ^^ohb Typsn 
HocHJajiH vb ropoA% AO 400 sucrpi^jiOBi h nycsajiH ao cra nsTB- 
MfiOfím rpanan ^); oxna mpb hhxi ynaja na jnorepancBiĚ mojht- 
BeHHuft AOMi h npoiBBejia noasapi. Ilpn nenpepiiBfiofi najiB6% nua 
7 iypoK% xpyrafl paóora— BeJiHCB noxsonu, h na hhx%-to Bosjía-^ 
nuH Typu FJiaBHyH) na^es^y- 

12 aBrycm, npHÓiiJiH BiTypei^siS craHi nojBCBie nocjiu Ba* 
BesesiĚ H FyjiflHHi^Bifl cb auuoóoio otb nojBCBaro Bopojia, ^to 
cjmBi> HeosHAaHHO h Tafino BcrynHJii bo Bjax^nie Pb^n-IIocno- 
JKToft. IlaxHniaxi oxBŠ^aji nojBCBOMy BopoaK), ^ro npemejii ne 
aiHO, a oiÍBflBHBniH Hanepex^B BoSny, h TenepB npEPjacEJii hojb- 
aaro Bopoja buxoxhtb wb noje % OTnycTHBmH nojBCBoe nocoaB- 



1) Ojca. Sp. II, 170. 

») CoUectanea, II, 68. 59.— A. K). a 3. P., XI, 60. 



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220 BMTHII^ iBPOnH. 

CTBO Typetpdft cyjrao^ vh wn se x6hb npnsasaxB bphmcxomj 
xany h ^opomeH^r hath ro JlbBOBy npoTEBi Ropo46BCsaro BoIlcBa, 
a cftHi ocTajies soHitaTB ci RaiceHOtoirB 1). 

14 aBrycra, lypBH obma'6™ napysHiixK (SaTapeflHH, Ha soro- 
pHfl ocasA6HHiie KptnBO Hav&flJHOb. Bci^^TB saTŠiTB xypBfl Ha^aiH 
npidyinb vk BaxeHiQr; ci débmch CTopoffb naio mhofo Jiioxeft, 
TypaairB bb ototb xen yxaiocB Bo;q>yBHTB na crtei RaneHi^a 
BHaMfl HCJiaiía, ho to Óhjtb, qo hxi coticrBeHHOxy saMŠ^amio, ffumo 
He KOHei^ x^y ^. 

16 aBrycra, TypsH BsarajiH BinoxacnB Óouh cbhopoxoitbh 
sasrjH. Ob yacacaion^HMi TpecBOirB noier^H BBepxi x^poBa h 
RaxHB, BXOAHBmie RB Bjaxay ciíhh; oxna Óanraa cobc^xi pasBa- 
jiHJiacB % Cbbosb otfpaaoBaBmiecfl npojOMH yBHxajH MycyjBMaHe 
ente xpjvyiQ VByrpessmo ropoACsyio criny: npHXOxnjocB hitb 
BecTH noxsoHH en^e xute, h doxb ary cr^Hy *). 

OxHaBO H ocasxeHHHei ne xosAaBnnicB osHxaeifOl Biipynn, 
cootipasiiaH, vro hitb fpjAe oÓopoHarBCfl HeiBsa, oeoóeHHo Borxa 
HenpiflTejBcaie inaHitii noxonuE bb ropoxy TaxrB Ójhbbo, ito moxho 
6iijI0 nycTHTB cb hhxx xaMeHB ^epen cií ey bi ropoxi^ ^). 17 aa- 
rycra, BoiceHxaHTB npHxasajB bhÓpochtb &kioe SHaiifl % Bbbhpb 
CHa^aia Hexofi^purB h noxosp^BajrB npeamfl xerpocTH, ho hs^ 
RaneHi^a Bumjni ynojiHOiíO^eHHiie cb npocB(k)K) nauTB neperoBopu 
o camí h npHBaiH cb co6ox> aaiosHEBOB^B O* Bhbhpb xoiosHjn 
naxHmaxy h nojry^HjrB BHCOwfimee paspimeHÍe bsetb EaiceHeqi 
Ha KanHTy^fli^iio. 

neperoBopti ne TflHyjiHCB xoiro: hojarh norepsie upacyrcTBÍe 
xyxa H corjiafflaucB na Bce, nero 6h hh norpeÓOBajii noOixRrejB. 
.J^K^BOpB cocTOfljica H 6uM% HanHcaHi^ BB TOTB me ffiuh na ci%- 
xyioniHX'B ycjiOBÍflX'B: 

1) Bce nojiBCxoe BOficBO, Haxoxflqeecfl bb KaxeHi^, Biilxen 
oiryxa cb opyaueMB, BaÓpasniH cb co(Íon cboh cenH h cboh HMy- 
H^ecTBa fiesnpenflTCTBeHHO co ciopoHs Typosi^, a Bp£aocTB hojabe 
cxaxyrB noÓ^XHiejifliiB. 2) Buiérb cb boScbobiimh jhoxbmb HirtnrB 
npaBo bhxth vn RaneHi^a aBErejni ropoxa h bc6 npemexHiie bb ocaxy 
CB CBOHMH ceMBflMB H HMyn^ecTBOMB; TypBH He T0jn»B0 He CTanyrs 



») A. D. H 3. P., XI, 61. 

*) Collect., U, 64. 

«) A. K). H 3. P., XI, 62. 

*) Collect, n, 69. 

») Ojczyste Sp., U, 170. 

•) A. K). H 3. P., XI, 63. 

») Collect., II, 60. 



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pysEi. 221 

ms Kb Tom MiniaTB, ho en^e jwjn hitb npoBosaTurB Aorbxi^ 
vbcThj syxft OHE nepetTH nosLejífkíOftí. 3) Ti bsi SExejiefi ropoxa 
BaMeHita h BOJOcreS^ npHHa^ejKaii;(i[X'B si ORpyry eioro ropoxft, 
BOTopne nM&ejaion ocrasai^cfl na cBOvrb iriteTax'By h6 Ůy/yn 
00 CBOBiiH ceuuiini h HHy^ecTBaiiH no^BepraxEca ote lypoicb hh- 
KanoTB ocxop&ieHUíirL. To se npexotrasjaeccfl nuuutT^ h xyxo- 
fieHcray cb rbirb en^e b^b xo<$aBOffB, hto aBi^a hx'b cocjiofiifl, ocraB- 
miCB Ha npeaKBBX'B ntoax^B cBoero aBiavejBCTBa, 6yfyvB ocboóos* 
xemi on BoeHHaro hoctob. 4) Bdbui> xpEcriaBaiti^ BcnoB%AftHÍft 
pmcBO-KaToiB^ecBaro, rpe^ecBaro, apicaHCBáro h xpymrb npeAO* 
ciftBueicfl HecricHBTejBHO cBo6oAa b^ph; hitb octaBETCB lA- 
CKoafcBO iiepBBefl ^jib ompasjíeHifl «bx'b nycTHX'B b cyeB^pHtirs 

06pBA0BS>, a BXl eBBH^eHHBBB B I^epBOBHBBB HO CTaHyTB BCIIH- 
THBaTB HBBBBBXl npflT£CHeBÍfl ^). ynOJHOMOWHHUe BHnpOCHJH 

cedí Eouho cb aroro xoroBopa vb jiatBECBOirB nepeBOA^. 

Bh BTOTh j^enhy Borxa yHOiiHOMO^veHHHe saBJío^ajiB xoroBopi 
yse Ha saBaT^ cojBi^a, vh EaiieHi^ HpoBBomejii BspiiKb do bbhí 
Biiopa apTBJuepÍB FenBara: BCouxHyjio 120 6úH&ťh nopoxa b 
Hom&io no oxHOHy bsb^ík) 500 ^), ho xpyroMy xo bocbhb- 
eon ') ^eiOBteb. Oxhb lOJUOBajifl, ^to obi cf/bmjn^ 8to b8% ot- 
ubhíb % xpyríe — 1X0 aro npoBSBexa ^ojalpu vh nhBEOwh bbx^, 
a oxHHi MajiopocciĚciu& jiTonBcei^B roBOpBn, ÓyxTO vbmen% npesxe 
6iiub noxBynieH'B TypxaMB, a botoicb notfoBJCB, Hncíířh BdM^fla ero 
se OTspujiacL b pšnutica BOHmB mamh TasBH^b orqaaBHHirB cno* 
COÓOlKb ^). 

19 aBrycxa, BaMeseipífi BOMOHxaHTB BpyraxB BejiBXOMjr bb- 
3BpH> KJiioiB ropoxa KaMenqa, b saTO, fb SHasrB tfjiarocsiOHHOCTB, 
noiS^XHiani aax^jra bb boto xaiaxi. nojBCBÍe naHii, 6HBmie bk 
EaiceHi^: BaMeseipdfi enBcsoni, BaMesei^BÍft ciapocra (obi se h 
vfflepajTB noxojBCsit) PoByiv^itt ^) b noxKOxopiS JlaHCsopoHCBift 
taxse xoxHiiH bb qobjioex vb WMVBOuy bb8BPH)| ox^bhibcb kb 
npRCJiaHBHe on Hero sápaná xajiafii 0« Ho bx'b npocB($i ^) 
BBBHpB npBBasaji napflXBTB 300, xpyňe se roBoparB 400 bosobi 
xu BUBOsa BSTB KaMeHD^a tšx'b sBiejefl cb bx!b BMyn^ecTBaMB, 



1) Collectanea, II, 61, 

«) A. I). H 3. P., XI, 63.— CoUectanea, n, 

») Ojez. Sp., II, 176. 

*) IWdem. 172. 

») Beinso, II, 831. 

•) A. K). ■ 3. P., XI, 242. 

») Qjcz. Sp., II, 172. 

9) Klim»kt., IV, 198. 



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222 B«CTin% iBPoiiH. 

KOTopue Q0V6Ji&K>n nepeceiHTLCf O* ^P^ Tucin Tjpox^B Binípo^ 
BOXKn Bxi un ropoAa ^), a bisej^ Haseaun hms 600 npoBO- 
aUTiixib xo ďrejbHim ^); sa Jx>6eBH0CTB Brarpu, HaaoaHHBiaaro 
BpoBOsaTHXB, oojflBfl nocjujH evy bi xapi 2000^epBOHH]inn ^). 
TaKE nojBBB, no Baiii^aHiK) lypsa ^)j ocraBUi Eauraeifi co 
cpaMOiTB, a lypBH npaaxHOBa^iB cbok> nofitxy a 6ominnrB lop- 
xecTBom. Ha xpyroll xeHB^ 20 aBrycrai z% maipy naxHmaza 
oonuicb CB nosxpaBJíeHisMH Bcb Typei^sie BoeHa«iaiBHVEB, h bc%z'b 
noMxHTOJiB o((xapKrB uaTorjaBHiím xaiaTaiiH ■ ooÓonHini ny- 
6aif H. Bi BHarb BoeotfiAet paxocni ctýkjum m nymevB h pyset, 
TopijE noriniBue ofhb; BsxaHi 6urh ytan vh npoxojseHU TperB 
XHeS npasxHOBaTB no BeeS EMnepii saBceBanie RaiieHQa. IlaxH- 
maxB oTopaBEJTE Bi HOBonpio^péreHEHfl ropoxi BHH^api-ary owc- 
nm mecTB soereJiOBi h o($paTHTB bxi bi Me^erH. Ilepsai ms% 
BTBXi Me^erefly npeotfpasoBaHHafl h» ÓsBinefl ^pii, nocBmaiacb 
BMen naxHinaxa, BTopas— nieHi ero naiepE, TperLH — Meni bos- 
XDfijeHHiSmeS wn ero «eHx, cyjraHniE XasesE, a ocmiBHHE 

TpE— HMOHaMl BHaTHMmErB CaHOBHBBORB: BOJEBarO BEBEpi, BVO 

TOBapin^k (saEKi-iieKeiia) e besepe, iK^tfEMi^a naxEmaxoBa % Hvh 
yciiiiaiBHEi](^, yeTpoeHBHX'B uojnh aocrejiaiiE, o($pan^MHicfl bi^ xe- 
^eiE, BuracBEBaiE rpo6u yicepiOEXs e bhbobbie aa^ropox^ a 
ebohu, novTaexHi MyeyiBxaeaaíx sa npESBasi ExoionouoHCTBa, 

BHÓpOCEJlE E» ZpaXOBlb E MOCTEJfl EME yiEI^II B^ T^Th MtcimSTB, 

rxi 6uxo rpiBBO ^). IIo Taaol moctoboA MaroxerB IV BiteaxB 
vb RaHOHei^ ^). TypsE bb CBoexi BOBECTBenEOirB ^EBTEairb^ vh 
ruMTh zpEcriasib pyrajBCB naxi EBOHam, koioie ex%, py^sjE, 
acrjíEy ToniajE EoraxE, xliai bio napono xu loro, ^to6u xpas- 
HETB notitsxeBBHxi, KOTopHe, iipE BExt TMEx<B BOBxynienHiirE 
BBZOXOKB, xoJSEs 6111B xoiiaTB, ^yBCTByE CBOo 6eBCSJÍe '). Gmot- 
pbn Ha Bce bto Aoponmso e ho saóojijo ero cepxi^e npE BBf/b 
xaxoro ties^ecrifl oÓpasoBx Bosíetb, Bce ceocexb oh^b paxE CBoero 
HecHacTHaro BpexeHHaro rerMaHcrBa: tbcb saxinaeTB o sexE lauo* 



») CoUect., II, 68. 

«) Qjcz. Sp., n, 170. 

*) Ibidem. 172. 

*) EUmakter, IV, 149. 

«) Collect., n, 63. 

•) GoUectanea, n, 66. 

O A. ». H 3. P., XI, 74. 

•) IÍT. CaMOB. 59. 

•) A. K). ■ 3. P.. XI, 242. 



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FTEHi. 223 

pocciicKÍft j^h^omrceiirB ^). Bs HOBoycrpoeHHOtt r;iaB»o& Me^exH 
onquLueHO Óvtio MycyiBMaHCxoe nflTHHiHoe ÓorocoyseHie bi npE* 
cyiasíH najiHmaxa h ero caHOBHH&OBfB b b^ nepBHft pasrs pad* 
Xiíca FB BaiieHi(i, Biri^cio BOioKOJi^Haro SBOHa, jiK>6e8HEi& nycyjiL- 
MtHCKOMy yxy tojiocb «My8X3EHcsaro H8aHa» ^). KojOKoia 6euh 
CBjímmu: iiaiiiinax'B npBRasajnb pasÓHTB ven h nepejiHib na opy^ia, 
a HÍsoTopHe noxapui ^opomeEsy ^). Torxa nofiiiajiH bdcbmej^t- 
Hiro M&iMxva no Hvera Ilerpa AcipseKÓcsaro, npiBejH b'b 
FjaBHyK) MeneTB h n npEcyíciBiH cy^rana o6piteajiH ^). BejiBRO* 
xynrie, oOhaMeunoe SHrejuiirB, ne nox^maio caímts x^a h^bo* 
Toptirs en hhzi HCuio^eHie: naxBinax'L npflBaaan OTo6paTB 800 
pedan bi aHiinapu % a x&hi b x'i^BBqB ouiaxercBaro SBaHia 8a- 
ÓBpajiB jfh rapeKn, HasBa^aS) CMOipa no bxi spacort, oxbíx'b kl 
cuMOuy naxainaxy, xpyraxi— BepxoBBOMy BEsapiOi a bbhxi— na- 
maMi ^). CyjsTBSPh Basna^Bn vb KasieBiii ry($epBaTopoirB Ajb- 
naniy Ch rapsBSOBOiťL no oxhbitb vh ^mcxb xaaxi^aTB THcaH'B ^), 
no xpyrBiťB — vb naiBaxiVtTB thcatb ®). 

naxHmars onoBicrBn no soBcay, ^to noftxerb xajite b% rjy- 
ÓBBy HenpiaTaiBCKoB crpaBii. Ho lypsa ae cjBrnBom cni&mBJB, 
Óyxy^iB cjBmBoiťB yB^penti m> cBoeicx npoBOCxoxcrd^ naxx Benpia- 
lejem; dbb npesapajia nojiaicoRB, nasuBafl bx'l bbskbmb TpycaMB; 
fl Kb caMOMi s!bMÍ EVh noxoACBBXi ropoxaoBii ae dan^aoiaacB, 
tfftsajB nojBCBie «8a2orB». flrejBBBita, Byxa orsexenH tfiijB bsi 
EaifeHiia snaiB, tfiija cxEBa lypsaicB canEMB BJiax'iJiBiteirB Jlas- 
CBopoflCBBiii, B xypBBi OBjax^BBiB dTBitb ropoxoMi, pacnopaMUBCB 
aunreuMB uitb cbobmb HeBonBasaMB b roBBJB bxi pa<SoTaTB 
nocTb Ba f/btA ^). Beiio bo Maio rasax^B, roBoparB coBpeiieBBBBB ^% 
voTopiie npexao^BTajB ocTaxBca noxB BJiacrix) lypoKB, miwh bxtb 
Wh nojBmy, ^to(Sb ae czumaTB laitB ynpoBOBB a pyraTexBcxB^ 
on cooie^eerBeaaBBOBi sa lo, "íto nwb nocxiiAao cxaja EaMenei^. 

H^isojBBO BpeMeaB m^amax^B ocraBajca vh craat ÓJian 

O Mt. Čau. 59; Toze, i3x. 1828 r., crp. 115. 

») Collectanea, II, 67. 

*) Mt. CaMOB. 115. 

*) Elimakt., lY, 197. — BnoeiiACndH dTor& xaJiBHHBi, o6sKB0iHCb bi TypnÍH n 
M^Mň pasóoraniiBB, yze cavi hmíii x^reft, ho BcaoMHHrb o CBoeví DpoHczoz^dHía 
I jůhm9LM% n ore^CTBO, rxi oÓpanixcii CHOBa ci xpacriaocKoft sipi. 

») A. K). 3. H P., XI, 242. 

•) Ojez. Sp., n, 174. 

»> A. D. H 3. P., XI, CTp. 45. 

•) Klimakt., IV. 203. 

») Ojez. Sp., n, 172. 

»•) Klimakter, H, 198. 



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.224 B9CTHIKI IBPOm. 

JKBftHi^a, Kyxa nepeouo boBcbo wn-noKb Kft]IeH^a. Tam rt« 
mHJiCfl owh oxoTOK). 17 oeHTaÓpfl, typsE cbajecb, h 19*ro ciau moxb 
By^a^eiťBy ropoxftoicB npHHa^jeauBomrB bxobš Tepesi noioitsol; 
soanipu, (SuBone vb btoitb ropoxs^, cnanajia xpaÓpuracB, asor^a 
yBHABJíH, HTO HenpiflieACBoe softCRO Bauno, lo exaiieb ^). Fyc- 
cefiH'B-nama BSflJTB Abjiobii^u '); xpjiie namn OBjax^^ npo^ioca 
ropoxKaira: ÓojBfflaa qacifc diHxi roponaon h iiicTeq^cB cwBa* 
jHCB Óes^B OTnopa; eoBpeiceHHHBfB OHeBHxei^i Hacvimiaen hx% 
OSMO KaMeHE^a 6oiie TpnxntaTfl; TypsE miBoro He py^Ejn s o6pa- 

nilME Bl HeBOJUD TOJOMO AtBj KtO ÓUHh BMTh C% OpyiKÍeiCS, HO 

E rbx'b beocašactbíh arnycTSJE Ea CBcKSoxy ^). Tox^no ropoxoss 
B% %peoEflofi Pycfl, EESHBaeifHfi By^acaEii, sa^i pimMO Cepeiom, 
npexcxaBBjí EciuiOHeHie. TaiťB sacbii Ooica Jlyam^KÍI, Óparb 
Toro, KOTopufi ch XaseBEOiTB noiepE^^ ovh TSiapE uopasaríe 
fla Eaiori; wb ueuy vh ByxsaBiu Ei|6ftsajio uvb ospecTHOCiett 
MHoro sapoxa^ cnocofinaFO socEib opysie. Typra koÓum npEcrynoMi» 
Ey^sasH e yÓEjE JtysEi^saro, nocraBEBnifl eiiy irb BEsy ero 
ynopcTBo^ BaB'b ocBopCieflie cyjrraECsaro BejranecTBa. 0% eeitb 
uo6jiJiE xpyrBxi jnn^, rotc^ha 6um noraarEle, a apovETB Bdbvh 
OTxajiE Tatapaiix bi neBo^io ^). 

Biime 6hj[0 csasaso, «FfO xas^B e Jl^opomeHso ocnpaBieHu (íaiE 
bo JlBBOBy. Ha nyní CBoeM'B, vb OpiiHEB^ xaH'fc BoipteEjrB ho- 
cjíOBi OTS xopoHBaro reTMana Co6ÍGKarO| ciMBmaro Cb BoŘcMouch 
ÓJEBi KpacBocrafia y cejiBDta Epyne: Go^csitt np&rjuaiaj% xasa 
npEBflTB sa ceófl nocpefflwíecno e npEMBpETB nojiBcnro Kopaui 
CB Type^SEll'B naAEmaxoiTB. noexaini Ósie BŠEEBCBÍfi e 3jiOTBEipdft, 
juoAB A&BHO SHaKOMife BpuMciBOMy noBejiHiejno ^). He xpy^so 6iuo 
ysasaTB xany, iro AftJK^BiB<Dee ynEseflie Hojbeie e ycnteB Typqui 
se Bnoasi (iyflyrb butoxhbi x<ifl rphmcrexb Biacrarejiett, KOTopue 
xoTE E 621JIE flOxpy^HEsaaiE naxEmaxa, bo Bceiw pesESBo xpo- 
muE 3a CBOK) caMo6iiTflocn>. XeiXb npBHAjrB xpyiBeiH)(Sflo o6oex!& 

JIOJIBCBEX'B nOCJOBl E, HO CSOmeflÍH CB BepXOBEinirB BEBEpeiTB^ 

OTBJ^^ajB Co(S£cKOMy, ^xo roioBi^ npEEfliBHa cetfa nocpexEE^ecTBO, 
ecjiE HanepexB Óy^erB snaTB, qxo nojiaBE ycrynarB Typi^iE noAOJÍE> 
E o6asyTCfl luaTEiB naAsmafy roxE^Hyio a^b, Haa^e — ob:b He 
TOJiBxo fle Ópai^B na ceóa nocpeABEieciBa, ho yrposajcB onycio- 

1) CoUectanea, II, 69. 
•) Ibidem. 70. 
») A. K). H 3. P., XI, 46. 
*) Klimakter., IV, 206. 
») Ibidem, 229, 200, 202. 



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Googlí 



PTEHA. 225 

memeirE noncBHx-B o&iacrefi. Tasoft otbíto npHBen BopOHHOMy 
renaHy 3xoTEHiputt, a BtHflfiCBÍft ocrajicfl npH xsjA O- 

XaH^b cfb opAaMH H AopomeHBO ci BasaKanH cjÁ^osajiH bo 
l&BOBy; es hhmh (Shxb oipa^ TypeitBHX'B chjtb noxi Ha«rancTBOH'B 
Raiuan^-naniH. Ha nyrH lawb exasajuicB ropoxRH '), a Taiapcsie 
saroHsi pacioxuiei no cropoHairB, oosHrau ffocejeniji h safiHpaaH 
snejieft fs hojiohi ^). HenpkrejnieBoe nojiYHn^e xocthtjio xo 
jI&BOBa, 20ceHTfl6pfl. nepeA'B hx-b npnzoAOirB GoíStbctíŘ pacnc^- 

XHaCa BHBeCTH EVb rOpOW JlBBOBa BCt 06lI^eCTBeHH£lfl H nacTHiauE 

HMyn^ecTBa, yMfiiXsnb aseH^HHi, ff&xei m crapiROBi h AOSBo^Ha^b 
ociaBaTBCfl Bi ropoA^ tojilbo m]Sfai'b^ cnoco6EUWb BjiaA^Tb opysieMi, 
a KOMeHAaHTOirB bo JIbbobí ociaBHA Halío JIoHcsaro n ^erupLiix 
xopyrBJíMH nixoTU h cb AByMx OT^bjíaMH bohhhi^u ^). 

HenpkTeACRoe norame cpasy OKpysHJK) JIbbobi co BC^rb cro- 

pOffB: CB BOCTOKa paCDOJlOSHďHCB TjrpBH, CB H>ra BOflCBa MOJABBCBÍfl, 

H ceAitHFpaACBÍay c^b aasa^a TaTapu, cb (Asepa J(opomeHBOBtt Ba- 
sám. 25 ceHTfl6pfl juBOBflHe nociaiH EanjiaHy-naBit noHeTHuĚ roCTH* 
Bei^ ^y HO nama ee npHiuxB ero h jKnpeÚOBhn npHcaiBH vb 
Beiíy ropoACBHrB Bjno^ei. 

— dioro uu He cufbewh cx&iarB 6e3'B bojih Bopoiii,— otbí- 
laiH nocjiaHitEi, — rtxB mt BopoJiOBCsie noxwiHHHe! OsHAaeii'B bo- 

POMBCBHXI nOCIOBl H Ha^iOMCfl, ^TO OHH SaBJID^arB Ch BailH 
MHpB. 

KaiuaiTB-oMuna nporaajrB ropoxcBHXi nodOB^B. HawiacB aa* 
HOHa^a. BMfbeA cb rbwh xypBH cram BecTH ho^boiih. 28 cen- 
ntfpn, yAUocB Typaam B3flTB sáMOBi^ rocnoxcrBOBaBiniĚ Hax% 
ropoAOiťB. Ho vh HO^B cfh 28 na 29 npHtfujiH sejiaHHHe nocjiKi 
BoibCBaró Bopojui, BamroiafirB BOJumcBift ^pani^HmeRB Jbodomuf^ 



«) Qjcz. Sp., II, 171, 174, 181. 

») KHmakt. lY, 215. 

•) JE§T. Cto. 115. Jít. PpiiÓ. 207. 

4) KronikA miatta Lwowa, 422, JUBOBCiift lOMesgiaBn biiociíxctbíi xaioiaicji, 
xto 7 H6ro 6iuo Tan nato ceih, hto neBosMOSHO 6hjo xasaib ornopa TpExoaTH 
TBCJiHam Tjpon, lUTHMQftTH THCA^aMi Taiapi h eiciaiBKHm THonaHi KasasoBi 
(Qjcsyste Sp., II, 176). IIo xpjrmh ]i8BÍCTÍinr&, opxH 6iuo xo mecTHxecjTH iHcarb, 
Tjrpon xo iunB9^nfam imcsn, a tasaiovb xo Bocun nican (Ojez. Sp., II, 179). Ho 
9fO pasBopive nošen o^wicsbiicji rfan, HTOTarapeiu opxa se Óoiaii Bci bmíoví, 
a BoeBaig nopoBio; laiím oópason, vk oxbomi ciy wi roBOpEioc^ o Bceft opx^ Bpi- 
■evaeft ch xasoiii, — n xpyroHi se o loft, Koropaa n xaHHoe Bpemi croaia npo- 
imwh noJLCiaio BoftcKa. IIpHTOMi se ipi(t)pa HHCjeHHOCTH eenpíjiTeiBCKirxi chu no- 
mmw^-tn xorxa 6Bn cooópaseea toibko riasoM^pHO h noroiiy toibko npHÓiHsiiTejiBa 
Ka HcriBi. 

^) 4 xxióa, 10 roioBi caxapy ■ óoqeeorb uHBBoro vexa. 

Tom 1V-— iDis 1880. ^ 15 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



226 B%QTEsa ifiPonH. 

BopoHHuft noACKapÓíft IQyMOBCRift. nepBoe hx^s crapaHÍe co- 
CTOUO B^b TOiTb, ^nTotfci npH nocpexciei xana npeBpaTHTE xano* 
Ha^y. Ha ApyroĚ achb, 30 ceHTAiSpa, Haujnicb neperoBopn. Ha 
nepBiixi nopax'B cajraHU ejih arn hoahhjih lasoi inyifB, iro hh 
Ki ^eMy ne Morjifl npHXTH h otjloshjh cxoxRy na xpyroe yrpo y 
xana. Typra yMunueHHO crapaxHCB yHHSHTL nojiBCKHxn^ nocjioBib, 
He-A^BajiH EiTb cryjihevb^ npEsasuBajiH cjymaxE h roBopEib ctoa, 
CHflBniH manBH. 

Ha Apyroft cxoxBti 1 0BTfl6pHy no-iasH 8aroBopHJiH-6i2io o Jíf>- 
pomenší h o&b yapafifli, ho lypBB h xaH'B npepsajut hx% h 06%- 
flBHJui, HTO o(b BTOifB Ho^ero yse ipaTHTb cjoBiy Borxa Yspatea 
xaBHO yse oixajacB noxi sjaciB oax^niaxa. HojiBCBie nocm yaopeo 
cocTflsajniCB o luaTesi BasxoroAHoS a^hh, AotfHBaacB, qrofii ary 
AaHB HasiiBajiiE ne xapá.YeirB (sasB SBajiacB amBi itiaTHMaH Ty- 
pe]](BOMy cyjraHy nopaÓon^eHHuiiH xpHcriaHaMH)| a «ynoifHHBaMH» • 
3to pimeHO 6ujo npexocraBHTB bojA naxHmaxa. MycyiBMane Tpe* 
6oBajifl-6iiJio ycryiiBH ne tojibbo noAOxÍH^ ho JlbBOsa h cb HEifB 
BwbcA Bcero BoeBOXCTBa pyccaaro, ho hotoitb na npocB0u no- 
cjiovb conacHJiHCB} HTotfi ropoxB JIbbofb saaiaTHii sa ce6fl OBym 
vh pasM^pi ABaMETH THCflHx ^epBOHi^eFB. Torxa BOMMHCcapn 
no(uajH Bi ropoA^B SBaTB Bn($opHuxi xejeraioBi. BucjiajiH h3i 
JlBBOBa %T£ipex'B uoHOBi MarHCTpaTa H npH hhxi OAHoro Báno- 
HHBa. 9th AejeraTtii no coÓCTBenHOMy hxi BnpaseniK), Basi^ HHOue 
BunpaniHBajiH hbjioctAi npexcraBUfl^ qro ropoA^B ne hmWb cpexCTBi. 
«Bo8BMHTe JIbbobi— roBopHjra jifiJíevaxsL, — pas^epire no BHpnHqnBy 
BC& Bocrejui h BaneHEUfl crpoenk^ h lor^a ne cotfepeie (JojiBnioft 
ctohmocth; MarnaTU h Óorariimie rpaasAane ymjHi hbi BOcrejroB^B 
Bce cepe6po BHBesjni*. TypBB HH^ero ne yciynHM. Eor^a bo 
JIbbobí cfíbjíSLWb 6cijrB c6op% xoHerB no pasBopcnsi, to exBa na- 
(SpajíocB 5,000 HepBOHHHX^By H noTOMy vh o^eBneneHÍe jjuhxu 
ocraiBHoft cyMMH JIbbobi au^ BajiosHEBaicB H^^CBOJiBBHrB snaT- 
nuTh jum^ En CBOVTh rpasAaffB, Boropne 5 OBTfltfpa box^hu 
6ujiE nocjaMH Pi^H-HocnoiHToi lypBairB h OTnpaBJtenH vb Ea- 
Menei^i ^). 

Bo Bc£ CTopoHU OTB JlBBOBa CBBpincTBOBajiH laTapcBÍe saroHBi; 
AOcaTBaMB THCflHx SBTeaeii h Óonnuixi h iiaiiirB) b crapiixi b 
MOJOxiirB, roHjuB Taiapu vh neBOjno, ooauirajiH vxh shac, BcipefijuiB 
xi^HHe sanacn. EoMiiBccapu yiiojifljH Eanaa^B-namy npEsasatB 
non^axHTB spaft. Ho BanianB-nama OTB^^aj^B: «Ha to Boftna, 6ja* 
roAapExe en^e Eora sa to, ^to naniB Boftcaa n BpHin](ii ne nonuH 



^) Kronika miasta Lwowa, 426. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



vnauL. ' 227 

sa BicJiy! 3a^ii% Pi^B-IIocnoďHTafl ne noB%pHJia, Ror^a saes 
ocreperaiH*? ')• 

BosBpaniaflCB ch nocjrixHeS cxoabh, noejBi yesj^ajiH Aopo- 
meHsa h ero TOBapHn^etty cba^booíhxi na KOEMTh. Bpare BsaniiHO 
nouoHHJHCB xpyn wyry. Saí^cb Chjix nerpaHOscďs, 8HaR0icH& 
nanairB no CBoeiiy nocojBCTBy otb ^opomeaRa. «KaROBo nosHBaere, 
ro€noAa?» CBasajiH nojiraaiTB RasaBH CBjíBHOiOHacMiniBox).— 3x1, 
rocnoxa, rocnoxa! oiBŠ^ajii Av>6oBEjjjáJk: (Sy^Bie MyxpH h cmo- 
TpHxe 8apaH'le| saBoft Boneiiti a^a BaeB mn Bioro 6yxerB. 

Bi T07B se xeHB) 5-ro OKrBtipa, nocjiEi Pš^B-nocnojiHTOft ca 
ciaTBflVH AoroBopa oinpaBHjECB b^ cravB na^amaxa nojs,% Eyna- 
^em. Ha^ero He uotjol BUToproBaTB houke y tíx'b, BOMy 6fSíjo 
nopyneHo iipahatb otb hbxi AoroBopnua craiBK. 7-ro OKTzůps 
(20*ro ^HCJia MycyjBxaHCRaro Micai^a JI^syMasEiJiB-AxBija) Bep- 
zoBHBii BRBBpB, ynaBooíH HHi^^ npe^^ BucoRHiTB cípeMeHeaTB na^B* 
maxa, npeACTaBHjrB ^oroBopi^ na BHCOHaftmee yrBepscxenie %' 

IIojiBina o6fl8iiBajacB xaaaTB ijrpei^KOMy rocyiapio eseroxHHft 
Aap'B vh wjunecTvb AsaxiiaTH AByxi teioitb ^epBOHHOxx sjotuxii 
Ba cpoBi 26-ro ORraCpa, a naj(Hinaxi WBHXh otb ceós o6fl8a- 
TejBCTBO sanperBTB cbobicb noxAAHHiiirB h noApy^HBBairB a^btb 
BafexB H pasopeHÍB jn» oojibcrbxi BjfaxbHiax^, h ecjB 6u , cjiyqB- 
jiocB Tio-HHtfyAB xaRoe, a Typei^Ritt HMnepaTopi ne yqnHHJTB 6u 
yxoBJíeTBOpeHiB no siMoGib nojBcaaro Ropoja, to nojiBCRift RopojiB 
vh TOTB roA> 6jMfiírh CBOÓoxeni otb BSHOca onpextjieHHaro roxn^- 
Baro xapa. IIoiBina ycrynaaa Typi^iH QoxojriH) b'b ea A^BRax-B 
rpaHHi^axi, a ecjni 6u cjynajiacB RaRia-aatfyAB He^opasyn^BÍa o 
py($eauix'By to ci^AOBajo vb TaaoirB cjyqai Ch o($£ax'B cropoHi 
BiícjiaTB nopyfiesHHXi cyxeii ROTopue tfyxyrB ooapaTBCfl na cbb- 
xbreiiBCTBO craposajiOBB, a BJiacra MycyniiaHCRia oÓasaHii tfyxyrB 
noj^^HflBTBCfl nparoBopy dTaxi cy^eft. IIoucRBitB BoesHHirB ifo- 
jpoTB un noAOJiBCRBxi ropoAOBi a RplnocTeft npexocraBJífleTca bh- 
xoxBTb CB ceMBflMa H AOHamHaME nosaTRaMB, a TaRse yaecTBCB 
€o6oH> a ootfcTBeHBoe opysie, bo ho bubosbtb RptaocTBincB opy- 
xíft. Ocraiontaflca vh IIoaojíb nuiflXTa (ÓeSsajé), aazo^scB cb cbobub 
MaeTHOCTBMB BOj^B Typoi^ROH) BiacTÍK), 6yxeTB nOdiBsoBaiBCA apeaR* 
BBMH AroraiíB^ IIocejuiHe, nuiaxercRÍe noMasaue otfjiosaTca «xa- 
pa^eifB^ BapaBB^ cb iipoHaiia ifycymiaBCRBMa noM^BEaMB Ty- 
peipcoft Biniepia (bi pasMtpi otb 20 ao 50Vo ci roxoBaro ao- 
xe^a), BJB AecflTBBOK) UaBBD, ROTopoH) otfjiarajiBCB npaflflBnrie 



») Ojez. Spom., I, 189. 
«) Collectanea, H, 70. 

15* 



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Google 



228 B^cnm ibpoiih. 

HCJiaMi, vh pasM^pi lOVo); ^ Bjiax^m^i o6fl3aHH 6ujib ^epesii^ 

CyJTaHCBHXX KOMHHCCapOBX npeXCTEBJflTB BL BaSHy BeCB X0X0X1& Ch 

twvTh HM^Hift pasoiťB cb coÓHpaeifuini ci noceisHi rocyxap- 
CTBeHHHMH noxaTuiE, H81 Yero Bjia;(%jiBi^airb (^yxerB ocraBieHft 
onpex&ieHHafl wctb. 3aT0 Ha mjiflXTy ne Ay^erB HanraTBea hh- 
sasni jmmirh no6opon. 3a HCKro^eHiem Menerefl, xoropiui 
(^yxyn HaxoxHTECfl Bi ropoxarB r skiiRaxi^ MycyjBMaHCKifl Riacrs 
He BiriboTB npaBa Bcrynancs vh ocrajiBHUfl aevjH h ycaxB($ii 
nuflXTu, ocraioiqeScji fb lypei^KoiTB BJiax^BÍH, h bcI noxojBcsie 
UTejni ci Hxx ceMBAMs H noTOMsaiiH, noxotfiio xpy^^vB o5HTa* 
leuiTB nopytfesHnxi (K^iacreĚ Typei^Karo rocyxapciBa, ee (Syxyrs 
noxBepraTBCfl HHBaKBirB crlcHeHhiirB bi OTnpaBJíeHifl cbohxx rjiy- 
nnxB pejHrioBHiixii o6p3fflVh. IIoxoiBCBOft nuflxrl xosBOJiflJOCB^ 
BBritesarB no cbohmi x^aMi vb noiBCBie Rpaa cposoMi na xBa 
MŠcn^a, HO HBi HocejiHi HHKit) HH Hox^ saRHiTB npex^oroxi He 
XOJseHi 6ux% ŠBXHTB Vh Jlexucmam ^). Bca YRpaSna ycrynajracs 
BasaBam bi ea xaBHHxi pyóesaxi, a ecjH 6ti B03HHBjni no no- 
BOxy pydesefi nexopasyifi&HiH, to ohš xoishci 6uab pšmaTBca 
T&TB ase cnocoÓoiTB, Kasoft yBasafix Biime no OTHomeniK) bt^ IIo* 
XOJíb. IIojn»CKÍfl BoficKa otfiaara 6un bux™ ns'^ E&iofi-II,epKBs 

H H80 BdbTh BptaOCret H BÍlMSOBl yKpaHHCRBXB^ OCTaBHBlHH Ha 

lAcr^ opyxifl h ($oeBBe sanacH. BctirB KasaBaiii, HaxoxHBinHMCs 
npH Xanensl, noorasH ho xojnBHu npenatCTBOBaTB yxoxHTB vh csoe 
XOMa Vh yspallHy; caMOny se Xanensy ne xobbojatb ^sxhtb b^ 
Ty ciopony. IIojiflRH ne xojishu mctíitb hojbcrriix TaTapam, TarB- 
BasHBaeifiiirB AunnoMn sa to, hto bo BpoMs boSha nocrynaju 
nox^ Typei(Roe s&aiffl, nouBE xojshei 6um xobbojihtb hitb na 
vTh sejiaHÍH> nepecejiflTBCfl b^ «xoirB Hcjiaifa*. XaHi xpímcsit 
otfflsaHi Be TOiBBO cxepasHBan cbohxi Tarapi on Ha06roBi kb- 
Rq»02eBCBÍx otfjacTH, HO H noMoraTB nojiBcsoMy Bopojno npoTHBi 
ero HenpiarejeĚ, a iiopojiB hojibcbíě oÓssuBadicH ne xanaTB noMon^H 
Benpúrrejfliii cyjTana h ne xosBOJniTB xpyrnirB vb hojibcbhxx bm- 
XÍHÍflx% HatfapaTB BoeHHBXi oxothhrobi x^fl BOllHii CB Typi^ieio '). 
TavoRB 6ujii By^ai^BiĚ xoroBopB, c^HTaeiiHl vh nojiBCBot ncropÍH 
eainiMi yHHSHTenHHirB xu Pi^H^IIocnojiHToi; no bio Chjtb exHH- 
CTBeHHHtt aisTB, no soTOpoMy noAma npHHysxeHá 6iiia orsa- 
aaTBCfl jierajiBBo otb Bjacrn nax^ npaBoOepesHOK) Majiopocdeio, 
Tasx xojiro xo0HBaBmelcfl HeaaBHCBMoeTH oři IIojrBniH. 

no Bauio^eBÍH MHpa TypBB OTOXBHHyjHCB Kh S^Bam^y. llaxH* 



1) Tan Typu HaasBaii IIoAmy. 

>) A. K), H 3. P., XI 218. Collectanea, n, 71—96. 



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pyHHi. 229 

cmn HasHa^ď^B ocraBBTB vh HOBonpio(Ip§ieiiHOft IIoaojíe sajora 
vh pasaH^HHrB ROJHqecTBax^B no ropoxaM'E ^)« Ko Albobj OTnpaB- 
jeHO 6ujo iquiKasaHÍe npespaiETB BoAny ^). Ho Tarapu, paso* 
mexníHCB saronaMH, npoxojisajiH en^e orojo ii:£eai](a CBoeeojiBCTBo- 
BaTb. Hojucsífl BoScxa xoffim orp^xaiiH x^a npecíšxoBaHifl la- 
Taps, HO HH^ro HO cA^^jiajiH bitb, orjiHqaflCb caMH tojibbo XBaciOB- 
CTBOiTB H ipycocTÍH) % OjifiWb Go6%csifi yj^aHBO pacnpaBjfljcfl cb 
TaTapcsHMii saroHaKH ^). Rasai^RÍfi reiiiaH^B XaseHRo Tasse ao- 
BOJBHO yxa^HO A^^ftCTBOBajrB Torxa cfb cbohhh lasaiBaMH npoTHBi 
taTapcBHxi saroHOKB. Ilocjri^ csoero nopaaceflia no^B ^eTBepTu- 
flOBsoK), OffB CKMUťh y JSjÓník H TaifB ot6hxb Haiiaxesie Typei^saro 
nox^&AA ^)f noTOMi, 5-ro OKTflCps, pasÓHJii TaiapcRift saroETB noA'B 
KpacHofipoAOifB H ortfHjx ao AByxx tbicatb noioneHiisoBi. BcjAkl 
Mtiwb BaHecB TaiapaifB nopasenie y ToMamoBa, vjíib HHBoroHB^ 
Tixapx HO ocraBHJiH vb xbbutl BaaaBH ^). He oahe aasaRH h 
nojBCBÍe sojiH^lpu CotišcBaro 6hjih TorAa larapi: h noceuHe ?ep- 
BOHHoft PycH coeraBjfljiH Ao^poBoneue orp^AH, paeroHAJiH Taxap- 
<^KÍe saroHti h 0CB0(k)2U(ajiH xpHcriaHCBHXib iušhhhbobi O ^). 

XaH^B Ch ^opomeHROiTB, no npHBa3aHÍK) naAnmaxa, orciyniiBniH 
on JlBBOBa, npH6fiLiE fb riaBHBift Typex^BÍS otfosi noAi JKBan- 
mčwh H xaiťB npeAcraBEMCB cnoBa BepxoBBOMy noBejmrejno. Ka* 
3ai(BÍfl reTManx ÓjaroAapnjix naAHmaxa sa BeanBOAyniHoe (Sjíaro-' 
xiáiHie, OKasaHHoe BasaKaKi. IlaAHniax^B nosApasjAJi ero cb co- 
BepmennuiTB ocBOÓosAeHÍeiii orB juxobi e npssasaxB bobiosetb 



1) B& KaxeHi^ no gahemi— 20,000 ^aioiiin, no xpyrin— 15,000, a no hbhms 
10,000, vb MexHÓopaEi, Bapi, Síuoiníb—no 1,000 neiosin, a vh xpyrHxi^ Menie 
^tauTeJiHHzi ropoxcarb— no 300 ^leiortn (A. K). h 3. P. XI 148. 155). PasHO- 
pivno noBasueaiH o<5i stomi paaHHO bhxoauh, saHrnaBinie bi totl bír pois raaerb 
mtmero ipeMOHE. 

*) GoUectanea, II, 81. A. D. v 3. P., XI, 75. 

s) Pam. Paska 298~-803. 

*) Szujski Dziejé Polski, IV, 40. 

») A. K). H 3. P., XI, 76. 

«) Ojez. Sp., II, 185. 

») Ibidem. 187. 

•) nooene icropnE BHorauuDn TOiwmBijr no^ixu cbohki cooTe^»CTBeHHHXOB%, 
fls oco<5eHB0CTi CoóicBaro, ^in-ro HeoÓHtBOBemo repofteram mjmsuBBxyn naiiHO- 

rOHHCieHHOCTb TaTapCBHXl CHAl Blb CpaBBeHÍK Gh nOJbCUMH. Ho ÓeSUpSCipaCTHO BEHK- 

sjBBH Bi X'6jio, 8TH ito6ixH HO osasyTCA Tasi HsyMBieii&HHMH, KasHNi Hxi OKpams- 
«aDT& noran: Taiapciie aaroHH ne xepxaxHci HiiaBoro nopjixia h Óbxh orar^eBH 
rpOMa^HHifi iHCJOMi yBOXHMHxi Vh HOBOiD noiOHOHEKon, a noTOMj eerpyxHO óiuo 
CEOMhWO-EwÓjKk ycrpoOBHOMy BoficKy pasroBflTb hii h ocboÓosxíitb H8i MKb pyvb 

iKCHpX. 



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230 B^mEEXb iBřonBé 

Ba šero xaaarB, Bunraiiifi sojotomi. BepxoBHufi BHSipb vb csoeni^ 
maipt Bea% cb jD^opomeHBOHi laRyfio Ged^xy: 

— OxnerOi cnpocHJTb owb remaHa, Bame caaBHoe boAcko sáno- 
poscRoe larb ynajiHJiocB e oÓcícejí^ao npoTHBi npesHerB BpeMeHtb^ 

— PasA-fciHJiocb—OTBiíaji^opomeHiM):— 6oiBma£ wctb ocra- 
jiacB Ha jiíboA eropoHŽ y i^apa, e na npaBofi cropoB^ ropoxi^ 
KieBi y Hero se bo BaacTH. 

— Ath6u— CKaaajTB bhbhpb — cnpocMX ce64 y itapa sa^H*- 
npoBCRyK) yspaflHy h Kievh. 

— II,apB ne OT^aerB, — CRasajTB JI^opomeBKO. 

— A saBBMii noíoíJieMi AOcrajHCB are spafl i^apio? — cnpa- 

HXHBajTB BHBHpB. 

>!I,opomeHBO oiBiHajii: 

— CnepBa caicH nowa^HCB, hotomi^ otjosbjlhcb orB i^apa, na 
i^apB npcuaaji ÓojiBmoe boAcbo, Tor^a ohh h no hoboje boa^h- 
HBJíBCB i^apH), B sBBypB y Hero bi hoxa&hctbí. 

— Tasí noiepnBTe se b MOjrarecB Bory, — CBasajii^ bhshpb: — 
botl BaB'B nojiBCBaro sopojiB oAOJiteiTB h noA'B AaBBio sptnica 
y^BBBHi, Tor^a a KieBi b saxBfoipoBCBaB yBpafiBa ůjKyrb naniB ^). 

^opomeHKO ocraBBJíi Bpa cyjTaBCBom ^Bopt vb Ba^eciB^ 
CBOBXi pesBAeBTOBi nerpaBOBcsaro b ntcapfl BoexoBflqa ctb ner 

THpBMB ^eJIOB^BaiIB TOBapoB^efl ^). 

na;(BniarB XBBByjicfl oóparao cb boScbomi sa ^B^crpí fb 
CBOB Bja^iBÍfl^ a ^opomeBBO c«b xasoiíi vh yRpaĚBy. ^opo* 
BieBRO 6en xpyxa OTofipajix noA'B cbok) BjaciB ropoxRB, boa^bbbb* 
miecfl XaBeBRy nesxy ^H']&CTpoirB b ByroirB; noj[BCRÍe sojiBŠpu, 
tfuBmie xaMi bi skHRarB, yniJiB 6e3i conpoiBBjeBk ^). He^aacRO 
OTi YMaBB xaB^B CB CBOBMB op^aiiB OTnpaBHďCfl Bi RpuiTB, a 
^opom^BRO ocraBOBBJícfl fb Rpbctbbobr^^ BexajieRO orB YifanH. 
9x0X1 ropoAi^ nepeffB xypeipiBirB npBxoxoiťB ^epsajica XaBeBRa, 
Boxopufl npesxe 6uňi> yifaBCRflMi nojiBOBBBROMi b no Bceiiy 
BBABO poAOMi 6ujvb B81 YMaHE; HO RpaSHofi M^p^, ceifBfl ero 
xam ocxaBajiacB, a bojirobbbromi^ otb CBoefi pyRB nocxaBBJTB Xa* 
HeBRo xaMx E']borpyAa. YcjiuxaBmB, 9x0 ^opomeBRo wb KpBCXB- 
BOBŘÍ, yMaBi^u co6pajuiCB aa pa^ b pascyxHJifl, hto xenepB Jlfl- 
pomeBRo cxpameffB b BaxoÓBO ony BJiaBflXbCfl. ^xoBBue b MÍpaBe 
noBesjíB eMy b'b rocxBBeiti, RaRi& BiipasaexcB a^^^xoBBcei^i ^)i «cro* 



o A. K). H 3. P. XI 168. 

8) Ibid. 76. 

3) JtT. CaM. 59. 

«) BeiHHEO, II, 382. 



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pyHEi. 231 

poHHaro H nocmaro npoBibflHTa^ h pasBux^B HanBiROB^. Jliopo- 
meHRO jiacBOBO lípnEuixb npex^araeMue rocTHHitii, ho noxyjHj'B 
jManfiVh 8a to, ^to uojwuoích XanoHRy h laxairL. ^JLaxu^— 
roBopHJTb OBL, — HamE nepeifirnie spaní; orptosTecB oitb hhxi, 
6jjp>Te noAi lypeipsoH) iiporesi^eK), ne B^pBie iširb, BOTopue 
Bacx nyraiOTL HapymeHieifB npaBOCiaBHOfi B^pu h crapiixi no- 
psXBOBi». Bb sauiOHeHie ohx nperjiacHJirB xenyiaTOBi na otftjic^, 
ipysen)6H0 npocTHJicfl cb hhmh h orapaBEica bb ^hthphhb, a 
Hepesii nojiTopa Heff&u noTpe6oBajrB h9b ynaHE kb ce($i híbo- 

TOpiDTB SHaTHUXB BasaROBB H IipHKa3ajI'B HXl— ROPO nOB^CBTB, a 

Roro pascTpiiflTB, H XaneHKOBy seny npecjaTB bb ^HrapEHi. Ho 
FB YnaHE 6ujn Baaoposi^Ei npe^anEHe XaneExy — tio oxHEifB hb- 
BtcrifliťB — nojrropu TucaOT,— no ^pyrBiTB— mtbcotb ^). Ohb ynuB 
BB 5ijyK>-ItepK0BB E yBjesjíH sa co6oK> MEorExx yicaHi^eBB, ona- 
csBniHXCfl pacnpaBH otb Jlflpomemok ^). Tor^a ^opomeHso npcjiaji 
SB BtjoitepROBCBOMy BOMeHAaHTy JIoÓojik) Tpe6oBaHÍe BiiciynETB 
CB no3BCBHME sojm^paME coo6pa3HO ycjiOBÍK>i nocraHOBieHEoiiy vb 

MEpHOlTB XOrOBOpfi CB TypKaME* Ho JIo5eJiB OTB^YajTB, ^TO HO 

BHfl^erB, nosa ho nojryivrb npERasa otb cBoero Bopou. Bca^^^ 
sarbiTB Aodexb etwh xp&bhetb ^opomeERa: ohb nocjiaji'B cbobxi 
xojH^poBi E Bea^jTB EiTB cse^B Rasaipsio ropoARE CeMeflOBRy h 
XBacTOBi ^). TaREMB oCpasoiTB ^opomeHRO, en^e ao ECie^eHÍE nojr^- 
TOfi^ co EpeMOHE Byqai^Raro AoroBopa, Eifkii yse nojiEoe npaBO 
ynpesaTB hojurobb bi ^pojomctbí e fleco6jiK>A6HÍE MEpnaro xo* 
roBÓpa. 

m. 

naiHTEKa MOCROBCKaro iipaBHTeibCTBa.--OnaceHÍH paspiiBa cb TypiueD. — I(ap- 
ciifl rpanoTH xpacxiaHCSHHB eBponeftcsHMB xeps&BOifB. — IIpoesTB cofiTHOB cb 
AopomeHBOiTb.— OcBOÓoxA^Bie CipBa.— Pa^a y AopomeBsa bcchok) 1673 roxa.— 
Hapoj(Hoe HexoBOiBciBo xypeiiKHiiB focdoactbomi.— KaHOBcsift noiBOBHHsi ÍLhso- 
ry^B. — £ro CHomeHÍfl cb mocbobcsbmb npaBHTeibCTBOMB.—CHOineHi^ Aopomensa 
ch DoiBineD.— Paxa ea PacoBi h vh ^HrapnEi. Heyxa^Hoe oocoilctbo IIIyM- 
UBCsaro. — ^IIocitxHfla (k)pb6a JJ^opomoEsa cb XaneesoMi. — Xaseaso ooab Rie- 
BOE'b. — yói&CTBO nHBO-3anaiBCBaro.— XafleHBO yxoxHTB bb 8anopomBe.-*XoTHH- 
cKafl noó^Aft CoóitcKaro uwh TypsaMH.— YBepisa AopomeHKa. 

MocROBCRoe rocyxapcTBo xepsajiocB ho^te óesyqacTHO bo bcc 
Bpeiu BoftHu TypoRB CB oojLERaifE. Kor^a naAEHiaxi mejTB sa 

») Ojez. Spom. n, 192. 
») A. K). H 3. P., XI, 112. 
») Ibid. 95.— Ojc«. Sp. n, 198. 



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239 BftGTHm iiPoniL 

BaMeHeii>) wpon Mhxehxb nocHxajs n MooKBy npociTB cof/bS^ 
ctbU Ha ocHOBaHÍK AHxpyooBCBaro xoroaopa, ho euy OTB^rajn, %to 
ÁHxpycoBCKifl craTBH noapesxeHH yse canm nojaaaiiH, ^nro, ox- 
Haso, itapB, no xpEcriancBOMy rflMTjy yse ysasan noxBiacTHinrb 
RaiMBUM^B, laiapam h xoHcaairB aasaiam cxiian Hanaxeflie 
Ha RpBMCKÍe yjiycH vb Bsxaxi OTBie^emfl qnaoieBi, BoeBaBinHx«b 
BniKcrt c% TypRaMH npoTHFb nouBOBi; ^ro He aanpeiqaeTCi, npoiA 
TorOy oxoTHHsairB htb nowaHHHX'b nocsoBCKaro roqrxs^pt yncTBO- 
BaTL BwicA CB nouBam bi boShí^ nponiBi HeB^pnun. Tim 
H orpaHH^HJOCB MOCKOBCBoe (ÍjaropacnoiaxeHfe vb IIoiBnrib, b% 
TpyxHoe XM nocíšxHel BpeMfl. RaiieHei^ 6um% bsatb. nonma 
yipaTHJUt noxou h YRpaftHy; — Torxa onacHni BfaepB crtn b&itb 
H Ha PoccíK). PoMOxaHOBciift H CaMOftiOBHTB HOjy^aiH B coo6ntaiH 
B% MocRBy BjoB^n^e ciyxH o toitl, ito TypBH eo6ipaioicir BTop- 
raTBca bi iiapcBÚi Bxax^mfl Oy a KÍeBcul Boeaoxa khhbb Eosiob- 
cúft H8B%niax'b, ^To Bi jr&BO($epesBoft YBpalHi cian xoxhtb 
«npexecTHHe» xhctu ^oponieHU^. CaiTB ^pomeHKO, Hanporasr^ 
Kh BeiHsopocdficBHm BjacrairB noxaaiiBaxB npexynpexBreuHocn 
H oHCBMeHHO npocHJTB BeiHRopoccitcRaro Boeaoxy vh KieBŠ npe- 
CuBíah R!B HHiTB wb x¥)6be «cob%tho» % 3% Mocrbí icaio bí- 
pHXH xpyseJnoÓÍK) AopomeHRa h n BHxax% onacHociH, bi^ xohiv6 
xesafipa nocxaiH vb MaxopocciftcRie ropoxa parayx) cHxy nox^ 
rxaBHHHi HanaiBcrBoiTB RHflBfl TpyÓeipBoro, HasHaYeHHaro wb fiíeB% 
BoeB<MOK> ^)i caifB i^pB otiiflBHii HaitbpeHÍe ixth vb hoxoxb CBoei> 
ocoÓoK) M xxfl BToro npHRasaHO 6iixo crpoHTB rocyxapeBi XBop^ 
Vb IlyTHBjrb. OsExame CTOJREOBenix cb Moryn^ecTBeHHOH) Orro* 
iiaHCROK) xepautBOK) no6yxHm mocrobcroo npaBHrexBCTBO HCRaTL 
cox%ttCTBÍH eBponeftcRHxi rocyxapeft h cb btoio i^bh) pasociaHH 
6uxsí c% itfipcBHMH rpaMoraicH roHipi vb i](6capD, nuA, Ryp^^np- 
cram caRCOHCROMy h ((paHxeH^yprcRoiiy, vb BeHeipaHCsot pec- 
nytfxvRft, Bo ^paHipio, HcnaniH), AnrxiDy ToMinsfxn, IRwenuo v 
Jífimn ^). 9to 0euo nepBoe oópan^nie MOCROBCRaro rocyxapcrea 
Ri eBponeftcRHiTB xepautBairb o boSh*! cb TypRaicH; xo t6xi nopi 
CB sanaxa npHCiuajiHCB noxo^Htu npexxoseHÍfl vb MOCROBCRoiiy 
rocyxapcTBy h 6hxh HanpacHB. 

Ho, osHxaa otb ^[(opomeHRa, lypei^Raro noxpy^HiRa, senpiaBH^s- 
HHX^B nociynROB^i vb Mocrbí curan bobmoshhitb 6oAe ^tirb 



O A. K). H 3. P., XI, 73, 77, 118, 124, 94, 100, 125. 
«) Ibidem. 77, 81, 88. 
•) Ibidem. 99. 
«) Ibidem. 131. 
•') Ibidem. 104. 



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pyiHA. 233 

npesxe cofiiHCB ci Jl^opameHBOirB. He pasi yse obi sasfiuji 
jceiame nocrynHTB noA^ BucoBOi^epsaBHyio pyxy npaBOCMBttaro 
MOHapxa, cb rbwh o^Hano, ^To6n coxpaHHJiocB eAHHCTBO YRpaŘHu, 
paaoxpaHHOft AejipycoBCRHHi AoroBopoM^. MocBOBCKoe npaBHrejiB- 
CTBO, npiiBHaBaa Aopomensa noJiBCBHMx noManHHM^B, Haxoxnao 
8aTpyAHfiTeAHHM% npHHflTB ero, mo6u ne HapymHib MEpnaro xo- 
roBopa ch IIojibineH). Tenepb lasoe aaipy^HeHÍe ycTpa^ajiocB. ^o* 
pomraso nepecTSjTB 6uTb noiBCSHiTB noMaHHiurB nocjA loro, RaRi 
caiia nomna xoroBopoifB ch Typities) orpeajiacb ovh yspaSnu 
nQx«HeHHO& JIjoponieHBy, h npieicB npaBOÓepesHaro remaHa vb 
noxxaHcrBo i^apio ne j^oixewh 6uji'b| BasaaocBi noBie^B sa co6ofo 
paspBBa CB nojBineio. Csop^ osHxajocB Hsi-sa aroro cto^rho* 
BeHie CB Typi^ieH>| ho vh Mocbbíi vb to spěna Hax^JiH^, yto 
TeoepBy no i^apcBOMy npirjameHÍK), onojiHaica npoiHBB BparoB'B 
xpecia CBflToro xpHcriaHcidfl xepsaBH, mhofo pan n^essffi Toro 
noÓjs^aBinifl itb boBeí MOCBOBesoe rocyxapciBo. CocraBiiea npoesn 
onuoHBTB JS^opomeHBa otb coiosa ci Typ^ieK) h cbiohbtb b% nox* 
XiaHCTBy MOCBOBCBOHy JSfipjo. droTb npoeBTB, cootfn^eBHHft npH^BB- 
měny bi MocBsy otb CanofijiOBHW nporonony AxaMOBH^y Bufbcti 
Ch ciiHOBBflMH reiMaHa, nopy^aica aih wcnoxHemz OoivpHHy Pomo- 
xaHOBCBOMy h reTHany CanoftjiOBHqy. IIpeAnoiarajioeB oÓpan^aTBca 
eB AopomeHBOirB Taa^, qiotfi ero h jiacBaTB, w npenyrEBaTB. Gnepsa 
rencanib h OoapHHi aojishs 6eije ornpaBHTB Kb ^opomenBy AByx'B 
yiiHiix'B jDxeft CB yBin^aTewiBHOiD rpaiioiox) otb i^apcaaro hmohe, 
a caifH aartiTB na crpaxi AopomenBy ohh co cbokiie boohehme 
CEjaMH AOUHH 0£m noABEHyTBCfl BB óeperaMB JI^Hinpa ^). Ecas 
XopoineHBO npHMerB rpaifoiy, to nycTB njá^xerB jffb 6oapBHy e 
reniaHy h bs exb npEcyrcrBÍE npEcarnerB kb b^phocte i^apicr, — 
ecMM MB ciaHeiB ynpflMETBCfl, to rpossTB ony boohehmi noxo^ 
XWB npoTEBB Hero. Torxa yse npexaojaraiE, hto momh npaBO- 
(Sq>esBHe eojibobhebe cb cboeme nojucaME, memo boie CBoero 
remaHa, OTCiynETBca otb Typ^iE b nocrymiTB bb hoax^hctbo vb 
itapK), — sapaH'^ jraaBHBajiocB npEUTB hx^b. Bx 9to se BpeMs 
ocBO(k>XEJ[E mB Cb6epe e OTnycTBiE bb SanoposBe ObpBa no 
xo^arafieTBy nojarBesaro Bopou ^) e BomeBoro sanoposcaaro ^), 
Beoforpa na npocB($y remaHa saxepsaTB ero ^). C^pEO, yissaa 
Ha CBoitexy^ BHCiymajrB otb MOOBOBCBaro naTpiapxa nasExaTaiB- 



1) A. H. X. 1673, .^ 9. 

2) A. K). H 3. P., XI. 11. 
<) Ibidem. 112. 

4} Ibidem. 139. 



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234 B3GTHSKI IBPOIIH. 

Hoe yBÍn^me 6htb B^pnuifE nocraBjeHHOiiy on Fora iioHapxy, 
HO BHyipH saTEHAi n&MflXFO^ ecxE ne HaBcer^a^ Hepacnojosie^e 
Ri Mockbí^. 

Kaši TOJiBBO ^opomeHKO ycjuxajx, hto b^b i^apCRofl xepisaBi 
BaT^BaeTCfl yto-to na ero c^erii to cosBa^arB vb ^hthphhí na pa^ 
nojBOBHHKOBx H ciapmHH^ H cnpamHBajťB, ytó hitb x^axB. Bc6, 
SHaa npexaHHOCTB cBoero reTicaHa kl Typi^iH^ exHHorjacHO nojio- 
shjih: «Hairb orB rypRa orcryiiBTBCfl nejiBBfl. Q^apB, no MB^HOny 
AoroBopy ch IIojBineK), ebcb ho npHMerB, hcbohh bíbofb YspattHa 
Hama ne Cum vb pasA^ri, a noA'B KopoieBCBOH) pysoK) hh sa 
^0 6uTh ne zothmx* Bojih vb HEiH^mHee Bpeiifl Haní otb lypsa 
OTJioiKHTBca, TO HacB TypoicB fp ocTaHBa pasopHTi! o TaKHiTB o6pa- 
som>y npesxe "rkych ovh iiocKOBCRaro i^apfl npHinjocB hitb ycju- 
maTB rojiocB, npH3UBaK>iitifi hxx vb OTCiynjeHÍK) otb TypoRB, npaBO- 
tfepesHue RasaRH pšmajH x^psaTBCfl Rptnso Typei](ROfi BjiacTH, ho 

OHH rOBOpHJH TOIBRO UWb yrOAJIHBOCTH ^OpOmOHRy: TO He ÚUJTb 

Bceo6^^fi rojoc^ napoxa. HapoAB fb YRpaSs^i HanpoTHBB, pon- 
Ttxb Ha CBoero reiMana sa homahctbo TypipH* H3'b IIoAOJriH, — 
crpaHUi HacejeHHoft MajopocciiiHaMH, ho ycrynjieHHoft IIojiBHieH) 
Typi^ÍHy HpHHOCHJHCB yaRacaiOH^fl bícth o secroROcraxi^ 0ycyp- 
KaHi na^B xpEcriancREMH sHTejiflMH: i^epRBH 6osíh o6pan(ajHCB 
Vb Me^exH HJiH RiaxoBEifl, Banpen^ajcfl i^epROBHufi 6;iaroB%CTB, na- 
juxi pe6flrB 6paaH otb poxHrejefi, ne AonycRaiH seHHTBCfl^ Rpe- 
CTHTB MJia^eHi^eBB, xopoHHTB yiíopmEXB, ne sanjrarHBniHirB hojíc- 
aseHHuxB sa to hohijihhb. HaRasiiBajiH ho oxHOMy noxospŠHÍH), 
BBejH RpyroByio nopyRy, HeBHHHuft oTBiqaxB sa BEHOsnaro: ynieji'B 

CaMOBOilBHO RRROft-TO M^n^aHEB^y BM^CTO HOFO HOCa^EJIE BB TH)pBMy 

Apyroro e sacraBEjiE saniaTETB nopflxo^HyH) cyn^y. SanperEJEiH 
xpEcrianaMB CBo6oAHyK) ToproBiio roptiROK) e hhboiíb. «3aR0Bii- 
BaiOTB xpEcriaHB BB RaHAajcTy TaRB HTO yse bb IIoaojiíe e sojt]^ 
BSAoposaio OTB Horpe^HOCTE bb RRHxajaxB* % Taaie tojre Rpy- 
SEJiflCB Tor^a BB HapoxHofi rpoMax6 e oTapan^axE napoAB otb 
AopomeHRa;^ itesxy canEME CTapniEHaifE, ROTopue, yrosx^ Aopo* 
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cpasy TaRie, ^to Óujoí fotobu cjiyssETB BE^aiiB MOCROBCRaro rocy- 
fftpfl* BjEiRe BctxB RB JtjopomCTRy 6ujrb Tor^a RáneBCRift nox* 
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A09B. JlflsoryfiB noBejiB hoarohb hoab CBoero csaTa. Ohb na^aji 
CB Toro, ^TO HocjiajiB RB HepeEOíaBCROMy HOJROBHERy JI^HHrpaniRŠ 



O A. K). H 3. P., XI, 166-189.— Ojez. Sp., II, 239. 
«) A. K). H 3. P., XI, 169— 181.--0JCZ. Sp., H, 198. 



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FyiHi« 235 

Pa&H% OAHoro rpeRE, líepeircjaBCKaro saxejfl, coo6ii^htb no ce* 
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Bi noxA^HCTB^ y Bejiasaro rocyxapfl. Jl,MHTpainKa PafiHa> oxnpa- 
BBJí npHCjaHHaro rpexa kl CavofljOBH^y. 

— SaicB y BacB x^o x^jiajocii, pascsasH? — cnpamflBajrE Ca- 
MoftJOBHT& rpexa. 

rpen cBasaji:^: 

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XflTB Ha HacB jHxifl BpeMeea, pasBOiORyrb TypRH Bctrs Haci 
BposHB. J5[ 6u xotíjtb cb ropoAOMi KaneBOMi h co bcíitb mohmi^ 
noisoiTB OTCxynHTBCfl on JI^opomenRai jifi, ne cu^k> y BejiHRaro 
rocyxapfl mhiocth npocHTB. 

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MocBByi 16-ro iiHBapfl 1673 ro^ai ornpaBHJH bi EaTypHHX noxu- 
H$TO CeneHa II],ero2eBa ci yRasoMi reriiaHy, ecxE noAJíHHHO ORa- 
sercH, qTO ^3ory(^ xo^en 6utb bi noAxanciBi y i^apfl| to no- 
py^HTB ony yroBapHBaTB h Apymxx noiROBHHROBi OTcrynHTB orB 
j^opomeHRa. PasoirB ci rbwh cjiixoBajio ysnaiB otb JlH8ory6a, ne 
xoHerB JH caif^B JI^opomenRO OTcrynHTB orB cyjiTaHa. GaMofiiíOBHHi 
ffijímewh 6un> noc^aiB sa btemx ri JlHsoryÓy B^pnaro h snaio- 
n^aro ^ejiOB^Ra co cjioBecHUMi naRasoMi, no HHRaRi na^ero ne 
XOBd^pflTB 6yMari. 

CaHofiáOBH^x TOTHac^B nocjiaj'B kb ^HxpaniRi Pafi^i xoro se 
rpesa, ROTopuS r!b neMy npi%33Raď'B^ ho vh pasroBopax^B co, ID^e* 
rojieBEiirB reniaH^B He noRasajTB pacnojio^senifl Becra ci Jl^opomen- 
ion MBpHBie neperoBopH. CaMOfijiOBH^x 6onjcSy ^to($i ^opomenRO 

BQOCjiXCTfiiH RRRB-HHtfyXB HO BOineJI'B Wb MBJIOCTB y I](apfl H HO 

BBnpoeBjí f,a ce6fl reriiaHCTBa na^^B o6í^bmh croponaMH fb 
yRpafiB-i^. CaHOflaoBB^i roBopHJX MOCROBCROiiy nocjiy, ^to npexno* 
^iraerB hxth boAhok) na JI^opomeHRa. SOro 3HBapfi oh'b oxnpa- 
Burb m^erojieBa caMoro R'b jQj^MBTpamRi Paft^i. 

m^erojieBi bha^joi co^ ^MErpamROio Paftvem^ vh RieB% 14-ro 
^pajifl. A^DTpamRo Pafi^a CRasaji^ eny: 

«jlHsory6i» co mhok) HBxaBna bi cob^tí aRHBerB, a lenepB 
yHHHHJCfl CBaTOMi ^opomeBRy no HeBOJi'6. JlmovyÓ-h npHCEiJiajrB 
10 unij ^TO&B fl OT^^an cboio naA^epei^r sa ero cufia. fl-Óiuo 
I noHHCJHiii TaRi> cffbjLhThy xornH J[B3ory6a na cio cropony nepe* 
lecTH; BO noTOMiy qepesi cBoero sath HBana F^iaxneHRa, JIhso- 
ry&h nepefjBuvh mh^ BorB hto: ^ahjtb ohb, Jlesoryfii, r'b flfl]^ 
nieHRy cnpamHBaTB o sobetbÓí CHBa CBoero, a Ji^opomeBRO n ro- 
BOpATB eny: BanpacBO cb jDI^sTpamROio poxbhtbca xo^emB, obe 
JuoxH 6oraTHe h cnicHBue^ ht6 xetii ci bhhh vh cboBctbo bxo- 



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236 B^OTHISli IBPOniL 

XHTb? 3HaTB, AopomeHRa He nociri^eniB npocHTB^ onorOi ^ito ob^ 
rerHafl^b, a ^opomeHBo ne notfpesryerB HwBowh JLmoryŮom^^ ero 
CKHoifBy a 7 ^opomeHRa ecTB jípnl — Ilocjd^ faBHXx csovh KKOwh 
JiHsoryÓi yÓojMCfl ^opomenEa h TOt^aci a&ei He orroBi^iiBaflCb, 
xeEMi% CBoero cuHa na AO^eps cBoero remaHa, a xenepB £[rob^ 
Jímovj&h roBopHTB: Tasoe co mhoh) y?HHHJOCB| wro moa xyma 
HHRorAa ne sejajia*. 

n^erÓJieBi (K^AapxJrB JI^MHipamsy Paftny coÓojhmh, a JÍ^UHrpaniRO 
Pafi^a y^xajTB fb EapiimeBBy, yaioBHBmHCB nossaTB xyxa ID^ero- 
jeBa nocji Toro, saisfB CHeceroi cb JlBsoryÓOMx. 

E^erojieBa noseajH wh EapiimeBBy 28-ro 4^Bpa;iH, h xorxa on% 
AepsajiB ÓedbjLy cb rpeBOMi, BopoTHBiiiHiiai hbb KaaeBa, Byxa 
nocujajiB ero ^HHipaniBa Paftqa. FpeBB fobophjtb: 

— JlHBorytii csasajiB mhí: co bc^vb hojucoitb fotobb i^aps) 
cjyjKHTBy TOďBBO 6e8B npHCHJiBH cio^a i^pcsaro Boftcaa Ham 

OTJiyqHTBCfl OTB JI^OpomeHKa HeBOBMOSHO. OffB BC^MH CHjaiCH CBOBMH 

ociynHTB MeHfl b ify^eHÍK) naqe ApyrHX'B ^ejiOB^BB npex^ciB sa 

TO, ^TO fl eb HHITB Vh CBOftCTBl^. PaXB 6u, a CO BC^ITB CB0H11!B 

XOMOiTb H nosHTBaMH nepotipaiBCA BB CTopoHy i^apcByK), xacjiaBy 
CBOK) yrepflH). 3x$cb e Ha^annuS SHaTHiiS hcjiobíbb e bců jooxb^ 
Hamett CTopoHH MeHfl cjiyniaK)TB, h xymae tfyxen mh£, sHByHE 
Ha npaBofi cropoHŠ, noBasaTB cjys6y cboh) BejiHBOMy rocy^apio. 
Yjse H lenepB jidxh namefi cropoHu, bhas otb TypoBB yiicHe- 
HÍfl, npoKaflHawT^B ^opomeHEa. ^a h caMi JI^opomenBO jsAsfberh^ 
qro noAAajLCfl TypcBOiiy cyinany, tojibbo ne sHaerB, htó eny x^- 
MTb. He wA Bovh BOJfl nojBCsifi BopojB craHeiB cobcíitb hoxb 
jiaHBH) y xypei^Baro cyinana; Tor^a ou^b xoiseni Óy^erB x^aTB 
Bce, ?TÓ npBBaserB cyjraHB b hojsbb noftxyrB boShok) na i^ap- 
csyio x^psBBy.— IloxaiB nBiBo; JlasoryÓB nepByio namy BHnHi'B 
Ba riapfl, Biopyia aa remaHa CaiiolJiOBB^a b hotoitb npoBSHeci: 
HycTB 6u BejBBÍft rocyAapB npBCUjajB MHoroqBCieHHyio paxB bi 
yBpafiHy, HOBa TypcBis Boficaa He npEoufl. Hb oabhb ropojCB, 
spoH*! ^BriapBHa, ne ctmotb xepsaTBCfl cb ^oponieHBOirB. Bet 
cxa^yrcfl, B caiťB ^opomefiso, BaxfB yBjEUtBTB 6jibbbo ceóa ipipcayB) 
paxB, Be TO craBerB ^QriiaTB, qxó TeaepB. V naci na npaBoft cra- 

P0HÍ BCŠ Ch OXOTOK) OT^axyíCg HOXB BHCOBOAepsaBHyK) itapcByK) 

pyBy, TOiBBO nycTB BCLiEBÍfi rocyxapB nacB nosajiyerB: HaniBXi 
nojiBOBHflBOBB B HpouxB HaqaiBHHXB difo^oft HO BejTOTB rpa^BTB, 
pasopflTB B BB GbÓbpb cciuai^. y HacB BToro o^eHB 6oflTC8. ^a 
en^e h toto MHorie oaacaioTCfl: — aaBB cxaxyrcfl no^ BHCOByio i^ap- 
€ByK) pysy, a BejiBBÍft rocyxapB bbbojibtb bxb BopoieBCBOMy BejiB* 
qecTBy OTxaTB, aaBB yoe 6uio &pB BpyxoBei^BOHB. SaBÍe 6use 



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PTHHl. 287 

ropoxs noOpaHu, sl noroirB oiuítb OT^^aHu Ilojibin^: Torxa yms 
noKOi 7 HacB ne Újffivhj noTony ^to nox'B RopojieBcsoK) pyBOH> 
EAWh HH 8a ^To He 6urb» . IIpomiaircB co mhok», JlHSOrytf^s cna- . 
san: <iiycTB 6h i^apcBÍfi no^ifl^ift npiibxaii so mh% noBHxaTBCS 
vb EaHeB%». 

m^erojieFB ne ^osboihjii ce($§ Óesi B^^oiia reiMaHa bzoxhts 
KB xajbHŠfinrífl oiHacHeHÍfl h ixaTB na cBHAaHÍe B'b caMOMy jIh30- 
ry6y, noroiiy ^ro He snaji^ creneHE HCspeenocTE Jlnsory^a s 
BopoTucfl Bi BaTypHHi. Ha npon^aHBH ci hhitb, ^MHipamRO Paft^a, 
Bcerxa cuoHHuft Kh ko8Ejim%^ ctapaica BHcraBHTB ce($fl oco0eHHO 
npexaHHHiTB i^tpio h cnocoÓHHMi OBaaaTB ycjiyra, a cbohxx seififl* 

KOBTB-HaJlOpOCCiflHl WpHHJTB BCeB03M0SHÍttlIIHlíl OÓpaSOITB BC^XS 

oryMM^, He xacaflCB ihi^x, h tojibko o^Horo JH80ry6a xBfUHn. 

Uo BOSBpan^efiÍH Bi^BaTypHHB noA^Baqift ycjruxaj^B on Caiioi- 
lOBH^a TaBOĚ OTBBiBi O Jlmoij6%: 

— B^pHJi^ a jlH3ory6y, noaa ohx ne 6ujrb wb CBaioBCTBi^ 
ch ^opomeHBOirB, a xenepB ne B%pH>; ^QrMaio, — Bce, ^6 JiHSorytis 
roBopHJi rpeay IlaBjy, nay^HJi^ ero Taa^B roBopHTB caiťB JI^opo- 
meHKO. BoTB sasB nofixeiTB ctb KnaseHi PoMO^aHOBcsHirB Ha Ty 
ciopOHy ci BofiCBOMX) xaiPB I He Bi HecTB cranyrB nairB CAaBaTBca, 
3HaH>HH, TTO HHane TypsH npHAyr^ h pasBOJiosyn bc&x'b. Bot^ 
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rpaxTB, fiBL H AopomeHBO hb^b-hoa^b RaMeBQa otb 6ycypMaHa na- 
CHjy yreBi. He otÓbitb eiiy h Bnepex^B. Ei JlHsoryóy nocujiaTs 
He HysHo. JHsorytfi HamH ciOBa cranerB nepexaBaTB ^opomeHRy^ 
a AopomeHKD nepexacrB o(S^ 9sowh cyjraBy h t^wb cranerB em 

OpOTHlTB naCB B036ySAATB. 

9th ciOBa HORasHBaiH) Banoe BsaHMHoe nexonipie rocnoxcTBO- 
Baio vh xaiopoecifiCROiTB o6n^eGTBÍ: oxhhi xpyi^oro xot^jí nox*^ 
Bccn, oXHHi xpyroro ocreperaica. CaifOfijiOBH^i} nayqeHHnft onii- 
TaxH npesHHXi ji^tb, ocMaxpHBajiefl na wA cropom, ttoÓ^b ero 
He upoBejH H ne BoopysHJH npoTHBi nero vb Mocrb^ npaBH- 

leJBCTBO ^). 

ni^eroieBi jíxmi> 13 iiaprra. 

Ho ffitoBdpy CB TypsaMH homrh otfaaaiHCB x^tb JI^opomeHRy 
6k^yK)-Il^epR0BB, ho (S^oi^epROBCRift BOMeHxaHTB JIoÓeiB ne cxa-^ 
nuFh ee, a XanenBO npoxojisaii HHeHOBaTBCfl remHOKi Bcei 
npaBOfl CTopoHu, h HexoBonerBo fb yspaftHŠ nox^Hnenieiix Typi^iii 
noxiu^ajio eMy Haxesxu* yiianB oxjoasHjacB otb ^opomensa. Ha 



t) A. K). ■ 3. P., XI, 177. 

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238 noTiHSi iBPonH. 

pascBady ji^TonncH BejiH^Ra O, vb noHeA^^HHiTB ea nacxy 6hUFh 
o&bKbj ycTpoeHHHft 6paTCTB0]irB vh BocspeceneRoft i^epKBH; teitb <$uia 
MHorie BHaqHue SHTejH h HaqajBHue jik>ab RonnaHefii^eBi e cep* 
xeHflTL, nocaaHHux^B JI[opoineHKOM*B bi ynaHB. Bo wewh to^a^ 
MBoro Torxa ubjlul pa^é npasxHHBa Focno^HA. Korxa noJiBOBHHKH 
ROMnaHettcBifi Chjihtb h cepxeHtTCBift ffiepe6HJio BOSBpaoiajBCb 
BepxoiTL CB napa, nBflHBipi na jjlehí erajiH sa^apaib hxi 6paH* 
soiMH caoBaMHi a Bor^a rk crajiH otb hhxi oTMaxHBaTBca sanqy- 
BaMB, 6pocHJiHCB Ha HHXi c% fj^iomiBME (sojbfliíH). 2£epe6iuo 
ycBaaajB hbi^ ropoxa es rohhiimh B0MnaHe9i](aHE, a Cbibtl cb 
nftniBMH cepAeHBTaMHi sanepniHCB fb KasoMx-To aomí, orcrp^jH- 
Bajicfl orB yMani^eBi, noaa, HasoHei^i^, yMaHi^Bi bbajh ero co bc^mh 
cepxeHflTaMH h bcíxi nepetiHjra. RrpojtseHBO, nocraBJíeHHuS otb 
^opomeHRa nojsoBHBBOirB, yó&aarB ish CBoeuj remaHy, a yiiaHiifii 
BHÓpajiH nojiBOBHEKOiťB tSBopcsaro, npesHflro BoftCBOBoro TOBapin^a, 
H nocjiajH vh XaHeHBy o($!BaBBTB, hto xotatb 6bitb noA'B ero pere* 
MeHToifB. Tor^a Xanenso na^ai^ (ynptnjfo Bpasxy ci JI^opoaieH- 
BOiTB. HasHaqeHHuft hmi B^SBanÍH B&ioi^epBOBCBaro nojiaoBHHBa^ 
HraaTB Maayxa na^aji ÓesnoBOHTB noxfBisxaMH yBpaHHCBÍe ro- 
poABH, npESHaBaBioie Jt^opomeHaa, a Etjioi^epsoBCBÍS BOMenjUiHrB 
npocHJx noMon^H y BÍeBCBaro BoeBO^ti. Jl^opomemo oÓparHioi sa 
noMOo^BK) vh KpaiTB qepesi BoftcBOBoro TOBapEnia HBaea Maseny ^)y 
HO padcyffEJii, ^TO AO npsxoAa bi Heny na noMon^B coiobhhbob^ 
ccopETBCfl CB IIojiBnieK) He cjixy&rh: owh nocjajTB BopojiD MExanjiy 

HECBMO, rA% saflBUUaCB MEIOIB o COeAHHeHÍH yRpafiHH CB QOJB- 

men na ocHOBaHÍE FaAflipukro AoroBopa^ cb Henpeii^HHEiifB OAHaso 
ycJioBieirB HeMeA^ennaro BuxoAa nojASOBib ebi yspaBECBETB ro- 
poAOBi ^). nocianei^ ^opomenBa Óuxb Ha Aoport cxBaneffB lyp- 
BaMH E BCBopi FB ^EPEpEHiB EBUcfl lypei^BÍft ^aymx CB sanpo- 

COITB, HTÓ BHaWTB HOCIUBa KT> HOdlBCBOMy BOpOJK). ^OpOHieHBO 

orroBopEjieB, hxo bto tfuia xbtpoctb: y8Haj'B ohi, tto hojiebe na- 
nipeHfii nanacTB na YBpaSHy, xot^jtb oÓManyrB hx^b e saAepsaxB 
noBa He npEmjercE vh HOMy homoh^b e8% Typ^{fl. OrnycBafl dioro 
qayma, j9(opomeHBO nocjiajrB vh cyxraHy b^b noAapovB hojbcbex^b 
hjiíhhhbobI) coAepauiBniEXCfl y nero kb ^ErEpEHCBOMi sáHBi. 
J^opomeHBo lypBaiTB roBopEJTB TorAa npaBAy; okb chocejice cb 
nojuBaiiE, ne Aynaa na caiioirB a^ji£ cb hemh ApysHTB. Ropojb 
nociaai Kb ueuy iBsoBcaaro npaBOCiaBHaro enncBona myiuiEH- 



>) JI*T. Bei., T. U, cíp. 837—840. 
«) A. K). ■ 3. P., XI, 282. 
>) Ibidem. 222, 289. 



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F7HHÁ. 239 

cisarOi YeiOB^Ra HCspeHHO npexsHHaro nojiaRoarB h ciLiOHHaro kb 
ysÍEi xOTopyK) npHHAJTB Bnoat^ACTBÍH O' Bx osnxaHiE npifoAft 
9Toro BJiaxusH, ^oponieHKO Ha8HaHH.T& reHepajBHyK) pa^ Ha pisi 
PacaB% A^fl pascysACHÍfl o toitb, htó ff&iaTb (tl nouRaicH, ho 
caifB Tyxa ne no^xaiTB, snafl nanepexB, ^to fb 6ojiBnioiíi napo^- 
BOiTB co6paHÍH BCTp^THTB npoTHBi ceófl pasxpaseHÍe ^)j a nocjajrb 
Tyxa BMŠCTO ce5fl HasasHinrB JlssoryÓa, saropuS na pax% BBicjqr- 
maj-B OTB RasaROBi (SojBinoe Hero^OBame n lypei^BOMy rocnoxcTBy, 
HenpesjOHHyiD spasjíy bi noJnsaiCB h naKjioHHOCTB vh mocbob- 
ciOMy i^pH) ^). RorAa se npiixaji IQyiijflHCBill % ^opomenBo 
vh ^HnipHHi coÓpajTB omiTB pasy yse npn ce(H^, ho BMto^ loro, 
^to6h noxroTOBJíflTB BasasoBi b'b cocAHHemio cb nornneK), bcho- 
MiiHaxB BCííBifl ocBopfiieHÍji, HaHeceHHUfl MajopocciflHaiTB iflxaMi, h 
npeBOBHOcHJTB lypei^Baro Focyxapfl. IIIyMjflHCBifi noHan, ^to ^o- 
pomeHBO jysaBHTB h yixaji^ hbi ^HrHpHHa hh cb híwl % a 
AopomeHBo ornpaBHJTB kb Typei^BOny cyjTaHy nojiyqeHHiifl otb 
HOJiBCBaro Bopojifl nBCBMa, hbi BoropurB cyjrraffB MorB ysHaxB, 
^To y xpHCTÍaHCBHxi rocy^apeS bobhhbjul hucjib cocraBEiB mos^ 

006OID C0H)8ly Vt06u HXTH BOftHOH) Ha MycyďBiiaH!B % 

Upesxe ^Mi Bi JI^oponieHBy npHnua osHxaeiíafl hbi EpuMa 
noMOHiB, OHB ycjuxajTB, HTO XaneHBO, croiiBniiS na Bojiuhh y 
Eopi^a, ABHHyjicfl na nero bi VapaBny cb cbohmh BasaBaiCH h 
nojuBaMH, HTo6u npexynpexHTB npH($tiTÍe b% ^opomeHBy opAH O* 
no hbbíctíid oxHoro yBpaHHCBaro jŠTOHHCita % XaneHBO xoniejťB 
xo GreOioBa h 6ujvb Ta,wh nopaseni na rojiOBy, crHcnyrHi cb 
OXH08 cTopoHH ^opomensoiTB, a cb xpyrofi— bpíimcbhitb cajiTanoirB, 
yciri&BnnnrB ao^th na noMon^B b^b JI^opomeHBy. Mnoro 6&Baio hbi 
ero Boicsa, Boropoe, bbbi noBaBsiBaiorB coBpeiieHHHBH, y nero 
npocnpajiocB xo xecflTH thcahi; cb ocraBmEMECfl XaHOHBO ymeii 
KB BieBy E pacnoiosEJCH craHOiTB doxb ne^epoBEMi^ MOHacrupeiTB. 
CoBpeneHHHfl ESBtoífl o&h 9T0HI C0611TÍE He ynoMEHaioTB, ho 
eooÓH^aHnrB, hto Xanenao Óbjice cb oipflxoirB JI^opomenBOBa boBobb, 
(hiBiiiaro Hox^ Ha^ajn^CTBOiTB HaBasHaro Abobb JlEBorytfa na pisí 
JflOexiiy 6jímíb ŘieBa. Raai bto 6ETBa BOH^EjracB— HeEBBlun^HO, ho 



O Ibidem. 287— 239.— Ojez. Sp., II, 217, 221. 

«) Qjcs. Sp , II, 238. 

») A. K). H 3. P., XI, 271. 

*) Ojez. Sp., II, 217. 

*) A. K). H 3. P., XI, 284. 

•) Ojez. Sp., U, 228. 

») A. 10. H 3. P., XI, 286-296. 

•) BejMí., II, 339—340. 



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240 nfímsn nspom. 

XaneHRO nocji^ loro npiiÓJiHBHJicfl kb Riesy h nocnjrb kkecb^mj 
BoeBOj^ KHflBK) TpyÓectBOMy otiiaBOTB, HTO OHI CB CBOHHH BEsa* 
KaMH, r&cHB]cii& AopomeHBOirBi ne bi coctoshíe cjajpniB cb cbohitb 
BparoiTB, fie seaaerB tfojiie cjysHTB no^iBCROny Bopojno, HexoBO- 
jítwh (Sy^^H KopoHHUMi reniaHOiTB Ahoitb Go(ý&csEirB h npocmB 
HpsHflTB ero Bi noAffaHCTBo i^apio. BoeBOxa nporoHflJii ero or& 
KieBa Kh ^Hiiepy, ho XaneHBO ne nomexB lyAa ^), a nepemen 
Ha ocrpoBi, otipasyeMiiS JÍ,wlnpom h ^apropneio h otiparajoi 
Bi CaMO&JOBHqy cb npocB5oK) nponycTHTB ero bi SanoposBe. 
GaMofiJOBH^i nocJiaifB vh npesadi npocHTB na 8to pasptmeme m 
ne nojiy^ajii OTB^ta b% leneHiE H^RoaBBHX'B nex&iB, a Xanen- 

ROBU RasaRH nOOAHHO^R^ yXOAHJIH HCRaTB CeJIHTBÓS Vh qapcEHXi^ 

oÚxkcisTb. XanoHRO, ne ^oaRA^BniHCB pasptmeHÍE^ cb ynajieHEoio 
Bi sHa^BTeJíBHOt creneHH cbook) BararoH), ^BHHyjicfl Ha IIoišcBe 
vb ropoxi ^HMopi, CB HaM^pemeiTB otmcthtb cBoeiiy jH^Hoicy 
Bpáry, nojncRofi cjiys6ci noJiROBHHRy IlHBo-SanojiBCROMy % 

nHBO-3anojiBCRifi Óeijtb tehe^hok) jh^hoctbio nojflRa CBoero 
speiieHn. nocjiaHHEi8 b^ nojr6ccRÍfi Rpafi no cod&xcTBy cb EieBOirB^ 
OHI Ha6paji'B ce&b CBoeBOJBHBift orpa^^, nocroflHHO BOs^ya^aBorit 
sajo^H HajiopocciflH^B Ha Óes^HHCTBa h HacHjifl. ^'Itomi 1678 r. 
OHI Hana.rB na Kíobb h ntLji/bjíM% raiTB paBopenifl. H^bojbbo 

BpOMeHH Vb RieBŠ 6OUBCB, ^TO aiOTB nOJIBCRifi nOJROBHHR'B CHOBa 

CA^jaeTB Hana;i(eHÍe na RieBrB cb i^jibio oro^paiB ero bo Bjiacr^ 
nojBcaaro Ropojra. Ho BxpyrB IlHBO-SanojiBCRiĚ H8'BflBHji'B rOT<m- 
HOCTB nepellTH na cjiys6y r^b MOCROBCROMy rocyxapK); eicy orRasajra, 
ne sejiajt bxoahtb vb HexopaByiriaiď cb noncRHirB Ropojens ^). 
Top^a nHB0-3an0jiBCRÍft npexJiosHjrB cetfa na cjys6y ^opomensy 
H yse Vh IlaBOJOVH, nepe^i^ ^opomeHROBBiiťB resepajiBHEnfB acay- 
joiTB HlyjHROirB, npoHSHecB npHcary yRpaHHCROMy reiMany, lypeií- 
ROMy noxpy^HHRy % TaRia mu%Bu y hojarobi fb totb vbvh 
onpaBXHBaďHCB nuneTCROK) bojbhoctík). Botb cb bthhi-to rocno* 
Ahhoii'b Oeutb XaneHRo bo Bpasxb. Bi npe^pnecrBOBaBmeiTB rofj 
XaneHRo ot^bji^b Ha xopor^ hjišhhhi^, TOpRemeHRy HsyMHTenHoft 
RpacoTH, ROTopyH) JIjopomeHRO Hocujiajii kb x^p^ naxiniaxy. Xa* 
HeHRo OTxajii ee na cÓepeseHÍe b% 6%jyK)-II|epR0BB r'b RoiieH- 
xanry AoÓezw xo CBoero BOcrpeÓOBaHífl. IIpoBixaBniH o Beft, IIhbo- 
3anojiBCRÍfl co9bhbji'b ^^anniHBoe hhcbmo otb HMeHH XanenRa, 
H TaR'B HCRycHO noxHHcajicfl nox'B ero pyRy, ^lo JLo6ejih Buxais 

O CHHÓHpc. CóopH. Maiopoc. x^a, crp. 4, 15 — 16. 

í) A. K). E 3. P., XI, 318, 320. 

') Ibid. 215, 222, — - IlHCBMa Jlas. EapasoBHHa, cíp. 183. O HanaxeHÍE ea Riesi. 

*) Ibid. 231, 232. 



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pyHHÁ. 241 

jíbBTfua^ noxaieno nHCBMa. IlHBO-Sanojncsifi shjii ch Eev> ^er- 
BepTB rojia, noroirL, Bainb rasopan, na sefi seHHJCfl. XaneBso, 
nosa cjysnii Iloimn^, tseji fb ceói sejiame Meeni, ho nocjtb 
nopaaseHÚi J^opomenoiťB, HexoB03BHiifi npEiOMi noinKaMH sa to, 
HTO ero Maiio HarpaxHJH, pimnjicfl oiciyiiHTB orb TLojhmuí h ea 
npoB^ame pacnpaBHTBca (tb eBOHii'^ Bparoirb. He oispiiBafl HHBOMy 
CBoero HaMipema, ohi npH^HJCb btb AimepB, pacnojosuca nepexB 
sáxBOirB, npBrjaciurB IlHBO^danaiBCisaro ke ceGib na mipymBy, 
y6Kn ero bb cboomb maipi Oř ^omu:b BucryiiHXB h^b ^nepa 
B% BpariKB H orryxa noeiaJUB HOByH) npocb^y kb GaifoSjOBHHy o 
X0BBOieHÍH npofita kb 3anoposBe ^). CanoijOBm lor^a yase 
noiy^ui pimeHíe MocsoBcaaro npaBHrejiBcrBa. QjapcBaa rpaiiora 
OTB 23 OBxaópa xoBBOJB^a CaMottiOBH^y iiponycnnB XaeeHBa na 
SanoposBe, a ero pasCisaBnmcfl BasaBOBB, maiaBiiiBxcfl na jA- 
Boft cropoHJ^, BOXBopnTB Ha jKHTeiBCTBO KB jrlBo6epesHofi yBpafiHi, 
HO B]MiBa8aTB Ha^ajKBHHiTB jmfíOĚi^ no nojusaiTB CMorpfoB sa hhmh, 
wTo&h OTB HHX^ He 6IIJI0 HH%ro ^TP^OTO % Bcjíifib sa yXOAQMrB 
XaneHKo Ha Sanopoa&Be, MHOseciso auiTejie& bkb ynaHCBaro nojuea, 
npHSHaBmie XaneHBa, ne xot&ih nox^mmiTBca AopomenBy h ly*. 
peiUKOft BiacTB, nosHHyjiH, no BiipaseniR) yspanHCBaro j^tooho^ 
CBOH spacHiifl sBjniQ^a h yro^BH, nepraLui na jieiifi 6eperB 
JíjafyspíL M nocejiHjHCB. fb pasHHxrB iribcraxB nojnaBcsaro nojsa 
&i]i8B0 KB AHtnpoBCEOMy HOÓepesBio ^). Crpeiueme nepeoejiflfBca 
BB mq)cm BMfjbmg oxBaTfljo b t^kb iiaiopoccLiHB, soropne 
SHJDi Bi Bpaiy HenoqiexcTBeHHO npHHaxjnesaBnieiťB Ilonnii. Qo- 
jiKHCTajui HeAOoycBarB Hapo^KB ao xaBHx^B n^E^exowB^ h BecnoK) 
1673 ro^a, ho^^b J[B>($apoiCB, oeranoBUH Óoumyio napiÍH) «npa- 
UHrB» (TaKB-HasuBajracB bi to BpeMfl nepecejieHipi). ^opomenBO 
poimurBy HTO juxm «He npcmycsaKyrB nanuirB*, ho, sacrynaMCB sa 
iqia^aB^ aseiajEB, wio&h ohh oejiijracB kb ero nycr^BniHn BJia* 
jíbBÍxi%^ a nepeBOffliTBCfl lepesB ^B&ipB nperEjn hhi ne Jiyraie 

DOXHBOBB ^). 

OceHBH), Mesxy rforB, y bojibiobi BoeoÓHOBjfljica paspuKB cb 
Typipev). BonpeBB (íywi^BOMy xoroBopy, hojbbh ne uaTHJiH 
oiipexiieHHOĚ KKssij ne biiboahjih cbohx^b «BajiorB> hkb hoxoa- 
CMMX% ropOXBOBB H XESO CTaiH BHroHflTB TjpeufiUL H TafapcBÚi 



») Ojez. Sp., n, 251, 253. 
») A. K>. R 3. P., XI. 321. 
») Ibidem. 819. 
*) BeiHHKa, n, 340. 
*) Ojez. Sp. II, 215. 

ToMk ÍV.— Iwb, 1880. 16 



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242 B^CTHBCb UFOUH. 

sajiorBy nOM^eHHue vh EToxojriH ^). naxBniax'B rpoBui sasasan 

nOJÍflKOBl BOeflHOK) CHJIOH) Sa B^^JOKCTBO; HO nOJIflBH^ Ch CBOeft 

CTopoHu, noHax^flJHCB Ha H3MŠHy TypipH rocnoxapeft: MoiffaBCsaro 
Fhkh h BaiaxcBaro IleipHqeHKa ^). RopcmHiifi wm^Wh Co6tcKÍft 
CB HaciyniemeirB occhh XBHHyjicfl ki XoTiny. yanimuoifl o($s 
BTOiTB ABHsemH, Typei](KÍft cepxapB (rjutBHOEOMaejQriHiúi) ompa- 
Burs ryccefina-namy ch He(k>jBniHirB orpHxoirB h kl ycsieHÍK) 
ero npHKasajrb hxti jQ)yroMy lypei^Koiiy reHepaiy^ EaojiaHi-iiftiiit, 
CB XBaxi](aTBK) THcnaifH Boicsa. Ho, npesxe liícB EanjiaffB-iiaaia 
ycoiď^B npHATH, nojiasH aiasoBajiH ry^^^^^^^^o^^^* G^um BparoBi 
OBasajHCL HepaBHOMipHUMH: y nozasoB^ tfmio 30,000 ^cjiobšbi, 
xa en^e 4,000 BajiaxoBi, y lypoBi — toibbo 10,000. TyccettHi 
H ÓHsmie CB HHM'B namH noBHHyjH cboh ciaHOBuiMi^ ao6í»uh 
AO Mocra, nocrpoeHHaro wpesob J9(Htop^ h ynuu fb RuieHeiTB. 
3a HBXH, no lony se nanpaBJíemK) kb Mociy, (JpocuacB tfóiBinaa 
qaciB lypei^aaro BoflcKa, ho otb xHoroJUQxciBa xoctb ofiiOMUca, 
MHoro TypoB'B noTOHyjio, yiiiBniie xopomo njasaTB cnacncB, ho 
nojuiRH ci 6epera no hhitb crpijuju; oeraiBHHe lypei^Bie bohhh, 
ne (S&aaBmie nepesi ^h^p^b, (Siuh HaTHCHyrH na rjiy(k)ByH) h 
yssyio nponacTB ices^y AByiu csajiaMH h laMi noraíSu cb cbohmh 

JOmiMtBMH. ^). Bl TOTB 26 Be^Cpi CAaJOLOi nOJUSaiTB XOTHffB. 

IIOUBH, XaiRB ^aCTO CB HHMH CJiy^aJtOOB, HO BOCnOJBBOBaiHCB 

CBoeio notfixoK). IIpHtSjuisajiacB SHica. SojiHfepH crajiH ponraTB h 

Tpe60BaTB, ^TO($B HTB OTDyCTHJIH Ha SUÍHÚI XBapiHpH % KpOMŠ 
TOrO, FB CaMBlft A^HB HOtfíXEI yMOpB BO JIbB0b£ BOpOlB MHXaHX'B. 

HaiHHaiocB iiesxyi^^ApcrBie; nami psancB n ynacríx) fb Butfopi 
HOBaro Bopoja. H cyjnaBTB, cb esoeft ciopoHH, ho xoiiii npoxoji- 
saiB BoeHHuzi xíSctbíS bi BHiaiee spěna. 

nocii xoTHHCB(^ notiixEi, Top&ecTByDnpft Co($£cBÍfi ompaBun 
BfB Jl^opomensy HaxoAHBmaroca y nero fb ufoy xasai^saro oot- 
HiBa CaBBy Tymaia (poxineja cb. Jt^HMHTpiaPociOBCBaro)— yroBa- 
pnaaiB remaHa orcrynETB otb 6acypicaHib h Bictoi cb xpHciia- 

HaMH HXTH npOTHBl HeB^pHilXl Ha OCBOtfOSXOHie XpHCríaHCBEXl 

HapoAOFB Wh HeBOJU. ]lfxpomtvM h xHipoHOJurB TysaiBcsiS o6a 
BucraBJUijH ce6a nepexB TynTazoirB peBHHrejuuai h no6opHHBaMH 
xpHciiaHCTBa ^)\ HO, BciiffB BaišicB, flBHjniCB B^B J^opoHieHEy no* 
ciani^ii OTB Type^Ba^o cyjnana cb npHBasameirB 6htb roroBuirB 



1) Chh6ipck. C6opH. Maiopocc. J^iia, crp. 42. 

«) Collect. n., 93. 

•) Collect. II, 99.— Ojez. Sp. I, 201.— Cim6. CÓope. Maiop. X-i ctp. 60, 67, 68. 

«) Ojez. Sp. II. 284. 

6) A. K). H 3. P., XI. 330.— Caii6. CÓopH. Maiop. X-, crp. 61. 



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Qoo^^ 



pyHii. 2á3 

H&-BecHy Kh coxfiflcmio cyjmmy. He MorE npexBax^TB j!l(oponieB80, 
vu ciopoHa B03BverB xenepB Bepxi n B03o6HOBHBnieftcfl (5opB($% 
TjpufE ch IlMBineH), ocoÓeHso Kor^a nouRH crapuHCb sapy^HTLca 
coxšicxBieirB xpvciiaHCKHXi jífipmwh. H ctojte Áoponi^HKO aa to 
BpeMfl sa jy^mee mhpbojihtii h tístb, h xpyrairb. OffB OTnpaBHJCB 
Ha eoxMcTBie ryccefisy-nanri XBt nojisa: (pai^aBCRift h MorEieB- 
criB, ci BaaasHinrB nojncoBHiKom IIIyMCRHirBy a Co^tcaOMy ea- 
ncurB, ^To nocMHaue vb TypsairE xasasH ne 6jf.yTb npeumb 
nojiBeiHirE BOficaaifB. TaRBm odpasom, ^pomeHKO, acnojiflfia 
AU BHxa o6fl3aHHOCTb Typei^saro Baccaja, vh Bajsy oxepsaHHOt 
yse noMsaiiH nafli TypicaiiH m&bjífi^ npuroTonjiwh ce6i HHyio 
xopory — Ha cjy^afi, ecjH h AMie ciacTBe Bsnifien Typc^iH. 



IV. 

SazBrareJH.— nocoiBCTBO MOHaxa GepanioHa si AopomeHsy.— yciOBÚi, npexjo- 
xeHBiu AopomeHi&oM'B, b oistrb HaHHrBMocBOBcsaro npaBHreiBCTBa. — Ótsubu 
CaMoftJOBHqa. — noxoAB pyccsnxi boScjcb na npaBuft óeperL ^^'^npa. — Cxana 
ropoxoBi.— PascKasB JLHSoryfSa o paA*)^ y JlopomeHRa.— BodBpameHÍe GaHofiiOBH^a 
« PoMOxaQOBCKaro sa itoyx) ciopoHy Aniopa.— Pa^ bi HepejioiaBt*— Haópa^ 
Hie CauofiiOBHHa reriiaHoiii oÓíhxi CTopoHi AHinpa.— Maaena. 

HaMipeme csjíaHHTB AopomeHaa kb noAxancTBy MoesoBcsoMy 
roeyjiiapK) npiociaHOBHJOCB no npexcxaBJíeHiflirB GaMottJiOBHqa, Ha- 
xoxKBniaro, ^lo, bitIcto mhphuxi nonuTORiy xyraie iipH0irHyTB 

HpflMO KB BOeHHOfi CHJli. GaMOSJlOBHTB CTapajICH B03($yABTB HOflO* 

B^pie xocBWCMro opaBarejBciBa bi HCBpeHHOCTH jlH3ory6a, a o 
J^opomeHXfb nHcaJTB, ^ro owh no^eujaerB laĚHuxi aasHraTeiett 
VB xiBOÓepejBByio YRpaSay O- ^o aroiiy xoneceHÍK) mocrobcroo 
npaBBtenaBO xu ocroposHOCTH npHRasaxo BOOBoxairB b^ Maio- 
poccÍH yqpexHTB crporii HaxsoprB sa Be&MB npii^sautBiiraMH cb 
irpaBaro Óepera AQ'&Qpa ^), ho ho noRHxaxo mhcjih iiapno coAthcb 
CB AoponieHROiTB. CaiTB ^opomeHRO, bha& kb eapoxi npaBo5epex- 
soft yapAfiHH CHJiBHoe Tarorftflie kb MocRBt h cootfpaiuui, ^ro. 



>) Bi ídhí 1673 roxa n Robotoiií noiiiaiH 8asHrM6Ju, o6i;iiuiiaro noxi 
BMTsoD, TTO ero lUuuiH 8* ipi py<^ cfh noiTiBOD aaseifc ropoxt, h ito XoponeHBO 
paaoGian no xÍBo6epe«Hoi yspattsi „oaiien*, n bhxí ciimizi bhiuixi c% dobo* 
xiqunfB, B BaaeaHBn Baxi bbmh riaiHaro tTanaBa, Oexopa OiboiaBCBaro, soToput 
xoMMTb w% EpacBOMi ta(|>TaBÍ fl Bi seiraxi canoraxi (A. K). b 3. P. XI, 266). 3to 
■BsécTíe eiBa ih hozbo apASBasan bqoibí xocrortpBfím: obo Bozoxsn on spára 
XoponeBiOBa — GaHoliosB^a, Koiopaft saBMCTBOBan ero bsi aapoxBoft mojbh. 

«) A.K). H 3. P., XI, 257. 

16* 



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244 BftCTHn'^ IBFOUH. 

Cvn vosén, paHo mm nosxHO eny npexercfl otwtbce et vh 
pjKH, onflTB ;rijiajrb ]i,pjxiezio6Eue mam, nHcajTB sieBCsoiiy Boe- 
BOfikj KHflBK) Tpy6eip(0My, tto cqnraerB a^a ce<Sfl BiicinHirB 
CHacTBeiTB MHJOCTE opaBocjiaBBaro MOHEpxa ■ o0£qajrB ne nyaoLth 
vh ^apcRifl otfjiacTfr cBoni codbhhbobi TarapB ^). B^ RíeB^ pes* 
HOCTHO noMepsHBajTB Mticn o mipHOiTB corjiaineHÍH ci ^opomeH* 
BOMX newpeRÍfi mrrponojnrrB HHHOKeHTÍt FEsen^ h, no ero co* 
iAtJj KÍeBCKÍĚ BoeBOxa ompaBEn 10-ro aBrycra b^ ^HnrpHH^B^ 
yMHaro iepoMonaxa ne^epcicaro icoHacTEip< CepaaioHa naji^OBcsaro. 

OepaidoHi npoůajii wh ^urupavb xo 4^ro ceHraÓpff. ^opomeHKO 
xajTB eny craTBir, na Koropiir^ corjiamaicfl or^ancfl no^ mocbob- 
csyH) npoTeKi^ÍK>. Oh^ TpeóoBajTB, wtotSrh Kiewh (íuji^ mwwb v% 
Ra8aipu)e jrnpaBjeHÍe, Tro(řB rerMaHi^ HaA> o&bmiE nojOBHHaini 
YspaSHU 6ujn> oahhi^, wioÓu yKpatea cocrokja bi npex^axx^ 
npeasHincB nojiBCRHX^B bosboactbi: BÍeBCBaro, HepnaroBCRaro k 
tfpai^JiaBCBaro, hto6u SanoposBe 6hjo wb noBHHOBeHÍH y reriiaHa 
H mo&h MOCBOBCKift i^apB otfflsajcfl samirmaTB YRpaSey otb ly- 
poR^i ecjiH Typei^RÍB cyjrraHi saxonerB mcthtb RasaRaarB. 

CepanioHi aairlTHjrB eny, hto GaMoftjioBHHib yse Ha6paH^ Ha 
pajrí^ RasaRaMH rerifaHoií^B ■ yrBepacxeHi i^apeiTB. jfl^opomeHRa 
CRasajii: 

— IlycTB GaMo8jOBHHi ne XBajHTca, ^reOh owl 6ujli> laRoft 
RdsaBB, BaiTB fl — OTB upa^^ffOB^ RaeaRi! PasBt owh Bviajn sa- 
noposcRiff pftmi h iiope? Fa^ ohi tfuBan? vb Heny npscMO-* 
Tp&iCfl? Ob RaRHMH rocyxApflMH o BoflH^ H O MHpt xo({pair& 
o6uiBBWh neperoBapHBaji^? ObjwbsTh jih ohi nud Hyamo x^h 
qapcRaro BejiH^ecTBa aa^atB? IlycTB yRaxerB: kojih Bce sHaerB h 
MOseTB xotfpoe a^o Becni, h ony ycryHjno h hhsm hobjiohhhsk 
sa TOy ino CHHMerB es icena nrocTB remaHCBaro TOHa. Ho sHaerb 
TO BoPB H jk)xb: He xMHÍfi OH^ xasavB. PasBi nepexoxHJTB ohib^ 
h(A BoficROBiie ^hhs, on Maiaro no (Jonmoro? fl rass XHorasxH 
6uJíT» noiROBHHBom fl Bdb erapniHHCRie ^bhh npomejis. Oycrb^ 
i^apcKoe BejH^ecTBo caiťB pascyXBrB, ^T6 dw tfyxerB, xorxa noxi^ 
i^apcROK) pyROK) (fyjífiTh cocTOHTB pasoiTB HacB fjBSL FeTMaHa! SI ero 
He jik)6jr), a owh Hena ne jnoÓBrB,— h CTanerB y nacB A^aTBCH 
vb yBpaini TO se, ^ A'^aeTCfl fb Uoxhmiy vf^ xoa reniaHa 

H B^HHO MeaRXy CO<ÍoR> eCOpUTCH. Tu rOBOpBHIB: CaiIOftJIOBBqi H8- 

ÓpsiWh BOJiBHHMH TOJiocaMH; SHaeiTB MU; RaRoe 9T0 BOJnnoe H86pa- 
HÍe: BHo9 6ti ne xot^j-b no^aiB sa Hero fojiocb, a& npHHysxen^ 
6uÁ^ noxaBaiBy — ottofo, hto sa nero x^psan pyRy (Joaphhi! 



O Ibidem. 230. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



niEL. 215 

— Osth JVtpcBUTB BejBvecTBOMx yrBepsKOHi, — noBTopurs mo- 
Ban. — Sán lenepb ero oicraBETb hjh iiohhshtb? 

— A ae sejuiE) ero noHaaceBÚi, — csasan ^opoaieflKO. — IlaHi 
CaMoAjiOBH^s MOsen HHUM'b cnacodowh Ůuib BarpasxeffB on 
i^ipcsaro BasHWCiBa. A Jieiai) sa B^py xpEcnaHCByio h sa ni- 
jiocTB xapsaBH ero i^apcaaro BC^H^ecTBa bi^ noraHCuu seiuflx^b 
yMHpaiTL, a owh nycib ce6i cnoKoltHO SHrejbcreyerb 6wb xio* 
noTb. Bcerxa a JKejajii— ■ Teaepb seiaio— Aotfpa ero AapcaoMy 
Ben^ecTBy h seiuríb mocsobcroS, toxlbo oahok> cropoHox) yRpafiHii 
Beusa Ham on xyposi a laiapii oÓopoHBTbca; saiiifb-TO mei b 
npBHysAeHH Óuje nouaTi>ca xypei^oMy rocyxapK): ecsB a aio 
cx&ian, TO ex^ajii xu B^pii xpacriaBCKoL Casiii o cetfii a 
Boero Menie nomunujn; ciiBOseft b^x^ y mcha ntn! Mh& Bxen 
fíkio o JioAui: ne xo^y, ^to(Si BTO-BBtfyj^> no MoeĚ bojí Ron&hl 

Buxh noTOMi CepanioHi y Tysaibcsaro. MarpoBOjan Bocxsa- 
juu'b (Sjuronecne ^opomeBsa b npeBOdflocBJíi ero sa to, iro xasňo 
yse xo^en orAaib YspaBsy i^apcaott BJiacra. 6*^ tiuraocxB Cepa- 
iiioHa y Tysajibcsaro opameji xyxa b ^opomeHBO. 

— JífiA EopBy — CBasan Jl^opomeHxOy — wso&h a HexocTofiHiifi xoro 
xoauaacfl, aorxa 6u ero i^apcsoe npecBiiTJioe BejanecrBO noaopajTB 
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^niB tfii i^ipB T04BB0 Ba^ajcB, a to MBorie oonoapasB y aero 
oÓpaiuyTca. HaqaxB 6y aaAJeauuo paaše a Be xe^JiaiB, noaaif^rB 
lypsa nojBBORB noA'B cbok) aiacTB ae noxt^a^a, — a to soia no- 
K)6hM)rh, TO a noiflBB aa i^apcsyio Aepsaay aexoÓpoiTB craayrB! — 

En^e ae npeenuca GepanioB'B cb JI,opomeBBOirB9 Bav^ aBBJíBCB 
vh rexMaay nocjiaBi^ii otb apEiMCsaro xaaa npocaxB saBai^Kofi no* 
Mon^a npoTBBi aenoRopauxi aorattCKBX'B aypn, a bcji^x^ sa 
aaMH npiixajia BOralAH npocaTB Aopomeasa ae OBasiiBaTB npo- 
TBBi HBXx coa^^^Sctbíh BpuHCBOMy xBBy. ^opomeBBO, pascBasasnia 
o&h BTOMx Cepanioay, BOCBjasayxi: «xafi BorB, htq6% 9tb tfycyp- 
naHu caiia ceófl paspusaia, a hto^íi aeaaBacTB, Boropaa no caxi 
noiTB tfiua aesxy xpacriaBCKaiia aapoxaicB, o5paTBiacB aa ae- 

BÍpHUX%» ^). 

Cepanioay ae nojynajrB otb ^opomeasa BB^ero nacanaaro a 
TOJiBBO caiTB sanacajii cjmmaaaBifl bmi p^lqa ^). 

; 1) ApxBM IOcthiUa, se. 24, iHcn 89-^0. 

i ') fo Kmofc CTeneBH hckpchbo diuo to, ttó AoponeaKO roBOpui o ce6ir— o 

I TOM MOxeTJi óuTb coMHtHÍe, HO OBI ÓescoopHO roBopixfc npaexy Ha-cien» ryposi* 



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246 B^GTHHn KSPOnH. 

Korxa vh MocKirb yseaiH o Óedbxb Cb CepanioHoirB, noc^ajiH 
wb JI^opomeHRy iitapcsyio rpanoiy, ra ROTopoft noxBUJiiH era sa 
TO, iTO sejaen oipe^Bca otx arapflH'B h itocrynnn^ uoKb bucobo- 
AepsaBByK) i^apcsyio pyKy ^); bo na npex^oaseHHHfl yejiosifl a^^h 
oTpHi^aiejibHBiS 0TB'&n. MocROBcsoe npaBHTejiBCTBO jvkpuo^ mo 
He ÓyxeTB OTAa^H Riesa h yBpafiHU HOJiasaiTB, xoTopne yse 
caHH otpeBJBCB OPB yRpaftHH xoroBopoiTB ci Typi^eK), HO aa 
exHHoe reTMaHCTBO wb yRpa&sri^, Boroparo jiflŮmeacsL ^opomeHBO, 
He corjiamajiocB; npexocraBJUiJiH ^opomeHRy 6mb tojbro reiMa- 
BoiťB Ha npaBoft croponi A^inpa, a Ji^Bajai ocraHercfl ho^b yopae- 
jieHÍeM^B CaiioltjioBH^a. Orei^ CepaniOHi naa^oBCSíS cHOsa notxai^B 
Kb Ji,oponieHBy ci TaRHifB otb^tomi. JI^opomeHRO, npo^HTaBniH or^ 
v%Tby cBasajrB: «He SHaio, ^tó lenepB h mojibhtb, — Bce 8x6cb 

npOTHBHO. SL Gb MOHITB SejaieJlBCTBOBfB o nOXXaHCTB^ OTOBBaiCH 

H TenepB ne OTKfeflH)CB, otfin^aio, nosa Bon BxopoBbe xtcrBr 
cÁysHTBy CBOJBRO CHJii MOBXB cTaHeTB, BejniBOMy FOcyxapH)*. 

CaMOfijiOBBHii ÓBiJii eo^e 6oáie HexoBOJieH^ dTHiiH CHomeHiBMH 
CB ^opomeHBOiTB, ^iwb npesHHHH. Rorxa i^apcBÍi roHei](i nepe- 
xajTB eMy ^b npoTreHÍfl otb^tb, nocujaeMufl ri jDt^opomeHRy, 
CaMOfljiOBBHi csasajii: 

«H npesxe b hbcbjtb w> i^apcROMy BejinnecTBy, h Teneps 
TO se CRBsy: h ^opomeHRO, h TyRajiBCRiS tojibro dajonyTarB. 
yitHm;iflK)rB ohb, BáBi Úu BUMaHBTB y BeiBsaro rocyxapa bii- 
crynjeBifl paTHuxi i^apcRBXi iioffiŘ h3^ RieBa, ^to&b RieBi no- 
TOMi TypRaiTB otxbtl! JI^opomeHRO paaoirB b Kb BOJBROny rocyxapřo, 
B vb DOJBCROMy KopoiK) Bocujaen — B oÚORXb oÓMaHElBaerB, a 

XPyaRBTl CB OXHBMl TypBOlTB. Ra^H OWb BCRpeHBO xirrijLb noA- 

xaTBCB, TBRi He BfixyHBiBaiii 6h to torOl to xpyrorOi a npocro — 
npocBjí 6u tojbro npBHBTB ero nox% BticoROxepsaBHyK) pyRy — 
B HB^ero 6ojiBnie». 



n» oxHBasoBHxi noiasami pMHuxi^ JHm, nooftmiBnirb lorxa Tjpennň oójftoni, 
JCHO oKasHBaexcA, hto mockobckog rocyxapcTBO 6iuo HpaBCTBeHHO cuBHie, niwh 
caMO 8T0 cosHanaio. He toimeo napoxB n npaBoóepesHoft FKpaiHi npexnoTOraii 
coexHHeHÍe ci moccobckemi rocyxapcTBOirb BC«ioft hhoí xu ce6a cy^bói — h j xpm- 
cň%vb BaiiaHCBaro noiyocrpoBa Bospaciaia laxesxay ^ro Poccíh c^xx^ho HstfaBen 
Hzi on nycyjuiaBCioft neBOii. Hputoxua rtcta, no rpeni, BaiaxH, ÓoirapH, eepós, 
Bci xpHCTiaHCBÍe HapoxH, can TOibRO ycJHxau, mo BeiHiaro rocyxapx paTBH« jdxk 
biiíctI d nojflxaMH zoTim hxth ea Typosi, oÓpaxoBaiHCb i noiarh Bóra, hto6ii ara 
ciopie craiocB: zorán ohh coexHHHTBca ci rocyxapeBUMH icx^mh b bmíctí cihikb 
noxHJTBCji Ha Typon boBhod, noTOHy ito bcí ohh „y Typei^saro cyiraHa n xaseioft 
BOBOJiH I óesopecraHHo vuhica hmi on Typoai BeiHcaA aaiora^ (A. K). ■ 3. P., 
XI, 277—299). 

ij ApZHBl K)CTBIUH, BH. 24, 1. 193. 



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viERk. 247 

remaHy He HpaBuocB, hto i^apB coraamuca octaBETB JI^opo- 
mensa reT]faHoir& xase h na oxhoŠ npaBoS cropoHŠ. «Ecj[h Jífi" 
poflieHBO ocraHercfl TaM'B reTMaHom, — roBopni^ owl^—to ciaHerB 

H nOXB MeHfl nOSBCKHBaTbCfl*. 

no HacTOflBii) remaHa OaicottJOBHqa, nocii HeyxaBmiixcfl toj- 
ion OTqa Gepaniona ci^ JIppomeHicoirB, f& sohi^ HcaÓpa coctohica 
i^pcsii yKasi raasR) FoMO^aHOBCROMy h rencaHy Cano&JiOBHqy 
HITE ch Boficicaira sa JSJJHiiiprb na AopomeBsa: ecjiH Jl^opomeHso 
caH sapaH^ npiiiiLien Cb seiameirB nou&i^cfl isfipio, npe^BO- 
XpneiH xoJusHH ÓHJiH npHTJiacHTB ero vh CBoft craffb h (Jesi na-* 
npacHiixrB npoBOJOwn npenaTB orb nero npEcary na noAA^HcxBo, 
ASBím o&bmšme saiqHntaTB ero on lypovh. Aobbojajiocb npe^BO- 
AHTejflirB, eciH cam* J^opomesKO craHen* ynpaMBTBCfl, npHHATB b% 
noAxancTBO npaBoÓepesHHe nojmu h mhmo Jt^opomeEsa, e xony- 
eiHTB uvh HstfpaxB oe6% esofo rerMasa, xote 6u e caEOro Ca- 
MofijoBEna ^y 

noxox^ coexBEeBEHX'E BoScKE — BejiíEBopyccRaro, noffB EanajB- 
enoiTB PoMOAaBOBCBaro, e Majopocd&csaro, n renfaEom Caiioi- 
jOBE^afB Bo rjaBŽ— OTspHJCfl vh KOHi^ EHBapfl 1674 roxa. 
^omjiE xo As^npa npoTEFb EpHJOBa. Cosfje BoposÓBsy, Bopo^ 
Bfli^, ByzEHi. Orb ByaBBBa ompaBEiE noxhisjuh Kb ^EPEpsEy, 
6oflpflHx — CBoero TOBapEo^i CsyparoBa, rerHasi — Jl^EEipaniBy 
Paft^y. JI^oponieBKO Bucjiajrb npoTEVB sEx^b 2000, sa nojiOBBEy 
Ki«EHxi, Ha nojOBEHy n&EBXi. ^oponieHKOBAu He Bii^epsaJiE 
Óofl E ynuE. CsypaioFb e ^BTpamBa Palná cosfjb nepexHioK) 
ncTB mirBpEHCxaro nocaxft b BopoTEJiECb El BysEBy % 

PyccKoe BoficBo XBBByjiocB BBeprb no ^Biapy, no JiBxy — h 
2-ro ^Bpaifl xonuo xo Vepsaci; TairB BaxoxEJicfl ^opomeBsoBi 
oÓosHBft TjMWb Cb wpBaccBEiii nojncoBEHEOMi rpEropoBEieiTB. 
Sorxa vb HEJťb npBCjaBO 6uao vb ^epsacn npErjiameBie cxaTbCB 
— OHH OTBasajiBCb. Hanajiai 6o&, npoxojisaBQiiBcfl xsa xhb. Bsbtii 
ÓiME XBa ropoxav B8% Boxopux^B BTopofi sauiOHajcfl vb cepexEfli 
nepBaro; saT^irb octaBaicfl ipeiift ropoxi— bi cepexBH^ BToporo. 
KaEfB TonBO npECiynEJOi js,% aroiiy iperBeiiy, ocasxeBHue sána* 
xjufl manBaiíB h 8a]q[MinajiB, nio cxaB>TCB. BuixajB oÓosButt Fy^ 

JSMffby nOJUBOBHESl PpErOpOBAl^y npOTOHOni GeMefll JlyBBflHOBBHS 

E sHaiHiiĚ TOBapBBVb .SoBKO IIoTaneflso CB BÍ^BOTopuMB xpyrBMB: 
OHH BpBBecjB npECAPy Ha Bi^Boe noxxancTBO BejBBOMy rocyxapio. 
Břh ^epBacaxi, bpomI Hepsaccsaro no^rsa, naxoxBJBCB lorxa Bpe- 



1) Ibidem. i. 420—442. 
<} Ibidem. i. 520. 



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248 BlCTHKrBBBPlHDL 

MeHBO XB$ COTHH, npEEfig^ieSEBInis ROpCyHCBOlíy UOJíKYj H T& 

npHCflrnyjiH bm^ct^ ch lepsaci^aira. ^Hrejni ?epKacB bo speusí 
B3flTÚi ropoA& BOxepiribH HeMHoro^ noroMy ^ro cex^jh sanepniHCB 
vh AOMaxi. IIpeABOAHTejH Beji&íH Tjjísxy e rpEropOBH^y CLiep- 
KaccBHMH BasasaMH HXTH sa ootfoK) ^HHHTB npoMHcejii EtLji^b xpy- 
rHMH ropoxKaicH, a kb ^epsacarb ocraBEjn: C^cHIiobhtb— npe- 
jtyi^saro nojiROBHHKa Jlasapa FopjieHRa^ a PoMox&HOBciífi-- ocipo- 
roscBaro nojROBHHKa TepacHna RapaÓyra cb hte nonaHaiiH ^). 

$eBpajfl 8-ro, npHtfiiJiH Boftcaa n MomHairE. drwh n^xon, 
BtpoflTHO, Torxa HeMHoroiH)AHiiS, aocíš nepezoxa onyxa mho- 
rHX% SHTeiefi na i^Biift 6eperb, cxucn h npicflrHyxB ivtpio 6en 
conpoTRBieHÚi. OrciDxa npeABOXHiejiH arnpaBHjm orpixi^ npKrjia- 
maiB K% cxa^i KaneBi^ a caiiir, bcji^x^ saTbirB, noTSByjmcB ch 
o<$080M'B no iBxy Bi TOMy se ropOAsy. B'b RaneBi CEfjbxh rene- 
pajiBHufi acayxB Jlnsorytii^, HasHaTOHHufi otb Jl^opomeEsa Hasas- 
Buwb reniaHOirB: kl neiiy f,M ycEJiema nocjajTB Jl^opomenBO 
300 cep^eEflu ci nojBOBHHBoirB IŠ^ypeHROsrB. Jlwoovjůhj o($£iqaB- 
mífi sapante x^ficTBOBaTB bi nonsy i^ápcsaro x^ia^ TenepB cxep- 
sajTB CBoe oó^n^anie, CBJíOHHjrB Kb Tony se BaneBCsaro nojnsoB- 
HHsa EBana rypcBaro h m^ypeHKa, Bictcr^ Ch hhmh BHÍxansE 
CTani 6oflpHHa h 6ui» qejioirB o npHHimE RaeeBa oo bc^itb xa- 
fieBCBHMi nojiRoiTB KB uofffiMCtBO. UpejifiOKBTem nocJiaiH iipmiecTB 
Kh npHCfli^ BdÍTh^ pasffijiflBmHx^ ^BCTBOBaHia JlH8ory6a. Bci^ vh 
EaneB^ — h BasaBH, h nocnojiHiEi — npHCflTByjni 6e8]ipeBOCjn>BBo; 
ci RáHeBCBHMH BasasaiiH Óbjih TaifB H npHCiovjrjH ab^ cothh 
yiiaHCRaro nojiRa h oxHa sopcyncBaro. Uocxb npEcarn npexBOXH- 
TeiH nocjiajiH HaqajiBHHROVB bthxi cotohi cb ydixnrenHinfH 
nácBMaMír kb nojiBOBHHBaií& yMaHCBOMy h BopcyncBoiiy nocjišxo- 
BaxB npHiiipy BáHOBi^eBi, ne AonycRaa Hax^ co6oio npEHy^HreiL* 
BSLXh vfbph. EaneBCKÍe BasaKH xojshu Ůwol cxbfflBKb sa renta- 
BOM'B CaifofijiOBHqeirB kb A&JnBH%fimifi noxoxB. 

1 1-ro 4^Bpau, JlH8Ory0B npHrJutcexB npexBOXHrejet na o0ix^. 
Bhjtb TaiTB reeepajiBHHfi o6o8Hiifi ryjiasi. Oh!B cootfnpixBi iro y 
JI,opomeHBa HexaBHO 6iua pa;^ vh ^HrepeHi. ^opomeHBO yti&a- 
Aaji'B, qro Ka3aBaM'B h nocnoximarB cjAjíyerb ynosaTB tojbko na 
MHJOCTB Typei^saro rocyx&pE, Moryn^ecrBeHHifiniaro Mesxy seMHHMH 
BJiMHRaHH, noTom cx^^Jtan paxt BonpocK Boro HairB xepsaTBCfl 
— xypoRi MH nojiflROVBy a o mocrobcroitb i^api ho cnpaniHBajrB. 
«B'B nojiBsy nojiHROBi ne Morjio pas^aiBCA hh oxHoro rojoca, — 
BaiciTHJi FyjiaRi, — a na MOCROBCRyio cropony bc% 6u crjiohh- 



O Ibidenu i. 596. 

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fyiiA. 249 

joa^ TOJiBKa csLumtb HaBísiiBaTECfl cb aiHirb HMeHeiťB 6euio 6u 
He (SeaonaeHo: se pasi cjijHajíocsi tto AopomeHBO HapoHHo buuu- 
nerhy vo6b xepaicaTB j ce6jL na xy^oS jt^BlíAtí tofo, rto cy- 
Hercu CB npoTHBHiniH eiiy MHCJiaKB, a noroirB, npHuyw^, npH- 
xepercfl » Hwiy Rasx^tfyxro sa ^ro-ratyxB flpy^oe; nodroiiy bc* 
Ha paA^ saBonnn, htd jy^me xepsaiBCfl ^poTeKI^H lypeifsaro 
cyxraHa, h ^opomeHRo oduBin, hto laBOKb BOficBOBott npn- 
roBOpi* ^). 

PéjqdĚ, oxeaxo, bb xyin% mpejicfl Torxa cb noMftHCiBOiťB 
ÓycypvaHCKaro BiacTHreu, e bto narjiflXHO uofJSM Bnxbn PoMOAa- 

■OBOdi H CaMOĚJIOBHTB: R!B BXl TaÓOpj TOJinaMH BaJIHjni SBTeJIH 

HpiBOÓepesBOĚ YspatHu cb sesitíCH h aítbiíh, yiiojiiuni npEHniB 
HXB H nepenpaBBTB na míbuř ÓeperB ^Hinpa; HairbpeBajBCB ohh 
Haflnr ceÁ6 HOBOcejiBe fb i^apcRixi o6iiacTflX!B, noKHHyBiSH na 
Avh seiUH) CBonrB npapoxHrejieft, noerynaBmyv) noxB BjaetB ly- 
poKB. 12-ro 4^Bpajifl, CaicofiJiOBHVB otpaahjtb i^sitt jiydeHcsífi 
noJORB nox^ BOMaHAOK) nojiKOBHiiBa C!ep6iiHa bi pasHiie yspaHE- 
CBÍe npaBotfepesBHe ropoxBn ephboahtb exi bi noM^^HcrBO i^aps) ^). 
Caus npexBOXEiejra ne nonuni yse otb Kanesa x&^i^ no npB- 
wbbí OBBxaeMoB pacnyxEi^ii, nepeouB HasaxB ^epwb ^E^npB 
Bv£erfe CB ToniOH) EpaBofiepeasEuzi opBiasB b pacnojiosBJíB cbob 
ůóosu Ha Awwb Óepery npoTBBi KaHesa, a eotoitb, npa sexo- 
craTBŠ šopny b sanacoBi, 15*ro ^pau orcTynEjra si> Ilepea- 

B% Mogbbí tffiijiE HexoBOJiBHH, Bor^a nosy^iEXE BSBicrie, ^to 
ompaBjeHHHĚ bb ^BnipBHy noAiisjTB BopoTEJica pasospeMesHO b 
He xiBpsajTB Jl^opomesBa fb oeaxi. B% OBoem^ oopaB^aniB^ doa- 

pHHl E TeTMaHl EBCaiE, HTO EOXB^ISXH XOXBJn BB ^BTBpBHy He 

Ůesrh nojiB«y cosrjiE noca^H, Bcrpe<$EJB zbbeoctb b npBroroBBJE 
(kuampo rtcHory ^BFBpBHy, a J^OJAe aejiBBfl 5ujio nwh ocra* 
BazBca: ropoffB ^BnipEEi ysptojiesB, y ^opomeEsa tucah^ mecrB 
BasaBOFB B se ceroABB, sasrpa motxe epbxtb kb nevy TaTapcKÍa 

npBMipy Eanena h ^psacB nocjiixoBajiB Msorie xpyňe ro- 
poxEB npaBodepesHoB YspažEii. TorqacB sae no npB($iiTÍB npex- 
BOXHTeiett FB IlepeBCJiaFB, abbjibcb bb sbitb BaBa^Bie erapmBHu 
B BH6opHiie BBB nocEOjncTBa ropoxBOBx: CraoBB e TímnoxBB— cb 
wioChrrBeMB hpbbbtb bx% bb noxxaHeTBO i^d. rerxaHB ompa- 
nojiROBHBBa GojiOHBHy OTo6paTB npBCBry otb bcíxi xaMom* 

O A. K). ■ 3. P., XI, 378. 
«) Ibidem. 8*4—875. 
«) Ibidem., 879. 



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2&0 mmmeh nponn. 

HHXi SHTejeS, a bcjšai sai^fcirE, no iipocBÓ'^ JflBorytfa, nocjaxs 
Ha sajiory vh KaneBi nepeflCJiaBeRaro nojnsoBHHRa ^mrpaoiKy 
PaBna e HŠSHHCRaro ^HiHima YMani^a; tfojq>HHi npHxajTE mrš 
ciofioACSHX^b nojncoBHHBOBi axTspcRaro h cyiiCBaro ^). 

17*ro 4)6Bpajiiíy npiixajn^ vh IlepeflciaFB XaneHKO es npexJto* 
TBiemewh naiosHTB cboh> (SyMBy: (tb ahmi 6iijio ao x^x'BTHCflis 
KasasoB^B H Tpn dojlcrhxi xopyrBH: PoMO^afitOBCsUl h CaiíoSjío* 
BEWh OTnpaBHJiH Hxi Vh PsEn^OBi Vh KaHecTB^ CToposeBOft saiora 
0TB BenpiiiTejfl Birlcrb cb npHxaHHtiMH ki HHm i^ipcKofi cxjsbjSu 
RaBaKaiíH h paTHOiiH jhoabmh. Mes^y i^itb, (jrasBíe m Riesy ro- 
poxBH MoTOBHJioBBa, XBacTOBi, ^epHoropo^pca, BHineBRa CAajma 
Óes^ conpoTHBJíeHiji itieBCBOMy boobox^, BuejaBmeny vh mnrh or- 
pa^H ^). 

Fopoxi KopcyH*B HO cxajicfl Ha npex^ioseme nocjiaHHaro lyxa 
KiflmKH, HO KopcyHCBaro nona liicreiira Oteójovh, KaiieHHiift 

BpOX^ H HHIU CBJOHHJHCB B'B HOUaHCTBy, a <StiíOI^pB(m^BÍfi HOJi- 

xoBHHKx GrenaHi ByreHBO c% ropoAsaMH h iriKm^BaMH CBoero 
5'&ioitepROBCBaro nojnca nofunucsí noA'B BUooBOAepaaBHyio pyny Be- 
jraBaro rocyAapa, jihhho npmúujLh vh Boryciasi h npHHecB npe- 
cflry nepoA^B CaMofl^OBH^eBum^ h reHepajiBHziM^B BOtCKOBiiirB acay- 
joiTB JIiieeHROirB % flfimjo ffi npexBOjHrejiefl HBB^bcrie, rto vl 
Kopcyn^ co($HpaK)TCfl cnxa rerifaHa ^opomenBa: (Spán ero Anxpeft 

n nOJBOBHHBH— BOpCjTHCBÍft, TOprOBHII^eHCBÍfi, yMaHCBÍft| naBOJtoi^t, 

6paiiJiaBCBÍfi, BajHHi^Ritf h iiorHjeBCBifi) xa ni^mie cepxesHipde 
noJBH, a q>yrott 6parB ^opomenBa, PpEropiff, HaxoxHTcs vh JIh- 
CflHB'&. no TBBOMy íBBtoilo GaMOfijiOBm 20-ro ^Bpajfl orpxxBJí 

HŠCBOABO AeCflTKOffB THCflHl BaSBBOFB B^B RopCyHy; CB HHMH 61UUI 

JlHsorytii^ H XaHeHBO cb CBoeio necrpoK) tojthok), cocTOaBmefo na 
HOJiOBHHy h8:b sanoposi^eBi, na nojiOBHBy htb hojabobb ^); dra- 
pHHi PoMOAaHOBCBÍt npHxajTB Kh WĚWh OTpaxx i^apcssTB paTHHXB 
Jioxefl, a HepHHroBCBÍfi hojibobhhkb BopbobcbíS nomen Vh Jlnr 
csíwA npoTHBi FpHi^Ba ^opomeHBa. Fpiri^BBO JI^oponieHBO c% cep- 
AOBATaMH cnepBa y^a^Ho ot6hj'b BopsoBcsaro h nomejTB bi Kop- 
cyny na coeAHH6HÍe cb cbohmi tfparoirB AHApeeMi h ceiiBR) noj- 
BOBEHBaMH. Ho HOX^ FOpOAOM^ Me^BEHuirB HanajH Ha PpEn^Bsa 
Aopomensa e na diiBniEx^B npE HeirBTaTap'B— BasasE, oocjniHHHe 
GaifotjOBEHeirB bi Ropcyny, pasÓEJiE h rnajE na EporaseniH 
15-TE Bepcn; FpEi^BBO Ch ojihoh) nacTBio taiapi sanepea kb Jim- 

O Apx. lOcT., EH. 24, I. 634. 

«) Apx. K)CT., na. 24, 1. 658. Cnii^Hp. C6opH. Maiop. A*^., ctp. 119. 

3) Apx. lOcT., KB. 24, j. 700. 

*) CHMÓHp. C(5opp. Majopoc. ^ti., cíp. 114. 



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pyHHi. 251 

CflHsš, xpyrie ero Taiapu yiiuH bi TapacoBsy. H vhJlmcsiBKbj h 
B^ TapacoBsi, SBiejiH dcxhaihcb na Taiapu, mhofexl nepeónair, 
90 BdflJH aLHBi>eM'B Bi nj^ETBy CBflsajiH canoro FpHii^BBa ^opo- 
ineHBa h BpoBoarJiaeBJH ceiSa noffx&HBBioi BejiBBaro rocynapa. 
Bojlíx^ saiiiffb npoBSOfluo BOJiHeHÍe wh Kopcynit. BuíBiníe taitB 
BS c6op% nojBOBHHKB B BaHaAHHe JiioAH Bamyni^ npoTBBi^ ]ífh 
pomeBBa; ynpflifue ctopohbbbb reniana Ilerpa: (SparB ero AsApeft, 
DiypHHi rernaBa Anefl^eEso b naBOJioi^BÍfl naixoBBBBr& Faiiajíša, 
BRAiy 9T0 npoTBBBBBB (!epyTB Bepx^, ytf&BajiB Bi ^BrapBffB, a 
ocraaLBne bojkobabsb b Bcb nojiROBue crapmBBH, BaB'B bx^b boji* 
KOETB, TaK'B B noBBByTaro FaMajrfieiD naBOďoi^Baro nojsa, npBsecjB 
jsfmcsjj Ba BipBOCTB BejuBBOHy rocyxapio nepexx resepajEBuirB 
acayioMB CaifOfijOBBHía, jIucesBOMi, b nocjiajiB rbreTMaay JI^opo* 
meHKy upar^iameBÍe bojosbtl cboS 6yBHyB% b (SyjiaBy ^). 4-ro 
Mapra BpBBesjíífl vh nepeflciaBi ri npexBOffrreiflifB bjiíbbhxi ra- 
TapB B TpAi^Bsa ^opomeHKa, a 5-ro Hapra npBÓiMB nojuoBHBBB: 
tfpai^aBCBiS Haseji^B JIBCfl^a b noAOiiBCKifi OcraBi Fofojib, cb 
HSBŠcrieHi o nepexoA^ Ba i^apcByK) CToposy bojbobbbrobb bi 
Ropcyai. IIpeABOABTejiB BpBBasajiB bc%mi npBCBFByBniBirB noji- 
BOBHHBaifi, Be osBxaa nopna SBMBaro flyxB, eB^BsaiBcii bb Ile- 
pejicraFB Ba pa^y, x^a BSÓpaBÍa ce6% soBaro rerifaBa no cbobmi 
npasaMi b bojbboctbmi; pasoiiB orapaBAJi^B GaMofiiOBB^^B yBBBep- 
caiju BO Bc% BpaBo6epesBue nojEB, hto6!b »^i BanajiBBiie jiioab, 
BH xajio se MimBafly cb^bibjeb sa paxy ajisl lot se uibm % 
y<í&BaBmie bbtb KopcyBa vh ^bfbpbbi, ctopobbbbb ^opofliesKa 
flOsasiiBaiB Be eaBrnsoH^ ÓojcpuŘ Ayxi. npo'Í8safl nepes^ Mex- 
MbMpBBjf ÁBApeS ^opomesBO roBopBJ^ BCJiyx^B nepex^B bc^hb: 
•tfyxy coBŽTOBaTB 6paTy, itoOtb Be tj6zj% MÍpa, Be Ha^^jca 
ÓojBBie BB Ba RaRÍe TypcRÍe b TampcRie bocbjire b c^aBaica 6ú 
iiapK^». ^KaiejiB rbxh m£ctb, wpesi aoiopiifl ohb cjK^AOsaje, Be 

BBSBBJflJLB rOTOBBOCTB CIOflTB Sa A^O ^OpOflieBBa ^). 

15-ro Kapra, (TB^bxajiflCB vh IlepeflCJiaBB npaBotiepesBsie crap- 
mrau, nojBOBBBRB, nOjiROBue crapniBflu, BoScRoane TOBapBO^B b 
BBorie BBaHBBip aasaRB. Hassa^esa BS^BpaTejBBaa paAa 17-ro 
xapra. Osa npoBCxoABJía bx fiojiBBioirB ropoA^i^ na u&Ř^Bjrb^ wh 
apMcyrcTBÍB PoMOAaBOBCRaro. 

ňpesAe Bcero arb^cb, no npBrjrafliefliK) 6oapBBa b Caifofijo^ 
Bina, BocBBmift reritaflCRoe SBBBie XasesRO. IlepeAB bamb Becaa 



L 


1) A. K). H 3. P., XI, 556. 


' 


«) Apx. K)CT., BH. 24, J. 780. 


ř. 


») Ibid., j. 753. 


-fc. 




i 






• 



Digitized by 



Google 



252 fiftovHis^b iBřonH. 

tiýjiaBy H óyviyvh — soaRH ero AOcioHHCTBa, noauuoBaHHiie non- 

CBBIťb KOpaJieiTB. nOKJIOHHBinBCB HE BC£ CTOpOHH, Offb CKESIUi: 

«B^OMO bcImi aaiii, ?to a ne caoeio Boieio, a no KopoieB- 
csoMy noBejiÍHÍK) cxtiajica remaHom h xoahji^ bo Bceii!B no bo- 
poJieBCBGMy yRasy; ecjH a BOicy jih6o issrb crapnraffB, jiKÓOKaBOicy 
npocioify Basasy yuHHJTE rtifB-HH(SyxB AOcaxy,-^B% toitbbei Mens 
npocTBTeU 

Ci 9THMH cjiOBaifE OHI noiosHJEi Ha CTOJTB (SyjiaBy. 

— Mu Bci, H crapniHHii, h boScko, bo bcbwb Te6fl npoiaaeMi,— 
BOsrjiacHJiH sasasH. 

Xanenso orome^i, a sasaR^B, RoropuĚ necB ÓyuHjvh ero, npo- 
AOisan CTOflTB, x^psa btotb 8HaR'B rencaHciBa x^fl nepexa^H Toxy, 
Roro paxa H86eperB ^). 

Khasb PoMo^anoBcsifi oOumim «BejiHRÍfi rocyxapb, ero Aap- 
CRoe BeiH^ecTBO, ROiopoMy bh bcí npHCflrnyjiH Ha sipnoe h b^^- 
Hoe noxx&HCTBo, HSBOjmjrB yRasaiB BuÓpaiB Bam, no BamaicB npa- 

BaiTB H BOJBHOCTfllTB, HOBaCO FeTMaHa, BMŠCTO XaHeHRa H JíftpO' 

meHBa>. 

GnasaBniH oto, rhasb PoHOxanoBcsift OTomejTB. He npHnijio€& 
xairo RasaRaiTB coBfin^axBCflo BiiÓop^. Co6paHÍe npoBosrjiacBio q)a8y 
na CanofiiOBE^a, h o6o3Hiifi ryjaRi, orB jHi^a bc6xq^, npoHSHecB: 

— 2BLej[aeirB Bdb, hto6i BejHRift roeyxapB nosaiOBajrB nacrb 
crapmBKB h nocnojiBCXBO, bcjíjtb 6u y nacB y^HHHiB rencaHa 
HeaBa CaMO&jOBHqa na od&nxx ciopoHaxi JI^H'&npa exHHHn rer* 
ManoiTB Hax^ bcíitb boScroitb sanoposcRUB, h 6eitb 6u naiTB b^b 
noxx&HCTBŠ y Be^iHRaro rocy^apa no HameirB crapHHHfiiKB npa- 
BaiTB ne na ehutl ciaTBasB, a Ha TaRBrB, RaRBMH ohi, Bejrasift 
rocyxapB, noasajOBajirB co ciopoHH reniaHa h cxapniBH^B h Boe noc- 

nOJIBCTBO ^). 

Bcb ciajui RiaHflTBCfl CaMofijiOBHiy. IIo BasaoRHifB o6mdLsai% 
HaxotfHo 611JO eny OTBasiiBaTBca ovb npex^íaraeiiofi no^ecin, h offB 
npoBBHecB: 

— HsÓepHTe ee&b oco($aro remana vn CBoeft cropoHu— laBoro, 
BOTopHfi 6u Bamy cvopoHy jry^inie nena Bnan. 

— Mu, — roBOpBJfliH npaBotiepesHHe,— ysi h xasB sa MHoranH 
reTManaMH npenijiH b'b Ronennoe pasopenie. He nysnu naic^ 
MHorie reTxaHH. IlyciB BejHRÍft rocyxapB nosajiyerB hbcb, Beasrb 
6uTh y HaGB OffHOMy remaHy na jAboS croponi h na npasofi — 
EsaHy CaMofij[OBHHy. 



O Apx. K)CT., KH. 24, i, 806. 
») A. K). H 3. P., XI, 890. 



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Googití 



F7HHA. 253 

— BejHBÍft rocywpB, — CRasaji tfoupHHx, — sajiyerB Bací: 
XOBBOiierE Baif% Hstfparb no BameMy xot^ík), h ójffire bh na 
npexHHX'b npaBax^E h BOJibHOCTflx% Bannixi bi bšhhoitb nojuan- 
carb ÍBejiHKOMy rocy^apio. 

OrapmHBsi h iiojbobhhxh onflT^ npHHUHCB jrnpamHBaTB Ca- 
MoiLioBiraa. Ton Boe ne eoTMniajicfl. HaaoH^^, npoTEBi ero 
Bojra, cxBaTHJiE ero no;rB-p7ra xaiRB CH^n^no, hto HSOApasH na 
HeiTB njaTEe, RpHBHyjii: «tu HairB jiiotfi, tu Ham jik)0i!» ho- 
craBUH na CBanb'!, npHBpiiJH liwb 6jmj^owhj Boroput ^epauus 
XaneHKOBi KasairB^ h Bua^Baie eny vb pyBs ^yjiaBy, nojioseH- 
EjK) XaHeHBOMrB Ha CTOJii. PaBxaBaiHCb o6iiqaHk Óeitb eny no* 
CMymmsLUE^ pasxaBajiacB npocBtfa, mscóh on ocniBHJťB na cbohxi. 
iff^kcian Bc£x!B crapmiHi^, sasie Úua npn ^opomeHvi ^). IIotoici 
^HTanrcB craiBE, cocraBjeHHSfl wh mocrobckoice npnsasi m npH- 
BeseHHHfl roHi^oifb Kojio^obhitb. Hxi cmhcjtb úan mson: npaBO- 
(SepesHas YRpatlHa orxaBuacB i^apx) Ha-Bira bi noMancTBO* To- 
cyxi^pB ÓyxerB oipanns ee on lypoicB h ravapi h HSBŠD^aTB o 
BcaKHXi CHomeHLiX'B eB EHOcrpanHiiiiH xepsaBaMH, RaesojBBo oh§ 
sacaiibCfl 6yxyn Maiopocdficicaro Bpaa. Bl citynaí BotH*b Mesxy 
Typi^ieH) H IIojaLBineio^ yspuraipi ne (Sy^yrB noMorarB hh oxHoft^ 
HH xpyroi CTopoHi. EcjiH 6u reniaH^B sartsjrE usyio cnyTy, 
BftsxBft o6fl8aH'E HSBtoHTB O lOiTB JifLpsí; HO rencasa Kosan ey-* 
XKTB TOJBSO oxHH'E BeJiHRÍft rocyxapi. Iloejrb bohthhh remaHa^ 
HOBufi HBÓHpaercfl bojbhhmh raiocanH. Bivxejspvh BejHsopooditt'* 
aaaa^ BCflBaro SBaniji ne cjriMoBaJio npHHSMarb h cxpaBBUb vb 
yspaSni, HO MajiopocciĚCKHXi nojOHeHHBOBi^ BsarurB npesxe h 
BOcejieaHHxi wh BeirHBopocdH, ecji ohh, ho cx&iaBmii BopoBcna, 
ySxyrb na caoK> poxiny, XObbomjiocb ne Bii^aBarB. Majiopoocúi- 
HUfb — HO BBoraTB vb BejHRopoociftCBÍt Kpai Ta6aBy h bbhb. Eess 
oobí^ crapniHHi remaHi h na npaBoft cropoHÍ, Ba«% na xbwŘy 

BB XOn HHBOrO SaaHHTB H hh y XOrO OTBHMarL BOTTOffB. 3aTfilfB 

ertxoBajui leaoÓHT&g o tskhxi craTBiixi, xoropini yse npesA^ 

61LIH npHHflTEI JfOCSOBCSHlTB npaBHTeJIBCTBOX^ XU J^BOS CIOpOHH 

■ TenepB 6wh BCBRaro cnopa h tien npenciaBieHiH bi^ MocBBy 
jTsej^fiMmeb f^ opasofi doapoHiHrE PoMOxaHOBaBVB. rjaBsiSmia 
<fajH: ccxpaneHie sasai^RHxi Hiiyn^ecTBi sa BxoBaiiH h jfktbm^ 
aoÓOffL BasaBOKB on noxBOABott h HOcroSHofl noBEHEOcn, bhh- 
csBftBie Blb lasaiMíift peecrpB vh hbcjA 20^000 auí npaBot cio- 
pmu ^(BÍopa Basai^BHXi, a npH Haxo^HoeTB — Mio^aHCBHXi h no- 
eeiHHCBHX'B A^ToS, c6opu (TB MaeTHociefl Wh nojtBsy coxepsaHia 



') Apx. lOcT., KH. 24, 1. 806. 



254 BMTHHň IBPOIOL 

xásai^saro božoke, MCRJuaqafl MaerHOcrefi apxiepeftcsiTB e xoHa- 
cniiiCKHZ^ npaBO Basaip^axi hhhobhhbobb, BMAxhmunT* ttiriteunoi, 

CyXBTb CBOHrB BpeCTlflHl. 

nocjii Bcero Bxoro npHcaraaH no sanHCv reHepaibrae hhhh, 
o6o3H£2t FyMBi, Bcayn Jlasory^B, cyxu nerpeHio, dojibobhbbb, 
OOTHHRH H BGflBíe HHHOBHHe jooj^ Botcsa sanoposcBaro npaBaro 
6epera Aninpa. Bci npER^aAiiBajni pysB vb npocBrexBHSirb 
ciaiuurb. 

EfO*TO H8B nojasoBBXWon cxMkn: 

— Mh npooBm, nro&b rerxaBi shxb n ^htepehí eu b% 
KaneBii a Óyxe seBOBHoaKHO — zotb rb nepeacaasi, notfiBiLe b^b 
aameft HpaBot croponi ^E^Hpa. 

— Pbai a SBTB laiTB, rxft msí BejmdĚ rocyxftp^ yKaserB, — 

GBasaJKB GaMOfiaOBHll. 

GrapiiiHHH, nojBOBHEBE E npocnie aasaBE aisofi cropoHU, 
ÓiiBinie na 9toS pa^^y croajifl nooxan e ae npEHEiiaiE he na- 
jrlfimaro yiacria bo Bceicb, ^t6 wfpeKh vrb rjaBauE npoECxoxuo . 

no OBOHiasifl paAH bbejce otb AopomeEsa renepaiBEEift 
nacapB Masona. ^l^opomenBO nncan CBoeicy conepsEBy xpyse- 
jODÓBwn TOHOirBy VTO roTOBB nodynETB bo bcoitb no yBasy Aap* 
CBaro npeesfaiaro Ben^ecrBa, JtaniB 6u he vh toitb ho 6usu 
HapymoHU ciapoAl^BHia npaBa e bojbhocte ^). 

BoapflSB E roTMaKB craiE pascnpaniEBaTB Masony, Masona 
CBasan: 

— Eorxa MOHE roTMani ^opomonso oinycsan, to npECflrayxB, 
UTO xoEorB caiTB ExiE KB IlepoaejiaBB 6etb veioifB, irodi BOjmsift 
roi^xapB mBoaEJTB npEsarB oro bi noxxaECTBO e beeh eio npo- 
eiEn; Te6a so, ÓoipEEi, npEsasan rericaBi ^opomoEso npocBTB, 

^T06h TS npEOjUUTB BUJ SHaTHHTB E BÍpHlIXl n>XOft, Ch E&VB 

MMfiHO ÓujíO tfii ony CK)xa npiizarB. 

— J9[ noauDj^-CBasajTB (kMipEH^B,— tojibko Te6n saxo^EO npE- 
BoccE Bi npBcart, aa toitb, hto nocnnEiiirB ovb mohe ho 6y- 
XOTB nopyxE E saxepmaHia. 

Masona i^BeimydrB. Boapan orapaBEJi c% heitb xBopaaana 
BacEjia PpEHOBa, a FemaKB — ciapoxyCksaro noasoBoro cyxBX> Aax* 
poa Aapaneaia % 

Tonaei nooai pam npaBotfoposaao crapniEnii nocjiajiB otb 
oo5fl Bi^ MocBBy aojaoBBEBWB B&EOBCBaro E yMaaciaro ch qojro- 
dETHOH), BB BOTopoS EupasajuKs^ TBXhi «ae noxaft aacB, B%pan^ 



1) Ibidem. j. 811, 818. 
>) Ibidem. i. 937. 



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Google 



pyjiHi« 265 

gftjmaHHinrb a cjyn tbohxi, oiciyiiHHBairB n ffOMMWh Bpwctan 
Hvmua, jmam, fb nopyraH&e! Hsbojib, Bame i^tpcBoe npecBirjoe 
jBenivecTBO, micarb Kb noiBcsoMy sopoiX), iTO(b laxE BizmiH im 
ropoxa BijoĚ*I^epsBH» O- MocbobckíS jsfiíph npHKasaiTL pasoejiaTb 
Bctiix npaBOÓepeasHfiUTB nojBOBHEiuuťB rpaifoni sa oiBop^aTOio 
ne^axuD. «B£i— cxasaHo ^siJioarL i^apcsaro hmchh — npEHara noffB 
lamy BucoRoxepsaBHyH) pysy Hs^b-noxib xypei^saro, a ne hsi- 
noA^ noAcaaro noMftHcxBa, a noTOMy h heihí h Bnepe^^ HHRorxa 
xopoHi nojucBoS ycryiuenii ne 6yxeTe» ^). 

ycnoKOHTejiBHua yB^HÍa MOCKOBcaaro i^apa ne BflsaiHCB oxHaso 
CB vbcTSMEj nojyHeHHHMH CaMoftjOBH^eiTB H31 IIoÓyABa. IIOJIBCSifl 
np^BOAHTaiB MoHApsieficsifl BcryníWh cb BottcsoifB, HasHaTOHHUMX 
JIM noxuHeBÍa yspaiflu Piu-QocnonroS. yseaBinH, hto BjacxB 
^opomeHBa maraercii, nojflSH noRymajHCB CROp^ sauaTHiB 
CTOJta ero Bjax^^HÚ. XojHipH ÓesqHHCiBOBaxH nax^ jodxbich bi 
QonuucB tfpai^aBCKOM^B h KaiBHHqsoirB, saÓEpaiH y sEieieft no^ 
ciftxHie nosRBfl H caMHrB udjuA srán orneiCB, a Mesxy tšitb 
^Mdl yse <&ui» xo loro neroii^Mni qro ji»xv mnaAicB MasHEOio 
(«njaBy ÍAirB>) ^). MoHxpsieBCKifl sanui BHHHHii[y) a ^Mupa&- 
esii Honoemm JiCHi^a HScaxB rerjiaiqr. eeis Han Ao6poKS ne 
nÓEMffiMBmhj TO aapoxi paadpeAeroi: csopo wh 3a6ysBH h Hox- 
Kbcrpia He ocraneicfl nof/^ tjt% sasxHt laa lampB cb nou 
osuaem, a CBepxy jaxff HaeTynaim! — IlajiBCKtĚ se npexBOxerejoiB 
WKSLM% OyfOĚJon^, mto BcryoHjrB vb oóufarh BBxan x^&CTBÍt 
npotBRB TypoKB B TtTapTB H npocHjnb xocnAurrB ooj^psame non- 
eioHy Mšay. Ha Aoneceníe o6ib 9toM%^ DOCiaHioe CaxoiJOBB^aa 
B!B MocBBy^ mKjAfflBttíCb Jífi,pcBÍĚ ysan xpeócsaTB on MúOKpmewr 
asMto BKBOxa nojBCKHXi Boficx^ HffB rbnh nojiRORB, KOTOpHe yse 
XofipoBOJBHO nociymiH »b hoxxucibo leuMMy rocyxapn, a so 
Bdbn Bootin^e sHreuirB npasol eropoHH retuturb ffoxemb Cwpb 
pasocjasb yHraepcajTB, ^notf^B ohh ho npEsmajH snaBHXi nHoa* 
Hil on floiBCKrncB jsM>ffit H vb ropoxK Ki cetíi He BiiycKajH 

Tbwb He MCHte aB!B npaBOÓepesmixi hojbobhbsokb— ooxb^* 
crponesiĚ nouoBBHn ForojiB, nex^Boo iipiicirHyBmifi Cb fpjnau 
ippiD, nepemexB sa HOJBCsyio dopony h no ropoxam nona 
CBoero c?an bioxhib hojubobi. Ho bbvb Heapoveni Óiui^ nsoft 



1) A. K). H 3. P^ XI, 409. 
s) Ibid. 421, 424. 
»> Ibid. 425. 
*) Ibid. 459. 



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Google 



256 BMnoarb iBPonH, 

nepexox^ xajopocdflHi na noibcqrH) cropoHy, noMSiiBaen npi- 
MŠIKE maporpoxi^ exBa ForoA BBen Tyxa Ha jsopoMBesoe bha 
sajory, xarb sbejica CaMotiOBmeBi oxo^ doakobeheb My^amsa, 
H Bce maporpoxcsoe nocnojiBCTBO csoBa npecflrHyao ivtp» ^)« 



yseprKH Aopomeasa. — HeapijidHeHHiu xíSctbía cb AopomeBsoMi. — IIocoiLCTDa 
TepnHTopeBa. — J[oponieHso nocmaerB ki> xany MaseBy.— Masena nonajmerca vb 
BiliHi.— Masena bi Mockbí.— Ero noKasaHÚi.— HamecxBie TypoKi.— Bsaxie Jo- 
AUSHHa H YMaHH.— Heyj^a^HBfi hoxoat* 6ojipHHa h remaHa itb ^HrEpray.— Ila- 
HHBa Vb YKpafiHt.— CuBHoe nepeceieBíe napoxa. 

jS^opameHBo ne noixaiib no CBoeny ofiintaniK) b^i^ IlepeflCJaBi, 
a BMtkJTh BHxyMHBarb pasHHe npeAiwH si npoBOJiomft: vh WĚChiA 
CBoem Bi CaMofijioBHHy, owb Bjuefl HcnojiHiiTB x&HBoe ciobOi ho 
npeasAe cBoero npiibiAa vb IlepeflCiaRb, npocui iipsejiaTb ^r^- 
peHBim JHiTB AU OTOÓpama y aero npEcara b% ^bravpHffb ^). 
FeiMaEtB H (SoapHffB. ornpaBHJiB bi^ Hexy: nepeuS— lepearoBCsaro 
liojKOBoro tt^ayjia KajHUBa HEvnopeHaa, a Biopoft— CTpiies(Baro 
rojOBy PoicaHa E^MBeaa. 9th nocaasivi, npižxaBmH rb ^epsacn, 
norpetfoBajiH h» ^nnipiHa iipsciursE sa CBoe hício aicaHaTOBib, 
]ip03BAUH meciB XHeSy ne aosauhcl hi anaHaroBi, hh siCBHa 

orb JifipOmmEA H BOptTHaHCB BMSiKb HH Cft l/bwbj a npHBeBJUi 
TOJURO nMyWHHHH VL %pKacaX'B BÍCTH, 9T0 ^OpOIOeHBO HOdaJTE 

sa iiOflfOfl](bio Bs 7]^[>ei^B0Hy cyxraHy h BpmccBOMy sány ^). 

UoaA Toro i^.iiil anp&iB oe orsíHaajicfl yse Jífipmieaso 
vh tfoapHHy E remafly, a uesmy ^Am Kb Heny npuHJio 4,000 
larapi, h ovLj oioÓpaBi^ ibctb tmA opAUy nopyian ůptkTj CBoexy 
AHApeK> HQXVBBiTB OTnaBom orb neoro ropoxu. Micieuus Baiasiea 
H OpjOBsa QxaiflCb (Seob 6m^ hobíphbhih otiimaniaMs noMHJiOBa- 
HÍfl, HO remaHi ^opomenBO Bc£rB sareieft dXExi icbcreiesb spa^ 
Basan oiwtb vh Hesojno Taiapaii^ roBopHJui aiubc, mio nioarb 
saBflxia arn^B MŠcvMesb faiiOHHHirB cxapniHHaxi ÓypaBHJiH rjasa % 
no fasHiTb nBtoiiirB (kuipBffb h remanB bucjuuh aa npaByH> 
evopoHy noXBÍ8A'B~6oiipHH% pelrapcBaro cípoa noiBOBHHBa Bes- 
jieMHmeBa^ a reiMaHx, vb Ba^ecTBŠ HaBasnaro, JH^xpamBy Pafl^y 

1) Ibid. 469-472. 

<) ApxHOi K)cTmÍH, KH. 24, j. 944. 

») A. K). H 3. P., XI, 428—429. 

*) Ibid. 462.— CBMÓHpc. C(5opB. Maiop. A*í., cíp. 213. 



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P71HÍ:. 257 

Ck ntnaMH n^peflcaascsHin, nojraBesiuii, MHprapoACSHirb, rVífiJír 
nn H sy6ew(SEBM%f npEKasasoiH nwb emfi eoSrscb cb ixpaBo6e- 
peaumm nojisaiis — Hepsaccsmn*, BaneBeKEics, yifaHOKRirB h xop- 

TOBBJIfBXhy X^ Cl OXO^HMH nOJBaHE H CTOflTB, BUVUSffiO, XaiBHÍfir 

mra noBopom ofioToarejfcem O* Hoi^tpb AjesdUt Msxa&jOBflq-B 
H lenepb see ente ae xepflxii naxieaMu pasxtnTbCJi cb j9^(^ineHB0M& 
MipHmrB jsyrewh^ h no i^apesoirjr ysaey 6oflpflH*b h remass no* 
ciajEE en^e pam n ?8r]ipHH'B oapcftyH) yť^iAHiejBHyK) rpaMory 

CB rOlOBOK) MOCKOBCBHX'B Crp&JBQOKB TepnBTopeBuicB % 

Ho H3Bfficrii>, cootioieHHOMy BDoedriMctBÍH Masenoio, ^pomenso, 
nojqr^HBfliE 9epe3!B TiepnvTQpeBa ivíposyio rpaKOiy, cosBan ^Hrn- 
piHi^eKB H. npviaaaxB nponraxB ee nepex^ bcímh B&iyx'B. 

%rHpHH]pi BB OXHHl raXOOB BaspETOU: BOft MU XOfHlfl 6UTh 

y iiapfl 0B nOAflUHCEfii. 

JífifomBBao CBasan ismk «H a 6un 6u ps^^ boih^b nairB 
HpKzajB mwisHHym i^apcByio rpaicory, a to y hhx!b botb smbib 
Bcnstcsí: BpnDJxrcB bzi nojniH kb ÓoapHHy, a Taxae k% reruaBy 
CaMoSjOBi^y seiíMaHHyx) tiyiiary, h la lasoft 6yiiar& rb cani 
nassmyrB xaByx) yroxno mcB rpaxoiy, noioicB, CMOipat no Bpe- 
MeHH, KB nayB ee nooumn. Toxrao npeumiiOTB nacB^^ ^)! 

QoraaBnm vh ceúi TepnnropeBa, jOJ^opooieHM roBopexi eicy 

<SL now^HBidt ero BemecTBa lyp^puro oyjjraaa. Ab£ ca($xs 
BHCflTB y iceHfl oocBiNniBO naffB meoK): cy^raBesafl h bioíiicbwo 
xaaa! JBaiiepeA& cere fl Totno. xodkrB (SotB b^ hoaxmc^ y bo- 
jnearo rocjrwpsy a namH crapmEHii n noiBoraHBB loro ne no- 
xeaan^ no npEHOBopuv <íiitb.b*b noMaseraš y lypeiiBaro cyjsana*. 

-^ Huni,— ^csasan TepmropeRb:— tion crapniHHH a noi- 
wsmtĚM jme caicH ůkb iit6s voamiHoa bb nomanerBŠ iMipesoiiy 
Beixweivjr h npiioary na b^^vooctb spKnecjiB. 

— dtav*-^CBA8ai% jS^opomenso, — ymnejra ohh jiia coóoieft. 
He BrisHO ona ocmByicá bb noMimerB&l Cxopo nastonrB: yBHXnre 
caiiH. A RB ipq>eBOfi rpaiioaé) v6 tu npuBesi, usA rposiTB, uto 
sssBa PoMOAttHOBCBtt H iWMantB CaMoftiOBHm y^nyn na^B 9k- 
rspaHOiTB BOBHCsitt npwBcejiB HinntB. & rorovB hmb omopB xft' 
Bin^ jHmB (Sil oppp fpxffiLWUí. B lenepB yse XBa spiuceBBxa^ 
camna croarB cb mecnjo mcaHaMH taxapx aa 20 Bepcn oiciOAa. 
nycTB (kmfmwh h rewans vxyn na ifena. 



>) Ibid. 464— 467.--CaM6Hp. C(Jop. Maiop. A4i., CTp» 215. 
s) ApxBm ncTHiUH, kb. 24, j. 1,026. 
') A. K). H 3. P., XI, 680. 

ToMi IV.— IjoiL, 1880. 17 



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258 ' BftOTHIKl IBPOnH. 

. TepmiropeFB npocHJi^B OTnycniT& ero au nepexau orBŠía. 
^opomeHxo cBasajTL, ^o ornycnm mpesi HenpoxojisHTe^iBHoe 
Bpeiffl, HO noToiTB npHBasaai TepnEropesa saieoBarE h nocaxHTB 
Kb TK>pBMy ^). 

PoMOAaHOBCsii H CaHotjEOBHTb, nocjiaBiiiH TepnEropesa ooo6pa8BO 
i^i^CBOfl bojAj AOSHxaiHCB (mrira h, BticjiaBiiiH sa ^Hi^npi 
nox^^A^, yxepsHBajuiCB nepeBoxHTB Bce Boficso ea npaByn cro* 
poHy, MeAxy i^^c^ nocjuiHHQft ke noffB'63XB ^HHrpannsa Pátva, 
HesAy ropoAsaiíH Baiaueeio h OmíIjok), 9-ro ír>híi pautfiurb h 
BSflii B% nji'6H% ÁHApefl ^opomeHKa ^). Beii^x^ sartm npHHO- 
cuHCB H3i^-8a ^Hinpa ÓOflpiiHy a rericaHy b^cth, tfo n Jíflj^ 
meHKy coÓHpaioTCfl Type^Kifl h Tarapcm BcaoMoraTenHEifl ckih, 
E vh-nftÚMOKh ^opomeHBO crajn naA^TECE na conn ci nojui- 
BaME, BOTopue 8jio6ejecb na Poccíh) sa Haif%peHÍe BHpsaiB e» 
noiBCKExi pyBí npaBo6epesHyio losnyH) PycB: ESÓpaHHHt kb usA 
hobhB nojiBCEiS Kopou S.Bi> Go&bcEiŘ (npesHÍft EopoHHstt ret- 
Masi) npEBasajTB bi ík)hš csoeny noisoBEEsy IIpe(q[N>BCSOi[y ue* 
CETB SI ÁHxpeH) Aopomensy, hto dpan ero refíMAWb Ueifrb mo- 
aserB HaA^ETBca na eomoe^b co cropoHH IIojmnE npoTEKB mdcbob- 
cxaro i](apfl, secnpaBexiEBO npECBOBBaBHparo cetfi yspatny ^). 
Ho xoHeceHiflirB npexBOXAtejett nocatAOBan HaBosei^ itapcsift 
yisaBi HeMeAaeHSO «hehetb na^i ^opomeHKOMi boehcsíB npora- 
cejnb> *). 5-1*0 iiojuii nepemojTB CaMoSjOBEn kb ^epsacu. 3a 
HEiTB craaE nepenpaBJíflTBCE BejEBopoodficiíe nomí. 

Rb ^ErapEH^ CA^ajacB ipeBora. TyxA Had^sajio xBOseciBo 
Hapoxa E8i M-icreTOSB e cub bb ocaxy. Otb MHorojmxcTBa em- 
CTynEJTB rojox^B; jidxe saBOutOBaJiBCB, BpnaiE, hto6h ^opomraBO 
cxaii ropox'B E npEcaran itapH). TaBEX'B BpflBynoKB 61U0 MHoro, 
H j!(op0ineHBO ne oAm^ iipE($£ratB b:b vpymwh xipaKB, yBftpu'B 
OBpyaBaBEiExtB ero, iro CBopo npExerB CEiBBoe MyqrAMa«»oe 

BOfiOM), a CaMB nOCTOEHHO CBpHBajKE BB Sálf BÍ E He OTBaSEBaJCE 
BHZOXEIB KB tfOJBOIOft TQifOKbj Tf^ MOPB BČSptolTB OTBpimril npO- 
TEKB Oetfx USLTeXh. «£CJ[E» — rOBOpEJTB OHI (JJIflSHEMi: «IVtp- 

CBÍE BoltCBa cranyrB mobe xociaBaTB, a cixy Ha nopcncoBys) 6o«y 
E BBopBy cefiE, a seboS kb pyaE ne xwicfl MocsajuirB''. 7 ^o- 
poiHeHBa Bo BJiacTB, BpoMÍ ^HTEpEHa, ociaBamcB Bcero tosbo 
XBa ropoxaa: SSatfoniHi e MexBftxoBsa, a rjasnafl CHia, na bo- 
TopyH) OHI Hax^JiCA, 6suM ero oommau: TypBE e lafapu. Ho 

^) Apxvn dcthiUH) ih. 108, j. 65. 

<) Ibidem, kh. 24, i. 1,109. 

•) A. K). H a P., XI, 479. 

*) Ibidem. 531. / 



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^7£Hi* 259 

lATaps CTOiiJiH emfi sa j^ea ahh nyns ors ^erspEHa na ((epery 
pln HHryjia, a lypei^soe boAcko emfi 6ujío no ly ciopoHy 
j^H^cipa. áa^Hioaxi men Tor^a ne BiipyqaTb ^opomeHRa, a npo- 
TEVh nojiflKOBi — HaRasiiBaTB hx^l 8a HecoÓJioAeHie Ey^aciRaro xoro* 
Bopa, H HOiBCBie BopoHHiie reiMaHu, cciijiaflcb Ha ÁHApycoBcsift 
XoroBopB, AOMorajiHCB boobhoB noMOn^H cb mocbobcroS cropoHU. 
Ho naiHioaxi Ha nyra noiyiHJTB bíctb, ^to MOCBajiH 6epyn y 
Jj^opomensa ropoASH h b&msh h yase yrpoasaKnrB caiioiiy ^Hra- 
pHHy ^). no TaBoS BtcTH, naxHHiarB namejicfl BUHysxeHHaifB 
HBiribHHTfc CBOft HiaHi, OTJiosHTE Ha ůyMjwe BpenH pacorpaBy cb 
nonmeiD, cqAihbtl BupyqarB CBoero no^tpy^HHsa h Bcrynarb bo 
BpasxeÓHUfl OTfiomeHifl irb MOCBOBCBOiiy rocy^apersy. Ob% nopy- 
HHn BpmicBOMy xany cnacaTB cKopite rem ana Aopomensa h xui 
43aTÍm o&bmfiMie HeiiexJieHHO ABHHyrBCfl co bc^mh Typei^BHiiH ch- 
jiaifH % 

HaxbicB exHHCTBeHHO Ha noMony^ otb TypoBi h Taiap^b, ^o- 
pomeHBO OTHpaBBjí CBoero renepajiMiaro nHcapu Masony cb uhcb* 
MaMH Kh pasHuiTB HpaBHTejncTBeHHiiiťB jtHi^aiťB Typi^iH H SpHMa. 
noejaHiQr AopomenBa npHAano 6wío 9 Taiap^B, Boropue creperdiii 

H BOJH 15 XpHCrianCBHXB HeBOJBHHBOffB, SHTOJOfi jI'6B0fi GTOpOHU 

^H^npa: AopomoHKO nocHjaji hxi cbohmi coiosHHBaarb vb no^a- 
povB. Boi7(a Masona cb TaiapaiíH h HeBoiBnEBan npaÓJiHsajicfl 
KB HHiyjiy, exy neporopoxHia nyiB sanoposi^íi, mexmie hsb Ct^H 
xo pftsH Byra cb cbohitb BomoBiiiťB aTanaHoiiB C^&paoMi. 3ano- 
poBCide TOBapHH^H Aiosc&ft Bapoxa h xsa ((pam Tomhahohrii 
ocranoBHJH Maseny, noŮBun laiapi^, Óhbuihxi n hemi, ocbo6oxhjík 
zpHcriEHCBHn HOBOXBHHBOffB, a caMoro Masony xoctaBHxa CBOOicy 
aiaiNmy cb nepexBaqaraHMH nHCBMaMH ^). Sanoposi^st npHmjH 
n CHJiBHoe HeroxoBame, BavB yBHxajni, hto AopomoHBOBB nocxa- 
HoitB Berh xpiieTÍaHCKHX'B HOBOJBHHKOBi RB x&pB ((ycypicaHaifB H 
twAjm yÓHTB Masony, ho oro oicroui CšpBO. «Ho ytfHBatre, 
€paTipi, storo TOJOBtsa^y — ^roBopHJii om: «6fiiTB mosotb owh na 
^lo-HfltfyxB onHsnt h npHroxHTCfl^l H 8an(^osi](u orpaHHqaxHCB 
rtiTBi 110 TOJBBO sasoBaiH Mas^iy *)y a Clpso HSBlcTHn o toitb 
renaHa CaiioSxoBHia. FoTMaffB norpoÓOBajTB npecsJíaH bb Heny 
cxBaiOHHaro ^opomenBOBa roHi^a, ho OipBO onacaaca, hto GaiioS- 
jíOBHTB ornpaBHrB Masony vh MocBsy h tímb 6yxerB napymeHO 



«) Ibidem, 584— 635.— ApxHBi ©CTmin, bh. 24, jl 116, 1,224.--Chii6hp. C6op- 

. Maiopoc. Ati., cTp. 175—185, 189—191. 

«) CoUect. II, 113. 

») A. K). H 3. P., XI, 625. 

*) BeiR^KO. n, 842. 

17» 



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260 MCTHHKl IBPOnH. 

crapHHHoe npaBO ee BUAasaiB hesofo wh Cin, Cipio OTBasu-^ 
CaMoSjíOBHHy wh BBffimi Maseira. Tor^a FoHOxasoBcsift, yseaBniB 
o6h yiropcTBb KomeBorOi no covbry reniaHai nocjajii bi Xapb* 
BovB BBflTB uoKb nBpBLjjTh nposHBaBmyK) TaiTL seny CHbpKa h 
BflTfl ero OpxeMeHBai TpeÓya, mso&h ohh aotfyxHJH O&pu BHxaib- 
reTMany noSiiaHHaro ^opomeHROBa nocuHAa ^). OpreMeHKo, hm^b- 
mifi Ha xecTfl 6oAmoe Bjuflme, ynpocHJi KomeBoro hchoxhht^ 
npHKasaHÍe reniaHa ^). 

C'lpBO npecjiajrb Maseny m> reriiaHy, a rerMaH^i no($ec%xo* 
BaBmH CB HHiTB, Hepexajii era 6oflprayi y Boroparo npoÓcij^B- 
Masena XBa aha. Iiqjui 15-ro, ero ornpaBHJiff b^ MocBBy, GanoB* 
JOBE VB na OTnycBi namcaaia^ b% Masent: «noBTopflio xeéi to, o 
Heui roBopen cb to($ok> npi cra^amH h vb ^eicB ami Te6& 
CMBO. Th ocraHeniBCfl vb jsjbMOcxíi npe bcšxo^ cbohxi nosHTsax^B 
co BciifB cBOHifB AOMoiTB. IIociijiaH) CL To6oK> IlaBjía Mexaiessa^ 
po4KOBoro nHcapa H^sHHCBaro, owb xeófl a vh MocKsy h HasaxB 
H8^ MocBBH 6jffiTh npoBoasaxB. TojBRO Til FB MaaopocdBcKOiťB 
npBBaB^ onpoBeHHO paacBaauí Bce^ ^xd flaM'B sa^b roBopui o 
Jí^opoineHBOBHX^B 8aM£ic.aax'B h o xani h o OipB^b, h o&h hhoií% 
060 BceifB HHKaBoro A&ia, xotb h MaiarOi ho yrafil JKaiato reC^ 
ciacTjHBaro nyiH h CBoparo bi Hairs BOSBpaxa '). 

Masena 6ujn> He^owbreb o^ohb iobbíB h coctfpaaErexBHttfiy. 

npHTOlTB OXHHlb Wh TaBHX!B, BOTOpue O^^aXaiOTB BpOJBAeffHQIO cho* 

co($BoeTÍH) cpasy BCASoscy epaBaiBca h pacnoaaraxb r» ce6i xioa* 
CRÍfl cepAi^. HBtf&BsaBinfl RpaBeeft onaesocTH b-l jsm^ otb sáno* 
poBu^esii OHi^ ycn^Ji^B nonpaBHTBca GaMoAjOBH^y h PonoxanoB- 
CBOBcy; cpasy noHpaBHaca owh wmj bjxbo 6ujio e bsi MoesEt. 
Masena coo($pa8EXB, ^xo cjiysEXB ^opameasy hí^tb 6oate paa- 
c^era, noxoiQr ^0 JJ^opomeHBOBO a^o 6uso yace jiohxe coBctifB 
npoHrpano; Maaena ypa8yM'6ji%^ ^xo bxo es^b ($ib3kex'b sh Aopo* 
mensy vh nopy e sciaxE otl nero oxpe^excE e oBassexi ycjiyiy 
ero npoTEBHEBaiťB, xotb mhoto Biurpaexi wb a^Eann. Brh xasoiťB^ 
EMenno nojosenin oobbuui ce6E xorxa Masesa. Oqx wh M&io- 
pocciflcicoMx npERasi Bce pascRaaadrB o cboexi oxnoisenLix^B wh 
JI^opomenBy, 06^ e8b%cxhíix'b eny saiiiiaiax^ npaBO($f;p^Qaro rex- 
Mana e o pasniiai oticxoaxeiBCXBaxi coóuni nocjri^AHBro BpeMeu. 
^IIoTOMy — cnpocEJB Maaeny— j^opomenKO ne nocaajTB aiia- 
naxoBi Vh ^epBacu, sor^a 6oEpEn'B e rexMani oxnpaBEJE b^b^ 
neiiy nocjam^FB npEHEXB otb noro npECflry»? 

O A. K). H 3. P., XI, 691. 

s) Ibidem. 562« 

«) ApxHfib DCiMHÍH, KH. 27, JiCTb 547 —A. 10. SL 3. P., XI, 636—586. 



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pyiHi. 261 

Masena G&hscBVísi»: — Ilpi^bsaJio 23 ^^JOB^na otb Gtpsa h crajiH 
roBopHTB ^opomeHsy, qrotfi owh ne '^sxhji ri 6oHpHHy h rer- 
jiaHy Bx IlepeflCJiaBx, ne OTAasajrB 6h CBoeft ÓyjaBsi h dyH^ysa, 
a no npearaeify ocraBajica 6u vefsuBmwh na npaBoS CTopOHŠ h 
npiixaji Bb Gt^B A^fl tiOATBepsAeHÍA ceoero reTMancTBa. A TyT'B 

HpHinJIH B^THy ^0 H3l KpHMa UJÍfiTh R^L JI^OpOmeHRy Bl nOMOIAB 

opAa. ^opomeHRO ne noixaai bi 3anoposcRyio 0*6^, onacaacs 
rocyxapeBux^ Jio^efl na xopori, ho ci nocjiaHHEiicB crpijiei^REMi 
rojOBOH) He cra^^B yaRe ccsuiaTBCfl. fl npocHACfl y Hero vh Ropcyni 
vb seH% CBoefi) a JI^oponreHRo ne nycTHjTB mohs h CRasajii: teósij 
B%pH0, PoMOxaHOBCRiS co5jia3HfleTB C060MWBÍ, xoHemb uni hbmí- 
vhtb! Ohi npHRasaji) mh^ npEcarsyrB, a noroicB nocjiaji Meas 
B% TypeAROvy bhshph) ci nHCBMOM'B h npHRasaix na ciOBaxi caa- 
saTB eny, nroiu npECxano 611J10 nocRopie Typei^Roe hjih laxapcRoe 
BoficRO. Ci 'Awb OTnpaBHJi MeHfl JI^opoineHRo; a sa CTenH uensL 
nepeHflji GipRO. IIpoBoacaiux^ Taiapi 8anopoAi](Ei notiuH, a a 
OTh BETb He 6%saji'B H ne ÓHJica h 6iijix y hhxi na cxenH He- 

BsflTUfl y Masenu JI^opoineHROBH nHCBica 6um nHcanu ri 
Typei^ROMy rjiaBHOMy BHSHpio, Kb RptiucROsiy xany, rx xaHCROMy 

BHSHpiO H Kb H'£ROTOp£IM'B MypsaMl, XaHCRHMl JI0(5HMI][aMl. JI^OpO- 

meHRO HSB^n^ajii cbohxi cok)3hhrob'b, mo BparH «6apa6amH» 
{laByio RJHiRy ^^asajiH npaBOÓepesHue j'ÍBo5epesHUH'B RasaRaifi) 
noxcrynatoTE no^i^ HatfoTRHi, a PoMoxaHOBCRÍfi h retMaHi «6apa- 
<$amcRÍ8» yse «nepenpaBjiflioTCfl itepesi Jí^wbnpb nox^ KaneBOMi. 
XoTfl MOCRaaH ne crpamHu h npesHÍe rerKaHU npH noHonpí 
OXHHX^B TaTapi cb HHMH CHpaBJífljiHCB, HO y MeHfl xenepB Jiioxefi 
xajio» *). 

^acBOBO npHHfljsH vb Mocrbí Maseny h OTnycrejiH, xosBOUBniH 
nepefira Cb ceubeno h cb noaRBTRaMH Ha jAbuř ÓepetrB flflinps^y 
o ^eiTB opocHJTB ^ HOfo remaHB GaMofiaoBHHi ^). Oicioxa na- 
^aicfl HOBopoTB vb cyxBÓš BToro saiiiiaTediBHaro ^ejiOB^na. 

Heyxana nocojBCtBa Masenu vb lypRaiTB ne noii^majia Typ* 
Bani HOxarB noMon^B jS^opomeHROBy ji^bxy. BifšcTO Masenu, ^opo- 
meHRy rsocoůasb tor^a Foron, RoropiiB, nepe^aBniHCB, naai BHme 
<5ujío CRasano, nocai nepe^cjiaBCROfi paxu IIoJiBni'!, hsmíhbjb no- 
jflRaiTB, OHflTB nepemejii na cropony JI^opomenRa h vb nopy esbí- 
CTHJi lypei^caro cyjimHa 061 onacHOciH, rposHBinefi ^HrflpHHCROiiy 



O A. K). 3. H P., XI, 564—666. 
•) Ibidem, 510, 611. 
•) Ibidem, 679—580. 



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262 B^CTHIKl IBPOnH. 

rexMaHy O* Cirlina cnacaiB typei^saro uoxpjnnEM, b% na^aji^fr 
iioEui lypei^Koe boAcko nepemjio TOpesi flflicrph y Copora; TypsH 
BSflJiH ropoAOBi KocTHHi^ H HCTpeÓHJH xaMi BC&x^L sHTejeS, no- 
Tom^ nojioniJiH nox^ RyHH^Hoe: ly^a cresjiOCB MHOsecTBO jH)Aeft 
H8% xpyrHxi ropoxROBi H wb Te^eHÍH oxKHHaAi^ATH AHcfi ocas^eHEiie 
ynopHo oxtiHBajHCB, BaKOHei](i lypsa s^xoKHiťB npHcrynoirB bsajh 
KyHH^Hoe H Bce SHBoe vb neMi HcrpetfuH, a ropoAib cosríH ^). 
ForoiB MesAy i^m^b pas^HXB B^pnaro JSfLpio noxnierpoBcsaro noj- 
xoBHHBa SejeHCBaro ^). 29 íidjib, ($pai][JiaBCRÍft nojsoBHHsi JlHCBAa 
AOHOCHJTB CaMOfijOBHqy, TFO TypsH BopBajHCB vb TyjibHHHB, oca- 
AHJH ero FL TaMomHeirB Bánaí, h npocHXB o Bupyqsi ^). IIo 8T0My 
HECBMy CaMoBdiOBHTB npHRasajB JI|icHTpamB% PaS^i hath lyxa hbi^- 
noA^ Gii^^iofi, HO ^MHTpaniBO PaBqa, AornexníH xo ropoAsa ByBH, 
ornpaBHJii CBoero HasasHaro Boftiiy-CepCHHa cb AByna Tucji^aMH 
Kh JIoAusHHy, a caiTB BopoxHJicfl BB KopcyHB, a orry^a bb Ea- 

HOBB, nOTOMy HTO BBJITUe BB lU^HB Typei^KÍe B8HBH BCnOJOmHJlE 

BasaROBBy HaroBopHBniH hhb noxB nuTBOK), 6yAT0 typu noBíepe- 
JHCB CB nojflBaMH H HAyiB Ha RieBB ^). Bofii;a-Cep6HHi coew 
HHJCfl CB ÁHxpeeMB MypamBOK), BOToparo CaMOfiJOBEm ornpaBHJB 

XaSSe BB JIOAHSHHB CB OXOTHHI^SHMB nOJSOMB. E^Ba OHH yCH^JIH 
BCXynHTb BB 8T0TB rOpO^OBB, RaSB HO^B MfíH^EWh nOAOOIJia Ty- 

pei^BO-TaTapcsafl CHja. JIoAusHHCRÍfl npexBiicTBfl Cujol cosxeHu ^). 
KasaBE sanepjiHCB bb ^émb. Ho jiOAUSHHCBoe nocnojiBCTBO npHinjo 
BB crpaxB: BuÓpocHJiH 6^oe sHaMfl. BejHsift bhshpb, npH caiioirb 
Haq&i'& 8T0& boShu, oÓbhbh^b noBOJitflie «otfpeBaTB bcíxb nesip* 
HBLXB noÓ^xoHOCHOMy Me^y^ ^), h TypBH, ne otfpan^ BEHManifl Ha 
&kjioe BHaMfl, npoAOJsajiH najETb bb Joaushhb. M^ane Bucjiajni 
KB HHEB en^e xenyiaioBB: vb BianajHCB TypsaiiB h yB^pajiH, hto 
Bci sHiaiH JIoAHSHHa ocxaiOTCfl BlpHSiMH HOMAHEHMH na^Hmaxa, 
vro BpasAe(SHiifl fjbŘcíhia, oBasuBaioTB ne ohh, a 2,000 6apa(Sa- 
moBi^eBB, BOTopHe npenuiH bb hhiib nesBaHiuiH h 8ac6jiH bi^ 
sáMB*!. Bemcifi brbhpb aub hmb TaRoS otbítb: «rojih 6u bh óujh 
Ha caMOMB jAjí BŠpniie noManniie BscoRaro Ilopora, to bsi 6u 

AOJSHU ÓUJOl HJH BEIAaiB npHHiexníHXB RB BaMB H.1H OTjy^HTBCH 

0TB HBXB. Uo&bM,vte^BMi» HO B08M0SH0 x^JiaTB MosAy BaMH pas- 



1) Rpai. OiiBc. Mftjop. n npuoz. n bba. Camob. 1676 r., cíp. 278. 

•) Cemob., X3X. 1678 r., cíp. 128.— Apx. H. ^I,. 1674 r. ;^47. 

») A. K). H 3. P., XI, 687. 

*) Ibid. 548. 

^) Ibidem. 651.— Chm^bp. CXtops. Maiop. Jija, crp. 219. 

•) A. K). £ 3. P., XI, 600.— Collect., II, 114. 

») Colect., II, 112. 



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nEM. 263 

jurait^. IlanÓa ybuHJUCB) h Min^iHe b% Tperitt pasi bucjejih ;(e- 
njrmioK): h& neib et ($iu% mahshhcríS nporonoiTB. JKaiejn npe- 
xaB&ncB Ha bojd noiS^AHiejfl h npocuH touko BunycxHiB vx% 

XXBHMH Cl CeHLilMH H IlOJKflTiailH ^). HejMOJHMIlS BKSHpB CBa- 

sajB: «HTÓ HHÓyxB oaho hsi AByxi BudepaSie — hjh HesojH) hjh 
cnepTL, BHoS cyAi»(}H He tfyxen bemi; ecjH en^e pasi ei diHifB 
iipH^eie, npBsasy BapieiaiíH BacB bctpštbtl. Ha APyrofi x^bb 
Min^aHe BiicjajH csasaiB, hto cjisxmfí eoBepmeHHO aa bojk> no- 
6iwETeig. Biniuo 800 xasaBORB, hojosejih opysie. TypRH tot* 

^laCB 8a($HJUI BX'B Bl XOJIOXU H OmpaBUH HeBOJIBHHBaiCH Ha CBOH 

raaepH. Taxoff se yucni noAsepmcB bcí MXHasHHCBie M'6niaHe 
ei CBOHMM ceMUMH ^), MypamBa hh sa hto ne xoiri^ cffohcs^ 
Aepzajica vAckoxuso ;(Heft n cbohmh aaaaRaicH, noBa otb (Ses- 
npeciaHHiirB (Jhtbi, otb bhoa h (JesBOxui, bc£ ne HSHeiiorjfl h ne 
sojferjH oxiHi Ha j^yroirB % Tasi» rjacHii oaho HSBtoie. IIo 
xpjTOuy HBBtcriK) ^)| Mypamsa cxajica cairB cb ^tB^Haxn&TBH) ne- 
JOB&CB, KB uaii BaTopiix'B 6buu caiHH8i» n npoiononi. Ho Borxa 
BHBopB cEajTB AonpamHBaTB, CBOJBKO npH PoMOMHOBCBOMi H Caicoi- 
aoBmt BOĚCBa, MypaoiBa oiBi^aai: Tan mhofo, hto Moryn no- 
<$ÍXHXB h cyjTaHa h xana. 3to ho HOHpaBBJíocB bhbhph). Ohi spHB- 
BjA^ Ha MypaniBy, a Mypanua ciri^o ciaii ysopaiB bhshpji: 
Bu— roBopHunb OH!B— BopoBou npHHUH Ha hbcb; Tasí Mex^QT rocy- 
Ai^MH ne BOAHTCfl; otfciynHJiH hosa^^hho fb M/fnxBvb Ha<rB e 
noÓHJH. Ecjra 6u i^apK) Óiuo sapaHJte bíaomo o Banraxi saišax^B, 
Tan Bamero cyxTana bctpítbu 6u ho to tto 8a ^HicrpoMi, ho 
en^e h sa ^naeiťB. PasrniBanHiift bhshpb npEBasajnb yBeciH ero 
H orpytfiTB rojOBy, ho, o6AyMaBnniCB| bopothjtb ero CHOBa, a My- 
panna eTaj['B pyraxB BHSBpa h cyjTana h bcíxi xypoKB seciOBOK) 
ÓpaHBK) H npeanHaiB MaroMeraHCByH) B'6py. Bbshpb npHBa8a^'B 
RaBHBTB ero ^). 



») A. K). H 3. P., XI, 607. 

«) CoUect^ U, 115.— JI*T. CaMOB., 128. 

') Kpax. OnBC Maaop., npBJíos. u Iítod. CaiiOB., hsx. 1878, crp. 279. 

4) Apx. lOcT., Bu. 32, 1. 144 xaJ. 

*) Bto BoauMBie ABacvaca ^epieca, rpeia, daHflMaiBiarocB vh JLBejBBi ToproueD, 
M Bocii bsjtíb Wh fliia^ FpBKUA AopoBieBBa npBÓHBfflaro n EepexciaBi b Bassar 
^eaiaro panucrpoiii Ba oxotbomi boícbí. CaMoiiOBB^i oTnpaBBn ero ci orpixcm 
Ba IlaxaiB, rxi> coefjummMCh c& MypansoD b Boíuod - CepÓBBOBi, ob% sacin bi 
Joabsbbí. ABacraci aoBaBOBany no, nocrl bojuiobíb Typei^sBxi can, Boftita-Cep- 
6BH-fc tbIbo jHOJi, a noTon MjpaaiBa cxaicii TypBaMi, b ooiaBoiiecB Bn^paiB crap- 
anm ABaciaca. XQ^crb cjtobk TypiB BaiBJu n ropox^ bb cexuiHe <^;i;biaxB abb 
jipBCTjBa. Asacraci ot6bii bzi. Ho MiflvaBe cxaucb b Cumr bcí oÓpan^OBH n ae- 
BOJOD, a vaiBXi peÓBn wh aaBBCTB 6ycypMaBH noBoioiB kooibhb b BOsaMB. ABaeraci, 



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261 BAOTHm lEBFOnH« 

FjaBBNfi BH8Hpb Bds^-no^T^ JLowarasa oTpHxu^b TOBi^Mraia 
CBoero, Em MBirb-^ieBaica, cyjn»HCBaro Jifiotinci^k Myora^y-nanrj^ 
Hojci ýifaHB — ch npHsasaHieifi exmh ropoffb h sereJieA ysecrH 
3^ HOBOiiK), a ecjni osasyrB ooDparaBjíeHÍ|e, to nepetfiiTB bc&x^b 
Óesi pa8(k)pa. 

Bm^^ctí ci TypRaMH nojť&šzaiH si ynanH ^opomeHiOBH crap- 
mflHH H crajiE yMaHi^am ^^íbaTB npexKweme cKarBCH, odinvas 

IfHJIOCTb. ynaHCBÍft nOJIBOBHHB% ABOpCBift CO^XasmUCa TaBBtťb od%* 

H^apieBrb h ompaBHJica bb lypei^di cmei Ha noKJiofii; ^t> ofo- 
jtBHJiH HeBOJiLHABOMi H šaBOBa^H. ysaiTB ocTaxacB 6eB> HanaiB- 
HHBa. TypBH Tpe(k>BajiH tfeeycjiOBHoS noBopHOCiH. IIo aroMy vpe- 
6oBaHÍK) aBHiBCB vb Typeipcitt craffb nojnu)BHe vihb, SHam^fiiiiie 
BasaBH H HŠn^aHe. TypsH Bc^m ofiusara HeBonHHBaicVy a ro- 
poxi, BMŠcro non^aAH, crajiH HcrpeÓyiflTB. Ho vh Ymbsb Ha6pajiocB 
juo^eS He Majio, h 6um ohh xoponío BOopyaceHH, a ropo^ yapšn- 
xewb. Ohh craiH san^Hn^aTBCfl ^). Torxa lypsa noBora nojKh 8&- 
MOVB mani^Ei Wh rp^KOBaro Jiíca^ Haciinajra BaiH h tfoSHHi^ii 
BpoaeHB erb ropoxcBHMD, najiniH Hro nymevB h b% to se Bpeicfl 
Ha^ara hoaboahtb noxBonH. BaopBana (íqm BHa^HrenHaa ^aciB 
dánBOBoft citHu Ha jAboř CTopoflt OTB xoporn si Mohh. ynasi^ii 
Basjíax^BaiH npopuBH BOsaifH, HasoBOMi^ sesíJieH)... ho lypsn nox- 

^HHmCB XOXOITB npOHHRXH Vh rOpOffB. ynaHI^I OTnflHHO OT<$H- 
BaJHCB Or& HHXl CB 8a6opOBBy CB XOHOBHXl BpOBOJIB; SpOBB HOTO- 

BaMH nojHjacB no yjsi^airb, TypsH 6e8B paa6opa BeftxB yiiepniBJíajrH. 
OcraTOBB yMani^oBB CTOJinHJicfl obojo ropoxcBHXB BoporB^ HasuBae- 
HHXB PameBCSox) ((paMOH), h tsitb Ban^Hn^ajHCB ohh fp t^xb nopi, 
nosa TypsH bc^xb bxb ne no6HJiH; H^Boropue sanoJSJíH bb no- 
rpe($B: TypsH HaTan^HJiH Tyxa cojsoicii, sasrjH h bcšxb noxyinn^H 
XHMOJfB. TasB HorBÓJUt yiiaHB Bea xo tm cb i^epBBaMH h napo- 



vaůivtM zecTOiofi icapH, soropaji nocmxa 6u ero lan naiaiBHaro ^ejostea, nepe- 
CftMCM ifyxHioir&, Cum opoxam, BuxjUMewh BOiomcxm rocHoxapeMi AyaoD h ornpaB- 
jiewb vepesi BeHrpio vh noiuny, npexcraBUca mm lopoiD, Cím m oóiacsaei, 
o6xapeH% H omymeHi bi ysp&ftay, a GaxoftxoBHHi nocian ero vh Mociay. Ero no- 
lasame HcnojiHeHO xBacTOBCTsa h Hecoo^pasBOcreft. Bi loj^axtíA, KpoMi 20,000 xt- 
m»a% o& Hxi senaicR ■ fdtfthum, 6bjio bokhckhzi mxei Bcero noirops TBcavH, Bcero 
oxBa nymsa h la HCnop^eHa, a saxi aiio xyx'^, j vypon se xo 40,000 borhobi ■ 
80 nyiien, ho ÁBacraci meh zpa6po orÓHBaicx, vto noósn 19,000 Benpineiei; 
cyiraffB xasHui jramapcsaro Hafai&HHia, xocaxy') sa^rihrs ho bsaxb ropoxa, ■ vasna- 
-mt 600 lepBOimevb aa roiOBy AmcTaca. O Mypainci--Tasoe irponnopt^de: cBa^axa 
roBopvTM, ^Ro Mypama cxaica ■ imc&xeHHO y^texan Anacraca nocjixoBaTii ero 
upnipy, a norom coo($maeTCji, vo BiSHpb usoEXh Hypamsy sa cvAniň m xepraúi 
AHxoxní. IIodToiiy noiaaaBíe bto MaiOBasno. 
') A. K). H 3. P^ XI, 688. 



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nmk. 265 

XOKb ipscriABcnirB, e% cexLMoi ffin no iiph6btíh n než ly- 
pmn O- Qo cropoBSBrs on yvaHE lypei^ne orpaj^H HcrpetiujiH 
cocixHie ropoxKH n sftCbipua fb Hescxio sHreMt, BOTopax'& bo- 
otfiqe n 8T0Mr& Kpa'b ocTaBUOCB Torxa yse naio nocji (SircTiia 
Ba jr&Byio CTopoHy. Tan pasopefiii dam ao ocHOBanix: Tpmsni- 
Hei^B, BepmasB, ManosRa, IIoioHHoe Maxoe h spjríe ropoxsH ^). 

Eorxa sa sana^qioS cropoH^ yspalsH wvh pacapasjíajmcB 
typn sa A<^poiiiena, cairB JI^opoiDeHBo sadur^ vh BepxHeifi ro- 
po^ai UH BáMKft ^vrapmcBOirB. Y nero, no ooBaBaniio chx^b* 
mafo n neBori TepoHfopeBa, 6hjo xo ^emperB tbcbtb Botcsa, 
cocioxBinaro h9b ^evepseoBi (nojBcsaxi Taiap^), lypei^RHXi xnti* 
^mpnb, BpsnccKBXi Tatapi h TaKB-nasttBaeiaizi sejixaaoBB (naeM- 
Hoe BOicBo), ne &oma M^mani n corBansím vh oca^y noce- 
jsMBhj Boero TBCxn j^ uarasLnwim ^X 23 imjix, ÓoxpHHi h renfaiFB 
noMfsryuMXB kb ^HnipiBy h vh btotb x^hb npHCxaxH n HmrB 
BDUBieHie BompnocTB ropoxsH: MexB^ma, (>f(k>iOBO n SUriSo* 
thsb; opexBOxiReiH nocjnuH npHBeeni htb b% npHcart^). Ocax- 
■oe BcAcBO pacnoxoKHJiocB no cd cropony TflCBMHHa: tioapími 
cimn n«x% (kífpowb nojvA osepiia, a no jAByn cropony onioro 
on|N^ na nepecrpijii otb n^x*? cnn iwMan^B ^). Ha xpyiyH) 
ciopoey OTB ^arapraa nocjiaBrB ůswh renepannHĚ 6yu^smiŘ h 
cio6wcBie nojncH (^cboS h oerporoscrifi. 

BoBBen oxvnHaxqa^ mani^eBi, noerasHn na nirx*B nymsE h 
BSttXH naxRB. Ho hb% ^iinpEna iiosho 6wío otb^wb t^itb se: 
VB OÓOHTB iH^xaarB — Hnanies^ n BepiHea% 611x0 xo cra nyr 
merB, xocTaro^nio ÓoeBHTB sanacoBi^ toxbso EcayceiBoifB iiaxo 
MorxB noonajBTBCX sa^nTHEBE, e BHcrpi^ i^apcKETB BoficvB Ótijni 
xMcťBHi ^enHŽe: paaónjm xomi TysaiBCKaro, MBrponojniTB 7((i- 
sajTB BB BepiHitt ropoxB E OTB cTpaxa satfojišjTB, a noceune, 
teBmie BB ocaxfty nepetí^rfnm vb pyccsiĚ crasB h roBOpEXE, ^ito 
UFBpgimM roTOBH (W^BCE, E cMPh ^opoQieHBO oOl^mfiffrh nox- 
xanoi, ecxE wpen wt/bo) se npnxere kb soMy osExaemift 
xasi CB opxoK) % BoxpEHB fl reTMaflB| ycxuxaBniE o($b btoitb, 
xoitxfl saBflsaTB csomesix cb JI^opomenBOitB e BOcnoxBSOBaxncB 
riwbj HTO y BErB bb crant naxoxExcx nxtnniift ÓparB rerifasa 
Aopomensa FpEropifi; ohe npEsasaxE eiiy HanEcaiB naoBiía bb 



«) XtT. CaM. mi. 1878, exp. 124— Pam. Jem. 239. 

>) BwL, U, 866. 

») A^x, K)cT^ iB. 108 1. 66. 

4) Apx. K)CT., BH. 24, J. 1279.— A. ¥). ■ 3. P. XI, 691» 696. 

») A, K). H 3. P. XI, 654. 

•) Ibid. XI, 601—604. 



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266 nonm ibfoiih. 

CBoeS MaiepH a vh (Jpaiy, yBŠíqeBM cwtbgi h noioauiMa na mqi- 
expo MHaocTB 0. Ob dma DHCutftUH nocian erpAiBiia. PerifaH^ 
^opomeHKO oiBt^an, vro ecii ÓospEVb seisen (?& hhitb TOjnso- 
MTb o MHpb, TO oycTL npinuerL ne npocioro crpůju^a, a xa- 
Koro-HHÓyxB SHaTHaro ^eiOBisa ^. ^opomeaso xor&n aram nosa* 
sarb, qio noMHSTB o cboomi xogiohhctb£, ho crp&ievB, xo^nmil 
n ^HmpHHi ci nBCLMami, pascaasuBan, ^iio ^opomeHio, bhah 
CBOfi noeaixHift lacB, xoierb HacusHO cetia pasBeceioTB m wAm% 
nosasaTBy 6yKto Hn^ero ae Óohica: ÓeanpecTMUBU) Hanasaerca iibihb, 
xoffTTB no mBHKam, a nepen hbitb HrpasyrB bojuihbh h CBiniiaB ^). 
28-roiiDu, npexBOXBTeu xuh npBaaBame nepexoxvTB Boftcsy 
Ha xpyryK) eropoHy Tbcbmbbui b roroBHiBCi vh apacryny, ho npH* 
BexeHHtie asuBa nosasajH, ^to Typeii(BÍI cyxmBh yjse nepemex:^ 
wpen JÍ,vAct^ B ornpaBHXB xana n opxM> n Bspyny ?Hn- 
I«Ha O- RasaiocB fiu, laioS cijtl xousefli 6iurb aoÓyxBSb npex* 
BOXBTejelt CBopte rohwtb pacnpaBy cb ^opomesBOM^ upea^xe 
HŠiTB npBxeTB KB HOMy QOMOiiib. Ho npexBOXBxeiH npocioaxH xo 
9-ro aBrycia, ee npexHpBHBBíHB na^ero piiiHTeiBHarOi a b^ btotb 
xeHB nojiy wxB BSB^ciíe, ^to Typei^aitt bhbbpb cb Boicma cioarB 
yse noxi JIoxusflHom; xavB se BxerB a^B ^aripiHy. IIpexBO- 
XHien pimBXfly mo ne ÓeaoaacHO xosHxaTBCi xana, 10-ro aa- 
rycra npBBasajB sasen cboI xatSopB b cujhcb, a 12-ro xPbub 
xo %pBacB^). Kpuifcxifl xaaii wpeai xeHB ho oiciynjranH pyc- 
caaro Bottcaa, Ůun Bcrp^WB ^opomeHBOirB sa x^chb aepcra 
OTB %inipHHa fl Ha nepauxi Hopax^, vh wiji/k npHB^rciBraHaro 
xapa, noiyHBjí otb rerMasa wjOBtoB xo xayxcon HeBOJBHHsras 
Hsi j^BotfepesHux^ BasaBOB%, a x-ia Bcftxi cbohxi larapi xoaao- 
jieBie 6parB cbojbso yroxHO iH)xet kb h»ojk> B9h oipecr- 
Hociefi iBFBpBHa sa TO, vro sBTejB CB npBXOXOV^ pyccsHxs 
BolcBi ornaiB otb Jt^opomensa ^). Bcxixb saiÍMi xavB nwnaxca 
sa OTciyHBBniBMB OTB %irapBHa pyccxBMH BotCKam O, xonuu^ hoxb 
^epxaeaMH 13-ro aBrycra, ho hocjí HesHamexBHOl nepexoBoi 



1) Ibidem. 561. 

>) Ibidem. 6S0. 

») Ibidem. 671. 

«) Ibidem. 622. 

&) Ibidem, 636. 

•) Apx. K)CT. CT. 108, I. 65. 

') Bfecn o npraHtzi imioro óncrparo yxoxa, oimBOCiMHa BHXoxmuu, 6bih 
paanuH: oxhh roiopui, ito raTapn x7MU>n nepeópaTMu la jíijd ciop<niy fjB^sptL^ 
xpyríe^iTO rarapH nolxyn noxuun uacn Xopoorana oniaaaie on irero npaBO- 
óepesBHe ropojin. Do xioiiy bbiíctíd (P&m. Jem. 239) rarapa yciHxaii, ^to Cipco 
ci aanoposAaMH CedaoEonrk ocpeciBocTi Ilepesona ■ HoraÍ4ejn. 



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řyHHA. 267 

CTBiBH noBepByn otipatHO vh ^HrapEHy O* Otii ycnizaxi Typeq- 
na% BoficKb B^ sanaxHOfi ^^acni yspaSsii pyccsie npexBOWTeiíB, 
npft^a, en^e He bhuh, xota y remaHa vh pysaxi 6ujh sajio(!- 
HUM mcbMa, nHcaHHHfl h8^ JIoxasHfla h Yusmí b% nocjiiAHie 
poROBHe XHH xu 9THXE ropcxBOBi; HO 6oflpHH'B H rernaH^b He 
eouH BOSMOSBiurB nocHjaiB Tyxa noMontB, vbajh 6MÍe^ 9to chiq 
ni y]fajiuHci»: ne toiuo y ÓoipiiHa^ ho h y canoro remaHa 
■B^ nojBOBi caMOBOAHO pastfiraiHCB noxnEennsie, lairB hto xa- 
aaqKHX-L chjii npH remaHi ocraBajocB ne 6ojňe naTHaAinaTH th* 
ea^o^ ^. PeTMaHi b ÓoapHHi paaeyxaiíH aa ó^aro ytfpaxbca na 
jAbjv) eiopoHy, h orxoxa npHBasa^H csohl ^epsacu: ysp^njieHifl 
9I0F0 ropoxa HazoxHjracB vb xypHOBi^ coctohhíh, see noAnnuo, 

OÓBaJDUOCB, ne tfSUO HH TafiHHBOBl, HH Bojowenb, poFb o6Me- 
jr&r& H nonpaBJíaTB 6ujo HesiMi; MHoro Hepsaci^eBib snao na 
3aiiopos&'b. Ocn^aBmiecfl bi ?epBacax% SExejiH 6e» ponora, no 
npsBasaHiio (kuipaHa h remaHa, nocjAxoBaaB na Abuř 6ep6rB aa 
B<rilcBaMB, 8Haa, ^o EBane BTh 6u aa^pajiH xaiapii. 

XaHi, oiciynBBmH otb ^epBac^, orapaBEJca vh Vmmiíj a 
ži,opomeHBO, npo6uB% h^bojibbo XHefi rb CBoei csMnníb x^a pac- 
Hopasemfi o&b ea o6opoH'6, nociixoBaxB sa xanoMi ^). Torxa 
MHoríe vffb nocHoucisa, HaxoxHBmaroca kb ocax:i vh ^HrapBffi^ 
j&bxsíJssL na jíbuS 6eperB JI^Hiiipa. 26-ro aarycra, ocBotfoxucá 
saxej^aHHHtt AopomeaBOirB Tepnarope^B: pa8iiOMaji'B obho cbo^ 
TJopuáSL h BHnojiai oiryxa rb oxoBaxi^ bm-íctí cb chx^bhihmh 
Tam ygBHBaMH. 3a hhmii ÓiiJia norona, ho ohx c^acumfio HsÓ-b- 
JMUTB ee, nepenpaBBjca %pe8'B fifl^nph h xo<(pucfl xo KpeMen- 
^yra, orayxa ero npoBOXfl-iH fb oojvb bi PoMOX&HOBCBOMy. ^o- 
pooieHBO, BBB^ rofiopniH, npBBasaJi^B hobíchtb vbTbj Boropue ho 
XOTHajH TepnHropeaa ^). 

PyccBÍfl BoficBa, laKB piQmxejiBHO coCapaBrniflca nepe^ 
xoxhtb opaBHĚ (SeperB, crpeMHTejBHO bb oxHy hoib nepeÓpajiHCB 
Ha jAbbř ^). 3a hhmh BajHiH Toinu npaB06epesHiix& npa^aHi. 
npBMŠpB OAHHxi yBjeaaj^B xpyraxi. Bi hojobbhI aBrycra asi 
^CflHBH nojiBOBHHBx MHrajieBCBÍ& nHcaai, "ito xoiro yxepsBaajB 

HOCHOJBCTBO «OTB BOJIOBflTH»| O^HaxeSBBaa nOMOn^BH) OTB GaMofi- 

jOBH^a, Bo Borxit pasnecjacB wh Bapox'^ bíctb^ vo ÓoapHHi h 
remaHi BOBBpaxBJíBCB na jíbíiě 6eperB, to yse HeBOSMoatHO 6uao 



«) A, K). H 3. P. XI, 637. 
3) Ibidem. 642. 

>) ApX. DCT., KH. 108, 1. 67. 

*) Ibidem. 

Aj .11t. CaMOB.. M3A. 1878 r., cíp. 125. 



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2&8 . mcTBEWh iBPonH. 

B iiBJiux% ropoxBOBi^, wn ceii h xepeseHb iujih o($08U cb BosaMH, 
HarpyaseBHHKH npa^anaMH, bx% ceMBBMH h nosHisami ^). C^i^fl 
vrh npHM^py, h sirrejH JEhcahre bc& ymaa sa JIJH^npi. FopoxB, 
Bpesxe MHorojiK>AH£tS H Bp^fintcíS, AMasmitl oritopi ^apnei^soMy, 
Tetep*, CyxoBieHKy, T^nepB coBepmefiHO onycT4.TB,— roBopím 
yEpaHHCBiS Jn^TOiiBcei^^L ^), ^SeBnpeHflTCTBefifio eonuiH vb aeno ta- 
Tápu, Tor^a Baxi tipesxe 6oflJiHCB h CMorpto Ha btoti ropoxi. 
JH^BBseme sapoxa r'b nepecejieHÍio, yse xnoro 3%rB cpsxy Bospo- 
cxaBinee iiocji'& noc^n^enifl yspaSBu TypsanH, xenepB aooijio ao 
Bucmeft creneHB.. IlafiHBa OBja;i;fijia sirrejiflMH YspaSHu. T^ 
TOjn»BO y&iumaTB) ^to (Jjbsbo noABBJBCB tfycypManK^ Tomacx o5ii- 
BaTejB noAHBMaioTCfl ch ceuhBun b Oh nosBTRaMB, RaRia ycniiorB 

Há-CROpO SaXBaTBTB. ?aCTO OBE CaUB He BflajB, Vfik BBíl BcaaTB 

npisora b dijib, RaKB BHpasajiHCB lorAa, «Ha MaBApiBRy» b:ib hs 
90jH)RBTy. Boumaa ^acTB bx-b HanpaBjgaacB na .tiBjío cropoHy; 
Ha nepeBosaxi hpotbbi ^epRaciB b EaneBa RasABifi xeHB cb yrpa 
AO Be^epa TOdinHiccB MHOsecxBo bosobt* cb upanaHaira, oxBxaa 
o^epe^H jsflz nepenpaBii; exBa ycn^BajiB bx^b iiepeBosBTB; iiepe- 
meAmB 3a ^eikipB, ohb TBsyjiHCB na boctori ri cjioÓoacrbicb 
nojiRaais BCRaxB hphbojibhhx^ ifbcrB js^jisl HOBaro nocejieHifl ^). Ho 
H^ROTopae CB sanaxHoS qacrB yRpaflHii 6%»ajH na Bojbhb b b^ 
^epBOBByfa PycB trh iio.iBCBlfl Bjax^Bía. Mao^ecrBO npa^aH^B, He 

AOÓpaBIBBCB AO HOBOCeJIBfl, BOrBÓajIB QTh CRyAOCTB BBn^B, 6e8BOAÍB 

H RpafiHflro yroMjieHifl cbjii bi HeapEsi^THOtt nycTUH^, Wh roto- 
pyio otfpanutiacB rorAa npaBOfiepesHaa YRpaBsa, HeAaBHo en^e Ha- 
BUBaeMaa nojiflRaMB bxs (5jiaroAaTBuirB ErenToirB. IIoRflAafl na 
Bi^RB pOABBy CBOflxi npeAKOBi, HepiABO npa^aHe cosBrajiB cboh 
ABopu. Taai^, Jl^opomeHRO, c^^Ay^ ns^ ^BrapaHa sa xanoMi, ycju- 
xajťB, HTO xmem BorycxaBa coóapaioitď cmen cbob sajiBHta h 

(SibXBlTb Bl BOJHORBiy; OHI BSAaJTB yHBBepcajTB, Bl ROTOpOM^ HS- 

caji'B: cysHaBaĚve Ao6pOf!btejih namy hbi tofo, ?to mbi BacB no 
^ysBH^ yrjaHi mamTBca He noeiuaeBfB, a paA^eni o BameiTB 
AO({pift B aa BacB ne sajiieMi co($CTBeHHaro saopobbb. He comhI- 
BaftrecB ae hb n tom^ b saAepiRBBaitTe rfex-B, Roropiie BAyrB b^ 
BOJiORBTy; coB&Tyfire bmi Bosepaii^aTBCfl ri cbobitb sB.iBniairB, r'b 
CBceny Aocroaniio. TO se, RoxopHe HacB ne nocjiyniaiorB b ne 

BaXOTHTB BOpOTBTBCa HasaA^ OPB JI^Hinpa Vh CBOB npesHÍfl SB- 



O A. K). H 3. P. XI 619. Apx. K)ct. eh, 82, CTp. 114—118. 
«) npHjo«. n jrtxon. Caicofi^ hsx. 1878 r.. cTp.-278, 
») A. K). ■ 3. P., XI, 656. 



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PTEHA. 26* 

loiiy 9T0 MHy He nosoH^HBOia cx aaxH^npflHaifH, He noMiinuaeiťL 
ocraBHTb CBoero A^a, xma. 6u BoSna h na h^rojbbo An no- 
TaHjjacB^ *)• 

Topojum H caia» Boiopue cotSjaoHHiiHCB TaaHiiH yHBB^K^aifH 
H c^a.iHCB ^opomeni^, 6x140 s^ctobo Q&KasaHu aa CBOe Aoaflpíe: 
JljoponieHBO 0TAaBaj'L x^rapaMi bs&x'b xaMOBUiHXi sExejeB b% se- 
Boono ^). Bum b miue exyuH, Borfla oociiojířciso caiio orLBpat- 
HHFO rejioxa or^aeMOC^ TaiapaMi; Tan, h3i ospe^Hocrei EqieyHa 
3000 noceuHi, ne bhxa ^m ce6fl yAO($HHM!B npoÓpaxBefl Ha Jii- 
BHft CeperB ^H^npa, xor&jB Ó^jtoum n OpjQr, ho An^pefi Jl^ope* 
meBKO saBopoTHai^ hxi ^). 

JI^poQieHBQ ifHMO pasopesHot E sajHisofl Jí^imo Yjěmb ^) 
QanpaBHAca m> cyaTAHCBOMy craHy, HaxoxBBmeifyca r/^^ro nexa* 
jeso OTB JIoxuatHHa ^). Kor^a reoiaHi si^tesajrb b-b Typeipdft 
o6o», eny saropoAirja nyxB ryciafl loioa yspanBCSEx^B hobojibhh* 
mowhj uaHflBQiHxca BBseMaK) h MOjHBnwx-B o aacrynaesÍB nepex^ 
cyjTBHOMi^). 5 ceHTji^pH, FexMas^ HpeA(ďaBHj[Cs nawvaxy, noiy* 
^BJ^ 6apxaTH£ift BOjuiaB'B, OTope^eaHufi coÓojBHm iftxoM^By bojio- 
xyH) tfyMByy boba cb (SoraxairB y6opaii% h xajiaxi— ote^Bufl xap^ 
cyjxaHCWfo 6daroBOjeHÍA noApynaaicairb ^). AopomeBA^ BUJipocHjrB 
y najpmaxa eBo6oKy H^ROxopiuii HaBOUQHBaiffii: lo- Úujíe^ paBy** 
M^beTCfl, HeMHoríe un rpoMaxu na^OBiieBHiucB jioxett Bcasaro poxa^ 
npeHMyn^^OTBeoBO moíc^usi napy^BOB^ n x6bhu% ^). 

Osnyn^eHBsifi naxEnaxOM^By Aopo»eHBo cb xaBOBTb lUNSCurB bs. 
CuniiQr ^). FopoAa oxbhi sa xpyrairB npBCiijaiH Wk feiumy 
HBIBB41TSP nOBopHoexB. IIpucTan xoTAa %% ^opcanenst h ^ur 

JaBCBÍft HOJSeBHHVB J[BCB^a) BOXOpuft B^pHO CjyHHiTB ItapB)| H0» 

se nojiyqBBfliE otb CajiQff4iOBB«a Nm nofiy hoho^b, xenepB no 
Hesoai^ BovMmfuiCA JIppoQieHBy. Ovh BycB ^\ xaa^ ^xiqiaBHď^ 

ttCTB OpXU CB HflOr01HCJieBHH¥'B leOHpaK^ IOXOp0Í| OAHaBO> 

yenijH oxÓhxb h, ocbo({oj(iitb na xopori MAiopoeciane. Canib xan^B 



O Apx, DcT., KB. 108 J.,. 110. 

«) JItT. CaM., H3JU 1878, exp. 126. 

Ó Apx. K)cT., BH. 82, I. 316. 

^) IIpHÓaB. SI i!&T. GaMOB., H8A. 1878 r., cíp. 279. 

») Apx, K)cT., SH. 30, A. 24. 

«) Beuq., U, 356. 

') Collect , n, 119. 

•) BejH^f., n, 355. 

*) Ceio KaneBCKaro yi^xa, opn ptst Pocn. 

^) MiereiEO VMaHCKaro y^xa, npa p, Topooiíi Tflsaqt. 



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270 BftGTim iBPonH. 

men bhšcií ci ^opomeBsoirB ko JI^Hinpy; sa nyrH ^opomesKO 
npmaBaxB saxBaTiiTB h bskobetb bi KaHxajiii navajiBHHxi jR)xet 
ropoAKOBi: HacrarnsH ^^ Posbthh % BaxHOBSH ^), i BoiycjiaBa 
sa TO, ^TO OHH BOsÓysAajiH Hapoxi vb ornaxeHiio otb J^opomeEsa, 
a OrenaffB Eyreno, ti&JOitepBOBCRÍfi EonoBHHn, yfiiaaan ch 
seHOio Bi BijyD-IllepsoBB; ho ((fcioitepsoBcsifi BoifeHxaHn nojB- 
cxofi cjys^H npEsasan HspyÓHTb ero nojCB t^itl npexjioroirE, 
HTO OHI npesxe HSirbHflJiiíi Xanensy h nepexoxH j^ Kh JlftpomeBxy ^). 
AopomeHSO cb xanoirs noxcrynHJH vb Aniopy y PsHo^eBa h 
yse coÓepajH napoMH, hto6ii nepe^HpaTbCfl na ji^bhS 6epen, 
Ran Bxpyn xani 6ucrpo noBepnyjrB vb Kpuwhj ycuixaBoiH, vto 
itapcm paTH, saJMURH n ;(ohcbí6 xasasB (SesnOKoarb Kpsiicsie 
yjiycs. AopomeHBO cran vb RopcyH^; eiiy oeraBieHO 6iuo Ta- 
TapTB, BaiTB roBoparB, THca^n ffl xbcbth. TyrB ycJuxajrB J(<^meHX0, 
HTO THCBTB 6ojAe xecBTB npauHi ^j^yvb vm no6ysBfl h IIo- 
XHtopBB o6o80u%j HanpaBiflHCB aa Jt^nlnpi. JI,oponieHBO cb TaTS- 
paMH neperopoxHJťb hm'b nyrB no^i Ciiftjloia; npa^ane CTaiH-6iiio 
conpoTHBjflTBCfl. ^opomeHKO npHsasajTB hxi BCbvb pyÓHTB, He 
pastfHpafl HB noia, hh Bospacra, a xšxi, BOTopue ne oonpoTHB- 
jfljiHCB H cfb pasy noKopHjracB, OT^aj^B TaTapaii^B fb Hesojio ^). 

nojiosenie AopomeBsa crajo TenepB no h€tbh6 Tpariwcuníi. 
npBXOXib na noMon^ wb Heny TypocB h TaTaprB ne tojbho ne 
Hoxxepsajii ere x^a, ho OBOH^ateABO noxopsajrB. He BicHiaxi 
6iuB ero 6ycypMaHCKÍe oohmihbbb nacBJBHO sacraBSTB napoxB jr)- 
6btb reniaHa. HanpoTBBi, rnsHopyccu CHJBvIe psancB ironxaxB 
seiuB) HpexBOBB, JBQIB 6u HO 6htb vb noAnHeHÍB y Jt^opomeHEa, 
H y«e Bn ero poxBuxiy soTopiixs dam mhofo wb YspalHt, h 
RW caMHrB pBdraHTB ero ctopohhbrobi^ ctrir yxoxRTB na jrtByR) 
ciopoHy ^). Go((paHHoe ritb Rasai^coe boAcro bb SopcyHŠ noxHBJO 
npoTBHB Hero myn: «oh!B brcb rojoxoirB noMopsn*,— RpHnajra 
RasaRR, «BecB Rpaft onycronnurB, noenoncTBO bb npax*B pasopurB, 
xpHcriaHib BBHeBOJR) OTXM%». Jl^ase naatfoxie B^pnue ^opomeHRy 
cepxeHflia crajiH ocraBJíflTB reniaBa: oepxeBei^Rifi nonoBHHRB Oe- 

fflpb MOB^RHB Cb nflTBKXrrailH CepxeHflTB CBOHTB npBÓHJTB Vh 

EaneRB r npBCRrayjrB i^apR) ^). Ero npRic^py nociilxoBajo en^e 



O Hubí nicre^io BacmiOBcairo yisxa. 

*) HaHi Micre^io BacuuoB. ytsxA, npR pisl PosiTHOft. 

*) Hbhí MicTeiKo BepAHveBCBftTO jisixa. 

*) Apx. K)ct., eh. 80, I. 19, 49. 

») IMdem, i. 63, 65, 118. 

<) Apx. DcT., BH. 82, J. 461. 

7) Ibidem, u. 108. i. 866. 



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PJHHl. 271 

200 cepxeHflTB ^) h HanpacHO AopomeHso nHcajTB vh ormexmiíM^B 
ofTb aero, yti&sxafl bopothtbcji ^). Bi-;(otfaBon Typei^ufi cyxraHi 
npitt8&n JJ^opomeHKy noc^aiB fb Typi^ÍK) 500 hmumkovl^ h 
xiBOven xo nanuuw&TH-jiiTHflro Bospacra, h 8to Bosiiynuo npo- 
Tm jS[opomeHKa cBMurh 6jaaRETh juoxefi, Mfixe nečta, ero AneHKa, 
Tin m) JI|opomeHBO Brnnen Hm ^HTHpHHa h cspiiBajiCfl Tpn 
XHi Kb jňcy cb CBOHMH BipHHMH cepxeHflTaMH, nosa He y^erjocB 
Bojraeme rl ropox^ ')• 

H. BOCTOIAPOBI. 



••^ 



O Ap. Ha. A., <»nia 45, )6 8. 
s) Apx. DcTm n. 108, x. 88:. 
*) Ibid., ra. 30, 1. 133. 



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IIITEPATyPHOE 0B03MHIE. 

1-e i»i«, 1880. 



— Heinrich von Syheh Geschichte der ReTolationszeit Ton 1789 -— 1800. FOsfter 

Band, Zweite Abiheilung. Stattgart, 1879. 

— WOhelmMaurenbrecher: Geschichte der katholischen BeformatíoiLlídrdlmgen,1880. 

— Ch, L. Chn89in: les Derniers serfs de France. Paris, 1880. 

Bi H-bnei^soft HCTopH^ecsoft jrHTepaTyp'& ci H^Boropuzi nopi Ha- 
CTynHjTb sacToft; BUAaDnuACJi nponsBej^eHu, cpaBHirreiBHO Cb ójecrsanfit, 
dnoxoft nflTHAecATtixi roxoBi, nomiatynui vb neft TenepB xobouho 
piXRO. SHÓeJTB npHHaxjiesHTB Kb HHCjy HeMHomi hctophsobi TOft 
dnoxH, He comexníHXb eme cb jraTepaTjpHOfi ci^eHU. Hosafl ero KHHra 
sacjysHBaerB BHHMaHÍA h no CBoeiiy npexMeTy. CocraBjuA osoHqame 
oómHpnaro Tpyxa, npexnpHHflTaro hmi okojto XBaxi^aTH jiirb Tony Ha- 
zsLMjb^ OHa oÓHHHaerB co6ok) nocjiixHia roxi cyn^ecTBOBanU ^opeRTopÍH 
(1799-fi), T.-e.,nocj['&xHÍA BcnunisH poBOJiDivoHHaro oraa h 0S0H?aTeiB- 
Hoe noxaBjeHíe ero nepoBopoToirB 18-ro ópDxepa. 

Bi HCTopÍH CQ6iiTÍft 1799 roAa xjia naci, pyccRHxi, ne Mosenne 
ÓUTB HHTepeceHi Bsrjraxi HCTopHsa na o6pa8i xMctbí& CyBoposa vb 
HTajiiR H vb oco6eHHOCTH Bi mee&i^apiH, npH SHaiieHHTOirB nepexox^ 
nepesi CeHi-Forapi. ^ajeiúft orb osecTonemfl, Cb BOTopuinb roBO- 
pHTi o GyBopoB^, HaupHMipi, Tsepi, — ShÓmb oeyacAaerB, oxHaso, 
XOBOJBHO p^BO MHorifl H8^ pacnopflseHÍ& Hamero nojisoBOj^a. FjiaB- 
Hoe oÓBHHenie, bsbommoo SmÓBiewb na GyBopoBa, sauDnaercji vh 
TOiTB, qro nojRTHqecKÍA cooópasenifl cjramROMi qacro 6pajH vb Heirb 
Bepxi Haxi BoeHHKiiH, no, yBjíeRaflCB cBoefi HeHaBHCTBi) b^b ÁBer^s^ 
aceiaHieiTB nOMimaTB ycoixy m ceóuDÓHBiix^fc iLiftaoB!B, okb pacBO- 
BajTB R8i-3a dToro cyj^BÓoD RaMnaHÍH, cyAB60K> eBoero Boftesa. 27-ro 
aBrycra, CyBopoBi noiyqaerB npERasanie nepetrs H3<b HTajÍH vb OlBeft- 



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XPOHIRA. -T JlITEPÁTyPHOB OBOSnHIE. 273 

iififii)i Ha CM^^Hj (yrcrjm3om,9í^o orrjxft 8pi(repqoFa Kapjia; 3-ro cen- 
Tji6pji,oirb ysmen on canoro Bapia o HaHiroaniEceiieA nepexBHseniH 
nocjrtxHflro ci Óeperosi Q^DpEXcsaro osepa sa 6epera Pefina. Re 
BHxy iipHÓJHsaDn^eftojBí oceHH, Bfb Bffxj onacfloCTH, yrposanniefi pyc- 
CMsatb H aBcrpifiesHiťL orpiixaMi fe IIlBe&i^apiB co CTopoHu 6oi%e 
cijBHaro Teiiep&, ^im ohb, MacceHii, CyBopoBiiE oneBE^HO j^ojsesi 
cnimHiii nepexoxoHi ^epe9h Ajieiih; ho ohb h6X2Htb, BaieÓiercH, no- 
TOMy ^TO HO xonen oeTaBHTB HTajnD na npoHSBOJi Abctpíh, ne Ko- 
sen npHHHpHT&CH CB HHCJBD O 8axBaTÍ OD, bh^tí cfh JIOMiiapxiet, 
H IlBeMOHTa. PyccsiH Boficsa npmoxHTi wh ABHseme toju^ko 8-ro ceH- 
n$pH, oeraHaBjraBaDTCH npn bícth o HacrynieflÍH (j^paHi^ysoB^b Ch aa* 
Ha^a h Dro-sanaxa — xoth npH óoqchjíh maMdoHHe h Mopo dxa bícte 
Morxa 6htb ocrasjeHa 6wb BCHuro BHHiiamH,— oara^aTOJUHO xporaDTCfl 
Bi HyTB 10-ro, vepaDrb nan xHoft ójHSfb JIaro«Maj(sope vh naHpa- 
CHom oaraxaniH cjiHmaoirB nosxHO sasaaaHHHXi* n^^eBosoqHHSb cpexcTBx, 
p%niaK>Tea HaB0H6ir& aaiii^HHTB hx^ sa3a^KH]lE jomaxBifH, tms» Bavb 
KOHHHi^a Bce paBHO HO Mosex^ A^ftCTBoeaTB Vh ropaxB, h iehil 22"ro 
Ba^anavn noAHHMaTbea na GeH'B-roTapi. Bh6<^ CeHi-Forapa — bto*- 
poft HyHKTb o6BHBeHÍH npoTHBB CyBopOBa. Oh!b xoiseHX 6iu%, no 
mbí^híd 3H6eju, HpeAno^ecTB o6xoAHoe xBHxeHie wpes^b Bepnap^HHi, 
nTo6u H86'&saT& coapOTHBjeHiH co cropoHU (f^pani^ysoBB, 3aHH]iaBniHX'b 
eesb-rorapesifi npoxoxi, h o^yrarLca no Ty cropoHy AjiBnoBS ne kb 
sanaxHi, npeAcraRifleiíoĚ dshhitb fieperou^B Herupexi-RaHTOHOBi, a 
FB onpuTOft ;^ojraHft Pefina, cpexH coosHáro aBcrpiiciaro BcAcsa. 
OqeBHAHo, CyBOpOBfB He SHajTB, qró osHj^aerB ero no Ty cropony CesB* 
Forapa. Mosho joí onpaBxaTB ero HesHanie neópesHOCTBi) aBCTpifi- 
euFO renepaiBnaro BiTa6a, ho coo6niHBniaro eny HaA^iesad^xi cbí-* 
XíhíI? Eítl; Cb noHoniBD khhpb, KapTi& h pascnpocoBi, eBifiíbma 9th 
jierRO MorjH ůnnh cotipaHH caHHMi pyeCRHHi nojTROBomeiTB. Rasi 6u 
TO HH 6iuo, 26 -ro coHroÓpa, pyccKÍH Boftcaa, ci BeaH^aftnnnrB Tpy- 
xoiTB H 60JB1HH1IE sepTBaMH Hepemej^iria ^pesi GeHi-rorapx, bhajh^b 
ce6fl npHsaTHHH tíh osepj h ropaiCB, h sa HeHH^HíevB jioxokb ohatb 
npHHysxeHu h^th no exBa npoxoxHMHHi ropnuu^ TponHHKaM^B. Hsx XBjvh 
nyreft CyBopoBi HSĎBpaenb ho tojibso fiojibe TpyxHHĚ, ho h 6ojňň onae- 

HHft CB BOOHHOt TO^RH 8pÍHÍH, HOTOMy HTO OHI WA^f^h HO Vh TjUtpyCB, Vh 

aBCTpiii^airB^ a b% HIbhi^i, t.-o., MoaterB 6eitb, npjnro na Bcrpi^y #iw- 
oyaaif^. Em^e ne orohwhx BTopot yTOHHTejiBHiitt nepexo^i^, sasB ORasu- 
BaerrcH yse Heo6xoxRMHM% npexapHHATB Tperid, HeiieBie thmbxeA. Y no* 
AOHiBH PoemroKa, qepe8% soropiift en^e TAHyrcH pyccBÍH Boficia, CysopoBi 
ysHaen o nopaseniH KopeasoBa npH I^npHxi h BacrynieHiH Maccenu 
v% nisHi^y; H^TH ane^ex^B hobosiiosho, nysno noBepnyTB vh Fja- 
pyey, By^a CysopoBi ne BaxoT^Ji^ HanpaBHTB cboh BOĚcsa npaMo ch 

ToMi IV.—Idjb, 1880. 18 

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274 rocTHEK^B XBPonn. 

DSHaro 6epera osepa Henipexi^iaBTOHorB. nepexoA'B nepesi nparejib, 
npH CH^SHofi noroxi h cpexH óesnpecTaHBHxi cth^bi (tb <|^paHi^y* 
saMH, H3HypfleTb 6e3i toto yse yromeHEiia pyccsíji Boficsa; bobm^cto 
Toro, HTo6u yxepsaTB noseiqD npe Tjiapyc^ h nepeÍTH wb HacTynjieHie, 
CyBopoBi en^e pasi sacTaBJaera cborxi cojuaT'E HcnuraTB nci ysacu 
oceHHflro ropnaro nepexo^a. 11 -ro 0BTfl6pfl, ohh xocTHr^K)TB j^ojihhii 
Peftea, e^Ba caocoÓHue bi npoj^oiseHiD bo6hhuxi m^ířctbU. Xpaópo- 
CTH H buhocjhbocth pyccsaro BOĚCBa 3H6eib OTj^aen nojrayD cupa- 
BexJHBOCTB, Tin 6oxbme jjíflBjuiach hmi, híwl MeHBme yposeei^i 
paBHHOH noxroTOBieHH, Booónie roBopa, iťb xBHxeHuirB h 6HTBair& 
cpeAH ropHCToi mícthocth; ho k% cxmí Cysoposa ^IBe&^apcBi& no- 
xoxi B!B rja;8ax'b H^iiei^fiaro Hcropesa HH^ero ho npeóaBuen. IIjiavB, 
cyjiHBBrifi rHÓaib apida MacceHu — ee HpexQOJiarajíoc& o6oíth co bcíxs 
CTopoHi H sax^irb axaKOBaTb cl <j[>poHTa (KopcasoBi), <j^jiaHra (aBcrpifti^ii 
H Tiua (GyBopoBi)— oópymHicji na rojoay caMoro aaropa, no;(o6Ho 
njiaHy BypMsepa (aBcrpiftcsaro renepajia, cpasaBmarocji vh 1796 r. 
opoTHBi BoHanapTa), noxoÓHo tojibko-hto HeyxaBineiiyojaí {n HTaiia) 
HJiaHy Mopo h MaKAOsaiB^a npoTHB'B caiioro CyBopoBa. TasoBa nens- 
6ÍMB9JI noHTH cyxBÓa bc^xi niaBOBx, cocraBjíeHHUxi Hs^axesa h Ha- 
AOiro Bnepexi, paBCHHTaHHUxi na to^hoctb h oxHOBpeiieHHOCTB cjios- 
Haro XBHxeBU, saóiiBaDn^Hxi o bosmoskhocth HenpejtBHxtHHuxi h ee* 
npe^ilBHAHiiuxi BOMOJiHKai^ft. Bi Ha^axi ceHTaópa óhjio saxyiiaHO no- 
xaBHTB Macceey, bi rohi^í Micfli^a, BoicKaMH, OTxtjreHHuiiH en^e xpyrB 
on xpyra cotbamh Bepcro h tpjaho npoxoAHMHMH ropám; yxHBH- 
TejBHO JIH, ^TO Maccena ne craxB cnoaoiHO osH^aTB HcnojiHeHia aroro 
HJiaHa, a caMi BaafB Ha ceÓH HHHiqaTHBy n pastfHjn aoposHB, hih no 

BpaÍH6ft Mipi HapaJHSOBaJTB npOTHBHHROBl, BOTOpHO, COOXHHflCB, J(0JISBH 

6hjih ero ynn^TOSHTB. 

UpexocTaBJíaeMi cneipaiHCTaMi noxpoónuft pastfopi mhAhíh ShÓojih, 
BO BCABOMi oiy^ai BecBMa HnrepecHaro h ^s^aro — Bas-B h Bootfn^e 
BaufljCB aroro HCTopHsa — npe^BSAToft anranaTÍH ro BCOMy pyccaovy. 
HaMi Basercji, tto ney^a^HuŘ hcxoa'b RTaJiBaHCBO-niBefti^apcaoĚ Kax- 
naníH GyBopoaa 6uji% eerecTBeHHinťB pesyiBTaTOirB tšsb ycjiOBift, npH 
KOTopuxi 6ujia BaxyMana h Bečena dra BaiinaHiH. Cia6iiA CTopoHBi, 
CBo&CTBeHHUA BCflKOĚ aoalHI^H, 601^8 niwh Bor^a-HHÓyAB npeo6ia- 
xaiH B-B pyccso-aBCTpifiCBOirB coDSi 1799 roj(a. Poccúi ho HH%ia hh- 
Basoro noBOAa rB boíhí cb ^pani^ieS; M^a ÁBcrpin btb aoftHa 6ajia 
amsneHHHirB Boopocom, nocTaBiennuirB yace hí^bojíbbo míti' touj 
EňSíLXh H iHuiB OTcponeHHEnrB, HO ne pasptooHmnrB bi Ravno^pirio. 
Poccifl ne npecu^AOBajia HHBaBHxi HaTepiaiBHuxi BHroA'B; Abctpía 
TOJBBO H xyvua o BOsapan^eniH norepflHHaro h o hobhxi npioi^p^^Te- 
niflxi. Poccíh, noM6psHBafl OTBjeneHHoe na^ajo, sejajia BoscraHOBJíe- 

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XPOHIBi. — mTBPÁTyPHOE 0B03P*HI1. 275 

mK capxHHCKaro vpecTOJia; ABCTpia c^BT&ia IlBeMOHi-B CBoeft saiOBHoft 
;(otiH^e&. IIoHaTHO, ?to npn TasoirB pasíH^ia Havipesifií h crpexjie- 
híě o irpo^HOirB exHHOiynríR Meacxy conseHKami ne Morjo 6uti> h piqn; 

nOHflTHO, ^TO HOHOpMaJIBHOCTB nOJIOSeHÍff AOJSHa 6ujia OTBUBaTbCH H 

Ha CysopoBi, uoK^EueEnowb BjtoóaBosi — no Kpadneft iĚfkp% no 
^pui — aBCTpificBOMy npaBHTejBCTsy. CosHatrie, tto pyccKOD rpobed 
XOCTHraDTCfl i^jiH, ^ysxufl hjih xase npOTHBono;iosflUA pyccsoft no- 
jnnrHK^, ne mofjio ocrarBCii 6e3% BjňBma na o6pa8^ aMctbíK noiRO- 
Boma, cjMHiEOiii npoHHi^aTejiBnaro m x&poBHTaro^ ^To6u 6uTh npo- 
cruwb HcnojHHTejeiTB nojiyqaeiiHzi hitb npHsasaHift. Ecjih npRno- 
MHHTE, saTiiTB, HSfitcTHHii CBOftCTBa aBCTpiftcsaro rocfKB-BpHrcpara H 
BsaiMHoe Hepacnojosenie pyccsRx^B h aBcrpifti^eBi, Tasx jicbo Bspa- 
SRBmeeCA h naTB^^ecarB jiítb cnycra, bo Bpexa Benrepcsofi saMnaniH, 
TO nepBoe oÓBRnenie 3B6eia npoTRBi CyBopoBa TopaerB snanTejiBHyD 
qacTB cBoeft CHJU. noiosHiTB, HTo ovB B0ie6ajica H MejurHjTB, npesj^e 
H&fB ocraBHTB HTaiÍK), nojiosHiTB, TTO MexjieHnoeTB ero 6uj^ nepBoft 
npiqiraofií bc^xi nocjrixyioniHxi H6yxaq'B bi DlBefti^apiH; ocTaercfl en^e 
pi^nraTB, HorB jr ohi nocTyoRTB HHaqe, ne 6ujio jol HeoóxoxnMoft cbjibs 
MesAy 8aBB8B0& H pasBflSBOft npeAnpiflTÍfl, nepeHecmaro pyccsyn apMÍH> 
aa THCB9R BepcTB OTB poxHHU, nocTaBHBmaro ero Mesxy OTspiiToft 
Bpasxoft ÝpaHitysoBx h cspiiroft HenpiflBHBD aacrpifii^eBi. PosoByn 
P'6iinDcocTB CyBopoBa nepeftTH bi niaefti^apii) ^epesi C-Fotapi, a ne 
qepe3i 6epHapxHH*B, Sróojb otSrhacEMerh sejiaHíeMi ero npexynpexHTb 
OTcrynieHíe hsx msefti^apiH neď^ABaro aacrpiftcsaro orpa^a, oxpa- 
HHBBiaro xojHBy PeftBa enpedh do aawimM en pyccnuMU^ b nojpiaB- 
maro, cj^AOBare jbbo, . sejtaBBHft npexJiorB si y^ajieBÍH), Basi toibko 
Ba CMi^By ero nosaseTCfl tbitb pyccsoe BOftCBO. OóincneBie 9to, noA- 
TBepsAaeMoe ao bsb^ctboS crenoBB nocn']^niHHM'B OTcrynjieBieMi b3's 
maeftiiapiB rjiaBBUxi aBcrpiftcsBx^B cbxb, boa^b Ba^ajiBCTBOVB dpi^rep- 
Qora Rapia, Be AosasuBaerB jib BeBopiiajiBBOCTB r&rB ycJiOBÍfi, nps 

BOTOpUXl npBXOABIOCB A'&ftCTBOBaTB GyBOpOBy? EejlB OTCyTCTBie BS 

pyccKofi naBBoft SBapTRp^ tohbhxi CB'bA'&Bi& o TOBorpa^iB c^aepBoft 
BOAoniBH G^-Forapa b npBÓpesHoft oójbctr osepa ^eruperB-KaBTOBOB^ 
B Be Mosera Be óiitb nocraB^eno bi BBBy pyccBOMy rjiaBBOBOMaBAys)- 
Bi^evy, TO Be yMeBBmaeTca jh 9Ta BBBa o6cTOflTejiBCTBaMB, npeapaTBa- 
nnmfl pyecBoe Boficso sas^-Su vh aBCTpiftcByD abbbsík) b saeraBBB- 
BiHiíH ero noiaraTBca Ba A'&flTej[BBOCTB aBcrpiftcsaro reBepaiBBara 
HiTa6a ^)? ?BTaB onHcaHie BiBefii^apcKaro noxoAa 1799 roAfti npeasoft- 



1) PacaopiiseHÚi Cysoposa nepeAi c-roTapcsmi nepexoAom (ohx HanpaBHJi 
reHepaia PoseHÓepra bi o5xoxi c-rorapcKoft BepmiHH, ^epesi Aacc^B^ici, a aicrpift- 
ciift OTp«A'& Ay(|H(f6B6epra — vh o6zoxi ^oproBa MOCTa, vepesi Ma^epascsyD xoíHHy, 

18* 



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276 B«CTB1[B*B IBřOnH. 

XeHHaro — es to»h spima TpyxHOCTeft h JHmeHÍft-r-TOJBBO smmmwvb 
nepexoj(OM^ qepesi BajtBaHU bi1877 — 78 r., HeiBSx ne nopa^osaTBOi, 
^TO npoiiLia nopa HeecrecTBeHHUxi conaoBi, o6peMBiiiRX'B PoeciD Ha 
(S6ai^'&JiBHUJi noTepH n HHq'lM<B HeBOSHarpasAeHHiu xepTBu. 

BHyTpeHHee noioseHÍe ^pasipH nepeA'B IB-itb 6pDiíepa onHcaHO 
SHÓeieMi «b xoBOJibHO apbhxi ^epTan. Bosoóis^ee o6§xH%Hie, yoa- 
MfiKb npoMHDueHHocTH H ToproBjuB, Hcnop^eHHue H HenonpaBifieMíie 
nyjH coo6ii^eHÍJBr, onycT^Ufl nnsoiu, xeifopajiHsoBaHHaA HaracrpaTypa, 
óeanopAAOHBafl h óescHJi&HaA ajcmiHHCTpai^ifl, xo spaftHOcra pascTpoeH- 
HHe (i^HHaHCU, xpoHOTeesiS h nocrairHHO pacryupft xel^Hi^rb, sHSBift 
ypoBeHB rocyAapcTB6HHaro BpeAHxa, XBa saaoHOxaTejiBHHfl coópaHia^ 
BpasxyKmUA uem^j co6od, nATarjaBoe npaBHrejiBeTBO, jiHiiieafloe bca* 
Káro exHHoxyinii, BOHCTHTyaía, noTepjiBinaa bchkíA aBTopETOTi bcjíx- 
CTBíe HeoAHORpaTHuxi H ÓesHasaaaHHuxi oa Hapymeiiíft, BOScvaHia 
p04JiHeT0ffB Ha Drž h 3anax%i BoiHemn stioÓEmiWb bi Ilapesi^ 
o6opBaHq^ H rojiOAHoe boScbo, Bu^epsoBaDiiiee óopBúy cb nojiOBHHofir 
EapoHU — TaKOBa BapTnEa, HapHCOBaHHa^ 3E6ejíewh ne óesi npHcrpa* 
ctía, Mosen 6htb, ki wpHoft Kpaesi, ho bo bchroitb cjiyqai 6eB'B 
aBHUxi npeyBejH^eHift. Kasofi KOHrpacn Hesxy sroft sapTHHoft h 
BOJosefiieifB ^pani^íH b^b 1851 r., nepex^ naxemejfB BTopoft 4>PBBiiy8- 
eaoĚ pecoyÓJHSHl Tsj6okí& hhp% co bcímh eBpoDeĚcsHMH rocyxap* 
CTBaMH, noíHoe cnoaoftCTBie BHyrpa crpasBi, BOHCTaxyi^iA, ne cobcíitb 
yxa^HO cueeHHaa h8i BoiinpoMHeGOB^B, ho eu^e hbbíitb ho HapymeHHa«^ 
oxHO saRopoxaTOjibHoe coópame, pasA^JeHHoe, aoHe^Ho, na oi^tíh, ho 

CB P^SBO 0608HaHeHHHM'B H BOMnaBTBUlTB ĎOJTBHIHHCTBOICB, COCpO^OTO- 

WHHaa vh pyBax'B oahofo jihi^b HcaojiHHTeiBHaa bjuictb, npaBHJiBBO 
A&ftCTByDn^aH aAMHHHCTpaTHBHaa ManiHna, nporpeccHBHO yBejH^aBaD- 
H^eeca MBTepiajUHoe 6j[arococTOAHÍe HacejeniH — boitb ycuoBÍB, ecre- 
cTBOHHoe pasBHTÍe BOTopHBi 6wío npepnaHO 2-m'b AOBaÓpn 1851 r. 
C% dTofi TO^BH sp^aia xeBa6pBCBift nepoBoporB mosoti nosasaTBca 
HBBHHeBÍeMi 6pK)MepcKaro; orcyrcTBie bcabhx-b oapaB^aniA AJa nep- 
Báro MOseoTB xaTB npeyBejraneHHoe SHaTOHÍe oócroaTeJBCTBaii^B, boto- 
puMH oóuBHOBMHO oupaBASBaoTCfl nocjiÍAHÍ&. B% noJiBBy ópDiiepcBara 
nepesopoTB) cpaBHHTaiBHo cb xeBaópBCSHirB, hosho npHBOCTH h to^ 
TOO OHI coBopmnjicji óeai npojniTifl bpobh, 063% pisHH, wh pox% Tot, 
BOTopaa npoHSOHua 4*ro x^aaCpn na MoHMapTpcBOirB 6yj[BBap%; hto 



B HMeHBO óiaroxap' 9T0iiy cóoii f^paniqfBOBi cb nosBqíft hxb no cd h no xy CTopony 
HoproBA Mocra) noiasHBaDn, uo obi xopomo sHajii Tonorpa(|)ÍK) C.-FoTapa; Kaimn 
xe oÓpasoMi obi voň ae SHaTB, vto otb Dsaofi oRoseTOOCTH osepa Heraperb-KaHro- 
BOBI E^rb (T.-e. HO 6wíO Torxa) yxo^aoft xoporfl si niBBiiy? Ecih obi sax^^bicji 
BaĚTB Bi 9it>e2en± ioakb* Ba neirb Ónia ocBOsaBa ero Baxezxa? drovb nyBm, sasb 
Bani xaiceTCii, Tpe6yen eme paaiacBeBÍii. 



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^ xFOHinuL. — JumpiTyraoi oBospraiK. 277 

Bh 1799 r. HH Wh napHS^, hh Vb npoBíHi^iH, hbkto h ee noAjHEJ^s 
envhj cb apysieiTL vb pysaxi, sa HapynieHHyD KOHCTHTyi^iD h no-' 
npmapo CBo6oxy; ^to Jiyqiiiie bosxh naprift nepsofi pecnyójnnsii najiH 
BO Bpeiu Teppopa, octbbhbi nocjtb ce6a Jiismh 6ojiie i<ih umie xsuji" 
EMVB BHHTOHOKB, a Blb 1851 T. H6 &ajio HHqéro noj(o6Haro; tto rene* 
pajTB BoHaoaprb He noÓMjiCJi jih^ho noiasaTBCJi bi ynpasAHAeMuxi 
Hn coBÍTaxi, Hesxy rbvb beki JIiOAOBHBrB-HaiiojieoHi ne bsxoj^hji 
Hffb-sa crbwh ejurceftcsaro XBopi^a, xrpexoeTaBJAA dfbůcmeie MopHH, 
OCTTi^ApHo, Mona h MansAHy; tfo 6pDvepcm coóhtía ne HsÓirajíK 
XBeBHOFO CB^Ta, vesAy tšvb saxi riaBHHe dfrasoAU AeKatfpBCROft 
xpami 6hjh pasurpaHH hohbd; hto reHepaxB BoHanapn ne npHHo- 
eBJTb npHCflrH na bíphoctb xoHCTHryi^iH, ROTopyD napynraji; vto b% 
ero npomejpneiťL 6usb 6jíecTMmjía jso6ijifii vh HTajrin h ErHOT^, a bi^ 
opomeAineirb ero noxpasarejiJi — ťojibbo noxosAOHifl b% Crpacóypr^ r 
ByjTOHH, Aa pa3BÍ en^e ÓescitaBiiax oca^a PflMa. Bce sto TaK'B, — ho 
V9h Toro, HTO Vb HCTopii ocTB hítto xy^meo, ^rbwb ópniepesift nepe* 

BOpOTb, OTHDXB HO BHTesaeTO 611^6 B031I0SH0CT& CHHCXOAHTeJI|»HarO 

OTHomeflifl Kb BTOiíy nepeBopoTy. Tsepi, b-b CBoeft „HcropÍH ^^pan^ys- 
43Boft peBoiD^ifl", npaiio npoBosrjiacui ero BeoóxoxHiitiirB; oři Toro 
se sasjDqeHiji HexajieR'B, noBRAHMOiiy, h ShÓojib, ocys^aDi^ifi toibso 
enoco6i^ ynoTpe6ji6HÍA HanojieoHoirB AOcraBineftcji ony BjiacTH. nocMO- 
TpnrB, He onpoBepraeTca jh oho xanHHMH, npHBOXHUHMH ' caMHHS 
3H6ejieirB. 

Okoio noJiOBHHíi 1799-ro roxa nojosenie ^pani^H AMcTBHtejiBHO 
Horjo xasarBca OT^aHHHUirB. B% ídhí vican^i Óoahihhctbo coB'&Tft 

HHTHCOTB 0) HaCTpOOHHOe, 0C06eHH0 CO BpOUeHH HOCJAaHHXI BH6opOB^, 

Ha yjiBTpa-A6H0BpaTRqeCKÍft Jia^i, hsmíhhjio, nyrewB HajieHBBaro nap* 
jaMeHTCBaro coup ďétat (30-ro npepiajur), coctaB^b ARpexTopiR, ho 
BCe-raKR ne aoctrfjio btrmi OARRO^yniíR Mesxy RcnojHHTejiBHOK) h 
daiEOHOAaTejiBHOD BjiacTBD. Hsi HRCja ^empexi hobhxi uenoBi ar- 
pesTopiR, ABoe — CiefteB r Pose-ADso — npRHaxJiesajiH ki yv6peHHoftt 
ABoe — Myjieni r Fofte — b'b JiBOÓRRcxoft napríR; hrthě xRpeRTopi, 
paiBpaTHufií R npoAaacHufi RHTpRravB BappacB — cjiysHdrB tojibro 
CBORMi jiRqimMi RHTepecam r bo BCJisyD AaHHyx) HRnyry fotobib 
6uxb craTB Ha cropoHy CRjiBHifimaro. Btb cob%i4 crapifiniRffB 6ojib- 
hibhctbo npRRaAJiesajo yR^peHHofi naprÍR, ho Bjrijraie ero ycrynajo 
bjiLíbíd coBÍTa HRTRCOTi. Mesxy RRHRCTpaMR rocHOACTBOBajio Tasoe 
xe pasHorjiacie, Kaxi r Meai^y coBi^TaRR h ARpexTopaMR. Taxi xax^b 
opepiaiBCsifi nepesoporB 6ujFb eoBepmesB yjiBTpa-AeMOxpaTRqecxoft 



1) Ho KOHCTHTyniH 1795-10 HJiH lll-ro rona saíoaoAaTeibHan wacTB ÓHjia paax*- 
jesa MCflcxy AByiiii co6paaiiiMii — cobItomi lurmcon h covferon CTapitmEBi. 



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278 B^CTfl£&l> IBPOnH. 

HJH jBULOÓBHCKOfi DEpriefi, TO efi xocraiHCL H nepBue naow flo6ÍAH. 
Oea BECTOAJía na dpehatíh abjxx sasoHOBi, rposHBinHxi BOSBpan^eHieMtb 
%!> BpeMeHaii'& xeppopa. Oahhhi hsi hhxi — Tasi-HasttBaeiiuH^B samo- 
BOMi o sajosHHBaxi (loi des otages) — oocraHOBjajocb, ^to bcji^xi sa 

II0£bJl6HÍeHl Bl BaaOfi^JIHÓO MtCTHOCTH npH8HaK0B'b DOJHTH^eCKOfi CliyTU, 

Bci 6iiBinie ABopflHe, sHByn^ie wh btoS mícthocth, 6epyTC£ noA'b 
crpasy, ci tími, ^Tofiu sa sas^oe yóificTBo, coBepmeHHoe miTesHB- 
xaMH, qerBepo nsi apecroBaHHuxi 6ujh BucujaeMU bo <|»paHi];y8c&yi> 
PBiaHy, T.-e. odpexaeMU na Mex^eHnyH), ho ho^ta HeH36&KByD cmoptb. 
EircTBO HBi-BOAi* CTpasH BasasuBajiocB BBjiK)qeHÍeMi ^ dMarpaBTCKÍá 
cnacoBi, T.-e. KOB(t>flCRai](ie& BMyn^ecTBa a CMepxBOR) BasHbD vh ciy^a^ 
noHBKH. Apyrofi sasoBi Boaiarajii Ba 6oxíe AOCxaTO^Byn qacTB aace- 
jeflia yqacrie «b TaRi-HasBiBaeMOMi npHByxHTejiLBoui nporpeccHBBOirb 
SEkui — y^acTíe, paBBABineecfl jí^áb MBoraxi noTepi Bcero ro^OBora 
Aoxo^a. nocjiACTBieMi nepBaro sasoBa 6uao ycBjeflie b osecTO^OHÍe 
uesAoycoĎBofi boAru Besx^, r^i BM^jncb ajb bbb ropK)?ie MaTepiajiu, 
BocjiiACTBieMii BToporo — Bceo6n;aB naBHsa, cospuTie sanBTajoBi, sjío* 
ynpTpeÓjeHia npa paciuíaAK'6, BpafiHe MOAJieefloe b Beycntofloe nocry- 
BieBÍe saHUMoeMHXh xeserB b yBejB^OHie B6Ao6opa bi o6uBHOBeHHuxrb^ 
noABTuux^ DjaTeasaxi. Bi npoAOJseHie Aayxi cb bojiobbbok) MicB^eB!b 
npBByAHTejbBufi saeMi, pasc^BTaBsufi Ba 100 mhjjíobobi, AOCTaBBi^ 
Bčero OTi 7 AO 8 mbjaíobobi tl^paBKOBx. Cano co6ok) pasyiiteTCJi, 9Ta 
pedyjiLxaTi oďohxi 8aR0H0B'B oÓHapysBJCB se BApyn; npBHBTÍe bx^b^ 
6hiA0 TopsecTBoMfb A^B KpafiHefií napTiB b yBejBqBJío ea caMoaaA^H- 
BOCTB, eji TpetfoBaxejibHocTB. Oea ptmejia B03co3AaTb noryn^ecTBeHBoe 
opysie, cocTaBjflBBiee ea CBJíy b'b 1793 r.— BoscraHOBBTb BJiy6u, b^ 
;roMi HBCji B asoÓBECBÍft, B AaTb HMi opraHBsai^iR), BOTopaa o6bb- 
B aja 6u co6oi) bck> ^pasi^íK). Ha CTopoB^ BBOÓBBi^eBi ctobjib bíkoto* 
pue B3i» caMuxii nonyiapHuxi reHepaaoBi— SKypAaai, Osepo, BpDKtby 
lUaBnioHBe; HCAajieai orb bbx'b 6iíi% b TorAamaift BoeBHuft mbbbctpi, 
BepBaAOTTb. MesAy sypBaaaMB, noBBBBBiBMBCJi BHOBb nocji^ npepiajb- 
csaro nepeBopoTa, BixoTopue aanoMBBaJiB reóepoBCsaro »0Ti^a fijomeBh*^. 
BH^mBÍft Bparb ctobjx, nesAy tími, y BopoTi ^paei^iB; B'b HTa^ÍB^ 
nocii 6btbu BpB HoBB, HBqTO se Mtmajo coDdBBsaMi bath aa lípo- 
BaHci; Bx niBefii^apiB Maccesa aa^ero ae npeAQpaHHMajii a ae aorb 
BpeAnpBBBTb apoTBBi api^repAora Kapja; pefiacRaa rpaaai^a 6ujia sa- 
nqinteHa cja6o, bi FojjaBAia BHcaABJOCb aarjo-pyccBoe bo&cko. 

TaxoBO, noBTopaeai, 6iuo nojoseHÍe a^i» bi bobi^í jiÍTa a aa^ai^ 
oceBB 1799-ro roAa; bo obo ae sajfeA^iajo asMiaaTbCBt a Becbaa cy- 
B^ecTBOBHO. BainiHBB onacHOCTb MaHOBajia yse b'b ceaTBÓpi, ci yAa- 
jeHieai CyaopoBa bsx HTajiia, noó^AOfi Macceeu npa II^DpHxi a no- 
paseflioMi aarjo-pyccBBxi BoftCBi npa Bepre^t a AjsMaapi. Eii^e 



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IFOHEKA. — JUTEPÁTyrHOl 0B03P«HIS. 279 

Bassie 6íija> hogtouhho BOBpacTaDnúft nepeBŠci yx^peaBoA naptiH 
Ha^i KpaftHeD. PtniHTeuHua uíbpu Cieftca, no;(ji;epsHBa6Maro ne 
TOJBXO Pose-^DKO, HO H Bappacos^ — y^ajeme BepnaAOTra hsx mh- 
HHCT^csPBa, BaKpHTie aROÓHHCKaro Kjy6a, BiicujKa 6edi> cyxa mecTU- 
MfiCMrm-metTE. sypnajiCTOBi, npiocTaHOBKa bocbmh raser^ — ne BHSBaje 

COOn^TCTiyDBXarO OTOOpa HH co CTOpOBU AHpeRTOpÍH, HH co CTOpOHS 

coBŠTOBi, u co CTopoHU iiapHsaHi. Myj6H'B H Fofie orpaHHqfljiHeB 
ĎesDJOAHmťb DporeCTOiTb npoTBBi» yxaieHia BepeaxoTTa; bi cobítí 
nBTflCorb S^ypxaH^ npeMOSUi oó^bJíBBTB OTenecTBO wb oobchocth, 
BO npHMipy 1792-ro ro^a, no npexJioseuie ero 6ujio OTBeprayTO SHa- 

^HTejBHULMl 6aUinHHCTB0Ml lUIOCOBli (245 npOTHBl 171), XOTA Vh 

dTO BpeMA onacHocTB HamecTBifl cb cisepo-BOCTOKa emfi ne óujia 
yerpaHOHa uofi^AaMH EpDHa; nacca pa6oHaro KJiacca bx IlapHSŠ He 
TOdUkBO ocraiaci caosoftBofi npH bícth o saspuTÍH aBOÓBHOsaro Bjy6a, 
HO OTHOCHjacL ci ABBofi BpasjLOft KTb HeHcapaBHMUM^b BapymBTejaMa^ 
ofin^ecTBOHHaro cnoKOftCTBia, npBnscEiBaa hmii sacTofi bi A^Jiaxi h 
61xcTBeHfl06 nojosesie xpy^auiiaroca HacaieHÍB. FjaBHUMii a^jiokomi 
pasAopa MesAy AspeKTopiefl h coB^TaMH cjysHJiH ao títl nopi 4^h- 
BaocoBUJi A^iia; cobítu aojifo ho xox&ia AonycsaTL h mucjh o cy^e- 
cTBOBaHÍH Ac4»Hi^BTa, HO X0TÍ1H cJiumaTb o BopesHOMi npeo6pa80BaHÍH 
4)BHaHeoBOfi cbctomu. Eopab BecHofi 1799 r. AHpesTopia saaBHJia co* 
Btraitrb o rposan^eiiik ab^bi^htí bi 67 mhjuíobob^ 4>PBhbobi, saaBjeBíe 
8T0 nocJiysBjo oahhm^b Bdi> noBOAOBib Bi» npepiajbCBOMy nepeBopoTy; 
Ten^B, vb 0BTa6pi Micai^i, AHpesTopia hc^hcjhib HeMHHyeMufi a^^^h- 
mrB Vb 400, 6edřb Majaro, mbjjiíobobi — h otbítomi hb ea pasc^era 
6hLM% He BgpuRb HeroAOBBBia, a i^ijufi njaHi pe4K)pH'B, HaopaBJíeHHUfi 
JCb B0dCTaH0BJ[6HÍK) ÓDABLOTHaro paBHOBŽcia. 3a hícbojbbo AHefi A<^ 
18-ro 6pK)M6pa Hana^HCB vb cob^t^ naTHcorii npenía o&b otmíhí^ 
HpHHyAHTOJiBHaro saĚMa, h hhbto bo coMB^BaJca bi tom^b, qro ohh 
HpHBOAyirB Ki seiaHHOft n,ÍÁU. Rb to se caMoe Bpeiia HasBanefla óuja 
soMUHCcia MM flepecMOTpa saKOHa o saxosHHKaxi; Apyroň bommhccíh 
nopyiOHO 6ujo oaafioTHTBca yiieHBnieHieirB ^Hcja jhi^^b, BSJDHeHHUxi 
Vb coBcottB dMHrpaHTOB^B. Bo raasi BoficKi, HanpasjíeHHux^ dpothkb 
uaTeacHtixi BaoA^i^eB^B h myanoKB, nocTasjeniE* 6uji Marsift, yM&pefi- 
BEifl FeAyBHJiJB, ci uojHOMo^eMi Ha oupiiTÍe MHpHuxi neperoBopoB^B. 
IIoBopoTB, TaKBiTB o6pa80]CB, coBepHiHica DOJiHud; A^^ ycnoBOOHia 
crpaHU, A<ia BOBCTaHOBiema nopaAsa b:b aAMHHHCTpai^iH h 4>HHaHcarB 
6uj[H npeAopHHaTU ejol no xpaftHeft whfi saAyMaHU bc% tí wbpUy 
KOTopiia cocTaBjaDTi cB^TjyK) cTopoHy nepBuxB jArb BoacyjiBCTBa. 
IIpH6iraTB Vb HacHjix) se 6ujo HBRaB0& HaAo6HocTH, noxony ^to Bce 
ÓjaronpiaTCTBOBajo aaKOHHoú petl^opiii. Bb cob^tí naTHCOTB yifipeH- 
Boft jxapxíH yABioCB neperaHyTB bb ce6i xy Roxe6aDin;yK)ca, hop^bih- 



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280 BI^CTBin BBPOUH. 



s 



TexbBjD cpeABHy, Kotopafl ao tívl EOpi — no npsMipy „PaBSHKH 
HJiH „BoJOTa*' Bi SoHseHT^—^ame Bcero HOxaBua voMoenb bh-oxho cfb 
jiBo6HHn;aini. ?q[>e8i híicbojbbo M^cjn^eBi npeiXCTOAJra bh6oph oxHOft 
TpeTH ^J^eBOVh n cob^tu h oAHoro xHpracropa; bhxtk m^h AspenropíH 
jífixmBVb 6urh neHajLesEuft Bappaci, a BiitfopH vb cobíth, iips ro- 
cnoACTByi)iii;eirB HacrpoenÍR jnows^ HenpeiitHHo xonniH (luni o6pa- 
THTBCfl vb noji&sy yKipeHHot napTÍH. IlepeciiOTpi BOHcrflryipB, Heo6- 
xoxHMíift XJA 6ojiie npoiHaro ycrpofteTBa h ÓÓJBsaro exHHCTBa q>ra- 
HOBi BJiaeTH, npexcTBBjuijejr, TasHirB otipasom, Bonpocom q^eMara — 
a noj^osAaTB ^pasinjer Horja, noTOvy tto oojioseHie es lo bcítb otho- 
menijn^b óujio chocho, h xoth vexwHHo, ho noei!OinHo yiyqmajioeB. 
Am npHBexeHífl btl nopflxosi <|^HHaHCOffB, ]{jui BOScraBOBjeHifl roeywp- 
eTBOHEaro spe^Bra, a^a noxn^TÍfl HapoxHaro ójaroeocTOflHÍJi Hyacesrb 
6hxb opesxe Bcero iiiip*b — a saun^Hin m Hpa renepan B0HaBap<n 
MorE cnoco6cTBOBaTE KaBi HejBBA 6onnie, craBi bo naat BoftCKa h 
HaHOca consHHKairb, óesi Toro yjse ne oco6eHHo eunHEiirb, hšcboxbko 
pinrarejiBHiixi yxapoBi. HasHararB ero rjiaBHOROiiaHAyDíi^nrE xHpes- 
Topifl, 6e8^ comhíhú, coraaouiacB 6h, xota 6ii xaa Toro, Tro6H yxa- 
jiiiTB ero R8<B napHsa. IIo cnpaBej^jflBOHy saM^qamK) Sióojta, ^paHi^ix, 
B!b KOHii^i 1799 r., xejaxa tojbbo cnoaofiCTBiji h nopjf^sa; hsi Bcero 
eKasaHHaro naiiH bhaho, hto cea vorjia noiy^HTb htb h 6en HacKjn- 
CTBeHHaro nepoBopoTa. Ecjh 6pK)MepcKie xm, TasHirB oópasom, ne 

6UXB H606X0XHMH, TO OHH HH^llIl HO UOryTl ÓfilTB OflpaBXaHU, H 

BHHa HanoJieoHa saBiD^aerca ho tojbbo btb cdoco6í nojiBSOBaHifl 
BjiacTBK), HO H Bi cnoco6i npio6pÍTeHÍA efl. Mesj^y rbwh h xpyravB 
cyn^ecTByerB, npHTOiťB, caMaa TtcHaa cbasb; ecjra 6h HanojieoffB Hna^e 

XOCTHTB BJiaCTH, OH'B HB MOFTB 6u BHA^TB M% HOft IH^HarO XOCTOAHÍA 
CBOerO, ROTOpHlTB OHI Bl HpaB^ paCHOpASaTBCIE ÓeSOrqeTHO H 6e8KOHT- 
POJTBHO. 

BecBHa oóOŤOHTeiBHO pascBasana SaóejieirB Hcropia HeaQOfflTaH- 
CRBX'B coÓHTÍt 1799 F., 6poca«)n(Hxi TaKyD Mpa^nyi) i4hb na shshb 
aHriiftesaro nai^OHajiBHaro rejMui— HeiBCona. ^oboaho HeosHAaHHmrb 
injuarercfl toibbo bhboa^ SRtfeia, Bosiaraion^aro OTBŠTCTBe&HOCTB sa 
BTH co6uTÍH Ha o^Horo HejiBcoHa. Hncyprenru, aannmtaBmie Heanon 
npoTHBi KopoiOBcnxi BoftCBi, cxamcB npexBOXHTen) noďfcAHHxi, 
KapxHHajiy Py4»(i)0, na KanHTyuB[ÍD, o6in^aBniyK) HHcypreHTairB npo- 
H^eHBe H 6e8npeniiTCTB6HHoe y^aieHie evb Heanoja. 3aBjiK)qaA ory Ka- 

HHTyMláDy Py4^ X^ĚCTBOBaOTB Vb CHJiy HeOrpaHH^eHHarO HOJHOMO^MT, 

xannaro ony KopojieirB, h cb corjacúi npeACf aBHrejieft HH0CTpaHHHX'B 
xepsaai, bi tomi ^ecjií h Ahfjiíh O* KopojB h sopojiesa, rbitb h 



1) OrcyTCTByDn^kro nociaBHHsa sasrbEJUi^B vh 9to speMx saaiTaRi ^jrh. 

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XPOHIKA. — MJÍPlTyPHOl 0B03P*HIÍ • 281 

HeiBCMTE, HUOXBJHCB Vb 9X0 Bpeilfl Bl GhI^HJIÍH; Vb TOTB caMiift xeHB, 

sorxa saKJDveHa tiiua umTyjiaipA, Heji&eoHi, bo rjasi aerjiifiCBaro 
ýjera, ornjujs n HeanojD, ei HHCTpysaiAicH on KopoM, AonycREB- 
siHira nomuoBftHie HHcyprenoBi, ee^H tojibso oho HeoóxoAHMO XJia 
npexpaniteHÚi BoeHHBrB aMctbíA. HaiiftpeHiA Py^Hk cxoxRjiHCb, xa- 
Bm o6pa8om,*ci HairtpeHUMH Kopojifl,— ho He cxojchihcb cl lua- 
HaxH sopojeBU v HejBCona. npoHHKHynit se Bejiv^afiinefi BpasAoft 

VfWMBl^ «■06BH^eBl, HeiBCOHl, KaKL H KOpOJieBa, SaKB R aHTJdfiGEifi 

lOCiaHBSKii FanjibTOHi, mevb Boropare óeaycjOBHo noxHHHjijca repoft 
A^yKipa-^-He xot^jtb h cjHmaTL o non^ajLit, o CHHCxosxeHiH bi o6e8- 
CBjeHROsy Bpary. nomBomeB nepexi HeanojieirB, Hojlcovb ynOTpe- 
6mrb Bci yeuiAt ^to6h cuohhtb Ha cbod CTopony caMoro Py<H>fti 
HTo6u j&bx^Th ero vb Hej^McreHTejBHOCTH AoroBopa erb HHcypreÉTaMH; 
Pj4NN> ocrajcfl HenoBOjretiHiťB, h Hbjibcohii, naBOHei^, o6iniairB ony, 
nHCLMOHHO H cjiOBecHO, HO HpeAopiHnmgpB HHHero npcrnBopi^van^aro 
BanHTyjjnqH. OenoBHBajieB na dTOVh o&bsnjBimE^ HHcypreHTU o<OH^a- 
TaxBHo o^HCTHjra HaxomBmiaca vb wrb pysaxi yapftnjieHifl h crajui 
cajqiTBCii Ha cyxa, kotopha ^osmim 6ujm nepesesTS hxi bo ^paei^iD. 
Sorxa OHH Hpex&nr cetiji, 6e88an^HTHiiini, vb pyu HejiBCOHa, OHi.sa- 
roBopajTL xpyTHiTB asHKOHi; cciuancB na nscBifO KopoJieBu, HanHcan- 
Boe en^e ao vojty^ema vb naiepifo HBFberiji o KanHTyjHi^iH, ohx bo- 
AjFb BpiocraHOBHTB onAsfi^b cxaBioHxtJi HHcypreHTOBi, saxBaTHJTB 6iiIb- 
maro hxi bos^b, a^Mipajia Eapav^ioJio, y^pej^Hn HajLi hhmi booh- 
Hsrt cyi*B H HeMex^eHHO npHBejTB vb HcnojraeHie cvepnaft npHroBopi, 
HpoHtmceHHHt cyxoiTB. Hepess niCBonso xneft npHÓujTb bi HeanojiB 
aatb BopoxB; BUCJiyniaBii Py^HÍK), ohi namexB, ?to oxHasAU xannoe 
CJIOBO He MoaserB 6iitb napynieHo; ho, BUCJiymaBii PainuBTOHa h Hojib- 
coBa, eorjaesjcji na xaiBHibtniee ero Hapymenie. BepxoBHHft cyxi, 
y^pesxeHHut Py4^4^ h BtiCBasaBmiftca sa oÓaaaTejEBHOCTB RaoBTyiai^iH, 
6uM% saxpun ■ 8aifÍHeH*B ApyrávB, no npHroBopairE BOToparo 99 ?e- 
jOBtei 6iuo Basneno, 222 npBcysxeno vb nosHSHeHHOMy TDpeuHOMy 

SaSJnDWBiD, 288— BB CCHlBt, 67 — Wb HBFHaHiX)^ 322^BB 60JS^ EJOL 

mesie npoxoiSBTejiBHoicy jramemD cbo6oxu. B^b onpaBxame ^pjCH- 
HaajMi Satien hpbboxbtb Hapymenie BanHryjiJiiqH HejiBCOHOBi^ 6wb 
B^xona H corjiaeia bc^jb en^e xo npHÓUTífl ero vb HeanoiB; ho 
pasBi B^ttoe HapysíeHie neoikoj^HMO bojblho 6iuo hobjio^ sa co6od 
H&nEift pBx^ Hocri AypiuBxt ? IIpHBi^pi, xaHHuĚ Hej[BeoHOM*B, He Óhjtb 
e<ÍB8aTeJieH% mm Bopou; owb vopb eorjacRTBCB cb Py4K(>o h oerano- 
BBVB aíjo MecTB Vb caMOMi ero Ha^ajrb. daMi^vaTOJ^HO, hto ofipasi 
MÍAcmiŘ HejTBCOHa ne nospexHji eny bo mh^híh anrjiH^affB; bhhh- 
crepcTBO Hanuo ero coBepmenHO npaBHjBHuwB, npexecTi $OBca npo- 
BBy^ajťB (SesejitxHO, HapoA'B npoxoBauLrB oÓosarB cBoero repoB. 



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282 * B^CTHJIKl SBFOnH. 

Uociimití TOMi „HcTopÍH peBOJiDiiioHHaro BpeMeHH^ OTjiHHaeTca 
tímh se AOCTOHHCTBaMH H HeAOCTaTKauii, KaKi H npex^HAyiKie. Bcero 
noiHte H3J0seHU SHfieieifi AHn^OMaTH^ecBía CHomeHíii; ota'í^jiUi no- 
CBflmeHHue hmi, coxepasarb bx ce6% MHoro HOBarO) xaBi KaKi. 3H6ejiB 
nojiBdOBajCJi apxRBBMH, npesAe saBpuTUiiH hju Tpyj^Ho AOcryoHHMH. 
BoeHHi^a A^ficTBÍA H8o6paseHU casaTO, ho pejbe^^HOr Bo BByrpeoHet 
HCTopiH $paHi^ÍH Bcero Jiymae paspa6oTaHii ^^BHancoBue Boopocu; no- 
jiflTH^ecBoe j^BHseHÍe ooHcaHO xoboju>ho 6ji%aho, yMCTBOBHaa auiSHb 
Hapo;(a ocraBjíeHa ho^th coBepmenHO 663i BHHMaHÍB; ssBofi xapaBTepH- 
CTHRH vAeLBinuvb AÍ1kcfiBjDm.BXT> jiHi^i HCsaTB 611^0 6u Hanpacao. Ho-bo 
BCBBOHi cjiy^at coHHHeHie SeĎojb npHHajuesHrB bi hecjíj rfoi, sea- 
bohctbo cb KOTopuMH Heo6xoAHMO jí,MSL BCBsaro, Hsy^aDiuaro pesojii)- 
i^ioHHyK) anoxy. 

HcTopÍB pe4>opMan;ÍH npHHajuesHrB rsrb HHCjy vbvb npe^MeTOBx, 
BOTopue Bcero noinite paspafioTaHU bi HiiieiMCOft jiHTopaTypi. B'b 
TOjibBo-^TO BumejíMewb co^EHeniH 6oHHCKaro npo4»eccopa MaypeH6pe* 
xepa, cneuiajiBHo nocBBTHBinaro C66jí Hsy^eHÍD STofi anoxR Oi BCTpi- 
MaK)TCJi, KaBi H cji^AOBajio osHAarb, otaíiu, ho coAepsan^ie bi ce6^ 
HH^ero cyniecTBeHHO-HOBaro; ho paxoMi Cb hhmh ecTB h Tasie, koto- 
pue bhojihí sacjysHBaroTi BOHMaHia. CaMoe sar^aBie BHHra: „HcTopía 
KamoAunecKou pe^^opnai^íH'* yBasuBaerB na sahany, soTopyn nocTaBHJ'b 
ce6i aBTopi. IIpeoópasoBaTejLHoe j^BHseme, oxBaTHBmee b^bXVIbšbí 
BaTOJHHecByD i^epsoBb, oĎiuchoboheo HaBUBaorca Konmpz-pe^qpMauieů 
(Gegenreformation), T.-e. peasiuefi npoTHBx pe<}K)pHai](ÍH; MaypenSpe- 
xepx x^erb euj bma KaTOja^ecsofi pe4»opMai;iH, noTOMy ?to oho bo3- 
hhbjo HesaBHCHMO orb npoTecraHTBSMa, en^e ao liOTepa, h toilbo bit 
nocjiÍAyi)niHX!B (j|)a8Hcax'b cbohzi HcnuTaao sa ce6t BJiiaBÍe hobuxi> 
pejuirio3Huxi yneBítt. IIoaoďho xoMy, Kairb pe4K)p]iai^ia vb coócTBeH- 
HOMi CMucj^ cjiOBa— pe(t>opMai],ia npoTecraHTCBaa — 6iua no npeHMyn^e- 
CTBy Kíjioui, repMaHCKaro njieiceHH, BaTOJtanecKaa pe<|^opMai^ia Hanua 
CBOB) HcxoAHyK) TOHBy H CBOH TJiaBHua onopu cpexB poMaacKHxi aapo- 
AOBi, oco6eHBO cpoAH HcnaBi^eB^B. Ona Haqaiacb ci HcnaBÍH, bx koess,^ 
XY Btsa; i^i^tD ea 6ujo o6HOBJieHÍe h vcBjeHíe i^epBBH, 6e8'B icajitfi- 
inaro OTCTyn^eHÍa orb aobtphhu, orb npe^ania, orb syjibTa, TaRHMH cpe^-- 
CTBaHH, Basi— 6oj'be xn^aTejbauft Bu6op% CBanieHHHROBi h enHCKonoB^ 
jy^maa 6orocjiOBCRaa bxi no^roTOBKa, CTporítt aa^sopi sa hhmr^ bos- 
CTaHOB^eHíe AHCi^HnjHHU Bi MoaacTupaxx, cypoBoe npecjitAOBaHÍe epecH 
H CBOÓOAHOfi MUCJH, npeAOCTBBJíeHie AyxoBeHCTBy i^eesypu aa^i bc^mh 

1) IlepBoe coHHBeHÍe Maypenópexepa: „Karl V und die deutschen Protestanten'*, 
DOflBBJOCb Bi catrL vh 1865 r.; sarbiii ohi Bsxaji eme „Stadien und Skizzen zuř 
Gescbichte der Reformationszeiť' h „England im Eeformationszeitalter*'. 



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XPOHHRA.— JIHTIPÁTyPHOB 0503P«HII. 28S 

BHOBL BUXoxAii^aMH SHHraMH. BjaroxapA Moryii^ecTBeHHOfl noMopssi 
KainoAUHecKux^ MonapxoBi — ^pAnflan^a h Hsaóeuu, Ójaro^apA n;iio& 
rpynni dneprH^ecBHxi h AapoBHTUxi i^epBOBHHKOBi, B'b poA^ Xjiiie* 
Heea, saTOju^ecsaji pe<t>opHai^iA bi HcnaHÍB, bo BpeMeBH BcryoieHífl 
fl& opecTOJx Kapjia Y-ro, Morjia c^HTaTLca OBaH^eHeoD. BocniraHauft 
noA'B ea nenocpeACTBeHHUiťb BJiUflieirb, Kapjii ycBOHjťB ce6i ea npaH- 
jiMau H cxiiajica BopoaoBaHHUMi ea npeACTasHieJieMi; ycepjnie ero 

KB H6á TM^paJIOCL TOJILBO TOFAB, BOP^a nonepOBl^ AOpOFH CTaHOBHlHCb, 

BB BopoTBoe BpeHB, coo6paaseHÍa noiETH^ecsaro CBOficTBa. Bi dTOM'B 
BepBOMrb CBoeiTB nepioA^, BBTOjiHqecBaa pe4>opMaAÍa noMepsHaajia, bo- 
fle^BO, opHHi^Hnii nancBaro rjaBeecTea, ho othdab ne bcí buboah hbi 
dToro opBHiuina; ona CTpeMHiacB bi orpaHE^eniK) bjbcth nanu HaA'B 

OTA^-UBUMB I^epBBBMH, Bl HSIBTÍK) H81 erO pySl npBBB 8aMÍlIieBÍA 

]^epBOBB£ix!B AOJisHOCTefi H BBaHÍA, Bi yspinjeHÍi) rocy^apcTBenHaro 
BOHTpau HaAi» AyzoBeHeTBOMi, oahhmi cJOBOBťE — XI cobabeíd nauio^ 

HOÁhHHO^h I^epBBefi. C% TO^BH Bp^HÍB C0Bp6MeHBar0 yjIBTpaMOHTaHCTBa^ 

XaMOBecrb B ero cotpjahebb noAJiesa^fl 6u o6bhhchíd vb rajuiBBa- 

Bil HTajÚH rjiaBHUMi bhoctojiohi xaTOiB^ecsoft pe4>opMa^iH 6ux% 
CaBOHapoja, HBBorAa ne ocTaBjBBmifi cpeAHeaiBOBOfi bo^bu, ho en^e 
6ojie pimBTejbHufi hpotbbhhbi nancBHxi aioynOTpe6jieHÍtt, ^im, 
BCBaHCBie pe<|»opMaTopu. He hmíb sa co6oft tbbhxi san^HTHHBOBi, bb- 
xhmb 6uj[h iua hocji^ahhx-b $epABHaHA'B b HaaĎeua, ohi AOJimewb^ 
6}Wb norBĎHyTb vb HepaBH0& 6opB6i ci nanofi« Bi FepHaHiB Baxejie* 
Hecaaji pe4>opMaAÍa npHHBja hícbojbbo xpyroft xapaBTepi; ohb no^aja 
pysy ryHaHBSMy hjih no BpafiHefi Mipib ojiHOMy, HaHÓOJiie yiiipeHHOHy 
ero OTTÍHxy. Hixei^Bie enHcaonu, CTpeMa^^eca bi bohi^í XY h hb- 
Hui XVI-ro B'bsa Kb BayTpeHHeMy oóhobiobík) i^epBBB, nojiEsyiOTca 
coAi&CTBÍeMi TBBHXi Jio^efi, sasi refijep'B ({)oai»-RaK36pc6eprb — no- 

DJJapHUfi nponOBÍAHBBl, OTBpUTElft BpaPb H^BOTOpUXl I^epBOBBUX^b 

odiqaeBx; Ce6acTÍaHi BpaaTb— caTapaKx, ÓH^eBaBmift HcaopneHaocTs 
xjxoBeacTBB; BaM4>ejiHHrb — npeo6pa30BaTejii> HÍMei^KOfi biboju, mc^- 
Tasmifi o cjiiaaiH óorooiOBia cb nayBoft. TaBÍa HeqTU ae 6ujh HyacAU 
b HcoaHCBBM^B pe4K)pHaTopaMi»; HtaoTopue hsi hhxi 6uja sHaTOBaiiB 
ipeBHOCTfl, yHeHHBaBH dpasHa; ho bi» ncnaniH ryMBHHSirB He Óiui 

TaxOft SHBOfi CHJOft, BBBl Bl TepNaBÍH — pflAOMli Cl BHBBBBBipefi B 

iieasypofi owb ecTecTBenHO ne Morb arpaTB BUAaDH^efica poxa. Buc- 
mMMUh BupaxeHíeMii coDsa nesAy BBTOJHqecBBHB npeoópasoBaTe^iiHUMB 
rauesi^iaMfl b ryMaaasMOHi CJ[ysBrb.A'^Teji»HOCTB 9pa8Ma; Maypea- 
6pexepi» BBAHTb Bb Hefi xbkiHSu oco6yK> (jl)opMy pe<|)opHai^iH, H^qTO 
cfOMMee MesAy pe(t>opMaAieft HcnancKofi b pe<t)opMai;ieft jDTepaHcxoft. 
PfsoBOAan^aa mucjb dpasMa, BOTopofi oh'b 6ujíb Bipea^b bcd cboe> 



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281 i»€THm iw(»ai. 

SBSHJ^ SaBJIDHaxaCB Bl TOHl, TTO I^OpSOBB, OCTaBaflCb eAHHOft H He- 

nosojiedBifoi, xojsna npoHHKHyrBca xyiom HayBH^ BocnoiBSOBarbca 
Betos npio6p£TeHÍBMH m, BoacraiioraTB, cib m domoid^u), ocsobei sep- 
BofiiiTHaro xpHcriaHCTBa h coo6pa30BaTB c& hhmh cbok> xbATeMhBOCTh. 
^onraTB^eeuMii pasHoriacúiirL obi Be opa^aBaiii (iojibmoro SBaTOHÚi, 
TpefiyB npesxe Bcero xyxoBsaro exHHeaU uenoBi i^epsBB ei ob ae- 
BHAHMEim rjason. Ilosa JlDTep^b orpaanHBajioa BanaAeauiB aa nt- 
BOTopue OTA^Ji&Biie ByHBTH i^epBOBBBTO ywfliB, BupaÓoraBHHe wh 
MpáiflyD dnoxy exojiacTHBH r cocraBjuBBiie Bas^B-ÓH Btpoen m nep- 

BOBBiaiBBOA XpBCriaBCBOft AOBTpBB^i^ dpaSlTB CO^yBCTBOBaJTb eicy H BB- 

MÍbxb vb fleiTB CBoero codsbbxb; bo syTB y^esaro h BpoDOB'&xHBBa 
paaomucjb vh pasBUB CTopoBii, kakl toxbbo JlDTopi arxinurcB orb 
i^epK»i, nepecraxB spasBasaTL mm ce6B oÓBsaTejiBHuiiH ei ptBieHiB. 
Yme Vh 1524 r. dpasm otbphto BtiCBasajicji npoTBBi JlDrepa, mzůpkvb 
FiaBBHiTB ByBBTom CBoeFo Basa^efllB jDTepoBO y^ede o xo($pHxi xi- 
jaxTB B Ójaro^aTB, T.-e. OTpHqaBie CBotioo^BOft bojb, cb to^rb apŠHÍB 
óesycjiOBBaro tapeAOBpeA^eaÍB. Ha cropoBy oóCBypaaTOBi hjib spmt- 
Bflxi KOBcepeaTopoBi dpasMi* o^Baso Be nepesiejrB, npoxojisaB, na- 

060p0TB, 6opOTBCB BpOTBB^B BBXl H BperepB^BaTB flXl OSeCTOqBBBHB 

otfBBBeBia ^). Ero lursoft, cosepi^aTejiBBoft aaTyp-i, ero maposoiiy yM^ 
6axa BpoTHBBu AoniaTBHecBiB BpepeRaHig o6iflxi CTopoRi, óesnoiesBUB 
jma BayxB, osacaua aje oÓB^ecTBeaBaro caoBOftCTBia. IlOAXepxHBaa 
CBomeBia c!b aaséoiie ya'&peBBHaB opasepseai^aiiB apits^vDi^ax^ 
napffift — aaspaM-ipi, cb BunepaTopcRBirB saai^jiepoMi rarraBapoĚ vb 
paxax'B BaTOjraxoBi, ci MejiaBXTOBoirB vb paxaxi aporecTaBTont — 
dpasiTB aocToaaao, bi> cavui pasrapi 6opb6h, aacrasBajn aa bob- 
MOsaocTB a aeo6xoj(BaocTa eorMmeaia, BoapasajrB apoTRBi cypOBHZS 
peapeccBBBHxs iiipi, cobí^tobbjtb npesparaTB pacnpa aa xaeeipaxi^ h 
Vb 6poBiDpaxi& a eoq>eAOTo^BTB ace BsaManie bb oób^bxi bc^itb 
BcnoBÍ;(aaia]ťB aaqajiaxi pejniría a apaBCTBeaaocra. Bi aoBBrrBaxrb 
BOCJríftj(OBaTB 3TBM% cobítbhi, BaĚTR cpe^BDi) Jiaaii), oxaaaaoBO orj^a- 
jfeaayD otb JIoTepa a otb CesycjiOBaHxi saaiflTaaBOBi i^epBOBaaro 
status quo, ae 6ujio ad^ocraTBá. B-b bb^bjí^ TpaAi^aTUX'B foaobi rep- 
i^OFB loaaai RieBCsiĚ dajtyaajrB opraaasoBBTB i^epBOBB, vb apej^^Jiaxx 
repi^orcTBa, ao yBaaaaiflMi 9pa3Ma, a oóaapoxoBajrB ci btod i^&rBB> 
paxb yaaxoaeaifi, ycTaaoBMBaiax^B bítto bi poA% i^epsoBaBro aeft* 
TpajiaTera; nponortxaaaaMi oóoaxi acaoB-b^aBift 6Hia crporo saape* 
a^eaa acasBa aojreaaKa; apex^ii, vb aoTopuxi xojisaa tfiua apa- 

^) Ao KBKoft creoeHH n to speiu Csua CHiBsa HeTepiuuiocTB ki nysixi bh^- 
BJiiirb, o6i aroiTb xaerB noHJiTie npocBÓa dpasiia, o^pamesHaji n riasib HcnaHcsoft 
BHVBBSBmi H HiTb yBBxeHHaa — BaioanTB Moiname ea MOHaxoBi, ocnopHBaBoraxi npa- 
BOBipie dpaaiia ■ BixbBunxi n nem poxonavaiBrasa iDiepoBoft epeci. 



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XPOHHEA.— iOTlFiTyPHOI OBOSP^HIE. 285 

i^aT&CA nponoB^xB, 6iuh onpexijreHii cbítcrod bjectli). Eihectbor^ 
HuiTB pesyjrBTaTom Bdvh dTim iAp% óvuio ycHjeHie bi Sjíese jn)« 
TeiMirasxa. npHnpHTaiLHoe Haerpoenie, opoaaraHXHpyeMoe dpaavoirB, 
Mxojpuo čxaronpirFHyiD no^sy h npH xpyrrai ABopaz^B — jwEe npH 
j(Bopi nepsaro caHOBsna niMei^soft KaTaniqecKO& qepsBB, apxienH- 
OKOna MaĚHQCBaro, xase npe ABopíb xaBHHnrasro Bpara p6<|N)pMauiH, 
repi^ora Teopra GascoHesaro; ho npaiTH^ecBRxi boojiíj^ctbíí oho bb* 
Borm He hljAjo; jcmjáa khasji Tor^ameft HaysH oerajracB Óesycniiii^ 
HHm; Baraerpo^Ay aoropyi) ohtb npeAnyBeTBOBajn, ocyn^ecTBHjniCb — 
ryMamnirb, Tonao-^fo pad^BftTodft wh repMaHÍH, aaiiojm) óujtb no- 
rpeóewb novh ópeiieHeirB óesiuoxHiiK^B óofocjobcrhxi oiopon. H Bce- 
TasH MaypeH6pexep^ npaRB, naxoxa, ^ro BOirapoiiHecB vh xjii 
dpaaiia— HaeaoJLKO owh daxh iipaBTE^ecaa BosMosesb — 6an ůa 
ueencnewb xjijí repKanie, jua Bcefi EBponii. 

GaeieMa dpasiia crpawJia Heasje^RHHirB BnyrpeKairB aporoBO- 
pteiem; oaa TpetfoBajia lopenHOft pe^^mi — h bmíctí ci tíwl co- 
xpaHeHiii roraBHHxi ochob'b cyn^ecTBynn^iro oopajisa. Oaa apoBoepja- 
najia neiiosojieÓHMoeTb qepaoBH»xi y^ipeai^eHifi, ycrpaHaaiirarB bob^ 
aosHOCTB cepBéSHaro npeoópasoBaHía. ^Tb Taxoe nancTBO vb Teopis 
H Ha npaKTflsi — dTo 6aio cjiHmBOM!B Jieno m vb anoxy 8pa8Ma, aorxa 
sanaift opecroj^ saHHMaja to saBepra wh poxi AjeicaHApa Yl^ro, 

TO HHAH<JHkPW™ B^ P0AÍ JlBBa X*rO> TO HBTpHPaHU Vb pOX'6 TOmB 

n-ro H RjHMeHTa VlI-ro, a aorxa asBepra, HHxa^^^^peem h hhtph- 
raaB cxoxB^iHCb toibbo vl oxhovb: bi^ ynopaoMi ozpaHema naneaaro 
BOiBOBjacTUí. RopoTBoe ynpaaieHíe ^ecTHaro, Haóosaaro Axpiana Vl-ro 
QOKaaaio cb xocraTOWOH) acaocTBi), ^to xaaee naaa ČeseueHi Vh 
xotfpy, aorxa sarpoHyru HHrepecu paMcaott aypia. Haaorxa nancaaa 
BjacTB ae 6iua TaB'B caiBHa, aarb aepex^B caMum aoaBJeaieiťb Jd- 
fepa. 3a atocoiBao iiicjiiieBi otfaapoxoBaBÍa SHaxeHHTHx^L BHTrea- 
óeprcBaxi Tasaconb oa(»rauaoB vh Pani eeccia laTq^Hcaaro eo6optí. 
HaaajaeB oaa (vb 1512 r.) opa Hetiiaroapiaraiixi iipex3aaMeH0BaHiflx'B 
xia oann; vh IlHSt 8acijvun& eoiSopi, eo6paBniiftea éen corjack a 
MMMe npaao Boapeaa BOJri^ nanH, no Haai^aTHBi oaafiixrB BjiaTaiB- 
wscph aapxaaaiOBi, eb oxoópeaia ^^paai^yscaaro ac^xa a aimepaTopa 
MáacHMHjíaaa, — co6opi, HMÍBmi& vb aaxy peopraaaaaiiD i^epaoBHaro 
yapaBjeaia aa hooeixi, 6oMÍe npaBHXbauxi aaaaiaxi. H hto se? ae 
oponuo a naTa xin, aaa^b o nasaacaoai coóopft bA satexa; ero 
pyaoBOxarexH npHHecxH noBHBayi) roxoay a npBHajfl y^acrie bi xaTe* 
ftmcKOWb co6opi, co3BaaHox'b aanoft bhobho xxa sporaBOj^^ftCTBía 
BBsaHcaBiirb HenocxymaaKaMo^. dTon co6opi exaaorxacHO opoBOsrxa- 
eax& a6cojx>THoe DOx^HHeaie nan'i Heoóxoxaaiurb ycxOBieai Binaaro 
áua^HCTBa, B pasoniexca, ae ycTpaaaBi aa oxhofo bsi sc^ai bsbí^t^ 



Digitized by 



Google 



286 B^THIKl IBFOnH. 

Buvh n Bc^HE npHSHaHHHx^B 8jioynoTpe6jeHÍ&. 7éro se mosho 6iuo 
osH^aTB OTi HeQorp']^iirHMaro nana h oitb Taraxi He3a6ucuMHX^ eoóo- 
poBX? Bcero MeHEme, BOHe^HO, TepnHMOCTH, ysaseHia k% HayB'^, T.-e. 
n CB060AÍ uucjiH (na tovb se jraTepaHCBorB coóopt, enHCsonairB, no 
npHHipy HcnaBÍH, óujia npej^ocTaBjeHa i^eHaypa najci bcímb BHxojta- 

ni^BlIH BEHraMB), HCBpeHHeft rOTOBHOCTH Kb peif^OpifaMl, — HeHSÓiXBO 

HeÓJiaronpiflTHKnrB j^jia BiacTH h aokoaobi xyiOBescTBa, — fiosBpan^eHin 

Vh npOCTOTÍ H HHCŤOT^ nepB06lITH0ft l^epRBB. mWh se O&batEETh 

ynopHyD B'6py 9pa8Ma B-b cobmícthoctb HaysH h cpexneBisoBoro ebto- 
jiBi^HSHa? ?T0 nHTajio Bi BeiTL najiesxy Ba ycrynBH co croposH nocjiijt- 
HBro Kb nojLsy nepsofi? BecBMa b^pobtao, hto cpexHee nojoseHÍe, 
BaBBToe H Tsepxo 7AepsHBaeMoe dpasMOMi, 6hjio CBopte Mfkjowh ero 
xapaKTepa, niirb ero yÓ&KAeaiif, hto npBMBByrB vb npoTeeTaHTaii'& 
eHy noHimajia, cb oxBOft CTopoflH, HeptniBTejibBoeTB, Óobsbb oepeAi 

OTRpUTHlTB paSpHBOMX Cb I^epSOBBD, CT> Xpyroft CTOpOBH — rOp^OCTb 

y^eaaro, bo npHSBaDBi^aro sa TOinoft npasa rojioca bi o5jiacTH pejH- 
ríosBO-ct^Hjiococi^CBBxi BonpocoBi. PeBOHeHxyA BosxepsaBÍe orb noje* 
HHKH, dpasiTb cyxHJTb xpyrBxi BO ceói, osHxajTb orb xpyrHx^L cno- 
BOftcTBÍB, ROTopoe evy caHOMy rasrb lerso XBBaiocb. Obi* jiyMaJii, ^to 
cnopi, cx'^aBmiftcfl AOcroBsieirb Bctxi h Rasxaro, MOsoTb 6uTb no- 
ROH^efli corjiaBieEieirb BOMBorax-b Bope^OBOxi yMOBi, ?to dTOMy corja- 
mefliH) BOA^HBJVTCB ir Bjaerfl — i^epROBBHB b cbítcbíb, — h mbccii. Hto 
BpH TorAamBem bojosobíh A^bjrb TopsecTBO dpasMa (hjio 6h, vb cjmr 
BOCTH, nojEHiTb BopBi^aBiovB AJifl npoTecTasTHSMa, a (^ťfcxoBarejBHO 

H XJB CBO6OXU MHCJIB, dTO BO BOXJieSBTb BHKaROMy COMBÍBÍD. Ilep- 

Binrb yoroBioM^b ROHspoMBCca 6hjio 6u B03Bpan^eBie spoTecrasroB^ bi^ 
joflo RaTOJifl^ecRoft i^epRBH— a Mesxy rbwb cyTb npoTecraBTHSHa saRjn- 
HBJíacb Be vb y?eBÍB o ÓJiaroxaTV, Be B^b tfpaRi cBBB^eBBHRoei, ne 

Vb BpiOÓB^eBiB BOX^b 060flMB BBABMB: OBB 3aRIlD^ajaCb HMOBHO B-B 

OTx^eBÍH orb i^epRBH, T.-e. vb ocBOÓosxeaiB hucjib orb BBiniHaro 
aBTopBTera. Ecjh 6ii ycrys^EBOCTb MejiaBXTOBa Ba ayrcÓyprcROirb cefiv-b 
1530 r. ') — ycryBqHBocTb, tfuTb nošena BBynieflBaB onacTH BJiÍBHÍeirB 
dpasMa— Be pasÓHiacb o TsepxocTb Jlorepa b o&b yopaMcreo Hxnepa- 
Topa v BancRaro leraTa, pe^^opMai^B 6iijia 6u npoBSBOxeBa aaspacHo, 
B EepoBi npBBuocb 6u osBxaTs Bosaro JoTCpa. Bci njioxu ROMBpo- 
HBCca xocrajracb 6u se $pa3MoecKaň pe^pnaipa, a ucnaHCKoU^ Rasib 

ÓOJlie BOCliXOBBTeJbBOĚ H I^ijIbBOft; MH BBXBITb, ?T0 OBB BOCTOpse- 

CTBOBaja Besxi, rxt se no6ibxvn npoTecraBTBSirb. ?to RacaercA ao 
Bpexa, BpflqBBeBflaro BayRŠ npoxoiSBTejibBinrb rocnoxcTBOMi 6oro- 



O Ohi roTOBi 5iiii AonycinTB noxiHHeeie npoTecTaHTOBi niToiH^ecKoft i^epioBHoft 
iepapxía. 



Digitized by 



Qoo^^ 



xpoHHKA.— jranpATyraoi obosmhk. 287 

UOBCBITB CnOpaB'B, TO OH'B HO 6UJÍT> HH Tai^B BeJTOKl, HH Tail FJíyóOKS, 

xan MO«er& nosasaTLca eb uepsaro B3rjuiAa. FyiraHHSifB nocTpaxaďi 
HeeoMH'ÍHHO — HO ryHaHHSVB 6uji'h TOJbso npeiABepieiTL r^ Haysi^, bo3* 
craHOBjemeiTb hjh BocnpoHSBej^eaieM^B ochobi, Heo6xoj(nuux'B M,xa ^aiB- 
Hitniaro ea pasBHTia; ona csopo npoJOSHja ce6t HOBue nyrH, h abh* 
seiie M HO ocTanaBjHBaeTca ;i;ase bi XVI*vb b'6b'6. FyifaHHSirB npo* 
piTSOTb iipeHicyn^ecTBeHHO fb He6ojibiiioft, aaManyTott C(i)ep'6, Majo 
paeupocrpaHacB sa ea iipeA&ra; pe<{>opiíai^ia x&Ja chjibhh& TonoRi 
BapoxHoft moji^ h noorosHjia Hanaio oóasaTei&HOxy oóyqenip, otb 
nonaro ocyn^ecTBienia KOToparo Tars xaieao en^e h Hame npeva. 

^paHiiyscRiĚ HCTopHBi H ny6jHi^Hcr& UlacceHi, bsb^tehA xpy- 
xan o TarB-HasuBaeifKm cahiers 1789 r., T.-e. o6'h EEcrpyKuÍjm^y 
^áHHiixi HBtfHpaTeiaifH MfiuyrtLTSwh npn HstfpaHÍH reHepaiLHHK'B nrra- 

TOBl» B3Aajrb HO^aBRO HeóOJLMOfi dTI)A'B o nOCJfiAHHZl Rp%nOCTHlIX'b 

iDjisrh BO ^paHipH. PyccRÍe HvraTeJiH, snaRoinie cb co^RHemeirB r. 
ILapieBa o RpecTBJiHaxi h RpecTKRHCROirB Bonpoc^ bo ^paei^iH rohur 
XYin-ro BiRa Oi Haftxyn^ bx ar^At DlacceRa MHoro jioóODUTHt^i 
xonojmenift vh o6mfii RapTHH^, HapecoBaHHoft r. Rap'leBi2Mi. IIo pas- 
Cfery HlacceHa RptnocTHiiTB xDxeft bo ^paei^iH, b^b 1789 r., 6ujobo 
Buiom cjj^sA 6oJiie vHJuiOHa, MOsen óhtb h orojio nojiyTopa mhj- 
jiiOBa. IlHcaTeiH KORcepBaTHBHoft H RJiepHRajBHoft napTie crapaDTca 
xosaaanb, ^iro RptnocTHoe npaso eoxpanHJiocB ao pobojiduíh vh owQft 

TOJBRO UpOBHHI^iH — ^paHRTB-ROETe; MOSAy T^^M^B ORO ORaSlIBaOTCR HR 

jRi^o ■ B% BypryHi^iR, h b% djBsaci, h bt> jIoTapRoriH, h vb OBepRR, 
I n Byp6oHRe, h bo ifHorHX'B Apyraxi HŽcTaxi. RpinocTRue jtbah 
^HRTb-EoHre, Bi oco6eHHOCTR Tt mn rhxi, ROTopse npRRaxjesajiH 

e^l-&IOACRHIťB RaHORERaiTB, H8BÍCTHU ÓOlBRlť XPyrHXl, BCJ^ACTBÍe 
T^lift, l^iuiaHHHXl B'B HX'B ROJIBSy BoiBTOpOlTB — ycHjdĚ, noApo6RO H 

nrrepecBO HBotfpaauteinixi lUacceROirB; ho ohh 6hjih AaxeRO ne ojihr- 
CTBeHmniH sepTBRMH cTaparo y^pesj^enÍR nepesRBRiaro aiRá h ynopRO 
orctaHBaBRiaro CBoe npaBO Ha cyn^ecTBOBaHie. Mscjb o&b ero otmí^hí, 
ci B08Harpasj(eHieM'B co6cTBeHHHROBi, BosHHRajia eniie npn JIdj^obhrí 
HY-vb; coxpRRHJCR npoeRTB AORpera ro BToicy npeAMery^ HanHcaHHHft 
pyROR) HSBibcTHaro JlaMyaHBORa. Ilpomio i^ijioe CTOJŠTie, noRa BonpocB, 

I^HRTIlt BHOBB RpRCHOpilieMl H ryMaHHOCTBH) BOATOpa, ROAFOTOBJíeH- 

iBt TR>pro H paspatfoTaHHHft HeaRepoirB, noxBRRyjiCR na oxrh^b marB 
iB CBoeiíy paspinieRÍD. Bi 1779 r. 6tixB RSj^aRi J[r)aorhrov% Xyi-M'B 

9XRRT^ OTMteRBRlift RptnOCTBOO UpaBO Vh ROpOJOBCRHXl BJiaA%RÍRX'B, 

10 VB ^acTHUx^B hhíhírxi TOiBRO cjoPRa orpaHBUBaBRiift ero, vb tom^ 



1) Cm. „BtcTHaKB Esponu** 1879 r. }^ 5, JlRrepaTypHoe OÓosptHÍe. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



288 Bwnqm ibpoiih. 

npexiiojiosesiH, ^to bz^laíilhu can nocjt^xynn DpHxipy Kopou ■ 
ycrynATE no^cBJtacTHOMy HacejeHÍD, sa czoxHyi) i](ÍHy, npaBO sa cbo- 
6oAy. npeAnoJioxeme aro ne onpaBxajocB; Ao6poBOjr&Hux% BHsynHHzi 
CA&iOK'B MesAy Bja^ini^aMH h RpinocrmEiMH sauD^eHo 6uáo b% opo- 
XOJseflÍH xecnTH Jiibr& BecLMa HeMHoro; ÓesaHcoHcsiĚ lapjaiieHra, 

BŤpHUtt CODSHHBl ABOpiIHCTBa H AyXOBeHCTBa Vh ETh 6oph6í npOTHBS 

BCiiEaro nocjíraTejiBCTBa ea npHBHjieríH 8elfJleBlax'&IB^eB%, orsasajica 
xase sanecTH vs cboh pervcrpu sabstb 1779 r. Ha Bu6opaxi 1789 r* 
BHaHHTejBHofi ^acTH HaeejieHLi ^paHUrB^KoBre npHnuooB imfi Tpe6o- 
BaTB XJA ceóa canaix) aieMeHrapsaro hbx bcíki npasi — npaaa jh^- 
HOft CB060AU. Oahhitb hs^b AenyTaTOB«B npOBHHiua 6hjii BuópaHi* axBO* 
BaTB BpHCTevB, BipBSift aj^xDTaHTi BojBTepa vh evo aHTeparypHOft 
KaifnaHÍE sa Ďíahuxi — „serfs du Mont-Jurá*. KaKi BejuiH tejH 
HjijnosiH BUCDíHx^B cocj[OBift H caMOFo BpaBHTexBCTBa HaxaHyH^ coi^iaiL- 
Baro nepeBopoTa^ o&h dTOWb wiotl noiBTie ojtxyi»i^6 ^M^stu: »o* 
pflHCTBO ^paairb-KoHTe, saaBjtAa b^ cbohx^b cahiers corjade aa onť^^By, 
CB AenesHuirB BosnarpasAeHieirB, Kp^aocTHoro opasa, npH6aBdUU0, tto 
Btíliopi Bcem^y CBo6oAOtt h RptnocTauMB cocToameMi xoiseHi 6mh 
npejiocTaBjeHx na ycMOTpiHíe saxAoft oóikhhu. IIpeAnojarajiocB, cA- 
AOBareiiiHo, ?to jiDóaTeiH Kp^aocTHoro npasa na&AyTca h MeftAy ca- 

HBMH BpinOCTBUMHf H npHTOlTB He BB BHA% OTX^BHUXl eAHBHIl^ A 

wb cocTaat d(íjiuz'b očn^HHi! En^e saHiqareiBaie to, hto HesB^Kb, 
15-ro anp^a 1789 r., Bapasaerb fotobhoctb oóoydumh Boopoci o&h 
OTuifL^ spinocTHOFO DpaBB, flo M poHhxue^ BaKB no okoh^ohíu cecciu 
xeHepoAhHrAXb mmamo&b! Heyj^HBHTejBBO nocjž dioro, hto h% soaBieBH- 
TOň j^esjíapaiUH 23-ro ídha, cocTaBHTeiairB Borropoft aasajca wpes^yp^ 
jH66pajibfluii'B esLWh HeBBep^, 061 otit&hí spinocTHoro npaaa raso* 
pHTea TOiBKO sasi o dheAcmiu sopoM, a ae saai o pe4K>pifib, piineH- 
ROft QO spaftfleA uipi wb npHHUÉni. HysHa 6iua Be^Haaa hou 4-ro 
aapycTa, hto6u a> JiBiia $paBiiÍH 6hjio crepTO naTflO sp&nocvBoro npasa. 
E% HHciy caHfiixi HBTepecBUxrB crpaBu^B rhhth maceeea npx- 
HajueaKHrB o^epB^BBOBnyTHTejtBHMmaro r»bbcíx'b 4»eoxaj[BBUx'B iipasi — 
„npaaa nepaoft bo^h** (drott du seigneur, droit de pr^bation ou de 
jambage, markette), cyn^ecrBOBaBie soToparo tbbi^ ycepAHo CTapajuc& 
ocoopflTB xyxoBHue R CBiTCsie saniHTBHU do6paio cmapaio epcMCHu. 
IQacceBi AOKasuBaerB HeocDopmiíMH AOKyMeHTaira, f to oho npHMtBfl- 
jocb Ha npaRTHR'b h orpaiRAajiocb aBTopareTOM^ cyAe6aoft BJiacrH em^e 
B'B Havaji XlV-ro Fbaa. Biio(míactbíh oho Hciesjío hjih npAHajo 
CMarHeHHyK) ^pHy AOBesHaro auRyna; acauft cji^xh ero coxpaHUCJi 
vb $paenrb-KoHTe ao caMaro XYIII-ro bírb, vh BH/cb noeraHOBjeHia, 
no ROTopoMy api^aocTHaa sean^HRa Morja aaci^AOBaTb CBoeiiy oxi^y 
Vh Taaoifb jHHib ciy^a-b, ocjh ona npoBaia oepByi) hohb nocjii ^paaa 



Digitized by VjOOQIC \ 



XPOHIEi. — JniTBPiT7PH0S OBOSP^EIS. 2^9 

vb OTiv>BCBOM'b jiftui^ a se y iiysa. 9to nocraiOBjeHie ciysHjio hctoi- 

HlBOn 6e3KOBe«IHHXl npOIteCCOBl — to co CTOpOHU 6paTB6Bl Hacjij(- 

wnja^ TO co CTopoHu rocHOXHHa, %% ROTopoicy, npH orcyrcTeifl npA- 
MHXi HaciixHHKOBi, nepoxoAHJio HMyniecTBO KpinocTHoro, — h ohh 
HacTO oaaHiHBaiHCB bo spěn xoiepH, ne sapyHHBine&ca sápaná to^- 
BHiui AOKasaTejiLCTBaifH o uicri Haxosxeaia CBoero vb nepsyi) hoib 
qocjí ópaaa. Otobhj^ho, hto hh Buiewb ba^cb j^íjio cl jiDÓonuTHim 
cjy^aeiťb nepeoicueaHVí — h bmíctí n Tin nepeposxeHifl^-DpHjui- 
^ecsaro HHCTHTyTa. OÓasaTejiBHoe nazosAeme HOBOÓpaqnoftt bi nepByi) 
HOHb nocii 6paBa wb aouí OTi^a, a ho y Mysa, hhíio cmhcjix JiHoib 
Tor^a, Kor^a oho cjysuo rapaHTÍefl npash (1) rocnoj^HHa. IIot^abi^ 
3T0 nepBOHauiLHoe sHaneHíe, oho ocrajocs, oxHaRO, Hopiioft o6tíuaro 
npaBa, noroiiy ^ro oópaTHjiocb bi hcto^bhbi xoxoxa xu rocnoxHHa h 
AU bcítb, rpftBinHxi pysH oboio cy^efinoft aóexH. 

FoBopx o H09H 4-ro aBrycra, IIIacceH'b Btipasaen coxajitHie, ^to 
^paHiufl AO cmvh uopb se oója^aeri HSAameMx, bi kotopomi* 6ujih 6u 
HBxoseHu, CE Ha^esan^H) xohboctbd h bojihotok), aeiHaifl saciAaHÍJi 
4^Hi(y8CXHX'B sasoHQAaTeiBHUxi co6paHÍft. .Mohet^pi' 1789 r., cl 
9T0Ě TOHKH 8pÍHÍfl, Taxi so xaio y^OBjíeTBopETOJieHi, laxfL H „Archiyes 
pariementaireB* — Hs^aHie, npexnpHHiiToe bo Bpexa BTopofi HiinepiH. 
MexAy Tiwh BOBCOSAATB sHByo xapTHHy H09H 4-ro aBrycTa, xasi h 
xpynixi naMATHiix^b sac^xasift y^peABTeisnaro co6paHia, BaBOHOj^a- 
TaibHaro cotfpiiHifl, HaI^OHaJLHaro KOHscHTa, 6hxo 6u Bnoiai bobmobho 
c^ noMon^bD o^Hi^ai&Hux^b aporoKOJiOBi h vb ocoÓeaHOCXH ot^otobi, 
oHceiTK H MeMyapoBib caMHx^b xenyraTOBi. 



n. 

— ^. EáiíOm, rocyxapcTBeHHaii BiacTb vh esponeftctoici oÓqecTBi. B3rjju> aa noíHu- 
lecKjD Teopii) JlopeHim mrefina h na (|)paHiiy3CEÍe noiHTi«iecKÍe nopa^n. G.-IIeTep- 

Cyprb, 1880. 

Coxepsaflie aToft Bura oop^ijuieTCfl aobojbeo tohho BTopuxi ea 
sar^aBÍeiTB. ÁBTopi paa6HpaeTi MHŠHia JI. niTefiHa o saAai'^, a^h*- 
TexBHOCTH H opraHHsaiÚB rocyAapcTBeHHoft BaacTH, h saTi^Mi noB^- 
paeiTb Hxi yBaBamjufH cospeMOBHOft (f^pani^ydCBOfi HcropÍH. Otcixa&hí* 
BOTopaa pasABOOBHOCTB vh HSJOseHifl; BassAufi hsi Tpex'b rjiaBHUX'B 
OTAdbjoRfc BHHrH pasAiutOHi Ha ABŽ nacTH — nojeMHBy cb 1. niieft- 

II01I'b H HCTOpHHeCBift pastfopi COOTB&TCTByDHl^eft CTOpOHU ^^paHi^yscBoft 

recjAftpcTBeHHofi xhshh,— BOTopua cb ropasAO ůhjíhiOBXh yj^oficTBOif^B 
■orjH 6u 6iiTb coeABHeflu vh oaho i^tioe. Tasí, HaapHii^pi, bo bto- 

pOA rJBBi HAOTB pi^B 06l aTTpHÓyiUflXl SaSOHOAaTeJBHOň H aXMHBH- 
ToMi IV.— IWB. 1880. 19 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



290 hwsjuoii upoiiH* 

erpaTHBHOĚ biectb. HaH6oj%e zapasiepAUJi iiai 6e«qHCieHHUx% hsmí- 
Heaifi, HCduraHHHZi hmh bo ^paei^iB, jerso KorarH 6u HaftrH mícto vb 
paatfopi TeopiH niTetBa, hmicti cl npeMipákH, saHKereoBaHHUirB wn> 
rocy^apcTBeHEaro npasa xpjnvh eepoDefiCKHxi AepsaBib; ho r. BjiOKb 
BH^iMen Bce xacaDiiieeca ^paei^iH vb ocoúuĚ otxíji riaBU, Haaoj- 
HJifl ero noj(po6HHirB xpoHOJiorHqecBHiii nepenHem paajiH^Hiixi koh- 
CTHTyipoBHHxi nocTaHOBieHíft. droTb He6ojuino&9 vicro BffboiHift ne- 
AoemoKii ne Bpewnb HHTepecy co^HHemfl, sarporoBaDii^aro Becbiia 
cep&&3Hue H BasEoie Bonpocs. Mu j6txHMC£ vb btoitb, npocjixsvb 
BspaTi^i coA^sanie rebte r. Bjoica. 

TocyxapCTBo, onpextJJieKoe JI. HlTeftBOKi, Kasi „e^HneHÍe jDjieft, 
BOSBueHBmeeCA aa creneHL caMocToareibHOt ■ caMOxtflrexbHoft jhh* 
HOCTH*', xojmo noxuHATB ucTHue HBTepecu oÓn^Bin, OAHHaBOBo sa- 
6oTflCB o Bci%% CBOHx^b HjeHaxrE. HapoxBoe npexcraBarejocTBO se mo- 
mi&Th AOCTHrHjT& dToft i^íjh, ooTOHy TTo OHo oJiHi^eTBopaeri co6od 
o6niecTBO, a b% o6niecTB'6 rocnoACTByDíTB HHynpe Hax% HeHMyB^flMH. 

npOTHBOBiCOMrb OAHOCTOpOHHeiiy BjiaBÍD B CpaBHETeAHO yBBHlTfc BBTe- 

pecaMi o6niecTBa Momen cjiysHTB toibbo MonapxB^ecBaa BjacTB, Ch 
CBOHMH opraBaMH, T.-e. cb AOJSHocTBHira jHi^aMH. MoHapzH^ecBaji 
BiacTL Ée Hosers oeraBaTLca „bobodiqbbcb, jnnieHHun eaMOji&i- 
TejbHOCTB, npeACTaBBTeiBCTBOirb rocyxapcTBeHHOft HxeH^; ona on^yH^a- 
eT'B noTpeÓHOGTB jfWb n^uowb xoi^híh h x^ftcTBOBaHÍB''. ^HasHa^eHie 

dTOt noŤpeÓHOCTH COCTOHTB Bl TOITB, WO MOHapZH^CBaJI^BiaCTL AOlMBtL 

esMOM^^kareihEO^ npoTBBi boje b ecrecTBeBHofi TeHxeai^iB rocnoxcTByD- 
ni^aro Biacca, bsateca 3a BOSBumeBie HHBBraro, eoipaiBBO h noiBTH- 
^ecKH noAHBHeHflaro Kjacca, h wb dTOiTE cvhcjš ynoTpeóuTL BB^pes- 
Hoe eft rocyxapcTBeHBoe BepxoBeBCTBO*. IIoieifBSflpyB npoTBVB dToro 
Bsruxa, r. Bjobi yBaauBaerrB aa to, hto rocyxapcTBO — Wh cyn^^TH 
ne vro HHoe, aasi o6iuecTBO, cb opraHBSOBaHHOD wb newb rocy^ap- 
CTBeHBOD BiacTLvr, HTO ecjH Vb otfn^eeTBi cyn^eerByen pasjE^ie Bare- 
peGOB!b, TO fl AM rocy^apcTBa HeEiicjiBxo oxEHaBOBoe oxpaBeHíe Bctzi 
HHrepecoBi; no vesiy npoTEBonoxosEUME crpeicjefliEME oón^ecTBeH- 

HUXl KJaCC0B!b FOCyxapCTBeflHOĚ BiaCTS npHXOXBTCE A^XftTB BHÓOpl, 

fl 9T0TB Bii6op% no Heo($xoxflMOCTfl ocraBaBjíEBaeTCE na rocnoACTByn- 
mfiwb uacci, saBi HaE(k)xie EjdATeiLBom b cbibeoitb; hto npaBE* 
TeiBCTBo, xaDB^ee CBoett bojetesí „EapoxBoe HaapaBieBie**, boas^P* 
raerb onacEOCTE coócTBeBBoe CBoe cyB^ecTBOBaHie. „?to se ocraerCE 
xiuiaTB MOBapxBHecBBirB npaBBTejncTBairb vb eBponeftCBExi& roeyxap- 
CTBaxi?'* cBpaniBBaerb ce6a r. Bjobi. „Ocraerca 6paT& apsE^pi cl 
BpeACTaBBTeiBBHxi yqpesx6aift, T.-e. co6jDXaTB EBrepecH rocnoACTByiH 
autro Kjiacca, ae Bcrynaii b^b paajiax^ cb ^TBWb EorymecTBeBaifiannii 
sjíeMeBTOirb o6n^eeTBa... BcaBaa noniiTKa apeo6pa80BaT& coi^ajEaiia 



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XPOEEKi.— jraTKPiTfPHOI OBOBP^HIB. 291 

« 

OTBOineHijBí Wh KHTepecarB pa6oqHrb npexnojaraerB ne tojbro pa3- 
pan, HO R cHCTevaTH^ecRyD 6opfc6y ctb rocnoACTByDntiirB uaceoMi 
oón^ecTBa. ^m imKoft Óopstiii TpeÓyímui orpoxHHA CH<ni h cpexcTBa-- 
a BTb ne HoaReTL xaTB cxaóaft npoJieTapiaTE. lÍHHHoe Moryii^ecTBO 
ero — H6 iTO Rffoe, aan „apacHiift npispaB^b'', soTopuft vb aMcteh- 
leiBHOcan „se TaK% crpameHi, bskib ero mjDDTb*'. Gi aroft CTopoHii 
viOBOJíbHo noynTejiLHu Heyxau h óHcrpna RpymeHÚr BpeMeHHfiiruipa- 
BBTejiBem, onHpaBMHzcx na rojo^Hiia Kacen''. HcTopia ^paHi^in no- 
sasuBaen, fto lor^a BopoieBCsafl EJUievL eoe^^HHHjacB ei> čypavyasiefi 
nporm 4»eoxan3ifa, nocuixmtt (Shji yse cxa&b, nepBaa — j^obojiuo 
cuBsa, ofijaxaa óoraTCTBOvb h yxerseHEHirB pasavríeiii. HauHax cb 
penojDQiH 1789 r., xapaKTepi ^paei^yBCSoft ooihthbh ODpej^-^Mercji 
SHtepeeaini oxHoro HHymaro sjíaeca; KopoTsix HRTepnexin 1848 h 
1871 r. oÍBapysHJH touio bcd cxaóocTL npoierapiaTa, Bce Morynie*. 
«TBO 6ypa7asÍR — dTot force majeure, 9Toft xoMHHaHTU ýpaHn^yscaoŘ 
rooyxapeTBeHHoft shshh. 

Mh se CTaseiTB san^Hn^arB J[. niTeftHa npoTRBi r. EjoBa. Teopu 
Hteei](Baro yn^ro HecoHB%HBO 8aBe9axi']^Ba Mera^iiBEHeeBHMi xapas- 
TepoiTB, ocHOBaHa Ha anpiopHHrB, HeAOBasaHHiix^B nooroseflini; owb 
speyBejfHf RBaei-B SHaTOHie (j^^mii, npESHaerb sa BeD Taaoe a($cojii)T- 
Boe npeBoexoxcTBO, xovoparo oaa aa eaHOMx aíaí se HMŠen. Orcnxa 
me BHTCiaeTB eiqe, oxHaKO, ocHOBaTeibHoeTL Bcivb Bospasenift r. Bjiosa. 
Hi^iOTopufl wn HHzi npexcrasjuiiDTCJi y^apaiiH b^b oycroe opocrpaHr 
cno, xpyria JiRmesH AOCTaTOHHOt BByrpeEseft CRjni. FjaBBUt tcsrcb 
X niTeftHa eocTORTB se wb tovb, ^to noHapxBqecaafl BiacTB Bcerxa 
ercMua r otortb na eiopoflft Bapoxa, a rb toitb, tfo ORa dcAotcna 
cmojimh Ha cropOB^ ero. JH^oxasaTB, Ch noHOiiu»i> RcropiR, ?to RonTHsa 
4|^H^y3CBRXi Bopoieft R RMBepaTopoKB ÓHja ÓjaronpijiTHa a^b (Syp- 
xyasiR, a ne m^me Rapoj^a — ne srb^hti en^, cj^XOBaTejiBRO, onpoBepr- 
RyTB JI. niTeftBa. BoopocB cboartcb jpl 70Ry, Bceria jih o6pa8i j^it- 

CTBÍĚ rOCyxapCTBeHHOfi BJiaCTH AOJSeHl COOTBÍTCTBOBBTB HOUDHRTeJBRO 

RHtepecaRi rocooxcTByK>maro, T.-e. RHyRi^aro luacca, cyn^ecTByen jr 
HeoóxoARRoe cooTHomeRie MesAy noiRTRsoft npaBRTejBerBa r CTpevjn- 
rírvr tfypsyasíR? XpynivR cjiOBaMR, cotTaBuen jr oporpaima, yia- 
aaRHaa JI. UlTetHOM-B, BeRcnojiHRHyx) ice^Ty, HexocaraeifuĚ RxeaxB, 
WMB se i^jíB, vh RSBikrrfliift RoxeRn, npR rse^ctbiitb yciOBÍaxtB, 
RpaKnraecRR oeymieeTBRifynP GaMo ooóod pasyMiercB, vro npaBRTejiB- 
C7B0, BasoBa 6u hr 6ujia ero ()K)pRa, xoxsho rxštb peaiBrnu tour 

ODOpU, XOJISRO CHRTaTBCR CB BBJIR^HHMR Otfn^eCTBeHHUVR CHJaRH R 

jr&ĚCTBOBaTB opoTRBi oxR'&x'B xpyrHRR, HO neHBiset xApi paBBUMR; 
HO eXBB JR RosHO OTBoptaTB, HTO RpaBRTOjncTBO, cymecTByDBiee 
HBxaBHa, RMiDn^ee aa ce6B npexanie r npRBEnBy, caito no ceói^ ecTB 

ID* 



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292 B^OTBm I^BPOIIH. 

cHjia, cnoco6Haji HHorxa aetb nepesici Men^ BjiaTejBHOMy Rjaecy 
o6iiiecTBa eaxi 6ojiie BjiATeibHuirE. Mu ne bhahmi AOCTarpqHuxs 
ocHOBaHift yTBepsAaTb a priori, qro ^erBeproe cocjroBie, noAxepsaHHoe 
— B'B saKOHHUxi TpetfoBaBiflTB CBOHxi — spiiivo ycTaHOBH^meDCJi, npo^* 
BOD npaBHTejBCTBeHBOD BjncTBD, HO MOTjo 6ei bmítb ycnftxa B1^ 
6opbtfi npoTHBi BecupaBexiBBEixi npsTBsaHift Tperjuiro cociobúi. Taxoft 
KOKÓraai^iH co6uTÍji BOBibftmeft saBaxHO-eBpooeiCBOft BCTopia en^e ne 

npej^CTaBJIBJIH. IIpHMipi BpeMOHHHrE npaBHTaOCTBl, npBBOAHMUft 

r. Bjioboitb, bb^oto ne xoBaBUBaer^b, HMeflBO botomj, ^to bto 6íu» 

BpaBHTeiBCTBa BpeMOBBHB, CJUIÓUB, T0ABO-9T0 flpBBBaBBHB Vb JUI8HB 
B BpHTOVb XajeBÚI OTE BByTpeBBBFO eXBBOAJBIÍB. HpaBBTejBCTBa, 

mexmÍB saBepesopi BBTepecairb iperLBro cociobíb, se moub yjiep* 
sailbcJi — 8T0 BpaBxa; bo rto BOxonurB TpeT&eHy oocjiobík) vb wrh^ 
BB3BepseBÍB? ?eTBq)Toe cocjosie, úcto yBJíexasBiee sa coóod 6ypsya- 
síd ropasAO AajBme Toro nyBSTa, Ba BOTopon obb BepsoBavanna 
npeABOjaraja- ocTaBOBBTBCJi. Tasx 6ujío bi ídsí 1830-ro, ravB (Shjo 
B Bi 4^eBpajt 1848-ro ro^a. Kbki dá Bejuso bb 6iuo Moryn^ecTBO 
óypsyasíB, RaBS tfa BeJBKa bb 6ujia ojbóoctb npoierapiaTa, bosbo* 

JBTe^bBO yCOKBBTBCB, ^T06u BepBBB OBasajaCB CBlbflie BpaBBTeJbCTBE^ 

onapaDB^arocB aa bocjiíabíě. Ecjb, TasAH^B oépasoMi, cymecTBOBtBie 
npaBBTejiBeTBa Be TpečyerB, Bcerxa b óeayciOBBO, Bouepsra tocnod' 
cmeyHmaio xJiacca, eciB npaBBrejBCTBo Mosen, se psciyB flaxemeii^, 
BSBTB fla ce(Sfl oxpaBy BBTepecoB^B mbccu, to BaprBBa, BjiHEBnias 
JI. niTellBa, Mosera, paao bjia bosxbo, BopeftTH bvb irípa ^^tmíc 
Wh iňfřh jiiftCTBBTejBfloeTB, B ycHJiÍB yneflaro, Bn^ya^iro BxeajTB bíbcth 
xajieKO noAi oóuKBOBeBBUMx ob ypoBBOiTL, ae MoryrB 6utb BasBanu 
bbojííbí 6e3njioxB9MB. 

Bo BTopoft FjiaBii r. Ejon pasóapaerB HB-i^aíe JI. mTeftaa o Bpyrít 
AiftcTBÍft saRoaoxaTejBBoft ■ acnojaaTejiBaoft Bjacra. Hcxoxa bsi Me- 
Ta^j^BSBiecBBxi nocTpoeBÍft o cy^ecTBOsaBÍa vh rocy^apcTB-i^ TpecE 
jiBqaiixi MOHOBTOBB (doF Wille, die That und das Icb), soTopHifb. 

COOTBtTCTByDTB BjaCTB SaBOBOABTejírBaaB, BJiaCTB aXMBBBCTpaTBBBaB 8 

BepxoBBufi rjraBa rocyxapcTBa, — JI. mretai aé toibbo oójesaeri aa- 
cj^ABBro BpaBOiTB othíbbtb, vh dBcrpeBBHxi cjynaBXi, BOCTaaoBjeam 
sasoBOBi, BO a pacarapaerB npesi M&py oÓjbctb flcaojBBTeiBaott bjuicth. 
Owb apBBBaeT^L sa aex), aaapBMÍ^, npaBO bsabau očasaTaiBaux^E 
pacBopaseaift bo Bcin apexMOiam, bb apejiycMorpiflaHiTB wh saBoai. 
r-B'B Bjoxi coBepaiesBO ocaoBareorBao BOspasaerrB aporanB OTBjewH- 
Baro xapasTq^a pascysxeaift JI. mTeftaa, apoTBBi BpaflaocTeft era 
Teopia, yiiaxBDaaixi saa^eaie BaRoaoAaTejBaofi BjacTB a saTOMBaH)- 
m^Vh paanraie aesxy aj^MflaacTpaTflBatm pacaopaseaieirB ^ saioBOirB; 
BO MU aaapacBO CTaja 6ii bcketb y asropa oape^i^ieBiB SToro paan- 



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XPOfiHBJL.— JUTIPATyPROl OB03P«HII. 298 

>rifl, TOHHaro, no boshoshocth, ysasaHífl Toft rpaHRitu, KOiopu aoishe 
6un npÓTHBonocraBjíeHa HeonpeAŽjeHHot h c6HBai)ii^eficfl vh CTopoHj 
xenpsaiuoHHoft neprb A. IIlTeftBa. Hsi npHBOAHM£ii'B r. Bxoaoxi 
npEiťbporfc, H3i o6pa3a BOHCTHryiuoHHofi Bcropii ^pani^iH mosho aa* 
sjro^RTB, ^To sasoBOAaTejbHaji BjracTb BeaA'^^, Rpoirb Ahtjíh, saKJDiefla 
fii ciHniBOirB TicHue BpeA^jni; ho sási m HacBOjrbBO cj^AOBajio 6u 
«'b pasxBSHyTB, Kasi HSÓi^aTB, nperoMi, Hey^oócrai, conpaseHHUxs 
€1 aHrjdftCRoft CHcreMOfi HocmHuxb Óímácu — aroro mh He bhahmi. Bh 
HCTopH^ecsoirb oóaopi, oocBani^eHHoirb <^aHiiiH, mhofo HdiHiiraBX'B no- 
XpotfHocTet, HO c(f>epii Bjiacrefi saBOHoxaTejibHoft h HcnojHBTejiHoft d6pH- 
^OBaBH npeHMymecTB6HH0 cjOBaiiH KOBCTHTyi^ift, a se ^^aBTaiiH, boto- 
Topue noKasuB&iH 6h A^ftCTBHxejiBHiift paaxipx 4^yHBiuft Toft h Apyroft 

BJiaCTH. 

TpeTBJí roraBa nocnmesa Bonpoey otfi OTHomefliaz^B MHHHcrepeTBa 
« BepxoBHoft BjiacTH wb HapoAHOMy opeACTaBHTedibCTBy. JI. IIlTeĚffB 

BaXOAHT%, HTO MHHHCTepCTBO AOJXHO CJySHTB BUpaseBÍeM'L XyXB HB- 

poAHaro npeAcraBHTejBCTBa, ho ho seiaon nojHOtt saBHCHMOCTH nep- 
Báro on nocjijwiro, TaB'B BavB ona paBHBiaeB 6u nepexaqi ynpaB- 
jieHÍB vb pymB napTÍH. Mhhbctpu aojshu ocraajATB cboi) jioixhoctb, 

EOTMJBL BSrjBJ^U HCnOJBHTOJbHOt npaBHTeJBCTBeHHOft BIBCTH HB DOTpeó* 

hocth aAMHHHcrpaniH cyn^ecTBOBHo ounnaDTCJi on Bsrjaxoffb Bapoj^- 
saro HpeACTaBHTejiBCTBa. Hroúu npHByxBTL MHBBCTepcTBO ki OTcraBst, 
y HapoAHaro npeAcraBHTejBCTBa ecTB abb epe^CTBa: CHCTesiaTHqecBoe 
OTSjíoHeHie Bcbxi ape^JOiBeHift npaBHTejBerBa h oraasi vb npaBi 

DpOHBBOACTBa vbvb paCXOAOBl^ BOTOpSO AtLt^Vh BAMHHHCTpai^iH B08M0S- 
HOCTB AiACTBOBaTB BOOpOBH BHXaiťB HajaTU. Cl BOpBBrO BSríBJ^a BCi 

9TH noJtoseHúi MoryrB noBasaTLCJi bbojbí corjacHUMH ci AyBOH'B nap- 
jaMeHTapBSMa; ho, no cnpaBexJHBony 8aMÍ^«iaHii) r. Bjoaa, ohh to- 

fJOOTb ÓÓJLHiyD HaCTB CBOOFO SHaHeHÚi, eCJIH COnOCTBBBTB HX'B C^B APy* 

rHMH CTopoHaMH ToopíH JI. IIlTeftHa. CHcreMaTH^ecBoe oTSJíoHeHie bcíx'b 
npexJOxeHÍĚ npaBBTaiBCTBa HHien cmucji tbmi, txí nrapoRa o6* 
jntcTB saBOBOxaTejiBHofi bibctb, rxb npaBBTejiBCTBO, cjtxoBaxejiBHO, na 
saaBAOMi* máry HysxaeTCH bi C0A'i^ftcTBÍH najairs; ho ocjih axMBHH- 
<rrpaiúji vb npaai Hdj^aBaxB pacnopasemB, paBHocaiBHiM sasoBairB, to 
OHa AOJiro MOsen oÓoěthcb Óesi btofo coA^fterBÍB. OrBas^ bi npaa^b 
flpoHBBOACTBa pacxoAOBx Hosen hhítb cuy tojbxo vb múbuI^ 4»HHaH- 
eosaro roxa, lor^a eni^e ho paspinenu pacxo^u hb cii^xyDnpft roA^t 

Wb npOTHBBOITB CJy^ai MHHHCTepCTBO CHOBOftHO MOSOn ynpBBJHTB 

i^i^juift rox^B 6631 coFjacúi naiaTu. QpH6aBHMi kb BTOHy, hto HCTOpia 
KOB^jBBTa Mesxy BHCMapBOirB H npyccKoft najBTOft xenyTaToai noxa- 
BHBaen 6e8]^i;iBH0CTB OTxasa bi^ npoHSBOÁeTBi pacxoxoKB, socxa npa- 
BaTexBCTBo coxpaBBeTB npaao co6HpaTB aoxo;uí. Jífl bbbhxi ctpbh* 



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291 ^ ^ wmam mponH. 

Hocreft jkOtOABTb JI. niTefiHS Wh (^Boet noroHi sanapjaMeHTapmuia^ 

BO BCe-TERH He8aBHCHM£IMl» OT'B napJaHeHTa UEHHCTepCTBCirE, 3T0 BHAHO 

H81 Toro, TTO Htlce^Kie MHHHCTpu RasyTCA exy Óoxie noj^xoAan^HHK 
Kb Hj^eaxy, ^ui> aHrjiiicKie. H Bce-TasH J. IIlTeftHi& npaai, npHSBaBas 
noieyD 3aBH(»M0CTB MHHHcrepcTBa onacHOfi jpui npaBHJiLHaro pasBaris 

flOlHTneCKOfi SHSHH; ho HeSaBHCHHOCTE MHHHCTepCTBa AOJUBHa 6mh 

HpaBCTBeHHaa, a ne DpHAHqecKaji — ona AOJSHa sasjíDHaT&cji bi pi- 
HiHMocTH OBopie OTKadaTLCfl OTh BiacTff, HtifB noA^HHHTBCfl Hecopa* 
BexuBOMy Tpe6oBaiiiK), Banpasy fioiBmEHCTBa. Ob xpyroft cropoHu, 
'saioroKb bjiíhbLi najaTB ua MHHHetepcTBO ciysiTB ne crajiíBKO tots 
H^H Apyroft saKOHi o miBHCTepcBOft orai^TCTBeHBOCTH, He crojiBRa 
npaBO naiarE OTRasHBaTB Wb c6opt xosoxobi bjh apoHBBOACTB-b pac* 
xoj^OBi, CBOjiLEO o6ii^i& nojHTHqecBÍft csja^B Hapo^a, oóesneHHBaDii^ift^ 
8a EtpoAuuwb upeAcraBRTejBCTBOMi nepaoe mícto wb rocy^apcTBeH- 
HoiTB opraHHSvi. Maccy Hai^epiajiOKB no Bonpocy o peajiBHOH^ BstHHO- 

AMoTBÍA aOJHTHHeCBHXl CHJTB DpeXCTaBJJieTB HOBMvaff HCTOpia $[KIH- 

i^íh; ho r. Bsovb e saícb OTBen^ Bcero 6ojBine nicra hsioscbíh) roh- 
CTHTyiuoHHHn DocranoBjíeHifi, no^ra ne sacajiCB (Imibtobi, vb roto- 
puxi BHpaaajocB^ vb pasHoe BpeMa, OTHomeHie ^pani^yscRHKi mbbR' 
CTepCTBx Kb ^paHi^yscBHiťB najaraMi. OcaoBHajr hucjib aaropa — tto 
ereneHB BJiizma BjiacTeft npaifo nponopinoHajiBHa axx Rpyry j^tcTBÍft 
— ^BucTyHHja 6u aa bba'b necpaBHeaHo pejiBe(|^B'lte, ecje ós eocras- 
Hfiifl facTH ^paai^yscBaro rocy^apcTBOHRaro opraHHSHa 6ujb xapasTe- 

PHSOBBHH HO OAHHMH TOJIBBO 0apeA'^16BÍaMB SaBOBB* yKaSSeiTB, A-IB 

npHHi^pa, Ha SHaMeaaTEift eaopi o ^ofMjrk: »Ie roi r^ne, mais ne 
gouveme pas*'., — bobco ae ynoManyTUft r. Ejtokoitb b^b ero onepBi ídjib- 
CBOfi MOHapzía. 



UL 

— Ctnenam 0opmyHamonj Hcropia noíHravecsix^b y^emd bi Co€giHHeuHHr& mia- 
Taxi. HacTb nepBaa. ^e^epaiHcrb h TpasTaTu Kaj^ryHa. MocKsa, 1879. 

Knara r. ^opTyaaToaa nocaaoi^eHa npe^aeTy, umo aaBtcTaoMy btb^ 
PocciB, aecMorpa aa bcd ero BaaBaocTB; aaTepecB HSCjrtxoBaaia yee- 
jH^HBaercfl tíitb, ?to coxepaeaaie nojiHTH^ecKux^ y^eaift nocToaaaa 
HBjíaraeTca aaropoirB bi caasa cb o6cT0JiTejibCTBaifH apeMOBH, n ac- 
Topieft CoeAHaeaauxi IQTaTOBi. „#ej(epaxHcrB*' othochtcjt n toJ^ 
anoxft, Bor^a asi BpeMeaaaro, aenpowaro coK>8a OTf/hJLbnuvb tma," 
TOVb Biipa6oT£iBajacB CTpoiao-opraaasoBaaaaa ciBepo^aHepasaaesaa 
(j^xepaipa, sorxa eosHAajiBCB ^opnu, wb BOTopuxi oaa cyai^ecrByerB 
h vb aacToantee Bpeaa. CoHaaeBia KajBryaa, noasaBaiiaca b% chirťh 



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XPOHIKi.— JmiPilTřHOl 0B03PÍBflIB. 295 

nojTL-iisa CDycTJi^ BHaiieiiyDrb co6od nepBiifl nepiox^B sejniKaro spa- 
siea, KyjuxHHaiMOHHoft to^koř Boroparo 6iua MesxoycoÓHafl BoftHa 
1861 — 1866 r. BcM nojiHTH^cxaa sbmb GoeAraeQHiix'b UlTaMBi aa- 
ooíHeHa 6op&6oK) xesxy Mfijusi npsHi^Hnaif i — lai^oHaneBoii, buxbs- 
riDii^HKB aa nepsiii luiaHi rocyxapcTeeHHoe enHEerao ciBepo-aai^Hi- 
saHcsaro eapoxa, h napTncyjxpflcnraecKHirB, crpeMan^mcx vh bos- 
Mosao 6bxbmemj otfoco6ieBii> Basxaro OTAiiBsaro nrraTa. Oaho BpeH< 
HOSHO 6uM0 AyaiaTB, ^To napTHxyjMpHsirB wsbuesrb Bepxi n oomž- 
Kaerb eaMOMy oÓpaaoBaHiD toeydapcmea^ wh cinicjt Hacrojiiiitaro no- 
nmeciaro i^liaro. Paóora (X^iexHHeBifl, npexopHHaTaA nepesi tph 
rajia noeii OBOB^aHui b<Ahh sa CBoóoxy (1786), noj^Bsrajiacb BnepeA'^ 
MexjeHHO, Bcrpiuja npenaTCTBÚi na aas^oirB máry; nysno 6hjo xo- 
CT Hni y Tb caa^aja eosHsa soHBeHipH, ynoJHOMO^eHHoft na cocraBjeiiie 
HOBaro BjraBa coDSBaro ycrpoftcTBa, botoitb conamesia Mesxy uesaiiH 
KOHBefliqH, xftJieBO paexoABBmBVHCfl bo Bsrjaxaxi aa ocbobhub ^epru 
4>exepa]qB, sacoBeiTB, yrsepsAesia aoBCTETyi^iH no HeaBniett aipt Ae- 
BATbD nraTaMH m% cyn^ecTBOBaBrnarB Torxa rpasaxi^TH. B'l caxHft 
pinuTejnaHft MoxeaTi, sor^a KoacTBTyi^a — sauD^asniait vb ce((i 
u-kiuft pjiA'B KOMopoMBCcoB^b, BO Bce-xasE yoTaBOBjíaBniaA coDsaoe ro- 
cyAapcTBO (BundesstaatX a ae conai rocy^apcrai (Staatenbnncl)— óiijm 
apaKATa Boaseancieft, aoen^e seapaBara OTX^Bauaa arraTaHH, — Tpoe 
Earh HMCja cnoxBBsaaseBi Bamaarroaa bmjib aa ceóji ae^aTByi) npo- 
oaraaxy Bxet, noioseasEizi bi ocaoBaaie Boseraryina. 9to 6wn 
Xsei, MaxBCoai a raaajiBToax; c6opBBBfB crareft (HacioirL 85), aa- 
aacaaBETX^B hhb Ch osraópa ITST-ro no 0BTa6pB 1788 r. a asBtcr- 
uuTb nox^ o({npiM% BMeaeiťb ,,ÝexepajHCTa*', ae TajBso enoco($CTBo- 
BajTL ycaixy san^an^aeiiaro bmb x^ja, ao ocTaeTca xo caxi noprb ox- 
fliiTB asi rjaBBHxi ectohberofb aiiepBKaBCBaro rocyxapCTBeaaaro 
opaBa. He mbofo aa&xerea npoasBexeaift nepioxHqecaot npeccu, boto- 
pua Wh 9T0M% OTBoaieaiB BHxepsajni 6u cpaBaeaie cb „<toxepaja- 
CTOMi^. Cbo6d nonyjapaocTBD, cbobmi npo^BEnrB saaqeaieirb ob'b o6x- 
saax ae tfjecTan^efi ^fu% ae MoryneMy DHopy naceirB K)aiyca bjk 
naM(|>jeTOB*& nojB-JIya ŘypBe, a acxjDHaTejBao acaoft nocraaoBst a Bce- 
cTopoaaeMy oócysxeaíD BonpocoBi, ÓEiBanx^B Torxa h npoxoisaDo^axi 
6otb xo eMx% nopi sasaeaauHa Boapocava XJia ÁHepaBa. Mu bbxoxbml 
7 r. ^opryaaTOBa caaqaia xapaRTepacTBsy asropoa^B „^xepajracra", 
uoiovb csaTiifi o63opi rjaBBuxi ero xoboxobi a nojoseaiĚ. Mesxy 
OBTopaiíB nepBoe mícto npaaaxJesarB raaajiBToay — „peaojnoiqoBepy 
no TeanepaMeBty, BoflcepaaTopy no y6%xx6BÍaMi*'. MoaapxacrB b^ 
xynit, npaBepseBeAl aarjiftcRaxi yqpesxeaift, obi cnocoóCTBOBaji^B 
ocHOBaaiK) pecny6jBBa, noTOxy hto ae Baxtj'B xpyroro acxoxa x*ia 
Anepasa; BO CTapajca coxpaaaTB, no bosmosboctb, BayTpeaax)!) cbbbb 



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, 296 BftOTHIBl IBPOnH. 

MeacAT npoiiieAinHM'B nixaTOBi, Rarb aHrjíftcKsx^B lOJOHit, a 6YAjm,vm 
flxi, BEKi caxocTOJBn^j&Haro rocj^apcTBa. Ovb h6 tfHjrb touohhhroitb 
AeHOBpaTiH, He buboahjtb npa^a rpa«AaHHHa hs^ npasi^ ^eiOBiaa; vh 
„^exepajHCTi*' ^acro x^iaDTCfl ccujbh na MoHTecRBé, xase na Bjes- 
€TOHa> HO HÍT% HH OAH0& ccHjncH Ha Pjcco. Qocjí BBexeHía Bl A^bt- 

CTBÍe KOHCTHTyi^iH 1788 r., raMHJLTOHl— 6UBHrift KHHVCTpOlTB ^HHaB* 

cowh npH nepBOiTE npesH^eHT^ pecnyóiHBH, Ban»HrTOH% — CA^uca 
OAHHiTE H81 ocHOBaTejiefi napTÍH 4^xepajHeT0B'B, saniiHniaBnieft (npo- 
TBWb xaai-HasHBaeMOft pecnyóiHBaHCROA naprúi) cHJiBHoe i^eHTpaneoe 
npaBHTaiBCŤBO, npeotfiaAanie ({^Aepa^iH Hax'B otx&ibhumh niTaTaHH. 

BO BCéXl 9THX'B OTHOmeHÍilX^B HpAMOI) npOTHBOHOJiaSHOCTBD TailHJIB- 

TOHj ófiurB J[i;se4>4>epcoHi (HpesBxeHTB pecojtiiHsaHCsaro coDsa erb 
ISO! no 1809 r.), rjaBa pecnj6jiHKaHCBoA napTÍn, rocyxapcTBeHHiit 
^ejOB^Bi H HHcaTeJiB CBOpte (f^paHi^yscBot, Hiwh aBrjiftcBot ihkoaí, 
Teoperna^B aÓcojiOTHofi xenoRpaTiH. ^secj^peoHj r. ^opTyHarovB o6i- 
I^aerB nocBjrraTB cji%aji^iiv& ^^^ot 3ti)ai&; vh Hacrojiniteirb cbooitb hs- 
cj^AOBaHÍH owb nepexoAHiTB on dnoxH oópasoBaHÚt eoDsa ikb anoxi^ 
nepsaro norpncema ero, on asropoBi „^exepajHeTa*' O — si KajiB- 
ryny. RajBryni, ÓUBorift BHi^e-npesHxeHTOMi coDsa es 1828 no 1832 r., 
iranHcrpoiTB HHocTpaBHBixx a'6jII— B% copoxoBUX'B roABxs, HrpaxB Ta- 
syD se pojB Mesxy xenoBpaTavH (Taxi cTajH HasHaaTBeA ci Asax- 
ufiLTUXT, roAOBS npesHÍe pecny6jiHBaHi^u, T.-e. naprHByupHCTH, sa- 
n^HTHHBH aBTOHOMÍH OTA^^BHUxtB niTaTOBi), xasaji npHnaxxeauua Rjex) 
H Beticrepy bt> p^xan nai^OHajiBHux^B pecnytfjíHRaHi^eBi, HacitxoBaB- 
nraxs npexankí ^e^epajiHasa. Ohi tfujTB opaTopom, nyÓJHi^HCTOiTB h 

CHCTeiiaTHSOM'B OBOeft napTÍH, xpaAHHHl, OTXpOBeHHHMl BHpaSHTejeiTB 
efl BSrUXOB^B. BonpOCB o HOBOJIBHHqeCTBi, CMyTHO BOlHOBaBmift yMH 

yse npH caHOVB o^pasoBanie ({^xepai^iH, BUcrynHJS na nepB£ift umslwb 
jianiB nox'B bohoi^i shbhh EajBryHa; no aHTaroHHSirB Mesxy dfoitb 
H ciBopoiTB na^ajicfl ropasxo panBme, a Biribcri cb hhitb poxHJiacB ■ 
xucjB o npaBi eenecciu^ T.-e. o npaBt xasxaro OTxiJiBHaro mraTa Ha 
BKixox^B HSi cocTaBa coDsa. flÓjroBOiTB pasxopa cjysHjrB bb to BpexH 
BonpocB o TaHoseHHoifB TapH^t; ctsepnae mTaTU, bb kotopiix'b npe- 
oóiaxaja MaBy<f»asTypHaa npoMinnjieHHOCTB, noxxepsBBaiH npoTeBiqo- 
HHSiTB,— DXHue uiTaTu, saxB crpana npeHvyn^ecTBenno 8eMjex^^%- 
cxafl, Tpe6oBajiH eBo6oxu ToproBjíH. Bo rjtaB^b arHTaipH, xccrarmet 



1) MaxicQBi, leTB^mift npesExenn ciBepo-aMepuaBCiaro consa (1809 — 1817), 
nepemei^ boocjíactbíh he cTopony pecnyÓJHBaHCioft. napiíH, ho bo spěna cociaBieHÚi 
„^exepaiHCTa'* pasxtJíjm, bi naBBHxi lepiaxi, o6pa3i HHCieft TauiuTOHa. Xpenejiy 
HjeHj jiHTepaTypHaro coDaa, AseD, upHoaxiesan toibko nsn cxaieft „^e^epaiHcra", 
xa H Bi noiHTBiecBoft ZH8HH AMepHBH OHI irpajii Menie BaxHyD pon, ^im Fa- 
mjBTOBi H MaxvcoHi. 



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, XřOHHKi.— iHTlPltyPHOI OBOSP^HIE. 297 

CBoero anorM vh Enui TpHjdtaTuxc roAOirb, CToaia, xas^B h npH JIéh- 
iojbhí, IOjuuui KapoJKHa, npexcTainrrejeiii aoTopoft bi <|^MpajBBOM% 
eerari 6íixb Kaj&ryHi&. Oaa DpoBoariamua aasoH^ o TapB4»i x^a 
ceŮM HeotfjidaTejBHuirE, boshoca, TaiHni otfpasoirb, bojk) OT^^tiuaro 
nrsTa saxB Bojeft 4^j(q[>aABHaro apaBSTaiBCTBa; nocji:6;(Hee OTBinajn) 
jrpwA ynorpeóiTB cuj. ycrynnEBOCTL ciaepjrai ea dTon pasi^ opex- 
ynpeAua croisHOBeHie, orcpo^m^ Ha TpHAi^aTb jr6r& paspimeme 
poBOBOfo Boupoca. 

ÁBTopu y^xepajHcra*', patforax EtLXh eos^aBÍeni (f>exepai^ÍH, ocTa- 

HaBjDiBajHCB Beero ÓojiBsie na BHyTpeHHeiťB ea yerpoňcTsi, Ha Bsasii- 

HBKb OTHomemjnrE Biacrefi n^eHrpajnEott h irbcTHHxi, sasoHOxaTejiE- 

Boft I ■cnoxHHTejLHoft. KaiLryHi, saniHnMUi ceaapaTHue HHTepecu 

CBoero irraTa h Boo6mfi scero Dra, paspaóoTiiBajii npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO 

Boopoe^ ofo OTHomeHiaxi MeHLmsHCTBa wb 6ojibniHHCTBy, o caMOCTOA- 

miuoeTH ejuiHHi^i, bxojmui^hxi kb cocTaBi noiETH^ecBaro i^ijiaro. 

IIpHHiqinH ^^AepajHCTa'', Mbeo ocynitecTBjeHHHe na npaBTHBi^ cxi- 

ituath noHyupmiMH ne tojieko b^b AiiepHxi, ho h bi Eepont, tfjiaro- 

xapa wb oco6eHHOCTH Tokbhjud (T.-e. ero „A^HOBpaTÍH wb ÁMepBit.^^X 

BBeoBO i^HBBBieiiy craTLH TaBaibTosa h Maxacona; hammi KajiBryfla 

BpeAaio, npB ero sb8he, 6jB8Roe bx^b coc^xctbo cb pafioBjíaxiJB^ie- 

eiHMH TeHAOBiuBiiB, BpoxBTB AO HaeTOflI^aro spoBOBH ne^ajBBaji poiB, 

pasurpaHBafl bbb wl dnoxy Bejtaxoň óopBÓu He«xy OiBepoiťB b H)roiťB« 

Ohí saGJiysBBaDTi, ojiBaKO, BHHMaTeiBBaro Bsy^eBúi, xasB h BCJLsaa 

flomma HafixB rapaBTÍi) npOTBKB TBpaBBÍB 6o4BmBBeTBa aa^i horb- 

iraHCTBOirB. npBDOBBBMB, Basoo SBa^eBíe opBxaBan dTony Bonpocy 

Mhjjb, b^ CBOBxi „PadcysAefliBX^B o npexcTaBBTeiBBOBi npa^jefliH*. 

JílA naBBi, nocBJíni^eBHiifl r. ^opryBaTOBUMB Teopia Kajuryaa, co« 

craaiBiyrB caMyn jio6oniiTHyD toctb ero BSCjtAOBaBÚi. IIo MBtBin 

KajBrysa, ynpaBjeHíe aócojiDTBaro 6oiBniBHCTBa, bi BOTopony, Booén^e 

roBopB, CTpeBBTca xeMOspam, m/oimbo ycryaflTB jcícto ynpaBjeaii) 

rtpMOHBHBaro óojBmHBerBa (concurring majority), T.-e. corjiameHÍD, b'b 

BasADiTB OTX^BHOMi cjyui, óojuDiBHCTBa npeoĎiaxaDH^oft napTífl cb 

60JBIDBHCTB0111 naprÍH, HeBfte CBiBBoft vb HHCjeBHOBi OTHomeHÍB. Bb 

tMjmA pasBorjaciB tofo b xpyroro A^fiCTBie npaBBTeiBCTBeHHofi babcth 

XOlubho BpiocraHaBjBBaTBCB. KajBryBrB BUCBaauBaercA Taxse sa opexe- 

craBJíeHie BaiBAOHy BBTepecy npaaa veto oporarB nocTaHOBjeHÍft, opa- 

HBTHX^B tfoumaacTBOBB. ?To6u AoaasaTB apasTB^ecByi) bosmoshoctb 

taBoro ycrpoteraa^ KajBryvB cefiuaeTea a aa exasof jacie, xpeóyeaoe 

im npHcasaurB, b aa apBMipi BOHcj^epeai^iĚ, oópasyeauxi bbaíA- 

CBBMH ojeMeaaBB, a aa apanip^B QojBaiB, bb aoropoA apaHi^aai 

liberum veto, xotb b npoeeAeaHHĚ cjbidkobi xajiexo, ciysaxB bcto^- 

flBBoiTB repoftcxaro nyxecTBa, abb paaa caacmaro Espony, a Bojaqaft- 



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298 BtOBUBl IBPOnH. 

meft ji)6bh ri cboóoa^. ngn^HHy na^enLi UojuniH KajiBryH^B BH^^im 
He eroiBBO vh aiojnoTpe6jieHÍH BpaBOMi veto, ceojubo vb sáBHdbBiiieff 
on Hero bo8mo»hocth HHoeTpaHHaro BninraTaiBCTBa bb ^tia rocy* 
xapcTBa. Bi npHMlHeHÍH r% GoeAHHeBHsnrB-IIlTaTairB, Kňibvjwh ao- 
nycKaen KacB npaso aas^aro mraTa na uaoA% un 4>ewpAiUH, b& 

OCHOBaHÍH ^OTOpOft jeaBHTB AOrOBOpi CBOtfOAHO sasiD^HEuft, a CJŠ- 
XOBaTaiBHO H xiftCTBHTeJIBHUft JIHIIB AO TÍTB nOp^B, nOia Ha TO cj- 

n^ecTByer-L CBOÓoxH&a bojji ectxi xoroBapHeaDii^HKca cropoffB, — TaBi 
H npaeo mraTa na npB3HaHie m,mh ce6a HeoÓAsaTeJBHUMi (nullifica- 
tion) HSBicTHaro saBona, HecorjiacBarOi do ero y6'&XAeHÍK), cb ^a6- 
pajiBHofi KoecTHryi^ieft. Bb nocjilxHeMB cjiy^a-b BonpocB o x'6fiCTBR* 
TejiBHoeTH cnopnaro aasoHa KaiBryH*B npe^jaraero np^ocraBHTB oboh- 
^aTejBHOMy paspi^meaiD Tpex'L HOTBepTefi mraTOBi; hxb nperoBopy 

AOJSHU QOA^HHHTBCa 06% eTOpOHII, T.-O. HeAOBOJIBHUtt SaSOHOlTB 

nrraTi, h ^xepaiBHoe npaBHraiBCTBO, — ecjui tojibbo mraT^ ho iipex- 
no^TOTB noA^HseHÍK) BHXOXB H8% coK)8a. H'lqTO noxosee Ha CHCTexy 
rapMOHHqHaro (ojiBniBHCTBa KaiBrysi aaxoxHT^ bb BOBcrBTyi^H KhBHOft 

EapOJBHH, BO BOTOpoft O^HB ^aCTB BITaTB HH^eTB 6ojiBBie BpexcTaBii- 

TejieĚ vb cenaTi, xpyraa — bb HHsaeft najiarb. Otcdxb mosho saBjm- 

?BTB, HTO Ba npaBTHB^ KaJIBryB1& nOMHpBJICH 6U CB FOpaSXO HeflBBIHMl, 

niwh TpeóoBBjB BB TeopíB. HeflOJBOTB ero yqeBia tfpocaercfl bb rjasa 
CB nepearo Bsrjiaxa. IIpiocraBOBsa npaBBTej[BCTBeBflO& x^veiBBOCTK, 
npexiaraeMaa hitb hb cjyqafi flenpflMflpBiiaro pa3HorjiacÍB Mesxy 6ojb- 

BIHHCTBOlfB R MeHBBIHHCTBOMB, HO MOSOTB CTBTBTBCB npaBBJUHHirB 

BCXOAOMB a3B saTpyxHBTeJiBHaro noJOBtesÍB; xoHyeraTB bosmoshoct^ 

ea BB CBOJIBBO-HHÓyXB npOXOJiaCHTejlBBOe BpOMB, BflaiHJO 6ll AOnyCTBTB 
B03M0SH0CTB OÓXOABTBCB BÓBCO 6e8B npBBBTeJBCTBB. CiCIUBa BB OAKHO- 

rjiacie npHcasBiix^ bbcbojibbo bo yól^AHTejBBa; ecjiH npflroBopB npB- 
CBsauxB ae coctohtcb, exBHCTBeHBBíMi BOCjixcTBÍeMB dToro — BB ro- 
Bopa yae o bo3moxhocth xocTHrByTB exBHorjacifl nps xpyrouB co- 
CTBBt npBcaacBuxB — BBMercB tfesBasasaBHocTB BoxcyAHtfaro, paeso- 
CHJBBBB ero onpaBxaBiK) h BHMajio ne aapyniaDn^aa otfu^ecTBe&Haro 
nopaxBa. IIpeKpan^eBie npaBBTOJiBCTBeBHoft A'&aTejBB0CTH — asjíOHÍe 
coBC^Mx xpyroro cboěctbb h xpyrofi aasBocTB. He bbojibí corjanieBEi 
MejBxy co6oi) y RanryBa — cýxB bo HSJOsefliD r. ^opryBaTooa— Teopia 
rapMOBH^Baro 6ojBniBBctBa h Teopia veto sasx&ro OTA'&JiBHaro Hare- 
peca, o^ieBHABo ae coBnaxaDn^ÍB oahb cb xpyroH). 

CsaBaHAaro bbmb, BaxieMCB, xoctbto^bo, qTo6ii B086yABTB HHre- 
pecB KB Tpyxy r. #opTyBaTOBa, apoxejiaceBíe b OBOBqaHie BOToparo <(y- 
AOTB aecBMB nojiesHiiirB opio6p%TeBÍeMB masí eameft jiHTeparypu. 



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XFOHHBA.— %Un!lPATFPIOI OBOSříHIÍ. ^ 299 

Fr. Spielhagen, Qulsisana. Leipzig, 1680. 

poHaHHCTOBTb — Aydp6ua, ^pelrara, IQiiBJLrareHa, — npesejut b% 

CTSTLAXl, DOMtH^eeHUTb y BaC% H DOCMmeHHHirb aTHlTB OBCaTeJUUil, Bl 

TOMy saBjDTOHíi), ^TO xspoBaHÍe Hx^B ftioHHTca R^ yna^Ky; toubo-hto 

BimexineK) bi^ cbíti HOBeiioit mmubrareffa sauoseHíe 8to oapoBep*- 

raerca, e% coaajtHiK), cron se sajo, BaK'& h XByMA nocjitAHHMH 

Go^H8eHÍJiira Ayepóaxa O- ^to ^Quisisaaa*' ne meberh HHiaBoro otho- 

■leHúr vb coBpeMeBHOM y nojoseniD TepnaBÍH, qTo ^tíkemie m mofjio (íu 

opoHcxoj^HTB ToqBo Taxib se usmjíficsTh HJH CTO xÍTh TOMy easax^i 

sav& R wb HaCTOin^ee BpeMA— sa aro mu ho Qraaeiťb ynpeBaT& lUnHjifc- 

rareflt, xotíi. cuLHoft cropoHOĚ ero Tajania Bcer^a óhjte Hiimo Ten- 

jieHioosíHfl pojcaHi. B% tom^b, tto H3($pannui sm Tdiia — ropjiqaa 

HCspeBBJui jm6ohh nosHjroro lejOBisa — Aajieso ne HOBa^ Tasse ne 

61ÍJ10 6h óojBinoft 6ÍAU^ ecjEH 6u toi£bo scnojraeme sacTaBHjro saésTB 

o&b HBHomeHHocTH CDsoTa; HO Wb Tovb-TO H j('6jh>, hto Hcaojraeitíe 

oezaBJíJierB xeJiaTL eecBifa MHoraro. Ha nepsovB niani B!b „Quistfana^, 

Ean ■ vb upwhmM,Ym,ei HOBejuš ninuBrareBa .Das Skelet im Hause** — 

B HBTepeci HHCTO BB^niRift, HHTepeeB 84Hí>eKTOBi, OTxiuiBHfincB Apaiia^ 

TH<ie€]nix'B ci^evB, a ee xapaBTepoB'B r ncRxomrHqecBaro aHajiHda. 

Fepoň pascsasa — EepTj^aMi, oÓRaHyTiift vb moioaoctr qecTOJUoĎRBOD 

Rosersoft, OT^aBiiriĚCA ci t'Ix'b nopi Hepa3A'&iBH0 ywaoHy, aadRMer- 

HOMy Tpyxy, c^RTaBinifi ceÓA yMepniHMi aja cepAe^noft srshh h bho- 

sanBO iipo($ysAaeMU& ki eeft, b'b njiTBAecarB jítb, rjiy6oRRirB hjb- 

cw}wÉ KB MOJOAOft A^BymsI, 9pHÍ— saAyMaHB neAypHo; ero KOieóaeíH, 

ero MyqeHBB, ero EopoTRaa pa^ocTB h HOBoe, HH«itRi ReBOSHarpaAHMoe 

ropě HsoópaaaeHU bi aobojbho apsHxi spacsaxi— ho dTRM^B r nc^ep- 

nimaercA Bce to, ^tó mosho caasaTB bt> nojiBsy nofitcTR. Bi JíVíu/b 

dpBij QIoHJBrareHx xotíjii npeACTaBRiB BOSBumeHHyD, copB^sEyio 

HRcryD HaTypy — r opeAcraBRXB jterBOMUCjeHHyn A^Bony, paso^apo^ 

BaHHyD (BCji^ACTBÍe HeAopaayMiHÍfl) b'B cboomi nepaoMi B03jiK)6^eHHOR% 

m Hn^yn^yD yTimeniH bi poRant cb BeprpaROMi, b'b Boo6pasaeROft 

JDÓBR R'B HeRy. Ofla cosHarejiBHO r HaRipenao yBjíeBaerB BepxpaRa — 

H noTORi cnoRo&Ho BOdspan^aercA nrb caoeRy Kypry, Attse He saMtiaR, 

VTO XH3HB BeprpaRa eii^e pasi, r TenepB yse oaoRqaTejiBHO, pa36RTa. 

^OCTO&HO BHHMaHJA, ^To cqacTJiHBHft noótAHTOJiB BeprpaRB — o^Ri^epi, 

OTjRHRBHriftcH B'B (j[>paHRO-repRaHCRO& BaMnaflíH R coeAHHaK)nuft b^ ce6^ 

Bci B03R0SHUJI AoópoA^^TejR: MysocTBo, caROOTBopseHie Bi jd6br r 



») »Unterweg8« h „der Forstmeister" („B. Eep,", 1879 r., .>é 12, h 1880 r., J^ 2, 
Jbnepaxypuoe 06o3pÍHÍe). 



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300 ncTim ibpoiiíi. 

ApyxÓu, rojy^HHyi) híshoctl h bi ocoóeBBOCTS cspomhoctl — rj CKpoM* 

HOCTB, SOTOpOD fflnHJbFftreHl He MOPb AOCTaTOVHO HaiDÓOBaTbCJI Vb 

PeftHrojBxt IQMHXTt, vh („Sturmílať'). Co speiieHK Topsecrsa Tep- 
mahíh neLKh ^aniMeft, opyccsoe boícko ptmHTejbHo cxiiaiocb XJ< 
moHJBrareHa TasHirL se pascaxHHKon repoeir&, Eassm xifl Hero 
6un opesxe iripi xeMOspaTnecioft oooobsaíh. HeftreHaHn Kyprs 
PflHrÓepn — HOBUft noprpen am^ toí BoesHoft raiepeH, xoropaa yxe 
Tan óoraTO yKpameaa HSoópaseBiícifH renepaia ^H%-Bep6eHa, boj- 
soBBflca <fK)ffb-3aTTejbmTexTa, naiopa rpa^^a DIxeftHtfyprb-Paxa, aaoB- 
Tana (j^Hi-méflay; Tenepb bi Heft BpeACTaBieHH bcí ^bhu opyccioft 
apMÍB. Hsx ^Hcja ocTaiLHim x^ftcTByDn^Hn ju^b 6apoff& Jorrepi 
HapflcoBaBi flo xaBBo BSBicTBOMy matiioHy npa^xB&rOi Tn^eejiaBHaio 
XBopjiHHBa (ae cocToan^aro hb b% BoeHHoft, bb bi rpas^aacioft cjya^i); 
OTei^i 9pHU, Otto, BaBOMBBaen Bajjib6aza ai ,Stormfluť', naň ea, 
rBjbxerapxa— óapoBecey rpeaBHi^ vb .SaraAornirb Barypaxi'; pyc- 
csaji BBflrBBA AjeicaHxpa BojnBi^oea 6umsl 6h ropasAO yir&CTBte b^ 
ceBcai^ioBBOMi fltxei^Boirb poMaBt cpejLaeft pysB, hík% b% OlaHJbra- 
reBCBott flOB^CTB. TLocjA .Skelet im Hause*, bocií .Plattlanď, flocjr& 
„Quisisana", saiiiTBUirb maron Bsepexi — ^bib, jyqme csasaTb, iLexaH- 
HyiTb BOBBpaB^eBíevx e% apomej^meKy) cos^aBmexy HBBicTaoen h ao- 
ayupBOCTb niflBJíbrareBa — noaasaicji 6ii xaate Taxoft povavb, BarB 
.Sturaiflut", Bce-rasB BaaoMHaaDBpft BBorAa craparo 6opita aa apo* 
rpeecL a CBOÓoxy — K. E. 



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Google 



HAmH nOJKAPLL 



I. 

Bo BCJiRoft crpaHi, croan^eft Ha 6ojie hjh Menie HHSsod CTjneHB 
pasBHTÍfl, 6ixeTBÍ£, nocTHraDn^ia napoxi wb ^opui nosapoRb, dUHao- 
otíh, rojioxa h HapoxHuxi óoj^Hefi, OTjHHanTOi oco($oi) HHreHSHB- 
HOCTLD. Bi Tasoft cípant ycjroBia xja pasBHTÚi 8THx:b 6iiCTBÍfi ohohs 
6xaroiipÍJiTHH, a cpexcTBa xjifl 6opB6u cb hhmh RpaSne cjiaóu. nosTOiiy, 
eciH TaKyD crpany nocTHraerB zmoq-eeíjmj* 6ixcTBÍe, 6ixcTBÍe 3to 
HaqjiHaeirB npoHSBOAHXB CTpaiUHtifl onycTomeHiji h npoAOJivuteTb x^ft- 
CTBOBaTB xo Tizi 00?*^ noBa He npespaTRTca caifo ecmecm6efmuM& 
oópasoMi, co6paB% oÓHJBHyD saTBj. M-bpu, npEHimaeiniA npoTHBi 
dTim 6%xcTBÍft axmiBHCTpaiiiei), oKasHBaDTCJi xa^^Ko HexocraTOHHiníH 

MMM CepBéSHarO HITB npOTHBOX^ftCTBiji, nOTOMy ^TO se C00TB'6TCTByDTl 
BX'B paSM^pail^ npHTOMl M^pil dTH KaB'B-TO OŮXOMflTb KOpeHHHH npH- 

HHHH ABjíeHiA, ociaHaBjíHBaACB Ha BTopocTeneHHun^ Hjra xase orpa- 

HX^HBaaCB TOJBKO CailHirE JTOJteHieiTB. TaBHlTB OÓpaSOlTB, BHiCTOTOrO, 

wtoOh BHpBaTb npH^HHy HBjreHia ci KopneirB, hjh napajHSOBaTB ea 
xiftcTBÍe, npHÓ^raDTi k^ najiJiiaTHBa]n&, MOserB 6iitBy h AOCTaTO^HincB 
XJH npiocTaHOBKH 6šxcTBia» HO BOBce HexocraTOHHiarB xjia ycrpane-* 
híh bosmoshoctb HOBaro ero pasBHTÍH. Haceienie, HHxepecoRB boto- 
paro 9TH Mipu HenocpexcTBeHHO sacaDTCif, Majio o^HapyxHBaerB vh 

HHVB COHyBCTBis H SHBOrO y^aCTÍfl, MOSerB ÓUTB, nOTOMy, TTO He BH- 
XHTB Vh HHX'B ÓOJBHIOft HOJIBSU XXH CeÓA, COSHaeTB HZl HeXOCTaTOH- 

HOCTB. A TaMi, vxi Bi M^BHi, npHHHKaemiiTB Bi HHTopecarB Hace- 
jeHii^ HŠTB sHBoro ynacriH vb nocjiixHeirB, rxi naceieme 9to no- 
jaraerca 6ojiie ne na axMHHHCTpaTHBHUH MiponpiHTÍH, a na „bbocb"^ 

HHBaBlH M^pH, Ji^Xfá CaifHfl paSyiTHUH H peSOHHHH HC npHHeCyTB HH 

xaiifirneft hojbbh. 



Digitized by 



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302 B^CTHHK-B IBPOnH, 

HmÍ^H BCe 9T0 Bl BHJKy, HH, KOHeTOO, HB CTEHeiTL yXHBJIHTBCfl, HTO 

y Bací HapoABUJi anHAeMÍH, bdhsootíh, CTpaniHHe nosapu cxijiajrac& 
^BJiefliflMH saypBABUMH. Onpex^HTB i^H^paiiH pasM^pu y6uTB0B'B, na- 
hocbvuz'b HapoAHOMy zosBficTBy xasxuirB hsi dtbxi j5%ACTBÍft, spovi 
padB'b nosapoBi, Myxpeeo. ffinsBb ^aiOBisa, aaiip., na A^HBrH ii'6hhtb 
He npHzoABTca. Ho ecJH bt> Kascxcirb ^ojobíb^ bh^ítb jibidb pa6o^D 
CHjiy, TO MOXHO c^i upexcTaBBTb, KaKofi yn(ep6% necen HapoxHoe 
xo3JifiCTBO OTB oxBOFO XH<|>TepHTa, onycToniai)n(aro ocoóeHHO HamH Ma- 
jopyccBbi ry6epHÍH. doBSoom ee ycryoaerB no CBoefl onycroniflTejnb- 
HOCTB dUHAeMÍBiTB. Ote oxBoft ?yMU najio y HacB bi 1877 r., no o^ 
4»H^iaibBfnrb cbí^x^bíami ^), 212,768 roJiOBi spynnaro poraxaro csora. 

ECJH CTOHMOCTL EBSCXOft rOlOBU I^BHTb cpe^HUM^ ^OLCXOWh VB 40 pj6' 

jiefi,— noJiy^Bni 8.511,720 p. yÓHTBy. Biaxo hbcjo bo Bzoxan orpon- 
Boe BOJiH^ecTBO BpyDBaro CBOTa h jomaxefi, naBmHn otb CH^epcRofi 
JiSBH, noBajiBHaro BOcnajieBiB jerBmcB, cana h np. h np. Cbaboo pac- 
npocrpafleBie yBa8aHBUX'B ótxcTBÍfi, nocTBraDn^Bxi aame aapoAHoe 
xosaftcTBO, Tpeóyen caMaro cepBfisaaro Hsy^eHia Bii3BrBaDntHX'B HrB 
npH^HBi. K'B co»aji[ÍBÍK), no Hacrra TaKoro H3y?efliii y naci cx&iaHO 
o^ieflB HBJío, yro&h se csasaTB — Bs^ero. Tasí, orsocHTejiBHO BnHSoarit, 
spovi^ HOÓojiBinHzi ra3eTHUZ'B craTeerb h co^nnenift ^bcto BerepHHap- 
saro zaparrepa, y naci bi jiHTopaTyp^ HH^ero ne nonaxaerca. Hbbto 
He 6pajrB Ba ce6B xpyxa noxBecTB htofr ymiepÓairB, npHqHHJieMBiTB 
9nH800TÍiiiÍH. Boxbe noc^acrjiHBHiocb nosapam, voserB (!utb, noTOMy, 
^To o^^Bi^iajBHaB CTaTHCTHBa Hn, npH BcirB e& BexocraTsaxi, 60* 
jrite paspaóoTana, Hosen 6htb r noTOMy, ^to noauipii hbki-to fiojite 
({pocaDTCír B'B nasa h BUSUBaDTB na rxi BscjrbxoBanie. 

Ha CTaTHCTB^ecKoe HsejrixoBaBie nanrax^B nosapoai nepBuft o6pa- 

TBJl BHHMRBie T. BhJIBCOHI, OtfpadOTaBBrifi „CTaTHCTB^eCBÍH cbí^x^bíh 

o nosapax^B vb Pocein", HSxaHHUA wh 1865 roxy X^eBrpaxBHim Cra- 
THCTHqecKHiťB EoiiHTeŤoirB. O^BHMajEí xnBBHft nepíoxi, óojiie niwh 
vh 20 JI. (1842 — 64 r.), E8CJii^xoBaHÍe r. BnjiBCOHa xaeTi xobojibho 
nojmyD RaprHHy noasapoBi. Pa6oTa, HawTaB r. BnjiLCOBOirB, 6iija 
npoxojsesa bo ,BpeMeHBHBÍ* H^enrp. Ctbt. K-tb, B'b BOTopoMi cwh- 
X^bíb o nosapaxi xonexemi xo 1869 r. Ho craTHCTB^ecBiB xaBHHfl 
8a nocjr6xHee xecflTHjr%TÍe BoBce ne óiijih noxBepraeHU o6pa6oTrt, 
nesxy T^iTB BaB'b vh hhxi-to e sasjíD^aeTCJi rjiaBBiift HHTepeeB. Pas- 
(Spocannufl no pasHUMi roxairb „npaBHTejiBCTBeBHaro BicTHHRa", xan- 

HQB dTH 6UXSÍ BaiíH C06paHH BO-OXBHO. R'B COSBJI^HÍID, FB „IIpaBH- 

TeiBCTBOHnoirB BtcTHRB^* VH HB HamjiH CBÍ^x'&BÍfi SB TpexjiiTie CL 
1870 no 1872 r., rwffh íto CBtx*BÍH, naira coÓpaHBHB, oÍHHMaroTB 



^) Ho lacTBHirb 6oJie. 

Digitized by VjOOQIj^ 



xpoHKi. — HiniK nosiPH. 803 

Togi&to eeii& jštb, ch 1873 no 1879 r. BKjno^TejnHo. <^opMa CTaTE- 
CTfl^ecsnLS ^anHuz^B. „IIpaBETeiBerDeHuaro B^CTHHaa' npexoTasjcaerB 
oco6eHHOCTfl cpaBHHT6JiBH0 ci A&HHUMH paÓOTH F. BHJibcoHa H „Cra- 
ncmeesaro BpeiieHBHBa". Bi rhhfí r. BHjiBCOBa h bo nBpeMesHHsib'' 
opei^CTaBJíeHU CTaTHCTH^ecsi^ cbí^x'9^hííi o noncapaxi wh odmU eBpo- 
oetCKOĚ PocdK, Tor^a Rasi vh „IIpaBHTejiBCTBeBHoirB B^terHHBi" bbatu 
en^e asiaTCiaJi Pocda h IIpHB»^4iflCKift Rpaft. Ho sa to y r. BHjfbcoHa^ 
H BO „BpeMeHfliuď^ ysasaHU OTA&rBHOnosapuBiropoAaz!BHyib8Aaxi, 
wro BexocTaen vh „UpaBHrejiBCTBeBHoirB BtCTHER^". GonocraBieBie 
TtoB H xpynin xasBiixi, bo bcízi noxpo6flocTAxi, TaRHirB o6pa- 
sotfB, fle DpexcTaBjaercA BosMOsauvn^. Ho vb rjaBHiizi, cyn^ecTBOHBiixi 
^eprarB, nanp., OTHOCHrejiBflo ^HCJia nosapaEin CJiy^aoBi, y6iiTR0B% 
H iioj(zoroBi no eaponeScRod PoecÍH, TBRoe conocraajieBie se npex- 
cnBJnerB saTpyxfleHift. 

FascMaTpHBaa B^xcmocTH „IIpaBHTencTBeflHaro BtcTHHRa" o no* 
sapaxi, HOBOJBAO nopasaeniBCJi ROjioceajiBBocTBD nosapeiixi y6£iTR0Bi 
vb nocjid^jiBee ceiiHJiiTie. 

761ITRH 9TH BupaacaDTCfl v% cjiixyDíi^HXi i^Bil^pan: 



187S . . . 


44.416,815 p. 


1874 . . . 


. 58.897,888 „ 


1875 . . . 


64.096,896 „ 


1876 . . . 


56.360,719 „ 


1877 . . . 


50.006,606 „ 


1878 . . . 


. 63.075,624 „ 


1879 . . . 


. 80,086,658 „ 


Hioro. . . . 


416.939,605 p. 



Ho cyMMot 416.939,605 p. en^e ne onpextJiaeTCA oÓnUft yÓuTORx otb 
BOsapoBi sa comb jí^ti, tbri rrri b% 15,642 cjiy^a^xi yÓHrosi se óujtb 
BosasaBi. Hojiaraa cpexHift yÓHTORi oitb Rasxaro nosapa bi 2,169 p., 
DOjyHHMi 3a 6 JitTi (1874 — 79 r.) ^ e^^e 33.927,498 p., a Bcero 
450.867,104 p.l CyMMa, no hcthbí, ROJioccajrBBaa. Bua^hbi bsi STOft 
cyMiiH yÓHTRB no IIpHBRCJMBCBOiiy Rpai) (27.299,622 p.), noJiy^HiTB 
423.567,000 p., ROTopiiMH B onpex^HTCA yóUTOR^B no umnepiu. HafB 
■ToroBi ydiTBOBi no EiraepiB, Booón^e cji^xyer^B bcrjd^rtb yÓEiTKB no 
asiaTCRofi Poccíb; sa ECRJiDHeBieirB noci^xHBXioCTaBercB 364.099,566 
pj6jieft. TaRBiTB oópasoirB, sa ceMEjri^TÍe 1873—79 r. nosapHueyóUTRB 
Wh ry6epBÍBX'B esponeftcROŘ Poccíb, scRiD^aB o6ji, jD^oacRoro Boftcaa, npíe- 
mnajH 364 kbjiji. pyójieft. IIopasBTejBBiie caím no ce($i, nozapBHe 



1) 3a 1873 r. vb 0(t)4Bm*ajiBiixi bíxomoctaxi HHCia ciynaesi, bi BOTopmi y^H- 
lon ae onpexiieHi, ne odHaieHO. 



Digitized by 



Qoo^^ 



304 whcnim ibpoiih. 

• * 

yÓHTBH uociiAEUVb jAtl uojrjHavTh oco<$06 SHaneHie npH conocraue- 
híh ei% Oh xaHHUMH npexHJiro BpeiieHH, co6paH8iiifH r. BuBeoHom^ 
H noMin^eHHUMH bo „BpeiieHHHBi'. Hsi ipy^a r. BHncoHa bhxbo, 
HTO nosapHue jóutrh so Tjůepmawh esponeĚcsoft Poccíh cocraBjflJH 
Bi MTHa*TÍe 1860—66 r.= 150.819,200 p. 

Bi nocJiÍA7Pni(ee naTHitTÍe 1865 — 69 rr. (cm. ^BpeifeHHHKi") 
yóuTBE cocTaBJUíU 144.492,000 p. Uemxj tími vb oaTuiTÍe 1875 — 
79 rr. yéiiTBH xocthfjih rpavaxHOft cjuuu 269.6B7,485 p. HyxHO sa- 
Mi^TBTb, qTO dTOD cyififOD Bjiífi EB BiipasaoTca Bcš HaniH noTepH 0T% 
nosapoBi B^B Te^HÍH naTH j^vb. ^ja yAo6eTBa cpaBsenia xanaus^ 
3a naTHJiiTie 1875 — 79 rr. ci xasauME r. BajucoHa h aBpeiieHHHM'', 
noBaBUBann^Bu tojibko ciyvaH onpex^iesHurB yóuTaoBi h hcrjid- 
?aion^Hx:b bc£ tí oíy^aH, aorw , y6uTBH ne 6hjh noBasaHu, — xaa yxo6* 
CTsa cpaBHeHÍfl mu bsb^h jiHniB tí oíyqaH, aorxa nosapaiie y6BiTBH 
6iiJH noBasaHU b% „IIpaBHTeucTBeHHOMi BtcTHBB'6'. £cjH-($H npB6a- 
bhtb b'b HHMi en^e naccy ciyqaeBi, no BoropuiťB yÓHTOBi bi ^Ilpa- 
BHTejiLCTBeHHOMi BtcTHHB-b" HB BOBasaHii, onpeA^BBi cpeAHÍĚ y6u* 
TOKI, TO nojiyrajiacB 6u cyrnia, xaieao npeBHmaDo^aa 269.667,485 p. 
Bbbi 6ii TO HH 6ujio, yse npHBeAeeHaa saMH cyMMa nosapHuxi y6uT- 
BOB'B sa naTHjiÍTÍe 1875 — 79 rr. noBasuBaoTi, ^to onycroniHTejbHOCTB, 
yÓUTOHHOCTb HaniHxi nosapoBi BOspacTaerb ^pesBuqaŘao chibho. 06pa- 
maacB orB o6mfití cymfu nosapnuxi yóUTSOBi no aced eaponeftcsoft 
Poccíh vb qacTHUiTB jsfiLBBUwb no ryóepHiaifi, mu bhahmi, ^to Hae- 
6ojAe yÓHTBOBi necyrB ryóepniH MocBOBCsaa h TaMÓOBCsaa. Bi nep- 
Bofi H3i dTHx^B ry6epHÍ6 bi naTHJťbTie 1860 — 64 r. nosapnue yóiiTBH 
paBHamcB 9.758,090 p., wb naTMixie 1865 — 69 r. 8.179,111 p.,TO^j^a 
Basi BT» naTHjiÍTÍe 1875 — 79 r. xomjH ^o 27.053,583 p. Bo BTopoft 
yóUTBM pacnp6A'6jflJHCB no naTHJiiTiaMi TaBHM'B oópasoMi: 

1860— 65 Íp. 1866— 69 r. 1875— 79 r. 
6.834,430 p. 12.506,194 p. 18.881,682 p. 

HTasi, no AByMi tojlbbo bthmi ryóepníaMi nosapnue yÓHTBH* 
npexcTaBjiaK)Ti rpoMaxnoe yBeiH^eHíe na 29.342,745 p., cpaBHHTejBHO 
ci 1860— 64 r., h na 25.249,960 cpaBHHTeiBHocB 1864— 69. Ho bc*m^ 
ocTajBBUMi rydepniflMi, sa RCBiD^enieM^B aecBMa neMHorartb, saMi- 
qaerca Taaoe se aospacTanie noaLapnux^ ytfuTBOBi. IIo ntaoTopuM-b 
se, y6uTBH necji^waro nainj^Tía npeaumaDrB y6uTBH npesBHXi^ 
jjiTb BTpoe, B^eTBepo. 

Ki cosbjiíbíi), Mil ne pacnojiaraeMi a^hbiimh sa naTsiiTie 
1870 — 74 rr.: no dTOMy nepioAy y naci ecTB CBi^-bnia jtaniB sa abb 
nocj'6j(BÍe roxa (1873 h 1874). IIo btoS npnqHH-b onpeAt^iHTB nosap- 
nue yÓHTBH sa BecBnepioAi 1870—74 rr. ne opeACTaBJíaeTca bosmos- 



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XPOHHEi. — HAorn nOSiPH. 305 

HUMi. Ho cyxa no cbía^híami 1873 h 1874 roAOBi, nepioA'B 
1870 — 74 rr. no paaifipaMi yii^ep6a, npHWHeHHaro noauipaMH, ne- 
MHoro ycrynajB JiocjiÍAji>mfiuj. Tasí, o6ii^ yÓHxoBi wb 1873 r. co- 
cmBMXb 44.416,Jl5 pyÓJ., a B'b 1874 r. — 58.897,888 p., T.-e. aíHa- 
UTexLHO 6oJíie, ^iwb bi 1876 r. (56.360,719 py6.)« h B7» 1877 r. 
(50.006,605 p.). 

HTaK'B, nosapHue yóUTKH no&iixHHzi ji^tb Aajeso ocTaBjíflnrb 
3a co6oD y6uTBH 1860 — 69 voAOVb. Ecjíh npEsaTb bo BEHManie npH- 
pocn Bace4[6HÍA b% noci^AHee AecAraj-brie, to Bce-TaBH oxaseTCJi, 
qro Kb dTO 'AecATUŽTÍe nosapnux^b yÓHTSOBi na^aeri na Aymy ro- 
pasxo 6ojit6, ^^i npesAe. Ham npHxoxHJocb cjmnaTb oneHb npo*- 
CToe oti^flCHOHie Tasoro BOspactaHífl nosapaiixi yin^epfioBi: aa nccjit^- 
Hee Bpeva cbíx'&hía o noaKapax'b co6HpaH)TCfl 6ojiie Tn^aTOJibHiiMi 
ofipasoicb, Tor^a Kas^b wh npesHDD nopy MHorie cjy^aH no2KapoB'b 
yeKOJbsaiH on jiHqi, coÓHpaDii^BXi dra cbía^hía, h yóUTKH, nodTony, 
noKaBUBaiHCb j^ajieso ne nojHO. E^sa jh TaKoe oÓiflcneHÍe mosho 

npHSHaTb OCHOSaTaibHHlťb. EcJIH pyBOBOACTBOBaTbCJI TaRHMl HaHBHUM^b 

o6%jicHeHieirb, to npHAerca ^^onycxHTb, hto vh 1875 r., no xoTopoiiy 
cyiiiia j6uTZ0Vh onpexiJieHa Kb 64.000,000 p., cfitAd^HÍA 6iuh coópanu 
Tii^tTejbHJ^e, ^tiTb Bi 1876 r., no BOTopoMy cyMMa y6uTB0B% noBasana 
Wh 56.000,000 p., B% 1878 r. cb^j^íbía co6paHbr 6ojfbe Tn^aTOJbEHirb 
oÓpasoMi, HÍMi wb 1877 r. 

BospacTaaie cyímu nosapHiiX'b yóUTBOBi, oÓHapysHBaDm^eecA b% 
o^Mf^mj^iaibEiDCb CBtA'&HÍAX'b, o6uiCHjieTC£ BOBce H6 ÓÓJbmeH) Tffl^arejib- 
HocTbD pernerpai^iH, a yMHOsenieirb ycjiOBift, 6jiaronpÍATCTByiQn^Hx:b 
HOBHiTb noaukpaMi h yBejaqeniK) HX'b onycTonuTejEbHOCTH. 

KaB'b HH BOioccaibHa upaBoxennaji naiiH cyrnia nosapfiuxi y6uT- 
BOBI, no ona hecboubo ne hosoti sasaibCE npeynejifl^eBBOH); CBop^ 
ee xosEO CHsraTb Efl»e A^ŘCTBETejbEofi no Toft npE^Efli, hto o^e- 
lÚa^bEUE ABJ^pu, BOTopuME Hu noju>80BajECb, npE conocTaBienÍE cb 

fldhKOTOpUME i(OCTOBÍpflUME HaCTEUME ABEEUME, OBaSUBaDTCE EE2Ce 

Boci^ABExi. TaBi, no o^EAiajbBUMi abeeumi Becb nosapnufl y6u- 
TOKb no opeB6yprcBoft ry6epEÍE onpeAÍJeB'b sa npomjiuft roA% vb 
1.981,013 p., Tor^a bbbi no ?acTEiiM% CB^A^niairb oaeei noacapi B^b 
Opesóyprt epehebei^ y6uTB0B% „eb aocetbe mejjíoeobi pyójeS**. 
E[Haqe fl 6uTb se Morjo: doraTuft, ToproBud ropoA'b auropijii eo^te 

BeCb XO TJia. OaEB 4>HPMft EoEEIEEIIXI JEEIEJiaCb TOBapOBl EB 600,000 

p.; 4^BpMa Sasasa eb 400,000 p. O- IIpaB^a, B^b 0<})4>Ei^iajibBux% cbí- 
;('tEÍEX'b o nosapaxi B:b opoEÓyprcBofi ryÓepEÍE sa 1879 r., yBBsaEO 



>} „HeAlu" 1879 r., cíp. 167. IIoATBepsAeHie AaBBuxi, npHBexeBBHxi „Hejii- 
jeft", HOSHO naiTH h vl xpyrHzi HaciHuzi raaeraxi npomiaro ro^a. 

Tom* IV.— I»Jtt, 1880. 20 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



306 BIMSTHSRl SBPOnH. 

128 CJiynaeB^, bi kotophx!b nosapsiift yóuroBi se onpexi^effB, ho, 
npHHHMaa vh pascwn h 9th cjiynaE^ h nojarafl na Bas^Eift ytiiiTBy 
4,068 p., nojty^HMi 520,704 p., Bcero xe ná Bce — 2.501,717 p. Ta- 
BHiTb oópadoicb, npHBeAeHHaa HaMH cyMMa noasapHHzi y^HTsoBi 8a 
ceHHJiÍTÍe 1873—79 rr. ne tojibbo ne Moasers cntaTBca npeyBejnmH- 
HOD, HO, HanpoTHKB, AOJixHa 6uTh npEsnana HHse AMCTBHTenHHTB 

y6£ITR0BrB. 

Bci 9TH nosapHQe yóuTBR naxaDTB rjaBHuirB ofipaaoMi Ha de- 
peemo. Hna^e h 6iitb He nošen npn orpoMHOir& Hpeo6xaxaHÍH y sací 
eejiBCBaro Hacejemn EhXh ropoxcBHir&. 7(!iitih b% ropoxax^ nojiyiaDn 
nepeB^eB tojuko vh cjiy?aax'b TasHxi lOJioccanHiai nosapoBi, Kaiie 
Óiijra vb Rosjiobí, MopmaHCRi, BopHCorjii6cKÍ, Openéypri, Eptiart, 
ypaiBCBt, EpKyrcrt, ho Taxie onycroniHTejBHBie nosapu xobojbho 
pij^MM H, MOSHO CBaaaTB, BC% Hanepe^OTB. OodTOify, MHxdoHHHe ymep- 
6u, HanocRHHe nameMy HapoAHOvy zosiiftcTBy nosapaMH, najtaDn 
TÁMfaim otfpasoMi na ^epeani), na seHiex^Ai^a. 76utkh, BOT0i»ie ne- 
cyrB BpecTBAHe on nosapoBB, xojshu 6htb tíitb x^h hhtb oni^yn- 
TejBH^e, HTo VB AepeBHAxi oÓmcHOBeHHO yHH^TOsanrcA ne tojrko 
crpoenÍH, ho seprsoD orná CTaHOBHTCH seifjeA^^^ecKúí opyxúi: coxa, 
(k^OHa, TeiirH, ynpaxB; HHorxa norHÓaeorB xase ckotb. Iloxapii vb 
xepeBHjncB, no CBHxiTejiBCTBy AOiuaxa rommhccih AJuet HSCorí^AOBaHÍfl 
HUHŠmHHTO HOJOJKenifl ceiBCKaro zosflĚCTBa h ceiBCsai npoHSBOXH- 
TejiBHocTH vh Poccíh, TBBi ^acTu, HTO Wh 25 jitrB HOTOi B(A cejia 
BiiropaDn h bhobb BUcrpaHeaDreji O- 

npH^HHa oDycTOHorrenHocTH nosapovB Jiemwrh vb tíchotí ho- 
crpocB^. „7 HaeB nocTpoftRH, roBopnix r. Jloxe wb DerepóyprcKoirB 
co(!paHÍH cejBCKHu xosHeBi, AO TaBOĚ creneHH ciywHH, hto hotth 
He 6hjo npHMipa, vto&h^ pasi Ha^ajiM Hosapi wb oxhoh*b xomš, 
yi^ijiijo cejteme. IIo^th Bcerm a^o OKaHUHaercA rtm, ^to ace ce- 
jienie suropaeirB ao ua. Mexxy tíitb, BOSBiorre octs^ckíx ry6epHÍH, 
ÓÓJiBHiyK) HacTB sanaxHHXi ryóepHíft, ^hhjuihaíd. Pasaft Haftxerca 
TaiTB, HT061 300 ABopoBTB pasoiTB Grop'&iH? H^Ti, 41 Ho^eiiy? noTOMy, 
qTO hítb Toft CByqeHHocTH, Boropa^ oóinna naniHirB cejenÍHinb'' ^. 
HejiBSji CBasaTB, hto6i hpothbx tšchoth nocrpoerB y naci ne npH* 
HHicajocB HHKaBHxi M^^p^B. HanpoTHBi, RaKi naniH sasoHH, tbu h 
H^aHHHe Bi Hxi AonojHenie Hjra pasíHcneHie i^npByjiflpBi MHHHcrepcTBa 
BHyTpeHHHxi A^JVby HaHepTiniaK)TB o^enB oÓcroflrejBHHa npaBHia x^ifl 
orpasxeHifl apoHCxo^an^eĚ otb tíchotíi crpoeniĚ onycromRTejiBHOCTH 
HOsapoBi. no cyn^ecTByDH^HirB nocTaHOBjemHKi — 



1) Aouax>T npuos. m, OTX. IX, crp. 6. 
«) „rojoci«, 1879, ífe 139. 



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Goog\e 



xporasi. — HAmi nosAPH. 307 

,rHÍ3Xa KpeCTBAHCKHXl XBOpOB^ COCTaBUTB HB 60J[Íe, SaXl H8% 
XBJTB, qeTiipeX'E, nieCTH HJIH BOCBMH ABOpOBl, TaKl, ^TOÓl Vh rHÍ3XÍ, 

cocTOjniiairb hsi xsyxi^ xBopoBx, drn ^Bopu npHjierajui oxhhx si;ipy- 
rovy onq)oxa]fH, a wh rHisjc&i cocToan^eirB hs^b ?eT£ipex'E, mecxH e 
Boc&n ABopOBit, cepexHBy ra^a cocraBUJiH XBa ABopa, coej^HBBHHue 
Mesxy C060H) oropoxaMH, no croposairb se pasiiini^ajíHCB npcnie aboph, 
npHjerafl vb crpoeHLnťE oropoj^aira. IIpHJieraDiiUe Bib crpceHÍAirB oro- 
poxH o6casHBaTb CBopo-pacTyn^MH xepeBumi. raiaxa ota^jbtb oxho 
CTh xpyroro nepeyjRaMH vb meCTB casevB". 

HejiB3A HO npHBBaTB, HTO Bci dTH npasua boojbí paiaoBaiBHu; 
HO Bonpoci: HaciojUiKo ohh ocyn^ecTBEvu? y san npHBUBJíH bcd BHHy 

BfB TiCBOřli AGpBBeHCBHXl nOCTpoeB!B BaiHTB HB VySHBa, OÓfBBCSflJI 

o6inai crpoHTBCA tícbo, asaTBOA ApyrB ki xpyry njOTHie, bíbo- 

BWě% HCBOHBUITB í>6u^MUl» BaBníXl KpeCTBBHl, soTopue 6yXTO-6H 
TBEB ei^ HHITB CpOXHBJraCB, TTO HXl BHBaSlB HO BaCTaBEHIB CŤpOHTBCA 

<:Bo6oxHÍe, octbbjiba Mesxy rais^ami nepeyjtsH vb 6 casoHi. Mezera 

ÓOThj TBBOe OÓBABOHie H HMtorB CBOD AOJD COpaBOAJtEBOCTH, HO BO 

BCflBOiTB cjyHai hocombíbeo h to, tto ecMM KpecTBBBe 'h saxoi^jra óu 
erpoRTBCH niHpe, ota&iae thíbao orB raitexa oiiecTH-caseHHUMH nepe- 
yjuam, ohh ho mofih 6u droro cx^jiaTB vh CHjy nojiosenúi 19-ro 
4»eBpajiji 1861 roxa. 

B!B Tpyxaxi BHCO^afiine y^pesxeHHoft bommhccíh no HseiixoBaHÍi) 
ceiBCBaro xosBftCTBa h cejBCBoft npoHSBOAHreiBBOCTH Poccin yKasano, 
^TO ipecTBEHe caMH 6ii seiajra paBXBHHyTB cboh ceieHÍJj, ho ne mo- 
ryn, noTOMy hto, no noiosemi) 19-ro (|>6BpajiH 1861 r., hhi Hasna* 
<KHa nepTB ycaxeCb, sa xoTopyD ohh bhath ne HHtorB npaBa, a npn- 
t^Bieme napoxonacejfemn h cexeftnHe pasx^ii ynejiHHHBaKxrB rojih- 

iieeTBO OTXtjBBilX^B SpeCTBBHCBHXl JCAJiífi&b (npHJlOSeme ni, OTX. IX, 

crp. 5). UoBETHO nocji^ droro, hto bcí npexHHcaHu otaIibtb rnisxa 
4>xH0 on j^jvoTo nepeyjnaME vb 6 casen xojubhh ocraBaTBca Mopt- 

BOft 6yKB0ft. 

On^aHHveHíe yeaxeÓHOĚ oc^juocth hsbícthumi enpeA^JtennuiTB 
paftoHOM^B ne ^^aon hbitb, oxhbbo, eniie un^a e% oÓMCHeníK) yBOjra- 
tohía nosapHHXi y6HTB0Bi^ vh nocii^XHie roxu cpaBHHrenHO C!b 60-mh. 
nojTOseme 19-ro 4^BpajiH bohuo vb AtftCTBÍe yse xaBHO, h orpann- 
^OHie ycaxeÓHOft ocíxiocth xojxho 6ujo 611 osasaTB CBoe Bodame na 
nosapii enie vb nepioxi eo-n roxoBi; oarbko, xh bhahhx, hto cb 
OC060D cnoD nosapu Ha^Bnanr^ At&ciBOBaTB vb nooiixnee xecjiTH- 
li^Tíe. 9to oÓCTOflxejiBCTBO HaxoAHTi ce6% oĎiacHenie vb yBejtH^enin 
ipecTBHHCKHrB pasA^OBi. GeMe&Hue pasxliii, "iHTaeirB bi jD^OBja^i 
BOHXHCchi x-KH H3CJiÍA0BaHÍA HiiHiniHHro HOJOxeniH cejiBCBaro xoaaĚ- 

CTBa H Ce^IBCBOfi npORSBOXHTeJIBHOCTH B'B PoCCÍH'', CB RaSAUMl rOAOMl 

20* 



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308 BtOTHIE^ IBPOnH. 

yBeJiHHHBanTCA h aoiiuh ao tofo, hto hb xojbso xea Ópaxa, ho xase 
OTei;'B c^b cuHOMi A^ATCa Ha pasHiu xosflĚCTBa" O- HexaBHo Hs^an- 
BHe kHHHCTepcTBOMrb rocyAapcTBěHHUxtB HMyn^ecTBi „Marepiaxu jun 
Bsy^eHifl coBpeMeHHaro noioseHífl seiueBjíaAiHía h ceibcso-zosaft- 
CTBeHHOĚ npoMumjieHHocTH Bx Poccíh", TaKse ysasHBaDTB na noBce- 
MtcTHoe no^TH yBejiH^eHié ceiieĚHHXi pasA^OBi. Hb oxHa noHTR 
ceMbJí, ni ecTB híckojbbo seHaTJurB CHHOBeft, ne ocraercA bi o6- 
n^eiťE cosbtíh. Bi xaBiiAKOBCKOĚ bojocth (mocb. ry6.) sa nATHiiTÍe 
1873—77 r. Cujío 88 ceiieĚHHztB pasA^OBi. Mosho 6en npeyseiH- 
qeniji caasaTL, ^to ^hcio XBopoffb noBCDxy yBejHqHjiocb na 25— SOVo. 
„MaTeplajm** hphboxatb wb npHM^pi, THHBqecBíft, no nsb i^h^híi)^ xu 
Bceft* Poccíh, ffii AepoBHB JIosoBaTOBBy H KiBsaBeroBBy (eKaTepBHOcj. 
ry6.)) rA^> op^ 548 XBopaxi, tojibbo 1 ABOpi mmierb 5 paóOTBBKOBi, 
2 ABopa — 00 4, 28 XBopoBi no 3, 69— do 2 b 448 Ch OAHflOuaMB ^}. 

£*& caHapcBOĚ ryóepaiB ApoÓjesie bpoctbbbckhxi ceiieft wb nociix- 
Bia 15 xbvb AOCTBrjo rpoMa^BUz^ pa8M']^poB%. Taní, rjs,iy no cbíaí- 
bíbmi aa 1859 r., ssaHBJOCb 36 ABopoBi na 491 Aymy o6o6ro noia^ 
Bi 1869 r. 6iM0 107 xBopoBi npn HaceiOBiB vb 667 Aynrb, a vh 
1873 r. CHBTaiocb yse 159 ABopoBi c:b 875 xymaMH ^). Bmíctí Cb 
TáBBMi ApofijeHíeMtB ceMefiCTBi saM^Hajiocb b BOspacTanie nosapBUxi 
yÓHTBOBX. B:b TO BpeMB xaBi bo ece xecBTBJí&Tie 1860 — 69 r. noxap- 
BHX^ yÍHTBOBi 6hjo 6.669,033 p., sa odno naTBa^Tie 1875—79 r. 
cyuMa noxapBUXi yfiuTBOBi Aonua xo 10.074,760. UpaB^a b% hociía- 
bíř BTOPb BxoAHTb oÓBíHpBut Dosapx, ÓUBBiitt B% Canapí, BO B sa 
BCBjDveflieMi ero Bce-rasH cyMMa j6uTZ0Vb sa nocaiAnee narajiiTie 
6yAeirb npeBumaTb en;e cyMMy sa mecTBAecBTue rojui. 

HxaBi, orpaBBHeBie yca^e^BoA oc^ajioctb wh cbbsb ob Bospacra- 
Biem RpecTbflBCKBxib A'i^eseň ecxb rjaBsaa npB^BBa yBejB^eBia ony- 
CTomBTejibBOCTH fl pasopBTexLBOCTH oosapoBTb nocx^^Brb ZiTb. 
YcxpaBBTb dxy pasopsrejibBocTb bosmosbo TOJLbso yBesB^eflieirB ocía- 
jLOCTH. Tor^a TOJibso DpoAnBcaHíe „rais^a OTAtJBTb oaho oti Apyroro 
nepeyjBBMB bi 6 caa^Bi^^jBOJiy^Brb npaBTHqecsoe SHaqeBíe b osaserb 
6jiaroTBopBoe BJinaie Ba napoxnoe xosaAcTBO, coxpaBBBi Bib BapoA- 
BOMi sapMaBi BicBOJbBO MBjíxioBOBi py6jieit ÁBTopi craTbH „A^pe- 
BOBCKie nosapu'', noiiin^eBBOfi bi .Hoa^^^ (1879 r., exp. 908), obb- 
cuBBB nosapi> bi oaho& sypcsoA AepoBHi^y saMi^qaerb: .coBepmeaso 
CJiy^afiBO AeBBXb cropiannix^ y Bactb ABopoB^ 6ujb oxA^eau ox'b 
cx^Ayvn^Bxi ABopoBi BeiJojbniBiťb npoxesyxBOM^, r^i npoxoAHxxMa- 



1) AoKiaAi, Upsiox. I, OTx. I, cíp. 253. 

s) „MaTepiajoi Aia HayHeHÚi cospeMeHoaro noioseHÚi 8eiiieMax'&BÍa h ceiMUco- 
xosaĚCTfieHHoft DpoMumjeHBOCTH Bi Pocda". Gn6. 1880, crp. 16. 
») „HsBicTia reorp. o-Ba, ct. XII, otí. I, exp. 80. 



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XPOHHRÁ. — HimE nOSÁPH. 309 

j6Hisift jrysosi, e ^Jiaro^apa aToft c^aerjiflBoft cjyqafiHocTE ocTajiBHaE 
qacTB AepeBHE yi^i^jťi^Jia. YcrpoftcTBo npoMesyTKOB^b Hesxy ABopaiiB-r- 
oxHa B8:e HacTOflTeiBfliŘmEU npoTEBonosapHUzi iiipi, xote e TpyxHO 
ocymecTBEMafl". Bi cbjise cb dTOD HipoD aBTop'B, vh BExax^b npexoT- 
Bpaii](6Hiii pacnpocTpaHeHÍH nosapoBOb, npexJiaraerb oticaxRy bsói xe- 
peBumfl. Mipa dTa se hobb: osa, Easi mu bexíie, npexJiaraercji e 
^nocraHOBJíefliflME", zota bi hexi Mipa 9Ta pesoMeHxyercji HÍteROJn»RO 
vh HHoA 4h)phí— npex^araercfl o6casEBaTB „oropoxu*, B^poaTHO, xjh 
iipexoxpaHeHu otb nosapoBi orypi^oai, Ranycru e npo^. npex^iarajni, 
Bnpo^iTB, oócaaiEBaTb xepeBBJíME e bsóh. Ho, npexiaraa, coMH^aaiiBCB 
vh ycnifcxi npexjaraeMoA H%pu, sapaHie beha HeB']^secTBO nysERa, 

BOTOpHft 67XTO 6U HERaRl BC MOZOrB nOMEpETBCA Ch TÍM'B, qTO(>l erO 

Este 6uM o6caateBa xepeBLAME. IIpeboxejiecb, Bnpo^eirB, e ({^rtíi xa* 
xoro B6B&RecTBa E HenoBEMasia co6cTBeBBuxi EBrepecoBi. B'BneTep- 
<5yprcK0]rB co6paBÍE cejacBExi xosaeBi r. Jloxe yRa3iiBaji'B, ^to obi, 
bocjA noauipa, xajTB cboeitb RpecTBaflaifi xícb Ba bobuh e36u, cb 

TÍKI, HTO61 BBOBB BOSBexeBBSH BOCTpoftRE EM^JIE OXBa OrB Xpyroft 

BpoMesyTRE wb bíckojibro caseBi, e hto^i ve ^texi spoMesyTRaxi 
tfujiE nocaseflu xepeBBE. „IlponiJio b^crojibro xítb, — pascRasuBaerB 
r. Jloxe — ^E fl, npiixaBi vh 9to cejo, óhjii nopaaceEi t^itb, hto Bce 
cejo 6Brjio o6caseHO xepeBLBME, bo Moe BOCZEnieBie npoxojixajiocB bo- 
XOJiro. npiixajTB a senepoirB, bo, Rorxa a na cjiixyDBi^ee yrpo bo- 
mejTB BOCMOTpŽTB Ba xepeBBD, to yBExi^JTB c:iixyK)B(ee: ORasajiocB, tto 
specTBABO BaaaByBi Moero Bpiisxa Bapy6EjE BOTpe6Boe ^bcjio RjeBy, 
jniBH E óepesii e, saocTpERB robili, aoTRByjE exi vh seiixD. IIpE- 

SBaDCB OTRpOBOBEO, dTO EpOESBOJIO Ba HOBH TaROO Bfle^aTjd^flie, ^TO a 

TOTvaeB »e cšjtb vl ROjBCRy e yibxajiib xoHofi, bpoctacb cb cejioirB 
BaBcerxa e ycTynEji'B ero coci^xy* Mory BpEBecTE e xpyroft BpflM'&pB 
BOxofiBaro se poxa. Pa3i^ mb^ cjiyvEJiocB 6utb y oxBoro noMimflRa 
TaMÓOBCRofi ry6epBifl, ri ROTopoMy bpe ^eí BBE^acB xesyTaipa otb 
ipecTBaBi norop'lBmaro cejieBia, cb bpocb6oe) OTnycTEXb emi jíchBH. 
BOsoÓBOBjeale nocxpoeRi. Taai Raai bi toitb Rpal, xaze sa xobbfe, 
BecBEa TpyxBO 6ujo xocraTB Jiica, Rpoiťb RaRi y dToro BJiaxtjiBiia, to 
xorxa Bjutxtjieiti oópaTExca ro mA cb bobpocoei: „?t6 OMy x^JiaTB?^ 
— II OTB^^ajrB: „Jiitey xafixe. Ecjie bu bo xaxETO, to obe caME BOSBHyrB 
— ycMorp^TB fiyxevB TpyxBo. Ho xaftre cb t*mi ycxoBieiTB, ^to6bi obe 
oeraBEXE EBTepBajiu Mesxy bobboxekhme BOcrpoftRaii e e aacaxEjra exi 

XepeBBBME, ROTOpHME MOXBO CBa6XETB flX-B ESI otifllEpElIXl BETOMBE- 

ROBI caxa. B^ax^em dtoti xaR^ e cx^^axB, bo ?tq se bhbijio? 

BsBTB JL^CB BpeCTBBHe B3AJfB, BO BOCaXETB BE^erO Be BOCaXEJE^. 

TaREVB oópasoMifHysERE o(!KaByjifl BOMŽBiEROBifBpexnowTaB jiyqflie 
BoropiTB, hímti nocj'6xoBaTB bxi ÓJiarflMi C0B'6Tax%. Mu, BpEBBaTBCA, 



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310 



NOTIHSl IBPOm. 



9Toro H6 nocTHraeM^, h ^yMaeirs^ ^ro ujxsku ne BOcnojusoBEJbrcB co* 
BÍraMH noM£ii^tKOB'B noTOMy, ^to o6ca;tsa Edói AepeBBJUfH HemicjHMa 
6ém pacnTHpeHia yca;i;e<$i. ÁBTopi ctetlh „A^P^BeHCBie nosi^'' no- 
laraerE, qTO „jierRO hosho AOCTHrnyrb y;(OBjeTBopHTejiBHUx% pesyi^ 
TaTOBi, yMeHBmajEí CTpaxoByx) npeiriiD ci tíxi ABopoBx, ROTOpHo ao- 
eraTOHHO orpas^OHu xepeBBflMH*'. dra Mi^pa eaMa no ce6i He;(0CTa- 
Towa: HHKaxoe yifensineHie npeirift ne noMOsers, ecjiH xepeBBOBi 6y* 
XerB casaTB ueKyda. 

Ha&oHei^, paxH yMOHLineHiA onycroniHTejiBHoeTH noauipoB^, npex- 
jiaraim bosboahtb, bk^cto xepoBJíHHUxi noerpoexi, ruHotimrHiifl h 
rjiHHOiiflTHiifl. MaTopiaioBi j^ssi TaKHXi nocTpoeiTB y naei otohb mhofo, 
juiRi CBHxiTaiBCTByerB r. Kopojtesi bg& cBOdl craTBi „O cejBCKHr^ 
nocTpoftKaxi hsi Herop^qHxi naTepiajiOB^*' O- KpeerBjrae, BupoHOirB, 
Bo MHonncB H^CTaxi HMOBHO, vh ryÓepHÍflx^B TyjiBCROft, pasascsoft, 
TaH^OBCBoft, BopoHescBOĚ H opjOBCsofi, caMH yso npHCTynHJIH K% 
bosboachík) xaBHxi nocipooKi. no CBEA^TejBCTBy r. GoMeHOBa '), TaxHxi 
nocxpoeKi noaBHJOCB: b^b jieóeAflHCsoirB 38%, vh spanEBeHCBOvB 31, b^ 

6oropOAHi;ROM'B'^30, -FB e^pOMOBCROMl— 31, Vb X&HROBCROKl — 30,9. 

Boo6ii](e ji^xa osHaneHEiix^B ryóepeíflf, no qncjiy RnpnHHHHx-B h Ra* 
MenHuxrB nocTpooRx, MoryrrB 6iitb crpynnHpoBami TaRiMi otfpaaoM^: 



CBame 80<>/o kem. hsÓi. 
EpanEBOHCRift 
EoropoAHi^EÍ& 

E4)peM0BCRÍft 
^aHROBCRift 

JIe$exAHCRift 
EieQRift 



Oni-Tb wl6%. 
EnH^ancRÍfi 

GROnRHCRÍft 

PaHen^yprcRÍĚ 
JlnneuiRiĚ 

^HBeHCRifi 

MajoapxaHrejBCRift 

HOBOCHJIBCRift 

HepncRÍfi 
SaxoHCRÍft 



MeH^ 4. 
Paau^Rift 
KosaoBCRift 

TaM($OBCRÍfi 

EnpcanoBCRÍft 
7cMancRift 



no6yAHTejiBHofi npE^nnoft, sacraBRameft RpecTBflH'B o^paTHTBCA on^ 
AepeBflHBiixi nocTpoerB r!b RaMeHHHM'B, nocjrysHJio to oócroiETejBCTBo^ 
TTO nocjit oTiťbHii Rp^nocTHoro npaBa RpecTBAHO nepecTajiE noiy^aTs 
crpoHTeiBHue HaTepiajni on noM'6ii(HROB'B, hjh oócrpaRBaTBCJi hxi sa- 
ÓOTaMH, H 6ujiH npexocTaBjOHH coóCTBeHHUMi CBOBiťB CESBWh H coo6pa« 
seniaMi. J['6c'b jí^m nocxpooR^B orB noM^n^ROBi ohh noiy^aTB nepecrajn. 
Torxa OHH o6paTHJHCB ri BOSBOxenii) RHpnHqnuxi m6*h cb sacunBO 



ij „CeibCKoe zosaftcTBo h iícoboxctbo^, 1878, xeiaópb. 
>) Ibidem, 1879, AiuapB. 



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xFonsA. — HÁmH nojupu. 311 

(no cnocoéy Tepapxa). TasiA KHpnnHUA noeTpofin noflBUECb npes^e 
Bcero y xosjíeBi, BUABHHyBímxcjeí óserpo snepejCB CBoeD sasHTo^i- 
HOCT&D. noTOMi 0HÍ CTajH pacnpocTpaHffT&cfl H MesAy ApyrHHHKpecTB- 
jraam. Ho TaRoe pacnpocTpaHenie BHpnH^Huxi nocTpoeR^b coBepmaerca 
jiaieso HepaBHOMipHo: b^b HisoropuitB yisAazx nponopi;ÍA saneHHuxi 
Docrpoesi^, Bas:E hu bw&jih, hsi Hyjifl Bospacja 8*^ 17 x. ao387o (a 

Vh OTXtlBHHXl BOJtOCTAZl ;^0 80%), TOrW RaSl Bt WyrHXl OHa HO 

nepemja einie h l7o* Ki BOSBe^emi) nocTpoesi hb% orneynopHaro Ma- 
Tepiaia o6paTHXHCL h KpecT&jrae neBsencKOft ryóepHÍH* Hsi ceJia Boib- 
flrie-BepxH, J[oHOBCKaro yte^a, nHcajH wh nponiJioirB Fo^y, hto onycro- 
iDETejibHue nosapH, ?acT0 noBTopaBiniecA wb 9T0Wh cejeHÍH, sacTaBHJH 
BpecTBAH'B npH6%rHyTB bi nocTpotK^ sHJHii^ H3^ xpyrHxi MaTopiaiOBi, 
MOH^be onaeHHxi bi nosapnoM^B OTHomesiH, ^fbwb xepoBo h coJOMa. Ohh 
BoenojBsoBajiHCB wjiowb h necBOMi, botopumh o6hjbho saBajeau óepera 
pt^RH, opoTORaDn^eft ^pesi cejio. IlepeKiiiiHBaa paBBexeHHuft boxok) hxb 
(TB necKOifi H eojOM OK) (npeHMyH),ecTB6HH0 fee jod ci crapiixi ipoBOiB), 
specTBase A^aDTb mwb dToft Maccu RpyiiHUft RHpiiHTB-ciipei^ h hbi aero 
BOBBOXAITB nocTpo&RH, yRja^UBafl RHpnHTB Ha rJHHi^ H ofiMaBUBaa rjH- 
HOD se Bce SAame, Borxa oho cobc&c^ fotobo. TaRÚr nocTpofiRS osa- 
saiHCB ropas^^o yxo6H'6e xepeBaHHuxib, 6e80iiacH'6e otb oraa, spacHBie 
H HOcpaBHeHHO xemoBie, xaBi Bavb fióJBmax nacTB CTpoHTOJBHaro na- 
Tepiajia p&nHxejBHO Hnqero se ctóhtb ^). 

jIk>($oiiutho 6tuo 6u npocj^AHTb, b% saBOd uípi BosBe^enie iro- 
crpoeKB Hsi BauHa h fjihhh o($HapyacHJio BjuHíe na yMeHBmeHie ony- 
eTOBurejBHOCTH nosapoBi. IlaiosHTeuHuxi xaHHHxi js^is btofo, bi 
HecHacTÍD, ne SMteTca. Mea^y tíwb Ahía BasEx^ 6u to hh 6uxo 
npoqHHxi BUBOAOBrb HeotfxoAEMO ci toctoctíh) SHaTB, B!B BaBOMi roAy 
Ha^ajiocB BOSBO^OBie hobuxi nocTpoeB-L fb tomi eje xpyroMi y^s^i, 
HJE xaase wh Toft ejie HHoft bojiocte, BaRofi Vo QOCTpoeRi dTEX'B cyin^e- 
CTBOBajTB b:b TorB EJE Apyroft roA'B, H luusafl cyMiia nosBapHUxi y6uiv 
BORB vh dTE roAU npEXOXEaacB Ba ji^% ejie bojoctb. Uo OTHomeHÍK) 
KB i^&iinrb ryÓepHiaiTB buboai^ ÓyxeirB lEineHi ocHOBaTOjiBHOCTE, oco- 

ÓOHEO eCJlE BaMOHEHE OOCTpoftBE DOBBEJECB Wb SHa^ETejEHOH^ HECjt 

no OAHOMy ybsAy, Tor^a aaai bi ApyrExi exi o^ohb mbio. B-b Jie6e* 

XEHCBOITB yÍ8A^ EOCXpOOBl E81 BEpEE^B, HaopEMd^pi, 38Vo, a Bl Xpy- 

rEx*B 1—6. ^^BTB, nodTOMy, Baaie-HEÓyAB bubow o biíehíh BaneH- 
HHxi nocrpooBi sa yiieHBmeHie onycToniETejiBHaro MÍbŘcrsia nosapopi 
no ecetí TaMÓOBCBOfi ryÓepEÍE ho npeACTaBjaerca bobhoshuitb. HaMi 
MoryrB saifiTETB, hto BaMOHEHA nocTpoĚBE, crpynBBpoBaHHUE Vh 8Ha- 

^ETejBEOlTB HECJ'& Vb O^HOITB y^SA^ E pastfpOCaHHUA Wb HEHTOSHOMX 



O *roioci», 1879 r., Jé 182. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



312 ncTHm iBFonH. 

^ECJA iio ApyrHiťE y^axam Bce-rasR Ee Moryrb ocTaTBca 6e8rE BjrinÍA 
na nosapHue yÓKirsH no eceů ryÓepHii. Ho vh TaiióOBCBOft ry6epiiiH, 
Rasi BH^HO HSi cneiqaiLHot pa6oTU o nosaparB bi sroft ry6epiiiv, 
saeejiocB CTpaxoBaHie no .oco6oft okí^hkí^, e noroxy Jierso MOserB 
6htb, tto j^McTBErejíBHiie yóuTiR vb eeŘ BOBce ne npexcraBjíflDTB 
Toro BOspacraniH, saKoe osasuBaoTCA no oi^i^HKairB* Bojňe ocHOBamft 
^juí nojfosBTejiBHincE bhboxobi, — vxi % KaMesBurE nocrpoen 60x66 
SHa^ETe^eEi e pacnpeA^em no yi^j^aici paBHOiApBie. 6^ droft Tjéep- 
Hifl Bi 1875 r. nosapHincB yÓUTKOBi 6iuo 1.329,953 p., vb 1876 r. 
1.304,657, B% 1877 r. 848,463, Bi 1878 r. 1.291,262, b% 1879 r. 
1.220,214; ^ECJionosapHUXi cjiyqaeBi 6iuo bi 1875 r. 777, kb 1876 r. 
834, Vh 1877 r. 808, wh 1878 r. 1,112, m 1879 r. 800. TasHKB otipasovB, 
cpeAHAA yÓUTOTOOCTB Kasxaro nosapa yiieHBniEJiacB: bi 1875 r. ona 
cocraBMJia 1,910 p., bi 1876 r.— 1,564 p., kb 1877 r. tojbko 1,050 p., 
Vh 1878 r. 1,161 p. b Bi 1879 r. 1,425 p. OTCD^a bexeo, hto ytfn- 
To^BOCTB nosapoBi Boo6n(6 3a nocii^xnie Tpn rosa cospaTEjacB. Mu 
AajTOBE OTB EHCJE npflnECUBaTB TaKoe cospan^enie EcsjDnrenHO 
pacnpocTpaHeHÍD RaMOHEHrB nocTpoen; bo cxijiaBBoe BaME conocra- 
Bjieflie B6 HOSerB Be no^aTB mhcjb, hto vh 9tom*b yMeBBmeRiE bsbíct- 
BSA AOJiH bjiíabír npEBaxJeJKETB pacnpocrpaBeBiD RaMeBBiixi nocrpooKi. 
PascMOTpi^BBBrB BaicB KopeBBUB npBVEBu nosapoBi E ysasanBUB 
M^pur Rxi ycrpaBOBifl ucaDTca co6cTBeBBO Bonpoca o(Si exi yóirro^- 
BOCTB. H'6t'b BaAOÓBOCTE AOsasiiBaTB, HTO npEBEMaA uipH Bi BpexoTBpa- 
jnfiBW pacnpocTpaBeBÍB nosapoBi, mu t6mi caMUMi npoTEBOxUcTByeiTB 
UTh onycTonniTeiBBocTE. Ecjie Bamn cejia e j^epeBBE óyxyn crpoETBOi 
BDipe, ecjfl BSÓu 6yxy*rB BOBBOAETBCfl BVh BEpnEHa, laMBB Bjra riBEU 
s CTaByrB oócasEBaTBCB AepeBBjniE, to TaKOxy pacnpocrpaBeBiD e 
onycToniETeJiBBOCTE noasapoBi, Rasoe cyn^ecTByen TonepB, Óyxen no- 

JOSOBl ROBOI^. Ho 9TEMI BO ÓyAfTB eUSfi yCTpaEeSU npEHBBU, BU3U- 

BaDmÍB nosapu — booctoposboctb e nox^RorE. 

nepBRB mn 9TEXI npEHBBi BaE6ox6e pacnpocTpaBOBBaB. Heocro* 
posBoe o6panieBie Ch orBOvi, RaRi ectohberi nosapoB^, npoiiBjiieTCB 
Bi caMux'B pasBootfpasBuxi BE^axi. R^ paspa^y „BeocroposBOcreft" 
OTBOcarB, BanpBMipi, ccuBRy ropa^et soiu na ABop'6, rx^ Rpyrom — 
caMufl yxoÓOBocnjiaMeBaeMUft MaTepiajn, oti Rypeaia Ta6aRy rxt-BE- 
6yxB Ba ciBOBajťb ^\ m t. b. 

Gnocoói A^psaBÍB cnE^eRi vh Esfiars TaRse ciyxRTB BOvajiOBas- 

BOD npB«!BBOD BOSapOBl, OTB BOOCTOpOZBOCTB. „Bl RaS^Oft RpeCTBffB- 

CROft flsói, — roBopBTB T. BopoBOBi,— RopoÓRB cuB^ORi lesaTB Vh no^yp- 



>) Kcran: . lypeHÍe Ta6aBy xiíMn y naci sBa^RTeJBBHe ycnixi. 61 T^ACiot 
Tj6, lypjiTb xaxe 6%6a, 



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Google 



XPOHHKi. — HiniH nosiPH. 313 

tBXhj T.-e. Wh yrjtyÓjeHÍAX^B, cj(']^jiaHHiix'E ci jiHi^eBotl CTopoHu pyccxn^ 
nenes^. Tasoe m^cto xpaneHiA Becbua onacHo: cnH^ss, BCJtiAcraie Ten- 
jEoni ne^ypKH, MoryrB caMOBOsropaTBCJV, h npH npEjiHnaHís owoft coh^ikh 
Kh xpyroĚ, npnxoAHTCA oj^hj hsi hhx*l OTj^HpaTB, a arh dToro saHacryx) 
BCiiHXHBaeirs secB KopoóOK^, a ecjiH nei^xh se^ioiD cjiynHTCJi passi- 
meHHoe jufl HpoeyniBR 6%jLe, to Jienu) voxero npoHSofrrH noxap'B O- 
npo^eccopfB ^epHOOHTOBi, xaB% Ha npHqHey nosapoBi on neocTO- 
posHOCTH, yKaBUBaero na to, tfo Tam, vMfk cjmficivjvyFb vb H36ax'B 
B0x>H86Hiii(a, Vb no€ď'bAHHxi AepsHTCJi CKOTB H cojiOMa AJia Hero, na 

XOTOpyD H8l HS^II, C1B08L HOnjlOTHO HaCTJiaHHHft nOJTL, opoBaiEBaDTca 

ropanue yrojM orb jy^HHU h, BOcnjaiieHaA ee, npoiisBOXfln nosap% % 
06iiiBOBeHie xoahtb ch ^yqHHOD h co cB^^eft bi pyRaxi sa abop'b, 
Ha cjiyx6ii, hjh mojothtb xji^b&h npH CBdb^, TaKse cjiyxHTnb rcto^- 
HHKOVB noxapoBi orb HeocToposHOcrn. F. BopoHOBi ysasusaerB, sarb 
Ha npH^HHy nosapoBi, na cyn^ecTByDopft vb AepeBBHxi o6H?afi se^ 
nncMSMMTíY h BiiXHraTB nosollHHKORB. noQXHO Be^epoiTB B^ npoH^ajBHoe 
BOCspecoHBe specTBAHCsie napHH h a^bhi^íi cuia^BaDrB nocpe;iHH'b 
xepoBHH orpoMHyD By^y hsi xaopocTa, cTapuxi. jianToft, crpysoKi ot^b 
OHHCTKH jnwB, a Taxse íepecTii, h Ky^ ary TOpacecTBenno BaaHraDTi. 
BcnuxHyvB hpkhvb njaMeneirB, sjha ot^maerB AepeBHD HCRpaMH. 
,HeHero h roBopHTB, saM^^aerB r. BopoHOsi, vto TaBoro poxa CTpaH- 
BHft otimaft, HOCHorpii Ha tio nmoe cre^eme napoj^a, vb BHxaxi u'k[0€TH 
ceieHifi OTB nosapoKB, (iojriie rbwb onacevB, noroxy tto ciyucB 
CAiBHHft B^TOprB, TOJiua HO Vb CHxax% y^opsaTB pasjeraDH^iHCfl no 
xepeBffb HCBpu h xerBÍH tojiobhh". BusHraHie noBOflHHBOB*B ne MOHi^e 
onacHO. Oho cocroHrb vb toitb, ^to notjA Basxaro noBOftHHBa cojiona 
CB Toft noerejra, r^^ jiesajrB 6aiBHofi, h cb Toft, na BOTopoft ero mujih, 
BHHOCRTCA, bmÍct^ CO CTpysBaMR ocTaBoiHiniCH OTB A'6jiaHÍ4i rpotfa, 
8a xepeBHD, ByAa-Hi6yxB no 6jh80cth óanB, m sasHraeTca; Borxa xuwb 
HxeT*B na x^P^bhi) — Bna^ETB vk cembi óoJiBme noBOftnHBa ho 6yA0Ti, 
JtOTMfiL se ovb xepoBHH — nysno axxaTB BCBopi xpyroro. HacsojiBBO 
9T0TB o6mafi CTpanevB, hb ctojibbo se onačeni. H-bBOTopue othocati 
KB neocToposHocTH xypnoe ycTpoftCTBo ne^efi h Tpy6%. Ho vb TanoMi 
cjiynai H caMBA nocrpofina x^penannoft hsóh cb cojiOMenHoft Bpumeft 
(yxen neocToposHocTB; b'b tbbomi cjsymi bcji „xepeBBHnan h cojto- 
xeHHaB Poccifl*' bo bcoitb cbooitb coctbbí npexcraBHTB oxny bojioc- 

CaJBHyi) „HeOCTOpOSHOCTB*. 

Otb HeocToposHocTB npexJiarai>TCB pasHaro poxa npexocToposnocTli. 



1) «TpyiH H. B. a. 0-Ba«, 1879 r., okt. 

') Cm. „Gkotoboxctbo vb cÍBepHHX'& h cpexiiixi ryÓepHÚixi Poccíh*^. Mocna 
1872 r., exp. 66. 



Digitized by 



Google 



3 H BftOTHHKl IBPOUH. 

Bi dToiTB OTHomeHÍH perjaMeHTaipA ne ocrasjAerb seiaTB Hinero 
GoJíie: 

BfB cejeHútn sHJue ooboh tohetb wh ofinBHOBeBHue ^acH, a hb 
no HO?an. Bi t^xo^ M^kTax'^, r^i en^e oceim^aiDTCA Jiy^HHoi, HaójD- 
AaTb, ?To6i y CBÍTi;a craBHJiacb Ha nojy maica hjh RopBtn^o cb bo- 
AOil, H yroJTb orb Jiy^nHii nona^ajTS 6fii bi Boxy^ aee bi nojuiojnuKy.He 

BHOCaTb M^H CyniRH BTB H86y BOHOnjH, neHBKH, JI&Ba, OCO66HHO Vh TO 

BpoMA, aoFAa vh Ed&b CEj!,aTh (Tb saauKOHHOD jynHOD. He aojsbo 
OTHDXb npaMo 031 ne?H buhochtb ropaqyD soory Ha H86hho& ootojiobi; 
XJiH dToro OHa ^^ojsna 6htb BUHOCHMa cnaqaia bi oco6yD Hxy, hjkh 
noAepsana b% saRpuTin^B ropmxaxi ne nente cyroKi, eih npexBapH- 
T6JBH0 sajiHTa BOAOD. TaifE, fa^ octb n^ejBHHSH BHyTpn ceJiemfl, ne 
ocifaTpHBaTB HHgjTB CB orHeMi Wh B'frrpjiHoe BpeMH. He HOBBOJATB nepe- 

HOCHTB H8% O^HOFO XBOpa Bl APyFOft OFOHB Wb FOpHIKaXi; AM& BTOFO 

40JISH11 61ITB ynoTpe6jiaeial ncnpaBHue <|^napn. BanH, aysHHi^ h fophh 
ycrpoHBaTB bhí ycaxetiif h TaM^ vjs^i octb boahhhh ypoun^a, na ca- 
MUTb óepoFaxi piiTB, odepi h OBpaFoarb, hjih npn sojiowaxi, Hapo^na 

XUL TOFO BUpUTUXl. Em^TB Ha XaSXOlťB AB0P'& J^THHI^y, npHCTaBJOH- 

Hyx) Kb Hsót Taai, ttoÓtb TOT^acb mosho 6iuo bj^^stb na Kpunry. 

npeXOCTOpOSHOCTH, KSLKb BHAHO, yKaBaHH OqOHB OÓCTOHT&IBHO. Ho 

AOCTHFavTi JH BTH ysasaHifl nijaeň 

Hro&b noÓyxHTB BpecTBflHHHa 6mb ocropoxHuirB, HeoóxoxHxa 
npeas^e bcofo CA^^iaTB, ^TO&b ohi aoposhjtb cbohitb HHyn^ecTBOirB. 
El Hec^acTÍx), bo mhofhx'b HtcTazi specTBHHe nocTaBieHu cbood 6^Mr 
HOCTBH) vb Tasoe nojioseHÍe, ^to tojbbo o toitb h noHinDj[AH)rB BaKB 
6u yxpaTB Byxa-HHÓyxB »bi OTxosie npoMucjii". OcTannuecH vb jífi- 

peBHHXl CHOTpHTB CB anaTHHHHMl paBHOAyndeifB Ha CBOD y6oFyH> 
COÓCTBOHHOCTB. Bl^ OpOHMOMl FOXy Vb „HeAÍl'&*' CuJFb yaasaffB 4^aRTXy 

OTO B'B oAHoft AepoBHi MysHBH npejiHOUH jryqme orcraHBaTB safiaai, 
^iwb cnacaTB oři ofha cboh h36u. H^^OBaiBHHKi naaoHJ^B BpecTBHHiB 
XO-HBiiHa, Katfaxi ocTajicji njkÁi>y a AepeBHji cFoplia O* H&ibsa, aoHe^HO, 
Taaoe npeHe6peseHie cbohmi HMyn^ecTBoirB bsboahtb wb oóo^ee 
npaBHjio, ho hobosmosho xasse aro npeHeÓpesenie c^HTaTB ct^as- 

TOITB eAHHH^HHMS. RaKB 6h TO HH 6IUO, HeC0MHÍHH0, TTO pa3HllJ9 

npeAOCToposHOCTH, npeAHHCfiiBaeiiaa opaBHJiaKH, wb óojBmnHCTB^ cjiy- 
HaeB'B He BunoíHaDTCfl. Bhhod bi dToin ne BceF^a ÓUBaerB óesne^- 

HOCTB RpeCTBAHl. HanpOTHBl, HŠKOTOpilA HpaBHJia HpeXOCTOpOSHOCTH 
Vb KOH^t-BOH^OB!B HBJHDTCH HCTO^HHBOMl CaMOft HeOCTOpOSHOCTH Wh 

o6pao^eHÍH cb oFHeiťB. IIpaBHja, cocTaB^eHHiifl hobfopoacbhitb seif- 
CTBOMi, Hanp., crpoFO-Ha-CTpoFO BOcnpen^aDTi sypHTB iítoitb Bijii^cy 



O rfie^tiň^, 1879, CTp. 909. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



XPOHIKi. — HiímSOXiPIL 315 

Ta6an. Ho tetb savb bi^ jiiTHee speiu, bi nopy c6opa rpeÓOBi, bs 
j^bey HaÓHpaercfl Hapoxy OHeH& mhofo, a MHoríe xase no^w>rb TaMi, 
^m)6i yrpoiTB He onoaxaTb „hath no rpHÓu^, to HeBOSMOsao TpeÓo- 
BaTB, ^To6i Rypjiiiqe Ta6aR!b KpecTUHe BOdAopsHBajracB orb ero yno- 
Tpe6jieHU. H ^'i^ftcTBHTejiBHO, sypRTb RpecTBaHO ifh jrbcj sypán, ho, 
HT0<$i Ha6&BaTB OTBiTCTBeHHOCTH, npH iiojiBjeHÍH sasxaro nOCTOpOH- 
HATO wjiOBisa, ópocaDn juiMAiiqflai nanspocii Ryxa nonajo. Tjiíd- 
mjuí nampoca, ocjih octl Bfoepi, saasHraen XBopocn, h HanHaerca 
nosapi. droTb opiiri^pb, kohotoo, aacaeixsji jiibcHuxi^ nosapoai, pas- 
csorpime KOTopuxi Biixoxm h3:e npexijiOBi iiacToaii^efi CTaTBH, ho 
on yKasmaeiTB) ^to icipu npeAOcroposHOCTH, XOboxhmiia xo Rpafi- 
HOCTH, HHorxa o6paiiiaDTca bo BpeA'B. TasHirB oópason, bhhod boocto- 
posHaro o($paHi(eHui cb orneiii ne Bcer^a HBjfHercH óesne^HOCTB pyc- 
CKaro wiOBiia. Ob Apyroft CTopoHU, (f»axTU ysaBiiBaDTB, ^o, npH aceft 
CBoeft 6e8aeHH0CTH, KpecTBflHHH'B, ecjH HCHHTaii pasi^ BCD pasopH- 
TejBHocTB JUH CBOOFo xosHĚCTBa Hosapa, crapaercH no icipi chxs 
6iiTB ocToposHUirB. 3a]fi^eH0, ^to bi caiiapcBO& ry6epHÍH, ecjH bsatb 
6o»moft nepioA'B apeMenH, nosapsi ycHjniBaDTCH, saTiiKB yiieHBniaDTca, 

OOTOITB CHOBa BOSpaCTaDTB. IIpH^HHa dTOFO JeSHITB Wh TOITB, ^TO ^a^ 

CTiie nosapH sanyrHBaDrL Hacejenie, h oho j|'6jiaeTCA oeroposHie, a 
saxiiTB, sor^a nosapoBi craHOBHTca MeHBme, octoposhoctb yMOHB- 
maerof, h nosapu CTaHOBaTca 6orbe lacrinuf. Bi oón^eirB, OAnaso, 
cjynaH HeocToposHOCTH BospacraDVB. CraTHCTHiecRúi xannua nocjix- 

BKTh xfeTB CBHAtTeJIBCTByDírBf HTO, BM^CTŠ Cb OnyCTOniBTeJUbHOCTBI) 

nox^iOFB, yBOJra^aiocB b<b rpoMaxHUxi pasM^^mzi h ^hcio nosap- 
HHTB cjiy^aeBib« Bi naxHJiibTie 1860 — 64 r. cjiy^aeB'B dTHX'B óujio 
60,451, vh DiiTHJiiTie 1865—69 r. 82,097, a kb naTHatrie 1875—79 
roxoB% 130,488. UpHHHiiaa b% cootfpaaeHÍe, ^o HaBÓouniee qHcio 
QOxapoB^ npHnBCfiiBaeTca neocroposHOCTH, ecTecTBesHO xonycrerB, tto 
«ejo cjynaeBi HeocToposnaro oópan^enia cb ornoMib Bospacjio o^eHb 
€UBHo. flBieaie 9to Mossen óíitb oéiuiCHeHO HSMŠHeHieirB ycjoaift 
specTBAHcaaro 6uTa. Mu bha^jh, no onycronniTeJiBHOCTB noiK^M>Bi 
saBHCHTB OTB TÍHOTU BpecTBaacKHX'B nocrpoBSB, ycBjraBBieftca, ÓJia- 
rojiapB pasx&iaiíib. PasA^Jiu otb auseaiH m yBeiHWHie cjiyiaeBi ae- 
ocToposnaro o6pani;eHia cb oraeirB. Ha nepauft aariax^ axo saifiqaBie 
Mosen noBasaTBca crpanHUiii, ho npn 6ojíie BHHMaT&iBHOM^ pas- 
caorpdbHiH ^íma obo osaserca anojat ocBoaaTejiBHUirB. ^ijio bs 
Tom, TCO wb npesHDD nopy, xo pa8x&rovB, npB cysi^ecTBOBaBiH 6oib* 
KBX'B eoHeftCTBi, xoManiBee zosb&ctbo BpecTBanB bojocb cootfn^a: 
amn^i roroBBJíacB, aanp., na combd, cocToaBmyi) Bepixao hbi 10 ^ejo- 
BteB, vb oxBoft nenn. TeuepB „cbojbro CTpanyxi, ctojbro ne^eft" 0. 



1) XoBiaxB, npu. I, OTA. I, cíp. 254. 

" Digitized by dOOglC 



316 MOTHHirB IBPOnH. 

noHJiTHO, HTO npesAe cjiy^aesi neocToposHaro oópaH^eHifl Ch ovEBWb 
6a(Srb-CTpanyx& 6ujio MeHBme. Ob pfisAibiaxH se yMHOsuocB ^hcjio 

OTAiaBHUXl XOSflftCTBl, — BeCBHa eCTeCTB6HH0 yCHJIHJIRCB H CJty^aH H6t 
0CT0p03BH0CTH. 

XoTA Wh ropasjío HeHBmeft, ^iu^h HeocToposHOCTB, CTeneHH, t^vb 
He MeH^e secBMa pacnpocrpaHeHHOK) npH^HHOV) nosapoBi^ mjiamcE 
noASOFB. no6ysAeHÍA r^b noxsorairB Moryi-B 6htb o^eoB pasHooÓpassH. 
HsBŠCTHHft BBTOpHTeirB no cyieÓHoft MexHi^BH^, Kacaep'B, ysasmaerB, 
BaBi Ba Do6y«xeHie rB noAsorairB, HaseiaHÍeHSÓaBHTBCflorB ciysóti, 
^yBCTBO MecTH, sejanie sacraBETB o ceSi roBopiiTB, TOCRy nopoARs^f 
aasóHei^i^ CHXBnyi) noxpasaTejiBHOCTB, Taai Rasi pa3% BHA^HHiift no- 
»api noxcTpeRaeT:B r'b noAsory. Bpaqs npEsnaDTi cyn^ecTBOBame 60- 

JfiSHOBHOft CTpaCTH R'B nOASHrBTeJIBCTBy (nflpOMaHÍH), npeACTBBJIflDII^eŘ 

ocofiyi) iffopwf neHXH^ecRaro pascrpoftcTea. 9to, flanp., npesBann Bhji- 
jiepcB lecceni, noxBeprByBmift Tn^aTejBHOMy BSCJiiAOBaHíi) bccb icaTe- 
piaj'B no xaBHOMy Bonpocy, « TaRxe BaRCMyrB. B% npesHee BpeMJi 
6hjio xBse BUCRaaaBO iraiBie, ?to crpacTB ri noxsorairB saBHCHrB 
OTB oco6aro nopaseHin Hosra, h npBTOMi b% nepioA'B pasasTifl bob- 
MyacajiocTH o6obx% bojiobi. Y bbci í19le6qji^ pacnpocTpaBeBaoi) npH- 
^bbok) nox»oroB'B BBJíBeTca mbctb O* 

He noxiesBTi coMatoii), hto h jierROCTB noxBU)ra cjryscBTB aecBna 
Ba»HOR) npHHHBOK) coBepmeBÍB btofo npecTynjieBÍfl. HeJiOBi^Ri, se- 
jaron^ift otmcthtb R0My-HB6yxB, ROBe^BO, CRopte Bcero ocraBoanTCB he 

TBROMl pOJli MeCTH, ROTOpnfi yAOÓOBUnOlBRM^. Bl BTOMl OTBOmeflÍH 

noAsoPB BBBóojite yxo6eBi. 9tot% pox'B npecrynjieBifl, no CBBxiTeiBCTBy 
Kacnepa, coBepmaeTCB npeHMyiii;ecTBeBBo jnoxBini T^jecBO b spaB- 
CTBOBBO cjia6HUB, TBai RBRi Be TpeóyoTB 6ojiBBnix'B cpexcTBi, MHOrO 
BpeMeflB. CoBepmeflie noxsora tímx Óojite cooTB'6TCTByeTB CRJiairb 
dTHX'B TijiecBO R BpaBCTBeBBO cjiaóincB jiDjieft, H^Mi yxoóOBOcuaiie- 

Hflxie nOCTpOĚRB. „GltxyeiTB npBBBMaTB Bl C006paseBÍe COlOHeBHHH 

RpinnB, JierROCTB noxsora, tbri rbri bo ^paai^iB h b% Óojnniflxi ro- 
pox&xi, vjí,^ bítb oojOMeHBHX'B RpiiBiB) se ÓHBaeTB cjiyqaeBi nofiys- 
xesfia R'B noxsBraTeJiBCTBy" ^). Hama „j^epoBRABaji h coJcoMeBflaa Pocdii*' 
npeAcraBjaeirB ctojibro y^oócTB^ xjh boisofobi, qTo coBepmflTE nox- 
sorB bítb BH^ero Jier^e, h „RpacBiift n^Tyxx'' cJiysBrB co6jia8HH- 
TBJíBBoft npHiiaHROft Axn BCBsaro, sejiaDB^aro npocTinrB, ne Tpeóyn- 
n^aro xpyxa, enocoóOMi Baraj^BTB BeBaBBXBMHifB jidabitb. Bi BamHX'B 
xepesBBxi, cyxfl no BiROTOpinrB yRasaBÍBM^^ noAsora qacTO Ba«iH- 
HaDTCB ch coAOMeHHHXh KpiŘm^. Hbitb npnxoxBJíocb rx4-T0 iHraTB, vro 

') »Cyjte5Haji MCjiHííHHa" 3. Eyxnepa^ nep. no^i pexaKmeS C. JIoBuoBa, Cn5., 1870, 
exp. 66 H 68. 

«) Ibid., crp. 68. 



Digitized by 



Qoo^^ 



XPOHHRi. — HiBIH nOSiPH. 317 

OAHfil KpeCTEAHHOTB, XOT^BOlift HOASe^B H36y CB C0J0M6HH0ft RpIímH, 

He HOFL coBepmHTB npecxynjieHifl eAHHCTBeHHo noTOMy, wo ho b'b co* 
ctojihíh 6ujrB xocraTL BpumH. OicD^a acho, tto pacnpocTpaHeHie no- 
crpoen isi oraeynopHaro Haiepiaia ao^isho b% cúbaotk creaeHH 
yMeHLmHTL ucjio nosapoBi^. 

HamH jiepeseHcm eb6u npexcrasjuDn bc^ yxo6cTBa jua coaep- 
mdmsL noASoroBi, h noroMy ohh npaBTHRyi>Tca y aaci cb AaBHHX'B 
nopi. Ho ecjiH noxsorH cyu^ecTBOBajH y naci C!e xaBHaro speneHE, 
TO ycHjBBaTBCA OHH cxajH j Haci Bi^ oocjišjiHie roAU. Blb eaponeicKoft 
Poccíh Kb oaTHJiiTie 1860 — 64 rr. uo^atoroBi 6éuo 3,185, vb 1866—69 
yse 4,385, a wl natHJiMe 1875 — 79 r. iHCio Hxib Aonuo yse xo 18^872. 
TůXAWb oópaaoMi, vb 1865 — 69 rr. hhcjio noxsoroBi npoTHBib 
1860 — 64 r. yBaiH^HiocE Ha 38,67o» a Bi naTHjiÍTÍe 1875 — 79 rr. 
npoTHBi 1865 — 69 rr. na 330,4Vol Upásla, vh to se BpenA yBOJH^H- 
JOCB ■ 9HCJ0 nosapflux^L cjiyHae^b oti HeocToposHOcrs h „HensaicT- 
HUXB npHHHffb", HO H HO OTHomeHÍK) m> oón^CMy ^HCJiy dTBTb cjynaeaq^ 
nox«sorH vb oocjitAHee naTHi^TÍe npoACTaBJíaDT^E CHJbHoe BoapacraHÍe. 

Uo qsejiy noASoroBi pftsRO BHA^E^^aDTca rytfepeiH HHseropOACKa«, 
Kypesaii, BOjtoroACKaa h BOjraHcsax, r^t hhcjio nOAsoroBib — oti 20 ao 
30Vo; 8& HHHH cj^AyDTB ryóepHÍH: BxaAHMÍpcsaii, nojTaBcaaji, ^epHH- 
roBCKaa, TyjBcaaji, apocjiaBCÉaa, KasaHCRaa, eHMÓHpcKaa, TaKČOBCEa^, 
eiaTepHHoeiaBCsaH h pasaHCK&a, ta^ noAsoroBi otb 16 ao 20Vo. B% ao- 
CJETHiŠTÍe 1860—69 rr. hh vh OAHoft hbi ryfiepnifl, nanóojiie BUAABaB- . 
HEHxea ROJra^ecTBOiTB HOASOroBi, ne 6uao tnaKOio neČJMxanpiHmHato wnr 
HouteniH Kb oótmemy nucAy nooicapHuxb CAynaeei. HaBÓojiito 0T.iH?aiHCB 
HOASoraMH ryóepHiH BypcEaa h pasaHcaajs, ho h h% hhx'b hhcjo ooa- 

S0r0B'B He AOXOAHJO AO 16Vo. ^iWb 06!BJICHHTB TaKOO HpesBUHaftHoe 

Boapaerame noAsoroei? IIocTeneHHoe yBezH^eme hzi^ óeuo OTK'&HeHo 
yse r. Bajd^cohomi, ho o6iacHeaie hph^hbi btofo aajieHiJi, KOTopoe 
AÍ.iaerB nocjiiAHifi, ne BUAepsHBaeri bphthkh. 

r. Bhjucohi Wh CBoeM!B HSCJtAOBaBÍH HosapoBi, paBCMaxpHBaa noA- 
soni, HaxoAHTi npnqHHH TBejiaieHia i^Hif^pu nocjÍAHHX'B „bi KaRHX'B- 

HHÓyAB 0C06eHHUX% OÓCTOaxeJIBCTBaXl, AiftCTBBTejLBHO BOSBUCHBmHXl 

]lH<f»py HOASoroBB^. Uo ero mhíhík), yaejiHqeHie dToft i^H^^pii o6uiC- 
Haerca ohobb npocxo. „Yse Bume 6iijio saici^eHo, roBopHxi ovb, ^to 
Ch 1862 r. AOBecenia CTanoB^Tca to^h^ h nojinte, ox^ero h o6mfiJL 
]|i4>pa HOsapoB^ bosbuchjbcb nepeAi* npeAmecTBOBaBniHMH roAaMH. 
BipoATHo H onpeA^eHie npH^HHi noaaapoBib cxajo oóosHa^aiBca xasse 
To^wbe, Bnpo^eMi, na 1863 r., Raai bhaho, naAaex^B Aase HaHMOBB- 
Hdft npoi^eHxi hoabcopob^b sa Bce naxHj^xie, h bch Be.iH^HHa npoi^enxa 
hocjiíahhxi xpeK Jíivh saBHCHx^ oTh 1864 roAB, Roxopnfi npeACxaa- 
xaeTii ufi^pY BecBMa SHa^HxejBHyD, Heno3BOjai)iiiyK) oxsecxn ycHjeme 



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318 BftOTHmb IBPOnB. 

Ha OAHy óójnunyn tohhoctb othotobi. Aoj»ho saMiTHTB, ^ro ecjni ke- 

KÍJI-HBÓyAB OÓCTOOTOJBCTBa 0C06eHH0 BJliflDTB HE^aCTyB) HOBTOpfleMOCTL 

H onycTomHTejiLHocTB nosapoBi, to, noAi> CHjtfBHuirb raeroirB xasoro 
6%ACTBÍJi, HapoxHRji MOJiBa npeyBen^HBaerB x^ftcTBÍe aioft boih ^aio* 
BtqecRofi, H, noA'B BjLiHieirB oÓHRHOBeHHO pacnpocrpaHaDn^eftcji DaHHKH 
£BjraeTC4B[ ^pesMi^psoe npeAnojioseme noxsoroBi; oco6eHHO ecjn npH 
dToiTB nojiosHTejiBHO 0TBpHBaK)Tca H'&iBOTopiie ciy^aH xtítCTBHTejrBRBIZS 
noAsoroBi*'. TaKHm otfpaaoMx, ci oxHoft CTopoHU, yiy^nHeme OTHeroffB, 
CB xpyroft— ycHieeie nanHBH — boitb npHqHeu yaeJiH^eHia m^pH nox- 
soroBTB, no mh^híd r. BsACona. Exaan Taaoe Mninie moxho npn- 
saaTB eocToaTejBHiiMi. Ilpesxe scero ópocaerea bi rjusa npoTHBopi- 
«rie Mesxy nepaoD r BToporo npn^HHaMH. Ecjih, naTOnaa c% 1862 r. 
perncrpai^fl nosapoBi npoHSBOXHTca 6ojAe TmtaTeuninťB otipasovB, 
BaiTB roBopHTB V. BHjiBCOffB, TO saRi corjacHTB ci Taum yary^me- 
BieMi perHCTpai^ÍH yBejB^enie ^^ajiBnraBHxi i^H<|p% noxsoroai vh cuf 
naHHBB. IIpHTOirB MU HHteiTB nojiosirrejiBHHa xoaasaTejncTaa, ^to 
nannaa, pacopoerpanaDn^aaca vb ropoxi npn BOspacTanin nosapoBi, 
BO KHornxi cjy^aax^ ne orpasaoTca BOBce na o4>ÝHi^ianHoft pern- 
crpa^H, npn ROTOpoft ne x&eTca vbpsí napoxHHiTB toirbitb o noxxo- 
raxi, a 6epyTca, no bobmoshocth, nojiosHTejiBflBie (f^aRTii, yRasuBaDnqe 
na cyn^ecTBOBanie noxsora vh toitb hjto 'xpyrom otx^ibhoitb cjiyqai^. 
TavB, B'B oif^if^Hi^iajBHfiixi CB'&x%HUiX!B O nosapazTB^ onycroniHBinHX^b 
DeTepÓyppB bi^ 1862 r., nnaaRaxi yRasanift na noxsorn ne BCTp^qaeirB, 
xoTfl vb TO BpoMa Wh noTepóyprcROirB nacejenin xoxbjib qyxoBsn^HHe 
TOJiRH o ncxsHraTOJiaxi. Mh o^ohb xopomo noMHHiTB, RasB vb to 
Bpena oÓiiBaTejn Ilerep^yprcRoft h Bii6oprcRo& CTopoffB npOBOxua 
Ho^H, oxpanaa cboh xepeaaHHHe xoHHrnan. 

OqeBBXHO, oóiacneHÍa r. BH^iBCona ne MoryTi 6£itb upasHanii ocno- 
BBTejiBHiiMB. Ohh mofjb BasaTBCfl emfi cocToaTennEiiiB vh ceoeBpeua^ 
HO TenepB, aorxa noxsorn, xaR^B mu bbx^jb, xocTBrjH soioccajiBflux^ 
paBM^poBi cpaBHBTe:iBHo ci npesHHMi BpeMeneMi, xoBOjncTBOBaTBca 
npH pa8iacHeHÍH npH^Bni hx% yjiyTmenieMi perncTpai^iH m naBBRoft — 

HBRaB^B HO npBXOXHTCJI. ?TO&B pimBTB nOlOSBTOlBHUMl 06pa80VB» 

noveny yBeJH^BBaDTCx hoxsofh, Beo6xoxBMO npe»xe Bcero snaTB, Kmo 
Bxi^ y^BHaerB. ^la SToro Vh pacnopaseniB BSCJiixoBaTaieft nosapom 
ne BM^eTca xocTaTO?HUX'B xaHHurB. Taxi, r. Bhjbcohi yKasuBaen 
TOJBRO na seHn^BHi. „SaMiqaTOJiBHO 0) roBopHTx owb^ vro fb rjicjA 
JiBi^i noxsBraDn^Bxi aecBMa qacTO vb xonecemax^B HasuBaDTca jb6h- 
n^BHU, — xora onpedfbAumh uu^py mow uau dpyioio noAa nodofcmame- 
MU no HemoHHocmu uemoHHUKoe^ eechMa mpydno^ no moxho xyv&i*^9 ^to 



^) „CraTXCTHHecKÍa CBtxi^HÍJi o nosapaxi vh Poccii^, cíp. 35. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



IPOHHIUL. — HUDH nOXÁPU. 819 

ovi ÓHjra 6u vh nojCBsy Tasoro saaBjeHiA. IIphtohoid no;i;soroB% sen- 
iQVHaiai HasHBaercfl 6ojBMeiD qacTbD Heerb hsi peseocTH hih sa xyp- 
Boe o6paii^eme B^b ceMeficTBi*. F. Bubcohi nomiTajicfl, kwb bhxho, 
ysasaTB, Kasis Auua (f^Hrypepyiyn Vh noxsHraTOJiBCTBi, ho cam se 
XOJseBi& 5HjrB oroBopsTBCA, vro „onpe^&iHTB i^H(f»py Toro hjih Apyroro 
noja noxsBraTejeft no HeroTHOcri hctotohbob^b BecBna TpyxHO^. MesAy 
rtvb onpexi^jieHie nojia h Boapacra, a Tasse 3aHflTÍft no^iiraTeji^^ — 
Heo6xoj|HMoe yeiOBÍe Aza Toro, Tro6^ bujichhtb oph^hhei noxsoroBi 
m Wh BospacraHifl. Ecjni ^o;^XH^aTaIBHH^avH abiadtca, noiosiiTE, 
seHI^sHU, VB CBjry ceHeftHaro raera, to cb H3Mi^HeHieirB ceMetnaro 
nojosemu seHii^HHii, kb jiyHmexy, roh6«iho, XOjishh yMeHBniHTBCfl h 
nofiyxin^iBHUfl npa^HHU noAsoroBi. Ecjih npesAe, xavB bhaho estb 
ysasaHiĚ r. BiUBCona, bi micrb noAsnraDniHxi BOCBMa «iacT0 nasu- 
BancB seHo^HHH, ptmaBnriflCfl na noAsora, Mesxy npOCTirB, BCjr&ACTBÍe 
jiypmro otfpan^eHÚi bi combí, to TenepB ^neio Tasni noxsHraTOJB* 
HHiTB xoixHO yMeHBmnTBCB. A^jo Wh TOiTB, ^TO KB npesHDK) nopy 
cewelhnirt rnerB, TflroTiBmiĚ Baxi KpecTBABcsoD sohu^khoi), npoflBXfliCA 
ne TOiBKO Bo BiacTH efl icysa, ho h bo BiacTH pasHincB CBesposeft h 

T. H. Ha BTOTB VEWh JtBSUBÍJOTh H HapOX^UA IT&CHH: 

KaKOBO XHTB Vh HysHxi JDxaxi: 
y lysoro OTKa — MarepH, 
y Yjsoro poxa— nieii^HH? 

enpanraBajia y BHx&HHofi yse saMyxi crapmefi cecrpu MjaAmafl. Ta 
OTBinaja: 

A pOXKMa TH MOň cecTpHKa 

XUH-IA TH Vh VySHXl JIDXHTb, » BOBHaeilBn, 

Aepsfl-Ba peraio cepjp^e nocopvHrtft, 

ByftHy roJOBymiy nocuoH^HBift; 

He Te6/i doiiluotí — ravL th noxu; 

He TeÓji KpH<iaTb— -Tan tu OTBtn xasafi, 

Ilouraft-sa tu vh ^soui xoMy sdkxi cb Óoi&moro xo Maiaro. 

dra HapOAHaa nicHja Hdo6pasaeT% BavB HejBSJi Jiy^me raerB mo- 
loiofi seHmHHU Wh lysoft combí. 9toti rHerB BusHBaii ee na noA- 
sorH, saBi Ha HaHÓojrite y^oónyi) (|»opMy mocth. IIo CBHxiTeibCTBy 
H3v6cTHaro aBTopETexa no cy^efinofi Mexm^Hnib, Racnepa, noAsnra- 
TeiBCTBO, canoe MajiOAymHoe hsi bcíxi npecTynjieHift, coBepmaeTca 
npeHMymecTBeHHO jik)abmh tíjocho h HpaBCTBeHHO CJaÓiiMH, senn^BnaMH 
1 x^TBMH, H He TpeóyerB a^a coBepmenifl ero óojBniHXi cpexcTVB, 
moro BpoMeHB, npn Bcem toitb x&erB bosmoshoctb ckphtb npecTyn- 
jeme O- EcTecTBenno, hto ctb yjiyqnreHieirB nojioaKenia sean^HU bi 



1} „CyxeÓHaa MexníOíHa xiii Bpanefi h dphctobi*', x-pa dpncma Byxnepa, C.-n6., 
1870^ crp. 68. 



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320 BSCTBirb BBMMIH. 

ceMBt yMeHBinaDTCfl h no6jKsnexbBHS npHUHu n npecryueHiD. IIo- 
BOpoTb Bii jiy^meiíy vh droMi OTHomeEiH etujcfl Cb youeHieif^B spe- 
ctbSBCBMťk pasxijovb) ^^oerHrmftxi, sasi míi biaíih Buae, vb no- 
CJixHie roAU rpoMaAHaro paseHTÍA. Ectl yKasaHu, no ptsxtoá npo- 
HSBOXATCM Bo MHOTHxi ciy^BAn flo sejUHÍD m&B% O* Orpasucb 
Bpe^^HO na specT&aHCBOxi xobiiActbí, cjysa opb^ehod cByneHEOcra 
BpecTbflHCBiTB nocTpoevB ■ mjuuieby orcoxa, flpHUHOD oiycroBn- 
TeiBHOCTH iio»q>on nocii^AHHrB jAtl^ pas^^ftju an, oahabo, orpa- 
sa»TCA 6jiaronpiaTHO na nojosemi aeuiiifls Wb ceii&i. IIoBO^^OB^b 
HCTHTB pasHHMi CBespaiTb ■ CBeBpoBam cmHOBflTCA MeHBme. Oeraeru 
TOUBO BjacTb Myseft. Ho h ara ejacTb Ch T6^eHÍei» BpeicwB yifeu- 
maeTca. Ahbí& npoiBBOii co cropoHU Myseft craHOBiTCA xBjeHieMi, 
noBTopflDiiuutcjf Bce piun h píme. Tenepb uphxoabtcji BBorxa maBaTBCJi 
Ba CBOD eyA^Óy yase ae 6a((am, a xysiBairB. Co Bsexeniem rapoBio^ 
cy^^OBi, wb ciY^9jĚTb 8JoynoTpe6jeHÍji bibctbi) co cropoui Myseft seH&i 
CTaiH očpan^iTBCx Wb MHpOBmcB cyjuAMi, a hotomi craxM noflpocry 
y6iraT& on cbohb!^ cyopyroBi, MHorxa xase 6e3i bcsxhxi^ bmahmux^b 
nOBOXOB!b. r. HasapEOBi, aaropi „CospeMeoHoft riynni', yBipaen, no 
no6irH 6B.6b craaoBarca Bce name h name, bzoutte kb o6uqaft, bu* 
8UBaa noApaacaTejLHHi^i^. O^obhaho, bi» nocjiAHÍe rojui nodyjuneiB- 
nuvb npe^BHi^ bi» 6a6bBM<b noAsoraMi „BCii^^CTBÍe ^^ypeoro o6paiiiem< 
bi» ceMeftcTBt* oBaauBaeTCA MOfibme h nesBine, m ecju bípmtb cbh- 
AlxejBCTBy r. BaucoHa, hto paauue noja o6HapysBBajo b!l iipesB[i>i> 
Dopy 3aMÍTHoe Bodanie na noAsora, to TenepL sto ajnaHie, Beco- 
mbíhbo, aojsbo 61110 orpaBB^BTBca. 

06paii^aacb z% pa&iBiii) Bospacra, vb OTHomeHÍB ero biUbíb na 
noASoiB, MU AOisHU CHOBB oópaTBTBca K% cBHAtTejacTBy nBcaTeidl 
no cyAcfiBoft MeABi^HHi. Eni^e b% Hanaii HUHtnrajiro ctojítúi bIbo- 
Topue asTopu npBnflcuBaifl BOspacTy ^peseuqaftiio BasHoe SHa^eflie b% 
Bonpoci o noASorax^ iiOrpacTL x^ noASoraMi, — nacajn OsiaHx^)^, — 
saBBCflnb on ocotiaro nopaseflia Mosra, b ÓUBaen vb nepioAl pas- 
bhtíb BosMysajiocTB oóOBrb oojiobi*. .Ecjib arB T^jiecBUB npB^BHU 
npoAOJisaDTCA AOiro, to CTpacTB b:b no^^soraM^b CTasoBBTCfl aenpe- 
OAOiBMOD, TaBi> HTO xoTA yso BaBasaBBue noASBraTejiB 8Hax)rB, ito 
BTb osB^aen CMepTHaa aasBE, Bce-TasB no6ysAaK)Tca kb ababíA- 
mBMi DOAsoraMi, bjb ;uu B86iauiHifl ooci^AHeft ^ase Wb caMoy6ift- 
CTBy**. noAOÓHoe se Boasptaie 6iuo BHCxasaao FeaBe. Ho nosse vh 
cyxeóao-MeABABBCBoft jBTepaTvpi noaBBjtacb a aaoro poxa bstjuau. 
nepBuft, BOScraBrnift npoxBBi y^eaia o 6ojiÍ3aeaaoM!E notfysxeaíB Bib 



>) AoKJftAi, npB4. 1, cíp. 253. 



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XPOHIKÁ. — Himi nojuPH. 321. 

aoASBraTejbCTfiy, 6hun> ^MUMEnn. Sariii^E Bpe^jiBA'^ h PHXTep-B 
Tasse Boscrajw opoTHBi bosmoshocth AonyCTirrL noóyasAeHie Krb nox^ 
saraarexBCTfiy. 6pe^[)ejiBA'B roBopflirs, qTo noAsorn C0BepiiiaH).TCJi H6 hs^l 
ci^acTH, HO noTOMy, ^to eocraBifl^irE caiioe JierKoe, yAOÓHoe h canoe 
coovBireTBeHHoe crenesH ap^ocTH MOJiOAoro Boapacra cpe^CTBo ot- 
McerKrB ApyroMy mmbj. Pbxt^i yKadUBaerx, ito noxasHraTejiH — ao 6ójb- 
meft qaoTH Haxo;puipecfl a^ ycJiysQHÍH no jífigeBnawb mojioauo jdah 
cb HejiocraTO^HfiHi T&iecHUMi h jiymeasuif^b paaBHTieiii, noTOMy mg- 
Hte caocoÓHHe kb nepeHeceaíD ipy^Hocreft h HenpiaTHOCTeft cejiBCRoft 
pa6oTiii O* Kacnep%, noxTBepvxaa, hto noASHraxaibCTBO coBepmaerca 
opeHiiyii^eQffBefiao jdauih tííi6cbo a HpaBcraeHHo ciaÓHKH, npe^aoTi 
B% noASHraTaiLCTBi Taase óojiBinoe dHa^eme aospacry. Si coacajžaiK), 
sasofi % Mesxy aajnaMH HOAsaraxejiaMH npíiíin^emATh Majioji'&THHM'ii, 
coBopmevHO HeasaicTao. 

XoTfl Kb noAsoraMi, naai BAVLCojLie jiersoMy h y^oÓHOMy cnocoóy 
M6CTH, no OB0AÍT6JBCTBy CYMfi6B0'ue]ii,w,BMasMXT> nHcaTeJiefl, u]^u6ivaJorh 
meBmjKLU h i^aioiiTBÍe, ho j^aaTU nameft shshh yKadUBaK>T^ qio dToxx 
cnoeoó^ MecTH nBómp^iovb h xyaKHKH, h hph^hhu BOdpacraniB noAso- 
roBi vh noeJÍAHÍe roMja HysHo OTUcaaBaTL b!e HeÓjaronpiaTHHxi aao- 

HOMHWCKHZ^b yC10BÍaX!E H OÓHl^eCTBeHHOft SHBHH SpeCTBHBCROň MaCCU. 

Mil bhaíjh, hto nojioseHÍe seHa^HHii b% xpecTBAHcsoft cpe^i vh 
BOciiXBie roAU yjy^niHJOCB, h noTOMy noóywreji&Hiia npH^HHu e,% 
noxacoraif^b Cb vrb CTopoHU yMeHbniHjHCB. HanpoTHBGb, noJoaaeHÍe Mya(- 
caoi xacca RpeeTbaBcaaro HacejemH ct&io Meaie ÓJUironpiATHiíMi^ ne 
ffb OTHOflieHiH, aone^HO, ceMO&Haro nojioseHÍa, a b:b OTHonieniH aaoHO^ 

MMieCEOWb H, OT^aCTH, o6h](6CTB6HHO]C%. 

„OnuiocaH', pasÓHpaa hphihhh flOASoroB'B9 yKasuBajH, ^to hcto?- 
ERKb nocjri^AHHX'b — MecTb, BHsuBaeMaji dKOflOMHqecRHMi raeroKi MÍpo- 

iAOVh H npOHSBOJlOirb CHJIBHUXL HBAl CJULČHMH. 

PacHopasdHia Mipa h MipcBHXi aojishocth£ixi jihi^i, Taase pšme- 
Bia coejOBHaro cy^a, ho nojyqHBi sasoanoft no^Bti, ^oixsíhi Óbuh ciars 
aa noHBy apoasBOja, h erajiH na dxy noiay. MesAy hxi npoH8BOJiOM'L 
K OTcyTCTBÍeiii npaBa saioČH na droTib npoHSBOJii, — óeBCHiLHHa 

ipeCTLAHCBia JIH^HOCTH H HX!B yóOFÍe HHTOpeCHÍ HOCTaBJíeHU KM^b-Cu 

iieaMiy MOJOTOiTB H HaaoBajBHeD. JIhhhocth QcysAOHU hjh na hoabhshh* 
^ecKoe Tepn'&Hie hjih Ha or^aaHHoe oaioójenie h moctb. HpaBCTBeaflod 
CHjui, paMoiaraDnteft k<b TepniHÍx) h OTapan^aDn^efion mocth, y hhx^b 
aiiTB H H6 oray^a 6htb. 

no ^yacTBy caifOCOxpaHeHia, ({topná MecTH HséapaeTca ae aBHaa, no ^ 
Ta&Haa. 

nocrpa^aamaa orb MÍpcaoro npoHSBOJia jih^hoctb xcthtb oraeM^B 
CBoeft BJiacTHoft TOJni. 

ToMi IV.— Iwfc, 1880. 21 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



322 ncmm tepomr. 

ToK> se MécTBD pacnpaBjíireTca noTepaliBmafl CTopona e& uinen- 

HOD HJH DpKOK) UpOTHraOK) CTOpOHOD, pacttojtosHRmei) Vh CWV UÍ^My 

cocjKmHuft cyxi. 

Pacnpasa ^epeai noxsoPB npntoAevca n idpoijiaM^B bcAxi lave- 
ropifi, Bi oocjiOBHoft cpexi^ h bhí ea, no Taram BHxam Manxjwnaím^ 
KOTopHe HJiH HO MoryTb óiiTB ofSasajOBaHu éxe otfsaJraaHii óesycniniHo. 

Tasí Basi bi» nocjiibjíiiee Bpeifa vb mmBXh Mfipmu4ai> BoxBopH- 
jocB rocnoxcTBO MipoixoBi^ H ByjiaitOKb, uopnfkymBmBnth c^t EpecruiHi, 
TO BecBMa ecTecTBOHEO, TTo RpecTUHO, rie Haxoxfl HHnKoro rhoto eiK>- 
cotfa OTxtjiaTBCJi on cboui yrBeraTejeft, íspu&braxm vh nojisoram. 
noxsorH dToro po^a aíHajforH^HH cb arpapsnitti npeeryDMaíMni bii 
HpjiaBxiH. 

npHT^CHeHífl co CTopoHH pasHUxi ynpaBiaDiQBXi Taiae uMsuBtaoTh 
BpecTLaffb fla noAsora. „OqeHb qacTO, roBoparb asríHTOHAHi Pon, 
npoBeAndft cpexH nannixi specTLJifii xobojibho jsfixvoe npeua h ootipaB- 
mift cfiOH Ha6jK)AeHifl bi o^em HHrepecHim saM^TBaxi, -- oneab 
^acTo uaTATB HiiBBoe sajiOBaHBe pa($owii'B, bih ynpaBJíWBai éepefrb 

B8BTBH C*b BpeCTbBHl H HajiyBaOTl 1IX'B, HJIH ynpaBjaDn^A B BpeCTfUf- 

BHHib coFJiainflDtca cooÓHi^a oÓBOpOBUBan Bjiax^JUi^a, ho ynpaBjíaDoptt, 
BaKL jiHAO 6oxie CKiLHoa, npoBOAHTb MysHBa, ■ Torxa nocjiAHďl M9h 
MOCTH noASHraevE xoBa&CBia nocrpoftBH. GnpaBOXJiHBO hjto ntn ae- 
roAOBaaie BípecTLffHHHa, — bto xpyrofi BonpocB; bo bcbbomi* cjiy^ai nox* 
soni 6mimTb nacTO* O* 

HaTaiBHBaerB BpecirBaH'b na noxJBOťR h h6o6xoxMoctb vb cajy 
HeoÓesne^eHHOCTH hxb xosaficrBeHHaro noJioseBia npR6ibraT& b% Kpaarb 
j^ca H čina. Hsb-íctho, too y naci Vb chjibhoA CTeoeHH pasBBTU caiia- 
BOJbHua nopy^BH Jiica. BupyóaTB ^yásoft jite^E, BasBHHHtt hjih ^acr- 
Huft, BpecfBflHRHi BOBOO H6 c^HTiEieT!B 8a HapymoHie C06CTBeHHOCm, 
TSLKb BasTB jici, HO OFO wnajífivb^ ecTB oón^ee xocroaHie. Toiao 
TBBse npH He^ocraTB^ -c^Ha, BpecTBaHHnB (Sepen nysoe. B% OTHome- 
HÍH TaBoro sBOJUSOBaHiB* y BpecTBBH*B, Bnpo^eM'B, cyB^ecmynrB cboh 
oÓiiqaB. „Epasa CBoménaaro čina aa :iyry, x^6a b!b noji^b, xora hh- 
BTo axi ae croposaTB, sea^ cobc£m!b HeBW^HTejiBaaa, nospUBana^aa 
BaaoBBHBa vi^muwb nosopom". Ho „cya^ecTByDírB oparaaajíBHHe 
oÓHqaa, aMtoa^íe it&nbD apHiuipHi*B íf^vb BacToaTe:iBBO& aeoéxoxa* 
MOCTH aapyamTB apaao coticťBeaHocra ci BpaftaaiFB yBaseaieMi, bo- 
Topoe o6BapysBBaen BpecTBaacTBo ao oraoaieHho vb Broiiy apaBy*'. 
Rb oÓJiacTH xoacBoro aoBcaa vb aeyposafiaue roxR, Borxa tfixHHBH aa- 
xoxaTca Bi^ 6e8BiixoABOM% aojoseaia, oaa (SepyTi tbAboitb xjAířb 9msl 
ciao y 6oraTiix'B, a aa xpyrofi hjh xase aa Tperifi roA'B BosapaB^aDT^ 



O nC^oucioe xouftcTBo B jEbcoBOxoTBO**, 1878 r., ceiiTji(5pB. 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 



XPOHHBi. — ^HÁflH nosiPH. 323 

TO, ^ 6lU0 HMH B8JIT0. HeHBBto^HO, TEKOBU-JIH oéu^aa „OOUSOBa^ 

Blil*' qysBiTb :lxí6ou% b cinowb vb xpynixi MÍCTaxi». Porb yjsasH- 
Bien, no Epaleefi Mftpi^, ho hs nojiB80BaBÍe, a na spásy jitca u ctm. 
„Ecju noxHn^eHÚi oÓHi^aceBU, roBopairb oh^, h BBvoBHufl HOABeprayT^ 
HaKasami), to SBorAa oh^, b^ oTvecTicy, flpH6iraerb kb noASor;*' >). 
EcTfc He Hajd yBasiiHífi na to, ^to wb HOASoraz!&, ho KpaftHeft Mip1^, 
vh HftMTopux% M^CTHOciwxi^ HO Maiyi) pou HrpaDTi soHoapaAU. Bi 
1871 r. BpecTBJíBe ^opnaro Kiona U^p. Kb CaMapcsofi ry6.) saxBa- 
TUH maAay xoHoipaxoBi, & eoycTa He^^^n^ nocjt aroro bca aopobha 
eroptja ao Tja on noASora. Taraz^b ciynaesi, nHcajfb si^pecnoH* 
AOBTi, coo6iD;aBiiiift o6!b dToiTB Hosap^, 6^ npodoMHCčHiu deffXh nocAfbd- 

HUXh Afbtm 6hA0 HC MOAO. n^TOÓl HOBasaTii BaiťB, BaBl KpeCTBAHe 

óoflTCfl noAsoroBi hmobho co cropoBu xoBOBpaAOBi, AOcxaTO^Ho pas- 
CBasaTb cjiAyDn^ift cjy^aft. 7 specTBaH^b nBaHOBcaoft boioctb, cejibi^a 
JlyBHBa, MHxaftja EBaiKaHOBa, IIoTpa Rya^iiHEa b HBSH(|K>pa Masa- 
poBa, nponaiB jobibah. EMeiLBBOBi b AysBiiBBi oÓpaTB^BCb vh b3- 
BicTHOMy BaHAuscKOMy caAuay (saB^AUsanniieity Busynoirb xpftAOHiixi 
xofliaAeft); obi bmíxb wí% izaTL bi AopesBi) Baaju. Em^imhobi 

BVbCTi CB RySBBBHUMl BOizaiB Bl BaBJU, B XaM^b, OTABBl OAHOMy 

BOBoapaAy 25 p. cep^ noxyujB, cpoAH 61^uro aba, bi caMofi AopoBeí, 
BpB ceiBCKom crapocxi, CBOBX!b jiomaAefi. KorAá oahbi bsi m^t- 
flux^b seiueBiaA^Bi^eB^ BOSMyHi^eBHuft iioao6hox> aopsoctbk) BOHospa- 
AORb, craii yroBapBBBTB EMOJbaHOBa b KysbMBHa BauTb a&^o b o6- 

BHBBTB OepeAl CyAOBl KOHOSpaAOKb, to KpeCTbBfle OTBinaJB OMy, ^TO 

lOBoapaAu saeraBBjB bxi npBBOCTB Ejaray, hto ohb bxi ho buab- 
Ayrb, rpoaff, wh npoTBBBOMi cjyui, cseHB bx% ao tm. „Ciosry'' — 
Borb poKOBoe cjiobo, KOTopoe npoBSHOCBrb K0B0BpaA'b, aojyqaa orb 
BpecTbaBBHa aor^th b BUAaBaa eny jomaAeft; Bon ciobo, BOToparo, 
BB 6yBBajbH0B!b CBucji, Kasi oraa 6oBTCfl KpecTbBHBBi, B KOTopoe 
saMusaera poTi bcjikoB sajio6%, BCBBOBy oópa^OHii) ero vb san^BTŠ 
saBOHBoft BjiacTH: BjiacTB BOBOBpaABoft accoipaAÍB cbjbhM'. („roioci'' 
1873,^194, KoppecD. b8% ByryjBMBHCsaro yisAa). 

Towo TBRse AiftcTByiorB EOHOEpaAU B vb ApyrHXB B^Taxi. Bi 
raaer^ „KieBjíiiBBHi'* bi BHHinraeMi roAy^ Hanp., 6fU0 coo6n^eflo, hto 
xpecTBBHBHx cejB SejOHRB, RaHOBCRaro yisAa, A^OBcaHApi myiena, 
ABBflo yse HBBOAHXB ysacB Ba oAHOcejB^aHi KOHOKpaACTsaBB B yrpo- 
sám noAau)roBi^. Hícboubo pasi cba^i ob^b b% TDpbMft, b BasAufi 
pan pacBja^BsajHCb sa bto csba^tojb ero npeerynjeflifi: bjb CKOTBBy 
yspaAen, Bjra xaTy cosserb. Bb nocjrbAHee BpoBii obi cyAHJeB sa 
TpH BpasB B, no pacnopAsesíK) cyAe6Baro ciiAOBaTeJiH, 6urh oTnpaB- 



>) „CiOBo", 1878 r. J<6 1. 

21* 



Digitized by 



Qoo^^ 



324 BftGTIESl IBFOIH. 

1BB% noAi woEBoewb naTH ^eiOBÍR'& bi TDp&xy, ho Ha xopori ói- 
sajTb... Ha pascB^T^ 8 ceHTH^pH BcnuxHyjia xaxa y EpecTBHHHHa K*, 
ROTopHft BecHOD HHHtmHflro foxa noÉMajrb myjieny na Kpasi loma- 
xeft H Aonecx 06% 9T0MI na^aJbCTBy. O^hhi RpecTBHHHHi, npHHiejqnii 
Ha nosap'Bf saMťrajrB myjieny, y6iraBinaro otl BcnuxHyBnie& xaTii, h 
ci HOMO^BD jífi^nrh Baxepsajii ero. HaiaiacB pacnpaBa: soHOspa^a 
H noASHraTeu saóHiH xo CMepni. Bobhbbjio (uiACTBÍe. Bhhobhhmh 
npH3Hajni ceóa bc£ RpecTBane cejia dejensH^ ^hcjioitb 1,440 xynrL ^). 

KoHORpaxcTBo ffb nacTOHiiiee BpeMJi npRHajio y HacB BecBMa mapo* 
Rie pasHibpu, H noTOxy ecTecTBenHO, ^to Cb pasBHTÍeinb ero ysejM^H- 
jiHCB cjiynaH pacnpaBU napoxa Ch ROHORpaxaxH h ycHjHJiHCB npH^HHu 
noxsoroBi. 

yRa3UBaiDTB eni;6, EaRi na npHUHy noxsoroBi, BBexeHíe crpaxo- 
BaHÍA. FOBOpffTB, HTO HOXSOrH yTOHfllDTCfl H8i sejiaHifl, nojiy^HrB 
CTpaxoByi) npenix), buctpohtbca bhobb. Exsa mu 9Ta npeirifl npexcras- 
naenrb ctojibro npHMaHRH, HTO&b xja no^y^enifl ea RpecTBane crajiH 
sepTBOBaTB HxyiiiecTBOM'B. SeHCTBOiťB, RasB yRasuBaoTL xoRJiaxi cexB- 
CRO-xosAicTBeHHofi ROMMHCCÍHf HO^TH noBceM^cTHO ycxaHOBJíeHa Hop- 
Majn»Haa oi^iHRa kb 15 pyójeft sa RpecTBAHCRift xoitb cb xbopoitb, 

qTO, O^eBHXHO, COCTaBJUierB TOIBRO HH^rOSHyiO XO^U) CTOHMOCTH RpeCTB- 

flHCRaro Hiiyiii^ecTBa. AonycsaercA xonojHHTejBHoe CTpaxoBame, ho ojiaTa 
(TB Hero sna^HTeJiBHo Bume, niwb cb HopMajiBHo-oÓasaTejBHaro, bcj^x- 
CTsie Hero RpecTBane xo^aBO^Hiaix crpaxoBaHíeirB nojcBsyiOTCJi o^eHB 
Majo. B'B HÍROTopHxi MicTaxx cyni[ecTByerB, npaBxa, crpaxoBaHie 
„no oco6ofi cnei^iajiBHoA oi^íhrí'', ho Taxoe CTpaxoBanie pacnpocrpa- 
HOHO y HacTB HeSHaHHTeiBHO h npaRTHRyeTCJi ne gCipuBra xysHRaMH", 
a HCRycHBmflMHCJi Bi HasHBi ToproBi^avH, RyjiaRaMH h RaóaTqHRaiui. 
Hsi OTqeroBi Tax6oBCRoft ryÓepHCROft ynpaBii cb 1870 no 1877 rox'B 
BHXHO, OTO Bi 1870 r. no HopMajiBHOft oninzi sacTpaxoBaHift 6iuo 
cx*JaH0 na cyMMy 9.598,426 p., a bi 1877 r. na 9.755,756 p., T.-e. 
wb Te^eniH i^ijiaro ceMHjiiTÍA cynMa sacTpaxoBaHíft Bospacjia Bcero na 
157,330 p.; no ocoóoft »e oi^'6hrí vb 1870 r. sacTpaxoBano 6hjio 



O Ciy^aH TEKofi coBOKyiraoR pacnp&BH ci EOHOEpmtaMH noBceiiicTHH. Bi Gauap- 
CKO& ry6epHÍH 6uxh ciynafi, ito KpecTMHe u^juimi czoxomi oÓcys^aiH Bonpoci, sack 
BSBecTH oxHoro EOHOspaxa, saiini MeraiH speóift, h noxnaBmlfi aq>e6ÍD yóim ■oho- 
Kpaxa; lorxa Hanaiocb ciixcTBÍe, kto y6iui, to Bce oÓmecTBO npHB^jio ea ceÓJi Bsey; 
Bci 61UH npexaHH cyxy, h npHCJiSHHe srb onpaBxaxH (Has. Teorp. 06m. 1876 r. 
OTX. I, CTp. 89). Bi HHHtaHeMi roxy n xoppecaoHxeHipH wn BuencEoft ry6., no- 
iťln^eHHOfi B^ OAHoS hbi sxAiDHHn raseTi, cooón^aiocb, hto yroiOBHaji aaiaia aasa- 
lena xtoMH o KOHOKpaxcTBi, ho KpecTBjíHe cavn HXH/m Hax'b soHOKpaxaifH cyjTB h 
pacnpaBy. Bi CBOHi^aHCKOMi y. Óhji ciy^ft, ito specTBiiHe bi racii 200 lei. 
Hanan ea oxHoro ]|ysHn^ noxoapiBaeifaro n KoeoKpaxeTBi, r sasoiOTHiH ero 10 
CMepri. 



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Google 



xpoHHKi. — Hinní noxAPH. 825 

CTpoeHift Ha 4.904,770 p., a bi 1876 r. Ha 6.764,642 p., T.-e. na 
1.859,872 p. 6ojie. Bi dTH cenb jtrb crpaxoBaHie no HopifajBHofi 
oi^hkí MfiJío Dpn6ujH 501,725 p., a cxpaxoBaHie no ocoóoft oi^íhkí 
opHuecjíO 294,354 p. yfiursy. CxpazoBanie no ocoóofi onfbUKi cocTOHrb 
Bi Tom, ^To CTOHMocTb BMyn^ecTBa opfl CTpaxoBaHÍH noKasuBaercfl 
BUHie ero ctobmocth. ^^acTCH dTo, hohatho, xjih Toro, hto6i, noro- 
piin>y o6cTpoHTBČJfi BHOBL, jyqme npesHiiro. OTCD^a^-noAsorE. 

ysasaHUHH npH^HHu, uom&n óutb, ne Buojnt, ho xtin He uenie 
vb BHaHHTeiLHofi crenesH y^CHADTi paenpocTpaeeHie no^soroBi vh 
oocji^AHie roAU. BopoTLca cb dTUWb sioitb mosho tojibeo jkMcThyB. 
Ha npH^HHu, ero BusuBaDnuji. UoKa fiy^erb HaA'B RpecT&flHHHOH'B 
rocnoACTBOBaTL npoH3Bo.ai saacTeft, noKa óy^yTi asi nero BUaRBMaTB 
con pasHue iripoixH, uosa óyxyT^ bo Bcefi chjí AMcTBOBaxB koho- 
KpaAU H KyiaRH, 8scn:iyaTBpyK>u;ie Hacejieme, — otii yMeHBmeHiH 
ooAsoroBx neqero Óy^en h AynaTB. EapaTaiBHua Mipu npoTnB:B 
flOAXflraTejefl, peKOMOH^yeMiu HtKOTopuMH, caMH no ce6i neAOcraTOH- 
BH XJA BCKopeHeHÍfl sjía, xa h, BpoMi Toro, bo MHoraxi cjyqaaxi 
6uBaeTi> saTpyj^HuiejiBHO ptniBTB: sto BHHOBar&e — noASHraTeju hih 
noAsnraeMue. Ecjh mosho csasaTB noJtosHTejiBHO, hto noAsorH, y^a- 
Hjieiiue B0H0Kpa;(aMH, RyjaaaMH h b^b híbotopuxi cjiy^aazi caMHMH 
KpecTBJiHaiiH pa^H nasHBU, sacJiysHBaDTi yrozoBHoft Kapu, to jl% 
QOASoraMi, coBepmaeMuiTB o6e3AOJieHHUHH KipotAcaoi) aj^HOCTBK) 

KpeCTBHHaMH, OTHOCHTBCJI TaBX CTpOrO HeBOSMOSHO. UOdTOMy, HOBTO- 

paewb, KapaTejBHiuíH MipaiiH A^a ne nonpaBHniB. IIoAsorH MoryrB 
yMeHBmflTBCH jhhib ci noBopoTOMi Ki jyqmeMy nojiosenia xpecrBan- 
CRoň MaccKí. PaAOM^B Cb TaKHMi yjyHmeaieMi na yiieHBnieHie noASo- 
roBi Morio 6u oóaapyaun^B BJiaaie a saMina AdpeaaHHuxi, kphtux'b 
cojoMoft a36i riaaoMaTHUMa, rjraaoóaTBUMB a BaHeaHinfB nocTpoft- 
KajiH. Mu BaA'bj[B, ^to bi noASoraxi bm^ti BOJBRoe daaHeaie jer- 
KOCTB ero coBepmeHÍa. l.iwb yAOÓOBOsropaea^ CTpoeaia, T'bHi» yAo6o- 
fiunojHBM^ noASon>, tíwl 6ojLnie coCjasaa coBepmaTB nocjiiAiiift- 

OaHBM^B CjIOBOITB, mu AOJíSBU npBATB K^B TOay SaKJIDHeHiK), HTO 

RarB flpBHBHU nosapoBi, Taax a onycTomaxejBEOCTB bxi jesarB 
rjyóORO Bi ycaoBÍaxi apecTBancKaro 6uTa, ^to, nodToay, npoTBBo- 
AiÍBiCTBOBaTB CTpamHoay BapoAHOay 6'&actbíi), npeACTaBjaeMOMy no- 
sapaMa, mosbo jianiB BOSAMcTBya aa dra ycjOBÍJi, asM^BJífl axi 
Kh jy^meny. &% flec^acTÍi), y aaci aHorie bbaati Bce cnaceme bi 
pacupocTpaueaia no AopeBHJia'L nosapauxi xpyói b aacocoBi* H xpyóu, 
a aacocu, padya^eTca, bobib ohobb xopomafl, ao CTpaaao BOsjíaraTB aa 
aax^b ficb ynoBaHÍJi. 

JI. Beohhi. 



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BHyrPEHHBE 0B03PBHIE 

1-e ídjui, 1880. 



TopssecTBeHHHft ORTB Ha^aibBurL yqHiHmi ropoxa nerepóypra 30-ro nají. — 
«MaTepiajni» no soirpocy o BsexeníH o6ii3aTejbBaro o6y?eHiii wb Poccíh. — Hcto- 
pHHecKaii cy;^b6a dToro BOiipoca sa oociiAuee speifii, h o6mie bhboau hsii «Ma- 
Tepi&iOB%>. — nepecMOTpi E^vtOTGpu7i% nocTaHOBieHífi Bamero TaMoxeHHaro Ta- 
pH(tia. — noffljHHH Ha nerajjťb, MeraiJuc^ecKifl esjcbiúi h Manranii. — Bonpoci o 
6e30oniJHHBOM'B npuBost casbCKO-xosflficTBeBBuxnb opyj^fi H naniBoi. — SHa^eme 
dRcnepTBSu B'b Bonpocax'B aroro poxa. — Otb^tb cOrroiocsaMi*. 



DocjitAHie ;i;hh Micjn^a Haa 03Ha]ieB0Bajrac& bi HCTopíH Hamero 
rocyiapcTBa h oón^ecTBa posACHÍeirb XByx'& jiHHHoereft, oxapeHHHxi 
vb BucoRoít creneHH tbop^ocehite reHiem: o^hhi— vb oójacra mhcmb 
H j^^Jia, Apyroft— Bi oóiacTH mucjh h ciOBa. 30-oe Maa — MfiBh pos* 
xenÍH „M^AHaro BcaAREsa**; 26-to Haa aBRMtn ba cbítl ero 6escmepr- 
hhH rvbBen%. Oóa ohh poamhcb aa mockobckoS seMiib, a sbbbl 060- 
Bx% opoTeua BxajieRŠ orb Mocrbh — 

Ha 6epery oycruHHHrb boihi... 

3to eiyqafiaoe cóiHseaie, vh aa^y Toro TopacecTBa, loropoe ae- 
xaBHO a Taai c^acTjBBo aepesBBaja Pocda bi rocTax^B y Mocsbu, 
Aaei*B aair& aOBOx^ cBasaTB o bobxoxboctb yBiaoBi^aTB bto bocií;^- 
aee TopsecTBO, ocBaTaBi ero o6ii?aeirB, BOTOpHÉ aepexaBaica 6u bsi 
OAaoro noaoitaia wb Apjroe. Hiqro noAo6aoe yace CA%Jaao vb Ile- 
Tepóyprš AJia aaMATB aeiBKaro ero ocaoBareja: 30-e aaa, cib auatm- 
aaro ro^a, asópaao aecBBa y^anao aameD ropoACsot) ajmod XJia Top- 
acecTBeaaaro aara aa^a^Bami yHBwn;'B ropoxa Iler^ypra; cosep- 
meaao Tasoe se aaaqeaie hosbo 6fiuo 6u apa^aTB a 26-My Maa vh 
MocKB^ AHi), KorAa 6wio apeAaojioiKeao coBepmaTB oTapiirie aaMar- 
Bflaa nyniKaay. Hamero ae aorao 6u 6£itb jry^me, sasi CBasatB a^bb 



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XPOHHRi. — UI7TPBÍHII OBOa»HU. 327 

n&MATH HapoAHaro nodTa co niEOJioi), Roxopaa co speMOHeirB a&cti ony bos- 
MosaaeTB óiitb HapoxHUirB m^ A^ficTBaT&iBHocTH. Kto ho saÓyj^eTi hu- 

HilDHlIXt nymXHHCKHXl OpaSAHEBOVB, TÚTh U^YbWTb Xl 26 -My MEA 

vh Mocxay h Ha óy^yn^ifi roAi — ^ co apeiceHeicB arOTb xohb, no o6fii- 
Han, (^^aerca xHOicb ci^Aft bi Mocbbí Bcix'b, rto HHTepecyercfl 
mMowl HapoABaro otfpasoBaHia. 

AxTB HaqaiBHUxi ywjuím ropoxit nerepóypra, KOTopum sasoH- 
uica 1879 — 80 y^íeÓHUŘ roj^i^, rperifi otb nepe^anH dtexi yquHiui 
B8i pyn HHEHcrepcTBa HapoAHaro opocsin^eHu wh pacnopaseme ro- 
pová— upeAcraBuen HHTepecHUJi iiojq[K)6HocTH. Mu yse cooÓn^fUH wb 
MaĚcEOiTL o6o3P'6híh, no xovoAmeiíy ao naci h, saxi Teneps oKasuBaercA, 
BHOJrai BŠpHoxy H8BÍCTÍK), HTO vh HHH^niHeirb roxy HHCJO Hanajib- 
HifiCB yu-EHn^b IlerepíSypra ^ofixen ao S(?t a xpe ro^a Tony HasaA'^ 
UHHcrepcTBO WLMo bx:b bi tocjií 16; HTasi, bi Tepeme Tpexi jiirb 
ropoACsoro yopaBieeui y^Hjnui^aiiH) hhcjo iix'b yníímepumcs. Bi ea- 
laxb HCTORmaro yqeĎHaro ro^a, lasi bhaho hsi OT^era, npoHHTan- 
Haro Ha asTib, 6wiO 51 y^Hjranie (32 xyaKCBHXi h 19 sencwxi), h bx 
HHX'b o6yHaa«eB 2,362 (1,608 yneo^KOBi h 754 y^eHnij^); Óoiie 600 
AiTeft noJiy^VJíH oxi^idi Kb npieiii, no HOXOCTaTBy uouixnfima — h, sto 
nccji Toro, RaK'B i^H^pa y^ouHni^i bi abe roj(a Bospacja on 16 xo 51. 
Bb BKxy dToro npncBopÓHaro (f^asra, xyna tor^a se nanaja na c^acrjH- 
By» xucjiB, xoTopaa Morjia 6q sHa^HraiBHO napajiHsoBaTB orsasi vh 
Apiin-b mecTHcram, HcsaBUiHMi upoca^n^eHúi, a hmoheo, — otbphtb 
npH qerupexi asi cyn^ecTBynm^BXi y^Hjmn^i nocjioóiAeHHue uaccu, 
OTB 3 AO 7 9. BO^epa, c^ oco6iim% yqHTeieirB. IIomhmo topo co- 
otipaseBia, hto TaRHXH Be^epHHicH sanaTí^iía mofjh 6h yxoÓHO boc- 
BOiLaoBaTBca tí a^th, BOTopua, no saHaTÍaiii %% MacTepcsaxl, ho 
Moryrb nojBSOBaTBca yrpenaaMa ajiaccaaa,— dTa atpa npeACTaajiajia 
6u SHa^arejBHyD 9rohomík): coÓctbohho, dTO 6iuo 6u aoBoe y^aian^e, 
a coA^psaHie ero otohjo 6u 830 p., bhícto 1,860 p. HTaxi, Bce ey- 
n^ecTBeHHoe a TpyAHoe 6iuo Ha Jiai^o — a aacca se^aDmiexi yqaTBca, 
a roTOBua AOHBra: apeRpacaoft aucja HCAOcraBaio tojibro creki^íh 
6uBmaro aanacTepcTBa aapoAaaro npocB^m^eHia. Eueniee ManacTep- 

CTBO OTRJOHHJIO ROARTaŽCTBO FOpOAa OÓ^B OTRpUTÍR nOCJ'6o6ÍAeHHUX'B 

RjaccoB^B, HaxoAA axi jiuecoo^asHUMu c% TpefioBaHiaaa coBpeaeHHofi 
neAarorHRa a rarieHU**; ho npa BTOWh ocTaBajio 6e3i oóiacHenia, co- 
rjiacHO MU Cfb TpetfoBaaiaaa aroft se cospeMenHoll neAarorHRa a ra- 
riesu OTRasuBaTB bi nepaoHa^ajiBHOMi oóy^eniH utjiUMi cothami a^- 
Tofií, ROTopue ocysAanrcfl TaRHa^ oópasoax na nenpoxoAaaoe neB-b- 
secTBO, a Bce 3to bo aaa Tpe6oBaHifi coBpeaeHHOfl (stpalie, M^CTHofi) 
oeAarorHRH: fiat paedagogia, pereat lux! Tojbko naRanyBt orcTaBRH 
rp, TojiCToro, bi aapT*, nojyieHo 6hjo paspiraeme na bth noc^t- 



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í 

i 

í 

328 B^CŤHirffb iBřona. í 

o6ijífiBuue KJ^accH, ho „na hhhx'b oCHOBaHíflxi*,— rasi^TO komiciiccíjí 
ATMH Hanua neyxo^nuwh BocnojLSOBaTLca nojyqeHHHH'B pasptmeHíeirb, 
Aa npHTOM^ OHa nanijia bosmoshuhi eni^e wh esl^bjií vojsjbl otkphti. 
2 HOBUxx yqHjiBii^a wh navATb 6. 9. dBajBAa, xaRi vHoro noTpyj^HB- 
marocfl na nojiBsy ropoACsoro npocBin^eHifl. Ie^eob npHcyTCTBÍe na hu- 
H^mHeMi aRT^ eaqajBHuxi y^HjiHii]^ r. ynpaBJunon^tro MHBHerep- 
CTBOifB HapoAHaro npocBi^iii^eHm, qero ropoA'^ npes^e ee BHAajrb, 
Kas^B 6yAT0 roBopHJO o toitb, tto wh 6a[Hsa&ni6M'B ójKjmfiWh „Tpe6o- 
BaHÍA coepeHeHHofi neAarorHKH h rnneHu* ne cranyrB npetuijio- 
BaTBCJi cx TaEHiTB ycEjdeiTB, npH BOTopoMi AAJBHiftmeepasBiiTieHapoA' 
Haro npocBi^n^eHifl Moserx oRasaTBca HeBOSVoaRHiíMi. 

HTaRi, 6jiaroAap.fl ycBJríflHi naineft kSmu, vh HCTesmem jHeÓEOWb 
roAy, ropoAx, HMiioii^ift 800,000 SHrejieA, a (u^aob., no BynaBOBCSoify, 
oKOJio 125,000 Ai^Tefi niROJiBHaro BOspacTa o6oero nojia BC'bx'B cocjiobí& 
(oTi 7 AO 14 jíti), o6yqajrB bi oóohx^b Ha^ajiBHHn MyscsirrB h 
seBCRHxi y^BjíHU^axi: 2,362 A^xefi; bbi hb^b b£i6íiU0, ao osoH^aHiii 
Kypca, 340 nocTynBBniBxx no HysA^ vb pa6oTy aa ({^fipBBB, a 263 
OKOH^BJíB Rypci yqenk, ch npaBOirB ]s,xa yieaBKOBi (206) Ha iBrory 
no OTĎUBaBÍK) BOBHCRO& noBHHHocTH. Bi OTHomeHÍB npoHieAinaro, ck^- 
jiaHO OHOHB MHoro, — HO H o^OBB MflOFo ocTacTCJi AM ^yAyB^afo, eeiH 
cpaoHHTB nocji^AHK)!) ufi^^j yqan^Bxcfl bi Ba^ajin&HUXi y^BíHo^axi, 
2,362, cx o6ni[eiD i^B({)poK) Bcero nerepóyprcsaro aacejieifia msojBHaro 
BOspacTá B-B 125,000 aítcř, otx 7 ao 14 jcfcrB. KoRe^HO, orpoKHoe 
qBCJO Bsi dTofi i^fl4)pu nojiyqaDTB Aonamnee Ra^ajiBHoe o6yqeHie, ohb 
yqaTCJi BB qacTHUxx naHciOHaxi b y^BjíHn^axi; ho Bce se HaAOÓHO 
npeAHOJíosRTB, HTO minimum 30 Tuca^vh HysA&'H>'rcji vh oón^ecTBen- 

HOHX, T.-e. BB CaMOMX AOHIOBOlfB Ha^aiBBOMX 06yqeHÍH, RaBOe MOSHO 

nojyqRTB tojbko bi ropoACKHxx y^BJínm^axi, a na a*J* — h to cx 
asrycTa Micai^a— namB y^BJían^a, ecjB obb AOftAyrx ao 80, MoryrB 
bmíctbtb BBRaBB HO 6oji'b6 4,000; npB Asyxi mROJtaxx, yrpeHRefi h 
Benepneň — 8,000. IIpaBAa, bx BUH^brnneirB roAy otrphjb 2 BocRpecHUB 
niROJiu H~-BecBiia jAaqno, TaRx ^to, npa AaJiBBMnieMX hxx padBHriH, 
MU M0»eMB npoAnojioxBTB B% 6jB3R0irB OyAyn^OMX bosmojbhoctb 10,000 
ynam^BKCJi; ho h bto coctaBHrB tojbro OARy TperB npeAnoiaraeMaro 
HaHB o6ni;aro HBCja bb Xlerepóypí^^ BjxjífiiBm,nxcíi vh naMSUíhnowh 
o6yqeHÍH. 

„^tjo, aa ROTopoe trrb paTOBajrB 0. G. 9BajrBAX— roBoparca bx 
OAHOMB míctí OTqera — ÓucTpuMH maraMH baotb BnepoAx, b Bopb 
AacrB, b'b ne oqeHB OTAajeHHOMX BpcMeHB mbi yBBABMB ctojib osh- 
AaBfflyroetf 3BajiBA0MX oSrbmoeoHHyio aejtMH) óah napodnaio oúpasoeamH — \ 
BBeAOBie BB nerepĎypr* oÓHsameAhHaio o6yHeHÍH^. ^ 



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XPOHIKÁ, — BHyrPIHHIS 0B08PTOII. 329 



II. 

CpaBHeBie „oóasaTejiLHaro oÓy^eHÍA*' c% „o6iT0BaHH0H) aeiuei)'' 
Bee&Ma yxanHo, TaKi-saBi vh HCTopis dxoro Bonpoca y eaci mu 
Momevh BcrpiTHTb h nycniHi), h Hyn se coposi aítb Hamero 
crpaHCTBOBaHifl nodtoiiy Bonpocy, a Mem^YT^vb owb orroro ne nepe- 
cnxrrh 6ht& BtLCTosreihBUWb BoapocoHi ;^bíi. BecBMa BcraTH, noroiiy, 
6sBmee inraHCTepcTBo napo^Haro apocB'&i^eHÍA Hdjtajio wb Havaji 
HHV&mHJiro roxa nepBuft toitb, BecBMa otf^enHCTHft, ho^i sarjiaBieiii: 
^MaTepiajni no Bonpocy o BBexemH otfflsaTejLHaro o6yqeBÍJi b^ Poccíh*" 
(Cii6. 1880, crp. 506), r^^ noM^eai ctíopaHiťb HBtHift 06% 8tom% 
npexnert AspesTopoBi^ h HHcneBTopoBi Bapoj^Hnxi yHHJiBii^. 

BjaroxapB npocBÍB^6BflOify BHimaHii) HOBaro HHBvcrepcTBa eapoji- 
aaro npocB^n^eBiji r'b neiani, h hh nojiy^EJH BOSMOSHéCTB nosBaKo- 
UBncs ci dTHiTE B<L Bucmeft eTeneHH jra)6oin>iTBiiirB Hs^aBieirb. Tyn 
Moaflo flaiTH Bd) HCTOpiD dTOPo BOBpoca sa nociÍABia 6—6 jiin, h Bcb 
xaHHiu ji^íA Toro, HTo6u bhaítb, Basi BBorAa y Bací npieMU ajijs 
paspimeflifl paBiBqflsxi Boopocoai, HAor^a Bee&Ha npocTSX'B h :ierRBxi 
DO ce6db, tfuBaOTrb BecpasBesBo TBsejiOB^Bie cavHxi BOopocoB^^TaKi 
^TO caifuft npoi^ecci npBCTyojieBifl ri AÍJiy frovjuien ^'i^BTeieft xo 
Toro, YTO Ao caMaro A*ii^jia obh yse h bo aoxoabti. Hami sypflajrb 
coBpMeBem BosapaTHTca kl 9thm!e MaTepiajaHi vb cneiiiajiBflofi CTaTB'&, 
a TenepB mu orpaBH«Mca BpaTRBirB o^epROiTB BocjffcABeft booutrh 
BBecm B^ Poccíh oÓBsaTejBSoe oóyneBÍe, mm mKOJihEju) noaHBHOCTB, 
B npexcTaBHiTB o6n^ie pesyjiBTaTU, Rasie BUroRaDrB b3% xbhhhxi, 
9taua>^aM>mjBixai vh „MaT6piajiax'B''. 

SanHCRa, spexnocjiaBBaB „MaTepiajairB'', yA0CT0B'&pBeirB aaci, hto c% 
caMaro flanaja ynpaBjíeBiji rp. ToJCToro, cb 1866 r., bi MHBflcrepcTBo 
CTUH nocTynaTB 00 b(Axt> cropoBi aeircRiH xo^aTaficTBa o BBexeBÍM 
otinsaTejiBHaro oój^obíb. BuBmít mbbhctpi chojii AOJivowb nodroMy 
D0B0A7 BUCRasaTBCfl Vb CBOOMi OTHort sa 1867 r.; or^eri npBSHaerB 
BCD BasBOCTB BO^BATaro seMCTBaMB Bonpoca: „06cysABB bsemb- 
TeiBHo oeft BOspocB (o bboaobíb oÓBsaTOAflaro oÓy^eflkX ^ bc Mory 
Be npHSBaTB sBa^uŤeiBBofl ero BasBOcra; no, mbí Rasercji, 6ujio 6u 
npeoicdeepemHHo pasp^MaTB ero vb saxoflOAaTejiBBOMi nopBAB'b bi bb- 
etoBJOfie BpeMB. Sobo^bo, bb^to xaRi ho aceiaTejnHo, r»i cooób^btb 
BnpoKoe pasBHTie saMOMy BapoABOHy oÓpasoBaflíK); ho, npesxe h^mt^ 
Tp^BBTB on Bapoxa oÓBsaTOjuBaro nocin^eBLi msojTB, BeoóxoxBMo 
nodtmsdamh^ wo6h oi^osBa^ancB tí npe^BaiepraBÍa npaBBTeiBCTBa, 
BOTopoa npHBOABTCB HUBÍ Vb HCBOJraoBíe^. TenepB mu moblomi cbb- 
3aTB OABO, HTO, BtpoBTHO, yooMHBaeMUB npeABaHepTaHÍB ne Mor^iH 6utb 



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330 vhmmn BBPOini. 

HCDOiHeHii vb TeqeHÍH nociixyDmtHrB 14 iít%^ Tam tan mhhhct^- 
CTBo Binmo y2Ke vh OTCTaBRy, a o6A3aTejBHoe o6yqeHÍe He noABHHy- 
jiocb HH Ha maFB Bnepex^ h no npesHeiiy Bce sasercfl „npesiieBpe* 
veHHinťL" pasptmaTB Bonpoci o Heirb. 

Ho seiíCTBa ho npespan^ajiH cbohx-b xo^aTaftcrai h nocii 1867 r., 
Bi TeqeHÍH cjiixyK>ii^Hxi mecTH-ceMH i%te, Tasí ^iro MBOHcrepcTBO 
BUHysACHO 6iuo, HaBOHei^'B, nopyHHTB ueny coB^Ta, noioftHOMy A. C. 
BopotíoBy, pasCMorp^TB caei^iajtBHO aei ara zoxaTafiCTBa h a^tb uo 
HHiTB CBoe BaKjn^eme. Pesy^BTaTOirB Tn^aTeiBHoft pationi noKofiHaro 
H 6uja Mfii ero cxaTBa, HanewTaHHUJi vb „XypHaift Mauer^ieTaa 
HapOAHaro npocBin^eiuji^) vh 1874 r., noA'B sariaBíeifE: „O BBexeBÍH 
oÓHsaTaiBHaro o^yneBiA vb C.-nerepÓypr^^ h „O BBexeHÍH ofinsaTeiB- 
Haro oóywHÍA no xoxaTaftCTBaHi híbotopiix'b seiccBBxs ootipastĚ", 
rM,% Mesxy npoHHiTB, 6ujii noMftn^eH'B h camifi npoesTi HpaBUEB x^a 
BBexeHifl o^AsaTejBHaro oóy^enia na npasTiut. 8tox) pafiorai) A. C. 
BopoHOKB CHHCKajirB ceóft npaBo na Bceotin^yx) npHsnaTejiBHOCTB^ nesa- 
BHCHiro oi*B Toro, HTO ona ocrajiacB (iesi BcaKHxi peayiBTaTOpi^ h go- 
xpanflerB oxho sna^eHÍe nanATEHKa yiia h jn>(BH vb x^Jiy n^K^AHaro 
npocBtmenia co CToponu noaoftHaro. 

Btb nova/b 1874 roM) paóora BopoHOBa óuia organa na oócfMMfime 
otfonrB OTA^eniaMi yqenaro BOMHTera. 7wffuft aararen, bmícto 
Toro, TToóu o6paTHTB Bce BHHiiaHie na „yqenyn" cropony x^^i co- 
cpexoTOHHJTB Bce CBoe BHHManie, Tas-B-CMsaTB, na nojiBTHEft, a mrano — 
nocraBHJTB lAosHUMb eonpocoMíb — BonpocB „o xoBBOjenU OTMlkxhsawb 
ryóepncBHirB h yšsAntiM^B soMCTBairB bboahtb y cetfn oóaaavaiBHoe 
o6yqeHÍe^, h Bucaasajcfl — orpni^aTeiBnol He uow&n 6htb, xmo^ho, 
HHqero jiDÓoniiTHfte tíx^b xoboaob^, wb c&iy ROTopia'B houbo 6íuo 
6u oTpHi^aTB noxoÓHUfl xoxaTa&CTBa, Kasi xoxaTUftcTBO o6!b oÓAsa- 
T6JIBH0MI o6yqeHÍB. Bi caMom x^A^ no BaicHii% upn^HoairB mosho 
ne yBasBTB xoxaTaftCTBa o TasoMi nomeanovB npeAMorš, wvb otfasa- 
TejBHocTB oóyqeHiA, b npHTOirB co cropoBu t&l^b, na KOTopux^ sasi. 
BMeBHO na seMCTBÍ, jiosbtb npesxe Bcero oÓAaaHHOCTB ycTpoBTB aoctb* 
TOHBoe qBCio mBOJTB, qroóu saTiMit hmítl npaBO BaJiaraiB sa Bace- 
joHie otSasareiBHOCTB otfywBia ;ii%Tefl? 

Ho BOTTB jnoáonuTHitf npBqBHU oriasa seHCSBirB xoxaTaftCf Bai['b 
co CTopoHu yqenaro aoMHTera: 

1) SeMCBia coépaBÍ« »Be acerji;a b% cocToanÍH c^ bípboctld onpe- 
xiuBTB crenoBB norpeCiBOCTB b% oÓaaaTejEHOM^ oÓyqeBÍB w^^h iiJbCT- 
Huxi o6n^ecTBi yiaxa bih ir&joft ry6epBÍB, a cjrbxOBaTejiBBO — 
MibcraMB MoryTB bboahtb dry cacreMy npoTBBi bojb na^cejiaBia*. 

EcjB opHHBTB 8a qHCTyi) ifOBery Tasyio san^Bry napo^BoA bojh 
co CToponu yqenaro KOMHTera, xora 6u ara bojm noseiaia npeóuBaTB 



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XPOHHSi. — BfiJTPXHHSK OBOBP^HIS. 381 

v 

Bi HevijBecTB'^, TO ao^eMy se npintoaTB 9toi% aobojcb tojbro vh 
Boopoey otiflsaTejBHaro o6ynemň — ^PasB sencufl co^paHifl ne cnocoÓHB 
Ch BipHOCTBi) onpeA'6jiJiTB norpeÓHOCTH HacejieHifl — neiBsa TepniTB 
sa HHMH npasa HpexnHCUBaTB HacejeniK), HanpHMip^ oéaaaTejEBHoe 
coxepsame Aopon h moctobi bi nopflXKft, Tejsj> sasrb seMCRia co6pa- 
Hú KoryrB bboahtb noAOÓHua oÓJisaTejiBCTBa anom npoTHsi bojhi 
HacejemA, ^tó h xMcTBHTejiBHo uomerb cjiyqHTBca. 

2) „06jroaTejiBHoe o6yqeHÍe ecTb norpefinocTB, ne npexycMOTpiHaaa 
H ae ysaROHeHHafl rocyAapcTBeHHOH) BjacTBH)'' — a noroMy „seMCsia 
y^pes^OBia edea au hmídti opaBO bboaRtb 9Ty HOByK) Hipy'. 

dra oniHÓsa y^enaro soHBTera npeABHxftaa joraaos) h HasuBaercji 
Tam — petitio principii. ^9^ vbjífi a^o-to h H^ero o toitb, hto6u, 
HaROHeiTB, npejtycMOTpiTB h ysaaoHKTB saROHOAaTeiBHuici nyTea^b to, 
vt6 npHSHaerca norpeÓHOCTBH); pascyscABA bmíctí^ cb y^eauiTB komb- 
TeroiTb, MU Moxewb ocTanoBaTL Bcaaifi aoBUft 8aa0Bi> npocTua^B yaa- 
saHíeiTB, HTO 0H'B ae npeABa^ia-B CTapuMi saaoHOMi, a aoroMy a 
DpoTaB08aKOHea%. Korxa merh Boapoci o paspimeala ByparB aa yja- 
j^arb, TO, roBopflTi, 6ujo c;('kiaB0 oxao Bospaseaie Taaoe: xota ao^oóaoe 
paapftmeaie ae npeACTaajaerB aaKaicBxi aeyxoóCTBi, ao oao aaxoAÉTca 
VB apaMoa% aporaaopi^ia cb cyrn^ecTByioni^aMa yse aocTaaoBieaifliia 
aa dTOTB ciy^aft. IIocjiAHifi Boapoci, aoae^ao, moiovb vh cpaBaeeia 
cb saxa^ei) yqeaaro BOMaTora, ao jiorasa — Ta se. 

TaaoBa Teopera^ecRaa cropoaa aoboxobb yneaaro BOMaTera npoTaai 
apexocraBieaia aeiiCTBairB apaaa bboxbtb oóaaaTejsaoe oóy^eme, a 
cjrtxoBBTejiBao — a apoTaBo^ csopMmaro ocya^ecTBjíeaia caMoft o6a3a- 
rejBaocra. ^ajii^e Teopia ao^Kpi^DJiaeTca apaBTa^ecaaiia coo6paseHiflMa: 

1) Taaoe apaao „mofjio 6u yaawosaTB paemathcie (1) aesAy pas- 
jraHBHifB ^acTflMa rocyxapcTBa, abbi saa^aTeJiBaufi apaBCTBeHaufi 
nepealci t^mi nn aax-B, vb Boax'B óujio 6u BBCAoaa ofiasaTejBaoe 
aa^ajuaoe oóy^eaie, npejCB tí^mb, vh aoaxi oao ae óbtjo 6u bsbaobo 
(aaapaiiipi, saaaxaBnrB rytíepaiairB ape^TB BOCToqauMa ajm DsaHaa), 
Hr6 ejifiň jra Mosen ($utb acejtaxejiBao''. 

Mu i^BTOBaja 6yKBajiBao sto h^cto, tbri Kax'B B'b aapecBas*]^ oao 
Morjo 6ii BOKasaTBca aeai^poaTaďMi. Y^eauft KOMaTerB onacaerca, <ito 
Basaa-aaóyxB ryóepaia Mosen aoiyvaTB aepeBÍbeB b'b otipasoBaaaocTa, 
a apeAnoHBTaeTi Taaoiiy 6jiaropoAaoMy coaepaa^ecrBy — paBaoBicie vb 
aeaisecTBŠ: ryóepaia A ae xojsaa axTa aaepex^ ry6epaia 6, a ecjia 
BOGJiŠAHfla apej^noHaTaeTi ocTaBaTBca vh aoB&aecTBt, to b ryóepaiii 
A AOJisaa aoji^sBxaTB ee. Ho, BO-aepaBixT^, Taaoe paacysxeuie cjiam- 
wwh yse aaaoMBaaerB co6oi) IIposycroBO lOse, vkí rocTeopiaMaufi 
xoaaaffB o($py6aj'B asiamae Ajaaafiifl aora rocrett, ae yR^aj^uBaBaiiaca 
n ero boctojb; a BO-BTopuxi, a 6e3'B oiSasaTeJBaaro o6y^eaúi, Taaoro 



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332 ' motHESi XBPonfi. 

HAeaJTBHaro paemethcin Vb oópasoBaHHOCTH nes^y pasjíHrnniH ^acTAn 
rocy^apcTBa hb cyn^ecTByer^: wh ncsoBCKofi ryÓepaÍH (bocto^oA), h81> 
117,500 xtTeft mKOJibHaro Bospacra, bi HapoAHUXi yujmi^ax'b o6y- 
HaeTca Bcero 6,336 qejOBŽRi o6oero noja, hm 5,39%: no^H 95 hmo- 
Bivb B% RasAOfi COTH*! A^Tefl ocTaioTCJi óesrpaMOTHUMH; wh OTHome- 
híh se Kli oón^efi i(H(i)pi ceibcaaro nacejieHifl ryóepHÍH 7o y^an^Hxcfl 
Vb ncKOBCKofi ry6epHÍH paBOHo^ iHinb 7,6, a xu «6HCRaro — 0,6. Bi 
cocíahhxi cb ncROBCROft rytfepHíefi 0CT8efleRHX'b npoBHH^ÍAXx (santA* 
Huxi) 7o AJiA cejbCRHX-L MajbqHROBi 54,9, H j^Jia A^BO^eRi 42,3. 
CpaBHHTe TenepB 9th ab-I nocJitAHifl i^H<|^p£i (tb 7,6 h 0,6, h bh 
nojiyqHTe y»acaH)ni;ee pasjía^ie Hesxy cocía^mh: OTHocarejiBHO Myse- 
CRaro oojia ocTseftCKÍa ry6epHÍH npeBiiimaK)i*B ncROBCRys) hjtb ne 
Vb eoceMb pasi, a OTHOCHTaiBHo seecRaro — mu BCTpi^aeirB qyrB ne 
((esROBewocTB, TaRi^ RRRi Vb ncROBCROft 7o ynan^HRCJi A^Bo^erB 
qyTB-qyTB noAHHMaeTca aa^^B Hyiem. y^eHaft ROMHreTi ocoóeeHO 
HacraHBaevB Ha tomi, ^to nepoB^^B sanaxHUx-B ryóepmfi npex^ 
BOCTOTHUMH „ej^Ba JB MOserB 6uTB sejiaTejeHi**; mu coBepmeHBo 
corjacHU c% arHni, ho paso&AeMca cb hhhi btb buboxui: ecjH 
HeseiaT&iBHO TaRoe pasjade, to neoÓxoAHMO nosatfoTHTBCfl o bob- 
BiosHocTH BBeACHÍJi oÓflsaTejLBHaro o6yqeHÍA h vb ncROBCRoft ryóep- 
híh, a He Banpen^aTB coc^f^wb ea bboahtb y cetffl oÓJisaTejiBHoe o6y- 
"ienie, horr ncROBCRaA ry6epHia pi^niHrcR Ha to se. Ecjih se na 
DpaRTHR'& cynj^ecTByen ROJioccajBHuft HpaBCTBeHHUi nepeB^ci jto^uha- 
CRofi — H npHTOiTB 8anaAH0& — Bax^B hcrobcroid, boctohhok), to noneify 
MOseTi 611TB HesejRTaieHqb RpaBCTBennufi nepoB^CB HOBropoxcRoft 
ry6epHÍH na^i TBepcROD h t. x- 

Bo-BTopmcB, yqeHHft rometoti yTBepsxaevB, ^to npaBO ota^ahehcb 
seiccRHxi co6paHÍft bboahtb otíflsaTejiBHoe o6yqeHÍe mosotb .hoposartb 
ueydoeoAhcm&ie h x^se ecAHeniH vb cpejí,^ mícthiíX'b nacejieHifi, HSBjíe- 
RaDHi^Hxi BuroAy HBx A'&TCRaro Tpy^a**, a cb xpyrofi CTopoHU — „oho hofjio 
611 DOBJíe^B sa cotioH) aaKpwnie Bcftxi cyn](ecTByK>n^HX'B na mícthua 
cpexcTBa niROJii vb ryÓepníH h yisxi, RaR'B tojibro orjiacHJiocB 6a^ 
hto seMCRoe coópanie xoAaTaficTByeT'B o BBeAeHÍH vb CBoeft ryóepHíu 
HiH fbsffk oÓJisaTeJiBHaro o6y?eHÍA". 

HaAOÓHO, Vb caMOiTB Kbii, HHTaTB oco6eHHoe npe^yétexeníe opo- 
THBi o6fl8aTej[BHaro oóyqeHÍA, qTo6u onepeTBCR na Taaie aoboxu, RaR:^ 
„neyxoBOJiBCTBie'', xase „BOJHeflifl" — vb HameiťB Hapox*]^, h BcedTono 
noBoxy oóasaTejiBHaro otíyqemal Mu orpaHHqHMCJi tojbro conocraBjíe- 
HíeiTB aTRX'B AOBOAOB^B (TB jiB)6onuTBHHi AOHeceHÍeiTB AHpeRi^iH napoA- 
Huxi yqHjiRin;i qepHHTOBCROfi ry6epHÍH, noHi^n^eHRuirB vb droM^B se 
T0M% „MaTopiajiOBi'' (crp. 160). CBHA^TejBCTByA o pasjíHqHuxi no- 
oHTRaxi BO MHoi flxi yts^ax^B dTo^ ryÓepHÍH . ri Bsexemi) ofiasaTen- 



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IPOHM&i. — BHyTrSHHU 0B08FBfllB. 333 

Baro o6y?eHÍA, AOpesTopi upoxojsaero: „HecOM híhho ajia uena tojibbo 
TO, HTO Macca aapoxa opniierb 3Ty M^py eechjm coHpeomeeHHo^ eciH 
OHa ójM^OTb xopomo oÓCTaBiena h npHHopoBjíeHa js,% A^iicTBHTejiBHUirb 
ycjOBÍflMX BapoAHOft SBSBH H Cfl n0Tpe6H0CTflM'B. npH noisABax^ no 
ceiaMi, Mni BecBMa nacro bpbxoabtcji ciumaTB, ^to specTMíBo se 
xaiiDTB H3AepseB% Ba mBOjy, bo BaxoABTiy ^to bbocbmub hmb 
leBbFH irajo npHBOCBTb nao^a. Mb% o^bbb ^acro roBopflXB: nycTBcaMo 
Ba^aibCTBO, BM^eri c% noAaTjiiiH, 6epeirb céopt sa msojiy — h mu 

BTpoe ABABMl^. A BOTB BpBlcipEI 06pani;eBÍB CairflX'B BpeCTBBffb K7. 

y^rajmn^fluiTB cobítbitb, Bce no TOMy se Bonpocy, h noiiÍE(eBBue b% 
títl xe „MaTepiajiaxrB^ (crp. 161): vb capanyabCROirB yfasA^, en^e Vb 
1874 r., 6uBmie yA'&JiBHHe specTBAse neRaBABscKoft bojioctb, ko40c- 
BBBOBCBero oón^ecTBa, bx ^hcji^ 343 ABOpoBi, nocraBOBHJB: „HuBt se 
BB6CTH oÓAsaTOjiBBoe oóy^eoíe pyccsoft rpaMOTŠ a^tbA oóoero noja 
Bamero ceia, Ba^anaa ch 7 xo 10-ji'bTflBro BOspacTa, a no savaniio, 
H CTap'6e". ?T0 se cflfbMjn capanyjiBCBift y^BJíHmeuft cob^ti: „Ho 
yqajran^BuA cobíti, cKasaso b-b „Marepiaiaxi^, npRSBajiťB npeoKíóe- 
epcMennuMb Bsexesie oéBsaxeJibBaro o6y?eBÍB, a noTOMy caMuá apBix)- 
Bopi BOSBpaTBjíi o6n^ecTBy^. 

3to— Be6ojiBnioft o6pa3qBBi A'&flcTBÍ& cnei^iajiBBBiX'B b^xouctbi, na 

SOTOpUB, KaiTB MU yBBABH'B, B03jI0SH^0 BOCJlt CBOfl Ba^eSAH MHBH- 

crepcTBO, BB c^BTafl BOMneTesTBUMB no Bonpocy o&b oónaaTejiBHOiirB 
oóyTOBifl — seHCBÍB co6paHÍB. 

Eoaei^i A^jia jerBO npexBBA^TB no caMUirB MOTBBaMi OTRasa. Bi 
aMaTepi&iaxi*^ fobopbtcb, ^to „no lAaeuoMy Bonpocy, bmobbo o ;(08bó- 

JOBÍB OTA^lBBUirB ryéepBCRBMl H y^ABUMl SeMCTBaifB BBOABTB y ceÓB 

oČBBaTejiBBoe o6yqeBÍe, y^eBuft rohbtoti BUCRaBaiCB oTpBu^aTOJiBBo: no- 
smoMy^ AUBB'bftniaro o<tN)>Bi^aj[bBaro xo^a dTony x^y bo abbo; a r. 
iuiflBCTpi» nosejiajii ysnaTB HBÍnie o BBeACBia oóasaTejBBaro oóyTOsifl 

OTB ABpeRTOpOBl BaqajBBlULl y?BJIBn^'B, RBR^ jmn^Ty, ÓAUOtCe 3BaR0MUX'B 

Ch BapoABUHH mRo^iaHB B BC^HB BoupocaMB, RaCaK)n^HHBCB paSBATÍB 
flapoABaro o6padOBaBÍa vb x&BBofi ryóepHifl*'. Ha 6oAÍe ByjiBrapBOMB 
BSUR^, 8T0 SBa^flTB: fMo o6% oÓBsaTejEBBoiTB oóy^eBífl 6ujio nojo- 
seeo noAi cyRBO, b x^ficTBBTejiBBo, ci Ťoro BpexeBB nponuio nmitb 
jAtl^ a noRa vh pesyjBTaTi bbbjcb nepaiift toitb „MaTopiajioBi no 
Bonpocy o sBOxeniB oÓBsaTe^BBaro oóy^reflia b'b Poccíb^, — caHoe se 
A^o oéasaTejiBBaro oóy^eBia ae noABBByjiocB bb aa man. 

Bo Bci xflpeRi^iB 6ujio pa30CJiaB0 34 Bonpocauxi nyBRTa, a otbítbi 

HXX BBwIBDTCB TenepB COÓpaaBaMB BlfiCTi. 9t0 A^ftCTBBTeJIBaO Bl 

BHcmefl CTeneaa saiiftqaTejiBBufi MaTepia^; nocTapaeMCB TenepB se 
ej^^^TB aa ocBOBaaia ero rj[aBHU& bubojcb, ROTopuft mmt* 6u aaifB 
otbíti aa rjaBBufi b cyn^ecTBenaufl BonpoeB: ecTB jib bosmosboctb, 



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334 MonmKb infoioL 

npH numBou% qHCjii HapoxHuxi mioji bi Poccíh bb6cth noBce- 
míctho oÓflsaTejirHoe oóyqeHie, h ecjH tbeoI bo3iioshocth h^tb, — to 

HpH CUCOMl HMeHHO HX'b ^HCjt lE BCD POCCÍI) TMUUi BOBMOSBOCTIi 

Morja 6u ABRTBca? 

BoTb, Basoft nojyqucx HTora, noABexeHBuft Hans hh% i^aij^pii, 
paseiaHHUxi bi OTB^Tax^B xipeai^it ea arorB Bonpocu 

Do MBÍHÍ0 AHpeu^ift, Kb CYmfiCTByv>mfiuj yse Haia^HOJiy BOJH<ie- 

CTBy HapOAHUXIb nUOJl Wb FoCCÍH HeOÓXOXHMO npBOOeXHHHTb HOBiUl 

eoeeMtdecHim mucMH^ (80,000) maoji, a cx6j(0BaTeiBH0, h Tasyv se 
HOByi) BocufBAecATHTucji^Hyio apnix) aapoABUxrb yuTOjeft, — «o6u 
npaBBTejibCTBO bh!6io npaBO aa aBe^raie oón^eit oiBOJLHoft noBHBtfOdv, 
HiH 0($a8aTejiiH0CTH o6yqeHia x^Tett Aja acizi. Ha ycTpoftcTBO Taaoro 
ucja maoii norpetfoBaiocb 6h eMiflOBpeiieflHO oioio 40 lurijdoHovb 
pyójeft, a eseiH)ABoe bxi co^epsaflie o6oinjiocB 6u BaHMeaBinee wb 
24 MHJJiiofla py6iefi. ?to Aflpesiufl y^BaHnc^ noKasaiR secbua Bipoar- 
Boe ^Hcxo TpeÓyeMiixi bobuxi mKOji— bbabo h3% o6ii^aro pasc^era: 
cROJbRo wb Poccíb BM^eTca xtreŘ maojbHaro B03pacTa? — Ho cflcreiít 
aaaA. BynaBOBcaaro, nu muiewb ao 9 mhjj. x^Teft miojuaro bob- 
pacTa; fl3i» hbxi okojo 2 mhjj. HeoóxoxBMO nojiosBTb aa npowi co- 
cjoBÍa, apoMi BpecTBaBCBaro, se nocujaioiiUa cbohx^ x^ieft vb aa- 
qajbflufl yqfljflma, w obojo 1 mbjj. yse otiyvaDTca vb bubš cyiqe- 
CTBy»D^Rxi maojaxi. HTaair, sys^aDTca vb aacToan^yi) MHByry wb 
saqajbBUXi y^a^Bn^axi okojo 6 mbjj. o6oero ooaa, ocrasjesHiix^b aa 
npoflSBOjrb cyj(ii6u h pacTyiniflXB 6e3i Bcaaoft msoju. ?to6u oóy^HTb 
Bxi, HeoÓxoABMo aaai pa3i 80 Tucaqi HOBUXib onojnb, c^araa do 
75 qejoBiai aa niKOjy,— a amobho bto ucjo h cocraajuien HTon 
uosasaHift Bctxi Aspesij^ift. 

113% Bcero 3Toro iio«bo c^ijaTb abb BUBOxa^ npaMO npoTBBOoojos- 
fluxi: 1) JDAfl, Bepacnoaoseaflue Vb BBexeaii) oÓasaTeibaaro o6yw- 
Hía y aaci, MoryrB jerao Tonepb BocKJBaayTb: Baaaa se BoanosHocTb 
roBopHTb Vb PoocÍh o6i oóasaTejibHOMi oóyqeaiH, aor^a oho oóycjoajeao 
aeBosMOSBUMii o6pa3oirb, — mjbmb ecja 6u aanrjicb xeHbra aa nocrpofisy 
80,000 flOBUx^b msojTb fl Ba axi coxepsaBÍe, to oray^a bsatb i^šjyx) 
apMÍH), Bi 80,000, HOBUxii yqBTOJefi? — dxo a^jio opesAeapeneaHoe, a 
c/b BBHi HysRO noAOsxftTb. 2) Ho JDAH, BO HMtDiiqe BaaasRxi Tea- 
AeHiqfi, BUBOAyTB H3*b AOÓUTaro flaMR BTora npaao odpaTaoe: Tarb 
Rasi nORasaaia ABl)eBi^ift y6&BAai)Tb aaci bi acaosMosBOCTH aaocTH 
oÓaaaTOJbBoe oóyqeaie BApyi^, to BeotfxoABMO npeAOcraaBTb saauoft 
míctboctb, Vb Mmfb ea npeACTaBBTeieft, pimaTb Hacrauirb o6pa8oa'b 
Bonpoci o BBeAeaifl odasaTejusaro oóy^eaia; BBoxuacb se cyxeÓHaa 
pe<|^piia iiajo - no - Majy, h bbrto ae c^arajTE npenarcTBÍeirB n 
Tony Moryn^ee BOSBESByrb aeyAOBOibCTBia icesAy rytfepBúriai, hbi 



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XFOHHSÁ. — BflyTPSEEII OfiOBFBHIS. 335 

soTopurB oxHa noKpiuacB jme ójiaroA^HiaiiH Bonaro cy^a, a gocí;(- 
BDD 6peiieHHJH CTapue cy^u. HHicaaoro, csojbBO-HRÓyAB cepBéSHaro 
XOBOW DpOTHBi npeAOCTaajieHifl aeircBHMi y^pesAceúíMi* bboahtb 
y ceÓB o6fl3aTeJBBoe oóyqeBíe — BejUBSB. A nesAy tšitb, pacnpo- 
crpaBSBie aapoAsaro o6pa80BaBÍB cb BascAtm roxoni ^ix9L&tcsl Bce 
(ioite H 6ojr66 flacToaTeiBBUM*B. Bs mpacnpocrpaBeBHOCTfl ero, soro- 

P&H B% fli^BOTOpUXl IftorBOCTAXl 6jB3Ba K% OTCyTCTBtD, SaSJID^aeTCfl 

rjaiBAJi opi^Esa eameft oén^ecTseBRofi h rpa«ji;aBCBeft XBopocra. Qo- 
CMOipHTe, BaopBMtprB, BaKÍB ysacaDB^e ora^bTU xaBaiH hbuh Mflpezn^vi 

Ba OABB^ H8l 34 BOflpOCOBli B HMeBflO: „KbB^B qaCTO MÍkreŘ BTKOJIb- 

But) Bospacra jamajH boskosboctb flocbfl^aTB nncojy?^ A^peKiiia Ile* 
Tep6ypreB0ft ryéepaifl oTBiN^ajia, tto aa ary o^ay rytíepaiiD caíaobaao 
6bi ocBOBaa*B BBOBB, BpoMÍ HeTopÓypra, 1,000 msojii; T.-e., bb aacraa- 
n^yi) nBByry 50,000 qeJOB'&B'B pacTen úesi* BcaaaFO yBfCTBeaaaro a 
BpaBCTBeaaaro opasptaúf. Ho sto efl^e o^esB xopoBiaB i(R4»pa: vb Moc- 
xoBCKoft ry6epaiB aysao bobhxi mBOJTB 2,600, a bi ropo^i^ Mocrbí^— 
400; wb XapBBOBCKOft ryóepam 6eBT> bibojiu ocTaiOTCB 252,000 nejío- 

B±K%j a BOTOMy TpetfOBBJlOCB 6U yCrpOBTB BBOBB 5,000 fllBOJl! B% 

DojrascBoi ry6epBhi, ocTaeTCB '6e3^ mKOJU 318,000, a flOTOMy Beo6- 

XOAHMO '6tirjO 6U BBOBB yCTpOBTB 60JíÍG 6,300 BIBOjII!! HpHBOABMl dTB 

i(b4»Pii, BavB BarjiBABufi caocoói HSMftpeaÍJi Bceft rjyÓBBu aamero 
aapoxflaro fleatsecTBa. HacKOXBBo B03M0seB'B ójaroBOJiy^autt pocn 
H flpeycB^aie ofiu^eeraa apH TaR0ii'B ppaAyci BoatoecTBa aapoABUx'B 
MaccB — MOseiTB BCHBÍft cyABTB jierBO. Mesxy Thwh^ Bpa o6cy»AeBÍH 
npHwai aameĚ 6%ahoctb, OTCTajocra, mu Bcer^a potobu npB6'braTB 
vh flajjriaTHBBKirii MtpairB--H OTToro TaBOb Majro ABflraeMCB BuepeA'B. 
BHABiťB JM MU sacToft RapoABoft npoMumieBRocTH BJiB cejBCBaro xo- 
3aftCTBa, MU TOT^aci oÓBBBBeMi «B aroMi ÝpETpeAepcTBO aamero xa- 
pfl^a, EOTopuft noBpoBBTejiBCTByeirB Baocrpani^eBi aa c^eTB pasBBxi;! Bayx- 
peBBHXi CHJTB. Ho Basott 6u BB Ďuj-B ({^parpe^epcsiS Tapa<inb, xotb 
6u xase Aonija ms> nojaoft cbo6oau ToproBia, — ao Bce se h boji- 
aaji CBo6oAa ToproBia ae Morja 6u noBpoBBTejbCTBOBaTB b^ Tasofi 
CTeoeBii HBOCTpaai^aM^B, bbbi bxi aoBpoBBTe^BCTByerB TOJiCTufi cjioě 
flCíBteecTBa aafliHXi aapoxBUXi mbcci r bxi yMCTseaaoe a apaBCTBea- 
aoe yóosecTBO. H aaoóopoTO— maposoe oópaaoBaaie oxpaaajio 6u aamy 
opoMUflueaaocTB jiy^me, BeasejB caMue bucobío oxpaaBTejiBHue Tapetou. 



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336 B«OTHHK'B KBPOim. 



m. 



Boapoeb o6i HSMi^HeHiH TaiioxeHHuxi iionijiiH*b Ha Merajuiu, Merai- 
jH^ecBÍa hsx^jiía h icaniBHU, BOséysAeHHuft okojio ujith jri^rb Tony 
Ha8aAi> vb 1878 r. OTioxeHHuň na spěna wh Bo^y HeHoptfaiBHaro 
uoioseHÍA, cosxaHHaro BofiHOD,B!& 1879 r. npeAoeTaBjeHaii& pascnor- 
pÍHÍK> ocoóofl KOMMHCdH, — ÓjiHBOKb Kb osoHqataibHOMy paspimemD^ a 
uomerb 6uTh h aMyujii ero; npeAcraBJíBHie MHHHcrepcTBa tj^BHaHeovb 
no dTOMy npeAveTy cjiymajiocB vb roeyAaperBeHHOiffB . coBl^rí^ cbojiuo 
asBi^HO, nepeA'B HacTynjieHieirB išthhxi era Basai^ií. ^iTaTejuiirb 
9B'&CTHHBa EBponu" sHasoiiH yse híbotopuji cropOHU Bonpoca. Hanrb 
sypnan sacajCA ero Bi 1875 r., ho HOBOAy ciiaxa HamHHOCTpoHTejieft, 
AOBasHBaBniHzi Heo6xoAHiiocTB B03BiiHi6Hia TaMoxeHHiizrB nomjravB Ha 
HeTajJU H ManiHHu; bi 1877 r. — no noBoxy saxona, ycraHOBHamaro HOByD 
opHBHJieriK) vb nojibay HamHxi MezaHH^ecBHxi saBOA^nKOBi (npeiriD sa 
BasAutt npHroTOBjeHHug hmh napoBOsi) h nosBOjaBBUiro onacaTBca 
AajBHftfimHxi no6ÍA'B ^poTeK^ioHH8Ma; vb 1879 r. — no noBOxy 
„o63opa npaBHTCJibCTBeHHuxi Mipoupiarift no paBBHTÍD b^b Poccíh ice- 
rajiiHqecBOfi npoMumireHHOCTH^, cocTaBJíeHHaro oji^hhitb hbi ^jtohobi 
BumeynoMHHyTOfi oco6oíi koioihccíh. HB^iraa noBTopeHíft, mh ocrano- 
BHHca npeHMyii^ecTBeHHO na Tbxi, nyHKTaxi, BOTopHe ne 6hjh enne 
noj^poÓHO BUflcnenu bi Hameirb sypnaji h nocfapaeiiCH npexcTaBHTB 
ciKaTyi) xapasTepHCTHRy pa3Hop']^qnBUX'B Ha^bnifl, BUSBaHHUxi nepe- 
CMOTpoiťB HeMHorHxrs, HO cyn^ecTBeHHO aaacHuxi qacreft TaHOsennaro 
TapH4)a. 

IIpej^noJioseHHaa oTirbna ÓesnoniJiHHHaro BBOsa qyryna h sei'b3a, 
Aony^eHHaro cb 1861 r., b% bra^ jbfotsi, j^xa MexaHHqecBBX'B saoo- 
XOBi, ne Bcrptqaen HHBasHxi BOspaaceHifl xase co cropoflu jhitb, 
, AO CHxi nopi noibSOBaBniHXca jBrorofl. ?to6u cyxHTB o tomx ao xa- 
KOft CTeneHH axa jn>roTa osaBajiacB Hei^aecooÓpasHot, AOcraroqHo npH- 
nOMHHTB, qTO ona 6ujia ycranoBjíeHa vb BHAax'B noon^pema MasíHHo- 
CTpoeHía — a MesAy tíitb na aparoTOBjenie naniHH-B nunt JinniB ne* 
óojiBniaa, cpaBHHrejBHO, qacTB npRBosHMaro óesnonuHHHO Herauia; 
MHoríe saBOAfii, noJiBSOBaBnríeca jBroroft, 6ujin ManiHHOCTpoHTeiBHiinfH 
TOXBRo no HMeHH. BuBajH Aa»e cjyqan npOAasH na cTopony neraua, 
ÓesnonuHHHo nojyqeHHaro 3aB0AqHB0M'B jí^mb co6cTBeHHaro, h npHTom 
onpeA'6ieHHaro, ynoTpeÓjema. Paanorjiacie HaqHHaeTca no Bonpocy o 
nonuHHaxi, kotopumh, ci yHnqroflcenieMii jibfotu, ^Jra bcšxi oxHna- 
xofio AOiíSHH 6uTb o^Jiosenu Merajjii ne bi a^^ — qyrynib, sexiteo 
H CTMB. B-B npHMtneHiH Kb qyryny cyn^ecTByDrB Tpa pasHua MH%Ria: 



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xpoHiKÁ.— BHyrpsHHU OBOsromi. 337 

eoxpaBeHiD TenepB xiflcrpyDíi^eft nonuRHU (no 6 soo. ci ny^a) npo- 
TiBonocraBjuerca, n oxHoft cropoHH, ea BosBumeHÍe, cb xpyroft — hoji- 
laA M omiHa. 3a BOOBumeHie nomumi (ao 10 hjih 15 bob. erb ny^a) 
BHCsasajioeB vh 1875 r. óojluihhctbo (Bnpo^eirb, HesHa^iTaibHoe) c^bísxa 
mboavikobi, BHCBasiiBaercji h TenepB otfn^ecTBO juui coa^ctbúi pyc- 
eiot npoMunueHHOCTS h ToproBii, nou^psHBaeiioe híbotopiimh hbi 
nflmnb noBpeiieHHHxi Haj^anift; ho hs^b HBCia dxcneproBOb, cnpomeH- 
mxB ocoóOD BOMMHcdeD 1879 r., itb droiiy BsrjinAy npHMBHyjiH tojbbo 
XBoe. Bcft jífiY^^ B^ BospasaiB xase npoTHBi coBepmenHoft otmíbu 

BOBIJWHU, o ^ITB BOBHEKaJTB BOnpOCl 6^6 npH nepeClfOTpi TapH<|^ B!B 

WBB^i mecTExecjiTuxi roxorB. Torxa nonuHHa bi 5 son. (ycranoB- 
jieHHafl KB 1869 r. «B-3aM'&H'B nnrHaOTaTHKonieqHoft, onpex&ieeHoft • 
Taps^iTB 1857 r.) tiiua cexpaneHa, vh Bixy BOSMOSHaro pasBarÍA 
popearo MÍbiB, ea cteepi h hb dví Poccíh; TasHioi se cootfpaseHiaiiH 
saBunm^ercB status qno h rb naeroflo^ee Bpeiia, xota hbi cpexu ca- 
MiTB saBOA^HBOB^ paB^aDTCA Fojioca, ^pH3HaI)n^e sa nuTBBonieiHox) 
BoiHiHHOH) junnB <|^HeBaiBHoe, a ne oxpanBreiBHoe sHa^eHíe. ?to6h 

^eHrapOBBTBCA Vb BTOITB Jia6flq^HHTÍl MHÍbHÍf , Heo6xOXHllO HMŠTB KB 

Bixy crtxyDoqe tfeacnopHue ^ffaMra. En^e bi Haiaa'& HiiH&nuro bím 
Poceifl BaBSHBJía, bi othobi6híh rB KOJonecTBy BEnijaBjíJieifaro Hyryna, 
sq^Boe mícto mm^j eqK>neftemH]fH rocy^apcTBaím; en^e wb 1840 r. 
eia eroAja oo Bpa&Hefi Mftpft snepexa Ilpycdn, ÁBcrpin h BeiBríH, 
BOTTK vapaBHi C!B CoexHHeHHHMH UlTaTaMH; TenepB ohb cnyeTHjacB 
la HBXHDD crynesB jiícthhi^u, ycTynaa xase Abctpíh, KOTopax, vb 
n CBOD o^epexB, xajieRO orcraia otb xpyrarB sanaxHO-eBponeficKHzrB 
rocy^apcTBi. B% ÁBcrpii na xaxxaro sareia wh 1876 r. npnoxH- 
jioeB no 27 <|^. lyryna {b% BenBoópiiraHíi no 510, vl BejBrín no 
276, Bi CoexHHeHHHxi IflTaTaz'B no 146, bo ^paHips no 98, vl Tep- 
■aníH no 95), a vb Poccíh — no 12 Ý. Oóm^ee bojh^octbo lyryna, xo- 
(kiBaeiiaro bi> Poccíh — sa nociixnee TpeuiTíe, o kotopoitb hm^tch 
CBtxl^nAi — coeraBUJio eaeroxno obojio 25 mhjuíohorb nyxoB%; ho 
M9h BToro KOJiH^ecTBa Ba npoxasy nocrynaia jhhib HeóojBHiafl hbctb, 
a Bce ocrajBHoe nepepaóouEiBajocB vb mejňso. HnocrpaHnaro qyryay 
pyocsie KamHHHHe h MexaHHqecBíe sanoxH wb 1874 — 76 r. ynoTpe6HiH 
BHHTepo 6oifte, rbm pyccBaro. IIpHBOBi HHOcrpaHHaro ^yryny coctbb- 
juwb Wb nocxixHee bpomh cpexHHirB hhcjoitb obojo 4-n hbuíohobi 
nyxoBi Vb rox'B; ho oiojo Vft droro BOuqecTBa bphbobhjocb éesnom- 
JOBHO, Taxi TTo nonuHHH noiy^aiocB oboxo 30,000 py6. eseroxHO* 
EcxH 6a Bce npHBOSHMoe BomecTBO ^yryna onxaiHBaxocB hath- 
Bon'beHHofl nonuHHoft, to otfn^an i^H^pa en ne npeniraiaxa 6h, cpex- 
man ncjOM!B, 200,000 py6. vb roxb. Ob ^csaxBHoft toikh sp^Hia 
UflUHHa Ha lyryfiTB, TaxníTB oopasoii^ (oxBmoro sna^emH ne HMierB; 

ToMi IVw— Ii>i&, 1880. 22 

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á38 BI&CTHHSl IBPOnH. 

coBepmeHHaa ea OTM^Ha, m bhaj npeotijia^^aBinaro ms> chx^b nop% óea- 
nonuHHHaro npHBOsa, 6um 6a e^Ba saii^TBa. Htó BacaercA xo cia- 
tfaro pasBHTúí b'b Poccíh nyryHnaro A^Jia, to oho oé^Eacuercfl TezHH- 
^ecKOD OTCTajiooTBD npieuoBi npoHSBOACTBa, Hcion^eHíeMi xpeBecHaro 
TOojurBa b6j[H8h saBOAOBi, xoporoBHSHOiD AOCraBBH HSxajeBa, saTpyx- 
HHTejBHOCTbH) AotfuBaHÍJi H BO^BOsa MHHepajiBHaro TOBJíHBa (hb Bcerxa, 
npHToiii, roAHaro ajia njiaBBH qyryHa), HeyxoBieTBopHTaiLHOCTKi) ny-* 

T6& C006n^eHÍJI, BUCOBHlťB SeJ^HO-AOpOSHHHl TapH^OVL. CoeAHH6Hie 

ypajEbCBofi sei^HOt Aopora ci 6jasaĚmHMH vb nefi saBOxaiíH h jA- 
caMH, coopyseHÍe HeaHa^HTeibHoň mejiwotí xopora na coeAHfleHie ch 
BojiroD AOHei^Baro BaMeHHoyrojBHaro óacceflHa, ajia AOcraBBH OTryjui 
Ha YpajTL aerpai^HTa boaahiiici nyreirB, ycrpoftcTBO aseji^SHiixi xo- 
pon Wh xpjvBTb 6oraTEm MJ^CTopoasAeHÍJixi pyxu h KaHeHearo yrJA, 
yjrf^meHie cnoco(k>Bi nepesosKH nyrysa b TonjiHBa, yxemeaieHÍe npo- 
Bosa— Bon cpexexBa, ysasuBaeiiiUí cnei^ajiHCTaiiH ai& noxHaTu qy- 
ryHHOBJíaBHjiBHaro npoHSBoxcTBa B^b Poccíh. IIpH HacroAn^eirb hojto- 
seHÍH dToro npoHBBoxcTBa, noBpOBHrejiBCTBeHHaa nonuHHa Ha hho- 
crpaHBHft HyryHx ae npHHecerB HHKasoft houbu, a SHaHHraiBHoe ho- 
BumeHie kb níbvb qyryna (yse j^ecHTHBonieqHax noHurana cocTaBuenb 
OTB 30 Ao 507o Ha Barpanaray!) ero B[%Hy) HOHStfisHO noBjíe^erb aa 
C060H) QTÍCH6HÍe H paacrpoftcTBo MHorHzi oTpacjieft npoMiiniieHHoeTH, 
BysAaDHi^HXCH Bi qyryni, h BSAoposame xHoraxi np6ji(HeT0B'B noTpe6- 
jeHífl. Ki 9T0My cjAjij&rb upHÓaeHTB, tfo híitb Bume nonuHHa Ha 
MeraijrB, riwh 6ojBnie noBOxa ajh saBOx^HaoBi — n BHxy otmšhu 
jiBrOTHaro, óesnonijiHHHaro BBosa — ^AOMoraTBCA BOSBunremH hohuhh^b na 
MafliHHU H xerauraqecBiji Hsxtjía. IIjaTH nonuHHy aa bocb ynoTpeó- 
juieMui HH% HerajrjrB, saBOX^HRi ÓyxerB npHÓaajuíTB ee bi i^íh% lui- 
niHHu HJH H8A'ibjda-*H, criAOBaraiBHo, tfojnone óyxevB HysxBTBCH wh 
o6e8neieHÍH hpothkb HHOcrpaHHoft BOHByppenipH. 

Bi aanHCBi, HanpaBJeHHofi npoTHBi noHHseHÚi TapH(|^, oÓn^ecTBO 
MB eoxUcTBifl pyccKofi npoMHHueHHocTH H ToproBJíi yrBepsABera, 
uexKj npo^HirB, hto ujkl HHOCipaHHaro qyryaa ctóhtb vb Ilerep- 
6jyrb 60 xon^ nyjCB pyccBaro nyryna — 85 xon., h Ha btoitb HMenno 
pasc^erš ocHOBHBaerB Heo6xoABiiocTB noBrnneHÍB noHUHHU na qyryHrb 
Ao 26 BOH^Bi xpBAHTHurB HiH 15 MeTajjoraecKHxi. Meaaxy tíitb, ho 
OTsuBy oxBoro h8% axcneproRB, cnpomeHHUxi oco6oi> somiKccieK), qy- 
ryffB cb BaseHHHxi saBOxoKB TopoójaroxaTCBaro oxpyra Moxeri npo- 
xaaaTBCH bi nerepóypri no 60 son. sa ny;cB h ^ase hícbojibko xe- 
meBae (na h^kotoputb saBoxax^B lyryKB o6zoahtch no 18 boh. nyx^, 
a AocraBBa ero orry^a ao neiepéypra ctóhitb ho óoxie 25 bob. c% 
nyxa). IIo CBiA^BiairB sa 1876 r. nyryni ne vb jiíbA otíxoAHJCB sa- 
BOAHBsaMi vb neTeptfyprt: HHOcrpaHHuft— 'oti 45 boh. ao 1 py6., pyc* 



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XPOEEKA.— BHTrPSIHEI 0B03P'BHIB. 339 

€Kift— on 60 BOH. ao 1 p. 10 Kon. Ho amh npaBHJiBHaro 3aKJK)^eflífl 
HeotfxoABMO apaHflTB Bo BHBMaHÍe BO oahí TOJbRO neTepóyprcsifl utvu; 
Heo(SxoAHMO npHBOMHBTB, ^TO HOBumeHíe nonuiHHU Ha nyryvi saspoerrE 
HHoerpaHHOMy Hyryny Aocryni na BByrpoHme, OTxajeHHue orh uopa h 
on rpaHHi^i puhbh, h, cjii^AOBaTeuHO, npHBeAerb bi npoHSBOJBHOMy 
B09BfiiiDeHÍD niwb Ba pyccBÍA Hyrya^b. Yse Tesopb vb QeHTpaj[BHux'B 
ry6epHÍBZi h kb npBBOJittCBOHi Bpai b[šhh bb pyccsifl h sa BHOcrpas- 
HuA HyryH'b npH64H8HTejiBflo oabí h ni se (vb 1876 r.— on 55 ao 
€5 bob. 8a pyccBÍft, on 53 xo 68— sa Hfl0CTpaHHH&); MM Toro, hto6£i 
il^Ha HHocTpBHHaro ^ryaa npeBSomja ^jk^bch i^iuj pyccBaro^ se Hyssa 
jiase BOBumeHlfl nonuHHu — aoctbtohbo cozpaHeHk ea vh npesaeirB 
pasMŠpi, cb OTiť&BOV) óeanonuHHBaro BBoaa. Bib sbohcbí otfnitecTBa 
jxasuBaercB, xajte, hb to, hto lyryHHonjiaBHUBOtf y A^jiy npeAcroim, 
Vb ÓjisaSmeiii óy^yn^eiTB, nrapoBoe pasBETÍe— BCJŠACTBÍe boshhbbd- 
n^aro bb Ypajii óecceiiepoBCBaro npoBBBOACTBB pejbcofii, — ecjH tojibbó 
evy 6yAen OBaaaHO AOcraTOHBoe noBpoBBTejEBerBO, syTOiCB BosBiimeBÍJi 
iioniJUHrB. OtaiecTBO ynycBaerB h8% bmxj^ ^to ocjh bhobb AofiuaaeMHft 
HyryH!:B BOfij^en bb Biut^sy peiBCOBi, to noTpe6HoeTB vb HOOÓpaOo* 
TBHHOdTB ^yryfli TyBenaimi ^yryHHHirB npOHSBOACTBOiTB no npesneicy 
yxOBJíeTBopBeiiB ae óy^en^ a BOSBímieHaaa nomiaaB yna^en ae- 
capaBOXiaBUMi ópeMeaetfi aa Tivbj BOTopue bo npesaexy &}KjTb 
ew^oiGdeHH BunaciiBBTB lyryatB aai-sa rpaBai^u. 06n^e<STB0 nojaraerb, 
^To oTxiaa nonuBau aa qyryai aojisbb y6HTB aamy xeTBjjia^ecByK) 
apoMiniueHHocTB; ao noqeify se btb npoMuaueaaocTB ^xpBBCTByen xo 
cstTb nopi, zoTB Qoauaaa aa lyryai yse obojo xB^aB^i^BTa j^Tide 
íacto no^TB ae cyai^ecTByen? noveny qyryaaoe aíjo vb ^aajiaB^ia passa* 
BBercB ycašmao (aesxy 1865 a 1875 r. npoBSBOACTBo ^ryaa yaeiía- 

VJIOCB TBM'B 60ÁÍe HiWb EH 50%), B ÝBajLABACSiA ^JVJVb BU^^psa- 

laen wb Bamaxi aopTaxab BOBByppeaioi) c% HaocTpaaBinrb? C^íbÓoctb 
BpryaeaTOBi, bpbboabmhxi SBn^BTaaBBiui apoTeaipoBESiiB, yÓisAaerB 
BBCB en^e óojiBnie b^b bobhosboctb ae tojbbo yAepsaaia aiiai cyaice- 
CTByDn^aro paaMftpa nonuaau aa Hyryai, ao a coBepmeaaoft orxtau 
9T0ft noncaaaH ^). 

O BosBumeBÍB noauaau aa seiiso nocrynaia xoxBTaftcTBa co cto- 
poHU BJ^BOTopuxi sexiaox'i^jBT6iBaBixi sBBOAHaBOB^ ao, Boo6nie ro- 
Bopa, OBO ae cocTBBjaerB apeiXMeTB tbbbxi ycajfeaauxi aacroflaíft, 
BBKB BOBBinaeaíe aoHuaau aa nyryai. Gya^ecTByDHua atíat nomjaaii 
BB sejiiso npexBOxaraeTca octbbbtb, wb cyn^ecTB^, 6wb asMteenia, 
pacnpex^JHBi lamB bícbojbbo aaaqe pasja^aue copTB sei^bda, otua* 



>) IIoxaTB B% V/t Kon. ch samaro nyxa ^ryny, yniaiHBaeiiyK) Teneps namHiiH 
ropHHXM BftBOAaMH, npexnoiaraoTCH otmíihtb, oxHOBpexeHHo ci laxamem hobhxs 
npE^mix-B npaBHn. 

22* 



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340 BftOTHffCb inPOIIB. 

qiBaeifue nonuHHoft bi óóihmeirb bjh MeHLineirB paair&pi. Tan, Ba- 
upHM^pi, caicaji HHSKaA nonuRBa (20 Kon. ci ny^a) BSHCKBsaiacB j^o 
CflX'B nopi c% peiLcoaaro sejiaa; TesepL axofl bobubbí npeAooja- 
raercA boa^hbbtl sejiiso h% JOMy, a noBUBBy ci paucoBaro aejritea. 
B08BUCBTB xo 35 Bifl Aas6 AO 45 BoniesB. Paaifltie MesxT seiisomb, 
onia^BBaeMUM^B 35 xon. (oojiocobuhi, apoBaTBiocib), b seižsom, OBja- 
qBBaeMUBi 50 Bon. ()i iBCTaxi b oiBTan), ocraerca bi gbjií, ho 
o6jacTL nepBaro pacsrapnercai o6jiacTB nociixHJiro — CBysHBaercB; ms> 
CBTb nop'& nomjiBBa b% 50 xon. oÓycjOBjBBaiacL, Mesxy npoiBMír 

niBpBBOD JIBCTOBl BJIB BJBTl CBUBie 7 A^ftHOBOb, TOnepS 66 npOJlBO- 

jiaraercB npiypo^BTB z% mspBBt cBHBie 18 adAmobi. 06% droft sepe- 

MÍBÍ XOXaTaftCTBOBaJTB 60^6 Bl 1875 r. CliSXB SaBOAlBBOBX, TBKB 
BBB^ yCTBBOBJíeflBUft xapB^OMl CeMBAD&MOBUt np6X^^ CJnUBXOWB 
CTÍCflBT6JeB*B BpB BUDBCSt IBCTOBIIXI ^BCTefi B XPyrBZl COpTOKB Se- 

jiitea spynBaro pasMftpa. Hame seiibsfloe npoBBBOxcTBO BysAa6TCA ae 
B% BOBím nOBpoBBT6iBCTBeBBHXB BOBUBBaxi, a Bh yiyqB[6Biax^ 
ABBBO yse BB6A6flfluxi SB rpaBsi^eft. ^oóina xaitsa dpobsboxhtgb hb. 
Ypajii^ nepBOÓiiiTBUMi cdocoóoitb, bo^tb bobcb 6e8i yucTia Bannrai;. 
pa6o^aa CBia pacxoxyeTca no-Banpactfy, BaB'B h tobjbbo; Ó^fcjuit ^ly- 
rysib, iipeBiiyn^ecTBeBBO yxo^Buft x^a bhxí^ibb seatsa, nojynercB,. 
65jBineD HaeTBD, ibaib cjiy^aftao, bbícto ipy^ate aepepaóoruBaeifarO' 
BT> mojAso ciparo ^yryaa. Hobub ^pmh ApoBSBOAcraa pacnpocrpaBB' 

JlflCB JlflOIB BeAftBBO BJIB TOIBBO-^TO Ba^BBaDTB BZOABTB KB ynaTp66l6BÍe. 

Kpynfloe jbctoboc b sorejBBoe acejftso oparoroBjaerca b^ oapeA^jea- 
Bm'B, BSApeaie ycraBOBJíeaBiixi pasB&paxi, Bwoe MeaBBiBXiB, ^iws^ 
Bafl6oJBBrie ibctu sarpaBB^soĚ pa6(mi. 8tb pasM^pu aparoAflii xJui 
xpoBejiBflaro S6ji8a, bo ae MoryirB y^OBjeTBoparB coBpeMeaauMi Tpe- 
6oBaBÍaMi MamBBBaro, xopaÓejiBaaro a BoeBBO-BBaceB6pBaro Atia. f^n 
noTpeóaocreft CTpoBraiBaaro x&ift a^eiiso BBBorxa ae orxijaiB&iocb 
ypajiBCBBMB saBOAftMB. lípa TaaoirB aoioseBÍB acejisaaro npoBSBOA- 
CTBB vb Poccia, flpBBOSi seiisa asi-sa rpaaaipi BpexcTaauieTca ae- 
oKxoABBOCTBi); vb 1869 r. ero 6uio npBBe86B0 oboio 2V2 bbjuíobob^ 
nyxoBi, vb 1878-M'B — oboio 7 BBudoaoffB, b% tovb ibcjtI botob 37* 
MBiJrioaa ayxorB c% yBiaxoft BOBUBau. HoyABBBTeiBBO, hto y«e wb- 
CKOiBBO iítb Toay aa8aj(% BOBHBBaia mucib o flOBBseaÍB BOflUHBBi 
aa meiteo, ^ro oaa 6uia BHOKasHBaeMa xftse aa cliteAft saBOX^aaonb 
FB 1875 r.; ocyn^ecTBieali) ea vh aacToan^oe apoMa apeaBTCTByerr^ 
npoxnoJOseaBoe ypaBAOBÍe booubbu aa ctbjib cb BomiBaoi) aa se- 
líbso, BTB KOTopoMy MU TODopB B nepexoxBiTB. 

no A^ftciByDn^eBy Tapfl(|>y, ctbib ne vh mMí oaiaqBBaerca bobi- 
iBBOft KB 80 B. (TB oy^B. Yso BB CBÍ3AÍ 1875 T. tfiuo daBBieao, ^TO 
CTBJIB, apa eoBpeMeaaHxi npieicax^B npoBSBOxcTBa, ae Bcerxa lerao 



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i 



XPOHKSi. — BiyrPBHHBS obosp^hh. 841 

OTjnraiTB orb ateiisa, m vro nodroiiy htb cjd^^OBajo 611 oójioshtb 
OAHOi) H TOD se HomjieHOD. El TOMy se 8ásjK)qeHÍH) npemio h 6oxh- 
mHHCTBO BRcneproBi, cnpomeHHHxi ocofioD BOMXHccieK). Ohh HanijH, 

^TO OTKpUTÍe H npHMŠHeHÍe HOBHXTB CnOCOtfOB'B npHrOTOBJeHU crajiH 

BenoepexcTBemo hsi ^yryna noBjexxo sa co6ok) pimHTejBHufl nepe- 
Bopon BO BceiTb sertBox^jiaTejiBHOirB h crajieJiRTeftHOHi npoHSBOX- 
cmi. Paajnraie Mesxy jěvtuwl seiiaoirE h ihtoi) crajiBD Bce 6ojňe 
M <íojito erjasHBaercii; chibho sasaieHHoe seiiiso ctb TaRHirB se npa- 
BOMi xosen Óbib HasBaeo crajBD, Kam cia<$o aasajieHHaA crajiB — 
sejrtsoiTb. SaBOx^HKH, BunHcmaji rasoft, vb cyn^HocTH oxneasoBuft 
nerajMi, HasuBaDTB ero Óespasn^HO sejiisoM^B bjih CTaiBH), ysasu- 
Baa jwnB Hyícepi, T.-e. creneHB TsepAoeTH. Bb Hacrojm^ee BpeMA ecTB 
€opni craji, zoTopue xemeBjíe seji'&3a, — h, HaoóoporB, copru sejiisa, 
soTopse Aopose erajni. Seiiso CBapoHHoe HMierB OTiH^íe otl crajiH, 
HO pacnosHaBame hxb xpyn on xpyra saTpyAHirrejiBHO h TpeÓyerB 
BKCDeprasH, He Bcerxa BoaicosHot h bo bcaboitb cjyiai spatné ne 
yxotfHofl npH ŤaMOseHEOiTE ocMorpi. Bi BH^y bthxi, BnojiHi y6%xn- 
TejBHiixi coo6paseHÍt, npexnojiaraercfl oóiomun cTajiB t^mh se nom- 
jiHHaini, Basi h seiiso. Bi cymHocTH aro ho Óyj^en 6ojibiiroĚ nepe- 
v6Hot, TaKi saiTB nonuHHa bi 80 k. 6ux^ ycraHOBiena m> to bpomji, 
BorAa jnrraA crajB 6iiJia en^e botth HeH9B&CTHa, h Tasí sasrB vb 
1876 r. Aonyn^eai yse iipHBOsib jHTOft erajtH xjía saBOj^iHBOB^B ci 
nofluniHOft no 35 x. ci nyxa. nonmHH, cyn^ecTBynnpA m,jíe sejišsa, 
coeraBjíaDn ne iieHÍbe 30— 35Vo sarpanH^Hoft i^^hu na jrarys) ctbjib, 
H, cj^OBaTOJBEo, BOCJiysarB xecraTo^HOfl expanofl j,xa Hamero craie- 
jnrreftHaro npoiiSBOxcTBa, nospoBHrexBCTByeMaro npHTOHi npeiiiflMH (sa 
muBHue pejniCEi) h BaseBHUMH saKasaMH. IIpothbb ypaBEenii craiH 
€% seiisoMi npoTecTyDTi tojibko HiioTOi^e erajiejiHTeftHue saBOA- 
^niui, nouepsHBaeifue onacTH o6n!(eeTBOirB xifl coaMctbía pyccsoft 
npoMunueHHOcra h ToproBJíft. Bb saiiHCEi oón^ecTBa yRasuBaorcE sa 
TO, HTO ecTB OAEBi BB;rB CTajifl, 6e9b Tpyxa OTjtSHaeinit otb sejrtsa: 
9T0 — peccopsafl CTajiB, soropyi) e ciixoBajio 611 o6jiosflTB xoeraTOHEOft 
ozpaHETejiBfloft nonuBEOfi — ho Meste py6jiE ci nyxa. H s^icb^ cjiixo- 
BaTejKEo, flaniE npoTeBi^ioEflCTH croam se tojbro sa coxpaEeflie bu- 
eosoft noBUHEH, Eo E sa EOBoe EOBHmeEíe ea. Ha ^ewb ocsoB^sa exi 
sajiesAa, no npE o6jioseEÍE peccopEoft cxajiE pyÓjieBOD nomjiEEOD 
ypaiBCsafl ctbib bobco BiiiHteEflja 6u sarpaBE^Eyiy — SToro esb sanfl- 
CEM^ ynoMEEyTot EaMB, Ee bbaeo. SailiTEMi, BB sasjín^eEie, hto npex- 
iiojoseEEoe y eecb ypaBEeEíe noEUEffB eb seiiso e crajiB yse ocy- 
mecTBjeEo «b EOBiflnnxB EEocrpaEEHxi xapE^arB, vb tomb iecjií e 
Blb repMaECBOMi TapE(|)i 1879 r. 



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342 B^CTHHKl IBPOnH. 



IV. 



nonURHu Ha M6Ta4JHqecBÍfl HSA^A npexnoiaraercji orqacra ho- 
HOSHTb, oTqacTH noBUCHTB, OT^acTH coxpaHRTB vh npesHciTB pasrtpi, 
npH^eM'b HM^TCJi Bi BHAy H ynpon^eHie TapH<|^a, yMesBUieHie iHCja 
noApa8A'i^jieHÍft, óos^e ^cHoe onpextieHíe norpaHirraoft ^epni itenj 
OTA'^jBHUMH craTLflMH; Tas'B,«HanpHiišpi, npexnojaraeTCA jeh^tosetb 
pasjíH^ie Mesxy seji-bsBunH h cTajiBHUVH ESA^^iami, noxoteo Tony, 
KaBi yHHHTosaercA paajiH^ie vesxy sejiíbsoirB h craiBi) hb vb xijrt. 
He nepe^HCJflA noxpo6Ho Bei^xi npoesTHpOBaHBEixi nepeniHi, mh 06- 
paTHiTB BBHHaHie ^HTaTejieft tojibxo Ha tí, BOTopufl npexcraBiBDTCfl 

BBHÓOJlfte BaSEHME HJIH HaBÓO^I^ CnOpHHMfl. Ha CB%3A% saBo^moBit 

vh 1875 r., npe^Jioseno 6ujio hohhbhtb nomjHHu sa meťtsEUAmii' 
jdff, BUK)nB'E HX'B vb o^Hy saTeropii) cb ^yryHHumi, sexisHiíMH h 
CTanHHMH H8A%iriiiMH, npH^eiTB núnimum hohlihhsi tfnjio 6u 1 p. 25 s.^ 
maximum — 2 p. 50 s. ci nyxa (bm^cto hhhíihhoto minimum bi 2 p. 
50 E. E maximum b!b 5 p.). Rommeccíe se Eanria bosmosheimi npi- 
HJiTB dTO npe^ioseHie e BUCKasajiacB sa coxpaEenie cy^ecTByDn^eft 
nomjEHU, vh BEAy Toro, ?to hpebos^b secTAsuxi Es^iiiti ES^-sa rpa^ 
HEi^u nocTOBHHO yBOjiETOBaeTCJi. HTaK^b, BOMMEeciB ORaaajiacB bi xbb« 
HOMi cjiyqat plus royaliste que le roi — ^tó ne Mimaen o^HaKO o6ine- 
CTBy jufl coa^Actbíe pyccKoft upoHHmjieBHOCTfl E ToprOBJíi ynpeBaTs 
ee sa Heeoaewueme hohuehi na xécTJiHUE ESj^^a! MoTEBEpyercA 
BTon ynpesi* rkwb, hto bbosi^ secraHiixi esaíjíA HS-L-sa rpaHEi^ii 
yBejE^EBaercE, a BsyrpeESEa npoESBOAHrejiBBOCTb Ee paaBHBaercJi. 
„CrpasEO oó^ECEETB tbeíe HBjeBÍE^, BocKjrai^aen o^e^^ctbo, »Hexo- 
craTKOEi pyccBOfi npeAupiEM^EBOCTE. Bjrase ECsaTB npE^EU vh JSňr 

AOCraTO^EOCTE 0XpaHET6JIBE0fl CEJH OOmjEEU E Vh paSSHXl XPyTBXl 

BpasAe6Eux!B xtjiy yejiOBÍEX'B, b^b pascjrftxoBaBíe Boropitx^Bi ki cosa- 
jiíeíi), BOMEECcifl Ee Bomjia". noHOMy ace npotfij^B, ocraBJíeBHHĚ rom- 
HEccieft, se BOcnoiEeH^B ofin^ecTBOMi? EomcEecifl eb EM'6ja vh BExy 

HEBBKEXl SaEBieEiil O fleo6xOAHMOCTE B08BUCETB EOlEJIBEy EB SeCTJI- 

EUJi esa^jíb, e noTOMy xorja oeraBETB aroTi BonpocB 6e8i xaJiBHti- 
maro EscjcixoBaEiji; o6ii^ecTBo, sacraEsaDEitee sa noBumefliE e 663% 

TOrO BUCOBflX'B DOmiEEl, AOJISHO 6WL0 MOTEBEpOBaTB CBOe MEÍflíe 

HÍic%-EE6y;(b 6ojfte cojEAEUirB, EeseiE Bib^Haa čcujKa sa oxpam- 
meAhuyio cujíy nomjiEHH. QxpasH sacjysEBaerB tojibro to, ^5 pasBE- 
saeicfl, E^eiTB anepex-B — a sania secrasaE flpoMUsueflsocTB, no npE- 
SBasii) caEoro oón^ecTBa, ocraercE EenoABE^Eoft. YBejfE^eHie bbosb 
XOBasuBaen tojbbo BospacTanie noTpeósocTE, sey^OBjerBopaeMofi Ty* 

SeMEHEl npOESBOACTBOEl, E HO FOBOpETX EE Wh UO.TBSy BOBUmesia 



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XPOHHSi. — BHyTPBHHEI OB03P£HIE. 343 

HonuRHU, HH Aase vh noxhsj ccxpaHenii ea vb opesHem ^sautpi. 
Mh Tasse xoriH 611 w^tah rommhccíh ynpeB'B, ho QpoTHBonojiasHBi& 
TOMy, CB BOTopiiMi oópEo^aeTCJs jsíh Heft oÓmecTBo XJ2 coaMctbíh pyc- 
CBOft npoMiiiBueHHOCTH H ToproBift; MU xorjTH 6u saMixHTB, HTo ona 
ne o6eyAHjia cb CBoftCTBeHHOD eft Booónite oócrojiTejBHOCTBD, no;(HflTaro 
hícsojbko Arb Toxy Hasaj^x, Bonpoca o noHHmemH nomjawh na se- 

CTJiHUH HBXiJliii. 

Haani nporeiu^OHHCTu BinsaBHBaDTi, Booénite roBopji, BecBMa óojkb- 
myio BdHCKaTejBHOCTB, BOScraBafl npoTHBi pesyjBTaTOBx xtaTejiBBocTii 
bomxhccíh no Bonpocy o nonLiHHax'B Ha MerajuH^ecaU hsajuúí. Ilpas- 
xa, B^xoTopiui nonuHHH yMOHBnieHu eD BecBMa SHa^HrejiBHO — Hanp., 
maximiiTn nonuHHU Ha ?yryHHiifl m^bjíis, noHHseHib ci 2 p. 50 s. ms> 
OAHoro pytfjiH, maxhnum hohurbu cb HSA^ift hsb jiHToficrajiH (ne- 
oój^ijaHHUXB) — CB 4 p. 50 s. jí,o 80 K., maximum hoduihhu cb se- 

JÍSHHXX H CTaUHUXB CJecapHUXB HS^ilifi, O^AtxaHHUXrB HJH HHUMB 

oópasoHB otipaóoxaHHHx-B — eB 4 p. 50 s. ao 2 pyéiefi; ho bc£ dTH 
DepexiHU ne Euivyvh cyn^ecrseHnaro sna^eHifl, Horoxy hto npe^xe- 
TOBi, oóioseHHUxi BHcnrHHH noQUHHaicH, BBoaHJOCB xo CHXB nopB — 
CB oiuaTODf T.-e. ne bb biilm,í nroru — BecBiia nexHoro (qyryHHUX'B 
EZXbjDŘ, Wh 1878 r.— OKOJO 3,000 nyxoBB, HsjíiJiifl h3b JiHTOft crajH— - 
HeH^ 100 nyAOBB, sejitsHuxB h craiBHuxB ciecapHuxB Hsx^ft — 
6V2 TflcaiB nyxoBB). Mesxy tímb, oónrapnaa xaTeropk moh^ Aopo- 
jnai> ^yryHHia-B Hsj^ixift (o^xŽJiaHHHXB, ho ho noxHpoBaHHiixB), OHJia- 
HHBaemixrB ao chxb nopB 80 son. cb nyxa, hoaboahtca xenepB no^B 
OMjBíECh ypoBeHL CB Hai6ojie xoporHKH — noxB oxHy oÓnityH) nomxHHy 
vb 1 pyÓJiB CB ny^a; a nsx&dft nepnaro po^a 6ujío opnaeseHO b*b 
1878 r., CB oHiaTOD, óojite 29 tuchhb ny^OBB O* Kocu, cepnu, p£- 
saxH OHja^HBaiHCB Ao CHXB HopB 44 KOH. CB Hyjia; TenepB axy nom- 
1HH7 npej^noxaraercjsí bosbhchtb ao 50 Kon., npHneMB ona pacnpocTpa- 
Hflercfl CB OAHoS CTopoHU Ha sacryiiH, jonaTU, rpa6xH, bhjiu, cb ko- 

TOpHXl BBHCKHBaJlOCB XO CHXB HOp^ HO 50 ROH. npH BBOSi^ CyXHMl 

HyreM^, no 80 xon. npH bbosí MopexB; cb xpyroft CToponu— na aos- 

HHI^U AXH CTpHSKH OBOI^B, ROTOpUJi QpOnyCBaJHCB óeBUOHIJHHHO. 3a- 

boahhrh, bb 1875 r., npoAJarajH no^HATB nomxHHy cb dthxb npeA- 
MeroBi AO 1 py^jiH cb ny3;a, dRcnepTu, cnpomeHHue b'b roxmhccíh — 
jsfl 80 ROH.; i(H<|^pa, npHEflTaa RoxHHCcieio, cb dTofi toirh spiniji npej;- 
CTEBJifleTCH BuroAHOD xu pyccHRTo coiBCRaro xo8£ficTBa, — HO Bce se 
nejEBSH ne nosajiiTB, qxo nonunna na HŽROTopue neofixo^Hiiue ajh 
Herc npeAMOTiii noBumena, h hto yHi^TOsena, óesB bhxhmhxb npn- 



i) Bi ary mfpy bxoxhte h nyryHHaa diiaibapoBftflHaji nocy^ xm Koropoi npex- 
nojaraercA ociaBiiTB nomiHiry vb 80 sod. ci nyxa. 



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344 BftOIfllBl IBPOItH. 

HHFB, iBrora, cyi^ecTBOBaBinaa x-u oxHoro h8i& caacEO-xosiitcTBeHHUxi 

opyjqft. IIpeAnojoseHHoe TenepB noBBoneHie nonuHHH tffiuo OTBeprHyro 

.B% 1868 r. HMeHHo noTOMy, tto oho Hosen nonecTH Kb BS^oposami) 

xocB, cepnOB^ h t. n. — b'b HicTHocrax^, CTjfjBaeBnux% otl TyseiiHaro 

HZl npOHBBOXCTBa. HSI CBŠA^HÍft, npBBOXHMIIKb BOMHHCCiefl, W BH^HO, 

vTotfu coo6paseHie sto noTepaio cbod CHiy vb Haerofliu^ee spěna; sa- 
npoTHBi Toro, Vb iMcxj HicTHOCTefi, 6UHyolc^eHHux^ H TenepB noj^r* 
qaTB cejiBCKO-xoBfltcTBeHHUA opyxifl H8i-8a rpasm^ii, oreeceHu npH- 
óajrrificKÍa h saoaxHUfl ry6epHÍH, Maiopoccia, Bca DSHaji Poccía. He 
6ojie yAaiHofl aasercA Ham j^pyraa nepeirbea, npoeErapoBaHHaa xom- 
XHcdefl OTHOCHTeibHO pyqHuxi HHcrpyifeHTOVB xJ^a peiiecxB, xyxo- 
secTBi, (|>atfpHRi H saBOAOBi. ]ífi csívb nopi ohh ouaiHBajniCB 80 s. 
ci nyxa npH bbosí HopeirB, 50 r. — npi bbobí eyxHVB nyreiTB; TevepB 
npexnoaaraerca onjia«BaTi> hx'b 70 son. ci nyxa, 6wb pasjava no 
cnocoóy BBOsa. Tas^B RaK'B wb noc^i^xnee spěna bbosi HHCTpyneHTOBi 
cyxHHi nyxeiTB sHaraTejiBHo yBeiHHHxca h crajTB x&se npeBEnnaTB 
BB031& MopeiTB (vb 1878 F. nepaiiMi HyreirB Bseseso okojo 158, bto- 
pukx — oxojio 129 vacsvb nyxoBo^), to npexnojioseHnaa nepeniHa o^e* 
bhxho paBHaerca BosBinnemi) nonuiHii. BosBumeHie 9to HesHaqflreAHO 

Bl CpaBEOHÍR CTB T^Wb^ ROTOpOO 61IJIO RpeX^OSeHO eB%8A0m SRBOX^H- 

ROBI Brb 1875 r., nouepsaHO dRcnepraMS, cnpomeHHUMi ocoóod rom- 
VHccieD, a TaRse o6ii](ecTBOtfi x^a coxMcTBia pyccROfi npomniueHHOGTB 
H ToproBji (npH vbcb uewbe 5 4^yHT0Bi Bb mryR^ — 2 py6. 50 rod. 
Cb nyxa, a npH Chibmewb vbci—l py6. 25 Ron.); ho h oho oxbr jth 
Moasen 6iitb npHBflano xocTaTO^HO MOTHBHpOBaHHUirE, ecjR HHcrpy- 
MeHTU pyccRaro npHroroBJíeHia, RaR'B npHBHaerB RomiHccia, bo MHorHx<B 
cjrynaax^B ne Moryn sani^HRTB 8arpaHH^»iixi, a hírotopho hooÓxoxh- 
mie HHcrpyMeHTU y hrcb en^e bobco ho oparoroBjaDTca. Ob xpyroft 
CTopoHH, TpyxHo o6xacHHTB ce6^ noveny ROMXHCcia, cnpaBexJnsBO npH- 
SHaaaa MO^Ryi), Rycrapnyx) opoMiinueHHOCTB HaH6ojr&e HysxaDn^eDca 
B!B oxpaHOHiii, He ycraHOBHjia paBXH^a vb nonrjniHi no B^y nncrpy- 

MeHTOBl. HS^B TOCJia XpyrHX^B Sei^HHXl H CTaJUHUXl hsxíjií&i HaH- 

6ojí^e jierROB^HHa (bícomi neniče 5 <|^yHTOB'B bi mryRt) o6jioseHu 
6ojiie bucorox) nonunnoD, Hnenno vb BHxaxrE noRpoBHreiBCTBa nannm 
RycTapam; to se caicoe Morxo 6ii 6íitb cx^Jiano h b:b npHM^HeHÍH kb 
jeraoBi^CHUMT^ HncTpyMeHŤavB. 

Hbi Bcixb BonpocoBi, noxxesaBnraxi oócysxenix) oco6oft ROionc- 
cíh, canyx) osHBjíeHHyi) noieuHRy BOséyxHxi Bonpoci o nonunnarb ' 
Ha nanransi. ^o chx'b nopi tiesnonuRnno nponycRajHCB cejiBCRO*xo3aĚ- 
CTBennua xanranu h opyxía (6e3i napoBUX^B xBHiHTexefl), ManranH xxa 
o6pa6oTRH BOxoRHHCTHxi Bon^ecTBi, ÓyícaroxtjiaTeAniia, CRoponenaT- 
Hua, H en^e n^ROTopue xpyrie cnapaxu; ocTajcbHBia Manranu n npH- 



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xpomsi. — BSTTFimiE OBOSPími. 845 

HaxJiexHoeTK %% hbitb— Rpoiii napoBOsoBi h xesj^epoBi— onjiauBameB 
noBUHHOft Bi 75 UK 30 Kon. (TB nyxa (catorpji no TOiiy, cx^jiaHu ih 
ort Hsi míah Bjm Hsi ApyrHzi MerajjroBi). HonuHoa na napoBOSH 
H TeHxepii OHM BOSBumeHa vh 1877 r. xo 1 py6. 25 son. Cb nyxa sa 
nepase h 50 boh. e^b nyxa sa noeiixnie. OcHOBaHiem wb xonyn^eHÍs) 
(SesnomjDraHaro BBOsa cejBCXO-zoajBttCTBeHHiixrb uninBWh h opy^ift no- 
CJiysuo TO otfcTOorejiBCTBO, iro ovb yai^ vb 1868 r. (T.-e. kb xoiieHrB 
BsxaHÍA TapH^a) Bux&iuBajHCB y HacB y;(OBJierBopHTejBHO ■ npoxa- 
BancB no i^teairB HHorxa xaace 6ojtbe HHSKBirB, niwh ■HocrpaHHUA 
juirami dToro poxa; ocHOBaHiexrB kb xonyn^emi) tieanonuHHHaro BBOsa 
■aoraB*B juuL o6pa6oTBH boiokhhcthu Ben^ecTB^B, a TaKse óyMarox'^- 
jiaTenHiiz*B h CBoponeHaTHUxi, nociysKio^ Hao6opoTB, npiroTOBJíeHie 
9TRx% MamHHi HcuDHHTejBHO M rpaiiBii^eft, H npHTOiTB jHmB Vb ne* 
MHoran cnei^iaiBHiizi saBOxenLixi. Tpe6oBaHÍfl saBox^HiOBi, xasmia 
noBOAi B!B nepecMOTpy npHBeAeHHiixi HaiiH TapK4»HHn nocTaHOBJíeHíft, 
BanpaBieHii, cb OAHOft croponu, kb TOiiy, hto6ii yHH^TOsiiTB Óesaom- 

JHHHHfi BBOSl MamHBl, Cb Apyroft CTOpOHH— KB TOMy, ^T06u B08BHCHTB 

cyniecTByDíi^ifl yse TenepB noniiHHu aa MamHHH npHHipno xo 1 py6. 
25 xon. cb nyxa, 668% bchkhxi pasnqift h HCBJDqeHift. Romaiccúi, 
rB Bwj npexnojiOseHHOft otmšhh óesnonuHHHaro BBOsa seitea, nps- 
nutia HysHHiTB yMeHBmHTB hhcio ManraHi, xonyiqeHHiizrB vb Óeaaom* 
jraHHOMy BBOsy, h noBiiCHTB nonuHHU na ocTaiBHua. EaBix hmobho 
ManraBH no npesneiiy xojisbii 6htb xonycsaemi (SeanonuHHHO, na- 
csoiBxo HMOBHO AOissa 6uTb BOBBHmeHa nonuHHa na ocrajiBHUA — no 
o6oHirB dTHMi BonpocaiTB B^B soioihccíb, a saTiiTB H npn xaJiBHift- 
meiTB paseMorptnin x^Jia, 6hu racBasaHH pasuiA ueíbui. Beanom- 
jnraBHĚ BBoai oxhhiih npEanaerca neoÓzoAHMuirB xib ceiBCSo-zoajit- 
cTBeBHHx^B MamHATB, B% BH^y BOspacTaDB^eft xoporoBHaBH paÓOHHXl 
pyxi H yBejraHHBaDn^arocji npHBoaa aa dana^HO-esponeftcsie punsH 

GeJBCSO-ZOaaftCTBeHHUXrB npOXyKTOai HSTB TaBBX'B CTpaH'B, BOTOpUfl 

npesxe vb aioiTB OTBomeBÍH se conepnmajra cb Pocdet; xpyman — 
XJUi Tbn MamHHi, soTopuxi en^e se HanaiH naroTOBJíaTB bi Poccíh. 
?To Baeaercji xo BoaBHmeHÍA TenepB yse cyn^ecTBynn^eft nonuHHu na 
■amHHu (qyryHHHB, sertaniii h cTanaiiB; iť&xHim iiamHHi nepe- 
Oforpí Ti4»H(|Mk ne Kocnyícji), to npeAiaraeMuft pasMipi ero KOjeó- 
lercii xesxy 15 h 70 xon.; nomusy wb 30 xon. cb nyxa npexnoia- 
raercA bobbkchtb hjih xo 45 xon., hjh xo 70 xon., ux xo 1 pyÓJix. 
T%, xoTopHe CTOflTB aa OTM-i^sy (SeanonuHHBaro BBoaa cejiBCXo-xo8«ft* 
eTBeHHuxrB xaniBffB, npexJararorB x^a hhxi nonusny bi 30 x. cb nyxa. 
HTaKB, oón^ift peayjBTarB TpyxovB xommhccíh xjiohrtca %% BoaBU- 
memD nonuHHi na Manranu, kb orpanH^emi) (eanomjniBHaro xxi 
BBoaa. H ax'ibeB, oxHaxo, et ne yxaJioeB yxoBjteTBopxTB naniHxi npo* 



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346 BftCTHm i9PonM. 

TeKIÚOHHCTOB'B. „EOMMHCCU^, CSaSaHO Vh SaiIHCSi 06n(6CTBa MB COA^* 

CTBifl pyccsoft npoMinnjieHHocTH h ToproBxb, „6ojiite Bcero, noBiwi- 
■ovy, saóOTHjacL o tomi, too6u h6 oi^eumarh noTpeÓHrejefi isamavs 
H H6 noBaiflTL He6jiaronpiaTHo na noMJb Hamet npOMimueHHocTH. Hh- 

^^U% HHUITE HOnSfl O&hHCBíSTh TOFO, HTO Ha CeACRO-XOSaftCTBeHHIIfl 

ManiHHU H opyxifl HasHaHena nonuHHa toaro fb 30 son, ci ny^a, 
T.-e. MOHie nonLiEHu^ cyn^ecTByDíaeft aa otiiisHOBeHHoe copToaoe ze- 

J^iSO. nOHATHO, HTO TasaJi M^pa He 6jMfiTh CO^MCTBOBaTB paSBHTÍD 

y HacB npoHSBOACTBa semieA^jB^ecBHxi MaiiiHHi, aoAo5BO Tony, sarE 
cyn^ecTByDn^aji nonuniHa jn> 30 Ron. na napoma xamsaH HH^ero ne 
CA&ULia Bi nojiBsy paBBHTÚi npoHSBOXCTBa stexi nocjŠAHirB, a noroMf 
HysHo SMTB, ^TO Hame ManniHOCTpoeHie no npesneiiy ocTaHerca bs 
nojHOiTb sacTOŠ*. Brb droK apryMeHrai^iH Bcero saMt^aTejBHie nepsuft 
ynpeKi, A^aesufi kommbccíh — ynpeBrb bi tomi, hto ona crapajacs 
ne ooBjriflTL He6:iaroopiaTHO na xokl aamefi npoMumjieHHOCTH. Rb ^ewh 
se xpyroiTB Morjia coctoatb saxam romuhccíh? CneipajiBHue HHrepecu 
x aniHHOCTpoHTejefi xocTaTOiHO npeACTaBjíeHii hxi CB^xaM h h dscnep- 

TaMH, BUÓpaHHHKH HS^B HXl CpeXU", KOXMHCCifl DpHSBaHa OXpaHBTB HO 

dTH HHTepecu, a oón^e HHTepecu pyccsoft npoMiinMeHHocTH hjh— ly^rme 
csasaTB — pyccxaro napoxa. OxpaHATB hjh noompaTS MamHHocTpoeHie 
Bi yn^epÓ^B xpyrHirB OTpacjAirB npoimnueHHOCTH, bi oco66hhocth ceiB- 
CKOMy xosaftCTBy — ona He Hii^ja hh ocHOBanifl, hh HpaBCTBeHHaro npasa. 
Ha CTOJBKO JIH, opHTOM%, MamHHOCTpoeBÍe HysAaercA vh cxpani^ 
BaK^B dTO ycHJHBaeTCJi xoKasaTB sanncBa oón^ecTBa? IIo cjoBam sanHCiui, 
HanraHocrpoesie, Bďi^ACTBie' orpas^enU ero He^ocraTO^HO bhcobod 

nomjIHHOD, HaXOAHJlOCB H HaXOAHTCA Bl nOJIHOM*B SaCTO^i; OÍf^^m^RJhEhUl 

CBÍ^A'^HÍH o6HapysHBaK)Ti» npoTHBHoe. ^ECJlo xexBHH^iecBHx^B BaBexenift 
yBejH^HjrocB b^b TeneHie j^Ba^i^aTH-nAra jlítl óoiite h^mi Bceiiepo, 
cyMHa JSTh npoHSBOjiCTBa — oohth b!b HHTHaAi^aTB pasx; vb npoxojuseeie 

BOCBHH JíiTh (1868 — 76) co BpeMOHH OÓJOSeHÍH HaHIHHrB TpHM&THKO* 

nie^HOD noniJiHHOD cyHxa npoHSBOXCTBa MexaHHHecBHxi aasexenift 
Boapacja BABoe. IIojosHxib, hto ne bcí MexannHecKÍA BaBe^enia sanH- 
MaDTCJi co6cTBeHHo MamHHOCTpoeHíeiTB; ho hh&io saBOAOBi, na boto- 
pux'B npnroTOBJíanTCfl ManiHHH h anaapaTU pasnaro po^a, a Tasse 
BTh qacTH H npHHaxJiesHOCŤH, bo bchkohi cjsynai BecBMa sna^HTejiBHo 
(bi 1878 r.— 90). O sacToft MamHBOCTpoHTejBHoft npOMunijeHHOCTH ne 
HoserB, cxiAOBaTejtBHO, 6htb h p^he^ h rjiaBHUft apryMenirB npoTes- 
lÚOHHCTOBi na^aeiTB caxi co6ok). 

06pan(ajiCB c^e^iaJBHO k!b ceiBCROxosjíftCTBeHHiixi HaniHHaMi, nu 
BCTpiqaeiica ch cď^AyDn^HMH tfescnopHHMH cj^aBTaMH. C% o^Hoft cro- 
poHu, ^Hcjo pyccKBxi xacTepcKHxi, BaHHMaDD^HxcH npHroTOBJíeHiem 
H no^HHsoft dTHX^ HaniHHB, AOxoMjuTb AO 205, a cyMMa htb npoSHB- 



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IPOHHSi.— BHJTPIfiHBS 0B03FBHII. 347 

BOi(CTBa opeeiimaeTi 4V2 xHjjioHa; cb xpyrofl CTopoHU, MameBu pyc- 
csaro opiiroTOBJíeBifl ne BUT^naDn hsi yaoTpetfjeHÍfl HHocrpaHHUxi, 
DOTOiry ^TO nocjtjiHifl OTjrnqaDTCA Jiy^niHirB BunoJHeHieirB bo bcíx'b 
ncTax'B. EciH 6e3aoniJHHHuft bbosi cejBCKO-xosjíftcTBeHHuxi MamHffB 
se nojr&majrB pasBHTiD y Haci aroft orpacjiH KanrHHOcrpoeeiA, ho ao- 
BecTB ee ao sejannaro coBepmencTBa OBasajiacB óescHjiBHoft Asme hh- 
T&Mi HO cricHeHHafl BOHxyppeHi^ifl HHocrpaHHUxi ManiHHi, to ae cii- 
xyen jih sauDHHTB orcnxa, no orpanH^eHÍe KOHKyppeni^iH, bobco ho 
HysHoe M,SB cyH^ecTBOBafliji h ycn'i^xa npoMucjni, hobjcsjio 6u sa co6od 
jHnrB en^e 6ójiBmee yzyxnreHie npoAyKTa? He6pesH0CTB b% buxíjikí 
ManiHB^ c^epsHBaeTCA, ao Hsei^THoft CTenenH, hmobho boshoshoctbd 
npio6p%TeHÍJi, no czqjsjioíl niwby sarpaHHHHuxi MamHHi; (tb Bsxopo- 
saaieHB aocjťixHHxi HC^esjía 6u h dTa no6y;(HTeiBHaji npn^HHa itb 
ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHÍD npoHSBOACTBa hjih no xpaftHeft wbpi vh cpaBHH- 
TejíBHoft npaBHjrBHOCTH ero. AB'bHamaTB jAtl lOMy nasajCB ÓesnoniJiHH* 

HHfi BBO8I CeiBCKO-XOSJiftCTBeaBHXl HamHHl 6uJVh npH3HaB'B B03H0S- 

EBVh noA'B yciOBÍeM'B 6e8noHriHH0o& Bunncsn HamHHocrpoHTejiJiMH ?y* 
rýna h sej^sa; bi nacTOJin^ee BpeMfl, MamHHOCTpoeme pacnpocrpaBHjiocB 
H oipi^njio y HacB hbctojibbo, ^to oTHina isron no BBOsy Korajua 
{vh ocotfeHHocTH 'CCJiH óyAOTB xonyn^OHi, xu Bcivh oAHHasoBO, 6e8- 
noHUHHHuft BBOsi^ ^ypyna) bobco ho ;(OJiSHa hm^ítb nocj^ACTBiem 
opexpan^eHie óesnonrjiHHHaro BBoaa cejBCRO-xosaficTBeHHuxx ManiHHi. 
H3% qHCia sanexenift, saHHMaBnrHxcfl y nacB bl 1878 r. npnroTOBie- 
Bíen 9THX!b HamHHi, toibso 28 ynoTpetfjiiJiH ^is hhxx HHOCTpaHHtift 
HeraxjTB, nojiynaeMuft óesnonrjiHHHO, h npHTOirB ynoTpeÓjifljH ero wh 
BeÓOMhmowh KoíHHecTBi; omtea iBroru no npHBOsy sejfea — h xase 
Hypyna, ecjiH nonrjHna ci nero ocraHeTCJi bl chj6 — ne Moaers, cji4- 
XOBaTeiBHO, oxaBaTB satt^naro BjriaHifl na pyccKHxi npoHSBOAHTOjeft 
aeMiex^B^ecKHxrb MamHH'B h ho cjiysHrE, caMa no ceó^, AOcraTO^HUMB 
noBOAOMi vb otm^íh-í^ ÓesnoniJHHHaro Bsosa TaBHX'B HamnHi Hs^-sa 
rpaHHi^ii. no cnpaneAaHBOMy saHinaHiD bohmhccíh, nexájiOBaacHyK) 
npeiríD xjx BByrpeHHflro npoHSBOACTBa 86xje;(&iB9ecBHxi ManiHH*B 
cocraBjjEíeirB yse TnseiOBienocTB 10% h rpoMosxxocTB, SHa^HTOjBHO 
yBejHHHBaDH^ifl ctohmoctb Hxi nepoBOSBH H BuroxHOCTB npioópiTOHia 
HXi y npoHSBOAHTejefty ójibsbhx^b bi utery norpedjenin. 

Oópasi^oiTB nepasfiopuBOCTH bb Bu6opi apryMenTOBi, cx i^jbd 
xocTHrHyTB sHaHHrejBHaro BOSBHmeHiji nonuHH^B na bcí sooón^e va- 
niHHH, MOserB cjyaniTB paBc^erB, ^'^jiaeMHt npoTeBi^ioHHcraHH no 
noBOAy npeAnojaraeMoft OTM'bHu óesnonuHHHaro BBOsa Mer&iJioBi ne bb 
ašjí. Mu bha^jih yse, hto npoTHBi droft noci^AHeft Mipu HamHHo- 
crpoHTeJH, saBHTepeeoBaHHue noBHjiHHOHy vh coxpaHeHÍH jtBroTU, ne 
Bospasann; ho noneMy? noroiiy hto ohh BSBo^JEtrB hbx hoa hooíÍxo- 



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848 noram ufouh. 

AHMOCTb yBeJiH^eHifl nomjiHHu Ha iuiihhii, vb pasirtpi noAymopHou 
C7MMH Toft nomiiHU, BOTopyn npixerca njnmrb aa Merájui. Ho cjio- 
Bani HaniBBoeTpoHTeiet, h8% Tpexi nyxon xeiisa nojiyHaercA, cpex- 
BHMi HHCioiťb, Tojnxo ABa nyÁa H8X'i^aÍB; Baasxiii nyxi sejrtsa bi 
iiaBiBB^ oooTBibTCTByerb 1 Vt nyxa sejíbta Be vb j^\A — orcDxa xo6a- 
BO^HaB nomjiHHa no MentiueH Mfbptk v% 52 Va Bjra 75 bob. na VBomA 
nyx^b Bica MamBBH (cMorpji bo KanecTBy seiitoaX se roBopa yase o 
Ao6aBoiBot BOflUBfli, spoHCTeKanBiet bsx norpeteocTH MamBBBaro 
BpoHSBOACTBa Bi óóiLBieft BpoTBBi BpexBBro oxpafl^i. Meauy tíve, 
BO cb^a^bíbhi, coópaBHiiiTb BOMBBCCieK), oÓHBflOBeBflaB norepa sejisa, 
npH Biiximi B8i Bero HexaBBieexBxi ncret, cocraBineirb jhibl on 
15 AO 20«/o. 

OpraBH neuTH, croafl^ie Ba cTopoat BpoTOsi^iOBBeTOBi, npBXBDn 
rpovaABoe afla^OBÍe rojiocy dscfleproBi, T.-e. opexcraBarejiel rtzi 

OTpatJet BpOHUBMLeBBOCTB, O&b OXpaBeHÍH BOTOpimb EMfiVb x£jo. 

Oooóaa soMMHcdB bo cotBnm apasuBOMi b copocoin dBcneproBib — 

hMoCBOBCBÍB BiiAOMOCTB*' XOBOlbBO rpOSBO HaBOB BflaX>n Oft 0(íl HCBOJI- 

BOBÍH 9T0ft oÓBsaHBoeTfl; OBa BHCjyniBBaeTi dscBeproBi, bo bo no- 
roHi Be corjianiaeTCB cb bhmh— oÓb^octbo xjib cox^&ctbíb pyccioft 

flpOMUflUeBBOCTB H TOpPOBJli SaflBJIBerb, rtO I^ilb, Ch BOTOpOn BpBBH- 

BBjBCb dscnepru, ae xocTBrayTa (bími?); tto rjasBiit Bospoci — o 
HyryBib— ocrajTOB co cropoBU dBCseproBi bobco bo paspafioraBBHiii 
(MesAy Tiwh saKi bhobho OBy flOCBBfli[eBa caMaa odniHpBaB lacTb 

BBCBOPTBSU), B TTO paSplUBOBÍeMl A'bja CJri^AOSaiO 6U BpiOCraBOBHTbCJI 

xo BOBaro ciisxa ropflOtaBOXHflsoBi b naBraHocrpoBrejiet, bo Bpeaa 
HBseropoxexot bphbpbh. mwh mapě b ocHOBaTejiBBie flpexBapneLiB- 
BBB pa8pa6oTBa Boapoca, rim Mjnme — bpotbbi dToro bbbto ho era- 
Hon CBopBTL; HO Be ciixyeiTB saóHBaTb, qro dscBopTii vh TapB^^BOxi 
AÍA — Be TO, mo dBcnepTu nepex*& cyxoB*B, vb rpasxaBCsoKE bjh 
yrojiOBHOMi npoi^eecib. Mu BH^em sx^l x^o Be ci óesopacrpaeTHinf h, 
^ysxtíiifl BCBBaro jnqBaro HBTepeca npexcraBHTejiBVB HayKB, HCByccraa, 
peMecjia, a a xdxbhh, butoxu Boropuxi npaBO saBacan on toto 
HjiB xpyroFO pasptoenia Bonpoca. 9to bo Moseri Be orpasarBca na 
eaMOVB cyn^ecTBl bzi saBiD^OBit --Ba BOx6op% h rpyanHpoBKi 4^as- 
TOBi, Ba ocBin^eBÍB flxi, HBorxa xBŠe (bu tojibbo-hto BBX'bJiB Tony 

npBBipx) Ha TOYBOCTB BpBBOXBHHXl XaHHttXS. OnaCHOCTB tnfllBOHl 

XOBltp^BBaro OTHomeBÍB xi hb^bíi) ascnepTOBB yBejni«iBBa6TCB TtvB, 
^TO OHo Be ypBBHOBibmBBaeTeB xBÍHieirB xpyrofi cropoBu, Bosce ne 
BpexcTaBjOHBOt Bi cDopt: MBiBiexib HOBynaTejeft, norpeÓBreieft^ oxbbitb 
cjtOBoiTB — HB^BieiTB otffl^ecTBa. IIoejrtxBee, BOBeno, Moaien sbÍtb xia 
cetfa Biipasenie vb BenaTB — bo b% neqaTB pa8xax>TCB rojioca b bib 
BOjisy xpyroft cropoau, tbbi qro pasBOBtcie arHirb Byreifi BOBera- 



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UOHHSA. — BHyrPBHHXI OBOSPtHIX. 349 

BOBieHO 611TB ne uornerb. IIpHTOirB, ne^aT& yssaers qoapoóhocth A^ja, 
vh (iajBiiiHacTRi cjyqaeai, nosse, ^iwb trz^b nasuBaeMiie dRcnepTii, 
H ci MeHBBiei) noíHOTOD. CBoeapeifeHHoe orjianieHie npe;i^aojaraeMux']& 
nef^ufkwh 6iuo 6u cyn^ecTBeffiio-BasHHii^b cpeACTBom b% BcecTOpoa- 
Heny n% o6cysAeiiÍK>; ho acero opaBiAHie 6iuo 6u npoTHBonocra- 
BBTB MH^flin 9Hcnq^oe^ MaiBie seiieKHrB y?pe»AeHÍft. Ecjr noTpe* 
óvrani — bi to se caiioe Bpeufl h npoHaaoxHTejiH, iie xesie spyneiie, 
liai Tt, oOh ozpaHeBÍB soTopmi exote pin^ to Bcer^a xosho osk- 
xvnh Toro, TTĎ ciy^HJOCB Ha cfsA^xi 1875 r. — aoirapoiaeca ffijTh npefr 
cfftBjeHHim CTopoffB na c^eri TpeTboft, ho npexcTaBxeHHofi. Mbihhho- 
erpoBTOJU — flBJBDnpecfl norpeÓvTOJMiiH no oroomeHÍK) %% ropBHU'^ 
saBOA^Hiam — conacHJHCB na oratny HeaiiroxHaro ajih nocAjs,Bia% 
fiesooflUHBBaro BBOsa Merajuorb, nox'^ yciOBÍeirb B03BumeHÍa nonunHH 
na MamHu^-pássez-moi la rhubarbe, je vous passerai le séné. &b 
nasji^ ocTaiHCE tojbbo noByni^HU xamini h opyxift) sa Boropmcv 
CTOHn BCA Haeca noxynntHBOB^ xiitia. diCDepTaMH ch ea cropoHU 
Moryn 6£itb tojibxo mícthito npexcTaBHTejn bcííl% cjoobi Hacejenia. 
nosa TapH^Hiie Bonpocu paspimaDTca 6e8i uicjymaHiji 9fn^^x^^ 
dBcaeproB^ oxpaHOHie Harepecoai HaceiieHiA jiesHTB bcoi^jio na npa^ 

BHTeJ[B€TBeHHUX'B C^^paX^b— H MH BHA^H ySO, ^TO OHO H6 61IJIO ylDy* 

n^eso nn bbkj OC0601) somhhccíok), nepecMaTpuBaBHiei) nocTaHOBjremJc 
o BOiojnraaxi na neraxii, Merajura^ecKiA Hsx^jnfl h ManiHHH. „MockoB'* 
ttMWh BibxoxocTiiMi" ^ipesBH^aftHo npHmeJCJi no cepxi^y npoTecnt 
npexed^aTeia MOcaoBcaaro óapataoro soHHrera (B%p&n, o6pant6HHOtt 
Vh ceHteaópi nponuiaro roxa Kh r. vHHHCTpy (j^HHaHcoBi) npoMFB 
.TffiBejaro raera hhosomhhxi ywmift, naryéno bjúbhihz^ Ha parasnie 
oieieeTBeHHOft npomniueHHoeTH", npoTHBi ,,Bpasxe6HHZ*E Ha^ajrB» 
KOTopHfl CTpeifaTCA nosoJieóaTB h jMajniTB Bna^eme xaTepiajiBHaro 
6jaroeocTOJiHÍa Hamero OTO^ecTBa*'; 0ff6 HanoMHHJii o hoitb h no no- 
Boxj A^TOjniHOCTH oco6oft koxmhccíh. Apyi^oft oprán nporesi^ioHHSxa 
ynOKflHjjTB, no Tony se noBOxy, o ^HHaHCOBOft fepyMKoeu^umb. B^b na- 
CToameiťB eiywi bcí drn HaMBH nponuH, noBHXHMOvy, (iescjflxHo; 
Bo xju npexynpesxeHúi htb na óyxyHKee apeMu, ^HHaHcoBoft axHHHH* 
erpaiqH exftxoBajio 611 cmíjio pasxBHHyTB paniH oBCneprESH h xb^tb 
HoipoKoe HpHM^HeHÍe npaBHjy: audiatur et alt^ra pars. Torxa 6hjio ůbí 
acHdto BHXHO, KTO sa^Hn^aeiTB HErepeou apyssoRB, sto— HHtrepecii 
i^aro o6B^eeTBa. 

IIpH saKJD^eHiH nameft zpohhkh, hbiub hphbuocb npoieerB b% 
^OrromoeKaxtB*' (15-ro ídbh) otbukb na oxHy bs% tbmi BByrpensaro 
06o8pÍHífl iDHBCKofi KHHrH sypHajia, a mieaBO na Ty, KOTopaA óiura 
nocsan^eHa pascxoTpiHÍK) Bonpoea o coBpexeHHOHi noJOseníH nameft 



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350 noTEm ispomL 

neniTH. Mesjqr npoqHMi, y Hacb 6uj|o aaMtueflo, ^ro „Orroiocu' 
roBopBJíH Hej^aBHO o TOMi se npeAMer^ ho mu Hanui BUciasaeHoe 
HMH HHiaie o TOM'b, 6yAT0M EÍTh npaBUBHaro ocHOBanifl seJttTb saioBa 
6oJ'ie jBroTHaro ■ oau^aTL dojiie uroTHaro ero DpHiiiBeaiii"— no 
Ke^Bmefi vipt HeoxHAaHHiun ■ nepes^yp^b ckpomhuitb. IIo noBOxy-ro 
dToro, sOTrojtocKH*', He sojba óutb oÓBEHeiHuicH vh cxpoMHocTE se- 
jEHift, roBopAiTb TenepL: ,HaM% Kas6TCA> hto bi xanHom cjy^ai mh 
HHmsofi oco6ot cspoMHOCTH 16 o6HapymHjni, h qxo Bupasenafl 
BaMH MUCJB ODpaBXfiuaeTca bcíitb oo^epsaHíeirB aameft craiBH i wh 
ocoÓeHHOCTH ea saEiDHHTaiBBUMH ciOBaiíi: „Moseo HHorxa ne bucul- 
BHBaTBCB, ne DOTOHy, ^TO roBopHTB ne doseojheno^ a DOTOMy, hto roso- 
pHTB nejfdoóHo^. T^ HeyxoÓCTBa, KoropHe nu (T.-e. ^Oirojtoen") pas- 
yMiiH, He aaBicxrB on aaxoHOBi o nevaTH^. HaMi sae Kaseica^ m 
Vh HacTOnn^eMi ciyui, .OTrojiocKH*, xoth 6u h ne HaiiipeHHO, xo- 
HycTHiH TaRi-HasHBaeMyi) nrpy ciobi, ocHoaaHHyi)